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Published Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016, in Vol. 17, No. 222
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Trump and Pence
Voice of America photo
Donald Trump in the presence of Mike Pence gives a conciliatory speech early today.
An election stunner for Latins
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Donald Trump gave a conciliatory victory speech early today, but most Latin Americans are deeply concerned.

A former Mexican ambassador to the United States, Miguel Basañez Ebergenyi, in a television interview compared Trump to Adolf Hitler, who rose to power in Germany in the 1930s.

In some U.S. border states, primarily Mexican-American and illegal immigrant crowds gathered hoping that what they saw on television was not happening. The Spanish language television stations carried these protests in full.

Trump told his followers in his brief New York appearance:

“I want to tell the world community that while we will always put America’s interest first, we will deal fairly with everyone, with everyone. All people and all other nations. We will seek common ground, not hostility. Partnership, not conflict.”

That position was far different than what he has said in his bruising campaign with other Republican candidates and then with former secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Trump has promised to build a wall along the U.S. southern border to stop infiltration of illegal immigrants.

Depending on the estimate, there are from 11 to 30 million illegal residents in the United States. Each of them today is fearing for their future.

President Barack Obama and Mrs. Clinton had promoted a more welcoming policy for illegal immigration, and Obama had issued some controversial executive orders protecting younger foreigners.

Obama also has invited a number of Muslim refugees into the United States, a policy that Trump is certain to reject.


For Costa Rica that may spell trouble with the thousands of migrants already housed here temporarily.  Most are from Haiti although they
U.S. Senate and House races
HERE!
The U.S. embassy holds a party
HERE!


claim to be from Africa to make it more difficult to deport them.

Costa Rican businessmen are going to be paying attention to how Trump handles the North American Free Trade Agreement and the proposed Trans Pacific Partnership. What he does may telegraph what he may do with the Central American Free Trade Agreement. He has promised to renegotiate both agreements.

Republicans managed to hold on to the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House, giving Trump the chance to enact his policies if he can make peace with party leaders. Some senators and members of the House won because of Trump’s victory, so they owe him.

Some expats in Costa Rica expressed joy at the Trump victory, that major networks announced early today. From the U.S. a man who does business here and in the States said “Half of the U.S. is in shock because he won, and the other half because she lost.”

There was little campaigning by expats here. Democrats Abroad held a few voter signups, and its Republican counterpart no longer exists.

Trump has been likened to Hitler in the past because he also is a man who won strong popular support.  Basañez, the former ambassador, said the Mexicans were the new Jews who would suffer persecution under Trump.

México has the most to lose with Trump because he opposes the construction of U.S. factories in that country, as well as illegal immigration. The country also receives large amounts of money for citizens living and working in the U.S.

The Mexican peso tumbled about 12 points as it became clear Trump was the winner early today.

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 222
Calendar
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Dentistry


Dental                                                      Services rollover
Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
Where Science and Art meet!
www.dentalservicescostarica.com


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CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cell: +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@dentalservicescostarica.com
Web:  www.dentalservicescostarica.com

8758-9/18/17

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
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US (310) 827-4241
www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation
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Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
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Residency experts

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JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices

There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
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    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
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U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
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 Accountants

U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers, Tax Accountant
Licensed by the I.R.S.
 
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U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year. Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!
 
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion.
 
If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties.   Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems. 

File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements.
File your current or amended returns.

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U.S. Tax
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(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
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FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
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James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
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Fine art restoration and conservation

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  Art collection consultation
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Real estate agents and services

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Tour desk

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Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
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Eco
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Colinas del
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9056-2/28/17
Democrats fail to win control in Congress

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The close presidential vote Tuesday night was mirrored by extremely tight races for the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, but as more results came in, it became clear the Republican Party would keep its majority control over both houses of Congress.

Democrats had strong hopes of overturning the Republicans' eight-seat majority in the Senate, but they fell short. Analysts predicted the Republicans' 54-46 edge in the 100-seat chamber would decline to 52-48.

One sitting Republican senator was defeated Tuesday in Illinois, where Rep. Tammy Duckworth ousted Sen. Mark Kirk, and another Republican was running behind his Democratic challenger. That was in Pennsylvania, where Katie McGinty held a 5-percentage-point lead over Sen. Patrick Toomey. U.S. media said that race was still too close to call.

Democrats had been hoping they could shift the balance of power on Capitol Hill by taking control of the Senate, but one by one, their challenges fell short Tuesday night.

The Republicans' tight control over both houses of the outgoing Congress resulted in a stalemate on many issues when they opposed President Barack Obama's policies.

