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Published Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, in Vol. 17, No. 161
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Casa Canada

Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo
The Festival Nacional de las Artes 2016 concluded with a wet concert by the Son de Tikizia in Golfito, and culture ministry officials are calling the $1.6 million event a
great success. The 10 days saw 250 presentations in 10 southern zone communities. Attendance statistics have not been released yet.

U.S. refugee program slower and fewer than promised
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Obama administration plan to put 200 or more youngsters from El Salvador in temporary quarters in Costa Rica is unusual and substantially less than what had been announced earlier.

U.S. news sources say that Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solís will be going to Washington, D.C., later this month, to iron out details of the program. The report, which was not confirmed by the White House or Casa Presidencial yet, involves a meeting with Vice President Joe Biden.

The U.S. plan is to put the 200 youngsters in Costa Rica while their refugee claims are checked out as well as their own backgrounds.

Each is supposed to be under 21 and have at least one parent living legally in the United States to apply for refugee status. There also is the possibility that other members of the family might also get permission to move to the United States.

Costa Rica already has a serious immigrant problem with Haitians, Africans, Middle Easterners and Cubans entering the country through the porous southern border. Most manage to find a way north even though Nicaragua has closed its border. There is massive illegal human trafficking, in some cases promoted by some officials.

Casa Presidencial has not said exactly where the 200 El Salvadoran youngsters will be housed or who is paying for the project. The U.S. Embassy here has been equally mum. Also unclear is the legal authority Solís has to do this.

Barack Obama has about $70 million that has been allocated to resettling refugees, according 

to Washington sources. The bulk will be going to Syrian refugees, but the administration eventually plans to settle at least 3,000 Central Americans in the United States.

The programs are not without critics. Some blame Obama for not doing enough to ease the Central American migrant crisis. They call the situation a humanitarian crisis. Thousands are trying to enter the United States, and there have been many deportations.

Others who oppose the plans say that the administration is doing its best to import future Democratic voters. About 10,000 persons have applied for the refugee resettlement from Central America.

The United States has been blamed for gang violence in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala because it has deported many young criminals that had been living illegally in the States.

But there also is some question as to the motivation of the illegal migrants. Many are seeking better economic opportunities instead of fleeing violence.

Official statistics say that there are at least 11.5 million illegal immigrants in the United States, but some less public estimates say the number could be as many as 35 million.

The Central American resettlement plans have not yet become a factor in the U.S. presidential campaigns. Donald Trump has said he wants a wall to be built to keep out illegal immigrants. Vast stretches of the U.S. southern border can be crossed on foot, but the trip is fraught with danger.

Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee, is expected to support the Obama administration plans if she is elected.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 161
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A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Valley rail service is still up in the air

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Rail workers are cutting it close this morning and are considering a new labor agreement within an hour of the departure of the first valley train.

The discontent among the engineers and other workers comes from a change in the companies providing the services. The nation’s rail institute has just been authorized to make direct contracts for 352 billion colons, about $647,000, for maintenance of the rights-of-way, mechanical work and other necessary services. The length of the contract is just 2.7 months, according to the Contraloría General de la República, which approved the agreements.

There are three companies that will share in the money, but the firm Desmantelamiento de la Catenaria SAL is expected to assume the work of overseeing the rail staff.

Rail employees complained over the weekend that they had no agreement with the new company, but a meeting is scheduled for 4 a.m. today at the Estación al Pacifico to iron out the details. That is just an hour before the first trains are scheduled to leave to pick up passengers.

The rail agency, the Instituto Costarricense de Ferrocarriles, has been less than candid about the situation. Customers have posted questions about a possible strike to the firm’s Facebook page, but there was no response.

Regulating agency seeks advice on Uber

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Pressured by taxi drivers, the nation’s regulatory agency will consult with the top government lawyers to see if it can block the Uber internet application.

The Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos noted it was supposed to meet with taxi drivers earlier but that a meeting had been rescheduled for this afternoon on the matter.

