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(506) 2223-1327                         Published Wednesday, May 22, 2013, in Vol. 13, No. 100                  Email us
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Whale dragging trash
EcoHealth Alliance via Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Entangled
whales

Whales are dying slow deaths because they become entangled in commercial fishing gear.  A new study documents the tragedies on the high seas.

See our report




Turrialba gives a hint that world is a violent place
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There was a ripple of concern Tuesday after Volcan Turrialba emitted a column of ash from the two openings in its crater.

The minor eruption came after several hours of small tremors that scientific instruments picked up starting about 4:30 a.m.

This behavior is not unusual for the volcano east of San José, and volcano experts said that ash was detected north of the volcano and in parts of north San José.

Volcanologists have said they expect a major eruption from Turrialba within the decade, and like the 1963 Irazú volcano eruption, they expect several layers of ash on the metropolitan area. The major involvement will be confined to some two to three kilometers around the volcano, they predict. However, they point out that the volcano now could also return to dormancy.

At the very least, Turrialba and the rest of Costa Rica's active volcanoes show that humans are not fully in control.

In fact, turmoil seems to be the constant in the geological and meteorological history of the world.

As Universidad Nacional scientists were keeping  close eye on Turrialba and even visiting the crater Tuesday, rescue workers and emergency crews were seeking survivors in the U.S. state of Oklahoma where a twister carved a path of destruction up to three kilometers wide and 32 kilometers long through the town of Moore, a suburb of the state capital, Oklahoma City. At least 24 are dead and at least 240 are injured, according to wire service accounts.

Costa Rica has had its share of tornadoes, too, but mostly they strip homes of their roofs and fell trees. Heredia, Hatillo and parts of the north Pacific are most vulnerable.

The country is lucky that it does not see hurricanes, but the long-range effects sometimes are devastating.

Honduras suffered through Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and counted nearly 5,600 dead and more than 8,000 missing with many thousands of injuries. The 2008 hurricane season was hard on most of Central America including Costa Rica. There was widespread damage.

The 2005 visit of Hurricane Katrina displayed another level of damage in New Orleans, Louisiana, and adjacent areas.

Hurricanes are predictable and precautions can be taken. Not so earthquakes. Costa Rica is in the ring of fire and has seen massive destruction, ranging from the 1910 quake that leveled Cartago to the Jan. 8, 2009, Cinchona quake that killed at least 24 and left scores missing or injured north of Heredia Centro.

Of course, Haiti still is recovering from its massive quake, as are many other areas of the world.

The only meteor or comet impact to earth in recent years has been the Tunguska incident in Siberia in
Turrialba
Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico 
de Costa Rica photo 
 This was the scene at the volcano crater about 9
 a.m. Tuesday.


1908, But there is a strong theory that an impact 65 millions years ago at what is now Chicxulub in Mexico helped dinosaurs go into extinction.

A new theory outlined only this week by a University of Cincinnati academic says modern humans faced some kind of celestial disaster not long ago.

Global-scale combustion caused by a comet scraping the planet’s atmosphere or a meteorite slamming into its surface scorched the air, melted bedrock and altered the course of Earth’s history, according to Kenneth Tankersley, an assistant professor of anthropology and geology at the University of Cincinnati, in a summary provided by the school.

Exactly what it was is unclear, but the event took place only 12,800 years ago. The professor gets his evidence from an unlikely place, an excavation in a cave in Ohio where he found strong evidence of the event.

Foremost among the findings were carbon spherules, according to a university summary. These tiny bits of carbon are formed when substances are burned at very high temperatures. The spherules exhibit characteristics that indicate their origin, whether that’s from burning coal, lightning strikes, forest fires or something more extreme. Tankersley was quoted as saying that the ones in his study could only have been formed from the combustion of rock.

He said that the gigantic blast caused a perpetual winter that doomed the large creatures that lived at that time: mammoths, cave bears and other Ice Age beasts.

The spherules also were found at 17 other sites across four continents, an estimated 10 million metric tons worth, further supporting the idea that whatever changed Earth did so on a massive scale, the professor reported. It’s unlikely that a wildfire or thunderstorm would leave a geological calling card that immense, covering about 50 million square kilometers, he said.

Modern humans lived at this time, and Tankersley said the race survived because humans adapted to the catastrophe.

“Whether we want to admit it or not, we’re living right now in a period of very rapid and profound global climate change. We’re also living in a time of mass extinction,” Tankersley was quoted as saying. “So I would argue that a lot of the lessons for surviving climate change are actually in the past.”

A full report on his study is HERE!

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, May 22, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 100
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nocturnal tours

Sportsmen's Lodge

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Dr. Vargas
Dental implants in Costa Rica
Call us: Within C.R.  2225-1189
From USA    1-866-7060-248
Please visit: www.dentalimplantsti.com
Of email; implantesdentales@ice.co.cr
7838-4/11/13

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
7969-5/9/14

Psychological Services

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Dr. Pablo Quirós, License #8486
We are located in Escazú Corporate Center, 6th floor. Phone number: (506) 2201-4718
Web: www.psicologia.ws
Email: info@psicologia.ws
7919-7/15/13


Psychotherapy

Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
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Dr. KLycinda
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Real estate agents and services

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COLINAS DEL SOL
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A fenced and gated project with the ex-pat hortaculturalist in mind. There are 88 clear-title hobby farms with water and electricity.  The layout is designed to provide ample space for your vegetable gardening ands fruit tree projects.
You can see more on our Web site: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
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and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at JimDay50@aol.com   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
7858-8/26/13

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Contact Christian Arce in English:
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Cell phone (506) 8707-4016
Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
7827-5/4/13


CR Beach

CR Beach Investment Real Estate
reminds you that Costa Rica’s #1 beachtown,“the new Jacó,” invites you to see the recent changes:  clean paved roads; more bilingual police; more trendy & tipico restaurants; new a/c movie 4plex & new theatrical-conference center; new central park with activities; more bargain priced properties for sale, and lower priced rentals…
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Let CR Beach show you why we know this is the best area for you to  invest-retire-enjoy!
Special Offer this Week: Best Investment in Jaco
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Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta jzava@pacbell.net
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
7624-3/10/13

