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(506) 2223-1327                                 Published Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 209                                    Email us
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Proposed law prohibits war toys, videos and salutes
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Lawmakers are considering a bill that would prohibit the use of warlike or violent video games, war toys, military ranks in public agencies and even salutes among members of the police forces.

The measure is No. 19.613, and the basis is the theory that warlike video games and products have a negative effect on children, increase their aggressive behavior and alter their values. They are basically the same fears that were expressed in the 1950 comic book scare and in the 1960s-70s concern about violence on television.

The summary for the bill does not cite any academic literature and only footnotes an article from the Spanish education ministry. However, the summary assumes a causal relationship with video games, war toys and other indications of the military and violence.

When it was introduced in June, the measure had the support of  20 lawmakers.

The bill went to the Comisión Permanente de Asuntos Económicos, where the director of the Hospital Nacional de Niños appeared Wednesday to speak in favor.

The director, Olga Arguedas Arguedas, said that the warlike products generate negative empowerments and aggressive conduct and create a tense atmosphere in social spaces that contrast with the good customs, principles and values of the Costa Rican society, according to a summary provided by the legislative staff.

The law would prohibit the making, importation, sale, distribution, commercialization and advertising of warlike toys and prohibit the sale of video games with warlike, military or violent content.

And it would prohibit the sale of these video games to minors.

Also prohibited would be the importation of military-type clothing, including camouflage, with the exception of security forces.

Also prohibited would be military symbols, ranks and use of military language by public officials. The security ministry would have two years to eliminate these, even though the agency has taken steps in the past to change the names of ranks for terms that did not sound like they were military.

If merchants have prohibited toys on their shelf when and if the bill is passed, they would have two years to sell or eliminate them, and they would have to put stickers on the package covering 75 percent of the surface warning of the danger of war toys.

Various agencies would be empowered to determine appropriate video games, and the police agencies would be able to confiscate items that violate the law, said the bill.

Violations would bring fines and perhaps closing of commercial establishments, it said.

Director Arguedas said that violence among children is increasing. She said that in 2006 there were 2.5 such cases at the hospital each day, In 2014 there were 6.4, and this year there have been nine cases a day, she said.

The bill summary said that the frequent use of warlike video games or those with violent content alters the conduct of children and reflects a lack of concentration in personal and academic activities and the abandonment of family responsibilities and that this interferes with their growth and development and a slow erosion of academic learning and general development.

The bill itself defined warlike objects or replicas that are guns, knives, throwing weapons, spears, military vehicles  such as tanks, military aircraft, combat ships, and even items used by the security forces here.

Monday is deadline for Halloween story submissions
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Monday is the deadline for submissions to A.M. Costa Rica's Halloween story contest.

Readers are invited to submit a Halloween story related to Costa Rica. Stories should be 1,000 words or less.
And editors will publish
the Halloween stories next week. Stories will be judged by professional writers, and the winner will get $100 via Pay Pal.

By submitting the stories, the authors give A.M. Costa Rica the non-exclusive right to publish them. Send your story to

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 209
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Page One is HERE!   Go to Page 3 HERE!   Go to Page 4 HERE!    
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Insurance professionals

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Legal services

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your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
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Real Estate Closing Services
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Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas photo
Officers of the Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas found these fish, mostly pargo or red snappers, when they captured four men for fishing illegally in waters of the Parque Nacional Marino Las Baulas in Santa Cruz.

Genetic study zeroes in on making teeth

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Humans, all mammals really, definitely got the short end of the evolutionary stick when it comes to teeth. Humans only have two sets, and if they lose those, well, that's why dentists will always have work.

In fact, by age 65, according to the World Health Organization, 30 percent of all people worldwide have lost all their teeth. 

Now if humans were bony fish, they could just regrow lost teeth. A research team at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta is taking a closer look at the process and finds that fish and mammals may have some common genetics that could someday allow just that.

Cichlids are popular tropical fish that a biology professor, Todd Streelman, studies in Atlanta.

“Our approach is to find things that are hard to study otherwise and then target them in these animals. So in this case, Lake Malawi cichlid fishes and many other fishes regenerate their dentition throughout their entire life,” said Streelman.

In a study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Streelman and his team analyzed embryotic fish cell tissue that develops into either teeth or taste buds. Streelman says they found similarities between teeth and taste buds at their earliest stages of development.

