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Published Monday Edition
August 21, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 165
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15 days left for prosecution to appeal Strecker case
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Ministerio Público has 15 days to appeal the Friday morning decision by a San José trial court declared David Strecker innocent of charges of promoting Costa Rica as a sex tourism destination.

The lawyer, Luís Diego Chacón, confirmed the ruling to A.M. Costa Rica Friday afternoon. According to Chacón, the court in San José said the evidence presented by the prosecution did not maintain a logical relationship with the accusation.

He also explained that Strecker, a U.S. citizen popularly known as Cuba Dave, had no knowledge of the laws of the country and their changes being out of the country for at least four years, during which the new law that he was accused of violating was enacted.

Chacón also said the prosecution could not prove it was actually Strecker who directly published the images or videos on the website CubaDave.com. Prosecutors have 15 days to appeal the court’s decision but Strecker is apparently freed from prison. Final resolution will be handed out around Aug. 24, Chacón told A.M. Costa Rica.

This was the second trial for Strecker, a Florida resident known for his web reports on first-person encounters with Latin prostitutes.

The outcome is not final. As with other criminal cases, the prosecution has the option to appeal the verdict, and there is no limit on the number of times a case may be appealed.

Strecker’s first conviction was overturned by an appeals court in May because of what the panel said were serious flaws in the prosecution’s case. Among the flaws mentioned were that there was no proof that Strecker was in Costa Rica at the time his internet accounts were posted.

Although he was acquitted by the appeals court, prosecutors managed to keep him confined in anticipation of a second trial.

Strecker and
                              Chacon
CubaDave.com photo      
Chacón, foreground, poses with Strecker following Friday's decision.

He was subsequently transferred  to a prison facility for older persons.

Strecker was convicted of violating a 2013 law that made promoting the country as a sex tourism destination a crime.  After he arrived as a tourist, judicial agents followed him for days and arrested him when he was leaving the country in late August 2015.

It appeared they were trying to find other crimes with which to charge him. They were unable to do so. To this day, Strecker told A.M. Costa Rica back in May that he still has no understanding of why he was arrested.

He claimed at the time that he was simply writing about the country from a tourism perspective and was reporting on certain aspects of the country rather than promoting anything.

During the interview with A.M. Costa Rica, Strecker described that, prior to his transfer to a prison for persons 60 years old and over, conditions were isolating. He said that he did not speak any Spanish and he was completely out of contact with the outside world except through communicating via his attorney.

He was originally housed at the penitentiary in San Sebastian. Conditions were overcrowded with men sleeping on the floor and claimed he developed a hernia while incarcerated in the prison.



Paquera ferry
                            out
Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes photo     
Archived photo of the collapsed ferry service ramp.
Paquera ferry expected to be out three weeks
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Three weeks is the number being put up by the public works ministry on how long it will take to repair the ferry service at Paquera.

According to a Friday statement by the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes, the maritime port division said that it will be working with the Tambor shipping company, which oversees the service, to try and mobilize all the machinery necessary to repair the ramp. The División Maritimo Portuaria is also still trying to investigate the cause of the accident.

Meanwhile, it appears that the ministry is waiting on money. Currently, there are two contracts in place for the maintenance of the terminals. The first is for about 200 million colones and the second a further 294 million colones. Both will be received by port authorities on Aug. 23, the ministry said. The resources should allow more definitive repairs on the ferry.


According to Jorge Hernández, the director for the port authority in charge of this project, every effort will be made to shorten the repair time if possible due to the urgency of re-establishing the important transit point for people and goods to and from the Nicoya Peninsula. Hernández added that he recognized the urgency of re-establishing the important transit point for people and goods to and from the Nicoya Peninsula.
The ferry at Paquera fell apart last Tuesday night when the ramp and other structures that allow the berthing of the local ferry collapsed.

The ministry said at the time that the ramp appeared to have turned over and collapsed while other nearby structures were also affected such as the lift that allows the ramp to be raised and lowered.

Hernández indicated that the only way to reach or leave the peninsula via ferry is to use the one from Playa Naranjo.There are two regular routes. Both depart from the port of Puntarenas with one normally going toward Paquera and the other heading north to Naranjo.

The Paquera ferry is located on the southern end of the Nicoya peninsula and is considered part of the province of Puntarenas.

It is north of the popular tourist destinations of Playa Montezuma and Santa Teresa. Meanwhile, Playa Naranjo is just north of Paquera on the eastern coastline of the Nicoya Peninsula across from the port town of Puntarenas.

Bus schedules and ferry arrival or departure times have been adjusted to meet demand. The ferry is a popular method of transportation for commuters and tourists alike. Its closing is sure to have had some effect on tourist operations on the peninsula.







Remarkable
                            Tales

16th anniversary edition

Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca. 


Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!


