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(506) 2223-1327                         Published Monday, May 12, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 92                        Email us
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Here's a secret trick to beat that yearly corporate tax
By Garland M. Baker
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Want to save some money? Expats using sociedad anónimas and S.R.L.s. to hold assets in Costa Rica can save tax dollars by converting them into a  sociedad civil that pays no tax.  A sociedad civil means a "civil society" in English. Yes, this is a secret to beat Law 9024 and the annual corporate tax.
Articles in A.M. Costa Rica on Oct. 28, Nov. 11, Feb. 17, March 3 and March 17 covered the ins and outs of Law 9024 in depth.  Sociedades civiles are not new. Actually, the structure has been buried for decades in Costa Rica’s civil code.
The Code of Commerce, Law 3284 in effect since 1964, is the law that rules most types of company structures in Costa Rica.  These companies are considered mercantile organizations.  This means they make a profit from doing business or out of trade.

Sociedades civiles on the other hand, are considered contracts between two or more people where they put in money, assets or work for profit.  The financial rewards are divided up among those involved.  There is no minimum or maximum number of parties needed for a sociedad civil, but most legal experts interpret the civil code to infer at least two individuals are required for this kind of legal structure.

Six months of deep research by A.M. Costa Rica staff and legal expert Allan Garro of Garro Law, unearthed the many uses of a sociedad civil. This kind of legal body may qualify under United States tax code as a partnership instead of a corporation for tax savings too.

Garro said in an interview that a sociedad civil is much like a sociedad de responsabilidad limitada or "society of limited responsibility" known to most as an S.R.L.  It is similar to a limited liability company in other parts of the world known as a L.L.C. One or more administrators can represent the company, and it can own all kinds of assets and enter into any kind of contract or do business.

Expats and Ticos alike have been avoiding using companies since 2012 because of the substantial tax imposed by Law 9024. This is not a good thing because holding assets in one’s personal name is dangerous.  Gavilanes or vultures monitor obituaries and cross-reference the information with the Registro Nacional and Registro Civil looking to steal property of deceased people.  Using a company to hold assets is usually done because it protects liability.
The key elements to a sociedad civil are as follows:

1. Capital is constituted by contributions by members in the form of money, assets and/or work. There is no minimum or maximum;

2. The organization is indicated by the words sociedad civil or S.C.;

3. The company can be formed by public filing;

4. Profits and losses are divided according to what is agreed, if there is no agreement, then according to amounts contributed. No party to a
save money

sociedad civil can be excluded from profits;

5. Members owe what they promise to contribute to the society;

6. A member not able to pay his or her promised share must pay interest on same or be responsible for damages;

7. Administration can be mandated to one or more members.

Now expats and foreigners have an alternative when buying assets in Costa Rica so they do not have to pay a yearly company assessment tax. Partnerships can now hold investments in a simple company structure for the benefits of all involved without worrying about the nitty gritty rules of the commercial code.

What is the down side? These kinds of companies sound great.

Garro said that sociedad civiles can be used for business ventures but are not convenient to be used for same. If a company gets into financial problems, a third party can petition the court to dissolve the company to cover it debts. This differs from the normal company structure where the firm must go through bankruptcy, a messy affair in Costa Rica like probate.

Sociedades civiles are the perfect structure for holding property and other assets where no third party debt is involved. They are designed for one or more persons to get involved in an investment for profit working as a partnership. One person can own this kind of company structure, too, as long as he or she forms it with another who later relinquishes their portion.  A clearly defined constitution or contract is necessary so everyone involved know where he or she stands concerning contributions and dividing profits.

Great news for expats is the fact that an already existing sociedad anónima or S.R.L can be converted to an S.C. to avoid future Law 9024 taxes. A whopping tax saving over time.

This begs the question: Will the Costa Rican government close this loophole? Legal experts agree it is doubtful because this kind of company structure is part of the civil code and not the commerce code. The structure is civil in nature like a marriage, not trade as in selling things to others.

Garland M. Baker is a 44-year resident and naturalized citizen of Costa Rica who provides multidisciplinary professional services to the international community.  Reach him at  Baker has undertaken the research leading to these series of articles in conjunction with A.M. Costa Rica.  Find the collection at A complimentary reprint is available at the end of each article.  Copyright 2014, use without permission prohibited.


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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 12, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 92

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A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz                 
Lolita in her favorite pose

Beach beauty prefers
Playa Avellana shade

By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Tucked behind the beat-up gravel roads of western Guanacaste is the quiet, otherworldly strip known as Playa Avellana. Just steps from its sought-after waves resides the beach's main star, Lolita, the pig, in her wooden pen.

The beach renowned for its surf and seclusion gets its porky mascot from the well-known Lola's Restaurant. According to a worker there, Lolita was given to the people at Lola's restaurant by a local after their namesake pig passed away a few years ago when she was 10 years old. Lola was said to weigh nearly 800 pounds and would regularly take baths in the ocean.

