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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 180                 Email us
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Jo Stuart
 
Cascata del Bosco




President establishes a market for carbon credits
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Laura Chinchilla launched a domestic carbon credit market Tuesday.

The market allows firms to purchase unidades costarricenses de compensación to offset the carbon emissions they cannot eliminate by other means.

The program is sponsored by a $3.5 million grant from the government of Germany. The Costa Rican central government has pledged that the country will reach carbon neutrality by 2021. The measurements do not appear to take into account the vast releases of gases by the country's active volcanoes.

The carbon offsets will be balanced out by forestry credits, according to Casa Presidencial. It appears that so far the program is voluntary. The summary of the program said that the carbon credits would guarantee protection of the forests and encourage reforestation. Trees store carbon temporarily in their wood fibers and then release it after death and upon decay.

The Instituto de Normas Técnicas de Costa Rica already is established and capable of measuring carbon footprints of businesses.

The announcement is not unexpected. The environmental ministry received $3 million from a World Bank agency to structure  a carbon trading scheme last March.

The project and the entire system of carbon credits
carbon

is based on the assumption that the release of carbon dioxide by humans and their modern machinery is central to the increase in global temperatures. That is what the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said.

Although the carbon credit program was called domestic, the country's officials have long dreamed of being able to market carbon credits to the industrialized world on the assumption that the carbon sequestered by the country's trees and other vegetation can be measured accurately and sold.

René Castro was quoted in a March release from the  Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía that he heads saying that the carbon credits are an instrument for voluntary goals.

Ms. Chinchilla said that Costa Rica was the first country in development to set up a carbon trading market.


Dengue cases reported 280 percent above last year
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Health officials say that dengue cases this year are more than 30,000, and these are only the cases that have somehow been involved with the public health system. So the total may be much higher.

That represents a 280 percent increase over the same period last year, according to the Refindora Costarricenes de Petróleo,  S.A., which has an anti-dengue program.

Although there are indications that the number of cases is declining, there still are about 1,500 new ones reported each week.

The epidemic has had an impact, so far unmeasured, on Costa Rica tourism. Much of Central America also is facing similar conditions brought about by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which spreads the viruses.

Although there has been a surge in cases in the Central Valley, the numbers are nowhere near those of the coastal communities.

The  Refinadora Costarricense said Tuesday that its facilities have been sprayed regularly this year. The largest facility is in Moín, Limón, which is a center of dengue infection. Mosquitoes also carry malaria, which still affects some Caribbean residents.

The refinery also has been involved in campaigns to promote cleanups. Eliminating the receptacles of stagnant water where the mosquitoes breed has been the most effective approach. Refinery
spraying
Refinadora Costarricenes de Petróleo, S.A. photo
Health worker sprays a refinery storage area

workers are carrying the message to residents in the Limón area.

Dengue, also called bone breaker disease, varies with the individual. One bout can provide immunity, but there are at least three forms of the virus in Costa Rica now. A second infection can be life-threatening. At least 70 persons have suffered the most serious form this year, and there have been deaths.

Potential tourists have been worried because dengue is most prevalent in coastal areas that are vacation centers. The various commercial mosquito repellents are highly effective and can provide tourists with protection.

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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 180

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Spprts,em's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Legal services

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Our readers' opinions
Restrict prisoners' phones,
not the public's information


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

It is ludicrous to accept the contention from prison officials that they can't control the entry of cell phones into prison facilities.  One can't enter a bank with a cell phone without setting off alarms. Why should prison security be less effective?

Even if it is impossible to keep the phones out, however, there are devices that can jam cell phone signals that are used in some movie theaters and by law enforcement officials to prevent triggering of explosives.  Perhaps such devices should be installed in prisons.  While this would prevent prison employees from using their own cell phones, dedicated land lines could be installed for their use (if it is even appropriate for them to take or make personal calls while on prison grounds).

The answer is not to tell the world not to put personal information on the Internet (a lot of it is out there, much in public records such as vehicle registrations, anyway).  The prisoners are the ones whose rights should be restricted. 
Gray Rivers
Santa Bárbara, Heredia



Maintenance is way beyond
understanding of road agency


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

You could fill 20 pages of A.M. Costa Rica articles on similar situations [HERE!}, with different maintenance failures in each story each day for a year, probably. 