Insurance

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Project completion specialists

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Pacifica living
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A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

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Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
Serving region for 10 years.
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Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com
7834-8/13/13

Legal services

FULLY BILINGUAL ATTORNEY
& NOTARY PUBLIC

Arcelio Hernandez

Official English/Spanish translator and interpreter
Serving the international community  since 2001
Lic. Arcelio Hernandez Mussio, Jr.
With over a decade of experience in the fields of:
Family law, criminal & constitutional law, civil & commercial law

Visit the website at:  CRTitle.com
Email: lawyer@crtitle.com
Cell: 8710-9827
Skype:  hernandez.mussio
Serving the Great Metropolitan Area, Central and South Pacific
scales
Member of the Colegio de Abogados de Costa Rica
Lawyer ID number: 12.358
7923-10/15/13

KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
Relocation services, Wedding Planning
Greg Kearney
 
*Investments  *Corporations
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*Real Estate Sales in Costa Rica
*Name & Product registration
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  Phone:  7157-7092
 Phone: (506) 2232-1014
7920-10/11/13

RE&B Attorneys S.A
Attorneys & Notaries
Tels: 2201-8012/2637-7640
USA phone number: (305) 748-4340
Email: info@rebattorneys.com
Web: www.rebattorneys.com
REB Abogadso logo
Our law firm offers services
in many areas such as:
 
Immigration Law✔
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Our offices are located in Costa Rica:
San José, Plaza Roble.
Playa Herradura, CC. Ocean Plaza.
7899-6/22/13

ONE STOP LAW OFFICES OF
MARIO VALVERDE BRENES
Attorney At Law – CPA

Mario Valverde
Everything you need to do and stay in business in Costa Rica. We'll incorporate you, take care of your immigration status, get your legal permits and licenses, keep your books and taxes and represent you in any legal process, either civil, commercial, criminal, tax, labor, family and torts.
 
We've been helping people like you since 1986.
 
Contact us at: (506) 2215-0001; (506) 8312-3087
Email: mario.valverde@ice.co.cr
7841-8/11/13


Translations and legal services

New photos for Ms Monge
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Simultaneous translator 
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Tired of getting the runaround?
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Cell: (506) 8919-4545
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Accountants

U.S. Tax International

Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)
C.R. 2288-2201   U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
7640-3/4/12

U.S. Income Tax
David G. Housman Attorney & C.P.A
.
in Costa Rica 32 years.
Specializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad, including all new passport and other
Goliath
I.R.S.  filling requirements foreign income tax exclusion (to $95,100 per year) for all back years. Taxpayers filling past-due tax returns before I.R.S. notice do not face criminal sanctions
• Associate of James Brohl
Phone: (506) 2239-2005 Fax 2239-2437

E mail: papahound@comcast.net
7667-10/17/12

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle Sam's
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• US Tax return preparation  for
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• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
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95,100 in 2012}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
7410-4/1/13


Accord with European Union
receives legislative OK

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The legislature has given initial approval to the trade agreement between Central America and the European Union.

This is a pact that has strong support from the commercial sector.

The Ministerio de Comercio Exterior said that if the agreement can be ratified by July 15, it could enter into force Aug. 1.

The European Parliament approved the agreement in December. Honduras, Nicaragua and Panamá also approved the pact. The agreement is in the legislatures in Guatemala and El Salvador.

The European Union is second in importance to Costa Rican exporters after the United States. In 2012 the exports to Europe totaled $2 billion or 19.1 percent of total exports.

The agreement has been in the legislature since September.


Minimum salary increases
to be considered next month


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Workers are due for another increase in the minimum salaries July 1, and the employers representative said it would be presenting its proposal June 17.

The minimum salaries are established by the Consejo de Salarios after getting input from those organizations involved. This happens twice a year.

The minimum salary is increased every Jan. 1 and every July 1, usually to keep pace with inflation.

Many Costa Ricans work for the minimum wage, which varies by occupation.

The Unión Costarricense de Cámaras y Asociaciones del Sector Empresarial Privado usually speaks for employers.


Museo Nacional to mark
birthday this Sunday


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Museo Nacional marks its 126th birthday Sunday, and workers there are going to put on display a lot of natural history material that normally is not seen.

Like all museums, the national museum has many collections that are not in the public view. The public will be able to see entomology, ornithology, geological and other collections along with guided tours, the museum said.

Admission is free to residents of Costa Rica from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m, the museum said. There also will be other activities, including a documentary,


U.S. Embassy will be closed
Friday and also Monday


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Monday is Memorial Day in the United States, and workers at the U.S. Embassy here will be off for a four-day weekend.  An embassy spokesperson said Tuesday that the facility will be closed Friday and also Monday. Of course, the embassy is staffed 24-hours a day for emergencies.

Memorial day was once known as Decoration Day. It has its origins in the U.S. Civil War as a time to honor the fallen. American Legion members will be holding a ceremony at the cemetery in San Antonio de Escazú Monday, followed by a Memorial Day picnic in Villa Amira in Santa Ana. The picnic admission is 7,000 colons a person, about $14, and the Legion notes that profits go to charity. Ticket information is available on the Legion Web site. The information is HERE!


Sala IV rules against cells
used for temporary stays

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Sala IV constitutional court has determined that the holding cells used for prisoners of the judicial police are not adequate. In a decision released Tuesday the court ordered that the cells not be used because they do not have adequate conditions to keep prisoners there for much time.

The court magistrates equated the cells to cruel and unusual punishment that is prohibited by the Costa Rican Constitution.

The cells operated by the Judicial Investigating Organization are in the courts building, and prisoners frequently are kept there overnight after arrest and before a court hearing.


Jazz quintet will play

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría in Alajuela will present five jazz musicians as part of the Teatro al Mediodía, Thursday at 12:10 p.m., the institution said.

The group is the Funky Fresh Trío, which includes a U.S. performer. Admission is 1,000 colons, about $2.


