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(506) 2223-1327                                  Published Thursday, Aug. 20, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 164                                   Email us
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Government under fire from many sides over finances
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Solís administration is being characterized as a ship adrift. Politicians and news outlets are zeroing in on the administration, perhaps motivated by distaste for the proposed new taxes.

Repretel, the news channel, reported Wednesday on salaries of up to 13 million colons a month that are being paid to top state bank officials. That's about $24,500 a month. Members of the boards of directors of some state institutions get up to 220,000 colons a meeting, some $417, and there are a handful of meetings every months.

Bank spokespersons reply that the money is not public funds but generated by the bank operations.

Politicians from two political parties, including Ottón Solís of the president's own Partido Acción Ciudadana, have joined in the criticism. The politicians say that salaries of this magnitude are disproportionate to Costa Rica's standard of living. Bank officials also get health annual bonuses, and both bank officers and members of boards of directors receive the aguinaldo at Christmas representing a month's pay.

Rolando González Ulloa, a Partido Liberación Nacional lawmaker, raised the issue on the floor of the legislature when he cited what he said were a sea of contradictions  in the way the government is navigating the country. Continuing the marine analogy, he said the government lacked direction and a course.

The online financial publication Central American Data tore into the government 
Wednesday with an editorial that said the agency involved in a failed oil refinery project with China continues to spend significant funds.

"The board of the company can not even agree on the 2015 budget, yet they are still paying international salaries, traveling backwards and forwards across the world, and paying the cost of materials and contracts to third parties," the publication said of Soresco, the joint venture between local Costa Rican Petroleum Refinery and the Chinese national petroleum company.

La Nación, a leading Spanish-language daily, reported today that the refinery project spent $30.5 million over the last six years.

Ottón Solís has been the leader in a mostly unsuccessful effort to have the central government make substantial budget cuts.


Another bovine rabies outbreak reported at Upala
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Animal health workers are trying to stem another outbreak of rabies among cattle in Upala, northern Costa Rica.

The agency,  Servicio Nacional de Salud Animal, said that four cows already have died of the paralytic form of the disease. Efforts will be made to reduce the population of bats, which are vectors for the disease, it said.

Rabies is a viral infection that affects warm-blooded creatures, including humans by attacking the nervous system. As the disease takes hold, the afflicted will exhibit impeded coordination, difficulty walking, increased salivation and paralysis of the lower legs, making the victim unable to stand upright. The final stage is death.

A vaccine is available for cows, but some ranchers do not take advantage of this protection. The animal health agency said that 1,186 cows and 27 horses are on the farms where the disease has been discovered. All are under quarantine.

Dogs as well as humans can catch the disease. In the 1960s when a vaccine was not available, Costa Rican cattle ranchers lost 10,000 head, according to statistics from the U.N. Food and Agricultural Organization.

bat
Servicio Nacional de Salud Animal photo
One of the vampire bats that spread the disease.

Such outbreaks happen periodically. News files show that there were two in 2011 in Caño Negro in Alajuela Province and in Rio Cuarto de Grecia.  There was another at Potrero Grande de Buenos Aires de Puntarenas this June.

The current outbreak is in the northern section of Alajuela province in the Aguas Claras area, the animal health agency said.

Symptoms are slow to develop, and there is the possibility that more animals are infected.

The Ministerio de Salud  also is involved now to provide vaccinations to those who work with the animals. Other persons should avoid contact with animals in this area, the animal health agency said



March and unhappy drivers likely to tie up country
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The education ministry promises to hold classes as normal today, and the nation's public health service says that those with appointments will be attended.

Those statements seem to be in disagreement with the thousands of public employees, including school teachers and health workers who are going to hit the streets today in a protest march.

Union leaders are urging parents to keep school children at home.

In addition, former porteadores, unlicensed taxi drivers, have their own grudges, and they
have said they will institute blockades at key points. The last time they did this a woman died when she swung her car into the path of a truck as she tried to avoid a blockade. Hundreds of tourists had to hike their own way to the airport, luggage and all, when the General Cañas autopista was blocked. Many missed their planes.

Today is likely to be a replay of that situation.

The 50 unions involved in the protest march are part of the Bloque Unitario Sindical y Social Costarricense. They are unhappy with a 0.08 percent raise proposed by the government.

The march is east on Avenida Segunda and then north to the legislative complex.

 
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Mimosa

A.M. Costa Rica's
 
Second news page
Green season
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Aug. 20, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 164
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
In San Isidro de El General
Dr. Vargas
Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Our experience in primary eye care, now makes yourexperience unmatched.
 
