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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Thursday, June 6, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 111                  Email us
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Jo Stuart
                del bosque

Another walk into history on Saturday
Botica Solera

Alianza Francesa sponsors another of its architectural walking tours Saturday. This one is in Barrio México and concentrates on the art decó movement that was popular in the 1930s. Architect and historian Andrés Fernández leads the tour that appropriately begins at the Botica Solera, a former pharmacy that is now an historic site and owned by the municipality. The walk convenes at 9 a.m., and tickets are available at the three  Alianza locations in the valley. Included is lunch in the historic La Solera, which the municipality rescued from vagrants over the last two years.

Sala IV orders action on arsenic in drinking water
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Sala IV constitutional court Wednesday ordered the central government to make a detailed study of why tap water in Guanacaste contains arsenic. It also told officials to provide the region with potable water that does not contain arsenic and to determine how the chemical can be removed.

This was the decision long awaited by residents of the area. The unanimous decision named the Ministerio de Salud and the Instituto Costarricense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados.

Residents of the area, including Bagaces and Cañas, filed the constitutional court appeal in mid-April after waiting for the central government to take action. They noted that more than a year ago, President Laura Chinchilla declared an emergency based on the problems with the water, but nothing has been done since.

The court added that the chemical can produce ailments such as degeneration of the liver, cardiac damage and damage to blood vessels. The decision said that the problem could affect a vast area of the country.

Arsenic is naturally occurring in rocks here and some has been added to the soil by small-scale gold mining over the years.

The original presidential decree cited problems in communities in Alajuela province and in the canton of Bagaces, Cañas and La Cruz in Guanacaste. The court also specified northern Alajuela province.

In its decision the court said that the World Health Organization sets the safe limit for human consumption of arsenic at 10 micrograms per liter
of water. That's 10 parts per billion.  Acueductos y Alcantarillados provides water with up to 187 micrograms of arsenic per liter, said the court.

The court gave the health ministry and the water company six months to determine the cause of the contamination in conjunction with the Servicio Nacional de Aguas Subterráneas Riego y Avenamiento.

Meanwhile, the government agencies were told to adopt the necessary means so that the affected population receives the water it needs. The court also said that the quality of the water should be checked every three months.

Once the agencies determine the cause of the arsenic pollution, they were told to make the information available to the public and to take steps to mitigate the problem.

That may not be easy. A news story Tuesday said that researchers from the University of Exeter Medical School compared eight different technologies, all of which claim to make drinking water safe. They found that most of the studies reviewed were found to be of poor quality and missing data and that only two technologies showed good evidence of effectiveness, said a release from  BioMed Central

Arsenic in the water supply threatens several hundred million people worldwide, said the study published Friday in BioMed Central’s open access journal Environmental Evidence.

A.M. Costa Rica also has reported that rice soaks up arsenic from polluted ground water. International studies have found high concentrations of arsenic in rice but the harvests in Costa Rica are not checked for this problem.

High seas predicted today for the entire Pacific coast
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Pacific coast dwellers are facing a strong sea through the end of today.

The national emergency commission said that the entire Pacific coast would be affected with waves from 2.4 meters to 3.2 meters and perhaps as high as 4 meters, more than 13 feet.

The agency said it was relaying data from scientists at the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnlogía at the Universidad de Costa Rica.
The seas will not be particularly dangerous for small boats but they can be dangerous for bathers and operators of small boats along the beach and at river mouths, said the commission.

The case was said to be a tropical cyclone to the south. However, wave height will be higher in the northern Pacific coast, it said. 

The commission also warned of beach erosion.

The heavy seas will create more dangerous rip tides that sometimes trap swimmers.

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 6, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 111
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A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Legal services


Arcelio Hernandez

Official English/Spanish translator and interpreter
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With over a decade of experience in the fields of:
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Visit the website at:
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Cuerpo de Bomberos photo 
This is how the new application appears on a device.

Fire-fighting agency upgrades
its hand-held application

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The fire fighters have upgraded their Internet application to Version 1.2.

This is the hand-held device that operates on IOS and Android. The application has a new design and allows users to keep track of responses by the Cuerpo de Bomberos.

The device features notifications with sound and can be used to alert volunteer firemen that they should report for duty, said the fire agency. The application is scheduled to be available today at  Apple Store and Play Store.

Cats of Costa Rica is topic
of Museum event Saturday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The cats of Costa Rica will be the topic Saturday from 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. at the Museos del Banco Central below Plaza de la Cultura.

A museum announcement said that presentations will cover the biology and the archaeology of the various cats that roam Costa Rica.

One of the presentations will be by the Programa Jaguar of Universidad Nacional. The program is to advertise the museum's latest exhibition, Felinos en la Arqueología de Costa Rica.

Historian will discuss country
at Women's Club meeting

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Julio Fernández, historian and co-owner of Sibú Chocolates, will discuss the history and development of Costa Rica in the 20th century when the Women's Club of Costa Rica meets Wednesday at 9:30 a.m. in the Ponderox Grill & Steak House, 50 meters west of DoubleTree Hotel, Cariari,

Fernández is a Fulbright scholar who completed his fellowship in history at the University of Texas and is qualified to spin the tale of Costa Rica in the 20th century, a club announcement said.

Bocas and coffee will be served at the meeting, and the club said it invites guests to join members for a 7,000-colon lunch following the presentation. More details are available at  2249-9071 or 2249-1208.

Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública photo 
To celebrate the World Day of the Environment Wednesday, officers of the Policía Turística and youngsters of the Agencia de Desarrollo y Recursos Asistencial joined forces to plant 200 trees along Alajuelita and Escazú streets.