Robbery suspects detained

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers say they captured four robbery suspects when the occupants patrol car stopped them near a supermarket in Escazú. They are suspects in the robbery of pedestrians in Moravia and Sabana Oeste, said police.

Officers said they found credit cards, money and cell telephones as well as top pistols in the car.


Study suggests big need
for modern contraception

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new study says little is being done to meet the growing demand for modern contraception methods in poor countries. The Guttmacher Institute says there’s an increasing desire for smaller families.

Guttmacher says between 2003 and 2012 the number of women wanting to avoid pregnancy – and in need of modern contraception – rose from 716 million to 867 million. The sharpest increase was seen, it says, in the 69 poorest countries where modern method use was already very low.

Senior fellow Jacqueline Darroch co-authored the study with Susheela Singh and published their findings in a special edition of The Lancet medical journal. Ms. Darroch said that the figures are based on household surveys.

“The Guttmacher Institute for a long time has focused on issues of reproductive health and especially the high rates of unplanned child bearing and unplanned pregnancies across the world – the United States, as well as other countries. And part of the answer to both why we have such high rates of unintended pregnancy – and part of the solution – has to do with contraceptive use.”

She said between 2003 and 2012, overall modern contraceptive use in the developing world increased from 71 to 74 percent among women wanting to avoid pregnancy.

“Methods ranging from condoms to pills, implants, injections, IUD’s, sterilization,” Ms. Darroch said.

However, rates can vary across sub-regions. For example, Eastern Africa rose from 31 to 46 percent; Southern Africa from 75 to 83 percent; Southeast Asia increased from 64 to 72 percent; and South America from 73 to 79 percent.

 
Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him
 HERE!
From the Costa Rican press
News items posted Monday through Friday by 8 a.m.
Click a story for the summary





















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New York singer and her band will entertain at July 4 picnic
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The American Colony Committee said Tuesday that New York song writer and performer Mary McBride and her band will perform at the July 4 picnic this year.

Ms. McBride is a U.S. cultural ambassador sponsored by the U.S. State Department. She will be touring in Panamá as well as Costa Rica in June and July. Then in September she and her band are going to Argentina.

The committee said that the donation this year for the picnic will be $10 or 5,000 colons for those over 5 years. U.S. citizens and their families are invited, and, as the committee said, "in the spirit of honoring our host country, all U.S. citizens are invited to bring one Tico friend."  That was the policy last year, too.

This is the 53rd picnic, an event that started in the garden of the U.S. ambassador's residence when there were far fewer U.S. citizens here.
The picnic again will be on the Cervecería Costa Rica grounds in Alajuela from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., the committee confirmed.
The band of the University de Costa Rica will appear again, the committee said.

Ambassador Anne Slaughter Andrew appears to be unable to make the picnic.  The committee said that the official program begins at 11 a.m. and includes the traditional flag raising by the U.S. Marines and remarks by the charge d’affaires of the U.S. Embassy. That is believed to be Eric Nelson.

Once again there will be free parking and a bus shuttle. A map of parking lots will be available on the committee Web site.
The committee reminded picnic goers that donations fuel the event.

The picnic originated with the intent of providing a real U.S. July 4 celebration for youngsters of expats in Costa Rica. The event still has an emphasis on children with games and popular foods.









In a third attempt to cut away the fishing gear, a multiagency team administers a sedative with a dart gun. The sedated whale allows the team to approach and remove nearly all the fishing gear.

whale detached
EcoHealth Alliance via Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Tale of entangled whale shows commercial fishing gear danger
By the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Media Relations Office


Using a patient monitoring device attached to a whale entangled in fishing gear, scientists showed for the first time how fishing lines changed a whale’s diving and swimming behavior. The monitoring revealed how fishing gear hinders whales’ ability to eat and migrate, depletes their energy as they drag gear for months or years, and can result in a slow death.

The scientists in this entanglement response suction-cupped a cellphone-size device called a Dtag to a two-year-old female North Atlantic right whale called Eg 3911. The Dtag, developed at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, recorded Eg 3911’s movements before, during, and after at-sea disentanglement operations.

Immediately after Eg 3911 was disentangled from most of the fishing gear, she swam faster, dove twice as deep, and for longer periods. The study, by scientists at Woods Hole, the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries, was published online Tuesday in the journal Marine Mammal Science.

“The Dtag opened up a whole new world of Eg 3911’s life under water that otherwise we weren’t able to see,” said Julie van der Hoop, lead author of the study and a graduate student in Woods Hole Program in Oceanography.

North Atlantic right whales were nearly eradicated by whaling and remain endangered today, with a population of 450 to 500. About 75 percent bear scars of fishing lines that cut into their flesh.

Born in 2009, Eg 3911 was first sighted entangled and emaciated by an aerial survey team on Christmas Day 2010, near Jacksonville, Florida. Fishing gear was entangled around her mouth, wrapped around both pectoral fins, and trailed about 100 feet behind her tail.
Teams aboard boats attempted to cut away the fishing gear on Dec. 29 and 30, 2010, but were not successful because the whale was evasive. A multiagency team tried again on Jan. 15, 2011. First, they applied a Dtag. Then they administered a carefully calculated sedative with a dart gun developed for large whale drug delivery. The becalmed whale allowed the team to approach and remove nearly all the fishing gear.

The Dtag measured 152 dives that Eg 3911 took over six hours. There were no significant differences in depth or duration of dives after sedation, but “the whale altered its behavior immediately following disentanglement,” the scientists reported. “The near-complete disentanglement of Eg 3911 resulted in significant increases in dive duration and depth.”

“Together, the effects of added buoyancy, added drag, and reduced swimming speed due to towing accessory gear pose many threats to entangled whales,” the scientists wrote.

Buoyant gear may overwhelm animals’ ability to descend to depths to forage on preferred prey. Increased drag can reduce swimming speeds, delaying whales’ timely arrival to feeding or breeding grounds.

“Most significant, however, is the energy drain associated with added drag,” they said.

On Feb. 1, 2011, an aerial survey observed Eg 3911 dead at sea.