She bought progressive lenses with transitions and anti-reflective coating, this was her great experience:
 
 "Dr. Allan Mora gives the best eye exam I've ever had, in any country. Then he and his staff helped me pick out new frames -- all of this in English -- and right in downtown PZ. He's a treasure!"
 — Mrs. Carol Vaughn
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro de El General, Pérez Zeledón, San José,
 Costa Rica.
 Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
 Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
 Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8751-10/17/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
 
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
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-Correspondents of WILLIS.
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-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
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Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
8783-11/17/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8688-9/16/15

 Accountants

 
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summe
U.S. Income Tax Services
 
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant
 
File your FBAR for current or past due years
 
File your past three years tax return under the
Streamlined  Procedure which mitigates penalties
 
File amended tax returns

Personalized service      Competitive rates
Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
8724-9/19/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8635-9/12/15

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
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eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Fine art restoration and conservation
Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Carmichael
For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!
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• Works on paper restoration
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• Art expert services
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* Analysis for condition
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• Art related insurance and
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• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.
8734-8/29/15

Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Subdivisions
Contours
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
Email:  ojoche01@gmail.com       
8764-10/28/15


Real estate agents and services

Ms. Gonzalez
Noemy González
Real Estate Adviser
Bienes Inmuebles CR.com

 
We are a real estate company specializing in prompt & effective attention for you. English, Spanish & Italian spoken. Professionals in the sale of properties such as commercial premises, homes & apartments through our advertising & marketing services.
Vision: Making realty dreams a reality.
Mission: Your #1 property adviser with real value in a changing world.
Logo
Address: Cariari, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Local phone (506) 2239-3883
Mobile (506) 8302-3883
E-mail : noe@bienesinmueblescr.com
Web: www.bienesinmueblescr.com
8773-11/2/15

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century
                                                          21

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or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
WE URGE YOU TO CHECK OUT
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"LOWEST PRICES EVER and this Inventory is  being sold now " says CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & certified Realtor Jeff Fisher.
Why Here?
#1: SJO Int'l Airport & S.J. suburbs are an hour +
away.
Fisher
Jeff  Fisher
#2: The Jacó area has all the important services you need & is growing!
#3: IT'S STILL A BUYERS' MARKET:     
   

Yes, after 21 years, we know Costa Rica and we still believe the Central Pacific is the best area to invest, enjoy, and retire to in Costa Rica.!
Member of the N.A.R. & the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR  
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:

www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
Over 9 years in  our JACÓ Office:
IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
8666-7/6/15

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
                                                      two
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
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   • Property management in the Jacó area
www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
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* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

visiting ex presdient
Casa Presidencial photo      
    The former president of  Uruguay, José Mujica, in town for a
     university speech, visited Luis Guillermo Solís Wednesday. The
     former urban guerrilla is highly respected because of his austere
     lifestyle and because he legalized marijuana in his country.  Mujica
     said he would not give advice to another country.



Government agencies fighting each other

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Costa Rican government is struggling to become a member of the Organisation for Cooperation and Economic Development, which is pro-tax.

However, the Agencia de Protección de Datos de los Habitantes, created by a Costa Rican data privacy law, has issued a decision that runs counter to the government's desires.

The Ministerio de Hacienda said Wednesday that the decision is a blow to its efforts to counter tax evasion and money laundering.

The decision involves a new web-based system to which large taxpayers are supposed to upload all their financial data.

The data protection agency is part of the Ministerio de Justicia y Paz, and that ministry issued a statement Wednesday noting that the decision is being appealed. It also said that the Organisation for Cooperation and Economic Development also is in favor of data security.

The Organisation for Cooperation and Economic Development, the tax collecting agency, is part of the Ministerio de Hacienda. This ministry would like to have access to the ownership information on all the corporations in the country. It says it needs this to prevent tax evasion.  The ministry is seeking passage of a bill in the legislature to give it this power.

The Organisation for Cooperation and Economic Development has scheduled a review of Costa Rica's submissions in September. The organization supports the transfer of tax information from one country to the next to prevent evasion, and also demands a number of actions on the part of Costa Rica.

The government said it believes that membership in the organization would enhance the prospects of development. The cost of joining the organization has not been made clear.


Limón radio station marks 70 years

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Radio Casino in Limón is marking its 70 years of being on the air.

The station, which now is on 98.3 FM, began broadcasting right after World War II on Aug. 18, 1945. The station survived a fire in 1970 that destroyed its building.

The station calls itself the La Reina del Caribe and tries to mirror the unique traditions and culture of the Caribbean, it said in a release. Among other programming it broadcast a Roman Catholic Mass each Sunday.


Salemander
Oregon State University photo         
The Dominican salamander

Salamander found in amber is a surprise

By the Oregon State University news staff

More than 20 million years ago, a short struggle took place in what is now the Dominican Republic, resulting in one animal getting its leg bitten off by a predator just before it escaped. But in the confusion, it fell into a gooey resin deposit to be fossilized and entombed forever in amber.