Lolita, on the other hand, spends most of her time in her pen under palm tree shade and by her trough. Her octagonal plot is located just next to Lola's, which has become a destination spot for those in search of the best beachside bars. The restaurant has rows of long wooden tables and seating that allow patrons to take in a frozen alcoholic drink or some pizza while enjoying a classic view.

Playa Avellana is about 15 kilometers from Tamarindo, but takes a half-an-hour drive through the winding and undeveloped roads that lead to the surf-crazy beach. The restaurant, and its pig princess, are the major shows on the small strip. A visit to see Lolita makes for a great day-trip if traveling from the more resort-heavy neighbors to the north like Playa Langosta and Tamarindo.

Ruta 26 crash
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía                   
  y Seguridad Pública photo                   
Badly injured child is pushed to a waiting ambulance at Juan Santamaría airport.

Four die in two-car collision
on Caldera highway

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Four persons died and at least four other persons, including two children, suffered serious injuries when two cars collided Sunday at Orotina on the Caldera highway, Ruta 27

The vehicles were headed in opposite directions, and one may have skidded on a curve.  Rescue workers called in the Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea to take two injured children to San José. They children arrived at Juan Santamaría airport and went by ambulance to the hospital de Niños.

Each vehicle appears to have contained a family returning from a short vacation. One of the dead at the scene was a child.

Traffic on the key highway was halted for more than three hours after the midday crash.

Two suspects face claims
they took bags from tourists

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Two men who are suspects in a rash of tourist bus thefts have been detained.

 They were detained Friday by Judicial Investigating Organization agents, who said the duo targeted buses at San Carlos, Jacó, Puntarenas, and Monteverde in order to search for potential theft opportunities.

The men would first scout out the locations and identify future victims before they would board the buses and take off with the personal items of passengers, according to agents. Investigators said they saw one of the subjects board a bus in Jacó while his partner followed behind in a car.

At a stop in Atenas on the Caldera highway, the man on the bus got off holding a bag belonging a foreigner before officers approached him. A report from the Judicial Investigating Organization said the suspect tried to flee for the nearby mountains but was quickly apprehended. The other man was then detained when he drove by the bus stop presumably to retrieve the first suspect.

Agents confiscated the vehicle and found a Nikon camera with lenses in the stolen bag.

Ultralight pilot dies in Parrita

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Another ultralight aircraft crash appears to have taken the life of a man in Parrita.

The Judicial Investigating Organizaiton identified ther man by the last name of  Marín and said he was 54.

The man crashed into some trees Friday morning and then fell to the ground, agents said. He died not long after at the Clínica de Parrita. An autopsy will determine the cause of death.

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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 12, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 92
Real Estate
About us
Tax and
Mueso Nacional recovers a stone sphere from Florida homeowner
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A pre-Columbian stone sphere weighing about 3,000 pounds has arrived safely in Pavas after a sea voyage from Florida. The sphere, authenticated as the work of the culture that lived in the  Delta del Diquís more than 1,000 years ago, came from Coconut Grove, Florida. The Museo Nacional, which announced the return, said a resident there, identified as  John F. Betancourt, voluntarily surrendered the sphere that he believed had been on his property since a previous owner brought it there in the 1940s.

The spheres are in the news now because the government expects the sites where they are found on the south Pacific coast soon will be added to the United Nations world heritage list.

Museum officials are in the process of trying to gain possession of spheres that are located in other part of the country. Many have been moved to the Central Valley to serve as ornaments around upscale homes. The museum reported that it has recovered five spheres, but the latest is the only one that has come from outside the county.

The sphere from Florida is about a meter in diameter and is reported to be in good condition except for some surface cracks. Its destination in Pavas is where the museum maintains a storage facility. Staffers at the Cost Rican consulate in Miami had to devise a special wood box to carry the sphere on its journey that began April 3. It arrived intact in Pavas via Limón April 29, the museum said.

stone sphere
Museo Nacional photo
Workmen unpack the sphere at the Pavas facility.

Tamarino beach
A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz
Whatever the season, there are still plenty of fantastic views in Tamarindo and the rest of the country.
Tamarindo merchants take steps to succeed during the low season
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Afternoon rain clouds move in and thunder echoes above Tamarindo just before many of the lingering visitors begin to migrate away from the emptying beach. Early May marks a turn towards the low season, and the tourist town's patronage has taken an expected dive since Semana Santa.

However, some local business owners and employees say they are not merely bracing to survive this annual hit but instead preparing to succeed during it.

"If you can build up you business in the right way you're almost looking forward to this time when the low season hits," said Joe Walsh, founder and CEO of Witch's Rock Surf Camp. He added that after the busy surge brought by holy week, the town's atmosphere feels a little more like authentic Costa Rica again.

This typical dip in incoming tourists is easily seen through the eyes of the hospitality industry. According to Yerling Rodríguez from the town's welcome center, reservation numbers for all hotels have significantly declined in the past few weeks.

