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  Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 82
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Costa Rican tribes accuse minister of mistreatment
By Rommel Téllez
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Several indigenous associations and the Frente Amplio lawmaker Gerardo Vargas have accused one of the vice-ministers, Ana Gabriela Zuñiga, of discrimination and mistreatment towards their members.

According to Vargas, the vice-minister recently held a meeting at Casa Presidencial with several leaders of the native tribes in regards the implementation of a national indigenous consultations plan. That's where the vice-minister allegedly raised her voice, ignored some of the participants and suddenly abandoned the negotiation table.

Right now, these associations are discussing with the government a protocol that will establish the terms and conditions by which projects affecting native communities should be negotiated.

The protocol is a requirement established in Convenio 169, an agreement that Costa Rica signed with the International Labor Organization seeking to protect the rights to land, cultural identity and self-determination of native peoples.

However, some indigenous leaders claim that Casa Presidential is trying to impose a system that do not respect their traditions and does not give a voice to the whole communities.

“The day we met, the vice-minister didn't even greet us and talked to us in a very condescending way,”  said Agustín Jackson, a Bribri native and member of the Comisión Nacional de Asuntos Índigenas.  “I know that's not right. It’s just not right.”

“We have attended meetings in our territories where people from Casa Presidencial arrive with the police and it's up to them to say who stays in the meeting and who doesn't. Also, some of the people attending struggle with Spanish and no one cares to find a translator,” added Jackson.

The vice-minister, through her spokeswoman, said that A.M. Costa Rica’s request for comment could not be ready on time. She did confirm, however, that Ms. Zuñiga has been building a general consultation plan for the native tribes.

Back in 1977,  the government created the Asociaciones de Desarrollo Indígena.

Boruca
Wikipedia photo
Members of the Boruca tribe.

According to the law, members of these associations represent their own communities.

However, many members of the tribes do not recognize their authority because an association of that nature is a type of organization model that does not fit their traditions.

According to Leonel Arburola, member of the Asociación de Desarrollo Índigena Térraba, this reality makes the situation even more difficult, because Casa Presidencial has had meetings with independent groups.

“It's true many our people do not adhere to the associations but we are the only lawful entities authorized to organize our people,” Arburola said, “The problem is that the viceministerio is dealing with individuals who do not represent the voice of a community.”

“The day of the meeting we explained this to the viceminister but she was very arrogant,” Arburola said. “She was probably expecting an Indian wearing a loincloth and not a native with a master’s degree in International Law.”

Arburola said that any protocol established with the indigenous population should take into account technical and inclusiveness criteria. “When I told her that she lost it and left the meeting.” Arburola explained.

In 2011, the lack of the consultation protocol to the indigenous people caused a temporary halt in the construction of the Diquís dam, a project carried out by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad in Puntarenas.

An expert in indigenous affairs sent by the International Labor Organization recommended to stop the project due to the lack of negotiation with the native communities that would have disappeared with the dam.



Police vacancies won't be filled if race quota made
By Rommel Téllez
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

“If we restrict the amount of police officers we  hire and save some spaces to comply with gender, ethnicity or diversity quotas, those vacancies will likely remain empty.”

That's the assesment of Ruth López, current chief of the Departamento de Selección y Reclutamiento of Miniserio de Seguridad Pública when asked if there is any plan underway to increase diversity within the police forces.

According to Ms. López, she would be willing to create a more diverse Fuerza Pública, however.

The reality shows that not many people are interested in the job, so police officials will give an opportunity to anyone who shows interest and complies with the mental and physical requirements.

“It is true that there are not many descendants of Asian or African origins who join the Fuerza Pública, but we do have some,” she said, “The reason why minorities do not join police forces I don't really know but, I insist, we are open to anyone who shows interest.”

Currently, those interested in joining the police forces should pass a psychological test. If everything goes fine then they go through a medical exam to asses their overall health.

Afterwards there are several physical tests to make sure they are fit for the position they are applying for.

The last step is a general interview to assess the candidates competences. In other words, to this means a test of their strengths and weaknesses. The whole process lasts about two months.

“We don't care about the age, we care about the person being able to do the job,” Ms. López said.
Police
                              action
Casa Presidencial photo 
Police want more recruits no matter color.

“So far we don't have any inclusion program going on, but we don´t have any discrimination either.”