Up for election Tuesday were 34 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate and all 435 seats in the House of Representatives. The Republican majority in the House was likely to decline slightly, but less than public opinion polls had predicted.

Democrats had high hopes of retaking control of the Senate. The advantages of being in the majority are significant, because the controlling party holds committee chairs, sets the legislative agenda and runs investigations. One of the new Senate's first tasks in 2017 is likely to be scrutiny of a nominee to fill a key vacancy on the U.S. Supreme Court.

What may wind up being the Democrats' lone bright spot Tuesday night was in Illinois, where two-term Congresswoman Duckworth beat incumbent Kirk by more than 700,000 votes and 15 percentage points. Duckworth served in the U.S. military in Iraq, where she lost both her legs when her helicopter was shot down by an enemy missile. She intends to make veterans' concerns one of her priority issues in the Senate.

Kirk attributed his loss to the Democrats' lead in registered voters in Illinois, the home state of Obama. The one-term senator had tried to accommodate Democrats' feelings by refusing to vote for Donald Trump for president, but he erred badly earlier in the campaign by disparaging Ms. Duckworth's mixed-race background.

Republican senators in two other states rallied from behind to forge ahead of their Democratic challengers: New Hampshire's Sen. Kelly Ayotte held a strong lead over Gov. Maggie Hassan, although some U.S. media said that race was too close to call. And North Carolina's Sen. Richard Burr beat Democrat Deborah Ross, who had been favored in pre-election opinion polls.

Other races considered too close to call early Wednesday in the U.S. were in Missouri, where incumbent Republican Sen. Roy Blunt held a strong lead over Democratic challenger Jason Kander, and in Pennsylvania, where Ms. McGinty was leading incumbent Sen. Pat Toomey by an extremely narrow margin, fewer than 60,000 votes out of more than 4.8 million ballots cast.

In the western United States, vote counting was progressing slowly in Nevada, formerly represented by Senate Democratic leader Harry Reid, who retired. Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto was leading Republican Joe Heck with 15 percent of the results reported.

Florida's Senator Marco Rubio kept his seat by defeating Rep. Patrick Murphy, a Democrat. Rubio entered the race late, after dropping out of the Republican presidential primaries in the face of withering attacks by the eventual nomination winner, Donald Trump. Tuesday's win gave Rubio a platform from which he could, if he wishes, mount another bid for the presidency in 2020.

Arizona's Sen. John McCain won his sixth term at age 80, in what possibly was his final campaign. McCain was re-elected without much difficulty, despite early predictions of a competitive race.

New York's Sen. Chuck Schumer may have been looking ahead to the prospect of becoming majority leader in a Democratic Senate. That was not to be, but Schumer nevertheless won easily.

Wisconsin was another state where Democrats were expecting to defeat the sitting Republican senator, Ron Johnson, but the stronger-than-expected tide of Republican votes for Trump extended to Johnson as well, putting him comfortably ahead of former senator Russ Feingold.

The advantages of incumbency helped assure wins for most of the Senate candidates this year, including Republicans Rand Paul of Kentucky, Rob Portman of Ohio, Richard Shelby of Alabama, Johnny Isakson of Georgia, John Boozman of Arkansas, James Lankford of Oklahoma, Tim Scott of South Carolina, John Hoeven of North Dakota, John Thune of South Dakota, Mike Lee of Utah, Chuck Grassley of Iowa, Mike Crapo of Idaho and Jerry Moran of Kansas.

The most senior Democrat in the Senate, Patrick Leahy of Vermont, won his race easily, as did fellow Democrat Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut. Other Democratic incumbents who retained their seats were Patty Murray of Washington state, Michael Bennet of Colorado, Brian Schatz of Hawaii and Ron Wyden of Oregon. And in a race between two Democrats in California, Kamala Harris defeated Loretta Sanchez.

Rep. Chris Van Hollen, a Democrat, won an open Senate seat in Maryland, filing the vacancy left by Democrat Barbara Mikulski, who retired. And in Indiana, Republican Congressman Todd Young won a Senate seat left open by the retirement of Republican Dan Coats. Young defeated Democrat Evan Bayh, who had represented his state at the U.S. Capitol once before, but stepped down in 2011.

With the Republicans extending their overall control of the House, the only suspense Tuesday night was the size of their majority, which has been 247-188. As midnight approached in Washington, the Republicans' House majority was solid, but it appeared likely to slip from 59 seats to about 40 to 45 seats.



Gunfire mars voting in California

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

At least one person is dead and two others wounded in a shooting near a polling site in southern California.

