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Published Monday, May 9, 2016, in Vol. 17, No. 90
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New wave of Panamá papers data goes online today
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
with wire service reports

The journalism organization promoting the Panamá Papers disclosures said it will release mountains of searchable information today at 2 p.m.

The organization is the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, the leading source of Panamá Papers data in English.
The teachable data base will be here:

https://offshoreleaks.icij.org.


The documents detail ties between 368,000 people and 300,000 offshore entities, the International Consortium said, according to wire service reports.

The impact in Costa Rica could be major. El Semanario, the Universidad de Costa Rica newspaper, made much of very little in its initial reports. The documents, stolen from the Mossack Fonseca & Co. law firm in Panamá, shows that lawyers there helped some wealthy people set up offshore firms, often used to hide assets and avoid taxes and sanctions.

Little of what has been disclosed so far is illegal, but Costa Rica does have a law that requires public employees to disclose assets each year. This is the Ley Contra la Corrupción y el Enriquecimiento Ilícito en la Función Pública, No. 8422. The Contraloría General de la República says that nearly 20,000 public employees have to file forms by May 20 showing their worth.

Some may show up as owners of offshore corporations, which would jeopardize their job if they had lied on previous annual reports.

However, Costa Ricans do not have to go to the Panamá firm to create an offshore corporation. They could do so online with U.S. states or even with the government registrar in the Cayman Islands.

The Cayman Islands Companies Registry reports that there are 92,000 firms registered there and an average of 9,200 new companies have been registered each year over the past 10 years. One advantage of registering a company there is secret ownership.

“The Registrar is able to release on enquiry only the name, type of company, the date of registration, the address of its registered office, and the status of the company, the government agency says on its Web site.

Companies registered there also pay no local taxes, including capital gains and payroll.

The anonymous source behind the leak of the Panamá Papers says "income inequality is one of the defining issues of our time," and that governments need to do more to address the issue.

The source released an 1,800-word statement to the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung and the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists explaining the motive for leaking the information to justify the action.

"You'll see companies and their official owners. This is information that's never been 
Panama papers
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists graphic

available," said Marina Walker Guevara, International Consortium deputy director. "We think that information about who owns the company should be public and transparent."

Some have suggested that the United States may have been behind the leak because the U.S. Internal Revenue Service usually creates a public relations splash around April 15 each year. That is the annual tax filing deadline of many U.S. citizens.

Even while he noted that there was little illegal disclosed so far by the Panamá Papers, U.S. President Barack Obama called for changes in the law to identify owners of offshore corporations. As far as the U.S. government is concerned many U.S. expats and property owners are holders of suspicious offshore entities. They have to make special tax reports each year.

The Costa Rican central government is seeking legislation to remove the shield of confidentiality of shareholders of corporations registered here.


Expats and Costa Ricans can hide their participating in a corporation here now by holding all the stock but naming someone else to fill a public position on the board of directors.

Offshore corporations are attractive to Costa Ricans and investors of many other nationalities because they would not pay taxes to their home country on income earned by a corporation in a place like the Cayman Islands. That is called tax avoidance, and this is legal.

U.S. citizens, on the other hand, are obligated to report to their government all their income, foreign and domestic. So U.S. citizens failing to report income generated by a Cayman Island corporation are engaged in illegal activity. That is called evasion.

Those in the financial world are quick to point out that the offshore entities are attractive because of high taxes in the home country.

U.S. corporations have billions of dollars stashed offshore in foreign subsidiaries for that reason.

Costa Ricans are free to bring money into the country from offshore corporations tax-free and avoid the top 30 percent income tax rate.

The U.S. corporate tax rate ranges from 15 to 39 percent. Individuals with high incomes can pay up to 39.6 percent on income such as dividends and bond interest.

Bernie Sanders, the Democratic candidate for U.S. president, wants to raise the top individual marginal tax rate to 60 percent. Until 1964 the top marginal tax rate for individuals in the United States was an incredible 91 percent.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 90
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

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Psychotherapy

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Insurance professionals

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 Accountants

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8951-8/29/16
Volcano experts discount panic messages

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The national emergency commission says that some individuals have taken to the social media to spread panic and fear over the Turrialba volcano.

Apparently a message that was circulated a year ago has reappeared suggesting that parents have to provide water and other items for their children in school.

This comes at time when the emergency commission says that the activity at the Turrialba volcano is lessening. There were a series of eruptions Saturday and more Sunday. Ash carried by the wind went north of the San Jose downtown into Coronado, Guadalupe and Moravia Sunday.

Five public schools in the vicinity of the volcano will remain closed today, said the Ministerio de Educación Pública. The same schools were closed much of last week. Teachers will not be off today. The ministry said that the teachers involved would be meeting to discuss ways students can make up the course work once classes resume.

The emergency commission and the scientists involved in monitoring the volcano agree that the mountain can be dangerous and Costa Rica has a number of active volcanos, but they also said that being prepared is not being fearful.

The idea that the volcano’s activity is lessening comes from monitoring the emission of gas and vapor via cameras at the summit of the mountain.

Readers can do that, too,
HERE!


Police on alert for tonight’s soccer match

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Two leading soccer teams play a championship match tonight, and the Feurza Pública is fielding 204 officers to back up 175 private security guards at the Estadio Alejandro Morera Soto in Alajuela.

The two teams are Liga Deportiva Alajuelense y Club Sport Herediano.

Police have been frisking spectators as they enter the stadiums in an effort to reduce the violence that has taken place at previous games. Both teams have large groups of loyal followers.


Spanish clown to discuss humor in war

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

When it comes to discussing humor, the experts are needed. Send in the clowns!

That is what the Centro Cultural de España will be doing Wednesday at 7 p.m.  Iván Prado, a popular Spanish clown, is to participate in a discussion of humor in time of war.

He also will be giving workshops today and through Thursday. Prado has practiced the clown art in some dangerous zones, according to the Centro. He will be in the country for two weeks, and his visit includes a trip to the Hospital de Niños and in Tallamanca.


