A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
(506) 2223-1327                             Published Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, in Vol. 17, No. 3                            Email us
Real Estate
About us

Paso Anco
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo
The latest photo shows that the project to eliminate a traffic circle is progressing.
Night closings instituted for Paso Ancho work area
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The work at Paso Ancho on the Circunvalación will require  crews to close down the eastbound lane at night from now until March, said the  Consejo Nacional de Vialidad.

That actually is good news because it means the project is coming along. This is another effort to eliminate a traffic circle on the key highway along the southern part of San José from La Uruca to San Pedro.

The result will be similar to what has been constructed in Y Griega with six lanes, three in each direction.
The section also is known as La Guacamaya because of the sprawling auto repair business that dominates the land the south.

So far the project has resulted in a series of weaving bypasses for motorists in both directions.

The  Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said the closings will be from 10 a.m. to 5 a.m. each day but with an alternate route well marked.

When the job is done, only one circle will remain to be redone with another project.  That is the Zapote circle. The circles created massive traffic jams each day.

Health ministry does not plan a vaccination drive yet
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The health ministry says it does not recommend flu shots for the population and it is not planning any type of immediate vaccination effort.

The announcement comes as residents are concerned by the death of nine persons in public hospitals from swine flu. Many others are being hospitalized.

The Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social and the Ministerio de Salud are expected to outline the situation in detail today with a morning press conference. Attending will be a representative from the Pan America Health Organization, said an announcement.

Swine flu is not the only respiratory virus making the rounds. There are many hospitalized as a result of infections by other varieties.

It was  Roberto Arroba Tijerino, vaccination coordinator for the health ministry, who said a vaccination campaign was not necessary. He said that a study in conjunction with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that the flu virus circulates in Costa Rica between May and September and the virus is the type that is found in the Southern Hemisphere.

He also said that a vaccination campaign is planned for next April and May when
appropriate vaccines arrive in the country.

His statement did not address the fact thatthe swine flu virus, AH1N1, obviously is circulating now.
However, some expats reported that that when they sought flu shots this week they were told that the only vaccines that exist are those designed for the previous year. Consequenlty they did not receive shots.

The flu virus mutates rapidly, and vaccines have to be prepared each year based on the latest variety.

Consequently they did not receive shots.

The flu virus mutates rapidly, and vaccines have to be prepared each year based on the latest variety.

The Caja reported that of the nine persons who died only one had had a flu shot. The victims usually are those with some form of medical problems or are very young or elderly.

The bulk of the cases are in San Carlos, Cartago. and Alajuela.

The  Pan American Health Organization in its last weekly report for 2015 said that the incidents of flu were relatively low in Central America. But all flu cases did show an increase in the last month of the year.

The agency's statistics show that all types of flu typically take a jump during the first month or two of the year. The statistics are generated by reports from the health ministries in the various countries to the World Health Organization regional agency.

Health officials are worried that the return of thousands of holiday travelers from Nicaragua will result in more cases.

Search this site
index sitemap advanced
Gil  Clinic

exchange rate
our site
to our  daily digest
Real estate
and servics
ad info
ad info


HOtel directory promo

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?


association of residents
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 3
Real Estate
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
New World Meditation

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers, Tax Accountant
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year. Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion.
If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties.   Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems. 

File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements.
File up-to-date current or amended returns.

23 Years Experience      Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
Web page:

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
  Porcelain and ceramic
  Works on paper restoration
  Conservation Curatorial
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
  Authenticity evaluation
  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!

Legal services

Valdivieco header
Lic. Eduardo Valdivieso
your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Address:  150 meters southwest from
the Goicoechea court, San José.

Real estate agents and services


A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here:
Bank has battle with its electronics

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Some expats feared the worse when the Banco Nacional Web site went out of service Tuesday morning.

The problem was more technical than financial. The bank reported that a central system of communications failed.

By 2 p.m. the bank was back in business, although the detailed technical nature of the failure was not reported.

As a result of the failure, tellers could not post deposits and payments and online users could not make transfers. The bank said that the administration authorized bank branches that had customers waiting to remain open until 4:45 p.m.  The branches usually close an hour earlier.

