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(506) 2223-1327         Published Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, in Vol. 11, No. 36          E-mail us
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Police converge on a home where they think gang members have hidden after a confrontation in Limón.
air view of Limón
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía
y Seguridad Pública/Paul Gamboa

President's anti-crime show follows grim television
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Laura Chinchilla has taken to the television to promote her 10-year security plan that has been criticized heavily.

The juxtaposition was unfortunate. The taped promotional footage came on after the television news on both Channel 7 Teletica and Channel 6 Repretel. Both newscasts made much of a bloody weekend where 20 persons died violent deaths.

Six persons died from gunshots, one self-inflicted. There were three drownings, a man stomped by a bull and traffic accidents. And near Siquirres a man became the victim of a train.

Sunday television news shows generally are full of bodies because crime is obvious and easy to cover. But even under those standards Sunday was unusual.

Ms. Chinchilla has just hired a minister of communications, Roberto Gallardo. He is a new addition to the cabinet with the job of promoting the president's tax plan and enhancing her image. Presumably he played a roll in the television promotion.

Former president Óscar Arias Sánchez used television effectively and weekly. But Ms. Chinchilla has not. The upbeat presentation Sunday was complete with police helping children to cross a street and Ms. Chinchilla calling on the country to join her in an anti-crime crusade.

Meanwhile television footage showed police officers deployed just south of Limón Centro where rival gangs engaged in a shootout. Police detained two and one was hospitalized. Four handguns were confiscated.

The most grim event over the weekend was not drug-related or gang violence.  Saturday in Paso Canoas a man shot his wife and 12-year-old daughter and then turned the weapon on himself.  Police identified the man as Jorge Muñoz Alfaro. His wife obtained a no-contact order two weeks earlier due to prolonged domestic violence, said police.
Anther gunshot victim was Fernando Monge, 29, a prison custodial agent with the Judicial Investigating Organization. He appears to have struggled against robbers Friday night as he returned home from work in Zapote.

On San Jose's Avenida 5 at Calle 4 two men on a motorcycle killed a Colombian man and seriously injured bystanders also Friday night. Agents said they believe the death was a contract killing.

The same night in San Sebastian on the south side of San José a man with a screwdriver confronted a pedestrian. The pedestrian, a security guard, carried a legal weapon and fired four times. He was released later because agents said this was self-defense.

Weekend drownings took place in Cartago, Limón and in Puntarenas. The victim in Cartago was a 5 year old.

The death of a bull rider took place in Bebedero, Cañas, Guanacaste, during a fiesta there. The man was identified as Álvaro Collado. The bull bucked off the man, who fell to the ground and then suffered a crushed chest when the bull stepped on him.

The heavy police response was in Cieneguita, Limón, Sunday. As the participants in the shootout fled when police appeared, officers used aircraft and boats of the Servicio Nacional de  Guardacostas to put a security lid on the area. For a time police thought that some of the participants were holed up in a nearby dwelling.

Security officials have made Limón Centro and the entire province a priority and moved in more than 300 officers to take back areas like Cieneguita from gangs.

Ms. Chinchilla's proposal is designed to last 10 years. The criticism has been that the plan is too abstract and contains little new. The details seem to be placed in the hands of a committee to be made up of members of three existing committees. Considering that citizen security was a dominant theme of the Chinchilla presidential campaign, there have been high expectations.

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 36

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Find Michael Dixon
Graphic features song title and photo of missing man

Missing journalist's family
maintains search with music

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Dixon family is not giving up on the search for their
missing kin, and they have chosen music to carry the message.

"Come Home" is a raw and emotional R&B soul track by London-based singer Kyra Simone and produced by David Dixon, the brother of British journalist Michael Dixon, who disappeared on a Costa Rican holiday last year, the family said.
Ms. Simone
Kyra Simone

Proceeds from the United Kingdom and international release will go to the Help Find Michael Dixon fund and to missing persons charities around the world, they said.

A summary of the musical work reflects the frustration of the family: "Michael Dixon walked out of his hotel room in Tamarindo, Costa Rica, on 18 October 2009 and vanished without trace. Evidence indicates he was the victim of crime in a place that markets itself as a safe holiday destination but which is in reality controlled by violent drug gangs. The Costa Rica police and the British government have done next to nothing to find out what happened."

