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A.M. Costa Rica
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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 188                 Email us
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Cascata del Bosco




World Cup tourism promotion push to be like 2006
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The tourism industry will be promoting the country heavily at the World Cup soccer championship in Brazil next year.

The Cámera Nacional de Turismo said it wants to expose the country as a world-class tourism destination in a strategy similar to what was done in 2006 during the World cup events in Germany. Seven years ago Costa Rica spent $4.2 million. News files show that $2.7 million was spent on television ads.

The country's national team has qualified to play in the Brazilian tournament next June.

There also were some newspaper promotions and a booth set up at the main stadium, according to news stories at the time.

The World Cup in 2006 was from June 9 to July 9.

A check of tourism statistics for the period June 2006 showed that German tourism actually dropped when compared to the previous year. The Germans, it seems, stayed home to watch the World Cup. In June 2005 there were 1,841 German tourists visiting Costa Rica, based on statistics from the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería.

The next year, the year of the World Cup, there were 1,650. There was a similar drop in July. That month is 2005 3,156 Germans came to visit. In 2006, the number was 2,867.
German tourists in Costa Rica*

June
July
Total
2005
1,841
3,156
38,523
2006
1,650
2,867
37,847
2007
2,053
3,169
40.295
*Source: Immigration statistics.


There was not a lot of difference for the entire year. In 2005, the country hosted 38,523, said the immigration statistics. In 2006 the number was 37,847.

However, visitors from all of Europe were up slightly in 2006. In 2005 there were 232,889 European tourists. In 2006 there were 234,681. The promotion might have had an effect in 2007 when 271,631 Europeans including 40,295 Germans visited the country. That is 1,112 more Germans than in 2005.

The tourism chamber also expects that local travel agencies will benefit from the World Cup because Costa Ricans will be going to Brazil. In 2006, the chamber said, 2,373 Costa Ricans went to Germany. The expectation net year is that many more will go to Brazil

A.M. Costa Rica published an editorial critical of the promotional expenses for the World Cup in Germany and said that "We suspect the money was spent so assorted public officials would have an excuse to attend the World Cup opening game of Costa Rica against Germany."


Officials have big plans for zoo and Santa Ana land
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The environmental ministry says it will appeal a restraining order placed by a judge to prevent any action toward the operators of the San José zoo.

That was the word from Lorena Guevara, vice minister of Ambiente y Energía, as she met Thursday with other officials and zoo neighbors to outline plans for when the zoo is gone.

The ministry is trying to eliminate the zoo for philosophical reasons and also because of conditions there.  As reported Friday,  the zoo operator, the Fundación Pro Zoológicos, said that the temporary restraining order had been issued by a judge in the Tribunales de Justicia de lo Contencioso Administrativo. This is the judicial section that evaluates government actions.

The foundation is challenging the ministry's decision not to renew a lease for the zoo and the Centro de Conservación de Santa Ana. The restraining order does not address the merits of the  Fundación Pro Zoológicos, which said that the 10-year contract renewed automatically because notice came late. A future trial will address the merits.

The meeting Thursday was with residents mostly of Barrio Amón. According to the plans, the current Zoológico y Jardín Botánico Nacional Simón Bolívar would become simply a biological park when the zoo lease expires next year.

The land in north San José is not being used for cultural purposes or sports, said Manuel Obregón, minister of Cultura y Juventud, according to a summary issued by his ministry. The ministry plans a joint effort with the environmental ministry.

The plan calls for native trees to be planted in the area that is now the zoo. The Universidad de Costa
adobe house
Centro de Investigación y Conservación
del Patrimonio Cultural photo
This is adobe dwelling on Santa Ana property.

Rica also has proposed a section devoted to orchids, said the vice minister.

The site in Santa Ana is some 51 hectares, about 126 acres. It is the former Lorne and Elizabeth Ross property. The family donated the land in 1976. The proposal is to create a park named after Lorne Ross. The land had been owned by the family for three generations. The family is originally from Scotland.

The Fundación Lorne & Elizabeth Ross has been working for three years to create the park. The Municipalidad de Santa Ana has been behind the effort, too.

The land has been used for agriculture, including sugar cane, coffee and rice, according to the foundation, but there are old growth trees and some 70 species of birds living there, it said.

An adobe house on the property was declared a national heritage site in 1990. The foundation said it is called Hacienda La Lornessa and dates from the 18th century.

The Fundación Pro Zoológicos has been managing this property for 19 years, too, and there are some animals caged here. The environment ministry has proposed putting up a regional office there, and the Municipalidad de Santa Ana also wants the land.


