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A.M. Costa Rica
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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 185                 Email us
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Cascata del Bosco





Your best dengue remedy may be hanging on a tree
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Suggestions that papaya extract can cure dengue fever appear to be overly optimistic. But several studies show that the leaves of the plant can help sufferers reverse some of the damage by dengue viruses.

There are at least two scientific studies, including one reported in May, that show extracts of Carica papaya leaves can increase the platelet count in the blood. Platelets are the clear, cell-like disks that circulate in the blood. They are responsible for clotting, among other functions.

The dengue virus appears to attack these components of the blood, which is where the term hemorrhagic fever originates. Those who have been infected in series by two different strains of the dengue virus can confront this sometimes fatal and bloody condition.

Humans have millions of these platelets in the blood stream. A scientific report form India said that a sharp decline in their numbers is good evidence for the presence of dengue fever. "A fall in platelet count prevents formation of clots - and this leads to hemorrhage - which results into both internal & external bleeding - once bleeding starts the situation is almost irrecoverable," said the Centre for Ecological Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science. Dengue is epidemic there.

The disease also is a big problem in Malaysia, which is why researcher Soobitha Subenthran conducted an experiment there with 288 patients. Half the patients received the juice of the papaya leaves for three days and half did not. The  platelet count of those who got the juice was significantly higher than the control group after 40 and 48 hours of admission, he and his colleagues reported.

Dengue has made a startling comeback in Costa Rica this year, despite efforts at control.

There have been more than 30,000 patients, mainly on the coasts.
papaya
A.M. Costa Rica photo
This is the best part, but the leaves appear to provide the benefit.

Medical treatment for sufferers is mainly providing fluids and transfusions, if necessary. Volunteers clean up the possible habitats of the dengue mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Medical reports also suggest that papaya extract has a negative effect on the malaria parasites, too. That is good for humans.

The Indian center noted that viral diseases have no cure, and that with dengue early diagnosis is important. A high fever, chills, aches in the joints and a rash are symptoms, but the center said that a blood count of platelets is the most accurate.  It urged that blood tests be done of patients twice a day because a sharp drop in platelets can be fatal.

Before expats rush out to make papaya tea, they probably need some expert advice to make sure they have the correct plant. There also may be some medical benefits from the fruit of the papaya or lechosa. Both the names are used in Spanish, depending on the country.

At the very least, the fruit of the tree is a welcome addition to a salad.



Rice prices about to become a major political issue
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There is a political battle looming over rice. The Laura Chinchilla administration decreed in May that the government would end price controls on the food staple next March 1, at the start of the 2014 harvest.

The decision comes from Mayi Antillón Guerrero, the economics minister who has shown a strong free market tendency during her tenure.

Naturally rice growers and their Corporación Arrocera Nacional are not happy with the removal of price controls because Costa Rican rice has been more expensive than foreign imports.

The original decree noted that the Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Comercio sought help from the Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias Económicas at the Universidad de Costa Rica. The institute report said that consumers have paid higher prices due to the government support and that there is no economic or social argument to justify the current system.

In addition, the report said, the price control has not resulted in an increase in productivity by rice farmers because the level of cultivation has declined over the last 20 years.

Representatives of the Corporación Arrocera were at the legislature Tuesday seeking a reversal of the decree. They were before the Comisión Permanente de Asuntos Agropecuarios. Minor Cruz, representing rice growers said that the removal of the price controls would jeopardize the basic food supply of Costa Ricans.

Fernando Apuy, the lawyers for the rice growing organization said that the action by the executive branch was not constitutional and that there soon
rice
A.M. Costa Rica photo
Costa Ricans eat a lot of rice, so price can have a big impact.

would be a case brought before the appropriate court.

Johnny Araya, the presidential candidate for the Partido Liberación Nacional, said he would discuss the decree with the current government when he appeared before rice growers. He also said that Ms. Antillón,  Gloria Abrahams, minister of Agricultura y Gandería, and Anabel González, the minister of Comercio Exterior, would have no role in his government.

Rice growers were strong opponents of the free trade treaty with the United States because that country has extensive production of the grain. Even now they battle against imports. Ms. González was a chief architect of the treaty for Costa Rica.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 185

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Spprts,em's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
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Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
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Psychotherapy

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Dr. KLycinda
                                                  Gray
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Architects

Organe
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Architecture-Real Estate-Development

At Architect Orange we are inspired by the visions of each of our clients, and have worked diligently to embody those visions in our work.

