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A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

 
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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 200                 Email us
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Jo Stuart
 
Cascata del Bosco





An A.M. Costa Rica editorial
Expats can lobby candidates for important changes

By Jay Brodell
editor of A.M. Costa Rica

The election campaigns for president and legislative deputies are in full swing.

Generally expats are not supposed to involve themselves in the campaigns or donate money to favored candidates.

But there is no rule preventing expats from speaking out on issues that concern them directly.

Foreigners living here have been blindsided in the last couple of years with a flurry of rules and laws that make life difficult. We think these changes should be made.

Immigration

When the new immigration bill worked its way through the legislature, there was a clause that would have allowed tourists to renew their visa simply by paying a $100 fee. This newspaper supported that concept, which eventually made its way into the law. Then the fine print revealed that this does not apply to anyone who enters the country on a 90-day visa. That includes most First World visitors.

That the country will not accommodate wealthy Canadian snowbirds who come to stay in their condos for four months a year is incredible. The current interpretation of the law requires the snowbirds and every other tourist to leave the country at the expiration of 90 days.

This law should be changed to reflect the general understanding when it was passed. Let tourists pay $100 to remain in the country, and let them do it at a state bank instead of creating another labyrinth at the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería.


Driver's licenses

Another blindsided blow was in the new traffic law. Now foreigners cannot obtain a driver's license unless they have a cédula or some form of residency.

Perhaps it was a bit loose when anyone who was warm and breathing could obtain a Costa Rican driver's license, even though they came in handy when stopped doing 90 mph on the New Jersey Turnpike.

Under the current rule, even those who have applied for residency cannot obtain a driver's license until the residency is approved and the cédula is issued. Sometimes that means a wait of 18 months or more.

This rule should be changed to allow persons legitimately seeking residency to apply for and receive a Costa Rican driver's license. Forcing someone who is awaiting approval for residency to leave every 90 days so they can continue to drive on a foreign license is burdensome and unnecessary.


Obligatory membership in the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social

Immigration rules now required every approved  
foreign resident to affiliate with the Caja, even if they would not use the public medical services.

This is a good rule if the goal is to insure emergency medical care for foreigners. But this really looks like a tax. Even if someone had a solid gold insurance plan with the Instituto Nacional de Seguros, they are obligated to join the Caja.

If it's a tax, it is disproportionate and unconstitutional because it treats foreigners differently than Costa Ricans, who are not obligated to join the Caja. Foreigners should have the benefit of choice.


Pistol permits

The current law, as interpreted by this administration, prohibits pensionados and rentistas, as well as legal residents other than residente permanente, from applying for a pistol or shotgun permit. Self defense is a human right. Costa Rica should extend its firearms policy to include these expats, many of whom are older and big targets in their communities.


Dual citizenship

After a few years in Costa Rica, many residents want to take the step to be authentic citizens and participate in the nation's business and political life as equals.

If an expat is married to a Costa Rican, the option of full citizenship is there without the requirement that the applicant pledge to renounce any current citizenship.

If the expat is applying for citizenship based on time spent in the country, there still is that requirement. Hardly anyone follows through on the requirement and really renounces their U.S., UK, German or Canadian citizenship, so the rule makes them liars. And some day some enterprising politician may require that this rule be enforced.

Although the Sala IV in another seat-of-the-pants decision says this is constitutional, it is not. And the rule should be changed.


Work permits

Getting a work permit for a foreign employee is equivalent in time, effort and frustration to getting residency. The same kinds of papers are required from afar. And the wait is lengthy.

Costa Rica should streamline these permits, bring the many illegal workers on the tax rolls and knock off the favoritism shown to some companies. Not to mention the frauds shown by others.


What to do

If they are in agreement with these statements, expats should find a reason to draw them to the attention to the candidates who are seeking public office from now until Feb. 2.  There is only one chance every four years to do this.









Heavy machinery arrived in La Unión, near Nuevo Arenal, Tuesday to help move a mountain of dirt and rock that is believed to have swept away a father and son

slide search
Cruz Roja photo

Search continues for father and son lost in landslide
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A father and his son are believed to be entombed in a major landslide at La Unión between La Fortuna de San Carlos and Nuevo Arenal.

Neighbors presume that the man was walking his son to school Tuesday morning when he stopped to take photos of a landslide that had taken place due to the wet weather.

That is when a second, much larger landslide broke loose and swept away the pair.

The Cruz Roja said a dozen rescue workers were on  the scene, and more were coming from the Central
 Valley by air to the Finca La Joya. More are expected to be on the scene today.

The Cruz Roja estimated that the boy was about 10 and the father, a local, was about 40.