Ms. Simone's music is frequently featured on BBC Radio 1XTRA and BBC 3 Radio Counties, said a release. She is currently working with UK funk R&B soul legend Carl McIntosh/Loose Ends and getting ready to release her album THE SCENT V2, it added.

David Dixon said that he hopes the song gets the case more coverage and brings comfort to other families going through the same ordeal as his family.

The music is featured HERE!


Moderate earthquake hit
near Abangares Sunday


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An earthquake estimated at from 4.7 to 4.8 magnitude made itself known over most of the country last night at 7:31.

The quake had a short duration of about 10 seconds in the Central Valley. Elsewhere it lasted more than a minute, according to the instrumentation online at the Observatorio Vulcanológico y Sismológico de Costa Rica.

The quake was centered 7 kilometers (4.4 miles east of Las Juntas de Abangares, according to the observatory.

The U.S. Geological Survey placed the epicenter about 100 kilometers (60 miles) west northwest of San José and 30 kilometers (20 miles) north northwest of Puntarenas.

Both agencies agreed that the quake was deep. It was about 58 kilometers or 36.5 miles, said the Geological Survey. The cause was the subduction of the Cocos tectonic plate beneath the Caribbean plate.

Our reader's opinion
Letter published Friday
hit the nail on the head


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

In my opinion, Bruce Simpson in his letter to the editor on Friday, did hit the nail squarely on the head regarding major issues facing Costa Rica.  I especially liked his saying "Our new president is falling into the same old trap as all the other presidents have.  They want to talk and talk and talk.  They have this fear of making a conclusion."  Avoiding confronting issues seems typical of the culture here in more ways than one.  Have you ever tried to get a straight answer from a Tico?  No, usually it is just talk, talk, talk.

This government needs to "learn from others who have had the balls to do something empowering and innovative rather than talk to study groups. There is little to study.  We have corruption and laziness everywhere.  We have lawyers who should be in jail, lots of them.  Cops who lie and steal.  Murderers who are set free within hours and told to report back in 90 days.  Money missing on every level of government, so let's just beat up the people who have corporations and who drive cars."

So instead of fixing existing problems, let's just add more taxes and speed traps and penalties and additional ways to force bribes.  Just brilliant!  I do so agree with this guy!

Marlene Summers
Santa Ana

 
Find out what the papers
said today in Spanish


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Here is the section where you can scan short summaries from the Spanish-language press. If you want to know more, just click on a link and you will see and longer summary and have the opportunity to read the entire news story on the page of the Spanish-language newspaper but translated into English.

Translations may be a bit rough, but software is improving every day.

When you see the Summary in English of news stories not covered today by A.M. Costa Rica, you will have a chance to comment.

This is a new service of A.M. Costa Rica called Costa Rica Report. Editor is Daniel Woodall, and you can contact him HERE!

From the Costa Rican press
News items posted Monday through Friday by 8 a.m.
Click a story for the summary







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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 36
Latigo K-9

A.M. Costa Rica guest editorials: Two skeptics on global warming
Contemplate the positive side of a little global warming.
By Clifford F. Dukes•
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Listening to the constant drumbeat from the media and scientific experts about the dire consequences of man-made global warming can be depressing at times. Most of these scientists are agenda-driven and/or being sponsored by special interests, first world governments, or the United Nations. The rationale for their scholarly conclusions is easily understood.  Most or the rest of the scientific community are so buried in the minutiae of their respective fields that they fail to consider the macro environment with which we are dealing.

The true status of global warming is difficult to ascertain since current means of determining the temperature are not reliable, due to environmental factors like the urban heat islands of large metropolitan areas and the numerous parts of the globe without sensing devices. In other words: Is the globe really hotter, and if so, how much? How do you determine the average temperature of a planet whose surface is 70 percent water and 30 percent land mass? Computer modeling creates a lot of questions.

Logic teaches us that the cause of global warming is not carbon dioxide just because the former followed the latter. Factual analysis of core samples shows us just the opposite. Yes there is a connection between carbon dioxide and warming, but core sample analysis shows that an increase in carbon dioxide actually follows an increase in temperature. It does not precede it. This is explained by the inverse solubility of carbon dioxide in water. In other words, as ocean temperatures increase carbon dioxide is less soluble and passes into the atmosphere. As the waters cool, the carbon dioxide returns to the oceans again. Ocean temperature controls how much carbon dioxide is in the air not the other way around.