Lawmaker's immunity brings
key defamation case element

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Corte Suprema de Justicia has asked the legislature to lift the immunity of  Claudio Monge, a lawmaker with the Partido Acción Ciudadana.

He has been named in a defamation case brought by Industrias Infinito and its Canadian parent firm Infinito Gold. The case also names an individual called Manrique Oviedo.

Infinito issued a press release Wednesday saying that Monge acted in bad faith when discussing the company's Las Crucitas mine. Some of the discussions were on radio.

Monge, himself, issued a press release that said the court case was an effort to undermine environmentalists. He said that to lift his immunity would be a grave precedent.

Defamation is a criminal charge in Costa Rica.

The Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo voided the mining company's concession in 2010 and now the firm is threatening to take the country to international arbitration where it would seek a large amount of compensation.

Our reader's opinion
Presidential candidates asked
to provide help for arsenic

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

Arsenic is a naturally occurring substance in volcanic rock but it has also been used in gold mining.  However it got into the drinking water in Cañas and Bagaces, arsenic is making people sick and killing them.

In the past, it has seemed to my neighbors that their president wanted to be president of the Central Valley.  Presidential talks with other nations, like China, have produced wonderful results, but a stadium that most of them will never see is of no use to my friends when they are being poisoned by their drinking water.

Perhaps our international friends would be willing to help purify the local water supply.  And perhaps, just perhaps, pure drinking water will result in votes in the next election.

Victoria Torley

 U.S. Army photo
There was not much cover on this D-Day beach.

Today is the 69th anniversary
of the bloody D-Day invasion

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Just 69 years ago this morning Allied troops and Germans were dying by the hundreds on the French coast.

Today is the 69th anniversary of that enormous 1944 invasion that led to the defeat of Germany less than a year later.

Even a youth who lied about his age and managed to slip into the services at 15 would be pushing 85 today, so there are not many left who came up close and personal with German resistance that day.

Allied deaths on that one day are estimated somewhere between 2,500 and 5,000. And the worst was yet to come.

Not every soldier hit the beaches. Some parachuted in and others came in gliders.

Every soldier in that invasion that day lost a buddy. Yet, today the D-Day invasion is just a line in the history books like the Battle of Yorktown. Despite the losses, the United States, Britain and Canada did not take one piece of real estate except enough to bury the fallen. There are not many such events in history.

Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him
From the Costa Rican press
News items posted Monday through Friday by 8 a.m.
Click a story for the summary

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 6, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 111
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This is the San Sebastán traffic overpass on the Circunvalación after which a new project will be modeled.

Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo

Elimination of Paso Ancho traffic circle awarded to low bidder
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There's good news for motorists. The nation's road agency has accepted a 4.7 billion colon bid for a new overpass on the Circunvalación.

The new overpass will be at the Paso Ancho traffic circle, which is a major source of delays. The traffic circle also is called the rotunda de la Guacamaya because it is dominated by buildings of the auto parts company to the south.

The road agency, the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad, said the new project would look very much like the overpass at the former San Sebastián traffic circle.

The estimated $9.5 million project was awarded to the low bidder, Constructora MECO S.A., a frequent winner of road and bridge jobs.
But the deal is not final yet. Four unsuccessful bidders on the job have 10 days to register an appeal. If there is an appeal, the road agency will have to study it.  That may take several months.

Otherwise, MECO has six months to create a design and 14 months to build the project. When done, the new overpass will mean that there is one less traffic circle on the four-lane highway. One will remain at Zapote.

At the same time the road agency is preparing to oversee the construction of the northern route of the Circunvalacion, which now ends at La Uruca. The northern route will connect La Uruca with the major highway to the north and eventually the Caribbean coast.

The Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo has confirmed a loan for the cost of construction.

Low-tax stores in Golfito Deposito receive a 10-year extension
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Deposito Libre de Golfito received a 10-year extension Wednesday at the Asamblea Legislative.

The Deposito is the 1985 creation of the legislature to improve economic conditions in the southern zone after the departure of banana companies.

The Deposito is under the jurisdiction of the Junta de Desarrollo Regional de la Zona Sur in the Provincia de Puntarenas.
Those who use the services of the 30 or so stores there have to remain in Golfito overnight. Each receives a ticket allowed the purchase of $1,000 in goods taxed at a low rate. Favored purchases are appliances and vehicle tires. There is a steady traffic of trucks from Golfito to the Central Valley with the purchases of those who may have arrived on organized tours.
There also is a steady market in buyers' tickets.

The measure extending the life of the Deposito was supervised in the legislature by Jorge Alberto Angulo Mora, of the Partido LIberación Nacional.

Del Rey HOtel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 6, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 111
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ICE says it is now offering packages of television channels over the Internet
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The state telecom agency said Wednesday that it is now offering 87 television channels via the Internet.

The agency, the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, said the service would be called kölbi hogar TV, using its kölbi trademark.

The announcement comes at a time when its subsidiary, Radiográfica Costarricense S.A. says it is embarking on a pilot project for a similar service.

The parent firm, known as ICE, said the system is 100 percent digital and also offers time shifting for persons who want to delay transmission of a favorite show.

An announcement listed most of the popular television channels. The system also will feature pay per view and carry audio channels.
The basic monthly price will be $32.50 including tax. The price compares favorably with services offered by cable television companies.

The service will require a 12-month contract, said the telecom giant. The firm claimed that the service is now available in every community of the country.

The major San José television stations already offer some of their shows via the Internet. The ICE announcement is additional evidence that the Internet will be the primary source of entertainment and news. The convergence of electronic transmissions has been going on for some time. The system used by ICE, called  IPTV, is well known.

The Laura Chinchilla administration has decreed that television stations must switch to digital system 2017. The central government chose a Brazilian system.

