free webpage hit counter
Ship Costa Rica
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language
news source Monday through Friday
Hotel and Casino
Perrien Group
Pacific Lots
(506) 2223-1327                       Published Thursday, June 7, 2012, in Vol. 12, No. 113                           Email us
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
Mar Vista

Meeting generates academic studies
Rio conference seeks an inclusive green economy
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Politicians are gearing up for the U.N. sustainable development conference later this month in Brazil. The organization's secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, said he wants the session to define a path to an inclusive green economy that will lift people from poverty and protect the global environment.

This requires international collaboration, investment, and an exchange of experiences and technology among countries, he said Wednesday.

In addition, Ban said that leaders need to define sustainable development goals with clear and measurable targets and indicators that will be a central part of the post-2015 global development framework.

The U.N.'s  Environment Programme was more critical. Executive Director Achim Steiner said that only four of the 90 most important environmental goals and objectives had seen progress. He cited favorably eliminating the production and use of substances that deplete the ozone layer, the removal of lead from fuel, increasing access to improved water supplies, and boosting research to reduce pollution of the marine environment.

He said there was little progress and even deterioration of efforts toward halting climate change, desertification, drought and protecting the world's coral reefs.

Steiner said that his agency's global environmental outlook reminds world leaders and nations meeting in Río why a decisive and defining transition towards a low-carbon, resource-efficient, job-generating green economy is urgently needed.  “The scientific evidence, built over decades, is overwhelming and leaves little room for doubt,” he said.

Steiner notwithstanding, the U.N. is not stressing mitigation of climate change for this conference even though the theme of sustainability clearly includes that concept. In advance of the conference, which will be June 20 to 22 in Rio de Janeiro, there has been a flurry of related scientific reports.

Although increases in global temperature are attributed to rising levels of carbon dioxide from
Microfossils used to find sea temperature.
human activity, a research team at the University of California at Santa Cruz said this week that they found temperatures across a broad swath of the North Pacific were 9 to 14 degrees F warmer than now, while atmospheric carbon dioxide
concentrations remained low and near values prior to the Industrial Revolution.

The research relies on evidence of ancient climate preserved in microscopic plankton skeletons, called microfossils, that long-ago sank to the sea-floor and ultimately were buried beneath it in sediments, said the university. Samples of those sediments were brought to the surface in cores drilled into the ocean bottom by marine scientists working aboard the drillship JOIDES Resolution, which visited Costa Rica a year ago.

A prestigious group of scientists from around the world is warning that population growth, widespread destruction of natural ecosystems, and climate change may be driving Earth toward an irreversible change in the biosphere, a planet-wide tipping point that would have destructive consequences absent adequate preparation and mitigation, according to the University of California at Berkeley. . The authors of the study published in Nature argue that, although many warning signs are emerging, no one knows how close Earth is to a global tipping point, or if it is inevitable.

One author, Elizabeth Hadly from Stanford  University, said that “We desperately need global leadership for planet Earth.”
© College de France/E. Bard
Iceberg near Greenland is a product of warming.

Two research reports had troubling news on global warming. A study from scientists at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, published in the journal Oceanography, said that a warmer arctic means colder winters in the Northern Hemisphere.

They reasoned that melting sea ice exposes darker ocean water to incoming sunlight and changes wind currents. This will allow colder arctic air to move south, they said.

Although trees are usually considered good by environmentalists, a report from Oxford University's Department of Zoology said that shrubs in the arctic tundra are becoming tall trees which stand above the winter snow thereby absorbing more sunlight. This increased absorption of the sun's radiation, combined with microclimates created by forested areas, adds to global warming: making an already-warming climate warm even more rapidly, the report said.

The U.S. National Science Foundation said that over the past two decades, strong scientific evidence has emerged showing that decline of the world's biological diversity reduces the productivity and sustainability of ecosystems. The foundation cited a study by an international team led by the University of Michigan. It also decreases ecosystems' ability to provide society with goods and services like food, wood, fodder, fertile soils and protection from pests and disease, the study by 17 ecologists said.

Human actions are dismantling ecosystems, resulting in species extinctions at rates several orders of magnitude faster than observed in the fossil record, the study, published this week in Nature, said. The paper is a scientific consensus statement that summarizes evidence from more than 1,000 ecological studies over the last two decades, said the foundation.