The shooting took place in the early afternoon local time in the city of Azusa, 40 kilometers east of Los Angeles, as Americans went to the polls to vote in a presidential election.

Police officers responding to reports of the shooting were greeted by a hail of gunfire. Officers took cover and returned shots at the suspect, who retreated into a home, the Los Angeles Times reported. No police were believed to be injured.

Azusa Police Chief Steve Hunt said officers were searching for at least one female suspect, and possibly a male suspect. Hunt believed the woman was armed with "an assault rifle with rapid-fire capability." Police don't know if the rifle is fully or semi-automatic.

Hunt said a fourth person could be seen lying motionless at the front door of a home, but he couldn't immediately say whether that person was the shooter or another victim.

Officials asked residents to avoid the area. Two polling places and a middle school were placed on lockdown. Elections officials say one of the polling sites later reopened. Voters were being urged to seek nearby polling places.

The motive of the shooting was unknown and it was unclear if it had anything to do with the election.




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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 222
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election
                night
A.M. Costa Rica photo
La Extra television crew prepared for an election broadcast.
A.M. Costa Rica photo
Cardboard cutouts gave visitors a photo op.

Election night was a way to show the mechanics of the U.S. elections
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Plenty of Americans are confused by the U.S. election process with the electoral college and other oddities.

That goes double for Costa Ricans, even though they may have
Haney
Ambassador Haney
lived and studied in the United States.

Again election night the U.S. Embassy sought to spread a little Gringo election culture. Teams of television reporters and camera operators as well as an entire journalism class from the Universidad de Costa Rica were guests at the Hotel Real Intercontinental.

They joined a number of Costa Rican

officials and leading citizens for snacks and wine.

The evening had hardly gotten under way when early returns on some of the many flat screen televisions showed an unexpectedly strong showing by Donald Trump. But the vote totals were tiny.

S. Fitzgerald Haney, the U.S. ambassador, made a brief appearance before news people and student journalists where he fielded even handedly in Spanish a few obvious questions, including one about the prospects for the first U.S. female president. He is a Barack Obama appointee who would be leaving his job no matter who won. He said he and his wife, a rabbi, were discussing what to do when his time here ends.

As usually happens every four years, Costa Ricans and embassy employees were allowed to cast unofficial votes for the candidates. But a number of embassy workers said they already had voted for real.

A confusing point for Costa Ricans is the way each U.S. county handles voting. U.S. citizens abroad have to register and vote absentee in the county where they last resided in the United States. That differs from the Costa Rican system where citizens overseas can vote at the nearest Costa Rican embassy. Most who arrived shared the general belief that Hillary Clinton would be the next president.

This morning in official Costa Rican quarters there is uncertainty. President Luis Gullermo Solís had agreed to hold more than a hundred youth from Central America for eventual shipment to the United States as refugees.

That plan now is in doubt as are the futures of the thousands of Haitian migrants housed temporarily in Costa Rica. Hundreds are arriving each day. Trump has promised to seal the U.S. southern border.

Some at the reception have been recipients of millions of dollars in support from the United States, ostensibly to fight the war on drugs. That included the director general of Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas, Martin Arias Araya, and Mariano Figueres of the Dirección de Inteligencia y Seguridad.

Trump has not really defined his position on the drug war and arming foreign governments.



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There is a positive aspect to the problem of fish that are mislabeled
By the University of Washington news staff

It’s no secret that mislabeling is rampant around the world. Recent studies estimate up to 30 percent of seafood served in restaurants and sold in supermarkets is actually something other than what is listed on the menu or label.

Why mislabeling happens is a little squishier. Fraud, human error or marketing ploys combined with often long trips from boat to restaurant make it possible diners are eating a different fish than what’s on the menu.

A University of Washington study is the first to broadly examine the ecological and financial impacts of seafood mislabeling. The paper, published online in Conservation Letters, finds that in most cases, mislabeling actually leads people to eat more sustainably, because the substituted fish is often more plentiful and of a better conservation status than the fish on the label.

“One of the motivations and hopes for this study is that we can help inform people who are trying to exert their consumer power to shift seafood markets toward carrying more sustainable options,” said co-author Christine Stawitz, a university doctoral student.

The researchers, all graduate students in aquatic and fishery sciences, aggregated data from 43 published papers that tested the DNA of fish at various locations, including ports, restaurants, grocery stores and fish markets to determine whether mislabeling occurred. They then matched the conservation status and estimated price for each of the mislabeled and true fishes listed in the studies.

They found a wide range of conservation status and price differences, but two general trends emerged: True fish sold are of a better conservation status and slightly less expensive than the species named when fish are mislabeled.