In the case of Afro-Costa Ricans, their lack of representation may be a result of social stigma and how we have been educated, said Rina Cáceres, a researcher on African and Caribbean identities at Universidad de Costa Rica.

“It is really hard to tell why ethnic minorities are underrepresented in positions of power, mainly because we don't reliable data to analyze,”  Ms. Cáceres said.

"However, I believe that the one common reason in this situations is the criminalization of the Afro-Caribbean body.”

According to her, there is a social construct that tells us what category everybody belongs to.

She noted that darker phenotypes are often attributed with qualities of ugliness, laziness and distrust while the whiter ones are linked to beauty, success and power.

“So this may be affecting in two ways: Afro-Caribbeans feeling they just don't belong in the police, in the power and also police considering that darker people belong to the criminal side," she said.

"That's where racial profiling come from."

For 2017, the Fuerza Pública will be hiring about 2,500 police officers, at a rate of 300 each quarter.



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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
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Nuevo Arenal fishing tourney Saturday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The first edition of the Nuevo Arenal fishing tournament starts this weekend beginning Saturday.

Registration is from 6 to 9 Saturday morning at the Arenal Community Park and Boat Ramp with all anglers receiving a fishing shirt, and a raffle ticket for 15,000 colons entry fee, organizers said. According to one of the leading organizers, Darrell Holley, this year the tournament is expected to have over 100 anglers participate.

Starting at 10 a.m. there will be a free kids fishing derby. Interested participants must register to get a raffle ticket. Camping will be permitted on the park grounds of the community center during the weekend. Among the amenities during the tournament’s progression, organizers said there will be bathrooms, showers, food, music, adult beverages, and games for the kids will be available.

100 raffle items almost guarantees everyone winning something if present. Holley mentioned that some of these prizes would include fishing rods and dinner or lunch credits among other things.

The winners will receive cash prizes 125,000 colons for Big Bass, and 1st place boat for 2 days. For second and third place winners, participants can expect 100,000 and 75,000 colon prizes, respectively. The tournament runs until Sunday with the grand prizes being doled out around noon on Sunday, Holley said.

Nuevo Arenal is a small community that sits on the northeastern section of Laguna Arenal in Guanacaste province.



coffee bean
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para Agricultura photo      
Coffee production is divided into three basic types.

New data out discusses coffee and cacao

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Coffee and chocolate are loved by many expats all around Costa Rica. The products are also loved in terms of trade numbers as coffee is second only to oil in generating annual revenues in international trade. That is, at least, what the most recent data from the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture said.

With $15 billion in profit gained from exporting countries and a source of employment for more than 20 million globally, coffee is a huge trade. Meanwhile, cacao, is the livelihood for 5.5 million small producers and represents the first link in the chain for the more than $120 billion in annual, global sales, according to a statement from the institute. For those who are not aware, the cacao bean is the seed from which chocolate is made from.

The data was produced in conjunction with the Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco. The studies were compiled in books titled: “La situación y tendencias de la producción de café en América Latina y el Caribe” and “Estado actual sobre la producción y el comercio del cacao en América.”

The studies heap more than praise upon both crops, however. According to the institute, the books discuss the challenges and the current situation facing production as well as varying proposals on the agricultural production of coffee and cacao.

Particularly, the study on coffee details that grain production has grown substantially as a result of certain, rigorous agronomic techniques but it must deal with potential vulnerability in terms of climate and disease. According to the data, more than 80 countries cultivate coffee but over 50 export it with Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, and Ethiopia being among the largest producers. For Costa Rica, coffee is one of its largest agricultural exports in terms of trade and profits.

With cacao, the study concludes that there has been a lag in productivity due to its inability to keep up with the high demand of the product. It emphasizes also the dependency that the crop has on environmental conditions and political stability. The Americas are among the third-highest production region in the world, the data said.


Public works releases plan on oil spills

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The public works ministry released its contingency plan for addressing potential hydrocarbon fuel disasters within Costa Rican waters.

The “Plan Nacional de Contingencia de Costa Rica para enfrentar Derrames de Hidrocarburos en el Mar”acknowledges the increasing growth in maritime traffic within the territorial waters of Costa Rica. The Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes is particularly concerned with cargo ships transporting large amounts of fossil fuels and the possibilities of accidents causing a major maritime disaster.

To that end, the ministry hopes that the plan establishes a course of action in partnership with the public and private sector for averting a disaster or eliciting a quick response to alleviate any oil spill that comes in the future.

