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(506) 2223-1327           Published Monday, Sept. 19, 2011, in Vol. 11, No. 185          Email us
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New mudslide pushes vehicle off Braulio Carrillo
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The nation's road agency said today that Ruta 32 was reopened about 7 a.m. After crews cleared some 400 cubic meters of debris that fell across the road. However the agency, the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad, issued a warning about using the road because of the wet conditions that contribute to slides. It urged motorists to avoid the route during the nights.

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Another landslide on the Braulio Carrillo highway swept at least one vehicle off the shelf road and into the jungle below. The mishap took place about 6:30 p.m. between kilometers 27 and 35 of the troubled highway, Ruta 32.

This is the main highway from San José to Limón, and it has been the scene of multiple closures because of slides. The road was expected to remain closed at least through this morning. The alternate route is through Turrialba.

Rainfall in San José was not particularly heavy over the weekend. The Instituto Meteorológico Nacional measured 25.5 millimeters, about an inch,
since 7 a.m. Saturday. But rainfall in the mountains usually is heavier.

The Cruz Roja responded to the slide scene and emergency workers descended on ropes and pulled the driver from at least one car that has been shoved off the road. He was not believed to be injured seriously. There were reports that at least two vehicles had been pushed over the 100-meter precipice, so emergency workers still were on the scene late Sunday. They probably will resume the search at daylight today.

Friday and Saturday saw the heaviest rain around Costa Rica. However, nothing has risen to the level of an emergency declared by the national commission.

The Braulio Carrillo has another problem. The  Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said that workmen were at the bridge over the Río Sucio Saturday and Sunday because the span required urgent attention. The highway agency is putting 427 million colons into repair work on the bridge. That's about $854,000.

The bridge is at Kilometer 39, just north of the slide scene. Bridge traffic had been reduced to one lane, officials said. That was before the slide.

Father says Sala IV court experts never called him
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Both the father and Stateside grandparents of Emily Koyama report that they never have been contacted by social workers or psychologists who were given the job of assessing the mental well being of the child for the constitutional court.

A.M. Costa Rica reported Thursday that the Sala IV constitutional court has determined the presumed interests of the child, Emily, are superior to the country's obligations under the international treaty covering child abductions. According to the treaty, the court of initial jurisdiction is supposed to decide the case.

Roy Koyama, the father who has waged a long battle to bring the child back to the United States said via email that he never was contacted for anything by court representatives. Koyama does have a lawyer here and visits here from Green County, Missouri, frequently.

Tim and Arlene Kennaley, in another email, identified themselves as the grandparents of Emily. “Your courts appear to be unreasonable and not care about the well being of children,” said the email. They live in Mariposa, California.

The Sala IV said in a summary of the decision that social work and psychology professionals had been involved in the case. They were not the only persons who failed to contact Koyama. The Defensoría de los Habitantes filed a habeas corpus action in December to prevent Emily from being returned to her father. A spokesman for the Defensoría said then that his agency had not contacted the Missouri judge in the case. That judge has issued a child kidnapping warrant for the child's mother. Trina Atwell Chavarría.

The case is complex and full of hearings by various courts. The Sala IV overturned a decision by the Juzgado de Niñez y Adolescencia del Primer Circuito Judicial de San José, the regional family court, ordered May 7, 2010, that the girl be reunited with Koyama. The decision also went against the wishes of the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería, and the Patronato Nacional de la Infancia.

At one point Koyama purchased plane tickets for himself and Emily in anticipation that she would be allowed to fly to the United States with him. In his email he said that it appear that Costa Rica makes it appear as if it is a safe haven for kidnappers.

In fact there are at least five cases in which judges here took actions contrary to what the international treaty requires. Some of the cases have not been publicized because full details are not available and the parties are not interested in news stories.
At the very least, the treaty requires a judge here to contact the judge who has primary responsibility for the case. Usually that is a U.S. judge. But judges here have not been known to do that and generally decide the case on their own with incomplete information.

