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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Tuesday, July 16, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 139                  Email us
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Jo Stuart
 
Casacada
                del bosque




Death penalty

for firearms

When police and judicial agents confiscate firearms, the weapons are destroyed rather than resold or issued to officers.

The  Dirección General de Armamento said 14,325 firearms have been destroyed during the Laura Chinchilla administration, including those cut up Monday.

Doing the job with the chop saw is  Mario Zamora Cordero, security minister.

Our story is HERE!
firearm cut up
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública photo

Plenty of heroes in Ciudad Colón home invasion case
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Bandits who tried to invade the home of expats near Ciudad Colón Saturday ending up with their own nightmare.

• One bandit suffered a bullet wound from the expat's gun.

• One abducted a domestic employee who ended up beating him with a stick just before one of the expat's employees ran over him with a vehicle just before El Rodeo residents arrived to give him a thrashing.

• Two who abducted the expat's wife ran into a police roadblock, thanks to security preparations by the community.

• All three were arrested, and all have extensive police records, according to the Fuerza Pública.

The expats are Gerry and Victoria Kirk, who live on a 45-hectare finca west of the University for Peace. He is the retired managing director of  Merck, Sharp & Dohme for Central and South America. He is a London native, and his wife is from Michigan.

Kirk characterized the masked bandits, who may have numbered as much as five, as stupid. He said there is little in his home worth stealing. And there is only one exit from the road to his home. He spoke by telephone Monday night after being treated for a bullet wound in Hospital CIMA.

His wife also suffered injuries, including bruises, when the fleeing duo threw her from the getaway car as police closed in.

He said the assailants were seen in the small village of El Rodeo where they stopped to purchase chicken before the crime. They used the meat to poison the family's dogs. Two dogs later died, and at least two more are sick.

The dogs acting up are what aroused the couple and a domestic employee who lives nearby just after dinner time. One of the dogs, a beagle, was seen trembling. Kirk went to find flashlights and his .38-caliber weapon, and the two women walked to where the dogs were making noise. Kirk said they were expecting to see some kind of animal and did not envision intruders.

That opinion changed rapidly when one of the intruders inexplicably fired a shot. When Kirk reached the outside of the home, he saw the women on the ground and just silhouettes in the dark, he said. He shouted to warn the intruders away, and a silhouettes began firing at him.

Kirk said he fired back and then took a bullet in the fleshy part of the left chest. The bullet then passed through his left arm. He withdrew behind a wall, and the intruder continued to fire.

Three or four bullets impacted on the wall, he said.

"I was bleeding like a stuck pig," he said.
The armed expat appears to have disrupted the intruders' plan, and they fled. They forced the women at gunpoint to accompany them. Ms. Kirk was led to a car. The domestic employee, Janet Argujo, was led away by a wounded man who was fleeing on foot.

Kirk said that he has been a member of the community's security committee. One of the projects was to install a siren in the village of El Rodeo. One of Kirk's employees caused the siren to sound, so the entire village knew from the tone that an invasion was taking place, he said.

What followed was a community effort that included residents and Kirk's employees The siren also alerted police, who blocked the main road.

Mounted on motorcycles, in cars or on foot, the residents set out with machetes and other weapons to catch the crooks. That is why when Ms. Argujo started hitting the man, later identified by the Fuerza Pública by the last name of  Del Palacio, the man emerged to a roadway only to be run over by a vehicle driving by José Parra. one of Kirk's employees. Then the village residents caught up with the man and administered rough justice.

Police said that Del Palacio had been detained 20 times for allegations of robbery, aggravated theft, rape, assault, attempted murder, and robbery with violence.

Kirk said that his wife was thankful that the fleeing duo slowed down before throwing her from their car. The two suspects detained at the roadblock have the last names of Álvarez Alvarado and Lacayo Lacayo, said the Fuerza Pública.

Álvarez  has been detained for aggravated robbery, faking documents, receiving stolen goods, drug trafficking and international drug trafficking.  Lacayo has been detained for illegal possession of firearms, resisting arrest and drug use, said the Fuerza Pública.

Kirk was in unexpected good humor when he spoke Monday night. He said the intruder's bullet just missed a lung as it passed through his chest. He admits to being very lucky.

There may have been as many as five persons, including a driver who stayed with the crooks' car.
About all the intruders could steal would be some of the orange crop, Kirk aid, calling his home a rustic finca.

But he agreed that the crooks may have targeted the home because it was isolated and occupied by expats.

"They underestimated the village," he said, adding that the real heroes in this case were the villagers and his employees.

Kirk said he has been around firearms all his life and even had given gun training to his wife and employees.

At least some of the intruders appeared to be high on drugs. 

Alto de
                        Antigua

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, July 16, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 139

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Sportsmen's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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RE&B Attorneys S.A
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Accountants

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Dengue effort stepped up
by president and schools

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Both the president and the education minister have issued statements urging an attack against the mosquitoes that carry dengue.

The president, Laura Chinchilla, devoted her weekly televised segment to the topic. She showed video of workers spraying for the mosquitoes and urged citizens to take action.

The minister, Leonardo Garnier Rímolo, ordered schools to assembly detection and eradication brigades to get rid of the mosquitoes.

With the end of mid-year vacation, youngsters are back at school, but  officials worry that those who vacationed on the Pacific coast might bring back the disease. A youngsters carrying the dengue virus could pass the disease to an uninfected  Aedes aegypti mosquito and begin the cycle all over again in the Central Valley.

The bulk of the dengue cases this year are in Parrita, Puntarenas and other communities along the central Pacific coast.

Garnier said that the school brigades should make sure that rain gutters are clear and not holding pooled water. He said brigades should put lids on all places where water is stored and eliminate standing water anywhere it is found. He also ordered a cleanup of items that may hold water for the benefit of mosquitoes.

Some schools have old tires on the playground. These are favorite haunts where mosquitoes lay their eggs. Garnier said that the tires should be punctured so that any water drains.

He also wanted the brigades to inspect potted plants to make sure there were no pools of waster.

Ms. Chinchilla said the Panamerican Health Organization and the  Ministerio de Salud Pública are coordinating efforts to fight the mosquitoes with spray and with an appeal to Costa Ricans to eliminate places where mosquitoes breed. The video aired Sunday for the first time.

Meanwhile Cruz Roja workers are going door to door in Parrita, Garabito, Barranca, Orotina and Aguirre to carry the message that homes should be free of space for the dengue mosquito.



Better security is ordered
at temporary judicial lockups

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The president of the Corte Supreme de Justicia acted Monday to provide more security for prisoners being held temporarily in judicial lockups.

The president,  Zarela Villanueva Monge, issued orders for an inventory of which cells are not monitored by video cameras. She said the percentage has to be brought up to 100.

She acted after 11 workers at the Judicial Investigating Organization lockup were suspended on an allegation of abuse of authority after one had a fight with an inmate.

The judiciary maintains cells for temporary use while prisoners are needed for court proceedings or when they are being interrogated.

The incident Thursday took place after a robbery suspect was transported from the cells of the  Segundo Circuito Judicial in Goicoechea to the cells of the Primer Circuito downtown, the agency said. The purpose of the trip was to hold a meeting with     a prosecutor on the robbery allegation.

The judicial agency in a statement said that one of the jailers from Goicoechea became involved in an argument with the suspect outside a cell. A second jailer removed the handcuffs of the suspect, presumably to encourage a fight. The prisoner broke his left arm in the fight, the agency said.

Other judicial employees also were suspended because they did not try to stop the fight.

The court president also said that the judiciary would review the procedures for hiring persons to work as jailers.

Thursday the Poder Judicial said that the altercation in the cell area had been videotapes. The court president's comments suggest that not all of the action was taped.