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A.M.
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Second News Page

Published || Monday Edition, August 21, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 165
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
Psychotherapy




Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

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US (310) 827-4241
doclucinda@gmail.com
www.LucindaGray.com
Learn more about 
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: Focusing-Mindfulness-Healing-Awakening  Click Here
9057-2/25/17


U.S. Income Tax
Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
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Marlene Summers
The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

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9186-6/30/17

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With over 20 years of experience in Costa Rica, we understand the inner-workings of the “Tico system” and offer a wide range of services for newcomers and expatriates!

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9243-8/17/17


Legal Services

American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


MBC

* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
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Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
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Real estate agents and services

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Dentistry

Dental
                                                      Services rollover
Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
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Cell: +506-8302-5877
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Insurance professionals

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E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
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Residency experts

resdiency

JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
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Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
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Javier Zavaleta
Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
9071-3/19/17
9071-3/19/17

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica
U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
9179-9/17/17

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
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pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $102,100 for 2017).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FATCA news.
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eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.
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Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
 
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  Conservation Curatorial  services
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Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

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9212-5/9/17

Nicaraguans in
                        truck
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo        
The undocumented migrants in the bed of the truck.

50 Nicaraguans caught entering
Costa Rica illegally in truck bed

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Border police discovered over 50 undocumented Nicaraguans Saturday morning hidden in the bed of a fruit truck.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the truck came from Nicaragua and was on its way to a pineapple plantation when it was stopped by the Policía de Fronteras at Los Chiles on a normal inspection. Instead of discovering pineapple, the border guards found the people huddled in the bed of the truck.

The driver, a Costa Rican national, was sent to the public prosecutor’s office in San Carlos on charges of attempting to illegally smuggle people into the country. The Nicaraguans were sent back to their country due to their illegal entry into Costa Rica, police said. All foreigners were apparently in good health.

Illegal immigration is a well-documented issue in Costa Rica. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook notes that the country is a popular regional immigration destination due to a wider availability of job opportunities and its social programs. Nine percent of the country’s population is foreign-born with Nicaraguans comprising nearly three-quarters of that percentage, the CIA says. This is only counting those legally residing in the country. Nicaragua is often listed as one of the poorest countries in Latin America.

Usually, Nicaraguan migrant workers enter the country to perform unskilled, seasonal labor in agriculture or in hospitality or cleaning services. Many enter the country legally as tourists and then overstay their 90-day tourist visas. This continues to be a source of tension between the two countries.

Daniel Ortega, the longtime leader of the Nicaraguan government, has noted Costa Rica’s reliance on Nicaraguan unskilled labor in previous comments. The issue is usually noted by Ortega when he is trying to give notice to Costa Rica needing Nicaraguan labor in its economy.

“Nicaraguan men have been migrating seasonally to Costa Rica to harvest bananas and coffee since the early 20th century,” the CIA says in its report. “Since 2000, Nicaraguan emigration to Costa Rica has slowed and stabilized. Today roughly 300,000 Nicaraguans are permanent residents of Costa Rica, about 75 percent of the foreign population, and thousands more migrate seasonally for work, many illegally.”

On the flip side, some Costa Ricans maintain a prejudice against Nicaraguan nationals in the country that sometimes spills out into areas of health, housing and services. The nationality of a person committing the crime is frequently mentioned in police reports. Sometimes there is a correlation between the nationality and the crime if the person fled across the border. In other instances, there appears to be no obvious correlation between the two.


Tourists reported killed over weekend

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Spanish-language press are reporting the death of a tourist at Playa Hermosa and the disappearance of another at Cahuita.

The reports did not mention their nationality but apparently, the tourist at Hermosa was declared dead at around 7 p.m. Saturday night after an attempted rescue by members of the Cruz Roja Costarricense. The Cruz Roja said the incident occurred in front of the Hotel Fuego del Sol.

The missing man was reported gone Thursday afternoon by local villagers. Reports are suggesting that he was dragged underwater by a current based on testimony of a surfer in the area who attempted to rescue the tourist. The identity of the person is still not known and no body has been reported found by authorities as of Sunday night.

A.M. Costa Rica will continue to monitor official reports from the public security ministry, Judicial Investigation Organization and the Cruz Roja Costarricense for more information.



Road
                      map
Acueductos y Alcantarillados map         
AyA map showing roadwork closure in Curridabat.

AyA to shut down road in Curridabat

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Instituto Costarricense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados said that night work is beginning Monday that will see Calle Madrigal in Barrio San José shut down. 

This is considered part of the Zona Industrial in Curridabat. AyA said that the purpose of the road closure is to fix the sanitary sewer network that runs underneath the road. It will be done from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m.  until Sept. 21. Pedestrian passage will remain open in the area and there will be two closing points at the intersection with Calle 77 on the east side and at the intersection of Calle 61 on the west.