Maintenance is a hypothetical activity mostly observed in the breach here in Costa Rica.  I suspect that that's an esencial Tico attribute, with exceptions found mainly in U.S. and other developed-country owned and managed businesses. 

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad is the designated entity responsible for maintenance of national roadways, and a proposal has been made, and reported in A.M. Costa Rica, La Nación, and other public media to remove all of CONAVI's new construction responsibilities so that they concentrate on maintenance. 

Unfortunately, they don't have a clue what that consists of. There are guard rails along principal highways that have been torn apart in accidents years ago and which still stay in place, presenting a serious hazard should any future accident occur at the same location, possibly impaling passengers in a crash.  And the other part of that proposal is for new construction to be administered at the ministerial level.  Good luck!

We pay more for our annual vehicle registration (marchamos) than other countries in Central America, and I paid last December about five times for my 2013 marchamos more than I used to pay in Virginia for annual registration of my Volvo station wagon three years ago for a car of the same year (now three years older).  And mysteriously, the value of my car had increased greatly in value from the year before, according to Hacienda, just so that they could collect more taxes.

It's incredible that Costa Ricans put up with such poor performance from their government, but they seem to be resigned to mediocrity from government agencies and their employees.  From Zapote to Peñas Blancas.
Loren B. Ford
Grecia


Two held to face allegations
of Curridabat robberies


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents detained two men Tuesday and said they were street bandits who were terrorizing Tirrases de Curridabat

The Judicial Investigating Organization said that the two men were 26 and 33 years of age. They are suspected of at least four cases of robbery.

The bandits being sought by agents used to hide themselves in dark areas and wait until a homeowner approached the entry to his dwelling. They would approach and ask for money as if they were panhandlers.

If the homeowner declined to give them money, they would pull a knife and take what they could, said agents.

Agents said they were seeking more victims.


Art City Tour to include
expo opening at museum


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There is another Art City Tour, this evening when the metro area's museums and other cultural organizations open their doors and give free admittance.

Some 20 locations will be open, and, as usual, buses will take some of the visitors around town. Some of the locations are the Museo de Arte Costarricense, the Museo de Arte y Diseño Contemporáneo, the Museo Calderón Guardia and the Museo Nacional.

The Museo Nacional is opening a new exposition today. It is called “Inteligencia Natural” with photos and videos addressing climate change.

The tour, the 24th in a series, is sponsored by the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud.

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Readers should refresh the page and, if necessary, dump the cache of their computer, if this problem persists. Readers in Costa Rica have this problem frequently because the local Internet provider has continual problems.


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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 180
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Legislature moves to ratify child's right to complain to U.N.
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Lawmakers took a step Tuesday to assure youngsters that they could complain to the United Nations about any breaches of their rights.

The legislature approved on first reading the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure. The addition to the existing rights of children treaty provides special consideration by persons skilled in rights of young people when the complaint reaches the  U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child.

Costa Rica is seeking to be among the first 10 counties to ratify the  Optional Protocol. That is the number needed so that the agreement takes effect.

"The Third Optional Protocol is an important step in strengthening the protection of children’s rights but it is no substitute for strong and effective remedies for violation of children’s rights at the domestic level," said Paula  Gerber. She
is a professor at Monash University Law School in Australia where she teaches children’s rights and is a deputy director of the Castan Centre for Human Rights Law. She has written extensively on the topic.

The protocol is basically a backstop when countries do not respect the rights of their children. The Committee on the Rights of the Child has little real power but it can instruct national leadership to take some action.

Nearly every country in the world except the United States, has ratified the original  Convention on the Rights of the Child, which entered into force in 1990. Unlike Costa Rica, the U.S. Constitution is superior legally to international treaties. But there still are concerns about erosion of national sovereignty.

The protocol, approved by the U.N. General Assembly in 2011, also strengthens economic, social and cultural rights, according to a summary by Professor Gerber. She pointed out that although children have rights under other treaties, none was developed specifically with them in mind.


Costa Rica and U.S. both win slots for the 2014 World Cup
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Both Costa Rica and the United States national soccer teams earned enough points Tuesday night to qualify for berths for the 2014 World Cup.

For Costa Rica, this is like winning the Superbowl and the World Series all on the same night.