“She didn’t make it,” Ms. van der Hoop said. The whale was towed ashore for a necropsy. “We showed up on the beach that night. I remember walking out there and seeing this huge whale, or what I thought was huge. She was only 10 meters long. She was only two years old. And all these people who had been involved in her life at some point, were there to learn from her what entanglement had caused.”

The necropsy showed that effects of the chronic entanglement were the cause of death.

Del Rey Hotel

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, May 22, 2013, Vol. 13, No. 100
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Despite common beliefs, practice may be only represent a third of excellence
By the Michigan State University news service

Turns out, that old practice makes perfect adage may be overblown.

New research led by Michigan State University’s Zach Hambrick finds that a copious amount of practice is not enough to explain why people differ in level of skill in two widely studied activities, chess and music.

In other words, it takes more than hard work to become an expert. Hambrick, writing in the research journal Intelligence, said natural talent and other factors likely play a role in mastering a complicated activity.

“Practice is indeed important to reach an elite level of performance, but this paper makes an overwhelming case that it isn’t enough,” said Hambrick, associate professor of psychology.

The debate over why and how people become experts has existed for more than a century. Many theorists argue that thousands of hours of focused, deliberate practice is sufficient to achieve elite status.

Hambrick disagrees.

“The evidence is quite clear,” he writes, “that some people do reach an elite level of performance without copious practice, while other people fail to do so despite copious practice.”
Hambrick and colleagues analyzed 14 studies of chess players and musicians, looking specifically at how practice was related to differences in performance. Practice, they found, accounted for only about one-third of the differences in skill in both music and chess.

So what made up the rest of the difference?

Based on existing research, Hambrick said it could be explained by factors such as intelligence or innate ability, and the age at which people start the particular activity. A previous study of Hambrick’s suggested that working memory capacity – which is closely related to general intelligence – may sometimes be the deciding factor between being good and great.

While the conclusion that practice may not make perfect runs counter to the popular view that just about anyone can achieve greatness if they work hard enough, Hambrick said there is a silver lining to the research.

“If people are given an accurate assessment of their abilities and the likelihood of achieving certain goals given those abilities,” he said, “they may gravitate toward domains in which they have a realistic chance of becoming an expert through deliberate practice.”

 
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bookstore promoe



new croc
                    species
University of Zurich graphic
 Globidentosuchus brachyrostris belonged to the caiman
 family. With its spherical teeth they likely specialized in
 shellfish, snails or crabs.


Many croc species lived
side-by-side years ago

By the University of Zurich

Some 14 species of crocodile lived in South America around 5 million years ago, at least seven of which populated the coastal areas of the Urumaco River in Venezuela at the same time. Paleontologists from the University of Zurich have found evidence of an abundance of closely related crocodiles that remains unparalleled to this day. As they were highly specialized, the crocodiles occupied different econiches. When the watercourses changed due to the Andean uplift, however, all the crocodile species became extinct. 

Nowadays, the most diverse species of crocodile are found in northern South America and Southeast Asia. As many as six species of alligator and four true crocodiles exist, although no more than two or three ever live alongside one another at the same time. It was a different story nine to about five million years ago, however, when a total of 14 different crocodile species existed and at least seven of them occupied the same area at the same time, as an international team headed by paleontologists Marcelo Sánchez and Torsten Scheyer from the University of Zurich is now able to reveal.

The deltas of the Amazonas and the Urumaco, a river on the Gulf of Venezuela that no longer exists, boasted an abundance of extremely diverse, highly specialized species of crocodile that has remained unparalleled ever since.

While studying the wealth of fossil crocodiles from the Miocene in the Urumaco region, the scientists discovered two new crocodile species: the Globidentosuchus brachyrostris, which belonged to the caiman family and had spherical teeth, and Crocodylus falconensis, a crocodile that the researchers assume grew up to well over four meters long. As Sánchez and his team reveal, Venezuela’s fossils include all the families of crocodile species that still exist all over the world today: the Crocodylidae, the so-called true crocodiles; the Alligatoridae, which, besides the true alligators, also include caimans; and the Gavialidae, which are characterized by their extremely long, thin snouts and are only found in Southeast Asia nowadays.

On account of the species’ extremely different jaw shapes, the researchers are convinced that the different crocodilians were highly specialized feeders: With their pointed, slender snouts, the fossil gharials must have preyed on fish. “Gharials occupied the niche in the habitat that was filled by dolphins after they became extinct,” Sánchez said he suspects. With its spherical teeth, however, Globidentosuchus brachyrostris most likely specialized in shellfish, snails or crabs. And giant crocodiles, which grew up to 12 meters long, fed on turtles, giant rodents and smaller crocodiles. “There were no predators back then in South America that could have hunted the three-meter-long turtles or giant rodents. Giant crocodiles occupied this very niche,” explains Scheyer.

The unusual variety of species in the coastal and brackish water regions of Urumaco and Amazonas came to an end around 5 million years ago when all the crocodile species died out. The reason behind their extinction, however, was not temperature or climate changes. Temperatures in the Caribbean remained stable around the Miocene/Pliocene boundary. Instead, it was caused by a tectonic event: “The Andean uplift changed the courses of rivers. As a result, the Amazon River no longer drains into the Caribbean, but the considerably cooler Atlantic Ocean,” explains Sánchez.

"With the destruction of the habitat, an entirely new fauna emerged that we know from the Orinoco and Amazon regions today. In the earlier Urumaco region, however, a very dry climate has prevailed ever since the Urumaco River dried up."

big croc
University of Zurich graphic
 Crocodylus falconensis, a crocodile that may have been well
 over four meters long.



Apple exec defends taxes
during Senate questioning


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Top executives of American technology giant Apple faced intense questioning from U.S. lawmakers about the company's use of off-shore entities that allow it to shield billions of dollars in global profits from federal taxes.  Apple’s chief executive admitted to no wrongdoing, but urged an overhaul of the U.S. tax code.
 
Apple’s high-tech consumer products are seemingly everywhere, as noted by Sen. Carl Levin, a Democrat, at a hearing of the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. “Just like millions around the world, I carry an iPhone in my pocket," he said.
 
