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(506) 2223-1327                                   Published Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 218                                   Email us
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The monarch probably is the best-known butterfly,  and some fear it is endangered as its Mexican wintering and U.S. breeding grounds are reduced by development.

Many butterflies make a 2,000 mile trip each year to the Mexican wintering grounds. And scientists still are trying to figure out  the details of these amazing trips.

Now one research team reports it has discovered that female monarchs, who are lighter, have an advantage over the heavier males, even though the males have bigger wing muscles.

The story is HERE!

University of Georgia/ Sonia Altizer
Monarchs take flight at a wintering site in central Mexico.

Government wants to ask public about their sex life
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The government is embarking on another survey of sexual practices. Casa Presidencial said that 3,200 persons would be questioned through the country in order to, in the words of Vice President Ana Helena Chacón, guarantee  the right of an integrated sexuality.

A similar survey took place in 2010. The report then concluded that sex education was
needed in the schools and that more government programs were required to counter the young age at which Costa Rican adolescents were becoming sexually active.

The surveyors, who will wear distinctive
 vests, will be seeking respondents between 15 and 64. Subjects will include sexual practices, methods of contraception, use of health services, preferences to the number of offspring, sexual diseases and attitudes toward sexual diversity, among others, said Casa Presidencial.

Five years after the last survey, there is a need to update the information to plan programs and actions by the government, said the health minister, Fernando Llorca. The survey is supervised by the Ministerio de Salud.

The government said that individual responses would be confidential and that respondents could choose male or female interviewers.

hotel promo
This graphic will appear daily on Page One linked to great places to stay in Costa Rica
Country's better hospitality spots seek your patronage
A.M. Costa Rica announces the publication of its hotel and lodging directory that will aid residents and visitors in finding great places to stay.

A number of hotels and resorts all over the country are soliciting visits from A.M. Costa Rica readers. These are the tourism operations that have managed to remain viable despite the current economic condition.

For others, times have been hard, and the government is proposing financial bailouts for those that have been forced to restrict their employment, services and quality of hospitality.

Consequently A.M. Costa Rica encourages readers to consider our advertisers for a top-quality vacation or weekend stay. A display of great places to stay is

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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 218
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:


Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
In San Isidro de El General
Dr. Vargas
Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Our experience in primary eye care, now makes your experience unmatched.
She bought progressive lenses with transitions and anti-reflective coating, this was her great experience:
 "Dr. Allan Mora gives the best eye exam I've ever had, in any country. Then he and his staff helped me pick out new frames -- all of this in English -- and right in downtown PZ. He's a treasure!"
 — Mrs. Carol Vaughn
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro de El General, Pérez Zeledón, San José,
 Costa Rica.
 Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
New World Meditation

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
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-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
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Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant

File your past three years tax returns under the
Streamlined  Procedure which mitigates penalties.

File your FBAR for current or past-due years.
File current or amended tax returns.

22 Years Experience      Competitive rates
Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
Web page:

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Fine art restoration and conservation
Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
  Porcelain and ceramic
  Works on paper restoration
  Conservation Curatorial
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
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  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!

Legal services

Valdivieco header
Lic. Eduardo Valdivieso
your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Address:  150 meters southwest from
the Goicoechea court, San José.

Business specialist
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000

Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083

Real estate agents and services


A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
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Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356

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greening dfevice
U.S. Department of Agriculture photo            
This is the lab setup of the mimicry device.

Buzzer designed to confuse love-sick bugs

By the Acoustical Society of America news staff

When a male Asian citrus psyllid is looking for a mate, he situates himself on a twig, buzzes his wings to send vibrations along adjacent leaves and branches and listens for a female’s response call. If the call comes, he travels in her direction, the abbreviated insect version of courtship ensues, and two to seven weeks later, scores of psyllids nymphs emerge from their eggs, feed on phloem sap, and mature into adults who head out into the world, ravaging untold numbers of citrus trees in the process.

