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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Thursday, May 23, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 101                  Email us
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Ailing expat's travails is lesson for others living here
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

In addition to death and taxes, there is one other fact that is certain: A foreigner who owes child support can't get out of the country without posting 13 months of payments.

The Sala IV constitutional court confirmed that fact Tuesday when it denied a 76-year-old U.S. citizen in failing health the right to leave the country for medical treatment at a Veterans Administration hospital in Texas.

The man is Aaron Joe Frazer, a long-time resident here, who suffers from a long list of ailments. The Sala IV also said that Frazer was liable for charges run up at the Hospital San Rafael de Alajuela. The unanimous decision by seven magistrates reaffirmed the rule that foreigners are entitled to medical care in emergency situations but that the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social can collect in advance payments for such services that are not an emergency.

Frazer's lawyer, Arcelio Hernandez Mussio, said the man has two children he has not seen since 2002. But a family court judge in Cóbano issued a ruling when he broke up with his companion, Geraldi Vega Bolaños. that he should pay 95.133,83 colons a month in child support. Such payments are called pensiones alimentarias in Costa Rica.

The law, which the Sala IV upheld, says that anyone with an obligation to pay child support must post an amount equal to 12 months plus alguinaldos before leaving Costa Rica. For Frazer, that would be about $2,500, said the lawyer, who noted his client is broke.

Frazer, now living in Alajuela, sought relief from the judge in Cóbano and also from his former companion, but both declined to give him permission to leave, said the decision.

He was hospitalized in early May with a litany of
graphic
                        for gringo

illnesses. His appeal also claimed that he was denied medical attention from the Caja hospital.

The court decision noted that the constitutional right to leave the country is not unlimited and that judiciary and other factors can keep a citizen or a foreigner here.

As for the hospital bill, the court cited an earlier decision to make a distinction between emergency care, which is free for even those who are not enrolled in the Caja and care which is not an emergency for which hospital workers can collect payment in advance.

So Frazer has to pay some of the bills he ran up during two days of hospitalization and another day of examination, but the court said he could enter into a payment plan with the Caja. He owes about $1,345, said the lawyer. The court also cautioned the Caja that Frazer was eligible for emergency treatment in the future if he needs it.

Hernández said that his client served in the U.S. military in 1954 and that he was eligible for hospital care in the United States because he is a veteran.

The lawyer said that Frazer's problems may be illustrative for other North Americans in similar situations living in Costa Rica.


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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 101
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


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Evening weather promises
more moisture for today


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A fog or mist swept over much of the Central Valley Wednesday night, showing clearly that there is plenty of moisture in the air.

The hot morning weather today will convert that moisture to clouds and afternoon thundershowers.

The rains started a bit early Wednesday. Thunderstorms dotted the Central Valley by noon. But the best that the weather could deliver was less than an inch.  The Instituto Meteorológico Nacional in Barrio Aranjuez recorded just two-thirds of an inch or 16.9 millimeters.

The weather institute said that there will be electrical storms today on the Pacific coast, the Central Valley, the mountains of the Caribbean and the northern zone.

Also predicted are showers in the evening.

Farmers and those concerned with generating electricity with hydro power are hoping for a prolonged period of steady rains in the coming weeks.


Our reader's opinion
Loss of half of nation's water
is fault of public officials

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

So far it has been a dry rainy season in Central America, and water reserves are low;  Panamá has declared a drought and has closed schools and reduced government functions in an attempt to cut the consumption of electricity generated from its hydroelectric plants due to low reservoir levels. 

As of the date of this writing, the Costa Rican government has warned that we are facing possible, widespread water rationing – and there have already been some communities that have had their water service suspended for varying amounts of time

It’s an easy target to claim that the less than normal rainfall is a byproduct of global warming (or climate change if you prefer that term) and is that possibly true.  But there is another culprit afoot much closer to home which is having a major, but largely ignored, impact on the Costa Rican water supply reserves.  In a single word, it is mismanagement.

In a 2009 WHO/UNICEF report, the "Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2010 Estimates,"  it was noted that “non-revenue water ("water losses") in Costa Rican water companies is high, as most systems are operating with losses usually over 50 percent, a value which reflects a high level of inefficiency . . .”   By comparison, in the USA a loss of 3 percent is considered acceptable and a loss rate approaching 7 percent is serious and cause for investigation.

What does this mean in simple terms?  It means that over one-half of the drinking water that enters the system in Costa Rica never reaches the consumer.  Where does it go?  It runs freely in the streets!

We all have witnessed water flowing in the gutters from the leaks, whether it be spraying in the air from a major rupture or from seeping up through the streets.  Those leaks may continue for days, even weeks, and when we see them they singly don’t appear significant.  But collectively, when considered on a nationwide basis, it is a lot of water that is being wasted!  And it is all due to mismanagement of the resource – mismanagement which trickles down from the highest levels to the maintenance crews in the street who effect inadequate and shoddy repairs on the existing leaks, resulting in them continuing or recurring only a short time later.

Who is ultimately responsible?  That’s an easy question to answer; let’s begin with two simple facts:

1) The Costa Rican water company, AyA (Instituto Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados) is the provider of drinking water services to the population.  In areas where AyA does not provide service, there are local rural water administration boards called ASADAs.  These associations, of which there are more than 2,000 around the country, function as non-profit organizations under the legal framework of the law on associations.  Both AyA and the ASADAs are tasked with the operation and maintenance of water supply systems and communal sewage.  These organizations are based in the Constitutive Act of AyA No. 2726, Regulation of ASADAS-Executive Decree No. 32529-S-, and MINAET and Associations Act No. 218.

2)  Public documents reveal that the economic regulation of the major service providers – AyA and ASADAS – is the responsibility of the regulatory authority for public services (ARESEP). Created in 1999, ARESEP is responsible for tariff setting, setting technical regulations, and monitoring the compliance with those regulations.  Additionally, the responsibility for water and sanitation policy is shared by the ministry of health and the ministry of environment and energy.

So who is responsible?  Ultimately, it is the national government via the regulating bodies who are accountable for the standards of compliance set for AyA and ASADAs . . . and the mismanagement of AyA and the ASADAs themselves.

It’s pretty hard to point a meaningful finger at organizations as large and tenuous as agencies as these.  But what it comes down to is that those organizations are managed by people.  And it is those people, those officials and executives who are responsible for the efficient operation of the organizations, which are mismanaging the resource by allowing a continuing, widespread leakage problem, a problem that results in over 50 percent of the water supply being wasted.