Cachí hydro facility reaches 50 years

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The state power company is marking the 50th birthday of its Cachí generating facility that went into service May 7, 1966.

This is a project by the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad. Since 1966, the plant, based in the province of Cartago, has seen a major increase in its capacity. When it began, it was designed to produce 32 megawatts.  Now the plant has a capacity of 160 megawatts.

The hydro facility has a concrete dam 148 meters (about 486 feet) long and 75 meters (nearly 250 feet) high on the Río Reventazón.


News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English











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Legal Notice
The State of Utah To:  Richard Lydenberg you are summoned and required to file an answer in writing to the Petition of Divorce filed in the case number: 164900117 within 30 days after the last day of publication, which is May 26, 2016, you must file your answer with the clerk of the court at: Third Judicial District Court of Salt Lake County, State of Utah, 450 South State Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84114 and serve a copy of your answer to the Petitioner, if you fail to file and serve your answer on time, judgment by default will be taken against you for the relief demanded in the Petition. The Petition is on file with the clerk of the court. You can obtain a copy of the Petition by requesting one from the clerk of the court.

9002-5/26/16
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 90
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Festival of the spheres returns to the Central Pacific this weekend
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Another annual festival is planned for next weekend at the site of those unexplained stone balls in Palmar Sur and vicinity.

The XI Festival de las Esferas Osa 2016 is the 11th annual celebration and comes when the Museo Nacional is trying to promote its new museum and holdings in that area.

The festival will be in Parque de Palmar Sur, Finca 6, Sierpe and Grijalba-2, all in the canton of Osa in the south Pacific coast.

The stone balls, some more than two meters in diameter, are the country’s leading archaeological mystery. No one knows who made them, how or why, although some scientists have taken their best shot.

The festival will feature more than just viewing the stone balls. There will be boat rides on the nearby Río Sierpe, dances, performances by musical groups, sports, exhibitions and the sale of foods and products from the zone.

The Municipalidad de Osa and local businesses also are sponsors.

The festival kicks off Friday at 10 a.m. in the Parque de Palmar Sur with a food fair, exhibitions of art works and the start of a series of symposiums on painting and sculpture that continues through the three days of the festival.

The Asociación Cultural Rey Curré will put on an abbreviated “Juego de los diablitos” Saturday at 10 a.m. and the Boruca group Non Cuan Xá performs at 3 p.m. Both events are in the Palmar Sur park. The Boruca are known for their colorful masks that are sought after by tourists.

Festival poster
Museo Nacional graphic
Festival poster features a man with a Boruca mask.

The group Danza Joven of the Universidad Nacional will present a dance performance that has been inspired by the spheres, said the museum. The performance will be Saturday at 4 p.m. at the Grijalba-2 archaeological site.

Throughout the three days there will be guided tours of the archaeological sites.

There is plenty on the Web about the spheres. Some claim they are leavings by space aliens. Others say they are many thousand years old. More conventional archaeologists agree that the only way to date the spheres is by what layers of soil and what artifacts are associated with them.

Since many of the spheres have been moved around in modern day as well as in pre-Columbian times, a lot of potential evidence has been lost.

The spheres have been recognized as part of the world’s heritage by the U. N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.


Proposed legal change would give spouses equal financial obligations
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A new bill introduced to the legislative assembly seeks to even the ground for spouses when it comes to family financial duty.

The proposal would modify Article 35 of the Código de Familia, which currently states that the husband has the obligation to defray the household expenses.  The wife is obliged to collaborate in solidarity and proportionately when she has her own resources, it adds.

If the change is approved, it would then read “both spouses are  responsible to defray the needs and expenses in the family, and
each one will respond in solidarity and proportionately
according to their possibilities and income.”

The modification was presented by Partido Acción Ciudadana lawmaker Marco Vinicio Redondo, so that the law matches the current gender equality paradigms and recognizes women rights.

“The current law does not fit in our society. Event though it is a symbolic change, we want to show that Costa Rica is a different country, and laws should change accordingly.” he said. 

According to Redondo, another important goal of the change is to show that both men and women share responsibilities in the needs and responsibilities of the family, as well as in domestic chores and child care.


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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 90
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Swiss study shows the restorative effects of vitamin B3 on older organs
By the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Nicotinamide riboside, a form of vitamin B3, is pretty amazing. It has already been shown in several studies to be effective in boosting metabolism. And now a team of researchers at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne's Laboratory has unveiled even more of its secrets. An article written by Hongbo Zhang, a doctoral student on the team, says the vitamin has restorative effects on the functioning of stem cells.

As mice, like all mammals, age, the regenerative capacity of certain organs (such as the liver and kidneys) and muscles, including the heart, diminishes. Their ability to repair them following an injury is also affected. This leads to many of the disorders typical of aging.

Hongbo Zhang wanted to understand how the regeneration process deteriorated with age. To do so, he teamed up with colleagues from ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and universities in Canada and Brazil. Through the use of several markers, he was able to identify the molecular chain that regulates how mitochondria, the "powerhouse" of the cell,  function and how they change with age. The role that mitochondria play in metabolism has already been amply demonstrated, "but we were able to show for the first time that their ability to function properly was important for stem cells," said Johan Auwerx, the team leader.

Under normal conditions, these stem cells, reacting to signals sent by the body, regenerate damaged organs by producing new specific cells. At least in young bodies. "We demonstrated that fatigue in stem cells was one of the main causes of poor

regeneration or even degeneration in certain tissues or organs," said Hongbo Zhang.

This is why the researchers wanted to revitalize stem cells in the muscles of elderly mice. And they did so by precisely targeting the molecules that help the mitochondria to function properly.

"We gave nicotinamide riboside to 2-year-old mice, which is an advanced age for them," said the researcher. "This substance, which is close to vitamin B3, is a precursor of NAD+, a molecule that plays a key role in mitochondrial activity. And our results are extremely promising: muscular regeneration is much better in mice that received NR, and they lived longer than the mice that didn't get it."