The pest is loathed by orange farmers, not because of the direct damage the insects cause, but because they spread an even more pernicious foe: a rod-shaped bacteria called Candidatus Liberibacter Asiaticus. The bacteria causes a disease called citrus greening that turns the trees' leaves a sickly yellow and makes the fruit bitter and stunted. There is no cure, and the infected trees usually die within a few years.

To halt the spread of the disease, which was responsible for an estimated $3.63 billion in lost revenue from orange juice for the state of Florida from 2006-2012, researchers at the U.S. Department of Agriculture and University of Florida are developing vibration traps that hijack psyllid mating calls to locally bring their populations under control.

“The route I’m trying to take is looking at disrupting mating and putting out signals that either outcompete the females and bring males to a trapping system, or just make it difficult for males and females to communicate with each other,” said Richard Mankin, a research entomologist at the department's Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology in Gainesville, Florida. A collaborator on this project, Barukh Rohde, is a doctoral student in the university's Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

The researchers are presenting the construction and operation of their device, which contains a piezoelectric buzzer and a microphone wired to a microcontroller, at the 170th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America being held in Jacksonville, Florida.

Mankin’s previous work at the agriculture department involved using acoustic methods to find hidden infestations of insects, such as rice weevils inside grain kernels. This brought him to an interest in hemipteran insects, so called true bugs, he said, due to their use of acoustic communication and their recent resurgence as pests due to the gradual phasing out of pesticide use after the introduction of genetically modified maize  that is toxic to most moth pests.

“The moth pests aren’t around anymore, but the hemipteran insects that used to be controlled also by the pesticides are still present, so we’re looking at other options for controlling hemipteran pests like psyllids that use vibrations in their communication mating system,” he said.

Although pesticides had been phased out in citrus growing years prior, due to health concerns, Mankin said, “all that changed when we had to really dig down and do multiple sprayings each year to keep down the psyllids populations so that we could get an orange crop. And we’re trying to still develop new ways to solve the problems because we’re anticipating in a few years that the psyllids will become resistant to the current pesticides.”

Out in the mid-day heat of the orange groves the psyllids are most active between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. The male psyllids channel their wing vibrations down their legs and out through adjacent twigs and leaves. If a nearby female is interested, she’ll reply back within a third to a half of a second. Within this window, the researchers' microphone detects the incoming male call and the microcontroller sends out a female response call through the piezoelectric buzzer before any neighboring psyllids can. When the male draws closer, he gets snagged and immobilized on an adhesive surface, from where he can be collected during periodic trap inspections.

While the device hasn’t yet been tested extensively out in the field, Mankin estimates that each device would be effective over a range of two feet in a citrus tree, with a cost of construction between $50 to $100, including the cost of the microcontrollers, which are bought from a company that uses open source code.

Ongoing work for Mankin and his colleagues involves incorporating better speech identification algorithms into the software and reducing the system’s response time, as well as finding ways to cut the cost of the final device. In addition, studies are in progress to optimize signals that disrupt communication across the trees.

“If you can target low populations and treat just the isolated populations, the costs are quite a bit lower, and there’s less environmental damage,” he said.

May-December marriage ended by court

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A 29-year-old woman who was married briefly to an 80-year-old man carried her claim all the way to the Sala Segunda of the Corte Suprema de Justicia, which adjudicates family cases.

The court affirmed an earlier decision in favor of the man and ratified the divorce.

The key element was that the court concluded that the man was abused during the several months of his marriage and that he was denied contact with his family. He also was ailing and vulnerable to abuse, said the court.

The decision also reserved the right of the man to seek separation payments.

The woman denied the allegations that she had treated the man badly. The court also ordered a prosecutor to investigate the case.

No names were given in the summary released by the Poder Judicial.

Brothers held in serial rapes and robberies

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents say that two brothers preyed on couples in the vicinity of Parque la Sabana, robbed them and raped the women.

The second of the two brothers, a 23 year old, was detained Tuesday. The older brother, 34, was detained Sunday, said the Judicial Investigating Organization.