It’s too late to forestall the water rationing that is already happening.  But it’s not too late to start holding those persons who are in positions of management responsible for preventing a future need for water rationing, should climatic events again result in a supply (rainfall) shortage.  And the time to start that is now. 
Allen Dickinson

EDITOR'S NOTE: Dickinson credits some of his information to the Puriscal Times.


Venezuela's economy heads
for some drastic change

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In Venezuela, the laws of supply and demand are undermining the socialist revolution started by the late President Hugo Chávez.  Since Chavez’s hand-picked successor Nicolas Maduro won the Venezuelan presidential election in April by a margin of less than 2 percent high inflation and a shortage of staple goods are now leading many on both sides of this politically divided country to question whether its current economic course is sustainable.

Recently, toilet paper has been in short supply in Venezuela.  The situation improved only after the national assembly approved funding to increase needed foreign imports.  Shortages of staple goods have become common occurrences in this rich country with the third-largest oil reserves in the world.  Many economists blame the socialist policies of the late President Hugo Chávez.  He instituted price controls on some products to curb inflation, resulting in both reduced domestic production and high inflation after the controls were lifted. Currency exchange controls have also restricted foreign imports.

Latin American analyst Diana Negroponte, with the Brookings Institution, says this is a crisis for newly elected President Maduro who must impose free-market reforms before the economy implodes or face dire political consequences. 

“If he pursues the ideological outcome, he is destined to fail. And rumbling of protests from within his own party will lead to impeachment," said Negroponte.

However, Mark Weisbrot with the Center for Economic and Policy Research, says all that is needed to end scarcity and stabilize the nearly 30 percent rate of inflation is easing currency exchange controls.
 
“This isn’t the hyper-inflation or anything like this. They’ve hit this rate of inflation before and it came down. You know if you look at the last quarter of last year, right before that inflation was running at an annual rate of 13.3 percent," said Weisbrot.

Increased political polarization is also fueling the current crisis.  Opposition candidate Henrique Capriles continues to contest the close election results. Maduro has rejected a vote recount but some of his recent appointments, like Finance Minister Nelson Merentes, indicate he is open to pragmatic change. Still, Mark Schneider with the International Crisis Group says Maduro must do more, including appointing opposition members to the cabinet.

“Something needs to be dialogue, consensus, reconciliation, and some degree of accommodation when you have half of the country on one side of the divide and the other half on the other side of the divide and the economic situation is deteriorating," said Schneider.

In post-Chavez Venezuela, he says, both sides of the political aisle must put the national interest over partisan concerns to deal with problems that affect rich and poor alike.


NASA experiments with food
that comes from 3D printer


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Astronauts on future missions to Mars may be able to dial up a pizza via a 3D printer.

NASA announced it awarded a $125,000 grant to Systems & Materials Research Corp.’s Anjan Contractor, who has already designed the printer.

The head of the printer will be fed with a combination of nutrients, water, oils and flavors, which can be sprayed, layer by layer to create three dimensional food. The base ingredients could have a shelf life of up to 30 years.

The first test: printing a pizza.

According to a proposal posted on the NASA Web site in March, “the 3D printing component will deliver macronutrients [starch, protein, and fat], structure, and texture while the ink jet will deliver micronutrients, flavor, and smell.”

“Using unflavored macronutrients, such as protein, starch and fat, the sustenance portion of the diet can be rapidly produced in a variety of shapes and textures directly from the 3D printer [already warm],” according to the proposal.

The biggest advantage to 3D food printing, NASA says, is that there is no waste.

According to the NASA proposal, printing food could have applications beyond space.

Citing projections of the world’s population reaching 12 billion by the end of the century, NASA said “current infrastructure of food production and supply will not be able to meet the demand of such a large population.”

 
Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him
 HERE!
From the Costa Rican press
News items posted Monday through Friday by 8 a.m.
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 101
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Volcano experts take a flight over the crater of Turrialba
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Volcán Turrialba has returned to normal emitting just steam and vapor, but experts who flew over the mountain Wednesday said they are concerned.

The national emergency commission set up the flight. Participating were Rolando Mora of the Universidad de Costa Rica in San Pedro and Geoffroy Avard of the Universidad Nacional in Heredia.

The volcanologists said that the volcano is undergoing change and that the surveillance of the mountain should be stepped up.

The Comisión Nacional de Prevención de Riesgos y Atención de Emergencias said that the emission of a tall column of ash and vapor Tuesday morning suggests something important is happening.

The commission said that experts are now studying the ash that was collected after the eruption. Ash fell as far west and north as Coronado and Guadalupe.

The character of the ash will say a lot about what is going on inside the mountain, said the commission.  If the ash is from old deposits, the conclusion would be that the ash comes from the upper reaches of the two major vents and has been there awhile.

However, if the ash appears to be new and from the depths of the mountain, this may suggest that the mountain is moving to another, more active stage, said the commission.

So far, emergency officials have asked that workers not return to the farms close to the volcano. They said they are worried about the workers being affected by the gas.

The mountain has been erupting off and on for three years. The national park surrounding the volcano remains closed to visitors.
volcano
Observatorio Vulcanológico
y Sismológico /Alejandro Calderón Aguilar
  This is another view of the eruption that took place
 Tuesday. This photo was taken about 6:50 a.m. from the
 Puente de las Monjas in Turrialba.


Mora is with the Red Sismológica de la Universidad de Costa Rica, and Avard is with the Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico at Universidad Nacional.

In addition to the overflight Wednesday, volcano experts were at the mountain Tuesday after the eruption was reported.

Scientists have been keeping a close eye on the mountain. There are sensors that register tremors showing internal movement of magma, and there even are automatic cameras that watch the crater.


Osa pair held on allegation they forced woman into prostitution
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Immigration police and prosecutors detained a Dominican couple Wednesday in Venecia de Palmar Norte, Cantón de Osa, and said that they were suspects in a human trafficking case.

Law enforcement officials showed up at the bar Las Vegas that the couple run there.

The couple are accused specifically of bringing a woman from the Dominican Republic last year, smuggling her into the country and then forcing her to work as a prostitute. The Poder Judicial said that the presumed victim was malnourished and had been treated badly.

The Poder Judicial said that the allegation is that the bar owner traveled to the Dominican Republic to recruit a woman on the 
 pretense of having her work at a restaurant.  The man bought the woman a plane ticket to Nicaragua and than paid someone $3,500 to smuggle her into Costa Rica, alleged the Poder Judicial.