Costa Rica did not qualify the way it expected. The Tico team battled hapless Jamaica to a 1-1 tie in Kingston. Then the team and the rest of the country had to await the outcome of the Panamá-Honduras match. The teams tied.  Honduras still is in third place in the regional competition after Costa Rica.

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football sends three teams to the World Cup. The team in fourth place has to battle it out with a team similarly placed from another region.

The U.S. team scored two goals and held México scoreless to  win its game in Columbus, Ohio. The U.S. team also benefited from the Honduras-Panamá tie.

The teams in the Central American and Caribbean Association
  have two more games left. There is one Oct. 11 when Costa Rica plays Honduras and the United States plays Jamaica. Then Oct. 15, the United States plays Panamá and the Tico squad plays México.

México so far has won just a single game of the eight played. Jamaica has not won a game but has had four ties.

The qualifying was sweet for Costa Rica. In 2010 the team lost a World cup berth when it lost to the United States and then Honduras won its game.

What happens now is a major media blitz with product tie-ins, travel contests and all sorts of marketing in anticipation of the start of the World cup games in June.

Many Costa Rican fans will travel to Brazil, too.

Public employees were expecting President Laura Chinchilla to declare a holiday today because of the soccer team victory. The Consejo de Educación Vial announced Tuesday afternoon that those scheduled for a driving test today would have to sign up again if the president declared a holiday.

But it appears that she did not.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 180
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Evidence of decapitation and dismemberment found at Mayan site
By the University of Bonn news staff

Researchers of the Department of Anthropology of the Americas at the University of Bonn have discovered a mass grave in an artificial cave in the historical Maya city of Uxul, Mexico. Marks on the bones indicate that the individuals buried in the cave were decapitated and dismembered around 1,400 years ago. The scientists assume that the victims were either prisoners of war or nobles from Uxul itself.

For the last five years, archaeologists of the department of Anthropology of the Americas of the University of Bonn have been excavating in the historical Maya city of Uxul in Campeche with the aim of researching the origins and the collapse of regional states in the Maya lowlands. The project headed by Nikolai Grube and Kai Delvendahl from the University of Bonn, as well as Antonio Benavides from the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History  has now made a sensational find: They have uncovered the skeletons of 24 people in an approximately 32-square meter artificial cave that had formerly been used as a water reservoir.

"Aside from the large number of interred individuals, it already became apparent during the excavation that the skeletons were no longer in their original anatomical articulation," said archaeologist Nicolaus Seefeld, who studied the sophisticated water supply system of Uxul for his doctoral thesis and discovered the mass grave. All of the skulls were lying scattered around the interior of the cave in no relation to the rest of the bodies. Even the majority of the lower jaws were separated from the heads, he said. In contrast, detailed examination determined that the limbs of the legs and hands were in some cases completely preserved. "This observation excluded the possibility that this mass grave was a so-called secondary burial, in which
the bones of the deceased are placed at a new location," said Seefeld.

According to the conclusions reached by the scientists, the spatial pattern of the bones indicates that the corpses of the 24 people had been decapitated and dismembered. Signs of violent death could be proven for the majority. "The observed hatchet marks on the cervical vertebra are a clear indication of decapitation," Seefeld reported.

The forehead of another skull shows an unhealed skull fracture, probably caused by a blow from a cudgel. In addition, numerous skulls show signs of cutting with sharp objects, which might originate from stone hatchets.

Due to their being covered by clay, the bones are so well-preserved that it was possible to distinguish the age and sex of 15 of the 24 individuals. These include 13 men and two women who were aged from 18 to 42 at the time of their death. Analyses of teeth and bones showed that several of the deceased suffered from malnutrition and had lost several teeth to tooth decay.

Some of the dead had tooth inserts of jade. The scientists interpret this as a sign of high social status. However, the archaeologists of the University of Bonn don't yet know whether they are prisoners of war from another Maya city that were sacrificed in Uxul or nobles from Uxul itself. Only with the help of isotope analysis will it be possible to clarify whether the dead were members of the local population or originate from another region of the lowlands.

"However, the discovery of the mass grave proves that the dismemberment of prisoners of war and opponents often represented in Maya art was in fact practiced," said Grube.

