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(506) 2223-1327                                 Published Wednesday, April 29, 2015, in Vol. 15, No. 83                         Email us
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Rock construction


Vandalism reported at Moín terminal access road
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Someone inflicted damage on the bridge erected over the Rio Moín to provide access to the APM Terminals construction site, said the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad.

The damage resulted in the Consejo closing the access road so that experts can analyze the damage and provide a report, it said.

The container handling terminal is a $1
billion project that is designed to propel
 Costa Rica into the forefront of  sea cargo efficiency.

The project is strongly opposed by the union and members who work on the public docks in Moín and Limón. However, officials seeking a motive for the vandalism may also consider environmentalists who have battled unsuccessfully the construction of the access road because it intrudes on mangroves.

Radical environmentalists have been known to vandalize other construction projects.


Isla de Coco treasure generates bogus online tale
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica's financial troubles are over, according to a sometimes clever online publication.

The publication reported in March that park rangers in Isla del Coco discovered the long lost Treasure of Lima, which now is worth $200 million.

In fact, The Treasure of Lima is one of three major stashes of loot believed to be hidden on the remote Costa Rican island some 550 km (342 miles) in the Pacific from the mainland.

The publication, the World News Daily Report, also reports exclusively on the 11th death of those who are victims of a curse after finding the bones of  King Richard III of England. Then there are 20-pound newborns and other fictional oddities.

The publication is at least the spiritual descendant of the Weekly World News, the U.S. supermarket tabloid that also published outrageous fake news stories about aliens, ghosts and their mascot, Batboy. Right, a human-bat hybrid with pointy ears, it appears.

A Web site that debunks fake news stories reported that the photos that were supposedly from the Isla del Coco treasure actually came from TripAdviser. They probably were artifacts recovered from Nuestra Señora de Atocha, discovered off Florida by treasure hunter Mel Fisher. The  Atocha sunk in 1622.

Those who dabble in fake news stories usually begin with a photo and weave seemingly accurate false facts around them. The Weekly World News once published a tattered photo of an elderly women delivering newspapers and claimed she had been impregnated by a lad on her route. Editors must have figured the woman had died. Not so. The woman still was delivering newspapers and called her lawyer.

In case readers have the urge to seek the Isla del Coco treasure, the island, of course, is a national park with long-term visitors prohibited. One treasure seeker lived for years there around the turn of the 20th century and only had a few gold coins as a reward.

treasure

The isolated island, just a degree and a half above the equator would be a perfect place to hide pirate loot. And some may have done so. Online sources suggest at least three treasures are on the island. Local sources suggest there is yet another treasure underwater off the island.

The Treasure of Lima was the wealth of the city entrusted by the Spanish viceroy to a sea captain in the port as revolutionary forces approached in 1820. The sea captain fled with the gold and silver and is believed to have reached Isla del Coco.

Those who seek treasure have plenty of options without bothering the park rangers at Isla del Coco. Experts suggest that the Caribbean and the near Pacific hold hundreds of sunken ships from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.

One of these is the San José, which ran aground in the Gulf of Panama June 17, 1631. It was  loaded with gold and silver.  A private firm discovered the wreck in 2003. The U.N. Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization said Tuesday that it would send a team in July to evaluate the wreck as part of the country's underwater heritage.

That ship is not to be confused with a more famous San José that was sunk by a British warship June 8, 1708, off the coast of Cartagena, Colombia. The craft, which is supposed to contain a 10-year accumulation of Spanish wealth in the Americas, has been tied up in litigation, and there is some question if the exact location is known.  The wreck may be down 900 feet.

The value of the cargo could be as much as $1 billion today.


 
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A.M. Costa Rica's
 
Second news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 29, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 83

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DelRey 300
Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
in  San Isidro del General

March 2015 Special Offer
Del Valley
Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry has been a leader provider of advanced eye care services, eyewear, contact lenses, low vision devices and professional attention.  The preferred provider of quality vision care products and personalized optometric services to our patients in Pérez Zeledón in a comfortable and friendly environment since 2007.
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro del General, Pérez Zeledón,
San José, Costa Rica.
Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8620-6/2/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray

Dr. Lucinda Gray

California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation

CR (506) 2228-2041
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
www.garrettbrokers.com
4/12/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8512-3/15/15

 Accountants

Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant
 
Personalized Service
I will treat your return as I would my own
20 years experience
Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
8636-6/18/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8635-9/12/15

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle
                                              Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15


Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Subdivisions
Contours
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
Email:  ojoche01@gmail.com       
6887-7/27/15


Real estate agents and services
CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century
                                                          21

A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
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Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
 CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & INT’L NAR certified Realtor Jeff Fisher invites you to see why the time is NOWNOT 3 YEARS FROM NOW, to buy at discounted prices.
#1: SJO Int'l Airport & S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: The Jacó area has everything you need, from
 
Fisher
Jeff  Fisher
    HMO free to KFC, from zip lines, to $3 breakfast lines. from a movie house to a 1/2 priced art house.
#3: BUYERS' MARKET: Prices still dropping BUT sales are now happening!       
  
JACÓ AREA SUPER DEALS & DISCOUNT  
OR A HUGE PRICE DROP
  ON THIS COMMERCIAL LISTING,

Yes we know Costa Rica: Jeff (21 years here), Frances Winborne (23 years), and Junior Diaz (Jacó born & bred),  and we chose the Central Pacific! Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:

www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
JACO Office: IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
8666-7/6/15

exo graphic
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   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jac¢ area

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2643-4065   
cell: +506 8825-6556   US:  626 548-3909
skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

Country gets good marks on press freedom

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The country received generally good review of press freedom in the annual report prepared by Freedom House. The review is in contrast to worldwide conditions for the media which deteriorated sharply in 2014 to reach their lowest point in more than 10 years, as journalists around the world encountered more restrictions from governments, militants, criminals, and media owners, the organization said.