Once here, the woman was put to work servicing clients for amounts ranging from 10,000 to 70,000 colons, said the Poder Judicial. That is from $20 to $140.

Costa Rica now has a tough trafficking law, and immigration officials are cracking down on the rural bars that offer prostitution as part of the menu. They have been several such cases in which the women who worked as prostitutes said they have been kept in the business by force or threats.

Under the new law, such victims are entitled to consideration for residency and other benefits.


Veterans group in Guanacaste plans Memorial Day event
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Guanacaste Veteran’s’ Association is continuing to look for neighbors who have served in the military.

The organization plans a Memorial Day celebration Monday at 2:30 p.m. at Coconutz, in Playas del Coco. Monday is Memorial Day in the United States. Those who have served in the military or support the military can be part of the membership, said an announcement..
Join us for camaraderie, fellowship, and a chance to honor those who have served on this special day, said the organization.

Those that are interested should make reservations as soon as possible, the organization said. 

For more information they can contact, Karen and Quinn Slack at 8938-3251, 8708-1325 or email slack.karen@yahoo.com, or Dave Reynolds at lodgepole46@yahoo.com

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 101
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Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad lining up loans for Reventazón project
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The national electric company has received pledges of financing for the completion of the Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Reventazón on the river of the same name.

The company, the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, said Wednesday that it has signed an agreement with the Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica for a $225 million loan. The company also signed an agreement with Scotiabank to manage the money in a trust that would be created to finance the rest of the project.

In all the company is getting pledges for $930 million from a variety of
sources, including local banks.

The hydro plant will generate up to 305.5 megawatts when completed.

The money from the Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica will go to purchase turbines and generators for 292 megawatts, the company known as ICE said.

In all, the project represents an investment of $1.45 billion, also using loans from the Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo and the Banco Europeo de Inversiones as well as international investors.

The hydro project is supposed to be online in 2016.

 
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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
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Geroge's view
An evening View
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Arenal Volcano Cabin Retreat
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Christ Howard with Max
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Howard Spanish cover

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Panama Vacations
Custom, all-inclusive vacations to Panama by 100% locally based experts in Panama.  See "the new Costa Rica" before the secret gets out!  We offer customized trips to the best all inclusive Panama hotels and Panama resorts. Call 1-866-393-4192 if from the U.S. or 00 (507)-264-1279 from Costa Rica.
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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
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Real estate for rent
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Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)
ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
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Lovely cottage on private coffee farm
One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed DSL internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone line,
Sarchi cottage
balcony with beautiful view, especially at night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful, owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a
feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, 3 months minimum. All utilities included. Shorter stays at $45 per night, 2 nights minimum. $225 per week, and $30 per additional night. Sorry, no pets.  Contact jogya345@yahoo.com or 8308-7732.
7956-6/16/13

Beautiful Golfito house for rent in Costa Rica: $300/month
Available now and please see the video!
http://youtu.be/7N5BThdct8s
New construction includes some wooden stairs to the main gate and a small pavilion above the house overlooking the village. The distance to Golfito harbor/downtown is 7 kms and you can get there by car, taxi or bus. The sale price is $72,000 which is negotiable and includes the property lot of 26,000 sq, ft, for more houses. The rent is $300/month, which is very reasonable for those who want to live near sea and Panamá in an inexpensive lifestyle. It was so nice to live near Panamá where people can shop for much lower prices including for groceries. Please contact me at berosyyourlife@hotmail.com for more details. Thank you.
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Available now $650 a month
This small but new and clean American-built house is settled on an organic farm a 10-minute walk from the center of town in Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Taxis are $1 to town and buses run to
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Heredia and Alajuela, about 30 minutes each. There is parking for one car. NO DOGS please. Rent includes: Cable television, house phone, ICE ADSL internet, water, electricity, laundry facilities. We have a family living on the farm aside from myself,  the owner, and another renter, so there is always someone around. This 2-bedroom house is brand new, 
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7945-5/30/13

Heredia rental
Beautiful mountain chalet  for rent
Beautiful mountain chalet surrounded by nature, built with tropical hardwoods and  located on a  5,000 m2  (54,000 sq feet) lot  with two other cottages.  House has basic furniture and  kitchen  appliances.  Ground floor:  Very large living/ dinning room, kitchen, office (or guest bedroom), and 1 bathroom . Upstairs:  2 bedrooms (one with a balcony), and 1 bathroom. 140 m2 approximately  Great BBQ rancho outside. Plenty space for visitor parking. Pets are welcome.  Quiet place, rural, restaurants close by. Near El Castillo Country Club, Tirol and La Condesa mountain hotels.  Only 45 minutes by car from San José.  All public services available  More information call Liseth.  Phone: (506) 7158-1548. Or send me a email:  licortes@hotmail.com
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COMPLETELY and nicely furnished apartments
apartment view
in San José, and one condo in Escazú. Fast Internet, cable TV, hot water. Large American appliances including washer and dryer. Both convenient locations. No pets. $600 per month. Contact: rentnowcr@gmail.com or call 8555-9819.
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prime
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
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Perez  Zeledon:   Large studio home overlooking river with deck.  Elegant, ceramic floors, nice cabinets, walk-in closet.  Beautiful gardens and grounds.  Secure. Private. Only  10 minutes
River view home
to San Isidro de El General. Mountain town with everything!  Then, 40 minutes to Playa Dominical, 40 minutes to Chirripó National Park, and also near many other attractions, yet very private and secluded.  Listen to river sounds and sleep like a baby.   
Rare birds in abundance. Includes,  One  double bed and refrigerator, stove, juicer, sofa, tables,  dishes, pans, etc.  Plus, electric, (hot) water   Phone, TV connected, Internet cable connected, garbage and gardener. All included for $425. /month.  Looking for one good person, reliable, long-term.    Non-smoker. jjpepman@hotmail.com
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Manuel Antonio long term apartment for rent
This modern two-bedroom apartment with a breathtaking view of the Quepos town and the Pacific Ocean is situated near Manuel Antonio National Park and beaches. The location offers a unique experience in the edge of the jungle, where you can observe wildlife. The apartment has two separate bedrooms and sleeps three guests maximum. The bathroom has a walk-in shower and a toilette. The living room is furnished with very comfortable furniture. The kitchen is fully equipped. Public transports like taxis, bus station, port as well as shops, groceries, restaurants, cafes, bars, and nightlife are within a very short distance. Fully furnished, all bills included (water, electricity, cable tv, wireless internet), $575 per month, 6-month minimum. Contact us now!!! 8853-8245. or see our
Web page:  www.brunxu.com  
7901-4/25/13