We have locations in Atenas (servicing Central Valley/Beach areas)
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Real estate agents and services

Colinas photo

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Legal services

FULLY BILINGUAL ATTORNEY
& NOTARY PUBLIC

Arcelio Hernandez

Official English/Spanish translator and interpreter
Serving the international community  since 2001
Lic. Arcelio Hernandez Mussio, Jr.
With over a decade of experience in the fields of:
Family law, criminal & constitutional law, civil & commercial law

Visit the website at:  CRTitle.com
Email: lawyer@crtitle.com
Cell: 8710-9827
Skype:  hernandez.mussio
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Lawyer ID number: 12.358
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KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
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Relocation services, Wedding Planning
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 Phone: (506) 2232-1014
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Accountants

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U.S. Tax rollover
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Over 15 years in Costa Rica
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U.S. Income Tax
David G. Housman Attorney & C.P.A
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in Costa Rica 32 years.
Specializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad, including all new passport and other
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• Associate of James Brohl
Phone: (506) 2239-2005 Fax 2239-2437

E mail: papahound@comcast.net
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James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
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Uncle Sam's
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• US Tax return preparation  for
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• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
7410-4/1/13


air view
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo
 This is the La Paz waterfall where a surge of water took out a
 temporary bridge Monday. Workers have graded the channel
 of the river, and emergency vehicles are being allowed through.

 
Road problems and landslides
reported all over the country

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

When it rains, it pours, road damage, that is.

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad reports at least 20 locations where landslides, damage drains and undermining have made highway travel difficult.

The most spectacular is at the la Paz waterfall where a road connecting Nuevo Cinchona and Varablanca is closed to all but emergency traffic.  A surge of water took out a bailey bridge that was installed shortly after the Cinchona earthquake Jan. 8, 2009.

The highway agency said that machinery had graded a path through the river that some vehicles could use. But it may be more than two weeks before another bridge is installed, they said.

Most of the landslides are small enough so that at least one lane of a roadway is open to traffic. The problems seem to be all over the country, including Buenos Aires de Puntarenas, Liberia, Cañas and Guápiles.



confgiscated
Judicial Investigating Organization  
Can you believe someone was walking the streets with this?

Four heavily armed men held
after confrontation on street

 By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents came upon four men threatening and beating another Tuesday in the San Sebastián area of San José.

When they broke up the dispute, they found that the aggressors, between 20 and 30 years, were heavily armed. Not only were there two pistols, but one had a 7.62-caliber rifle. The victim was 49.

The Judicial Investigating Organization said that the confrontation was due to personal problems, but they did not explain who the four men were or why they were so heavily armed. The men were remanded to the custody of prosecutors.


Newest edition of Dreamliner
takes to skies for a test flight


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The newest addition to the Boeing 787 line of passenger jets completed its first test flight Tuesday. The U.S.-based aviation company's new 787-9 took off from an airfield in Washington State near the factory where the plane was assembled while several hundred Boeing employees cheered.
 
The 787-9 is six meters longer and can seat 40 more passengers than the original 787-8, which carries between 210 and 250 passengers.  Boeing also says the newest version of the fuel-efficient jetliner known as the Dreamliner can also carry more cargo and fly further.
 
After flight tests and certification, the first 787-9 will be delivered next June to Air New Zealand, the launch customer.
 
The original 787-8 was delivered in September 2011, nearly three years behind schedule, because of production problems.
 
The worldwide fleet of about 50 planes was grounded for almost four months this year after lithium batteries burned.
 
A redesigned battery system has been built into the 787-9.


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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 185
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Arenal volcano is still cooking, flight by scientists confirms
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Scientists overflew Volcán Arenal Saturday with sensors to detect the concentration of gases and the temperature.

Arenal has been in the news because the mountain kicked out plumes of mostly water vapor Sept. 8 and 9.  That was reported and photographed by Róger Rojas Morales of the Hotel Montaña del Fuego. The plume of vapor was seen from miles away.

The report on the flight came out Monday. The good news is that Arenal is not dead. The La Fortuna tourism industry depends a lot on the volcano, which has been the most active in Costa Rica. Fear that it has entered a stage of slumber troubles those in the area.

The scientists from the Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica said that they flew over the volcano six times. They noted a ring of heat inside one of the main volcano craters. Presumably it was these heated areas, measured at 192 C or about 360 F, that turned rain water into steam.