The Institut de Recherche pour le Développement reported that shrinking glaciers threaten to eliminate some water supply and will cause the reduction in biodiversity in some watercourses that are fed by them. The study focused on glaciers that are near the Ecuadorian capital Quito.

The Institut also is the source for the study on sea levels, which is of critical importance for Costa Rica.
Drill ship
Drill ship used in study.
The universities of Tokyo and Oxford researchers said a spectacular rise in sea level took place 14,650 years ago at the end of the last ice age. The study said, based on studies of coral, that the sea level rose 14 meters (about 46 feet) in less than 350 years. The sea is rising at about 3 millimeters a year now.

The study said that
predictions of sea level rise advanced in 2007 by the  Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change did not account for some of the factors uncovered by the current study. The Intergovernmental panel predicted sea level rise by 2100 to be 20 to 60 centimeters., about 8 to 24 inches. Instead, this current study predicts an increase in sea level of between 60 and 180 centimeters or from two to six feet.

The risks are high, said a summary of the study: More than three billion people, or half of the world's population, live on the coast or less that 200 kilometers from a coastline, and one tenth of the population currently lives less than 10 meters above sea level.

exotic properties
Offshore Medical
Find more about Weather in San Jose, CS
Today's colon
exchange rate
to our  daily digest

Search  our site
Real estate ads
Classified  ads
Tourism and services
Display ad info
Classified ad info
Contact us
Del Rey bartenders

Petit World

Costa Rica Dental Team gif
HRG promotion

Residency in Cost aRica
Playa Vista

rss feed graphic
Twitter link
Facebook graphic
Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

Palmas Tamarindo project


association of residents

Hospital Metropolitana


Latigo K9

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 7, 2012, Vol. 12, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart

Costa Rica Expertise

pure water

Sportsmen's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116

Legal services

Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
Relocation services, Wedding Planning
Greg Kearney
*Investments  *Corporations
*Tax Shelters *Immigration
*Real Estate Sales in Costa Rica
*Name & Product registration
*Business procedures 
*Family and Labor Law
*Locate People   *Private Investigations
Phone: 8841-0007. FAX: 2239-1420.
 Phone: (506) 2232-1014

Attorneys & Notaries
 Tel.  2280-9692 / 2225-9322
       We offer the highest professional standards with very competitive rates. All our official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.
consultoria logo
• Immigration Law.
• Real Estate Law.
• Corporations, Foundations
       and Associations. 
• Trademarks & Intellectual
• Notary public services
• Criminal Law
•Civil & Commercial 
Our Law Office is conveniently located near Mall San Pedro,  350 meters south from the Subaru dealer, Los Yoses, San José.


U.S. Tax International

Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)
C.R. 2288-2201   U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2231-3300
Web page with vital U.S. tax info HERE!

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle Sam's hat
• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
92,900 in 2011}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620


Do you need a Land Surveyor?
Call Rene Sanchez, Cadastral maps of subdivisions, contours, etc.  More than 30 years of experience. Licensed by the Engineering Bar Association of Costa Rica (CFIA), E-mail
Phones 8383-0083, 2290-4573.

Real estate agents and services

CR Beach logo

CR Beach Investment Real Estate
reminds you that Costa Rica’s #1 beachtown,“the new Jacó,” invites you to see the recent changes:  clean paved roads; more bilingual police; more trendy & tipico restaurants; new a/c movie 4plex & new theatrical-conference center; new central park with activities; more bargain priced properties for sale, and lower priced rentals…
Our agents have been here a minimum of 10 years:
Peter van Hussen, Colin Miller, Frances,  Junior and Owner-Broker Jeff Fisher enjoy helping clients like you find their dream properties.
Let CR Beach show you why we know this is the best area for you to  invest-retire-enjoy!

 Fire sale Deal of the Week: $179,000 Hermosa Beach Bungalow Sunset Special!
Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 
Office: 2643-4334, 2643-3672
Located in the heart of Jacó. IL Galeone Center, Jacó, Costa Rica

with Great Estates of Costa Rica

20 years Costa Rican
real estate experience

Member of the Costa Rican Real Estate Association, Lic. #1000

Member of
Costa Rican-American Chamber of Commerce
(506)  2220-3729 &  (506)
8333-8391 cell
(506)  2232-5016 (phone/fax)

Latitude Nine real estate graphic
Latitude 9
Real Estate, Development, Investments.

Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica
506 2777-1197

Over 25 years experience in Costa Rica


Dr. Vargas logo
Dental implants in Costa Rica
Call us: Within C.R.  2225-1189
From USA    1-866-7060-248
Please visit:

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:
Newspaper nameplate
Our readers' opinions
True conservatives believe
in smaller government

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

As a card-carrying member of the “New American Right,” I’ll try to clear up a few misconceptions.  I don’t blame President Obama (D) for the economical mess we are in.  I blame both parties, Democrats, who insist on stirring the social engineering pot and moderate Republicans who went along in the spirit of ‘compromise.’  It is clear to this layman, that the false housing/loan market created by forcing banks to loan money to those who could not pay it back (thanks, Barney Frank (D) & Chris Dodd (D)) and Wall Street (with Fannie & Freddie’s help) repackaging those loans worldwide caused this mess.

True conservatives believe in market forces, not picking winners and losers.

President Obama promised Hope & Change.  No mention of an actual plan.  So instead of focusing on job one, the economy,  He diverted his attention on cramming his massive health care plan through a Democratically controlled Congress (took two years!).  Whether you agree with Obama Care or not, he placed his agenda above the nation’s.

My healthcare costs have gone up since this was passed.  Ooops!

President Obama (D) got almost a trillion dollars (from my kids) to stimulate our current economy.  He said unemployment rate would not rise above 8 percent, it did.  Jobs were created under his watch, yet more were lost.  Even more jobs were never counted in this ‘unemployment rate’ figure.  This is all moot because government only creates federal jobs, not private sector jobs.  Unless of course, you count the government’s investments in GM and Solyndra.  The former still owes my kids billions of dollars and the latter went belly up with our kid’s money. At least the United Auto Workers Union is better off!  The best thing government can do is to create an environment for innovation, investments, expansion, and responsible regulations.

True conservatives believe in private sector jobs, not taxpayer funded jobs.

Federal spending (why include state & local) has increased as a percentage of our GDP, just google ‘rate of government spending.’  Overall federal spending has dipped, and our federal deficit is peaking.  That can’t be good!  Again, both Democrats and moderate Republicans are happy spenders.  GSA is out of control.  Tip of the iceberg?

True conservatives believe in a smaller controllable federal government.

Taxes?  We do have a lot of wealthy, successful people and they currently pay a large percentage of the federal spending bill.  People come to this land of opportunity (U.S.) from all over the world, to become successful. Why punish them?  What’s wrong with a fair tax where everyone has skin in the game, else we’ll have a federally funded voting pool dependent on (wait for it …) federal funding – an infinite loop with no exit strategy.

True conservatives believe any corporate tax will be passed on to their customers as a hidden value added tax (again duh?).

So the decision is not Obama vs Romney.  It is (D) vs. (R) or (L) or (G) – but I digress.  Civics 101 tells us Congress is in charge of the nation’s purse strings with the president nodding along.  Conservative Republicans (under Newt’s leadership) controlled both houses during the last three sessions of the Bill Clinton presidency. Results: surpluses.  Moderate Republicans controlled the next three sessions under George W. Bush’s and progressive Democrats controlled the next 2.5 sessions, resulting in higher deficits.  What do you want?  Surpluses or deficits?

Sooo, do we double down on more spending (more inflation - shrinking savings account – another hidden tax), alienating businesses (job creators) with higher taxes, and create more unsustainable social programs.

Or do we return to conservative ‘sustainable’ values; smaller government, lower fairer taxes, pay down on our kid’s debt,  create an environment for job creation (freeing up trillions of investment dollars) with responsible regulations, programs that give a hand up (not provide a way of life), restore state & local governments rights (per our Constitution), and a pony in every backyard.

True conservatives believe our Constitution is the contract between “we, the people,” and our federal government and should not be referred to as outdated.  Read it – there’s even a way to modify it with “we the people”.
Steve Clark

Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him
From the Costa Rican press
News items posted Monday through Friday by 8 a.m.
Click a story for the summary

Costa Rica news summaries are disabled
on archived pages.