Mountain cabin for rent
Sacramento, Barva de Heredia
We offer for rent three furnished, 2-bedroom mountain homes located on the slopes of Barva Volcano, Sacramento, Heredia. The cabin-style homes are adjacent to the Braulio Carillo National Park and walking distance to the Barva Volcano crater lake. Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and garage. Take in breathtaking views of the Irazú Volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of bird species, to include the occasional Resplendent Quetzal, and a pristine cloud forest. We can also offer you an occasional ride on one of our beautiful mares. Contact Allan or Cristina at HPCattleCR@aol.com, or or for more information HERE! $850 USD/month. We can also offer a weekend or short-stay package.
7875-4/11/13

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
tropical
                                    homes
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442.
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Looking 4 Costa Rica Villas?
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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 23, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 101
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bookstore promoe



species
Arizona State University montage
An amazing glow-in-the-dark cockroach, a harp-shaped carnivorous sponge and the smallest vertebrate on Earth are just three of the newly discovered top 10 species selected by the International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University.

Top 10 species found in 2012
outlined by Arizona State

By the Arizona State University
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences news staff

An amazing glow-in-the-dark cockroach, a harp-shaped carnivorous sponge and the smallest vertebrate on Earth are just three of the newly discovered top 10 species selected by the International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University. A global committee of taxonomists, scientists responsible for species exploration and classification, announced its list of top 10 species from 2012 Wednesday.

The announcement, the sixth in as many years, coincides with the anniversary of the birth of Carolus Linnaeus, the 18th century Swedish botanist responsible for the modern system of scientific names and classifications.

Also slithering its way onto this year’s top 10 is a snail-eating false coral snake, as well as flowering bushes from a disappearing forest in Madagascar, a green lacewing that was discovered through social media and hangingflies that perfectly mimicked ginkgo tree leaves 165 million years ago. Rounding out the list is a new monkey with a blue-colored behind and human-like eyes, a tiny violet and a black staining fungus that threatens rare Paleolithic cave paintings in France.

“We have identified only about two million of an estimated 10 to 12 million living species and that does not count most of the microbial world,” said Quentin Wheeler, founding director of the International Institute for Species Exploration at the university.

“For decades, we have averaged 18,000 species discoveries per year which seemed reasonable before the biodiversity crisis. Now, knowing that millions of species may not survive the 21st century, it is time to pick up the pace,” Wheeler added.

“We are calling for a NASA-like mission to discover 10 million species in the next 50 years. This would lead to discovering countless options for a more sustainable future while securing evidence of the origins of the biosphere,” Wheeler said.

Members of the international committee made their top 10 selection from more than 140 nominated species. To be considered, species must have been described in compliance with the appropriate code of nomenclature, whether botanical, zoological or microbiological, and have been officially named during 2012.

“Selecting the final list of new species from a wide representation of life forms such as bacteria, fungi, plants and animals, is difficult. It requires finding an equilibrium between certain criteria and the special insights revealed by selection committee members,” said Antonio Valdecasas, a biologist and research zoologist with Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales in Madrid, Spain. Valdecasas is the international selection committee chairman for the top 10 new species.

This year’s top 10 come from Peru; the northeast Pacific Ocean  off California, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Panamá, France, New Guinea, Madagascar, Ecuador. Malaysia; and China.

Here are the finalists:

Lilliputian Violet
Viola lilliputana
Country: Peru

Tiny violet: Not only is the Lilliputian violet among the smallest violets in the world, it is also one of the most diminutive terrestrial dicots. Known only from a single locality in an Intermontane Plateau of the high Andes of Perú, Viola lilliputana lives in the dry puna grassland eco-region. Specimens were first collected in the 1960s, but the species was not described as new until 2012. The entire above-ground portion of the plant is barely one centimeter tall. It is named, obviously, for the race of little people on the island of Lilliput in Jonathan Swift’s "Gulliver’s Travels."

Lyre Sponge
Chondrocladia lyra
Country: northeast Pacific Ocean and California

Carnivorous sponge: A spectacular, large, harp- or lyre-shaped carnivorous sponge discovered in deep water (averaging 3,399 meters) from the northeast Pacific Ocean off the coast of California. The harp-shaped structures or vanes number from two to six and each has more than 20 parallel vertical branches, often capped by an expanded, balloon-like, terminal ball. This unusual form maximizes the surface area of the sponge for contact and capture of planktonic prey.

Lesula Monkey
Cercopithecus lomamiensis
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Old World monkey: Discovered in the Lomami Basin of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the lesula is an Old World monkey well known to locals but newly known to science. This is only the second species of monkey discovered in Africa in the past 28 years. Scientists first saw the monkey as a captive juvenile in 2007. Researchers describe the shy lesula as having human-like eyes. More easily heard than seen, the monkeys perform a booming dawn chorus. Adult males have a large, bare patch of skin on the buttocks, testicles and perineum that is colored a brilliant blue. Although the forests where the monkeys live are remote, the species is hunted for bush meat and its status is vulnerable.

No to the Mine! Snake
Sibon noalamina
Country: Panama

Snail-eating snake: A beautiful new species of snail-eating snake has been discovered in the highland rainforests of western Panamá. The snake is nocturnal and hunts soft-bodied prey including earthworms and amphibian eggs, in addition to snails and slugs. This harmless snake defends itself by mimicking the alternating dark and light rings of venomous coral snakes. The species is found in the Serranía de Tabasará mountain range where ore mining is degrading and diminishing its habitat. The species name is derived from the Spanish phrase No a la mina or “No to the mine.”

A Smudge on Paleolithic Art
Ochroconis anomala
Country: France

Fungus: In 2001, black stains began to appear on the walls of Lascaux Cave in France. By 2007, the stains were so prevalent they became a major concern for the conservation of precious rock art at the site that dates back to the Upper Paleolithic. An outbreak of a white fungus, Fusarium solani, had been successfully treated when just a few months later, black staining fungi appeared. The genus primarily includes fungi that occur in the soil and are associated with the decomposition of plant matter. As far as scientists know, this fungus, one of two new species of the genus from Lascaux, is harmless. However, at least one species of the group, O. gallopava, causes disease in humans who have compromised immune systems.