 
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Christ Howard with Max
retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Cute rental house
Beautiful and cozy mountain cottages
in San Rafael de Heredia.
Surrounded by nature. Bus line service. Security.
One or two bedrooms, one or two baths.
$500 or $425, monthly with furniture.
$325 or $250 without furniture. No bills included.
MORE INFO:  lizrutbeth@gmail.com  (506) 8739-0638.
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COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8071-9/19/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
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prime properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8072-9/19/13

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8026-7/17/13

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

1 bedroom with private bath. Rooms in large, 3.000 sq ft. historical mansion in heart of Barrio Amón.  Prices starting at $350. for long-term. Smoking ok in common areas. Includes electricity, water, commercial kitchen use, laundry, high-speed internet. 7078-6985. More info HERE!
8006-7/14/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8024-8/18/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8025-8/18/13

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
7968-7/17/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
7954-6/8/13
7875-4/11/13



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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 180
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us







Americans marking Sept. 11
with moments of silence


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Americans are preparing to commemorate the Sept. 11, 2001, deaths of nearly 3,000 people killed when terrorists crashed hijacked airliners into the World Trade Center in New York, the Pentagon in Washington, and a Pennsylvania field.

Ceremonies in New York and at the Pentagon will begin with moments of silence marking the exact moments 12 years ago when the airliners crashed. A 9/11 museum is nearing completion at the site where the twin towers of the trade center once stood.

In Costa Rica, workers at the U.S. Embassy will observe a moment of silence at the embassy at 9 a.m. but no formal events are planned, said a spokesman.

President Barack Obama will attend a private Pentagon ceremony with Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Families of those killed in the attack will attend.

At the Flight 93 Memorial in Pennsylvania, relatives of the victims joined the National Park Service Tuesday in a groundbreaking ceremony for a visitor center at the site where 33 passengers and seven crew members were killed. The center is being built on a ridge overlooking the crash site.

The White House says the president's national security team is taking measures to prevent 9/11 related attacks on the anniversary Wednesday, and to ensure that the American people and overseas facilities are protected.

Wednesday also is the first anniversary of the terrorist attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other U.S. diplomats were killed. The White House says it continues to mourn their deaths and remains committed to bringing those responsible for the Benghazi attack to justice.


Lawyer recalls his escape
from crashing Twin Tower


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Washington-based lawyer Frank Razzano is one of several people who escaped from New York's World Trade Center complex after the Twin Towers collapsed in the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
 
He was staying in the Marriott World Trade Center, a 22-story hotel that was one of 10 buildings destroyed in the attacks in the area that became known as Ground Zero.
 
Razzano was in New York Sunday to attend what he called an emotional reunion lunch for several dozen Marriott guests, employees and firefighters who made dramatic escapes from the hotel. He said the survivors and family members also got a tour of two memorials for the estimated 50 people who died at the hotel, most of them firefighters.
 
On the morning that two hijacked planes hit the Twin Towers, Razzano was sleeping in his 19th floor suite, which he had booked to prepare for a trial in New York. He says he awoke at the sound of the first impact, but returned to bed after looking out of a window and seeing some papers fluttering in the air. Minutes later, the second plane hit the South Tower, just opposite his suite.

"I turned the television on, and they were saying that two planes had hit the North Tower and the South Tower. There was a little bit of confusion at that time as to what had happened. This may sound crazy, but I wasn't really concerned. This was something that was going on 80 stories above me. I figured the fire department would come and put out the fires and that would be the end of it."
 
Razzano said his thoughts were focused on a meeting scheduled for later that morning as he took a shower, got dressed and gathered his belongings. But then the collapse of the South Tower adjacent to the hotel changed everything.
 
"I felt the building beginning to break up, as if it was being bombarded by artillery fire," he said. "I looked out the window and I could see a mountain of concrete and steel just falling past the window, almost like in slow motion, like a curtain going down at a theater. I ran to the opposite side of the room and pressed myself against the wall and thought that those were the last few minutes that I was going to have on Earth.
 
"I distinctly remember thinking to myself that my daughter had just gotten engaged, and I would never see her get married. The other thought that went through my head was, I knew I was going to die, but I was just hoping that something would hit me in the head and that I go quickly. And then all of a sudden, everything stopped."
 
Razzano said he moved through the room, opened the door, and yelled out, "Is there anyone there?"
 
"Just five feet away from me, I hear a voice, 'Come this way'. On the ground, under some debris, I find a fireman," Razzano said. "I said, 'Are you OK?' He says, 'I'm OK, don't worry about me. Just go down the stairs.'"
 