The fossil record of that event has revealed something not known before, that salamanders once lived on an island in the Caribbean Sea. Today, they are nowhere to be found in the entire Caribbean area.

The never-before-seen and now extinct species of salamander, named Palaeoplethodon hispaniolae by the authors of the paper, adds more clues to the ecological and geological history of the islands of the Caribbean. Findings about its brief life and traumatic end of the baby salamander have been published in the journal Palaeodiversity, by researchers from Oregon State University and the University of California at Berkeley.

“I was shocked when I first saw it in amber,” said George Poinar, Jr., a professor emeritus in the Oregon institution, and a world expert in the study of insects, plants and other life forms preserved in amber, all of which allow researchers to reconstruct the ecology of ancient ecosystems.

“There are very few salamander fossils of any type, and no one has ever found a salamander preserved in amber,” Poinar said. “And finding it in Dominican amber was especially unexpected, because today no salamanders, even living ones, have ever been found in that region.”

This fossil salamander belonged to the family Plethodontidae, a widespread family that today is still very common in North America, particularly the Appalachian Mountains. But it had back and front legs lacking distinct toes, just almost complete webbing with little bumps on them. As such, it might not have been as prolific a climber as some modern species, Poinar said, and it probably lived in small trees or tropical flowering plants.

This specimen, Poinar said, came from an amber mine in the northern mountain range of the Dominican Republic, between Puerto Plata and Santiago.

“The discovery of this fossil shows there once were salamanders in the Caribbean, but it’s still a mystery why they all went extinct,” Poinar said. “They may have been killed by some climatic event, or were vulnerable to some type of predator.”

This fossil is 20-30 million years old, and its lineage may go back 40-60 million years ago when the Proto-Greater Antilles, that now include islands such as Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, were still joined to North and South America. Salamanders may have simply stayed on the islands as they began their tectonic drift across the Caribbean Sea. They also may have crossed a land bridge during periods of low sea level, or it’s possible a few specimens could have floated in on debris, riding a log across the ocean.


California soda tax reported falling short

By the Cornell University news staff

A Cornell-University of Iowa analysis of a soda tax passed last fall by voters in Berkeley, California, found the measure so far has fizzled, raising retail prices for high-calorie sugary drinks by less than half the amount expected. The measure is the first such city ordinance in the country.

The law, which took effect this March, imposes a penny-per-ounce tax on distributors of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soft drinks, energy drinks and presweetened teas. Distributors pay 20 cents per 20-ounce bottle of Coke, for instance. Tax proponents expected the extra cost to result in higher prices for shoppers, which would discourage soda consumption.

To date, however, consumers have been largely spared from higher prices, researchers found. On average, prices for beverages covered under the law rose by less than half of the tax amount. For Coke and Pepsi, only 22 percent of the tax was passed on to consumers. The findings by economists John Cawley of Cornell and David Frisvold of the University of Iowa appear in the National Bureau of Economic Research working paper.

“In light of the predictions of the proponents of the tax, as well as in light of the previous research, we expected to see the tax fully passed through to consumers,” said Cawley. “In contrast, we find that less than half, and in some cases, only a quarter of it is. This is important because the point of the tax was to make sugar-sweetened beverages more expensive so consumers would buy, and drink, less of them.”

So-called sin taxes are designed to improve public health by discouraging people from purchasing unhealthy products. Smoking rates, for instance, have plummeted in the United States in recent decades partly due to federal, state and local taxes that have driven up cigarette costs. Berkeley officials hoped that the soda tax would raise prices and lead residents to avoid energy-dense, sugar-sweetened beverages, considered a culprit for high rates of obesity and chronic disease.

“The reason for this surprising result could be related to the fact that it's a city tax and therefore store owners have to be concerned about the ability of consumers to shop at stores outside of Berkeley,” Cawley said. “Concerns about cross-border shopping could contribute to a low pass-through of the tax.”

For the study, the research team visited nearly all Berkeley groceries, supermarkets, pharmacies, convenience stores and gas stations and recorded prices for a wide variety of products. They collected data from a comparable sample in nearby San Francisco, where a ballot initiative to impose a soda tax failed last fall. The researchers compared price changes for regular and diet drinks – which were untaxed – in both cities from before and after the tax took effect.

The study, authors note, offers several advantages over previous research on soda taxes in other nations. It’s the first to collect extensive store-level data on prices before and after a tax on regular and diet drinks, and it includes a neighboring control location to account for trends in prices over time.

