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Published Friday, April 7, 2017, in Vol. 17, No. 70
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Pristine Pacific region is the next marine reserve
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

One of the country’s most pristine and biodiverse sections of the near Pacific has been designated as a marine reserve to protect it.

A bill creating the Reserva Marina Álvaro Ugalde Víquez has been presented to the legislature. The chief sponsor is Edgardo Araya Sibaja of Frente Amplio. The measure has a good chance of passage because the country already has subscribed to an international agreement in which it promises to set aside a percentage of ocean for this purpose.

The bill, No. 20.333, names the reserve after  Álvaro Ugalde, a long-time director of the  Servicio de Parques Nacionales. He died in 2015.

The reserve runs south from the mouth of the Río Barú to the tip of the Osa peninsula. And stretches from five to 20 miles out to sea. The reserve would include the mouths of the ríos Térraba, Sierpe and Drake and the Bahía de Coronado, according to the initial proposal.

This includes some of the country’s most pristine Pacific beaches, stretches where sea turtle species nest and offshore waters where humpback whales from the north and south converge every year.

This also is an area that is ravaged continually by shrimp trawlers and other forms of commercial fishing operations.

Some at Drake Bay and others who support that unspoiled section of the country were present when Araya signed the measure this week before submitting it to the legislature.

One is Mario A. Boza, a close friend of  Álvaro Ugalde who helped organize the session. He, too, is considered a founder of the national park system.

The proposal also has the support of the 
Proposed reserve
Centro Cientíco Tropical/A.M. Costa Rica
Proposed reserve area off Osa Peninsula.

Sindicato de Trabajadores del Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía and the environmental organizations Preserve Planet and Pretoma.

The detailed plan is being attributed to Gerardo Palacios Martínez and his Centro Científico Tropical, which provided supporting studies and financing.

Sierra Goodman, a Drake Bay environmentalist who runs a whale-watching operation there, said she was thrilled and said that the formalization of the plan was the climax of a 20-year dream.

“The dolphins are dancing and the whales are singing!” she said. Ms. Goodman also helped originate the current proposal.

A complete summary of the proposal provided by Boza and an associate, is HERE!

Risk with some shuttle rides often not considered
By Conor Golden,
News Editor of A.M. Costa Rica

Stepping out of the airports in Costa Rica can often be an overwhelming experience for the traveler who has never been to the country before and does not know the norms.

Expats may recall their first experiences coming down here and those who didn’t see a friendly face and a placard with their name on it were left to their own devices. That is what often faces tourists too; those who do not have their shuttles or their vehicles already arranged. It leaves a plethora of options good, bad and, potentially, very expensive.

Many expats are aware of a few private transportation companies and shuttles that offer alternatives to regular taxi services. They may also be aware that some are not officially registered with Registro Nacional nor maintain a cédula jurídica number to prove their legitimacy.

Trying one’s hand at these types of services could be as risky as getting in one of the many unofficial taxis lurking around known as piratas. Something that Trip Advisor, AAA and other travel guides warn foreigners exactly not to do.

Traveling with EcoTrans company, a reporter also noted that there can be a difference in pricing depending on what currency one is paying in. This company was listed with a travel agency and came with a few recommendations from associates as well.

The reporter’s trip, between a resort in Playa Flamingo and Liberia, was quoted as $50, but paying in colons it became only 14,000. Another group of people, doing it through a travel agency, were charged $90 for the same trip. A reason could be the number of passengers, but there is no difference in distance nor time spent traveled.

The difference between a pirata and these unofficial shuttles, however, is that many of them look legitimate.

The company may have a website that looks decent. It may have a form and a formal process to fill out reservations. It may have friendly-sounding English speakers over the phone to assuage someone of all their worries.
Moreover, even ones arranged through a hotel or hospitality service or travel agency could still be unregistered. That is not true in all cases and certainly does not mean that the trip will be dangerous. Still the shuttling arrangement could be just based on who a staff member or manager may know.

Expats should be aware, however, that there is always a risk even in these unofficial businesses. Overpricing, instances of fraud and even theft are possible when getting in a car or a bus with a person that one does not know with a company that offers no credentials nor identity as to its legitimacy and existence.

So how does one swim through all the fake and potentially dangerous to find the real? A simple start would be asking for the company’s cédula jurídica number. Every business recognized as one with the government should have it.

A reporter who received a quote from one of the first websites that came with a Google search of “transport from Liberia to Playa Flamingo,” asked as much and received the following:

“To Us You Sounds Like Some Looking For Something Else Not To Travel If You Want To See Our Cedula Juridica You Can See It At The Office In Liberia We Not Going To Send You This Information Through Email. Good Look Getting Another Company.”