The Unión de Taxistas Costarricenses is seeking to have the internet application blocked because this is a key part of Uber’s marketing strategy. The taxi drivers want to eliminate the competition.

The regulador general, Roberto Jiménez, is almost certain to find that tampering with internet access is not something a government is able to do.  In addition there are other court actions pending involving Uber that will restrict any government action. There are believed to be cases in the Sala IV constitutional court and in the Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo.

Taxi drivers are threatening another blockade of the nation's roadway if they do not get their way. A blockade Tuesday pretty well shut down the country. But it also generated public anger with the taxi drivers.

The government said that to provide transport service to the public, a firm must have approval from the Consejo de Transporte Público. But Uber has been operating for nearly a year without such permission.

Those who use the Uber service are impressed by the quality, the courtesy and the prices.

Our reader’s opinion
Sex harassment campaign mocked

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

Pass yet another law that says a man cannot be allowed to look at a woman unless she signs a legal document with a lawyer that is kept on file at the lawyer's office.  The man, of course, would be the one that pays the lawyer bill for this service.  Her granting permission to allow a man to gaze upon her lovely form (?) must be a matter of legal record.

That should make the lawyer colegio in Costa Rica quite happy and go a long way towards achieving the zero population growth that the planet truly needs to bring a better balance in terms of resources every individual requires. 

Lesbians on the prowl would be exempt from this legal requirement, of course, as they are a core element of the new social order that is smiled upon by the new enlightened generation.

Come to think of it, why not ban testosterone unless it is used for injections by manly girls, a growing practice I am told.

Do the job right.
James Harrison
El Paso, Texas

Editor’s note; Mr. Harrison is responding to this news story.

News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 161
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Country's famous bird expert began his career in botany
By Dennis Rogers
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Finca Los Cusingos, the home of the famed naturalist Alexander Skutch for more than 60 years, attracts wildlife lovers and those wanting to see a sample of the simpler life of past times in Costa Rica.

Skutch died in 2004, just eight days short of his 100th birthday. He is buried near the main house along with his wife, Pamela Lankester of the family who founded what is now the Lankester botanical gardens belonging to the University of Costa Rica.

His doctorate from Johns Hopkins University in 1928 was in botany but while working for a banana company as a researcher he developed an interest in birds.

At that time tropical ornithology had not progressed much beyond collection of museum specimens, and Skutch’s contributions made by field observation of life histories were unprecedented. He ultimately published more than 30 books and dozens of scientific papers.

The book with the biggest impact at present was co-authored with Gary Stiles, “A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica.” While the book’s heft makes it a bit hard to use in the field, the detail of habits, voice and nesting are unmistakable.

Skutch’s background in botany makes the accounts of feeding habits of fruit-eating birds sometimes excruciatingly detailed.

The reserve is near Rivas de Pérez Zeledón, which is close to San Isidro de El General about three to four hours from San José via the old highway to Panamá. The reserve is managed by the Centro Cientifico Tropical, the same organization that runs the Monteverde cloud forest reserve. Entrance fees are $10 with the usual discounts for residents and children. 

There is about a kilometer of graveled trail though forest on the property along with the accessible gardens. The house itself was

A.M. Costa Rica/Allison Roger
Skutch turned out his many books and articles on this.
                and Mrs. Skutch
A.M. Costa Rica/Allison Roger
This picture of Alexander Skutch his wife, Pamela Lankester, is displayed prominently in the couple’s home.

restored after Skutch’s death but still sports the original structure and roof.

On request, caretakers will open the house to show the antique contents like a wood cookstove and hundreds of books about birds and philosophy. Pre-Columbian ceramic pieces found by Skutch himself suggest archaeological significance, but this has not been explored. The manual typewriter that produced so much is there in the office.