When the incident happened, the bank was quick to send out notices to the new media and also made use of a Twitter account.

Banco Nacional is a major state bank with deposits guaranteed by the Costa Rican government.

Migrant rights will be defended

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

When and if Cuban migrants leave Costa Rica, they will be under the eye of several protectors of human rights.

The Defensoría de los Habitantes said Tuesday that the Consejo Centroamericano de Procuradores de Derechos Humanos will supervise the travel. The Defensoría also said that the number of Cuban migrants now in the country total 7,800. That is more than has been reported.

The Defensoría said that the human rights organization in each country would supervise the passage so that the migrants enjoy a secure trip free of rights violations. Each of the rights organizations, as well as the Defensoría are generally referred to as an ombudsman, an arbiter of citizen complaints.

The Defensoría said that plans for this supervision were laid out when representatives of the various countries met Dec. 28.The tentative plan is for the Cuban migrants to fly to El Salvador and then go by bus to the northern Mexican border where they will seek admission to the United States. Costa Rica plans to first move those with children and those who have been in the country the longest, officials said.

The airlift is needed because Nicaragua has closed its borders to the migrants. The bulk of the Cubans have been living in public shelters since the middle of November when they arrived overland from Ecuador.

Our reader's opinion
The  cowboy days are long gone

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

Yes, the world has changed in 60 years.

The editor went to a different high school then I did.  No one had guns, and there were no gun violence incidents as well.  I didn't go out hunting.  Instead I would feed the local wildlife and just watch them.   That was fun enough.  I didn't need a red jacket in fear someone might mistake me for a rabbit, squirrel or deer.

It was mentioned, there are two worlds out there.  Those who are comfortable with firearms and those who are not.  I am comfortable with firearms but that doesn't make me think everyone is entitled to one and that people shouldn't be checked thoroughly before purchasing one.  There are several groups of people that shouldn't be allowed to own guns.

I wouldn't say that Barack Obama's new proposal won't stop any terrorists.  That is an unsubstantiated statement.  As the article mentioned, 10's of thousands of people are killed yearly in the U.S. not from terrorism.   

We have home grown terrorists who kill people in the name of American freedom.  More people are killed by these right wing terrorists then the Muslim scare we keep being told about.  Most of the mass shootings have been done by mentally ill people who are usually on psyche meds.   More needs to be done for those who are mentally disturbed and those on drugs.  All three groups should be part of the information gathered to keep guns out of their hands.

Maybe the real question should be why are there so many more mentally ill people and so many more people using drugs, including prescription drugs.  I am sorry there isn't more in Obama's plan for both of these problems.  Maybe we will address those issues in the future.  In the meantime stronger background checks, which 85 percent of the gun owners agree, is a step forward.

The U.S. leads the industrialized countries in homicides by guns.  All industrialized countries of the world have way less then 1 percent of homicides per 1000.  The U.S. had over 3.5 per thousand.   The laws are much stricter in all of those countries.  Hopefully some day we won't have this love affair with guns.  The cowboy days are long gone, thankfully, and should not return.
Henry Kantrowitz
Punta Leona

Search this site here
Go ahead and try it!
Search system improved for archives
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Readers who conduct searches of A.M. Costa Rica content now have a better system.
Because back editions are archived as a single page, some readers have had trouble finding the news story or photo that they sought even though they knew the date.

Now five years of news stories and photos have been added to the search system from 
A.M. Costa Rica Archives, a site that provides unique identification to all local news stories.

A consolidated search provides results from the archive Web site and also from the 15 years of archived pages on A.M. Costa Rica.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

Costa Rica Report new feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

From our retirement guide

Retirement tips news feed are disabled on archived pages.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2065 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica
Third News Page

Don't miss
our restaurant specials

San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 3
Real Estate
About us
Thousands of LP gas cylinders
destroyed for customer safety

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Expats who use liquid petroleum gas for cooking and other household purposes have fewer corroded cylinders that might cause an explosion.

The Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía said that its inspectors flagged and had destroyed  3,588 cylinders that were on the market by the four private gas providers.

