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(506) 2223-1327                        Published Wednesday, April 30, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 84                        Email us
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President acts to protect dolphin and sports fishing
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Laura Chinchilla signed a decree Tuesday that is dolphin and sports fishing friendly.

The decree divides up the country's Pacific waters and designates a 60-mile area parallel to the coast where no purse seine operations are allowed. The area is reserved for sports fishing and medium long-line commercial fishing.

This designation alone is expected to save some 1,000 tons of billfish from tuna purse seining each year, according to a summary of the plan presented to fishing interest April 2. The purse seiners, who use giant nets, also are responsible for the death of dolphin when the mammals are caught in the nets. This area is about 13.5 percent of the national waters and the country's exclusive economic zone.

The decree also sets up a 200,000-square kilometer area some 200 miles south of Golfito where  tuna purse seiners cannot operate. Only long-liners that can fish for tuna. Long-line fishing is less likely to catch dolphin.

Sierra Goodman of Drake Bay is a long-time defender of dolphin and whales.

She is the owner of the Divine Dolphin and coordinator of the Marine Protected Area for OSA Peninsula campaign.

"The decree signed by outgoing President Chinchilla is a giant step towards protecting Costa Rica's abundant and fragile marine eco system, she said in an email.. In a presidency plagued with bad press on marine conservation matters, much of it instigated by Sea Shepherd's Paul Watson, President Chinchilla leaves a legacy and hopefully a precedent for ocean conservation in Costa Rica.

"While many environmental and special interest groups pushed for a 100-mile limit for the tuna boats, the 60-mile limit outlined in the decree will go a long way towards protecting Costa Rica's flagship dolphin species, the Costa Rican spinner dolphin, so named because they are a sub-species found in only a 95-mile wide band off the coast of Costa Rica. Their numbers have been devastated by commercial tuna fishing in the past 20 years.

An additional requirement is that fishing boats install monitoring devices so they can be tracked by satellite. Circle hooks are mandated to avoid turtle damage. Another requirement is that all
purse seine free zone
A.M. Costa Rica graphic
Yellow area is an estimate of where purse seines will be prohibited.

long-line gear must be identified in the water with the boat license number, said Ms. Goodman.

The Instituto Costarricense de Pesca y Acuicultura is being required to set up a tuna research organization. The institute also is obligated to set up a management plan in the next 12 months.

If Costa Rica does not put the oceans in order, there will be a tragedy, said the president in signing the decree.

Ms. Goodman has some reservations.

"And while this is all good news for Costa Rica's ocean dwelling critters, this is not the time to sit back and pat our backs." she said. "It is still imperative to create marine protected areas off Costa Rica's Osa peninsula, including in the Golfo Dulce. Also, there is nothing in the decree about shrimp boats, the most destructive commercial fishing method of all, nor is it detailed how the new decree will be enforced. Who is going to check if the long liners are licensed? If the enforcement of the regulations are put into the hands of INCOPESCA, it will simply be a piece of paper with good intentions.

"I applaud the president for her parting gift to the ocean. May the ball keep rolling in the direction of marine conservation and protection before it is too late."

The Sala IV has ordered a halt to shrimp trawling, but there is activity in the legislature to allow it in a way that is in keeping with the judicial mandate


Stone spheres are a step closer to U.N. designation
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The U.N. World Heritage Center has approved the candidacy of Costa Rica's famous stone spheres, and action is expected in June to enroll the area in the list of World Heritage sites.

The favorable report came from the  Consejo Internacional de Monumentos y Sitios. Involved are four locations in the south Pacific coast in the canton of Osa where the pre-Columbian residents produced the giant balls from about 300 to 1,500
A.D. No one knows exactly why. Some experts think the balls were status symbols.

The Museo Nacional has just opened a satellite museum in the area. Officials and residents of the area hope that U.N. designation will boost tourism. The sites are  Finca 6, Batambal, El Silencio and Grijalba–2.

The designation has taken some time. After Costa Rica sought the designation in January 2013, a team of experts came in August to evaluate the site.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 84

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Page One is HERE!   Go to Page 3 HERE!   Go to Page 4 HERE!    
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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Architects

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Architecture-Real Estate-Development

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nameplate
Premium television sources
are cutting access via VPN


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Expats who use a virtual private network to receive U.S.-based premium television may have problems.

The virtual private network, as described in A.M. Costa Rica last year, tricks U.S. company that do not want to distribute their signal overseas.

These include Netflix, Hulu, HBO and Amazon Prime.

Some of the companies are cracking down., Hulu announced that it is blocking requests for shows that arrive through anonymous browsers.

One expat complained Tuesday night that Amazon no longer was providing the signal to his virtual private network setup. He said he expected nearly all of the premium channels to follow.

Many expats are not stealing the signal. They subscribe using a U.S. location and then access the video content by tricking the servers that they are in the United States. Many do this because Latin American alternatives are mostly in Spanish.