In addition the girl friend of one of the men was detained on the allegation that she received stolen property.

The men live in Rincón Grande de Pavas. Agents said that the wave of crimes started in August and that at least four couples have been robbed and attacked in that area by two men dressed in black.

Not all the crimes happened in the evening. At least one was in the afternoon.

Parque la Sabana is beginning to get a reputation as a dangerous location, according to runners who frequent the sprawling park.

Agents said they are expecting more victims to come forward.

Costanera Sur paint bids close today

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Road officials will close the bidding today on a contract to put lines on the Costanera Sur between Dominical and Palmar Norte. The highway has been asphalted, and expats have complained that there are no lines.

The $1 million job is to install reflective line markers as well as apply thermoplastic paint, said the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad. Five firms already have submitted bids. The job is expected to be done in the first four months of the new year.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

Don't miss our restaurant specials HERE!
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 218
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Las Olas developer decries lack of police and judicial action on squatters
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The manager of the stalled Las Olas development in Esterillos Oeste said that neither the local government nor the police have taken action to eject squatters from the property.

He blamed the government for creating the situation in the first place and said that the lack of official action creates a security problem that already has led to break-ins and rapes in the area.

The manager, David Richard Aven, said this in a letter to Luis Martinez, a San José-based prosecutor.

"I want to inform you about crimes being committed in Costa Rica," Aven said.  "First, there is an invasion of criminal trespassers in the community of Esterillos Oeste and on our Las Olas property, and the trespassers are cutting down many small trees in order to clear the land for their use.  The criminal trespassers are a large mob who are carrying machetes and guns, and robberies and assaults have been reported against the people in the community."

He said that the illegal trespassing and tree cutting is a natural result of the government shutting down the project in 2011. He said the project has received abusive treatment.

Las Olas has been involved in lengthy legal action over alleged environmental damage.

Aven also said that as he was writing the letter Monday he learned that two homes were burglarized Sunday night and two girls, one a U.S. citizen, were raped. He said this pointed out the need for urgent action.

A copy also was sent to President Luis Guillermo Solís and other officials, as well as to A.M. Costa Rica.

This newspaper reported on the land invasion last week. Aven said that his lawyer had been in contact with the local municipality seeking action against the land invaders for seven weeks.

"This is a seriously grave situation for the people of Esterillos Oeste and it’s urgent that immediate action is taken before someone gets seriously injured or killed by this criminal mob that has invaded the community," he said.

Aven has been the driving force behind the project, but there are other investors in the United States. He is from New Castle, Pennsylvania.

Although Aven calls the land invaders a criminal mob, in other cases, the squatters have turned out to be residents of the nearby communities who pretend to be homeless. Usually they are well disciplined and under the leadership of local strongmen.

Other expats have commented in emails that some of the squatters have expensive automobiles.  The location is near Parrita on the Central Pacific coast.

The idea is that if the squatters can stay long enough on the land they will gain possession rights that can be sold or used to blackmail the legitimate owner.

Although the central government has spoken often about fighting organized crime, the officials there never have recognized land invaders as that type of activity.

Great balls of nets

In some sections of the Gulf of Nicoya, nets are prohibited. Fishing can only be done with a line.

So the Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas is on the lookout for violators. One such area is along the Costa de Pájaros-Punta Morales. These are called responsible fishing areas.

One fisherman was confronted Monday night by a coast guard launch and had to surrender his nets, shown to the right, and catch of some 60 fish. He will face charges, officials said.

Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas photo

Only bid for electronic monitoring of prisoners is way over estimate
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The plan to put electronic bracelets on some 200 prisoners so they could be monitored at home has hit another snag.

The Ministerio de Justicia y Paz that runs the prisons said that the only bidder sought a contract for more than had been allocated for the pilot program. The Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo also is involved because it is putting up the money.

The law permitting the devices already is a year old, and the
 ministry has struggled to qualify bidders and to get bids. The ministry estimated that the 18-month pilot project would be about $1.5 million.