“We found a lot of diversity in conservation status across taxa,” said co-author Margaret Siple. “Depending on what you order or purchase, you can get a fish that is more endangered than what you ordered, or something that is actually of better conservation status. What we want to emphasize is how diverse these differences are.”

Their analysis found that true fish are valued at about 97 percent of the mislabeled seafood. That means consumers are paying on average a little more for mislabeled fish.

The study didn’t examine the potential reasons behind this, but the researchers speculate that while it could be intentional mislabeling to rip off consumers, it is just as likely restaurants and markets are serving and stocking fish they think match the label, but are cheaper, more plentiful options. A white-fish filet

snapper
University of Washington/Margaret Siple
Fish labeled as red snapper are seen on ice in a fish market.


can look like any number of species, they explained, and substitutions could happen anywhere in the supply chain.

The new study also summarizes which fish are most likely to be mislabeled and of those which varied the most in conservation status between true fish and mislabeled fish. For example, snapper is one of the most frequently mislabeled fish. Its conservation status is vulnerable to endangered, meaning its population isn’t doing well, but the fishes most often substituted for snapper are considered critically endangered.

Results from this study could be useful in helping consumers make sustainable purchasing decisions by avoiding fish that are most likely to be mislabeled. That list is led by croakers, shark catfish (or basa), sturgeon and perch. Consumers can also look out for fish commonly replaced with species that are not from sustainable stocks. Examples include eel, hake and snapper.

These results could also help seafood certification efforts.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


HIdden Garden graphic
Put Costa Rica on your walls
The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is the perfect place to find quality Costa Rican and international art for your home or office.  With over 60 artists and 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we have been your source for fine art since 2010.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever. Located just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport (towards the beaches).

Visit our Web site at:  www.HiddenGardenArt.com
Contact us by email: info@HiddenGardenArt.com  
Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
Moon Travel Guides & Frommer's

Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.
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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
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See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
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Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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George Lundquist

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Contact us: 
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@travelinparadisecr.com
Web:  www.travelinparadisecr.com
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and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
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9042-5/4/16

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   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
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Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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COSTA RICA SOLAR
Solr Costa Rica
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
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CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398
OUR EMAIL:
 andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:
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9027-12/17/16

Real estate rentals (paid category)

Tropical Homes

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
9055-2/23/17

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
9049-7/31/17

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Edificio Morazan
Fully furnished, American style apartments for rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amón. Cable, internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,  hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry.   Rate  $650 per month plus electricity. 1/2 month security deposit. No lease.  Larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be the best for the prospective tenants to visit the building to see the apartment.  For more information contact  edificiomorazan@gmail.com
Or call Hilda at 506-2221-7161.
9094-11/26/16




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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 222
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Axiom new ad

Neanderthal
Voice of America photo 
The skull of an ancient Neanderthal

Neanderthal DNA dissipated
over the years, research says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

What happened to the Neanderthals? After splitting from African ancestors more than half a million years ago, the Neanderthal branch of the family tree thrived in Europe and Central Asia, developing a sophisticated culture.

When modern humans moved into the neighborhood 50,000 to 80,000 years ago, the two groups interbred, producing hybrid offspring, with 50 percent of their genome from each side. Subsequent generations would have a different ratio, but the mix would still include a significant amount of Neanderthal DNA.

Today, Neanderthal genes are a tiny fraction of the European genome, just a few percent, and only a bit more common in people of East Asian ancestry. Why did natural selection choose to lose the Neanderthal elements?

The idea of survival of the fittest suggests that Neanderthals were genetically incompatible with modern humans, so the hybrids did not thrive, but a new study found a different explanation.

Geneticists from the University of California, Davis, say a weak but widespread selection against Neanderthal genes slowly removed them from the human genome.

Graham Coop, senior author on the paper published in PLOS Genetics, points out that a much smaller population of Neanderthals was mixing with a large group of modern humans.

Genes that are slightly harmful can remain common among a small, inbred group, he explained. Once they mix into a larger genome, they are gradually purged by more beneficial variants.

The findings highlight the role population size plays in evolution, and adds to the understanding of our extinct close relative.


U.N. weather agency says
humans impacted the climate


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Hot and wild and with an increasingly visible human footprint, that's how the U.N. weather agency sums up the global climate in the past five years.

In a report released Tuesday at international climate talks in Morocco, the World Meteorological Organization said 2011 to 2015 was the hottest five-year period on record.

That comes as no surprise as the agency’s annual reports have showed record average temperatures in 2014 and 2015. But the agency said the five-year report provides a better overview of warming trends and extreme events such as prolonged droughts and recurrent heatwaves.