The former closing point is near to the Carretas Espartaco S.A. and the western point near La Fuente Motel, AyA said. Residents in the area and vehicles not going directly to the work area will be permitted to go through on regulated passage.

The green and yellow-colored lines on the map are the alternative routes around the work zone with the red being the area where the pipes will be installed.


Infant mortality rate down, Caja says

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The infant mortality rate in Costa Rica is going down based on the newest data released by the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

The country’s infant mortality rate is among the lowest in Latin America and competes with countries like the United States and Canada as well as Australia and parts of Europe, the Caja said. The infant mortality rate is an indicator of the number of deaths of children under one year old for every 1,000 live births recorded during the first year of life in a given year and population.

In 2007, there were 9.64 deaths per thousand live births. By 2016, that number has dropped to 8.02 deaths per thousand live births. According to Roberto Quesada, a demographer attached to the Caja’s actuarial science department, said that the rate is so low that if there are any further changes, they will be reflected in the statistics.

Jacqueline Castillo, also in the actuarial department for the Caja, explained that the 2015-2016 period saw an atypical drop to around 7.52 deaths per thousand live births. This represents the lowest rate in the entire history of the country, she said.

Changes in the rate such as a delay in registration or any other circumstances may have a minimum statistical change in the rate from one period to the next, the Caja said. These changes, Ms. Castillo said, are reflective of the progress the country is making in health and home care with the mortality rate being so low.


Motorcycle seizures double this year

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Traffic police have seized over 8,106 motorcycles this year doubling the amount confiscated during the same period last year, the public works ministry said.

“This is a reflection of the serious and systematic work that we have been doing to tackle the problem of motorcycle mortality, removing unlicensed drivers from motorcycles and altering or deteriorating motorcycles,” said Mario Calderón, the commissioner for the Policía de Tránsito.

This appears to be a numbers game for the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes. The ministry touts that for each of the 122 deaths on the road due to a motorcycle-related incident, around 32 motorcycles were seized. 82 plates on motorcycles have also been removed for every fatality, the ministry said.

By the end of July, 66 riders were fined more than 200,000 colones and slapped with four points on their license for having a child younger than five years old on the ride. 2,780 riders were fined 100,000 colones for failing to wear a helmet or improperly wearing one along with another 1,616 incidences where the driver was fined because their partner was not wearing a helmet.

Traffic police appear to be really cracking down on lack of a reflective gear or vest while riding. Over 3,385 motorcyclists have been fined more than 50,000 colones for this infraction. That number represents a jump of over 96 percent by comparison to last year, police said.



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Translated into English









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A.M.
Costa Rica

Third News Page


Published || Monday Edition, August 21, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 165
Calendar
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Maya
                                  glyph
Wikipedia commons photo     
The men in this Mayan relief are believed to be astronomers.

Eclipse possibly predicted by Maya

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The plot is familiar. The hero of the story, equipped with superior modern knowledge, scares his enemies by predicting an eclipse.

Mark Twain and others have worked this idea into their literary works. The latest to do so is sometimes-resident Mel Gibson, who kept his hero in the film from being sacrificed by Mayan captors due to the convenient arrival of an eclipse.

Columbus reports he used the technique to continue his food donations from Jamaican Indians when he was stranded there in 1504.

Mark Twain’s Connecticut Yankee might have been able to put this scam over on King Arthur’s ignorant court but Gibson was a bit off course when he included the plot device in his 2006 film “Apocalypto.” The pre-Columbian Mayans featured in the movie probably know more about the heavens than anyone at the time with the exception of the Chinese.

In fact, in "Astronomy in the Maya Codices," authors Harvey and Victoria Bricker report that the ancient Mayan books even predicted the 1991 eclipse.

The ancient American elite were astronomical addicts. They did see the heavenly bodies as deities, but they hardly would have been surprised when the moon passed in front of the sun, as it did in Gipson’s epic.

Not clear is if the ancient Mayan astronomer-mathematicians predicted today’s eclipse. But they most certainly witnessed the 1504 eclipse cited by Columbus and an earlier one in 1494.

Some in Costa Rica may be able to see today’s solar eclipse if the weather permits. The Universidad de Costa Rica’s planetarium reports that a partial solar eclipse may be seen even in Costa Rica at around 12:04 p.m. today. This is only if overcast and rain do not get in the way.


antique
                                  music sheet
Universidad de Costa Rica photo      
553 compositions were recorded and noted
in the university's archive system.


University archives Costa Rica's
early church compositions


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The music scores that were played in the churches of Costa Rica during the 19th and early 20th century were restored and digitized by the archivists at the Universidad de Costa Rica.

Through an agreement between the university’s Archivo Histórico Musical and the Archdiocese of San José, about 553 compositions were recorded and a total of 3,265 images digitized. “In this way, it is ensured that the permanence of this material for the following decades and that these old scores be included in the repertoires of contemporary Costa Rican music and for further research,” the archive said in a statement.

