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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Tuesday, Oct. 15, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 204                 Email us
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Cascata del Bosco






Jacó skyline
being changed


A top-down shot of the new Croc's Casino Resort in Jacó shows the progress and the proximity to the ocean. It also shows that a swimming pool already is installed. The $30 million-plus project is expected to be ready by Christmas 2014.There will be 152 hotel rooms and 44 condominium residences.
Croc's
Croc's Casino Resort/Alberto Broutin S.

Nicaragua tried to blame ex-Contra Pastora for canals
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Nicaragua has been trying to make Eden Pastora the fall guy in the dispute over the Isla Calero.

During a presentation Monday at the International Court of Justice, Costa Rican advocates noted that Nicaragua tried to wash its hands of the situation by suggesting that Pastora, the former Contra leader, was working on his own.

A major point of the Costa Rica presentation by Ambassador Edgar Ugalde was to show that the Nicaraguan government is behind the digging and dredging of two canals from the Río San Juan to the Caribbean.

Sergio Ugalde, a lawyer representing Costa Rica, told the justices that Oct. 10 Nicaragua sent a note to the court denying participation in the job and blamed Pastora. For that reason, Nicaragua said, the court need not take any action against it, said the lawyer.

Oct. 11, according to the Costa Rican advocates, new Nicaragua documents appeared in which that the work in the area had been carried out without the authorization of Pastora by the Empresa Portuaria Nacional. The note also said that Nicaragua suspended all the work in the area Sept. 23.

Costa Rica wants the court to grant it the right to enter the disputed territory north of the Isla Portillos to block and perhaps fill in the canals.

During an earlier hearing, the court ordered both countries to stay out of the area.
Casa Presidencial noted that the country's case may be strengthened even more because a Nicaragua official told reporters that his country, indeed, did violate the original orders of the court and invaded the disputed territory.

Costa Rica also said that a detachment of Nicaraguan military are camped in the disputed territory. There were many air photos to demonstrate the country's case, including before and after shots of the spot where the canals now are.

They are 20 (about 66 feet) and 30 meters wide (about 99 feet) and about 100 meters long. As A.M. Costa Rica has reported, residents along the river expect that the Río San Juan, carrying the season's heavy rains, will blast a new mouth for the river through what Costa Rica considers to be environmentally sensitive territory.

Pastora, himself, appears to have said he was involved in removing aquatic plants from the river.

Nicaragua has its chance to present a case to the court today. Then both countries have a morning each to discredit what has been alleged.

International lawyers Samuel Wordsworth, James Crawford and Marcelo Kohen outlined for the court why the necessity exists to issue new rules. Among these is that there is risk of irreparable harm.

The foreign ministry in San José said after officials viewed the televised hearing that the country's presentation in The Hague, Netherlands, was solid and contained irrefutable evidence.


Proposed law would let special court take possessions
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The central government is proposing to chip away at the country's Constitution in order to fight international crime.

Casa Presidencial is sending to the legislature two proposals.

The first would allow confiscation of goods believed to have been earned through illicit means. This would take place via a special prosecutor and a court even though the owner of the goods has not been convicted of a crime.

A second measure, which has been spoken about in the past, would allow the extradition of Costa Ricans to other countries if they appear to be involved in organized crime.

There have been a string of cases where Costa Ricans facing charges elsewhere have managed to assert or gain Costa Rican citizenship to avoid extradition. In a few cases, officials were able to determine that the citizenship was granted based on falsehoods, and the citizenship was revoked.

Other Costa Ricans fell into the hands of foreign law enforcement when they left the country.

The idea of confiscating and retaining possessions is based on the theory that, as Casa Presidencial said, a criminal organization without sufficient funds for its
operations is physically impossible.

Costa Rican law enforcement routinely takes over homes and removes property in high profile cases. The decision appears to be subjective, and it helps if the suspect is elsewhere.  In addition, the judiciary retains vehicles used in the commission of a crime.

The problem is that the vehicles and goods usually deteriorate while they are in a warehouse or parking lot awaiting the processing of the criminal complaint against the owner. That may take years.

Still unclear is how a special prosecutor and a special court will enforce the confiscation law if it is passed. That information will be in the details of the law when it finally is published as a proposal in the La Gaceta official Web site.

Law officers and prosecutors have been very uneven in their confiscation of household goods. That was not done to two presidents who faced criminal charges.