"Costa Rica continues to enjoy a free press backed by strong legal and political institutions," Freedom House said. "The constitution guarantees press freedom, and this right is generally upheld. However, punitive press laws, particularly concerning defamation, are occasionally used to restrict the operations of the media."

The report noted that Diario Extra, the Spanish-language tabloid, accused the Judicial Investigation Agency and the office of the public prosecutor of monitoring journalists’ public and private telephone calls for most of 2013. The supposed targets of the monitoring were potential whistle-blowers, it said.

The report noted that the internet served as an additional source of unrestricted information and was accessed by 46 percent of the population in 2013. But, it said, access to high-speed internet service remains surprisingly low compared with other countries in the region, but the situation is improving.

Worldwide “journalists faced intensified pressure from all sides in 2014,” said Jennifer Dunham, project manager of the report. “Governments used security or antiterrorism laws as a pretext to silence critical voices, militant groups and criminal gangs used increasingly brazen tactics to intimidate journalists and media owners attempted to manipulate news content to serve their political or business interests.”

The report found that the main factors driving the decline were the passage and use of restrictive laws against the media, often on national security grounds, and limits on the ability of local and foreign journalists to report freely within a given country, or even to reach it. In a time of seemingly unlimited access to information and new methods of content delivery, more and more areas of the world are becoming virtually inaccessible to journalists, the report said.

“One of the most troubling developments of the past year was the struggle by democratic states to cope with an onslaught of propaganda from authoritarian regimes and militant groups,” Ms. Dunham said in a press statement. “There is a danger that instead of encouraging honest, objective journalism and freedom of information as the proper antidote, democracies will resort to censorship or propaganda of their own.”

According to the report, of the 199 countries and territories assessed during 2014, a total of 63 (32 percent) were rated free, 71 (36 percent) were rated partly free, and 65 (32 percent) were rated not free.

In Latin America, only three (15 percent) countries, including Costa Rica, were rated free, and just 2 percent of the population lived in free media environments, said the report.

Honduras, Peru, and Venezuela experienced significant declines, while Mexico, already suffering from endemic violence, received its lowest score in over a decade, after the passage of a controversial new telecommunications law, it said.

In Ecuador, hostile rhetoric from the government, combined with pervasive legal harassment of journalists and media outlets, led to a two-point decline, said the report.

Government vows continued gas supply

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

One of the country's major gas suppliers,  Gas Zeta, is involved in an internal struggle that has come to the attention of the Luis Guillermo Solís administration.

Casa Presidencial said Tuesday that the government would guarantee the supply of bottled gas and also post Fuerza Pública officers at the company production area to safeguard it.

The government said it considers the gas supplier to be a public utility.

Many Costa Ricans use bottled gas for cooking and for heating water. The price of gas is regulated like that of gasoline.


Robbery suspect
with Uzi dies in firefight

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A robber stuck up a supermarket in Siquirres about 9 p.m. Tuesday, but one of the victims managed to contact police via a silent alarm.

Officers were waiting for the man when he left the store and engaged him in a firefight. The suspect, identified by the last name of  Núñez, died, said the Judicial Investigating Organization. He was 33, agents said. He was hit four times, agents reported.

The man carried a mini-Uzi submachine gun, agents reported.


Vaccination Week kicked off in Americas

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

More than 2,000 children, adolescents, and adults took part in the regional launch of the 13th annual Vaccination Week in the Americas in Durán, Ecuador.

The special event was Vaccination Week in the Americas, which ends Saturday, has since 2003 reached more than 519 million people throughout the Americas. This year's campaign is targeting more than 60 million girls and boys and men and women in 45 countries and territories with vaccines against measles, rubella, polio, pneumonia and other diseases.

To kick off the week's activities, a nurse from Durán administered the first dose of polio vaccine to a local baby, and a mother spoke of the benefits of vaccination for families, emphasizing the importance of getting children vaccinated so they can grow up healthy and strong.

Vaccination is a central component of universal access to health and universal health coverage, to the extent it is accessible to all those who need it. "If we join forces, we can ensure that everyone in the world can benefit fully from immunization, no matter where they're born, who they are, or where they live," said Cariisa F. Etienne. She is director of the Pan American Health Organization.

During this year's Vaccination Week, Ecuador is carrying out a special campaign against polio in which children under 6 will receive, free of charge, a dose of trivalent oral polio vaccine, with the goal of maintaining Ecuador free of wild polio virus circulation, in preparation for the final phase of polio eradication worldwide.

In Nicaragua, the agency's assistant director, Francisco Becerra, presented an immunization award to the local healthcare system of Matagalpa for its success in ensuring high vaccination rates through integrated immunization and follow-up efforts.

Becerra said that, thanks to mass immunization initiatives such as those implemented in Nicaragua, the region of the Americas was the first in the world to eradicate smallpox and to eliminate polio. Nicaragua expects to administer some 1.7 million vaccines this week.



Coalition formalizes search for alien life

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The search for life beyond the solar system has taken a major step forward with a new interdisciplinary research coalition devoted to the search for life in the cosmos.

The Nexus for Exoplanet System Science will be made up of research teams from several federal facilities, 10 U.S. universities and two research institutions, according to a recent announcement from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Research teams were picked from proposals submitted to the four various divisions that make up the space agency’s Science Mission Directorate.

NExSS experts will search for life in the cosmos by studying various aspects of an extra solar planet or exoplanet, as well as how the planet’s star and neighboring worlds all act together to support life.

NASA said NExSS researchers will be better equipped to look for life on extrasolar planets if they gain a better understanding of how biology interacts with various components of an exoplanet, such as its interior, atmosphere, geology and ocean, and how its host star affects these interactions.

“This interdisciplinary endeavor connects top research teams and provides a synthesized approach in the search for planets with the greatest potential for signs of life,” said Jim Green, NASA’s director of planetary science in a press release.

