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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Monday, Nov. 12, 2013,  Vol. 13, No. 224                               Email us
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Registro to auction goods of firms that do not pay tax
By Garland M. Baker
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Doomsday is coming for expats and Ticos alike who have ignored their responsibilities under Law 9024. The law is better known to all as the Impuesto a las Personas Jurídicas or the company assessment tax.

The law provided several bailout provisions. There is only one left, outlined on Oct. 28.  This last provision allows anyone with judicial and extrajudicial authority and/or full power-of-attorney in a company the ability to relinquish their post through resignation by April 1.

However, April 1 may be too late. Article 6 of the law states that the Registro Nacional can dissolve any company with three unpaid periods due, and workers there can start putting preferential liens on assets to collect the money. The surprise is the deadline. The first year of the tax started on April 1, 2012. The second year on January 1, 2013, and the third year will start on the first day of this coming January. There is a 30-day grace period after the due date, so the tax will be in default on Feb. 1. Those who have not paid anything will be three years in default at that date and ripe for collection.

People in Costa Rica have not jumped willingly on the bandwagon to pay this tax. At the outset only around 20 percent anted up quickly, 77 percent less than was expected by the Registro and the tax department. 

This tax has not been a secret. The local press and A.M. Costa Rica have written about it extensively. Nevertheless, even with all the press, still many have not done their duty to pay the assessment.

What does it mean for those that have not paid? According to Marco V. Retana, a bilingual Costa Rican attorney,  Registro officials can start publishing notices in the La Gaceta official newspaper in February. Once published, a requirement of the law, they can start dissolving companies. Since La Gaceta went digital several months ago, the process could be fast.

Retana also said that Article 6 gives the Registro immediate authority to attach any asset in a defunct company with a judicial preferential mortgage on real property and a preferential lien on other types of assets. Annotations like mortgages and liens usually come with administrative and legal costs on top of the debt.

Some expats believe the country will take over assets. This is not true. The Registro, in concert with the tax department, will have to go to the courts and start a collection process, which will result in a public auction.  A collection action usually costs an estimated 50 percent more on top of any annotated amounts. This means a debt of a few hundred dollars could turn into a thousand or two or more.

As stated Oct. 28, all money due by a company pierces the corporate veil and is the responsibility 

of its owners, legal representatives, and anyone with a full power of attorney. 
Since ownership of sociedades anónimas and sociedades limitadas are written in physical legal books, which are hard to acquire by authorities, it will be difficult for them to pursue shareholders but not representatives.

Dec. 16 is the deadline to register as a pequeña y mediana empresa,  known as PYME, to avoid the tax, as reported Nov. 5. That is only a little over a month away, and with the way things move in Costa Rica really too short of a time to do so for those who do not know if they qualify.

Expats and Ticos should not take this assessment lightly. The country needs the money. So far, no one has been able to defeat the law in the courts.  Even people who do not have assets in companies that owe the tax but are responsible for them should worry.  Entities as far back as 30 years ago and longer may still be registered with the Registro Nacional and owe the taxes.  One expat was shocked to learn he had a full power of attorney given to him when he was 18 years old by his father.  The expat is now 60 and  responsible for the tax.  His father has since left the country.

Trying to resign from a company after the deadline of April 1, will be costly.  First, the tax needs to be paid, then the company needs to be legally dissolved by an attorney to the tune of an estimated $500 to $1,000.

What should expats do if they have assets in a company owing Impuesto a las Personas Jurídicas? They should pay the tax before Feb. 1 or suffer the consequences.  Expats who want to surrender their legal authority or power in a company should resign before April 1. Expats who do not know what is going on or what to do should contact an accountant or lawyer to get some advice, but only a lawyer has authority to clean matters up.

Garland M. Baker is a 42-year resident and naturalized citizen of Costa Rica who provides multidisciplinary professional services to the international community.  Reach him at  Baker has undertaken the research leading to these series of articles in conjunction with A.M. Costa Rica.  Find the collection at, a complimentary reprint is available at the end of each article.  Copyright 2004-2013, use without permission prohibited.

Unions and others march today over multiple gripes
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Today there is a march against just about everything. A number of organizations and social groups with complaints are joining for a march organizers say will make the streets tremble.

The teachers will march, and the legal department went to great lengths to defend the action as a constitutional right. The law says that teachers can leave their jobs without any justification for their absence as long as they tell their immediate supervisors and tell the students to stay home, the association's lawyers reported on its Web site.

Teachers are unhappy about changes in their pension plan.

The Asociación Nacional de Empleados Públicos y Privados says it is unhappy with electrical rates that increase residential bills but not those of big users. Representatives of the association of unions showed up last week at the new offices of the Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos, which sets the rates. The offices are in Guachipelín de Escazú, and the organization said its representatives were shocked to see that the agency was in the same building with private financial firms.

Also there were representatives of the Frente Interno de Trabajadores and of the Trabajadoras del Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad. They will march today, and customer services offices and repair services of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad will be hampered. Basically the unions want the rate-setting organization to charge big users more so the electrical institute can get more money.