A.M. Costa Rica noted a year ago that there may not be any over-the-air television transmissions by that date.

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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.
Geroge's view
An evening View
from George’s Puriscal home
Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money.  Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk
Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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Christ Howard with Max
retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

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Howard Spanish cover


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cahuita beach house
Unique beach house for rent in Cahuita
$400 per month furnished. House is 150 yards from a beautiful beach in a jungle area. Next to our wildlife rescue center. Very safe, good water and electricity. One large bedroom, walk-in closet. Newly built and furnished. Must see. A tropical paradise. Contact: Todd at 2755-0014.

Conveniently located two-bedroom, two-bathroom house, new construction, wheelchair accessible. $800 a month.   Located on outskirts of San José metro area, 5 minute drive to Sta. Barbara de Heredia and 20-30 minutes from airport.  Natural setting with
Heredia home
panoramic view of Central Valley on a 1/3 acre lot (1,200 m2).  The house is 900 ft2 (90 m2) plus there is a spacious terrace, two-car carport, covered back porch and ample additional parking.  Vaulted natural wood ceilings in all rooms except in the two bedrooms, bathrooms and laundry room.  There is also a small 
office which can serve as a guest bedroom.  The house is unfurnished and appliances not included except for built-in cooktop/oven (gas).  Tankless instant hot water heater for bathrooms, kitchen, laundry.  Rental fee does not include utilities.  Alarm system, cable TV and DSL internet connections in place.   Owner will rent to 2-3 people, pets are allowed with approval of owner and security deposit of one month's rent is required.  E-mail me for more photos or with questions:    

We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Santa Ana

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: or call 8555-9819.

MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact or 8308-7732.

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at for more details. Thank you.

Available now $650 a month
This small but new and clean American-built house is settled on an organic farm a 10-minute walk from the center of town in Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Taxis are $1 to town and buses run to
Organic farm
Heredia and Alajuela, about 30 minutes each. There is parking for one car. NO DOGS please. Rent includes: Cable television, house phone, ICE ADSL internet, water, electricity, laundry facilities. We have a family living on the farm aside from myself,  the owner, and another renter, so there is always someone around. This 2-bedroom house is brand new, 
completely furnished. Large windows overlook the valley and the gardens, There are large trees. Surrounded by fruit trees and vegetable gardens, it has a beautiful view of the valley. The kitchen comes fully equipped, with large refrigerator, gas stove and oven, all accessories. The bathroom has a large shower; both kitchen and bath have hot water. A brand new extra firm queen-size bed is included. A breakfast bar separates the living area and kitchen and a porch overlooks the farm and valley. This house is for one or two people only. $300 deposit required to be returned when renters leave house. Email for photos and questions.

Heredia rental
Beautiful mountain chalet  for rent
Beautiful mountain chalet surrounded by nature, built with tropical hardwoods and  located on a  5,000 m2  (54,000 sq feet) lot  with two other cottages.  House has basic furniture and  kitchen  appliances.  Ground floor:  Very large living/ dinning room, kitchen, office (or guest bedroom), and 1 bathroom . Upstairs:  2 bedrooms (one with a balcony), and 1 bathroom. 140 m2 approximately  Great BBQ rancho outside. Plenty space for visitor parking. Pets are welcome.  Quiet place, rural, restaurants close by. Near El Castillo Country Club, Tirol and La Condesa mountain hotels.  Only 45 minutes by car from San José.  All public services available  More information call Liseth.  Phone: (506) 7158-1548. Or send me a email:

COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: or call 8555-9819.

Perez  Zeledon:   Large studio home overlooking river with deck.  Elegant, ceramic floors, nice cabinets, walk-in closet.  Beautiful gardens and grounds.  Secure. Private. Only  10 minutes
River view home
to San Isidro de El General. Mountain town with everything!  Then, 40 minutes to Playa Dominical, 40 minutes to Chirripó National Park, and also near many other attractions, yet very private and secluded.  Listen to river sounds and sleep like a baby.   
Rare birds in abundance. Includes,  One  double bed and refrigerator, stove, juicer, sofa, tables,  dishes, pans, etc.  Plus, electric, (hot) water   Phone, TV connected, Internet cable connected, garbage and gardener. All included for $425. /month.  Looking for one good person, reliable, long-term.    Non-smoker.

Manuel Antonio long term apartment for rent
This modern two-bedroom apartment with a breathtaking view of the Quepos town and the Pacific Ocean is situated near Manuel Antonio National Park and beaches. The location offers a unique experience in the edge of the jungle, where you can observe wildlife. The apartment has two separate bedrooms and sleeps three guests maximum. The bathroom has a walk-in shower and a toilette. The living room is furnished with very comfortable furniture. The kitchen is fully equipped. Public transports like taxis, bus station, port as well as shops, groceries, restaurants, cafes, bars, and nightlife are within a very short distance. Fully furnished, all bills included (water, electricity, cable tv, wireless internet), $575 per month, 6-month minimum. Contact us now!!! 8853-8245. or see our
Web page:  

Mountain cabin for rent
Sacramento, Barva de Heredia
We offer for rent three furnished, 2-bedroom mountain homes located on the slopes of Barva Volcano, Sacramento, Heredia. The cabin-style homes are adjacent to the Braulio Carillo National Park and walking distance to the Barva Volcano crater lake. Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and garage. Take in breathtaking views of the Irazú Volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of bird species, to include the occasional Resplendent Quetzal, and a pristine cloud forest. We can also offer you an occasional ride on one of our beautiful mares. Contact Allan or Cristina at, or or for more information HERE! $850 USD/month. We can also offer a weekend or short-stay package.