He said “the hunt for exoplanets is not only a priority for astronomers, it’s of keen interest to planetary and climate scientists as well.”

As more and more planets are found in solar systems beyond our own, researchers have been working on scientific methods that would not only allow them to confirm whether the alien planets are suitable to host life, but also help them look for specific biosignatures that point to the presence of life on these planets.

Experts from the four divisions of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate will provide NExSS with guidance and knowledge in the areas of Earth Science, Planetary Science, helieophysics and astrophysics. And NExSS team members will study and classify newly discovered exoplanets, determine if they are possibly habitable, and develop the needed tools and technologies to find life beyond our own planet.

“NExSS scientists will not only apply a systems science approach to existing exoplanet data, their work will provide a foundation for interpreting observations of exoplanets from future exoplanet missions . . .,” noted Paul Hertz, director of the Astrophysics Division at NASA headquarters, Washington.

The first extrasolar planet was discovered only 20 years ago when 51 Pegasi b was found orbiting 51Pegasi, a star much like the Sun, some 50 light years away.

After the Kepler space telescope went into operation in May 2009, scientists were able to confirm the existence of more than 1,800 exoplanets. Thousands more await confirmation.


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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 29, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 83
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Massive series of police raids aimed at battling narcotics ring
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Police, judicial investigators and even the security ministry's air arm moved to detain 14 persons and to crimp in the drug trade and the wave of narcotics-related murders. A force of  322 officers conducted 27 raids at locations in Linda Vista in Cartago, Patarra, Barrio Cristo Rey and Pavas in San José, in Alajuela and in the southern zone.

Investigators said that those detained were members of a drug gang headed by Luis Ángel Martínez Fajardo. The gang is one of two major narcotics distributing organizations in the country, investigators said.

Many of the recent murders, perhaps as many as 60, are believed related to the territorial war between these rivals, said investigators. During the raids, police said they came in contact with persons unrelated to the drug organization but who had outstanding warrants. They were detained, too.

Martínez, the suspected leader, is believed to have been detained in Nicaragua.



raid
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública/Alonso Alvarez
Police gather to prepare for a nearby raid.




Three-day weekend gives hope to tourism operators at vacation spots
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Tourism operators are hoping for a successful weekend if Costa Ricans take advantage of the Friday holiday to travel.

Friday is May Day, a legal holiday, and most of the public attention is directed at the legislature and President Luis Guillermo Solís who is scheduled to make a speech.

There also is a parade downtown.

Citizens who have little interest in current affairs or politics are expected to head for their favorite vacation spot for three days of relaxation.

That generally means the beaches or the mountains.  For
 others, the day is one where they can enjoy the offerings of the Festival Internacional de la Artes at selected venues around the valley.

Traffic officials have eliminated the license plate prohibition for Friday, but with a major march through the heart of the city, savvy drivers will stay away anyway.

The U.S. Embassy and probably others will be closed that day.

The weather, which has produced afternoon downpours in the Central Valley also has been hot and sticky, a good reason for an out-of-town vacation.

A.M. Costa Rica's offices in Barrio Otoya will be closed Friday, but the newspaper will be published that morning.


Budget watchdog seeks a report of how arts festival was organized
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Contraloría General de la República is seeking a report from the culture ministry on the planning, execution and organization of the Festival International de las Artes.

The Contraloría becomes the latest government agency to weigh in on the troubled festival. The Contraloría is the agency that approves contracts and expenditures.

A statement noted that a significant amount of public money

is tied up in the festival. The Ministerio de Cultural y  Juventud earlier said that amount was nearly $1.5 million.

Meanwhile, the ministry said that the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional will give free concerts in Acosta and Desamparados this week.

Tonight at 7:30, the orchestra will be in the Iglesia de San Ignacio Loyola in Acosta. Thursday the venue will be the Iglesia Nuestra Señora de Desamparados at 8 p.m. The programs are mainly classical and show tunes.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
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Page 1 is HERE!    Page 2 is  HERE!    Page 3 is HERE! 
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Major U.S. chicken producer says it will phase out use of antibiotics
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The largest chicken producer in the United States said Tuesday that it planned to stop giving its birds the same antibiotics doctors use to treat sick patients.

The firm, Tyson Foods, said it aimed to stop using human antibiotics in its flocks by 2017.

The move came in response to the statements of health experts and consumer advocates that the practice is contributing to the growing number of antibiotic-resistant infections.

For decades, farmers have fed livestock small, regular doses of antibiotics. The drugs help the animals grow faster, and they prevent illness in confined flocks and herds.

But bacteria living in and on the animals eventually become immune to the antibiotics. And resistant bacteria can find their way into people, making infections harder, more expensive or even impossible to treat.

The meat industry has long downplayed the contribution it may be making to the problem. But in a statement announcing the company’s decision, Tyson President and CEO Donnie Smith took ownership of the issue.

“We want to do our part to responsibly reduce human antibiotics on the farm so these medicines can continue working when they’re needed to treat illness,” he said.

Tyson is the latest chicken producer to announce it will scale back antibiotic use. The second-largest producer, Pilgrim’s Pride, said it would aim to make a quarter of its flock antibiotic-free by 2019. Perdue, the No. 3 company, said 95 percent of its birds never receive antibiotics.

“This is a tipping point for the industry,” said Sasha Stashwick, a food policy analyst with the National Resources Defense Council, an environmental group. “When we do the math, we’re seeing that over a third of the industry at this point either has eliminated the use of medically important 

antibiotics in its production or has made a public commitment to do so within the next few years.”

Tyson said it planned to reduce antibiotic use in its global chicken operations but has not set a timeframe. The company does business in some 130 countries.

It also said it intended to consider reducing antibiotic use in its cattle, hogs and turkeys.