Heavy machinery moved in to help rescuers who were probing with rebar and shovels.  A witness said that the debris field extended downhill from the road toward Lake Arenal. The Cruz Roja said that the weather was favorable for the search but that the soil remained unstable.

Traffic on the road, which borders the lake, has been halted and police were keeping people back from the actual work area, said an expat resident.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday,  Oct. 9, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 200

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Spprts,em's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Real estate agents and services

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Legal services

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Dr.
                                                          Collado
Dr. Carlos Collado Martínez

Italy remembers Tico who died,
executed as partisan by Nazis

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican Carlos Collado Martínez went to Italy to become a physician. He did, but he is being remembered this week more as a partisan fighter against the Nazis.

Collado was among 13 partisans killed by Nazi solders Oct. 10, 1944.

He began his studies in 1938 at the iversità di Bologna and another institution. He was a student of Professor Armando Businco, according to the foreign ministry here in a summary of his life.

He appears to have been an excellent student and won a major prize for his graduation thesis.

After Businco was arrested by the facists, Collado was detained and interrogated. The experience was enough to radicalize him and he joined the 63º Brigada Bolero Garibaldi and a doctor, according to the Associazione Nazionale d'Amicizia Costa Rica.

He was captured with other partisans, tortured and then killed in the plaza of Casalecchio di Reno. There is a monument there now commemorating the sacrifices.

According to the Costa Rica Embassy in Italy, there will be another ceremony in the Italian town Thursday. There also is a concert tonight and a photo exhibit through Saturday.

Native group near la Fortuna
plans festival this Sunday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

San Rafael de Guatuso will be the venue Sunday for the Festival Cultural Maleku 2013 sponsored jointly by the Asociación de Desarrollo Maleku and the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud.

The Maleku are one of the pre-Columbian groups that still live in Costa Rica. Most are on a reserve. The event will be at the Palenque Margarita, one of the villages. It is from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

The culture ministry promises traditional foods, crafts and a display of Maleku costumes. The community is near El Tanque and La Fortuna de San Carlos.

The ancestors of the current residents controlled a vast section of land to the north and west.

Investigators locate mom
of baby found in vacant lot

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A baby's cries alerted neighbors that the child had been abandoned in a vacant lot in Hoyón de Pérez Zeledón Tuesday morning. Cruz Roja rescue workers took the child to Hospital Escalante Pradilla where attendants said the child was in stable condition.

The Judicial Investigating Organization said it had located the baby's mother by questioning residents of the area. The 18 year old has been entered into a judicial proceeding.

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A.M. Costa Rica
users guide

This is a brief users guide to A.M. Costa Rica.

Old pages

Each day someone complains via e-mail that the newspages are from yesterday or the day before. A.M. Costa Rica staffers check every page and every link when the newspaper is made available at 2 a.m. each week day.

So the problem is with the browser in each reader's computer. Particularly when the connection with the server is slow, a computer will look to the latest page in its internal memory and serve up that page.

Readers should refresh the page and, if necessary, dump the cache of their computer, if this problem persists. Readers in Costa Rica have this problem frequently because the local Internet provider has continual problems.


Searching

The A.M. Costa Rica search page has a list of all previous editions by date and a space to search for specific words and phrases. The search will return links to archived pages.


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A typical edition will consist of a front page and six other newspages. Each of these pages can be reached by links near the top and bottom of the pages.


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Classified pages are updated daily. Employment listings are free, as are listings for accommodations wanted, articles for sale and articles wanted. The tourism page and the real estate sales and real estate rentals are updated daily.


Advertising information

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Contacting us

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Alejandro
Happy Birthday,
Alejandro!
 
Walking and almost ready to run!
 
Love,
Grandma
Angela
Del
                Rey

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Stately homes built for the rich like this one can be found in Barrio Escalante in the eastern part of San José.  The barrio is now mixed use with some of the homes turned into commercial use and new commercial constructions going up where some homes have been demolished.

stately home
Alianza Francesa photo

A jewel of a barrio is on the agenda for a walking tour Oct. 19
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There is a jewel of a barrio that has not yet been traversed by a troop led by Andrés Fernández, an architect and historian.

But Barrio Escalante is on the agenda for Oct. 19.

Fernández is the man who has led walking tours of the capital's churches, barrios Amón and México and Los Yoses.

The emphasis is on the architecture, the origins of the residential areas and the history. The expeditions are sponsored by Alianza  Francesa, the French cultural organization.

According to an announcement, Barrio Escalante was founded by a family of that name around 1940 when the land began to change from coffee farms.