The motorcyclists will be out in force today, too. The Comite Civica Motorcylistas is unhappy with the dual levels of the obligatory vehicle insurance. The Instituto Nacional de Seguros set up two levels after protests last year so that some motorcycle
drivers would not have to pay as much. But the lower limit of 3.5 million colons (about $7,000) is not adequate insurance, said the committee. Despite the record of motorcycle accidents and fatalities, the organization wants lower rates. Organizers are disputing the actuarial figures provided by the state insurance company and are being assisted by the legal staff of Asociación Nacional de Empleados Públicos y Privados.

Of course unionized employees of the Junta de Administracion Portuaria y de Desarrollo Economico de la Vertiente Atlántica will be protesting in Limón with some representatives in San Jose. The union workers oppose the plan for APM terminals to build a $1 billion container handling facility in Moín and vented their unhappiness at a public meeting Saturday. Environmental officials who were presenting their study of the proposed facility had to shut down the meeting because of the unruly union members.

The container facility is seen as the centerpiece of an economic revival for the region, but union members are trying to keep their jobs and privileges.

Marchers will be organizing at several places around the city, including Sabana Norte and the Fuente de Hispanidad in San Pedro. University students will be joining the protest there.

The central government will have hundreds of police on duty, but they have not been successful in the past in preventing road blockades and rowdiness.

Albino Vargas Barrantes, secretary general of the  Asociación Nacional de Empleados Públicos y Privados, estimated 10,000 participants.

The sentiment of protest is fanned by the general increase in the cost of living and the anticipation of more taxes being leveled by the central government even though no solid proposal has been advanced yet.

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Expat advocate group seeking
change in bank account rules

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An expat advocate group is promoting what is being called a same country exception to the burdensome financial reporting rules that have been imposed on U.S. citizens overseas.

The change, if adopted by the U.S. Treasury Department, would exempt U.S. citizens living overseas from making financial reports each year on the bank accounts that they maintain to lead their daily life.

The organization, American Citizens Abroad, sent the suggestion to top Treasury Department legal officials. The organization noted that the rules incorporated in the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act are there mainly to catch persons living in the United States who seek to hide money overseas. The act is called FATCA for short.

Said the organization:

"The FATCA withholding tax rules apply to U.S. taxpayers residing in a foreign country who, because of their requirements of everyday living, have nearby checking and savings/portfolio accounts. Their owning these accounts is no different from people in Kansas or California, or some other place in the United States, owning accounts that they use to conduct their daily affairs. These accounts and the individuals owning them should not be the subject of the FACTA reporting and enforcement rules"

"Most U.S. individuals living outside the U.S. are not using accounts with foreign banks and other foreign institutions to hide anything, the organization added.

A country where an individual is entitled to remain based under local immigration or similar rules should be considered the foreign country of residence as long as the person is not present in the United States for more than 183 days a year, it said.

Instead of the complex reporting required under FATCA, Americans Abroad suggests that the U.S. citizen living overseas simply provide a copy of a valid residency visa or work permit.

U.S. citizens are having trouble in many countries because of the reporting requirements imposed on local banks by the U.S. government. If banks do not comply, U.S. authorities withhold 30 percent of any of the bank's money that passes through the United States.

Consequently banks overseas have tightened up their rules, and some do not open accounts for U.S. citizens of entities under the control of U.S. citizens, like corporations. If implemented, the proposed rule would help alleviate the problem of financial services lock-out currently being experienced by American residents overseas, the organization said.

Quake takes place near Sámara

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A 4.3 magnitude quake took place along the Pacific coastline at Sámara at 6:31 p.m. Saturday. The Laboratorio de Ingenieria Sismica at the Universidad de Costa Rica placed the epicenter at 2.1 kilometers southeast of the seaside community. The quake was felt in Santa Cruz, Nicoya and Cóbano, as well as Sámara.

Another trucker detained

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Policía de Control de Drogas said that they detained a trucker from Guatemala Saturday and said he was carrying 42 kilos of cocaine in his cab. The truck's destination was El Salvador, they added.  The arrest came at the Peñas Blancas border crossing.

Our reader's opinion

DEA uses murdered agent
as a tool for political goals

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

Your story about Red Ribbon Week is well written, but it doesn't go far enough about the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. There are in fact two DEAs. The first is totally political -- it is charged with creating and maintaining draconian drug laws that affect the entire world. The second is the DEA of the agents — the men and women who enforce the laws at great personal risk.

Enrique (Quiqui) Camarena was one of those agents. Your story did not fully describe the events surrounding his death. It was more than a killer and a physician who tortured him for over 24 hours. It was half a dozen men operating on the orders of a drug cartel. The physician actually kept him alive so the torture could continue. They tape recorded his torture and sent the tapes to the DEA. Imagine the horror of the agents who got and listened to those tapes!

The U.S. government was slow to react, and the reaction was muted because the DEA politicos did not want the "incident" to interfere with other ongoing negotiations with Mexico. Incensed at their superior's failure to respond, three government employees took action on their own. Quiqui's supervisor and another agent in his unit made arrangements with a deputy attorney general in California to indict whoever they brought back to the U.S. Only after the fact did the DEA politicos take responsibility for the actions of their agents in kidnapping the physician who kept him alive and bringing him to the U.S. for trial.