"We just had the hottest five-year period on record, with 2015 claiming the title of hottest individual year. Even that record is likely to be beaten in 2016," said Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.

The Meteorological Organization’s preliminary climate assessment for 2016 is set to be released next week.

While it's complicated to draw links between single weather events and climate change, the report found that many extreme events during the period were made more likely as a result of man-made climate change. In the case of some extreme high temperatures, the probability increased by a factor of 10 or more, the report said.

"Examples include the record high seasonal and annual temperatures in the United States in 2012 and in Australia in 2013, hot summers in eastern Asia and western Europe in 2013, heatwaves in spring and autumn 2014 in Australia, record annual warmth in Europe in 2014, and a heatwave in Argentina in December 2013," the Meteorological Organization said.

The report found no strong climate change link for extreme rainfall events.

Other highlights:

- Arctic summer sea ice coverage was 28 percent below the 1981-2010 average, reaching a record low in 2012. By contrast the Antarctic sea ice was above average, especially the winter maximum.

- Surface melting of the Greenland ice sheet, a contributor to rising seas, continued at above-average levels, exceeding the 1981-2010 average in all five years from 2011 to 2015. Mountain glaciers also continued their decline.

- Snow cover in the northern hemisphere was well below average in all five years, continuing a strong downward trend.

Climate scientists who were not involved with the report said it underscored the need for governments to boost efforts to fight climate change beyond their pledges for last year's landmark Paris Agreement.

"The evidence is overwhelming," said Chris Field, director of the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment. "The new report from WMO is a clarion call for embracing and going beyond the goals of the Paris Agreement."

The Paris deal calls for keeping global temperature rises below 2 degrees C (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) compared with preindustrial times. The average temperature in 2015, partly influenced by a powerful El Niño event, was already halfway there.

"Halting global warming at a manageable level, as the world's nations decided in the Paris Agreement, is now a race against time," said Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute in Germany.


Worrying about health found
to be very unhealthy in itself


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

People who, in spite of being healthy, constantly worry about their health may be actually ruining it.

According to a study conducted in Norway, persistent uneasiness about a possibility of getting a disease, called health anxiety, proved to be a serious risk factor for developing a heart disorder.

After following the health of 7,052 people for 12 years, researchers at Sandviken University hospital in Bergen found that those with health anxiety were 73 percent more likely to develop a heart disease.

Scientists say the study relied on verbal reports by patients about their health worries, so they do not know whether they had any legitimate reasons to be anxious.

But they point out that chronic anxiety often leads to unhealthy habits, such as smoking, drinking and eating a poor diet, which all contribute to developing heart disease.

Their advice is: if you persistently worry about your health, talk with your doctor about health anxiety.


Ozone along the Equator
creates a health menace


By the University of North Carolina news staff

Since the 1980s, air pollution has increased worldwide, but it has increased at a much faster pace in regions close to the equator. Research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill now reveals that this changing global emissions map is creating more total ozone worldwide compared to the amount of pollution being emitted, signaling an effect that could be difficult to reign in without strategic policy planning.

“Emissions are growing in places where there is a much greater effect on the formation of ozone,” said Jason West, who led the research at the Chapel Hill university with former graduate student and first author Yuqiang Zhang. “A ton of emissions in a region close to the equator, where there is a lot of sunlight and intense heat, produces more ozone than a ton of emissions in a region farther from it.“

The work, appearing in the online issue of Nature Geoscience, provides a much-needed path forward on where in the world to strategically reduce emissions of pollutants that form ozone, which when present in the lower atmosphere, or troposphere, is one of the primary causes of air pollution-related respiratory problems and heart disease. In the upper atmosphere, or stratosphere, ozone helps protect against the sun’s ultraviolet rays.

To drive home the point, West explained that China’s emissions increased more than India’s and Southeast Asia’s from 1980 to 2010, but Southeast Asia and India, despite their lower growth in emissions during this period, appear to have contributed more to the total global ozone increase due to their proximity to the equator.

The reason is that ozone, a greenhouse gas and toxic air pollutant, is not emitted but forms when ultraviolet light hits nitrogen oxides, basically combustion exhaust from cars and other sources. When these pollutants interact with more intense sunlight and higher temperatures, the interplay speeds up the chemical reactions that form ozone. Higher temperatures near the equator also increase the vertical motion of air, transporting ozone-forming chemicals higher in the troposphere, where they can live longer and form more ozone.