Physician faces allegation of injection gone wrong
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents detain a medical doctor Friday at her home in San Joaquín de Flores, Heredia, on an allegation that she had injected a substance into the buttock of a patient and caused damage.

The woman, who has the last name of Piedra, was not jailed, said the Poder Judicial. Instead, prosecutors were seeking restrictive measures against
 her, including a prohibition of doing any surgeries until the case is resolved.

The Poder Judicial said that agents were working on a complaint filed two months ago which related to a surgical procedure in 2011.

Prosecutors were reported seeking others who may have been patients of the physician and suffered any type of damage after cosmetic procedures.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 188

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Spprts,em's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Legal services

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President seeking support
for United Nations and OAS


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Laura Chinchilla plans to meet with Ban ki-Moon, secretary general of the United Nations, and José Miguel Insulza of the Organization of American States this week.

She is seeking help after the government of Nicaragua violated sanctions laid down by the World Court in The Hague and punched through two channels from the Río San Juan to the Caribbean.

She is not likely to get an extensive hearing because the United Nations is deeply involved in the situation in Syria.

The main adversary is Daniel Ortega, the Nicaragua president, who each day makes more outrageous claims.

Ortega distracted Costa Rican officials by seeking to reclaim Guanacaste, which voted to join with Costa Rica in 1824. He also is involved in a maritime dispute with Colombia, which is choosing to ignore a World Court ruling giving Nicaragua some 75,000 square miles of ocean, which may be rich in petroleum.

If Nicaragua will not accept the World Court ruling, Ortega said that San Andres and adjacent islands will be reclaimed by his country. The islands are off the Nicaragua east coast in the Caribbean.

Casa Presidencial here has yet to explain fully how Nicaragua could dredge two channels at the Isla Calero without these efforts becoming known to Costa Rican police stationed in the area.

The foreign ministry outlined its case against Nicaragua to foreign diplomats accredited here in a session Friday.

Botched stickup in Grecia
leads to prolonged standoff

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Four men tried to stick up a Gallo appliance store in Grecia at closing time Friday night.

They were unaware that their activities were being watched from a central video monitoring location.

So when the men tried to leave the store, they were faced with police outside. In a short time, the entire facility was surrounded.

The men decided to hole up in the store and kept the employee captive.

The drama continued until 2:30 a.m. Saturday when four suspects finally surrendered and released their hostage. Negotiators from the Judicial Investigating Organization had been at the scene talking to the men inside the store, the agency said.

Truck full of illegals found
heading south near Jacó


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents in Jacó stopped a truck shortly after midnight Saturday and found 25 persons being transported south for agricultural work. There were 16 adults and nine youngsters, said the Judicial Investigating Organization.

Two men, believed to have been in charge of the transportation were detained on human trafficking charges,

The passengers, all illegal Nicaraguan immigrants, paid up to 300,000 colons, about $600, each for passage to the Pérez Zeledón region where they were to seek work.

Bug  repellent distributed
to fight dengue epidemic


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Residents of Limón have free containers of insect repellent as part of the national campaign against dengue and the mosquito that carries the virus.

The repellent came from Compañía Farmacéutica S.A and the samples were the first of some 50,000 that will be distributed around the county in 10 areas with high incidence of dengue.

El Diario Extra, the Spanish-language newspaper, also is involved in the distribution. More than 30,000 Costa Ricans have been treated for dengue this year.


Telephone rates going up

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones has approved an 80 percent increase in monthly rates of fixed-line devices. The basic rate of 1,850 colons ($3.70) will go to 3.339 colons ($6.68) when the decision is published in the official newspaper. There also is an increase in the cost of each call between fixed line phones. That rate is going from 4.2 colons per call to 7.6 colons per call. That's about an 85 percent increase. However, the decision also cut the cost of a phone call from a fixed line to a cellular phone from 30 close to 21.9 colons each.

Despite the increases, the rate-setting agency said the average consumer would see an increase of about 26 percent a month.  That is because there are varying amounts of free calls.

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users guide

This is a brief users guide to A.M. Costa Rica.

Old pages

Each day someone complains via e-mail that the newspages are from yesterday or the day before. A.M. Costa Rica staffers check every page and every link when the newspaper is made available at 2 a.m. each week day.

So the problem is with the browser in each reader's computer. Particularly when the connection with the server is slow, a computer will look to the latest page in its internal memory and serve up that page.

Readers should refresh the page and, if necessary, dump the cache of their computer, if this problem persists. Readers in Costa Rica have this problem frequently because the local Internet provider has continual problems.