Pablo Durand Baquerizo, the head of the archdiocesan archives, said that this testimony of an era in Costa Rica was recovered and preserved for posterity.

Within the documents, the oldest work that was found was by the composer, Mateo Fournier Hetch, titled “Salve (a dos voces con orquesta)” from 1881. Works by over 203 Costa Rican authors were also found tucked away with these compositions, the university said. All of them were chapel masters and composers writing liturgical acts of the time.

The project began back in 2010 as part of the research being done by Zamira Barquero, the coordinator for the university’s music archive. The documents were presented in an official ceremony at the Iglesia de Montes de Oca with a concert of sacred music. The recital performed works like “Agnus Dei” by A.C.L Bizet, “Ave verum” by Mozart and “Ave María” by Javier Busto among others.





Books headline

Brodell Book
Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

By the staff and contributors at A.M. Costa Rica
 (editor)A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca.  
Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Brodell book 2
The Dark Side of Pura Vida: Murder, Betrayal, Abduction and Revenge in the Vacation Paradise

By James J. Brodell. Retired baseball player Jack Patterson becomes suspicious after his younger sister dies in a Pacific Ocean rip tide while on vacation in Costa Rica. Jack has to go there to find answers to troubling questions. But soon he is hijacked by a gang of avengers led by an icy Costa Rican-American woman who carries twin pistols strapped to her chest. Jack soon helps uncover a web of corruption and greed . Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Trapped in Damas Cave
Trapped In The Damas Cave, Costa Rica

A true story by author Dusty Pilot, who lived in Costa Rica for 11 years. Dusty tells his horrifying story of being trapped in the Damas Cave, near Quepos, for 26 hours. The book is available from Amazon in both digital and print format. Digital format will be on sale for $0.99 until Aug. 30. Visit Amazon.com to preview or purchase, or DustyPilot.com/cave.html More information Contact Dusty Pilot Email: dusty@dustypilot.com US phone: 001 440 796-4105¯

New World Meditation
New World Meditation: Focusing-Mindfulness-Healing-Awakening

By Lucinda Gray PhD

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Monday Edition, August 21, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 165
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Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decisions
By the University of Chicago press staff

If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? And should it make any difference if that choice is presented in a language you speak, but isn’t your native tongue?

Psychologists at the University of Chicago found in past research that people facing such a dilemma while communicating in a foreign language are far more willing to sacrifice the bystander than those using their native tongue. In a paper published Aug. 14 in “Psychological Science,” the researchers take a major step toward understanding why that happens.

“Until now, we and others have described how using a foreign language affects the way that we think,” said Boaz Keysar, the UChicago psychology professor in whose lab the research was conducted. “We always had explanations, but they were not tested directly. This is really the first paper that explains why, with evidence.”

Through a series of experiments, Keysar and his colleagues explore whether the decision people make in the train dilemma is due to a reduction in the emotional aversion to breaking an ingrained taboo, an increase in deliberation thought to be associated with a utilitarian sense of maximizing the greater good or some combination of the two.

“We discovered that people using a foreign language were not any more concerned with maximizing the greater good,” said lead author Sayuri Hayakawa, a doctoral student in psychology. “But rather, were less averse to violating the taboos that can interfere with making utility-maximizing choices.”

The researchers, including Albert Costa and Joanna Corey from Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, propose that using a foreign language gives people some emotional distance and that allowed them to take the more utilitarian action.

“I thought it was very surprising,” Keysar said. “My prediction was that we’d find that the difference is in how much they care about the common good. But it’s not that at all.”

Studies from around the world suggest that using a foreign language makes people more utilitarian. Speaking a foreign language slows you down and requires that you concentrate to understand.

Scientists have hypothesized that the result is a more deliberative frame of mind that makes the utilitarian benefit of saving five lives outweigh the aversion to pushing a man to his death.

But Keysar’s own experience speaking a foreign language, English, gave him the sense that emotion was important. English just didn’t have the visceral resonance for him as his native Hebrew. It wasn’t as intimately connected to emotion, a feeling shared by many bilingual people and corroborated by numerous lab studies.

“Your native language is acquired from your family, from your friends, from television,” Hayakawa said. “It becomes infused with all these emotions.”

Foreign languages are often learned later in life in classrooms, and may not activate feelings, including aversive feelings, as strongly.
The problem is that either the more utilitarian or the less emotional process would produce the same behavior.
train tracks
University of Chicago photo      
Researchers propose that using a foreign language gives people some emotional distance.

To help figure out which was actually responsible, the psychologists worked with David Tannenbaum, a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business at the time of the research and now an assistant professor at the University of Utah.

Tannenbaum is an expert at a technique called process dissociation, which allows researchers to tease out and measure the relative importance of different factors in a decision process.

