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Ham radio operators face a tough test for relicensing
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Radio amateurs and those who would like to pursue the hobby have until Friday to apply to take a written and practical test to obtain a license.

Because there is a new radio law, amateurs, even if they have had a license for years, have to reapply. Many are unhappy about this.

The test is said to be challenging.  Radio licenses are under the telecom section of the Ministerio de Telecomunicaciones.

In the United States, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission delegates to certain amateur license holders the responsibility of administering and correcting license tests. Not so in Costa Rica. There is one test July 17 with a second session Aug. 16. The law calls for a test in October, too, but a date has not been set.

On the same dates tests also are given for those who wish to communicate on the 20 citizen bands. CD is one type of license. Then there are novice, intermediate and advanced licenses for amateur radio hobbyists. Higher license types allow the holder to use more of the radio spectrum and more power.

The Radio Club of Costa Rica is holding classes to help those who have to take the new test.

Some expats are unhappy because there is no provision for a licensed U.S. amateur here to obtain a Costa Rica license with a Costa Rican call sign. Instead, they have to use their U.S. or Canadian call sign after applying for reciprocal treatment. Or they can take the test and become licensed as a novice, the only category open to a newcomer.

The ministry has put out some documents on the
radio

Web, including a 127-page manual that is full of radio theory. Although some of this material will appear on the various tests for licenses, it is unclear just how complex the test will be. The material seems to be much more detailed than even information needed to pass a U.S. extra class license, the top level. However, there is no requirement to understand morse code.

Costa Rican law requires an amateur to keep a formal record of all the radio contacts. The book has to be approved by the ministry, which will apply a seal. Those who wish to use a ham radio from a vehicle have to provide information about the vehicle to the ministry. The ministry is empowered to set an annual fee for ham radio operators as they do for commercial broadcasters.

The licensing regime is an effort to put some order on what has become a chaotic situation. Amateur operators have been transmitting without a license since the radio law passed. But they are a small part of the problem.

There are at least a hundred pirate broadcasting stations in Costa Rica. Many produce interference for legal broadcasters.


Expats knew for years that communication is insecure
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Expats have known for years that their international calls from Costa Rica were being monitored by U.S. security agencies. So it is no surprise that a Brazilian newspaper listed the country among those subject to U.S. spying.

Although local officials are putting on a public show of unhappiness, they also have an extensive network of eavesdropping.

The George Bush administration authorized the government to eavesdrop on international phone calls and e-mails to and from the U.S., without obtaining a warrant from a secret security court, shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States. In 2007 Bush signed into law a bill that gave the U.S. government more power to eavesdrop on suspected foreign terrorists and even on expats living in Costa Rica.  The legislation, signed in August that year, lifted a requirement that such surveillance could not begin without advance permission from a court. Bush said in a statement that this change would give U.S. agents dynamic and flexible tools for counterterrorism work.

The law, called the Protect America Act, allowed the U.S. National Security Agency to intercept
telephone conversations, e-mails and other communications between foreigners that are routed through American equipment.

According to the Brazilian newspaper O Globo, U.S. snoopers made the next logical move and set up satellite eavesdropping stations overseas. There were none in Costa Rica, according to the newspaper, but there are such setups in Colombia and México.

Spy equipment is so sophisticated these days that even encrypted communications is vulnerable to snooping. In fact, encrypting a message is an invitation for snoopers.

The extent of U.S. spying suggests that the information obtained is not limited to terrorism. Costa Rican officials fully expect that the United States is scanning for anti-drug information. Then there is money laundering and even tax cheats.

Costa Rica's $1.5 million eavesdropping system is on judicial property in San Joaquín de Flores de Heredia.

Officials said when it was set up two years ago that they see the center as a tool for catching organized crimes including drug traffickers. The United States put up some money for the system, so it is likely that U.S. snoops are bugging that place, too.

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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, July 10, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 135

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Sportsmen's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

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Real estate agents and services

Clinas del
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KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
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 Phone: (506) 2232-1014
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RE&B Attorneys S.A
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Accountants

U.S. Tax International

Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
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FAX: 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
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U.S. Income Tax
David G. Housman Attorney & C.P.A
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in Costa Rica 32 years.
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• Take advantage of the Foreign
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• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
7410-4/1/13


Corruption index reports
many think problem is worse


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

More than half the respondents in a global poll on corruption released Tuesday think graft has worsened over the past two years, and 27 percent report having paid officials a bribe in the last 12 months.

Costa Rica was assigned 48th place in the world with a score of 54, but there was little more about the country in the report.

The survey by Berlin-based Transparency International also found that people have the least trust in institutions meant to protect or represent the public, including police and the courts.

Worldwide, political parties are considered the most corrupt institution, with respondents in 51 countries putting them at the top of the list. In 36 countries, people view police as the most corrupt, while in 20 the judiciary is seen as the most graft-ridden.

A Transparency spokesman pointed to a link between poverty and graft, saying eight of the 10 countries with the highest bribery rates are African.

According to the poll, corruption has also worsened in most Arab countries since their 2011 revolutions, even though anger with corrupt officials was a major reason for the uprisings.

In Israel, Japan, Sudan and South Sudan, religious bodies are considered highly corrupt.

A majority of people surveyed see governments as less effective at fighting corruption since the 2008 global financial crisis. Still, two-thirds of individuals asked to pay a bribe said they had refused, reflecting a growing will to fight back.

The group says its Global Corruption Barometer 2013 is the world's largest public opinion survey on corruption. It surveyed 114,000 people in 107 countries.


Little Theatre Group plans
an evening of live music


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Little Theatre Group is sponsoring an evening of live music July 23, at Restaurant Maxi in Santa Ana.

The organization promises rock, country and some surprises. A 500-colon admission will be added to the bill of those who attend, said the group.

"We hope to put on a jam every other month and to give people opportunities to sing or play in public," said an announcement.  "The band will learn your songs and provide accompaniment." The band is Richard Burton and the Glorious Bastards, according to a poster.

More information is on the Little Theatre Group Web site


National hotel occupancy steady
but down in Caribbean coast

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Hotel occupancy in Costa Rica was about the same in May as it was a year before, said the Cámara Costarricense de Hoteles. The occupancy stood at 43 percent, according to a survey of member hotels.

There were slight increases 8 points to 40 percent in the northern zone and in the central and south Pacific. The central Pacific was up 4 points to 38 percent. The south Pacific was up 5 points to 36 percent. But the Caribbean, perhaps due to reports of criminal activity there, dropped from 50 percent to 33 percent, the hotel chamber said.