Another Art City Tour
previews exhibit Wednesday


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There is another Art City Tour Wednesday. This is the event where those who participate can visit museums, galleries and other cultural hotspots for free.

The  Museo de Arte Costarricense will preview that night its next exposition, “Código de Pasión” by Pedro Arrieta. The museum is in the Centro Nacional de la Cultura, the culture ministry, in the old liquor factory on Avenida 7. Like the museums, the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud will open the doors for the exposition from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m.

There also are buses to carry participants from one location to another. The buses are color coded by route and outlined on the Art City Tour Facebook page. The buses will stop at the new exposition, too.

Participants do not have to take a bus. They can enter on foot or by their own transportation.

The places of interest are in  San José downtown, Barrio Amón, Barrio Escalante, Los Yoses and La Sabana. Those who participate will not be able to see all the locations, so many take the tour every time it is offered. Wednesday is the 22nd edition. The sponsor is  GAM Cultural.

For this edition the Universidad Veritas is presenting short films about La Sabana.



Fuerza Pública to post 1,000
to cover routes of pilgrims


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Fuerza Pública said Monday that it will field 1,000 officers at the height of the pilgrimage to the Basilica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles in Cartago.

The police plan to be out in force for the weekend of July 27 and 28 when many in the metro area will make their hike to Cartago.

The police deployment begins this Saturday with officers posted at strategic points along routes to the basilica. The police presence will be stepped up as the Aug. 2 feast day of the Virgen de los Ángeles approaches. There also will be police in the rural areas of the country because people will be hiking from there.

Each year more than a million pilgrims walk to Cartago from all over Central America in the week leading up to Aug. 2.

Some police will remain on duty for two days after the religious service in Cartago as some pilgrims return home.

The Cruz Roja also will be mounting a major operation with aid stations along the route. The traffic police also will be blocking highways to facilitate the pilgrims, particularly Aug. 1. These details are to be announced.

Aug. 2 is  legal holiday. The Cartago manifestation of the Virgin is the country's patroness.



Flamenco planned for Jacó

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Teatro Jacó plans two nights of Flamenco with what it says is the the best Flamenco company and school of Costa Rica.

The dates and time are July 26 and 27 at 8 p.m. The performers are with the  Flamenco Paulina Peralta. Reservations can be made at at 2630-9812



Children can easily acquire
two languages, study reports


By the Ithaca College news staff

Adults learning a foreign language often need flash cards, tapes, and practice, practice, practice. Children, on the other hand, seem to pick up their native language out of thin air. The learning process is even more remarkable when two languages are involved.

In a study examining how bilingual children learn the two different sound systems of languages they are acquiring simultaneously, Ithaca College faculty member Skott Freedman has discovered insights that indicate children can learn two native languages as easily as they can learn one.

“At first glance, the process of learning a language can seem incredibly daunting,” said Freedman, an assistant professor of speech language and pathology and audiology. “Environmental input presented at a fairly rapid rate must be mapped onto detailed representations in the brain. A word’s meaning, sounds, and grammatical function all must be extracted from the incoming speech stream. Yet this potentially arduous task is typically executed with little effort by children barely a year old. In fact, studies show that children can learn a word in as little as one exposure.”

But how complex is the process when a child grows up learning two languages?

“It has commonly been debated whether a bilingual child has one large set of sounds from both languages or, conversely, two separate sound systems,” Freedman said. “A way of testing this theory is to measure a child’s language productions in both languages using some measure of complexity and then comparing the two languages.”

Freedman’s study measured complexity in terms of the word shape, such as the presence of word-final consonants and consonant clusters. He also measured the degree to which the children could approximate their languages. For example, if a child said “tar” for the word “star,” he or she produced three of four possible sounds, therefore approximating the word with 75 percent accuracy.

“A hypothesis proposed several years ago predicts that, though bilingual children may differ in their productions between languages, they will nevertheless maintain a similar level of overall approximation,” Freedman said. “The hypothesis was confirmed in a study using an English-Hungarian bilingual child, but no study to date has tested the hypothesis in Spanish, the fastest-growing language in the United States.”

Freedman’s study compared the language productions of five English-Spanish bilingual children during a picture-naming task to the productions of five English-only and five Spanish-only speaking children. The results confirmed the hypothesis, with some added insights.

“While bilingual children produced more complex forms in Spanish than in English, they nonetheless approximated English and Spanish to the same degree. Perhaps while learning a language, some inner algorithm determines how much one needs to articulate in order to be understood regardless of the different kinds of sounds between languages. Otherwise, children should have been more easily understood in Spanish.”

In addition, Freedman found that no production differences emerged between the bilingual children and their monolingual counterparts in English or Spanish, indicating a sufficient amount of independence between a bilingual child’s two sound systems.

“Bilingual children manage not only to learn two sets of words at one time and keep these two systems separate, they even keep the two sound systems separate,” Freedman said. “This result makes a case against not exposing children to more than one language at birth because they might be confused or overwhelmed.”

The results of Freedman’s study were published in the December issue of the International Journal of Bilingualism.


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Volcanoes may signal eruptions with low-frequency screams
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A University of Washington researcher reports that volcanoes may scream before they erupt, and Costa Rica's Arenal figured in the study.

The researcher is Alicia Hotovec-Ellis, a doctoral student in earth and space sciences. A new analysis of an eruption sequence at Alaska’s Redoubt Volcano in March 2009 shows that what is being called an harmonic tremor glided to substantially higher frequencies and then stopped abruptly just before six of the eruptions, five of them coming in succession.

It is not unusual for swarms of small earthquakes to precede a volcanic eruption, the university noted. They can reach a point of such rapid succession that they create a signal that is being called a harmonic tremor that resembles sound made by various types of musical instruments, though at frequencies much lower than humans can hear.

A French researcher, Philippe Lesage, reported in 2006 that he had noted frequencies being emitted by Arenal. He measured frequencies in the range of 0.9 to 2 hertz. He likened the activity to that of a clarinet with the sounds generated by volcano conduits that are filled with magma. He attributed the changes in frequency to variations in pressure in the conduits.
Ms. Hotovec-Ellis builds on the Arenal data. The significance is that monitors might be able to hear the low-frequency sounds to provide a warning for eruptions.

San Jose's downtown is in sight of three active volcanoes.

“The frequency of this tremor is unusually high for a volcano, and it’s not easily explained by many of the accepted theories,” said Ms. Hotovec-Ellis of the Alaskan volcano, as quoted by the university in a summary.

She documented the rising tremor frequency, starting at about 1 hertz (or cycle per second) and gliding upward to about 30 hertz, the university said. In humans, the audible frequency range starts at about 20 hertz, but a person lying on the ground directly above the magma conduit might be able to hear the harmonic tremor when it reaches its highest point, it added.

Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory have dubbed the highest-frequency harmonic tremor at Redoubt Volcano the screams because they reach such high pitch compared with a 1-to-5 hertz starting point.

Similar sounds have been reported at the volcano on the Caribbean island of Montserrat.


There are some first-class restaurants in San Jose's downtown
EDITOR'S NOTE: A.M. Costa Rica begins today a regional survey of restaurants with the first episode focusing on the nation's capital.

By Ann Antkiw
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Twenty-years-ago San José was a barren wasteland when it came to restaurants offering fine dining and International cuisine.

There were a few scattered around town, but because of their scarcity often reserved for that special occasion. Inside the Hotel Bergerac in Los Yoses, Jeane Claude Fromont, the much revered chef of the L’Ile de France (now in Escazú, 2289-7533), would concoct French haute cuisine to satisfy the palate of any gourmet.