The trouble is that the identification is not like a U.S. Social Security number.

Culturally, many Ticos may tell expats that asking such a question could be, while totally within one’s right to ask, considered rude.

As some Costa Ricans would explain, usually only members of the police or judiciary ask for such identification. Regardless, consider the cédula jurídica being similar to a registration with a secretary of state.

The other way, and admittedly more frequent way, to do this whole process is to ask. Use trusted sources of information like friends, colleagues or family members with their own recommendations and their experiences.

Like many things in Costa Rica, much travels by word of mouth including, oftentimes, vouching for a transport group.

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 7, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 70
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Upcoming Semana Santa scheduling aid

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A few days before the beginning of Semana Santa, many public organizations will take the entire week off, while some others will be partially working.

The institutions not working at all are: Defensoría de los Habitantes, The Instituto Nacional de Seguros, Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, Instituto Meteorológico Nacional, Instituto Mixto de Ayuda Social, Asamblea Legislativa and also Casa Presidencial.

In the case of the Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social, the administrative headquarters in San José will be open only on Monday. Its branches all across the country will work normally on Monday and Wednesday. All hospitals will work normally.

The ministries that will be closed are: foreign relations, education, justice, housing, finance, culture, and environment among others.

The Policía de Tránsito will be working, as usual, through the whole week, while Fuerza Pública offices will be open from 8 to 4 p.m., Monday thru Friday.

The Dirección General de Migración y Extranjería will be closed the whole week and resume on Monday April 17.

For those who need to leave the country, the Peñas Blancas immigration staff will work their regular schedule from 6 a.m. to midnight. It will be a similar case in Paso Canoas, where officers will just end their shifts a couple of hours before, closing at 10 p.m.

For those in need to run property related errands, Registro Nacional offices in San José, Liberia and Pérez Zeledón offices will be open from Monday through Wednesday on a 9 a.m to 4 p.m schedule.

For money related issues, the Banco Nacional de Costa Rica, the Banco de Costa Rica and the Banco Popular will work Monday through Wednesday, each in their regular schedule.

While the Comisión Nacional de Emergencias will work from Monday to Wednesday from 8 a.m to 4:30 p.m, the Cruz Roja Costarricense will work all week long from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Costa Rica's electricity institute cries foul

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad called some statements that apparently came from the Cámara Nacional de Industrias on March 5, 2017, total lies.

The event, before the VIII Congreso Nacional de Energía, took place at the Hotel Wyndham Herradura. It is organized by the Cámara whose president Enrique Egloff accused the institute of overpricing electricity. He also said that its business model doesn't work anymore and the high cost of electricity has caused many enterprises to shut down their operation.

“They create new projects so that their workforce in payroll has something to do,” he said, “They have also electrified the country based on hydropower only, and the costs keep increasing.”

According to a statement sent by the institute, any comment that implies the institution is getting behind its competitive index in regards to price, coverage, sustainability and innovation is all false.

“Since June 2014, the electricity prices have been kept steady and even decreasing. That's a commitment we have with the Costa Rican people until 2018. We have the cheapest electricity fares in whole Central America, despite the fact we are the only company not receiving state subsidies.” the document reads.

“The statement issued by the Cámara is irresponsible.” the document says.

In the past, electricity prices have sparked some serious debate in the country. On one side, some in the industrial sector claimed that electricity costs are too high and that hurts foreign investment and the economy. They have repeatedly called for more private energy as a way to solve the situation.

According to the Costa Rican law, private generators may only sell their electricity to the institute, which may buy up to 30 percent of the national electric production in a one-year period. Companies should have at least 35 percent of their stocks in the hands of Costa Rican citizens.

Back in 2000, mass protests sprouted across the country because of the Combo ICE, a series of bills seeking to privatize the electricity and telecommunications markets, which were a monopoly at the time.

Nica Act brought back to U.S. Congress

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Over 24 United States congressmen reintroduced the latest installment of the Nicaraguan Investment Conditionality Act, or Nica Act, this past Wednesday.

The bill, classified H.R. 1918, was previously introduced to the House of Representatives back in September 2016. The proposal would direct the U.S. government to oppose loans to the nation of Nicaragua from international financial institutions until the secretary of State certifies and reports to Congress that the requirements of the bill are met. Namely, these requirements include: free, fair and transparent elections to be held in the country currently under the strong-man rule of long-time President Daniel Ortega.

The exceptions towards these loan denials would be ones defined as meant to address basic human needs or promoting democracy, according to the legislation.