South Africa seeking to sell
confiscated rhino horns

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

South Africa is seeking permission from conservation authorities to sell off some $1 billion worth of stockpiled rhino horn. The move, officials have said, may thwart black-market sales of the valuable, but illegal commodity, which has gained popularity in Asia for its alleged medicinal uses. That hunger for rhino horn has decimated South Africa’s population of the rare and endangered animal. 

South African officials say they want to open a new front in the ongoing war against illegal rhino poaching.
 
Already, the government has deployed soldiers to fight poaching in Kruger National Park. They’ve reached out to the government of neighboring Mozambique to stop cross-border poaching, and have signed agreements with major rhino horn markets Vietnam and China to stop black-market rhino horn sales.

Officials have even tried de-horning live rhinos to make them less attractive to poachers and opening a rhino orphanage in a secret location.

Still, 461 rhinos have been killed this year alone, according to the most recent government statistics. If rhino killings continue at that pace, they could exceed last year’s record death toll of 668 rhinos.

So this time, they say they want to take a different tack, by focusing on the simple laws of supply and demand.

South Africa possesses a stockpile of more than 16,000 kilograms of rhino horn. At today’s market prices -- which value rhino horn over gold -- that’s worth about $1 billion.
 
South Africa Department of Environment spokesman, Albi Modise, says the government is putting together a proposal to sell their stockpile legally, a move that could flood the market with legal product. They’ll present the proposal to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species in 2016.
 
“The research that’s been done tells us that there’s a huge demand for the rhino horn in the Asian countries. And that the absence of a legal market has actually driven people to the underground black market," Modise said.  "Hence the black market has been thriving, because it has been meeting the demand and needs of the particular market. So we’re trying to say, ‘if there is a demand for the rhino horn, let’s rather be the ones to drive it in an open, regulated fashion, than to drive those who want the rhino horn to go into the black market, which has vastly been fueling the ongoing scourge of poaching that South Africa has been experiencing in the recent years.’”

He says environmental officials hope to use the profits to help conservation efforts.
 
Modise says the rationale behind the sale is simple: if you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em - and then beat them at their own game.

“We actually are saying that we are very worried that if we don’t do something legal, we might end up with our rhinos being wiped out. That we’d rather be doing something proactively, and learn from that from that proactive, measured and regulated opening, and take lessons from it while also embracing principles of sustainable development," he said. "For us, really, it is to say, we could sit here and say, ‘we don’t want to open trade,’ but then lose our rhinos to the black market. Or we could take the black market head-on and open the legal market and try to compete in a very competitive fashion with the black market, and consequently with the hope that we would be able to drive down the price.”
 
Jo Shaw, rhino coordinator for World Wildlife Federation South Africa, says her conservation group is not convinced. She says the group has recently done a study that shows that demand may outstrip even a large supply: the study found that the demand in Vietnam is roughly five times larger than the current market base.

“We remain unconvinced that a legal international trade in rhino horn is a feasible approach at this point in time, given a number of concerns that would need to be addressed," she said. ..."I think it’s dangerous to view the idea of provision of a legal supply as cutting out the illegal black market chain being operated by sophisticated criminal syndicates.”

The horn is reputed to have medicinal benefits in Asian traditional medicine - among them, as an aphrodisiac, a hangover remedy and even a cancer cure. Those theories have been largely dispelled by scientific research.  But that hasn’t stopped Asian consumers from snapping up the rare product at the whopping price of $65,000 a kilogram - money that South African officials say they want to use to help conserve the rapidly dwindling population.


Researchers say they found
how turtles got their shells

By the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology news staff

A team of researchers from Japan has finally solved the riddle of the origin of the turtle shell.

By observing the development of different animal species and confirming their results with fossil analysis and genomic data, researchers from the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology show that the shell on the turtle's back derives only from its ancestors’ ribcage and not from a combination of internal and external bone structures as is often thought. Their study is published in the journal Nature Communications.

The skeleton of vertebrates has evolved throughout history from two different structures, called the endo- and exoskeleton. In the human skeleton, the backbone and bones of the limbs evolved from the endoskeleton, whereas most of the skull elements derive from the exoskeleton. Fish scales and the alligator’s bony skin nodules are other examples of exoskeletons.

The origin of the shell on the turtle's back, or carapace, was unclear until now because it comprises parts of obvious endoskeletal origin and others that look more like the exoskeleton of alligators and fish. The outer part of the turtle carapace was thought to have derived from exoskeletal bones, while the internal part has been shown to originate from ribs and vertebrae and to be connected to the internal skeleton of the animal. However, no direct evidence has been obtained to show that the bony structures developing outside the ribcage in turtles derived from the exoskeleton.

To investigate whether the turtle carapace evolved with any contribution from its ancestors’ exoskeleton, Tatsuya Hirasawa and his team carefully observed developing embryos of Chinese soft-shell turtles, chickens and alligators.

In their analysis, they compared the development of the turtle carapace, the chick’s ribs and the alligator’s bony skin nodules.

The researchers found that the major part of the turtle’s carapace is made from hypertrophied ribs and vertebrae and therefore derives solely from endoskeletal tissue.

This finding was confirmed by the observation of fossils of the ancient turtle Odontochelys and the ancient reptile Sinosaurosphargis, that both exhibit shells of endoskeletal origin. Odontochelys has a rigid shell instead of a flexible ribcage. And Sinosaurosphargis possesses an endoskeletal shell similar to the turtle’s under, and separate from, a layer of exoskeletal bones.

Taken together these results show that the turtle carapace has evolved independently from the exoskeleton. This scenario is also consistent with the recent analyses based on genomic data that have placed turtles in the same group as birds, crocodiles and marine reptiles like Sinosaurophargis, contradicting recent studies based solely on fossil record.

"Recently, genomic analyses had given us evidence that turtles evolved from reptiles closely related to alligators and dinosaurs, not from primitive reptiles as once thought. Our findings match the evolutionary history revealed by the genomic analyses, and we are about to unravel the mystery of when and how the turtle shell evolved,” explains Hirasawa who led the research.

“Our aim is to one day understand it as well as we understand the evolution of birds from dinosaurs,” he concludes.



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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, July 10, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 135
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Those in Talamanca honor another hero on the Fourth of July
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

While U.S. expats were celebrating their Independence Day Thursday and Friday, some 70 members from native communities in the BriBri territory in Talamanca were marking the execution of Pabrú or Pablo Presbere, a leader in the fight against the Spanish. They also studied the threats that they see endangering their communities and way of life.

Among these is the proposal to put a dam in the Río Telire. Modern natives look upon Presbere as a symbol of sovereignty.