Dumb tweet causes pain
for cell phone provider

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Humor sometimes is not humorous to others, and Twitter can offend. That is the lesson from a Sunday evening adventure by a Claro employee who had access to the company's Twitter account.

No names have been released by the company, but the situation is a big embarrassment.

Claro has a slogan ¡Claro que si! Perhaps playing off the slogan, the unnamed employee tweeted:

A no from a woman derives from the Latin beg me a little more. In Spanish, of course.

The roof dropped in a few minutes later as those who received the tweet responded.

By Monday, Claro has withdrawn the tweet and apologized.

The country's  Oficina de Control de Propaganda even issued a press release saying that no means no. The agency said that such use of media can construct a social reality.

It noted that many women suffer sexual violence.


Woman, 21, found dead
in her Cahuita home


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Judicial Investigating Organization said that a 21-year-old woman died from unknown causes in Cahuita.

The woman, identified as Juliana Brown, was found dead at her home by her husband Tuesday morning. Investigators found abrasions on her shoulders and back, they said.  A complete autopsy has been ordered.

Authorities said the body has been taken to the morgue to determine a cause of death.


Our reader' opinion
Some consistency needed
or investments discouraged


Dear A.M. Costa Rica;

What Costa Rica could do to make things better for everyone would be to try to develop some sort of consistency in your regulatory regimen.  U.S. citizens are used to dealing with regulations, but when the rules are interpreted differently by each official we deal with, it encourages all people to avoid compliance and the resultant hassle. 

The banking rules currently in place, no matter if they are required by the U.S., Costa Rica or the international community, will discourage investment and cash flows into C.R. simply because of the uncertainty involved in the transactions.  It will have a dampening effect on the real estate market in particular given that in C.R. it is largely unregulated and therefore risky for investors. 

We love our place and Tico neighbors in C.R. and have returned every year for the last 14.  We plan to spend much more time there when we retire, but we would really like to see the banking procedures cleaned up and standardized.  Otherwise, we are happy with C.R.'s requirements and wouldn't think of heading for Panamá.  We are hoping the new administration can make some headway with these issues...
The Tisthammers
Fortuna

Experiment shows testing
of breath detects lung cancer


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. researchers have developed a breath test that detects lung cancer.  Researchers say the test is more sensitive than high-tech imaging, especially for distinguishing benign tumors from cancerous ones. 

When an X-ray scan of a patient's lungs reveals a nodule or tiny mass, the challenge for doctors is determining whether the growth is benign, or a sign of early stage cancer. Investigators say the breath analysis could help when used in conjunction with PET scans or other imaging modalities.
 
Researchers conducted a trial involving 107 patients with lung cancer, 40 people with benign lung nodules, and seven individuals whose cancer had spread to other parts of their body.  The results were compared to a group of 88 healthy individuals.
  
The breath analysis was almost as sensitive as high-tech imaging at identifying patients with lung cancer, and it was twice as accurate at distinguishing benign lung disease, dramatically reducing the rate of so-called false positives.

Michael Bousrama is an associate professor at the University of Louisville medical school and the study’s lead author. He says lung spots are often detected on an X-ray or CT scan when a patient goes to the doctor complaining of shortness of breath or chest pain.

“In this day and age what you do is you do a biopsy; either you stick a needle through the skin and into the lung, into the mass, or you do a bronchoscopy; or you might get a PET scan to determine whether or not it’s more or less likely to be cancer.   All of those things are expensive and the CT-guided biopsy and the bronchoscopy are invasive procedures.  They have complications and pain associated with them.  So the concept of being able to analyze somebody’s breath to help determine whether a given pulmonary nodule is cancer or not could be very appealing," said Bousrama.

Bousrama says the breath test, which can be done in the doctor’s office, has the potential to quickly put a patient’s mind at ease in determining that a growth is benign.

The test is designed to measure levels of four specific substances called carbonyl compounds, which are found in the breath of people with malignant tumors.  The majority of patients in the study with benign nodules had at most only one elevated carbonyl compound compared to people with stage IV lung cancer. They had three or four elevated cancer markers.

Bousrama envisions using the breath analysis to confirm an initial diagnosis of lung cancer using high-tech imaging.  He says the test won’t be available for a number of years.

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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 84
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U.S.
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Five decades later, Desamparados woman still searches for lost sisters
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Though Sonia Pérez Rojas was too young to really know her baby sisters before they went missing, she continues searching for them more than 50 years later. In 1963, when Ms. Pérez was 8 years old her sisters, Teresita and Janet, disappeared.

One day a man familiar with the family came to the house to take the girls out shopping for clothes. After he left with them, promising to bring the pair back with new dresses, the family never saw Teresita or Janet again.

By then in the care of her aunt, who had taken custody of the children after their mother died, Ms. Pérez said the family desperately tried to find the lost children before learning they were in the care of the Patronato Nacional de la Infancia. The family put out missing person ads in La Nación soon after the disappearance, which appeared in a May issue that year. Ms. Pérez said the girls were between 4 and 5 years old at the time.