The collapse of the South Tower created a huge gash in the middle of the hotel, but left its southern stairwell intact. Razzano managed to make it down to the stairwell's third floor, where he, another guest, a hotel worker and two firemen crawled down a narrow beam through an opening in the wall to the second floor.

Moments later the North Tower fell, demolishing almost all of what remained of the Marriott except for a few floors at the southern edge where Razzano and the other survivors were located.
 
"All I kept thinking to myself was, 'This can't be happening to me twice in one day!'" Razzano said.
 
"I thought I was going to die, because I couldn't breathe. Every breath you took, you drew in dust and dirt and you couldn't get any oxygen," he said. "And I remember convulsively coughing, as did all the other people in the group. After a few minutes of coughing and hacking, the dust started to settle down, and we were able to get some oxygen."

Having located another hole in the building, the group used a rug to climb down to a huge debris pile on the ground. A policeman noticed Razzano was bleeding from the head and put him on a boat to Ellis Island, where he was taken by ambulance to a New Jersey hospital. After three days of treatment for bleeding in his brain cavity, the bleeding stopped and he was released from the hospital without surgery.
 
Razzano said he plans to return to New York Sept. 29, when his daughter and some of her friends will do a charity run in honor of Ruben Correa, one of the firefighters killed at the Marriott.
 
He said the courage of the firefighters and police who responded to the 9/11 attacks is more important than his personal story and deserves to be remembered.



U.S. richest earned more
of total income in 80 years


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The richest 1 percent of Americans last year earned their highest share of the nation's household income in more than eight decades.

The last time that group took in more than 19 percent of overall earnings was in 1928, just one year before the stock market crash that helped trigger the Great Depression.

Meanwhile, the wealthiest 10 percent of Americans earned nearly half (more than 48 percent) of the nation's household income in 2012, their highest share since 1917 when the record-keeping began.

The news comes from an independent analysis of Internal Revenue Service figures. Emmanuel Saez of the University of California, Berkeley is one of the economists who looked at the data. He says the incomes of the wealthiest Americans surged last year, in part because they cashed in stock holdings to avoid the higher capital gains taxes that took effect this past January.

The figures highlighted by the analysis show U.S. income inequality has been rising for nearly 30 years.

From 2009 to 2012, the initial years of recovery from the 2008-2009 recession, Saez says the top 1 percent of Americans captured 95 percent of the nation's income gains.

In 2012, for example, the incomes of the top 1 percent rose nearly 20 percent compared to a not even 1 percent increase for the remaining 99 percent.

The anti-corporate Occupy Wall Street movement singled out the wealthiest 1 percent in protests beginning in 2011. The group said it represented the “99 percent,” the people outside the top 1 percent of wealth holders.



There is no shortage
of volunteers for Mars


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Over 200,000 people from around the world have applied to be the first human settlers on Mars according to Mars One, a not-for-profit foundation that says it will establish a permanent human settlement on the red planet in 2023.

The foundation, which began receiving applications in April, said it received applications from 202,586 people from around the world. Nearly a quarter of the applicants are from the United States, 10 percent from India and 6 percent from China.

Over the coming months, the applicants will be pared down and those selected will be notified by the end of the year.

Selected candidates will undergo intense physical and mental testing, as teams from different regions of the world will compete against each other until 24-40 make the final cut by 2015.

These future Martians will then begin seven years of training. Those who do go to Mars will spend the rest of their lives there.

Mars One says the initial mission will cost $6 billion, sourced from the private sector and a television reality show.

According to the Mars One Web site, “human settlement on Mars is possible today with existing technologies.”



New blood test can spot
resistant malaria parasites


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Scientists have developed a simple, rapid blood test to determine the malaria parasite's resistance to artemisinin, currently the most effective drug available to treat the mosquito-borne infection. Unfortunately, the drug is becoming less effective. But researchers are hoping the test will eventually help patients with drug-resistant malaria. 
 
More than 200 million people are infected with malaria each year, with a death toll as high as 1.2 million.  Most of the infections occur in sub-Saharan Africa.

While artemisinin-containing drugs are currently the most effective weapon in the fight against malaria, the parasite that causes it is beginning to develop resistance.

Rick Fairhurst, a clinical investigator with the U.S. National Institutes of Health in Maryland, says most malaria patients used to be cured with three doses of artemisinin taken over a three-day period.