Even today the Talamanca mountains are out of the reach of the central government. Frequently police are flown in or hike in to chop marijuana plants. But life goes on in many places the way it did when Presbere was rallying his peoples against 
the Spanish invaders. This also is the land of the Cabécare.
Despite military missions and plenty of bloodshed, the Spanish never really gained control of the area. But they did capture  Presbere who was executed in Cartago 303 years ago on July 4.

In 1709 Indians put to death two priests, 10 soldiers and a Spanish woman. The Spanish, based in Guatemala, retaliated the next year by sending 80 soldiers to pacify the area. Some 505 prisoners were captured and brought to Cartago, then the administrative center. Among the captured was Presbere, who faced trial and was executed by the garrote on July 4 of that year.

In one of the few recognitions given Presbere, the Asamblea Legislativa gave him the title of the defender of liberty of the Indigenous people in 1997.


Arenal volcano shows that it is not really sleeping
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Merchants and tourism operators in the La Fortuna area are deeply concerned because the nearby Arenal volcano is not putting out hot rocks the way it used to.

As the most spectacular and accessible of Costa Rica's active volcanos, Arenal has a big following. There are few better ways to remove the strain of modern life then lounging in a heated pool watching the volcano perform. Unless it is lounging by the swim-up bar in a heated pool watching the volcano perform with a drink sporting a little umbrella in hand.

The adjacent printout provided by the Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica shows clearly that the volcano is not fully asleep. The opinion of a vulcanologist is not needed to show that the mountain still has a few tricks left.

Arenal
Tuesday's seismograph readout provided by the
Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica


Cigarette makers now have to cover packs with warnings
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Laura Chinchilla took another step in the central government's battle against tobacco Tuesday. She signed a decree that requires cigarette companies to cover at least 50 percent of each pack with warning messages about the risk and damage of tobacco. These can be words or graphics.

This is the next logical step after the president signed off on an anti-tobacco law in March 2012. The central government seeks
to make the country 100 percent free of tobacco.

The law went into effect in stages. Initially individuals were forbidden to smoke in the workplace, restaurants and bars. That is why many small groups can be seen congregating on sidewalks smoking. A recent addition is the prohibition of selling fewer than 10 cigarettes at a time. Some Costa Ricans had a tradition of buying a single cigarette from a street vendor when they wanted a smoke. The government hopes that purchase of multiple cigarettes will reduce the demand.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, July 10, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 135
Sports
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Lifestyle
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Law enforcement officials are organizing a joint task force against drag racing
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Traffic officials are calling on the Fuerza Pública for help in cracking down on drag racing.

The informal races have been a serious vehicle crime since 2008, but they are frequent on the nation's highways. Sometimes they are informal with two motorists dueling on a public highway among other drivers. Or there might be semi-formal meetings witnessed by friends.

The Policía de Tránsito has been hard-pressed to end these contests.
Silvia Bolaños, a vice minister of Transportes met Tuesday with Walter Navarro, a vice minister of Seguridad Pública to organize what they are calling a brigade against dragsters.

Thursday there will be another meeting that will include German Marín, the director of Tránsito, and Francisco Segura, director of the Judicial Investigating Organization, said the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes.

So far the discussions have been about training, but joint operations are likely.

 
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Geroge's view
An evening View
from George’s Puriscal home
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Christ Howard with Max
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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
8026-7/17/13

Barrio Escalante, totally furnished, 1 BR apartment for single, responsible person. $35 daily, weekly rates. Contact 8385-2542, celigar53@gmail.com.
8018-8/24/13

1 bedroom with private bath. Rooms in large, 3.000 sq ft. historical mansion in heart of Barrio Amón.  Prices starting at $350. for long-term. Smoking ok in common areas. Includes electricity, water, commercial kitchen use, laundry, high-speed internet. 7078-6985. More info HERE!
8006-7/14/13

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
8024-8/18/13

prime
                                    properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8025-8/18/13

cahuita beach house
Unique beach house for rent in Cahuita
$400 per month furnished. House is 150 yards from a beautiful beach in a jungle area. Next to our wildlife rescue center. Very safe, good water and electricity. One large bedroom, walk-in closet. Newly built and furnished. Must see. A tropical paradise. Contact: Todd at 2755-0014.
7985-7/4/13

Attn: Bikers-Swimmers..House to Rent or to Share
Conveniently located  two-bedroom, two-bathroom house, new construction, wheelchair accessible to rent for $750/month or to share with owner (female).  Located on outskirts of San José metro area, 5 minute drive to Sta. Barbara de Heredia, 20-30 minutes from SJO International Airport, an easy drive to Alajuela
front gate
or Heredia.  Natural setting with a panoramic view of Central Valley on a 1/3 acre lot (1,200m2).  A beautiful, well-maintained public pool is a 10-minute walk and road in front of house is a popular bike route.  The house is 900 ft2 (90m2) plus there is a spacious terrace, two-car carport,
covered back porch and ample additional parking.  Vaulted natural wood ceilings in all rooms except in the two bedrooms, bathrooms and laundry room.  There is also a small office which can serve as a guest bedroom. The house is unfurnished and appliances not included except for built-in cooktop/oven (gas). Tankless instant hot water heater for bathrooms, kitchen and laundry.  Rental fee does not include utilities.  Alarm system,  cable TV and DSL internet connections are in place. The owner will rent to 2-3 people, pets are allowed with the approval of the owner, and security deposit of one month's rent is required.  Alternatively owner can share house with suitable roommate, prefer female (non-smoker) but will consider a male roommate.  E-mail me for more photos or with questions:  linda.barton@yahoo.com
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ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
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Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
7956-6/16/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
7954-6/8/13

Available now $650 a month
This small but new and clean American-built house is settled on an organic farm a 10-minute walk from the center of town in Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Taxis are $1 to town and buses run to
Organic farm
Heredia and Alajuela, about 30 minutes each. There is parking for one car. NO DOGS please. Rent includes: Cable television, house phone, ICE ADSL internet, water, electricity, laundry facilities. We have a family living on the farm aside from myself,  the owner, and another renter, so there is always someone around. This 2-bedroom house is brand new, 
completely furnished. Large windows overlook the valley and the gardens, There are large trees. Surrounded by fruit trees and vegetable gardens, it has a beautiful view of the valley. The kitchen comes fully equipped, with large refrigerator, gas stove and oven, all accessories. The bathroom has a large shower; both kitchen and bath have hot water. A brand new extra firm queen-size bed is included. A breakfast bar separates the living area and kitchen and a porch overlooks the farm and valley. This house is for one or two people only. $300 deposit required to be returned when renters leave house. Email for photos and questions. laurelfanderson@gmail.com
7945-5/30/13