“This important legislation makes it clear that the U.S. will not stand by and watch Ortega target human rights defenders and stifle democracy while lining his pockets with cash at the expense of the Nicaraguan people,” said Albio Sires, a democrat from New Jersey and one of the principal sponsors for the proposal.

The bill has bipartisan support from 14 Republicans and 10 Democrats. The previous one, which had very similar language to this newly introduced bill, passed in the House of Representatives back in September 2016. Sen. Ted Cruz, a Republican from Texas, introduced that bill in the Senate before it was, effectively buried in committee and killed with the end of the congressional year.

The Organization of American States quickly condemned the reactivation of the Nica Act saying that the legislation is not productive towards strengthening the democratic and electoral institutions in the country.

“The Nica Act aims to put conditions on Nicaragua similar to what Congress has already enacted into law regarding Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador. On December 18, 2015, Congress enacted the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, providing funds to implement the Central America strategy,” a release by Rep. Sires said.

In order for the bill to become law, the legislative details must be agreed upon and passed by both houses of Congress before being sent to the president to either sign or veto the bill.

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 7, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 70
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Bandas de conciertos provide the music for Semana Santa parades
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Thursday marked the opening salvo for all the Bandas de Conciertos in all the provinces to begin playing their music during some of the most important festivities for the Catholic community and for many Costa Ricans as well.

According to the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud, music is an ideal complement to the religious celebrations that are creating an environment of introspection and reflection.

The Banda de Conciertos in San José will perform a special concert beginning this Saturday at 7 in the evening that will include pieces such as El General Fernández and Mosaico Bizantino. That performance will be held at the Parroquia Nuestra Señora de Ujarrás.

The other performances will be held in the Centro, Barrio Córdoba, and Tibás, organizers said.

On Palm Sunday at 8:30 a.m., for the Procesión de Ramos, the Banda for Alajuela will be participating and leave the old hospital of Alajuela to go towards the Catedral de Alajuela.

On the same day at 9 a.m., the Banda for Puntarenas will participate in their procession as well.

“It is tradition for the Banda de Heredia, that during the Good Friday processions we are going to include Heredian composers,” Mario Gamboa, deputy director of the band, said.

The bands for Cartago, Guanacaste and Puntarenas are also holding special concerts to perform sacred music.
Banda de Conciertos de Heredia
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo
Heredia's Banda de Conciertos will be in the processions.

Meanwhile, many of the bands, like in Guanacaste and Heredia, are accompanying the Palm Sunday marches.

The band in Cartago will host a concert tonight at 6 p.m. in the Iglesia de los Padres Capuchinos entitled the Pasión de Cristo. On the same night at 5, the band for Limón will be participating in the Procesión del Santo Entierro which begins at the Catedral de Limón.

Passover celebration needs to be taken on faith and not archaeology
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The celebration of Passover is a low-keyed holiday week in Costa Rica because there are so few observant Jews, but many Christians do not know how closely the holiday is linked to Easter.

In fact, the Hebrew word for Passover, Pesach, is where Spanish speakers get the word for Easter, Pascua. Italians call it Pasqua.

Most Christians and students of the Bible know that Jesus either was crucified on the day before Passover, as the Gospel of John says, or on the Jewish Passover, as the three other main gospels say.

The Last Supper either was the Passover meal or a meal in anticipation of Passover. The annual date of western Easter varies based on the full moon, and the date is in sync with Passover. Passover is much more than a significant religious day. This year it is April 10 to 18. Easter is April 18.

The tradition is that Jews enslaved by Egypt found a savior in Moses, who brought plagues on non-Jewish Egyptians. The last was a visit by the Angel of Death who killed the first born male child in every home. To avoid that, Jews were instructed to mark the doorways of their homes with lamb’s blood. Seeing this, the angel passed over the home and spared the child inside.

What happened next has been recounted best by filmmaker Cecil B. DeMille in his 1956 movie “The Ten Commandments,” starring Charlton Heston as Moses.
The pharaoh relents and lets the Jews leave.

They begin a march east to the Mediterranean coast and cross the Red Sea as God, acting through Moses, parts the waters.

The pharaoh changes his mind and pursues with his army, which is then destroyed by the Red Sea coming together.

All this is supposed to have happened around 1450 B.C. And present day Israelis use the tradition to claim ownership of the disputed lands. "God gave this land to me,” is a line from the “The Exodus Song,” written by Pat Boone in 1959.

Many Jews see this tradition as an unbreakable deed to the Holy Land. And that is the root of the current Palestinian resistance.

The only trouble is that archaeologists have been looking in vane for signs for a century of the supposed 600,000 refugees who wandered around in the desert, as the Bible says.