A short distance up the road, Le Chandelier’s (2225-3980) chef Claude Dubuis’ traditional French cuisine was considered by many patrons to be the best in the country. Located in a splendid old mansion, the restaurant remains popular today for corporate events and romantic candlelight dinners. The small, intimate La Bastille (2255-4994) on Paseo Colon has been around for mor than five decades and is still serving excellent, classic, French cuisine and now the Swiss Owner/chef has added to the menu some specialties from his country. 

There were a few Italian eateries around town including San José’s longest standing restaurant the Balcón de Europa, which opened in 1909. Chef Franco Piatti offered home-style cuisine from central Italy in a friendly, family atmosphere. However, after his death the restaurant on Calle 9 struggled to survive, but lost the charm that Piatti instilled in it and is now closed.

Fast food outlets were few and far between, and the city’s mainstays were mom & pop sodas and the counters in the Mercado Central, which was founded in 1880. These inexpensive, squeaky clean, family-run eateries offered satisfying meals for a few colons, and, even today, one can sate one’s hunger for ¢2,000 to 2500 ($4-5). The lunchtime order of the day is the casado, that means “married” and is the perfect marriage of typical fare; a combination of white rice, black beans, fried ripe plantain, picadillo, a finely chopped mixture of cooked vegetables, a small shredded cabbage salad and a choice of meat, chicken or fish. Patrons also get a fresh fruit drink and a small portion of flan or plain cake.

Times have certainly changed, and today chefs from all over the world, including excellent trained Costa Ricans, ply their trade in restaurants and hotels throughout the country. Downtown San José has an eclectic choice of restaurants, which offer international cuisine for every type of occasion and pocketbook.

In the heart of the city located in front of the Teatro Nacional, the Gran Hotel Costa Rica opened its doors in 1930 and has been declared an architectural, historic landmark. The Terrace Restaurant 1930 (2221-4011) overlooks the Plaza de la Cultura and is a renowned meeting place. It’s a wonderful spot for people watching as you enjoy breakfast, sip on a drink, partake in a light meal, or an al fresco dinner.

The hotel just changed hands, so there may be some news to report soon..

The national theater dates back to 1897 and the Café Britt Coffee Shop (2221-1329) offers a tempting array of coffees, pastries and light fare. It still maintains a neoclassical atmosphere reminiscent of a chic French café with high ceilings and windows, marble floors and tables, plus rotating art shows featuring local artists. It’s also a great meeting place before a performance or any time during the day.

In total contrast to the above, Restaurante Nuestra Tierra (2258-6500) south of the Plaza de la Democracia on Avenida 2, serves Costa Rican fare in a rustic ambience with wooden chairs and tables, plus a décor that creates the atmosphere of a humble campesino kitchen in bygone days. Open 24/7 the food is typical and tasty.

A short walk from San José’s new Chinatown the ever popular Tin Jo (2221-7605) offers a wonderful selection of Asian foods from Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, India, the Philippines, Japan and China, plus an excellent selection of vegetarian, vegan and gluten-free choices. In one of the restaurant’s many rooms, “candlelight Wednesday nights” with tables set for two offers a wonderful way to celebrate a special romantic occasion.

Next door, Don Wang (2223-5925) is a favorite with dim sum lovers who flock there for a Sunday morning feast. They also offer a good choice of Cantonese cooking and some spicy Szechwan fare.

For carnivores, La Esquina de Buenos Aires (2223-1909) in the heart of downtown is a small Argentinean steakhouse with an authentic atmosphere and grilled meaty specialties
restaurants


from the old country. Tongue, tripe, sweetbreads and blood sausage are an added addition to the different cuts of steak. Never fear they do serve very good homemade pasta for non-meat eaters.

In a renovated mansion in the heart of the city, the Del Mar (2257-7800) offers a large selection of international and local cuisine that will satisfy cravings and hunger pains 24/7. After a night on the town, or in the Hotel Del Rey casino, you can munch on one of their excellent hamburgers or tuck into breakfast, which is always available for early birds and late risers.

The historic neighborhood of Barrio Amón lies just northeast of downtown within easy walking distance of the city center. Coffee barons’ homes built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries have been restored and now house some of San José’s best boutique hotels, trendy restaurants and bars. The very popular Café Mundo (2222-6190) with its patio seating, verandah and various rooms, maintains its charm and popularity with families, tourists, the lunchtime and late night crowds. The menu offers a huge variety of choices, but the pizzas and pastas are a great favorite. Also in Barrio Amón, Restaurante Kalu (2221-2081) with its covered patio and delightful ambience serves salads, sandwiches and main courses with flare and imagination. The desserts are to die for, and well worth a visit for them alone.

Heading west from downtown towards the Parque la Sabana and the district bordering Rohrmoser and Pavas, there are a few gems not to be missed. On a quiet residential street a short a walk from Paseo Colon, El Grano De Oro (2255-3322) is a first class and pricey choice, but worth every penny. This restored Victorian home dates back to1910 and offers fine dining in a lush inner courtyard, surrounded by old world elegance. Traditional European cuisine is highlighted with local, tropical ingredients resulting in some unique flavors to tempt the taste buds. The signature dessert El Grano de Oro Pie is a decadent finale to any meal.

Park Café (2290-6324) just a block away from the north side of La Sabana is a gastronomic haven offering gourmands of Costa Rica world class cuisine created by chef Richard Neat. His sensational masterpieces garnered his restaurant in London 2 Michelin stars, in Cannes 1-star, and in Marrakech, Conde Naste’s inclusion in the World’s Best 65 restaurants. Seating for 25 diners is in an enchanting garden among an eclectic display of antiques from Asia and the British Isles. Lovers of fine cuisine rave about Neat’s exquisite, stunningly presented, fusion inspired culinary delights. At this writing, the cafe appears to be closed temporarily, accoridng to its Web site.

Another Sabana Norte treasure for lovers of Italian cuisine is the casual, but elegant little L’Olivo (2232-9440) located in the Apartotel Cristina. The excellent homemade pasta and other regional Italian specialties, plus an admirable selection of wines, make this charming, friendly restaurant a great favorite with residents and tourists alike.

Aficionados of Middle Eastern food need to make a date to sample the truly authentic, Lebanese menu offered at Sash (2232-1010) in Pavas. The décor adds to the enjoyment of the outstanding traditional dishes including the Lebanese mesa vegetarian, which is exceptional. Typical Middle Eastern lounging areas with low tables and subdued lighting are intimate and perfect for a romantic occasion. There is also a more formal dining area where belly dancers perform for groups and parties. This great little restaurant with friendly, helpful service is an excellent choice for any occasion.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, July 16, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 139
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Noon concert today kicks off eight days of orchestra performances
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Orquesta Sinfónica Manuel María Gutiérrez, which is made up of 126 young musicians, performs today at the  Teatro al Mediodía in the Teatro Nacional. The time is 12:10 p.m.

The youngsters come from the  Sistema Nacional de Educación Musical. The performance ends the orchestra's second season.

Works include "The Fifth Symphony" by Dmitri Shostakovich and “Huapango” by Pablo Moncayo, representing Latin American music.

The performance also is the start of the  Festival de Orquestas Unidas that runs through July 23 with 12 presentations at the  Teatro Nacional, the Teatro Popular Melico Salazar and in Liberia. 
Eight orchestras with musicians of every age will participate in this series of events. A full schedule is HERE!

Performing will be the  Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional and the  Youth Orchestra of Americas. This latter group is made up of musicians ages 18 to 30 from 25 countries in the Western Hemisphere.

Three orchestras from the Sistema Nacional de Educación Musical will perform during the festival, too, as well as the Orquesta Sinfónica Municipal de Cartago, the Orquesta Sinfónica of the Universidad de Costa Rica and the Orquesta Sinfónica del Conservatorio de Castella.