To combat this inevitable drop, a number of hotels institute deals for their guests during the rainy season. Melanie Soto, a receptionist and tour advisor at Hotel Nahua, said her hotel responds with significant discounts, like lowering an apartment-sized room that is normally $75 to a rate of $50 per night.

So far Hotel Nahua has remained relatively full during the first few weeks post-Semana Santa. Ms. Soto said the place was only expecting 30 percent occupancy one night last week, although the numbers are erratic due to unexpected walk-ins.

"It's starting to get slow," she said. "We don't have a lot of Internet reservations but we're a hotel that gets a lot of walk-ins at night. It's just a little low."

Restaurants also pile on the discounts for the dwindling crowds once the calendar flips to May. Alvaro Hernández, an employee at Enjoy, said the Argentinean restaurant is now offering up to 40 percent off of certain food and drink items and has seen an immediate boost in diners.
Walsh on board
Witch's Rock Surf Camp photo
Joe Walsh welcomes some free time during low season.

For companies in Tamarindo and beyond, the low season of tourism serves a reminder of how important it remains to attract Costa Rican customers. Walsh pointed out this focus on bringing in a steady stream of local money by saying businesses should find a proper balance in clientele.

"We don't rely 100 percent on international tourism," he said. "We're just as dependent on the local market as the international market. It's great to capitalize on both of those."

Witch's Rock Surf Camp opened in 2001 and has 18 rooms that Walsh said almost consistently stay full throughout the year. His enterprise is helped by the surf program, restaurant, brewery, and shop that all occupy the same location at the town's northern entrance. Walsh credited improvements in the nearby roads and incoming highways as major reasons why Tamarindo businesses should still be able to attract visitors even during the rainy season. He said the recent Caldera Highway project has been one of the best things to happen for tourism and businesses in Guanacaste.

Last year the month of May saw the third fewest international arrivals for Costa Rica, according to numbers from the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo.

DelRey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 12, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 92
Real Estate
About us

Stronger dollar continues to drive increases in regulated motor fuels
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The U.S. dollar keeps gaining value against the Costa Rican colon, and that makes many expats who receive their income from overseas happy.

But their joy will be diminished when they go to the service station for a fillup. The agency that regulates prices is increasing the cost of fuel again, mostly based on the increased valued of the U.S. dollar. However, the Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Púbicos is behind by a month and by 11 colons.

The agency said it was basing it new price on the international cost of petroleum and the exchange rate to buy a U.S. dollar  of 510.13 colons. That was the price in early April.

However, the Banco Central de Costa Rica said the price to buy a dollar today is 561.26 colons.
The new fuel prices will go into effect as soon as they are published in the official La Gaceta newspaper.

The agency said that super gasoline was going from 756 colons per liter to 773 colons and that plus gasoline was going from 723 to 752. Diesel actually was going down a single colon to 574.

There was no clear explanation for the changes.

The result of the increases is that plus gasoline will break the $5-a gallon-mark. A U.S. gallon will cost $5.07 at the new price of 752 colons per liter, which is up 29 colons. Super will be $5.21, up 11 U.S. cents from the last price fixing in early April.

Diesel will continue to be $4.55 per gallon.

The agency noted that the value of the U.S. dollar has increased 50 colons since January.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

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When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

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Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


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Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.

oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS.

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at or contact us at
or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: or

prime properties
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 12, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 92
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University of Illinois/Ryan Gergely
Researchers have developed materials that regenerate when the restorative material is delivered through two, isolated fluid streams (dyed red and blue), and the liquid immediately gels and later hardens.

Plastic that can heal itself
generates great expectations

By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

Modeled on the blood vessels that make up the human circulatory system, scientists have created a plastic material that repairs itself. Researchers believe self-regenerating plastic could be used in many ways.

Imagine a sheet of plastic with a tear or hole in the middle. Suddenly, the breach begins to fill in. Within a few seconds, the hole is completely covered with new plastic material. In a couple of hours, the plastic is as hard as ever.

Central to this self-regeneration process, according to inventor Scott White of the University of Illinois Urbana, are parallel, vascular-like channels through which liquid repair material is funneled onto the damaged plastic. 

A big challenge in the development of the self-regeneration system was gravity, which would make the repair material leak out. Scientists developed two chemicals, though, which mix and congeal immediately after reaching the damage site. The material then fills the hole or crack in the plastic by folding on top of itself until the entire breach is patched.

White said scientists got the idea from the human circulatory system and the body’s use of platelets to repair a wound.

“If we had a major gash, there’s a possibility we could bleed out," he said. "But if that cut is not too severe, we should see a clot form and then the repair process takes place underneath that clot. And this is the same kind of principle here.”

Self-healing plastic could be used in a number of ways, White said. For example, it could be used as a protective coating on metal.

“If you had a regenerative coating in this case, you could basically walk away and be assured there is always going to be a coating on that substrate and never have to worry about a corrosion process happening anymore,” he said.