Levin said Apple’s successful business model involves shielding profits from federal taxes. “Apple has sought the Holy Grail of tax avoidance: off-shore corporations that it argues are not for tax purposes resident anywhere in any nation," he said.
 
Levin said U.S. corporations hold more than $1 trillion in off-shore profits and harm the nation in the process. “They off-load Apple’s tax burden onto other taxpayers, particularly onto working families and small businesses.  The lost tax revenue feeds a budget deficit," he said.
 
Sen. John McCain, a Republican, sounded equally dismayed. “It is completely outrageous that Apple has not only dodged full payment of U.S. taxes, but has managed to evade paying taxes around the world through its convoluted and pernicious strategy," he said.
 
Apple’s chief executive, Timothy Cook, defended his company’s practices. “We pay all the taxes we owe, every single dollar.  We not only comply with the laws, but we comply with the spirit of the laws.  We do not depend on tax gimmicks," he said.
 
But Cook urged an overhaul of America’s astonishingly complex tax code, even if doing so would incur a higher tax burden for Apple.
 
“We recommend a dramatic simplification of the corporate tax code.  This reform should be revenue neutral, eliminate all corporate tax expenditures, lower corporate tax rates, and implement a reasonable tax on foreign earnings that allows the free flow of capital back to the United States," he said.
 
Some Republican senators objected to the congressional grilling of Apple over its compliance with a tax code crafted on Capitol Hill.
 
Sen. Rand Paul said, “I am offended by a $4 trillion government bullying, berating and badgering one of America’s greatest success stories.  If anyone should be on trial here, it should be Congress.”
 
That brought a sharp reply from Sen. Levin. “Apple is a great company.  But no company should be able to determine how much it is going to pay in taxes, how many profits they are going to keep off-shore," he said.
 
The United States has one of the world’s highest corporate tax rates at 35 percent.  But loopholes and special deductions allow many large firms to pay a significantly lower share of profits.  Most tax reform proposals call for lowering corporate tax rates while eliminating loopholes, yielding a simpler and fairer tax code for all commercial entities.


U.S. immigration bill gets
final OK from committee


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee has approved a massive immigration reform bill, voting to send it to the entire Senate for debate.

Tuesday evening's vote was 13 to five. It came after one of the bill's eight sponsors, Patrick Leahy, withdrew an amendment that would have given same-sex couples the same legal protections in immigration questions as heterosexual couples.

Several conservative Republicans said they would pull their support for the immigration bill if this were included.

The committee approved other amendments, including one by Republican Orrin Hatch, raising the number of visas available to highly-skilled foreign workers.

The bill's core purpose is to give 11 million illegal immigrants already in the United States the chance to become legal residents if they meet the bill's conditions.

President Barack Obama has called immigration reform one of his top priorities. He congratulated the Judiciary Committee for its vote, saying it is consistent with common sense reform.

He said no one got everything he wanted in the bill, but said the Senate owes it to the American people to get the best possible result.


Bird flu outbreak costly,
Chinese ministry reports


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Scientists and economists say the H7N9 bird flu outbreak in China has cost that country's poultry industry $6.5 billion, as consumers shun chicken and health officials make gains in controlling the deadly virus.

The cost data, provided by China's agriculture ministry, was reported Tuesday at the World Health Assembly in Geneva.

At the conference, United Nations experts warned health authorities worldwide to be on the lookout for the virus, which is known to have infected 130 people in China since first appearing in March.  Chinese authorities say 36 of the victims have died.

A top World Health Organization official, Keiji Fukuda, told the gathering the immediate outbreak has been controlled, but it is unlikely the virus has simply disappeared.  He repeated findings showing the virus in its present form crossed from birds to humans at live markets in China where chickens and other poultry are slaughtered and sold.

Authorities say there is no evidence of person-to-person transmission in the outbreak.

China's official Xinhua news agency said emergency virus control procedures were lifted last week in eastern provinces and major cities, including Shanghai, Jiangsu and Shandong, where most of the infections occurred.


Liberace and his boyfriend
central characters in new film


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The relationship between the flamboyant pianist Liberace and his young lover dazzled at the Cannes film festival on Tuesday and threw the spotlight on gay rights at the movie industry's largest annual gathering.
 
Director Steven Soderbergh said he struggled five years ago to secure funding for "Behind the Candelabra" because some financiers thought the film would only appeal to a gay audience and, at a cost of $25 million, would be a financial risk.
 
Eventually he received financing from Time Warner's HBO cable channel and made the film with Michael Douglas playing Liberace and Matt Damon as Scott Thorson with whom the pianist had a secret five-year affair.
 
Soderbergh said it was a coincidence that the film was being released during a global debate on gay rights and same sex marriage but acknowledged that it was very timely.
 
France last month became the 14th country to legalize gay marriage, a move also taken in the United States by Washington, D.C., and 12 states. Liberace, a huge celebrity during his lifetime, publicly denied his homosexuality at a time when being gay was widely considered taboo.
 
"In making the film, the socio-political aspect of it was not really in my mind but I was focused on . . .  trying to make this relationship as believable and realistic as we could," Soderbergh told a news conference, flanked by Douglas and Damon.
 
"When this issue comes up, of equal rights for gays, I am hoping 50 years from now we will look back on this and wonder why this was even a debate and why it took so long."
 
Douglas and Damon said they were both keen to work with Soderbergh who has announced his plan to retire from filmmaking after this movie.
 
They were both also impressed by the script based on Thorson's autobiography, "Behind the Candelabra: My Life with Liberace," that was released in 1988, a year after the entertainer's death at age 67 from an AIDS-related disease.
 
In the film, Thorson, a naive 18-year-old farm boy from Wisconsin, meets 58-year-old Liberace in Las Vegas in 1977 and moves in with him, joining his glamorous lifestyle of champagne, jewel-encrusted cars and spectacular wardrobe.
 
An unrecognizable Debbie Reynolds plays Liberace's beloved mother Frances, with her trademark button nose hidden under a prosthetic one, while a wrinkle-free, taut-faced Rob Lowe, is a plastic surgeon who operates on both Liberace and Thorson.
 