That can lead to embarrassment. After Chere Lyn Tomayko received refugee status to avoid extradition to the United States on a child abduction charge, a La Nación article quoted the U.S. judge as saying that much of what was said in Costa Rica was not part of the record in his courtroom. Janina Del Vecchio, the security minister, based her decision to award refugee status on claims of domestic and sexual abuse which the father involved denied repeatedly. But Ms. Del Vecchio never talked to the U.S. judge either.

The grandparents were firm in their email that the case of Emily was one to be decided in the United States. That is very clear under the Hague treaty on international child abductions, they said.

“It is a sad day for the American and Costa Rica citizens,” said the email. “We, as grandparents of Emily Koyama, have received information that the mother, Trina Atwell, has had the highest Costa Rican court reverse all of the lower court rulings of
the Hague Treaty for returning Emily to the United States. We have not seen Emily since she was just born. The mother will not even send us pictures of Emily. We are a very close family and Trina purposely excluded us from Emily's life. Your courts appear to be unreasonable and not care about the well being of children. They are not conforming to the Hague Treaty.”

Koyama said that the action of Costa Rica's constitutional court needs to be exposed to the world. “I am looking to expose the government system of Costa Rica to shine the light worldwide that Costa Rica needs punishment for the crime committed recently against all the children around the world that are kidnapped and counting on the Hague Treaty to give them a fair shot at getting justice and how Costa Rica is a very poor example of how things are done correctly.”

The case is not clear cut because Ms. Atwell said that she never was advised of a Green County Court hearing when Koyama was awarded custody. She also claims Koyama is abusive and a drug user. He denies these claims. The couple were engaged when Ms. Atwell lived in the United States, but she was married at the time to a Costa Rican. They were reunited when she came to Costa Rica in 2009.

After Ms. Tomayko received refugee status, the U.S. Embassy here came out with a strong statement. But it has not said anything in public about the Koyama case.

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Our readers' opinions
Religious war will end
with possible extermination

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:
I’d like to add my small voice to Mr. Sargent’s over-riding opinion concerning religion and its effects on world peace.  Particularly the role religion played in 9/11 and many other horrors too numerous to mention.
The well read history buff-student knows the past glory and astonishing contribution of Arab culture in mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, literature, and science. They might also have learned that the Arabs are a patient, intelligent, and cunning people who have also mastered the art of revenge.  It is unlikely that Muslims have or will ever forget the barbarous outrages of Christianity's first unprovoked attack on Jerusalem by zealot “crusaders’ in 1095 A.D.
Given this history and the facts adduced, it is my firm belief despite all the various economic, [oil], and political motives, [imperialist?], that the Islamic Middle East and the Christian West are engaged in a religious war which will only end with the triumph and extirpation of one, or both of their respective culture and religions.  If correct, this cataclysm will have enormous consequences for much of humanity, the environment and civilization as we now know it. 

Consider the words of Pascal;  “men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction”.
Hank Franz
Santa Ana/Las Vegas, Nevada

Canadian television poll
certainly lacks validity

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

I find many of the the letters to the editor silly and uninformed, but the letter from Tom Hochreiner is frankly outrageous. Canada is about as anti-American as dogs are anti-meat.

I am sure a local news station did a rigorous scientific and statistically reliable study.  Do you think the TV station you refer to was going to find a usable story in a poll that said Canadians did not think the U.S. deserved what happened on 911. I am confident you stopped to ask validity of that poll and the nature of the questions they asked. It might help put it in perspective that many Canadians died in the towers and Canadian troops were in Afghanistan as early as Dec. 19, 2001, and were still there in 2011 in support of the U.S.
What I remember of the Canadian reaction to 9/11 remember the huge demonstration in Ottawa in support of the U.S., attended by thousands of Canadians mourning the deaths of the dead in New York and the suffering of the U.S.  Ask the tens of thousands of Americans who were on the flights that were diverted to Canada on 9/11 how anti-American the Canadians are.

I think the U.S. president said best in a letter of thanks to Canada for it support.

“For the next three days — before our airspace was reopened — those displaced passengers were treated like family in Canadian homes, receiving food, shelter, medical attention, and comfort."