Though Ms. Pérez repeated that the memories remain hazy, she said the man who took the girls was an old friend or colleague of her aunt's. Looking back, Ms. Pérez said its possible the man was from the Patronato.

The family later found evidence that one or both were involved with the Patronato, as shown by the limited information given under the file name Folio 33.

At her home in Desamparados, Ms. Pérez keeps a folder of the case's known details. A thin pile of news clippings, photographs and contact information make up the only knowledge she has of her lost sisters.

Helped by a pair of lawyers, the family went to the Patronato to try to pinpoint the whereabouts of their loved ones. The only
Ms. Perez
Photo by Roxana Ramirez Sanchez

Sonia Pérez Rojas, right, placed the ad at left for her sister.

information the institution would reveal was the address for a family in California that supposedly adopted the girls.

Still intent on finding her sister, Ms. Pérez has put out ads for her sister in local papers like La Teja and Diario Extra as recently as 2011. She said she did not advertise with media outlets in the United States nor did she try to reach out to the family in California.

Ms. Pérez had previously discussed her situation with former Costa Rican orphan-turned-documentary-filmmaker Jacqueline Arias. Ms. Arias is now making a movie on this subject that deals with Costa Rica's lost generation of orphaned children that went through the Patronato until the end of the 20th century.


President-elect's top selections are heavy with academics
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Some in the media have made much of the number of lawyers in the new administration of Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera. But current and
past professors outnumber the lawyers two to one in the top spots.

An analysis of the biographies of ministers-designate, vice presidents-elect and two ambassador-designates appointed by the president-elect show a preference for academics. That makes sense because Solís himself is a former professor and Fulbright scholar.

There are only four appointees in the top 17 positions who have doctorates, but the terminal research degree is not required to teach in the public universities.

Five of the 12 with a professorial background also are lawyers. Nine appointees have worked with government in the past, including the new minister of Trabajo, Víctor Morales Mora, who was the head of that ministry in another
academic
administration.

One appointee, Manuel González Sanz, who will become the foreign minster, is a lawyer. Coincidentally, the current foreign minister,
Enrique Castillo, is partner in the same firm, Facio & Cañas.

Three of the top appointees, including Juan Carlos Mendoza García, the U.N. ambassador-designate, have served in the legislature.

Wilhem Von Breymann Barquero, the tourism minister-designate, is one of a handful who appear to have non-governmental and non-political work experience. He runs several tourism firms.

María Elena López Núñez, the health-minister-designate, is a physician. Melvin Jiménez Marín, the minster of the Presidencia-designate, is a serving Lutheran bishop. Luis Felipe Arauz Cavallini  is an agricultural engineer and is the minister-designate in that field.

The lack of top appointees with real world word experience has some business leaders nervous. Solís has said he wants to even out the income gap. In fact, what he calls income inequality is one of the three main points in his campaign. He contends that past governments have gone easy on big companies and the rich by not collecting the taxes the administrations should.

Solís also campaigned against corruption. Large government projects generate payoffs and back door deals, but the principal enforcer of the laws are the Poder Judicial and the Ministerio Público where prosecutors work. An investigation into the Ruta 1856 road project along the Río San Juan in northern Costa Rica still  is an open investigation.

And most of the judiciary and even the prosecutors were put in their position by the political organizations that are presumed to host corruption.


Those who wish to attend inauguration will need a ticket beforehand
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Citizens who wish to attend the inauguration of Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera May 8 will have to get a ticket beforehand.

The committee handling the arrangements said that tickets will be available starting Saturday at the outlets in the Estadio Nacional, where the inauguration will be held May 8

This will be the first inauguration at the new stadium. The transition
team said that 23,000 person will attend.  Among these will be representatives from 158 countries and a number of Latin American presidents.

Felipe, the heir to the Spanish crown, already has confirmed his attendance. The prince tries to attend most such events in Spain's former colonies.

Also scheduled is the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional. Planners also are scheduling celebrations in other communities, they said.

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 84
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New report on Gulf War illnesses cites some progress and advances
By the Boston University news staff

Progress has been made toward understanding the physiological mechanisms that underlie Gulf War illness and identifying possible treatments, according to a report released by a congressionally mandated panel directed by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Treatment research has increased significantly since 2008, and “early results provide encouraging signs that the treatment goals identified in the 2010 Institute of Medicine report are achievable,” the Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses  said in a report presented to Veterans Administration Secretary Eric Shinseki by the Committee’s scientific director, Roberta  White, chairwoman of environmental health at the univeristy

The institute, part of the National Academies of Sciences, had forecast that treatments, cures, and hopefully preventions could likely be found with the right research.

The advisory committee report updates scientific research published since the  landmark report in 2008, which established that Gulf War illness was a real condition, affecting as many as 250,000 veterans of the 1990-91 Gulf War. The committee is composed of scientific experts and veterans.