The tour also is part of the celebration of the 200th birthday of San José and begins at 9 a.m. Prior registration with Alianza  Francesa is required, and the fee is 18,000 colons for the public
 and 15,000 colons for Alianza members. That includes brunch at the Bar Buenos Aires at Avenida 11 and Calle 23, just north of the Santa Teresita church and at the western border of Barrio Escalante.

The barrio is one of the few to have its own Web page. Today it has mixed commercial and residential use. In the 1940s it was to where the rich moved, and the architecture reflects this.

The barrio is some 52 blocks bordered on the north by the Río Torres, on the east by Calle 37 and to the south by Avenida Central. The barrio contains the Antigua Aduana, which has been reborn as a place for dance, theater and exhibitions.

The barrio also is known for the Farolito, the street lamp in a traffic circle that is used as a point of reference, as well as Parque Francia.

Reservations can be made at the Alianza  Francesa locations in Barrio Amón, la Sabana or Heredia. The organization plans a similar tour in Santo Domingo de Heredia Dec. 7


Jacó will be getting tourism boost with four-day music festival
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Jacó will get a truism boost in January with Jungle Jam IV. Organizers said that 2,000 persons showed up last year, and they expect even more this year.

The event is from Jan. 16 to 19, and a four-day pass is $149.

Organizers said Tuesday that these groups have agreed to participation: G. Love and Friends, Karl Denson’s Tiny Universe, Dumpstaphunk, Max Creek, The Expendables, Nicki Bluhm And The Gramblers, Oteil Burbridge, Zach Deputy, Ryan Montbleau Band, Kung Fu and dopapod. Another headliner is Slightly Stoopid.

Said the festival organizers:

"The one-of-a-kind music and camping festival in Jacó, Costa Rica, is hosted by the beautiful DoceLunas Resort Hotel and includes concerts at multiple locations in the area, including
beachfront venues, late night clubs and local theaters, all designed to create an up-close and personal concert experience.  It is not unusual for bands to play multiple days at Jungle Jam. Nor is it unusual for sets to turn into big jam sessions."

“This year’s line-up represents a mix of genres and styles that fit in perfect harmony with the culture, surroundings and the vibe of Costa Rica.  Roots Reggae, Funk, Soul, Hip Hop, Fusion, Americana, Jam and Electronic it's all here,” aid Eric Freitas, event producer for Jungle Jam IV.

Organizers have set up a campground for visitors, but they also promote a string of local hotels.

Most Jungle Jam IV performances will take place during the evenings allowing attendees the opportunity to take advantage of all that Costa Rica has to offer from zip line adventures across the rain forest, boat cruises to see crocodiles, surfing lessons, day trips to Manuel Antonio National Park and much more, said organizers. The event has set up this Web site.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday,  Oct. 9, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 200
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Three killings results in three separate arrests, including that of security guard
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A security guard is accused of shooting a co-worker in Guadalupe, and judicial agents discovered the body of a man tied hands and feet in Desamparados.

And in Alajuelita agents detained a man who is a suspect in a drive-by motorcycle murder in the same community.

All this happened Monday.

The case of the security guard took place in El Carme de Guadalupe. Dead is a 34-year-old man with the last name of Marín.

He died about 5 p.m. Monday from a bullet to the head. Agents  confiscated a .38-caliber firearm from the 27-year-old security guard.

A woman also was in the workplace when the shooting took place, but she was not injured, said the Judicial Investigating Organization. Agents are unsure of the motive for the murder.
The Desamparados case began when agents said they received a confidential
tip that a man was hiding a body in a dwelling. The victim in this case was identified later by the last name of Pérez. He was 43, agents said.

After getting the tip, agents watched the home in which the victim had resided. When the suspect emerged from the home Monday, agents said he matched the description given by the confidential caller. They detained him on the public street and then entered the home. Inside the home they found the body tied hands and feet with blood on the head. But there was no indication immediately on how the man died.

In the Alajuelita case, two men on a motorcycle gunned down the driver of a sports utility vehicle about 8 p.m. Monday. The victim, subsequently identified as a 27-year-old man with the last name of Delgado, was dead at the scene from multiple gunshot wounds.

Not long afterwards, the Fuerza Pública and judicial agents detained a motorcycle driver who matched the description of one of the assailants, they said. That was in Aurora de Alajuelita. Agents said they also confiscated a firearm.

