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(506) 2223-1327                               Published Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 239                            Email us
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;ale Arenal

Country remains stagnant on Transparency's index
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Public perceptions of corruption here have not changed much, according to the Transparency International index released Tuesday.

"For the more cynical among us, this is a good sign as there is always the possibility of worsening," said the organization in commenting on all of the Americas. "But the reality is that stagnation is not good news. Each year that passes without things improving, is a lost year for the process of strengthening state institutions and the improvement of the quality of life of people.

Full list of countries HERE!


Costa Rica scored 54 out of 100 points. That put it in 47th place among 175 nations. That is about the same score and ranking that the country has enjoyed for the last three years.

That static result is surprising because there have been several notable corruption cases in the last year, including a lawmaker accused of taking bribes and a broad investigation of Ruta 1856, the new roadway built along the country's northern border.

The index is compiled from a number of public opinion surveys. In the Americas, Costa Rica was only exceeded by Chile,which scored 73 points for 21st place and tied with Uruguay.

Costa Rica's neighbors were seen by residents as having far more corruption. Panamá scored 37 points for 94th place tied with Colombia. Nicaragua scored 28 points for 133rd place.

In the basement in the Americas was Venezuela with 19 points and 161st place along with Haiti and Yemen.

"Although there is no single answer for all countries, it seems that in general those who are traditionally seen as the bad or the ugly of the story – politicians, public officials, and some business people who deal illegally with them – continue to follow their usual path," said Transparency of the Americas.

Officials perform some specific anti-corruption reforms to show that they are doing something against corruption, but not advancing on all key issues, the organization said, adding that this has led to an increase in the number of countries that have adopted access to information laws, improved their public procurement systems or joined international initiatives such as the Open Government Partnership. These are all good steps, however, big corruption schemes that involve individuals at the highest level of power and lack of punishment of the corrupt continue to prevail in the Americas, Transparency said.
The rankings by country
in the Americas

Chile
Uruguay
Costa Rica
Cuba 
Brazil 
El Salvador 
Perú 
Colombia 
Panamá 
Bolivia  
México 
Argentina  
Ecuador
Dominican
      Republic
Guatemala
Honduras 
Nicaragua 
Paraguay
Venezuela

Score
73
73
54
46
43

 39
38
37
37
35
35
34
33

32
32
29
28
24
19
Ranking
21
21
47
63
69

80
85
94
94
103
103
107
110

114
115
126
133
150
161


"This is well exemplified by Brazil (score of 43,
on a scale from 0 to 100 where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 very clean) and Mexico (35)," said the organization. "The case of Petrobras in Brazil, where corrupt officials and their private sector cronies siphoned billions of dollars from the country’s largest company into political parties’ coffers and private hands, and the presumed killing of more than 40 students in Iguala, Mexico, where it became evident that corruption allows criminal gangs to capture public institutions are just recent examples that serve as a reminder of the lack of significant progress in the region."

The Scandinavian countries and New Zealand come out on top in the 2014 tally, according to wire service reports. For the third year in a row, Denmark is the number one country. These nations have tough laws and regulations on transparency, both in government and commerce.

The United States came in tied for 17th from the top, with a score of 74 out of 100. But that puts the United States behind Canada (10th), Germany (12th), Britain (14th) and Japan (15th), the wire services noted.  The U.S., ranked 19th last year, shares 17th place with Ireland, Barbados, and Hong Kong.

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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 239

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San Jos‚‚ offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
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Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8512-3/15/15

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San Jos‚ office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8476-3/11/15

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle
Sam's
• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
99,200 in 2014}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Ric
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
8719-4/3/15


Psychotherapy
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
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Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041
8430-1/20/15

Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8477-12/5/14


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15


Remodelling and Construction


Real estate agents and services

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
HEY FOODIES-SURFERS-BEACH LOVERS!
CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & INT’L
NAR certified Realtor Jeff Fisher is famous for being “Brutally Honest.”
See why he still believes only the 100% titled land of the Jaco beach & Central Pacific areas of Playa Hermosa/ Jaco-Los Suenos Marina & Golf and the Esterillos-Bejuco beaches are the best places to live, invest and enjoy. 
Fisher
Reason #1:  SJO Int’l Airport and S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: The Jaco area has everything you need, from KFC to Gourmet Organic;  from zip lines to bank lines, from a movie house to a fire sale house…. 
#3: BUYERS’ MARKET: Many properties are at their lowest price ever
           *$179,900 Hermosa Beachfront Community with Ocean Views !
   JACO BEACH and area FIRESALES!
Yes we know Costa Rica: Jeff (21 years here), Frances Winborne (23 years), and Junior Diaz (Jac½ born & bred),  and we chose the Central Pacific!
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:
info@crbeach.com

Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
JACO Office: IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
8506-4/3/15

exo graphic
with text
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jac¢ area

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2643-4065   
cell: +506 8825-6556   US:  626 548-3909
skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jac¢
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8517-4/13/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

Colinas

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* Electricity and water to each of 79 clear0titled lots.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8467-2/26/14


asphalt
Consejo Nacional de Vialidad photo        
A sure sign of the dry season: Putting down asphalt on Ruta 702 at La Tigra.

These are sure signs of the dry season

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Forget the nippy weather and forget the short, quick showers.

Sure signs that the dry season approaches are the work crews painting the lines on the highway and other crews putting down asphalt.

Both types of highway efforts are popping up like mushrooms all over the country.  The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad noted Tuesday that it is investing $1 million in putting down new asphalt on Ruta 702 between La Tigre and  Bajo Los Rodríguez.

The crews will be closing the highway for a time, the Consejo said, suggesting alternate routes. This is a 9 kilometer section.

Municipal crews in Nicoya also were busy last week putting down a new center line.



Winds bring choppy seas to both coasts

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Ocean experts at the Universidad de Costa Rica are predicting choppy and higher than normal seas on both coasts at least through Thursday.

The Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología at the university said that strong winds from the north are creating difficult boating situations in the Caribbean and in the north Pacific.

Such conditions are dangerous for small boats, said the Centro.

The Caribbean is seeing seas of 2.8 meters, and the Pacific will see seas of 1.9 meters and winds of 19 knots, it added.


Children's museum lighting is tonight

By the A.M. Costa Rica state

The traditional holiday activity of illuminating the facade of the Museo de los Niños takes place tonight, and law enforcement units are closing off as a precautionary measure Calle 4 that leads to the museum. The street will be for pedestrians only, mainly parents and children.

In addition, east and west traffic on avenidas 11 and 7 will be interrupted. These are major arteries.

The 6 p.m. event features drama, mostly for children, music and fireworks.

The museum is in the former national prisons and resembles a castle.

Down at the Teatro Nacional again tonight and Thursday are choral presentations with a Christmas theme. The theater already has inaugurated its portal or nativity scene.

Saturday the Municipalidad de Palmares said that some 20 bands are expected for the holiday parade there. There also will be floats in the Una Luz en Navidad.

In Nicoya, participants are getting ready for the Festival de la Luz Nicoya Brilla 2014 that takes place Sunday, which also is the 166th anniversary of the creation of the canton. The festivities begin at 2 p.m. with a concert, then a session of the municipal council. At 6 p.m., the parade is planned.

The event ends with fireworks at the Iglesia Colonial de San Blas.


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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
U.S. tax
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 239            
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Court halts government from skimming credit card transactions
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A court has delayed for a time the tax agency's plan to skim a percentage of credit card sales.

The Cámara de Comercio de Costa Rica said it received notice from the Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo that the plan was being put on hold. The chamber had appealed to the court on behalf of its commercial sector.

The Dirección General de Tributación said in August that it was asking banks to withhold 2 percent of every credit or debit card transaction. That was supposed to begin Oct. 1.

The money that was to be retained is supposed to be applied to future income tax payments. If the amount is in excess of what the
taxpayer owes at the end of the year, the balance is supposed to be returned.

The chamber noted in a press release that it attempted to reach an agreement with the tax agency and said it even sent letters that were not answered.

The tax agency is promoting the use of credit card debit cards because it can then keep track of sales and income from taxpayers.

Although the 2 percent does not seem like a lot of money, expats and others in the tourism business said that the retention would negatively affect their financial stability.

Any action from the Tribunal Contencioso Administrativo can be appealed.


Hundreds of organizations rallied to oppose Moín container terminal
 By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Environmental activists say that hundreds of organizations have joined them in opposing approval for the proposed $1 billion container handling facility in Moín.