And on top of the political machinations of the DEA in not responding instantaneously to this horror, the Mexican government, which also had not responded, actually protested the kidnapping!!

Drug law enforcement is a strange beast. The politicos dictate the laws, and agents enforce them. But virtually every narcotics enforcement officer I have known, whether federal, state, or local, by the time they finish their 25 years and retire, tends to be anti-prohibition, and pro-prevention. There is an organization well known amongst law officers, L.E.A.P. (Law Enforcement Against Prohibition), which has few members among active officers but with a large membership among retired officers, whose mission it is to bring the public to awareness of this.

Quiqui Camarena was a hero. I am saddened by the DEA continuing to use his death as a political tool.

John French

Tuna sets record for distance
crossing all of Atlantic Ocean

By the Basque Research news service

An albacore tuna tagged off the European Basque Coast had managed to cover a record distance when recaptured in Venezuela

That is the vast distance, as the crow flies, which has been covered by an albacore tuna tagged and released into the sea off a Gipuzkoan locality, 20 kilometers to the north of Donostia-San Sebastian in October 2006.

The distance is 6,370 kilometers across the Atlantic Ocean as the crow flies. The fish had been tagged in October 2006 off Donostia-San Sebastian/

The specimen has recently been caught by Venezuelan fishermen just off the coast of that country. This is a record distance covered by an albacore tuna among those registered by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas. When the specimen was tagged, it was a year old, 50 centimeters long and weighed 2.5 kilos. When it was recaptured six and a half years later it weighed 21.8 kilos and measured 100 centimeters. Tuna tagging is routine practice to find out, among other things, about migrations and how big the populations of these species are.

This record fish was tagged by the fisherman Fernando Zapirain aboard the vessel "Kutxi Kutxi," whose home port is in Hondarribia  in the course of a sports tagging championship. The albacore tuna has been recaptured by professional fishermen aboard the vessel "Black Marlin." They handed the specimen over to the Oceanographic Institute of Venezuela, which informed other  researchers about the find.

There are very few records of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) crossing the Atlantic ocean. The albacore tuna caught off Venezuela is the one that has covered the greatest distance and also the one that has been found at the southernmost point, in its reproduction area in the North Atlantic. It has also been one of the longest-lasting records, since the specimen was recaptured six and a half years after it had been tagged and released, a little less than the nearly eight years that the longest record took.

The conventional tag the albacore tuna was carrying was attached to its second dorsal fin and bore the contact details of AZTI-Tecnalia plus an identification code. The purpose of tagging tuna is to obtain information about their movements and migrations, stock structure, growth, population size and physiology. This information enables experts to analyze the repercussions that the various types of fishing are having on this species.

In 2007 there was a similar case when a sports fisherman from the U.S. state of Massachusetts caught a bluefin tuna that had been tagged and released into the sea off Hondarribia. The animal had covered a distance of 6,170 km, as the crow flies. In the current case the tuna had covered a greater distance than the one found in the USA; and the record albacore tuna turned up in a latitude much further south than the one found in the USA, which was located in a latitude similar to that of the Bay of Biscay. The specimen released in Hondarribia had remained at sea two years and two months until it was recaptured, as opposed to the six and a half years that it took to recapture the current tagged specimen.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday,  Nov. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 223
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Bill would create coordinating agency to address climate change
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A proposed bill would set up two new government bodies to set policy to address climate change. The bill, No. 18860, still is in the Comisión Permanente Especial de Ambiente. It was introduced in August.

A key element of the bill is the creation of a Comisión Nacional de Cambio Climático and a related Consejo Nacional de Cambio Climático. The bulk of the members would be from government agencies that already have committees involved in this subject.

Global average temperature is one of the most-cited indicators of global climate change, and shows an increase of approximately 1.4 degrees F since the early 20th century, according to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration which now measures surface temperature by satellite.

The summary of the bill notes that Costa Rica has been working since 1970 to restore the forests and that by 2010 there were about 52.4 percent of the land area in trees. It also notes
that the country has promised to reach carbon neutrality by 2021.

The country is expecting to invest $7.8 billion or about 10 percent of its 2009 gross internal product in various methods of mitigation of greenhouse gases.

The country already has established a carbon fund to reduce emissions, and also the Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía is setting up a voluntary carbon trading scheme.

The commission and consejo would create a structure to oversee all this, said the summary. They also would have the role of making sure that agencies, private firms and individuals act in accordance with international agreements into which the country may enter, said the bill. The two agencies also would oversee and administer the nation's climate plan.

There are also educational roles and a requirement to coordinate public and private climate efforts.

The bill also provides incentives for the importation of what it calls clean vehicles.

Fans of soccer rivals scuffle, and Fuerza Pública makes arrests
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fan clubs of two national soccer teams clashed Sunday outside the Estadio Nacional in Sabana Norte. Police detained nearly a dozen.

The rowdy participants were from La Ulta, fans of Deportivo Saprissa, and La 12, supporters of the Liga Deportiva Alajuelense.