The fact that carbon dioxide levels are higher now than 300 years ago suggests that on average the planet experienced some heating during this time, in spite of our inability to measure it, and that the warmer oceans expelled carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Human contribution to atmospheric carbon dioxide levels is miniscule compared to the temperature controlled partitioning of carbon dioxide between air and water. Granted there are hot spots of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere down-wind from major industrial areas especially in the Northern Hemisphere where most industries reside. But when you consider that 93 percent of carbon dioxide is dissolved in the oceans and the remaining 7 percent is divided between biomass and air, the critical factor controlling carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the temperature of the oceans.

• A whole new cadre of applications-oriented consultants and engineers has developed, making a good living recommending ways to control your carbon footprint. They are more than ready to reinforce the conclusions of some scientists that human beings are at the root of the problem. The entire industrial world has been intimidated into following suit or being left behind. Here in Costa Rica, Al Gore is headlining a one-day conference of seminars in March discussing sustainability of the environment. Major presentations are being made by the local newspaper; all basic food producers; Toyota Motors; Kimberly Clark; Clorox; local and international banks and the list goes on.  These organizations are terrified of being branded anti-environmental.

• Just what is a greenhouse gas? With the exception of areas of dense cloud cover, solar radiation passes through our atmosphere to heat the earth’s surface. The earth in turn radiates a portion of this heat toward outer space in the form of infrared radiation. Several gases in the atmosphere can absorb the infrared radiation thus heating the surrounding air and warming the surface. The important greenhouse gases are water vapor, carbon dioxide and to a lesser extent methane, nitrous oxide and ozone.

Methane, nitrous oxide and ozone are the most efficient infrared absorbers, but due to their extremely low concentrations (only parts per billion) their contribution to the greenhouse effect is calculated to be no more than 1.3 percent. Carbon dioxide is a much less efficient infrared absorber, and at 388 parts per million contributes only 5.2 percent. Water vapor is the least efficient absorber per molecule, but because of its comparatively high concentration, it contributes 93.5 percent of the greenhouse effect, thus dwarfing all the others.

Our original atmosphere was 80 percent water vapor and 10 percent carbon dioxide. A cooling event caused the water vapor portion to condense and fall as rain creating our oceans. In the process the water scrubbed most of the carbon dioxide from the air leaving levels similar to those of today. The carbon dioxide rich sea water (carbonic acid) helped in dissolving salts from the rocky surfaces.

• The current composition of dry air is: 1) 78% nitrogen, 2) 21% oxygen, 3) 1% argon, 4) 0.04% carbon dioxide, and 5) trace quantities of several greenhouse gases including methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone.
Global warming

In reality our current atmosphere is not dry and contains between 1 to 4 percent water vapor depending on the water content of the underlying surface.

To better understand the greenhouse effect of water vapor, consider the world’s deserts. There are both hot and cold deserts. The only requirement is that the area be deprived of water. All deserts experience a dramatic temperature change from daytime highs to nighttime lows due to the lack of the normal 3 percent water vapor in the air acting as a greenhouse gas. These desert temperature swings occur in spite of the desert atmosphere retaining its normal 0.04 percent carbon dioxide as well as the more efficient absorbers in their trace quantities. In other words, even at the current level of carbon dioxide, its impact as a greenhouse gas is minimal in dry air over desert regions.

We can speculate that carbon dioxide shows an equally minimal effect over humid areas.

It is clear that water vapor is our major greenhouse gas. Its buffering or dampening effect on temperature is what makes human life possible on the planet, and it’s hard to blame humans for changes in water vapor concentration when oceans represent 70 percent of the earth’s surface.

Any future significant warming of the oceans will result in a faster water evaporation rate and abundant cloud formation when the water vapor rises to the 4 percent saturation level in air. This cloud cover then will act as a barrier to additional solar radiation and surface heating and serves as a self correction mechanism to over-warming.