“The findings were surprising,” said West. “We thought that location was going to be important, but we didn’t suspect it would be the most important factor contributing to total ozone levels worldwide. Our findings suggest that where the world emits is more important than how much it emits.”

Zhang, West and colleagues, including Owen Cooper and Audrey Gaudel, from the University of Colorado Boulder and the Earth System Research Laboratory, used a computer model to simulate the total amount of ozone in the troposphere, the part of the atmosphere where ozone is harmful to humans and agriculture, between 1980 and 2010. Since emissions have shifted south during this period, they wanted to answer, what contributed more to the increased production of ozone worldwide: the changing magnitude of emissions or location?

“Location, by far,” said West, associate professor of environmental sciences at North Carolina.

The findings point to several strategies for reducing ground-level ozone across the world, such as decreasing emissions of ozone precursors in regions close to the equator, particularly those with the fastest growth of emissions. However, concerns exist for policy makers.

“A more challenging scenario is that even if there is a net reduction in global emissions, ozone levels may not decrease if emissions continue to shift toward the equator,” said Cooper. “But continuing aircraft and satellite observations of ozone across the tropics can monitor the situation and model forecasts can guide decision making for controlling global ozone pollution.”


money
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Ever see 1.6 million in U.S. currency in one place? That’s what Fuerza Pública officers found in Bagaces along with 432 kilos of cocaine at an illegal air strip over the weekend.



Giant lake of water found
under dormant volcano


By the  University of Bristol news staff

Scientists have discovered a huge magma lake, 15 kilometers below a dormant volcano in Bolivia, South America.

The body of water, which is dissolved into partially molten rock at a temperature of almost 1,000 degrees C, is the equivalent to what is found in some of the world's giant freshwater lakes, such as Lake Superior.

The find has now led scientists to consider if similar bodies of water may be hiding under other volcanoes and could help explain why and how volcanoes erupt.

The work was done by scientists from the from the University of Bristol and partner universities in Germany, France, Canada and Wales,

Jon Blundy from the School of Earth Sciences took part in an international multidisciplinary research project at Cerro Uturuncu volcano in the Bolivian Altiplano.

He said: "The Bolivian Altiplano has been the site of extensive volcanism over past 10 million years, although there are no currently active volcanoes there.

"The Altiplano is underlain by a large geophysical anomaly at depths of 15 km below the surface of the earth.

"This anomaly has a volume of one-and-a-half million cubic kilometres or more and is characterised by reduced seismic wave speeds and increased electrical conductivity. This indicates the presence of molten rock.

"The rock is not fully molten, but partially molten. Only about 10 to 20 percent of the rock is actually liquid; the rest is solid. The rock at these depths is at a temperature of about 970°C."

In order to characterise the partially molten region the team performed high temperature and pressure experiments at the University of Orléans in France.

This measured the electrical conductivity of the molten rock and concluded that there must be about 8 to 10 percent of water dissolved in the silicate melt.

Blundy added: "This is a large value. It agrees with estimates made for the volcanic rocks of Uturuncu using high temperature and pressure experiments to match the chemical composition of crystals.

"Silicate melt can only dissolve water at high pressure; at lower pressure this water comes out of the solution and forms bubbles. Crucially, these bubbles can drive volcanic eruptions.

"The eight to ten percent of water dissolved in the massive anomaly region amounts to a total mass of water equivalent to what is found in some of the giant freshwater lakes of North America."

Fabrice Gaillard at University of Orléans explained: "Ten per cent by weight of dissolved water means that there is one molecule of water for every three molecules of silicate. This is an extraordinarily large fraction of water, helping to explain why these silicate liquids are so electrically conductive."

The researchers hope that better understanding of how water can trigger volcanic eruptions can improve predictions of when it is going to erupt.


Venezuela signs big oil deal
with a corporation in India


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuela has signed oil production deals totaling nearly $1.45 billion with India and a local corporation.

Petroleos de Venezuela SA, India’s Oil and Natural Gas Corp. and Venezuela’s consortium Delta Finance BV, led by local Delta Petroleum, are set to increase oil production.

“I want to thank you for your confidence in our oil industry, your confidence in our country and to tell you that we are reliable partners to continue working, producing and to continue winning with these partnerships,” Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said to the partners.

The agreement comes amid a severe economic crisis in Venezuela, and it is seen as a way to boost oil production, pay off debts, obtain funds from other foreign partners, and increase the country’s oil income.

The Indo-Venezuelan partnership, created in 2009, is expected to double the San Cristobal field daily oil production from 20,000 to 40,000 barrels of oil.

Delta Petroleum also became a partner with Petróleos de Venezuela after buying Houston-based Harvest Natural Resources.