“And now what we are seeing is that patients, like for example in Pursat where I work, we have about 60 percent of people still have parasites at 72 hours, which suggests that these parasites could persist in the patient, which results in them not being cured," said Fairhurst.

Pursat province is an area in western Cambodia. 

Fairhurst, along with a team of Cambodian and French researchers, developed a rapid blood test that measures how quickly the malaria parasites in blood samples were killed or weakened by the active ingredient in artemisinin.

The parasites’ survival was measured 72 hours after exposure to the artemisinin. If the parasite was still active at that point, the researchers determined that it was unlikely to respond to the drug.

Researchers confirmed the finding in patients infected with malaria. Parasites in blood samples taken from people with drug-resistant infections had only a tepid response to artemisinin.

Such a test could help public health officials identify pockets of drug resistance and map its spread.

Fairhurst says the blood test could also be used to follow individuals treated with artemisinin.

“And if eventually we find if parasites are at a certain level of resistance in the laboratory, they have a certain probability of coming back in the patient, we can then say, 'Okay, this person is not likely to be cured and we can come on top with a second drug," he said.

Fairhurst says there are a couple of newer, more expensive anti-malarial agents that could be used but which experts fear could also eventually become ineffective against the parasite.

An article on the rapid blood test for artemisinin-resistant malaria is published in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

 

Bilingual speakers move
seamlessly in languages

By the Penn State University news staff

Bilingual speakers can switch languages seamlessly, likely developing a higher level of mental flexibility than monolinguals, according to Penn State linguistic researchers.

"In the past, bilinguals were looked down upon," said Judith F. Kroll, professor of psychology, linguistics and women's studies. "Not only is bilingualism not bad for you, it may be really good. When you're switching languages all the time it strengthens your mental muscle and your executive function becomes enhanced."

Fluent bilinguals seem to have both languages active at all times, whether both languages are consciously being used or not, the researchers report in a recent issue of Frontiers in Psychology. Both languages are active whether either was used only seconds earlier or several days earlier.

Bilinguals rarely say a word in the unintended language, which suggests that they have the ability to control the parallel activity of both languages and ultimately select the intended language without needing to consciously think about it.

The researchers conducted two separate but related experiments. In the first, 27 Spanish-English bilinguals read 512 sentences, written in either Spanish or English alternating language every two sentences. Participants read the sentences silently until they came across a word displayed in red, at which point they were instructed to read the red word out loud, as quickly and accurately as possible. About half of the red words were cognates, words that look and sound similar and have the same meaning in both languages.

"Cognate words were processed more quickly than control words," said Jason W. Gullifer, a graduate student in psychology, suggesting that both languages are active at the same time.

Participants in the second experiment performed the same tasks as those in the first experiment, but this time were presented one language at a time. The second experiment's results were similar to the first, suggesting that context does not influence word recognition.

"The context of the experiment didn't seem to matter," said Gullifer. "If you look at bilinguals there seems to be some kind of mechanistic control."



Hollywood marks anniversary
of controversial director


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

This month, Hollywood celebrates the 100th birthday of producer and director Stanley Kramer, who made controversial films and explored the unpopular topics of his time.  Kramer not only challenged American society, he challenged powerful movie studios of the day by becoming an independent filmmaker.  Kramer died more than 10 years ago, but his legacy and his films live on.

Kramer made movies that got people’s attention and, at times, made them angry. His wife, Karen Sharpe Kramer, remembers the opening night of the film "Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner."

“There were lines around the block, 15 blocks long," said Mrs. Kramer.

The film explores the issue of interracial marriage, a risky subject in the 1960s.

“Stanley and I both had a lot of hate mail, we were threatened in restaurants," she said. "We’d go to dinner and somebody would come to the table and say, "You’re that Mr. Kramer that made that film 'Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?' Well you better watch your back Kramer, we don’t like it.'"

Jan-Christopher Horak directs UCLA's Film and Television Archive.

“The time that film was made, in 60 to 80 percent of the states in this country there were still laws on the books. It made you a criminal if you married interracially," said Horak.

Black actor Sidney Poitier starred in that film.

“He was a remarkable person and he was probably one of the most amazing filmmakers in America and we never had moments for anything but teaching each other. We learned from him occasionally, once in awhile he learned from us," said Poitier.