Revenue collected from the tax, projected to be $1.2 million in the first year, goes into a Berkeley general fund, part of which has been earmarked for healthy living programs. Though the tax does not yet appear to be raising prices, the authors note that the idea has merit.

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Aug. 20, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 164
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Another questionable survey seeks to evaluate safety in Costa Rica
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Is Costa Rica the 10th safety place in the world or is the report from another of those bogus surveys like the Happy Planet Index?

The latest report comes from a firm called ValuePenguin that mashes data to develop reports on car insurance and other consumer purchases.

The report also said that Costa Rica was the fourth safest country in the small population category after Cyprus, Ireland and Iceland.

Some 107 countries were included in the results, but critics quickly pointed out that Great Britain was not included.

The company used available data to record population carbon dioxide release, number of police per 100,000 residents, traffic deaths per 100,000 residents, thefts, stickups and life expectancy.

The firm reported that Costa Rica had 20 assaults per 100,000 persons. To rank these countries, the firm said it collected data on a variety of safety-related topics from a variety of reputable  sources, everything from the quality of countries’ water sources to their rates of kidnappings and the prevalence of drugs between their borders.

Then it said it narrowed the list to the seven factors.

Critics quickly savaged the study on a Web page. "This Valuepenguin report is not worth the bandwidth it uses up!" said one. Another said that the data was at least four years old.

As A.M. Costa Rica has reported, crime statistics here are skewed because many persons do not report them because they do not expect an investigation.

The 2009 Happy Planet Index is still quoted uncritically even by government sources even though it was mainly ideological.  It stressed lack of industrial development.


fish nets
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública
Officer is bringing ashore a net that also containes dead fish.
No fishing!
Two boat crews violated rules

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff


Pacific fishermen are continually violating a moratorium imposed for environmental reasons on the Gulf of Nicoya. The law says that commercial fishing for certain food fish is prohibited from July 1 to Sept. 30.

The Fuerza Pública and the Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas rounded up two more boat crews this week for violating the moratorium. That was in the vicinity of Isla Bejuco.

Between them the crews had 568 kilos of corvina that police said was valued at more than $3,000 at the supermarket.

The government makes subsidy payments to those in the fishing business who are handicapped by the ban.

The Instituto Costarricense de Pesca y Acuicultura is the agency that sets the period for the moratorium based on the seasonal activities of the fish.



Heredia man facing allegations of luring young men via Facebook
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A  Santa Bárbara de Heredia man has been detained on the allegation that he lured two teens to his home and then raped one and sexually abuse the second boy.

The Poder Judicial identified him by the last names of  Gómez Contreras. He was detained at his home about 6 a.m., said the Poder Judicial. He is 36, and the two young men are 16 and 17, said the  Judicial Investigating Organization

The allegation is that between February and May he conducted a questionnaire via Facebook and said he was casting for modeling jobs at his home. 

He also is facing the allegation of promising sexual acts for money, said the Poder Judicial.

The Judicial Investigating Organization, which conducted the raid, said that the alleged casting and sex acts took place in a home in San Antonio de Belén.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Tropical spider joins the list of  creatures that can glide to a safe landing
By the University of California, Berkeley, news staff

Arachnophobes fearful of spiders jumping, creeping or falling into their beds now have something new to worry about. Some spiders might also glide in through the window.

A group of biologists working in Panamá and Perú have discovered a type of nocturnal hunting spider, about two inches across, that is able to steer while falling, much like a wingsuit flyer, in order to return to the tree from which it fell.

The spider joins a small number of non-flying insects, ants, bristletails and some insect larvae, known to have the ability to maneuver while falling instead of dropping like a rock, according to Robert Dudley, a professor of integrative biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and one of the authors of a paper about the spider appearing this week in the journal Interface of the Royal Society.

“My guess is that many animals living in the trees are good at aerial gliding, from snakes and lizards to ants and now spiders,” Dudley said. “If a predator comes along, it frees the animal to jump if it has a time-tested way of gliding to the nearest tree rather than landing in the understory or in a stream.”

Forest floor predators or fish would quickly make a meal of a grounded tree-dweller.

The spider, from the genus Selenops, is the only arachnid they found that was able to do this. Other arachnids, scorpions, pseudoscorpions, whip scorpions and even other types of spiders, merely plummeted to earth.

Dudley and Stephen Yanoviak, a professor of biology at the University of Louisville in Kentucky, have been studying gliding insects in tropical forests for more than a decade, after discovering a group of ants that unfailingly land on a tree when accidentally brushed off a branch.

This led them to toss from a tree every non-flying arthropod they could find to see which animals glided.

“As far as adult arthropods are concerned, only ants, bristletails and spiders use directed aerial descent,” Yanoviak said. “However, the wingless immature stages of various insects that are winged as adults can also glide really well.

spider
University of Kentucky/ Stephen Yanoviak
This spider from the genus Selenops is about two inches across and hunts in the tree canopy at night for its prey.