Last year, the same researchers sequenced the cichlid genome. This year, they crossed closely-related cichlids and then compared genetic differences among the second-generation hybrids.

Streelman says they discovered what appeared to be genetic switches that would tell the embryonic cells to become either teeth or taste buds.

“We could identify this because the genes that are typically positive markers of taste buds and the genes that are typically positive markers of teeth were co-expressed," he said. "They were expressed in the same places.”

The team then followed the cells through their development until they found the point in development when these cells decided to become either a tooth, or a taste bud.

Teeth and taste buds begin in the same kind of tissue in the developing jaws of fish in their earliest stages. The scientists mapped the regions of the developing jaw specific to each. Then they manipulated the undifferentiated tissue in fish to boost tooth development over taste buds at an early stage, when the fish had eyes and a brain but were still growing jaws.

Armed with that knowledge, the genes that become teeth, and the area of the jaw where it happens, they went looking for similar genes in mammals.

It turns out that cichlids aren't the only animals that express these genes. Streelman says collaborators at Kings College London demonstrated that a few poorly studied genes in mice were also involved in the development of teeth and taste buds.

“These genes that we had identified in fishes are in fact also active in the earliest development of teeth on the jaw margin and taste buds on the tongue of mice,” he said.

Streelman says the studies in fish and mice suggest that with the right signals, the tissue in humans might also be able to develop new teeth.

"The direction our research is taking, at least in human health," he said, "is to figure out how to coax the tissue to form one type of structure or the other."

Debtor's prison for ¢21 million

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Debtor's prison may be a Middle Age concept, but not if the money owed is for family support.

The Fuerza Pública said they detained a man in Santa Ana who owes 21 million colons in what is called pensión alimenticia. He is supposed to pay his wife support of 3 million colons a month, but he has been involved in a court fight, he said. He also said he does not have the money.

Police were following the instructions of a judge's order.

Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Fuerza Pública officers recovered this ladder after an ex-convict and an associate held up two Compañía Nacional de Fuerza y Luz workers Wednesday in Metropolis II Pavas. The suspects were not hard to spot with the ladder.

News for the Spanish-language press
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 209
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Christmas Gordo lottery top prize is $2.6 million tax free here
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Some may call it a voluntary tax on stupidity, but for others the Christmas lottery is a lot of fun for an investment less than a dinner out.

The Junta de Protección Social gave details of the so-called Gordo Wednesday, and the prizes and costs are the same as last year.

Legal government lotteries in the modern era of the United States date from the 1960s, but the Junta has been running lotteries for 170 years. They are traditional in Latin and Spanish culture.

This year once again four persons have the chance to take home 1.4 billion colons tax free, although lawmakers would like to do something about that. That amounts to about $2.6 million.

To win, someone just has to have a full sheet of 40 lottery tickets with the correct three-digit series and two-digit ticket numbers.  Full sheets or enteros are 70,000 colons (about $130) just like last year. A single ticket torn from the 40-ticket sheet goes for 1,750 colons ($3.24). Alas, the holder of a single ticket only wins 35 million colons or about $65,000.

Typically family members or even residents of the same community will share one or more lottery tickets.

In addition to the major prize, there are Second prizes of 120 million colons ($222,222) and 60 million ($111,111) for third.

The lottery consists of what is called four emissions or four identical tickets for each number possibility.

The Junta is quick to point out that the estimated 4 billion-colon profit from the lottery is shared among 430 public and private social programs.

The drawing for the Gordo will be Dec. 13 at 7 p.m., so ticket holders have plenty of time until then to dream of how they will allocate their winnings.

The Junta plans to award 17.7 billion in prizes altogether. That's nearly $33 million.

Just 5 percent of the tickets went unsold last year, so interest
Lottery guy
Little lottery guy

is high even though there is a lottery with lesser prizes each Sunday.

Even though there is no tax on the winnings, the central government gets $1.4 million on the sale of tickets. Some 1,600 lottery vendors also benefit, and those selling the winning tickets get an extra bonus.

After the Gordo drawing, the Junta also stages two consolation drawings for those holding tickets that did not win.

The Junta will be staging promotions around the country where enteros will be awarded to participants in order to sell even more tickets.