The only qualified bidder said $3.4 million.  In addition to the 200 electronic devices, the project also included the development of a monitoring station. Officials hoped that the project would allow the transfer of some prisoners to home detention from the overcrowded facilities.

Now another round of soliciting bids appears to be the next step.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Real Estate
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What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 218
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Female monarchs found to have the athletic edge over their males
By the University of Georgia news staff

Evidence has been mounting that female monarch butterflies are better at flying and more successful at migration than males, and researchers from the University of Georgia have now come up with an explanation, but not one they expected.

In the study comparing physical traits of female and male monarchs, they found that although female monarchs have smaller wings and smaller flight muscles than males, their wings are thicker and also bear less weight per square inch, making them both sturdier and more efficient in flight.

"Both of these elements would play important roles in determining the outcome of the migration," said the study's lead author Andy Davis, a research scientist at the University of Georgia.

"Until now, we had no idea why females were better flyers than males, but this study definitely helps to answer that question," he said.

For the study, published recently in the Journal of Insects, Davis and co-author Michael Holden, an undergraduate ecology student, measured the wings and body parts of 47 male and 45 female monarchs, specifically targeting those characteristics that are important for flight, such as the ratio of wing size to body size, the size of flight muscles and wing thickness.

"We expected we'd find that females have bigger flight muscles, but it was the opposite," said Holden, who will graduate in spring 2016 with a bachelor's degree in ecology and will document moth species next year through an internship in Costa Rica. "Males had the largest muscles."

Their analysis revealed, however, that female bodies tend to be lighter in relation to their wing size,

monarchs cluster
University of Georgia/ Sonia Altizer
Monarchs at a wintering site in central Mexico cluster in a tree to sun their wings.

meaning their wings have to carry less weight overall. This would make their flight more efficient.

"The way I think about it is that per flap of their wings, females use less energy to move their bodies relative to males," Holden said.

In addition, the wings of females were significantly thicker than those of males, making them less likely to break or tear during migration.

"Having damaged wings is a death sentence during the migration," Davis said.

By the end of the study, the researchers had accumulated a substantial data set of flight-related measurements, the first of its kind for monarchs.

"We believe this work will be important for improving scientific understanding of the migratory cycle," Davis said, "and it will also serve as a reference point for future studies aimed at flight characteristics of monarch butterflies."

Vacation, travel and hospitality

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


Mar de
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email:  Web page:

                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email:   Web page

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Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

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Contact Us:
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CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231

  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
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Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
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Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

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Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $600-$650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact:  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.

Beautiful Apartment

Lemur del Bosque
for Rent

San Francisco de Dos Ríos, El Bosque, furnished 2-bedroom,1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV WiFi, large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $450/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838. Email:

Unfurnished 400-sq. ft. apartment, with modern kitchen, located on beautiful Junquillal Beach is waiting for you. Sea Turtles are common to this beach. Great area for surfing one of C.R.'s premier surf spots or boogie boarding. Close to a market, restaurants and more touristy areas - Playa Negra and Tamarindo, if you want shopping, etc. This area is a great community. If you are looking for a nice relaxing area, this is it. $500 month + electric, visit our Web page -  - for more info, photos and to view a video. Or call (506) 5004-3473.

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339

Real estate for rent

house for rent
Beautiful fully furnished house for rent
2 bedrooms, 2 baths, fully furnished $800 + electric, includes cable TV, Wifi, Internet. Inside gated property close to town. Contact

Oganic farm rental
2 bedroom, 1 bath, $700 includes electric, water, cable, Internet & WiFi. Fully furnished. Inside gated property close to town, Santa Bárbara de Heredia. No dogs please.

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike:  Check out slide show HERE!

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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 218
Real Estate
About us

Religious belief dips slightly
in latest Pew Research poll

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A newly-released poll on Americans’ religious beliefs shows a modest shift downward in the number of adults who believe in God, pray daily and regularly go to church.

The 2014 Religious Landscape Study, released Tuesday by The Pew Research Center, found that the percentage of Americans who say they are absolutely certain God exists fell from 71 percent in 2007 to 63 percent in 2014.