They used an infrared camera and gas sensors beneath the aircraft to do the measurements.

The scientists said that there was no reason to predict that the volcano would behave much differently now than it has in the last three years. The researchers also flew over Volcán Poás.

ARenal
Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico
de Costa Rica/Róger Rojas Morales.
This was the plume earlier this month.


Nicaragua thumbs its nose at Ticos and international court
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican officials are expressing their outrage because Nicaragua seems to have dug two channels from the Río San Juan to the Caribbean.

The action is an affront to the International Court of Justice, which decreed that there would be no activity in the area while it considered a complaint lodged by Costa Rica over an October 2010 incursion.

Nicaragua is trying to bypass the silted mouth of the Río San Juan to turn the area into a tourist attraction. Already there is a modern airstrip nearby.

Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega knows that Costa Rica will not take any armed action because of its pacifist philosophies. In addition, there is an election coming in Nicaragua.

Costa Rica has filed complaints with the U.N. court in The Hague as well as with the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention, which provides environmental protection. The area is far from just being a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Tarpon fishermen said that the big fish breed in the lagoons that will be destroyed by the new channels.

Last July the international court issued another preliminary ruling on the case and said that groups of Nicaraguans in the disputed area can aggravate the situation.

In fact, the court has little power except through persuasion. When Colombia did not like the ruling it made involving some maritime borders with Nicaragua, the country said it would pull out of the court.

Ortega has been throwing up smoke screens to distract Costa Rican officials. First he said he wanted to reclaim
Castillo
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto
Enrique Castillo explains what is going on in far northeast Costa Rica. The arrow has been added by editors to show the location of the new channels.


Guanacaste, land his country lost in 1824. Then he said he would challenge some other maritime borders. Meanwhile, work appears to have been going on in the Isla Portillos.
.
The Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto said that the work was photographed Sept. 5 from the air. There is a bend in the river where it runs parallel to the Caribbean coastline, and it is there where the channels have been constructed. One is said to be a significant size.

Such work usually gets the help of the river which has been known to blow out new channels overnight.

Castillo visited the legislature Tuesday to explain what was going on. He expressed some frustration with the delays by the international court.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 185
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Researcher says growing mass of ice in Antarctica is because of polar winds
By the University of Washington News and Information

Much attention is paid to melting sea ice in the Arctic. But less clear is the situation on the other side of the planet. Despite warmer air and oceans, there’s more sea ice in Antarctica now than in the 1970s – a fact often pounced on by global warming skeptics. The latest numbers suggest the Antarctic sea ice may be heading toward a record high this year.

A University of Washington researcher says the reason may lie in the winds. A new modeling study to be published in the Journal of Climate shows that stronger polar winds lead to an increase in Antarctic sea ice, even in a warming climate.

“The overwhelming evidence is that the Southern Ocean is warming,” said author Jinlun Zhang, an oceanographer at the University of Washington Applied Physics Laboratory. “Why would sea ice be increasing? Although the rate of increase is small, it is a puzzle to scientists.”

His new study shows that stronger westerly winds swirling around the South Pole can explain 80 percent of the increase in Antarctic sea ice volume in the past three decades.
The polar vortex that swirls around the South Pole is not just stronger than it was when satellite records began in the 1970s, it has more convergence, meaning it shoves the sea ice together to cause ridging. Stronger winds also drive ice faster, which leads to still more deformation and ridging.

This creates thicker, longer-lasting ice, while exposing surrounding water and thin ice to the blistering cold winds that cause more ice growth.

In a computer simulation that includes detailed interactions between wind and sea, thick ice — more than 6 feet deep — increased by about 1 percent per year from 1979 to 2010, while the amount of thin ice stayed fairly constant. The end result is a thicker, slightly larger ice pack that lasts longer into the summer.

“You’ve got more thick ice, more ridged ice, and at the same time you will get more ice extent because the ice just survives longer,” Zhang said.

When the model held the polar winds at a constant level, the sea ice increased only 20 percent as much. A previous study by Zhang showed that changes in water density could explain the remaining increase.