I worked for a Canadian company for over 10 years and spent a lot of time in Ottawa and Toronto. I also lived 20 miles from the Canadian border for over 30 years. Over that time and experience with a sample I am sure was larger than the so called poll by the TV station. I found Canadians, as Americans felt a very special relationship between the two countries. 

I once saw a poll on TV that said New Yorkers and people from New Jersey were a very rude group as Americans go. Maybe the poll taken by that station was taken of people directly across the New Jersey, New York border area.  Yes, the Middle East believed we deserved 9/11 but tarring Canadians with that sentiment is frankly outrageous.

I think Americans should consider both the slaughter we have inflicted on populations around the world but equally we should consider the lives we have saved through humanitarian aid as well as military aid.   I am particularly proud of our efforts in Bosnia where we saved Muslim lives while Europeans stood by frozen. We can hope we (the U.S.) have had our fill of slaughter but sadly I am afraid we have not, but I am confident the good we do will always be there. Ask Haiti, Africa about AIDS and malaria support and many other countries.

Bruce Wood

Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him HERE!
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 19, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 185

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La Chonta Eco-Adventure Park in Parrita clears a hurdle
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A theme park planned for Parrita has won approval from the plenary commission of the Secretaria Tecnica National Ambiental, the environmental watchdog for the Ministerio de Ambiente, Energia y Telecomunicaciones.

This is a major hurdle for the project that was announced in March 2009.

The park will be called La Chonta Nature & Eco Adventure Park and will be the world’s first ecological theme park conceived with a 100 percent sustainable philosophy, said Jorge Segura, president of 100-SD, the company in charge of the project’s planning and development since its initiation. The park is based on what he called the 3P principles: people, planet and profits.

The firm said that the project entered the environmental evaluation stage in late 2009 and that developers will present a sworn statement of environmental commitment soon. The project is owned by a Costa Rican company, Eco Logic Developers International, which has North American financing, 100SD said.

For central Pacific residents, the park will represent an economic boost. 100SD listed the benefits as the creation of more than 150 permanent direct jobs and 500 indirect jobs, the generation of opportunities for local entrepreneurs, the implementation of revitalization programs for nearby communities, the use of fair trade and employment practices, improvements to public service infrastructure, and the launch of Parrita as a tourist destination which will be promoted on the international level. The firm said the park was declared a project of municipal interest by the Municipalidad de Parrita in April 2010.

The park is focused on the themes of forest protection and enjoyment of nature, said Segura, president in a release. “La Chonta is a theme park which will offer attractions for tourists of all ages, both local and foreign, who want to enjoy eco-adventure activities and learn about environmental conservation and the Costa Rican culture,” he said. “Tourists of this type, who represent the most important market segment among visitors to Costa Rica, want to see that the money they spend in our country contributes to the development of the region they are visiting, as well as to protecting the environment.”

With this project, Eco Logic Developers International and 100-SD seek to exercise a positive influence on the business development model followed by the Costa Rican tourist industry, demonstrating that it is possible to include ongoing investments in environmental protection and community development as intrinsic and fundamental elements of a company’s business strategies, said the developer. 
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Parrita is on the central Pacific coast.

“We want to stand for action and change, and to demonstrate that there is no need to destroy the environment or local communities in order to achieve business success,: said Teresa Bueno, who represents investors. “Credibility is fundamental for our investors, and because of this we are seeking to achieve the highest level of certification in sustainable tourism with the ICT, as well as obtaining international certifications in carbon neutrality and fair trade. Sustainability is our commitment to the investors, Costa Rica and the people of Parrita, and we are determined not to let them down.” The ICT is the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo.

La Chonta was designed and will be built by 100 percent Costa Rican companies, mainly independent professionals and small or medium-sized enterprises, said 100SD. 

“Sustainability is in the blood of Costa Ricans, and for this reason finding people who value and are committed to this vision is fundamental when we are contracting suppliers,” said Segura. “As a consulting business, our creed is sustainable development, and in this activity it is crucial to have the commitment of suppliers, clients and the personnel of the companies or projects involved in order to have success.”

Eco Logic Developers and 100-SD are in the process of negotiating the financial structure which will allow them to begin construction work in mid-2012; on this schedule, the park will open its gates in late 2013, said 100SD.