Skutch verged on poetry in some of his observations, like this segment from the 1973 book “Life of the Hummingbird:” 

"To me, a hummingbird was, and is, a fairylike bird, with a
tiny body of slender grace, that hovers, miraculously suspended between two broad sectors of misty light, like the separated halves of a halo, giving forth now and then a bright glint of green from its back, and sending out a low, murmurous humming from those wings vibrated into an unsubstantial haze, while it probes the cool depth of some bright corolla with a long and delicately slender bill."

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 161
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Anti-inflammatory drug reported to counter alzheimer's in mice
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A surprising discovery has been made in the treatment of alzheimer's disease. An anti-inflammatory drug used to treat menstrual pain completely reversed memory symptoms in mice with alzheimer's.

The drug, called mefenamic acid, is a so-called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to relieve menstrual cramps. In experiments with mice specially bred to have alzheimer's symptoms, the rodents predictably developed memory problems over time.

Ten of the alzheimer's mice were treated for one month with mefenamic acid that was contained in tiny pumps implanted under their skin. Ten other mice with memory difficulties were injected with pumps of a placebo, or inactive substance. The rodents were placed in a maze to train them to get around the obstacles.

In a Skype interview, Mike Daniels, who participated in the research at the University of Manchester in Britain, said "We tried to train the mice once they had alzheimer's disease. The alzheimer's mice are untrainable. They cannot learn that maze."

But the results in the treated mice were stunning.

"What was just amazing is that this drug seemed to render the mice completely normal,” Daniels said. “It's something we haven't really seen before, but there needs to be a lot more work done to really confirm whether this is real.”

The findings were published in the journal Nature Communications. The research was led by David Brough of the University of Manchester.

Whether the technique works in patients at all stages of alzheimer's, from people with mild cognitive impairment to those who are severely affected, is difficult to say, according to co-author Jack Rivers-Auty.

"Maybe, if this was translated into the clinic, we would definitely want to put it into people at the early stages of the disease to try to slow the progress or stop the progress of the disease," said Rivers-Auty, "rather than taking the ambitious aim of taking someone who fully has Alzheimer's disease, has all the symptoms, incredible memory loss, incredible cognitive impairment, and trying to reverse those symptoms. That might be very difficult."

Mefenamic acid already has been approved by regulators so, after further testing, it could reach the market relatively quickly as a treatment for alzheimer's disease.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 161
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More Guantanamo inmates
being relocated to Mideast

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. officials said on Monday 15 inmates from the Guantanamo Bay prison were transferred to the United Arab Emirates, the single largest transfer of Guantanamo detainees during President Barack Obama's administration.

The transfer of the 12 Yemeni and three Afghan citizens brings the total number of detainees down to 61 at the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Most have been held without charge or trial for more than a decade, drawing international condemnation.

Obama, who had hoped to close the prison during his first year in office, rolled out his plan in February aimed at shutting the facility. But he faces opposition from many Republican lawmakers as well as some fellow Democrats.

While Obama's plan for shutting the facility calls for bringing the several dozen remaining prisoners to maximum-security prisons in the United States, U.S. law bars such transfers to the mainland. Obama, though, has not ruled out doing so by executive action.

"I think we are at an extremely dangerous point where there is a significant possibility this is going to remain open as a permanent offshore prison to hold people, practically until they die," said Naureen Shah, Amnesty International's U.S. director for security and human rights.

Ms. Shah added that keeping Guantanamo open gave cover to foreign governments to ignore international human rights.

"It weakens the U.S. government's hand in arguing against torture and indefinite detention," she said.

One of the detainees who was transferred is an Afghan national, identified as Obaidullah, who has spent more than 13 years at Guantanamo. He had been accused of hiding and storing mines to be used against American forces in Afghanistan.

"The continued operation of the detention facility weakens our national security by draining resources, damaging our relationships with key allies and partners, and emboldening violent extremists," Lee Wolosky, the State Department's special envoy for closing the Guantanamo detention center, said.

"The support of our friends and allies, like the UAE, is critical to our achieving this shared goal," Wolosky said.