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The A.M. Costa Rica search page has a list of all previous editions by date and a space to search for specific words and phrases. The search will return links to archived pages.


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A typical edition will consist of a front page and six other newspages. Each of these pages can be reached by links near the top and bottom of the pages.


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Classified pages are updated daily. Employment listings are free, as are listings for accommodations wanted, articles for sale and articles wanted. The tourism page and the real estate sales and real estate rentals are updated daily.


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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 188
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Beach concession holders may be getting a break on annual fee
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Expats who have concession property in the maritime zone may be getting a break.

Municipalities have jacked up the rentals on the properties, and there have been major complaints around the country. Many of these expats obtained their concessions years ago and constructed vacation homes or primary residences between 50 and 200 meters above mean high tide line.

This is the property that usually cannot be titled. By law the maritime zone belongs to the state. But the municipalities and the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo can issue concessions, and they have done so many times.

The problem developed when the municipal tax collectors raised the price of the annual cánon or rental fee. Sometimes the increases were enormous. The increases were keyed to the fees that major hotels and other enterprises were paying to take over concessions.

Last December, A.M. Costa Rica reported on a Canadian who faced soaring fees in Playa Matapalo. The municipal tax collector wanted $4,300. That's more than a 515 percent increase from the previous year's payment of $700.
Finally President Laura Chinchilla and other officials have issued a decree putting a limit on what the cánon can be.

The fee for homeowners is limited to a maximum of 3 percent of the value of the holding. Hotels and other recreational facilities face fees of up to 4 percent. Commercial operations in the maritime zone or mineral or gravel operations pay 5 percent, according to the decree.

In addition, low-income residents who live in a permanent home can only be assessed a quarter of a percent.

Of course, the municipal officials are under no obligation to charge the maximums, so the concession holders have their next effort at the various municipal councils.

The decree said that the fees were being capped based on the principal of proportionality and equality. The decree was published July 24 but was not widely known.

The 1977 Zona Marítimo Terrestre law, as it is called, prohibits most construction within the first 50 meters above mean high tide. Many hotels and other facilities are in the next 150 meters, and there have been some well-known bars and restaurants destroyed by officials because they encroached on the first 50 meters.


Government promoting telecommuting to ease highway mess
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The central government is calling upon its agencies to increase by 400 percent the number of public employees who are working from home. Casa Presidencial has been promoting work-at-home policies, but now that there are serious deficiencies in the metro area road network, officials want the estimated 1,000 persons telecommuting to be increased to 4,000 so that at least that many cars can be taken off the road.

Motorists Friday suffered through another day of bumper-to-bumper travel. Tie ups in the La Sabana area were particularly bad, motorists said. The big problem now is that the Circunvalación is out of service between Hatillo and the Pavas exit. Temporary repairs are not expected to be done for nearly two months.

At the job site, the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said that workmen were installing pilings along the east bank of the Río María Aguilar to keep the soil from eroding. When that work is done, a similar effort will stabilize the west bank. Then more pilings will be placed in the ground so that temporary bailey bridges can be reinstalled. The road was closed after the soil under temporary bailey bridges began to erode.

At Casa Presidencial Friday,  Alicia Avendaño, director of
pilings
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo
Workmen view the pile driver at the job site.

Gobierno Digital, outlined the central government's plan to boot telecommuting.

Those now working at home are mainly employees of the  Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad and state banks.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 188
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Sharks seen as being critically important to keeping coral reefs healthy
By the University of Toronto news service

A team of scientists from Canada and Australia has discovered that a decline in shark populations is detrimental to coral reefs.

“Where shark numbers are reduced due to commercial fishing, there is also a decrease in the herbivorous fishes which play a key role in promoting reef health,” said Jonathan Ruppert, a recent University of Toronto doctoral graduate. Ruppert was part of a team engaged in long-term monitoring of reefs off Australia's northwest coast.

Team leader Mark Meekan, of the Australian Institute of Marine Science, said that the results might, at first glance, seem strange.

“However our analysis suggests that where shark numbers are reduced, we see a fundamental change in the structure of food chains on reefs," Meekan said.

“We saw increasing numbers of mid-level predators – such as snappers – and a reduction in the number of herbivores such as parrotfishes," said Meekan. "The parrotfishes are very important to coral reef health because they eat the algae that would otherwise overwhelm young corals on reefs recovering from natural disturbances."

According to Ruppert, the study comes at an opportune time – coral reefs are facing a number of pressures both from direct human activity, such as over-fishing, as well as from climate change.