The two groups have scuffled before, and stadium rules have changed to keep them separate. But in the electronic age, the taunting can continue online.  Both groups of fans have Web pages.
The Fuerza Pública had to knock down some rowdy fans in order to carry them off to detention.

At least two were being sent to the the flagrancy court.

One minor was found with a sharp object, police said.

The scuffles broke out abut 11 a.m. in advance of a soccer match. Such developments are expected when the two soccer rivals meet.

In the past, one group has stoned the bus of their rival. Stadium officials try to keep out the more rowdy fans, many of who are in their 20s and even 30s.

Escuela Casa del Artista
shows the works of teachers

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

They say that those who cannot do, teach. But some 19 teachers of art are proving wrong that saying.

They have works at the Escuela Casa del Artista on display until Friday.  The art school is an agency of the Museo de Arte Costarricense, and the show is an annual one.

The school is based in Guadalupe, and provides professional-level training for talented Costa Ricans.

The purpose of the exposition is to show off the talent of the professors who work there, the museum said.

The show also gives students the chance to be an observer and critic of the works of their teachers. All the teachers are active artists.

The gallery of the school is open form 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
This is 'Mission' by Maureen Venegas of  Casa del Artista.

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Scientists seek help from citizens to provide soil samples with medicinal value
By The University of Oklahoma news service

The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching an initiative with citizen scientists from around the country. With this approach, researchers team with the public to sample soils from all across the United States for the purpose of identifying new microorganisms that produce drug-like compounds.

This effort recently led to the discovery of maximiscin, a unique bioactive compound obtained from a soil sample submitted by an Alaskan citizen, which has shown early promising results by stopping the growth of melanoma cells in vivo.

“The exciting part of this discovery is that a citizen scientist participated in our program and sent us this sample,” says Robert H. Cichewicz, associate professor in the university's College of Arts and Sciences and director of the National Products Institute. “We probably would not have discovered this compound without the Citizen Science Program.”

“In the next phase of this research, we need to learn more about the molecule to see how it functions and how we can make it better,” Cichewicz explained. “We have to take this bioactive compound from a discovery to a lead compound and, fortunately, OU recently invested in expanding these efforts
with the establishment of the new Institutes for Natural Products Applications and Research Technologies.”

During the last several years, the OU Natural Products Group has collected several thousand fungi from soil samples primarily obtained from three environmentally disparate regions: Alaska (artic/sub-arctic); Hawaii (tropical); and Oklahoma (subtropical/semi-arid). Despite these efforts, the team can only access a relatively slim portion of the available microbial diversity. This group predicts that a significant number of compounds with therapeutic potential await discovery from the untapped majority of the soils’ microbial inhabitants. For this reason, the Citizen Science Program is an important part of the discovery process. By teaming with citizen scientists, the public becomes an active participant in the search for new drugs.

“The public is very curious about science and many of the people I have spoken with are eager to join in the search for new bioactive compounds. With the public as part of the team, we are expanding the search for new medicinal agents to include many previously unexplored areas, as well as providing a means for informing people about how new drugs are discovered,” Cichewicz notes. “So far, results have been encouraging with samples arriving from as far away as California, Hawaii and Alaska. We are thrilled with the early response we have seen to this program, and we look forward to continuing our efforts with our citizen science partners from across the country.”

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Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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Unfurnished 2-bedroom 2-bathroom house.. One large room for living room, dining room and kitchen. Separate bath.  2 bedrooms with bath on second floor. Washroom. Large 3-bay garage with bathroom, secure  for warehousing and storage. Located  approximately 6 miles east of San José and 1 mile west of Concepcion Tres Rios.  Map on request.  Telephone installed, cable and Internet available.  $250 a month plus utilities. 6 months minimum lease, deposit. Available after Oct. 15.  Tel. 2256-9426 

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
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We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Santa Ana

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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday,  Nov. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 223
Real Estate
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Pacific Estates

Pacific typhoon may be future,
some climate experts report

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Weather experts say that killer Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines Friday, may turn out to be the most powerful such storm since modern record-keeping began. That has some people wondering if it may be the beginning of a period of more intense and dangerous weather, brought about by climate change.

Radley Horton, a climate scientist at Columbia University’s Earth Institute in New York, said it is difficult to blame any one storm, even one as powerful as Typhoon Haiyan, on climate change.

“. . .  But what we can say is that as the climate changes, we’re going to see more of certain types extreme events. Our vulnerability is going to go up because of that. As greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, have increased in the atmosphere due to our burning of fossil fuels and land use changes, that’s warming the atmosphere. Some of that heat has gotten into the oceans, has caused the oceans to expand and it causes some of the ice that’s on land to make its way to the ocean. Both of those processes are causing sea levels to rise,” said Horton.

High seas combined with a typhoon’s powerful winds can create sea surges, which can flood low-lying islands and coastal areas. Warmer seas also can contribute, though, to the force of a typhoon weather system itself.

Adam Sobel, an atmosphere scientist at Columbia’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, likens the mechanism that drives a typhoon to the gasoline-powered engine that propels an automobile.