 
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fact-filled tour for your money. Winner of the 2010 Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the most UNIQUE and OUTSTANDING tour in Latin America. This  is the ONLY relocation/retirement tour really APPROVED with a LEGAL tour guide to operate in Costa Rica by the government’s Institute of Tourism ICT (license number DL-658-2004) in 2004. ALL tours are personally led by Christopher Howard, the author of the perennial best-selling ”New Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica,” the MOST read authority on living and 
Christ Howard with Max
retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

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Howard Spanish cover

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    * The 545-page “Official Guide to Real Estate in Costa Rica”
    * Speak Spanish like a Costa Rican! “The Official Guide to Costa Rican Spanish”
    * Christopher Howard’s “Official Guide to Costa Rica’s Legal System for Tontos
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7964-6/9/13

Ready For a Vacation to Costa Rica?
VacationsCostaRica.com offers customized, upscale vacations to Costa Rica, planned by our team of in-country travel experts. Call us Toll Free: 1-800-606-1860 or locally in San Jose: 2296-7715.  We also offer trips to Panama, visit: VacationToPanama.com. Are you a fisherman? Our local experts will help arrange fishing trips to Costa Rica, just click HERE!
7699-3/4/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom


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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Palmares


Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our Web page: palmarescostarica.us
8109-11/10/13

Unfurnished 2-bedroom 2-bathroom house.. One large room for living room, dining room and kitchen. Separate bath.  2 bedrooms with bath on second floor. Washroom. Large 3-bay garage with bathroom, secure  for warehousing and storage. Located  approximately 6 miles east of San José and 1 mile west of Concepcion Tres Rios.  Map on request.  Telephone installed, cable and Internet available.  $250 a month plus utilities. 6 months minimum lease, deposit. Available after Oct. 15.  Tel. 2256-9426 bobbyruf@ice.co.cr 
8100-11/3/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8106-11/21/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8104-11/21/13

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8093-10/16/13

house for rent
House for rent on a large property surrounded by fruit trees and garden on a bus line. Fully furnished, complete laundry room, two bedrooms plus extra room for office, security, electric gate, Internet available.  Located in Monte de la Cruz, San Rafael de Heredia. $475 monthly. Call 2267-6306  Or email: bonillaleda@yahoo.com.
8092-10/20/13

Cute rental house
Beautiful and cozy mountain cottages
in San Rafael de Heredia.
Surrounded by nature. Bus line service. Security.
One or two bedrooms, one or two baths.
$500 or $425, monthly with furniture.
$325 or $250 without furniture. No bills included.
MORE INFO:  lizrutbeth@gmail.com  (506) 8739-0638.
8083-10/10/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8054-2/16/14

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
7968-7/17/13
7875-4/11/13

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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday,  Oct. 9, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 200
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Pacific Estates

new sub
University of Washington graphic
Cyclops is designed to be the first submersible with a hull made from carbon fiber and glass.

U.S. university constructing
its own deep diver submarine

By the University of Washington news service

For the past 70 years, students and professors at the University of Washington’s Applied Physics Laboratory has conducted ocean research and engineering. Now they are teaming up with a local submersible company to build an innovative five-person submarine that would travel to almost two miles below the ocean’s surface.

When completed in 2016, it will be the first deep-sea manned submersible project for the university.

“What a terrific asset for the UW to have access to one of the few available manned submarines in the U.S.,” said principal investigator Robert Miyamoto, who directs the lab’s industry and defense programs. “If someday students routinely had the opportunity to go on a manned sub, I think the research in deep-ocean science would explode.”

The submarine, named Cyclops, has a carbon-fiber hull that can take passengers to 3,000 meters (9,842 feet) – deeper than all but a handful of existing subs.

“Most people don’t appreciate there are not very many private or commercial subs,” said Stockton Rush, CEO of OceanGate Inc., an Everett, Washington, company that charters submarines. He says there are about 600 military subs worldwide, but only about 100 certified civilian subs, and most of those are on private yachts or in storage.

For the past year and a half, members of Miyamoto’s team have leased a campus lab with OceanGate. The group has gone through more than 20 prototype designs before settling on the recently unveiled plan.

The carbon-fiber hull is shaped like a bullet that can plunge down to depth in less than 60 minutes. Once the vessel reaches depth, it rotates to its cruising orientation. The passenger seats pivot in order to stay upright.

The Boeing Co. worked with OceanGate and the university on initial design analysis of the seven-inch-thick pressure vessel. The design uses a strategy where each strip of carbon fiber and resin is precisely placed to ensure that there will be no gaps or weak points. The battery will be a lithium-polymer design that will also make the sub lighter and able to dive longer and faster than traditional subs.

The front viewing area, for which the vehicle is named, is designed as a 5-foot-wide dome of 4-inch-thick glass. Passengers will sit inside the dome to have a 180-degree view.