Parallel studies have revealed a comparable effect on stem cells of the brain and skin. "This work could have very important implications in the field of regenerative medicine," said Auwerx. "We are not talking about introducing foreign substances into the body but rather restoring the body's ability to repair itself with a product that can be taken with food." This work on the aging process also has potential for treating diseases that can affect and be fatal in young people, like muscular dystrophy.

So far, no negative side effects have been observed following the use of NR, even at high doses. But caution remains the byword when it comes to this elixir of youth: it appears to boost the functioning of all cells, which could include pathological ones. Further in-depth studies are required.

This paper has been published online by the journal Science.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


HIdden
                        Garden 2016
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
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The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
9008-8/4/16

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Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
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See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
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Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar
                                                    collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo
CALL US TODAY!

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090
OUR EMAIL: Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com

VISIT OUR WEB:
www.CR-Solar.com

Real estate rentals (paid category)

rollover
Beautiful House Inside Gated Farm for Rent
House inside gated farm. Two bedroom, One bath fully-furnished. Close to town in Santa Barbara de Heredia.  $650 includes:  Internet, Wifi, Cable TV, Water, Electric.  Located in Santa Barbara de Heredia. American owner lives onsite, quiet, secure.  More information to my email: organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8959-5/8/12686

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
8766-7/30/16

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
8784-2/19/16

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Puriscal rental
A peaceful place near Puriscal.
Property is a small house on a 16-acre farm in Desamparaditos, a small village located 5K NW of Santiago de Puriscal. 15 minutes to Puriscal, 1 hour to San José and the airport, all paved roads. House has 2 bedrooms and 1 bath, large  open kitchen/dining/living area and is fully furnished. Nice veranda with great views. Many fruit trees. Private but not isolated with all utilities. Rent $550/month long term, short term negotiable. Tenant pays for electricity and phone. Landlord pays water. No pets, please. In Costa Rica call Liz Guegan at 7187-8577, in the USA call Pete Todd at 970-221-1457 or 720-951-7928.
Peter and Debbie Todd

Central
                                              Valley view

Boutique quality mountain homes for rent located on a small horse ranch on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes have stunning views of Costa Rica's Central Valley. Located at 7,300-foot altitude, our ranch borders the Braulio Carrillo National Park and the homes are hiking distance to the Barva Volcano crater lake. We offer various rental options for our 1- and 2-bedroom homes. Contact us at Ajsanch783@AOL.COM for more details.
8981-5/28/16

Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact: edificiomorazan@gmail.com  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.
8998-7/18/16




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 90
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Axiom new ad

Giant wildfire in Alberta
is smaller than anticipated


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

There finally is some encouraging news about the huge wildfire that has destroyed a large area of Alberta in western Canada.

Alberta Premier Rachel Notley says the fires are a lot smaller than what authorities believed they were.

Ms. Notley said experts anticipated the flames would have doubled in size by Sunday but have instead  grown much more slowly. The fires also have not crossed the border into neighboring Saskatchewan, as was feared.

Alberta fire official Chad Morrison said the much cooler weather is great for firefighting and can give firefighters the chance to put the flames in what he called a death grip.

As of midday Sunday local time, 161,000 hectares, about 398,000 acres, in northern Alberta were still burning, and thousands of people had sought safety in emergency shelters.

The fire has wiped out nearly the entire city of Fort McMurray, forcing 88,000 people to grab what few belongings they could carry and flee for their lives.

Alberta is home to North America's largest oil sands deposits. The flames so far have not reached any major oil processing facilities.


Trump says he is unconcerned
with backing from key leaders

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Donald Trump, the presumptive U.S. Republican presidential nominee, is not all that worried that key party leaders say they won't support him in the national election against the likely Democratic nominee, former U.S. secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

As the billionaire all but clinched the party's presidential nomination last week, the last two Republican presidents, George H.W. Bush and his son, George W. Bush, and numerous other party officials declared they have no intention of supporting his maverick candidacy.

"Does it have to be unified?" Trump asked about the Republican Party on ABC's This Week news show Sunday. "I'm very different than everybody else, perhaps, that's ever run for office? I actually don't think so.

"I think it would be better if it were unified, I think it would be, there would be something good about it," he said. "But I don't think it actually has to be unified in the traditional sense."

The party's top current elected official, House of Representatives Speaker Paul Ryan, said he is just not ready to endorse Trump and wants to make sure he would uphold the party's traditional conservative principles before agreeing to support him.

Ryan has opposed Trump's call to temporarily block Muslims from entering the country and the two disagree on U.S. foreign policy and trade issues.

He and Trump have scheduled a meeting Thursday in Washington to air their differences, but the brash Trump, a one-time television reality show host who has never held elective office, said it's possible the two may just go their separate ways.

Other conservative leaders have raised the possibility of fielding a third candidate against Trump and Mrs. Clinton, but third-party candidacies have not fared well in U.S. presidential elections, almost always trailing far behind the Democratic and Republican nominees.

Some Republican lawmakers said they will support Trump even though they originally preferred other presidential candidates.

The 69-year-old Trump surged to the top of the Republicans' one-time field of 17 candidates with calls to build an impenetrable wall along the U.S.-Mexican border to halt the stream of illegal immigrants into the United States and to deport the 11 million already in the country.

He has won more than 10 million votes in state-by-state party nominating contests, with his last two challengers dropping out of the race for the party's presidential nomination after Trump scored an impressive win in last week's contest in the Midwestern state of Indiana.

Neither Trump nor Mrs. Clinton has officially clinched their parties' presidential nominations yet, but they are trading verbal taunts at each other.

At a rally Saturday, Trump, who is married to his third wife and through the years has bragged about sexual exploits, lampooned Mrs. Clinton for the marital infidelities of her husband, former U.S. president Bill Clinton.

"She's married to a man who was the worst abuser of women in the history of politics," Trump said.

Mrs.Clinton has disparaged Trump as unfit to be the country's commander in chief.