Article 45 of the Costa Rican Constitution clearly states that property is inviolable and then specifies how the state can take land with compensation. However, Carlos Alvarado, the director of the Instituto Costarricense sobre Drogas, says that ill-gotten goods are not covered by this clause. He says such goods lack the protection of the Constitution, although that concept is nowhere to be found in the document.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday,  Oct. 15, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 204

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Srtsmen Halloween

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Real estate agents and services

Colinas photo

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Translations and legal Services
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Legal services

FULLY BILINGUAL ATTORNEY
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Official English/Spanish translator and interpreter
Serving the international community  since 2001
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With over a decade of experience in the fields of:
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230 officers in the downtown
is first Christmas contingent


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The security ministry is sending some 230 police officers into the metro area to set the stage for an even larger contingent in late November.

This is the seasonable effort to safeguard shoppers and workers with substantial sums due to a Christmas bonus.

Basically the police want to grab or scare away the crooks well before the Christmas season. If past practices are followed, police also will be checking out cheap hotels and boarding houses for wanted persons and illegal immigrants.

In addition to officers on patrol, there will be 13 towers, including eight in the downtown area. Many have been up all year so that officers can look down and observe the crowd.

The Fuerza Pública is only one police force on guard in San José.. There is a municipal police force that has a significant showing on the downtown pedestrian mall.


State water company official
fired over new investigation


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Add yet another scandal to the list.

The board of directors of the national water company has fired the general manager, Javier Vargas Tencio, because he is under investigation for what Casa Presidencial said were irregularities with a bank account.

He worked at the Instituto Costarricense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados, and Casa Presidencial pressed the board of directors to make a decision.


Cruz Roja continues search
for Grecia bridge jumper

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Cruz Roja rescue workers will resume today their search for a man who is believed to have jumped off a bridge in Grecia Saturday.

The man, identified as a 63-year-old motorist with the last names of Alfaro Alvarado, stopped his vehicle on the bridge and then jumped Saturday morning, the Cruz Roja said. A search has continued since then.

The bridge is the Puente Rafael Iglesias over the Río Colorado, the rescue agency said.  A summary also said that the heavy flow of the river makes conditions difficult and hazardous for those searching the river banks.


Arbitrary arrests in Cuba
deplored by press group


Special to A.M. Costa Rica

A press advocacy group has deplored what it called the arbitrary arrest of three independent journalists in Cuba.

The organization, the Inter American Press Association, said that government repression of freedom of expression in Cuba has been increasing in recent months.

Detained in Havana Thursday was Echevarría Driggs, correspondent of the magazine Misceláneas de Cuba, and the following day also arrested in the Cuban capital under different circumstances were Águila Montero, director of the Social Agency of Independent Journalists, and Cácer Díaz, correspondent of the Hablemos Press Information Center.

According to data compiled by the Cuban Human Rights and National Reconciliation Commission in September a total of 708 cases of arbitrary detentions were reported, one of the highest figures in the last four years, the organization said..


Our reader's opinion
Congress raising debt ceiling
is just another ponzi scheme

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

In response to the article "Obama's hypocrisies are legion as debt hole is getting deeper" by Dan Jackson in your "Our readers' opinions," I like to add that raising the debt ceiling and therefore allowing more and renewed borrowing to prevent a default is the biggest ponzi scheme ever and is illegal. Let a private citizen try this and the Feds will put you in jail.

Dennis Jay
Alajuela

Amazon
                                                          fish
State University of New York College   
of Environmental Science and Forestry photo   
These arapaima were photographed in a public aquarium
in the Ukraine and appear to be the new species They clearly show the elongated sensory cavity as a dark bar on the lower side of the head, a feature that is known only for A. leptosoma.

Detective work identifies
a new fish species in Amazon

By the State University of New York College
of Environmental Science and Forestry Newsroom

A new species of the giant fish arapaima has been discovered from the central Amazon in Brazil, raising questions about what other species remain to be discovered and highlighting the potential for ecological problems when animals are relocated from their native habitats.

“Everybody for 160 years had been saying there’s only one kind of arapaima. But we know now there are various species, including some not previously recognized. Each of these unstudied giant fishes needs conservation assessment,” said Donald Stewart of the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, who made the discovery.

The discovery was reported in a paper Stewart recently published in the journal Copeia.

For two centuries, arapaima have been among the most important commercial fishes in freshwaters of the Amazon. “Arapaima have high economic, cultural and scientific value, but their diversity has been overlooked for too long,” Stewart said.

Four species of arapaima were recognized in the mid-1800s, but in 1868, Albert Günther, a scientist at the British Museum of Natural History, published an opinion that those were all one species, Arapaima gigas. Over time, Günther’s view became the prevailing wisdom.

“Until this year, no taxonomist has questioned Günther’s opinion about these iconic fishes,” Stewart wrote.

That lack of inquiry changed, however, when Stewart began studying the genus in Guyana and Brazil. “If you’re going to do conservation biology, you have to be sure about the taxonomy of the animals being studied,” he said. “If each study area has a different species, then results from one area should not be applied to manage populations in the next area.”