These include cockroaches, mantids, katydids, stick insects and true bugs.”

Dudley is interested in directed aerial descent because controlled gliding, he thinks, may have been the predecessor to flying, as animals learned how to use their arms and legs to gain lift in addition to maneuvering in freefall.

“This type of aerial behavior preceded the origin of wings,” he said.

The 59 individual Selenops spiders they studied were all well-adapted to skydiving. They are wafer thin, Dudley said, and flexible. They maneuver by spreading their legs wide in order to use lift and drag to steer themselves toward the tree trunk when they fall. If they fall upside down, they’re able to right themselves in midair. The biologists occasionally saw spiders bounce off the trunk, recover and maneuver back to the trunk a second time for a successful landing.

“This study, like the first report of gliding ants, raises many questions that are wide open for further study.” Yanoviak said. “For instance, how acute is the vision of these spiders? How do they target a tree? What is the effect of their hairs or spines on aerodynamic performance?”

By studying these unusual types of animal behavior, Dudley said, biologists may be able to supply engineers with novel ideas for robots that can right themselves when falling. Dudley also is with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panamá.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


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See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
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Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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8729-12/30/15

Osas montage
Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
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Mar de
                        Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel
                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
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Hidden
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The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
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Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
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beach
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The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
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Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
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Rental montage
 Unfurnished apartment with modern kitchen right on the beach
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65-9/4/15

Playa del Coco
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montage of thre homes
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Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia


 Surrounded by nature.
One or two bedrooms, 1 or 1.5 bathrooms. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed. $450 and $500 monthly. Phone: (506) 7019-9457,  8739-0638, 8993-5801. Or
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Heredia cottage

house for rent
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8747-8/13/15

San
                                                Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!
8670-6/30/15




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
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Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Aug. 20, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 164
Sports
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living the dream

Coldwell Banker

Iran to do own inspection,
leaked document claims


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States says it has confidence in the International Atomic Energy Agency  to probe Iran's alleged past efforts to build a atomic bomb after a leaked agency memo shows it will let Iran carry out its own inspections at a suspected nuclear site.

The Associated Press said Wednesday it has seen what it calls a secret agreement between Iran and the Atomic Energy Agency and endorsed by the six world powers that negotiated the nuclear deal with Iran, Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the U.S. 

Under the agreement, Iran itself will send its own inspectors and equipment to the Parchin nuclear site where Iran has been suspected of trying to develop a nuclear weapon.

Iran has consistently denied the charge and has refused to allow international inspectors into the site. The deal gives Iran the right to withhold photos and video of parts of Parchin that the Iranians say have military significance.

This deal is apparently exclusive to Iran and no other Atomic Energy Agency member state has such an arrangement.

In Washington, State Department spokesman John Kirby said Wednesday that he could not comment on what he says is a purported draft document.

But he said the U.S. is comfortable with any arrangements the Atomic Energy Agency  has with Iran.

"When it comes to monitoring Iran's behavior going forward, the IAEA has separately developed the most robust inspection regime ever peacefully negotiated to ensure Iran's current program remains exclusively peaceful," he said.

Kirby said it is not up to the six world powers to endorse or reject any agreement between the Atomic Energy Agency and Iran. He said as part of the nuclear deal with Tehran, the Atomic Energy Agency must be satisfied that Iran is fully cooperating with any investigation that it may have at one time tried to develop a nuclear weapon. If the agency is not happy, sanctions against Iran would not be lifted.

Iran has always denied ever wanting to build a nuclear bomb. It says evidence of a weapons program at Parchin was based on false intelligence by the U.S. and Israel.

The U.S. Congress will vote next month whether to back or reject the nuclear deal with Iran. President Barack Obama says he would veto a rejection. House Minority Leader, Democrat Nancy Pelosi said Wednesday that the House has enough votes to sustain a veto.

Opponents to the deal say it does not totally dismantle Iran's nuclear infrastructure, leaving the door open to a possible weapon. Supporters say it is the best deal possible and one that includes strict inspections of Iran's nuclear program.


U.S. birthright citizenship
becomes campaign issue


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Donald Trump, the leading 2016 U.S. Republican presidential contender, has ignited new consideration of an old idea: ending the country's nearly 150-year-old grant of citizenship to anyone born in the United States.

The billionaire real estate mogul, who has soared to the top of surveys of Republican voters with calls to deport the country's 11 million illegal immigrants, says birthright citizenship remains the biggest magnet for illegal immigration.

He says he wants to amend the U.S. Constitution to repeal the 14th Amendment clause that declares "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" are U.S. citizens.