Each of the four firms had significant numbers of corroded or damaged metal containers, the ministry reported. The cylinders hold 25 or 100 pounds of gas.

The ministry issued a directive about the condition of the cylinders last June. In part, it was the result of a fatal explosion in an Alajuela sandwich shop.

More inspections are likely to turn up more cylinders to be destroyed, the ministry said.

Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía photo
Don't try this at home! Workman punctures a cylinder.

Investigators believe that killers were seeking something in Sardinal
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Whoever killed two Dutch expats and their hired hand in Sardinal late last month was looking for something.

Even though many items of value were left, investigators said that someone tossed the living quarters and left it a mess. The reason obviously was a search for  some item.

There also were indications that the male expat was beaten. The Judicial Investigating Organization revealed Tuesday that he suffered a blow to the head.

Agents are reporting that the cause of death in all three cases was a bullet to the head. All three victims had been tied up, the investigation agency said. The bodies were not found until earlier this week.

Judicial investigators have yet to identify the victims, but informally they have been identified as Johan Snelderth and Zita Taver, both Dutch, and the hired hand Rivar Avenac Montalbán. The killings took place on the Finca La Flecha.

Investigators are wondering if this is another case of a land grab in which crooks steal property with false paperwork. To do so with property owned by a corporation, they would need the corporate books to forge a sale.

One U.S. expat still is missing in another case, and investigators said that they have been exploring the land grab scenario and detained a lawyer.

The other possibility being explored is some type of loan that would have generated as pagaré or an IOU in favor of the dead expat.

Hotel header

Guanacaste Lodge

Palermo Hotel


Tarpon lodge

Vista Ballena

La Parcela

Hacienda Baru

Recreo Verde

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!
Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 3
Real Estate
About us

The future goes on display today at Las Vegas electronics show
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The world’s biggest Consumer Electronics Show opens today in Las Vegas and the Internet is abuzz with expectation.  Big news is expected about several different technologies, including autonomous vehicles, high-resolution television and video games.

Major TV manufacturers are going to try to convince buyers that their present HD TVs are obsolete and that they should upgrade to 4K or even 8K resolution sets. Those numbers refer to Ultra High Definition screens that provide up to 4,000 or 8,000 pixels horizontal resolution, rendering pictures very close to reality.

Another technology expected to show important advances is virtual reality, with goggles for transporting video gamers to different worlds.

“We truly believe that it's going to bring new people into gaming that haven't been in gaming before,” said Eric Bright of GameStop.

Technology developments and extensive testing of self-driving cars over the past year strongly point towards a possible unveiling of more sophisticated autonomous vehicles.

Manufacturers are racing to introduce a car that will take over the steering during tedious parts of driving, such as long stretches of highway or during rush hour traffic.

“We actually have autonomous driving where the car will actually steer itself and completely accelerate and break in stop and go traffic," said Paul La Puenta of Mercedes U.S.  "So it really improves the quality of life for the driver and it makes the driving experience much more safer.”

Other technologies expected to announce new developments are wearable devices, not only smart watches but smart glasses and even smart rings.

Undoubtedly there will be new smart phones with all kinds of useful and not-so-useful apps. And of course, there will be lots of robots, from small ones you can put in your pocket to full-size delivery robots.

“Instead of getting the delivery by somebody coming up to your door and knocking on your door, you would get it by a robot,” said Ahti Heinla, CEO at Starship Technologies.

Experts say 2016 may turn out to be yet another year of interesting and exciting technological innovations.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

HIdden Garden 2016
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231

  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!

1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!

Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo


A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate-related services (paid category)
Solr array
SOON with the coming of new power company regulations, we'll be installing PV (photo voltaic) for solar electricity. Yes, at last!
* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090


Real estate rental services (paid category)

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

Real estate for rent (paid category)
Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $600-$650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact:  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's  
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 3
Real Estate
About us

Baltimore to put $700 million
into city's slum neighborhoods

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Baltimore is about to embark on a $700 million effort to tear down empty and crumbling buildings in some of the city's poorest neighborhoods and replace them with affordable housing, stores and parks.