The reefs studied are about 300 kilometers off the coast of northwest Australia where Indonesian fishers target sharks – a practice stretching back several centuries and which continues under an Australian-Indonesian memorandum of understanding.

“The reefs provided us with a unique opportunity to isolate the impact of over-fishing of sharks on reef resilience, and assess that impact in the broader context of climate change pressures threatening coral reefs,” said
shark
A.M. Costa Rica file photo
This guy can keep the mid-level predators in check.

Ruppert. “Shark fishing appears to have quite dramatic effects on coral reef ecosystems.

"Given that sharks are in decline on reefs worldwide, largely due to the shark fin trade, this information may prove integral to restoration and conservation efforts.”

Tracking studies show that, in many cases, individual reef sharks are closely attached to certain coral reefs. This means that even relatively small marine-protected areas could be effective in protecting the top-level predators and allowing coral reefs to more fully recover from coral bleaching or large cyclones which are increasing in frequency due to the warming of the oceans as a result of climate change.

The study will appear in the September 28 issue of journal PLOS One.

 
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http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money.  Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk
Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. george@glundquist.com
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Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat
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Toll Free: 1-888-828-9245       In Costa Rica: (506)-2478-0023 or 8333-6863

Our Vision at Leaves and Lizards Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat is to create the perfect blend of Adventure, Discovery and Tranquility for each guest.  Plan an Adventure zooming along a zip line high in the canopy or horseback riding though forests, farms and rivers. Discover the magical wonders of the flora and fauna of Costa Rica. Experience Tranquility in one of our cabins tucked in our 26 acres. Located in Monterrey, San Carlos, in the mountains above Fortuna, we enjoy spectacular, panoramic views of the Arenal Volcano and its lava flow. Please see our Web site for more information. www.leavesandlizards.com or e-mail us at leavesandlizards@gmail.com.
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Costa Rica’s #1 Time –Tested Relocation/Retirement Tours
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Christ Howard with Max
retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

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A.M. Costa Rica
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See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)
Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8093-10/16/13

house for rent
House for rent on a large property surrounded by fruit trees and garden on a bus line. Fully furnished, complete laundry room, two bedrooms plus extra room for office, security, electric gate, Internet available.  Located in Monte de la Cruz, San Rafael de Heredia. $475 monthly. Call 2267-6306  Or email: bonillaleda@yahoo.com.
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Cute rental house
Beautiful and cozy mountain cottages
in San Rafael de Heredia.
Surrounded by nature. Bus line service. Security.
One or two bedrooms, one or two baths.
$500 or $425, monthly with furniture.
$325 or $250 without furniture. No bills included.
MORE INFO:  lizrutbeth@gmail.com  (506) 8739-0638.
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COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8054-2/16/14

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8072-9/19/13

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8026-7/17/13

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

1 bedroom with private bath. Rooms in large, 3.000 sq ft. historical mansion in heart of Barrio Amón.  Prices starting at $350. for long-term. Smoking ok in common areas. Includes electricity, water, commercial kitchen use, laundry, high-speed internet. 7078-6985. More info HERE!
8006-7/14/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8024-8/18/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8025-8/18/13

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
7968-7/17/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
7954-6/8/13
7875-4/11/13



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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 188
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Another climate change report
scheduled to be released Friday


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change brings together hundreds of the world’s leading scientists to study the effects of human activity on the Earth’s climate, the impact of climate change on the environment and civil society and ways to mitigate its effects.

Since 1990 the panel has issued four assessments; the fifth is due out Friday. The panel reports help governments and others make more informed decisions on climate issues.

The Fifth Assessment Report will be released in stages over the next year, beginning with an analysis of the physical science of climate change. The report is said to be a consensus of how and why the climate is changing and how it might change in the future.

“It will look at changes in the temperature of the atmosphere and oceans, changes in storms, rainfall patterns, droughts, and other extreme weather events, and the consequences of changes in glaciers and ice sheets for sea level rise," said Alden Meyer, a policy analyst for the Union of Concerned Scientists. "It will also assess the contributions to these changes from both human activities and natural factors.”

The report synthesizes peer-reviewed studies on climate change science released since the last report in 2007. It is an immense task that has engaged hundreds of authors, editors and reviewers from 47 countries. Meyer doesn’t expect any startling new findings.

“But it will validate and reinforce the findings of previous IPCC reports with probably an increased level of confidence in some areas,” Meyer said. 
   
James McCarthy played a lead role in the Third Assessment Report released in 2001. The Harvard oceanographer says that since the fourth report, climate science has advanced significantly. Much more is known, for example, about the heat content of the ocean, he says, as reflected in data from an immense array of floats in the world’s oceans.