 
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 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
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Bird near window
One of many awesome birds that feast 15 feet from our living room couch.
Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money.  Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk
Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. george@glundquist.com
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Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat
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Toll Free: 1-888-828-9245       In Costa Rica: (506)-2478-0023 or 8333-6863

Our Vision at Leaves and Lizards Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat is to create the perfect blend of Adventure, Discovery and Tranquility for each guest.  Plan an Adventure zooming along a zip line high in the canopy or horseback riding though forests, farms and rivers. Discover the magical wonders of the flora and fauna of Costa Rica. Experience Tranquility in one of our cabins tucked in our 26 acres. Located in Monterrey, San Carlos, in the mountains above Fortuna, we enjoy spectacular, panoramic views of the Arenal Volcano and its lava flow. Please see our Web site for more information. www.leavesandlizards.com or e-mail us at leavesandlizards@gmail.com.
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Christ Howard with Max
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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Cute rental house
Beautiful and cozy mountain cottages
in San Rafael de Heredia.
Surrounded by nature. Bus line service. Security.
One or two bedrooms, one or two baths.
$500 or $425, monthly with furniture.
$325 or $250 without furniture. No bills included.
MORE INFO:  lizrutbeth@gmail.com  (506) 8739-0638.
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COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8071-9/19/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8054-2/16/14

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8072-9/19/13

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
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feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8026-7/17/13

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

1 bedroom with private bath. Rooms in large, 3.000 sq ft. historical mansion in heart of Barrio Amón.  Prices starting at $350. for long-term. Smoking ok in common areas. Includes electricity, water, commercial kitchen use, laundry, high-speed internet. 7078-6985. More info HERE!
8006-7/14/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8024-8/18/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8025-8/18/13

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
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Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
7968-7/17/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
7954-6/8/13
7875-4/11/13



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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 185
Sports
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Lifestyle
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Gun control again raised
in wake of D.C. shootings


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

One day after deadly shootings at Washington’s Navy Yard, U.S. lawmakers are asking how a man reported to have mental health issues and a history of firearms misuse was able to secure federal employment and gain access to a secure military facility.
 
But the legislators disagree on whether Congress should revisit gun control legislation in response to the nation’s latest mass shooting incident.
 
Sen. Chris Murphy, who represents Newtown, Connecticut, where 26 people, mostly children, were gunned down last year at Sandy Hook Elementary School, has been one of the Senate’s most vocal proponents of gun control legislation.
 
He said the Navy Yard shootings are a bitter reminder of why tougher laws are needed.
 
“People out there do not understand why Congress does nothing as these shootings continue to mount," the Democrat said. "I think people in Newtown shake their heads when they see another shooting and further potential indifference from Congress.”
 
A fellow Democratic senator, Richard Durbin of Illinois, noted that, earlier this year, gun control legislation died in the Senate as a result of mostly Republican opposition to new restrictions and requirements for firearms purchases.
 
“We have to do everything we can to keep guns out of the hands of those who would misuse them — felons who have a history of misusing firearms, the mentally unstable who cannot be trusted to have a firearm.”
 
Republican lawmakers show little interest in revisiting gun control, but several said the Navy Yard incident raises other important issues.
 
Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina said the gunman, Aaron Alexis, never should have been cleared for duty as a military contractor.
 
“To me, it is not about gun control," he said. "It is about what has happened with our contractor force. How could he pass a background check to get a job with the federal government after he had misused a weapon twice? When you shoot a guy’s tires out because you are mad at him, you are a good candidate not to work for the federal government.”
 
Fellow Republican John McCain of Arizona noted that, in addition to gun-related brushes with the law, Alexis had been receiving mental health treatment.
 
“We also should focus our attention on people who show mental instability and whether they should have access to weapons or not," he said. "I think all Americans are in agreement on that.”
 
But Murphy said that addressing mental health issues, though long overdue, is not enough.
 
“I am ready to put more money into mental health any day that Republicans are willing to join me, but that is not a gun bill," he said.
 
At the White House, spokesman Jay Carney accused gun control opponents of disregarding the will of the people in favor of the nation’s politically potent gun rights groups.
 
“When you vote against 80 or 90 percent of the American people, when you vote against a majority of your constituents, in answer to, or at the behest of, a special interest, you are serving that narrow special interest," he said. "You are not serving your constituents.”
 
At the Capitol, lawmakers are likely to take note of the fate of two state legislators in Colorado who recently were ousted in a recall vote after backing gun control legislation.


Brazilian president discards
plans for Washington visit


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has called off plans for a state visit to Washington in October because of revelations that the United States spied on her personal communications and those of other Brazilians.

Ms. Rousseff's decision, which came despite a 20-minute telephone call from President Barack Obama Monday night in an attempt to salvage the trip, is a big blow to relations between the two biggest economies in the Americas.