While antibiotic use in livestock is losing favor in the U.S. and Europe, it is expected to grow in the developing world. As demand for meat increases and production practices intensify, farmers worldwide will use two-thirds more antibiotics by 2030 than they did in 2010, according to recent research.

But the announcement from Tyson “sends a very strong signal that it is possible to produce chicken at large scale without using antibiotics that are medically important in humans,” said study co-author Ramanan Laxminarayan, director of the Washington-based Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy.

Laxminarayan said in countries that are fairly new to large-scale production, antibiotics can help farmers bring their chickens to market about 15 percent faster.

“That’s not trivial,” he added. “It certainly can be a make-or-break situation for many producers.”

But cleaner living conditions and better nutrition can practically wipe out that advantage, he said.

Producers are unlikely to make changes without the pressure from consumers that drove changes in the U.S., Laxminarayan noted.

Just a few years ago, U.S. consumers “were not aware of the scale at which antibiotics were being used in their meat,” he said. “And today, consumers really know this, and they’re able to mentally connect the link with that use to resistant pathogens that keep their loved ones in hospitals for longer.”

Vacation, travel and hospitality


tourism in osa

Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
The Villas De Oros is a jungle paradise with the whole of the Osa within your reach, plus many local activities. Our five villas and suites are unique, sleeping between  two or four guests. They were built to reflect a love and respect for nature. We are happy to serve a wide variety of travelers, families, couples on romantic escapes and adventures seekers. We are near beautiful beaches, many national parks, fine dining and local fare. We are a small hotel, but we will do all we can to help make arrangements for you to insure your adventure of a lifetime!  Please let us know if you will need help with transportation arrangements and what tours you are interested in. Our moderately priced accommodations give you the opportunity to take in the sights and sounds of the surrounding jungle. With river and ocean views as well as an abundance of wildlife, you are sure to enjoy your stay. All four villas have kitchen facilities, two with full inside kitchens and three with mini-kitchens on the balconies overlooking the jungle. We are frequented almost daily by monkeys, macaws, toucans, iguanas, and many other fascinating creatures of Costa Rica. See more at  www.villasdeoros.com  
506-2786-5170 in Costa Rica     303-719-0151 in U.S.
8669-xxx

Mar de Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
8665-10/24/15

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

Anywhere
  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!
8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!


1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!
8577-2/15/15

PRIMO'S SUEŇO CABINAS
La Fortuna
Comfort of your home in the campo, 5 minutes from Fortuna Centro of San Carlos, in the shadow of Volcano Arenal, Flat screen TV, AC, refrigerator, free coffee. Local area activities like four-wheeling, horse riding, zip lining, hot springs, jungle walking tours. Bring your camera for great photos of nature, fishing and swimming, canyoning and wireless internet. Harry Hart, proprietor.  Call for reservations  (506) 2479-8670   and (506) 8682-9219  Email: lagringo2003@yahoo.com
8492-4/1/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8613-6/24/15




Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.



Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com


English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016 
(506) 8309-0173
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 6154-1940 

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
 
grecia
Offer of the month !!  Great opportunity to get this beautiful house. 3 hectares land (equal to 30.000 meters), 750 square meters construction, modern security technology, three floors, internal street, elevator. $ 1.1 million  Click HERE!
Grecia 909
Beautiful house for rent, inside a private property. Very secure. Price $1,500 . See more photos HERE!
Grecia 907
Beautiful house for rent, near to Puente Piedra street . Very secure. Price $1,000 . More photos HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8595-5/18/15

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8656-5/10/15

Jaco
                                                condo
Condo in Jacó for rent
Two-bedroom, 1-bath condominium available for rent starting June 1st in Corteza del Sol in the Quebrada Seca, just across the Costanera from Jacó. 24-hour security, wifi/cable, AC, luxurious amenities, kitchen includes everything you need to cook, gorgeous pools just steps from your front door. 15 minute walk to town or quick bike ride. ¢2,000 taxi to center of town. Short-term renter is fine. Long-term would be great! Looking for someone low-key who will fit in well with the complex. $950/month including cable & internet, NOT INCLUDING ELECTRIC! Call 8725-0344 or email emilyanneaston@gmail.com
8616-4/9/15

Palmares graphic

Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our web page: palmarescostarica.us
8625-5/9/15


Coco
                                                condo
Condo for rent.
Conveniently located just a 200-meter walk to the beach. In the favorite community of Las Palmas, this condo is a perfect vacation home and/or great for vacation rental income.  The condo is located on the 2nd level offering beautiful vaulted ceilings, front and back balcony, pool and mountain view. Screens in every window/door, Air condition in both bedrooms and at living room. The condo is in perfect condition. It has been recently painted and super well-kept, new appliances, fully furnished. Wired to have own washer dryer. It has been the residence of the owners since they built it. Never rented out to third parties. The owners are selling as they are moving to the Central Valley.  The community has a great-size pool and beautiful landscaping and large parking. Just step out your condo and in less than 5-minute walk be swimming in the ocean! A must see! Rate $795 per month. Contact Bob Mobile C.R. ( 506 ) 8392-7520. E-mail: redlclark@aol.com
8602-5/15/15

Maneul
                                                Antonio
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes to chose from, all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, white water rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, have easily accessible parking, cable TV, and Internet and are fully furnished. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation.
Manuel Antonio Estates        TOLL FREE: 1800 346 9724
011 (506) 2777.3339        www.manuelantonioestates.com

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8592-8/18/15

HP
                                                Cattle rentals
Mountain homes or farm for rent
Barva volcano, Heredia province
We offer for rent a gorgeous two-bedroom mountain chalet and a one-bedroom mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude and within a working horse ranch just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance. From our homes one can hike to the Barva volcano crater-lake.  Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and breathtaking views of the Irazú volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of cloud forest bird species to include the resplendent quetzal.  The homes are incomparable in beauty and attention to detail within the Barva highland area.  We are only 35-55 minutes from Costa Rica’s three principal cities (Heredia, Alajuela, and San José), less than two hours from the central Pacific beaches, and three hours from the Caribbean beaches. Enjoy the tranquility of the mountains while maintaining quick access to the conveniences of the city and rapid access to other eco-tourist destinations in Costa Rica. Additionally, we can board your horses at a reasonable fee.  We can also offer our clients rental of a small and fully functional farm complete with stables, pasture, and office space.
Mountain chalet: $750.  Basic mountain home: $400.
Boutique mountain home: One-bedroom $850. Two-bedroom $1,000.
Small Farm that includes a chalet, basic mountain home, stables, and 8,000m2 of pasture/green areas: $1,500.
Contact:  HPCattleCR@aol.com
8425-8/17/14




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cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 29, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 83
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
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Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Orioles will play baseball
with no spectators in stands

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

For the first time in the history of Major League Baseball, a regularly scheduled game will be played in an empty stadium.