World’s Smallest Vertebrate
Paedophryne amanuensis
Country: New Guinea

Tiny frog: Living vertebrates — animals that have a backbone or spinal column — range in size from this tiny new species of frog, as small as 7 millimeters, to the blue whale, measuring 25.8 meters. The new frog was discovered near Amau village in Papua, New Guinea. It captures the title of smallest living vertebrate from a tiny Southeast Asian fish that claimed the record in 2006. The adult frog size, determined by averaging the lengths of both males and females, is only 7.7 millimeters. With few exceptions, this and other ultra-small frogs are associated with moist leaf litter in tropical wet forests — suggesting a unique ecological nitch that could not exist under drier circumstances.

Endangered Forest
Eugenia petrikensis
Country: Madagascar

Endangered shrub: Eugenia is a large, worldwide genus of woody evergreen trees and shrubs of the myrtle family that is particularly diverse in South America, New Caledonia and Madagascar. The new species E. petrikensis is a shrub growing to two meters with emerald green, slightly glossy foliage and beautiful, dense clusters of small magenta flowers. It is one of seven new species described from the littoral forest of eastern Madagascar and is considered to be an endangered species. It is the latest evidence of the unique and numerous species found in this specialized, humid forest that grows on sandy substrate within kilometers of the shoreline. Once forming a continuous band 1,600 kilometers long, the littoral forest has been reduced to isolated, vestigial fragments under pressure from human populations.

Lightning Roaches?
Lucihormetica luckae
Country: Ecuador

Glow-in-the-dark cockroach: Luminescence among terrestrial animals is rather rare and best known among several groups of beetles — fireflies and certain click beetles in particular — as well as cave-inhabiting fungus gnats. Since the first discovery of a luminescent cockroach in 1999, more than a dozen species have come to light. All are rare, and interestingly, so far found only in remote areas far from light pollution. The latest addition to this growing list is L. luckae that may be endangered or possibly already extinct. This cockroach is known from a single specimen collected 70 years ago from an area heavily impacted by the eruption of the Tungurahua volcano. The species may be most remarkable because the size and placement of its lamps suggest that it is using light to mimic toxic luminescent click beetles.

No Social Butterfly
Semachrysa jade
Country: Malaysia

Social media lacewing: In a trend-setting collision of science and social media, Hock Ping Guek photographed a beautiful green lacewing with dark markings at the base of its wings in a park near Kuala Lumpur and shared his photo on Flickr. Shaun Winterton, an entomologist with the California Department of Food and Agriculture, saw the image and recognized the insect as unusual. When Guek was able to collect a specimen, it was sent to Stephen Brooks at London’s Natural History Museum who confirmed its new species status. The three joined forces and prepared a description using Google Docs. In this triumph for citizen science, talents from around the globe collaborated by using new media in making the discovery. The lacewing is not named for its color — rather for Winterton’s daughter, Jade.

Hanging Around in the Jurassic
Juracimbrophlebia ginkgofolia
Country: China

Hangingfly fossil: Living species of hangingflies can be found, as the name suggests, hanging beneath foliage where they capture other insects as food. They are a lineage of scorpionflies characterized by their skinny bodies, two pairs of narrow wings, and long threadlike legs. A new fossil species, Juracimbrophlebia ginkgofolia, has been found along with preserved leaves of a gingko-like tree, Yimaia capituliformis, in Middle Jurassic deposits in the Jiulongshan Formation in China’s Inner Mongolia. The two look so similar that they are easily confused in the field and represent a rare example of an insect mimicking a gymnosperm 165 million years ago, before an explosive radiation of flowering plants.

Arizona State University’s International Institute for Species Exploration announces the top 10 new species list each year as part of its public awareness campaign to bring attention to biodiversity and the field of taxonomy.


Obama administration admits
four American terrorist died


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Obama administration Wednesday formally acknowledged the killing of four Americans in drone strikes. This came on the eve of a speech by President Barack Obama about the legal principles, since 2009, supporting use of drones against terrorist suspects, and about detention policies.
 
The use of drone warfare and targeted killings, including of Americans helping al-Qaida or affiliates, stirred major controversy during Obama's first term and continues in his second.
 
After an intense review he ordered, Obama has been moving toward a major speech to provide a fuller explanation of his policies, and demonstrate he is fulfilling pledges for more transparency.
 
In his State of the Union address, he said the United States will continue to use a range of capabilities against terrorists, as a way to avoid sending tens of thousands of troops to confront al-Qaida and affiliates.
 
He signaled that Americans and Congress would hear more about, what he called, a durable and legal policy framework.
 
"In the months ahead, I will continue to engage Congress to ensure not only that our targeting, detention, and prosecution of terrorists remains consistent with our laws and system of checks and balances, but that our efforts are even more transparent to the American people and to the world," said Obama.

Ahead of Thursday's speech, White House press secretary Jay Carney declined to discuss specifics, but said Obama recognizes the importance of clarity and has tried to meet the high bar he set for himself on transparency.
 
"It is one around which he believes there have been and continue to be legitimate questions asked.  He is very concerned about the need to put an architecture in place that governs counterterrorism policy for now and into the future," said Carney.
 
On the eve of the speech, the Obama administration acknowledged for the first time that four American citizens have been killed in drone strikes in Yemen and Pakistan.
 
One of those was Anwar al-Awlaki, the radical Muslim cleric killed in Yemen in 2011. The administration said three others killed, including Awlaki's son, were not specifically targeted by the United States.
 
Attorney General Eric Holder and other administration officials have already discussed in considerable detail much of what Obama is likely to say. 
 
At Northwestern University in 2012, Holder said the U.S. government has clear legal authority to act against individuals posing an imminent lethal threat, including Americans who take up arms against the United States.
 
"When such individuals take up arms against this country, and join al-Qaida in plotting attacks designed to kill their fellow Americans, there may be only one realistic and appropriate response.  We must take steps to stop them in full accordance with the Constitution.  In this hour of danger, we simply cannot afford to wait until deadly plans are carried out, and we will not," said Holder.

At Britain's Oxford University, then-Defense Department general counsel Jeh Johnson said President Obama insists that U.S. policy be based on clear legal principles.
 
"President Obama, himself a lawyer and a good one, has insisted that our efforts in pursuit of this enemy stay firmly rooted in conventional legal principles," said Johnson. "For, in our efforts to destroy and dismantle al-Qaida, we cannot dismantle our laws and our values, too."
 
On detention policy, President Obama is likely to reiterate his determination to close the U.S. military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. 
 
He has acknowledged disappointment in failing to do so during his first term, largely blaming opposition from U.S. lawmakers.
 