“The ocean heat content has been steadily increasing over the last 20 years and although earlier data would have allowed us to make a statement like that, the precision, coming from these 3,500 floats, allows us to say this with much greater confidence," McCarthy said.

Also, McCarthy adds, a lot more is now known about the accelerated loss of ice from Greenland and Antarctica, and the projection of sea level rise connected to that loss. 

“If the ice melts on Greenland and Antarctica, how much will sea level rise? We’ll see now in the calculations for projected sea level rise that we didn’t see in 2007," he said. "So this will be a big improvement for people who are indeed looking with increasing concern at what might happen in coastal areas.” 

A draft version of the report leaked to the media last month states that the planet has warmed at a rapid pace since the 1950s and that it is extremely likely, 95 percent likely, that humans caused more than half of the observed changes, including melting snow and ice, sea level rise and climate extremes.
       
Climatologist Heidi Cullen with the non-profit group Climate Central says if that degree of certainty remains in the language of the report it will be significant.

“I think that with this report coming out, a statement like 95 percent certainty that human influence on climate is a result of our actions, that statement in and of itself, is quite profound," Cullen said. "We have altered the planet. Our actions have altered the planet, and we’re about as precise as you can get, as confident as you can get in that."

The Fifth Assessment Report will be released in Stockholm, followed by reports in 2014 on the impact of climate change and what can be done about it.

 
NASA comet probe declared
to be lost and silent in space


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

NASA is calling off attempts to find its Deep Impact comet probe after a suspected software glitch shut down radio communications in August, officials said.

The spacecraft was launched in January 2005 for a close-up study of Comet Tempel-1.

It was not just a passive experiment. The probe released an 820-pound (372-kg) metal slug that crashed into the comet's nucleus, triggering a shower of particles for analysis by the mother spacecraft and remote observatories.

Deep Impact continued its comet quest with a flyby of Hartley 2 in November 2010 and long-distance studies of other bodies, including the approaching Comet ISON. The spacecraft was also used to look for planets beyond the solar system.

NASA last heard from Deep Impact Aug. 8. Engineers suspect a software problem caused the spacecraft to lose its orientation system, cutting off radio contact with Earth in the process.

After a month of fruitless attempts to find the probe, NASA Friday announced it was formally ending the mission.

“Despite this unexpected final curtain call, Deep Impact already achieved much more than ever was envisioned,” Lindley Johnson, who oversees the program at NASA headquarters in Washington, said in a statement.

University of Maryland astronomer Michael A'Hearn, who led the Deep Impact science team, said in a separate statement: “I'm saddened by its functional loss. But, I am very proud of the many contributions to our evolving understanding of comets that it has made possible.”

“These small, icy remnants of the formation of our solar system are much more varied, both one from another and even from one part to another of a single comet, than we had ever anticipated,” said A'Hearn.

NASA had hoped Deep Impact would play a key role in observations of the approaching Comet ISON, a suspected first-time visitor to the inner solar system that was discovered in September 2012 by two Russian astronomers.

The comet is heading toward a close encounter with the sun in November, a brush that it may not survive.

Later this month, NASA's Mars Curiosity rover and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will attempt to catch a glimpse of the comet as it flies by Mars.


Smoking creates a DNA legacy
for four generations, study says


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

According to a new study, women who smoke while pregnant not only increase the risk that their children and grandchildren will develop asthma, but also that their great-grandchildren will face a higher risk for the sometimes deadly lung ailment. The findings come at a time when the number of asthma cases worldwide is climbing.

Experts have known for some time that women who smoke during pregnancy increase their non-smoking offspring’s and grandchildren's risk of developing asthma.

That’s because nicotine appears to make changes to DNA, creating a biological legacy, according to Virender Rehan, a neonatologist and biomedical researcher at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center in California.

“And we speculate ... on how nicotine might be affecting lung development in subsequent generations,” said Rehan.

Now comes the latest finding by Rehan and colleagues, suggesting expectant mothers who smoke also may transmit asthma to their non-smoking great-grandchildren.

In a study of pregnant rats, investigators gave the rodents daily injections of nicotine for almost three weeks until they gave birth.

A second group of pregnant rats received placebos or injections of an inactive substance. All of the rat pups were allowed to breast feed as much as they wanted before being weaned.

The young rats from the original mothers were then bred for up to three generations. At no time were any of these rodents exposed to nicotine.

Scientists next conducted a series of tests similar to those given to humans to diagnose the lung ailment. Rehan says the offspring of all of the rats exposed to nicotine showed signs of asthma.