The current thinking by many archaeologists is that a small group fled Egypt and brought the message of one God to those who were living in what is now Israel and Palestine.

There does not seem to be any Egyptian accounts either.

The Passover story itself seems to have been written by Jewish scribes around 600 B.C. They were trying to stamp out competing religions, which is why the First of the 10 Commandments says “. . . have no other gods before me.”

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 7, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 70
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Tropical glassfrogs discovered to be dedicated mothers and fathers
By the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
press staff

Glassfrogs may be somewhat see-through, but they have still managed to hide an important secret. They are dedicated mothers and fathers that invest time in brooding their eggs.

Smithsonian scientists documented previously unknown parental-care behavior using detailed observations of 40 species of glassfrogs in Central and South America. The frog family is diverse stretching up through all of Costa Rica towards México.

Their discovery rewrites assumptions about how care-giving evolved in this family of translucent, tree-dwelling frogs.

“These are relatively well-studied, charismatic frogs, yet we were fundamentally wrong about their reproductive behavior,” said Karen Warkentin, associate scientist at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and professor at Boston University.

That is because the frogs mate during the night, laying their eggs from leaves that dangle over running water. Ms. Warkentin’s doctoral student, Jesse Delia, and research partner Laura Bravo-Valencia of the University of Los Andes, Colombia, had to adopt nighttime schedules to observe what the frogs were doing.

Crucially, Delia and Ms. Bravo-Valencia observed that female frogs will sit upon their eggs for up to five hours after laying them. The frogs’ translucent bellies absorb water from dew-covered leaves, which they then use to hydrate the jelly-coated eggs. Swelling up to four times its thickness, the jelly protects the developing embryos from egg predators and fungal infections.

Previously, only males of some species of glassfrogs had been observed brooding eggs, leading researchers to assume that parental care was rare in the glassfrog family. But in a new study published in the Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Delia and his collaborators found that every species they observed cared for its eggs.

In most species, mothers tended to their eggs in the immediate hours after laying them. In fewer species, fathers cared for eggs. For 13 of the species, they monitored parental behavior from egg laying to tadpole hatching every night for weeks, observing how fathers cared for much longer periods than did mothers, continuing to brood their clutches even after the tadpoles started hatching.

Delia and Ms. Bravo-Valencia spent six rainy seasons at 22 streamside sites in México, Panamá, Colombia, Ecuador and Perú to learn how the frogs looked after their young. They trekked up and down streams in warm lowland forests as well as steep mountain streams in the Andes where, Delia notes, “In many sites there are cascades of freezing cold water.”

Their hard work paid off, because their field data helped make sense of the evolution of parental behavior in glassfrogs.

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute photo
Cochranella granulosa female protecting her eggs.

Reasoning that first-night brooding by mothers was likely an ancestral trait common to glassfrogs, the researchers demonstrated that it was much more likely that male brooding evolved out of this behavior, rather than from an ancestor with no parental care.

“It seems that fathers not only took over the job when mothers were already doing it, but they also greatly elaborated the amount of care,” Ms. Warkentin said.

Apart from their field observations, experimental work in Panamá on two species of glassfrogs revealed that brooding greatly increases the embryos’ chances of survival. Eggs whose mothers were removed before first-night brooding did not have swollen jelly coats, making them much easier for predators like katydids.

And mothers were dedicated to their task. They would resist pokes and pinches and even being pushed off their egg clutches by the researchers, climbing back onto the eggs to continue their work.

“Glassfrogs are but one small branch on the tree of life,” said Delia of their new observations. “But the way we had underestimated the diversity of parental behavior stresses the importance of getting out to the field and watching animals behave.”

Lead funding for this study came from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, the Fulbright Scholar Program and the National Science Foundation.

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, headquartered in Panamá City, Panamá, is a part of the Smithsonian Institution.

The Institute furthers the understanding of tropical nature and its importance to human welfare, trains students to conduct research in the tropics and promotes conservation by increasing public awareness of the beauty and importance of tropical ecosystems.

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Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.

George Lundquist header

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.