Laura Pitter is a counterterrorism adviser with Human Rights Watch.
 
"We're hoping that in the speech he makes clear that he is still committed to that and perhaps will start transferring some of the detainees out of that facility, especially to Yemen, where the largest majority of the detainees currently slated for release are from," said Pitter.
 
Pitter says a hunger strike by detainees, and methods used to force-feed prisoners, put the Guantanamo issue back on the political agenda ahead of Obama's speech. 
 
She says  Obama could use waiver authority to bypass some congressional restrictions on transferring detainees, and end indefinite detention without trial, but will need to re-engage with Congress. 

On drone policy, news organizations quoted unidentified U.S. officials as saying the Obama administration may transfer some drone operations from the CIA to the Pentagon.
 
This has been a major issue of debate within the administration.  One outcome of such a step would be opening drone operations to greater congressional scrutiny.  It is not known if Obama will announce this on Thursday.


Soldier hacked to death
in UK sidewalk encounter

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

British Prime Minister David Cameron says the daylight killing of a man on a south London street near an army barracks appears to be a terrorist attack.

A special government emergency committee was called into session after the attack Wednesday.

Prime Minister Cameron called the killing appalling and said all indications point to a terrorist attack. Scotland Yard's counterterrorism unit is leading the investigation, but few details were officially released.
 
Police shot and wounded the two suspects and they are under guard in a hospital. The victim is believed to be a British soldier, but has not yet been publicly identified.

Witnesses say the suspects appeared to hack the victim to death with butcher knives, leaving a stream of blood on the sidewalk.

British television broadcast a bystander's video showing a man with blood-covered hands holding a cleaver and a knife. He said "you people will never be safe," vowing "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth."

He apologized for women and children witnessing the killing, but said "in our land, women have to see the same." He did not say what land that is. British reporters said he appeared to be speaking with a London accent.

A State Department spokesman condemned the attack, saying the United States stands with its British allies in the face of such senseless violence.


Fate of Gauntanamo hanging
in the balance in Washington

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Obama administration is asking Congress for more than $450 million to maintain and upgrade the Guantanamo Bay terrorist prison even as the president is searching for ways to close the 11-year-old facility on a U.S. Navy base in Cuba.
 
Barack Obama first promised to shut down the Guantanamo detention center when he was running for the presidency in 2008. He and other administration officials have blamed members of Congress for preventing him from carrying through with the closure.
 
The Guantanamo detention facility was set up by the then-president George W. Bush in 2002 to house terrorist suspects following the al-Qaida terror attacks that killed about 3,000 people in New York and Washington on Sept. 11, 2001.
 
Since its opening, about 780 suspected al-Qaida and Taliban suspects have been held at Guantanamo. More than 600 of them have been released or transferred to other countries over the years, many without ever having been formally charged with crimes. The facility currently houses 166 terror suspects.
 
“Guantanamo is not necessary to keep America safe,” Obama declared again last month. “It is expensive. It is inefficient. It hurts us in terms of our international standing. It lessens cooperation with our allies on counterterrorism efforts. It is a recruitment tool for extremists. It needs to be closed.”

The president is expected to talk about Guantanamo’s future again Thursday during a speech on U.S. counterterrorism efforts.
 
Last week, a former chief military prosecutor at Guantanamo delivered a petition to the White House containing more than 370,000 signatures and demanding that the Cuba facility be closed down immediately. The former prosecutor, retired U.S. Air Force Col. Morris D. Davis, said the prison was a blot on America record.

“Of the 166 that are still there, there are 86 that have been cleared for transfer, which means that a joint task force made up of the CIA, Department of Justice, FBI and Department of Defense unanimously agreed that these 86 men didn’t commit a crime, we don’t intend to charge them, they don’t pose an imminent threat and we don’t want to keep them,” Davis said in an interview.  “Yet still they sit there, year after year after year.”
 
Adding to the pressures on Obama is a hunger strike by many Guantanamo prisoners that has been going on for more than three months. Many of them are being forced fed to keep them alive.
 
So why hasn’t the president moved to close down the facility over the past four-and-a-half years? Some of his harshest critics have accused him of being less than totally honest on the issue. His defenders have blamed Republicans in Congress, or noted that closing Guantanamo is easier said than done.
 
Davis, who served as chief prosecutor at Guantanamo from 2005 to 2007, noted that 56 of the current detainees are from Yemen and were slated to be returned home years ago. He said the transfer was blocked after the so-called underwear bomber tried to blow up a plane over Detroit, Michigan on Christmas Day, 2009.
 
“When it turned out that the plot for the underwear bombing was hatched in Yemen, so we shut off the pipeline back,” said Davis, now a professor at Howard University law school in Washington D.C.

Davis says some members of Congress have made closing Guantanamo difficult, but not impossible. He says the Yemenis should be sent home immediately and the remaining prisoners divided between those who should be prosecuted before the military commission or in federal courts and those who should be sent home.
 
But Davis says the White House has not done this because it fears a released prisoner might take up arms against the U.S. later.
 
The New America Foundation recently released a study of former Guantanamo detainees to determine how many have taken up arms since their release.  The study found that about 8.5% returned to the battlefield.
 
Alberto R. Gonzales, a former U.S. attorney general in the Bush administration, says there are good reasons that Guantanamo hasn’t been closed.

“The problem the U.S. has, of course, is that there’s no viable alternative at this moment, and because the need continues to detain captured enemy combatants somewhere, we need to continue to have Guantanamo open.”

And Gonzales opposes transferring detainees to U.S. prisons.

“I think that we have the capability to provide for the safety of these individuals and to provide for the safety of the surrounding communities,” Gonzales said.  “But the truth of the matter is that if you move them to one facility like supermax, the supermax will become the next symbol of American oppression, because I think the enemy has shown that it will use anything that we do as a recruiting tool.”  

And Gonzales also is against trying the detainees on terrorism charges in the United States.