Despite the declines, Pew said there is a great deal of stability in the U.S. religious landscape, saying that for those who claim a religion, there was no discernible drop in their commitment to the religion.

And the belief in God remains strong compared to other advanced industrial countries, Pew said.

The study found, for example, that 77 percent of adults said they were affiliated with a religion, down from 83 percent in 2007.

Furthermore, those who said they believe in God remained at 89 percent compared to 92 percent in 2007 when the last survey was done.

Additionally, 60 percent of those surveyed believe the Bible or other holy books are the word of God, with 31 percent saying those books should be interpreted literally.

“People who say they have a religion, which is still the vast majority of the population,  show no discernible dip in levels of observance,” said Alan Cooperman, director of religion research at Pew.

“They report attending religious services as often as they did a few years ago. They pray as often as they did before, and they are just as likely to say that religion plays a very important role in their lives,” he added. “On some measures there are even small increases in their levels of religious practice.”

Pew said that decreases in religious beliefs were likely a result of a growing number of millennials, young people born between the early 1980s and early 2000s who say they don’t belong to an organized religion, and older, more religious Americans dying off.

So-called nones, those who don’t belong to a religion, make up 23 percent of the adult population compared to 16 percent in 2007.

Still, 61 percent of nones said they believed in God.

One barometer that moved considerably was same-sex marriage, with 54 percent of Christians saying homosexuality should be accepted by society, up from 44 percent in 2007.

On evolution, still a point of contention among some Americans, 62 percent of Americans say humans evolved over time, with 34 percent saying they did not believe in evolution.

Lawmakers await their copies
of Trans-Pacific Partnership

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Even before the text of a massive Pacific Rim free trade accord is made public, U.S. lawmakers of both political parties are voicing skepticism about the Trans-Pacific Partnership’s chances of being approved by Congress next year.

“Very tough,” Sen. Chuck Grassley, an Iowa Republican, said. "Doesn’t mean it can’t be done, but it is going to be a tough lift.”
“Next year is an election year, and in an election year it’s hard to do anything of major consequence,” said Sen. Maria Cantwell, a Democrat of Washington State.
Negotiated between the United States and 11 other nations that when combined account for about 40 percent of global economic output, the Pacific agreement would create the world’s biggest free trade bloc and serve as President Barack Obama’s crowning achievement in international commerce.
But while swift approval is expected in Vietnam and elsewhere in Asia, its fate is anything but certain in the United States.
Earlier this year, Congress passed so-called fast track authority that subjects trade pacts to simple majority votes in both chambers with no amendments allowed. But even with legislative hurdles greatly reduced, it is not clear that majorities will materialize to approve the Trans-Pacific Partnership
Sen. Lindsey Graham, a Republican of South Carolina said forces at opposite ends of America’s ideological spectrum could unite to defeat the pact.
“The unions are always against trade agreements, and you have the Tea Party types who have an isolationist view.  Those things create a pretty good voting bloc,” said Graham.
For now, many lawmakers are reserving judgment until they read the text of the deal, which was announced in early October, but has yet to be released.
“The law requires that it be on the Internet for 90 days for the public to read before we can vote on it,” said Grassley.  “So I hope my constituents will read it and tell me their opinion.”
“Obviously, it is going to depend on the text, what’s in there,” Sen. Ben Cardin, as Democrat of Maryland said. “There’s a natural response by organized labor against and a natural response of the business community in support. But I think most Marylanders are waiting to see the text.”
“Everybody here who supports opening up markets for U.S. products wants to understand what Asian markets are willing to do to allow American products in,” said Cantwell. "We are very anxious to see the details.”
Even as lawmakers await line-by-line details of the accord, some are decrying provisions already reported, such as an eight-year limit on exclusive rights to biologic pharmaceutical products developed in the United States.