Heredia rental
Beautiful mountain chalet  for rent
Beautiful mountain chalet surrounded by nature, built with tropical hardwoods and  located on a  5,000 m2  (54,000 sq feet) lot  with two other cottages.  House has basic furniture and  kitchen  appliances.  Ground floor:  Very large living/ dinning room, kitchen, office (or guest bedroom), and 1 bathroom . Upstairs:  2 bedrooms (one with a balcony), and 1 bathroom. 140 m2 approximately  Great BBQ rancho outside. Plenty space for visitor parking. Pets are welcome.  Quiet place, rural, restaurants close by. Near El Castillo Country Club, Tirol and La Condesa mountain hotels.  Only 45 minutes by car from San José.  All public services available  More information call Liseth.  Phone: (506) 7158-1548. Or send me a email:  licortes@hotmail.com
7939-5/24/13


COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
7975-6/16/13

Perez  Zeledon:   Large studio home overlooking river with deck.  Elegant, ceramic floors, nice cabinets, walk-in closet.  Beautiful gardens and grounds.  Secure. Private. Only  10 minutes
River view home
to San Isidro de El General. Mountain town with everything!  Then, 40 minutes to Playa Dominical, 40 minutes to Chirripó National Park, and also near many other attractions, yet very private and secluded.  Listen to river sounds and sleep like a baby.   
Rare birds in abundance. Includes,  One  double bed and refrigerator, stove, juicer, sofa, tables,  dishes, pans, etc.  Plus, electric, (hot) water   Phone, TV connected, Internet cable connected, garbage and gardener. All included for $425. /month.  Looking for one good person, reliable, long-term.    Non-smoker. jjpepman@hotmail.com
7902-4/25/13

Mountain cabin for rent
Sacramento, Barva de Heredia
We offer for rent three furnished, 2-bedroom mountain homes located on the slopes of Barva Volcano, Sacramento, Heredia. The cabin-style homes are adjacent to the Braulio Carillo National Park and walking distance to the Barva Volcano crater lake. Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and garage. Take in breathtaking views of the Irazú Volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of bird species, to include the occasional Resplendent Quetzal, and a pristine cloud forest. We can also offer you an occasional ride on one of our beautiful mares. Contact Allan or Cristina at HPCattleCR@aol.com, or or for more information HERE! $850 USD/month. We can also offer a weekend or short-stay package.
7875-4/11/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
                                    homes
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
7833-8/15/13

Looking 4 Costa Rica Villas?
Rent our all-inclusive, 7 bedroom rental home in Guanacaste.  Just 20 minutes from the Liberia airport, this deluxe ocean view mansion sleeps 6-22 guests.  Ideal for company events & Costa Rica weddings. With 3 meals served daily and a full-time staff to pamper guests, it's more than a Costa Rica vacation rental ...It's your own Private Resort!  Call toll free: 1-800-606-1860.
7695-1/19/14

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What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2013 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



Cielo
A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, July 10, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 135
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
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Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us



Cafetales



Torre del Lago

FBI nominee characterizes
waterboarding as torture


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama’s nominee to be America’s next FBI director says the interrogation technique known as waterboarding is torture and therefore illegal. Former assistant attorney general James Comey faced intense questioning on law enforcement and national security matters during his Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday.

Comey is known for having taken part in a heated debate over waterboarding that divided the former Bush administration in the years after the 2001 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington. 

Waterboarding simulates drowning and causes extreme panic and duress. It was employed for a time to interrogate terror suspects held by the CIA. In 2004, Comey and FBI Director Robert Mueller rushed to the bedside of then-hospitalized former Attorney General John Ashcroft to argue against the continued use of waterboarding.

If confirmed, Comey would succeed Mueller as the U.S. government’s top cop. He told the Senate Judiciary Committee his views on waterboarding have not changed.

“When I first learned about waterboarding, my reaction as a citizen and a leader was: This is torture. It is still what I think,” he said.

Later, however, Comey agreed with a Bush administration legal finding that so-called enhanced interrogation techniques are lawful. Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy sought to clear up the matter.

“Do you agree that waterboarding is torture and illegal?” asked Leahy.

“Yes,” replied Comey.

Comey said the FBI has never conducted waterboarding and would not do so if he were confirmed as director.

Comey also was asked about the federal government’s extensive domestic data collection abilities, and concerns that have been raised about Americans’ right to privacy.

Once again, Leahy led the questioning.

“When government is collecting data on millions of totally innocent Americans on a daily basis, when is enough enough?”

Comey did not address the domestic surveillance revelations leaked by fugitive former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. But he spoke about the need for data collection in general.

“I am not familiar with the details of the current programs. Obviously I have not been cleared for anything like that, and I have been out of government for eight years. I do know as a general matter that the collection of metadata and the analysis of metadata is a valuable tool in counterterrorism,” said Comey.

Comey also defended the independence and integrity of special judicial bodies, known as FISA courts, that approve wiretapping and other surveillance operations against suspected foreign agents, including terror suspects. When asked if drones may be used to kill U.S. citizens on American soil, he said no.

If confirmed by the full Senate, Comey would serve a 10-year term as FBI director.


Jury selection begins in trial
of accused Army terrorist


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Jury selection has begun in the murder trial of Major Nidal Hasan, the Army psychiatrist accused of opening fire at Fort Hood, Texas in November 2009, leaving 13 people dead.  Many commentators and families of victims have complained about legal wrangling that delayed the trial for three-and-a-half years, but now that the trial is under way, it could go swiftly.

Prospective jurors have arrived from various posts around the United States to be part of the pool from which panel members will be chosen to hear the Hasan case.  In military courts, juries are referred to as panels.

Military legal system expert Geoffrey Corn, who teaches at the South Texas College of Law, says the prospective jurors were brought in from outside Fort Hood to avoid any possibility of prejudice and ensure a panel of proper rank.

“In the military, every juror, every panel member, must outrank the accused.  So there will be nobody of equal or lower rank than Major Hasan in this case.  That means it is going to be a highly educated, highly experienced jury," said Corn.

In most cases, prosecutors and defense attorneys spend the first few days questioning prospective jurors.  Once the panel is selected, the prosecution is called on to present evidence and then the defense presents its case, just as in civilian courts.  But Corn says there can be no undecided, or hung, juries in military trials because a unanimous decision is required on each separate count, and the voting is done on paper ballots, anonymously.

"When that panel, that jury, gets to the point of voting on each offense, if one member votes not guilty, then the verdict is not guilty.  So it is a much more difficult burden for a military prosecutor," he said.