White, a professor of aerospace engineering, said that might be useful on the deck of ships, which commonly get scrapped and dinged, causing rust to form, or as a coating on car bumpers to repair dings and scrapes. 

White said the research is in the early stages. Currently, the repair is visible. In time, however, he said it will be difficult to see where the damage was after the plastic regenerates itself.

Washington Monument opens
today after earthquake repairs

By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

The Washington Monument, one of the U.S. capital's most recognizable sights, will reopen Monday, nearly three years after sustaining damage from a rare earthquake.
The memorial honoring the first American president, George Washington, has been closed for about 33 months for engineers to conduct an extensive analysis and restoration of the 169-meter stone obelisk that was once the tallest structure in the world.  It is 130 years old.
New exhibits have been installed at the top, and visitors can once again ride an elevator to look out from the highest point in Washington, D.C.
The 2011 quake rattled a large swathe of the U.S. East Coast, a region not usually prone to earthquakes.
It also caused significant damage to Washington's National Cathedral.

Chinese workers are honored
for 19th century railroad job

 By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

This year marks the 145th anniversary of the completion of the U.S. Transcontinental Railroad. The 3,200 kilometers of rail, constructed between 1863 and 1869, finally linked the eastern United States to the western part of the country.
Last week, the Chinese immigrants who worked on that railroad were honored by being registered in the U.S. Department of Labor's Hall of Honor in Washington, D.C. The more than 12,000 Chinese laborers are the first Asian-Americans to be inducted into the Hall since its creation in 1988.
At the ceremony Friday, Labor Department Deputy Secretary Chris Lu said by sharing the story of the Chinese immigrants who worked on the Transcontinental Railroad, people are reminded that the U.S. has benefited from wave after wave of industrious immigrants.
Lu said in immigrant families there’s a special place of honor for those who do things first.
“So for the community of 18 million Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders in this country, the Chinese railroad workers are part of our first,” said Lu. “They pushed open a door so that generations could follow them. The story of their successes has been missing in history for far too long and that is why we honor them today."
Chinese-American historian Connie Young Yu, who spoke at the Department of Labor Hall of Honor induction ceremony, told the story of her great-grandfather, Lee Wong Sang, who worked on the railroad. At a separate event over the weekend at the Chinese Community Church in Washington, Ms. Yu said she was honored to represent all of the railroad workers' descendants at the ceremony.
"You know it's a great celebration and we're supposed to be so excited about having the word ‘Chinese’ on the Hall of Honor,” said Ms. Yu. “But it's also a sober reminder of what happened in our history."
Sue Lee, executive director of the Chinese Historical Society of America, said the induction was the long overdue recognition the Chinese laborers on the Transcontinental Railroad deserved. She said it's emotionally important for the Chinese-American community to receive that recognition and a reminder of their pioneering history.
"The importance and the significance of those early Chinese in the face of racism and barriers and continuing discrimination throughout the time, even after the railroad work finished, they couldn't find job, it was hard to settle down in communities. Chinese women weren't allowed in this country, they couldn't start families," said Lee. "So despite all that, the Chinese community survived and when immigration laws changed . . . this new population, our newcomers are learning about the legacy of the work of these pioneering railroad workers."
Ms. Lee said even though the Transcontinental Railroad was built 145 years ago, there are many lessons even young Chinese-Americans can take away from the stories of the railroad workers. She said the opportunities that young people have today are all thanks to the legacy of those early pioneers.
"And we hope, as the Chinese Historical Society, that young people are inspired hearing about the ceremony and that they delve into their own history because you never know, there are people even today that are discovering for the first time that their families had some connection to those early railroad workers," said Ms. Lee. "So we have our own history to piece together and to rediscover."
The Chinese immigrant railroad workers join a distinguished list of contributors to the field of labor in the Labor Hall of Honor. Other inductees include industrialist Henry J. Kaiser, labor leader and civil rights activist César Chávez and the rescue workers who responded to the terrorist attacks in New York City on September 11, 2001.

'Frozen' songs are strong
top Billboard competitors

By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

There are 10 original songs on the "Frozen" soundtrack, including the Academy Award winning "Let It Go," and the album continues to make frequent appearances in the number one spot in Billboard magazine.

“The Billboard 200 ranks the most popular albums in the country each week, based upon sales," said Keith Caufield, Billboard's associate director of charts. "That’s pretty staggering because at this point, we’re kind of in the realm of mega-soundtracks like "Titanic," which spent 16 weeks at number one and "The Lion King," another Disney movie that spent 10 weeks at number one."

"Frozen" has broken the record for an animated film soundtrack. Since it was released in November, it’s never left the top five, and had the distinction of knocking superstar singer Beyoncé off the top of the charts.
Fifty-eight percent of the "Frozen" albums sold have been physical CDs, and Caufield says that bucks current trends.
“Today you can stream an album, you can play it on Spotify, you can go to YouTube, and you can enjoy music in many different ways that don’t necessarily involve purchasing an item," he said. "But 'Frozen' has been able to connect with people that want to buy albums and actually want a tangible object to hold and to take home from somewhere because they want to have that memory of the movie, and also the music itself."