Petróleos de Venezuela plans to increase production at Petrodelta, which is now 40 percent owned by Delta Petroleum, from 40,000 barrels per day to 110,000.

Venezuela officials say agreements like these signed by state oil companies are an unequivocal demonstration of their capacity and resources.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

container
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Shipping Containers and homes for sale.
New 20-foot containers and 40-foot available. Call us at 8307-8666 or visit www.containerhomes.net  Stop by our workshop and walk through our model home in San Ramón.
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Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Buy, sell or rent a timeshare at SellATimeshare.com. 
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COSTA RICA SOLAR
Solr Costa Rica
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
Solar logo
CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398
OUR EMAIL:
 andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Sotheby logo

Costa Rica Sotheby's International Realty is a boutique residential property brokerage firm in San Jose Costa Rica dedicated to creating long-term value for its customers and assist you to reach your property goals in Costa Rica. Whether purchasing or selling, our guarantee is an amazing experience for you and your family. You can rely on bespoke advertising and discretion, independent guidance interchangeable with the brand of the Sotheby since 1744. To those who value the exceptional, Sotheby's International Realty® is identifying properties throughout Costa Rica and local Real Estate service providers that offer unrivaled access to qualified individuals. We encourage you to meet with our representatives and preview our on-line portfolio of outstanding properties in Costa Rica.
Click the link to find the finest Costa Rica Real Estate (www.sircostarica.com)

Sotheby's International Realty
info@sircostarica.com
Phone: 506 2253.5333
Phone: 506.8343.2662
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Remax
                                  Tamarindo

www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices.
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Re-Max
If you are looking for information on condos, homes, lots, commercial real estate or development properties our award-winning team of professional agents are ready to help you buying property in Costa Rica. We have over 18 years of experience to educate our buyers in all aspects of purchasing property. Call us or email us today for more information on how to purchase that perfect piece of Costa Rica Real Estate.

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Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

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Axiom one

Sierra Collection. Meridian House or Chateau Montage.
Near Parque Nacional Marino Ballena,
Pacific Coast. 
For more i
nformation 

Click
HERE!
Axiom two
The Terraces at San Martin.  Discover the essence of Costa Rica on our Luxury Ocean View Villas . Near Dominicalito Beach and Parque Nacional Marino Ballena.
For more information
Click HERE!

Axiom three
Ellan At Ballena Beach.  Welcome to a world of endless adventure on our beachside condominiums at Ballena Beach, Pacific Coast.  For more information click  HERE!
We will be happy to give all the information you need. Contact:

AXIOM DEVELOPMENT GROUP SRL
Costa Rica Office: +506.4001-2343
Mobile: +506.8367-2466
USA Office: +1.786233-1579
sales@axiomcostarica.com
www.axiomcostarica.com
8906-2/21/16


Rich Coast
Rich Coast Realty
REDUCED by $30k! Three-bedroom furnished house in gated beach community, walk to the beach, $235k.
Ocean View Property, can be subdivided into four view lots, 10 minutes from the beach. Only $40,000!!
Panoramic Ocean View three-bedroom house on 4.7 acres, $398k, Ultimate in privacy!
Three-bedroom house and pool near the beach in Herradura, $199k.
Contact us with any questions you have about buying property in Costa Rica, Residency, etc. 12 years’ experience in Costa Rica real estate.
Have a property for sale in the Central or South Pacific, or in Guanacaste? We want to hear from you. We get results.

USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
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9058-3/1/17

Real estate for sale (paid category)


auction

For Expats Looking for a New Home, a Luxury Retreat in Costa Rica is Waiting! Fully Furnished Costa Rican Mountaintop Luxury Villa to be Sold via Online Auction on Nov. 15th

An eco-luxury mountaintop villa with 10 developable acres in Costa Rica’s Nicoya Peninsula is being offered through online auction by Grand Estates Auction Company on Nov. 15th.  Previously listed at U.S. $1.75 million, the property includes a master plan for a designed, surveyed, and previously permitted condominium resort development, providing a tremendous investment opportunity.

The open floor plan home features expansive indoor and outdoor living spaces with soaring ceilings and spectacular ocean views from every room. High-end finishes and architectural details include a second-floor master suite with luxurious en suite bathroom, a large walk-in closet, and upstairs laundry room; a gourmet kitchen with induction stove and chef’s appliances; a large custom-designed Guanacaste wood live-edge dining table; and a hardwood sublevel wine cellar.  Resort amenities include a 48-foot infinity pool, outdoor pool table situated in a cabana lounge, and an all-inclusive studio guest cottage.  Security for long absences is provided through one-touch security doors and a sealable two-car garage, while two wells provide sustainable fresh water. The region provides beautiful beaches, incredible sport fishing, jungles teeming with exotic wildlife, fresh locally harvested foods, and the laid-back signature Pura Vida Costa Rican lifestyle.