Delving into scientific literature from the 19th century and examining original specimens preserved at the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, Stewart concluded that all four of those originally described species were, in fact, distinct. Stewart re-described one of those original species (in a paper published in the March issue of Copeia) and summarized status of the other three species. Stewart’s most recent discovery came when he examined preserved arapaima at the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia in Manaus, Brazil. This new description brings the total number of species to five.

The recently identified specimen was collected in 2001 near the confluence of the Solimões and Purus rivers in Amazonas State, Brazil. It is distinguished from all other arapaima by several characteristics, including the shape of sensory cavities on the head, a sheath that covers part of the dorsal fin and a distinctive color pattern. Its scientific name, A. leptosoma, is in reference to its slender body.

“Failure to recognize that there are multiple species has consequences that are far reaching,” Stewart said. “For example, there is a growing aquaculture industry for arapaima, so they are being moved about and stocked in ponds for rearing. Eventually pond-reared fishes escape and, once freed, the ecological effects are irreversible. A species that is endangered in its native habitat may become an invasive species in another habitat. The bottom line is that we shouldn't be moving these large, predatory fishes around until the species and their natural distributions are better known. Given the uncertainties, precaution is needed.”

There is also the problem that arapaima are the most historically over exploited fishes of the Amazon Basin, having been subjected to intense and largely uncontrolled fishing pressure for at least a century. “Abundances of arapaima in large expanses of their natural habitat today are near-zero, largely as a consequence of overfishing,” said Leandro Castello, an authority on arapaima in Brazil. “The likely impacts of this magnitude of overfishing on species diversity are not good.”

Stewart said the newly discovered species is on display in a public aquarium in the Ukraine, where it was identified as Arapaima gigas, the single name that has been applied to all arapaima for the past 140 years. It thus appears this new species already is being cultured and exported from South America, but under the wrong name.

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Expats can bet that stage is being set for push for more taxes
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Expats can expect a strong push for new taxes before the end of the year.

The Ministerio de Hacienda is working on some new proposals, and most of the viable presidential candidates have come out for more taxes. Politicians are floating a few balloons, as are appointees.

Alicia Fournier Vargas, a legislative deputy, said Monday that there is a need for fiscal reform. She said the government must ask the citizens for more resources for priority programs and to benefit those who have little. She said that the country's financial problem was so big that the Ministerio de Hacienda could not handle it and changes in the laws are needed.

The lawmaker was speaking after Marta Acosta, the Contralora de la República, spoke to the Comisión Permanente de Asuntos Hacendarios., the legislature's financial committee, said the financial situation puts at risk projects that future administrations may propose.

The financial situation is not sustainable and that it requires methods of high impact because fiances already committed cannot assure supporting future programs, Ms. Acosta said.
Costa Rica has the highest budget deficit of any country in Latin America, Ms.  Fournier noted. That statement is backed up by the Central American Institute for Fiscal Studies, which said that the Costa Rican state consumed 26 percent of the gross domestic product.

Nearly half of the national budget is borrowed money.

As A.M. Costa Rica has pointed out, many taxes are designed to specific purposes. Consequently the central government has less flexibility with income.

There have been a round of tax increases in the last few years, including a tax on luxury homes and an annual tax on corporations.

President Laura Chinchilla tried to win passage of a package of taxes, but the Sala IV constitutional court sidetracked the effort. Instead there have been smaller proposals that have passed the legislature, and more are expected to be presented.

Meanwhile, The Dirección General de Tributación, the tax collector, is trying many methods to catch evaders. Recently that agency handed out 50 million colons in prizes to those who pay bills with credit cards. The idea is to match up the credit card expenses with reported income to catch evaders.


Design work readied for another Circunvalación overpass
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Circunvalación may be blocked off due to a washout, but transport officials are going ahead with plans for another traffic overpass there.

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said that design work on the Paso Ancho overpass will begin shortly. The design crew has six months to complete the job, and then construction will be 14 more months, officials said.

The project is identical to the one at San Sebastian, near the Walmart store. There has been a sustained effort to eliminate the traffic circle bottlenecks on the highway. The Paso Ancho circle is also called the Rotunda de Guacamaya because the large auto supply store of that name dominates the southern half of the intersection.
Paso Ancho
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad graphic
Artist sketch of proposed overpass


Hey, Buddy! Do you wanna buy some hot asphalt?
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The criminal mind is at least creative.  Another scam has developed.

The Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes said Monday that a crook was going around trying to sell asphalt left over from a road job. This is a variation on the kind of construction scams that are legion.

The ministery said there is no leftover asphalt, and that the
person representing himself as a ministry engineer was not.