The relationship starts to unravel as Thorson becomes addicted to drugs, hawking jewelry given to him by his lover to fund his habit, and the sexually voracious Liberace's interest moves on to other, younger men.
 
The two actors made light of their love scenes, with Douglas joking about asking Damon what flavor lip balm he preferred and Damon saying he could swap stories with Sharon Stone, Glenn Close and Demi Moore after sharing a bed with Douglas.
 
Douglas, whose performance as the primped, toupeed pianist was lauded by critics, said he met Liberace once, in a Rolls Royce convertible while in Palm Springs with his father, the movie star Kirk Douglas.
 
He became emotional, voice breaking and tears in his eyes, when asked how he became involved in the film that Soderbergh first raised with him 13 years ago.
 
"It was right after my cancer and this beautiful gift was handed to me and I am eternally grateful ... to everybody for waiting for me," said Douglas who was diagnosed with throat cancer in 2010 and needed chemotherapy and radiation treatment.
 
"Behind the Candelabra" will premiere on HBO in the United States Sunday and open in foreign theaters from June 7.
 
The film is one of 20 movies in the main competition at Cannes vying for the Palme d'Or award for best picture that is presented on Sunday.
 
Soderbergh, 50, who won the Palme d'Or in 1989 with "Sex, Lies and Videotapes," said this was his last movie for a while.
 
"I am absolutely taking a break. I don't know how extended it is going to be but I can't say if this were the last movie I make that I would be unhappy," he said. "It's been a nice run."


Humans hurting water systems,
meeting of scientists says


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Scientists say a new geologic epoch has begun whereby humans are causing major damage to global water systems. They warn of a planetary transformation comparable to the retreat of the glaciers more than 11,000 years ago. Scientists are meeting in Bonn, Germany to discuss what can be done about it.

While some still debate the extent to which humans have affected the environment, scientists meeting in Bonn have little doubt. In fact, there’s a name for the informal geologic epoch they say human activity has caused: the Anthropocene. Scientists are now debating whether it should be officially included in the Geological Time Scale.

“For nearly a decade the Global Water Systems Project has been coordinating and supporting the broad research to study the complex water systems with interactions between natural and human components. And what we found is human activity plays a very central role in inducing and influencing the changes in the global water systems,” said Anik Bhaduri, executive officer of the Global Water Systems Project based in Bonn.

The project takes a global view of human effects on water systems, rather than simply studying very local environments. He called that a game changer in environmental research.

“Humans are impacting the global water systems by building dams, through land use changes, and it influences the global water cycle. As a consequence, the global water systems vulnerable to local-scale human-induced traces. And it has wide-scale ramifications at larger, regional and continental and global scales,” he said.

For example, an International Geosphere-Biosphere Program paper says, “On average, humanity has built one large dam every day for the last 130 years.” It adds, “Tens of thousands of large dams now distort natural river flows to which ecosystems and aquatic life adapted” over thousands of years.

The paper also says groundwater and hydrocarbon pumping in low lying coastal areas have caused many river deltas to sink. That leaves coastlines more vulnerable to storms and tsunamis. It also says that humans now move more rock and sediment for various reasons than ice, wind and water combined. The drainage of wetlands for development removes a natural barrier against floods.

Bhaduri said, “The way the global water systems moving we may reach a point where it is kind of irreversible. We may not go back to the equilibrium point. There it comes in the severity of human actions.”

The head of the Global Water Systems Project said that there can be a trade-off as countries try to ensure water security.

“Our global study map shows that human water security has been often achieved in the short run at the expense of the environment. It is true with the developed countries as well as developing countries. We see this kind of a trade-off between human water security and the water needs for ecosystems. And it has long-run social consequences for the socio-ecological systems as a whole. And that’s a global issue of concern.”

Bhaduri added that water security means both water quantity and water quality.

“There are nexus between energy security, water security, food security and environment. And it needs cooperation at the local level – at the policymakers’ levels – between different countries also. Otherwise, we will move at a direction where it will be very costly to come back,” he said.

Project co-chairman Charles Vorosmarty said every year a half trillion dollars worth of “concrete, pipes, pumps and chemicals are thrown at our water problems.” He said that has “produced a technological curtain separating clean water…and the highly stressed natural waters that sit in the background.”

The four-day meeting in Bonn is expected to release a final communiqué outlining what steps need to be taken to mitigate the effects of the Anthropocene epoch. In the long term, the Global Water Systems Project is working on Future Earth, an international collaborative environmental research framework.


Climate shift called cause
of cultural innovations


By the University of Cardiff news service

Rapid climate change during the Middle Stone Age, between 80,000 and 40,000 years ago, sparked surges in cultural innovation in early modern human populations, according to new research.

The research, published in the journal Nature Communications [21 May], was conducted by a team of scientists from Cardiff University’s School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, the Natural History Museum in London and the University of Barcelona.

The scientists studied a marine sediment core off the coast of South Africa and reconstructed terrestrial climate variability over the last 100,000 years.

Dr Martin Ziegler, Cardiff University School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, said: "We found that South Africa experienced rapid climate transitions toward wetter conditions at times when the Northern Hemisphere experienced extremely cold conditions."

These large Northern Hemisphere cooling events have previously been linked to a change in the Atlantic Ocean circulation that led to a reduced transport of warm water to the high latitudes in the North. In response to this Northern Hemisphere cooling, large parts of the sub-Saharan Africa experienced very dry conditions.

"Our new data however, contrasts with sub-Saharan Africa and demonstrates that the South African climate responded in the opposite direction, with increasing rainfall, that can be associated with a globally occurring southward shift of the tropical monsoon belt."

Ian Hall, Cardiff University School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, said: "When the timing of these rapidly occurring wet pulses was compared with the archaeological datasets, we found remarkable coincidences.

"The occurrence of several major Middle Stone Age industries fell tightly together with the onset of periods with increased rainfall"

"Similarly, the disappearance of the industries appears to coincide with the transition to drier climatic conditions."