The plans can be found on the public works ministry’s website.


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Costa Rica

Third News Page
U.S. Tax
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 82
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State of the bomberos report provides yearbook-style photos of units
Golfito bomberos Academia Nacional
Bomberos de Costa Rica photos

The annual firefighters' report for 2016 was released Tuesday. Aside from the statistics, the report could be described as closely resembling a school yearbook with each local firefighting department taking a group photo. Sometimes they get creative too! Here are some of the highlights from this year’s “Memoria Institucional de los Bomberos de Costa Rica.”

To the left, there are the Bomberos de Golfito with a fountain spray making the photo one of the more creative ones. To the right are members of the Academia Nacional de Bomberos striking different poses in the varying boxes.



Recommended restaurants and hotels
 
Crocs
 
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Baru
 
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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 82
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Microplastics movement spreads deep into the oceans, study says
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
with Science Digest press reports

Marine circulation and weather conditions greatly affect microplastic aggregation and movement. Microplastics, which are particles measuring less than 5 mm, are of increasing concern. They not only become more relevant as other plastic marine litter breaks down into tiny particles, they also interact with species in a range of marine habitats.

Costa Rica has recently gotten more involved with international efforts at clean seas and the elimination of plastic dumping into the world’s oceans. The government is still grappling with a bill to ban single-use plastic materials such as shopping bags and plastic forks and knives among other things. The effort has been ongoing for nearly 18 years now.

The executive director for the U.N. Environment Programme, Erik Solheim, emphasized the necessity in joining his organization’s campaign to clean the seas.

“Contamination by this material already sails on the beaches of Indonesia, settles in the bottom of the ocean at the North Pole and reaches our tables through the food chain,” Solheim said.

According to statistics provided by the U.N., there are more than eight million tons of plastic leaks into the ocean each year. That is equivalent to dumping a garbage truck’s worth of plastic each minute. It is also important to consider that up to 90 percent of all the waste that goes into the oceans is of plastic material causing severe damage to the marine biosphere, according to the U.N.

According to some estimates, the rate at which plastic items are being dumped into the oceans could accelerate to the point where, by 2050, the ocean will contain more plastics than fish and 99 percent of seabirds will have ingested plastic.

A study by Natalie Welden and Amy Lusher published in “Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management,” takes a look at how global climate change and the impact of changing ocean circulation affects the distribution of marine microplastic litter. It is part of a special invited section on microplastics.

Natalie Welden of Open University and lead author of the paper notes, "The ability to predict areas of plastic input and deposition would enable the identification of at risk species, and it would allow for efforts to reduce and remove plastic debris at targeted locations. The current uncertainty as to the effects of global warming on our oceans is the greatest challenge in predicting the future patterns of plastic aggregation in relation to global circulation."

Littering, landfill runoff and loss at sea are the main pathways through which plastics enter the ocean. It is estimated that plastic waste from coastal countries will increase nearly 20-fold by 2025.

microplastics
Wikipedia photo
These microplastics could end up in the ocean.

The density of the plastic determines if it remains in surface waters, becomes beached in coastal areas and estuaries, or sinks to deep-sea sediments. Further, weather conditions and marine circulation play a significant role in the distribution.

For example, the circular systems of ocean currents, such as the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic or the California Current in the Pacific, play a significant role in the movement of plastics from their point of release to remote areas where they can accumulate in central ocean regions called gyres. Unusual large amounts of marine debris have been found in these zones, such as the North Atlantic or Great Pacific garbage patches.


However, the oceans are currently undergoing a marked period of uncertainty brought about by global climate change. Ice melts in polar regions is predicted to have a range of effects on the distribution on marine plastics. As many swimmers know, it is easier to float in saltwater than a swimming pool.

Reduction in the density of seawater at sites of freshwater input is expected to reduce the relative buoyancy of marine debris, increasing the rate at which plastics sink.

Correspondingly, areas of high evaporation, due to the increase in temperature, will experience increased water densities, resulting in plastics persisting in the water column and surface waters.

Adding another layer of complexity, changes in sea surface temperature may also affect the scale and patterns of precipitation, in particular tropical storms, cyclones and tornadoes. Global warming intensifies along-shore wind stress on the ocean surface. Flooding events, intense storms and increasing sea levels also means that more debris littering shorelines will become available for transport in the seas.