Let’s take a look at some of the scenarios proposed by the global warming community. First, sea levels will rise catastrophically due to melting of the planet’s ice and snow. Antarctica is a continental land mass covered with ice and snow with an average temperature around 50 below zero F. For this ice to melt the earth would have to heat some 80 degrees F. That much heat would have killed all human life long before impacting sea levels. The Arctic ice is nothing more than a huge ice cube floating in the Northern seas. 

As most people are aware, when an ice cube melts in a glass of water the volume of water decreases slightly since water increases in volume when freezing. So a complete Arctic ice melt will lower sea levels not raise them. Assuming further that all inland snow and glaciers melt completely and make their way to the sea instead of forming inland lakes, the resulting increase in sea level would be equal to the decrease in sea level from the Arctic melt.

When Amerindians came to the Americas they gravitated to the tropics and subtropics with few staying in the frigid zones. The accommodating climate and much longer growing seasons served them very well. Who’s to say that we wouldn’t benefit from and enjoy even more a warmer climate in the northern United States and northern Europe and Asia? 

Maybe we all should take a deep breath, relax, and contemplate the positive side of a little global warming. Best of all would be the improvement in our mental health knowing that we were not to blame for the blessed event.

• It’s really difficult to make a reasonable case for any human activity trumping Mother Nature on a planet-wide scale considering the violent birth, history, and evolution of planet earth.

• Mr. Dukes, of San José and Louisville, Kentucky currently is a consultant to the chemical processing industry (in the United States and Costa Rica. He has 50 years experience including research and development, manufacturing, sales and marketing and business management. He is a graduate of The University of Tennessee majoring in chemistry, math, and physics.


Climate change: It is all about control, avarice and greed
By Axel Marquardt*
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The ride we are being taken on.

In the wake of the arrival in Costa Rica of one of the key architects of the fraudulent global warming hoax, Nobel Peace Prize recipient Al Gore (who along with many other such laureates is highly unworthy reaping such accolade), the preceding PR efforts of the mainstream and even some independent media and because of an alarming seemingly unstoppable resurgence of falsehoods re: anthropogenic warming or its slightly altered conceptual dress of global "climate change," I feel compelled to offer a few rectifications questioning Gore's effort of re-establishing his position in world politics on behalf of the United Nations' hideous agenda.

Gore arrives here in Costa Rica March 16 with the help and sponsorship of a variety of local and foreign companies and institutions, namely Dole, Scott, Purdy Motors, Holcim, Greenworks, Tio Pelón, Johnny Walker, WalMart and even the Universidad Latina, a Costa Rican educational institution exhibiting a doubtful claim of intellectual excellency of the country's "brightest," a slap in the face of any true scholar.

If anyone fell for the International Panel on Climate Change's corrupt, deliberately erroneous conclusion of a warming planet behind human activities, we must draw attention to the fact that the only institution in the world to keep accurate climate records on the hyper-sensitive arctic and antarctic regions — the polar ice cap keeps being a main focus — is the University of Illinois. The Illinois record-keepers would agree that there is no loss of ice cover on the planet, a shift perhaps but no upward temperature change on Earth at all.

Considering a CO2 concentration in the earth's atmosphere of a mere 4 parts per million there is no reason to even talk about it but focus on more important subjects like the hidden agendas behind the perpetuated carbon dioxide frenzy, the biggest scientific fraud ever blanketing the planet in intellectual darkness. But no, despite "climategate" they are desperately trying to keep the lie alive for endless profit.
All verified data register no rise in the earth's temperature at all. Quite the contrary, for at least nine consecutive years we have had a cooling of the planet (unless the cooling we are witnessing worldwide is a consequence of global warming... ??) . Remember how in the 70s our puppeteers were eagerly contemplating the question of how to utilize the cooling trend to fool an unsuspecting public and make money until someone had the glorious idea of concocting one of the biggest lies ever told, anthropogenic global warming, the extreme opposite and caused by Us, the People?

Check for yourselves if you have your doubts.

The reason for the continuation of the climate debate is part of a political agenda of the same individuals worshiping Mammon, the God of avarice and greed, our global banking cartels, legitimately consummated by their international PR organ, the U.N. and its criminal co-conspirators, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, keen on levying an absurd tax on the world's populus, the carbon tax, a trillion dollar business born of pure psychopathic appetite for money and the desire for control.