The ministry credited the Asociación de Desarrollo de Coyote, the Fundación de Parques de Diriá and the Asociación de la Fortuna de San Carlos for spotting the scam and reporting what was taking place.

The crook even provided a bank account number so deposits could be made for the supposed asphalt. The ministry noted that asphalt has a short lifespan and generally cannot be held long.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday,  Oct. 15, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 204
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Dark novel on Christ's mother, Mary, draws hardly a peep of protest
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

What surprises Irish author Colm Toibin about his latest book is that it hasn't been burned.
 
But he hopes the lack of controversy will not hold back his dark retelling of the Gospels, “The Testament of Mary,” from winning the Man Booker Prize today at his third attempt.
 
In the novel, an aging, broken Mary bitterly recounts how malcontents and half-crazed soothsayers surrounded her son, helped lead him to a cruel death and then twisted his story to build a new faith.
 
In a country where just a few decades ago the Catholic Church could end the careers of writers it disapproved of, there has not been so much as an email to complain about a work that describes the gospels as poisonous berries.
 
“It is really interesting that you can write a book like this here and publish it and not a word,” said Toibin, 58, in an interview en route to the prize ceremony in London from Los Angeles.
 
“It hasn't been controversial. It isn't as though it's been burned anywhere.”
 
Toibin's is one of six novels in the running for the annual Booker, a coveted award that comes with a cheque for 50,000 pounds ($80,000), and, more importantly, a sizable spike in international books sales.
 
The prize is open for the first time to authors from any country from 2014 as opposed to the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Commonwealth. Favorite in 2013 is Toibin's friend and English writer Jim Crace for “Harvest”.
 
Also shortlisted were Canadian Ruth Ozeki for “A Tale for the Time Being,” Indian/American Jhumpa Lahiri for “The Lowland,” New Zealander Eleanor Catton with “The Luminaries” and Zimbabwean NoViolet Bulawayo for “We Need New Names.”
 
Toibin, who explored European Catholicism in a 1994 travel book, describes himself as a lapsed Irish Catholic, but has no time for mockery of the church that dominated his childhood.
 
“I waver between fierce doubt and a sort of awe at the grandeur of the business of building an entire world view, a religious faith on the death of one man and three years of his life,” he said.
The novel, he said, was not intended as an attack on the church or its teachings, but as an exploration of images and stories that were seared onto his psyche as an altar boy in Ireland in the 1960s.
 
Its darkness, he said, echoes his memories as a 7-year-old in a dimly-lit church, with vast images of a bloodied Christ and a priest warning “death comes soon and judgment will follow.”
 
As the novel opens, Mary's memories are being twisted by two unnamed Gospel writers who want a version of events worthy of the son of God.
 
She listens patiently as one explains to her how her son was conceived and how she helped take his body from the cross.
 
Instead she feels pangs of shame as she recalls fleeing the crucifixion when she realized her life was in danger and how she stood by as a family was robbed by her companions.

The novel does not attempt to disprove the miracles, but lets Mary voice her doubts: that the wine in the jugs she saw was ever water and whether Lazarus had ever really died.
 
Toibin sees an echo of Mary's pain in the mother of suicide bombers or political hunger strikers chosen to die for a higher cause. “It's a much more pressing issue now than it has been for a long time,” he said.
 
While the novel has largely avoided controversy, a staging of the play on which it is based attracted around 100 protesters in New York this year, and a number of U.S. Catholics have sent him emails with abuse, “some of it true,” Toibin says.
 
Toibin seems more weary than excited about the idea of “putting a monkey suit in his bag” and attending another Booker Prize dinner next week after two previous novels “The Blackwater Lightship” and “The Master” both lost after being shortlisted.
 
But he is not paying any heed to the bookmakers, who have Crace as favorite.
 
“The judges could have something entirely surprising, in which case you just  bow your head and applaud the winner,” Toibin said. “I won't have a speech in my inner pocket,” he said. “I'm not doing that this time. I promise.”

 
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Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.
Lundquist patio
Exotic gardens next to one
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See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
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Palmares


Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our Web page: palmarescostarica.us
8109-11/10/13

Unfurnished 2-bedroom 2-bathroom house.. One large room for living room, dining room and kitchen. Separate bath.  2 bedrooms with bath on second floor. Washroom. Large 3-bay garage with bathroom, secure  for warehousing and storage. Located  approximately 6 miles east of San José and 1 mile west of Concepcion Tres Rios.  Map on request.  Telephone installed, cable and Internet available.  $250 a month plus utilities. 6 months minimum lease, deposit. Available after Oct. 15.  Tel. 2256-9426 bobbyruf@ice.co.cr 
8100-11/3/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
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prime
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ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
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8093-10/16/13

house for rent
House for rent on a large property surrounded by fruit trees and garden on a bus line. Fully furnished, complete laundry room, two bedrooms plus extra room for office, security, electric gate, Internet available.  Located in Monte de la Cruz, San Rafael de Heredia. $475 monthly. Call 2267-6306  Or email: bonillaleda@yahoo.com.
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
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Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
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Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
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7875-4/11/13