“The conclusions of the 2008 RAC report had a substantial impact on scientific and clinical thinking about Gulf War illness, as well as the public acceptance of this disorder,” said White. The earlier report documented a number of studies that found evidence linking the illness to exposure to pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide (found in anti-nerve gas pills given to troops), as well as other toxic sources.

“Studies published since 2008 continue to support the conclusion that Gulf War illness is causally related to chemical exposures in the combat theater,” Ms. White said of the new report. “And many studies of the brain and central nervous system, using imaging, EEG and other objective measures of brain structure and function, add to the existing evidence that central nervous system dysfunction is a critical element in the disorder. Evidence also continues to point to immunological effects of Gulf War illness.”

Exposure to the nerve gas agents sarin and cyclosarin has been linked in several studies to changes in magnetic resonance imagingthat are
associated with cognitive impairments — further supporting the nervous-system effects of those agents cited in the 2008 report.

“The committee concludes that the evidence to date continues to point to alterations in central and autonomic nervous system, neuroendocrine, and immune system functions,” the report says.

Studies also continue to show that Gulf War illness is not associated with psychological stressors during the war, the panel said. Rates of stress and other psychiatric illnesses in Gulf War veterans are far below the rate of these disorders in veterans of other recent wars, and far below the rate of Gulf War illness.

In addition, the committee said, new evidence has emerged suggesting that certain exposures may be linked to brain cancer in Gulf War veterans. Studies show that veterans who were most exposed to the release of nerve gas during the destruction of the Khamisiyah arms depot in Iraq have significantly elevated rates of death due to brain cancer.

Veterans who were exposed to the highest level of contaminants from oil well fires also have increased rates of brain cancer deaths, the report says.

The committee encouraged studies exposing animals to toxic agents involved in Gulf War illness “because they can help to determine treatment targets in subgroups of veterans with specific exposures, for which there are known mechanistic pathways that cause illness and symptoms.”

In addition, “results from this work can be useful in protecting the health of future military personnel who will experience these exposures, as well as non-military populations with occupational or environmental exposures.”

The panel cited a number of promising treatment studies, including those testing certain dietary supplements, intranasal insulin, and continuous positive airway pressure to ease fatigue and pain and improve cognitive function.

A consortium of institutions is studying markers in the blood and brain fluid, in addition to brain imaging and memory testing, to try to identify biomarkers of the condition. Studies also are planned on animals, to test initial treatments.

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When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

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                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8300-9/1/14

Here's reasonable medical care
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See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

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oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS. organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
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Rohrmoser/Pavas, 1-bedroom apartment, fully furnished, including kitchen utensils. Washer/dryer. Good security, private.
Tico Cable included, $500. Contact, Wayne Winstead, 8820-1501. Casa 2291-6371. Just need your clothes to move in.
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Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
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Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
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bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact noelsusana@yahoo.com
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Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
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We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
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house
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Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: jlayne1933@aol.com or yo@nehemiascr.com
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prime properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8327-4/26/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
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ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
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Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
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Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 84
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Cafetales




Private firm suggests jet
is in another ocean location


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A private land and sea survey company says it has detected possible material from the missing Malaysian jetliner in the Bay of Bengal.

The location identified by GeoResonance is thousands of kilometers from the current search area off the southwest Australian coast.

Malaysian Defense Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said authorities are working to verify the Australia-based company's claim.

However, the Australian agency coordinating the multinational search dismissed the report, saying it is satisfied with its current search location.

Investigators determined the current search area using satellite data and what they believe are signals from the plane's flight data recorder.

GeoResonance used imaging and radiation technology to search the ocean floor for materials such as aluminum, titanium and jet fuel, that belong to a Boeing 777.

The company says it is not ready to declare that the material it located belongs to the missing jet, but says it wants the findings to be investigated.

The Malaysia Airlines flight was carrying 239 passengers when it disappeared on March 8 during a flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing.

The Malaysian government believes someone with aviation knowledge intentionally diverted the plane, but an investigation has turned up no solid leads.

A massive search involving dozens of aircraft, ships, sonar listening devices, and a robotic submarine has also failed to locate the plane.

The search is now focused underwater, after authorities acknowledged there is little chance that any floating debris will be found.


Basketball commissioner bans
team owner for life for slurs


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

National Basketball Commissioner Adam Silver banished for life Los Angeles Clippers owner Donald Sterling Tuesday in a move aimed at calming public outrage over racist comments he made.

"Effective immediately, I am banning Mr. Sterling for life," Silver said during a New York press conference.

Silver also said he will urge the other NBA owners to force Sterling to sell the Clippers' franchise, noting he is confident he will get the necessary support from the owners. The sale would take a 75 percent vote of the 29 other team owners.

The Clippers owner also will be ordered to pay a $2.5 million fine, said Silver.

Silver said the money would be donated to anti-discrimination, and pro-tolerance organizations to be selected by the NBA and the players association.

In addition, the NBA commissioner said he would do everything in his power to urge the board of governors to force a sale of the team.

"I will do everything in my power to assure that happens," Silver said.