“Your car makes mechanical energy from heat, which it gets by burning fuel. In the case of a typhoon, the heat comes from the warm tropical ocean and it moves up into upper atmosphere, which is cold. And the power that the storm can generate is related to the difference between that warm ocean and the cold upper atmosphere. And as the climate warms, the tropical ocean gets warmer and the upper atmosphere where the cyclone moves heat up to is, if anything, getting colder," he said.

Sobel said the frequency of typhoons will not necessarily increase with warmer oceans. "But what we do think will happen is that the typhoons we have will get stronger. And so the chance of getting a really powerful one like Haiyan, which is extremely powerful, is reasonably likely to increase.”

Horton added that there are other elements that might determine the possible strength of future typhoons. “What are the wind patterns going to be like in the atmosphere? What is the temperature profile going to be like in the atmosphere? What's going to happen with the dust in the atmosphere?”

One conclusion Horton, Sobel and most of their fellow climate scientists share: if humans don’t slow the rate of greenhouse gas emissions, there is a risk seas will rise so much that many coastal areas will be swamped, forcing millions of people to migrate.

Deaths of Atlantic dolphin
blamed on measles-like virus

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Officials say dolphin are dying in record numbers off the eastern coast of the United States because of a viral infection.

Officials say 753 bottlenose dolphin have washed ashore along the U.S. Atlantic coast since July. They say in normal years only around 74 dolphins wash ashore in the same time period.

The deaths exceed a massive die-off that devastated the coastal dolphin population in the late 1980s. Scientists fear more deaths are likely in the coming months.

The deaths have been linked to an infection called morbillivirus, which suppresses immunity. The virus caused the previous Atlantic Coast die-off and is similar to a human virus that causes measles.

Officials say they are not sure how the virus was introduced into the dolphin population or why it is so lethal. They say washed up humpback whales and pygmy sperm whales have also tested positive for the virus this year.

U.S. Navy photo/Mass Communication
Specialist 1st Class Joshua J. Wahl
The "USS Gerald Ford" in dry dock

$13 billion aircraft carrier
inaugurated in Newport News

Susan Ford Bales, daughter of the late U.S. President Gerald Ford, smashed a bottle of wine across the bow of the 100,000-ton nuclear-powered "USS Gerald R. Ford" at Newport News, Virginia, Shipyard Saturday morning.
Built at a cost of nearly $13 billion and opening what officials say is a new chapter in naval warfare, the newly christened next-generation aircraft carrier, unlike its steam-dependent predecessors, is completely electric.
Designed to operate with fewer personnel in unconventional conflict, the vessel will be able to launch drones when it becomes operational in 2016.
Onboard the first of the Ford-class carriers, workers install the last of 3 million meters of cables as Project Manager Rolf Bartschi explains that the ship's most prominent new feature is its dependence on electromagnetic energy — rather than steam — to more gently and precisely launch and land aircraft on its flight deck.
“This system has a lot more flexibility to it, and I think it will bring more service life to the aircraft that gets used on it and allow you to have a broader spectrum of aircraft that you can bring in and land on the ship," he says.
In an era when fewer countries around the world grant landing rights to U.S. warplanes and drones, the deck will serve as a floating base for unmanned aerial vehicles.
U.S. Navy Rear Admiral Thomas Moore, who is responsible for the ship's construction, says this feature is key to the vessel's role in modern conflicts.
“Not only does the aircraft carrier provide the presence that we need to fight full-scale wars, but it also has the ability to maneuver in the free space of the oceans anywhere in the world," he says. "The ability to have on board all sorts of unmanned aircraft will give it a real advantage in an asymmetric standpoint.”
But the warship also has a gentle side: with much of the equipment bolted down, not welded, the craft can quickly reconfigure for humanitarian missions.
“So if . . . you want to do a humanitarian mission, and you need to have more space in here with desks, computers, tracking screens, you can easily bring them in and rewire the space in a matter of days," says construction director Tom Cullen as he shows that the entire ship is wired so components can be plugged in and be ready to go.
The ship will operate with up to 1,200 fewer personnel than current aircraft carriers do, saving the Navy billions of dollars.

Wall Street firm opens a door
to returning war-scarred vets

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

War has been described as hell.  For many military veterans coming back from combat, the transition to civilian life is difficult. On Wall Street, one company says it feels obligated to do something about it.

Mike Pacca was a sniper who served four tours in Afghanistan and Iraq. Danny Morales was a Marine sergeant in Iraq. Joe Krulder was with the 101st Airborne for two tours in Iraq. And John Martinko was a Ranger, serving seven tours in Iraq and Afghanistan.

They are four among more than 30 combat veterans who got job training at the Wall Street firm Drexel Hamilton.

Jim Cahill, president at Drexel, said, “Some of these people have five children, four children, and when we give them an opportunity to be back with their family and making a living we find that heals a lot of wounds.”

One of the wounded vets, Martinko, was diagnosed with post traumatic stress disorder. The graduate of the U.S. military academy West Point now works as a manager at Drexel Hamilton. He said the skills he learned on the battlefield help him here.

“A lot of the communications equipment that I had to manage on the battlefield is a direct correlation to the see the screens behind me. Managing the Bloomberg terminals, the proprietary trading systems, the day-to-day business as far as keeping the task organization of our day is a direct correlation to the task organization of rolling out on a target in the middle of the night in Afghanistan 2 o’clock local,” said Martinko.