Lamentably our "greens," many of our once benevolent environmental institutions like Greenpeace et al. with comrades present in large numbers in Cancun as well as Copenhagen universally have been infiltrated by the agenda's mercenaries (similar to personnel changes in the Tea Party of late) and blabber the same unfounded assertions based on brainwashed faithful dedication and ridiculous assumptions void of scientific facts.

It is therefore irresponsible for any independent news organ to simply relate stories offered by the prominent news brokers owned and run by members of the corporatocracy, of secret societies John F. Kennedy spoke of and got shot for, whose ambassadors must literally crack up watching their own slime oozing out of newspapers and TV sets served to a gullible mind-controlled public while the arrogant overlords celebrate yet another straight shot of illusionist politics and insidious subcultural conquests.

• Mr. Marquardt is a real estate broker who lives in San Jose. He has a special interest in government and politics.


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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 36


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Cruz Roja seeks out hidden health hazards in Limón wells

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

When the flood waters recede, there are plenty of problems left behind.

Mud is the most obvious, and Costa Ricans who live in flood-prone areas might clean the mud from their homes twice or three times a year.

But then there are hidden health problems. One of these are polluted water wells. Domestic water lines have not reached all parts of Siquirres or Valle de la Estrella or even Pocosí.

Low lying wells, some of them dug and not drilled, become inundated with polluted flood water. That is why the Cruz Roja has begun cleaning and sterilizing some 1,200 wells. The work is being done in conjunction with health officials. November and December were big months for local flooding in the province of Limón.

Two portable labs and two vehicles are involved in the work. The Cruz Roja workers are applying chlorine to the wells to eliminate harmful bacteria as well as doing a physical cleaning. Then they test to make sure the water is drinkable.
Well cleaning
Cruz Roja photo
Cruz Roja worker pumps out a suspected polluted well.

The Red Cross Federation's Pan American Disaster Response Unit is supporting the fund with 92,000 swiss francs, about $96,569.



Bilingual tots show increased perception in new study

By the University of British Columbia news service

Infants raised in households where Spanish and Catalan are spoken can discriminate between English and French just by watching people speak, even though they have never been exposed to these new languages before, according to University of British Columbia psychologist Janet Werker.

Presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in Washington, D.C., Ms. Werker’s latest findings provide further evidence that exposure to two native languages contributes to the development of perceptual sensitivity that extends beyond their mother tongues.

Ms. Werker has previously shown that bilingual infants can discern different native languages at 4, 6 and 8 months after birth. While monolingual babies have the ability to discern two languages at 4 and 6 months, they can no longer do so at 8 months.

In Ms. Werker’s latest study with Núria Sebastián-Gallés
 from the Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona, infants of 4 and 6 months were shown silent videos of talking faces speaking English and French. They found that babies growing up bilingual with Spanish and Catalan – a Romance language spoken in Andorra and Catalonia – were able to distinguish between English and French simply through facial cues, even though they had never before seen speakers of either language.

“The fact that this perceptual vigilance extends even to two unfamiliar languages suggests that it’s not just the characteristics of the native languages that bilingual infants have learned about, but that they appear to have also developed a more general perceptual vigilance,” says Ms. Werker.

“These findings, together with our previous work on newborn infants, provide even stronger evidence that human infants are equally prepared to grow up bilingual as they are monolingual,” Ms. Werker adds. “The task of language separation is something they are prepared to do from birth – with bilinguals increasingly adept over time.”

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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 36

Medical vacations in Costa Rica

Fruit bait for mosquitoes
reported to be effective


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Israeli researchers say they have developed a powerful bait that effectively attracts and kills malaria-infected mosquitoes but is completely harmless to humans and other animals. 

The toxic sugar bait developed by scientists at Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem is made with a combination of fruit juice essences, which are attractive to mosquitoes, and boric acid — a mild, inorganic powder that kills insects when they ingest it.

In experiments in a semi-arid region of Mali, in West Africa, the bait — in this case a blend of boric acid with guava and honey-melon fragrances — was applied using a hand sprayer on the vegetation near a cluster of man-made ponds. These ponds are important dry-season water supplies for local villagers and their livestock. They are also breeding grounds for Anopheles gambiae, the mosquito that carries the most deadly form of malaria.