The Mexican government attacked Trump's anti-immigration proposals Wednesday, saying they reflect prejudice, racism or plain ignorance.

"Anyone who understands the depth of the U.S.-Mexico relationship realizes that those proposals are not only prejudiced and absurd, but would be detrimental to the well-being of both societies," Mexico’s foreign ministry said.

Five months ahead of the first state-by-state contests to pick a Republican presidential nominee, Trump and his 16 rivals for the party’s nomination are all calling for tough measures to curb the flow of undocumented immigrants across the southern U.S. border with Mexico. But not all of them support Trump's call for ending birthright citizenship, including two of his key rivals, former Florida governor Jeb Bush, the son and brother of two U.S. presidents, and Florida Sen. Marco Rubio.

Bush called birthright citizenship a constitutionally protected right. Rubio said, "I'm open to doing things that prevent people from coming to the U.S. to take advantage of the 14th Amendment, but I'm not in favor of repealing it." Other Republican contenders say they support Trump's stance.

The Center for Immigration Studies, which seeks to limit immigration to the United States, says that 30 of the world's 194 countries allow birthright citizenship, but that the United States and Canada are the only two advanced economies that do so. The group contends that foreign women entering the U.S. as birth tourists are annually giving birth to 36,000 babies so their children can become American citizens.
 
An independent 2010 study by the Pew Hispanic Center estimated that 340,000 out of 4.3 million babies born in the U.S. in 2008 were the children of immigrants who had entered the country illegally, about 8 percent of the total.

Birthright citizenship in the U.S. dates to its founding days in the 18th century, when English common law was imported to the first American colonies.

The issue of citizenship came to the forefront with an infamous 1857 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that birthright citizenship did not apply to the children of slaves. But after the country's Civil War in the 1860s, when anti-slavery northern states defeated a southern confederacy favoring slavery, the country's Constitution was amended to make it clear that all freed slaves were U.S. citizens.

At the end of the 19th century, the Supreme Court further upheld that interpretation, ruling all children born in the U.S., except for those of diplomats serving in the country, invading armies and those born on foreign public ships, are U.S. citizens.

Conservative lawmakers in the U.S. have occasionally attempted to revoke the birthright citizenship provision, but have failed to win broad support for doing so.

Amending the U.S. Constitution is difficult, requiring both chambers of Congress to approve any changes with a two-thirds vote, followed by approval from at least 38 of the 50 state legislatures.


Fed minutes are mixed
on increase in interest rate


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Top officials of the U.S. central bank are balancing an improving job market against weak inflation and problems overseas as they ponder when and how much to raise interest rates.

Wednesday, the U.S. Federal Reserve published the minutes of its rate-setting meeting in late July with the customary delay of several weeks.

Many economists predict that the central bank will raise interest rates in September, the first such hike in more than nine years. Low interest rates were intended to boost the economy during the financial crisis, but may no longer be needed.

The Fed’s job is to seek full employment and stable prices. The unemployment rate has fallen from 10 percent during the financial crisis to the current 5.3 percent, which is close to the level considered full employment in the United States.
 
But Fed officials also expressed concern about weak growth in overseas markets, slow growth in U.S. wages and inflation that is running persistently below the Fed’s goal of a 2 percent annual rate. However, they also said the economy is approaching the point of being able to withstand an interest rate increase.

A new government report early Wednesday showed inflation rose at a slower pace in the U.S. economy in July.

Overall prices rose just 0.1 percent, with prices up a meager two-tenths of a percent over the past year.

Outside the volatile areas of food and energy, so-called core prices advanced 1.8 percent for the year ending in July.

Thursday, the Fed will get new data on the job market when the government reports the number of Americans signing up for unemployment compensation.


Obama  to visit New Orleans
to mark hurricane anniversary


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama will visit New Orleans, Louisiana, next week to check on the 10-year effort to rebuild the southern U.S. city from the devastation wreaked there by Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

Obama plans to meet a week from today with New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu and residents in several neighborhoods who have rebuilt their lives over the last decade. Numerous other U.S. officials are also visiting the city in the coming days for commemorative events and meetings on what yet needs to be done to restore the city and its environs.

The storm stands as the costliest natural disaster ever in the United States, having caused $135 billion in damage. It killed 1,800 people and displaced a million others as torrential rains and winds up to 280 kilometers an hour raked the city near the Gulf of Mexico.

Billions of dollars in federal assistance has been spent for reconstruction programs in Louisiana and neighboring states, but New Orleans was the hardest hit.

Mayor Landrieu said more than $14 billion has been spent to reinforce levees that spectacularly failed to protect the city when the storm slammed ashore Aug. 29, 2005, leaving 80 percent of New Orleans underwater. He said he was confident his city could withstand any new storm equal to Katrina.