The Baltimore Orioles have announced that their American League game with the visiting Chicago White Sox will be played this afternoon at Camden Yards in downtown Baltimore without any fans allowed in, a decision prompted by an explosion of violence in the city after the funeral of a black man who recently died while in police custody. That violence already has forced the postponement of the first two games in the teams' scheduled three-game series.

In a separate statement, Major League Baseball Commissioner Robert Manfred confirmed the historic move. He said, "After conversations with the Orioles and local officials, we believe that these decisions are in the best interests of fan safety and the deployment of city resources."

Orioles manager Buck Showalter said "It's all about what's best for the city and the safety of our people. . . The last thing you want to do is put the fans in harm's way. You have to err on the side of safety.''

It is extremely rare for civil unrest to disrupt sporting events in the United States. During the 1992 Los Angeles riots triggered by the Rodney King police brutality case verdict, the Dodgers postponed a home series against the Montreal Expos. And in 1967, the Orioles and the Detroit Tigers postponed a game because of riots in Detroit.

Closed-door games are more common in soccer games, especially in Europe. There have been many instances of games played in empty stadiums prompted by fan-inspired violence.

According to John Thorn, official historian for Major League Baseball, this will be the first game with zero attendance. The previous low was six for a game Sept. 28, 1882, between the host Worcester Ruby Legs and Troy Trojans, two teams that have not existed since the late 1800s. In 2002, the minor league Charleston Riverdogs barred fans for five innings in an attempt to set a record for lowest attendance.

"It's definitely going to be unchartered territory,'' Showalter said.


Indonesia executes eight
but delays death of woman

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Eight drug convicts were executed by an Indonesian firing squad early Wednesday, but a Filipina, Mary Jane Veloso, who was on death row with them was unexpectedly spared, local media reports said.

The Filipina's execution was delayed at the last minute after one of her recruiters surrendered to police in The Philippines, the attorney general's spokesman said.

"The execution of Mary Jane has been postponed because there was a request from the Philippine president related to a perpetrator suspected of human trafficking who surrendered herself in The Philippines," said spokesman Tony Spontana. "Mary Jane has been asked to testify."

Jakarta moved forward with the other executions despite intense opposition abroad from those who said the punishment would be too harsh.

The convicts had been held at Nusa Kambangan jail, an island prison off Java. They included two Australian members of the so-called Bali Nine heroin trafficking ring, Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran; Indonesian citizen Zainal Abidin, and Brazilian national Rodrigo Gularte.

Despite sustained appeals from the international community, rock bands and global leaders, Indonesian President Joko Widodo steadfastly refused to grant clemency for narcotics-related offenses.

The president described the executions as the necessary shock therapy required to counter what he called Indonesia’s drug emergency.

The president has said that 40 to 50 people die in Indonesia each day because of drugs, a statistic that has been widely questioned by academics and human rights activists, such as Daniel Awigla, from a coalition of Indonesian groups against the death penalty.

Awigla said the president has leaned too heavily on projections from the National Narcotics Agency and ignored alternative views.

“It is very dangerous, the state using this questionable data to ensure, to be the justification to have capital punishment. It has become very dangerous data, it is very systematic and why doesn't Jokowi listen to other voices?" Awigla asked.

In recent weeks other serious allegations have emerged about flawed legal processes.

A lawyer for the Bali Nine pair has told of how the judges initially agreed to accept bribes of more than $100,000 for a lenient sentence.

In the trial of Indonesian Abidin, one witness was allegedly tortured, while lawyers for Ms. Veloso insist she was a victim of human trafficking who went to trial without a qualified translator.

The family of Brazilian Gularte has for years been pushing for a reprieve on the basis of his fragile mental health. Specialists have consistently diagnosed him as paranoid schizophrenic.

Others argued that in accordance with international law, capital punishment should be limited to the most serious of crimes. The U.N. Human Rights Committee has concluded that capital punishment for drug offenses fails to meet this condition, said Andreas Harsono, from Human Rights Watch.


Nigeria reports a rescue
of Boko Haram hostages


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Nigeria Tuesday said it has rescued nearly 300 girls and women from a Boko Haram stronghold in the country’s northeast, but it remained unclear if any were among the missing schoolgirls the Islamist group kidnapped last year from the town of Chibok. Two military spokesmen have differed over the possibility of the rescued girls being from Chibok.

The military announced on Twitter that it had rescued 200 girls and 93 women from three camps in the Sambisa forest but couldn’t confirm whether any girls in the group were from Chibok.

The forest is thought to be one of Boko Haram’s last strongholds in northeastern Nigeria, and the military earlier this month announced it would be storming Sambisa as part of its campaign against the radical Islamist group.

At its peak, Boko Haram controlled parts of the northeastern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, and carried out kidnappings in towns and villages in Nigeria and neighboring Cameroon. But last year’s raid on Chibok was the most notorious episode.

In that instance, militants stormed the northeastern town in the dead of night, and made off with dormitories full of schoolgirls. Some escaped, but 219 remain missing.