“This is very well established that this is seen in the pups of the generation which is directly affected by nicotine. But the key findings of this study that we’ve taken not only the directly exposed generation, but to subsequent generation and then subsequent generation.”

Experts say some 300 million people around the world suffer from asthma, a condition sometimes requiring emergency medical care when the airways become inflamed and swell rapidly in reaction to triggers including dust, pollen or medications, causing a serious narrowing of the airways. The number of asthma sufferers is expected to climb to 400 million by 2025.

An article on smoking’s effect on the great-grandchildren of pregnant women is published in the American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology.


Deadly Middle East virus
seen moving among species


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Genetic analysis of samples of the deadly MERS virus that has killed 58 people in the Middle East and Europe shows the disease has jumped from animals to humans several times, scientists said.
 
At least 132 people have been infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus since it emerged about a year ago, and it has killed 58 of them, according to the World Health Organization.
 
While cases have been reported in people across the Middle East and in France, Germany, Italy, Tunisia and Britain, the vast majority of infections and deaths are in Saudi Arabia.
 
After conducting genome sequencing studies of the virus — from the same coronavirus family as the one that caused SARS a decade ago, British and Saudi researchers found several infection transmission chains and said they painted a picture of what they called lively pathogenic chatter between species.
 
“Our findings suggest that different lineages of the virus have originated from the virus jumping across to humans from an animal source a number of times,” said Paul Kellam, a professor of viral pathogenesis at Britain's Sanger Institute and University College London, who led the research.
 
His team sequenced and analyzed the genomes of MERS-CoV samples taken from 21 patients from across Saudi Arabia. They then combined the geographic locations of the patients with the time they were infected and the amount of genetic differences seen between the virus genomes.
 
This led them to what they called a “higher resolution picture of how the virus has spread and how its genome has changed over time.”
 
While the findings, published in the Lancet medical journal, cannot help scientists predict how likely MERS is to become more easily transmissible in people — and how likely to cause a human pandemic — they should help health experts develop more effective infection control measures to limit its spread.
 
The virus, a cousin of the coronavirus that caused a deadly outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002 and 2003, can cause coughing, fever and pneumonia.
 
As yet no firm evidence has been found on the so-called animal reservoir of MERS, although several recent studies have linked it to bats and to dromedary camels.
 
Various groups of scientists are conducting studies of other potential reservoir species, including goats, sheep, dogs, cats, rodents and others.
 
Ziad Memish, Saudi's deputy minister of health and one of the researchers on this latest study, said pinning down the animal source or sources would be critical in allowing health authorities to get on top of the outbreak.
 
Researchers and health officials say they take some solace from evidence showing that while the virus can spread from person-to-person, it does not do so easily and doesn't appear to be gaining a firm foothold as a human disease.
 
“Two mass gathering events attracting over 8 million pilgrims have occurred in Mecca, Saudi Arabia since the discovery of MERS-CoV 12 months ago — the annual haj in October 2012 and the July 2013 Ramadan Umrah season — and yet no MERS-CoV cases have been reported from these events to date,” said Ali Zumla, a professor of infectious diseases, who also worked on the study.
 
He added, however, that “despite the current minimal risk of global spread” and in the light of these latest genetic findings, “watchful surveillance and vigilance is required.”

 
iPhone release brings crowds
but no jump in Apple stock


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Thousands of iPhone enthusiasts queued up at Apple, Inc., stores around the world Friday as two new models of the smartphone went on sale, but Apple's shares ended slightly lower as investors wait for initial sales figures, due as early as next week.
   
Long lines formed outside stores in Sydney, Tokyo, New York, San Francisco and other cities as Apple broke with tradition and launched two iPhone models, the new top-of-the-line 5S and the less-expensive 5C, on the same day.
   
Apple watchers said early signs pointed to more demand for the 5S than last year's new model. But some cautioned that the size of the crowds this year may not be an accurate gauge because consumers were unable to order the more expensive model online ahead of time, as with previous launches.
   
"While it is likely some of this line is due to not having an early pre-order option for the 5S, we still believe it shows loyalty to the iPhone remains strong among Apple's installed base," said ISI Group analyst Brian Marshall. He estimates Apple will sell about 6 million units in the first three days.
   
Apple sold more than 5 million of the previous iPhone 5 units during its opening weekend last year.
   
A survey done by Piper Jaffray of 416 customers standing in lines outside of stores in New York, San Francisco and Minneapolis found that 95 percent of the people were planning to buy the 5S. Gene Munster, analyst with Piper Jaffray, estimates Apple will sell 5 million to 6 million iPhones over the weekend.
   