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Looking 4 Costa Rica Villas?
Rent our all-inclusive, 7 bedroom rental home in Guanacaste.  Just 20 minutes from the Liberia airport, this deluxe ocean view mansion sleeps 6-22 guests.  Ideal for company events & Costa Rica weddings. With 3 meals served daily and a full-time staff to pamper guests, it's more than a Costa Rica vacation rental ...It's your own Private Resort!  Call toll free: 1-800-606-1860.

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 6, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 111
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Obama and Xi holding meeting
on estate for candid discussion

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama hopes that his meetings with China’s new president, Xi Jinping, at an estate in California will help the two leaders build a personal relationship. Friday and Saturday’s summit is expected to cover cybersecurity, North Korea and trade.

The formal welcome that awaited China’s previous leader, Hu Jintao, in 2011 will be absent for Chinese president, Xi Jinping. 

Xi, when he was China's vice president, met with President Obama at the White House.

The more relaxed format of the summit near Palm Springs is intended to allow the leaders more time to talk and get to know each other, says Michael Auslin, at Washington’s American Enterprise Institute.

“And what they want to do is have the two leaders get out of the stuffy, formal, State Department-run type of banquets and, you know, large meetings and instead, sit down around a fire together, roll up their shirtsleeves and talk from the heart, you know, talk heart-to-heart,” Auslin said.

U.S. officials say Obama will confront Xi about charges that China is stealing information from American businesses, government agencies and the armed forces.  China denies that its military is engaged in cyber hacking.

Cheng Li is a senior fellow at Washington’s Brookings Institution. “In terms of cybersecurity, there are a number of issues, including espionage, intellectual property rights, in terms of sabotage.  But I think particularly that, in intellectual property rights, I think you have a lot of things to say, because that is the exact area that the U.S. is far ahead of China,” Li said.

Michael Auslin says discussing cyber-theft is a waste of time unless President Obama backs talk with action. “And they also will not pay much attention to a president of the United States who only has the card to play of saying, ‘I am really concerned about this.’  They know that.  They would be much more likely to pay attention to us if we say, ‘There are real and lasting consequences for what you are doing,’” Auslin said.

The White House says trade will be high on the agenda for the leaders of the world’s two largest economies.  Cheng says both sides have issues they want to discuss.

“We want to talk about intellectual property rights, talk about China’s protectionism, especially for the state-owned enterprises.  But for China, they want to make sure that the TPP, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which they believe is to contain China, keep China out of international free trade,” Cheng said. 

Presidents Obama and Xi are both concerned about the recent nuclear threats from North Korea, and Beijing has taken a tougher line against its longtime ally.

They will probably also address the conflict between China and Japan over islands in the East China Sea and the Obama administration’s increased emphasis on military ties with the Asia-Pacific region.

Obama names Susan Rice
as national security adviser

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama has picked U.N. ambassador Susan Rice to be his next national security adviser.

Speaking at the White House, Obama said Rice was a fearless and tough patriot who understands that there is no substitute for American leadership. He added that she is mindful the United States has to exercise its power wisely and deliberately.

"She's reinvigorated American diplomacy in New York. She's helped to put in place tough sanctions on Iran and North Korea. She has defended Israel. She has stood up for innocent civilians from Libya to Cote d'Ivoire. She has supported an independent South Sudan. She has raised her voice for human rights, including women's rights. Put simply, Susan exemplifies the finest tradition of American diplomacy."

Ms. Rice is under criticism from congressional Republicans as part of the investigations into the deadly attack on a U.S. compound in Benghazi, Libya. Ms. Rice said in television interviews the attacks were spontaneous, which later was shown to be incorrect.

Rice was considered likely to succeed Hillary Clinton as secretary of State, but she withdrew amid the Republican criticism. The post of national security adviser does not require Senate confirmation.
Rice is replacing Tom Donilon, who is to leave his job by early July. Donilon has been a key foreign policy adviser to Obama since he took office.

Obama said the American people owe Donilon an enormous amount of gratitude for helping to end the war in Iraq, finding and killing al-Qaida terrorist Osama bin Laden, and strengthening ties with America's allies.

The president has nominated the Irish-born professor Samantha Power to succeed Rice at the United Nations. Her nomination goes to the Senate for approval.

China cracks down on wine
in reaction to EU tariffs

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

China took aim on Wednesday at exports of the European wines favored by its growing middle class, responding to an EU move to impose anti-dumping duties of Chinese solar panels as tensions rise between two of the world's biggest trade partners.

In a step targeting southern European states such as France and Italy that back duties but largely sparing northern countries such as Germany that oppose them, Beijing launched an anti-dumping and anti-subsidy inquiry into sales of European wine.

The European Union will impose duties on imports of Chinese solar panels from Thursday, but has dramatically reduced the initial rate after pressure from some large member states led by Berlin in the hope of negotiating a settlement with Beijing.

China's Commerce Ministry said the EU penalties were imposed despite Beijing making great efforts and showing enormous sincerity in trying to resolve the matter through talks.

“The European side still obstinately imposed unfair duties on Chinese imports of solar panels,” the ministry said in a statement on its Web site.

China's newly well-to-do, whose ranks are growing as fast as the economy, have a seemingly unquenchable thirst for European wines, especially those from France which make up more than half the total. China is now the biggest importer of Bordeaux wines where consumption soared 110 percent in 2011 alone.

France's trade ministry condemned the Chinese move as inappropriate and reprehensible, accusing Beijing of opening a new front in an unrelated area. French President Francois Hollande called for a meeting of the 27 EU member states to show solidarity on trade issues, a government spokeswoman said.

In a more cautious reaction, German Economics Minister Philipp Roesler renewed Berlin's call for a negotiated solution and warned of the danger of wider trade confrontation.