Both the White House and Ms. Rousseff's office billed the decision as a mutually agreed postponement, and said a state visit could take place at an unspecified later date. However, two officials with knowledge of Ms. Rousseff's decision said that such a visit was unlikely to happen anytime soon.

White House spokesman Jay Carney said the presidents agreed on the phone the disclosures of alleged U.S. intelligence activities could overshadow their meeting so they decided it would be best to postpone. But U.S. moves to address the surveillance complaints may take months.

“As the president previously stated, he has directed a broad review of U.S. intelligence posture, but the process will take several months to complete,” Carney said.

Ties between Brazil and the United States had been improving steadily since Ms. Rousseff took office in 2011 and before the revelations that the U.S. National Security Agency had snooped on emails, text messages and calls between the president and her aides. The spying revelations came from documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

“Illegal surveillance practices intercepting the communication and data of citizens, companies and members of the Brazilian government constitute a serious affront to national sovereignty and individual rights, and are incompatible with democratic cooperation between friendly nations,” the Brazilian government said in a statement.

In the absence of explanations and a “commitment to cease such surveillance activities, the conditions are not in place for the visit to go ahead as previously scheduled,” it said.

U.S. officials said the NSA surveillance was aimed at tracking suspected terrorist activity and did not pry into personal communications, but Ms. Rousseff was not convinced.

The trip was expected to be a platform for deals on oil exploration and biofuels technology, and Brazil's potential purchase of fighter jets from Chicago-based Boeing Co.

A defense contract worth more than $4 billion that Boeing is seeking for the sale of 36 F-18 fighter jets to the Brazilian Air Force could be the main victim of the spying affair. Brazilian officials have said Brazil cannot buy such strategic aircraft from a country it cannot trust.

The spying revelations sparked a political uproar in Brazil that Ms. Rousseff could not ignore. A senior government official said that her top advisers, including her mentor and predecessor as president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, encouraged her to scrap the state visit.

The issue is not likely to go away soon in a country that has long harbored suspicions that the United States wants to control its rich mineral resources in the Amazon basin and off its Atlantic coast, where Brazil has made the world's largest oil deep-water discoveries in decades.

Brazil's Congress has opened an investigation and on Tuesday questioned oil industry regulator Magda Chambriard on whether NSA spying could have given U.S. companies the edge in bidding for offshore production rights to be auctioned next month.

The committee also wants to send members to Moscow to interview Snowden, who has been granted temporary asylum by Russia.

The decision to cancel the visit to Washington will add tensions to the U.S.-Brazilian relations and increase risks for U.S. companies operating in sensitive sectors in Brazil, the Eurasia consultancy in Washington said in a note to clients.

This mainly affects the defense, telecom and energy sectors, and Boeing's chances of securing the jet fighter contract will be “significantly reduced,” Eurasia's analysts said.

“In the energy sector, there will certainly be a political firestorm if an American company wins the bid round in October,” Eurasia said, referring to the deep sea oil deposits that sit beneath a thick layer of salt under the ocean floor.


As flu season approaches,
U.N. agency issues warning


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Avian flu continues to pose serious health threats to both human and animal health, especially as the flu season approaches. That’s the warning issued by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.

The agency is calling on the international community to be vigilant for any signs of H5N1 and the new H7N9 avian flu. The former has been around for years, but H7N9 was first reported in China only last April. About 130 human infections were confirmed. Many of those patients had reported contact with poultry. Most had severe respiratory illness. Forty-four people died.

Food and Agriculture Organization senior animal health officer Ian Douglas said timing of the warning is important.

“We’ve had over a decade of experience with H5N1 avian influenza virus and generally speaking we’ve seen this pattern of increase of incidence of the disease with the coming of cooler weather following summer. The experience with H7N9 version of avian influenza virus is much more limited. But whilst the number of human cases of that infection have declined, there is the possibility that it could reemerge and become a more prevalent infection.”

While both strains can jump from poultry to humans, there is a difference between the two.

Douglas said, “The difference perhaps is significant in so far as H7N9 has not been observed to cause much of clinical disease in poultry. And this constitutes a much greater challenge because it’s not immediately obvious where the birds are infected and therefore, of course, the root of transmission to humans is somewhat more concealed.”

The lack of clinical signs makes is difficult to detect.

Health officials are very concerned that avian flu viruses might mutate and allow infections between people, not just between people and poultry. But is there any evidence, so far, that human to human transmission has occurred?