Real estate-related services (paid category)

Bid on Costa Rican properties to be foreclosed!
Win big with Costa Rican foreclosures.
Full service team at your service

English-speaking team of lawyers, translators and other experts will help and guide you to make the right decision. Complete support including legal research and accurate description of all documents. Legal support all through the process.
 rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr Cell: (506) 8919-4545 (English)

WE GET RESULTS!
7873-4/7/13

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
7938-6/8/13

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
7949-11/15/13

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
7922-10/15/13

The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
Since 1996, CRREC has been providing the most valuable resource for discovering real estate in Costa Rica. Our Costa Rica properties database contains some of the most exclusive and hard to find properties in the country. Not to mention how affordable some of our Costa Rica homes for sale are. So if you're in the market for Costa Rica real estate then we encourage you to
visit our Costa Rica MLS and discover for yourself why people call CRREC the #1 authority in Costa Rica real estate.
Call Today @ 506-2654-5507 (Costa Rica) or 1-888-414-1836 (Toll-Free) Email: info@costaricarealestate.com
7721-4/29/13



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.
Grecia new
This is a property with real character offered at $1.2 million. Click HERE!
San Lis home
Incredible view of the Central Valley from San Luis $282,000 Click HERE!
 Great deals for you!
SEE OUR OFFERS HERE
Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com
 English: (Cristian Arce)
English:  (Luis Arce)
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)

   (506) 8538-6186
   (506) 7100-8489
   (506) 8707-4016

  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
7685-2/7/12

Real estate for sale (paid category)


San Pedro condo
Condo for Sale in Flor del Este
Lourdes, Montes de Oca San Jose

Located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada 500 meters north of Inglesia Lourdes. U Latina, UCR, and U Fieditas are located within 5 minutes.  Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. Condo is a 3-story. Three/four-bedroom, three and half bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with only one entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. In addition, to security fencing, and electric wire, a recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house. Residence has a telephone communication system to contact the guard house. In addition there is a green park area inside the complex for children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Equipped with an independent wired security system in addition to iron bars on windows and patio doors. Equipped with circuit breaker box and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Also has water storage tank under parking area and water pump to maintain high pressure on all three floors. American-style washer and electric dryer, Refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. Other furniture items may be available for purchase.
Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 8876-7399
U.S. Phone:  6630-886-4458  or   (305) 848- 5577
Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799 4041
Email:  sjogringo@yahoo.com
7973-8/23/13

Guaancaate condos
Little Dreams La Colina Magnolias

Great Guanacaste Beach Condos Available

$28,500 - Little Dreams - Ocotal beach studio condo, furnished upper floor condo in great complex just 1 mile from Ocotal beach, 2 miles from Coco beach, great price for this complex.
$70,000 - La Colina - another Ocotal beach 2 bedroom, 2 bath condo, 80 m2 and fully furnished with upgraded kitchen, complex has Infinity pool, mountain views.

$75,000 Magnolias 2 bedroom, 1.5 bath townhome just 1 minute's walk from Coco beach and the 2 beach clubs in Coco. Nicely furnished, walk to town, 67 m2, perfect location.
Find out more information on these and other condos at my website WendyLovesCostaRica.com. All 3 of these condos are about 35 minutes away from Liberia Intl. airport, no need to drive a long way to get to your condo.  Call for more information, 1-415-670-9382 or 011-506-826-1211. Or email Wendy@WendyLovesCostaRica.com.
7971-6/23/13


Rich Coast Montage
RichCoastRealty.com
Central Pacific Coast Real Estate
- 2 Bedroom House in Gated Community near the beach, $89,000!!
- Beachfront Residential Lots from $35,000! Financing Available
- 2 Coffee Shops and Bakeries Turnkey $40,000/ $120,000 Great ROI
- Lots in Gated Community near the beach from $17,500!!
- 3 Bedroom House in Gated Community, furnished, walk to the beach, $120k
- 3 Bedroom Oceanview House on 5 acres subdividable
into 4 oceanview properties $250k
- 58 acre Oceanview Property subdividable, $169k
and much more....
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718 9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
7972-8/9/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

La Cruz finca
La Cruz Finca 223 ha. (558.2 acre)
This beautiful 223-hectare (558-acre) farm is 70 kms. north of Liberia on the Pan-American Highway and has over a kilometer of frontage on the highway. The property is almost 3 kms deep and has good interior roads. The River Sapoa runs year round at the back side of the farm which is almost 1 mile wide with and incredible views over the Nicaraguan border to Lake Nicaragua and Isla Ometepe. Great property for an eco retreat, teak farm or cattle ranch.  At $900 per acre, this is one of the best farm deals around. See details HERE! The seller will entertain any reasonable offer. Price: $495,000 contact: Bruce Hummel. Email: Bruce@bh-cr.com. Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987 7166,  www.bh-cr.com
7966-6/16/13

Playa Octal home
Playa Ocotal Beach Home
This home is located in a residential resort complex made up of 40 luxurious, fully furnished beachfront villas, plus a clubhouse complete with poolside bar and restaurant. Bahía Pez Vela is located in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, one kilometer from Playa Ocotal on the North Pacific coast and just 30 minutes drive from Liberia International Airport and three miles to downtown Playas Del Coco. From this home you can hear and see the waves crashing on the rocks of this pristine beach. See it HERE! This is the best priced beach home in Costa Rica! Price $225,000   Contact: Bruce Hummel Bruce@bh-cr.com, www.bh-cr.com - Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987-7166.
7965-6/16/13

hree peanel montage
This dream Costa Rica beach house overlooking Carara National Park and the Pacific has been rented continuously for two years. D.C. owners are on site at the house in May and prepping for June 1 Move in and/or vacation rentals and have an unbelievable offer. Already listed way under value, $150,000 Cash or $199,500 with owner financing through May 30th. Note: This was the owner's (14 year residents of Costa Rica) dream home before their relocation to Washington, D.C., Your own salt water Infinity pool, expansive sala and balcony, views from every room. Each room is individually air-conditioned, ceramic tiles, cathedral ceiling; three bedrooms in an international community. Scarlet macaws fly by your veranda each evening.
zen/natural contemporary design ideal for your location overlooking Costa Rica's biological corridor. 50 minutes from San José, minutes from beaches/20 minutes from Jacó Beach. Tour this property online first at www.dreamincostarica.com and if interested contact Barry in Costa Rica through May 30th for a tour. In Costa Rica: 8701-5639 or call Rosemary in the U.S. 239-910-3354. Note: On June 1 the price of this property will increase to over $200,000 after equipping, painting and acceptance of rental income. Don't wait!
7958-6/2/13

La Garita
                                  home
This home was built by a California contractor with all the amenities expected in a 3,000-square foot home.  There is a little less than one acre of land.  Their is a 800-square foot shop easily converted to a rental unit or studio.  Located in La Garita de Atenas, 15 minutes to the international airport and 30 minutes to San José.  $225,000. 2487-4500.
xxxx-xxxxx