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday,  Oct. 15, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 204
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Cafetales



Pacific Estates

U.S. congressional leaders
working to solve debt crisis


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A White House meeting with congressional leaders was postponed Monday afternoon to give negotiators more time to work out a plan to avert a default on the nation's debt and end the partial government shutdown.  Analysts warn failure to resolve the budget and borrowing issues by Thursday could have serious ramifications for the U.S. and global economy.

The clock is ticking closer to the Thursday deadline after weekend negotiations failed to produce a compromise. 

Monday President Obama spent part of his day at a Washington food pantry, thanking volunteers, some of them furloughed government workers.

“This week we’ll be entering into the third week of a government shutdown that was completely unnecessary," said Obama.

But by Monday afternoon, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and his Republican counterpart, Mitch McConnell, said a deal was within reach.

“I’m very optimistic we will reach an agreement that’s reasonable in nature this week to reopen the government, pay the nation’s bills and begin long term negotiations to put our country on sound fiscal footing," said Reid.

“We’ve had an opportunity over the last couple of days to have some very constructive exchanges of views about how to move forward.  Those discussions continue, and I share his optimism that we’re going to get a result that will be acceptable to both sides," said McConnell.

But while Republicans appear to have given up hope of defunding President Obama's health care reform, Democrats are now pushing for an end to spending cuts brought on by the earlier sequester.

Without a deal soon to raise the nation’s $16.7 trillion dollar debt ceiling, some economists say the fallout could be disastrous. 

Yahoo Finance editor Rick Newman says no one knows for sure.

“I think that’s going to trigger a kind of chain reaction in financial markets that’s extremely unpredictable.  Nobody knows what will happen if you suddenly have to call into question the viability of Treasury securities," said Newman.

Yale Professor Robert Shiller, one of three Americans awarded the Nobel prize for economics, acknowledged the debt and shutdown are more political than economic, but he said a breakthrough is possible.

“It’s my sense that we still have in this country a sense of cooperation that will emerge and prevent a default," said Schiller.

Less certain though is whether an agreement reached in the Senate will win support in the Republican-led House of Representatives.

Treasury Secretary Jack Lew says unless the U.S. debt ceiling is raised, the government will be left with a limited revenue stream and only about $30 billion on hand.  That means it would quickly run out of cash for major pension or health care payments. And it  would have difficulty paying out government bonds when they mature.


Three U.S. professors named
for Nobel Prize in economics

 
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Three American economists were awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for their work on determining how asset prices change over time.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in a statement Monday, named Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller as recipients of the 2013 award for their empirical analysis of asset prices.

The academy said that while it is hard to predict the price of stocks and bonds over the next few days or weeks, the work by these economists make it possible to foresee the broad course of these prices over longer periods, such as the next three to five years.

Fama and Hansen are professors at the University of Chicago in Illinois, while Shiller teaches at Yale University in Connecticut.

Shiller said finance is often misunderstood as being about making money rather than a way of allocating resources, giving people incentives and spreading risks. He said rising inequality is the most important problem facing the United States and other parts of the world today. 

"This is a problem that has solutions," said Shiller. "Many of them are financial solutions. Finance is substantially about risk management, and if it's supplied right, if it's democratized, the real tools are made useful to real people, and not to just the minority of people, it can help solve these problems." 

The economics prize, officially called the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968. It is not one of the original awards created by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, in 1895.


Boeing loses big contract,
and this may help the U.S.


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Boeing Co.'s loss of a major Japanese airplane order to rival Airbus this week may produce a surprise U.S. benefit: bringing aerospace work home to U.S. companies.
 
Over the past 50 years, Boeing has increasingly outsourced large airplane pieces such as wings and fuselage sections. Its partnerships with Japanese companies carried the understanding that Japanese airlines would keep buying Boeing planes. The circle gave work to Japan's heavy industrial companies and helped Boeing keep Airbus largely out of the Japanese market.
 
But on Monday, Japan Airlines Co. Ltd. appeared to shatter the alliance by ordering 31 Airbus A350s to replace 31 Boeing 777s that it will retire this decade.
 
The $9.5 billion JAL deal is considered by some industry experts as likely to prompt Boeing to award less supply work to Japan in the future. Boeing would send that work to other countries, including the United States.
 