When he announced the project more than two years ago, Segura said that it would be on 302 hectares (about 746 acres)  and would cost about $40 million. He said the project had acquired initial financing at that time.

Costa Ricans may be getting an early retirement option
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A measure on its way to passage in the legislature would let Costa Rican workers buy out the remaining eight years of their working life and retire at 57.

The bill received initial approval in the Comisión con Potestad Legislativa Plena Primera last week. This is a division of the full Asamblea Legislativa that can approve laws subject to a veto by the full membership. The proposal received backing from the Partido Accesibilidad Sin Exclusión and a legislator from that party, Victor Granados Calvo.

Basically, workers at 57 would be able to pay to the Caja
 Costarricense de Seguro Social a lump sum representing what the pension system would get if they continued working for eight more years. This could be thousands of dollars depending on the salary of the worker.

The measure is a change in the Ley de Protección al Trabajador. Lawmakers said they expected this measure to encourage thrift among young people so they could amass the funds needed to retire early.

Jorge Gamboa Corrales of the Partido Acción Ciudadana said there were high expectations among older workers but not many of them would be able to take advantage of the change because the cost is high. Lawmakers have to vote a second time to give the measure full passage.

Taxi fares in city and to the airport are going up 20 colons
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Taxi fares are going up 2.94 percent for city and rural rides and 3.17 percent for airport taxis.

The Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos said it has approved a 20 colons increase for the first kilometer for the licensed red taxis for city, disabled and rural rides. The rate now is 550 colons, about $1.10 based on the current rate of exchange. The new rate will be 570 because of inflation, the authority said.

City rides will also go up 20 colons or about 4 U.S. cents, for each additional kilometer. That means a passenger in the city will pay 570 for each additional kilometer. Those using a service for disabled will also pay 15 colons more for a total of 575. Rural taxis will charge 730 for each
 additional kilometer, up from 710.

There also are small increases for wait time and for periods when a taxi is trapped in traffic.

Both sedans and microbuses providing airport service go from 810 to 835, about $1.67, for the initial kilometer.

The sedan rate for an additional kilometer will be 720, up from 695. Microbus drivers will charge 835 an additional kilometer, up from 810.

This is the regular rate fixing that takes place twice a year.

Tolls are in addition to the fare that shows up on the taximeter or maría. The new rates go into effect when they are published in the La Gaceta official newspaper.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 19, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 185

reef study
Georgia Institute of Technology/Mark Hay
To study the impact of herbivorous fish on seaweed, scientists enclosed different species of fish atop areas of coral reef. Moray Eels are a source of danger.
Divers work outside the Aquarius underwater laboratory located off the coast of Florida. Georgia Tech scientists are spending ten days there to study seaweed-eating fish.

Scientists live underwater to study seaweed effects on reefs
By the Georgia Institute of Technology news service

A team of researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology is using the Aquarius underwater laboratory off the coast of Florida to study how the diversity of seaweed-eating fish affects endangered coral reefs.  The research mission, which began Tuesday, may provide new information to help scientists protect and even restore damaged coral reefs in the Caribbean.

Led by Mark Hay, a Georgia Tech professor of biology, the 10-day mission includes two doctoral students and a postdoctoral researcher who are living 50 feet below the surface in the unique underwater lab.  Aquarius, which is about the size of a school bus, includes scientific laboratories and living quarters for up to six scientists who can live and work underwater for the entire length of the mission.

Hay’s research team has been studying how seaweeds and fish affect the health of coral reefs in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea.  They have shown that the natural defenses of seaweeds can harm the coral and that plant-eating fish can control the growth of the noxious seaweed.  The new studies will build on that knowledge and provide new information on the complex factors affecting reef ecosystems.

“Consumption of seaweeds plays a critical role in structuring coral reefs and in selecting for algal traits that deter herbivorous fish,” explained Hay. Recent studies have noted dramatic variance among species in the susceptibility of herbivorous fish to seaweed chemical and structural defenses. These differences can translate into dramatic direct effects of herbivore diversity on seaweeds.”