“There have been some suggestions,” he said, “of clusters where with very close contact that might have been the case. But of course the possibilities exist for a common exposure to an animal source. Avian influenza viruses can survive for some time outside of the bird or human host and contamination of the environment, at least for a reasonably short period of time, is possible.”

Douglas said that avian influenza viruses have the potential to produce a pandemic of human infection.

“In the case of H5N1, fairly rapidly. Over 60 countries in the world reported some cases occurring either in domestic or wild birds. That number is much reduced. Today, however, the infections remain endemic from Egypt across South and Southeast Asia and somewhat entrenched in those populations.”

He said it’s not clear whether H7N9 would behave the same way, adding there’s much to learn about the virus.

Established control methods involve culling -- and vaccinations in the case of the H5N1 virus. But the response must also include tracking where the birds came from and their intended destinations – and ensure that poultry markets adhere to sanitation guidelines.


U.S. surveillance court issues
defense of snooping programs

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The surveillance court that oversees the U.S. government's massive collection of telephone data gave its fullest defense to date Tuesday of why it considers the program lawful, despite the uproar after its existence was made public in June.
 
In an opinion dated Aug. 29, Judge Claire Eagan of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court wrote that the program did not violate the basic privacy rights of Americans and was authorized under the 2001 law known as the Patriot Act.
 
“The court concludes that there are facts showing reasonable grounds to believe that the records sought are relevant to authorized investigations,” wrote the judge, one of 11 who serve on the surveillance court.
 
Britain's Guardian newspaper disclosed the telephone database's existence in June. It was the first of a series of disclosures from documents provided by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
 
The program warehouses daily telephone metadata such as numbers called and the length and time of calls going back seven years. It does not include the content of calls or the names of callers, U.S. officials have said.
 
U.S. officials have said the database is valuable in preventing attacks by al-Qaida and other militant groups, and that access to the database is limited to trained personnel who are investigating international terrorist organizations.
 
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court reviews the program periodically, but its opinions generally are classified and are rarely known to the public.
 
Eagan's opinion is notable for its sweeping grant of authority to the government, perhaps because lawyers from the U.S. Justice Department are the only ones who argue before the secretive court, said Alex Abdo, a staff attorney at the American Civil Liberties Union.
 
“When the court has in front of it only the government's arguments, it's not surprising that the opinion reads like a brief written by the government,” Abdo said.
 
Eagan alluded to the attention Snowden's disclosures had received, writing: “This court is mindful that this matter comes before it at a time when unprecedented disclosures have been made about this and other highly sensitive programs designed to obtain foreign intelligence information and carry out counter-terrorism investigations.”
 
The court may disclose more. On Friday, at the request of the American Civil Liberties Union, the court ordered a declassification review of certain other opinions related to the Patriot Act's Section 215, which authorizes the FBI to seize, with court approval, business records that are relevant to terrorism investigations.


Colorado flood total put
at eight lives, many homes


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

At least eight people have died as a result of massive floods engulfing parts of the western U.S. state of Colorado.

State officials say another 600 people remain unaccounted for.

Bolstered by clear skies and receding waters, rescue efforts continued Tuesday with local, state and federal responders attempting to reach people stranded by the rising water. Twenty helicopters scoured the area dropping supplies and providing airlifts to those in need of help.

Authorities say at least 1,600 homes were destroyed and more than 17,000 others have been damaged.  

Local news outlets say more than 50 bridges linking rural communities have been destroyed or damaged, along with hundreds of miles of roads.

President Barack Obama has declared Colorado a major disaster zone and ordered federal help to boost state and local recovery efforts.:


Professional hackers in China
said to be behind attacks

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Computer security experts have discovered a group of highly sophisticated computer hackers operating for hire, a U.S computer security firm said Tuesday, and it linked the group to some of the best-known cyber-espionage attacks out of China in recent years.

Symantec Corp said the hacker group, which it dubbed “Hidden Lynx,” was among the most technically advanced of several dozen groups believed to be running cyber espionage operations out of China. Unlike a previous report by another company, Symantec did not allege Chinese government involvement in the cyberattacks.

Symantec's 28-page report said its researchers believe the Hidden Lynx group may have been involved with the 2009 Operation Aurora attacks, the most well-known cyber espionage campaign uncovered to date against U.S. companies.