Military spokesman Maj. Gen. Chris Olukolade says the military is still fighting for control of the forest.

“The mission is still continuing, because we have cleared all the identified camps. We have camps that we have identified in the intelligence that must be taken out," said Olukolade.

Pogo Bitrus is the chairman of Chibok Elders Forum and a representative of the families of the missing girls from Chibok. He said one of the families he spoke with had been cautiously optimistic about the news.

“When we’re able to ascertain that some of them are Chibok girls, then we can start rejoicing," said Bitrus.


Islam calculated to become
world's largest faith by 2070

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

At a youthful 1,400 years, Islam is the youngest of the world's major religions, and it's on track to be the largest sometime this century.

That's the prediction from demographers at the Pew Research Center who say high fertility rates among Muslim women and a youth bulge in the faith are fueling its growth.

A Pew survey released this month, “The Future of World Religions,” says that if current trends continue, Islam will surpass Christianity in 2070 to become the world’s largest faith. 

A panel of demographers discussed the findings of the report recently during a seminar at the headquarters of Pew’s Religion & Public Life project.

Conrad Hackett, the lead researcher on the report, said that while fertility rates around the world are slipping toward the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman, Muslim women are having on average more than three children each. At the same time, around a third of all Muslims are under age 15.

“What this means is that the Muslim population has more people who are going to grow into their childbearing years in the years to come than any other religious group,” he said.

In fact, Islam is the only major religion expected to grow faster than the global population.

But the Pew report is mainly a story about Africa, a continent that is expected to double its population by 2050. That means 1 billion new people, divided primarily between Islam and Christianity.

In the United States, Muslims will edge upward from around 1 percent of the population to a little more than 2 percent. In Europe, the increase will be from around 6 percent to 10 percent.

Christianity is also growing because of high birth rates in Africa, which will be home to 40 percent of the faith by midcentury.

Hinduism and Judaism as well as folk and aboriginal religions in different parts of the world are also expected to grow.

Only Buddhism among the major faiths will stay constant, at about half a billion adherents.

A British population studies professor, David Voas, said the results should be looked at country by country and with an understanding that greater numbers do not guarantee dominance. 

 “What really matters is economic and cultural productivity,” he said. “Does the country manage to translate its numbers into influence — both in the global economy and in terms of soft power?”


map
Voice of America graphic
Map shows the location of the Strait of Hormuz.

Iranian navy grabs ship
that infringes on its water

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Iranian forces have seized a cargo ship traveling under the flag of the Pacific island nation of the Marshall Islands.  The Pentagon says the ship remains off the coast of Iran as the U.S. military monitors the situation. 
 
Pentagon spokesman Col. Steve Warren says the Maersk Tigris cargo ship was using an international waterway in the Strait of Hormuz when patrol vessels of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy approached.

“This part of the Strait of Hormuz apparently is in Iranian territorial waters. However, because it is recognized as an international shipping lane, something called innocent passage is applied, so ships, assuming that they abide by all of the laws of the sea are, according to international standards, authorized to pass through this Strait," said Warren.
 
The Pentagon says the ship’s master was contacted by Iranian forces and told to move further into Iranian territory.  When he refused, one of the patrol vessels fired shots across the bridge of the ship.  The master of the ship then complied with the demands and headed off the coast of Iran’s Larak Island.
 
The Pentagon says Iranians boarded the ship and appear to still remain onboard.
 
Warren said that while it is too early to tell if this is considered a disruption of international shipping traffic, Iran should not have fired across the vessel.

Warren described the situation as a “complex legal question."

“This part of the Strait of Hormuz apparently is in Iranian territorial waters. It’s within 12 miles of the Iranian coast.

U.S. Naval Forces Central Command has directed aircraft to observe the interaction between the Maersk vessel and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy craft.

U.S. officials have been in touch with representatives of the shipping company, who said Iranian forces have boarded the vessel.

The channel is a narrow strip of water separating Oman and Iran. It connects the biggest Gulf oil producers, such as Saudi Arabia, with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.

At its narrowest point, the strait is 33 kilometers (21 miles) across and consists of 3-kilometer-wide navigable channels for inbound and outbound shipping and a 3-kilometer-wide buffer zone.


High court justices grill
lawyers on gay marriage

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A decades-long battle over wedlock for gays and lesbians reached the U.S. Supreme Court, which heard arguments Tuesday on whether same-sex couples have a constitutional right to civil marriage, and whether states that ban gay unions must recognize same-sex marriages licensed by other states.

While throngs of gay rights advocates and opponents demonstrated outside, justices gave diverging and, at times, conflicting signals as to how they might rule.

During more than two hours of proceedings, justices and presenting attorneys wrestled with three major questions: Why should the high court decide the issue on a national basis rather than leaving it up to individual states? Why act now to alter or expand marriage, an institution that has existed for millennia? If marriage is a fundamental right, how can an entire class of people be excluded from it given constitutional guarantees of equal protection under the law?

First to present arguments was Mary Bonauto, representing same-sex couples in four states where gay unions are not recognized. She began by saying that denying marriage to gays and lesbians condemns them to second-class status in America. She was interrupted almost immediately with questions.

Justice Anthony Kennedy, whose vote could decide the case in the ideologically polarized court, questioned the timing of the case. He noted that barely a decade has passed since anti-sodomy laws were ruled unconstitutional. He compared that short time frame to the age-old existence of marriage as an institution. He asked why the court should mandate a sudden change on a national basis rather than allowing states to debate and evaluate the issue and decide for themselves.

"It's very difficult for the court to say, 'We know better,' " Kennedy said.

Similarly, Chief Justice John Roberts pressed Bonauto about the rights of states to set parameters for marriage.

Justice Samuel Alito noted no society or culture had recognized same-sex marriage until very recently, adding that ancient Greece had gay people and had marriage, but not gay marriage.

