free webpage hit counter
Ship Costa Rica alternate

Evermarine
A.M.
Costa Rica

Your daily
English-language 

news source
Monday through Friday

Tico Travel
(506) 2223-1327               Published Tuesday, April 13, 2010,  in Vol. 10, No. 71        E-mail us
Sports
Calendar
Jo Stuart
Classifieds
Real Estate
Entertainment
About us
Foshing promo

road blockade
A.M. Costa Rica photos/Manuel Avendaño Arce
Students set up a blockade on the circumvalación near the university's school of law
Rowdy students battle cop over presumed autonomy
By Manuel Avendaño Arce
and Saray Ramírez Vindas
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

University students had a run-in with police on the San Pedro campus Monday, and the subsequent protests brought traffic to a halt in eastern San José and in San Pedro.

Students, egged on by their leaders and professors, battled police, who generally used minimal force. Five persons were detained. Two went to a hospital and three were released a short time later.

The brawl developed because students believe that the campus is autonomous and out of the jurisdiction of law enforcement. Campus security officers battled alongside the students against the Fuerza Pública and judicial agents.

The confrontation started shortly before noon when agents set up a trap for a traffic officer suspected of taking a bribe from a bus driver on the campus. The Poder Judicial later identified him by the last names of Gómez Garita. He was eventually captured Monday afternoon.

Jorge Rojas Vargas, the director of the Judicial Investigating Organization, later told magistrates of the Corte Supreme de Justicia that the traffic officer was presented with marked bills outside the campus but that he fled inside on a motorcycle when he realized he had been set up.

The magistrates summoned Rojas to a special session to discuss the case. Later the Poder Judicial said that the magistrates supported Rojas and his department because the incident began outside the campus. Magistrates also condemned the brawling that was televised nationwide.

Willy Ruíz, president of the Asociación de Estudiantes de Derecho, was seen launching himself at police when they detained another person. He battled until a Fuerza Pública officer put him in a stranglehold. He was detained, but police had to carry him to a waiting van. Later he complained of having his teeth damaged.

Students and their associates damaged police cars.

Also detained was José Sánchez, a sociology professor. He suffered a broken right arm. Three students were detained. They were identified as  Weiner Navarro, Carlos Montes and Rodrigo Román.

After the melee on campus, some 300 students marched to the San Pedro police station. Some also gathered outside the offices of Yamileth González, the university rector. She told them that judicial agents have no permission to enter the institution. She claimed the police had attacked students.

The masses of students on the street blocked traffic on San Pedro's main street and on the Circunvalación that runs along the west side of the campus.

About 60 police officers provided security at the police station. By this time, about 3 p.m., the students had microphones and banners. A short time later the rector announced that three persons would be released and two had gone to the hospital.

Some students were fueling their rage with marijuana. A short time later they went to the traffic circle at Mall San Pedro and one called the
Marchers
Marchers head for the police station

delegacion crowd
Students gather at the police station.

Rotonda de la Bandera. They also returned to the Circunvalación near the law school. They erected blockades with sticks. Drivers who tried to pass had their cars damaged. The blocking of the main downtown roads brought traffic to a halt. It did not return to normal until about 7:30 p.m.

Students and their associates also are planning to march on Casa Presidencial and perhaps stage a general strike.

Francisco Segura, deputy director of the judicial police, agreed that agents did not have permission to enter the university grounds. But he said agents were doing their job and justice comes before autonomy.

Janina del Vecchio, the security minister, did not agree. She said that any police action requires the permission of the university rector. She served for a time as vice rector.

As the day wore on, the students became more vicious. An A.M. Costa Rica photographer was threatened with harm at one of the blockades. Some students carried the red banner of the socialists with the hammer and sickle.

Students cite the Costa Rican Constitution as providing university autonomy. However, that document has plenty of loopholes:

A translation of the relevant section says:

ARTICLE 84. The University of Costa Rica is a higher learning institution which enjoys independence in the performance of its functions and has full legal capacity to acquire rights and contract obligations, as well as to determine its own organization and form of government. Other state institutions of higher education learning at university level shall have the same functional independence and legal capacity that the University of Costa Rica has. The State shall endow them with funds of their own and cooperate in financing them.