"We can't have a loose cannon in the Oval Office" at the White House, she told cheering supporters at a rally.

Numerous polls show Mrs. Clinton ahead of Trump in the election to pick the successor to President Barack Obama, who leaves office next January.


Tiny Guam gives Mrs. Clinton
four of seven delegate votes


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton inched closer to the party nomination with a caucus win Saturday in Guam.

Clinton won 60 percent of the vote, earning four of the seven delegates on the tiny Pacific island nation. Her rival, Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont won three delegates.

However, Sanders picked up nearly 50 delegates in Washington state.

He easily won the state caucus March 26, beating Mrs. Clinton by nearly 50 percentage points,  73 percent to 27 percent. He received 25 of the 34 delegates awarded that day.

However, an additional 67 district-level delegates could not be apportioned until the state could produce vote data broken down by congressional districts.

Similar to other states, Washington state has a multi-step process for awarding delegates. Election officials had to wait until county conventions were completed May 1 before they could generate more detailed information.

District-level data show Sanders will receive 49 delegates, and Mrs. Clinton will receive 18, The Associated Press reported.

Despite the Washington results, Mrs. Clinton maintains a lead in the overall delegate count with 2,228 delegates. She has more than 93 percent of the 2,383 delegates needed to win the nomination. Sanders has 1,454.

Mrs. Clinton is on track to clinch the nomination by early June.

Sanders has said he has no plans to quit before the final primary votes have been cast in June.

Yet Mrs.Clinton is already looking ahead to a matchup in November with billionaire businessman Donald Trump, the sole Republican presidential candidate.

The Democratic convention will be held in Philadelphia July 25 to 28. The Republican convention will be held a week earlier in Cleveland, from July 18 to 21.

Meanwhile, Trump repeatedly spoke of  Crooked Hillary, his nickname for the Democratic front-runner, during rallies this weekend in Oregon and Washington state.

He also continued a tirade against Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a leader in the progressive movement.

Wednesday, soon after Ted Cruz and John Kasich dropped out of the race for president leaving Trump as the sole candidate on the Republican side, Sen. Warren took to Twitter to chastise Trump in a flurry of nine tweets in which she accused him of being racist, sexist and xenophobic.

Sen. Warren, revered among progressive Democrats for her work in creating the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, went on to accuse Trump of inciting violence among his supporters and supporting Russia’s strong-man President Vladimir Putin.

Friday night Trump responded to Sen. Warren’s criticism with a stream of his own tweets, referring to Sen. Warren as “Hillary Clinton’s flunky,” and saying that her career is based on a lie.

Trump was referencing Sen. Warren’s controversial claim that she is part Native American, which first became an issue in 2012 when she was running for the Senate in the state of Massachusetts. During that campaign, it was reported that Mrs. Warren claimed Native American heritage while applying to teach at both the Harvard Law School and the Pennsylvania Law School.

Sen. Warren has long defended her Native American ancestry as based on stories told to her as a child by her parents, but has produced no official documentation to make the connection.

Warren responded to Trump’s attack Friday night, calling him a bully and saying his statements were hate-filled lies.


giant telescope
Voice of America photo  
The Giant Magellan Telescope

New giant telescope in Chile
has array 368 meters
square

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services


The mirror of the Hubble Space Telescope that gave the world stunning pictures of deep space is about 4.5 square meters.

Compare that with the primary mirror of the James Webb Space Telescope, which will be 25 square meters and which is creating big expectations for even higher-quality results when it is deployed in 2018.

But both will be dwarfed by the Giant Magellan Telescope, which is under construction in Chile's Atacama Desert. Its mirror array covers about 368 square meters.

By looking at different parts of the visible and infrared spectrums, the two new telescopes will complement each other, Magellan Telescope director Patrick McCarthy said.

"The two working together, I think, will give us a complete picture, whether we are looking at planets around nearby stars, black holes in the centers of other galaxies, or back to that early universe that we call the First Light, when we see the first stars in the first galaxies," McCarthy said.

To isolate it from vibrations, the 1,200-ton telescope will rest on an oil flotation bearing system, completely free of any friction. A range of cameras and spectrographs will record and dissect the received light, looking for signatures of atoms and molecules. And the light coming from billions of kilometers away may be impossibly faint.

"The photons come in once every 15 to 20 minutes, so it takes a long time to collect that light,” McCarthy said. “In our case, we think we'll get a few photons a minute, but you need hundreds to get a good signal, so it just takes patience."

But with a telescope sensitive enough to detect a birthday candle on the moon, nobody knows what to expect.

"The most important is the unexpected,” McCarthy said. “The new discoveries, the unanticipated breakthroughs. That's always been the story of astronomy. When you build a new capability, young people find things that either no one expected, or they prove that their elders were wrong."

The $1 billion joint project of the U.S., Australia, Brazil, South Korea and Chile is expected to open for the first observations by 2022 and be fully operational by 2026.


Health monitor urging U.S.
to spend more on diseases


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States remains by far the most important source of funds for medical research and development for scores of diseases well-known to the developing world.

According to the latest available data from the independent research group Policy Cures, global donors contributed over $2 billion in public funding for research into what the medical community calls neglected diseases. The U.S. government accounted for over 70 percent of the amount.

But a new report from the Global Health Technologies Coalition, a group of nonprofits that promotes creation of vaccines and other tools to improve global health, says that over the past five years, funding has largely been flat. This is in contrast to the first decade of the 21st century, which saw a doubling of financial support.

"We have seen a decline or stagnation in funding since 2009, and I think one of the biggest reasons for that is the budget sequestration in the U.S. government in 2013," said Erin Will Morton, Global Health executive director. "It really was detrimental for agency funding across the board and certainly made global health R&D take a hit in terms of funding levels."

Usually, U.S. administrations make yearly budgetary requests to Congress for funds for global health programs. In other cases, emergency requests are made.  Critics say the amounts granted often fall short of what’s needed to ensure the development of drugs and other health products, especially for fast-breaking pandemics.