A U.S. State Department official speaking on condition of anonymity said the United Arab Emirates had resettled five detainees transferred in November 2015.

Obama tells Dems to avoid
becoming too overconfident

 By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Declaring he was tired of talking about Donald Trump, President Barack Obama urged Democrats on Monday not to grow too confident about their prospects in the 2016 election despite Hillary Clinton's strong position in the race for the White House.

Obama, who is on a two-week vacation in Martha's Vineyard, an island off the coast of Massachusetts, took a short break from his relaxation time to raise money for Mrs. Clinton, the Democratic presidential nominee he hopes will succeed him when he leaves office in January.

Mrs. Clinton leads Trump in opinion polls, and the Republican nominee's campaign has suffered following remarks he made denigrating the parents of a fallen Muslim American soldier and charging that Obama was the founder of the Islamic State militant group.

The president warned his party, however, to maintain a sense of urgency until the Nov. 8 election.

"If we are not running scared until the day after the election, we are going to be making a grave mistake," Obama told some 60 donors who contributed $10,000 each to attend the fundraiser at a private home on the island.

"If we do our job, then Hillary will be elected president of the United States. But if we do not do our jobs, then it's still possible for her to lose," he added.

The remarks could foreshadow the president's role this fall in encouraging get-out-the-vote efforts for Mrs. Clinton, his former secretary of state.

Obama has made clear his disdain for Trump, calling him unqualified for the White House. He told the donors he was tired of talking about Mrs. Clinton's rival.

"I don't have to make the case against her opponent, because every time he talks he makes the case against his own candidacy," Obama said.

The president is expected to campaign heavily for Mrs. Clinton in October.

Trump calls for a close eye
on would-be immigrants

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Donald Trump Monday called for extreme vetting, including ideological screening, to make sure only people who share American values and respect the American people can emigrate to the United States.

The Republican presidential candidate spelled out his immigration and foreign policies Monday to an appreciative crowd in Youngstown, Ohio who interrupted him several times with chants of "Trump, Trump, Trump."

Trump said if he is elected, he will institute a new immigration policy that will be tough. Would be immigrants will go through extreme vetting to make sure the U.S. keeps out supporters of bigotry and hatred, and those who do not believe in the U.S. Constitution.

Trump says he would temporarily suspend immigration from what he calls the world's most volatile and dangerous regions with a history of supporting terrorism.

He said the immigration flow to the U.S. is currently too large to allow for adequate screening.

If he becomes president, Trump said U.S. foreign policy would focus on wiping out the spread of radical Islam and said anyone who shares this goal would be a U.S. ally.

Trump went down a lengthy list of terror attacks carried out by Islamic extremists in the U.S. and Europe. He promised to hold an international conference on how to fight what he describes as "the ideology of death that must be extinguished."

He attacked both President Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, as secretary of State, for showing what he says was bad judgement in Iraq, Syria, and Libya.

He eased away from his controversial statement calling Obama the founder of Islamic State, to instead say that Obama's naive words and naive actions unleashed the terror group and without question, allowed it to flourish.

Mrs. Clinton lacks the mental and physical stamina to take on Islamic State, Trump asserted, without saying exactly what he means.

Shortly before Trump spoke, Mrs. Clinton and Vice President Joe Biden campaigned in Biden's hometown of Scranton, Pennsylvania, where they both questioned Trump's temperament, intellect, and qualifications for entering the White House.

"No major party nominee in the history of the United States of America has known less or been less prepared to deal with our national security than Donald Trump," Biden said.

Mrs. Clinton mocked Trump's insistence that the Republican candidate knows more about Islamic State and conditions on the ground in Iraq than American generals.

"Whenever you hear Trump talk about foreign policy, picture him in the Situation Room making decisions for all of us." Mrs. Clinton later tweeted.

N.Y. Times says slush fund
lists Trump’s campaign chief

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Donald Trump's campaign is again on the defensive, this time after a report detailed connections between Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort and Ukraine's pro-Russia ex-president.