Casa de Eden
For sale by owner Playa Conchal home. Reduced $329,000

Casa de Eden is an ocean view three-bedroom, 2.5-bath, with outdoor shower, private pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure community surrounded by nature but still only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport. There is 2,600 square feet under the roof, which includes a large outdoor terrace and has phone, Internet & satellite TV. The home boasts luxury finishings: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, ceramic tile.  Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025.
www.puntaplayavistas.com
7948-5/29/13

Pirate beach
For sale by owner: Ocean view condominium. Reduced $175,000

Gorgeous two- bedroom, two-bath with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built-in energy efficiently. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white sandy Pirates Beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double panel windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, porcelain tile. Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025. www.puntaplayavistas.com
7947-5/28/13

montage ofr photos
ALAZAN Eco-Friendly Community

- Ocean, mountain, and river views, built in harmony with nature
- 70% sold out, 1.25 acre + lots available from $75,000
- All lots held in separate corporations
- Functioning HOA with 24-hour security and gated front entrance
- 100% custom homes, turnkey construction
- Community homes have been featured in Su Casa Architectural Magazine
- Abundant wildlife on the property, access to 45-acre nature preserve
- Organic Permaculture farm coming soon
- Build your custom dream home and join our community of friends in paradise!
Brokers Welcome
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1011.html
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 (506) 8718-9891
7725-5/15/13

Arenal Colonial
Property for sale, great potential income
Turnkey business $350K. Rental $1,250/month This luxury home (4,000 square feet and two story private home) is a botanical paradise overlooking beautiful Lake Arenal. Only one block from the lake park and boat ramp. Close to Tabacón hot springs and Monteverde cloud forest. Caño Negro national park and many beautiful beaches along the Pacific are only a short drive away. Costa Rica bird watching, wind surfing, fishing, water sports, ecotourism adventures, hiking, tennis and mountain biking are out your front door. Also has a wonderful view of the Arenal Volcano, a safe 25 miles away. Electric gated entrance. Safe private home and entire property. To see more pictures and info, click here: http://www.intertica.com/homes/roy.htm
http://share.shutterfly.com/action/welcome?sid=wKaNmrNyyZtXGg
7933-7/22/13

Jacó compound
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 bath 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment. one bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom,  gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500 square-meter garden with aviary for Guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4 meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2 meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture, included even a car. Owner financing available. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. More photos on request. http://www.intertica.com/ocean/wolfgang.htm
7929-7/18/13

Monte Mar
Hacienda Monte Mar
Gated Community near the beach
SALE on our last 4 lots! Starting at just $17,500 with financing available.
Reserve today with just $5,000 down
Great Retirement Home, Vacation Home, or investment option!
Lots of wildlife on the property. Gated front entrance, caretakers on site,
security and lawn maintenance.
Water and power on site.
http://www.haciendamontemar.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
7928-8/9/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

FOR SALE BY OWNER
You can purchase property in Costa Rica legally without paying Land Transfer Tax; this plus the usual real estate commission of 5% will reduce your purchase price by approximately 11%. Save over $50,000.00 on the purchase of this $465,000.00 property. Large 5000+ sq.ft. House. Ideal for business executive, B & B or large family. E-mail for photos and more information to landofpalms@hotmail.com.
7869-4/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

just reduced
Just Reduced to $169,000!!!
58-acre oceanview and mountainview property

Segregated into 9 lots, Excellent Development Potential!
20 minutes from the beach Central Pacific Coast, between Jacó and Quepos.
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1060.html
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005  CR Cell 8718-9891
7766-6/17/13

Real estate services
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Business for sale or lease (paid category)7115-12/16/11


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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U.N. report gives benchmark
of status of region's natives


Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Latin America has gone through an unprecedented mobilization of native peoples in the past 20 years, but their political participation, particularly among women, is still low, according to a new study released Wednesday by the U.N. Development Programme.

The report "Intercultural Citizenship—Contributions from the political participation of indigenous peoples in Latin America" examines the region’s six countries with highest percentage of indigenous peoples and greatest progress in political participation: Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru.

According to the new study, some key factors have helped boost native peoples political participation in the region, especially an increased number of  movements, which also benefited from communications technology, including mobile phones, the Internet and social media. Other reasons are the expansion of their rights after countries signed and recognized crucial international conventions and an increased number of government agencies advocating for native issues.

The study highlights that native women’s political inclusion has been a major challenge, since they face triple discrimination being female, native and poor, said the report. Beyond women’s usual difficulties in breaking the political glass ceiling, especially in developing countries, customary tribal law further hinders women’s political participation in the region, it said. Even though women have the right to vote and several countries in the region have put in place quotas for women participation in political parties and public offices, native women’s political participation — along with their sexual and reproductive health — are crucial issues that still lag behind, the report stresses, the report said.

The report outlines native participation in parliament and shows that:

• Among Mexico’s 500 lower house representatives,14 are native and four of them are women.

* In Guatemala there are 158 seats in parliament, 19 are taken by native peoples, three of them are women.

• In Nicaragua of the total 92 deputies in the National Assembly during 2006-2009, three were native peoples and two of them were women.

* Among Ecuador’s 124 lawmakers, seven are native peoples, two of them are women.

* In Perú, there are 130 parliamentarians and only nine are native peoples, and two of them are women.

* In Bolivia, where native peoples are the majority of the population, of the 130 legislators 41 are indigenous, but only nine of them are women.

In Latin America and the Caribbean there are approximately 50 million native peoples, about 10 percent of the population. However, in two countries, Perú and Guatemala, native peoples encompass almost half of the population, and in Bolivia, they are over 60 percent. Even though in Mexico native peoples cover only 10 percent of the total population, Mexico and Perú contain the largest population in the region: about 11 million.

"Beyond cultural barriers, indigenous peoples own little, often unproductive land, and live below the poverty line, which hinder their political inclusion," said Heraldo Muñoz, U.N. assistant secretary-general and director for Latin America and the Caribbean.

Poverty levels among indigenous peoples have hardly changed, despite Latin America’s immense achievements in poverty reduction in recent decades, the report says. "The white-mestizo population has benefited, but not the indigenous peoples, as if they lived in a world secluded from the most positive aspects of development," stressed the report, written mainly by native leaders and experts.

"In recent decades, we have been protagonists of important legal, political and cultural changes which have only started to invert the historic exclusion which our people have been exposed to,” states Mirna Cunningham, of the Miskita peoples of Nicaragua, who was ex-president and a current expert with the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. "But the challenges we continue to face demand continuous commitment and political will."

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