The burden he refers to is the burden of proof, by which a defendant is considered innocent until proven guilty.  Since there are capital murder charges against Hasan, he was not allowed to plead guilty, and Corn says in order for the death penalty to be applied in this case, the prosecutors have to prove that Hasan planned the attack on fellow soldiers.

"What they can do is offer this evidence of what he was adhering to, what he was viewing on his computer, the messages he was receiving and sending, in order to show the jury that this was not a spur of the moment killing.  This was something he planned and thought about in order to produce an effect," he said.

Former military attorney Lisa Windsor, who now works for the Tully Rinckey law firm in Washington, says proving Hasan guilty of capital murder may not be difficult, given the amount of evidence.

But she says the panel considers sentencing separately and does so fairly soon after producing the verdict.

“You may have a pretty extended period of time between verdict and sentencing in a civilian case. In a military case you generally go right into sentencing.  They might have a break in order to allow family members and people to be present, but they are not going to have too long a break," said Ms. Windsor.

Both she and Corn say the trial will probably last until August because of the time needed just to present all the evidence and question the many witnesses.

They say witnesses would include some of the people wounded in the attack and could be questioned by Major Hasan, since he has opted to defend himself.

The judge, Col. Tara Osborn, has required Hasan's court-appointed attorneys to remain on standby in the courtroom, however, and Corn says they are likely providing him with some assistance.

"They are not telling him what to do, but they are trying to make sure that he understands his options.  The ethical instinct of a lawyer is to never give up, so those defense attorneys are still going to help him avoid the death penalty if they can do it," said Corn.

Corn says there are more than a dozen prisoners on the U.S. military's death row currently, but that the military has not executed anyone for more than 40 years.  Still, he says, given the nature of this case and the number of people killed, the death penalty very well could be imposed and carried out.


Monetary Fund reins in
its projections for the year


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The International Monetary Fund says the global economy is expanding slower than it expected and has trimmed its projections for this year and next.

The Washington-based agency said Tuesday it now is predicting global growth of 3.1 percent this year and 3.8 percent in 2014. Both figures are down two-tenths of one percent from IMF's April predictions.

In its quarterly review of the world economy, the IMF said its declining forecasts stem from continuing growth disappointments in such developing countries as China and Brazil, a deeper recession in Europe's 17-nation euro currency bloc and a slower advance in the United States than expected. By contrast, the IMF said Japanese growth has been more robust than first thought.

The IMF said it expects that the world's economic conditions to improve, but only gradually. It said new financial market volatility has hit emerging markets the hardest, with rising interest rates and depreciating currencies.

The agency said that the world's major economies, such as the U.S., with the biggest global economy, need to promote policies for near-term growth while also cutting long-term debt. IMF chief Christine Lagarde has criticized the U.S. for cutting government spending too much too fast.


Earlier fire may have caused
fatal derailment in Quebec


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Canadian investigators are looking at what role an earlier fire might have played in the derailment of an oil tanker train and deadly explosions in a small Quebec town last week.
 
Canadian transportation safety official Donald Ross said the earlier fire in one of the train's five locomotives is the focal point of the investigation. The fire, quickly doused by firefighters, occurred after the train's engineer parked the train late Friday outside Lac Megantic and set its brakes.
 
The chairman of the Montreal, Maine & Atlantic rail line, Ed Burkhardt, said the firefighters, in extinguishing the small blaze, also shut down the first locomotive's engines, releasing its brakes.
 
Burkhardt said that is what led to the disaster.
 
The train started to roll downhill toward the lakeside town, derailing on a curve and setting off massive explosions. The death toll stands at 13, with another 37 people missing. Much of Lac Megantic's downtown area was flattened as several tanker cars erupted in towering flames.
 
Ross outlined the sequence of events, saying there was about an hour between the time the locomotive's engine was shut down and the train started to move again.
 
"The engine was shut down at about midnight," he said. "The fire was extinguished. And the train starts to move at approximately 00:56, after midnight, after the crew and the MMA employee left."
 
Authorities on Tuesday said about 1,200 of the 2,000 people evacuated in the disaster may return home.


Evita bills facing some hurdles
in Argentina commercial sector


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Argentina's central bank has warned businesses to stop rejecting commemorative bank notes bearing the image of Eva Perón to mark the 60th anniversary of the iconic former first lady's death.
 
President Cristina Fernández, whose fiery speaking style often prompts comparisons with that of Evita, unveiled the 100 peso bills emblazoned with her profile a year ago.
 
But publicity surrounding the newly-minted notes was not wide enough to overcome doubts from small businesses where cashiers have rejected the bills for being unfamiliar.
 
So the central bank this week launched a hotline for people to report those who refuse to accept the bills, threatening to fine those who keep turning them away.
 
“The 100-peso bills with the image of Maria Eva Duarte de Perón are legal tender and must be accepted by all retailers and financial institutions,” the central bank said in a statement this week.
 
Each is worth about $18.5 according to the official exchange rate.
 
Even if the bills are not widely accepted, Evita's image is very much alive in Argentina's political life six decades after she died of cancer at the age of 33.
 
Ms. Fernández has increased the role of the state in Latin America's No. 3 economy and is roundly criticized by business for imposing heavy trade and foreign currency market regulations that hurt investor confidence. The 60-year-old president often invokes Evita's memory in speeches.
 
Just before the president's 2011 re-election she unveiled a huge portrait of Evita on the side of the Health Ministry building.
 
Evita was married to late President Gen. Juan Perón and is adored by many Argentines for helping women get the vote, advocating for workers' rights and founding orphanages.
 
Ms. Fernández belongs to the Perónist party that has dominated Argentine politics since the late 1940s heyday of Perón and Eva.
 
Financial management has not been the strong suit of the Perónists. Inflation exploded under the general's rule and consumer prices in Argentina today are rising by about 25 percent annually, while the peso currency's black market rate is 48 percent weaker than the official rate.
 
Some cashiers have snubbed the Evita notes because they did not recognize them as legal tender. Others turned their backs on the bills for political reasons.
 
“There are always people who don't like Fernández and Evita and just don't want to touch them,” said a cash register worker in Buenos Aires, declining to give his name.
 
“But the problem is mostly that people are not sure whether this is real money or not because the design is unfamiliar.”


China's trade takes a dip
as officials seek solutions


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

China has released unexpectedly poor trade data for June, in a further sign of weakness in the world's second largest economy.

Government figures showed exports fell 3.1 percent from a year earlier. That is well below market expectations of around four percent growth. Imports also dropped 0.7 percent, a figure much weaker than forecast.