Other Latin nations have much stronger statements of university autonomy


Today's
colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Subscribe
to our
daily digest

Search
our site

Send us
a news story

Real estate ads
Classified
ads

Tourism and
services

Display
ad info

Classified
ad info

Contact us

Del Rey Hotel


Whiter House Players
Puriscal properties
Association of Residentsof Costa Rica



Rushton rollover



Poderco Solar Costa Rica


Ship to Costa Rica


Montana ad


Resiudency in Costa Rica
Costa Travel


laser olas


Sneaky Pete's

Christopher Howard's tour

MP Realty

Clinica 90210



Grecia real estate

Rio Mar rollover

Sports
Calendar
Jo Stuart
Classifieds
Real Estate
Entertainment
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier

The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details


90210 dental clinic

A.M.
Costa Rica
Second newspage
Vision 20/20
Home
Tourism
Calendar
Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Vol. 10, No. 71

Costa Rica Expertise
Costa Rica Expertise Ltd http://crexpertise.com E-mail info@crexpertise.com Tel:506-256-8585 Fax:506-256-7575


Spotsmens
Click HERE for great hotel discounts

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Real estate agents and services

MARGARET SOHN
with Great Estates of Costa Rica

20 years Costa Rican
real estate experience

Member of the Costa Rican Real Estate Association, Lic. #1000

Member of
Costa Rican-American Chamber of Commerce

samargo@racsa.co.cr
info@realtorcostarica.com
www.realtorcostarica.com
(506)  2220-3729 &  (506)
8333-8391 cell
(506)  2232-5016 (phone/fax)
5800-7/12/10
Latitude Nine real estate graphic
Latitude 9
Real estate, development, Investments.

Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica
506 2777-1197

Over 25 years experience in Costa Rica

www.latitude9.com
55672-5/25/10

CENTURY 21 Jacó Beach Realty
A Name You Trust & Professional Service

Buying? Selling?
We Can Do It!
TOLL FREE FROM THE US
1 (877) 746-3868
  Tom Ghormley - Owner/Broker - in CR since '79

Beachfront, Views, Mountains, Lots, Farms, Beaches, Houses, Condos. Hotels, Restaurants, Projects, Commercial, Investments

www.c21jaco.com
2643-3356
Info@c21jaco.com
4401-6/9/0

Collection services

COLLECTIONS COSTA RICA
The collection agency you’ve been searching for
• Receivables     • International Debt
• Comercial Collections     • Portfolio Collections
• Bad Debt Collections     • Condo HOA Collections
• Bad Check Collections     • Recovery solutions
Start early, recover more. Free quotes at
collection services
collectionscr@gmail.com
We are an attorney-based collection agency and specialize in the recovery of delinquent accounts nationwide. We work on a contingency basis or fee structure depending on the type of debt, but always fees that you can understand with no hidden costs. We recover your lost revenue quickly & professionally. Tel: 2253-3705/2283-8712   E-mail: collectionscr@gmail.com
5919-

Legal services

KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
Relocation services, Wedding Planning
Greg Kearney
*Investments  *Corporations
*Tax Shelters *Immigration
*Real Estate Sales in Costa Rica
*Name & Product registration
*Business procedures 
*Family and Labor Law
*Locate People   *Private Investigations
Phone/Fax: 2290-8117, 8841-0007
New location on Rohrmoser Blvd.
 Phone: (506) 2232-1014


Burke Fiduciary, S.A.
Registered Escrow and Legal Services
Glenda Burke
Glenda Burke, LL.M
Thomas Burke
Thomas Burke, LL.M

Core services: real estate due diligence, real estate escrow services, residency status, business corporations, estate planning. English, Spanish, German and French spoken.