Two youth orchestras from the Sistema Naciona will perform tonight at 8 o'clock, too.

 
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MEAD BROWN
Rent villas, homes, and condos for your Costa Rica vacation.
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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.
Geroge's view
An evening View
from George’s Puriscal home
Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money.  Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk
Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. george@glundquist.com
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Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat
Steve and Debbie Legg
Toll Free: 1-888-828-9245       In Costa Rica: (506)-2478-0023 or 8333-6863

Our Vision at Leaves and Lizards Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat is to create the perfect blend of Adventure, Discovery and Tranquility for each guest.  Plan an Adventure zooming along a zip line high in the canopy or horseback riding though forests, farms and rivers. Discover the magical wonders of the flora and fauna of Costa Rica. Experience Tranquility in one of our cabins tucked in our 26 acres. Located in Monterrey, San Carlos, in the mountains above Fortuna, we enjoy spectacular, panoramic views of the Arenal Volcano and its lava flow. Please see our Web site for more information. www.leavesandlizards.com or e-mail us at leavesandlizards@gmail.com.
7862-8/1/13

Costa Rica’s #1 Time –Tested Relocation/Retirement Tours
Christopher Howard's Award-winning Combination Relocation/Retirement Tour. NO other retirement tour offers MORE options...MORE areas visited, MORE information, MORE people just like you who have made the move and a LONGER
fact-filled tour for your money. Winner of the 2010 Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the most UNIQUE and OUTSTANDING tour in Latin America. This  is the ONLY relocation/retirement tour really APPROVED with a LEGAL tour guide to operate in Costa Rica by the government’s Institute of Tourism ICT (license number DL-658-2004) in 2004. ALL tours are personally led by Christopher Howard, the author of the perennial best-selling ”New Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica,” the MOST read authority on living and 
Christ Howard with Max
retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

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* FREE 50% DISCOUNT on the first year's MEMBERSHIP for the Association of Residents of Costa Rica ARCR with these tours
        
*FREE BONUS all people who sign up for the tour receive a FREE copy of the 16th edition of  the bestseller “New Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica. At the conclusion of the tour they also receive FREE eBook copies of Christopher Howard’s other one-of-a-kind  bestsellers “Official Guide to Costa Rican Spanish,” “The Official Guide to Real Estate In Costa Rica” and “The Official Guide to Costa Rica’s Legal System for Tontos (dumbells).” Almost 2,000 pages of INVALUABLE material in all!
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Howard Spanish cover

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Christopher Howard’s Costa Rica Starter Kit!
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Purchase through Pay Pal at: www.costaricabooks.com
7964-6/9/13

Ready For a Vacation to Costa Rica?
Customized vacation packages to Costa Rica planned by our team of in-country travel experts. Call us Toll Free: 1-800-606-1860 or locally in San Jose: 2296-7715. You can sit back and relax while we plan your dream Costa Rica Vacation.
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Costa Rica Vacations
Customized, all inclusive Costa Rica vacations planned by our team of in-country travel experts. Call us Toll Free: 1-800-606-1860 or locally in San Jose: 2296-7715. Sit back and relax while we plan your trip or dream Costa Rica Honeymoon.
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Panama Vacations
Custom, all-inclusive vacations to Panama by 100% locally based experts in Panama.  See "the new Costa Rica" before the secret gets out!  We offer customized trips to the best all inclusive Panama hotels and Panama resorts. Call 1-866-393-4192 if from the U.S. or 00 (507)-264-1279 from Costa Rica.
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Costa Rica Fishing Experts
Customized, upscale fishing packages & Costa Rica fishing vacations designed by 100% local experts. Call Toll Free: 1-866-901-0683
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Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom


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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
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wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8026-7/17/13

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

1 bedroom with private bath. Rooms in large, 3.000 sq ft. historical mansion in heart of Barrio Amón.  Prices starting at $350. for long-term. Smoking ok in common areas. Includes electricity, water, commercial kitchen use, laundry, high-speed internet. 7078-6985. More info HERE!
8006-7/14/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8024-8/18/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8025-8/18/13

cahuita beach house
Unique beach house for rent in Cahuita
$400 per month furnished. House is 150 yards from a beautiful beach in a jungle area. Next to our wildlife rescue center. Very safe, good water and electricity. One large bedroom, walk-in closet. Newly built and furnished. Must see. A tropical paradise. Contact: Todd at 2755-0014.
7985-7/4/13

Attn: Bikers-Swimmers..House to Rent or to Share
Conveniently located  two-bedroom, two-bathroom house, new construction, wheelchair accessible to rent for $750/month or to share with owner (female).  Located on outskirts of San José metro area, 5 minute drive to Sta. Barbara de Heredia, 20-30 minutes from SJO International Airport, an easy drive to Alajuela
front gate
or Heredia.  Natural setting with a panoramic view of Central Valley on a 1/3 acre lot (1,200m2).  A beautiful, well-maintained public pool is a 10-minute walk and road in front of house is a popular bike route.  The house is 900 ft2 (90m2) plus there is a spacious terrace, two-car carport,
covered back porch and ample additional parking.  Vaulted natural wood ceilings in all rooms except in the two bedrooms, bathrooms and laundry room.  There is also a small office which can serve as a guest bedroom. The house is unfurnished and appliances not included except for built-in cooktop/oven (gas). Tankless instant hot water heater for bathrooms, kitchen and laundry.  Rental fee does not include utilities.  Alarm system,  cable TV and DSL internet connections are in place. The owner will rent to 2-3 people, pets are allowed with the approval of the owner, and security deposit of one month's rent is required.  Alternatively owner can share house with suitable roommate, prefer female (non-smoker) but will consider a male roommate.  E-mail me for more photos or with questions:  linda.barton@yahoo.com
7984-7/3/13

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
7968-7/17/13

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
7956-6/16/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
7954-6/8/13

Available now $650 a month
This small but new and clean American-built house is settled on an organic farm a 10-minute walk from the center of town in Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Taxis are $1 to town and buses run to
Organic farm
Heredia and Alajuela, about 30 minutes each. There is parking for one car. NO DOGS please. Rent includes: Cable television, house phone, ICE ADSL internet, water, electricity, laundry facilities. We have a family living on the farm aside from myself,  the owner, and another renter, so there is always someone around. This 2-bedroom house is brand new, 
completely furnished. Large windows overlook the valley and the gardens, There are large trees. Surrounded by fruit trees and vegetable gardens, it has a beautiful view of the valley. The kitchen comes fully equipped, with large refrigerator, gas stove and oven, all accessories. The bathroom has a large shower; both kitchen and bath have hot water. A brand new extra firm queen-size bed is included. A breakfast bar separates the living area and kitchen and a porch overlooks the farm and valley. This house is for one or two people only. $300 deposit required to be returned when renters leave house. Email for photos and questions. laurelfanderson@gmail.com
7945-5/30/13

Heredia rental
Beautiful mountain chalet  for rent
Beautiful mountain chalet surrounded by nature, built with tropical hardwoods and  located on a  5,000 m2  (54,000 sq feet) lot  with two other cottages.  House has basic furniture and  kitchen  appliances.  Ground floor:  Very large living/ dinning room, kitchen, office (or guest bedroom), and 1 bathroom . Upstairs:  2 bedrooms (one with a balcony), and 1 bathroom. 140 m2 approximately  Great BBQ rancho outside. Plenty space for visitor parking. Pets are welcome.  Quiet place, rural, restaurants close by. Near El Castillo Country Club, Tirol and La Condesa mountain hotels.  Only 45 minutes by car from San José.  All public services available  More information call Liseth.  Phone: (506) 7158-1548. Or send me a email:  licortes@hotmail.com
7939-5/24/13


COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
7975-6/16/13

Perez  Zeledon:   Large studio home overlooking river with deck.  Elegant, ceramic floors, nice cabinets, walk-in closet.  Beautiful gardens and grounds.  Secure. Private. Only  10 minutes
River view home
to San Isidro de El General. Mountain town with everything!  Then, 40 minutes to Playa Dominical, 40 minutes to Chirripó National Park, and also near many other attractions, yet very private and secluded.  Listen to river sounds and sleep like a baby.   
Rare birds in abundance. Includes,  One  double bed and refrigerator, stove, juicer, sofa, tables,  dishes, pans, etc.  Plus, electric, (hot) water   Phone, TV connected, Internet cable connected, garbage and gardener. All included for $425. /month.  Looking for one good person, reliable, long-term.    Non-smoker. jjpepman@hotmail.com
7902-4/25/13

Mountain cabin for rent
Sacramento, Barva de Heredia
We offer for rent three furnished, 2-bedroom mountain homes located on the slopes of Barva Volcano, Sacramento, Heredia. The cabin-style homes are adjacent to the Braulio Carillo National Park and walking distance to the Barva Volcano crater lake. Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and garage. Take in breathtaking views of the Irazú Volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of bird species, to include the occasional Resplendent Quetzal, and a pristine cloud forest. We can also offer you an occasional ride on one of our beautiful mares. Contact Allan or Cristina at HPCattleCR@aol.com, or or for more information HERE! $850 USD/month. We can also offer a weekend or short-stay package.
7875-4/11/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
                                    homes
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
7833-8/15/13

Looking 4 Costa Rica Villas?
Rent our all-inclusive, 7 bedroom rental home in Guanacaste.  Just 20 minutes from the Liberia airport, this deluxe ocean view mansion sleeps 6-22 guests.  Ideal for company events & Costa Rica weddings. With 3 meals served daily and a full-time staff to pamper guests, it's more than a Costa Rica vacation rental ...It's your own Private Resort!  Call toll free: 1-800-606-1860.
7695-1/19/14

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Cielo
A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, July 16, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 139
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Cafetales



J.K. Rowling secret novel
surges to popularity in Britain


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A detective novel secretly written by J.K. Rowling surged to the top of bestseller lists Monday after the true identity of the author was revealed, embarrassing some publishers who had rejected the manuscript.
 
Rowling, whose Harry Potter series made her Britain's best-selling author, posed as a retired military policeman called Robert Galbraith to write “The Cuckoo's Calling,” only to see her cover blown by a Sunday newspaper.
 
The novel had only sold 1,500 hardback copies since being published in April. But by Monday it had raced to the top of Amazon.co.uk's best-selling list, leaving online book merchants unable to slake demand.
 
“For a title that isn't even in our top 5,000 to shoot to number one so quickly is almost unheard of,” Darren Hardy, books manager at Amazon.co.uk, said by email.
 
Hardy said this meteoric rise in sales meant “The Cuckoo's Calling” has established itself as a contender to become one of the biggest-selling books of the summer.
 
Publisher Little, Brown, which last year published Rowling's first adult novel “The Casual Vacancy,” said it was immediately reprinting “The Cuckoo's Calling.” The novel is about war veteran turned private eye Cormorant Strike investigating the death of a model.
 
“We're looking forward to publishing Strike's next installment in summer 2014,” the publisher said in a statement.
 
Ms. Rowling, 47, said it had been wonderful to publish for once without hype or expectation and to get feedback under a different name, even if that meant some publishers rejected her work.
 
Her Harry Potter series was also spurned by about 12 publishers before the first of her seven novels about the boy wizard was published in 1997.
 
Kate Mills, fiction editor at London-based Orion Publishing, went onto Twitter to admit she rejected Ms. Rowling's new work.
 
“So I can now say that I turned down J.K. Rowling. I did read and say no to 'Cuckoo's Calling.' Anyone else going to confess?” Ms. Mills tweeted.
 
Reviewers as well admitted to missing the book that received largely positive write-ups from those who did read it.
 
Philip Jones, editor of The Bookseller, said it was not unusual in the publishing world to use a pseudonym if authors wanted to write in a new genre to attract a new readership or for women writers who did not want to alienate male readers.
 

Commission considers making
Antarctic waters protected

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An international commission is considering whether to designate the waters around Antarctica special marine reserves, a step campaigners say would safeguard the habitat of whales, seals and penguins and more than double the world's protected sea area.

Any change in status requires a unanimous decision by the 25 members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. Two members, Russia and Ukraine, have raised legal concerns, a German delegate told a media briefing Monday.

The Russian and Ukrainian delegations were not immediately available for comment.

The commission was founded in 1982 to protect Antarctic marine life. The United Nations has committed to classifying 10 percent of the world's coastal waters and oceans as protected areas by 2020, up from 2 percent at present.

Last November commission members, which include the European Union, Norway, China, Australia and New Zealand, failed to agree on setting up marine protected areas amid disputes over scientific findings, the duration of the protection period, and a reluctance by some to shut off commercial access to new fishing waters.

At a new fresh round of talks in the German town of Bremerhaven on Monday, delegates are examining a U.S. and New Zealand-backed proposal on preserving the Ross Sea, which is seven times the size of Germany, and a European Union, France and Australia-backed proposal for the waters of East Antarctica.

In an open letter to Vladimir Putin, the Ocean Elders campaign group appealed for the Russian president's support.

“The Ross Sea and East Antarctica have been spared the impact of widespread pollution, invasive species, bottom trawling and other large-scale commercial fishing operations that are imperiling other marine areas around the world."

“But conditions are changing, and the need to take steps to better protect key areas in the Southern Ocean is compelling,” the letter to Putin said.

Some fishing fleets are looking south because stocks nearer home are depleted and some nations worry about shutting off large areas of the oceans.

“The Ross Sea region is one of the last and greatest ocean wilderness areas on the planet. It is home to a unique and productive ecosystem,” the U.S. Department of State said in a statement. “It is also a natural laboratory for scientific study to better understand climate change, our oceans, and our world.”


Indians gathers to mark
end of telegraph system


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Thousands of people crowded telegraph offices around India to send the country's last telegrams, as the government shut down the 163-year old service on Sunday.

Most Sunday afternoons, one would be hard-pressed to find anyone at the Central Telegraph Office in New Delhi, let alone people lined up in the rain.  But this day is different.  For engineer Rasmeet Chawla it is the end of an era.
 
 “I am here for the same reason as everybody.  This is the last day, and I wanted to have a souvenir of this telegraph medium,” he admitted.
 
Most of the people who crowded the office were young and have grown up in the age of mobile phones and e-mail, technology that eventually helped make the telegram obsolete.
 
But others like Neelima Chandak, who brought her 19-year old daughter to the office, remembered the weight the small slip of paper carried when it was finally delivered to its destination.
 
“Most of the time, it used to be anxiety.  As soon as you heard the word ‘telegram,’ you mostly associated it with news of death and sometimes a job,” she recalled.
 
On July 14, the last for the Central Telegraph Office in the Indian capital, most of the telegrams carried nostalgic messages and good wishes for loved ones.  By late Sunday, with just a few hours to go before the doors closed for good, 1,500 telegrams had been processed, compared to 10 to 20 on any other day.
 
An employee for 31 years, Jagdish Chand joked the telegraph service would never have incurred huge losses and be shut down had it seen crowds like this through the years.
 
Still, he said he is proud to be part of a communication mode that carried messages during India’s fight for independence and was a vital part of Indians’ day-to-day life.
 
“If someone had to be picked up at the railway station or from the airport, the telegram used to reach on the same day," he explained. "I was very happy that along with doing my job, I was also doing a public service.”
 