The songwriters, husband and wife team Bobby Lopez and Kristen Anderson-Lopez, had a strategy for making that musical connection.

"Every song we ran by our two girls," Bobby Lopez said. "We had this great focus group that was just our family."

Lopez says he and his wife wanted to write songs that families like theirs could relate to.

A huge part of "Frozen’s" overall success is its appeal to girls, says Tom MacDougall, who produced the music in the film and on the album.

“They see a character up there that represents them, not just as a gender, but a situation, you know, that they might have siblings that they don’t get along with or the idea of adventure," MacDougall said. "They look up there and they see these two women having this adventure."

Despite its popularity, Billboard’s Caufield says it will be a while before "Frozen" knocks another soundtrack out of the record books.

“The all-time champ for the most weeks at number one, among soundtracks and, in fact, among all albums, is the soundtrack to "West Side Story," which has spent 54 weeks at number one, more than a year on the chart," he said. "So 'Frozen' is a little bit of a ways away."

For those who can’t get enough, Disney just released a "Frozen" karaoke album, which debuted in Billboard’s top 20, and the Lopezes are hard at work on a Broadway adaptation of the movie.

Congress summons VA chief
in probe of medical wait lists

By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

Members of the U.S. Congress have called the head of the Veterans Administration to testify this week about reports of long waiting lists for military veterans seeking medical treatment.

A committee of the House of Representatives voted Thursday to subpoena records about the waiting lists. A Senate committee has called Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki to testify.

Shinseki has ordered a national audit of access to medical care for U.S. military veterans, after reports of months-long waiting lists at Veterans hospitals in Arizona and other locations. One of the reports said veterans had died while waiting for care.

The reports about the Phoenix, Arizona, facility said officials there had maintained a secret waiting list to hide delays. Veterans Affairs officials have denied the existence of a secret list, but say they are investigating record-keeping in the veterans health system.

The American Legion, one of the major U.S. organizations that represent military veterans, has called for Shinseki and two other Veterans Administration officials to resign. The Veterans of Foreign Wars group, however, said it disagreed with the resignation call and said Shinseki should take action to fix the problems rather than quitting.

The White House says it has full confidence in Shinseki, and said the backlog of cases of veterans awaiting treatment at a VA facility had been cut in half, from 600,000 cases last year to just more than 300,000 cases in early May.

Catholic leader in Holy Land
decries Jewish vandalisms

 By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

The head of the Roman Catholic Church in the Holy Land says vandalism of church property, allegedly by Jewish extremists, is poisoning the atmosphere ahead of Pope Francis' first official visit later this month.
Patriarch of Jerusalem Fouad Twal says the vandalism is of grave concern to all reasonable persons. He also calls it a blight on Israeli democracy.
Jewish extremists are alleged to have spray-painted graffiti and racist insults on churches and religious centers in Jerusalem in a series of vandalistic acts over the past year.
Police have arrested a number of suspects.
The vandalism has become known as price tag attacks after ultranationalist Jews warned the government would pay the price for curbing Jewish settlement activity in Palestinian areas.

Pope Francis is scheduled to make his first visit as pope to Israel, Jordan and the West Bank May 24-26.

Use of ethanol questioned,
and cap may be imposed

 By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

When U.S. drivers fill their tanks with ethanol, they are essentially buying fermented corn grown by American farmers.

A 2007 law requires gasoline makers to add increasing amounts of the biofuel to the U.S. fuel supply. With petroleum-based fuels contributing to climate change, advocates have backed plant-based biofuels as a greener source of energy.

However, rising costs and competition for resources have led some regulators to propose a reduction in the ethanol requirement. 

The 2007 law sparked an ethanol boom that has boosted rural economies.

Another benefit, according to Bob Dinneen, head of the ethanol trade group the Renewable Fuels Association, is that corn absorbs the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide as it grows.

“We are produced from agricultural crops and residues that are taking carbon out of the air, something petroleum can’t claim,” Dinneen said.

But ethanol has a flock of critics. Poultry and other meat producers say their animals are now competing with ethanol for the corn supply. That has raised corn prices and costs for raising livestock.

“Eventually these higher costs borne by the industry have to be passed along," said Hobey Bowen, president of the Virginia Poultry Federation. "So, this policy has contributed to inflation, food inflation.”

Another factor may also put a lid on ethanol’s growth.

“There’s more ethanol in the gasoline required by the mandate than the vehicle fleet and fueling infrastructure can handle,” said Patrick Kelly, a policy advisor for the American Petroleum Institute.

Here’s why. Most U.S. gasoline currently contains 10 percent ethanol. Raising it to 15 percent would be one way to meet the law’s requirements. But some cars may not be able to handle a higher mix of ethanol.