Picking the winners is antagonizingly slow for those munching popcorn in front of the television that Sunday night. Three separate roulette-style metal baskets are spun over and over. One produces the series number. The second determines the ticket number, and the third determines the prize. So even if a lottery player has the correct series and ticket numbers, the breath is held until the prize is established.

That continues until all the 49,000 prizes are awarded.

The Junta said that four sets of 100,000 tickets will be distributed throughout the country. And the odds of winning the grand prize will be one in 100,000.

Solís responds to crime wave concerns with more police on the streets
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Luis Guillermo Solís announced immediate actions Wednesday to counter the crime problem that has been growing for years.

The president held a meeting with Judicial and legislative leaders, and later said he was pushing for approval of a handful of bills that would improve security.

The president also said that 500 more officers would be sent into areas where drug transactions are high.

Officials were shaken by a weekend this month that saw at least eight murders. And there appears to be at least one a day since.

The security minister, Gustavo Mata Vega, said that as of Oct. 9 there had been 426 murders this year. At least 150 of these may have been the result of drug crimes.

There was another murder in Parrita Monday night, and that also appears to have been drug related.

A murder about 5 a.m. Wednesday morning might shed some light on conditions that have encouraged criminality.

Dead was a 34-year-old man with the last name of  Villalta.  He was shot in the head.

He was an armed robber who received a four-year and six-month prison term, but after he had served a third of his term he was evaluated by the Instituto Nacional de Criminología, according to the Ministerio de Justicia y Paz that runs the prisons.

As a result of the evaluation, the man was allowed to enter a program where he had to sleep one night a week at a location run by the prisons. That was as of Sept. 28.

The idea was to reintegrate the man into the community, the ministry said in a press statement.  It added that there were 4,450 persons in the same type of program, which officials called semi-institutional. In just San José there are 1,327, they said.

The killing happened as Villalta was leaving the center where he overnighted in Guadalupe de Goicoechea.

The problem faced by officials is complex because drug activities are made up of many small groups. Sometimes these are family members.  Officials designate these activities as organized crime, but there does not seem to be one or a few leaders who might be detained.

The local drug distribution which prompts many of the killings is separate from the international smuggling activities handled by the well-known cartels.

The Paritta murder is an example. The suspects are four residents of Parrita who were detained not long after the victim's body was found buried in Playa Palo Seco. 

The same day, Tuesday, judicial agents detained seven other persons who are linked to two other murders. One is in Cartago and the other was in Pavas. The cases do not seem to be related.

The additional problem for administration officials is that the murder and crime situation has become a political issue with opposition party members blaming Solís.

A.M. Costa Rica proudly presents
three new members of our hotel directory:


Hacienda Baru

Recreo Verde

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 209
Real Estate
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Women slowly taking their place in competitive online gaming
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Studies show that nearly half of all digital game players are women, but most play casual games on their smartphones or tablets. Although competitive online gaming is still a male-dominated sport, that's slowly changing.

A team of female gamers called CLG Red, part of the Counter Logic Gaming eSports organization, found some competition recently at an Intel developer's conference in San Francisco.

“We have come so far with gaming and women and the female scene, and it is growing bigger and bigger each day,” said team member Diane Tran of Houston.

Members of Tran's team play online from different cities and have traveled internationally to win world championships.

Digital gaming is a $20 billion industry in the United States, and it's like any other sport for the players involved, said CLG Red's leader, Stephanie Harvey of Montreal.

“I practice. I have a team. I have coaches. I have a staff. I have sponsors. I have leagues. I have official matches, I have

tournaments, and fans, just like a pro sport,” she said.

The team plays a combat game called Counter Strike and has thousands of fans who watch on the Web site Twitch and see recaps on YouTube.

Charges of sexism have rocked the industry, but despite prejudice, women hold their own in this male-dominated sport, said Bonnie Ruberg, a game researcher at the University of Southern California.

“When they hit a moment where there is discrimination, somebody says something about them or about women, they know how to stick up for themselves in that environment,” Ruberg said.

CLG Red's Benita Novshadian, who studies computers at a California college when she is not competing on them, said that "right now, I am majoring in information systems, which is basically IT, and I really hope to stick within the gaming industry and maybe my degree can back that up.”

In the meantime, she and her teammates are enjoying online fame and the fun of professional gaming.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


Mar de
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email:  Web page:

                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email:   Web page

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Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

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Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $600-$650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact:  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.