His service along with that of about 1,000 other workers across India will no longer be needed.  Many will either retire or be transferred to other departments within state-owned telecommunications company, which will continue its focus on expanding Internet and mobile phone services across India.


Most stroke victims fail
to follow physicians' advice


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

After someone has a heart attack or stroke, doctors usually recommend changes in lifestyle like losing weight, exercising or stopping smoking.  A new study looked at people around the world to see if they followed their doctors' advice.

"Heart disease is preventable," said Patrice Desvigne Nickens, with the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health. "Healthy lifestyles can reduce risks."

Dr. Desvigne-Nickens said there are three key elements to living a healthy life. “Don’t smoke, maintain a healthy weight, exercise,” she stated.

Ignoring even one of these increases the risk for cardiovascular disease, which includes heart attack and stroke, the number one killer around the world.

So Canadian researcher Koon Teo at Ontario's Hamilton General Hospital wanted to see if people changed their lifestyle after one of these events. He followed patients in high, middle and low-income countries.

"People who had heart disease or stroke, about a fifth of them, still continued to smoke and only a third of people had regular physical activities," he explained. "Just about two-fifths of them ate what we determine as a healthy diet."

And it didn't seem to matter where they lived.

"The low-income countries had the worst diet, but if you look at people from high income countries, they did not do that much better," Teo said.

Overall, only about 4 percent of the patients who participated in the study followed the recommendations.    

"All countries need to look at this finding to try to improve and close the gap about healthy living, particularly in people who had already had the stroke or a heart attack," Teo added.

National and international efforts to get people to monitor their blood pressure and reduce salt consumption are gaining momentum.  Both reduce the risk for heart attack or stroke. In the U.S., Janet Wright, of the Million Hearts campaign, gives this advice.

"Make one small change to your health and do it daily," she asserted. "It could be adding a fruit or a vegetable.  It could be building your way up to 150 minutes of exercise each week."

The Cleveland Clinic has a program for its employees that has helped them lead healthier lives.

"The key is to start. Buy a pedometer, record it daily," explained Michael Roizen, Cleveland Clinic. "Try to walk 10,000 steps a day."

And if you take medication for high blood pressure, take it as prescribed.

"Every day of an uncontrolled blood pressure is damaging the heart, the kidneys, the eyes and all of the blood vessels putting the individual at high risk for heart attack and stroke," Wright stated.

These experts stress that the power to prevent heart attack or stroke is in your hands. Teo's study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Neptune
NASA, European Space Agency and SETI Institute montage.
Montage of Neptue shows known moons and the new one in the upper right.

Hubble Telescope credited
for finding Neptune moon

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An astronomer studying archived images of Neptune taken by the Hubble Space Telescope has found a 14th moon orbiting the planet, NASA said Monday.
 
Estimated to be about 12 miles (20 kms) in diameter, the moon is located about 65,400 miles (105,251 kms) from Neptune.
 
Astronomer Mark Showalter, with the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California, was searching Hubble images for moons inside faint ring fragments circling Neptune when he decided to run his analysis program on a broader part of the sky.
 
“We had been processing the data for quite some time and it was on a whim that I said, 'OK, let's just look out further,” Showalter said.
 
“I changed my program so that instead of stopping just outside the ring system it processed the data all the way out, walked away from my computer and waited an hour while it did all the processing for me. When I came back, I looked at the image and there was this extra dot that wasn't supposed to be there,” Showalter added.
 
This diagram provided by NASA shows the orbits of several moons located close to the planet Neptune. The new moon, Neptune's tiniest, is designated S/2004 N 1.This diagram provided by NASA shows the orbits of several moons located close to the planet Neptune. T

Follow-up analysis of other archived Hubble images of Neptune verified the object was a moon.
 
Showalter and colleagues are mulling over a name to propose to the International Astronomical Union, which has final say in the matter.
 
“We haven't really gotten far with that. What I can say is that the name will be out of Roman and Greek mythology and it will have to do with characters who are related to Neptune, the god of the oceans,” Showalter said.
 
Neptune's largest moon, Triton, was discovered in 1846, just days after the planet itself was found. Nereid, Neptune's third largest moon was found in 1949.
 
Images taken by NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft unveiled the second largest moon, Proteus, and five smaller moons, Naiad, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea and Larissa.
 
Ground-based telescopes found Halimede, Laomedeia, Sao and Nestor in 2002. Sister moon Psamathe turned up a year later.
 
The newly found moon, designated S/2004 N 1, is located between Larissa and Proteus. It orbits Neptune in 23 hours.
 
A paper on the discovery is pending.


Putin blames U.S. for  leaker
being trapped at airport

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Russian President Vladimir Putin says fugitive U.S. intelligence leaker Edward Snowden will leave the country as soon as there is an opportunity for him to do so.

Putin said Monday the United States essentially has trapped Snowden in Russian territory by revoking his passport.

"He arrived on our territory without an invitation. We didn't invite him. And he was not flying to us. He was flying in transit to other countries," he said. "But as soon as he got in the air it became known, and our American partners, actually, locked his further flight. They themselves scared other countries."

Snowden has been offered asylum in Bolivia, Nicaragua and Venezuela, but has been stuck for three weeks in the transit zone of Moscow’s Sheremetyevo airport, unable to fly without travel documents.

The U.S. government accuses him of leaking information about classified U.S. National Security Agency surveillance programs, and wants him returned home to face trial.

Friday, Snowden met with human rights activists at the airport, telling them he is seeking temporary asylum in Russia until he can safely travel to Latin America.
 
Russian officials say they have not yet received an application from him.


Loggerheads found disloyal
to specific nesting beaches


By the  U.S. Geological Survey news staff
   
Threatened loggerhead sea turtles in the northern Gulf of Mexico can travel distances up to several hundred miles and visit offshore habitats between nesting events in a single season, taking them through waters impacted by oil and fishing industries.

Evidence from a U.S. Geological Survey study challenges the widely-held view that sea turtles remain near one beach throughout the nesting season and suggests the threatened species may require broader habitat protection to recover. The findings also cast new uncertainties on current estimates of the size of the species’ Gulf of Mexico subpopulation.

“This is the first study to locate and quantify in-water habitat use by female loggerheads in the northern Gulf of Mexico subpopulation during their reproductive periods,” said lead author Kristen Hart, a Geological Survey research ecologist. “Our tracking results show they depend on a much broader range of habitat during this critical part of their lives than was previously thought to be required.”

The study reveals detailed loggerhead movements during “inter-nesting” periods, showing patterns that vary for individual turtles. Generally, this period begins when a female returns from open seas around May and lasts roughly until September. Up until now, efforts to protect the species generally centered on beaches with high nesting activity under the assumption that once turtles had nested on those beaches, they either remained in their immediate vicinity or migrated back out to sea.

“The satellite data and our observations on the ground tell the same story: loggerheads in this subpopulation nest at multiple beaches, sometimes hundreds of miles apart,” said Ms. Hart. “Some of the females we captured and tagged on beaches in Alabama traveled over 250 miles to nest in Florida, where we recaptured them. Likewise, we also captured some females in Alabama that had previously been tagged at the Florida site in earlier breeding years.” 

Researchers used the same statistical technique for analyzing their movements that enabled them to pinpoint loggerhead feeding hotspots at sea last year and, more recently, locate Kemp’s ridley feeding grounds in the northern Gulf by differentiating between behavioral modes. They analyzed where 39 adult female sea turtles went after they nested on beaches in Alabama and Florida between 2010 and 2012 to learn where they spent time in the water during the breeding season before migrating back to sea.