"The city is much safer than it was in terms of hurricane protection," he said in Washington this week.


U.S. levels more sanctions
on Mexican firms, individuals


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Treasury imposed sanctions on 15 Mexican businesses and six individuals Wednesday for their support of a major drug cartel.

"The Los Cunis drug trafficking organization is one of the most powerful and violent drug cartels in Mexico," said John E. Smith, the acting chief of the Treasury's foreign assets control.

"Today's designation marks the first step in dismantling its significant business network. These businesses and individuals will no longer be able to operate under the veil of legitimacy," Smith said.

Wednesday's move freezes any assets the targeted entities and individuals may have in the United States, and U.S. persons are barred from doing business with them.

The businesses include two real estate firms, two shopping centers, and an exclusive luxury hotel in Tomaltan in Jalisco state.

Six individual Mexicans with ties to the Los Cunis cartel also were sanctioned.

Los Cunis leader Abigael González Valencia was captured in Mexico in February. But another cartel chief, his brother-in-law Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes, is still at large.


Subway spokesman to admit
his trysts with underaged girls


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The longtime television ad pitchman for Subway, the world's biggest fast-food chain, agreed Wednesday to plead guilty in the United States to charges that he paid for sex with underage girls and distributed child pornography.

The man, Jared Fogle, was known in the United States as the Subway guy after he claimed that he lost 90 kilograms while he was a college student by eating healthily at Subway restaurants.

The restaurant chain, with about 33,000 restaurants across the globe, subsequently hired Fogle, now 37, to appear in television ads touting his dramatic weight loss and the Subway menu.

Fogle went on his diet while at Indiana University in the central part of the U.S.  Not far away in an Indianapolis courthouse, he agreed Wednesday to plead guilty at a later date to charges that he traveled to New York to engage in illicit sex with underage girls and distributed and received child pornography.

Under his plea deal with prosecutors, Fogle will pay $1.4 million in restitution to 14 minor victims, register as a sex offender and undergo treatment for sexual disorders.  Each person is to receive $100,000.  Fogle faces a five- to 12-year prison term.

As Fogle, the father of two children, was appearing in court, his wife, Katie Fogle, announced she is divorcing him.  Subway ended its relationship with Fogle when authorities raided his Indiana home last month.


Dead aid and health workers
honored on Humanitarian Day


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In commemoration of World Humanitarian Day, international agencies paid tribute to the thousands of humanitarian workers who have lost their lives or been injured in the line of duty.

In December 2008, the U.N. General Assembly established World Humanitarian Day on Aug. 19 in memory of the terrorist attack on U.N. headquarters in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad in 2003. Twenty-two U.N. staff members were killed, including mission chief, Sergio Vierra de Mello.

U.N. chief spokesman in Geneva, Ahmad Fawzi, was de Mello’s press secretary. That day is seared in his memory.

“It was the beginning of a downward spiral in terms of U.N. protection and U.N. humanitarian work where we realized that we had become a target of terrorism,” he recalled.

Since then, attacks against humanitarian workers responding to emergencies have increased and become all too commonplace.

The World Health Organization is launching a campaign to draw attention to continued attacks on health care workers and health facilities.

World Health reports 603 health care workers were killed and 958 injured in direct attacks in 32 countries in 2014 alone.

Rudi Coninx, coordinator of the agency's Department of Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response, said health care workers and facilities are under regular and constant attack in areas of conflict.

“Just recently, in Yemen, for example, 30 hospitals have been attacked, 14 health care workers have been injured, five of them have been killed. But, it is not only in Yemen. On Syria, in Iraq, in Central African Republic, in Ukraine, in South Sudan today hospitals are attacked and health care workers risk their lives to do what health care workers do, provide services, provide health to people,” he explained. “These attacks must stop.”

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English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
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Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
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Big house for sale.
Great opportunity !!!

If you know about house for sale prices,  you will realize that this is a real deal.  Original price of  $400,000 now is $320,000.
Due to its characteristics and location, it can also be used for commercial purposes (boutique hotel, offices, medical center).  Large house, 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, one office, just 250 meters from Grecia downtown. High quality construction, built in 2009, high ceilings, balcony with beautiful views over central Grecia valley, elegant luxury furnitures included, network cabling 6 gigabits throughout the house, Giant TV flat projection system of 120 inches in the main room, sound system 7.1 channel. Air conditioning system, security system, and cameras, lighting system in open areas. 4-car parking space plus large garage, Recommended for large families.


Property Location: Central Grecia, Alajuela
Total area construction (two floors):
252 square meters
Total area: 250 square meters
Construction Type: Concrete
See more photos click HERE!