For the paper, the researchers did six separate studies with six different groups, including native speakers of English, German and Spanish. Each also spoke one of the other languages, so that all possible combinations were equally represented. Each person was randomly assigned to use either his or her native language or second language throughout the experiment.


Participants read an array of paired scenarios that varied systematically in key ways. For example, instead of killing a man to save five people from death, they might be asked if they would kill him to save five people from minor injuries. The taboo act of killing the man is the same, but the consequences vary.

“If you have enough of these paired scenarios, you can start gauging what are the factors that people are paying attention to,” Hayakawa said. “We found that people using a foreign language were not paying any more attention to the lives saved, but definitely were less averse to breaking these kinds of rules. So if you ask the classic question, ‘Is it the head or the heart?’ It seems that the foreign language gets to the heart.”

The researchers are next looking at why that is. Does using a foreign language blunt people’s mental visualization of the consequences of their actions, contributing to their increased willingness to make the sacrifice? And do they create less mental imagery because of differences in how foreign language use affects which memories come to mind?

The researchers are also starting to investigate whether their lab results apply in real-world situations where the stakes are high. A study Keysar’s team is initiating in Israel looks at whether the parties in a peace negotiation assess the same proposal differently if they see it in their own language or the language of their negotiating partner. And Keysar is interested in looking at whether language can be usefully considered in decisions made by doctors speaking a foreign language.

“You might be able to predict differences in medical decision-making depending on the language that you use,” he said. “In some cases you might prefer a stronger emotional engageent, in some you might not.”


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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page

Published || Monday Edition, August 21, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 165
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Pence at Panama Canal
White House photo       
Vice President Mike Pence tours the Panama Canal on Aug. 17, 2017.

Entrepreneurs hope Pence sparks ideas in region

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

More public backing for innovation, more idea exchanges to nurture global trade and more stability. That’s what two transnational entrepreneurs hope will result from U.S. Vice President Mike Pence’s travels this week to Latin America, where he has promoted prosperity, security and democracy for the Americas.

Liliana "Lili" Gil Valletta, a Colombia native and naturalized U.S. citizen, described Pence’s trip to her homeland, Argentina, Chile and Panamá as a good thing that highlights bilateral trade.

Valletta co-founded and runs CIEN+, a marketing and analytics firm based in New York and Medellin, Colombia.

Nathan Lustig, an American entrepreneur, said he hopes Pence’s visit reinforces the benefits of trade and competition for the entire hemisphere.

Many Latin Americans limit themselves because they lack confidence that they can compete in global markets, said the 31-year-old managing partner of Magma Partners, a wide-ranging seed-stage investment fund with offices in Los Angeles, California and Santiago, Chile. "What we see on the ground is that they actually can."

Pence, speaking at a business dinner in Santiago on Wednesday, said that U.S.-Latin America trade totaled a stunning $1.6 trillion last year and that the United States wants to see it increase: "We want to bring even more of our business culture of entrepreneurship and innovation across Latin America."

Lustig and Ms. Valletta suggested Latin America also can export some valuable approaches to entrepreneurship. Lustig is a beneficiary of Start-Up Chile, an international model for public investment in entrepreneurship.

In 2010, the Chilean government launched the so-called startup program for business startups to encourage entrepreneurs and define the country as a global hub of tech innovation. Selected applicants from around the world get at least $10,000 in funding, a one-year work visa, office space, plus months of training, mentoring and networking with potential investors. In exchange, they stage workshops or provide mentoring for local residents, creating a ripple effect.

As of last year, the accelerator program had helped at least 4,000 entrepreneurs from 79 countries boost 1,400 fledgling businesses, according to Start-Up Chile’s website. Lustig, who started two businesses as a University of Wisconsin student, got $40,000 and a foothold in Latin America via Start-Up Chile’s pilot round of training.

He said that beyond the accelerator, Chile has introduced other ideas worth emulating to boost innovation. For instance, a 2013 law streamlined the startup process, enabling entrepreneurs to incorporate businesses online, in a single day, for free.

Both Start-up Chile and Ruta N face challenges.

Many of the Chilean program’s startup companies tank without additional government aid or they relocate as soon as they’ve finished taking advantage of Chile’s generosity, low costs and relatively light tax burden, the website TechCrunch found in an analysis.

Colombia, too, has had setbacks that could hamper its program. The country risks a cut to its BBB credit rating after overly optimistic forecasts by the government, Reuters news agency reported in July, citing factors such as low oil prices and weak economic growth. It said the finance minister planned to cut the next year’s budget by $1.65 billion.

A good entrepreneurial ecosystem requires talent, experienced mentors and willing investors, Valletta and Lustig agree. Now in her early 40s, Ms. Valletta serves as a mentor for the Stanford Latino Entrepreneurs Initiative, based at the university in Palo Alto, California.