“We were surprised to find a lot of variation in their behavior,” said co-author and survey biologist Meg Lamont.  “On average, the tagged turtles visited areas about 33 kilometers (20 miles) from shore and moved about 28 kilometers (17 miles) to nest at another beach. Several of them journeyed more than 200 kilometers (124) miles to nest at additional beaches, while others simply cruised back out to sea after the first nest.” 

The results of the study explain a mystery that had puzzled Ms. Lamont, who has 16 years of data from the St. Joseph Peninsula in Florida showing that few of the nesting loggerheads they tagged returned to nest again on the peninsula. “We didn’t know whether they were dying or simply nesting elsewhere,” explained Ms. Lamont, “Now we know they aren’t as faithful to one nesting site as was once thought.” 

One of the turtles that Ms. Lamont tagged in 2002 appeared at Ms. Hart’s site in Alabama, nearly a decade later. In fact, the researchers saw several turtles nesting both in Alabama and the St. Joseph Peninsula (roughly 250 miles apart) within a period of just two weeks. 

“These data show it is not sufficient to just protect habitat around high density nesting beaches – such as the St. Joseph Peninsula because many turtles that nest on the peninsula use the entire region from the eastern Florida Panhandle to Louisiana,” said Ms. Lamont.

There could also be fewer female loggerheads nesting in the northern Gulf of Mexico than current estimates suggest because they are calculated using nest numbers. “Our research shows that the same turtle could easily deposit eggs in Alabama and Florida if nests are separated by about 2 weeks,” said Ms. Hart. “Population numbers based on nest counts may therefore be biased upwards if nests at the two sites were assumed to have come from two different females.” 

The study also noted that the areas the loggerheads used during the inter-nesting period overlapped with human uses, such as shrimp trawling and oil and gas platforms.

“We are working towards defining areas where sea turtles concentrate their activities at sea, effectively building a map of in-water turtle hotspots,” said Ms. Hart. “The more we know about their habitat use, the more questions are raised about their behavior and ability to adapt. We hope to build a better understanding of how frequently turtles return to these same locations, and whether or not they move to new habitats when those locations are impacted. This type of information would be extremely valuable for developing management strategies to help in population recovery.”


Canada's Harper shuffles
his cabinet of ministers


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Faced with falling public opinion poll numbers, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper has named eight new ministers in his biggest cabinet reorganization since taking office in 2006.

A half-dozen ministers recently announced they were stepping down, but ministers with key portfolios, such as finance and foreign affairs, will remain at their posts. The appointees include four women.

The government shake-up appears to be aimed at making a new start for the Canadian government before federal elections in 2015. An recent expenses scandal dented Harper's Conservative Party's popularity.

Harper named the new ministers in Twitter messages, before a formal announcement.

There are currently 38 ministers associated with the Harper cabinet.


Continued rise in sea level
predicted by new report

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire servcies

In a new report, climate change scientists predict that for each one degree Celsius of increase in global temperature, sea levels will rise 2.3 meters. They say their estimate may be accurate for as long as the next 2,000 years.

Earlier studies have predicted various changes in sea level as the climate warms, but a team from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research says its analysis is the first to consider historic climate data, along with computer simulations of factors contributing to future global sea level changes. Lead author Anders Levermann says the combination of physics and data gives him confidence in the accuracy of the prediction.

According to the World Bank, researchers say global temperatures may rise at much as 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial era levels over the next 30 years, due to increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This will lead to a rise in sea level globally as glaciers and the polar ice caps melt, and the oceans expand due to excess heat.
 
World Bank official Robert Bisset said that a sea level rise of as much as 50 centimeters by the 2050s may be unavoidable. It will have pronounced effects at the equator, especially around densely populated areas such as Bangkok, Thailand and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Scientists predict more intense tropical storms, food shortages, dangerous heat waves, and eventually flooding that could render coastal areas uninhabitable. That increase is 20 inches.

Levermann warns that sea level rise is inevitable unless global temperatures go down. The Potsdam Institute researchers call for planning hundreds of years into the future to address the long-term effects of climate change.

 
Real estate-related services (paid category)


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8016-9/10/13

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
7949-11/15/13

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
7922-10/15/13

The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
Since 1996, CRREC has been providing the most valuable resource for discovering real estate in Costa Rica. Our Costa Rica properties database contains some of the most exclusive and hard to find properties in the country. Not to mention how affordable some of our Costa Rica homes for sale are. So if you're in the market for Costa Rica real estate then we encourage you to
visit our Costa Rica MLS and discover for yourself why people call CRREC the #1 authority in Costa Rica real estate.
Call Today @ 506-2654-5507 (Costa Rica) or 1-888-414-1836 (Toll-Free) Email: info@costaricarealestate.com
7721-4/29/13



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.
Grecia estate
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
Sarchi home
Modern three-bedroon home in San Rafael de Sarchí. Cick HERE!
 Great deals for you!
SEE OUR OFFERS HERE
Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com
 English: (Cristian Arce)
English:  (Luis Arce)
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)

   (506) 8538-6186
   (506) 7100-8489
   (506) 8707-4016

  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
7685-2/7/12
Bargain

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Guiones retreat
SURFERS PARADISE on PLAYA GUIONES, NOSARA
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or heidebob2@gmail.com
8027-1/12/14

Monte Mar
Hacienda Monte Mar
Gated Community near the beach
located halfway between Jaco and Quepos/Manuel Antonio
 BEST DEAL in Costa Rica!!! Lots starting at just $18,500 with financing available.
 Lot/ House packages from around $60,000
Great Retirement, Vacation, or investment option!
Lots of wildlife on the property. Gated front entrance, caretakers on site,
security and lawn maintenance, no time limit to build. Absentee Owner Friendly.
Water and power on site.
http://www.haciendamontemar.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
7928-8/9/13


Puriscal home
$71,000 SUPER Central Valley view home for you to finish
2 bedrooms, 2 baths, on 2,200 M2 lot with creek on one side. This is another "live in the view" home ready to finish out including appliances, solar water heater, PEX water distribution, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, radiant energy barrier, and tempered, bronzed, reflective windows for an additional $59,000. So total for lot and beautifully finished home is under $130,000. This home is within 7 minutes of Santiago de Puriscal at elevation of 3,200 feet on new concrete public road.
Please contact: email
george@glundquist.com  or call 2417-1041 or 8888-4543.
8012-8/8/13

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Heredia land
San Rafael, Heredia, great opportunity, 17,000m2 land for development,
US$600,000 or best offer.  email: celigar53@gmail.com or call 8385-2542.
8008-7/24/13

auction
6 LOTS – AUCTION
Minimum bid starts @ $10,000.
 ½ acre to 4 acres.
Walk to San Juanillo Beaches.
1 day only -10 a.m. June 15
Email: Karen@racsa.co.cr
Webs:  www.viviun.com/AD-129905/
www.haciendasdelmar.com
Phone: 506-2682-0185
8007-6/29/13

music studio
Musicians dream!!!
Two-story house, 2,400 sq. ft. (223 sq. mt.) total with covered porches, 2-car covered parking, 3 bedrooms, 2 1/2 baths, open kitchen/living room, bodega, laundry room, upstairs sala. Separate 320-sq. ft. (29 sq. mt.) music studio that could be used as an art studio, workshop, or additional bedroom. Studio has a patio on top, partially covered with ozonated hot tub. Mature citrus trees, avocado, mango, pineapples, bananas, and many colorful flowers. Completely fenced, security system, Internet, cable TV, automatic gates, one-car additional secured gravel parking. Double lot, 7,320 sq ft (680 sq mt). Backs up to a large cafetal and looks up to Natural Reserve Madre Verde. Located in La Granja, Residencia Palma Real, Palmares, Alajuela. Walking distance to town, 5 minutes to pista, 35 minutes to airport, and close to bus service. Comes with kitchen appliances, washer and dryer, bed set in master bedroom, shoe cabinet just inside front door. Other furnishings negotiable. More pictures available upon request. House and property are in a corporation. $208,000. terrycr2007@gmail.com
7998-74/13