George Lundquist

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact us: 
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cells:  +506-8380-5919  and +506-8302-5877

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

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Check out our special selections available at Amazon


A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate-related services (paid category)

solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
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Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

Real estate rentals (paid category)

Beautiful Home for Rent
San Isidro Del General, Perez Zeledon. The beautiful southern zone. By week or month.  Only 10 minutes to town. Fabulous, artistic, one Bedroom, elegantly furnished home, overlooking river,  and near to attractions at the beach or mountain. Comes completely furnished with custom queen bed, orthopaedic mattress, all linens, large kitchen, all pans, dishes, silverware, blender new refrigerator, stove with oven, washing machine, glove leather couches, breakfast nook, patio with hammock.  Has also large bodega, with extra full sized bed, can sleep 4. Comes with satellite TV & WIFI. Located next to small river, with access to river pools, and over 60 varieties of rare, tropical birds. Only 45 minutes to beach, Playa Dominical and 40 minutes to National Park Chirripo. Perfect weather. Not hot like the beach. No car needed, bus take 15 minutes to town, costs 30 cents. Gated private and secure, near bus, mini markets. This is a complete home, artistic, beautiful surroundings, with convenience and privacy, yet near to it all. Nice folks.  For more photos and information:  Costa Rica phone: (506) 2771-4339

Poas chalet
What a chalet!
We offer for rent a boutique quality 2-bedroom (BR)/1-bath mountain chalet, and a 2-BR/2-bath mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude within the limits of a small horse ranch.  Located just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance, our homes sit on the strategic high ground of Costa Rica’s Central Valley, and are contiguous with the park’s 47,000 hectares of primary cloud rainforest. The chalet and mountain home include a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace, and covered parking.  All utilities and wifi internet included. Please contact Allan or Cristina at for photos, pricing and contract details.

Tropical Homes
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 7, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 70
Real Estate
About us
Cruise missile
U.S. Navy photo
USS Ross fires a Tomahawk land attack missile.

U.S. launches missile strike
against Syria's Assad regime

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Defense Department officials confirmed that the U.S. has fired dozens of precision-guided missiles at Shayrat Airfield in Syria in response for a gruesome chemical weapons attack blamed on President Bashar al-Assad's forces that killed about 100 civilians. It is the first direct U.S. assault on Syrian government forces.

The ships launching the 59 Tomahawks were the U.S.S. Porter and U.S.S. Ross, both destroyers deployed in the eastern Mediterranean Sea.

A Navy official said the Syrian Airfield was targeted because it was most likely used to launch Tuesday's chemical strikes, which U.S. officials believe was a nerve gas, possibly sarin. The official said forward-deployed ships in the Mediterranean allow for quick-strike capability.

President Donald Trump told reporters at his presidential retreat in southern Florida that he ordered the strike, saying it was in the vital national security interest of the United States. He also called on all civilized nations to join the U.S. in seeking an end to the slaughter and bloodshed in Syria.

It came as Trump entertained Chinese President Xi Xinping at the presidential retreat in southern Florida. Trump did not announce the attacks in advance, although he and other national security officials ratcheted up their warnings to the Syrian government throughout the day Thursday.

The surprise strike marked a striking reversal for Trump, who warned as a candidate against the U.S. getting pulled into the Syrian civil war, now in its seventh year. But the president appeared moved by the video and photos of children killed in that chemical attack, calling it a disgrace to humanity that crossed a lot of lines.

Trump added that he might at some point talk about Syria with its biggest military ally, Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Last week, the White House backed away from the former Obama administration's stance that Assad must be removed.

While Trump did not say whether he now thought, in the wake of the gas attack, Assad should be driven from power, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Thursday that Assad had to go. Tillerson told reporters there was no role for him to govern the Syrian people in the future.

"The process by which Assad would leave is something that requires an international community effort, both to first defeat ISIS [Islamic State extremists] within Syria, to stabilize the Syrian country to avoid further civil war, and then to work collectively with our partners around the world through a political process that would lead to Assad leaving," he said.

U.S. officials said this week that there was no doubt the Syrian military was behind the apparent sarin gas attack on the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhoun, which also sickened 350.

Television pictures showed horrifying scenes of men, women and children foaming at the mouth, convulsing uncontrollably and struggling to breathe. Some families, including babies, died in their beds.

Doctors showed that the pupils of the victims' eyes were tiny pinpoints that did not react to light, a clear sign of sarin gas poisoning.

U.S. officials rejected Russian and Syrian claims that the gas had come from a missile strike on a rebel-controlled warehouse where chemical weapons had been stockpiled.

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid Moallem said his country did not use chemical weapons during airstrikes on Khan Sheikhoun. He insisted they would never be used, even against terrorists.

The Kremlin said Putin, in a phone call with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, underlined that it's unacceptable to make unfounded accusations against anyone until a thorough and unbiased international investigation has been conducted. But a Putin spokesman also said that Russia's support for Assad was not unconditional.

Jordanian King Abdullah, meeting with Trump at the White House on Wednesday, said, "This is another testament to the failure of international diplomacy to find solutions to this crisis."

Britain, France and the United States strongly condemned Russia on Wednesday during an emergency session of the U.N. Security Council.