"The hope is that future models of climate-ocean feedback are producing more accurate predictions of circulation patterns," said Ms. Welden. "This is vital in forecasting and mitigating potential microplastic hotspots and 'garbage patches'."



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Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

George Lundquist

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact us: 
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@travelinparadisecr.com
Web:  www.travelinparadisecr.com
8995-4/17/17

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

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Real estate rentals
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wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate-related services (paid category)

COSTA RICA SOLAR
solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
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BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
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Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398
OUR EMAIL:
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Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:
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9118-6/26/17

Real estate rentals (paid category)


Poas
chalet
What a chalet!
We offer for rent a boutique quality 2-bedroom (BR)/1-bath mountain chalet, and a 2-BR/2-bath mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude within the limits of a small horse ranch.  Located just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance, our homes sit on the strategic high ground of Costa Rica’s Central Valley, and are contiguous with the park’s 47,000 hectares of primary cloud rainforest. The chalet and mountain home include a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace, and covered parking.  All utilities and wifi internet included. Please contact Allan or Cristina at barvavolcano@gmail.com for photos, pricing and contract details.
9163-3/10/17


Tropical Homes logo
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
9055-2/23/17

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
9049-7/31/17







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Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE!  Plus useful links
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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 82
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Coast Guard announces
less Cubans coming to U.S.


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Coast Guard says far fewer Cubans are trying to get to Florida using makeshift rafts since former President Barack Obama ended a policy granting residency to Cubans landing on American soil.

Coast Guard spokeswoman Kate Webb said overall interdictions have dropped from as many as 25 a day to about 20 per month since Obama ended the “wet foot, dry foot” policy.

The policy allowed Cubans who reached U.S. territorial waters to remain in the country but those intercepted in the waters between the two nations were returned home.

Webb said Tuesday that up to 70 percent of interdictions now involve go-fast boats, not the rustic vessels called chugs. The speedboats are towed to shore for law enforcement investigations.

Captain Jeffrey Janszen told The Citizen newspaper that migrants pay up to $10,000 each to cross aboard go-fast boats, compared with several hundred dollars in a chug.

The Coast Guard has expressed concern that President Donald Trump's vow to build a wall along the southern border will likely increase sea traffic of migrants trying to enter the United States.

U.S. district judge blocks
Trump's funding withhold


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A federal judge in San Francisco has blocked a directive from President Donald Trump to withhold funding from sanctuary jurisdictions, those that limit their cooperation with U.S. immigration agents.

U.S. District Judge William Orrick issued a temporary ruling Tuesday that will remain in effect while the lawsuit over a provision in a Trump executive order makes its way through the court.

San Francisco and neighboring Santa Clara County had argued that the Jan. 25 executive order jeopardized billions of dollars in federal funding.

Lawyers for the Department of Justice said the amount of funding was much less and pertained to a specific set of grants. Orrick rejected that argument and said Trump could not set new conditions on spending approved by Congress.

He cited comments by the president and Attorney General Jeff Sessions as evidence that the order was intended to target a wide array of federal funding. And he said the president himself had called it a weapon to use against recalcitrant cities.

Trump had declared that sanctuary jurisdictions cause immeasurable harm to the American people and to the very fabric of our republic.

Even if the president could set new conditions on the spending of grant money, those conditions would have to be clearly related to the funds at issue and not coercive, as the executive order appears to be, Orrick said.

"Federal funding that bears no meaningful relationship to immigration enforcement cannot be threatened merely because a jurisdiction chooses an immigration enforcement strategy of which the president disapproves,'' the judge said.

Orrick was careful to specify that his order does not prevent the Justice Department from enforcing existing conditions of federal grants. The Justice Department had no immediate comment on Tuesday's action.

San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera said that with the issuing of the preliminary injunction, the president had been forced to back down.

"This is why we have courts, to halt the overreach of a president and an attorney general who either don't understand the Constitution or chose to ignore it,'' he said in a statement.

The injunction was the third major setback for the administration on immigration policy. Trump had sought to ban travelers from seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States, but a federal appeals court blocked the plan. The administration then revised it, but the new version also is stalled in court.

Trump set to call reduction
on U.S. corporate tax rate


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Donald Trump is set to call for a sharp reduction in the nation's corporate tax rate, the highest among the world's industrialized countries.