Customs spokesperson Zheng Yuesheng told reporters China's foreign trade is facing grave challenges. He said weak foreign demand for Chinese products, rising labor costs, and a stronger yuan currency are to blame.

Some slowdown in China's trade growth was expected in June because of a government crackdown on faulty data by exporters, which led to inaccurate trade figures earlier in the year.

China's government has expected slower growth as it attempts to shift its economy away from a reliance on exports and toward domestic consumption. But some analysts say the latest figures could prompt it to temporarily reverse course and stimulate growth.

China's economy is attempting to rebound from a prolonged slowdown, which follows three decades of staggering growth. Its economy grew 7.8 percent last year, its worst performance in 13 years. Beijing has set a modest growth target of 7.5 percent for 2013.


Biden praises dead fire fighters
as men of uncommon valor


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden says the 19 Arizona fire fighters killed June 30 in a wildfire were men of uncommon valor who died trying to save a town.

Biden led a delegation of federal and state leaders Tuesday at a memorial service in a packed 6,000-seat arena in Prescott Valley, Arizona. He called the highly trained young firemen who died in a wind-swept inferno some of the most disciplined and tenacious men in the world.

Thousands of firefighters and public safety personnel from across the country were in attendance, along with Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer and the state's U.S. congressional delegation.

Gov. Brewer eulogized the victims, calling each one a son of the state.  She also praised people from across the country for their outpouring of support, and said it remains the duty of all Americans to help and protect the victims' families.

Precise circumstances of the deaths remain under investigation.

But authorities say the men, most of them in their 20s, apparently became trapped in a matter of seconds as a burst of gale-force winds shifted, pushing flames in their direction before they could take cover.

The tragedy marked the greatest loss of life from a U.S. wildfire in 80 years, and the highest number of firefighters killed in action since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City.


Video made by Snowden gives
his explanation of actions


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Former U.S. intelligence contractor Edward Snowden explained his disclosure of clandestine American surveillance programs in a newly released segment of a video recorded last month.

Britain's Guardian newspaper released the video Tuesday of a June 6 interview conducted in Hong Kong, where Snowden fled last month.  Later he flew to Russia,  where he has been in the transit zone of a Moscow airport while trying to find a country to grant him asylum.

Snowden said he knew the United States would accuse him of espionage in alerting the country's enemies of the surveillance.  But he said the United States is also at fault for monitoring the phone records of its citizens and keeping track of Internet connections with possible terrorists.

"They are going to say I have aided our enemies in making them aware of these systems, but that argument can be made against anybody who reveals information that points out mass surveillance systems, because, fundamentally, they apply equally to ourselves as they do to our enemies," the accused leaker said.

Snowden said he does not "want to live in a world where everything I say, everything I do, everyone I talk to, every expression of creativity or love or friendship is recorded."

He said he released details of the surveillance being conducted by the clandestine National Security Agency because he felt government officials were not reining in the extent of the spying.

"I have watched and waited and tried to do my job in the most policy-driven way I could, which is wait and allow other people, you know, wait for our leadership, our figures, to sort of correct the excesses of government if we go too far but as I've watched I have seen that is not occurring," Snowden said.  "In fact, we are compounding the excesses of prior governments and making it worse and more invasive and nobody is really standing to stop it.''

The United States is seeking Snowden's extradition on espionage charges, but Russia has refused, while urging him to depart for another country.

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said his country has received Snowden's official asylum request, as has Nicaragua.  Maduro said Snowden will have to decide if and when he wants to fly to Venezuela.  But Snowden's exit from Moscow is complicated because the U.S. revoked his passport.

The NSA says the information it has collected helped foil terrorist attacks.


Retailers set up plan to keep
close watch on Bangladesh


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

More than 70 global retailers are moving forward with plans to inspect clothing factories in Bangladesh, just months after at least 1,100 people were killed in a collapse in Dhaka. A new agreement looks to improve labor safety standards in Bangladesh.

For more than a decade, Kalpona Akter has made it her mission to give a voice to many of the 3.5 million Bangladeshi workers who spend hours in cramped and often unsafe conditions churning out T-shirts and accessories for global fashion giants.

Since the April disaster in which hundreds of garment workers were buried under the rubble of the Rana Plaza, the executive director of the Bangladesh Center for Worker Solidarity now spends her days trying to win compensation for victims and their families, while also encouraging laborers to speak out.

“We are in contact with them on a daily basis to know how their factories are, whether they feel safe or what needs to be done and how they should raise their voices when they see there is a crack in the factory,” she said.

She said her efforts are being helped by the attention and pressure on global retailers since the deadliest incident to hit Bangladesh’s $20 billion garment industry.

This week, nearly 70 mainly European retailers who have signed a five-year accord announced the next steps to raising fire and building safety standards in Bangladeshi factories where their clothes are made.

The plan, led by global unions IndustriALL and UNI, includes inspecting every factory within nine months to identify grave safety hazards, publicly report the findings and implementing a remediation plan that would compensate workers in factories that have to be shut down for repairs. Money for the safety improvements would come from the retailers who signed the agreement.
 
IndustriALL’s Health, Safety and Sustainability Director Brian Kohler said this type of legally binding contract to raise standards is unprecedented.
 
“I think it really is a game-changer in terms of how these things can go," Kohler said. "It’s not just another voluntary agreement, it’s not like a typical corporate social responsibility initiative. It’s a real agreement with real commitments.”
 
Bangladeshi activist Kalpona Akter welcomes the plan but wishes more American retailers had signed on.
 
Some including U.S. retail giant Walmart and Gap, having announced their own plans, are also pursuing a separate effort aimed at improving fire and safety standards in Bangladeshi factories. The effort is being led by two prominent U.S. lawmakers, but critics believe the plan will fall short of the transparency and oversight of the European-led effort.
 
“I think the U.S. retailers, who did not sign the accord, really do not care about these workers," the activist said."They are just still thinking about their profits. Because of the profits, they are not signing it.”
 
Still, she is quick to point out that the responsibility for maintaining safe conditions for garment workers falls not just on global retailers - but also on factory owners and authorities in Dhaka.
 
Following talks this week in Geneva, European Union and Bangladeshi officials launched a joint initiative that calls on the government to strengthen workers’ bargaining rights and hire 200 additional factory inspectors.