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Del Rey accommodations

Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Samantha's girls
Radio Pacifico
A.M. Costa Rica Third News Page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 7, 2012, Vol. 12, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart

Nicaragua's canal plan gets a quick response from officials here
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican officials want to see all the paperwork connected with the plan by Nicaragua's president to build a canal connecting the Caribbean with the Pacific using the Río San Juan.

The president, Daniel Ortega, submitted a law advancing the concept of a canal to his national congress Tuesday. Costa Rica was quick to send a diplomatic note to the Embassy of Nicaragua here.

The note by Carlos Roverssi, vice minister of foreign relations, said that the action was not unexpected because Ortega has talked about the canal in the past. However, two 19th century treaties between the two countries give Costa Rica the right to have a say on the canal, the note said.

Costa Rican officials learned of the plan from the Nicaraguan newspapers, which reported on the legislative action.

The canal would be a competitor with the existing one in Panamá if it ever is built. Roverssi noted that the job is estimated at $20 to $30 billion. The Panamá Canal is undergoing a $5.5 billion addition of a third lane.

Ortega has sought support for the idea from nations allied with Venezuela's Hugo Chávez.

Roverssi said in the note that Nicaragua's invasion and occupation of the Isla Portillos was part of the plan to build the canal. That was in October 2010. The Río San Juan 
meanders as it reaches the Caribbean, and Nicaragua is seeking to build a canal that will become the new river mouth. Costa Rica says that this project is on its national territory. Nicaragua denies this. The case has gone to the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands.

Nicaragua has dredges active in the river.

Nicaragua also is bringing a case against Costa Rica for the construction of the new Ruta 1856 along the south bank of the river. Nicaragua claims environmental damage. This is the construction project that is enveloped in a financial scandal.

Under terms of various treaties, Nicaragua maintains ownership of the river and the national border is the south bank. This has caused problems for Costa Ricans because Nicaragua controls traffic on the river, and the river has been the easiest way to get around northern Costa Rica. The new highway is supposed to change that.

A canal would use the Río San Juan and Lake Nicaragua. A short stretch would have to be dug between the lake and the Pacific near San Juan del Sur. The United States once considered starting a canal project but chose instead to takeover the Panamá efforts of a French company.

The route from the Caribbean to San Juan del Sun and then to California was important during gold rush days, although some of the trip had to be done by mule or horseback. Expats who live along the river report that traveling by boat from the Río Colorado to Lake Nicaragua is possible in a small craft. Cargo ships will require locks around some of the rapids.

Investigators conduct 41 searches in highway bribery case
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

More than 200 judicial agents fanned out early Wednesday to pull off 41 simultaneous searches, the largest such police operation in history.

The goal was to get evidence on allegations that money destined for the new Ruta 1856, the Juan Rafael Mora Porras, had been diverted.

The 41 locations, mostly construction companies, were in 11 cantons, said the Poder Judicial. Specifically sought were receipts and accounting information relating to payments by the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad, the nation's road agency.

The Ruta 1856 was built without public bidding on an emergency basis because construction was considered urgent
 due to Nicaragua's invasions of the Isla Portillo in extreme northeast Costa Rica.

Six searches were of accountants' offices where documents of the construction companies were located. Two searches were at dwellings.

The construction companies had received payments for 19 billion colons or about $38 million.

At least three public employees are suspected of receiving bribes from construction companies.

In mid-May there were other searches involving the same case, including ones at homes of the suspects, the offices of the  Consejo Nacional de Vialidad and the offices of the national emergency commissions.

The scene in this undated photo is Plaza Gonzáles Víquez in San José where the sprawling park is today. The same train tracks run there. The photo shows both an oxcart and a truck.

Gonzalez Vique
Archivo Nacional photo

National archives is celebrating its international day today
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Archivo Nacional plans a fiesta today to mark the International Day of Archives as established by the United Nations. Visitors to the facility should not expect confetti or dancing girls. But the Archives said that 14 public institutions would be setting up displays, ranging from the archives itself to Facultad de Artes Musicales of the Universidad de Costa Rica and the Sistema Nacional de Radio y Televisión.
There also will be historical documents that date from 1539 to the present.

The archives is the nation's attic and contains all sorts of paperwork. Notaries, too, deposit their official books there. The facility also is a great source of old photos.
The archives building is 900 meters south and 150 meters west of Plaza del Sol, Curridabat.