The first area to be transformed is Sandtown-Winchester, the primarily African-American neighborhood where Freddie Gray grew up. His death from having his spinal cord severed in the back of a police van led to last year's riots in Baltimore and complaints that the city neglects certain parts of town.

"Fixing what's broken in Baltimore requires that we address the sea of abandoned, dilapidated buildings infecting entire neighborhoods," Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan said Tuesday. "Together, we will transform these neighborhoods from centers for crime and drugs to places our city and our entire state can be proud of."

Baltimore is a major international port with a 300-year history of industry, culture and world-renowned colleges. In recent years, however, Baltimore has gained a national reputation as a violent city where its black majority, especially young men, find few job and educational opportunities.

The city's 2015 murder total hit 344, its highest ever. Some parts of town have no green space, supermarkets or schools, but do have blocks and blocks of boarded-up houses, abandoned gas stations, trash-filled alleys and liquor stores.

Baltimore's past urban renewal projects in the 1960s and '70s were hugely successful. They brought in hundreds of millions of dollars in tourist revenue and revived a moribund downtown nightlife.

City officials are hoping once again to turn dreary blight into something bright.

Obama sheds tears giving plan
to reduce U.S. gun violence

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama Tuesday announced a series of what he called  common-sense measures meant to reduce gun violence, bypassing Congress on the controversial issue.

Obama rolled out the new policies during a White House address, where he chided lawmakers for failing to enact tighter gun control measures despite a wave of recent mass shootings and called on them and the American people to find the courage to do more.

"We are the only advanced country on Earth that sees this kind of mass violence erupt with this kind of frequency," said Obama, who was surrounded by victims of recent gun attacks. “It doesn't happen in other advanced countries. It’s not even close.”

"People are dying. And the constant excuses for inaction will no longer suffice," he said. "That's why we're here today, not to discuss the last mass shooting, but to prevent the next one."

The executive actions will require more gun sellers to get licenses and more gun buyers to undergo background checks. The plan will also tighten enforcement of existing gun laws, and it asks Congress to invest $500 million to improve access to mental health care.

In addition, the Defense, Justice and Homeland Security departments will research smart gun technology in the hope of preventing accidental shootings by children and to help identify lost or stolen guns.

"We know we can't stop every act of violence, every act of evil in the world. But maybe we can stop one act of evil, one act of violence," said Obama, who at times appeared emotional and allowed a tear to run down his cheek.

At one point, the president recalled the 20 young children and six others who were killed in a 2012 shooting at an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut.

"First-graders!" he said. Tears ran down his cheek as he added, "Every time I think about those kids, it makes me mad. And by the way, it happens on the streets of Chicago every day.”

Critics argue that gun control measures will do nothing to reduce violence and are a threat to Americans' right to bear arms as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Obama rejected those claims, saying, "This is not a plot to take away everybody's guns."

Furthermore, he noted, it was the rights of people killed in recent mass shootings in the U.S. that were violated.

Referring to some of those massacres, the president said, “Our right to worship freely and safely, that right was denied to Christians in Charleston, South Carolina. And that was denied Jews in Kansas City. And that was denied Muslims in Chapel Hill, and Sikhs in Oak Creek.”

Obama, a Democrat, for months has said he was looking into ways to reduce gun violence unilaterally without having to go through a Congress led by his Republican rivals who defeated his earlier, more ambitious gun control proposals.

Obama said the new rules fall well within his legal authority as president.

Republicans, who generally oppose gun control measures, reacted angrily to the president's proposals. Many Republican presidential candidates said they would reverse the rules if elected.

GOP front-runner Donald Trump told CNN Monday that Obama's proposals were the first step toward tighter restrictions on gun owners, saying: "Pretty soon you won't be able to get guns. It's another step in the way of not getting guns."

House Speaker Paul Ryan, a Wisconsin Republican, called the proposals a dangerous level of executive overreach and said the president was at minimum subverting the legislative branch, and potentially overturning its will.

Ryan also contended that Obama's plan goes after the most law-abiding of citizens, rather than after criminals and terrorists.