Recently, the White House announced it might divert funding for controlling ebola to fighting the spread of the zika virus. Ms. Morton said that's a bad idea.

“We are not in the clear with ebola," she said. "We still don’t have the tools we need to fight, and so we risk a lot by moving that money to fight the next public health crisis. Zika happened very shortly after ebola, and we weren’t necessarily finished with that, and we don’t know what’s coming next. Moving funds around from one public health crisis to the next is an unsustainable way to address global health issues.”

The Global Health report asks the U.S. government to encourage private sector involvement in research and development with prizes, small-business innovation awards, tax credits and other incentives. It also recommends improved cooperation among the seven U.S. agencies involved in global health.


Favorite Nyquist wins derby
and remains undefeated

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Race favorite Nyquist won the 142nd Kentucky Derby Saturday, becoming the eighth unbeaten horse to win the first jewel in the Triple Crown of American Thoroughbred horse racing.

The colt beat out 19 other competitors in the hectic 1¼-mile (2-kilometer) race.

Ridden by Mario Gutierrez, who also won the Derby with I’ll Have Another in 2012, held off second-choice Exaggerator to win in a time of 2 minutes, 1.31 seconds. 

Gun Runner held on for third and Mohaymen came in fourth.

Nyquist paid $6.60, $4.80, $3.60 for a $2 bet.

A year ago, American Pharoah won the Derby, launching his run to the sport's first Triple Crown in 37 years.

Now, Nyquist is the only horse in position to replicate the feat this year.


Leicester has fairy tale win
in the English Premier League


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Leicester City beat 5,000-to-1 preseason odds to lift the English Premier League championship trophy after a 3-1 win Saturday against Everton at the soccer club's King Power Stadium home.

It took Jaime Vardy just five minutes to open the scoring. Leicester stalwart Andy King made it 2-0 in the 33rd minute, and Vardy scored his second and Leicester's third from the penalty spot in the 65th minute.

Fireworks erupted and yellow and blue streamers cascaded from the roof as the Foxes locked up their first title in the club's 132-year history.

Lifelong Foxes fan Steve Worthy had the honor of handing the trophy to captain Wes Morgan at the end of the game.

He won a competition organized by league sponsors Barclays and said he would dedicate the experience to his 97-year-old grandmother, Gladys Knight, who had to forfeit her season ticket this season because of ill health.

The 25-kilogram trophy was decorated with ribbons of blue, for Leicester, and yellow, representing the royal house of Thailand, home country of club owner Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha.

Leicester's fans, who saw their team narrowly avoid demotion to a lower division last season, burst into a chorus of "Leicester Till I Die!"

It was followed by "Barcelona, we're coming for you!"  That was a nod to next season's hotly anticipated Champions League campaign.

In one of the most improbable turnarounds by a sports team, Leicester embarrassed big-spending clubs like Manchester United and Chelsea by winning the world's richest soccer league with a squad largely made up of bargain buys and players cast off by bigger clubs.


Mercury
National Aeronautics and Space Administration graphic
The 2016 Mercury transit depicted conceptually here will occur between about 5:12 a.m. and 12:42 p.m. Costa Rican time.

Three solar telescopes readied
to capture Mercury’s transit


Only a little more than once a decade will sky watchers see Mercury pass between Earth and the sun in a rare astronomical event known as a planetary transit. Mercury will appear as a tiny black dot as it glides in front of the sun’s blazing disk over a period of seven and a half hours. Three National Aeronautics and Space Administration satellites will be providing images of the transit and one of them will have a near-live feed.

Although Mercury zooms around the sun every 88 days, Earth, the sun and Mercury rarely align. And because Mercury orbits in a plane that is tilted from Earth’s orbit, it usually moves above or below the line of sight to the sun. As a result, Mercury transits occur only about 13 times a century.

Transits provide a great opportunity to study the way planets and stars move in space,  information that has been used throughout the ages to better understand the solar system and which still helps scientists today calibrate their instruments. Three of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's solar telescopes will watch the transit for just that reason.

Mercury is too small to see without magnification, but it can be seen with a telescope or binoculars. These must be outfitted with a solar filter so viewers can safely look at the sun directly.

“Astronomers get excited when any two things come close to each other in the heavens,” said Louis Mayo, program manager at National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “This is a big deal for us.”

Mercury transits have been key to helping astronomers throughout history. In 1631, astronomers first observed a Mercury transit. Those observations allowed astronomers to measure the apparent size of Mercury’s disk, as well as help them estimate the distance from Earth to the sun.

“Back in 1631, astronomers were only doing visual observations on very small telescopes by today’s standards,” said Mayo.

Since then, technological advancements have allowed scientists to study the sun and planetary transits in greater detail. In return, transits allow us to test our spacecraft and instruments.

Scientists for the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, or SOHO (jointly operated by National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European Space Agency), and NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, will work in tandem to study the transit. The Hinode solar mission will also observe the event. Hinode is a collaboration between the space agencies of Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom and Europe led by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

SOHO launched in December 1995 with 12 instruments to study the sun from the deep solar core all the way out to the sun's effects on the rest of the solar system. Two of these instruments, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope and the Michelson Doppler Imager, will be brought back into full operation to take measurements during the transit after five years of quiescence.

For one thing, the SOHO will measure the sun’s rotation axis using images captured by the spacecraft.

“Instruments on board SDO and SOHO use different spectral lines, different wavelengths and they have slightly different optical properties to study solar oscillations,” said SOHO Project Scientist Joseph Gurman. “Transit measurements will help us better determine the solar rotation axis.”

Such data is another piece of a long line of observations, which together help develop understand how the sun changes over hours, days, years and decades.

“It used to be hard to observe transits,” Gurman said. “If you were in a place that had bad weather, for example, you missed your chance and had to wait for the next one. These instruments help us make our observations, despite any earthly obstacles.”

SDO will be able to use the transit to help with instrument alignment. Because scientists know so precisely where Mercury should be in relationship to the sun, they can use it as a marker to fine tune exactly how their instruments should be pointed.