Others object to a provision that would make it harder for U.S. tobacco companies to contest the treatment of their products abroad.
“The Obama administration is rigging the system to pick winners and losers in favor of industries that he and his allies support,” said Sen. Richard Burr, a North Carolina Republican from a major tobacco-growing state, in a statement. “I cannot support a deal that singles out North Carolina’s agricultural industry unfairly.”
Other lawmakers see benefits for their constituents.
“Overall, for Iowa, we export a lot of our agricultural goods, so it would be a good thing for Iowa,” said Sen. Joni Ernst, a Republican.
But even Ernst is not committing to a firm yes vote just yet.
“We haven’t been able to read those documents, and it will be very important that we do that,” she said.

Air bag firm gets big fine
for withholding information

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The top U.S. car safety agency imposed a record $200 million fine against Japanese air bag maker Takata Tuesday for failing to warn the public and government about exploding bags.

Seven people were killed and about 100 were hurt when the bags, designed to protect drivers and passengers in an accident, unexpectedly exploded, sending large pieces of metal into heads and bodies.

For years, Takata has built and sold defective products, refused to acknowledge the defect and failed to provide full information to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, its customers and the public, said Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. "The result of that and denial has harmed scores of consumers and caused the largest, most complex safety recall in history," he added.

Under the settlement, Takata will stop building and selling air bags using an ammonium nitrite propellant, which experts believe was one of the causes of the explosions.

Takata will also speed up the recall and replacement of bags in affected car models, including many Hondas.

Takata will pay a $70 million cash fine now and another $130 million if it fails to carry out all the terms.

Safety experts believe millions of cars around the world may be equipped with the faulty air bags. Cars driven in areas with high humidity are believed to be most at risk.

Regulators say they expect to have enough replacement parts in the priority areas ready by June.

Death to America doesn't
mean that, ayatollah says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Iran's supreme leader said the slogan Death to America is not aimed at the American people, but rather American policies, in comments reported on his official Web site Tuesday.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei discussed the slogan while meeting with Iranian students ahead of the anniversary of the takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran on Nov. 4, 1979. Militant students stormed the compound and took 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.

The two countries have had no diplomatic relations since then. However, current President Hassan Rouhani has made efforts to improve relations, including a landmark nuclear agreement reached with world powers in July.

Khamenei said the aim of the slogan is not death to American people. The slogan means death to U.S. policies and arrogance, he said.

The slogan has strong support In Iran, he said.

Khamenei and hard-liners in the Iranian government remain deeply suspicious of the United States and view its policies a threat to the country.

The supreme leader said the U.S. has tried to influence new figures in Iran to conceal its enemy image from the Iranian nation.

He urged the students not to trust the U.S., saying, "the Americans shed tears in front of cameras pretending they are against war. These are the same people who do not even frown when the Zionists slaughter hundreds of children in Gaza and attack the West Bank.

"How can their tears shed in front of cameras be considered an honest act?" he asked.

Khamenei reiterated his warning that the U.S. is not to be trusted despite the nuclear deal reached with the U.S., Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany.

The agreement promises Tehran relief from crippling economic sanctions in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program.

"The nature of the U.S. attitude is continuation of the same hostile aims from the past, and the nation will not forget this," Khamenei said.

Ultrasound can improve
cleaning power of fluids

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

While a stream of ordinary cold water may clean some dirt, it is not considered an effective cleaning agent.  But when two inventors at the University of Southampton added a little ultrasound, the water became highly effective for removing germs from tiny cracks and crevices.

Under ultraviolet light greasy residue on human hands becomes visible, but trying to rinse it off with ordinary cold water is next to impossible.

Infusing the water stream with a bit of ultrasound turns it into an effective scrubber that quickly and harmlessly rinses the skin to spotless clean.

The simplicity of Starstream, invented by two researchers from the University of Southampton, England, promises to change the way bodies as well as objects, from kitchen tools to medical instruments, are cleaned.

“We wanted to build some kind of micro-scrubber that can clean without bleach and detergents and can get into the crevices and the cracks.  And so what we did, what we found is the bubble," said Tom Leighton from the University of Southampton.