The list is lengthy and includes mostly environmental and native organizations, but there also is Kokopelli Costa Rica, which describes itself as a community whose objective is to promote a culture following the Hopi Indians.

The proposal for the terminal now is before the Secretaría Técnica Nacional Ambiental, a section of the environmental ministry.

The proposal is to build an artificial island as a deep-water port off
the existing Moín docks. The activists raise a number of questions about the impact.

A statement delivered via email says the organizations are not opposed to the port but seek a port that cares for the environment and the social and economic interests of the country.

APM Terminals, a Dutch firm, has agreed to build the project as a concession. Some of the beneficiaries would be monoculture agricultural firms. The environmental activists generally oppose these operations, too, because of the pesticide use and runoff.

The statement also makes note of a proposal for a second terminal in the same location and urged that what it called the errors of the past not be repeated.


The proposed value-added tax is expected to be presented soon
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

President Luis Guillermo Solís soon will send to lawmakers a proposal for a value-added tax expected to be 15 percent.

The proposal is certain to generate a lot of sharp debate because the president just managed to have passed a 2015 budget that is 19 percent greater than the current year's. The president rejected calls for modest cuts totaling 3.8 percent.

Many observers consider the new budget business as usual with the country borrowing vast sums to support the government bureaucracy. Some 43 percent of the approved budget will come from borrowing, and this will add to the national deficit.

Solís also is beginning to assume the trappings of an imperial president. A local television station reported Tuesday night that he has been using a King Air aircraft for his foreign flights. That was an
aircraft confiscated from drug smugglers and turned over to security ministry officials.

Solís has flown to Bogotá on the craft, the station said, estimated in the cost at $75,000. Prior presidents took commercial jets, except for Laura Chinchilla Miranda, who got into public relations trouble when she accepted fights on an aircraft owned by a company with dubious activities.

The Beechcraft King Air is valued at about $3.4 million. When it went into services with the security ministry in October, no mention was made of it being used by the president. The craft was supposed to be used for emergency medical flights and fighting the drug trade.

The president also is known to be considering trying to overturn a veto by Ms. Chinchilla of a labor reform that would permit strikes by public agencies. That seems to be a shortcut in lieu of presenting a similar bill for legislative action.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 239
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When Arctic was balmy, megafauna made it their home for a time
By the American Museum of Natural History news staff

Existing age estimates of American mastodon fossils indicate that these extinct relatives of elephants lived in the Arctic and Subarctic when the area was covered by ice caps. This is a chronology that is at odds with what scientists know about the massive animals' preferred habitat: forests and wetlands abundant with leafy food.

In a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of researchers is revising fossil age estimates based on new radiocarbon dates and suggesting that the Arctic and Subarctic were only temporary homes to mastodons when the climate was warm. The new findings also indicate that mastodons suffered local extinction several tens of millennia before either human colonization -- the earliest estimate of which is between 13,000 and 14,000 years ago -- or the onset of climate changes at the end of the ice age about 10,000 years ago, when they were among 70 species of mammals to disappear in North America.

"Scientists have been trying to piece together information on these extinctions for decades," said Ross MacPhee, a curator in the Department of Mammalogy at the American Museum of Natural History and a co-author on the paper. "Was it the result of over-hunting by early people in North America? Was it the rapid global warming at the end of the ice age? Did all of these big mammals go out in one dramatic die-off, or were they paced over time and due to a complex set of factors?"

Over the course of the late Pleistocene, between about 10,000 and 125,000 years ago, the American mastodon (Mammut americanum) became widespread and occupied many parts of continental North America as well as peripheral locations like the tropics of Honduras and the Arctic coast of Alaska. Mastodons were browsing specialists that relied on woody plants and lived in coniferous or mixed woodlands with lowland swamps.
               
"Mastodon teeth were effective at stripping and crushing twigs, leaves, and stems from shrubs and trees. So it would seem unlikely that they were able to survive in the ice-covered regions of Alaska and Yukon during the last full-glacial period, as previous fossil dating has suggested," said Grant Zazula, a paleontologist in the Yukon Palaeontology Program and lead author on the new work.