Del Rey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Fish Fabulous Costa Rica
Excazú Christian Fellowship
A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 7, 2012, Vol. 12, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart

It's almost
there now

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad released this photo Wednesday to show that the work to put a bailey bridge over a washout on Ruta 142 at Quebrada Flores near Arenal  is progressing. The route should be open later today.
bridge work
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo

Census counts about 15,900 person with U.S. roots living here
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Those who came here from the United States make up about 4.1 percent of Costa Rica's migrant population, according to the national census last year.

That means there are roughly 15,900 persons here with U.S. roots. No percentage was given for Canadians, who are presumed to be fewer than U.S. citizens.

Nicaraguans continue to be the greatest number of immigrants, although the flow had decreased somewhat. The census found 
287,766 Nicaraguans here or about 76.4 percent of all immigrants.

The numbers are based on self reports by those who were approached by census takers. There also is a significant number of Colombians here and they outnumber U.S. citizens slightly being 4.3 percent of all immigrants, said the census.

Costa Ricans are getting older. The current census counted 7.3 percent of the population as being older than 65. 

That percentage was 5.3 in the 2000 census.

Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 7, 2012, Vol. 12, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart

Medical vacations in Costa Rica

Apple and Google going
to war over map access

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Two U.S. technology innovators are waging a new battle over the maps that people throughout the world access on their smartphones and other computing devices.

For several years, consumers using the hand-held iPhones and iPad tablets sold by the Apple consumer products company have viewed maps supplied by one of the leading search engine companies, Google.

But now that arrangement is about to end, as Apple gets set to unveil its own proprietary mapping system and abandons use of Google's maps. In developing its own maps, Apple is hoping to capture a large share of the millions of dollars in revenue from advertising that accompanies the maps when users look up a vacation spot they might be interested in or search for directions in a city they are visiting.

Apple, long noted for its corporate secrecy, has not divulged its mapping plans, but U.S. technology publications say it is likely to unveil them next week at a trade convention.

Meanwhile, Google announced plans Wednesday for improvement of its maps, which will still be widely available on devices other than Apple's, such as Google's Android operating system. Google said mobile technology users will now be able to access its maps offline, in places where they may not have an Internet connection, such as underground or on an airplane.

In addition, Google also unveiled upgrades to its Street View system, showing more views of areas where cars cannot be driven, and more detailed three-dimensional aerial looks at spots around the world.

Trade publications say that Apple's maps are also likely to give users 3-D looks developed by the defense contractor Saab it acquired last year.

Ray Bradbury dies at 91
and leaves vast legacy

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Iconic science fiction and fantasy writer Ray Bradbury died Tuesday in California at the age of 91.

Bradbury, who wrote the classic “Fahrenheit 451,” about a totalitarian future when books are burned, and more than two dozen other novels and 600 short stories, was probably more instrumental than any other 20th century American author in popularizing, and legitimizing, science fiction and fantasy.

Born in a small town in Illinois in 1920, he read popular publications with titles like Weird Tales, Thrilling Wonder Stories and Astounding Science Fiction.

At an early age he resolved that, lacking athletic talents, he would stop competing with his peers and, instead, do what gave him the most pleasure: reading and writing. He was 12 when he set himself the goal of writing at least four hours a day, a practice that stayed with him throughout his lifetime. He published his first story in Weird Tales when he was 20.

Bradbury recalled in an interview that his parents were poor and he never attended college.

“But I had enough sense when I was 18-years old to start going to the library five or six nights a week," he said. "Every morning I wrote. Every afternoon I sold newspapers on the street corner, and I graduated from the library when I was 28 years old.”

That love of libraries stayed with him throughout his life, and in a 2010 interview with the U.S. State Department he said, "what I think I can teach people is that a library is more important than a college or university."

At first he wrote short stories, which by his own description were "unconventional tales of ghosts and haunts."

He was inspired with tales of Mars by the adventure and science fiction writer Edgar Rice Burroughs. But Bradbury's The “Martian Chronicles,” published in 1950, was a social commentary that dealt with current issues: the threat of nuclear war, racism, pollution, censorship, and out-of-control technology.