While Apple's stock dipped 1 percent by the close of trade, shares of Avago and TriQuint ended higher after they were identified as component suppliers for the new models.
   
The gold-colored version of the 5S, which also comes in silver and gray, was already sold out as of Friday and will now ship only in October, according to Apple's Web site. The gray and silver versions can still ship in 7 to 10 days.

Supplies of both the new models has been disappointing, a source at a U.S. wireless carrier said.


Synthetic molecule tricks
AIDS virus into suicide


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Researchers have designed a synthetic molecule that tricks the AIDS virus into destroying itself. The compound, called DAVEI, was developed by researchers at Philadelphia’s Drexel University and causes the deadly pathogen to eject its contents before it can infect human cells.
 
The AIDS virus uses protein spikes on its surface to fuse to healthy cells.  Once attached, the microbe inserts its genetic material, turning the cells into little factories that crank out thousands of copies of HIV.
 
But DAVEI hijacks the virus, mimicking its interaction with immune system cells.  DAVEI binds to the pathogen's outer coat, triggering a firing mechanism that breaches the wall of the AIDS virus, according to Irwin Chaiken, a researcher in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at Drexel’s College of Medicine.
 
Explaining how DAVEI works, Chaiken said, “so that the contents that are inside the virus that are small enough to go through the pores will go through the pores and leak out.  And at that point, the virus shrinks and it becomes inactivated.”
 
DAVEI was designed by Cameron Abrams, a professor of engineering at Drexel. Abrams envisions using the synthetic agent in a microbicide, a cream or gel that women can use vaginally to protect themselves from contracting the disease from their HIV-infected partners.
 
“And so this we think this would benefit primarily populations in sub-Saharan Africa where male-to-female transmission is very high rate, young women are being infected at a very high rate.  That’s extremely detrimental to those societies,” said Abrams.
 
Abrams also says DAVEI might be used someday as a treatment for those who are HIV positive by destroying infected cells.
 
“In an active infection in an individual, there are cells that are continuously producing virus.  And if those cells could be destroyed before they produce a lot of virus that obviously would be very good,” Abrams pointed out.
 
Researchers say much more work needs to be done with DAVEI and compounds like it before actual anti-HIV therapies could be developed.  An article on the manmade molecule was published in the October edition of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.


Germany's Ms. Merkel seems
to have won a third term

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Partial results in Germany's elections show Chancellor Angela Merkel on her way to a third term in office with voters close to awarding her conservatives a historic absolute majority in parliament.

Projections by ARD and ZDF television put Merkel's Christian Democrats at more than 42 percent of the vote, stronger than the combined opposition parties that won enough support to enter parliament.

If that result is confirmed by the final count, it would allow the chancellor's conservative bloc, the Christian Democratic Union and Bavarian Christian Social Union, to govern Germany without a coalition partner.

Center-left challenger Peer Steinbrueck's Social Democrats trailed well behind with up to 26.5 percent.

The polls put Merkel's coalition partners, the pro-business Free Democrats, at 4.7 percent, below the minimum five percent threshold to keep their seats in parliament. The Alternative for Germany, a new party calling for an orderly breakup of the 17-member eurozone, held at 4.9 percent, also uncertain of winning seats.

If the current coalition fails to win a parliamentary majority, the likeliest outcome is a switch to a Merkel-led partnership with the Social Democrats. The two are traditional rivals, but governed Germany together in Ms. Merkel's first term after an inconclusive 2005 election.

"This is a super result," Merkel told cheering supporters. "We will do everything together in the next four years to make them successful years for Germany."

Nearly 62 million Germans are eligible to elect the lower house of parliament, which in turn chooses the chancellor.

Merkel's nearly certain third term as chancellor cements her place in history as one of the longest-serving and most influential European leaders in the postwar era.

The election is being closely watched across the continent. In southern Europe and especially, Greece Germany continues to be vilified as the country that has forced austerity on the European Union, and many single out Chancellor Merkel.