Trump is planning to unveil his tax plans Wednesday, with aides saying he will ask Congress to slash the current 35 percent rate down to 15 percent, a pledge he first made during last year's presidential election campaign.

White House spokesman Sean Spicer said the U.S. has been uncompetitive against other countries in attracting new businesses, largely because of our rates.

U.S. lawmakers have for years vowed to adopt broad tax reforms, but the efforts have foundered. Congress has been unable to reconcile competing demands to eliminate tax breaks for some corporate and individual interests and raise taxes on others.

Trump's tax plans are likely to face months of hearings and debate in Congress, where his Republican colleagues have their own ideas on how the tax code ought to be reshaped. Some lawmakers have expressed concerns that Trump's call for a big corporate tax cut would balloon the nearly $20 trillion in long-term debt the U.S. has accumulated if there are not corresponding measures to raise more revenue.

U.S. Treasury chief Steven Mnuchin said Monday that the tax reform will pay for itself with economic growth that would boost tax revenues. Mnuchin called for tax simplification as well, saying U.S. reforms ideally would let taxpayers file their annual tax returns on a large postcard.

The U.S. economy, the world's largest, grew at a tepid 1.6 percent pace last year, a figure Trump is hoping to boost to 3 percent a year, which the United States has not reached since 2005.

Tax experts say the 35 percent U.S. corporate tax rate is the highest among the world's 35 industrialized nations, although U.S. corporations rarely pay that much because they are permitted to deduct their business expenses from their revenues before paying the amount they owe.

When the 35 percent rate is added to the average state corporate tax rate, the figure reaches 38.9 percent, which ranks third in the world among 188 countries surveyed by the Washington-based Tax Foundation. The U.S. figure trails only that of the United Arab Emirates at 55 percent and the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico at 39 percent.


Britain records first day
without using coal power


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Britain has recorded its first full day without using coal power since the Industrial Revolution began more than 200 years ago.

The remarkable milestone was achieved Friday, following years of investment in renewable energy and the perfect combination of another famous British characteristic: its unpredictable weather.

“So that’s both solar and wind. And when the sun is shining and the wind is blowing together, the capacity of renewables now generates of lot of electricity. And it was that fortuitous circumstance that brought us to a day without coal,” Professor Paul Ekins of University College London said.

Coal powered Britain’s Industrial Revolution, which transformed the global economy. But the cost was extremely high levels of pollution. In the 1950s blankets of smoke from burning coal combined with low-lying fog to form deadly smogs that killed thousands of Londoners.

Britain’s last deep coal mine closed in 2015, and its nine remaining coal-fired power stations will be closed by 2025. Professor Ekins welcomes its demise. “Coal has been a fantastic energy source and no one would want to decry its historical role. But it is the dirtiest energy source. It’s dirty both locally and it’s dirty globally.”

Hannah Martin of environmental group Greenpeace urged the government to press ahead with further investment in clean power.

Nuclear and gas still form a big part of Britain’s energy mix. But the coal-free milestone was reached through rapid progress in renewable technology.

The cost of wind and solar energy has plummeted in recent years. Britain has invested huge amounts in offshore wind farms, which now surround much of the coastline. But Britain is lagging behind others in Europe. Portugal went more than four straight days on renewable energy in 2016.

Ekins says the rapid progress offers an opportunity for developing economies to bypass the type of polluting industrialization that once characterized Britain.

In the United States, President Donald Trump has enacted legislation to roll back environmental regulations, pledging to put coal miners back to work and invest in so-called carbon-capture technology.

The United States’ only offshore wind farm at Block Island came online in December. Many analysts say the plunging cost of renewables compared to coal means it will likely make little economic sense to re-open the mines.


Wikipedia founder starting
website to fight fake news


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The founder of Wikipedia is starting a website he says will fight so-called fake news.

Jimmy Wales says his Wikitribune site will bring journalists and volunteer fact checkers together to stop the spread of false news stories.

"We want to make sure that you read fact-based articles that have a real impact in both local and global events," according to the group’s website.

The volunteer fact checkers’ role will be similar to how editors work on Wikipedia. Any changes will be reviewed by other fact checkers.

The site will also carry stories by professional journalists. Unlike most news sites, Wikitribune says it will post full transcripts of interviews to the maximum extent possible.

Money to fund the site will come from contributions as opposed to advertisements or subscriptions.