Beautiful Apartment

Lemur del Bosque
for Rent

San Francisco de Dos Ríos, El Bosque, furnished 2-bedroom,1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV WiFi, large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $450/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838. Email:

Unfurnished 400-sq. ft. apartment, with modern kitchen, located on beautiful Junquillal Beach is waiting for you. Sea Turtles are common to this beach. Great area for surfing one of C.R.'s premier surf spots or boogie boarding. Close to a market, restaurants and more touristy areas - Playa Negra and Tamarindo, if you want shopping, etc. This area is a great community. If you are looking for a nice relaxing area, this is it. $500 month + electric, visit our Web page -  - for more info, photos and to view a video. Or call (506) 5004-3473.

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339

Real estate for rent

house for rent
Beautiful fully furnished house for tent
2 bedrooms, 2 baths, fully furnished $800 + electric, includes cable TV, Wifi, Internet. Inside gated property close to town. Contact

Coco rental
For Rent: Terms negotiable (long term)
Available immediately. Rural, secure (24/7) gated community. 20 minutes from Playas del Coco and only 7 minutes. from Playa Matapalo (think RIU Hotel).  Two-story, 3-bedroom, 2 1/2-bath home with pool, carport, wifi and access to the community pool and workout center. $1,100 USD plus utilities. (Agents: flat fee)  Contact: Wanda R Dunn at 8337-0032 or 1-610-732-3204 from U.S.
DunnRight Property Management, Lomas del Mar

Oganic farm rental
2 bedroom, 1 bath, $700 includes electric, water, cable, Internet & WiFi. Fully furnished. Inside gated property close to town, Santa Bárbara de Heredia. No dogs please.

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike:  Check out slide show HERE!

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 209
Real Estate
About us

Biden decides not to run
and cites mourning for son

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Stepping into the White House Rose Garden on a mild, sunny day, Vice President Joe Biden announced that he would not join the 2016 presidential race because he had simply run out of time.

Flanked by President Barack Obama and Jill Biden, his wife, the vice president explained that since May 30, when his 46-year-old son, Beau, died of brain cancer, he and his family have been working through their grief.

“I’ve said all along it may very well be that that process, by the time we get through it, closes the window on mounting a realistic campaign for president,” Biden said Wednesday. “Unfortunately, I believe we’re out of time, the time necessary to mount a winning campaign for the nomination.”

While he will not be a presidential candidate, Biden said, he will not be silent on important national and political issues: "I intend to speak out clearly and forcefully to influence, as much as I can, where we stand as a party and where we need to go as a nation.”

Biden has run twice before for president. He has a national and international reputation for political and governmental expertise. He vowed to continue to press for support for President Obama’s policies, to urge divided factions in the U.S. Congress to unite, and to return to one America, a national consensus on key issues.

The 72-year-old former senator from Delaware joked about some reporters' informal references to him as middle-class Joe, a label he wears proudly. He defended President Obama’s efforts to improve life for America’s middle class and declared the current economic inequality between rich and poor Americans unsustainable.

Turning to international affairs, the vice president said the U.S. has learned much about “large-scale, open-ended military invasions,” and must accept that it cannot solve the world’s problems alone.
Biden's announcement ended months of speculation about whether he would return to electoral politics for one last campaign.

By abandoning a presidential campaign before he even entered it, Biden clarified the status of his fellow Democrats' candidacies.

Former secretary of State Hillary Clinton is the current frontrunner, with Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders well behind her in second place. The vice president urged them and other Democratic hopefuls to defend the Obama administration in their political campaigns and to run on the president's record, promising to continue and expand his policies.

Material from CIA director
is published by WikiLeaks

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Information from the private email account of CIA Director John Brennan is being made public, just days after hackers bragged they had broken in.

WikiLeaks Thursday posted several documents from the account, including what appear to be drafts of papers about the challenges facing the U.S. intelligence community and recommendations for how the U.S. should deal with Iran.

The anti-secrecy Web site also posted a draft of Brennan’s security clearance application, which contained personal information, such as a Social Security number.

WikiLeaks defended its actions, saying Brennan “used the account occasionally for several intelligence-related projects,” adding that it planned to release additional documents in the coming days.