Responding, Bonauto repeatedly cited the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteeing equal protection under the law. She argued that the amendment is timeless and covers same-sex couples seeking to wed, even if their expressed desire to do so is a recent development. She also said it has taken society a long time to recognize the common humanity of gays and lesbians, suggesting that their desire to wed might have been expressed sooner but for the prevalence of anti-gay attitudes spanning centuries.

She also cited previous court decisions, striking down a ban on interracial marriage and affirming the right of everyone, even imprisoned criminals, to wed.

Justice Antonin Scalia asked about possible consequences for religious freedom if same-sex marriage is decided nationally as a matter of constitutional law. Bonauto responded that ample constitutional guarantees exist for religious liberty.

None of her arguments seemed to convince the conservative justices, Roberts, Alito, Scalia and Justice Clarence Thomas, some of whom expressed impatience or frustration with her responses.

Next up was the federal government's representative before the court, Solicitor General Donald Verrilli, but not before proceedings were interrupted by a protester, who repeatedly shouted that homosexuality is an “abomination to God.” The protester was removed from the courtroom but still could be heard shouting from a hallway for several minutes thereafter.

Roberts drew chuckles when he shrugged and said, “Freedom of expression.”

Verrilli argued that the court must not wait to decide the issue of same-sex marriage because delay is imposing real costs and burdens on gay couples. He said gays and lesbians are being recognized as full, contributing members of society, and discrimination against them cannot be justified.

Again, conservative justices pounced. Alito asked if there is a difference between same-sex marriage and that between siblings, and about the historical role of marriage in child-rearing.

Verrilli responded that laws in some states allow 100 percent of heterosexuals to marry, but ban 100 percent of gay couples from the institution, even though some of them are raising children. He said hundreds of thousands of children in same-sex households are being denied the benefits and stability of a married home.

Next, Michigan Assistant Attorney General John Bursch presented arguments on behalf of four states that ban same-sex marriage. He argued that marriage serves a purpose in society, one that the government has an interest in protecting: the rearing of children by their biological parents.

Bursch argued that changing society’s concept of marriage is dangerous and could undermine heterosexuals’ adherence to the institution as a child-rearing mechanism.

Those assertions caused the court’s liberal justices to speak up.

Justice Stephen Breyer asked why just one group should be excluded from the fundamental right to marry, when not every couple, gay or heterosexual, wants children.

Justice Elena Kagan asked how same-sex marriage could possibly harm anyone else and, conversely, how excluding gays and lesbians benefits anyone. She also asked that if child-rearing is the purpose of marriage, why not deny licenses to heterosexual couples who do not want to have kids?

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg piped up with a similar question: Why not exclude 70-year-olds who can no longer have children? She also questioned any static assessment of traditional marriage, noting that marriage is not viewed the same way today as it was centuries or even decades ago.

Bursch responded that gay and lesbian couples are seeking societal affirmation and dignity in petitioning for marriage, something the government has no interest in providing. He noted that out-of-wedlock births have skyrocketed in America in recent decades and could become more prevalent if the public’s understanding of marriage is altered.

Just as Bonauto did not appear to sway conservative justices, Bursch’s arguments did not seem to find receptive ears among the liberals. Kennedy also challenged Bursch, saying he seemed to be operating under the assumption that gays and lesbians have no noble motives in wanting to marry.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

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8553-6/22/15

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica





Visit our Web Page:
www.mafirealestate.com


If you do not find you are looking for in our page, contact us, WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.

English Calls:
Miguel Fiatt Sauma 
or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000

Send us your request to our
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16
Mafri one
Beautiful house in Santa Ana, Valley and mountain view. Price: $1,300,000. Single story, bedrooms. 5 baths. Double-size garage: 360 m2. Lot: 4,487 m2. 
Click HERE!

Mafri two
San Isidro de Heredia. Great lot with 3 houses. $3,200,000 single story. 1,505 m2 Lot: 37,419m2  Click HERE!
Mafri three
Finca Las Trufas, San Ramon-Esparza, Price: $3,900,000 Farm and ranch. Single story 1,500 m2. on 25 hectares Click HERE!

CoopeAgri

CoopeAgri Real Estate

The best option in real estate services in southern Costa Rica and the South Pacific coast. We are professionals promoting properties such as farms, lots, ranches, commercial premises, homes and apartments, through our advertising and marketing services.
Are you buying a property? Our experienced team is ready to help you to find the right place. Are you selling? We are experts selling properties.  Keep it simple. Don't waste your time. We are  the best local and international listing.  Contact us, and we will be glad to assist you!
E-mail: bienesraices@coopeagri.co.cr
Local CR Phones: (506) 2785-0282 or  (506) 2785-0278
CLICK HERE 
8563-4.15.15

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8554-6/15/14

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8655-10/21/15

Real estate for sale (paid category)


volacano
DANGER, WILL ROBINSON!
They say a stock market crash is overdue.  Is your money in the bank earning only pennies in interest?  Is it time to get some of your assets out of the United States and into a wonderful retirement location?  That was this owner’s plan.  Gross ROI for this property was 11% most recent 5 months with 1,129 m2 lot crying for development of more rentals.  Build two or even three inexpensive fourplexes and live off of the income the rest of your life.  But current owner is unable to stay in Costa Rica (divorce, health reasons) so must sacrifice retirement dream property.  Offered at only $140,000 by extremely motivated seller and cash talks!  Very desirable location only a short 5-minute walk to central La Fortuna, clean and modern construction 2 bedroom 1 bath home is 102 m2 with no wasted space, very livable.  THIS ABSOLUTELY MUST BE SOLD!  For interior pix email  lafortunaguy@gmail.com
or phone (506) 8377-8402.
8552-5/20/15

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8661-6/20/15

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8657-7/14/15

Orosi
Costa Rica Villas For Sale
*In 2009 this property appraisal for $240,000  (two hundred forty thousand).
*Located in Paraiso, Cartago, Costa Rica.
*We spent over $70,000 in renovating the villa.
*The first floor has renters with a year lease. They pay $200 a month.
*Health reasons need to return to the U.S.A.
*One of Costa Rica famous waterfalls, 100 yards in front of the villa.
*I'll sell this property for $189,000.
*Visit my Web site www.costaricavalleyhotel.com
Contact in Costa Rica:  Cray phone (506) 8977-2777
Contact in USA: Billy phone  001 (678) 576-5107
8652-5/7/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

Shangra la
Located in Jacó in the best and safest location possible, at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.

Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for birds and other animals. 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built in year 2005 to highest standard by German owner now 69 years old, who wants to downgrade. Room for two more apartments, plans approved. Only 6 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jacó.  Price reduced for quick sale to $1,150.000 and still negotiable. All fittings and furniture included. Excellent quality and well maintained. Just upgraded and remodeled for $ 30,000. Owner financing available.  More photos on request HERE! Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  Cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8648-7/29/14

Motel–Hotel
Choice 4.5 hectaares. Waterfront, titled property. Financing available for motel or hotel. Water and power on the property. $35 a  m2. In Tropical Paradise Resort. Buy all or Part at  Puerto Viejo, Limón. Call Andy at andreas_meyn@shaw.ca
8646-4/30/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8643-4/16/15

Finca home
 Little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal, Costa Rica.       

16 acres (approximately.)   Price: $599,000USD
We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 k) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos.  We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. For more  information: In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 720-951-7928 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call: Ivo Henfling at Godutch Realty: 2289-5125/8834-4515 ivo@godutchrealty.com
8524-6/5/15

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:  
Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085  
Email: costarenas@ice.co.cr   Web: www.costa-arenas.com
8573-4/15/15

Atenas home
This developer's prime lot with super house is being offered in Roca Verde, 7,006 M2 of gentle grade, all landscaped for tropical effect, 3 bedrooms 2 baths with tile floors and hardwood kitchen, near the entrance of the neighborhood. Great floor plan on this one! There is a double carport, and a large patio and pool, wheelhouse style living room and many other features. View, large usable lot, close to town, nice, oh yeah. $495,000. http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H392.html
8542-12/17/14

Maneul Antonio
Manuel Antonio Estates focuses on building vacation homes for clients within Manuel Antonio Estates and Palmas Pacifica. We take care of the details from permits and design to supervision of construction and management of the rentals, if needed. We provide privacy and security, and our gated community offers shared common recreational facilities, beautiful landscaping and parking areas. Our homes and lots are located just minutes from the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. If you've ever considered buying a second home, just minutes from the beach, do not hesitate, if you have any questions or would like to request more information please take full advantage of our Costa Rica real estate services and contact us today!
Manuel Antonio Estates    1 800 346-9724  (506) 8815-9606. www.manuelantonioestates.com
8515-2/16/14

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya.7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 ft. elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet. $199,000 Contact mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8482-2/11/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
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Business for sale or lease (paid category)
FOR SALE  5,200 M2  ESCAZÚ
Fantastic location for condo/ hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot. incredible views. Flexible zoning $2.3 M 
hotel
Easy to get liquor license.
Low interest financing
http://www.hotel4salecostarica.com/
http://www.hotelsescazu.com/
hotelescazu@aol.com
Call Bruce at: (506) 8307-0164.
8863-6/13/15

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 29, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 83
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Parrotfish
University of Exeter photo       
Researchers say this fish should be protected.

Parrotfish credited with building islands

By the University of Exeter news staff

As well as being a beautiful species capable of changing its color, shape and even gender, new research shows that parrotfish, commonly found on healthy coral reefs, can also play a pivotal role in providing the sands necessary to build and maintain coral reef islands.

The study, based on work in the Maldives and published in the journal Geology, found that parrotfish produced more than 85 percent of the new sand-grade sediment on the reefs around these reef islands.

The fish are popular with divers in Costa Rica, too.

Reef islands are unique landforms composed entirely of sediment produced on their surrounding coral reefs. Despite being of vital importance to island development and future maintenance, the sources of the sediment that are most important to island building, and the rates at which this sediment is produced, has remained very poorly examined. 

Chris Perry, a geographer at the University of Exeter, lead author of the study said: “Previous research has highlighted how important parrotfish are for the general health of coral reefs, specifically because they help to control algal growth and promote coral recruitment. Our study quantifies another fascinating aspect of the species, the major role they can play in producing the sediment necessary to build and sustain reef islands.”

Using survey and sedimentary data, the researchers explored the links between reef ecology and sediment production around the island of Vakkaru in the Maldives.

They identified parrotfish as the major sand producers, generating more than 85 percent of the new sand-grade sediment produced on the outer reef flat each year. The fish grind up coral during feeding and, after digesting the edible content, excrete the rest as sand, a proportion of which can then be transported to adjacent island shorelines.

Perry added: “Coral reef islands are considered to be among the most vulnerable landforms to climate change and especially to future sea-level rise. This study demonstrates the critical links that exist between the ecology of the reefs that surround these islands and the processes of sand supply. We provide evidence that protecting parrotfish populations, and the habitats on which they depend, is likely to be vital to ensuring a continued supply of the sediment from which these Maldivian reef islands are built.”



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From Page 7:


Cartago firm will add 150 employees

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

 The GlaxoSmithKline pharmaceutical firm said it will add 150 more employees in the next year and a half.

The job growth comes in the strengthening of the financial services offered by the firm and the incorporation of a new range of services directed at the U.S. market, the British firm said.

The firm said it seeks applicants with university experience in administration, accounting, information technology, engineering and similar fields.

The firm opened its service center in Costa Rica a bit more than two years ago, it noted. The firm now has 300 employees at its facilities near Terra Mall in Tres Ríos de Cartago.

The company has facilities in more than 100 countries.