Because certain fish species eat specific seaweed species and certain seaweeds are more damaging to coral than others, differences in the diversity of seaweed-eating fish can have a dramatic indirect effect on corals – as well as on changes in the structure and function of the endangered reefs.

“Our mission to Aquarius will allow us to study experimentally how herbivore diversity may be managed to conserve and even restore reefs,” Hay added.  “In previous studies, we have demonstrated that herbivore diversity affected the function and structure of the coral reefs.  We plan to build on that research in this new study through Aquarius.”

During the 10-day mission, the researchers will evaluate changes in reef communities near Aquarius, where they have built large cages and enclosed different species of fish for the past ten months.  Within the enclosures, they included specific
species of fish, or mixes of different species.  They will be evaluating the effects of these different fish and mixes of fish on the health and growth of the coral to determine:

    * The long-term effects of the fish on the community structure;
    * Which seaweeds are most damaging to corals and which herbivores can best control these species;
    * How small mobile species and recruiting juvenile fish that can pass through the cage mesh respond to community changes;
    * How algal chemical and mineral defenses generate the mechanisms driving these changes.

Field studies by Hay’s group have previously shown that several common species of seaweeds in both the Pacific and Caribbean can kill corals upon contact using chemical means.  While competition between seaweed and coral is just one of many factors affecting the decline of coral reefs worldwide, this chemical threat may provide a serious setback to efforts aimed at repopulating damaged reefs.  Seaweeds are normally kept in check by herbivorous fish, but in many areas overfishing has reduced the populations of these plant-consumers, allowing seaweeds to overpopulate coral reefs.

Other studies done by the group using a similar type of reef enclosure found that mixing two specific species of herbivorous fishes decreased seaweed cover by as much as 76 percent, increased coralline crusts that stimulate coral settlement by as much as 117 percent, increased coral growth by 22 percent, and prevented additional coral loss.

The new study will assess the impact of different species of seaweed-eating fish and compare those to previous results evaluating different mixes of fish. The goal will be to determine which specific mixes of fish can control the most damaging of seaweeds and to evaluate the importance of herbivore diversity in suppressing seaweeds and protecting corals.  This information could be used to help manage fishing practices to protect the reefs.

By allowing scientists to remain on the ocean floor for long periods of time – a capability known as saturation diving – Aquarius helps researchers get more work done by extending the dive time at depth and eliminating the decompression time that would be required for returning to the surface each day. 

Owned by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Aquarius is managed by the University of North Carolina Wilmington and located in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 19, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 185

Medical vacations in Costa Rica

Chávez goes to Cuba again
for more chemotherapy

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez says he is beginning a fourth round of chemotherapy treatment in Cuba.

Before leaving for Cuba Saturday, Chávez said the treatment will likely be his last as he prepares to make a full recovery.

Initially, President Chávez went to Cuba in June to have a cancerous tumor removed from his pelvic area.

He returned to Cuba twice for chemotherapy treatments before receiving his third treatment at a Venezuelan hospital earlier this month.

Chávez has vowed to be fit for his bid for another six year term in next year's election.

Broadcasters gunned down
in Brazil and in Perú

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

A radio broadcaster in Brazil and another in Perú have been murdered.

The murder of Vanderlei Canuto Leandor in Brazil is the fifth such crime in the South American country this year.

Canuto Leandro (known as Wanderley), 32, hosted the program “Séñal Verde” (Green Light), broadcast by the bilingual radio station Radio Frontera in Tabatinga, in Amazonas state on the Brazilian border with Colombia and Peru.

He was killed on the evening of Sept.1 by two assailants riding a motorcycle as he was on his way home. They shot him eight times.

In his radio program he often reported on alleged wrongdoing and corruption in the local mayor’s office and in May this year he filed a formal complaint with the State Attorney’s Office after receiving death threats from a city official. It was not immediately known if his murder was linked to his work as a journalist.

In Perú, José Oquendo Reyes, director and host of the program “Sin Fronteras” (Without Borders) broadcast by BTV Canal 45 television in Chincha province, was killed on Wednesday. He was attacked by unidentified assailants riding a motorcycle who shot him five times near his home in the town of Pueblo Nuevo on the south-central coast of Peru.