The report, published in The New York Times late Sunday, disclosed the existence of secret ledgers in Ukraine that show $12.7 million in cash designated for Manafort.

Manafort worked for years as a consultant for President Viktor Yanukovych and his Party of Regions before the pro-Kremlin leader was ousted in 2014, amid accusations of corruption and economic mismanagement.

Ukrainian investigators do not know whether Manafort received the payments laid out in the ledger, but believe they were part of an illegal off-the-books system, the Times reported.

Manafort denied receiving cash disbursements for his work in Ukraine, saying in a statement obtained by MSNBC that the allegation is unfounded, silly and nonsensical.

"I have never received a single off-the-books cash payment as falsely reported by The New York Times, nor have I ever worked for the governments of Ukraine or Russia," Manafort said.

Manafort, who has worked for several controversial foreign leaders, acknowledged working as a campaign professional on overseas campaigns but said his work in Ukraine ended in 2014.

The campaign of Trump's rival, Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton, has appeared eager to portray Manafort's background as evidence of Trump's pro-Russia ties.

Late Sunday, Mrs. Clinton's campaign released a statement about what it said were "more troubling connections between Donald Trump's team and pro-Kremlin elements in Ukraine."

"Donald Trump has a responsibility to disclose campaign chair Paul Manafort's and all other campaign employees' and advisers' ties to Russian or pro-Kremlin entities, including whether any of Trump's employees or advisers are currently representing and or being paid by them," it said.

The statement, by the Clinton campaign chairman, Robby Mook, said it was particularly urgent to release this alleged information "given the pro-Putin policy stances adopted by Donald Trump and the recent Russian government hacking and disclosure of Democratic Party records."

Trump's alleged Russia connections received more scrutiny in recent weeks, especially after the Democratic National Committee was the victim of a possible Russian cyber attack that some saw as an attempt to tilt the U.S. election in favor of Trump.

The Republican presidential nominee has made several comments about Russia in recent months that have raised eyebrows.

He praised the leadership qualities of Russian President Vladimir Putin, and said it was a great honor after Putin referred to him as bright and talented. More recently, Trump called on Russia to hack Mrs. Clinton's emails, a comment he later dismissed as a joke.

Last month, Trump appeared to parrot the Kremlin's justification for the 2014 annexation of Crimea, saying many in the region wanted to be a part of the Russian state anyway.

Trump has dismissed as a conspiracy the questions about his alleged Russia ties.

GOP Asian experts rejecting
Trump as the next president

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Asia experts who served in past Republican administrations said on Monday they would back Hillary Clinton in the presidential race as a Donald Trump presidency would lead to ruinous marginalization for the United States in the region.

In an open letter, the eight former senior officials said that with global strategic competition growing, including from China, it was "absolutely the wrong time to elect an unstable, ill-prepared amateur with no vision or foresight to meet the manifold challenges of the 21st century."

They said the Republican nominee offered only bluster or preposterous panaceas for Asia that would "wreck our country's credibility, economy, and leadership in very short order."

The signatories to the letter included Michael Green, who served as President George W. Bush's top Asia adviser at the White House, James Clad, a former deputy assistant secretary of Defense, and Patrick Cronin, a former senior official at the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Should Trump get the chance to put his nostrums into practice, Asian countries would be forced to shift towards states challenging the United States, most notably China, and some might seek security through nuclear weapons, the former officials said.

"In short, if the Trump brand . . . becomes America's brand, we can expect ruinous marginalization in Asia and unwanted compliance with rules which the Chinese and other challengers set," they said.

Their letter was the latest repudiation of Trump's candidacy by Republican national security specialists.

Last week, 50 former Republican national security officials, including a former CIA director, called Trump unqualified to lead and said he would be "the most reckless president in American history."

Trump responded to that statement by deriding the signatories as members of the failed Washington elite who deserve the blame for making the world such a dangerous place.