A CIA spokesman rejected the Web site’s claims.

“There is no indication that any of the documents released thus far are classified,” the spokesman said, describing them instead as “documents that a private citizen with national security interests and expertise would be expected to possess.”

The spokesman also called the hacking a crime.

“The Brennan family is the victim,” the spokesman said. “The private electronic holdings of the Brennan family were plundered with malicious intent and are now being distributed across the Web.”

The documents posted on WikiLeaks appear to have come from a high school student who told the New York Post earlier this week that he'd hijacked the CIA director’s personal email account to protest American foreign policy.

The documents posted by WikiLeaks Thursday all date to a time before Brennan joined the administration of President Barack Obama.

One paper from 2007, titled “The Conundrum of Iran,” warns that Tehran’s ongoing use of terrorism is particularly alarming and insidious, but also bemoans “the gratuitous labeling of Iran as part of an axis of evil by President Bush” following the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks on the U.S.

The draft paper recommends the next president of the United States tone down the rhetoric.

Government tops U.S. fears,
university survey reports

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Americans are more afraid of U.S. government corruption than they are of potential terrorist attacks.

According to a Chapman University survey, 58 percent of people say they were either afraid or very afraid of corruption on the part of government officials, while 44.4 percent report fearing man-made disasters such as a terrorist attack.

Almost half of Americans say they fear cyber terrorism and having their online information tracked by the government and corporations.

The survey broke fear down into 10 major domains, including categories such as crime, personal anxieties and technology, as well as man-made and natural disasters.

The other top 10 fears include corporate tracking of personal information, terror attacks, bio-warfare, identity theft, running out of money and credit card fraud.

Ultimately people seem to be more afraid of disasters created by man than those nature dishes out.

The most-feared natural disasters are pandemics, rather than hurricanes or earthquakes, and when it comes to personal anxieties, fear of reptiles tops the list. Global warming is the main environmental concern and when it comes to daily life, death is what people fear the most.

Other fears include war, heights, insects, loneliness and the dark.

Obama seeks crackdown
on prescription drug abuse

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Drug overdoses kill more Americans annually than motor vehicle accidents.

President Barack Obama cited the jarring statistic Wednesday as he announced new efforts to highlight the toll the United States faces from prescription drug abuse and heroin use.

“In 2013 alone, overdoses from prescription pain medications killed more than 16,000 Americans. One year. I don’t have to tell you, this is a terrible toll,” Obama said.

The president traveled to Charleston, West Virginia, Wednesday to join families and health care providers in a community discussion about addressing the epidemic of excessive drug use. The state has the highest rate of overdose deaths in the U.S.

The White House announced new government and private sector efforts Wednesday to reduce the excessive prescription of pain medications and other legal drugs, which often can lead to abuse. The government also is trying to control the number of fatal overdoses of heroin, while improving access to treatment for users.

President Obama issued a memorandum to federal agencies and departments to ensure that health professionals receive adequate training when it comes to prescribing pain medication.

He is calling for more than 540,000 health care providers to complete opioid prescriber training in the next two years.

The U.S. leader said that while addiction is not new, the sale of prescription pain medications has increased by 300 percent since 1999.

“In 2012, 259 million prescriptions were written for these drugs, which is more than enough to give every American adult their own bottle of pills,” Obama told an audience of 250 at the East End Family Resource Center in Charleston.

Opioids include hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine and methadone. Heroin belongs to the same class of drugs, and Obama said four in five new heroin users started out by misusing prescription drugs.

Paul Ryan might become
next speaker of U.S. House

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Rep. Paul Ryan appears to be closer to becoming the next speaker of the House of Representatives after receiving the support of several hardline conservative Republicans.

The 40-member House Freedom Caucus announced late Wednesday that a two-thirds majority of its members will support the influential Wisconsin lawmaker, who was Mitt Romney's vice presidential running mate in 2012.

"Paul is a policy entrepreneur who has developed conservative reforms dealing with a wide variety of subjects," the group said in a written statement announcing the decision, "and he has promised to be an ideas-focused speaker who will advance limited government principles and devolve power to the membership."

"I'm grateful for the support of a supermajority of the House Freedom Caucus," Ryan said in a statement, calling it "a positive step toward a unified Republican team."