The transit can also be used to help calibrate space instruments. The utter darkness of the planet provides an opportunity to study effects on the observations of stray light within the instrument. The backside of Mercury should appear black as it moves across the face of the sun. But because instruments scatter some light, Mercury will look slightly illuminated.

“It’s like getting a cataract — you see stars or halos around bright lights as though you are looking through a misty windshield,” said SDO Project Scientist Dean Pesnell. “We have the same problem with our instruments.”

Scientists run software on the images to try and mitigate the effect and check whether it can remove all of the scattered light.

Alternatively, a near-live feed of SDO images will be available at www.nasa.gov/transit.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

SellATimeshare.com
Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Buy, sell or rent a timeshare at SellATimeshare.com. 
9004-4/26/17

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Solr array
SOON with the coming of new power company regulations, we'll be installing PV (photo voltaic) for solar electricity. Yes, at last!
* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo
CALL US TODAY!

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090
OUR EMAIL: Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com

VISIT OUR WEB: www.CR-Solar.com

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Re-Max
If you are looking for information on condos, homes, lots, commercial real estate or development properties our award-winning team of professional agents are ready to help you buying property in Costa Rica. We have over 18 years of experience to educate our buyers in all aspects of purchasing property. Call us or email us today for more information on how to purchase that perfect piece of Costa Rica Real Estate.

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

8935-2/7/17

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8927-1/28/17

Axiom one

Sierra Collection. Meridian House or Chateau Montage.
Near Parque Nacional Marino Ballena,
Pacific Coast. 
For more i
nformation 

Click
HERE!
Axiom two
The Terraces at San Martin.  Discover the essence of Costa Rica on our Luxury Ocean View Villas . Near Dominicalito Beach and Parque Nacional Marino Ballena.
For more information
Click HERE!

Axiom three
Ellan At Ballena Beach.  Welcome to a world of endless adventure on our beachside condominiums at Ballena Beach, Pacific Coast.  For more information click  HERE!
We will be happy to give all the information you need. Contact:

AXIOM DEVELOPMENT GROUP SRL
Costa Rica Office: +506.4001-2343
Mobile: +506.8367-2466
USA Office: +1.786233-1579
sales@axiomcostarica.com
www.axiomcostarica.com
8906-2/21/16


Rich Coast
                                  Rollover
Costa Rica Real Estate
    2.47 acre ocean view property w/ 2 houses & 2 unfinished apartments $249k!!!
    2 houses and pool furnished, great rental potential walk to the beach $327k w/ owner financing
    2-bedroom furnished condo 400 feet from Jacó beach $179,000

and lots of other great properties! Property listings in Escazú, Herradura, Jacó, Manuel Antonio, Dominical and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate.

Have a Property For Sale? Contact Us!
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
8953-8/29/16

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Condo
                                  rollover

Luxury condominium apartments for sale in Escazú
The property located in Trejos Montealegre, has three apartments for sale. Excellent location, 400 meters east of Avenida Escazú, next to Village (new commercial and office project), Plaza Tempo, Wal-Mart, CIMA Hospital. To enter and exit Trejos Montealegre no need to pay toll. The condominium is few minutes from San José

♦ Apartment No. 1: 180 square meters, 3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, TV room, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar and island kitchen furniture, garage, electric gate.
 
♦ Apartment No. 2: 180. square meters,  3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, TV room, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar and island kitchen furniture, garage, electric gate.
 
♦ Apartment No. 3: This is the largest one. 250. square meters,  3 bedrooms, cement walls, two floors, 1 utility room, 3 bathrooms, living room, kitchen with breakfast bar  island kitchen furniture, 2 garages, electric gate. Total property measures 529 square meters.  Unique opportunity to buy it for $ 750,000 (Seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars).  For more information contact Adrian, cell phone  506-8598-9898  Email:  parqueos@gmail.com
8936-8/6/16

Pavo onr
FOR SALE - $270,000
Exceptional 3-bedroom, 3-bathroom, fully furnished luxury apartment for sale at the exclusive Terrazas de Escazú highrise complex in Escazú near La Paco Commerical Center.  Situated on the third floor, this apartment has an exceptional layout with stunning views of the Central Valley. 140 m2 bright and spacious floor plan with open sky terrace with 180-degree unobstructed view of the Escazú mountains and Central Valley.  One covered parking spot with additional guest parking available. HOA fee:  $250/month. Held in Costa Rica corporation for easy property transfer. Building features: 12-meter atrium with controlled access entrance to the building, surrounding landscaping, lower level pool, communal rooftop terrace and small rooftop gym. 24-hour security. Contact: José Granados in Costa Rica, phone 506- 6051-5249  email: jsaba00@hotmail.com.
8997-6/22/16
paco two

first image
B&B for sale in Costa Rica $650,000

I believe this is the finest area of Costa Rica in which to live and, with a lock on 80percent of all tourists visiting Costa Rica, to invest. There are birds and flowers of every description, terrific neighbors, incredible views, wonderful weather with a healthy climate, visits by sloth, deer, monkeys, a very good business that can expand and grow, if desired, or simply a beautiful place to live. Please look at my Web site and the guest reviews, the people's reaction to the property, and you'll see just what a wonderful opportunity this is

There is about 7,000 square meters of land included (over 1 3/4 acres) as well as another smaller home and an apartment above the carport, designed as maid's quarters but usually rented out to tourists. The rear of the property is bordered by a small and very clean spring-fed creek/river. Across the river there is jungle, which makes for a great deal of all around privacy and which will never be developed. Restaurants, a supermarket, services, and many natural attractions are just a short distance away. The property was appraised at over $1.7 million (US) a few years ago, which might indicate what an incredible bargain this is.