Any action is unlikely to be popular with Chinese consumers. “We Chinese love the French wines. They're so sophisticated and go down so well,” said Niu Lanxiang, 23, a logistics worker out shopping for wine in a supermarket in Beijing's fashionable Sanlitun district.

“I know wine is more of a Western habit, but China is a modern country now too and we're learning how to enjoy wine,” she said. However, not all Chinese share her cultured palate; some still prefer to drink wine mixed with Coca-Cola or Sprite.

A European Commission spokesman told a briefing there was no dumping or subsidy of European wine exports to China and the EU authorities would defend their producers. He declined comment on talk of a trade war, saying Brussels did not use such terms.

The Chinese ministry said the government had begun the inquiry into EU wines at the request of Chinese wine makers.

“The commerce ministry has already received an application from the domestic wine industry, which accuses wines imported from Europe of entering China's market by use of unfair trade tactics such as dumping and subsidies,” it said in a statement.

“We have noted the quick rise in wine imports from the EU in recent years, and we will handle the investigation in accordance with the law.”

The move appeared largely symbolic and less severe than if China had targeted industrial exports such as Airbus aircraft, made by Toulouse-based European aerospace group EADS.

“It's a very calculated move. Wine is significant enough as a signal, yet it's not important enough to hurt industries in the European Union,” said Xu Bin, professor of economics and finance at the China Europe International Business School in Shanghai.

China's “underlying interests” were very much in favor of resolving the solar panel issue within the next two months without over-reacting, he said. “Neither side wants to see a trade war, but both sides have their own interests.”

EU wine exports to China excluding Hong Kong, which EU officials said was not covered by the announcement, reached 257.3 million liters in 2012 for a value of nearly $1 billion. More than half, 139.5 million liters, came from France.

Diageo and Pernod are among the suppliers.

European wine-growers receive subsidies from the EU's Common Agricultural Policy, although not specifically for exports. For example, the biggest producer of Beaujolais wines, George Duboeuf, received 1.1 million euros ($1.4 million) in EU handouts in the 2011/12 season, according to the French Agriculture Ministry.

China is the third biggest export market for European wines and the fastest growing, as the rising middle class enjoys the pleasures and status of sipping fine Bordeaux or quaffing Rioja.

About 15 Chinese individuals or businesses have bought wine-growing properties in Bordeaux and investors also want to develop luxury tourism in the region, which they think will be the next fad as Chinese wealth pours into Europe.

Jim Boyce, who runs the wine blog, said Chinese manufacturers have been upset about alleged dumping for a while. “The big issue was all this Spanish wine flowing in here at incredibly low prices,” he said.

In Madrid, a representative of the Spanish Wine Federation said the Chinese move was a potentially serious blow to one of the few bright spots in a country stuck in deep recession since a housing bubble burst in 2008, decimating its economy.

“The saddest thing about all this is that if proceedings are opened and anti-dumping measures such as import tariffs applied, it means a sector that is doing really well will be dragged into a trade war that has nothing to do with it,” she said.

Spain abstained on the solar panel duties. Under EU rules that is counted as a vote in favor.

The EU is China's most important trading partner, while for the EU China is second only to the United States. Chinese exports of goods to the bloc totaled 290 billion euros ($376 billion) last year, with 144 billion euros going the other way.

Wine sales are only a fraction of overall exports to the rising Asian economic powerhouse but the move raises the risk of more tit-for-tat trade barriers.

The EU now has 31 trade investigations underway, 18 of them involving China. The largest to date is that into the importation of 21 billion euros of solar panels, cells and wafers from China.

The EU says it has evidence that Chinese firms are selling solar panels below cost, a practice known as dumping. But the initial duty of 11.8 percent announced on Tuesday by European Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht was far below the average 47 percent that had been planned.

The Chinese Commerce Ministry said it took note of the lower initial rate and called on the EU to “show more sincerity and flexibility to find a resolution both sides can accept through consultations.”

Deported woman's son pushes
for proposed immigration bill

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The son of a Mexican woman who became a symbol of the U.S. immigration reform movement by taking sanctuary in a Chicago church to try to avoid deportation pushed lawmakers in Washington Wednesday to help families like his.

Saul Arellano and other young U.S. citizens whose parents have been deported, or are in detention for immigration violations, shared their stories with members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, just days before the Senate is set to debate a possible overhaul of the U.S. immigration system.

"It's been 10 painful years,” said Arellano, reflecting on the time since his mother first faced legal troubles and was later deported for living and working illegally in the U.S.

He said his one dream is for the U.S. to pass immigration reform, “because many families are being separated, and that is not fair.”

The U.S.-born Arellano, now a teenager, currently lives with his mother Elvira in Michoacan, Mexico. The pair became the unlikely stars of a national drama that unfolded in 2006, when the woman took sanctuary at the Adalberto United Methodist Church in Chicago, Illinois, in the mid-western United States. In an effort to stay close to her son, she evaded deportation for immigration violations but was swiftly returned to Mexico when she left the church to lobby her case in California.

While in Washington, Arellano said he hoped to see President Barack Obama, whom he met once before when the president was a senator in Illinois, pushing for immigration reform to help people like Arellano.

Emma Lozano, a spokeswoman for Familia Latina Unida, an advocacy group co-founded by Elvira Arellano, urged Obama to use his executive powers on deportations, as he did with the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals memorandum.

Last year’s so-called DACA memorandum protected some undocumented immigrants who entered the U.S. as children from deportation.

“Obama should use his executive powers like he used for DACA and all those eligible under the Senate bill. He should stop those deportations immediately,” Lozano said. “We need a solution now.”