The fate of a draft U.N. resolution condemning the attack written by the three Western powers remained in limbo, as Russia's envoy said at the emergency session he did not think the time was right for such action.

U.S. Senate alters rules
ending traditional filibuster

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Senate is poised to confirm President Donald Trump's Supreme Court pick after Republicans forced a historic change in the rules governing the chamber, ending the minority party's ability to block high court nominees.

A united Republican caucus, joined by three Democrats, voted Thursday to advance federal appellate judge Neil Gorsuch's nomination to a final vote, expected Friday.

Moments earlier, days of finger-pointing and furious rhetoric came to a momentous climax. Republicans used their majority to exercise the nuclear option, altering Senate rules to defeat a Democratic procedural blockade of the nominee, known as a filibuster.

While lamenting the need for a rules change, Republicans said they had no choice but to act.

"We need to restore the norms and traditions of the Senate and get past this unprecedented partisan filibuster," said Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Kentucky Republican.

"We have actually restored the status quo," said Republican Senator John Cornyn of Texas, noting that filibusters of Supreme Court nominees were almost unheard of prior to Trump's selection.

Democrats had a different take on the day's events.

"When history weighs what happened, the responsibility for changing the rules will fall on the Republicans' and Leader McConnell's shoulders," said Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat. "No one forced them to act. They acted with free will."

Republicans said Democrats had no one to blame but themselves, launching a filibuster they knew Republicans were determined to overcome.

Democrats countered that the filibuster of Gorsuch, after a thorough confirmation hearing, paled in comparison to Republicans refusing to even consider former President Barack Obama's final Supreme Court nominee, Judge Merrick Garland.

The rules change all but assures Gorsuch's confirmation to the Supreme Court, filling the vacancy created by the death of Justice Antonin Scalia last year. Senators of both parties wondered out loud about the long-term impact of eroding minority party rights in a chamber that historically has protected them.

Democrats themselves changed the rules to eliminate the filibuster for all non-Supreme Court nominees when they controlled the chamber in 2013. The procedural tactic still exists for most legislation; but, with the Senate already acting twice in a four-year span to weaken the filibuster, political analysts expect pressure will mount to curb it even further in years to come.

House Intel Chair Nunes
steps down from panel

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee Devin Nunes says he is temporarily stepping down from the panel's investigation into alleged Russian hacking during the 2016 election campaign, after ethical complaints were lodged against him.

The House Ethics Committee is investigating whether Nunes may have made an unauthorized disclosure of classified information last month during a hastily arranged news conference.

Nunes said he had come into the possession of classified material that indicated members of Trump’s campaign had conversations incidentally collected by U.S. intelligence agencies while surveiling foreign targets.

Nunes said several leftwing activist groups filed accusations of impropriety against him with the Office of Congressional Ethics, and he would temporarily step back from the investigation until the charges are cleared up.

Two government watchdog groups, Democracy 21 and Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, filed the complaint, which alleges Nunes’s characterization of what was in the classified documents violated House ethics rules, even though he didn’t disclose the specific information found in the documents.

Nunes called the accusations baseless and politically motivated, though he said he would step down from the investigation of the charges because it is in the best interests of the House Intelligence Committee and the Congress.

He said he would continue to fulfill his other duties as committee chairman, but said Rep. Mike Conaway will take charge of the investigation, with assistance from Representatives Trey Gowdy and Tom Rooney.

The House Ethics Committee released a statement acknowledging the investigation, though it cautioned it does not itself indicate that any violation has occurred, or reflect any judgment on behalf of the Committee.

Anyone can file a complaint with the office. It is up to that group to determine the validity of the complaint and forward it to House Ethics Committee when appropriate.

Nunes did not brief the top-ranking Democrat on the committee, Rep. Adam Schiff, on the documents before sharing them with President Donald Trump and House Speaker Paul Ryan, a move that led Schiff and other Democrats to question Nunes’s ability to run an independent investigation.

Schiff said Thursday he was appreciative of Nunes’s decision to step down and said it would give the investigation a fresh start moving forward.

Ryan also applauded Nunes’s decision to step down, saying it would be a distraction if he stayed on the investigation while dealing with the ethics complaint.

ISIS foreign fighters face
uncertain future after fall

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The looming collapse of the Islamic State terror group's self-declared caliphate is a welcome development for many Western officials. But even when it happens, many warn of a secondary problem: what to do about the thousands of Islamic State foreign fighters who may survive.

"The most vivid challenge we now face is ensuring that the information and intelligence about the travel, the plans, the intentions and identities of foreign terrorist fighters are as broadly known as possible everywhere in the world, because their travel can be so unpredictable," said Lt. Gen. Michael Nagata, director of strategic operational planning at the U.S. National Counterterrorism Center.