It can also include a franchise for Best Western Hotel, if interested in growing with the tourism business, and a small hobby farm bordering Arenal National Park with spectacular views of Lake Arenal, is also available. All is available at an excellent price for the right person (people) and a package price can certainly be arranged. Email me at: grantchy@yahoo.com For more photos and info click HERE!
8996-7/20/16

anothiner


Dorn Home
Beverly Hills Style House for Sale on Pacific Coast, Guanacaste

Lot of 2,866.33 square meters with three terraces, inside luxury house  property with 326 square meters construction. Two-story house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 1⁄2 bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms, the main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. Excellent construction and great details. Price $349,000.   We have another extra large lot (next to the main property)  priced at $75,000.  For more information, please contact us: Emails:  stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com   or lyacmurillo27@yahoo.com    Call Lia or Stanley phones:  (506) 2653-6417 /   (506) 7079-6577.
8983-5/6/16

Grecia
                                  rollover
UNIQUE OFFER !!!!
Negotiable price. Thirty thousand seventy square meters. The house is seven hundred fifty squared meters, built three years ago. Five bedrooms plus servant's room with bathroom. Each bedroom includes private bathroom. Master's room includes Jacuzzi and hidromassage. Two main living rooms plus visitor's parlor and hall, two furnished kitchens, all ceramic. Nineteen rooms total counting three offices, eight-car garage. Has 220-volt current with three distribution panels. First-quality water plus well, decorated stone walls, recreational area, second house eighty squared meters, hot water systems, cable, telephone, light system throughout property, river, part forest..

For health situation, the owner make a INCREDIBLE DISCOUNT!!!!

ORIGINAL PRICE: $1.800.000    OFFER PRICE: $1.200.000
FINANCING AVAILABLE !!!
 For more information click HERE!
To see more photos click HERE!  To see house video click HERE!

English language contact:
Christian Arce
Phone: (506) 2494-0016
Cell phone: (506) 8309-0173
Email:

Spanish language contact:
Luis Gustavo Jiménez
Phone: (506) 2494-0016
Cell phone: (506) 8707-4016
Email:

Lantz
                                      home
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq. ft. of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out. The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the backyard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden. This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town. Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small. The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate. Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José. Just reduced to $199,000. Call Jeff: 8725-8176. Email: angelsdad@me.com

8972-6/15/16

San Rmon
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Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com 
Check out slide show HERE!
8962-6/3/16

Ocean View Property for Sale in San Ramón
1.5-acre lot with spectacular ocean views. Ready to build. Mild climate year round with an average temperature a cool 74 degrees. Spectacular panoramic views of
land
                                for sale
the ocean and port of Puntarenas during the day, breathtaking views of Esparza at night. Fully titled and owned under a Costa Rican corporation. Price reduced to $45,000. Short-term owner financing available. For more info: www.condojaco.com Contact: Frank condojaco1@gmail.com
8942-9/1/

updated
                                  photo
Jacó beach unique home. First time offered
This house has never been listed.  It is a 3-bedroom, 1-bath home approx. 100 feet above sea level on the only hill in Jacó one mile to the beach.  Totally remodeled to a Gringo house.Has great fenced yard for dogs and a huge screened porch with  great views all around, including a small ocean view.  New in the last two years includes: new kitchen with granite counter, cedar cabinets, all new windows, tile, water system, updated electric & plumbing, superb new AC units (low electric bill), This is half of a duplex with a platted yard.  Other side is the chief of police.  Secure & private.  $169.900. Call Glenn at 506-6214-0056 or goodbuyflorida@yahoo.com.
8933-5/2/16

La Uruca condo
FURNISHED  APARTMENT for SALE.
CONDOMINIO SATURNO, LA URUCA,
OUTSKIRTS of SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA,
Situated three miles west of the capital, eight miles from the airport. Quiet, secluded area within walking distance to a commercial center including a hotel, six restaurants,  next to two bus line stops. Car ownership is not needed. January-March air temperatures are 72 to 80 degrees F. Apartment 1,200 sq. ft (100 sq. meters), on ground floor, indoor  patio. Large windows without bars, parquet floors. Spacious living room-dining area, two bedrooms, maid's room, two bathrooms, four closets  (including walk-in), fully equipped kitchen (refrigerator, washing machine, small appliances, all necessary utensils, work tools).  Many amenities, (pictures, indoor plants, sewing machine, books, keyboard, dishes, glassware, silverware). Annual cost of maintenance about $1,350 includes water, landscaping service, garbage disposal, 24-7 security and property taxes. Price $120,000. Available for viewing:  Mid-January to beginning of April. Contact:  USA :  585 544-4296. Costa Rica : 506 2231-0410
Email:  BORISKOPIT@YAHOO.COM
8914-2/13/16

Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8916-7/22/16

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com 
Check out slide show HERE!
8897-3/2/15

Grecia casa
Mountain home for sale
in Grecia.
Less than a year old. Owners are motivated.  All information regarding the home as well as many photos can be found at Mountain view home for sale Grecia, Costa Rica.   Contact email:   djake888@yahoo.com
8846-4/10/16

puriscal photo
Costa Rica home for sale $163,500 / 2bedroom - 1,984 ft2

Central Valley view home: 10 minutes from Santiago de Puriscal and shopping, hospital services, and soon Maxi Pali. Only one hour to San José or Pacific beaches.
- On .55-acre lot with river on one boundary
- Area under roof, 1,984 sq. ft., Area inside walls, 925 sq. ft. Steel, recycled
      Styrofoam, and concrete construction.
- 2 ½ years old with central living room and kitchen, 2 bedrooms and 2 baths,
       ceramic tile throughout.
- Central Valley volcano and SJO airport views from every room.
- Vaulted ceilings give bright open feeling.
- Entrance from concrete road to large graveled parking area
- VERY energy efficient with VERY low property taxes.
- Covered attached carport with entrance to front door or laundry-guest bath
       door.
- 2 carport storage bodegas.
- 12 foot x 14 foot storage bodega
- Security lights, And Amcrest day & night video recorder system.
- Producing banana trees, and mango, bread fruit, and guanabana trees
     planted.