“If you have a car that was designed to use E-10, and that fuel pump is not compatible with E-15, it could leave you on the side of the road stranded,” Kelly said.

So the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is proposing to lower the ethanol requirement for this year.

Dinneen, of the Renewable Fuels Association, says that's a bad idea.

“It’s going backwards on our energy policy, not forwards,” he said.

Dinneen says Congress passed the law intending to drive major changes in where the United States gets its fuel. One side effect, for example, is that car companies now make some models that can run on up to 85 percent ethanol.

“If you’re going to have ethanol replacing gasoline, if we want to have options other than fracking and drilling deeper and deeper in the Gulf, we have got to assure investors that there is going to be a market for these new advanced biofuels,” he said.

These new biofuels can be made from garbage, corn cobs, or other plant matter, which could end the food-versus-fuel debate.

What fuels cars in the coming years may hinge on EPA’s final decision, expected in June.

Satchmo vs. the Beatles
was music duel in 1960s

 By the  A.M. Costa Rica new services

This week marks an unusual 50th anniversary: the last hurrah for one of the legends of American jazz and for a type of American music that, after that time, would never again be as popular. 

In the spring of 1964, the United States was going through a revolution.

Three months earlier, the British rock band The Beatles appeared on United States television, giving the country’s younger generation something they been looking for - a way to differentiate themselves from their parents.

“The youth of America is doing everything they can to be different than that generation that has come before,” said Tracey Chessum, a professor of theater history at Point Park University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

This music, she says, gave them one of their first opportunities to turn away from the lifestyle their parents had lived. “That generation, they looked at it and they said, ‘Well why should we preserve this lifestyle?’”

When the Beatles ascended to the top of the music charts in February, 1964, they stayed there with a succession of records for the next three-and-a-half months - a string of hits longer than any artist before them.

A common question was when their streak of number-one hits would finally be broken.  So was the question of who the artist to break their streak would be.

“Would it be another hot-shot rock group?  No!  It’s Louis Armstrong.  Here he is - he’s an old man.  He’s 63 years old,” said Ricky Riccardi, the archivist at the Louis Armstrong House Museum in New York.  And not only was it a shock that the Beatles were unseated by a 63-year-old, the song he did it with was about as different as you could get from the Beatles’ rock-and-roll.

Armstrong had recorded this song a few months earlier, and Riccardi says, he almost didn’t record it at all.  For one, at the time, “he’s not making many records,” he said.
Armstrong was making money performing concerts.  As a result, Riccardi says, “from September, 1961 through December, 1963, he never sees the inside of a recording studio.”

The Broadway musical “Hello Dolly” had not opened yet.  And Louis Armstrong wasn’t the popular act he had once been.  So when his manager approached several record companies about making this recording, they all told him “No.”

When Armstrong finally did get into the recording studio, Riccardi says, he recorded not only “Hello Dolly,” but also a song from the Broadway musical “Bye Bye Birdie.” It was that song -— “A Lot of Living To Do” — that was expected to sell a few records.

According to Riccardi one writer at the time said, “with a proper amount of promotion, ‘A Lot of Living to Do’ could become a hit.”

Instead, things went in another direction.  Armstrong’s “Hello Dolly” hit the market in January, right after the Broadway play opened, and in the midst of Beatlemania, didn’t stop climbing the charts until it finally knocked the Beatles from the number-one spot on May 9, 1964.

But anyone who saw this as a trend would have been wrong.  This would be Armstrong’s last trip to the top of the music charts, and as Tracey Chessum says, songs from Broadway musicals wouldn’t see many appearances on the pop charts either.

“The musicals of the 1940s and 50s are in the Top-10 all the time, and then, as we hit that generational shift, we go completely in the opposite direction," she said. "And that’s when the shift away from musical theater as the music of America really starts to happen.” 

Despite the long-term trends, for one last time Satchmo, as he was called, won the day.  Armstrong showed with this record that there was magic left in his horn and his voice, that he could still create a hit.

“At an age when most of his contemporaries were either dead, retired or unknown anymore,” Riccardi said.

Longevity gene appears
to also increase cognition

by the National Institutes of Health news staff

Scientists showed that people who have a variant of a longevity gene, called KLOTHO, have improved brain skills such as thinking, learning and memory regardless of their age, sex, or whether they have a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease. Increasing KLOTHO gene levels in mice made them smarter, possibly by increasing the strength of connections between nerve cells in the brain. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health.

“This could be a major step toward helping millions around the world who are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias,” said Dena Dubal, an assistant professor of neurology at the University of California San Francisco and the lead author of the study published in Cell Reports. “If we could boost the brain’s ability to function, we may be able to counter dementias.”

As people live longer the effects of aging on the brain will become a greater health issue. This is especially true for dementias, a collection of brain disorders that can cause memory problems, impaired language skills and other symptoms. With the number of dementia cases worldwide estimated to double every 20 years from 35.6 million people in 2010 to 65.7 million in 2030 and 115.4 million in 2050, the need for treatments is growing.