“No matter what President Obama says, his word does not trump the Second Amendment,” Ryan said. “We will conduct vigilant oversight.”

Republican House Judiciary Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte of Virginia said he worried that the president’s actions could encroach on due process by giving the government the power to deny gun ownership to those it considered mentally incompetent.

In a statement, Goodlatte said, “The House Judiciary Committee will closely monitor the administration’s actions and consider whether legislation is needed to further protect Americans’ constitutional rights.”

In the Senate, the lead Republican sponsor of legislation that would expand background checks for gun sales criticized Obama for taking action on the issue without Congress.

Republican Sen. Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania said, “The president has abused these actions in the past and exceeded the boundaries of the law. This should not be allowed under our constitutional framework.”

Toomey worked with Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia in 2013 on a bill that would have expanded background checks for all gun purchases, but it was unable to get the 60 votes needed to advance.

Democratic lawmakers, meanwhile, embraced the president’s gun safety measures.

House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California said, “The vast majority of Americans support common sense action to reduce gun violence.”

She and many other Democratic members of Congress said it was past time for Congress to act to curb what they called an epidemic of gun violence.

The National Rifle Association, a powerful gun rights lobbying group, also vowed to look into the new rules to see whether it would challenge them in court. However, an NRA spokeswoman quoted in The New York Times appeared to downplay the significance of the measures.

"This is it, really?" said NRA official Jennifer Baker, according to The Times. "This is what they've been hyping for how long now? This is the proposal they've spent seven years putting together? They're not really doing anything."

One key element of Obama's plan is a measure that will widen the definition of a gun dealer. The White House hopes this will require more businesses selling firearms, including those at gun shows, to get licenses and therefore be required to conduct background checks.

"We intend to make this system more efficient and make it more comprehensive," said Attorney General Loretta Lynch. "The goal is keeping bad actors away from firearms and also to make it easier for authorities to make sure that the gun laws are properly followed and enforced."

Part of the effort also includes increasing by 50 percent the number of FBI personnel who staff the national background check system, said Ms. Lynch.

Recent polls show an increase in the number of Americans who support background checks on those seeking to purchase firearms.

A new survey by Webster's research center found that 85 percent of gun owners believe there should be background checks for every individual seeking to buy a gun.

Each year, firearms claim the lives of more than 30,000 Americans in mass killings, suicides, domestic violence and other incidents, according to the White House.

Political races are more intense
as first primaries come closer

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The pace of the 2016 presidential election campaign is quickening as White House contenders from both major political parties hone their closing arguments less than a month before the first votes are cast in Iowa.

President Barack Obama injected a new issue into the campaign Tuesday with new executive actions aimed at tightening criminal background checks for gun buyers.  An unusually emotional Obama, tears streaming down his cheeks, said he still gets mad when he thinks about the 20 first-graders killed during a shooting spree at a Connecticut elementary school in 2012.

The gun control moves got immediate pushback from several Republican presidential contenders including real estate mogul Donald Trump,  Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas and Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida, who vowed that the Obama orders would be gone on his first day in office.

The elevation of gun control as a major issue in the campaign comes less than a month before the Iowa party caucuses. With much of the attention is focused on the crowded Republican field in Iowa, Trump continues to lead in national polls.

The latest NBC News/Survey Monkey poll had Trump with 35 percent support from Republican and Republican-leaning voters, Cruz in second place with 18 percent.  Rubio followed with 13 percent, then Ben Carson with 9 percent, former Florida governor Jeb Bush at 6 percent and New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie with 4 percent.

Trump has launched his first television campaign ad that vows to “cut the head off of ISIS” and stop illegal immigration by building a wall along the U.S. southern border.  The ad also defends Trump’s call for a temporary ban on non-American Muslims entering the U.S. until, as the ad says, “we can figure out what is going on.”

Trump insists he is ready for the challenge of turning his poll support into votes, and is already looking ahead to facing Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton.  “And just in case you have any question, the last person that Hillary Clinton wants to run against is me, believe me, believe me,” Trump told another large crowd at a rally recently in Biloxi, Mississippi.