The research team used two different types of precise radiocarbon dating on a collection of 36 fossil teeth and bones of American mastodons from Alaska and Yukon, the region known as eastern Beringia. The dating methods, performed at Oxford University and the University of California, Irvine, are designed to only target material from bone collagen, not accompanying "slop," including preparation varnish and glues that were used many years ago to strengthen the specimens.
arctic fauna
 American Museum of Natural History/George 'Rinaldino' Teichmann
In this reconstruction of possible Arctic landscape, in addition to the American mastodon (Mammut americanum), illustrated is Jefferson's ground sloth (Megalonyx jeffersonii), the flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus), and the western camel (Camelops hesternus).   

All of the fossils were found to be older than previously thought, with most surpassing 50,000 years, the effective limit of radiocarbon dating. When taking mastodon habitat preferences and other ecological and geological information into account, the results indicate that mastodons probably only lived in the Arctic and Subarctic for a limited time around 125,000 years ago, when forests and wetlands were established and the temperatures were as warm as they are today.

"The residency of mastodons in the north did not last long," Zazula said. "The return to cold, dry glacial conditions along with the advance of continental glaciers around 75,000 years ago effectively wiped out their habitats. Mastodons disappeared from Beringia, and their populations became displaced to areas much farther to the south, where they ultimately suffered complete extinction about 10,000 years ago."

The work has several implications. Researchers know that giant ground sloths, American camels, and giant beavers made the migration as well, but they are still investigating what other groups of animals might have followed this course.

The new report also suggests that humans could not have been involved in the local extinction of mastodons in the north 75,000 years ago as they had not yet crossed the Bering Isthmus from Asia.

"We're not saying that humans were uninvolved in the megafauna's last stand 10,000 years ago. But by that time, whatever the mastodon population was down to, their range had shrunken mostly to the Great Lakes region," MacPhee said. "That's a very different scenario from saying the human depredations caused universal loss of mastodons across their entire range within the space of a few hundred years, which is the conventional view."

Vacation, travel and hospitality


PRIMO'S SUEŇO CABINAS
La Fortuna
Comfort of your home in the campo, 5 minutes from Fortuna Centro of San Carlos, in the shadow of Volcano Arenal, Flat screen TV, AC, refrigerator, free coffee. Local area activities like four-wheeling, horse riding, zip lining, hot springs, jungle walking tours. Bring your camera for great photos of nature, fishing and swimming, canyoning and wireless internet. Harry Hart, proprietor.  Call for reservations  (506) 2479-8670   and (506) 8682-9219  Email: lagringo2003@yahoo.com
8492-4/1/15

Howard
rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Anywhere
Anywhere Costa Rica plans custom vacations, and has the most comprehensive travel services in the country including travel guides, resorts and vacation homesCosta Rica tours
and car rentals.  
Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
8278-3/14/14


Hidden
Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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Chkalet
Enjoy living in the middle of wonderful mountains.
Fresh air, gorgeous forest. Near downtown but away from noisy city.  Nature lifestyle.  Beautiful chalet in a large property located in Monte de la Cruz, Heredia. Two bedrooms, two baths, laundry room, fully furnished, security, electric gate. Rate $500 monthly. Phone  2267-6306  Email ledabonilla12@gmail.com
8526-12/4/14

cottage



Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia

Cottage in the mountain.  Surrounded by nature.  One bedroom, 1.5 bathrooms. Beautiful balcony and view. Bus line service, security.  $500 monthly.  Phone: 506-8739-0638  Email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com
8524-12/1/14

Maneul Antonio
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes to chose from, all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, white water rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, have easily accessible parking, cable TV, and Internet and are fully furnished. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation.
Manuel Antonio Estates        TOLL FREE: 1800 346 9724
011 (506) 2777.3339        www.manuelantonioestates.com

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8529-12/3/14


Organic farm home
$800 plus utilities.
Two-bedroom, two-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Bárbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS. laurelfanderson@gmail.com
8484-10/16/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8441-2/17/15