Here is the latest U.S. data on foreign fighters, as given by a senior U.S. counterterrorism official: More than 40,100 foreign fighters have traveled to Syria and Iraq since the conflict began; foreign fighters come from at least 120 countries; approximately 280 U.S. residents have traveled or attempted to travel to Syria and Iraq; approximately 36 Americans have died after traveling to Syria to partake in the conflict.

The coalition to defeat Islamic State is also getting help from its newest member, International Criminal Police Organization, according to a senior White House official: the group now has information about 14,000 foreign fighters from 60 countries; in the past four years, there has been "a thousandfold increase" in the amount of information shared on foreign fighters

European countries have also taken steps to cut down on foreign fighter travel, the White House said, by adopting passenger name recognition protocols, 31 non-EU countries are implementing enhanced traveler screening measures.

U.S. officials have also described accelerated efforts to make travel for foreign fighters more difficult.

Cancer-causing strain found
in some HPV infections

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A cancer causing strain of the human papillomavirus, or HPV, has infected 25 percent of men and 20 percent of women in the United States, new statistics from the National Center for Health Statistics.

Furthermore, some 45 percent of men have a genital form of the virus.

"Human papillomavirus is the most common sexually-transmitted infection in the United States," the team at the National Center for Health Statistics, part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wrote.

"Some HPV types can cause genital warts and are considered low risk, with a small chance for causing cancer. Other types are considered high risk, causing cancer in different areas of the body including the cervix and vagina in women, penis in men, and anus and oropharynx in both men and women."

The virus has been linked to head and neck cancer as well as cervical cancer. According to NBC News, doctors think about 70 percent of head and neck cancers are caused by HPV spread through oral sex. They add that by 2020, head and neck cancers will be more common than the cervical cancer caused by the virus.

Roughly four percent of adults are infected with an oral, cancer causing strain of HPV. Men had a higher rate than women.

For people under 25, there is a vaccine that can defend against the cancer causing strains of HPV. Among older adults, the virus continues to be passed around. According to NBC, the FDA-approved vaccines are Cervarix and Gardasil.

There are 109 known strains of HPV.

$800 million paid out
to U.S. victims of terror

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Department of Justice said Thursday that it has paid out more than $800 million from a Congressionally-created fund to compensate thousands of American victims of international terrorist acts dating back decades.

Among the 2,332 claimants were Americans held hostage by Iran from 1979 to 1981, as well as victims of the 1998 al-Qaida bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, the Justice Department said in a statement.

The U.S. Victims of State Sponsored Terrorism Fund was set up by Congress in 2015 and is administered by the Justice Department's Criminal Division. Congress authorized the department to deposit into the fund certain forfeiture proceeds, penalties and fines that come from civil and criminal matters involving prohibited transactions with state sponsors of terrorism.

Congress originally appropriated $1.025 billion for payments to victims, and recent Justice Department prosecutions and U.S. government enforcement actions have increased the total available for initial payments to more than $1.1 billion, the statement said.

More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
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Real estate for sale (paid category)

Plantation Acres
This exiting new project offers spectacular home sites with breathtaking ocean and forest views stated on 100 acres of tropical forest.

* On-site Welcome Center
* Located between Punta Leona and Playa Agujas
* At just an hour from San José, the capital city.
* 5 minutes from Los Sueños Marina and 18 Hole Ted Robinson Golf Course
* 10 minutes from Jacó Beach, Costa Rica’s lives beach town

Johnny Lopez
Phone: (506) 8945-5820 / (506) 2643-3356

Puriscal home
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
Video Tour:
Community Web Site:
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email

COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $40,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here:

                                    Farm rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is and photo album can be found at

                                    ranch rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:


Situated 3 miles west of the capital, 8 miles from the airport. Quiet, secluded area within walking distance to a commercial center including a hotel, 6 restaurants,  next to 2 bus line stops. Car ownership is not needed. January-March air temperatures are 72 to 80 degrees F.  Apartment 1,200 sq. ft (100 sq. meters), on ground floor, indoor  patio. Large windows without bars, parquet floors.  Spacious living room-dining area, 2 bedrooms, maid's room, 2 bathrooms, 4 closets  (including walk in), fully equipped kitchen (refrigerator, washing machine,small appliances, all necessary utensils, work tools). Close covered parking space in guarded area.  Many amenities, (pictures, indoor plants, sewing machine, books, keyboard, dishes, glassware,silverware). Annual cost of maintenance about $1,350 includes water, landscaping service, garbage disposal, 24-7 security and property taxes.
PRICE $120,000
 Available for viewing:   CONTACT:  USA :  (585) 969-3413 or (585) 266-7418 or in COSTA RICA : (506) 2231-0410.   email:

Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email 

Costa Rica penthouse for sale
 5 -story penthouse for sale.  One of a kind penthouse on top of the Corobici Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel providing 1st class room service plus shared common areas in the hotel. Commercial license is in place. Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $795K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,400 per month on an annual basis. Go to  Owners U.S. cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

                                      Tamarindo The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  or click here

                                        Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property

Playas del Coco Click Here!