Japanese airlines were big buyers of Boeing's 787 Dreamliner, which helped justify the large investments Japanese companies made to set up production of major components, said Ron Epstein, an analyst at Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
 
The 777X, the next generation of Boeing's popular widebody jet, is supposed to have its design and building launch this year and enter service by 2020.
 
The 787 Dreamliner is the company's latest state-of-the-art widebody aircraft. It has been in service for two years but has encountered numerous technical problems.
 
The 777X launch is widely expected at the Dubai airshow in November, where industry sources say Emirates Airline  plans to order 150 widebody planes, most likely the 777X.
 
Boeing has limited options for where it could build the 777X plane and its components since only a handful of companies have the scale and certification to take on such a project reliably.
 
Among those considered as possible: Spirit Aerosystems in Wichita, Kansas, a former Boeing facility that already makes wing parts and fuselages for Boeing; Triumph Group, headquartered in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, which makes wing, fuselage and structural pieces for planes, as well as composite structures, though not those used for airframes, according to the company Web site.
 
Boeing also could bring the work in-house, either at its massive factory in Everett, Washington, or at the assembly plant in Charleston, South Carolina, where it builds some 787s. Boeing is buying land to expand that factory.
 
Meanwhile, Boeing's former home state of Washington is making a big push to win the 777X, after 787 work went to Japan and elsewhere.
 
Washington State's Gov. Jay Inslee, whose state touts itself as home of the world's largest cluster of aerospace companies, last week proposed extending lucrative state tax breaks for Boeing until 2040 if the company builds the 777X and its wings in Washington. Boeing already builds the 777 in Washington, so the logic of putting future production there is strong, state officials say.
 
Part of the state's pitch: The 777X's composite wing will be large and difficult to transport, so it makes sense to fabricate it near the site of final assembly, Pietsch said.
 

Yahoo's charm appeal turns
opinion of Madison Avenue

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Three weeks ago, Yahoo, Inc., Chief Executive Marissa Mayer strode into a Manhattan hotel and was greeted like a rock star by hundreds of advertising executives who snapped pictures as she sat down for an interview with journalist Charlie Rose.
 
That same audience a year ago would have been grousing that Ms. Mayer had not done enough to engage Madison Avenue, which is arguably Yahoo's most important constituent since the Internet company derives more than 75 percent of its revenue from ad sales.
 
“I think that Marissa has gotten a bit of a bad rap,” said David Cohen, the chief media officer at UM, the global media arm of Interpublic Group.
 
The industry perceived Ms. Mayer as not caring about advertising, choosing instead to focus solely on products, Cohen said.
 
Ad agency executives say that over the past six months Ms. Mayer and her team have been working hard to change that perception, courting advertisers at key industry events, hosting lunches and attending meetings with agency representatives that include Yahoo executives like Chief Operating Officer Henrique de Castro, Senior Vice President and head of Americas Ned Brody and Chief Marketing Officer Kathy Savitt.
 
The charm offensive has impressed many on Madison Avenue, but getting advertisers to actually spend more on Yahoo's Web properties will not happen overnight, industry experts said.
 
The shift to advertising exchanges, which allow marketers to instantly buy placement for their ads across a broad constellation of Web sites, has pushed down the prices that online publishers such as Yahoo can charge.
 
That was painfully apparent in the second quarter of this year, when Yahoo's display advertising revenue slid 11 percent due in part to a double-digit decline in ad prices.
 
“Advertisers will become more excited if there's clear evidence that Yahoo is growing again in terms of its users and its engagement,” said Mark Mahaney, an analyst at RBC Capital Markets.
 
Since Ms. Mayer became CEO, Yahoo's stock has more than doubled, recently reaching a near eight-year high of $35.06. But analysts say the gains are mostly due to aggressive share buybacks and the impending initial public offering of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba Group, in which Yahoo owns a 24 percent stake.
 
More than a year into Ms. Mayer's tenure, Yahoo's core business remains stagnant. Revenue has been flat or down for the past four years and Wall Street does not expect the situation to improve when Yahoo reports its third-quarter results.
 

Rocket lift off and down means
another step toward success


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

What goes up, must come down. And sometimes, the trip back to Earth is just as important as the flight itself.

That’s what SpaceX proved recently when its 10-story Grasshopper rocket flew nearly 744 meters into the air, reversed course and then made a gentle vertical landing on the same launch pad from which it started.

The successful test marks a milestone for the company, which plans to launch reusable rockets.

The flight took place Oct. 7 and demonstrated the feasibility of a concept that could revolutionize space flight by dramatically reducing costs.

For 97 seconds, the Grasshopper rocket was airborne over SpaceX’s McGregor, Texas, facility, the latest in several low-altitude tests. The company plans to ramp up testing at a location in New Mexico at a later date.