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
8423-9/15/14

HP Cattle rentals
Mountain homes or farm for rent
Barva volcano, Heredia province
We offer for rent a gorgeous two-bedroom mountain chalet and a one-bedroom mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude and within a working horse ranch just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance. From our homes one can hike to the Barva volcano crater-lake.  Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and breathtaking views of the Irazú volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of cloud forest bird species to include the resplendent quetzal.  The homes are incomparable in beauty and attention to detail within the Barva highland area.  We are only 35-55 minutes from Costa Rica’s three principal cities (Heredia, Alajuela, and San José), less than two hours from the central Pacific beaches, and three hours from the Caribbean beaches. Enjoy the tranquility of the mountains while maintaining quick access to the conveniences of the city and rapid access to other eco-tourist destinations in Costa Rica. Additionally, we can board your horses at a reasonable fee.  We can also offer our clients rental of a small and fully functional farm complete with stables, pasture, and office space.
Mountain chalet: $750.  Basic mountain home: $400.
Boutique mountain home: One-bedroom $850. Two-bedroom $1,000.
Small Farm that includes a chalet, basic mountain home, stables, and 8,000m2 of pasture/green areas: $1,500.
Contact:  HPCattleCR@aol.com
8425-8/17/14




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A.M. Costa Rica's   Fifth news page
Family home

cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 239         
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Antigua

Intel picked to make chips
for Google's Glass device


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. semiconductor giant Intel Corp. will replace Texas Instruments, Inc., as the manufacturer of the chip powering the Google Glass.

Intel has developed several ultra-small processors with low power requirements, important for wearable devices which rely in tiny batteries. The corporation is now making deals with other companies to get them to the market.
 
According to The Wall Street Journal, Google Glass is expected to be marketable sometime next year, but it is still unclear whether it will be available to regular consumers.

After numerous concerns regarding possible violations of privacy because of the Google Glass’s ability to video record whatever the wearer sees Google is shifting its marketing focus from private owners to the office environment.

The company says Google Glass could be especially useful for people who work with their hands but need constant information updates, such as health care, manufacturing and construction workers.


Richard III
Society of Antiquaries of London photo
This is the portrait which appears to most closely resemble Richard's true appearance.  Society of Antiquaries of London

DNA of Richard III shows
he was a blue-eyed blond

By the University of Leicester news staff

An international research team led by Turi King from the Department of Genetics provides overwhelming evidence that the skeleton discovered under a car park in Leicester indeed represents the remains of King Richard III, thereby closing what is probably the oldest forensic case solved to date.

The team of researchers, included Kevin Schürer, a professor of English local history and vice-chancellor for research at the University of Leicester. The research team published its findings online in the prestigious peer-reviewed journal Nature Communications.

The team collected DNA from living relatives of Richard III and analyzed several genetic markers, including the complete mitochondrial genomes, inherited through the maternal line, and Y-chromosomal markers, inherited through the paternal line, from both the skeletal remains and the living relatives.

The researchers also used genetic markers to determine hair and eye color of the king and found that with probably blond hair and almost certainly blue eyes he looked most similar to his depiction in one of the earliest portraits of him that survived, that in the Society of Antiquaries in London.

The research team now plans to sequence the complete genome to learn more about the last English king to die in battle.


Obama aide defends plan
to shield 4 million illegals


 By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. homeland security secretary coolly defended President Barack Obama's executive order on immigration Tuesday before a House committee in the face of Republican Party anger that might affect key government funding legislation.

Secretary Jeh Johnson faced a firestorm of questions about the president’s action, which will shield more than 4 million undocumented immigrants from deportation and grant them work permits if they meet certain conditions. 

Johnson told members of the House Homeland Security Committee that the executive order wasn't illegal and wasn't an amnesty but would require those affected to come forward and register.

"The reality is that, given our limited resources, these people are not, and have not been for years, prioritized for removal," he said. "It is time we acknowledge that and encourage them to be held accountable. This is simple common sense.”

Republicans on the panel said the president was destroying the trust of Congress and the American people by taking unilateral action to allow the parents of American citizen children to stay in the country and to get work permits. 

Johnson, however, blamed House Republicans for not passing an immigration reform bill, as the Senate did in 2013.

“I would like to work with Congress on passing a bill," he said. "The president has said that would be his preference. The problem is we have no partner in Congress.”

That drew a spirited response from Rep. Jeff Duncan, a South Carolina Republican. “I think Congress can pass a bill, when the American people start regaining trust in the administration to actually do their job and enforce the laws that are already on the books," he said, slamming his fist on the table.