In Operation Aurora, hackers attacked Google, Inc., and dozens of other companies including Adobe Systems, Inc., Google disclosed the attacks in January 2010, in which hackers tried to read Gmail communications of human rights activists and also attempted to access and change source code at targeted companies.

Symantec researcher Liam O'Murchu said his firm was unable to determine which individuals were behind Hidden Lynx or if it was linked to the Chinese government.

A separate study, released in February from the U.S. computer security firm Mandiant, said a secretive unit of the Chinese military was engaged in cyber espionage on American companies. Beijing vehemently denied the accusations in that document, which contained photos of the building that Mandiant alleged was the unit's headquarters.

Symantec believes the group is based in China, O'Murchu said, because much of the infrastructure used to run the attacks is based there and because the malicious software was written using Chinese tools and with Chinese code.

The Symantec report also provides new details about who is behind several recent attacks, including a breach at cyber security firm Bit9 and follow-on attacks at three Bit9 clients.

It also connects Hidden Lynx to a major campaign dubbed Voho, which was discovered last year by the security firm RSA, which is owned by EMC Corp. Voho targeted hundreds of organizations including financial firms, technology and healthcare companies, defense contractors and government agencies.

Symantec described the Hidden Lynx group as a professional organization staffed by between 50 and 100 people with a variety of skills needed to breach networks and exfiltrate data. The arsenal of tools included Trojan Naid and Trojan Moudoor, which the gang use to siphon data from infected computers.

Symantec, which sells software and services to protect corporate and consumer computer systems from cyber attacks like the ones mentioned in the report, said Naid was also used by hackers in Operation Aurora.

The Hidden Lynx hackers “were either responsible for the Aurora attack or were working in conjunction with the Aurora attackers,” O'Murchu said.


Pandora wins music case
over publishers association


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Pandora Media Inc. has won a Manhattan federal court decision rejecting efforts by some music publishers to narrow a license that enables the largest U.S. Internet radio service to play their music.
 
U.S. District Judge Denise Cote said an existing antitrust consent decree that requires the American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers, known as ASCAP, to license its works to Pandora from 2011 to 2015 unambiguously covers all of its works, even if publishers seek to withdraw authority to license to new media services.
 
“We're obviously gratified by the result,” said Kenneth Steinthal, a partner at King & Spalding in San Francisco who represents Pandora, which is based in nearby Oakland.
 
The decision could strengthen Pandora's case as it pursues related litigation on what constitutes reasonable licensing fees. Cote has scheduled a Dec. 4 trial on that matter.
 
ASCAP has about 470,000 members, and said it represents music from artists like Leonard Bernstein, Beyonce, Duke Ellington, George Gershwin, Alan Jackson, Jay-Z and Katy Perry.
 
The case arose after publishers including EMI Music Publishing Ltd, Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC and Universal Music Publishing Group withdrew or tried to withdraw new media licensing rights from ASCAP, allowing them to negotiate directly with Internet radio services.
 
Concerned that it would lose access to some music content for its roughly 72 million active listeners, Pandora in July sought a court ruling that publisher withdrawals would not affect the ASCAP license.
 
In response, ASCAP argued that Pandora had understood that the consent decree license could be narrowed. Cote, however, rejected its argument.
 
“ASCAP argues that 'ASCAP repertory' refers only to the rights in music works that ASCAP has been granted by its members as of a particular moment in time,” the judge wrote. “Pandora argues that ‘ASCAP repertory’ is a defined term articulated in terms of ‘works’ or ‘compositions,’ as opposed to in terms of a gerrymandered parcel of ‘rights.’ Pandora is correct.”
 
Lauren Iossa, an ASCAP spokeswoman, had no immediate comment. A lawyer for ASCAP did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
 
Pandora shares closed up $1.20, or 5 percent, at $25.19 in Tuesday trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Ms. Cote issued her decision after U.S. markets closed.

 





.