The Obama administration has removed more undocumented immigrants from the country than any other presidency, overseeing the deportation of nearly 400,000 people annually since 2009, according to the Pew Research Hispanic Center.

Not all of those people have children in the U.S., but many do. A new report by Human Impact Partners says an estimated 152,000 children were affected by the 88,517 deportations of undocumented immigrants last year who said they had at least one U.S. citizen child.

The California-based health research and advocacy group says those children, as well as the more than four million others who live in families where one or more of their parents are undocumented, face anxiety and fear that could result in mental health and behavioral problems.

The group, like Arellano and Familia Latina Unida, are pushing for the Obama administration to help reunite families separated by deportation.

The immigration reform bill, which passed the Senate Judiciary Committee two weeks ago, is expected to come under review by the full Senate next week. To become law, it needs to be approved by both the Senate and House of Representatives, and signed by the president.

The current bill would provide more opportunities for individuals deported from the U.S. to re-enter the country. An applicant without a criminal conviction, who is also a spouse, parent or child of a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident, or who entered the country as a child and meets some other requirements, could potentially get a waiver to return to the States.

Army major who killed 13
says he did it for Talibans

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan, who is accused of killing 13 people in a shooting spree at Fort Hood, Texas, Nov. 5, 2009, is seeking another few months delay in his trial in order to prepare his defense. But his statement Tuesday that he will use a defense of others approach, specifically naming the Taliban leaders in Afghanistan as the others, has raised the question of whether he should not be tried as an enemy combatant.

Although jury selection was supposed to have begun Wednesday, the presiding judge, Col. Tara Osborn, has postponed all court proceedings until next week so that she can make a decision on the latest motion from Hasan. He has asked for three months to prepare a defense based on a so-called defense of others strategy.

In a statement to the court Tuesday, Hasan made clear that the others in this case were leaders and fighters of the Taliban in Afghanistan. The soldiers he is accused of shooting at Fort Hood were preparing for deployment to Afghanistan.

His statements contradict the government's position that the attack was not an act of terrorism. Military prosecutors say that using words like terrorism would make it difficult to give Hasan a fair trial. But his statement Tuesday is seen by many analysts as an admission that he carried out the attack on behalf of a foreign enemy.

Among those who see it that way is former military lawyer Jeff Addicott, who now heads the Center for Terrorism Law at St. Mary's University in San Antonio, Texas.

"He was admitting that he was an unlawful enemy combatant and it does matter because we operate under the law of war when we deal with them. If he is an enemy combatant, then the people he murdered are entitled to the full benefit of our veterans who were killed or wounded in combat," Addicott said.

Family members of those killed or wounded in the shooting rampage have complained that they are undergoing hardships, while Hasan receives his full salary as the case drags on month after month. Much of last year, for example, was taken up in a dispute over whether the defendant should be allowed to have a beard, something he claimed was an expression of his Muslim faith. After the first judge was removed, Col. Osborn took over the case and ruled he could keep it.

But Jeff Addicott believes Hasan is manipulating the supposedly strict military legal system.

"He has already won; he has the beard, there is no tight control there. He won't wear the Class A uniform that all defendants are required to wear, military personnel. He is wearing fatigues. So he has already won significant minor victories in his mind. So he is on a roll," Addicott said.

Defenders of the military court, however, say Judge Osborn is doing the right thing in allowing every request that is made within the legal framework so as to make sure the trial is fair and to minimize the possibility of a later appeal.

She denied Hasan's request for access to the Internet, for example, but she ordered his former attorneys and legal assistants to do research for him. She granted Hasan's request to defend himself, but has ordered his court-appointed attorneys to remain on standby in case she needs to have them resume the defense.

Contest features smart robots
in search of designated objects

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Eleven robots faced off in a Massachusetts field on Wednesday, showing off their ability to independently track down objects in a hunt for $1.5 million in prize money at a NASA-sponsored contest aimed at speeding technological development.
In the first day of a three-day event, robots designed by teams from the United States, Canada and Estonia set out from a platform in a two-acre park at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Massachusetts, to search among rolling hills, rocks, trees and a gazebo to find geologic samples.
They operated without human control, with the goal of encouraging advancements in autonomous navigation and robotics technologies, NASA officials said.
“Improving this technology will be a huge boon, not just to NASA and space exploration, but also for countless applications here on Earth,” including industrial purposes, Sam Ortega, program manager of Centennial Challenges, said in a statement.
The Centennial Challenges program, managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, is part of the agency's Space Technology Mission Directorate, which develops hardware for future missions.
Robots in the contest will be required to retrieve samples in a range of shapes and sizes, from shoe-box-like forms to objects resembling tennis balls. Prizes range from $100,000 to $1.5 million, depending on the complexity of the samples retrieved.
Organizers chose the park setting to provide real-world challenges to the robots.
At last year's event, also held at Worcester Polytechnic, no prize money was awarded because the one robot that qualified for the contest failed to collect the required samples in the allotted time.
Robots entered in the contest can weigh no more than 80 kilograms (176 pounds) and measure up to 1.5 meters (about five feet) square.
The program caters mostly to citizen inventors, but also small businesses and universities that have developed robots, Ortega said. Cash prizes can be awarded to U.S. citizens only, he said, but the non-monetary guts and glory reward remained a strong motivator for entrants, he added.
While NASA does not claim any right to the intellectual property of the winning robots, it encourages winners to start businesses.
Technological innovations that emerge through the contest could help NASA designers overcome challenges in creating robots used in five to 10 years, Ortega said.
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Real estate for sale (paid category)

Condo for sale in Flamingo
Ocean view 3-bedroom, 3 1/2-bathroom condo. Designer furnished 1,800 square feet, gated community. Only six units. Huge pool and balcony, pet friendly, parking, walking distance to Flamingo beach, banks, grocery store, farmacia, etc. New building. $349,000 asking. Ask for photos. 8705-0056. or 1-800-536-2322.