The decision came after an investigation that included an interview of Sterling, the commissioner said. Silver said the investigation concluded that "the hateful opinions voiced by the man heard in those recordings are those of Mr. Sterling."

After Silver announced the punishment, former NBA player Kevin Johnson praised the commissioner for moving swiftly to address the controversy. Johnson, now the mayor of the city of Sacramento, California, has been acting as a special adviser to the players union since the story broke.
 
The league moved quickly to address the scandal, which broke over the weekend when Website TMZ.com published a 10-minute recording in which a voice said to be Sterling's criticized a friend for associating with black people.

The news prompted a wave of outrage from athletes, coaches and fans of the NBA, which was a leader in racial integration in U.S. sports and where most of the players are black.

One after another on Monday, team sponsors such as auto dealer CarMax Inc, Virgin America, State Farm, Kia Motors America, music mogul P. Diddy's water brand, AQUAHydrate, Red Bull and Yokohama Tire all announced they were stepping back from the team.

Some advertisers have asked to move their commercials out of the national broadcast of Tuesday's Clippers playoff game against the Golden State Warriors by TNT, owned by Time Warner Inc, and the local airing on a sports channel owned by 21st Century Fox, according to sources familiar with the matter.

President Barack Obama, the first U.S. black president and a basketball fan, called the comments attributed to Sterling incredibly offensive racist statements,' and U.S. House of Representatives Speaker John Boehner described them as reprehensible.

"I don't know the bylaws of the league, but he has to go,'' filmmaker Spike Lee said on CNN late Monday. ``He's tainted all the other 29 partners, he's tainted the league, and he's tainted America. He sees his players as slaves.''

Commissioner Silver said he was personally distraught that "the views came from within and caused current and former players to question their association with the league."

"That they came from an NBA owner only heightens the damage," he added.

Sterling has a history of racism. In 2009, the real estate mogul paid a record $2.725 million to settle a federal housing discrimination case claiming he sought to exclude black and Hispanic tenants from his rental properties in Los Angeles.

Sterling bought the Clippers for $12 million in 1981. Forbes magazine now values the franchise at $575 million.

The Clippers are now competing in the NBA playoffs. In a silent protest at their playoff game on Sunday, Clippers' players turned their warm-up suits inside out so that no team logos were showing.


Gay marriage support grows
in U.S., survey, laws show


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

While some nations enact laws targeting homosexuals, same-sex marriage rights are expanding in the United States. Next week marks two years since President Barack Obama declared his support. Since then, the number of states where gays can legally marry has nearly tripled, and public attitudes have shifted as heterosexuals stand up for the gay people in their lives.
 
Examples of the trend abound. A Maryland gay couple, Chris and Shawn Riley, wed after the state legalized same-sex marriage in 2012. The couple has the full support of Chris’ mother, Beverly Rochford. But it was not always so. Raised in a conservative Christian community, Mrs. Rochford was taught from an early age that homosexuality is evil.
 
“You weren’t even supposed to say the word ‘homosexual,’” she said. “It was a sin far above all other sins.”
 
For years, she envisioned Chris one day marrying a woman. But at age 18, he told her he thought he was gay, sparking a crisis of family and faith. Beverly Rochford said she first tried to convince Chris he was mistaken. Then, she reached out to a Christian ministry that promised to cure homosexuality through faith, and bombarded him with religious pamphlets about God’s design for human sexuality.
 
“Back then,” Mrs. Rochford said, “I truly in my heart and soul believed that Chris had a choice, that he was choosing to be gay. I did not think he could go to heaven unless he changed. I really did believe that.”
 
Chris Riley vividly remembers the period of friction with his mother. “It was a tug of war between the two of us,” he said.
 
Chris feared losing his mother’s support, but did not back down. “I know what the Bible says, I know what religion says. But I also am a living example of what it is like to be inside someone who is gay. I am the person who is in here. I know how it  evolved. It wasn’t a choice.”
 
Over time, Beverly Mrs. Rochford was able to reconcile church teachings with the reality of a gay son  and, now, a gay son-in-law. She said she remains a fervent practicing Christian, but her views on homosexuality have changed.
 
“I just want them to feel loved,” she said. “They are children of God. I am a child of God. How can we help the gay community if all we do is call them an abomination?”
 
Mrs. Rochford is part of a growing legion of heterosexual allies of gay people that has helped boost U.S. support for same-sex marriage to 59 percent in a recent poll, more than double the proportion that backed gay marriage rights 20 years ago.
 
The shift is startling to opinion pollster Kim Parker of the Pew Research Center. “I have been working in polling for the last 20 years,” she said, “and I think this is one of the most dramatic changes in public opinion that we have seen.”
 
Among the causes, according to researchers, is a basic dynamic: gay people feel increasingly comfortable revealing their sexuality, causing family, friends, and peers to rethink attitudes and beliefs.
 