The collaboration was worked out through the university's Center for Commercialization. For OceanGate, the university offers ocean engineers who are used to working on challenging problems and access to wider campus expertise. For the university, it’s a chance to test new sensor, manipulators and control systems, and give researchers and students a front-row seat to explore the deep sea.

Miyamoto and Rush say they plan to integrate modern control systems into the vehicle, replacing the many dials and levers used on today’s submersibles with joysticks and more automated control systems that allow it to operate with a single pilot.

“It’s like going from Model T to the Tesla,” Rush said.

The university portion of the project is funded by a $5 million industry grant from OceanGate.


Democratic congressmen held
after rowdy immigration march


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Thousands of people have marched on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., to demand that Congress pass a measure that would overhaul the U.S. immigration system, and in particular, provide a path to legal status for illegal immigrants.
 
Capitol police Tuesday arrested nearly 200 people, including eight members of Congress, who allegedly engaged in acts of civil disobedience as part of the rally.
 
Those arrested included Democratic congressmen John Lewis, Luis Gutiérrez, Raúl Grijalva, Keith Ellison, John Crowley, Charles Rangel, Al Green, and Jan Schakowsky.
 
Prospects for passage of a comprehensive immigration bill appear dim.
 
A bill passed by the Democratic-controlled Senate and backed by the White House includes billions of dollars for border security as well as a 13-year path to citizenship for those already in the U.S. illegally.
 
Most House Republicans have rejected this comprehensive approach, and it is unclear if they will ever pass legislation that could form the basis for a final deal with the Senate.
 
The rally was held even though the National Mall is officially closed due to the partial government shutdown.
 
The National Parks Service said the immigration rally is being allowed because it is considered an act of free speech protected by the Constitution.


New alliance seeks to spread
net to underdeveloped lands


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Millions of people around the world are being left behind, unable to get the information they need to better their lives because they cannot afford internet access. 

Now that is about to change. The newly launched Alliance for Affordable Internet aims to drive down the cost of broadband Internet access in developing countries.

The alliance, which is backed by 30 companies and organizations such as tech titans Google, Microsoft and Facebook as well as the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Department of State and the UK Department for International Development, wants to help broadband Internet access prices fall to below 5 percent of monthly worldwide income.

The group says this would allow two-thirds of the people currently not connected to connect.

The alliance says that in developed countries the price of fixed broadband as a share of per capita gross national income has dropped 823 percent. Those costs represent only 1.7 percent of monthly income. In the developing world, the price of broadband is a staggering 30.1 percent of average monthly incomes, the alliance reported.

“The majority of the world’s people are still not online, usually because they can’t afford to be. In Mozambique, for example, a recent study showed that using just 1GB of data can cost well over two months’ wages for the average citizen, said Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web and founder of the World Wide Web Foundation.

He added that “the result of high prices is a digital divide that slows progress in vital areas such as health, education and science.”

“With the advent of affordable smartphones, new undersea cables and innovations in wireless spectrum usage, there is simply no good reason for the digital divide to continue. The real bottleneck now is anti-competitive policies that keep prices unaffordable. The alliance is about removing that barrier and helping as many as possible get online at reasonable cost,” Berners-Lee said.

The alliance cites some startling statistics about the digital divide. In the developing world, only 31 percent of the population is online, compared to 77 percent in the developed world. Ninety percent of households not connected to the Internet are in the developing world. In Africa, for example, only 16 percent of people are using the Internet, half the penetration rates of Asia.

To bridge the divide, the alliance says it will start with in-country engagements with three to four countries and will expand to 15 by the end of 2015. The group plans to issue an annual affordability report starting this December.

“Nearly two out of every three people don’t have access to the Internet.  This is a massive challenge that can’t easily be solved by a single solution or player,” said Jennifer Haroon of Google. “The world needs technical innovation and vision to bring more people online, but we also need a strong policy foundation that allows new ideas to flourish. By working alongside alliance partners, we can help lay the groundwork needed to drive innovation and bring the power of the Internet to more people," she said.


Cosmetic survey notes show
Marilyn Monroe had chin fix


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A physician's notes on Marilyn Monroe that indicate that the Hollywood sex symbol had undergone cosmetic surgery will be up for sale next month along with a set of her X-rays, an auction house said Tuesday.
 
The set of six X-rays and a file of doctors' notes that offer a partial medical history of the “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes” actress from 1950 to 1962, are expected to fetch between $15,000 and $30,000 at auction Nov. 9 and 10, said Julien's Auctions in Beverly Hills, California.
 