Kramer explored race relations even before "Guess Who’s Coming To Dinner," often in secret said Mrs. Kramer, recalling how the film "Home of the Brave" was made.

“And he hid this wonderful African American actor James Edwards on the floorboard of his car going to and from work everyday," she said.

Kramer addressed other controversial issues, for example the Holocaust in the movie "Judgment At Nuremberg," a fictionalized account of the Nuremberg war crimes tribunal that prosecuted top Nazi leaders for genocide in World War II. At a time when the country was not discussing the Holocaust, this film shocked audiences. 
 
Kramer also directed "Inherit the Wind," taking on another controversy, the teaching of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. The movie was based on the famous Scopes Monkey trial in which a school teacher in Kentucky was tried for teaching evolution and found guilty.

It was nominated for four Academy Awards but, UCLA's Horak says:

“He was criticized for focusing too much on messages you know, that his messages were a little too obvious that he was making films for the message instead of making a great film and have the message somehow kind of slip in along the side," he said.

Kramer retired in his 60s, but his films won 16 Oscars and their subject matter had an impact on how Americans think and act on issues still relevant today.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
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Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
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Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
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The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
Since 1996, CRREC has been providing the most valuable resource for discovering real estate in Costa Rica. Our Costa Rica properties database contains some of the most exclusive and hard to find properties in the country. Not to mention how affordable some of our Costa Rica homes for sale are. So if you're in the market for Costa Rica real estate then we encourage you to
visit our Costa Rica MLS and discover for yourself why people call CRREC the #1 authority in Costa Rica real estate.
Call Today @ 506-2654-5507 (Costa Rica) or 1-888-414-1836 (Toll-Free) Email: info@costaricarealestate.com
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Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 803
5,000 square meters of land and 175 square-meters of construction. HERE!
Grecia
2,000 square meters of land and 200 square-meters of construction.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8068-11/9/13

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8082-10/9/13

sunset view
FREE FULL-DAY TOUR and property viewing – San Ramón! 
Come visit us in San Ramón and not only will we show you some great properties but we’ll also give you a FREE day-long tour of this terrific town with a relocation expert who has lived here for many years. Since 2006, CRC has been the area’s leading creator of socially-responsible communities for foreign retirees/investors and locals. “Easy access” to San Ramón does not mean living many miles outside of town, but less than 2 miles from everything you’ll need. Live near town but in an area that only feels a world away. None of our competitors have built a school, donated a water well and completed numerous projects for the community. A few stunning, direct ocean-view home sites of 1.25 acres to nearly 4 acres from only $55,000 remain in one of San Ramón’s most desirable residential communities. Please visit us at www.crcommunities.com or email us at CRCInformation@gmail.com to request a property showing AND your free full-day tour. Overnight accommodations can be arranged. Limited availability so please contact us today referencing “Free Tour” in your email: CRCInformation@gmail.com
8080-10/6/13

Nicoya
                                views
Maui, 50 years ago!
One acre with all services located on the Nicoya Peninsula at about 2,400 feet below cloud level with the most intriguing panoramic views to the picturesque gulf, mountains and valleys, as well as sunset over the Pacific. 60,000 USD, axelspecial@gmail.com    Cell 8916-5550.
8061-xxxxx

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances.  To see more, go to YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/user/CasaDelSolCostaRica
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email combrokers@aol.com
88059-xxxx

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
8058-11/15/13

Liberia farm
Must Sell - Immediately
Guanacaste - Liberia Farm

9 hectares (24 acres)
$ 0.66 cents per square meter
Riverfront property and amazing views of 3 volcanoes
10 minutes from Liberia center
$59,500 plus all legal fees
marinakuperman@gmail.com
347-535-4516
8057-9/14/13

Naranjo views

NARANJO VIEW PROPERTY READY TO BUILD: ALL PERMISSIONS

4254 msq. 1.2 acres - $59,000.00
• 10 minutes to the autopista and Naranjo centro
• Tranquil and Quiet
• Landscaped with fruit trees and flowering plants, and coffee#
• Incredible views - The Central Valley and nature reserve
• Close to public transportation - paved main road
• Building pad prepared and soil tested
• Survey/topo
• All services in place and underground - water/electricity/phone
Email monicacal@mac.com
8034-8/19/13