Fake news is literally designed to show us what we want to see, to confirm our biases, and to keep us clicking at all cost," Wales said, It fundamentally breaks the news.

Some experts as skeptical, saying the site may only appeal to journalists and people who read a lot of news. Wales’ Wikipedia has long battled criticism that it contains misleading or false information.


Male northern white rhino
is swiping on Tinder app


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Dating app Tinder is hit or miss for humans, but wildlife conservationists hope it might lead to love for the world’s last male northern white rhino.

The move is seen as a last-ditch effort to keep the species alive.

"I don't mean to be too forward, but the fate of the species literally depends on me," the rhino's profile said. "I perform well under pressure."

Sudan is 43 years old, weighs nearly 2,270 kilograms and lives in Kenya. And while he has two female companions, they are unable to mate due to age and other limitations.

The campaign to find love for Sudan, called Most Eligible Bachelor by the Kenyan Ol Pejeta Conservancy, which came up with the idea.

While it’s unclear if any potential mates can swipe right on Sudan’s profile, the group hopes the move will raise $9 million for research into breeding methods such as in vitro fertilization.

Sudan and his two female friends, 17-year-old Najin and 27-year-old Fatu, live at the conservancy protected by 24-hour security.


U.S. military begins
THAAD deployment


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Amid growing tensions over North Korea's missile and nuclear programs, the U.S. military Wednesday began moving some parts of the THAAD anti-missile defense system onto a deployment site in South Korea, Seoul said.

The first elements of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system were delivered to South Korea in early March. On Wednesday, South Korea's defense ministry said other elements were moved onto a deployment site, a former golf course, in Seongju county.

South Korea and the United States said the sole purpose of the advanced THAAD system is to defend against missile launches from North Korea.

While China opposes THAAD, calling it a threat to its own security, it has spoken out against North Korea's missile and nuclear tests and has supported U.N. sanctions against Pyongyang.

Most recently, on April 16, North Korea conducted a failed missile test in defiance of increased U.S. warnings that there would be serious consequences for such provocative actions, including a possible military response. North Korea also is believed to be preparing for a sixth nuclear weapons test.

On Tuesday, North Korea marked the 85th anniversary of the founding of its military with a massive fire drill in the eastern port city of Wonsan, according to South Korea's defense ministry.

The celebration came on the same day a U.S. nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Michigan, arrived in South Korea, and the navies of those two countries joined Japan in conducting military exercises in the waters west of the Korean Peninsula.

The naval exercises are scheduled to last through Wednesday, the same day President Donald Trump has invited all 100 U.S. senators to the White House for a classified briefing that will primarily concern North Korea.

During a White House lunch with ambassadors of U.N. Security Council member states on Monday, the U.S. president called unacceptable the status quo in North Korea. Trump said the Security Council must be prepared to impose additional and stronger sanctions on North Korea's nuclear and ballistic missile programs.


More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

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Real estate for sale (paid category)


Plantation Acres
PLANTATION ACRES
This exiting new project offers spectacular home sites with breathtaking ocean and forest views stated on 100 acres of tropical forest.

* On-site Welcome Center
* Located between Punta Leona and Playa Agujas
* At just an hour from San José, the capital city.
* 5 minutes from Los Sueños Marina and 18 Hole Ted Robinson Golf Course
* 10 minutes from Jacó Beach, Costa Rica’s lives beach town

Contact:
Johnny Lopez
Phone: (506) 8945-5820 / (506) 2643-3356
Email: johnny@c21jaco.com
9141-3/23/18
9141-3/23/189173-9/1/17

Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

colinasdelsol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9056-2/28/17

Etlinger Farm
rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

Kkpit
rollover

FURNISHED  APARTMENT for SALE.
CONDOMINIO SATURNO, LA URUCA, OUTSKIRTS
of SAN JOSÉ, COSTA RICA
Situated 3 miles west of the capital, 8 miles from the airport. Quiet, secluded area within walking distance to a commercial center including a hotel, 6 restaurants,  next to 2 bus line stops. Car ownership is not needed. January-March air temperatures are 72 to 80 degrees F.  Apartment 1,200 sq. ft (100 sq. meters), on ground floor, indoor  patio. Large windows without bars, parquet floors.  Spacious living room-dining area, 2 bedrooms, maid's room, 2 bathrooms, 4 closets  (including walk in), fully equipped kitchen (refrigerator, washing machine,small appliances, all necessary utensils, work tools). Close covered parking space in guarded area.  Many amenities, (pictures, indoor plants, sewing machine, books, keyboard, dishes, glassware,silverware). Annual cost of maintenance about $1,350 includes water, landscaping service, garbage disposal, 24-7 security and property taxes.
PRICE $120,000
 Available for viewing:   CONTACT:  USA :  (585) 969-3413 or (585) 266-7418 or in COSTA RICA : (506) 2231-0410.   email: boriskopit@yahoo.com
9143-4/17/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Penthouse
rollover
Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $795K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
9132-6/1/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Remax
Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918