Grecaiproperty
Private Gated Paradise in Grecia 3/2 home with guest apartment, 5000m2 land. $99k-/best cash offer! River access, costaricariver@yahoo.com, Phone: (506)2495-0487.
7953-7/10/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Casa de Eden
For sale by owner Playa Conchal home. Reduced $329,000

Casa de Eden is an ocean view three-bedroom, 2.5-bath, with outdoor shower, private pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure community surrounded by nature but still only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport. There is 2,600 square feet under the roof, which includes a large outdoor terrace and has phone, Internet & satellite TV. The home boasts luxury finishings: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, ceramic tile.  Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025.
www.puntaplayavistas.com
7982-6/30/13

San Pedro condo
Condo for Sale in Flor del Este
Lourdes, Montes de Oca San Jose

Located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada 500 meters north of Inglesia Lourdes. U Latina, UCR, and U Fieditas are located within 5 minutes.  Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. Condo is a 3-story. Three/four-bedroom, three and half bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with only one entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. In addition, to security fencing, and electric wire, a recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house. Residence has a telephone communication system to contact the guard house. In addition there is a green park area inside the complex for children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Equipped with an independent wired security system in addition to iron bars on windows and patio doors. Equipped with circuit breaker box and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Also has water storage tank under parking area and water pump to maintain high pressure on all three floors. American-style washer and electric dryer, Refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. $185,000. Other furniture items may be available for purchase.
Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987
U.S. Phone:  6630-886-4458  or   (305) 848- 5577
Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799 4041
Email:  sjogringo@yahoo.com
7973-8/23/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

Rich Coast Montage
RichCoastRealty.com
Central Pacific Coast Real Estate, from Jaco to Quepos/Manuel Antonio
- 2 Bedroom House in Gated Community near the beach, $89,000!!
 - Beachfront Residential Lots from $58,000
- Coffee Shop/ Bakery, Coastal Town, Great Location, Real Estate Office Upstairs, Turnkey $85,000 Great ROI
- Lots in Gated Community near the beach from $18,500,
with Financing Available!!
- 3 Bedroom House in Gated Community, furnished, walk to the beach, $120k
 1.25 acre + lots in ECO Development $39,000
- 58 acre Oceanview Property subdividable, $169k
and much more....
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718 9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
7972-8/9/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

Playa Octal home
Playa Ocotal Beach Home
This home is located in a residential resort complex made up of 40 luxurious, fully furnished beachfront villas, plus a clubhouse complete with poolside bar and restaurant. Bahía Pez Vela is located in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, one kilometer from Playa Ocotal on the North Pacific coast and just 30 minutes drive from Liberia International Airport and three miles to downtown Playas Del Coco. From this home you can hear and see the waves crashing on the rocks of this pristine beach. See it HERE! This is the best priced beach home in Costa Rica! Price $225,000   Contact: Bruce Hummel Bruce@bh-cr.com, www.bh-cr.com - Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987-7166.
7965-6/16/13

hree peanel montage
This dream Costa Rica beach house overlooking Carara National Park and the Pacific has been rented continuously for two years. D.C. owners are on site at the house in May and prepping for June 1 Move in and/or vacation rentals and have an unbelievable offer. Already listed way under value, $150,000 Cash or $199,500 with owner financing through May 30th. Note: This was the owner's (14 year residents of Costa Rica) dream home before their relocation to Washington, D.C., Your own salt water Infinity pool, expansive sala and balcony, views from every room. Each room is individually air-conditioned, ceramic tiles, cathedral ceiling; three bedrooms in an international community. Scarlet macaws fly by your veranda each evening.
zen/natural contemporary design ideal for your location overlooking Costa Rica's biological corridor. 50 minutes from San José, minutes from beaches/20 minutes from Jacó Beach. Tour this property online first at www.dreamincostarica.com and if interested contact Barry in Costa Rica through May 30th for a tour. In Costa Rica: 8701-5639 or call Rosemary in the U.S. 239-910-3354. Note: On June 1 the price of this property will increase to over $200,000 after equipping, painting and acceptance of rental income. Don't wait!
7958-6/2/13

La Garita
                                  home
This home was built by a California contractor with all the amenities expected in a 3,000-square foot home.  There is a little less than one acre of land.  There is an 800-square foot shop easily converted to a rental unit or studio.  Located in La Garita de Atenas, 15 minutes to the international airport and 30 minutes to San José.  $225,000. 2487-4500.
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Arenal Colonial
Property for sale, great potential income
Turnkey business $350K. Rental $1,250/month This luxury home (4,000 square feet and two story private home) is a botanical paradise overlooking beautiful Lake Arenal. Only one block from the lake park and boat ramp. Close to Tabacón hot springs and Monteverde cloud forest. Caño Negro national park and many beautiful beaches along the Pacific are only a short drive away. Costa Rica bird watching, wind surfing, fishing, water sports, ecotourism adventures, hiking, tennis and mountain biking are out your front door. Also has a wonderful view of the Arenal Volcano, a safe 25 miles away. Electric gated entrance. Safe private home and entire property. To see more pictures and info, click here: http://www.intertica.com/homes/roy.htm
http://share.shutterfly.com/action/welcome?sid=wKaNmrNyyZtXGg
7933-7/22/13

Jacó compound
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 bath 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment. one bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom,  gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500 square-meter garden with aviary for Guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4 meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2 meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture, included even a car. Owner financing available. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. More photos on request. http://www.intertica.com/ocean/wolfgang.htm
7929-7/18/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

just reduced
Just Reduced to $169,000!!!
58-acre oceanview and mountainview property

Segregated into 9 lots, Excellent Development Potential!
20 minutes from the beach Central Pacific Coast, between Jacó and Quepos.
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1060.html
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005  CR Cell 8718-9891
7766-6/17/13

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Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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ready for chop saw
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía
y Seguridad Pública photo
Arsenal worker prepares handguns for the chop saw.

Arsenal workers are on track
to destroy 21,000 firearms

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Security officials held a ceremony Monday in which they cut up 3,703 firearms of varying descriptions, including some homemade devices.

The work was done by the  Dirección General de Armamento of the security ministry. Periodically the ministry holds such events along with representatives of the Organization of American States and of the judiciary.

The weapons that went under the chop saw Monday ranged from .22 caliber to .45. All had been involved in a crime and the destruction was authorized by the courts, the ministry said.

During the course of the Laura Chinchilla administration, officials said that 14,325 firearms have been destroyed. Some are just two pieces of tubing that young thugs designed to fire a shotgun shell. Others are top-of-the line pistols.

The ministry is planning to destroy up to 21,000 firearms to make room in the storage area of the  Arsenal Nacional, officials said.




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from page 7:

Salaries posted for second half of 2013

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Just in time for payday, the Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social has published a .pdf file listing the new minimum wages for the various job categories in Costa Rica. The salaries are effective for the second half of the year.

The list is under the preguntas frecuentes section of the ministry's Web site.

The Consejo Nacional de Salarios approved a 2.4 percent increase in the minimum salaries. Many workers are paid at these rates. But the publication of the labor ministry's salaries by categories excuses employers from doing the math.

Some salaries are by the day. These are mostly blue collar jobs. Other salaries are by the month.

The ministry also maintains a help line for questions: 800 872 22 56

Professional jobs are not covered by the minimum wage, although they may be regulated by the relevant colegio.