Normally, bubbles of gas contained in ordinary water have smooth surfaces.  But the infusion of ultrasound makes their surfaces ripple, almost like the surface of sand paper.  Flowing with water over contaminated surfaces the bubbles take dirt away.

“One of the key factors of Starstream is that it takes any liquid that you are using and makes it several thousand times more effective.  So if you are using soapy water or bleach, something like that, it will make it more effective," said Leighton.

Starstream is especially effective for removing bacteria where it hides, like on a glass smeared with lipstick and mascara or for cleaning rust spots from kitchen sinks.

Researchers say their invention could easily replace the recommended 20-seconds washing of hands with soap and warm water with only a six-second wash with water infused with ultrasound.  

Race to the smallest goes
to tiny snail for the moment

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The race to hold the title of world’s smallest snail just got more interesting.

Writing in the journal ZooKeys, Dutch and Malaysian researchers say a new snail, Acmella nana, is now the smallest.

The researchers say the new snail, which was found in Malaysian Borneo, has a shell that is only between 0.5 and 0.6 millimeters wide and between 0.6 and 0.79 millimeters tall.

That means Acmella nana unseats the previous record holder, the Chinese Angustopila dominikae, which measured 0.80 millimeters wide and 0.89 millimeters tall.

The new snail was just one of 48 new species described in the paper.

Since snails move so slowly they can get stuck in small isolated areas long enough to evolve and adapt to the unique surroundings, the researchers said.

For example, some of the snails described live on isolated mountain tops or in rare vegetation, said the researchers, adding that seven of the new species are only found on the top of one mountain, 4,095-meter-high Mount Kinabalu. Another lives only at the mouth of a remote cave, researchers said.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Web Page:

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164

Pacific Sur montagee

These 2 lots are in the Pacific southern zone,
Tres Rio/Coronado de Osa. 

Will give a great deal on one of these lots, only $29,990.  Both of these lots have water, phone lines, Internet accessibility, electricity, easy 3 kms. access to the Costanera.  2-wheel drive accessible.  Close to new hospital, beautiful beaches and county services.  Financing available.   Lote 234, This corner lote is excellently located in lower Tres Rios.  Has 2 well-sculptured lots for 2 houses or one for multiunit cabins.  Lote 236,  1 1/2 hectare.  Big lote for building a grand house, with a smaller plantel for a cabin.  Small ocean view with great sunsets.  Watch the videos for more information, Planos,  and details.   Email: CR phone   2786-5555. USA call  760-536-4717 YouTube link for more real estate deals. 

property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email:

Escazu villa
Escazú villa. spectacular 360 degree city and mountain views.
Enjoy the sunsets along with the sunrise

There are special properties, which are more than mere houses. Where you can appreciate moments where you build memories. Relaxing reading in the garden of 5000 sq. m. Places to enjoy moments with family or friends with large heated pool. Beautiful city views of San José with mountain view. Places, where you can enjoy the comforting warmth of the sun throughout the day with cool nights of living 1,300 meters up on your own Mountain Noel. You are away from all the noise of San José, yet you are only 15 minutes drive there. Costa Rica largest mall is also only 15-minutes drive away.
The main house four bedrooms with four bathrooms, large office with built-in wood cabinets, and beautiful hardwood ceilings throughout the whole house. The main house is 330 sq. m. For your guest, there is a self-contained apartment of 100 sq. m. consisting of two bedrooms and two baths. Nice layout with a living room and dining room and kitchen all have views. For being so near to the city and to have that much land is once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The selling price is land value will throw in the house and the apartment. Price is $690,000. Contact

Osa home
Costa Rica Tropical Paradise Beach House For Sale
Tropical 5-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, South Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.

Located 8 km south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $775,000. Contact:
Watch this video for full details.