All vets in the program are paired up with seasoned Wall Street pros and mentored for months.
Iraq Marine vet Morales, who served eight years, said, “You are sitting next to them and you are allowed to pick their brain, and in any other shop in this business is going to take you two or three years at the minimum to be able to sit at the desk. They are definitely receptive to us veterans. They understand we come from a little bit of a different background. And it’s been fantastic working here every day."

Veterans say the program has literally saved lives. Krulder was living in his car while his family was in the Midwest. He was in such despair, no job, no place to live, that he considered what many returning vets have, committing suicide.  And then he met Cahill.

“I did not have the pedigree or come from the big schools, Wall Street was the movies and the dreams," said Krulder. "And then these men said, 'No, no, we think you have what it takes."

Cahill urges corporate America and other employers to give vets like this a chance. He said Drexell Hamilton has found they make great employees.”

U.S. economy adding job,
but unemployment spikes

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. job growth was better than expected last month.  Despite a partial government shutdown, the Labor Department says the U.S. economy added 204,000 jobs in October and said hiring for August and September was better than previously thought.  Still, the unexpected burst of hiring was not enough to lower the unemployment rate.
The U.S. economy added more jobs last month than the modest 125,000 economists were expecting.  And job gains for August and September were also revised higher. 

But the numbers don’t tell the whole story, says’s Mark Hamrick: 

“This one report is substantially better than expected, but it really flies in the face of a lot of other things we have been watching lately, so we really need to see some other data that would confirm what, on balance, is a positive report," said Hamrick.

Despite solid job gains, the unemployment rate ticked higher, from 7.2 to 7.3 percent, likely because some of the 800,000 workers furloughed during the government shutdown were counted as unemployed.

Visiting the Port of New Orleans to promote export-related jobs, President Barack Obama says there’s no question the 16-day shutdown hurt the economy.

“That makes no sense.  These self-inflicted wounds don’t have to happen. They should not happen again.  We should not be injuring ourselves every few months. We should be investing in ourselves.  We should be building, not tearing things down," said President Obama.

Although the manufacturing and construction sectors saw modest increases, Hamrick says the bulk of the new hires came from lower paying jobs in the retail and hospitality trades.

“We like jobs wherever we can get them, but we also want high quality jobs, and that wasn’t necessarily the case with this report," he said.

While the stronger job numbers came as welcome news on Wall Street, some investors wondered whether it might mean an early exit from the central bank’s low interest rate policies. 

Hamrick says that’s not likely.  He says the bigger question is whether consumer sentiment can sustain job growth as the lucrative holiday shopping season approaches.

With approval rating sinking
Obama promotes policies

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Facing his lowest public approval ratings yet, President Barack Obama traveled to New Orleans, Louisiana, to speak about continuing challenges to U.S. economic growth.
Facing increased skepticism stemming from the flawed implementation of his health care reform law, Obama, using the port of New Orleans as a backdrop, returned to favorite themes to underscore economic successes and remaining challenges to the economy.
Successes include 7.8 million jobs added, declining deficits and healthcare costs, a recovered auto industry and a stronger housing market.
Challenges include rebuilding the dilapidated infrastructure, providing more support for the middle class, and making investments in education. Another challenge: what the president calls the "constant cycle of manufactured crises and self-inflicted wounds" from Washington.
One of those wounds was the 16-day partial government shutdown triggered by political battles with Republicans over spending and the need to raise the debt limit.
"Over the summer our economy grew at its fastest pace in a year. That's the good news. The bad news is that the very day the economic quarter ended, some folks in Washington decided to shut down the government and default on America's obligations for the first time in more than 200 years," he said. "And it's like, the gears of our economy, every time they are just about to take off, suddenly somebody taps the brakes and says, not so fast."
Obama said there is no question that the shutdown harmed job growth, and could end up affecting other economic data still to come. The Labor Department says 204,000 jobs were added in October, but the overall unemployment rate still rose to 7.3 percent.
The president again highlighted his goals of increasing U.S. exports and increasing productivity and competitiveness. He called on Congress to pass comprehensive immigration reform, though political analysts agree that is not likely to happen this year.
Obama's Friday visits to New Orleans and Miami, Florida, are part of a series of trips across the country to seek public support for his policies and raise money for Democrats.
But recent opinion polls have not been kind to the president: A Pew Research Center poll out Friday put his overall job rating at 41 percent, a 14-point decline from nearly a year ago.
In the poll, 53 percent of respondents disapproved of Obama's job performance, while 65 percent disapproved of his performance on the economy.
In an NBC News interview Thursday, the president apologized to Americans for problems afflicting the web site used to enroll in insurance under Obamacare, the health-care reform law that took effect in October.
Obama has had to revise a pledge he made before Obamacare enrollment began, that Americans who liked their existing insurance plans could keep them. Since the law took effect, about 5 percent of Americans, amounting to millions of people, received cancellation notices from their insurance companies.
Friday he again defended Obamacare against attacks by Republicans, who have repeatedly attempted to de-fund or dismantle it, saying Obamacare was the right thing to do for Americans.