More about us at www.burkecr.com
Ph. 011 506 2267-6645
info@burkecr.com 

The registration of Burke Fiduciary S.A., corporate ID 3-101-501917 with the  General Superintendence of Financial Entities (SUGEF) is not an authorization  to operate. The supervision of SUGEF refers to compliance with the capital legitimization requirements of Law No. 8204. SUGEF does not supervise the
business carried out by this company, nor its security, stability or solvency.
Persons contracting its services do so for their own account and at their own risk.
5937-9/4/10

CONSULTORIA JURIDICA EMPRESARIAL CA, S.A
Attorneys & Notaries
 Tel.  2280-9692 / 2225-9322
Skype: CONJURIDICA
e-mail: info@conjuridica.com 
Web:  www.conjuridica.com
       We offer the highest professional standards with very competitive rates. All our official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.
consultoria logo
• Immigration Law.
• Real Estate Law.
• Corporations, Foundations
       and Associations. 
• Trademarks & Intellectual
       Property.  
• Notary public services
• Criminal Law
•Civil & Commercial 
       Litigation
Our Law Office is conveniently located near Mall San Pedro,  350 meters south from the Subaru dealer, Los Yoses, San José.
5290-12/2/09

Appraisers

BEFORE YOU BUY and OVERPAY
Angela Jiménez
ask Angela Jiménez
Architect/Certified Appraiser
23 years experience
for Costa Rica Banks

• building inspections
•¨property management
• construction management

www.orbitcostarica.com/
certifieda.htm
5755-6/14/10

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta jzava@pacbell.net
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
5970-9/1/

Accountants

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
91,400 in 2009)
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting


Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@racsa.co.cr
6023-3/30/11

U.S. Tax International

Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)
C.R. 2288-2201   U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2289-8235
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page with vital U.S. tax info HERE!
5916-5/15/10


Hearing consultant

English-speaking hearing consultant
We can professionally evaluate your hearing problem at Clinica Dinamarca off Paseo Colón or at Hospital CIMA.
• Natural sound
• Lowest prices
• No more background noise, feedback or echoing
• American hearing consultant from D.C. & Atlanta
• Nine clinics including Hospital CIMA
• Authorized provider  to the U.S. veterans
• The worlds leading provider of hearing aids
      Widex hearing aids since 1956


Weinberg 070709
Allan Weinberg
We service the U.S. veterans/Foreign Medical Program. Please contact me, Allan, at allan9000@gmail.com or at 8891-8989.
5950-4/15/10

Calle 9 citizens must
see Barrio Chino plans


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The municipality is obligated to provide information to citizens before it starts its Chinese boulevard project on Calle 9, said the Sala IV constitutional court.

The municipality has plans for Chinese restaurants, chinese stores and Chinese culture in the so-called Bulevar Barrio Chino.

The Sala IV said that before the municipality begins work along the stretch officials must develop an environmental impact study and provide those living in the area the chance to see the project and to comment on it. The Secretaría Técnica Nacional Ambiental was designated at the agency to do the environmental study.
 
A resident with the last name of Carlutti presented the appeal to the court, said the Poder Judicial. The man said that the project would damage his business on Calle 9 at Avenida 14. The municipality had plans to develop the area during the middle of this year.

Carlutti told the magistrates that closing the street would hurt his business.


Four linked to fishing slaves
let go unconditionally


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Puntarenas prosecutor's tale of servitude on fishing boats failed to impress a judge, and the four persons who were detained over the weekend were set free with no conditions.

The Fiscalía Adjunta Contra el Crimen Organizado said it will present an appeal to the decision by the Tribunal Penal de Puntarenas.

When the arrests were made, investigators said the case was one of human slavery. Involved are 14 Vietnamese, 13 Indonesians, five Filipinos, two Taiwanese and a citizen of China.

The four suspects were detained Saturday at a private dock. Agents also raided several homes nearby.


Increases proposed in fees
for U.S. passports


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The U.S. State Department is seeking public comments on its plan to raise the price of U.S. passports.

Under the proposal that was published in the Federal Register, first-time passports for someone over 16 years would be $135. Renewal would be $110. Passports now are $75, and renewals are the same price.

The passport for an adult is good for 10 years.

The State Department also will begin charging $82 for additional visa pages. This used to be a free service.

"Passport application fees enable us to keep up with technology and implement fraud prevention initiatives to protect the United States passport." the State Department said. "The security features of the U.S. passport book have received high praise from document security specialists the world over. Investing in new technology to prevent passport fraud is one of our key priorities, and an ongoing initiative."

The agency issues about 15 million passports a year.



Gas stations to be studied

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Sala IV has ordered the environmental ministry's service station agency to check up on the nation's gas stations.

A Hatillo resident complained that the Ministerio de Salud agrees that many service stations do not comply with the existing laws.