Parker said polling data confirm this. “The people that said they had moved from opposing gay marriage to favoring it, we asked them an open-ended question: ‘What changed your mind?’ And most of them said, ‘It is because I know someone who is gay and that changed my opinion, because I want the best for that person.’”
 
The trend is not universal. Many faith leaders remain opposed to homosexuality. Even so, Maryland Pastor Michael Hall concedes that same sex marriage advocates are transforming public opinion.
 
"They may win the battle,” said Hall. “It seems that way now. But we are standing pretty firm on what we believe. We are going to respectfully and lovingly disagree."
 
Same-sex marriage is now legal in 17 states and the nation’s capital. In all but a handful of the other states, bans on same-sex marriage are being challenged in federal court. It is widely believed the issue ultimately will be decided by the U.S. Supreme Court.
 
During the 2012 battle in Maryland, State Sen. Richard Madaleno saw numerous heterosexuals speak out for their gay loved ones and the impact of their testimony.
 
“When you have a parent come forward and say, ‘Look, this is my child. This is the child that I love. I saw them lose a house, I saw them lose a job, I saw them denied a service. That is not OK with me as a parent. I do not want that, and you should not want that for your children.’ And that changed the debate,” said Madaleno.
 
Beverly Rochford’s evolution on homosexuality has yielded an unbreakable bond with her son, Chris, who called his current relationship with his mother top-notch. She has also gained a son-in-law, Shawn Riley, who said he is grateful for Mrs. Rochford’s “loving daily support.”
 
Mrs. Rochford said she is awed by Chris’ journey from a tormented teenager to an openly-gay married man active in the battle to expand civil rights. “If he has the courage and the conviction to do that, I am very proud of him. I am very proud of him for doing that,” she said.


queen mary
Voice of America photo
Volunteer works the Queen Mary radio

Voice of Queen Mary lives
with help of ham volunteers

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Queen Mary, an ocean liner that once sailed the North Atlantic, is now permanently berthed in Long Beach, California, where it's a tourist attraction and hotel. In one of the rooms aboard the ship, the tradition of ship-to-shore wireless operations is continued, and visitors are introduced to the hobby of ham radio.
 
A young visitor recently got an introduction to Morse code, the system of dots and dashes once used for wireless communication. Amateur radio operators, called hams, still use it today.
 
The Queen Mary was the pride of the Cunard Line after its 1936 launch, and is now a popular tourist attraction.
 
The wireless room preserves the ocean liner's communications hub. Queen Mary Commodore Everette Hoard said it was a lifeline in emergencies, providing two-way messages, ship to shore.
 
“And not only did they carry several transmitters for transmitting the ship's business, they also, even in 1936, had radio-telephone service,” said Hoard.
 
Today, volunteers from the local amateur radio club show off old equipment and operate new gear, as they talk to hams around the world.
 
“Just chit-chat, back and forth, some of them for hours at a time, many on voice, some of them even on Morse code,” said wireless room manager David Akins.
 
Volunteer Kurt Freitag said the wireless station is popular with visitors and hams overseas.
 
“When we get out there and say, this is W6RO, our call letters, we get a pile up.  People go, that's the Queen Mary, and they all jump in, talk to me, talk to me, no talk to me,” said Frietag.
 
Ham operators help with communications in disasters, from earthquakes and hurricanes to winter ski accidents.
 
The man who helped create the ship's ham radio operation, Nate Brightman, said helping in emergencies is an important part of the hobby.
 
“That's the big reason that the government is so nice to amateur radio operators and gives us all these frequencies to use, because we serve the public. It's a hobby and it's a lot of fun, but it's also very valuable to the country,” said Brightman.
 
These volunteer radio operators are continuing the heritage of seaborne communication on board the Queen Mary, reaching out to visitors to the ship and radio enthusiasts worldwide.


BASIC
Voice of America photo
BASIC computer text

Computing for the people
began in a BASIC way

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Thursday marks the 50th anniversary of a special computer language aimed at enabling college students not trained in mathematics to use computers.  The birth of BASIC is now seen as a major step toward the era of personal computers.

50 years ago, computers were owned primarily by governments, businesses and universities, operated by programmers who wrote pages of instructions that consisted of mathematical formulas.

Hoping their school’s computer could be used by students from other departments, two mathematics professors at Dartmouth College, John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz, developed a simpler set of instructions.  It was called Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, or BASIC.

“We deliberately invented a language that was almost devoid of many of the technical details that were present in other languages," said Kurtz.

BASIC translated English commands, such as IF…THEN, or GO...TO, into the numerical language computers could understand.

Kurtz said the response was overwhelming.

“Not only our students loved getting onto the computer any time they wanted to, for whatever purpose they wanted to, but even the faculty got interested. Of course not everybody, but many of them," he said.

That happened just as computers became fast enough to execute many commands at the same time, says Peggy Kidwell, curator of mathematics at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History.

“Now, that whole notion that anybody could run a computer permeates the whole world. And I would say that is not the immediate legacy of BASIC but it is a part of what was involved in building up on BASIC," said Ms. Kidwell.