Analysts say Trump’s success so far is partly a result of the anger and frustration being vented by conservative Republicans. But it’s also a desire to make a break with what many voters see as a broken political system. “I think the perception that Donald Trump, whatever his other failings, would be able to do that, just blast through the walls of partisanship and polarization that have prevented the government from acting, is a major piece of his appeal,” said William Galston, a scholar at the Brookings Institution in Washington.

Cruz has emerged as Trump’s main challenger. He leads in polls of Iowa Republicans, thanks in large part to growing support from evangelical Christians and conservatives most concerned with social issues like abortion and same-sex marriage.

Cruz believes that his reputation as a Washington outsider willing to buck even his own party leaders will play well with conservative activists looking for a presidential candidate to shake up Washington.  “And the single biggest difference between me and the other very fine men and women standing on that debate stage is that with me, when I tell you I am going to do something, I’m going to do exactly what I said I would do!” Cruz told a rally recently in Trussville, Alabama.

But Cruz is feeling the heat from rivals Marco Rubio and Chris Christie who question his commitment to taking on the Islamic State group.  Rubio has been critical of Cruz for proposing to use air power as the primary weapon against Islamic State fighters.  Rubio believes an Arab coalition ground force must be deployed, and he told New Hampshire voters this week that isolationist candidates would make the U.S. less safe, an apparent reference to Cruz.

Christie also spoke in New Hampshire and seemed to have Trump in mind when he said Republicans should nominate someone with executive experience instead of turning to “D.C. insiders, the politicians of yesterday and the carnival barkers of today.”  He added, “It’s not enough to express anger. We must elect someone who actually knows how to get things done.”

Trump leads in recent New Hampshire polls, but Christie has been gaining.  Christie, Rubio, Bush and Ohio Gov. John Kasich have all focused on New Hampshire, and the top finisher among them could claim the mantle of the mainstream Republican contender to take on Trump, Cruz and the other more conservative candidates.

For months now opinion polls have shown that about 60 percent of Republican voters seem to prefer Trump, Cruz or Carson, all of whom are political outsiders. “This isn’t a good year for the Republican establishment,” said American University presidential historian Allan Lichtman. “The Republican establishment doesn’t seem to be offering anything that’s appealing to the Republican electorate.”

The big development in the Democratic race is the emergence of former President Bill Clinton as a lead campaigner for his wife and current frontrunner, Hillary Clinton.

Clinton seemed right at home as he took to the campaign trail in New Hampshire, greeting voters in Nashua and Exeter.  “In my adult lifetime there has never been anyone better prepared for the job that awaits the next president than Hillary. Never!”

Hillary Clinton has a sizable lead over main challenger Bernie Sanders in national opinion polls, but the margin is close in Iowa, and Sanders is actually ahead in New Hampshire.  But Mrs. Clinton has also focused on Donald Trump of late, and his efforts to invoke the Clinton impeachment scandal of the late 1990s. “That’s why it is important to stand up to bullies wherever they are, and why we shouldn’t let anybody bully his way into the presidency because that is not who we are as Americans,” Mrs. Clinton said to applause at a recent town hall event in Keota, Iowa.

Sanders has raised nearly as much money as Clinton and continues to draw enthusiastic crowds with his laser-like focus on the economic struggles of middle-class Americans.

Iowa holds its presidential caucuses Feb. 1 followed by the New Hampshire primary eight days later.

U.S. files brief in Texas case
restricting abortions at clinics

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Obama administration is calling on the U.S. Supreme Court to strike down a recently passed abortion law in the southern state of Texas that has resulted in the closing of nearly half the clinics in the state.

In a brief submitted to the court Monday, U.S. Solicitor General Donald Verrilli said "hundreds of thousands of Texas women would be forced to travel great distances" in order to access the nearest abortion facility.

A district court, which granted an injunction of the law that was later overturned, found that under the new guidelines, just seven facilities in the state would be eligible to provide abortion services to Texas women.

Under the Texas requirements, abortions can only be provided in facilities that meet the standards of ambulatory care centers. Abortion doctors also must have admitting privileges at hospitals no more than 48 kilometers away from their clinics.