Have you seen these stories?



Top story feeds are disabled on archived pages.









A.M. Costa Rica guide

This is a brief users guide to A.M. Costa Rica.

Old pages
Each day someone complains via e-mail that the newspages are from yesterday or the day before. A.M. Costa Rica staffers check every page and every link when the newspaper is made available at 2 a.m. each weekday.

So the problem is with the browser in each reader's computer. Particularly when the connection with the  server is slow, a computer will look to the latest page in its internal memory and serve up that page.

Readers should refresh the page and, if necessary, dump the cache of their computer, if this problem persists. Readers in Costa Rica have this problem frequently because the local Internet provider has continual problems.

Searching
The A.M. Costa Rica search page has a list of all previous editions by date and a space to search for specific words and phrases. The search will return links to archived pages.

Newspages
A typical edition will consist of a front page and four other newspages. Each of these pages can be reached by links near the top and bottom of the pages.

Classifieds
Five classified pages are updated daily. Employment listings are free, as are listings for accommodations wanted, articles for sale and articles wanted. The tourism page and the real estate sales and real estate rentals are updated daily.

Advertising information
A summary of advertising rates and sizes are available for display and classifieds.

Contacting us
Both the main telephone number and the editor's e-mail address are listed on the front page near the date.

Visiting us
Directions to our office and other data, like bank account numbers are on the about us page.


For your international reading pleasure:


News of Nicaragua
News of Central America
News of Cuba
News of Venezuela
News of Colombia
News of El Salvador

News of Honduras
News of the Dominican Republic
News of Panamá

newspaper maskthead
Del Rey casino

Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


Del Rey casino

A.M.
Costa Rica
third newspage

Oscar Vargas dentist
Home
Tourism
Calendar
Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Vol. 10, No. 71



El Niño unlikely to affect rainy season, scientist says
By Dennis Rogers
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The “El Niño” temperature phenomenon present in Pacific offshore waters since June 2009 is drawing to a close, according to Carlos Brenes of the oceanography department at the Universidad Nacional.

This Niño shouldn’t have an effect on the 2010 rainy season, a relief from the dry conditions that caused problems for cattle ranchers and rice growers in 2009. Recent forest fires in Guanacaste are also related to those climate conditions, Brenes said.

The event officially started in June 2009 when ocean surface temperatures went a half degree above average, and peaked at about two degrees above average, appropriately in late December. “El Niño” refers to the Christ child as often conditions are most noted at the end of the year by fishermen on the Peruvian coast.

The model projects that temperatures will return to average levels sometime in June and will remain in the neutral zone for a while. When temperatures drop more than half a degree below normal it is then referred to as “La Niña.” Brenes said that is not anticipated any time soon.

Data comes from the U.S. National Oceanic and
 Atmospheric Administration satellites. These use infrared sensors to measure water surface temperature. The images produced are best known from when a hurricane is in movement across the Atlantic.

Conditions near Costa Rica are a tiny part of what is referred to in scientific and forecasting circles as “El Niño-Southern Oscillation,” where changes in winds and upwelling affect the whole of the tropical Pacific. It can have substantial effects on the world climate. What data refers to as “Niño 3.4” is actually the area of the equatorial Pacific between 170º-120º West longitude, a vast area of ocean where the only land is the island country of Kiribati on the western edge. Niños 1 and 2 are along the coast of South America and the Galapagos islands.  

This Niño has been blamed for the drought conditions on the Pacific side of Costa Rica and further north in Central America. With the return to more normal surface water conditions, the Instituto Meterológico Nacional is predicting a somewhat wetter than normal 2010, especially on the Pacific coast and Central Valley.

At its highest the temperatures off Costa Rica were about two degrees above average. That corresponds to about 31º in absolute terms, said Brenes. In March there was still a small area of 30 degree water near the coast of Costa Rica and Panamá.

El nino temperature graph
Surface temperature changes over the course of El Niño phenomenon


El Niño can disrupt the nation's major fishing fleets
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

El Niño conditions can have a strong effect on the fishing industry along Central America’s Pacific coast. Some of the more valuable species are able to migrate while the fishing fleet is not.

In general, warm sea water is not as productive as cold since nutrients tend to concentrate lower. Phytoplankton, at the very bottom of the marine food chain, are less active, and the resulting disruptions reach those large predatory species such as tuna and sharks at the top.