Playa Palo Seco - Gorgeous beachfront 2-story home of roughly 2,000 square feet set on a half acre ocean front full of beautiful fruit and shade trees in Playa Palo Seco.
Playa Paol Seco
This home features two bedrooms, three full baths, high quality A/C units, huge front and backyard, and of course, a fantastic view of the Pacific Ocean just feet away from the front door! Playa Palo Seco is only minutes from  the tourist hot spot Jacó but far enough away to be quiet and tranquil. This is an incredible opportunity at $150,000! Owner financing is available! Visit Vistaricarealty.com for more information!
8033-8/19/13

El Castillo - Up to 60-acre tract with breathtaking views of Volcán Arenal and Lake
Catillo
Arenal are available. Multiple GORGEOUS home building sites are scattered throughout this area. This is definitely a one-of-a-kind piece of land that cannot be replicated. Perfectly suited for either real estate investment, homebuilding, or even a resort. Owner financing  is available! Please visit us at Vistaricarealty.com for more information!
8032-8/19/13

San Ramon - Beautiful tracts of land of all shapes and sizes for sale in the San Ramón
San Ramon
area. Vista Rica Realty has been in the business for over 20 years which allows us to outcompete in not only selection, but also price. Oceanview homesites from only $30,000 with easy access to San Ramón. Up to 90-hectare fincas perfect for raising cattle or an off-the-grid project. Owner financing is available! Please visit us at Vistaricarealty.com for more information!
8031-8/19/13

Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San Jose,  Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas.  And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive ground-work that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to  even greater success.  Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a Pro-Forma Income Statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com
8081-10/9/13

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Sept. 11, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 180
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La Nada is giving fits
to weather forecasters


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Unpredictable and extreme weather is likely to persist until the spring of 2014 because of the lack of El Niño or La Niña patterns in the Pacific Ocean, according to new sea height data collected from NASA's Jason-2 satellite.

The so-called La Nada event has stubbornly persisted for 16 months and indicates “near normal sea-surface height conditions across the equatorial Pacific Ocean.” During El Niño episodes, the water level rises because of warmer water temperatures. During La Niña periods, the opposite is true.

"Without an El Niño or La Niña signal present, other, less predictable, climatic factors will govern fall, winter and spring weather conditions," said climatologist Bill Patzert of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. "Long-range forecasts are most successful during El Niño and La Niña episodes. The in between ocean state, La Nada, is the dominant condition, and is frustrating for long-range forecasters. It's like driving without a decent road map. It makes forecasting difficult."

For the past several decades, about half of all years have experienced La Nada conditions, compared to about 20 percent for El Niño and 30 percent for La Niña, according to NASA.

Patzert noted that some of the wettest and driest winters occur during La Nada periods.

"Neutral infers something benign, but in fact if you look at these La Nada years when neither El Niño nor La Niña are present, they can be the most volatile and punishing. As an example, the continuing, deepening drought in the American West is far from neutral," he said.


Warning issued for storm
moving closer to Bermuda

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Forecasters have issued a tropical storm warning for Bermuda as Tropical Storm Gabrielle moves closer to the British island territory.

Flights have been canceled and ferry service suspended. The storm is expected to dump up to 15 centimeters of rain on Bermuda by today. That's nearly six inches. Winds of 95 kilometers per hour (about 60 mph) are expected.

Forecasters predict Gabrielle will move in a northeasterly direction later this week, staying far from the U.S. east coast but bringing heavy rain to parts of Canada.

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From Page 7:

Apple introduces two new iPhones

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. technology giant Apple has unveiled two new iPhones, its latest effort to win a bigger share of the highly competitive worldwide market for smartphones.

The company said Tuesday one of the models, the iPhone 5C, would be offered in a choice of five colors: -green, blue, yellow, pink and white. It would sell for as little as $99 for users agreeing to a two-year wireless contract.

Apple is hoping the phone will boost sales in China and other countries where customers do not have as much disposable income as in the U.S. and Europe.

The company called the other new model, the upscale iPhone 5S, "the most forward-looking phone we have ever created," with increased computing power that is about 40 times faster than when the first iPhone was introduced in 2007. The company said the 5S would have increased battery life that permits about 10 hours of talk time, and would cost between $199 and $399, depending on the amount of memory in the phone.

Google's Android devices now dominate the smartphone marketplace, with about three-quarters of all handsets. Some analysts are predicting that Apple could marginally increase its share to about 18 percent this year.