The notes, written by Hollywood plastic surgeon Michael Gurdin, appear to confirm speculation that Ms. Monroe, who epitomized glamor and set a standard of movie star beauty during the latter part of Hollywood's golden era, went under the knife for cosmetic reasons.
 
The seller, who is so far unnamed, received the items as a gift from Gurdin.
 
“Nobody really thought about Marilyn Monroe having plastic surgery. It was always speculation. Did she or didn't she?” said Martin Nolan, executive director of Julien's Auctions. “They thought she was such a natural beauty, they didn't want to believe.”
 
Gurdin's notes include references to a 1950 cartilage implant in Ms. Monroe's chin, which he observed to have slowly begun to dissolve.
 
Monroe's biggest films, such as 1953's “How to Marry a Millionaire,” 1955's “The Seven Year Itch” and 1959's “Some Like It Hot,” were all shot after 1950.
 
“Also at that time, going back to the 1950s, people didn't go for plastic surgery procedures,” Nolan added. “This is very, very new.”
 
The X-rays are dated June 7, 1962, after Ms. Monroe saw Gurdin following a late night fall and two months before the actress would die at age 36 from an overdose of barbiturates. The death was ruled a probable suicide.
 
Ms. Monroe would also be fired by studio 20th Century Fox from the unfinished film “Something's Got to Give” the following day for her constant absences.
 
The X-rays include Monroe's frontal facial bones, a composite right and left X-ray of the sides of her nasal bones and dental X-rays of the roof of her mouth.
 
A set of three chest X-rays of Monroe from 1954 sold for $45,000 at a 2010 auction.
 
A self-published memoir by Beverly Hills plastic surgeon Norman Leaf in 2010 claimed that Ms. Monroe underwent cosmetic surgery on her chin in 1950, citing the same notes made by Gurdin, Leaf's medical partner.
 
Leaf also states in his memoir that Monroe underwent a slight rhinoplasty procedure on the tip of her nose.
 
A radiologist's notes included in the lot determined that there was no damage to Monroe's nose from the fall, but a recent evaluation of the X-rays found a minute fracture, the auction house said.
 
Doctors used the name “Joan Newman” as Ms. Monroe's alias on the X-rays which list her height as 5 feet, 6 inches (1.68 m) and her weight as 115 pounds (52 kilos).
 
Gurdin's notes were first drawn up in 1958 when the actress complained about a chin deformity and the note listed her married name, Marilyn Miller. She was married to playwright Arthur Miller from 1956 to 1961.
 
The notes also indicate that Ms. Monroe suffered from neutropenia, a low level of a white blood cell type, in 1956 while in England and had an ectopic pregnancy in 1957.


Scientists discover secret
of super swimmer jellyfish


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Those jellyfish seemingly floating and bobbing along with the waves have a secret.

New research shows the gelatinous creatures are among the best swimmers in the ocean, which could be an important reason they have been so successful as a species.

“We find that jellyfish exhibit a unique mechanism of passive energy recapture, which can reduce metabolic energy demand by swimming muscles,” write the researchers in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “Contrary to prevailing views, this contributes to jellyfish being one of the most energetically efficient propulsors on the planet.”

Researchers said the results show why medusan swimmers – a name given to creatures like jellyfish that resemble Medusa of Greek mythology – thrive despite their simple body plan. They added that the research could have implications for bio-inspired design, where low-energy propulsion is required. Previous theories about the success of jellyfish assumed the creatures were about to adapt to changing water temperatures and take advantage of a decline in other potential predators due to overfishing.

Brad J. Gemmell at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole in Massachusetts and a team of other researchers studied the movement of jellyfish with funding from the U.S. Navy, which had expressed interest in non-traditional propulsion.

The key to Gemmell’s findings lies with the jellyfish’s second thrust when moving. Scientist have long known jellyfish move by squeezing water through the bell that forms ahead of their body. Scientists have also understood that jellyfish derive some forward momentum when the bell refills with water, but until now, it hadn’t been understood how much propulsion this secondary thrust generates.

As it turns out, the second thrust accounts for 32 percent of the jellyfish’s forward movement, and the kicker is it requires no energy. It’s a purely mechanical movement, like a rubber band snapping back after being stretched.

The findings could lead to more efficient underwater robots that could ostensibly prowl the seas for years, sending back data.


Obama again declines to talk
unless shutdown is terminated

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Barack Obama says he is open to broad budget talks and a potential short term debt limit deal. But he says he will not sit down with Republicans while a government shutdown continues and Americans are subject to what he calls extortion by extreme elements in the Republican Party. 

Obama spoke Tuesday after telephoning House of Representatives Speaker John Boehner, a Republican, to reiterate an offer to negotiate, but not while the partial government shutdown continues, or under the threat of a potential default.