Chris Stringer of London’s Natural History Museum commented "The correspondence between climatic ameliorations and cultural innovations supports the view that population growth fueled cultural changes, through increased human interactions".

The South African archaeological record is important because it shows some of the oldest evidence for modern behavior in early humans. This includes the use of symbols, which has been linked to the development of complex language, and personal adornments made of seashells.

"The quality of the southern African data allowed us to make these correlations between climate and behavioral change, but it will require comparable data from other areas before we can say whether this region was uniquely important in the development of modern human culture" added Stringer.

The new study presents the most convincing evidence so far that abrupt climate change was instrumental in this development.


Real estate-related services (paid category)

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7873-4/7/13

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


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of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
7938-6/8/13

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
7949-11/15/13

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
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Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
7922-10/15/13

The #1 Authority in Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica real estate
Since 1996, CRREC has been providing the most valuable resource for discovering real estate in Costa Rica. Our Costa Rica properties database contains some of the most exclusive and hard to find properties in the country. Not to mention how affordable some of our Costa Rica homes for sale are. So if you're in the market for Costa Rica real estate then we encourage you to
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7721-4/29/13



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.
Grecia new
This is a property with real character offered at $1.2 million. Click HERE!
San Lis home
Incredible view of the Central Valley from San Luis $282,000 Click HERE!
 Great deals for you!
SEE OUR OFFERS HERE
Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com
 English: (Cristian Arce)
English:  (Luis Arce)
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)

   (506) 8538-6186
   (506) 7100-8489
   (506) 8707-4016

  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
7685-2/7/12

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Rich Coast Montage
RichCoastRealty.com
Central Pacific Coast Real Estate
- 2 Bedroom House in Gated Community near the beach, $89,000!!
- Beachfront Residential Lots from $35,000! Financing Available
- 2 Coffee Shops and Bakeries Turnkey $40,000/ $120,000 Great ROI
- Lots in Gated Community near the beach from $17,500!!
- 3 Bedroom House in Gated Community, furnished, walk to the beach, $120k
- 3 Bedroom Oceanview House on 5 acres subdividable
into 4 oceanview properties $250k
- 58 acre Oceanview Property subdividable, $169k
and much more....
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718 9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
7972-8/9/13

NOW REDUCED TO $680,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
7967-7/17/13

La Cruz finca
La Cruz Finca 223 ha. (558.2 acre)
This beautiful 223-hectare (558-acre) farm is 70 kms. north of Liberia on the Pan-American Highway and has over a kilometer of frontage on the highway. The property is almost 3 kms deep and has good interior roads. The River Sapoa runs year round at the back side of the farm which is almost 1 mile wide with and incredible views over the Nicaraguan border to Lake Nicaragua and Isla Ometepe. Great property for an eco retreat, teak farm or cattle ranch.  At $900 per acre, this is one of the best farm deals around. See details HERE! The seller will entertain any reasonable offer. Price: $495,000 contact: Bruce Hummel. Email: Bruce@bh-cr.com. Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987 7166,  www.bh-cr.com
7966-6/16/13

Playa Octal home
Playa Ocotal Beach Home
This home is located in a residential resort complex made up of 40 luxurious, fully furnished beachfront villas, plus a clubhouse complete with poolside bar and restaurant. Bahía Pez Vela is located in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, one kilometer from Playa Ocotal on the North Pacific coast and just 30 minutes drive from Liberia International Airport and three miles to downtown Playas Del Coco. From this home you can hear and see the waves crashing on the rocks of this pristine beach. See it HERE! This is the best priced beach home in Costa Rica! Price $225,000   Contact: Bruce Hummel Bruce@bh-cr.com, www.bh-cr.com - Cell Phone: 011 (506) 8819-2119, From US/Canada: (816) 987-7166.
7965-6/16/13

hree peanel montage
This dream Costa Rica beach house overlooking Carara National Park and the Pacific has been rented continuously for two years. D.C. owners are on site at the house in May and prepping for June 1 Move in and/or vacation rentals and have an unbelievable offer. Already listed way under value, $150,000 Cash or $199,500 with owner financing through May 30th. Note: This was the owner's (14 year residents of Costa Rica) dream home before their relocation to Washington, D.C., Your own salt water Infinity pool, expansive sala and balcony, views from every room. Each room is individually air-conditioned, ceramic tiles, cathedral ceiling; three bedrooms in an international community. Scarlet macaws fly by your veranda each evening.
zen/natural contemporary design ideal for your location overlooking Costa Rica's biological corridor. 50 minutes from San José, minutes from beaches/20 minutes from Jacó Beach. Tour this property online first at www.dreamincostarica.com and if interested contact Barry in Costa Rica through May 30th for a tour. In Costa Rica: 8701-5639 or call Rosemary in the U.S. 239-910-3354. Note: On June 1 the price of this property will increase to over $200,000 after equipping, painting and acceptance of rental income. Don't wait!
7958-6/2/13

La Garita
                                  home
This home was built by a California contractor with all the amenities expected in a 3,000-square foot home.  There is a little less than one acre of land.  Their is a 800-square foot shop easily converted to a rental unit or studio.  Located in La Garita de Atenas, 15 minutes to the international airport and 30 minutes to San José.  $225,000. 2487-4500.
xxxx-xxxxx

Casa de Eden
For sale by owner Playa Conchal home. Reduced $329,000

Casa de Eden is an ocean view three-bedroom, 2.5-bath, with outdoor shower, private pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure community surrounded by nature but still only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport. There is 2,600 square feet under the roof, which includes a large outdoor terrace and has phone, Internet & satellite TV. The home boasts luxury finishings: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, ceramic tile.  Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025.
www.puntaplayavistas.com
7948-5/29/13