According to Carlos Brenes of the Universidad Nacional, very little is known about the distribution of fish species at sea even under normal conditions. Industrial boats can search more widely looking for tuna but at a high cost in fuel and transit times. Some years, Costa Rican boats are caught fishing in the Galapagos marine park.

Marlin are displaced in much the same manner but sport-fishing boats are able to adjust somewhat.

Along the Pacific coast, especially in the northern winter, conditions are not consistent either, and the fish can take advantage of that to some extent. Research by Brenes has shown that winds from the north cross the isthmus at the
three places where there are little or no mountains, namely Panama, Nicaragua, and the isthmus of Tehuantepec in southern Mexico. This pushes water offshore and forces an upwelling of nutrient-rich cold water.

Most local fishing boats are not able to range far from their home ports, so El Niño waters can be a disaster. The main species made unavailable are pelagic deep-water species like sharks, tuna, and some species of shrimp, said Brenes. Estuarine species like corvina can be pushed into deeper water. Even mollusks such as oysters are vulnerable to disease where conditions are unfavorable.

Niño years are usually accompanied by strong northeast winds which can provoke waves that further interfere with fishing from small boats.

Brenes’ research shows a tendency for fish catches to fall during Niño years and rise when waters are colder in La Niña conditions. Cross-referencing data provided by the national fisheries institute shows valuable shrimp catches especially affected.

Bad times not only put local fishermen out of work, but can do major damage to infrastructure and distribution networks that can take considerable time to rebuild even when fishing conditions improve.

Yikes, our stats
Brenes lawyers

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


A.M. Costa Rica
fourth news page


Home
Tourism
Calendar
Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Vol. 10, No. 71



Shroud of Turin goes on display for six weeks in Italy

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Shroud of Turin went on display Saturday in the cathedral of the northern Italian city of Turin. It will be displayed for six weeks during which time two million people are expected to see the mysterious cloth some believe is the burial wrapping of Jesus.

The first to see the Shroud of Turin Saturday morning were city authorities and then journalists. A Mass will be held later in the day and then the exhibit will be declared open to the public. Hundreds of thousands of people have already made their reservations to come and see the linen, that believers think was the burial cloth of Jesus.

Among those who went in Saturday was Emanuela Marinelli, a shroud expert who has written numerous books on the shroud.

"I believe more and more that the shroud is really the burial cloth of Jesus, so for me it's important to see again this important relic, to stay in front of it for one moment to say a prayer because I am convinced that the shroud is authentic, not for reasons of faith but for scientific reasons," she said.

Pilgrims and tourists from all over the world will be coming to Turin to see the shroud, which was restored in 2002. Thirty patches and a fabric backing sewn by nuns 
  onto the shroud after a fire in the 16th century have been removed.

Still there are plenty of skeptics who say that the Shroud of Turin is a fake. They say carbon dating by three separate laboratories in 1988 — in Britain, Switzerland and the United States — dated it to the Middle Ages.

But Ms. Marinelli says she has no doubt about the image that has special significance to her.

"For me the shroud is something to have continuously the memory of the presence of Jesus and the presence of the shroud in my life is also the presence of Jesus in my life," she said.

To this day, no one has yet been able to prove how the image on the shroud was formed. Because of the huge interest for the shroud, visitors will only get three minutes to view the mysterious cloth, which is being displayed in a bulletproof, climate controlled glass case in Turin cathedral.

Pope Benedict will visit on May 2.

Some researchers say that the shroud was created by dipping the linen in silver salt and then exposing the fabric in a room-size camera obscura. A recent television show attributed the cretion of the shroud to Leonardo DaVinci. 


Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M.
Costa Rica
fifth news page
Electric cars
Home
Tourism
Calendar
Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Vol. 10, No. 71

Medical vacations in Costa Rica

Mechanism killing coral
explained in math model


By the Cornell University news service

Cornell University researchers have found a new tool to help marine biologists better grasp the processes under the sea:  They have created mathematical models to unveil the bacterial community dynamics behind afflictions that bleach and kill coral.

Warming waters are triggering coral bleaching and disease in the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Great Barrier Reef off the Australian coast. Now new mathematical models explain for the first time how beneficial bacteria on coral suddenly give way to pathogens when waters warm.