Venezuelan candidate again
wins Miss University contest

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A 25-year-old television announcer from Venezuela has been crowned Miss Universe at a glittering ceremony in Moscow.
Gabriela Isler was chosen the winner Saturday from 86 contestants at the show, watched by millions of viewers around the world.
Isler edged out finalists from Spain, Brazil, Ecuador and the Philippines to take the crown in its 61st edition of the pageant.
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro congratulated Isler on Twitter, calling her title a triumph for the nation.
Venezuela has won more major international beauty competitions than any other nation, including now seven Miss Universe titles.

Obama says U.S. Cuba policy
should be revised after 52 years

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Barack Obama says it is time for the United States to revise its policies regarding Cuba.

Speaking in Miami Friday, Obama said it doesn't make sense that policies put in place more than 50 years ago would still be effective in the Internet age.

The president pointed out that Cuban leader Fidel Castro came into power in 1961, the same year Obama was born. The United States cut off diplomatic relations with Cuba that same year and imposed an economic embargo a year later.

The U.S. embargo against Cuba is controversial internationally. In October, the United Nations voted to condemn it for the 22nd time.

The Obama administration has engaged in recent discussions with the Cubans on migration and mail, and has relaxed travel and remittance rules for Cuban Americans.

Venezuela president takes over
electronics store and cuts prices

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro has ordered the occupation of a chain of electronic goods stores in a crackdown on what the socialist government views as price-gouging hobbling the country's economy.

Various managers of the five-store, 500-employee Daka chain have been arrested, and the company will now be forced to sell products at fair prices, Maduro said late on Friday.

State media showed soldiers in one Daka shop checking the price tags on large flat-screen TVs. And hundreds of bargain-hunters flocked to Daka stores on Saturday morning to take advantage of the new, cheaper prices.

“We're doing this for the good of the nation,” said Maduro, 50, who accuses wealthy businessmen and right-wing political opponents backed by the United States of waging an economic war against him.

“I've ordered the immediate occupation of this chain to offer its products to the people at fair prices, everything. Let nothing remain in stock . . .  We're going to comb the whole nation in the next few days. This robbery of the people has to stop.”

The measure, which comes after weeks of warnings from the government of a pre-Christmas push against private businesses to keep prices down, recalled the sweeping takeovers during the 14-year rule of Maduro's predecessor Hugo Chávez.

Maduro, who took over from Chávez in April after the latter's death from cancer, has stopped short of more outright nationalizations, in this case saying authorities would instead force Daka to sell at state-fixed prices.

“Inflation's killing us. I'm not sure if this was the right way, but something had to be done. I think it's right to make people sell things at fair prices,” said Carlos Rangel, 37, among about 500 people queuing outside a Daka store in Caracas.

Rangel had waited overnight, with various relatives, to be at the front of the queue and was hoping to find a cheap TV and air-conditioning unit.

Soldiers stood on guard outside the store before it opened.

Critics say Venezuela's runaway inflation now 54 percent, the highest since Chávez came to power in 1999, is due to economic mismanagement and the failure of socialist policies rather than unscrupulous retailers.

Opponents also blame excessive government controls and persecution of the private sector for shortages of basic goods ranging from flour to toilet paper, and for price distortions and corruption caused by a black-market currency rate nearly 10 times higher the official price.

“This ridiculous show they've mounted with Daka is a not-very-subtle warning to us all,” said a Venezuelan businessman who imports electronic goods and is an opposition supporter.

Pakistani schools ban book
written by young heroine

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Managers of privately run schools in Pakistan have banned Malala Yousafzai’s book from their libraries, alleging that parts of it disrespect Islam and that its teenage Pakistani author has acted as a propaganda tool of the West to defame her native country.
Ms. Yousafzai’s memoir “I Am Malala” was released in October and is co-written by British journalist Christina Lamb.
The book remains among the best sellers internationally, but it has come under fire from right-wing groups in Pakistan, where private schools have decided to disallow it from being read by their students.  
Adeeb Javedani is president of All Pakistan Private Schools Management Association, which represents more than 40,000 elite institutions across the country. He defended the decision to ban the book. 
Javedani insisted it is beyond anyone’s comprehension that a young girl of Ms. Yousafzai’s age can write things like Ahmadis are being declared infidels in Pakistan, whereas no such movement is under way. Javedani believes that Ms. Yousafzai herself "has not written this book and someone representing Europe has done so under Malala’s name."

He says Pakistani education authorities have assured his organization they do not plan to include Ms. Yousafzai's memoir in the textbooks being taught at government and private schools.