Trump has caused alarm in Asia and beyond by saying he would consider letting Japan and South Korea build their own nuclear weapons, rather than have them relying on the United States for protection against North Korea and China.

While making U.S. allies anxious, Trump has also irritated Beijing with his comments, such as by comparing the U.S. trade deficit with China to rape. One Chinese state newspaper equated him to Hitler.

At the same time, Beijing also sees Trump as a businessman with whom it could probably negotiate and may also hope he would be less tough on human rights than Mrs. Clinton.

Milwaukee mayor imposes
a curfew for city’s teenagers

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

City officials in the Midwestern U.S. city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, have imposed a 10 p.m. curfew for teenagers in the wake of two nights of rioting after a black man was killed by police Saturday.

"Parents, after 10 o'clock, your teenagers better be home, or in a place where they're off the streets," Mayor Tom Barrett said at a news conference Monday. He also said that officials had spoken to the city attorney's office to be prepared in case they decide a more widespread curfew is needed.

Barrett made the announcement as tensions remained high and police were out in force while the National Guard was on standby and ready to move in if necessary.

The Milwaukee Police Department said that an 18-year-old man was shot during the protests Sunday, and an armored vehicle was used to take him to a hospital. But there was no repeat of the widespread destruction of property that occurred Saturday, when at least six businesses were torched and destroyed.

Officers ordered people to disperse Sunday, and reported having rocks and other objects thrown at them, with four law enforcement personnel injured. The department also said 14 people were arrested.

Similar protests erupted Saturday, after an officer shot a 23-year-old black man who police say pointed a gun at the officer.

Police Chief Edward Flynn says 23-year-old Sylville Smith ran from a car after it was stopped for what authorities described as suspicious behavior.

The chief said Smith ran for several meters, then pointed his weapon at the officer before the 24-year-old policeman, who is also black, fired his gun.

Mayor Barrett said the officer was wearing a body camera during the altercation, and the video will be made public at the appropriate time.

Barrett said a still image from the video "demonstrates, without question, that he had a gun in his hand. And I want our community to know that."

Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker activated about 125 members of the state's National Guard and placed them on standby in case of further violence, but they were not called in to help Milwaukee police.

Smith's sister, Kimberly Neal, said the family wants prosecutors to file charges against the officer.

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Real estate for sale (paid category)

Pavo onr
FOR SALE - $270,000
Exceptional 3-bedroom, 3-bathroom, fully furnished luxury apartment for sale at the exclusive Terrazas de Escazú highrise complex in Escazú near La Paco Commerical Center.  Situated on the third floor, this apartment has an exceptional layout with stunning views of the Central Valley. 140 m2 bright and spacious floor plan with open sky terrace with 180-degree unobstructed view of the Escazú mountains and Central Valley.  One covered parking spot with additional guest parking available. HOA fee:  $250/month. Held in Costa Rica corporation for easy property transfer. Building features: 12-meter atrium with controlled access entrance to the building, surrounding landscaping, lower level pool, communal rooftop terrace and small rooftop gym. 24-hour security. Contact: José Granados in Costa Rica, phone 506- 6051-5249  email:
paco two

San Rmon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: 
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Jacó Beach - Super Views - Priced Right
This is a 3-bedroom, 1-bath home located at about 100-foot elevation one mile from the beach.  Remodeled 2 years ago. Everything is new including total new kitchen, windows, floors, AC units, electric, plumbing, etc.  Super fenced yard for dogs.  Very low electric bill even with the AC.  This is a zero lot line property but with room to expand up and out.  Very secure & private.  Police chief next door. $149,900.  Call Glenn at 506 6214-0056.

Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $850K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email

horse ranch
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need.  More information
go to  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:


Luxury condominium apartments for sale in Escazú
The property located in Trejos Montealegre, has three apartments for sale. Excellent location, 400 meters east of Avenida Escazú, next to Village (new commercial and office project), Plaza Tempo, Wal-Mart, CIMA Hospital. To enter and exit Trejos Montealegre no need to pay toll. The condominium is few minutes from San José

♦ Apartment No. 1: 180 square meters, 3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, TV room, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar and island kitchen furniture, garage, electric gate.
♦ Apartment No. 2: 180. square meters,  3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, TV room, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar and island kitchen furniture, garage, electric gate.
♦ Apartment No. 3: This is the largest one. 250. square meters,  3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar  island kitchen furniture, 2 garages, electric gate. Total property measures 529 square meters.  Unique opportunity to buy it for $ 750,000 (Seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars).  For more information contact Adrian, cell phone  506-8598-9898  Email:

Ocean View Property for Sale in San Ramón
1.5-acre lot with spectacular ocean views. Ready to build. Mild climate year round with an average temperature a cool 74 degrees. Spectacular panoramic views of
                                for sale
the ocean and port of Puntarenas during the day, breathtaking views of Esparza at night. Fully titled and owned under a Costa Rican corporation. Price reduced to $45,000. Short-term owner financing available. For more info: Contact: Frank

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
Bruce Cohen

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Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 161
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sea urcin
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute/Michael J. Boyle
This is a vulnerable developing sea urchin larva.

Sea urchins found vulnerable to heat

By the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute news staff

The balmy waters of the Caribbean could turn into a deadly heat trap for countless tiny creatures. Authors of a new study conducted at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panamá discovered that microscopic sea urchin eggs and larvae may suffer stunting or death when the water temperature spikes just a couple of degrees above normal, adding to the impact of climate change in already warm tropical oceans.

Sea urchins, pincushion-shaped relatives of the starfish, graze the sea floor from shallow coastal areas to deep ocean vents from pole to pole. Their young look nothing like them. Adults release millions of eggs and sperm into the water, which develop into pinprick-sized free-swimming larvae. Only a minute fraction will survive and metamorphose into adults. Scientists think the developmental stages from egg to larvae are extra sensitive to temperature changes, but very few studies compare the vulnerability of the offspring to that of the adults.

"That's because they're tiny and generally inaccessible," said Rachel Collin, staff scientist and lead author of the new study, published in Ecology and Evolution in July. She and coauthor Kit Yu Karen Chan, now at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, collected and studied sea urchins from the lagoons around Bocas del Toro, Panamá, which normally experience temperatures around 27 to 29 degrees C. They exposed adults and offspring in various developmental stages to two hours of acute heat stress by placing them in water baths with temperatures ranging from 28 to 36 degrees C.

Early stage larvae of one common species, the green sea urchin, Lytechinus variegatus, died at temperatures above 32 degrees C, while eggs and late stage larvae died closer to 34 degrees C. Adults survived up to almost 35 degrees C. Long-term exposure to temperatures above 30 degrees C reduced larval survival and growth, with all larvae dying when temperatures reached 32 degrees C.

"We were surprised at how close these experimental temperatures were to what they already experience in the Caribbean," Ms. Collin said.

Field-station recordings show that near one of the collection sites in Bocas del Toro, water temperatures exceeded 30 degrees C during the two warmest months of the year. Larvae may be less tolerant of such conditions than adults.

Higher temperatures give shallow-water sea urchins few survival options: acclimate to their new normal or shift to cooler, deeper waters or higher latitudes. The microscopic larvae develop during a critically short period of days to weeks and drift according to the currents.

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From Page 7:

Income tax treaty with Germany finalized

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica and Germany have exchanged documents showing that each country has ratified an agreement to avoid double imposition of income tax.

This is the last step in the diplomatic process.

Double taxes results when one country does not recognize the money paid to a second country. Devising such an agreement is not controversial, but it can be a lengthy process. The two countries agreed initially Feb. 13, 2014. Legislative approval was required.

The agreement will go into effect Jan. 1 along with provisions that allow each country to have tax information on individuals.