She noted that despite the burgeoning U.S. Hispanic population, Latino entrepreneurs, especially women, have limited access to investors. So, she started Dreamers Ventures, an alliance of investors and mentors to bolster minority businesses.

"The U.S. taxes you on your worldwide income and they don’t give you credit for taxes you’ve paid in Chile," he said, complaining that a treaty to ease double taxation has stalled in the U.S. Senate. The Foreign Relations Committee approved it twice, in 2014 and 2015, but it never reached the full Senate for ratification. He said small and midsize businesses lack the means to find tax advantages that large ones can.

But Lustig pointed out that the United States long has had a major asset: a stable legal system where you know what’s going to happen. Chile, too, is stable; the World Bank says its strong regulatory framework makes it a top performer in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Lustig compared Chile with Argentina, where President Mauricio Macri has been implementing market reforms since taking office in late 2015. Before that, the entrepreneur said, the business laws could change daily.


Venezuela Congress rejects
constituent assembly seizure


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuela's opposition-controlled National Assembly met Saturday to reject the pro-government constituent assembly's proclamation of lawmaking authority a day earlier.

Outspoken opposition spokesman Freddy Guevara, the vice president of the National Assembly, on Saturday condemned the constituent assembly's power grab, and the body itself, as null. He accused the pro-government assembly of acting to approve contracts and secure international financing in the midst of a national economic crisis, and he warned that congress wouldn't back agreements that violated the Constitution.

The National Assembly made its declaration of resistance in the presence of foreign diplomats from the United States, Britain, México and Spain. The United States has rejected the authority of the constituent assembly and President Donald Trump, in a surprise move, last week even talked about the prospect of military intervention.

Saturday's meeting came in response to Friday's move by the constituent assembly, which gave itself the power to pass laws, seizing legislative power from the opposition-led congress.

The constituent assembly unanimously passed a decree enabling it to legislate on matters directly aimed at ensuring the preservation of peace, security, sovereignty, the socioeconomic financial system, the purposes of state, and the preeminence of Venezuela's human rights.

While the decree did not explicitly dissolve congress, it stripped away the already diminished powers of the body. After the decree was passed, opposition lawmaker Omar Avila denounced the decision, stressing that the constituent assembly had not provided any solutions to the problems of everyday people.

Venezuela's opposition-led congress already has little power in the country as the Socialist-dominated Supreme Court has stripped it of many of its functions and overruled most of the laws it approved since the opposition took control last year.

Opposition leaders refused Friday to swear an oath of loyalty to the constituent assembly, which they have warned would crush dissent in the country.

The election of the assembly last month was boycotted by the opposition and triggered international condemnation. The body is charged with rewriting the country's 1999 constitution and has given permission to President Nicolas Maduro to rule by decree.

Maduro defends the all-powerful constituent assembly as the country's only hope for peace and prosperity. As the constituent assembly continues to increase its powers, both the opposition and ruling leadership work to organize gubernatorial elections set for October.

The National Election Council's president, Tibisay Lucena, announced that the ruling and opposition parties had each registered more than 200 candidates for the upcoming elections.


Spanish police set up
roadblocks in Catalonia


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Spain's hunt for the driver of a van that barreled through a Barcelona crowd last week focused Sunday on the northeastern towns of Ripoll and Manlleu.

Police set up numerous roadblocks hoping to snare Younes Abouyaaquoub, a 22-year-old Moroccan man they suspect was behind Thursday's attack, which killed 13 people and injured more than 100 others.

In a news conference Sunday, Spanish police also reported that they had found 120 gas canisters in a home believed to be the bomb-making factory of the suspects in Thursday's attacks. Enough materials were found to carry out one or more attacks in Barcelona, regional police chief Josep Lluis Trapero told reporters, revealing that traces of TATP explosive had also been found.

In addition to Abouyaaqoub, two other suspects are being sought, including an imam named Abdelbaki Es Satty. Authorities believe Es Satty may have radicalized some of those who carried out the attacks.

Police already have four people in custody they believe are connected to the attacks.

Investigators are trying to determine if some of the suspects sought were killed Wednesday night in an explosion that leveled a home in Alcanar. Human remains were found in the rubble left by the blast, which police believe may have been caused by mishandling butane canisters that were intended to be used in an attack. DNA testing is underway to determine how many people died in the explosion.

The Associated Press reports that neighbors said the vehicles used in the Cambrils and Barcelona attacks were seen at the Alcanar home prior to the blast.

Police said a seven-year-old boy with dual Australian and British citizenship has been identified as one of the victims, along with an Italian and a Belgian, but did not reveal their names.

On Sunday Spain's King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia, along with Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, attended a mass for the victims of the attacks at Barcelona's Sagrada Familia Basilica.

During the service, the archbishop of Barcelona read a telegram of sent by Pope Francis, who called the attacks a cruel terrorist act and a grave offense to God.