Pirate beach
For sale by owner: Ocean view condominium. Reduced $175,000

Gorgeous two- bedroom, two-bath with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built-in energy efficiently. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white sandy Pirates Beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort towns of Flamingo & Tamarindo and less than an hour from the Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double panel windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, porcelain tile. Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. 1-800-939-2617 or CR (506) 8349-2025. www.puntaplayavistas.com
7947-5/28/13

montage ofr photos
ALAZAN Eco-Friendly Community

- Ocean, mountain, and river views, built in harmony with nature
- 70% sold out, 1.25 acre + lots available from $75,000
- All lots held in separate corporations
- Functioning HOA with 24-hour security and gated front entrance
- 100% custom homes, turnkey construction
- Community homes have been featured in Su Casa Architectural Magazine
- Abundant wildlife on the property, access to 45-acre nature preserve
- Organic Permaculture farm coming soon
- Build your custom dream home and join our community of friends in paradise!
Brokers Welcome
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1011.html
USA Toll Free 1 866 833 4005
CR Cell 011 (506) 8718-9891
7725-5/15/13

Arenal Colonial
Property for sale, great potential income
Turnkey business $350K. Rental $1,250/month This luxury home (4,000 square feet and two story private home) is a botanical paradise overlooking beautiful Lake Arenal. Only one block from the lake park and boat ramp. Close to Tabacón hot springs and Monteverde cloud forest. Caño Negro national park and many beautiful beaches along the Pacific are only a short drive away. Costa Rica bird watching, wind surfing, fishing, water sports, ecotourism adventures, hiking, tennis and mountain biking are out your front door. Also has a wonderful view of the Arenal Volcano, a safe 25 miles away. Electric gated entrance. Safe private home and entire property. To see more pictures and info, click here: http://www.intertica.com/homes/roy.htm
http://share.shutterfly.com/action/welcome?sid=wKaNmrNyyZtXGg
7933-7/22/13

Jacó compound
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 bath 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment. one bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom,  gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500 square-meter garden with aviary for Guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4 meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2 meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture, included even a car. Owner financing available. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. More photos on request. http://www.intertica.com/ocean/wolfgang.htm
7929-7/18/13

Monte Mar
Hacienda Monte Mar
Gated Community near the beach
SALE on our last 4 lots! Starting at just $17,500 with financing available.
Reserve today with just $5,000 down
Great Retirement Home, Vacation Home, or investment option!
Lots of wildlife on the property. Gated front entrance, caretakers on site,
security and lawn maintenance.
Water and power on site.
http://www.haciendamontemar.com/
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
7928-8/9/13

Nicoya views
Property with ocean and gulf view for sale
Tranquil million dollar view, 5,000-sq.meter property with 3/2 home built to American standards, artistically designed and decorated, 16-foot ceilings of mango and tamarindo, appliances, plunge pool, rancho, caretaker apartment, workshop, covered parking, views of Gulf of Nicoya and ocean, in countryside near San José to Caldera highway. Near the lovely town of Esparza. Can provide extra income from bed and breakfast room rental and stellar Tripadvisor reviews. www.oasisbytheseabandb.com $180,000 506-8869-9274.
7882-4/15/13

View from Orosi home

Majestically situated overlooking the Orosi Valley and the tropical rain forest, this 2-bedroom, 2½-bath home with a separate office is offered at $550,000.  From the extensive use of glass windows visitors are easily captivated by the unbelievably 7 acres of pure, natural Costa Rican landscape.   The property is located 15 minutes from the Cartago metropolitan area, an hour from San José, 1¼ hours to the Juan Santamaria International Airport, 2 hours to the beaches of the Pacific West Coast, or 3 ½  hours to the beaches of the southern Caribbean coast.
http://ackermanrealtyinternational.com
USA 678-799-8803
CR Cell 011-506-8-910-2904
Margo@ackermanrealtyinternational.com


FOR SALE BY OWNER
You can purchase property in Costa Rica legally without paying Land Transfer Tax; this plus the usual real estate commission of 5% will reduce your purchase price by approximately 11%. Save over $50,000.00 on the purchase of this $465,000.00 property. Large 5000+ sq.ft. House. Ideal for business executive, B & B or large family. E-mail for photos and more information to landofpalms@hotmail.com.
7869-4/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
7845-8/18/13

just reduced
Just Reduced to $169,000!!!
58-acre oceanview and mountainview property

Segregated into 9 lots, Excellent Development Potential!
20 minutes from the beach Central Pacific Coast, between Jacó and Quepos.
http://www.richcoastrealty.com/1060.html
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005  CR Cell 8718-9891
7766-6/17/13

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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Region could see the rate
of unemployment decline


Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The average regional urban unemployment rate could drop by up to 0.2 percentage points to stand between 6.4 percent and 6.2 percent in 2013, the lowest rate in recent decades, according to a new report from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the International Labour Organization.

In the new issue of the joint publication "The employment situation in Latin America and the Caribbean," the two institutions indicate that the 3.5 percent economic growth expected for the region in 2013 should maintain the positive trends in labor indicators.

The two agencies said that the 6.4 percent unemployment rate in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2012 had been the lowest in recent decades, having fallen from 6.7 percent in 2011.  This rate is impressive given the difficult labour situations experienced by other world regions.

"With respect to 2013, there is cautious optimism regarding the performance of the region's labor markets. If projections of 3.5 percent in the region's economic growth in 2013 are borne out, labour indicators should continue to gradually improve. This will bring new increases in real wages," according to Alicia Bárcena, executive secretary of the commission, and Elizabeth Tinoco, director of the International Labour Organization's Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, writing in the foreword to the publication.

According to the the agencies report, last year the number of urban unemployed fell by around 400,000, on the back of relatively strong job creation. Nevertheless, they point out that around 15 million are still jobless in the region, and that labor indicator performance was not homogenous across the region: out of the 14 Latin American countries analyzed, six saw their unemployment rate by at least 0.2 percentage points, while it remained stable in five and rose in three (Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Paraguay).

They add that the situation is clearly not as bright in the English-speaking Caribbean, where three of five countries with information available (Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago) saw unemployment rise between 2011 and 2012, taking the rate to a high of 14 years in Barbados and 16 years in Jamaica. The Bahamas was the only country to record a decrease in unemployment, which nevertheless remains high.

Real minimum wages were up by 2.8 percent versus 1.3 percent in 2011.


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