 





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Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 803
5,000 square meters of land and 175 square-meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia
2,000 square meters of land and 200 square-meters of construction.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8068-11/9/13

Real estate for sale (paid category)


sunset view
FREE FULL-DAY TOUR and property viewing – San Ramón! 
Come visit us in San Ramón and not only will we show you some great properties but we’ll also give you a FREE day-long tour of this terrific town with a relocation expert who has lived here for many years. Since 2006, CRC has been the area’s leading creator of socially-responsible communities for foreign retirees/investors and locals. “Easy access” to San Ramón does not mean living many miles outside of town, but less than 2 miles from everything you’ll need. Live near town but in an area that only feels a world away. None of our competitors have built a school, donated a water well and completed numerous projects for the community. A few stunning, direct ocean-view home sites of 1.25 acres to nearly 4 acres from only $55,000 remain in one of San Ramón’s most desirable residential communities. Please visit us at www.crcommunities.com or email us at CRCInformation@gmail.com to request a property showing AND your free full-day tour. Overnight accommodations can be arranged. Limited availability so please contact us today referencing “Free Tour” in your email: CRCInformation@gmail.com
8080-10/6/13

Pacific Estates

Pacific Estates is divided into three distinct sections called Pacific Landings, Pacific Hills and Pacific Acres. Pacific Landings includes unique 2 & 3 bedroom homes incorporating pole house construction, cathedral ceilings, balconies on both the front and back of the house and eco-friendly elements. The homes also include granite counter tops, state-of-the-art stainless steel kitchen appliances, washer & dryer hook ups, internet connectivity and zone controlled A/C. These homes feature 1,290 square feet under A/C space and 1,537 square feet under A/C space with an optional Loft. To learn more about Pacific Estates, schedule a No Obligation Free Virtual Tour today by clicking here!
8087-10/18/13

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8082-10/9/13

Nicoya
                                views
Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD, axelspecial@gmail.com    Cell 8916-5550.
8061-xxxxx

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/user/CasaDelSolCostaRica
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email combrokers@aol.com
88059-xxxx

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
8058-11/15/13

Liberia farm
Must Sell - Immediately
Guanacaste - Liberia Farm

9 hectares (24 acres)
$ 0.66 cents per square meter
Riverfront property and amazing views of 3 volcanoes
10 minutes from Liberia center
$59,500 plus all legal fees
marinakuperman@gmail.com
347-535-4516
8057-9/14/13

Naranjo views

NARANJO VIEW PROPERTY READY TO BUILD: ALL PERMISSIONS

4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone
Email monicacal@mac.com
8034-8/19/13

Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose,  Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas.  And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive ground-work that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to  even greater success.  Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com
8081-10/9/13

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 188
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Biden pays visit to México
to encourage more trade


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden is urging the United States and México to develop a stronger economic partnership, saying it is the most important part of the relationship between the two countries.

Biden told Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto Friday there should be a greater flow across the border of people, goods and information.

Biden traveled Friday to Mexico City to launch the high-level economic dialogue established between the two nations during President Barack Obama's visit to Mexico in May.

"Mr. President, you and I have continued our conversation on security," said Biden. "We also agreed that no part of a relationship is more important than expanding economic opportunity, to improve the lives of our citizens. That's why I came to México today to launch the first ever U.S.-Mexican high level economic dialogue.''

Peña Nieto said the economic initiative is a joint commitment by both countries to bring greater prosperity to North America. "Vice President Biden's visit to México reaffirms this shared vision by both governments.  The interest that both governments insist through our relations that the North American region be stronger, more solid, more consolidated, and that it really is pivotal for the global development in the 21st century.''

Two-way trade between the United States and its southern neighbor is now up to nearly $500 billion a year, making México the U.S.'s third largest trading partner.

The vice president's talks with the Mexican president were expected to address other common interests as well, including cooperation on education, research and security. But both Mexican and U.S. officials indicated Mexico's concerns about U.S. cyber-spying would not be part of the agenda.

Officials from México, Brazil and other Latin American nations expressed anger after documents leaked by former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden revealed the U.S. National Security Agency had been spying on communications in their countries.

The Mexican president discussed the NSA disclosures issue with Obama at the G20 summit in Russia earlier this month, and Obama administration officials say it is something the U.S. and México are continuing to work through.

In addition to visiting Mexico, Biden had planned to travel to Panamá earlier this week, but that trip was postponed so he could stay in Washington to work on the Syria situation.

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From Page 7:

Wrecked car parts being recycled

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The state insurance company has gone into the auto parts business.

The Instituto Nacional de Seguros reports that since August a subsidiary,  INSurance Servicios, is offering discounted auto parts. The items are being offered at a cost of at least 30 percent below marker, the insurance firm said.

The reason is that the auto parts come from vehicles that have been wrecked and turned over to the insurance giant. So far the INSurance Servicios has about 2,000 parts available, the insurance company known as INS said.

The parts agency is located in Zapote near the bull ring on the festival grounds.

INS said that sales are open to anyone, not just customers of the insurance firm.