Kurtz and Kemeny released BASIC to the public, free of charge, so the language quickly became widespread.  Kurtz says they hoped it would solve what they saw as a major upcoming problem.

“That is to say, the computer is going to be very important in the world, and most people didn’t know anything about it because it was in the hands of experts," he said.

The rapid development of computers was followed by many improved versions of BASIC  and other easy to use languages. 

Today, BASIC is used only by enthusiasts, but personal computers owe their existence to the first programing language that anyone could speak.


Modern humans reported
to have weaker leg bones

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Technology could be making us slower and weaker, according to new research.

Cambridge University researchers say that after looking at leg bones of humans dating back to the beginning of agriculture in ventral Europe, human bones show a decline in mobility and loading, especially among males.
 
“These developments are likely to have brought about changes in divisions of labor by sex and socioeconomic organization as men and women began to specialize in certain tasks and activities – such as metal working, pottery, crop production, tending and rearing livestock,” said Alison Macintosh, of Cambridge University’s Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, who led the study.
 
Ms. Macintosh concluded that the mobility of early farmers 7,300 years ago was about at the level of today’s student cross-country runners.
 
In just over 3,000 years mobility was reduced to the level of those students rated as sedentary.
 
Over time, human leg bones changed due to less intense activity.

“Both sexes exhibited a decline in anteroposterior, or front-to-back, strengthening of the femur and tibia through time, while the ability of male tibiae to resist bending, twisting, and compression declined as well,” said Ms. Macintosh.

She added that as humans transitioned to agriculture in central Europe, the need to for long distance travel and heavy physical work diminished.

“As people began to specialize in tasks other than just farming and food production, such as metalworking, fewer people were regularly doing tasks that were very strenuous on their legs," she said.

Women’s leg bones did show some evidence of declining mobility, Ms. Macintosh said, but the trends were inconsistent.

She thinks the variation may be due to women having been more multitaskers. She said there was evidence in two of the oldest female skeletons of them having used their teeth to carry out tasks, which meant they may have not done jobs requiring stronger leg bones.

“This variability in the sexual division of labor in living agro-pastoralist groups shows the importance of context, ecology, and various cultural factors on sex differences in physical activity. So it is important when studying long-term trends in behavioral change between the sexes that the geographic region is kept small, to help control for some of this variability,” said Ms. Macintosh.  
 
According to Ms. Macintosh, bones are remarkably plastic and respond surprisingly quickly to change.

When they are under stress such as long walks or runs, bones become stronger “as the fibers are added or redistributed according to where strains are highest.” This has been shown through the study of the skeletons of modern athletes, according to the study.

“Long-term biomechanical analyses of bones following the transition to farming in central Europe hadn’t been carried out,” Ms. Macintosh said in a statement. “But elsewhere in the world they show regional variability in trends. Sometimes mobility increases, sometimes it declines, depending on culture and environmental context.”

“After the transition to farming, cultural change was prolonged and its pace was rapid, she added. “My research in central Europe explores whether –  and how –  this long term pressure continued to drive adaptation in bones.”

Ms. Macintosh tracked the changes in bone structure over time by laser scanning skeletons found in cemeteries in central Europe. The oldest dated from 5,300 BC and the most recent from 850 AD.

“I’m interested in how the skeleton adapted to people's specific behaviors during life, and how this adaptation can be used to reconstruct long-term changes in behavior and mobility patterns with cultural diversification, technological innovation, and increasingly more complex and stratified societies since the advent of farming,” she said.

In central Europe, the technology and increased specialization had a major impact on leg strength.

“As more and more people began doing a wider variety of crafts and behaviors, fewer people needed to be highly mobile, and with technological innovation, physically strenuous tasks were likely made easier,” said Ms. Macintosh. “The overall result is a reduction in mobility of the population as a whole, accompanied by a reduction in the strength of the lower limb bones."

Her findings were presented earlier this month at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in Calgary, Canada.


Robotic needle designed
to suck out brain blood clots


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. researchers are developing a new type of robotic needle designed to remove blood clots in the brain. It hasn't yet been used in the operating room. But in simulated surgery, it's been able to remove 90 percent of the blood clots.  The device could potentially save many lives.

Researchers at Vanderbilt University are using red and yellow gelatin molded to look like a brain. With the gelatin, they are testing a robot to see if it can suction out the red gelatin that represents a blood clot. The robot has a flexible needle that surgeons might use one day to remove real blood clots without damaging the surrounding brain tissue.

Robert Webster is an engineering professor with a personal interest in the robot's success.

"This was really compelling to me personally, because my father actually had one of these a couple of years ago, and at the time, there were no good treatments for him," he said of a blood clot.

Webster's father survived, but 40 percent of those who have this common medical problem, do not.

"Oftentimes based on the anatomy and the way the blood vessels are configured and these disease processes, the clots are oftentimes deep down in the brain," said Kyle Weaver, a neurosurgeon involved in this project. "And the thought is that surgery is actually going to do more damage than the blood clot is on its own."