Rep. Michael McCaul of Texas, another Republican, called Obama's executive action an end run around Congress that would only encourage more undocumented immigrants to try to enter the United States.

"If we don't think that message is making its way back to México and Central America, we are simply fooling ourselves. We will see a wave of illegal immigration because of the president's actions," he said.

McCaul said that several times the president had questioned his own legal authority to change the immigration rules, only to change course after last month's sweeping Republican gains in congressional elections.

Obama said he took the action because the House had balked at considering the comprehensive immigration legislation approved by the Senate.

House Republicans met Tuesday to discuss how to counter the president’s action. Speaker John Boehner said after the meeting that a number of responses to what he called a serious breach of our Constitution were being considered. "We have not made decisions on how we are going to proceed, but we are going to proceed.”

With less than two weeks until a planned holiday recess, both the House and the Senate need to pass government spending bills by Dec. 11 to avoid another shutdown like the one that happened in 2013.  

Some congressional aides say the House may vote as early as this week on a symbolic measure saying the president cannot defer deportations, which is not likely to be taken up in the Senate. This would allow some Republican members to vent their frustration over immigration, while at the same time passing the spending bill to avoid another costly government shutdown.


Hundreds in Bhopal march
to mark 1984 tragedy

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Hundreds of people marched through the central Indian city of Bhopal Tuesday, waving flaming torches to commemorate the thousands who perished in the world's deadliest industrial disaster 30 years ago.

In the early hours of Dec. 3, 1984, around 40 metric tons of cyanide gas accidentally leaked from a pesticide factory owned by U.S. multinational Union Carbide Corp.

The toxic gas was carried by the wind into the surrounding slums.

The government recorded 5,295 deaths. Activists estimate 25,000 people have died from illnesses in the years since.

Many at the rally called for the clean-up of thousands of tons of toxic waste, buried by the company inside and outside the former plant.

Activists say the toxic waste has seeped into the ground and poisoned the drinking water of 50,000 people living around the site.

The company, now owned by U.S. based multinational Dow Chemical Co., says it settled with the Indian government for half a billion dollars and has no more responsibility.

Human rights groups say the company has not done enough. The secretary general of Amnesty International, Salil Shetty, called the settlement inadequate, and said it provides an average of less than a thousand dollars per person to those affected by the tragedy.

"This was a woefully inadequate amount which, I think, exposes a shocking level of indifference and contempt towards the victims in India," Shetty said.


Russian forecast predicts
slide into recession soon


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Russia is predicting it will slide into a recession next year.

Moscow's economic development ministry said Tuesday it is forecasting the Russian economy will contract eight-tenths of a percent in 2015, down from an earlier projection of a 1.2 percent advance.

Russia's economic fortunes are being buffeted by falling revenues on oil exports, the backbone of the state budget, and Western sanctions linked to Russia's intervention in Ukraine.

The sanctions are hurting Russian banks and investment in the country is falling, while the value of the Russian currency, the ruble, against the U.S. dollar has dropped by more than 40 percent this year.

The economic ministry said that its earlier, more robust prediction assumed that the sanctions imposed by the United States and European countries would be lifted next year, but said the new projection assumes continuing strong geopolitical risks. The forecast sees more capital flight from Russia, a drop of $125 billion in investment instead of the earlier $100-billion estimate.

Russia's economy has been particularly hard hit by falling oil revenues, with the price of crude oil on world markets dropping by a third since June to $70 a barrel or lower.

With the fall in the value of the ruble, inflation in Russia has accelerated, and could hit 9 percent in the coming weeks. The economic ministry estimated that the real incomes of Russians will diminish by 2.8 percent next year instead of the earlier prediction of a gain of four-tenths of a percent.

The decline in the Russian economy is in line with gloomier prospects throughout the world, except in the United States, where the world's largest economy is showing marked improvement. Europe's 18-nation euro currency bloc, collectively the world's largest economy, is near a recession, while China's economy is slowing and the Japanese economy already is in a recession.


Test for homosexuality claim
ruled out by top EU court


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The European Court of Justice said people seeking asylum on the basis of homosexuality cannot be subjected to tests, ruling them unconstitutional.

In a decision announced Tuesday, the Luxembourg-based court said in assessing an asylum-seekers sexuality, European nations must respect their right to a private and family life.