Klotho is the name of a Greek mythological goddess of fate, “who spins the thread of life.” People who have one copy of a variant, or form, of the KLOTHO gene, called KL-VS, tend to live longer and have lower chances of suffering a stroke whereas people who have two copies may live shorter lives and have a higher risk of stroke. In this study, the investigators found that people who had one copy of the KL-VS variant performed better on a battery of cognitive tests than subjects who did not have it, regardless of age, sex or the presence of the apolipoprotein 4 gene, the main genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease.

“This study shows the importance of genes that regulate the multiple aging processes involved in the maintenance of cognitive function,” said Suzana Petanceska, program director in National Institutes of Health’s Division of Neuroscience. “Understanding the factors that control the levels and activity of KLOTHO across multiple organ systems may open new therapeutic avenues for prevention of age-related cognitive decline and dementia.”

Scientists showed that the longevity gene, KLOTHO, may improve thinking, learning and memory.

The investigators tested a variety of cognitive skills, including learning, memory, and attention. More than 700 subjects, 52 to 85 years old were tested as part of three studies. None had any sign of dementia. Consistent with previous studies, 20 to 25 percent of the subjects had one copy of the KL-VS variant and performed better on the tests than those who had no copies. Performance on the tests decreased with age regardless of whether a subject had one or no copies of the KL-VS gene variant.

The KLOTHO gene provides the blueprint for a protein made primarily by the cells of the kidney, placenta, small intestine, and prostate. A shortened version of the protein can circulate through the blood system. Blood tests showed that subjects who had one copy of the KL-VS variant also had higher levels of circulating klotho protein. The levels decreased with age as others have observed. The researchers speculate that the age-related decrease in circulating levels of klotho protein may have caused some of the decline in performance on the cognitive tests.

“These surprising results pave a promising new avenue of research,” said Roderick Corriveau,  program director at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. “Although preliminary, they suggest that a form of klotho could be used to enhance cognition for people suffering from dementia.”

To test this idea the researchers genetically engineered mice to overproduce klotho protein. The klotho-enhanced mice lived longer and had higher levels of klotho in the blood and in a brain area known as the hippocampus, which controls some types of learning and memory. Similar to human studies, the klotho-enhanced mice performed better on a variety of learning and memory tests, regardless of age. In one test, the mice remembered the location of a hidden target in a maze better, which allowed them to find it twice as fast as control mice.

“Overall our results suggest that klotho may increase cognitive reserve or the brain’s capacity to perform everyday intellectual tasks,” said senior author Lennart Mucke, director of the Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease, San Francisco, California.

Insecticides get blame
for bee colony collapses

By the Harvard School of Public Health  news staff

Two widely used neonicotinoids — a class of insecticide — appear to significantly harm honey bee colonies over the winter, particularly during colder winters, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health. The study replicated a 2012 finding from the same research group that found a link between low doses of imidacloprid and colony collapse disorder in which bees abandon their hives over the winter and eventually die. The new study also found that low doses of a second neonicotinoid, clothianidin, had the same negative effect.

Further, although other studies have suggested that Collapse dsorder-related mortality in honey bee colonies may come from bees’ reduced resistance to mites or parasites as a result of exposure to pesticides, the new study found that bees in the hives exhibiting the disorder had almost identical levels of pathogen infestation as a group of control hives, most of which survived the winter. This finding suggests that the neonicotinoids are causing some other kind of biological mechanism in bees that in turn leads to collapse disorder.

The study appears online May 9, 2014 in the Bulletin of Insectology.