 
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


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For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
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Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
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The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
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Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 803
5,000 square meters of land and 175 square-meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia
2,000 square meters of land and 200 square-meters of construction.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
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Real estate for sale (paid category)


Pacific Estates

Pacific Estates is divided into three distinct sections called Pacific Landings, Pacific Hills and Pacific Acres. Pacific Landings includes unique 2 & 3 bedroom homes incorporating pole house construction, cathedral ceilings, balconies on both the front and back of the house and eco-friendly elements. The homes also include granite counter tops, state-of-the-art stainless steel kitchen appliances, washer & dryer hook ups, internet connectivity and zone controlled A/C. These homes feature 1,290 square feet under A/C space and 1,537 square feet under A/C space with an optional Loft. To learn more about Pacific Estates, schedule a No Obligation Free Virtual Tour today by clicking here!
8087-10/18/13

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8082-10/9/13

sunset view
FREE FULL-DAY TOUR and property viewing – San Ramón! 
Come visit us in San Ramón and not only will we show you some great properties but we’ll also give you a FREE day-long tour of this terrific town with a relocation expert who has lived here for many years. Since 2006, CRC has been the area’s leading creator of socially-responsible communities for foreign retirees/investors and locals. “Easy access” to San Ramón does not mean living many miles outside of town, but less than 2 miles from everything you’ll need. Live near town but in an area that only feels a world away. None of our competitors have built a school, donated a water well and completed numerous projects for the community. A few stunning, direct ocean-view home sites of 1.25 acres to nearly 4 acres from only $55,000 remain in one of San Ramón’s most desirable residential communities. Please visit us at www.crcommunities.com or email us at CRCInformation@gmail.com to request a property showing AND your free full-day tour. Overnight accommodations can be arranged. Limited availability so please contact us today referencing “Free Tour” in your email: CRCInformation@gmail.com
8080-10/6/13

Nicoya
                                views
Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD, axelspecial@gmail.com    Cell 8916-5550.
8061-xxxxx

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/user/CasaDelSolCostaRica
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email combrokers@aol.com
88059-xxxx

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
8058-11/15/13

Liberia farm
Must Sell - Immediately
Guanacaste - Liberia Farm

9 hectares (24 acres)
$ 0.66 cents per square meter
Riverfront property and amazing views of 3 volcanoes
10 minutes from Liberia center
$59,500 plus all legal fees
marinakuperman@gmail.com
347-535-4516
8057-9/14/13

Naranjo views

NARANJO VIEW PROPERTY READY TO BUILD: ALL PERMISSIONS

4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone
Email monicacal@mac.com
8034-8/19/13

Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose,  Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas.  And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive ground-work that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to  even greater success.  Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com
8081-10/9/13

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 18, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 185
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Study says despite logging,
rainforests have high value


By the University of Kent news staff

New research has found rainforests that have been logged several times continue to hold substantial value for biodiversity and could have a role in conservation.

According to principal investigators, Matthew Struebig and Anthony Turner from the University of Kent, these findings challenge a long-held belief that there is limited, if any, value of heavily logged forests for conservation.

The research, which monitored bats as an indicator for environmental change on Borneo, is the first of its kind to have wildlife in forests logged more than two times. The findings are particularly important because across the tropics forest that has been intensively harvested is frequently targeted for conversion to agriculture and is perceived to hold little value for timber, carbon or biodiversity.

Struebig explains: ‘Recent studies have emphasized similar numbers of species living in unlogged and logged sites, but what surprised us was just how resilient some species were, even in sites almost unrecognizable as rainforest.’

Only by viewing forest sites along a gradient of logging disturbance, ranging from pristine to heavily degraded, were the team able to detect a gradual decline of some key bat species.

The research confirmed the most vulnerable bats were those that tend to live in the cavities of old growth trees. By linking bat captures with vegetation measurements from nearby plots, the researchers were able to reveal how these animals declined as successive rounds of logging took their toll on forest structure, and crucially, the availability of tree cavities.

Although logging damage was clearly detrimental to some of the species studied, the findings also offer some hope for forest restoration efforts.

‘Across the tropics there is increasing investment to restore the timber and wildlife in logged rainforests.’ says Struebig. ‘For biodiversity, simple measures, such as setting artificial nest boxes for bats and birds may, if guided by research, help bring some species back to the numbers found in unlogged areas’, he said.



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From Page 7:

Employers warned on unlicensed guards

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The security ministry is warning firms and individuals to hire only guard companies that are registered and legal.

The Dirección de Servicios de Seguridad Privados went so far as to say that those persons who hire unregistered guard companies would be committing a crime. The agency also said that the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social also would hold them responsible.

The agency said that a list of registered firms is available on its Web site.

The agency periodically cracks down on security firms. Some have been put out of business because they had incomplete paperwork on file or because they cheated on certain aspects of firearms registration.

A large part of the security firm management is paperwork. Each armed guard has to be up to date with weapons permits, vehicle license and similar. And the firm has to have all these documents on file.

Frequently Fuerza Pública officers find guards who are carrying a weapon without a permit.