The king and queen visited victims in hospitals on Saturday and placed a wreath and candles at the site of the Barcelona attack.


Migrant stabbing attack is
likely terrorism in Finland


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A stabbing attack carried out Friday by an 18-year-old Moroccan migrant in Finland is being investigated by Finnish authorities as a likely terrorist act, officials said.

Speaking Saturday with reporters, Pekka Hiltunen, a spokeswoman for the Finnish Security Intelligence Service, told reporters the agency was investigating the suspect’s ties to the Islamic State group, as Islamic State has previously encouraged this kind of behavior.

Police have not released the name of the suspect in the stabbing attack. On Friday, the asylum-seeker stabbed nine people in the small city of Turku, leaving two of the victims dead. He apparently was targeting women, in particular.

"We think that the attacker especially targeted women, and the men were wounded after coming to the defense of the women," Finland's National Bureau of Investigation superintendent, Christa Granroth, told reporters.

Four other Moroccan men were also detained by police in connection with the stabbing, though it is unclear what their relationship is to the attacker. The attacker was shot in the leg by police shortly after the attack took place, and he is now in the hospital under police watch.

Security was heightened at Helsinki airport and at train stations in response to the stabbings.

The Security Intelligence Service raised the terrorism threat level in June after becoming aware of terror-related plots in the usually peaceful country.

Turku is located about 140 kilometers west of the capital of Helsinki.

The stabbings occurred as Europe remains on high alert while it grapples with a spate of terrorist attacks, including two this week alone.


Online companies bar
far-right groups


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

They are being booted off or locked out of their websites. Some can no longer blog. Their electronic payment systems are being canceled. Even their music can't be heard.

For some white supremacist and neo-Nazi groups, operating online has become much harder in the wake of last week's "Unite the Right" protests in Charlottesville, Virginia, that resulted in violent clashes between extremist groups and counterprotesters.

On Thursday, the Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi and white supremacist news site and one of the organizers of last weekend's demonstrations, was ejected from a Russian internet domain provider that was hosting its site.

The Daily Stormer had recently turned to the Russian firm after being knocked offline by its U.S. providers, first GoDaddy, then Google.

As of Thursday night, the Daily Stormer was not online. While tech firms have been under government pressure to crack down on state-sponsored terrorist groups, they have mostly resisted efforts to play the censor when it comes to who uses their services. Their terms of use guidelines often outline restrictions, but they have traditionally declined to police offensive content.

In recent years, Facebook and other social media companies have cracked down on violations of their terms of service.

Silicon Valley's general laissez-faire approach appeared to be changing after last weekend's demonstrations prompted by the rally's violence and the recognition that extremist groups rely on a host of digital services to organize.

But the shift comes with great ambivalence. CloudFlare, which makes websites secure and fast, decided to stop serving the Daily Stormer. But it wasn't an easy decision, wrote Matthew Prince, the firm's chief executive.

On Thursday, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a nonprofit that advocates for civil liberties in the digital world and one that has stood with tech companies in its battles with the U.S. government on surveillance, criticized the tech companies' actions.

"We strongly believe that what GoDaddy, Google and Cloudflare did here was dangerous," the organization wrote in a statement on its blog.

Tech companies, with few competitors, increasingly have more power to control online speech, EFF wrote, and the consequences of their decisions have far-reaching impacts on speech around the world.

"Every time a company throws a vile neo-Nazi site off the Net, thousands of less visible decisions are made by companies with little oversight or transparency," EFF added.

While Google, GoDaddy and Cloudflare refused to host the Daily Stormer site, other extremist groups and supporters were affected in other ways, such as where they could stay, how they exchanged money and the music they listened to.

Ahead of the protests, Airbnb banned users from staying in Charlottesville if it appeared they were coming for the protests. PayPal said it does not allow groups such as the Ku Klux Klan or neo-Nazi groups engaged in activities that promote hate, violence or racial intolerance to use its service for processing payments. Apple Pay also pulled its services for groups selling far-right merchandise.

Spotify removed hate bands from its service.

WordPress, the blogging platform, cut off access to its site for Vanguard America, a group associated with James Fields, who allegedly drove his vehicle into a crowd of counterprotesters. He is charged with second-degree murder in the death of one woman and injuring nearly two dozen other people.

GoFundMe, a crowdfunding site, took down campaigns for assisting in Fields' legal defense.

Prince, of CloudFlare, wrote that making the decision to boot the Daily Stormer could change how the firm handles other takedown requests.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

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                                  Penthouse

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
9132-6/1/17


Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Rich Coast Realty
Rich Coast Realty
Real Estate and Construction in the Central Pacific
Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k. Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000! Beachfront Lots from $35,000!Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Construction, Residency, etc.
12 years’ experience in Costa Rica Real Estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
9189-9/2/17

Santiago de Puriscal
A little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal,
Costa Rica.
    