Casa de Eden
For sale by owner Playa Conchal home. Reduced $329,000

Casa de Eden is an ocean view three-bedroom, 2.5-bath, with outdoor shower, private pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure community surrounded by nature but still only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport. There is 2,600 square feet under the roof, which includes a large outdoor terrace and has phone, Internet & satellite TV. The home boasts luxury finishings: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, ceramic tile.  Contact  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025.

San Pedro condo
Condo for Sale in Flor del Este
Lourdes, Montes de Oca San Jose

Located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada 500 meters north of Inglesia Lourdes. U Latina, UCR, and U Fieditas are located within 5 minutes.  Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. Condo is a 3-story. Three/four-bedroom, three and half bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with only one entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. In addition, to security fencing, and electric wire, a recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house. Residence has a telephone communication system to contact the guard house. In addition there is a green park area inside the complex for children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Equipped with an independent wired security system in addition to iron bars on windows and patio doors. Equipped with circuit breaker box and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Also has water storage tank under parking area and water pump to maintain high pressure on all three floors. American-style washer and electric dryer, Refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. Other furniture items may be available for purchase.
Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 8876-7399
U.S. Phone:  6630-886-4458  or   (305) 848- 5577
Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799 4041

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email

Rich Coast Montage
Central Pacific Coast Real Estate
- 2 Bedroom House in Gated Community near the beach, $89,000!!
- Beachfront Residential Lots from $35,000! Financing Available
- 2 Coffee Shops and Bakeries Turnkey $40,000/ $120,000 Great ROI
- Lots in Gated Community near the beach from $17,500!!
- 3 Bedroom House in Gated Community, furnished, walk to the beach, $120k
- 3 Bedroom Oceanview House on 5 acres subdividable
into 4 oceanview properties $250k
- 58 acre Oceanview Property subdividable, $169k
and much more....
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718 9891

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

La Cruz finca
La Cruz Finca 223 ha. (558.2 acre)
This beautiful 223-hectare (558-acre) farm is 70 kms. north of Liberia on the Pan-American Highway and has over a kilometer of frontage on the highway. The property is almost 3 kms deep and has good interior roads. The River Sapoa runs year round at the back side of the farm which is almost 1 mile wide with and incredible views over the Nicaraguan border to Lake Nicaragua and Isla Ometepe. Great property for an eco retreat, teak farm or cattle ranch.  At $900 per acre, this is one of the best farm deals around. See details HERE! The seller will entertain any reasonable offer. Price: $495,000 contact: Bruce Hummel. Email: Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987 7166,

Playa Octal home
Playa Ocotal Beach Home
This home is located in a residential resort complex made up of 40 luxurious, fully furnished beachfront villas, plus a clubhouse complete with poolside bar and restaurant. Bahía Pez Vela is located in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, one kilometer from Playa Ocotal on the North Pacific coast and just 30 minutes drive from Liberia International Airport and three miles to downtown Playas Del Coco. From this home you can hear and see the waves crashing on the rocks of this pristine beach. See it HERE! This is the best priced beach home in Costa Rica! Price $225,000   Contact: Bruce Hummel, - Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987-7166.

hree peanel montage
This dream Costa Rica beach house overlooking Carara National Park and the Pacific has been rented continuously for two years. D.C. owners are on site at the house in May and prepping for June 1 Move in and/or vacation rentals and have an unbelievable offer. Already listed way under value, $150,000 Cash or $199,500 with owner financing through May 30th. Note: This was the owner's (14 year residents of Costa Rica) dream home before their relocation to Washington, D.C., Your own salt water Infinity pool, expansive sala and balcony, views from every room. Each room is individually air-conditioned, ceramic tiles, cathedral ceiling; three bedrooms in an international community. Scarlet macaws fly by your veranda each evening.
zen/natural contemporary design ideal for your location overlooking Costa Rica's biological corridor. 50 minutes from San José, minutes from beaches/20 minutes from Jacó Beach. Tour this property online first at and if interested contact Barry in Costa Rica through May 30th for a tour. In Costa Rica: 8701-5639 or call Rosemary in the U.S. 239-910-3354. Note: On June 1 the price of this property will increase to over $200,000 after equipping, painting and acceptance of rental income. Don't wait!

La Garita
This home was built by a California contractor with all the amenities expected in a 3,000-square foot home.  There is a little less than one acre of land.  There is an 800-square foot shop easily converted to a rental unit or studio.  Located in La Garita de Atenas, 15 minutes to the international airport and 30 minutes to San José.  $225,000. 2487-4500.

montage ofr photos
ALAZAN Eco-Friendly Community

- Ocean, mountain, and river views, built in harmony with nature
- 70% sold out, 1.25 acre + lots available from $75,000
- All lots held in separate corporations
- Functioning HOA with 24-hour security and gated front entrance
- 100% custom homes, turnkey construction
- Community homes have been featured in Su Casa Architectural Magazine
- Abundant wildlife on the property, access to 45-acre nature preserve
- Organic Permaculture farm coming soon
- Build your custom dream home and join our community of friends in paradise!
Brokers Welcome
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 (506) 8718-9891

Arenal Colonial
Property for sale, great potential income
Turnkey business $350K. Rental $1,250/month This luxury home (4,000 square feet and two story private home) is a botanical paradise overlooking beautiful Lake Arenal. Only one block from the lake park and boat ramp. Close to Tabacón hot springs and Monteverde cloud forest. Caño Negro national park and many beautiful beaches along the Pacific are only a short drive away. Costa Rica bird watching, wind surfing, fishing, water sports, ecotourism adventures, hiking, tennis and mountain biking are out your front door. Also has a wonderful view of the Arenal Volcano, a safe 25 miles away. Electric gated entrance. Safe private home and entire property. To see more pictures and info, click here:

Jacó compound
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 bath 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment. one bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom,  gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500 square-meter garden with aviary for Guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4 meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2 meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture, included even a car. Owner financing available. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. More photos on request.