He said he recognizes the difficulties of working together in a divided government and remains willing to work through a range of issues and negotiate on any topic. 

But he said he will not continue a pattern in which lawmakers hold Americans and the economy hostage to specific demands.

"We're not going to pay a ransom for America paying its bills.  That is something that should be non-negotiable, and everybody should agree on that.  Everybody should say one of the most valuable things that we have is America's creditworthiness.  This is not something we should even come close to fooling around with," said Obama.

Speaker Boehner Tuesday renewed his appeal for negotiations over Republican demands that have included dismantling or delaying key parts of the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, which took effect Oct. 1.

Boehner said nothing would be off the table in any negotiations.  But reacting to Obama's remarks, the Republican lawmaker suggested that the president is not providing room for compromise.

"What the president said today is, if there is unconditional surrender by Republicans, he will sit down and talk to us," said Boehner.

On Capitol Hill, Rep, Xavier Becerra, a Democrat, accused Republicans of ignoring poll numbers showing Americans are impatient with Republican tactics.

"We should be talking about strengthening the economy and building a stronger middle class.  Instead, we are trying to figure out why Republicans won't let us have a vote on reopening our government," said Becerra.

As the Oct. 17 deadline approaches for Congress to increase the government borrowing limit, the stalemate is fueling speculation that new so-called grand bargain deficit talks may be required.

Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell:

"This is not 2009 and 2010 when our friends on the other side had a total hammer lock on all the government.  We now have divided government.  It means we have to talk to each other and get to an outcome."

Obama reacted skeptically to a House Republican proposal to establish a House-Senate working group to seek further deficit reduction, modeled on a so-called super committee in 2011.

"What is not fair and will not result in an actual deal is ransom-taking, or hostage-taking, and the expectation that Democrats are providing ransom or providing concessions for the mere act of reopening the government, or paying our bills," said Obama.

The president also spoke about global implications for U.S. credibility of the political stalemate, and the potential of default.

He noted that the U.S. government shutdown forced him to miss attending the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Indonesia.

"I had to miss critical meetings in Asia to promote American jobs and businesses.  And although as long as we get this fixed, that is not long-term damage, whenever we do these things it hurts our credibility around the world, it makes it look like we don't have our act together," he said.

Obama said there were lost opportunities in the short term with countries that welcome the U.S. economic and strategic pivot to Asia, but he believes leaders understand that resolving the U.S. budget dispute is important for them.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
Casa del pacifico logo
Pacifica living
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

                      • Building completion services
                      • Interior design & decoration
                      • Custom furniture design & manufacturing.

Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
Serving region for 10 years.
We regularly exceed client expectations. We guarantee it.
Email: info@casadelpacifico.com
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com
8070-2/14/13


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8091-12/11/13

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
7949-11/15/13

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
7922-10/15/13



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 803
5,000 square meters of land and 175 square-meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia
2,000 square meters of land and 200 square-meters of construction.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8068-11/9/13

Real estate for sale (paid category)


montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx

sunset view
FREE FULL-DAY TOUR and property viewing – San Ramón! 
Come visit us in San Ramón and not only will we show you some great properties but we’ll also give you a FREE day-long tour of this terrific town with a relocation expert who has lived here for many years. Since 2006, CRC has been the area’s leading creator of socially-responsible communities for foreign retirees/investors and locals. “Easy access” to San Ramón does not mean living many miles outside of town, but less than 2 miles from everything you’ll need. Live near town but in an area that only feels a world away. None of our competitors have built a school, donated a water well and completed numerous projects for the community. A few stunning, direct ocean-view home sites of 1.25 acres to nearly 4 acres from only $55,000 remain in one of San Ramón’s most desirable residential communities. Please visit us at www.crcommunities.com or email us at CRCInformation@gmail.com to request a property showing AND your free full-day tour. Overnight accommodations can be arranged. Limited availability so please contact us today referencing “Free Tour” in your email: CRCInformation@gmail.com
8080-10/6/13

Pacific Estates

Pacific Estates is divided into three distinct sections called Pacific Landings, Pacific Hills and Pacific Acres. Pacific Landings includes unique 2 & 3 bedroom homes incorporating pole house construction, cathedral ceilings, balconies on both the front and back of the house and eco-friendly elements. The homes also include granite counter tops, state-of-the-art stainless steel kitchen appliances, washer & dryer hook ups, internet connectivity and zone controlled A/C. These homes feature 1,290 square feet under A/C space and 1,537 square feet under A/C space with an optional Loft. To learn more about Pacific Estates, schedule a No Obligation Free Virtual Tour today by clicking here!
8087-10/18/13