Ms. Yousafzai campaigned against Taliban attempts to blow up schools and ban female education in her native Swat district in 2009, until a military offensive flushed the Islamists out of the northwestern region. She attracted international attention late last year when militants tried to assassinate her while she was coming back from school.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
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Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

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(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 768
1,000 square meters of land and 350 square meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email:

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Condo for Sale in Flor del Este, Lourdes, Montes de Oca San Jose


Located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada 500 meters north of Iglesia Lourdes. U. Latina, UCR, and U. Fidelitas are located within 5 minutes.  Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. Condo is a 3 story.  Three/Four bedroom, three and half bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with only one entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. In addition, to security fencing, and electric wire, a recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house. Residence has a telephone communication system to contact the guard house. In addition there is a green park area inside the complex for children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Equipped with an independent wired security system in addition to iron bars on windows and patio doors. Equipped with circuit breaker box and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Also has water storage tank under parking area and water pump to maintain high pressure on all 3 floors. American style washer and electric dryer, refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. Other furniture items may be available for purchase. 
Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987   or  U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458  or   (305) 858- 5577 C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email:

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
For more information contact:

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

San Mateo pool


Includes 4-bedroom, 2-bath, 2-story house built to American standards with a balcony overlooking full-sized swimming pool and rancho with a bathroom and a shower room, and landscaped tropical gardens.  There are two large storage buildings, a carport and electric-gate access to the enclosed property.  It is a short drive to the highways to San José and the beaches.  Owner financing available.  Please call: +506 2446-4901

For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail for more information ¡y se habla español!

Pacific Estates

Pacific Estates is divided into three distinct sections called Pacific Landings, Pacific Hills and Pacific Acres. Pacific Landings includes unique 2 & 3 bedroom homes incorporating pole house construction, cathedral ceilings, balconies on both the front and back of the house and eco-friendly elements. The homes also include granite counter tops, state-of-the-art stainless steel kitchen appliances, washer & dryer hook ups, internet connectivity and zone controlled A/C. These homes feature 1,290 square feet under A/C space and 1,537 square feet under A/C space with an optional Loft. To learn more about Pacific Estates, schedule a No Obligation Free Virtual Tour today by clicking here!

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email:

Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD,    Cell 8916-5550.

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site:  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email:

Naranjo views


4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone

Guiones retreat
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!

Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. $180,000 506-8869-9274.

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)71

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

In the nine years of operation, DIGITS Resource Guide has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose, Jacó, Manuel Antonio, and Osa Peninsula areas.  DIGITS is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into an even greater level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. For a preview of the magazine, go to, or simply go to a local Distributor for a copy. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
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The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2013 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Monday,  Nov. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 223
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Veterans remember in UK
on Remembrance Sunday

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Queen Elizabeth led Britain in paying tribute to its war dead as the country fell silent on Remembrance Sunday.

Thousands in central London observed a two-minute silence during the annual ceremony, which is observed on the nearest Sunday to the anniversary of the end of World War I on Nov. 11, 1918.

The United States similarly honors its war veterans today, the actual anniversary.

In the U.S., Veterans Day honors those who have served in its armed forces. Memorial Day observed in May honors those who died in military service.

Veterans Day began as Armistice Day in 1919. The United States and its allies declared an armistice with Germany to end the First World War one year earlier, on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.

U.S. President Barack Obama used his weekly address Saturday to thank the country's veterans for their service in various wars, including World War II, the Korean conflict and Vietnam, as well as Iraq and Afghanistan.

Obama said it is imperative to do more than just offer thanks to returning veterans. He said the government is leading by example in hiring veterans, and working with private companies to make it easier for service members to find jobs when they get home.

The president, who is the military's commander-in-chief, said veterans should have every fair opportunity to receive a quality education, and be welcomed at colleges and universities across the country.

Detained U.S. reporter freed,
welcomed home in Miami

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The Miami Herald said its reporter Jim Wyss arrived at Miami International Airport Sunday into the arms of his girlfriend and awaiting well-wishers and media.

The Herald’s Andean Bureau chief arrived in Miami on an American Airlines flight from Caracas following nearly 48 hours of detention by Venezuelan authorities. He was released Saturday to U.S. Embassy officials, said the newspaper in an online story.

Wyss is based in Bogotá, from where he travels around Latin America. He was detained in San Cristóbal in the Venezuelan state of Táchira, where he was reporting on upcoming municipal elections and the shortage of necessity consumer goods.

He was transferred to Caracas.

The Inter American Press Association called on the government of Venezuela’s President Nicolás Maduro to immediately release Wyss.

The last report by Wyss on Venezuela published some days ago by The Miami Herald and El Nuevo Herald referred to political and diplomatic disagreements between United States and Venezuelan authorities.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica

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From Page 7:

site work
Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo S.A. photo       
Backhoe creates a space for the foundation of the tanks
Jet fuel tanks are to guarantee supply

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A contractor has started work on an $11 million tank project in Barranca, Puntarenas, that will benefit airlines that use the Daniel Oduber airport in Liberia.

The national petroleum company, Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo S.A. said that the contractor, ISIVEN, C.A., has begun the site work with excavations at its existing tank farm.

The project calls for two 25,000-barrel tanks that will hold jet fuel. There also will be a loading system to handle the petroleum, as well as a smaller tank, said the company.

The storage facility is supposed to be in service by March 2015.  The jet fuel moves across the country by pipeline from the Caribbean terminal. The tanks are designed to guarantee a supply for the users of the airport. The petroleum monopoly said that this is important for development and tourism.

The airport has grown in importance as more and more air flights travel from foreign destinations directly to Liberia.