SpaceX was founded in 2002 by billionaire Elon Musk. The company makes cargo capsules and rockets at its facility in Hawthorne, California. The company recently carried out a successful resupply mission to the International Space Station.


New book questions if plot
to kill Kennedy was real

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new book raises doubts about a 1979 congressional probe that concluded President John F. Kennedy's assassination 50 years ago was the result of an undefined conspiracy.
 
The book, "The Kennedy Half Century," by a prominent political science professor, Larry Sabato of the University of Virginia, questions the conclusion by the House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations that a shot was fired at Kennedy from the so-called grassy knoll Nov. 22, 1963, in Dallas.
 
Lee Harvey Oswald fired at the Kennedy motorcade from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository overlooking Dealey Plaza. The House conclusion of an undefined conspiracy — with an additional shot from the grassy knoll — was drawn from an acoustical analysis of a Dictabelt recording device that was on a police officer's motorcycle.
 
The congressional investigators believed the motorcycle was in the Kennedy motorcade and that its Dictabelt recorded four shots. Sabato says new technologically advanced audio research conducted for his book proves the Dallas police motorcycle was not traveling as part of the presidential motorcade at the time the shots were fired.
 
The motorcycle, driven by officer Willie Price, was about two miles (3.2 km) away at the time of the shooting, Sabato writes.
 
In addition, he says, acoustic experts found the sound impulses picked up by the Dictabelt that were initially believed to be gunshots could have simply been motorcycle engine noise.


Public-private alliance makes
strides to immunization goal

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The GAVI alliance, a public-private global health partnership previously known as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, has announced it is on track to immunize a quarter of a billion children against killer diseases by 2015.  The organization said nearly four million children’s lives will be saved thanks to these additional vaccinations.

GAVI said it is reaching record numbers of children with life-saving vaccines.  It said more countries than ever are introducing new vaccines, averting many deaths and improving the health and well being of millions of people. 
 
Pneumonia and diarrhea are the two biggest child killers in the world.  The price of the pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines, which protect against these illnesses, has gone down dramatically, making them affordable for children in developing countries.
 
GAVI introduced pentavalent vaccines in 2001 with the aim of reaching all 73 GAVI-eligible countries by 2014.  These vaccines offer protection against five diseases: diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis, and haemophilus influenzae type b.
 
The GAVI chief executive officer, Seth Berkley, said the widespread use of these vaccines in the poorer countries is an essential step towards achieving the Millennium Development Goal of reducing the under-5 mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015.  He said pentavalent vaccines now are available in 72 of the 73 GAVI countries.
 
“The last country which will have this vaccine rolled out is Southern Sudan, which will be rolled out in the first quarter of next year.  Of course, Southern Sudan was not a country when GAVI began the roll-out of this vaccine, so this vaccine is now becoming the normal vaccine in the world and that is, for us, a big deal,”  said Berkley.

GAVI’s progress report also finds the immunization gap between rich and poor countries is closing.   For example, it noted in the Kilifi district of Kenya, the number of cases of pneumococcal disease has gone down from 38 to zero cases in the three years since the launch of the PCV (pneumococcal) vaccine.  It said similar effects have been obtained with the meningitis and haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines.
 
Despite these successes, Berkley said challenges remain in a number of fragile countries.  For example, he said some 22 million children are not being fully immunized against diptheria, pertussis and tetanus.  The largest number is in India, followed by Nigeria and Ethiopia.
 
In these countries, he said it is important to improve the reliability of supply chains, improve in-country data collection, and adopt tailored approaches toward immunization.
 
“So, instead of having the same mechanism for every country, we work with different countries in different ways. So, Afghanistan, for example, has made a decision that it would use non-governmental organizations to do most of its distribution.  So, the government then contracts out the work that GAVI does in the supply of vaccine. But, our goal at the end is to try and work with each country and help them.  During the recent disturbances in Mali, for example, we worked very hard to make sure that vaccines kept going during that period, and we were able to do that,” said Berkley.
 
Berkley added that vaccines are widely recognized as one of the most-cost effective public health tools, providing the best possible protection against vaccine-preventable diseases.  He said that means every child must have access to all 11 of the vaccines the World Health Organization recommends.
 
GAVI said it will cost the agency $7.6 billion to immunize an additional quarter of a billion children by 2015.


Ms. Fernández discharged
after her brain operation


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Argentina's President Cristina Fernández has left the hospital five days after having surgery to remove a blood clot on her brain caused by a fall two months ago.

Her spokesman said Fernández is recovering well and is in excellent spirits.

The doctors have ordered the 60-year-old president to rest for 30 days, which means she will be unable to campaign for the legislative elections on Oct. 27. Polls indicate that her party could suffer losses as a result.