“Before this study, we just had observations but little understanding of the mechanism” for what causes coral disease and bleaching, said Laura Jones, Cornell senior research associate in ecology and evolutionary biology. Justin Mao-Jones who conducted the research as an undergraduate in the School of Operations Research and Information Engineering, is the paper’s lead author.

The model reveals how a healthy normal microbial community in the coral surface mucus layer protects corals from disease by preventing invasion and overgrowth by pathogenic bacteria.  But when corals are stressed, for example by elevated temperatures (a heat spell), the community of microbes suddenly switches.  Species associated with a healthy coral organism — “resident species” — decline as pathogens associated with coral disease take their place.

The researchers used models to simulate bacterial community dynamics within the surface coral mucus, under normal conditions, and under the warming conditions that lead to a sudden shift from beneficial bacteria to pathogens on the coral’s surface.

“There’s a critical threshold where the system jumps to a pathogen-dominated state,” said Jones.

They also found that the models replicated a pattern others have observed: Once the disease-causing microbes establish themselves, they persist even if the water cools down enough to favor the beneficial bacteria. The coral is then often too damaged to recover, and the reefs begin to die.

Preventing oceans from warming will require people to curb climate change, and may be unavoidable in the short term, said Jones. But reducing poor water quality, which stresses the coral and makes the oceans more hospitable to pathogens, could perhaps ward off the sudden shift to pathogens dominating the coral surface, she added.




For your international reading pleasure:


News of Nicaragua
News of Central America
News of Cuba
News of Venezuela
News of Colombia
News of El Salvador

News of Honduras
News of the Dominican Republic
News of Panamá


News from the BBC up to the minute





BBC news and sports feeds are disabled on archived pages.
BBC sports news up to the minute



Casa Alfi Hotel

Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details
 

A.M. Costa Rica
sixth news page


Home
Tourism
Calendar
Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Vol. 10, No. 71



Latin American news
Please reload page if feed does not appear promptly
Chávez extends control
on country's electricity


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez has extended electricity rationing for another 60 days in hopes that seasonal rains will help refill the low water levels at the country's hydroelectric dams.

Chávez declared an electricity emergency in February in the oil-rich nation, saying the country was facing the worst drought in a century.

The hydroelectric sector provides more than 60 percent of Venezuela's electricity. 

Last month, Venezuelan officials announced a 24-hour electrical power cutoff for 80 firms because they failed to reduce their power usage as directed in the emergency decree. 

marijuana plants
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía
y Seguridad Pública photo
This was the marijuana plants in Dota

Neighbors informed
on pot farmer in Dota

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers say that a neighbor turned in a resident in Santa María de Dota who was trying to be a marijuana farmer.

Agents found 196 plants of various sizes on the patio of the home. The resident has planted marijuana around a small water source, said agents.

The owner of the property now has a date with agents.


Latin American news feeds are disabled on archived pages.


Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007  and 2008 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


fishing logo
For information on advertising here, please contact Alfonso Acosta HERE!

Tamarindo Sports fishing
The best captains
advertise here

By the A.M. Costa Rica ad staff

Costa Rica is a fisherman's dream. Pacific, Caribbean, even big lakes and streams. But the dream can become a nightmare if all a visitor relies on are promises on some Web page.

A.M. Costa Rica is committed to present Costa Rica's quality captains and their boats. We accept advertising only from fully registered and insured sports boats that also are listed with the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo. These are quality professionals who will give the visiting sportsman full value and thrilling catches.

The Pacific can be tricky with underpowered boats and inattentive captains. The Caribbean can be a maze for the inexperienced. Even Lake Arenal has an unpleasant side sometimes. So we want our visitors to be safe and having a great time.

The sportsfishing operators on this page want the same thing. Visitors are well advised to stick with our advertisers for the experience of a lifetime with no regrets.
Crocodile Bay rollover
Flamngo Marina
Fishing book
Your ad here
and it rotates
to every location
over the course
of six months

$25 a week puts
your service
before thousands
of readers
of A.M. Costa Rica



one that got away

Home
Tourism
Place
classified ad

Classifieds
Entertainment
Real estate
Rentals
Sports
About us