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8082-10/9/13

Nicoya
                                views
Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD, axelspecial@gmail.com    Cell 8916-5550.
8061-xxxxx

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/user/CasaDelSolCostaRica
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email combrokers@aol.com
88059-xxxx

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
8058-11/15/13

Naranjo views

NARANJO VIEW PROPERTY READY TO BUILD: ALL PERMISSIONS

4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone
Email monicacal@mac.com
8034-8/19/13

Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

Real estate services
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Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose,  Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas.  And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive ground-work that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to  even greater success.  Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com
8081-10/9/13

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday,  Oct. 9, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 200
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Genetically modified corn
called safer for environment


By the Entomological Society of America news service

A new study finds that genetically-modified sweet corn is better for the environment and safer for farm workers.

Since 1996, corn containing a gene that allows it to create a protein that is toxic to certain insects, yet safe for human consumption, has been grown in the United States. However, most of this Bt corn has been used for animal feed or processed into corn meal, starch, or other products. Although varieties of sweet corn have existed since the late 1990s, relatively few acres have been planted.

Due to pressure from activist groups, some grocery stores have refused to carry Bt sweet corn. However, a new study published in the Journal of Economic Entomology suggests that Bt sweet corn is better for the environment because it requires fewer pesticide applications than conventional corn.

"Our data suggest that using Bt sweet corn will dramatically reduce the use of traditional insecticides," the authors wrote. "Based on the performance of Bt field corn, growers should realize increased profits and there will be less risk to non-target organisms, including natural enemies that help suppress pest densities."

The study, "Multi-State Trials of Bt Sweet Corn Varieties for Control of the Corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," analyzed the performance of Bt sweet corn, comparing its rate of infestation and marketability to genetically identical varieties that lacked Bt proteins. In 2010 and 2011, sweet corn trials were conducted in New York, Minnesota, Maryland, Ohio and Georgia, locations that differ in climate, management practices and pest pressure. The authors found that for pest management of the corn earworm, Bt sweet corn consistently performed better than its non-Bt counterparts, even those that were sprayed with conventional insecticides.

"Across multiple states and multiple years, Bt sweet corn performed better and required fewer sprays to meet market standards," said Cornell University entomologist Anthony Shelton. "One of the most spectacular examples occurred in New York plots in 2010: the Bt sweet corn had 99 to 100 percent marketable ears without any sprays and, even with eight conventional insecticide sprays, the non-Bt corn had only 18 percent marketable ears. This wasn't much better than the 6 percent marketable ears produced in the plots that received no sprays at all.”

The authors predict that growers could realize increased profits with Bt sweet corn because of lower inputs and higher marketability, while simultaneously conserving populations of beneficial insects that keep damaging pests at bay.

"The use of Bt vegetables could significantly reduce the use of conventional insecticides and, in turn, reduce occupational and environmental risks that arise from intensive insecticide use," Shelton said.


Lawyer is now on radio
with opinion and advice


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican lawyer Gregory Kearney Lawson is now a radio personality.

Kearney said that he has been sharing the microphone with journalist Fernando Arias for a show three times a week, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday on Sonora Radio 700 A.M. at 3 p.m.

The show is titled "El Pellizco," the pinch in English.  Kearney said that the show received callers and there is discussion and opinion on news events of the day. He also said he gives legal advice and some information in English while his associate announces electronic classified advertising for listeners.

Kearney also is a legislative candidate for the new Partido Advance Nacional for San José province.
 




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From Page 7:

Chamber survey: Lower confidence
by operators of commercial enterprises


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The commercial sector is counting on the Christmas season to give the economy a boost.

The boost appears to be needed because confidence of business people is at a three-year low, according to a survey by the Cámara de Comercio de Costa Rica. The results of the survey, reflecting hopes and aspirations past the end of 2013, were released Tuesday.

The chamber cited data from the Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social that showed the commercial sector had lost 1,644 jobs so far this year.

The survey considered four variables, the economy, the respondent's firm, employment and sales, based on the results of the last six months and the hopes for the next six months.

Francisco Llobet, chamber president, said that despite the results, the organization believes that increased sales over Christmas will raise the overall level of confidence.

The survey showed that only 19 percent of the firms surveyed plan to increase their investments in the short term. And those that said they would do so are the larger companies, according to the survey.

Some 23 percent of the firms said they would reduce the workforce, compared to 18 percent that plan increases in employees.

The employer lack of confidence appears to stem from the assessment of the current state of the economy and a perception that exports are slowing down, said the chamber.