The Costa Rica online auction will go live on Tuesday, Nov. 15th. The estate will be available to preview on Saturday, Nov. 12th by appointment only. Buyers may contact Grand Estates Auction Company for details at 800-552-8120, by calling internationally at 001-704-529-0026, or by requesting information at www.CostaRicaAuctions.com.
9106-11/17/16

Ocean view
                                  rollover

Vote San Ramon, New Construction, and Ocean View
Possible owner financing on this brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes huge master suite, closets, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is late November. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at 8755-6743 or in the States call 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com.

9098-12/1/16

San Rmon
                                  rollover
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com 
Check out slide show HERE!
9070-12/5/16

New graphic
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 506- 8307-0164
Bruce Cohen

Kennedy
                                  graphic
Jacó Beach - Super Views - Priced Right
This is a three-bedroom, ine-bath home located at about 100-foot elevation one mile from the beach. Remodeled 2 years ago. Everything is new including total new kitchen, windows, floors, AC units, electric, plumbing, etc. Super fenced yard for dogs. Very low electric bill even with the AC. Very secure & private. Police chief next door. Very easy & inexpensive to expand this house as all neighbors have done. $149,900. Call Glenn at 506 6214-0056.
9060-11/3/16

Penthouse
                                  rollover
Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $795K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
9017-12/1/16

horse ranch
                                  rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need.  More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com

Real estate services
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Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
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A.M.
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Rica
sixth
news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 222
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puente
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo
Highway officials have closed this bridge over the Río Empalado between Barrio La California in San José and La Turbina de Cartago. Engineers said that the bridge is dangerous due to damage to the superstructure and the bridge deck. A replacement will be built, officials said.


Phones set up for stalled air travelers

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Poder Judicial has put into service a telephone system to help air travelers unjustly barred from leaving the country.

The numbers are 2295-3648 or 2295-3649, and the service is in operation from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., according to the Registro Judicial.

There has been a series of mistakes at Juan Santamaría airport that were based on faulty record keeping.

An impedimento de salida usually is ordered in cases of child support or even accusations of crimes.

The problem has been that input errors and old documents have kept individuals from making their scheduled flight.  When that happens, the air traveler faces days of paper pushing and visits to judicial offices to resolve the problem.

In one case a middle-aged man was barred from leaving the country because he was listed as a minor. A woman was the victim of an input error that listed her identification number.

One problem is that the judiciary does not always serve persons with notices of these orders so they can be contested.

Individuals also can check their status in person at judicial offices.


Coro
Centro Nacional de la Música photo
These 83 voices of the Coro Sinfónico Nacional will join with the  Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional Friday night at 8 o’clock and again Sunday at 10:30 a.m. in the Teatro Nacional for a presentation of The Missa Solemnis in D major, Op. 123, by Ludwig van Beethoven. John Nelson conducts.

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From Page 7:


Overseas markets dip for fear of Trump

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Investor worries about Republican candidate Donald Trump caused a sharp sell-off of stocks in Asian markets and pushed down futures prices for U.S. markets Wednesday morning. The value of the U.S. dollar and oil prices also fell, while traders moved money into safe haven investments like gold.

Japan’s NIKKEI plunged more than 5 percent by the close, while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng dropped more than 3 percent. U.S. stock futures were off by 4 percent or more.

Most public opinion polls had previously predicted a victory by Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Vikas Kawatra, a senior analyst at SCB Securities in Bangkok, said the downturn highlighted the uncertain policy environment under a Trump presidency.

“Global markets are already pricing in his win or failure of Hillary to win the election.” Kawatra said Trump’s policies are seen as not market friendly with plans for deregulation and uncertainties on international trade policies.

Analysts say uncertainty can slow the economy because worried businesses delay investments to avoid additional risk.


Vacation rental firm with branch here expands in U.S.

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An international rental management firm that just expanded into Costa Rica reported Tuesday that it has acquired five firms in the United States.

The firm is Vacasa LLC that is based here in Jacó. The acquisitions are in Moab, Utah; Whitefish, Montana; Ellijay, Georgia; Key Colony Beach, Florida and Helen, Georgia.

The recent expansion brings the company’s total home count under management to more than 4,000, and it is currently the second largest vacation rental management company in the U.S. behind Wyndham Vacation Rentals, it reported.