Real estate-related services (paid category)


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8016-9/10/13

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
7949-11/15/13

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
7922-10/15/13

The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
Since 1996, CRREC has been providing the most valuable resource for discovering real estate in Costa Rica. Our Costa Rica properties database contains some of the most exclusive and hard to find properties in the country. Not to mention how affordable some of our Costa Rica homes for sale are. So if you're in the market for Costa Rica real estate then we encourage you to
visit our Costa Rica MLS and discover for yourself why people call CRREC the #1 authority in Costa Rica real estate.
Call Today @ 506-2654-5507 (Costa Rica) or 1-888-414-1836 (Toll-Free) Email: info@costaricarealestate.com
7721-4/29/13



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.
Grecia estate
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
Sarchi home
Modern three-bedroon home in San Rafael de Sarchí. Cick HERE!
 Great deals for you!
SEE OUR OFFERS HERE
Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com
 English: (Cristian Arce)
English:  (Luis Arce)
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)

   (506) 8538-6186
   (506) 7100-8489
   (506) 8707-4016

  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
7685-2/7/12
Bargain

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Monte Mar
Hacienda Monte Mar
Gated Community near the beach
located halfway between Jaco and Quepos/Manuel Antonio
 BEST DEAL in Costa Rica!!! Lots starting at just $18,500 with financing available.
 Lot/ House packages from around $60,000
Great Retirement, Vacation, or investment option!
Lots of wildlife on the property. Gated front entrance, caretakers on site,
security and lawn maintenance, no time limit to build. Absentee Owner Friendly.
Water and power on site.
http://www.haciendamontemar.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
7928-8/9/13


Puriscal home
$71,000 super Central Valley view home for you to finish
2 bedrooms, 2 baths, on 2,200 M2 lot with creek on one side. This is another "live in the view" home ready to finish out INCLUDING appliances, Solar water heater, PEX water distribution, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, radiant energy barrier, and tempered, bronzed, reflective windows for under $130,000 total cost. Solid construction ready for your personal imprint. Competent craftsmen standing by. george@glundquist.com  or call 2417-1041 or 8888-4543.
8012-8/8/13

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$550,000 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8010-7/28/13

Heredia land
San Rafael, Heredia, great opportunity, 17,000m2 land for development,
US$600,000 or best offer.  email: celigar53@gmail.com or call 8385-2542.
8008-7/24/13

auction
6 LOTS – AUCTION
Minimum bid starts @ $10,000.
 ½ acre to 4 acres.
Walk to San Juanillo Beaches.
1 day only -10 a.m. June 15
Email: Karen@racsa.co.cr
Webs:  www.viviun.com/AD-129905/
www.haciendasdelmar.com
Phone: 506-2682-0185
8007-6/29/13

music studio
Musicians dream!!!
Two-story house, 2,400 sq. ft. (223 sq. mt.) total with covered porches, 2-car covered parking, 3 bedrooms, 2 1/2 baths, open kitchen/living room, bodega, laundry room, upstairs sala. Separate 320-sq. ft. (29 sq. mt.) music studio that could be used as an art studio, workshop, or additional bedroom. Studio has a patio on top, partially covered with ozonated hot tub. Mature citrus trees, avocado, mango, pineapples, bananas, and many colorful flowers. Completely fenced, security system, Internet, cable TV, automatic gates, one-car additional secured gravel parking. Double lot, 7,320 sq ft (680 sq mt). Backs up to a large cafetal and looks up to Natural Reserve Madre Verde. Located in La Granja, Residencia Palma Real, Palmares, Alajuela. Walking distance to town, 5 minutes to pista, 35 minutes to airport, and close to bus service. Comes with kitchen appliances, washer and dryer, bed set in master bedroom, shoe cabinet just inside front door. Other furnishings negotiable. More pictures available upon request. House and property are in a corporation. $215,000. terrycr2007@gmail.com
7998-74/13

Grecaiproperty
Private Gated Paradise in Grecia 3/2 home with guest apartment, 5000m2 land. $99k-/best cash offer! River access, costaricariver@yahoo.com, Phone: (506)2495-0487.
7953-7/10/13

Flamingo
                            view
Condo for sale in Flamingo

Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.
7986-8/6/13

Casa de Eden
For sale by owner Playa Conchal home. Reduced $329,000

Casa de Eden is an ocean view three-bedroom, 2.5-bath, with outdoor shower, private pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure community surrounded by nature but still only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport. There is 2,600 square feet under the roof, which includes a large outdoor terrace and has phone, Internet & satellite TV. The home boasts luxury finishings: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, ceramic tile.  Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025.
www.puntaplayavistas.com
7982-6/30/13

San Pedro condo
Condo for Sale in Flor del Este
Lourdes, Montes de Oca San Jose

Located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada 500 meters north of Inglesia Lourdes. U Latina, UCR, and U Fieditas are located within 5 minutes.  Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. Condo is a 3-story. Three/four-bedroom, three and half bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with only one entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. In addition, to security fencing, and electric wire, a recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house. Residence has a telephone communication system to contact the guard house. In addition there is a green park area inside the complex for children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Equipped with an independent wired security system in addition to iron bars on windows and patio doors. Equipped with circuit breaker box and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Also has water storage tank under parking area and water pump to maintain high pressure on all three floors. American-style washer and electric dryer, Refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. $185,000. Other furniture items may be available for purchase.
Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987
U.S. Phone:  6630-886-4458  or   (305) 848- 5577
Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799 4041
Email:  sjogringo@yahoo.com
7973-8/23/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13

Rich Coast Montage
RichCoastRealty.com
Central Pacific Coast Real Estate, from Jaco to Quepos/Manuel Antonio
- 2 Bedroom House in Gated Community near the beach, $89,000!!
 - Beachfront Residential Lots from $58,000
- Coffee Shop/ Bakery, Coastal Town, Great Location, Real Estate Office Upstairs, Turnkey $85,000 Great ROI
- Lots in Gated Community near the beach from $18,500,
with Financing Available!!
- 3 Bedroom House in Gated Community, furnished, walk to the beach, $120k
 1.25 acre + lots in ECO Development $39,000
- 58 acre Oceanview Property subdividable, $169k
and much more....
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718 9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
7972-8/9/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

La Cruz finca
La Cruz Finca 223 ha. (558.2 acre)
This beautiful 223-hectare (558-acre) farm is 70 kms. north of Liberia on the Pan-American Highway and has over a kilometer of frontage on the highway. The property is almost 3 kms deep and has good interior roads. The River Sapoa runs year round at the back side of the farm which is almost 1 mile wide with and incredible views over the Nicaraguan border to Lake Nicaragua and Isla Ometepe. Great property for an eco retreat, teak farm or cattle ranch.  At $900 per acre, this is one of the best farm deals around. See details HERE! The seller will entertain any reasonable offer. Price: $495,000 contact: Bruce Hummel. Email: Bruce@bh-cr.com. Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987 7166,  www.bh-cr.com
7966-6/16/13