His love of books and aversion to censorship were the basis for what became his best known work, “Fahrenheit 451,” a slim 1953 novel about a fireman whose job is to burn books, but who joins an underground group devoted to memorizing the classics in order to preserve them. The book was made into a movie in 1966, starring Julie Christie and Oskar Werner.

New movie highlights war
in México over religion

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Almost 90 years ago, a civil war erupted in Mexico over religious freedom. Tens of thousands died on both sides during what's known as the "Cristero Wars." But even in Mexico today, the history is not well-known. “For Greater Glory,” a new film starring Andy Garcia, dramatizes those events.

In 1926, the newly-elected president of Mexico banned religious activities, with special focus on the country's most widespread faith: Roman Catholicism.

As soldiers shut churches and arrested priests, opposition to the government's policies grew into a nationwide revolt.  The leaders turned to a retired war hero, Gen. Ernesto Gorostieta, to make their ragtag band into an army.

Andy Garcia stars as Gorostieta and, like the character, he says the cause went beyond individual beliefs.

"You don't have to be a man of faith or a Catholic, for that matter, to be in this movie," Garcia notes. "Nor do you have to be one to go see the movie. The character is a historical, heroic character in terms of the film and to be called upon to play him is a great privilege and you want to honor him. He deserves to be recognized for what he committed to."

Born in Cuba, Garcia was 5 years-old when his family immigrated to Florida to escape Castro's authoritarian government. He says that history gives him insight into what motivated the Cristeros rebels in Mexico.

"There are certain parallels in this movie to my own life, obviously, because I come from a country where religious freedom, for many years, was completely taken away," he explains. "I mean the Church is in Cuba now, and they have kind of peeked their head in there, but for many years it wasn't allowed at all. So it's an easy cause for me to champion because to me it is more about absolute freedom of the human being."

“For Greater Glory” was filmed in Mexico at many of the locations where the actual events took place, but where, until recently, they were not included in history books or taught in schools. The international cast includes Oscar-winner Peter O'Toole along with a 'who's who' of Latino actors from Mexican Eduardo Verástegui and Chilean Santiago Cabrera to Panama's Rubén Blades and American Eva Longoria.

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news ffeds are disabled on archvied pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Havana
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. San Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

Looking for a story from a past edition?

See our search page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 7, 2012, Vol. 12, No. 113
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart

Costa Rica Reprot promo

Latin America news
Newspeople, media outlets
facing attacks in Venezuela

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The Inter American Press Association Wednesday expressed concern at threats and attacks on journalists and news media in Venezuela in recent weeks. It urged the South American country’s authorities to identify and prosecute those responsible as the only way to prevent further violence.

Earlier this week a team of journalists from the Caracas newspaper El Universal, including María Isoliett Iglesias, Deivis Ramírez, Tomás Ramírez González and Luis García, filed a formal complaint with the public prosecutor’s office demanding protection and guarantees after receiving threats following their coverage of a jail riot that highlighted problems in the prison system.

The Venezuelan attorney general’s office ordered protection for the journalists who had written a series of special reports for El Universal on internal conditions in prisons, as a result of the events at the La Planta jail in the downtown Caracas neighborhood of El Paraíso, where in late April prisoners staged a two-week-long riot in which nine persons died.

The press advocacy group also condemned attacks May 24 against journalists belonging to the National Public Media System and other members of the press harassed during their coverage of the electoral campaign of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles.

In another development, unidentified persons on a motorcycle shot up the front of the newspaper Versión Final in Zulia state, in the far northeast of Venezuela.

Also in Zulia, May 28 an explosive device was hurled at the plant of the Maracaibo newspaper Qué Pasa. The attack caused minor damage to the building’s façade. Two days later armed assailants opened fire on the studios of the regional television channel Catatumbo TV. According to local media the building was hit by 14 bullets. There were no reports of injuries in either of these two incidents.

Dry air covers country

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The nation's weather experts predict a decrease in rainfall today because there is a large mass of dry air over the country.

The forecast from the Instituto Meteorológico Nacional instead calls for partly cloudy or cloudy skies over much of the country today. There still is the possibility of isolated downpours on the Pacific coast and in the Central Valley, the forecast said.

Evening rain is predicted for the Nicoya peninsula.

Latin American news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica

Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2012 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details