"The closure of abortion facilities that occurred in light of the admitting privileges requirement had, the court found, already increased the number of Texas women of reproductive age living more than 200 miles [320 kilometers] away from a Texas clinic from 10,000 to 290,000,  and the additional closures that would be caused by the ambulatory surgical centers requirement would increase that number to 750,000," Verrilli said in the brief.

"The challenged requirements do not produce actual health benefits," he said.           

The Texas law also makes mandatory a 24-hour waiting period between the time of the initial appointment and when the procedure can be done. Doctors also are required to perform ultrasounds, as well as display and describe the images to the patient. 

"Those requirements are unnecessary to protect , indeed, would harm,  women's health," Verrilli said.

Texas officials argue that their restrictions are in the interest of protecting women's health.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Solr array
SOON with the coming of new power company regulations, we'll be installing PV (photo voltaic) for solar electricity. Yes, at last!
* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you tired of wasting time searching for your home…..with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Web Page:

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:

Blakesmore one

Blakemoret  two

Costa Rica tropical paradise beach house for sale

Tropical five-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, south Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.  Located 8 kms. south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $750,000. Contact Roger. Phone number  (506) 6142-7228   Email: Watch this video for full details.

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: 
Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:

Safe house
The Safest Place in The World
Residencial La Jolla, Asuncion de Belén
Casa 7 of 19 luxury homes in exclusive gated community.
3 bedroom, 3.5 baths, home office with private entrance.
332 m2 construction. 2-car garage. Central A/C
Lease $2,750 USD per month. Purchase $449,000.
Contact: Phone 8309-2000.

ocean-view home
Property size: 3,405.14 sq. mts. or 37,000 sq. ft.   Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft. titled property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceillings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a double-car electric garage door. Their is also a beautiful, large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the incredible view and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furnitures included. Photo gallery:  CLICK HERE!  Please contact Jack, Cell phone number  (506) 8812-1789.  Contact email:


Caribbean paradise: CAHUITA

New home, beautiful well-built house 200 meters from a lovely beach. Very private, fully titled, excellent water well.  2 large bedrooms, 2 full baths, tub, large open floor plan 26-foot sliding glass doors open to covered porch. Encircling back yard are coral rocks 10 feet tall and behind jungle reserve. Lots of birds and wildlife. House 240 mts. sq, 2,400 sq ft. Lot 1,850 mts. or 19,000 sq. ft. Price $179,000. Very nice neighborhood. Contact 2755-0014 or   More photos HERE!

Grecia casa
Mountain home for sale
in Grecia.
Less than a year old. Owners are motivated.  All information regarding the home as well as many photos can be found at Mountain view home for sale Grecia, Costa Rica.   Contact email:

puriscal photo
Costa Rica home for sale $163,500 / 2bedroom - 1,984 ft2

Central Valley view home: 10 minutes from Santiago de Puriscal and shopping, hospital services, and soon Maxi Pali. Only one hour to San José or Pacific beaches.
- On .55-acre lot with river on one boundary
- Area under roof, 1,984 sq. ft., Area inside walls, 925 sq. ft. Steel, recycled
      Styrofoam, and concrete construction.
- 2 ½ years old with central living room and kitchen, 2 bedrooms and 2 baths,
       ceramic tile throughout.
- Central Valley volcano and SJO airport views from every room.
- Vaulted ceilings give bright open feeling.
- Entrance from concrete road to large graveled parking area
- VERY energy efficient with VERY low property taxes.
- Covered attached carport with entrance to front door or laundry-guest bath
- 2 carport storage bodegas.
- 12 foot x 14 foot storage bodega
- Security lights, And Amcrest day & night video recorder system.
- Producing banana trees, and mango, bread fruit, and guanabana trees

Includes: Refrigerator, gas stove & oven with electric grill element, microwave, electric washer-gas dryer stacked style, gas on demand whole house water heater. Other furnishings are negotiable. ICE electric service and land line phone. Bajo Burgos Water district. Metro-wireless WiFi is available. Tigo Star Satellite T.V. House is in a Costa Rican corporation, will transfer shares. Contract or call 506 2416-9324.  Additional photos are available on Flickr album

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

news page

San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2016, Vol. 17, No. 3
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina/João Paulo Krajewski
Fish inspect coral that has a seaweed covering.