Monte Mar
Hacienda Monte Mar
Gated Community near the beach
SALE on our last 4 lots! Starting at just $17,500 with financing available.
Reserve today with just $5,000 down
Great Retirement Home, Vacation Home, or investment option!
Lots of wildlife on the property. Gated front entrance, caretakers on site,
security and lawn maintenance.
Water and power on site.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. $180,000 506-8869-9274.

You can purchase property in Costa Rica legally without paying Land Transfer Tax; this plus the usual real estate commission of 5% will reduce your purchase price by approximately 11%. Save over $50,000.00 on the purchase of this $465,000.00 property. Large 5000+ sq.ft. House. Ideal for business executive, B & B or large family. E-mail for photos and more information to

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

just reduced
Just Reduced to $169,000!!!
58-acre oceanview and mountainview property

Segregated into 9 lots, Excellent Development Potential!
20 minutes from the beach Central Pacific Coast, between Jacó and Quepos.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005  CR Cell 8718-9891

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, June 6, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 111
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Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute photo
A tangle of rope and fishing gear lies on the seafloor about 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) deep in Monterey Canyon.

Researchers catalogue debris
photographed in deep ocean

By the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
news staff

Surprisingly large amounts of discarded trash end up in the ocean. Plastic bags, aluminum cans, and fishing debris not only clutter beaches, but accumulate in open-ocean areas such as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Now, a paper by researchers at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute shows that trash is also accumulating in the deep sea, particularly in Monterey Canyon.

Kyra Schlining, lead author on this study, said, "We were inspired by a fisheries study off Southern California that looked at sea floor trash down to 365 meters. We were able to continue this search in deeper water — down to 4,000 meters. Our study also covered a longer time period, and included more in situ observations of deep-sea debris than any previous study I'm aware of."

To complete this extensive study, Ms. Schlining and her coauthors combed through 18,000 hours of underwater video collected by the institute's remotely operated vehicles. Over the past 22 years, technicians in the institute's video lab recorded virtually every object and animal that appeared in these videos.

For this study, research technicians searched the database to find every video clip that showed debris on the sea floor. They then compiled data on all the different types of debris they saw, as well as when and where this debris was observed.

In total, the researchers counted over 1,500 observations of deep-sea debris, at dive sites from Vancouver Island to the Gulf of California, and as far west as the Hawaiian Islands. In the recent paper, the researchers focused on sea floor debris in and around Monterey Bay — an area in which the institute conducts over 200 research dives a year. In this region alone, the researchers noted over 1,150 pieces of debris on the sea floor.

The largest proportion of the debris — about one third of the total — consisted of objects made of plastic. Of these objects, more than half were plastic bags. Plastic bags are potentially dangerous to marine life because they can smother attached organisms or choke animals that consume them.

Metal objects were the second most common type of debris seen in this study. About two thirds of these objects were aluminum, steel, or tin cans. Other common debris included rope, fishing equipment, glass bottles, paper, and cloth items.

The researchers found that trash was not randomly distributed on the sea floor. Instead, it collected on steep, rocky slopes, such as the edges of Monterey Canyon, as well as in a few spots in the canyon axis. The researchers speculate that debris accumulates where ocean currents flow past rocky outcrops or other obstacles.

The researchers also discovered that debris was more common in the deeper parts of the canyon, below 2,000 meters (6,500 feet). Ms. Schlining commented, "I was surprised that we saw so much trash in deeper water. We don't usually think of our daily activities as affecting life two miles deep in the ocean." She added, "I'm sure that there's a lot more debris in the canyon that we're not seeing. A lot of it gets buried by underwater landslides and sediment movement. Some of it may also be carried into deeper water, farther down the canyon."

In the same areas where they saw trash on the sea floor, the researchers also saw kelp, wood, and natural debris that originated on land. This led them to conclude that much of the trash in Monterey Canyon comes from land-based sources, rather than from boats and ships.

Although the study also showed a smaller proportion of lost fishing gear than did some previous studies, fishing gear accounted for the most obvious negative impacts on marine life. The researchers observed several cases of animals trapped in old fishing gear.

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From Page 7

Samsung wins patent case over Apple

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

South Korea's Samsung Electronics has won a significant legal victory over U.S.-based Apple in the contentious dispute between the two technology giants over patent rights.

The U.S. International Trade Commission ruled Tuesday that Apple violated a Samsung patent involving technology related to the transmission of information over wireless devices. In a decision last year, Apple won a court decision that Samsung had violated several of its patents.

The latest decision could block the U.S. import and sale of some of Apple's older hand-held electronic devices, including its popular iPhone 4, that are manufactured at Asian factories. The iPhone 4 has been marketed as a low-cost option compared to some of Apple's newer models that are not affected by the ruling.

Samsung said the ruling by the trade commission confirmed its belief that Apple has a history of free-riding on the company's innovations.

Apple said it would appeal the verdict in U.S. courts. It could also be overturned by U.S. President Barack Obama, although no American leader has exercised such veto power in a patent dispute in several decades.

Apple and Samsung have vied for worldwide supremacy in the sales of cellphones. Samsung was once a small competitor in the market, but now sells more smartphones than Apple.