For comparison, investigators sprayed grasses and leaves near other ponds with a solution of sweet fragrances only. Both baits contained a dye that marked any mosquito making contact, so scientists could count how many had actually fed on the lure.

Josef Schlein, a medical entomologist who led the study, says the results after 38 days showed the bait containing both sweet fragrances and boric acid proved to be very effective at killing mosquitoes.

"In Mali, we got down by some 80 percent, the females, and 90 percent of the males," he said. "But the area is full of little ponds in there, so it is impossible to stop mosquitoes from flying from an untreated pond to a treated pond."

At the control sites that were treated with fragrances only, Schlein says upwards of 75 percent of mosquitoes fed on the fake bait.

Schlein explains most people don’t realize that female mosquitoes typically feed on sweet plant nectars to survive.  Their more familiar blood meals, when mosquitoes bite people, are part of the reproductive cycle.


Crowd rallies for Aristide
to seek his return to Haiti

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Thousands of Haitians have taken to the streets of Port-au-Prince to rally for the return of exiled former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

The Aristide supporters massed downtown Friday before ending their rally near the presidential palace, which was ruined in last year's devastating earthquake. The pro-Aristide rally took place days after the government announced it had issued a diplomatic passport for the former priest, who is living in exile in South Africa.

Aristide has said he is ready to return to his homeland and that he hopes the governments of Haiti and South Africa will make that possible. If is not clear when he might return to the Caribbean nation. A U.S. State Department spokesman has said the last thing Haiti needs is the return of former rulers and the revival of past controversies.

A runoff election is scheduled for March 20 and follows a lengthy dispute about the initial round, which took place Nov. 28. The second round pits former first lady Mirlande Manigat against popular entertainer Michel Martelly.


Calderón will beef up
military at U.S. border

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Mexico's president says he is sending four more battalions to northern Mexico, where forces are engaged in a bloody battle with drug smugglers.

President Felipe Calderón said Saturday that the soldiers will be deployed to the state of Tamaulipas, along Mexico's border with the United States.  He said he was also going to send new armored vehicles and bullet-proof vests. And he pledged to raise salaries for soldiers and increase pensions for the widows of slain soldiers.

Calderón was speaking at a military base in Reynosa, a city in Tamaulipas state, as part of a day celebrating Mexico's armed forces.
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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Feb. 21, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 36

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Electric rates to dip
just for two months


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Electrical rates are taking a dip during March and April after the Authoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos studied the rates under which the Instituto Costarricnse de Electricidad was selling power.

The company sells power to other suppliers as well as to its own customers. Rate reductions for the Compañía Nacional de Fuerza y Luz will be 6.23 percent, the regulating authority estimates. The Empresa de Servicios Públicos de Heredia S.A. will be reduced 7.06 percent for the two months, although some of the rates for rural cooperatives, such as the one in San Carlos and the Los Santos will be reduced between 3.78 and 3.02 percent.

Fischel case figures pay
taxes and penalties to state


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Four persons involved in the Fischel case have settled with Costa Rican tax authorities and thereby avoided criminal action.

The payment to the state was 2.1 billion colons in taxes and interest. The amount was calculated by the  Ministerio de Hacienda. The years involved are 2003 and 2004. The amount is about $4.2 million.
 
This is the case that involved Rafael Ángel Calderón Fornier, but he was not involved in the settlement, He has been convicted of embezzlement of public funds in the case but the Sala III has not heard an appeal.

Best known of the four persons who made the settlement is Wálter Reiche Fischel.

Most of the allegations against Calderón come from  Reiche, the former pharmaceutical executive who said he paid Calderón a bribe to advance a $39.5 million contract for equipment being supplied by a firm from Finland. The equipment was for hospitals operated by the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

Liberia hospital will host
judicial pathology unit


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Liberia will host the pilot program of an agreement that allows autopsies to be conducted at hospitals belonging to the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

Until now all autopsies were done at the Morgue Judicial at  San Joaquín de Flores, Heredia. That meant that bodies from all over the country are taken there and that relatives have to retrieve the body there after the autopsy.

The agreement was signed by Luis Paulino Mora Mora, president of the Corte Suprema de Justicia and  Ileana Balmaceda Arias, executive president of the Caja, Friday. Hospital Enrique Baltodano Briceño will become a location for the  Sección de Patología Forense del Poder Judicial






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