According to his widow Oquendo Reyes, who also worked as a building site foreman, had not received any threats. In his on-air program he had exposed alleged corruption in the office of the mayor of Chincha, Lucio Juárez Ochoa.

The Inter American Press Association expressed concern and anger over both murders.

Canuto Leandro’s murder was the fifth so far this year in Brazil, joining those of Auro Ida in Mato Grosso; Edinaldo Filgueira in Rio Grande do Norte; Valério Nascimento in Rio de Janeiro, and Luciano Leitão Pedrosa in Pernambuco. This year a total of 26 journalists have been killed in 10 countries in the Americas, these being, as well as the five in Brazil, five in Honduras, eight in Mexico, two in Peru and one each in, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay and Venezuela. In addition, a newsman has been missing in Mexico since June this year.

U.N. representative in Haiti
seeking more foreign funds

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The top United Nations official in Haiti has appealed to the international community to ramp up its funding and development activities in the impoverished country, warning that political tensions and precarious socio-economic conditions are threatening its stability.

“The situation in Haiti continues to be fragile and reversals could generate a new crisis,” said Mariano Fernández who told the Security Council as he presented the latest report on the country, where the U.N. has maintained a peacekeeping force since mid-2004 after then president Jean-Bertrand Aristide went into exile amid violent unrest.

“The future stability of Haiti and its eventual prosperity continue to depend on the political will of its leaders and citizens, as well as on the support of the Security Council and the international community as a whole,” Fernández said, noting that only 37.8 per cent of the funds promised for 2010-2011 had so far been provided.

In March 2010, dozens of nations and organizations pledged almost $10 billion in immediate and long-term aid, $5 billion of it for the following 18 months, to help Haiti recover from the devastating earthquake, which killed over 200,000 people, displaced 2.3 million others, and caused enormous material damage.

On the positive side Fernández noted that for the first time in its history Haiti had witnessed a peaceful transition from one democratically elected president to another from the opposition, with the inauguration earlier this year of Michel Martelly.

But he voiced concern at the continuing stand-off between the president and parliament, which has so far rejected his choices for prime minister, and noted that growing criminality was threatening the security of ordinary citizens.

“I am particularly concerned that this current unstable situation could deteriorate even further if the political situation remains unchanged and the socio-economic situation is still not addressed,” he said.

The peacekeeping force's constant efforts to facilitate dialogue at the national and local levels and to foster the exchange of ideas between the Government, civil society, the private sector and other key actors will continue to be critical for the future, he said.

On the humanitarian front, Fernández noted that 634,000 people still remain in camps following the January 2010 quake, down from the more than 1 million in the immediate aftermath, and he warned that a cholera epidemic that has killed more than 6,000 people and infected nearly 400,000 others over the past year was still a threat even though the mortality rate had declined from 5.62 per cent to 1.4 per cent.

He said the peacekeeping force's strength, which had been reinforced to some 12,000 uniformed personnel following the quake, could now be reduced by 2,750 military and police members.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Sept. 19, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 185

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Police said they recovered the cell phones and a gun.

High school girls targeted
by robbers packing revolver

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Two armed robbers must have figured the pickings were easy. They stuck up two high school girls Friday and took their cell telephones.

The Colegio de Alajuelita students were reporting the crime at the local police station when Fuerza Pública officers said they noticed two men acting suspiciously in San Felipe de Alajuelita. Upon investigation police found that one of the men carried a revolver. They were detained as suspects in the robbery case. Police also said they recovered two cell telephones.

Armed citizens stifle
attempts at robbery

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A man and a woman out for a stroll in Curridabat were accosted by two men on a motorcycle Thursday night. One man on the motorcycle pulled a gun and took a briefcase the male victim carried.

But when the robber approached the woman and tried to take her belongings, her companion produced a weapon of his own and killed the robber. Then he fired twice at the other robber, who also died at the scene.

The Judicial Investigating Organization is in charge of the case. The victim was not detained.

Agents also said that a home invader died at a Moravia dwelling Saturday when he and companions tried to stickup the occupants. A man inside the home shot one intruder fatally. A second intruder also was shot but not fatally.

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