16 acres (approximately).  Price: $425,000 USD

We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 km.) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos. We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. Have surveyed plans for possible subdividing.

For more information:  In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 970-581-4826 or email toddscolorado@gmail.com. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 506-7187-8577.
CODE: 9216-8/11/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
                                rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
                                rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Hotel in
                                  Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
                                  Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918


ReMax
                                    Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Related

Costa Rica
                                    Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale



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Published || Monday Edition, August 21, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 165
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News from the BBC up to the minute





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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Gardens provide the color lawns lack

A friend of mine loves her lawn. In fact, there are a lot of people who love their lawns. Lawns, they will tell you, are a lot less work than gardens. Lawns just take a couple of hours a week plus some fertilizing in the spring. Got a big lawn? Get a riding mower and some music on the headphones and ride around a little. Gardens? Too much work. So, why garden?

Why garden? Where do I start?

Victoria Torley
 Let’s start with color. Green is
 nice, I like green, but what
 about all those other colors?
 Lawns don’t have them. How
 about planting just one kind of
 thing – the simple zinnia.
 Zinnias come in just about every
 color there is and last quite a
 while as a cut flower.

So, maybe you could just plant some zinnias here and there to pull the eye away from the lawn.

And, since we live in the tropics, how about some nice shade? Nothing says shade like a nice big tree. It doesn’t have to block the view or threaten to fall on the house. Just plant your tree in the right spot and watch it grow. You can even make it a fruit tree!  Lemonade in the shade anyone?

While we are talking trees, they are a great carbon sink, sucking up CO2 and pumping out oxygen. Drink your lemonade and congratulate yourself on helping the climate.

Why stop with a couple of fruit trees? How about some nice big trees on the property so you can feel that refreshing breeze when the wind ripples through them? Or sitting on the deck listening to the gentle rain on the leaves? That is so relaxing. Especially if you have a glass of wine in hand…Then there is noise reduction. If you live near a heavily trafficked road, a nice line of trees can reduce street noises.

What about that hill in front of the house? Do you want your house to slide downhill in a heavy rain? Of course you don’t!  Get yourself some vetiver grass out there or some medera negra and Guanacaste trees or something else with really deep roots. Plant them now before things start to slip.

Perhaps you have the opposite problem. You live near a river and need those deep rooting trees to prevent flooding. Or, like us, you may have a marshy area on the property. Don’t forget to put in some papyrus for that area, it looks terrific and loves wet feet.

So, why garden? Oh yes, it’s also good exercise.


polyalthia
                          longifolia
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Victoria Torley       

Plant of the Week

This is something for my friends in the drier parts of Guanacaste: the Polyalthia longifolia, or “mast tree.” Tall and straight with drooping foliage, the mast tree is an Indian native that doesn’t mind a hot dry climate. These are 1.5-2 meters tall but the final tree can reach to 9 meters. They are used for noise abatement and as a screen in crowded neighborhoods. The plant attracts butterflies and the leaves provide food for caterpillars. Trunks make great masts for small boats, hence the name. Find your mast trees at Cocobolo Tree Farm near Liberia.

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor. And, for more garden tips, visit HERE!



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From page 7:

RECOPE announces changes to quality of gas

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The environment ministry and the Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo are implementing some new changes to the quality of gasoline in Costa Rica.

According to a statement from the Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía, diesel, plus and super fuels will go on sale with the new parameters beginning Sept. 1. These are primarily quality-control parameters such as reducing sulfur content in the plus or super octane and regulating the organometallic compounds in both. This is supposed to prevent carcinogenic gases to enter the atmosphere as well as avoid damage to emission control systems in the vehicles, the ministry said.

There are also limits being placed on chemicals such as benzene due to its forming a gum-like substance in the fuel. Data provided by RECOPE claims that around 629 deaths per year are associated with respiratory diseases caused by poor air quality. Total costs related to these deaths and health coverage equal about one percent of Costa Rica’s gross domestic product, the petroleum giant said. Vehicles are the primary source of emissions pollutants in the country.

With diesel fuel, there has been an increase in cetane from 45 to 51, which contributes to reducing emissions of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide. Cetane allows combustion to start faster and allows the fuel to burn more completely, RECOPE said. This produces a lower emission of polluting gases.

These changes comes as RECOPE is asking the Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos, or ARESEP, to increase the prices in diesel and gas for September. At the time, the fuel company said that this was to reflect the changes in consumption and production at the international market. Now, RECOPE is adding in the quality control changes as a further reason to increase costs of gasoline in Costa Rica. The reason is for the increased costs in importing fuels that pass the new standards for quality. The country already maintains some of the highest gas prices in the region.

The adjustment is expected to be an increase by around 2.3 colones per liter in gas and 1.4 colones per liter of diesel, the company said. This is still awaiting approval from ARESEP, but would go into effect by September if approved this month, the environment ministry said.