ReMax
Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

A-1 graphic
A1 MASTER BUILDERS COSTA RICA
SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
Call us: Toll Free 877-778-8515   
     Text from US: 804-313-6382 
     CR phone: 506-8307-0164
     Email: hotelescazu@aol.com
     For more info also see our sites:
    www.a1masterbuildercostarica.webs.com
    www.hotelsescazu.com
    www.hotel4salecostarica.com
    www.wind-solar.webs.com 
9142-7/27/17
Related

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9203-4/19/2018

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  Published Wednesday, April 26, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 82
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Officials discussed rising maritime drug trafficking.

Security ministry releases drug data

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Between all the patrols, the random searches, and the other actions of which the security forces of Costa Rica have taken, there is now the most recent data released of the sheer amount of drugs captured.

According to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública, the tally marks made and it looks like cocaine is the biggest bust of 2017 so far with 862.35 kilograms seized. The ministry also reports a smaller seizure of just under 211 kilograms of marijuana and over 324,000 marijuana plants eradicated.

The big haul, however, was the money. Members of the Policía de Control de Drogas confiscated around 29.7 million colons and around 3.2 million dollars. The drug police claim that all this money comes as a result of narco-trafficking and sales.

The report came out about the same time that the minister for Seguridad Pública, Gustavo Mata, met with officials from Panamá over strengthening cooperation in the fight against organized crime and drug trafficking.

The meeting occurred Tuesday morning at Panamá and mainly focused on combatting drug running on the high seas.

It is no secret to expats that most of the focus of more internationally-minded media pays close attention to the ongoing situations in México and Colombia as far as the Drug War is concerned in Latin America.

There is also taken into consideration the increasing instability within nations closer to Costa Rica such as El Salvador and Honduras due to the prolification of street gangs like Mara Salvatrucha, known as MS-13 in the United States, and Calle 18.

Costa Rica and Panamá have been relatively the exceptions to much of the violence plaguing its neighbors both to the north and south, however the public security ministry has grown increasingly worried over the implicit rise of both gang and drug violence within.

It is partially the reason the ministry uses to necessitate the broadening of the police forces and its own funding.

Most of the crime reports sent out to members of the public often relate to a drug bust or some form of drug-related activity. Most of the crime expats tend to see on the streets are related to the many stop-and-frisk policies on the streets.

Some in the security ministry may be worried that Costa Rica’s position as a mere transit point for drug trafficking could change, like it did for México beginning in the 1980s, as more of a drug-producing country.

This potentially opens up a Pandora’s box of more intense cartel violence such as the country has not yet faced. It also affects wider questions as to what could happen as far as the effectiveness of policing, the militarization of a country, and the stability of the country or the region politically.

Behind the doors of Tuesday’s meeting in Panamá, these issues could be lingering over the heads of the officials present and topics within their discussions.



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Bill seeks reports on any money laundering

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Lawyer, accountants, notaries and real estate agents now have the responsibility to report any potential money laundering operation of their clients. That is, if this new legislation passes the second vote in the legislature.

The bill also proposes that these bodies must also subscribe to the Superintendencia General de Entidades Financieras and keep updated information of  their customers, according to a recent reform approved by the legislative assembly.

The measure seeks to avoid Costa Rica being placed on a blacklist of countries issued by the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering. The group is an intergovernmental body established in 1989 to set standards and measures against money laundering and the financing of terrorist organizations among other things, according to the group’s website.

Costa Rica is not a member of this organization nor an observer.

The only legislator who opposed the bill was Otto Guevara of Partido Movimiento Libertario. He asked that sports betting operations be taken off the list and the government agreed.

The reform has received the first out of two approvals. Once it gets the second one it will be sent to the president to be signed and be effective after its publication in the official government magazine La Gaceta.