It said an applicant's submission to possible tests or submitting evidence would infringe on their human dignity and could lead to de facto requirements for other applicants to provide such evidence.

It added national authorities are entitled to carry out interviews to determine the facts on an applicants declared sexuality, but those questions cannot probe into their sexual practices.

The ruling is the result of an appeals case lodged by three individuals who were denied asylum in the Netherlands on the grounds their sexual orientation had not been proven.

The Netherlands is one of several EU nations criticized for their handling of gay asylum requests.


American couple permitted
to leave Qatar after acquittal


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Qatar has lifted a travel ban against an American couple who were prevented from leaving the Persian Gulf state, despite being acquitted of charges in the death of their adopted daughter.

The U.S. ambassador to Qatar, Dana Shell Smith, said Tuesday in a post on Twitter that the couple will be allowed to leave Qatar Wednesday.  Smith said all requirements have been met to clear the way for their departure.

The ambassador worked with Qatari officials to let Matthew and Grace Huang leave the country.

Sunday, a Doha court overturned an earlier ruling against the Huangs, who were originally jailed on murder charges after the January 2013 death of their 8-year-old daughter Gloria, adopted from an orphanage in Ghana.

The court said the couple were free to leave the country.  But hours later, Qatari immigration officials blocked them from boarding a flight at the Doha airport and confiscated their passports.

A family representative said they were told that a new arrest warrant had been issued for them.

The family, originally from Los Angeles, moved to Qatar where Matthew, an engineer, was working on an infrastructure project related to the 2022 World Cup improvements. 

The Huangs, who are of Asian descent, initially were accused of starving Gloria to death to sell her organs, but later were jailed for three years on parental neglect charges.  The public prosecutor pushed for the death penalty for the Huangs, who also have two other children of African descent.

The Huangs were allowed to remain free pending their appeal, but could not leave the oil- and gas-rich nation.

The couple say Gloria died of medical problems complicated by unusual eating habits that included periods of bingeing and self-starvation.

Adoption and multi-racial families are rare in Qatar, a conservative Gulf Arab emirate.

Qatar hosts an important American military air operations center at an air base outside the capital, Doha, that is being used as part of air strikes against the Islamic State group.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8451-12/13/14

Remax logo
Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert

Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8366-12/2/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8502-4/20/15




Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.




Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com


English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016 
(506) 8309-0173
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 6154-1940


Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
 
Grecia 884
Beautiful large house in Grecia, Costa Rica, with the best fresh natural weather. The property includes 9 challets and 12.000 m2 of land,  1,000 m2 of construction. Price $498,000. Click HERE!
Grecia 881
Beautiful house in Grecia, Costa Rica,  2 kilometers from the city.   340 m2 of land.
Price $135,000. Click
HERE!
Grecia 898
Beautiful house in Grecia downtown. Full security cameras. Land 250 m2.  Price $400,000.  Click HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8533-2/17/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


La Fortuna Distress Sale
Divorce forced wife to return to the U.S. with bills to pay. Just wants to get out from under. Modern 2-bedroom home on over 1100m2 intended for apartments or condos. Easy walk to center of town, great volcano view. $140,000 with 50 percent financing arranged. On vacation rental program now producing nice income, but Costa Rica no longer in her future. For details contact
lafortunaguy@gmail.com
8548-1/1/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
9557-12/11/14

Condo montage
Cariari luxury condo for sale
 PRICE REDUCED FROM $235,000 to $195,000
This is not an ordinary condo. Completed one year ago, a $45,000 renovating made it an exquisite dwelling. As soon as you walk in you know it is a special home. No detail has been overlooked, even minuscule ones. The owner has a need to move on, and someone lucky will be the beneficiary of the fine detailed work. The home itself has three bedrooms, two and half bathrooms plus a maid’s quarters with its own bathroom. Also, it has a living room, dining room and a gorgeous kitchen with a kitchenette. There’s also a small outdoor patio. Being the end unit of this four-home condo complex, there’s parking space for three vehicles.  Approximately 240 sq. meters. All this near the Cariari Golf and Country Club and its renowned Tom Facio golf course. The club also has amenities such as a fitness centre, exercise room, Olympic swimming pool, sauna, 12 tennis courts and many other benefits. Tel:  8384-9608 or 2293-9054  Price $195,000.
8545-1/2/15