Although not an official endorsement, the decision by most of the Freedom Caucus to back Ryan suggests House Republicans are ready to move past the turmoil caused when outgoing Speaker John Boehner resigned earlier this month under pressure from hardline conservatives, who accused him of being too willing to compromise with Democrats.

Boehner had faced drama, showdowns and clashes with hardline members many times over the past five years since Republicans took control of the House, just barely averting a default on the national debt in 2011 and triggering a government shutdown in 2013.

Just recently, some conservatives had threatened to not vote for a federal spending bill unless funding is cut to the women's reproductive health group Planned Parenthood, which also performs abortions.

The leadership crisis deepened when Boehner's second-in-command, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, withdrew his candidacy for the post after it was obvious he would not have the support of the Freedom Caucus.

Boehner and other Republican leaders then turned to Ryan, who currently chairs the House's tax-writing panel, the Ways and Means Committee, believing he would gain support of the entire Republican membership.  After initially rejecting their overtures, he said Tuesday that he had changed his mind, but only if he has the support of all the House Republican factions.

Ryan laid out a list of demands to the membership before he would agree to run for speaker, including doing away with the procedure for vacating the chair, a technical maneuver that can be used by other members of Congress to oust a sitting House speaker.

The procedure has become a powerful way for the Freedom Caucus to enforce its agenda, but in Ryan's view it has also become a destabilizing influence for the Republican Party.

Boehner has set next Wednesday as the date for party members to select their nominee for his replacement.

Boehner said that after House Republicans select their candidate, the full chamber will vote on his replacement a week from today.

Under the U.S. Constitution, the speaker of the House of Representatives is second in the presidential line of succession behind the vice president.

Four nations ask U.N action
over Iran's missile launch

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States, Britain, France and Germany are calling on the U.N. Iran sanctions committee to take appropriate action regarding a missile test that they say constituted a serious violation of a U.N. resolution.

Matthew Rycroft, Britain's U.N. ambassador, said that any action would depend on technical experts’ view of the launch. “It’s clear in our view that it is a violation of the relevant security council resolutions, which remain in force after the Iran deal," he said. "It’s very important that the sanctions committee looks at that carefully and reports back to us.”

Resolution 1929 prohibits Iran from conducting launches of ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear warheads. Reuters quotes the letter from the four nations, all Security Council members, to the sanctions committee as saying the missile was inherently capable of delivering a nuclear weapon.

Any sanctions against Iran would have to be approved by fellow Security Council members Russia and China. “I’ll let other council members speak for themselves,” said Rycroft. “But I think everyone recognizes the importance of the Iran deal. We want to see it implemented properly, fairly and fully by all parties.”

The Iran nuclear deal, signed by Iran and six major powers, went into its first phase of implementation Sunday.

Iran said this month that it had tested a new precision-guided ballistic missile. But it denied that the missile was capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. 

"None of the Islamic Republic of Iran's missiles have been designed for nuclear capabilities," Iran Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Solar device

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200 liter EZINC Quality Pressurized Thermo-Siphon Solar Hot Water System Designed for the European Market. 

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Web Page:

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164

Pacific Sur montagee

These 2 lots are in the Pacific southern zone,
Tres Rio/Coronado de Osa. 

Will give a great deal on one of these lots, only $29,990.  Both of these lots have water, phone lines, Internet accessibility, electricity, easy 3 kms. access to the Costanera.  2-wheel drive accessible.  Close to new hospital, beautiful beaches and county services.  Financing available.   Lote 234, This corner lote is excellently located in lower Tres Rios.  Has 2 well-sculptured lots for 2 houses or one for multiunit cabins.  Lote 236,  1 1/2 hectare.  Big lote for building a grand house, with a smaller plantel for a cabin.  Small ocean view with great sunsets.  Watch the videos for more information, Planos,  and details.   Email: CR phone   2786-5555. USA call  760-536-4717 YouTube link for more real estate deals. 

property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email:

Escazu villa
Escazú villa. spectacular 360 degree city and mountain views.
Enjoy the sunsets along with the sunrise