That's where the robot may help. It has a series of thin, flexible metal tubes controlled by a computer. Webster says surgeons will be able to scan a patient's brain and the computer will then map the best route to the clot. The tubes will navigate around delicate brain matter, not through it.

The researchers are trying to design tools that could attach to the robot - such as a tiny grasper  - that could break up a clot before suctioning it out. The robot has to go through trials and an approval process before it can be used in operating rooms. But the researchers hope that when it's ready, surgeons will be able to use it to save lives.

   
Oklahoma execution fails
to deliver death promptly

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A botched execution by lethal injection in Oklahoma left an inmate writhing on the gurney for more than 40 minutes before he eventually died from a heart attack.

Oklahoma's Department of Corrections said inmate Clayton Lockett was issued the first of the state's new three-drug lethal injection combination Tuesday. Thirteen minutes later the convicted rapist and murderer began breathing heavily and clenching his teeth, causing the doctor on scene to halt the execution.

Officials lowered the blinds to prevent those in the viewing gallery from watching what was happening in the death chamber. Officials said there was a vein failure during the execution.

Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin has ordered a 14-day stay of execution for an inmate who was scheduled to die just two hours after Lockett.

Oklahoma had set up a new cocktail of chemicals after some drug makers imposed sales bans because they objected to the medications' use in lethal injections.
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Please email for details
rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr
8339-5/23/14

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8294-6/12/14

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8206-5/18/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8321-10/17/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8245-5/12/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact drako13@me.com
8344-5/23/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD   axelspecial@gmail.com
8333-5/9/14

another house shot
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Atenas mansion
ATENAS!!
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact  larry@atenasrealty.com
8306-4/26/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9304-4/3/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $$165.000 USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8253-5/12/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8223-2/21/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

complex
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8200-4/3/14

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region
RichCoastRealty.com

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!

     www.RichCoastRealty.com
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
   Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
8191-4/30/13


Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at www.suenos.org. Contact us at: osaproperty@gmail.com or +1-866-514-7435.
8172-1/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at: http://www.rebecker.com/journal102006a.htm.  Contact information: ginbecker@gmail.com,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2104

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx


Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
golf
Award  winning unique mini golf on the main road of La Fortuna. approximately 8,000 square foot structure permits you to do business 365 days a year. Seven years left on lease at $500 a month or $1,000 a month if you use the 9,000 square feet behind it. Space to build cabin, house or additional tourist attractions. Price includes all permits and patents. Property is offered for sale through local owner. Photos available at the following Web site: Renosminigolfcr.com. Email: renosminigolf@gmail.com  or call 506 6021 4569. In English! Great Price $25,000.
8345-4/24/14

Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact galanses@hotmail.com for an appointment. For a preview www.facebook.com/FantasiaTropicalCR
8232-2/24/14

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com.
8213-2/13/14

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 30, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 84
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News from the BBC up to the minute













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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Search for life in deep space
said to be seriously flawed


By the University of Toronto news staff

A new study from the University of Toronto Scarborough suggests the search for life on planets outside the solar system may be more difficult than previously thought.

The study, authored by a team of international researchers led by Hanno Rein from the Department of Physical and Environmental Science, finds the method used to detect biosignatures on such planets, known as exoplanets, can produce a false positive result.

The presence of multiple chemicals such as methane and oxygen in an exoplanet’s atmosphere is considered an example of a biosignature, or evidence of past or present life. Rein’s team discovered that a lifeless planet with a lifeless moon can mimic the same results as a planet with a biosignature.

“You wouldn’t be able to distinguish between them because they are so far away that you would see both in one spectrum,” says Rein.

The resolution needed to properly identify a genuine biosignature from a false positive would be impossible to obtain even with telescopes available in the foreseeable future, says Rein.

“A telescope would need to be unrealistically large, something one hundred meters in size and it would have to be built in space,” he says. “This telescope does not exist, and there are no plans to build one any time soon.”

Current methods can estimate the size and temperature of an exoplanet planet in order to determine whether liquid water could exist on the planet’s surface, believed to be one of the criteria for a planet hosting the right conditions for life.

While many researchers use modeling to imagine the atmosphere of these planets, they still aren’t able to make conclusive observations, says Rein. “We can’t get an idea of what the atmosphere is actually like, not with the methods we have at our disposal.”

There are 1,774 confirmed exoplanets known to exist, but there could be more than 100 billion planets in the Milky Way Galaxy alone. Despite the results, Rein is optimistic the search for life on planets outside the solar system is possible if done the right way.


Moderate quake in Pacific

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An earthquake with a magnitude of 4.9 took place today in the Pacific close to the Middle America Trench where the Cocos tectonic plate is forcing its way under the lighter Caribbean plate. This is an area of continual activity. The epicenter was estimated to be about 98 kilometers (about 61 miles south of Pavon de Golfito. The time was 3:52 a.m., said the Laboratorio de Ingenieria Sismica at the Universidad de Costa Rica.

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