Playa Octal home
Playa Ocotal Beach Home
This home is located in a residential resort complex made up of 40 luxurious, fully furnished beachfront villas, plus a clubhouse complete with poolside bar and restaurant. Bahía Pez Vela is located in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, one kilometer from Playa Ocotal on the North Pacific coast and just 30 minutes drive from Liberia International Airport and three miles to downtown Playas Del Coco. From this home you can hear and see the waves crashing on the rocks of this pristine beach. See it HERE! This is the best priced beach home in Costa Rica! Price $225,000   Contact: Bruce Hummel Bruce@bh-cr.com, www.bh-cr.com - Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987-7166.
7965-6/16/13

hree peanel montage
This dream Costa Rica beach house overlooking Carara National Park and the Pacific has been rented continuously for two years. D.C. owners are on site at the house in May and prepping for June 1 Move in and/or vacation rentals and have an unbelievable offer. Already listed way under value, $150,000 Cash or $199,500 with owner financing through May 30th. Note: This was the owner's (14 year residents of Costa Rica) dream home before their relocation to Washington, D.C., Your own salt water Infinity pool, expansive sala and balcony, views from every room. Each room is individually air-conditioned, ceramic tiles, cathedral ceiling; three bedrooms in an international community. Scarlet macaws fly by your veranda each evening.
zen/natural contemporary design ideal for your location overlooking Costa Rica's biological corridor. 50 minutes from San José, minutes from beaches/20 minutes from Jacó Beach. Tour this property online first at www.dreamincostarica.com and if interested contact Barry in Costa Rica through May 30th for a tour. In Costa Rica: 8701-5639 or call Rosemary in the U.S. 239-910-3354. Note: On June 1 the price of this property will increase to over $200,000 after equipping, painting and acceptance of rental income. Don't wait!
7958-6/2/13

La Garita
                                  home
This home was built by a California contractor with all the amenities expected in a 3,000-square foot home.  There is a little less than one acre of land.  There is an 800-square foot shop easily converted to a rental unit or studio.  Located in La Garita de Atenas, 15 minutes to the international airport and 30 minutes to San José.  $225,000. 2487-4500.
xxxx-xxxxx

Arenal Colonial
Property for sale, great potential income
Turnkey business $350K. Rental $1,250/month This luxury home (4,000 square feet and two story private home) is a botanical paradise overlooking beautiful Lake Arenal. Only one block from the lake park and boat ramp. Close to Tabacón hot springs and Monteverde cloud forest. Caño Negro national park and many beautiful beaches along the Pacific are only a short drive away. Costa Rica bird watching, wind surfing, fishing, water sports, ecotourism adventures, hiking, tennis and mountain biking are out your front door. Also has a wonderful view of the Arenal Volcano, a safe 25 miles away. Electric gated entrance. Safe private home and entire property. To see more pictures and info, click here: http://www.intertica.com/homes/roy.htm
http://share.shutterfly.com/action/welcome?sid=wKaNmrNyyZtXGg
7933-7/22/13

Jacó compound
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 bath 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment. one bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom,  gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500 square-meter garden with aviary for Guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4 meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2 meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture, included even a car. Owner financing available. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. More photos on request. http://www.intertica.com/ocean/wolfgang.htm
7929-7/18/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

just reduced
Just Reduced to $169,000!!!
58-acre oceanview and mountainview property

Segregated into 9 lots, Excellent Development Potential!
20 minutes from the beach Central Pacific Coast, between Jacó and Quepos.
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1060.html
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005  CR Cell 8718-9891
7766-6/17/13

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Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, July 10, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 135
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NASA may look for life signs
in the next mission to Mars


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. space agency, NASA, is planning to send another rover to Mars in 2020. 

A NASA-appointed team of 19 scientists and engineers says the next Mars rover should seek out signs of past life on the Red Planet and collect samples for possible future return to Earth.

One member of the Mars 2020 Science Definition Team, Lindy Elkins-Tanton of the Carnegie Institution in Washington, studies the evolution of planets.  She told reporters during a NASA teleconference that questions are what drive scientific discoveries.  

"And one of the very biggest questions for all of humankind is, 'are we alone?' and that is the question we're hoping to make really big advances with with this Mars 2020 mission," she said.

Scientists already scored a major victory when NASA's Curiosity rover, which landed on the Red Planet last August, provided evidence that ancient Mars had an environment that could have supported living microbes. 

The team says the next step is to actually seek out biosignatures, preserved features in ancient rocks and soil that could have formed biologically.        

Jack Mustard is the chair of the Science Definition Team and a professor of geological sciences at Brown University in Rhode Island.  He says team members did discuss whether to look for existing life on Mars.

"But the feeling was, on the basis of the scientific evidence we have today, that the most logical steps forward were to look for the ancient signs of life that would be preserved within the rock record," he explained, adding that evidence suggests that habitable environments on Mars were common in the ancient past.

The next rover will look similar to the car-sized, six-wheeled Curiosity rover, in part because using an existing design will reduce costs.  The 2020 rover would be able to drill into and sample Martian rock, just as Curiosity does now.  But the team says a major objective for the next rover is to package as many as 31 samples that could be returned to Earth during a later mission.

John Grunsfeld, a former astronaut and NASA's associate administrator for science in Washington, noted that while the 2020 rover mission concept allows for the selection, gathering and caching of samples, it does not include their eventual return.

"I wouldn't rule out that perhaps human explorers will go and retrieve the cache, you know, in 20-plus years from now, as explorers set foot on Mars," he said.  "That's an eventual goal: to put astrobiologists and planetary scientists on the surface of Mars."

The team also says the 2020 rover should help advance NASA's plans for human exploration of the Red Planet in the 2030s.  The 2020 mission could help scientists understand any hazards posed by Martian dust or demonstrate ways to collect carbon dioxide that could be used as a resource for making oxygen or rocket fuel.

The Mars 2020 Science Definition Team is made up of experts from universities, research institutions and NASA.  They spent much of 2013 preparing guidelines for the Mars 2020 mission and released a 154-page report Tuesday.

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From Page 7

First stage of hydro plant finished

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The 50-year-old Planta Hidroeléctrica Río Macho has two new generators, and the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad will be showing off stage one of the $122 million project with a ceremony Friday.

The plant is in the Valle de Orosi, Paraíso de Cartago. It is a poster child of clean energy, which is why high government officials will be there. The project is being financed by the Interamerican Development Bank.

The project will increase the plant's output by 20 megawatts to 140, said the institute. That's enough for 228,000 families, it said. The initial stage with the two new generators has increased output by six megawatts, said the firm known as ICE.

The Río Macho is a branch of the Río Reventazón.