There are special properties, which are more than mere houses. Where you can appreciate moments where you build memories. Relaxing reading in the garden of 5000 sq. m. Places to enjoy moments with family or friends with large heated pool. Beautiful city views of San José with mountain view. Places, where you can enjoy the comforting warmth of the sun throughout the day with cool nights of living 1,300 meters up on your own Mountain Noel. You are away from all the noise of San José, yet you are only 15 minutes drive there. Costa Rica largest mall is also only 15-minutes drive away.
The main house four bedrooms with four bathrooms, large office with built-in wood cabinets, and beautiful hardwood ceilings throughout the whole house. The main house is 330 sq. m. For your guest, there is a self-contained apartment of 100 sq. m. consisting of two bedrooms and two baths. Nice layout with a living room and dining room and kitchen all have views. For being so near to the city and to have that much land is once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The selling price is land value will throw in the house and the apartment. Price is $690,000. Contact

Osa home
Costa Rica Tropical Paradise Beach House For Sale
Tropical 5-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, South Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.

Located 8 km south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $775,000. Contact:
Watch this video for full details.


Hill Villa Esterillos Oeste, Costa Rica
Property size: 3405.14 sq. mtrs or 37,000 sq. feet
Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft TITLED property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric-gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceilings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a doubled car electric garage door. There is also a beautiful large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the INCREDIBLE VIEW and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furniture included. Photo gallery click here:    Contact Jack  Email:   Cell: (506) 8812-1789

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408

Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-storey house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 ½ bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms, the main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. Excellent construction and great details. Price $349,000. 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Price $75,000. For more information, please contact us:
Email Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike:   Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:

Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $380,000. Click HERE!

Real estate services
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Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
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Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 209
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
cool fish
University of Guelph photo     
A mangrove rivulus fish

Mangrove fish jump to land to cool off

By the University of Guelph news staff

On hot, humid days, the tiny mangrove rivulus fish cools down by jumping out of water, according to a new study from the University of Guelph.

In the study published in the journal Biology Letters, the researchers describe how these fish air-chill themselves on solid ground in order to drop their body temperatures. The researchers also found that fish exposed to higher temperatures for a week tolerated warmer water better.

The fish jump out of the water to escape rising temperatures, said Pat Wright, senior author of the study.

“If the fish are prevented from jumping out of the water, they would die,” she said.

“The water evaporates off the fish and they cool down their body temperatures slightly. It only takes about a couple seconds for the fish to start to cool down.”

The rivulus fish live in waters from Florida to Brazil, where water temperatures can reach 38 C. Normal human body temperature is 37 C.

The researchers, led by undergraduate students Dan Gibson and Emma Sylvester, filmed the fish with a camera that measures body temperature. As the water warmed, the fish flung themselves out and onto damp filter paper, where they cooled down almost immediately. They found that after one minute, the body temperatures of the fish actually dropped below that of the filter paper.

“Based on physics, we would expect evaporative cooling to happen, but this is the first time it was directly measured,” said Professor Wright.

She said the fish wriggle to a chosen spot once on land and even find their way by barriers.

“These fish will also jump out because of conflict with other rivulus fish or looking for food, but the primary reason is to cool their bodies down,” said Professor Wright.

The research team also looked at plasticity, or the ability of the fish to adjust to higher temperatures.

“Thermal flexibility in adult fish provides an advantage in a rapidly changing environment,” Professor Wright said

“Plasticity would help them cope, allowing them to stay in higher temperatures longer.”

The paper is titled “Out of the frying pan into the air: Emersion behaviour and evaporative heat loss in an amphibious mangrove fish.”

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
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From Page 7:

Treasury chief concerned by budget bickering

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew said he worries congressional bickering could cause a financial accident, seriously hurting markets and damaging the overall economy.

Lew spoke Wednesday at the left-leaning Center for American Progress, saying Washington faces a very real Nov. 3 deadline to increase the legal authority to borrow money to pay debts incurred by the government.

Without an increase in the debt limit, Lew said the treasury will be unable to fully pay many obligations, needlessly causing a loss of confidence in the government, discouraging investment, and leaving Washington without the means to cope with emergencies.

Lew said the debt limit should not be used as a weapon in separate negotiations over the next budget.

A group of hard-line conservatives in the Republican Party is demanding strict new controls on government spending that are opposed by President Barack Obama's Democratic Party allies in Congress.

The tense negotiations were complicated by the abrupt resignation of House Speaker John Boehner, who announced plans to leave Congress at the end of October. There is no apparent agreement on who would replace him. That leaves the fractious House of Representatives without leadership for the time being.