Seaweed is new factor in coral health

By the University of Delaware news staff

A new study has shown that butterflyfishes avoid coral that has come in contact with seaweed.

The paper, which appeared this week in the Nature publication Scientific Reports, is the first to critically evaluate the impact coral-seaweed interactions will have on coral associated reef fishes, a key component of coral reef resilience.

The work wassss done by  by the University of Delaware’s Danielle Dixson and Rohan Brooker.

In experiments in Fiji, the researchers found that coral-feeding and coral-associated butterflyfishes overwhelmingly avoided corals that had contact with seaweeds. This was true regardless of whether the seaweed itself was present, leading the researchers to conclude that the coral-seaweed interaction produced chemical clues that were left behind even after the seaweed was removed.

“Butterflyfish are kind of like the canary in the coal mine,” said Ms. Dixson, an assistant professor.

“When problems start to happen, they will be hit first because of their strong reliance on coral for food and shelter, so understanding their ecology is important before reefs become too degraded or just aren’t there.”

Since the 1980s, coral reef cover has decreased by 80 to 90 percent in the Caribbean and by 50 percent in the tropical Pacific. The dramatic changes are a result of the impacts of climate change, overfishing, eutrophication and pollution. Formerly healthy reefs with many species and complex coral-dominated communities are being converted at an alarming rate to wastelands dominated by seaweeds, the researchers said.

This shift is compromising delicate coral reef ecosystems, reducing reef productivity and resilience and also local food and tourism opportunities, and decreasing habitat for marine organisms. Yet, little is known about how this shift affects coral reef fishes and organisms.

While micro-algae have a symbiotic relationship with coral, larger algae such as seaweed compete with coral for space on the reef. Seaweed grows faster than coral, but plant-eating fish  typically keep the reef ecosystem in check.

As more reefs degrade, however, scientists continue to struggle to understand why. Top-down theories suggest overfishing of predator fish leaves fewer herbivores to eat the seaweed. Bottom-up viewpoints contend that rising temperatures and runoff from fertilizers on land cause the seaweed to over grow, throwing the ecosystem out of whack.

“Realistically, both things are happening,” Ms. Dixson said.

She said she believes other things are happening, too. Her research team’s study findings suggest that seaweeds alter the coral’s biochemistry, and that increased seaweed cover may cause further coral declines by changing the ways organisms forage or interact there.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

From Page 7:

More involvement with China encouraged

By the  Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development news staff

Latin America’s growth slowdown deepened and is expected to be negative for 2015 when it is computed. For a second consecutive year, Latin America fell behind the average growth of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries after a full decade of convergence with advanced economies, according to the "Latin American Economic Outlook 2016."

Weaker global growth, lower commodity prices and a loss of investment momentum are having an impact on the region’s growth. However, Latin American and Caribbean economies are not homogeneous. Manufacture exporters in Mexico and Central America are recovering, whereas Andean countries struggle to maintain growth and two key economies, Brazil and Venezuela, are now in recession, the report said.

In their annual jointly produced report, the Organisation's Development Centre, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the Development Bank of Latin America call for an enhanced Latin America-China partnership.

As the China-led shifting wealth phenomenon where the global economy’s centre of gravity is shifting more towards emerging economies  enters a new phase, affecting the global economy, Latin America should try to face the challenges of addressing its inclusive growth agenda, say the Outlook’s authors.

“The middle-income trap is a persistent challenge for Latin America, which needs to pursue a greater degree of productive diversification, upgrading and integration. China’s new normal is a wake-up call and an opportunity for the region’s development strategy towards these goals,” Development Centre Director Mario Pezzini said while launching the report in Cartagena de Indias.

Since 2000, the trade relationship between Latin America and China has experienced an exceptional expansion, multiplying 22 fold, compared to a threefold increase with the world at large, says the report.