Hill Villa Esterillos Oeste, Costa Rica
Property size: 3405.14 sq. mtrs or 37,000 sq. feet
Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft TITLED property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric-gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceilings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a doubled car electric garage door. There is also a beautiful large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the INCREDIBLE VIEW and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furniture included. Photo gallery click here:    Contact Jack  Email:   Cell: (506) 8812-1789

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408

Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-storey house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 ½ bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms, the main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. Excellent construction and great details. Price $349,000. 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Price $75,000. For more information, please contact us:
Email Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike:   Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:

Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $380,000. Click HERE!

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 218
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News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
green turtle
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration photo       
   Immature Pacific green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) captured in
   San Diego Bay, California.

New test shows sex of young turtles

By the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration news staff

Six species of sea turtles that inhabit U.S. waters are listed as threatened or endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act and are thus the focus of extensive protection. Data on sex ratios and survival rates of both males and females at foraging sites are important keys to conserving sea turtles because they can help explain trends seen on nesting beaches and determine population abundance.

Because sea turtles are wide-ranging, with a relatively long maturation period, most sea turtle population assessments rely only on data from nesting beaches giving counts of females or nests, limiting knowledge of population and nesting trends to this female portion of the population. Foraging populations represent a cross-section of life stages from new immature recruits, juveniles to adults, therefore, sex ratios at foraging locations can offer greater insight into the overall population.

The research study also yielded a safe and effective method of determining the sex of immature turtles, which can provide more complete data on numbers of males and females in wild populations. Determining the sex of an immature turtle at foraging grounds is, otherwise, challenging because sex is not genetically determined and external sexual characteristics such as the longer tails of males are not visible until a turtle reaches maturity.

Until now, the two main techniques applied to determine the sex of immature sea turtles are laparoscopy and analysis of blood plasma testosterone concentration. Laparoscopic sex determination is unequivocal, but is an invasive surgery and requires specialized expertise. So analysis of blood plasma testosterone is more common.

A research partnership involved the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries, the University of Charleston, South Carolina, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Eckerd College, and SeaWorld San Diego. This provided an opportunity to try a different approach.

Researchers used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.  Scientists determined that the technique is a much more practical approach to determine the sex of juvenile turtles, since it only requires a blood sample rather than invasive laparoscopic procedures. Results were the same as those from other approaches.

This method may now provide a faster, more efficient method of determining the sex ratio of sea turtle populations because the test can be completed in a single day, the start-up costs are cheaper, and the analysis equipment is small enough that it could be used in the field.

The results of the study of the San Diego Bay aggregation of sea turtles indicated a female bias of 2.83 females to each male among the 69 green turtles sampled. “What really surprised us was that the immature turtles in the San Diego Bay aggregation were even more biased toward females, with 78 percent of them being female,” said Camryn Allen, the lead investigator of the study. So far, the available sex ratio data for green turtles worldwide indicate a female-bias at most foraging ground study sites.    

Costa Rican News
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Fine Dining in Costa Rica
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From Page 7:

More problems for beleaguered Volkswagen

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

German automaker Volkswagen said that an internal investigation has found new problems which it termed unexplained inconsistencies in the carbon dioxide emissions on 800,000 more vehicles.
The company said in a statement Tuesday that it estimated the possible economic impact at over $2 billion to the firm.
Volkswagen did not identify the vehicles affected but said the flaw does not compromise the safety of any of the vehicles.

The statement says the company will do the utmost to clarify the further course of action as quickly as possible and ensure the correct carbon dioxide classification for the vehicles affected.

Tuesday's admission of irregularities about carbon emissions is another setback for the company, and comes a day after U.S. authorities accused it of fitting defeat devices on its larger 3.0 liter diesel vehicles.

Volkswagen was plunged into the biggest crisis in its history in September with the revelation that 11 million of its vehicles had been fitted with devices that switched anti-pollution controls on during tests, but shut off the devices during normal driving.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said there were 500,000 diesel Volkswagens with problems in the U.S., which warranted fines up to $18 billion.

Some law firms in North America have filed class action suits.  Countries in Europe, including Germany, have also filed lawsuits, in addition to ordering investigations into emission levels of Volkswagen cars.