Playa Panama Click Here!

Playa Hermosa Click Here!
Peninsula Papagayo Click Here!

Playa Matapalo Click Here!
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456


Real estate-related services (paid category)

SMALL and LARGER jobs welcome !!!. We can build from any plan you bring us all work done by USA codes master electric and plumbing Better quality and lower prices than USA. We do it all Right  + Reasonable.
Call us: Toll Free 877-778-8515   
     Text from US: 804-313-6382 
     CR phone: 506-8307-0164
     For more info also see our sites: 
Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Buy, sell or rent a timeshare at 

solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.

    We aren't Cheap...Neither are our Products. Call to Compare.
    More Flexible, Reliable-and Fully Guaranteed!

    Push this BIG RED BUTTON:  (O) and Learn ​details about your deal with ICE     
    SEE our new PACKAGE DEALS.
Solar logo
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

Real estate services
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Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

news page

San José, Costa Rica, Friday, April 7, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 70
Real estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.
Latin news from the BBC up to the minute

Police outside Venue
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo  
Police stand outside the Venue club following massive overdoses. 

Massive K2 overdose at San Pedro club

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A massive overdose occurred Thursday morning in front of Venue bar, in San Pedro de Montes de Oca, when 15 people apparently consumed a drug called K2 and required medical assistance and the intervention of Fuerza Pública officers.

According to official reports, the whole group behaved in a bizarre way. Some of them took off some of their clothes while others acted aggressively.

According to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, K2 is the nickname for synthetic cannabis. These are described by the institute as man made, mind-altering chemicals that can be consumed in a variety of ways. The drugs are often falsely labeled as safe, when its effects could, not only be much more powerful than natural marijuana, but also unpredictable and life-threatening as well.

Cops received an anonymous alert on the situation and, after arrival, they evaluated the situation as critical and called 911 to send several ambulances. Two people were then hospitalized.

Officers from the Programa Regional Antidrogas and the canine unit of the Fuerza Pública also arrived to the scene to search for traces of drugs inside the bar. They found some.

According to police records, Venue bar already had three infractions. The first one from November when the bar was open past the authorized schedule. Next police report from December accounts for gunshots and several people injured by firearms. The latest report filed said the security guards didn't have any permit to work as such.

Two other bars in the same complex have also a history of trouble. One of them called Spot was visited by Fuerza Pública for a brawl in mid-February. The other one, whose name happens to be Dope, has accrued 11 infractions since January, mostly for allowing minors in the premises.

“I know the owners of such places will claim that the people intoxicated were outdoors and they have nothing to do with that, but come on, our dogs have found traces of drugs inside the bar and they cannot come to me and say that nobody saw these people snorting cocaine or getting high on other drugs,” said Gustavo Mata, the public security head.

The bar was shut down for 24 hours. The mayor of Montes de Oca, Marcel Soler, said officials are waiting for the final police report of the incident to take the proper measures. One of them could be revoking the business license.

The three bars are located towards the east side of Mall San Pedro, next to what's locally known as La línea, meaning the train rails.

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From Page 7:

Bancrédito trying to improve its fiscal health

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Bancrédito will sell a property valued at $635,000 in Alajuela and make a deposit worth $3.5 million in San José, according to a release issued by the Costa Rican government.

The troubled bank is attempting to improve its financial status after a liquidity crisis that brought together other public banks and the government to help. The state commercial bank was stuck with bad loans last year when a major retailer sought bankruptcy. The bank was known as the Banco Crédito Agrícola de Cartago before being nationalized in 1948.

The country’s Superintendencia General de Entidades Financieras cited what were called irregularities in the bank’s finances. The bank has lost money for a number of months.

Bancrédito will also encourage employees to adhere to a severance package which will decrease its payroll by $6 million. The bank will also receive a $4 million loan from Banco Nacional. That money comes from the exit tax the government charges to every person who leaves the country.

The Costa Rican government also announced its plans to transform Báncredito into a bank oriented towards the financial need of small enterprises. At the same time, the Superintendencia General de Entidades Financieras, has presented a short-term rescue plan for the bank, which must be approved by legislators.