Grecias two
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8676-8/18/15

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Escazu condo
Builders, Investors Opportunity
Escazú, San José


Unique opportunity, 6 units 80% finished luxury condo project. Best location in Escazú. Condos have amazing views and privacy.  There is option to build 5 more units in the same complex. Project located only 5 minutes away from Multiplaza, CIMA Hospital  and Escazú's best amenities. All permits in place.

Open to partial trades and small financing. Let's negotiate!

SUPER REDUCED PRICE $1,095,000 USD

John Ordonez Broker / Owner
Cell: (506) 8811-5329 / Office: (506) 25660138
Toll free USA & CANADA 1-877-210-3639
john@luxuryhomescr.com / info@luxuryhomescr.com
SKYPE: jhongoc
More Luxury Listings: www.luxuryhomescr.com
8775-9/12/15

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
9771-9/22/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8769-9/18/15

Coffee farm
Organic coffee farm for sale
34,000 meters square zoned ARC. 130 meters paved road frontage. City water and irrigation runes through property. Year round spring. Bananas and many fruit trees on property. Approx. 1.5K from Sarchí Center, 40K from airport. Plans and permits ready for 2-bedroom house. Proposed subdivision plans are also included. @$15US per meter for total $510,000. Email rnette8@yahoo.com or rguenette272@gmail.com.
8778-9/7/15


San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8736-10/1/15

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $1,250,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8779-10/24/15

Pavones
Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $495,000. Click HERE!
8718-7/16/15

Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8743-7/15/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Aug. 20, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 164
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
spinach
University of California, Riverside, photo   
Madeline Luth and Nichola Kinsinger conduct research on spinach.

Bacteria found to hide on leafy greens

By the  University of California, Riverside, news staff

Ever wonder what the words triple-washed or pre-washed on a bag of baby spinach mean?

Not much, according to engineers at the University of California, Riverside. They discovered that small peaks and valleys in baby spinach leaves could be a key reason why there have been numerous bacterial outbreaks involving leafy green vegetables.

Currently disinfection is put into the rinse water and not specifically applied to the leaf surface. The researchers found that because of the varied topography of the spinach leaf nearly 15 percent of the leaf surface may reach concentrations as low as 1000 times that of the bleach disinfectant being used to rinse it.

As a result, as the leaves move through the commercial processing facility after being rinsed, the bacteria may continue to live, grow, spread, and contaminate other leaves and surfaces within the facility.

Following rinsing under the low bleach condition, upwards of 90 percent of adhered bacteria were observed to remain attached to and survive on the leaf surface.

“In a sense the leaf is protecting the bacteria and allowing it to spread,” said Nichola M. Kinsinger, a post-doctoral researcher working with Sharon Walker, a professor of chemical and environmental engineering. “It was surprising to discover how the leaf surface formed micro-environments that reduce the bleach concentration and in this case the very disinfection processes intended to clean, remove, and prevent contamination was found to be the potential pathway to amplifying foodborne outbreaks.”

Ms. Kinsinger is writing a paper, co-authored by Ms. Walker and Madeline Luth, an undergraduate student, about the findings. It will soon be submitted for publication.

The Center for Disease Control estimates that 1 in 6 Americans become ill and 3,000 die annually from foodborne diseases. Additionally, this causes  an estimated over $75 billion per year loss for the food industry.

Past research has found about 20 percent of single food commodity outbreaks from 2003 to 2008 were attributed to leafy green produce. Contamination of such minimally processed and ready-to-eat produce is of concern since it is frequently consumed uncooked or raw.

One of these outbreaks, involving spinach, occurred in California in 2006. In all, 199 people in 26 states were infected with the outbreak strain of E. coli. Three died.

Currently, the industry standard is to add 50 to 200 parts per million of bleach to the water used to rinse leafy green vegetables. But that is just a recommendation, not a requirement or regulation, Ms. Kinsinger said.


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From Page 7:

Monetary Fund delays decision on China's yuan

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The International Monetary Fund says it will delay a decision by a year on whether or not to include China's money in its basket of reserve currencies.

Reserve currencies are held by central banks to pay off international debt obligations or influence exchange rates. These include the dollar, yen, euro and the pound. Monetary Fund reserve currencies are supposed to be freely usable and widely traded internationally. China strictly controls its currency exchange rate and the flow of currency in and out of the country.

Christopher Whalen of the Kroll Bond Rating Agency said China's yuan was not likely to become a reserve currency until and unless Beijing allowed it to move and trade freely.

China's government roiled foreign currency and stock markets recently when it allowed the value of its yuan to drop sharply. Beijing said it was a move toward a more market-oriented method of determining exchange rates. Beijing's critics said it was a move to give Chinese exports a price advantage on global markets.