Big hurricanes caused
stillbirths, study contends

By the British Medical Journal  news staff
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita may have been responsible for up to half of all recorded stillbirths in the worst hit areas, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.
And the true fetal death toll may even be higher, because of the displacement of people whose homes and way of life were destroyed, suggest the authors.
Hurricane Katrina struck the state of Louisiana,on Aug. 29 2005, followed by Hurricane Rita a month later on Sept. 24. Katrina was the costliest natural disaster in American history, while Rita was the fourth most intense hurricane ever recorded.
Both hurricanes caused widespread damage to property and infrastructure and left a trail of injury, death, and trauma in their wake.
The researchers used composite figures from several government agencies, showing that the hurricanes caused damage in 38 out of 64 parishes in the state, with almost 205,000 housing units affected.
In four parishes, more than half of the local housing stock was damaged; in three others, between 10 percent and 50percent was damaged. Elsewhere, the level of damage to housing stock was categorised as 1 percent to 10 percent , or less than 1 percent.
The researchers then calculated the odds of a pregnancy resulting in a stillbirth in damaged and undamaged areas (less than 1 percent damage) in the 20 months before and the 28 months after Katrina struck.
But they also looked at all birth data between 1999 and 2009 in Louisiana to gauge usual patterns: during this period, 5,194 stillbirths were recorded.
They then used space-time models to assess whether the extent of damage wrought by the hurricanes was linked to the risk of stillbirths in a given area.
Their calculations indicated that the risk of a pregnancy ending in a stillbirth was 40 percent higher in parishes where 10 to 50 percent of housing stock had been damaged, and more than twice as high in areas where over 50 percent of the housing stock had taken a hit.
After taking account of known risk factors, every 1 percent increase in the extent of damage to housing stock was associated with a corresponding 7 percent rise in the number of stillbirths.
Based on these figures, the researchers calculated that of the 410 stillbirths officially recorded in extensively damaged parishes, up to half (117 to 205) may have been directly caused by the hurricanes and the subsequent devastation.
Their estimates suggest that stillbirths made up around 17.5 percent to 30.5 percent of the total death toll in the wake of the hurricanes.
But the risk of stillbirth may have been even higher, suggest the researchers. In the hardest hit areas, the number of live births was more than 40 percent lower in 2007 than it was in 2004. And in parishes with more half of the housing stock damaged, the live birth rate fell by 79 percent in the three months following Katrina.
This precipitous decline is likely to reflect the well-documented exodus of residents from the coastal parishes of Louisiana into other areas, they suggest.
They point to previously published research, showing a link between maternal stress, depression, and trauma and birth complications, including stillbirths.
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New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD

another house shot
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!

Atenas mansion
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
For more information contact:

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email


Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: and

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: Click on the link below for photos and additional details:

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, 8841-1606

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.

Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email:  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at Contact us at: or +1-866-514-7435.

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at:  Contact information:,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail for more information ¡y se habla español!

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Award  winning unique mini golf on the main road of La Fortuna. approximately 8,000 square foot structure permits you to do business 365 days a year. Seven years left on lease at $500 a month or $1,000 a month if you use the 9,000 square feet behind it. Space to build cabin, house or additional tourist attractions. Price includes all permits and patents. Property is offered for sale through local owner. Photos available at the following Web site: Email:  or call 506 6021 4569. In English! Great Price $25,000.

Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact for an appointment. For a preview

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 12, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 92
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
tide gauge
University of Southampton photo
Tide gauge at Liverpool

Accurate sea level data
needs better measurements

By the  University of Southampton news service

Scientists have developed a new method for revealing how sea levels might rise around the world throughout the 21st century to address the controversial topic of whether the rate of sea level rise is currently increasing.

The international team of researchers, led by the University of Southampton, analyzed data from 10 long-term sea level monitoring stations located around the world. They looked into the future to identify the timing at which sea level accelerations might first be recognized in a significant manner.

Lead author Ivan Haigh, lecturer in coastal oceanography at the University of Southampton, says: “Our results show that by 2020 to 2030, we could have some statistical certainty of what the sea level rise situation will look like for the end of the century. That means we’ll know what to expect and have 70 years to plan. In a subject that has so much uncertainty, this gives us the gift of long-term planning.

“As cities, including London, continue to plan for long-term solutions to sea level rise, we will be in a position to better predict the long-term situation for the UK capital and other coastal areas across the planet. Scientists should continue to update the analysis every 5 to 10 years, creating more certainty in long-term planning — and helping develop solutions for a changing planet.”

The study found that the most important approach to the earliest possible detection of a significant sea level acceleration lies in improved understanding of variability in sea level records.

“The measured sea levels reflect a variety of processes operating at different time scales,” says co-author Francisco Calafat, from the National Oceanography Centre. He adds, “One of the main difficulties in detecting sea level accelerations is the presence of decadal and multi-decadal variations. For example, processes associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation have a strong influence on the sea levels around the UK over multi-decadal periods. Such processes introduce a large amount of noise into the record, masking any underlying acceleration in the rate of rise. Our study shows, that by adequately understanding these processes and removing their influence, we can detect accelerations much earlier.”

Eelco Rohling from the Australian National University and formerly of the University of Southampton, adds: “By developing a novel method that realistically approximates future sea level rise, we have been able to add new insight to the debate and show that there is substantial evidence for a significant recent acceleration in the sea level rise on a global and regional level. However, due to the large noise signals at some local coastal sites, it won’t be until later this decade or early next decade before the accelerations in sea level are detection at these individual tide gauge sites.”

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

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From Page 7:

Converted airplane gives country a boost

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Verde Resort in Manuel Antonio and, by extension, Costa Rican tourism got a boost when Caters News Agency Ltd. posted a news story about the resort's unique aircraft that has been converted into a hotel room.

The British news agency buys photos and stories and then resells them to media outlets. The converted Boeing 727 at Costa Verde is not new, but it is unusual. So it shares the news service Web site with with male hippos fighting, a 5-year-old guitarist, a man who plays dead for a living and a frog that looks like Kermit.

The story was unique enough to be picked up by the Daily Telegraph, which ran a series of monitor-size photos.

The New York Daily news also picked up the story and photos for its online travel section.