Includes: Refrigerator, gas stove & oven with electric grill element, microwave, electric washer-gas dryer stacked style, gas on demand whole house water heater. Other furnishings are negotiable. ICE electric service and land line phone. Bajo Burgos Water district. Metro-wireless WiFi is available. Tigo Star Satellite T.V. House is in a Costa Rican corporation, will transfer shares. Contract indyj5vw@yahoo.com or call 506 2416-9324.  Additional photos are available on Flickr album
8844-5/11/16

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A.M.
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 9, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 90
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
A gift guide for the gardener's hubby

Well, I asked my husband, Metric Man, where my Mother’s Day bouquet was and he said, “This is a pick-your-own establishment” and handed me
Victoria Torley
the clippers. What could I do, I kissed him!

Yes, it must be really hard for the husband of a gardener to find something appropriate to give on Mother’s Day when the usual gifts are candy and flowers because a bouquet is just out. It’s not that he couldn’t go out and cut some
flowers, it’s just a reminder the old “Hagar the Horrible” comic strip. Hagar brings Helga a bouquet but the flowers turn out to be cut from her newly planted bushes. Well, you can imagine the consequences.

I know it’s too late for this year’s Mother’s Day, but I bet there are birthdays coming up, or you could just print this and save it for next year, so here are gift suggestions for the gardener on Mother’s Day.

Dining out. This is always a good one, if a bit ordinary (unless you never eat out, in which case it is long past time).

A certificate for a massage. Believe me, we need one. A long one. In a nice quiet place with music playing in the background. Better make it a full hour. Oh, and be sure there is someone to play chauffeur because no one wants to drive after a massage.

A day at a hot spring. This is a sneaky gift because you get to indulge too. Still, if you pack a nice lunch and a bottle of wine, she won’t mind.

A surprise trip. Somewhere she has wanted to go. Perhaps Rio Celeste or a botanical garden or somewhere that is just peaceful and relaxing. Just make sure to include lunch and that bottle of wine.

Chocolate. Personally, chocolate ranks high on my list of things-that-are-giftable but it must be dark chocolate. If you have the misfortune of being married to a no-chocolate woman . . . well, you poor thing.

A hand-made volunteer certificate. This is great if you usually avoid working in the yard or garden. Just promise five hours of yard work without complaint. We love the ‘no complaint’ part. And no deep sighs either.

Now, things that you should not buy for Mother’s Day include: Garden tools. Just a little too practical when we want to be pampered. That’s it, just don’t buy garden tools. (p.s. - New cars and jewelry are fine.)

For next year, Metric Man says he’ll buy me a little cacao tree. Nothing wrong with giving me eternal chocolate.

shrub

Plant of the Week

This is the lovely Caesalpinia pulcherrima, the “Pride of Barbados” or dwarf poinciana, originally from the West Indies.  This fast grower can be seen as a shrub or small tree (to 4.5 meters or 15 feet) and is often used as a hedge because it is a year-round bloomer. This sun lover tolerates both heat and our rainy season and comes in different colors. Great as a specimen or accent in the garden.


If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor.  And, for more garden tips, visit https://www.facebook.com/pages/ Arenal-Gardeners/413220712106845.
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From Page 7:

Free trade does not seem to have any allies

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump and Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton have spoken out against the Trans-Pacific Partnership in a year when almost no one has defended free trade pacts on the campaign trail.

Signed earlier this year, the trade pact aims to lower tariffs and boost trade among 12 Pacific Rim nations.  The pact has yet to go into effect and is getting no love on the U.S. presidential campaign trail.

“We’re going to get rid of TPP,” Trump told supporters Sunday in Spokane, Washington.  “We’ve got to stop it.  NAFTA Agreement was a disaster. This is going to be worse.” NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Last week, Mrs. Clinton reiterated her opposition to Pacific Partnership, mirroring that of Democratic challenger Bernie Sanders.  Responding to a questionnaire by labor, environmental and human rights groups, Mrs. Clinton wrote that Congress should not take up the agreement before or after the November election.

The Democratic frontrunner first staked out her position shortly after the pact was announced late last year.

“I am not in favor of what I have learned about it,” Mrs. Clinton said.  “I am worried about currency manipulation not being part of the agreement.  We have lost American jobs to the manipulations that countries, particularly in Asia, have engaged in.”

As secretary of State during President Barack Obama’s first term, Mrs. Clinton praised the Trans-Pacific Partnership as the gold standard in trade agreements.  Her misgivings about the pact as a presidential candidate point to an overall souring of trade as an issue in America’s current election cycle.

Of the three Republican finalists, Trump, Ted Cruz and John Kasich, only Kasich consistently spoke in favor of free trade deals in general and the Trans-Pacific Partnership in particular.

"I’ve always been a fair trader and a free trader at the same time,” the Ohio governor said in March.  “Thirty-eight million Americans have jobs that are connected to trade.  So we do want to have free trade."

Even before suspending his campaign last week, Kasich’s voice was often drowned out by that of Trump.

“When you look at the horrible trade deals where we are losing a fortune to every country we do business with, our jobs are being sucked away,” the New York businessman said.  “It is unbelievable what is happening.”

At times the discourse can seem confusing.  For instance, Trump rails against tariffs placed on U.S. exports, the same tariffs the Trans-Pacific Partnership would eliminate.

“When you send your beautiful agriculture, best in the world, when you send your agricultural products in, what happens?”  Trump asked supporters in farm-rich Nebraska last week. “Thirty-eight percent tax, right?  Thirty-eight percent tax to Japan.  Think of it.”

Amid all the anti-the Trans-Pacific Partnership rhetoric, the White House is standing firm.

“From an economic, strategic and values perspective, we have a very strong argument to make about the wisdom of Congress moving to approve the TPP agreement that the president negotiated,” White House spokesman Josh Earnest said last week.

The Republican-led Congress has granted fast-track authority to facilitate the approval of trade pacts, but neither chamber is giving any indication it plans to vote on the Trans-Pacific Partnership in the immediate future.