President Fernández was first elected in 2007 and was returned to power in 2011.

Her health has been followed closely since the sudden death of her husband, former president Nestor Kirchner, from a heart attack in 2010. 
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


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A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
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For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
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Visit our Web Site:
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English: (Cristian Arce)
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English:  (Luis Arce)
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 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
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5,000 square meters of land and 175 square-meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia
2,000 square meters of land and 200 square-meters of construction.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8068-11/9/13

Real estate for sale (paid category)


San Mateo pool

BEAUTIFUL PROPERTY IN SAN MATEO, ALAJUELA 3,528 m2

Includes 4-bedroom, 2-bath, 2-story house built to American standards with a balcony overlooking full-sized swimming pool and rancho with a bathroom and a shower room, and landscaped tropical gardens.  There are two large storage buildings, a carport and electric-gate access to the enclosed property.  It is a short drive to the highways to San José and the beaches.  Owner financing available.  Please call: +506 2446-4901
8116-11/15/13

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx

Pacific Estates

Pacific Estates is divided into three distinct sections called Pacific Landings, Pacific Hills and Pacific Acres. Pacific Landings includes unique 2 & 3 bedroom homes incorporating pole house construction, cathedral ceilings, balconies on both the front and back of the house and eco-friendly elements. The homes also include granite counter tops, state-of-the-art stainless steel kitchen appliances, washer & dryer hook ups, internet connectivity and zone controlled A/C. These homes feature 1,290 square feet under A/C space and 1,537 square feet under A/C space with an optional Loft. To learn more about Pacific Estates, schedule a No Obligation Free Virtual Tour today by clicking here!
8087-10/18/13

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8082-10/9/13

Nicoya
                                views
Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD, axelspecial@gmail.com    Cell 8916-5550.
8061-xxxxx

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/user/CasaDelSolCostaRica
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email combrokers@aol.com
88059-xxxx

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
8058-11/15/13

Naranjo views

NARANJO VIEW PROPERTY READY TO BUILD: ALL PERMISSIONS

4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone
Email monicacal@mac.com
8034-8/19/13

Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose,  Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas.  And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive ground-work that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to  even greater success.  Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com
8115-11/18/13

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday,  Oct. 15, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 204
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Veggies seem to protect rats
from dangerous radiation


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Researchers at the Georgetown University Medical Center say their findings show that a compound derived from cruciferous vegetables, like cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli, protected rats and mice from lethal doses of radiation.

The researchers, in a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, say that their findings suggest that DIM or Diindolylmethane may protect normal tissues during radiation therapy for cancer treatment and prevent or ease sickness caused by radiation exposure.

The compound is touted by some experts as a super antioxidant to help reduce inflammation in the body. Some also claim that DIM helps prevent several forms of cancer although research findings on this have been mixed.

"DIM has been studied as a cancer prevention agent for years, but this is the first indication that DIM can also act as a radiation protector," said the study's corresponding author, Eliot Rosen of the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

To reach their findings the researchers conducted experiments on rats and mice that were irradiated with lethal doses of gamma ray radiation. 

Some of the rats were injected with a dose of DIM 10 minutes after first being exposed to the radiation and were given an additional dose each day for two weeks.

The remaining rodents used in the experiment were not given the DIM and were left untreated.

Rosen said that the results of their experiments were stunning.  "All of the untreated rats died, but well over half of the DIM-treated animals remained alive 30 days after the radiation exposure," he said.

The researchers found that there was no real difference in the amount of protection offered by the DIM whether the first injection was given a day before or after their rodent test subjects were exposed to the gamma radiation.

The Georgetown team also found that there wasn’t as much of a reduction in red and white blood cells and platelets, common side effects in those who are undergoing radiation treatment for cancer, in the irradiated mice that were treated with DIM.

The researchers say that their work revealed two potential uses of the compound. "DIM could protect normal tissues in patients receiving radiation therapy for cancer, but could also protect individuals from the lethal consequences of a nuclear disaster," said Rosen.




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From Page 7:

breakwater
Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo photo              
Workmen place one of the large concrete pieces of the breakwater.

Breakwater begins with firm foundation

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo is putting in a 200-meter breakwater at its Caribbean petroleum terminal as a first step to doubling the capacity.

The state petroleum monopoly said that the 656-foot breakwater is being made with large irregular concrete chunks fabricated from steel molds here. These are the heart of the breakwater, but they will be covered with other materials.

Building the new part of the terminal is a Mexican-Costa Rican consortium involving Ingenieros Civiles Asociados and Constructora Meco S.A.

The project will boost the handling capacity of the refinery to about 560,000 barrels of crude, which is a vessel with an 80,000-ton load, double what can be handled now.