Atenas home
This developer's prime lot with super house is being offered in Roca Verde, 7,006 M2 of gentle grade, all landscaped for tropical effect, 3 bedrooms 2 baths with tile floors and hardwood kitchen, near the entrance of the neighborhood. Great floor plan on this one! There is a double carport, and a large patio and pool, wheelhouse style living room and many other features. View, large usable lot, close to town, nice, oh yeah. $495,000. http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H392.html
8542-12/17/14

greatroom
More photos HERE!
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/

Maneul Antonio
Manuel Antonio Estates focuses on building vacation homes for clients within Manuel Antonio Estates and Palmas Pacifica. We take care of the details from permits and design to supervision of construction and management of the rentals, if needed. We provide privacy and security, and our gated community offers shared common recreational facilities, beautiful landscaping and parking areas. Our homes and lots are located just minutes from the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. If you've ever considered buying a second home, just minutes from the beach, do not hesitate, if you have any questions or would like to request more information please take full advantage of our Costa Rica real estate services and contact us today!
Manuel Antonio Estates    1 800 346-9724  (506) 8815-9606. www.manuelantonioestates.com
8515-2/16/14

Ciudad Colon
Great Deal!! Apartment in condo with pool and extensive green areas:
Ciudad Colón, San José $112,000
The apartment has a master bedroom with a large ensuite bathroom with bath tub, and a smaller second bedroom/office with air conditioning. It has a second full bathroom, living/dining room, laundry room with hot water tank and storage area. The kitchen comes with granite countertops, a breakfast bar and new dishwasher. It has 82 m2 of construction. 2 balconies with beautiful views of the river and mountains. Private parking for one car. Elevator and a well presented reception area. Located in a very quiet and private neighborhood just 400 meters from the centre of Ciudad Colón. Within minutes to all major amenities in Santa Ana and Escazú. Easy access to the beach (less than 1.5 hrs).  24-hour security, visitor parking, pool, extensive and lush green areas, BBQ area, children’s playground and its own water treatment plant. Contact (506) 6022-9294 or 6022-9967, orbec12@gmail.com for further info or to arrange a viewing.
8509-xxx

Suenos montage
Outrageous blowout prices on oceanfront condos in Los Sueños!

Located in the private Bay Residence enclave overlooking the Pacific Ocean in Los Sueños Resort and Marina, there are three gorgeous units available at unbelievable bargain pricing from $589,000.  All of these beautiful units are three bedrooms and two baths, 2,200 square feet, fully furnished and ready to move in.  Development includes a gym, access to 3 pools, jacuzzis, BBQ areas and the Beach Club.  If you’ve always wanted to own in Los Sueños, now is the time!  Contact Karen@remax-ocr.com  or call 8702-0778.  From U.S. call 209-482-1788.

Top floor unit: $649,000   Second floor unit: $675,000  Garden unit: $589,000
8500-1/3/15

Newly available in Roca Verde
Atenas
Well-built home of 215 m2, 3 bedrooms, two bath on 1,150 m2 of lot, with attractive rock retaining wall, carport, and a pool. Indoors there are high, vaulted hardwood ceiling, bright rooms, a laundry room.  The floor is ceramic tile in pastel shades. $247,000. Photos: http://www.atenasrealty.com/fotos%20H326.html 2446-5587. ldrock@gmail.com
8499-q11/3/14

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya.7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 ft. elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet. $199,000 Contact mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8482-2/11/15


Condo montage
Cariari luxury condo for sale
This is not an ordinary condo.
Completed one year ago, a $45,000 renovating made it an exquisite dwelling. As soon as you walk in you know it is a special home. No detail has been overlooked, even minuscule ones. The owner has a need to move on, and someone lucky will be the beneficiary of the fine detailed work. The home itself has three bedrooms, two and half bathrooms plus a maid’s quarters with its own bathroom. Also, it has a living room, dining room and a gorgeous kitchen with a kitchenette. There’s also a small outdoor patio. Being the end unit of this four-home condo complex, there’s parking space for three vehicles.  Approximately 240 sq. meters. All this near the Cariari Golf and Country Club and its renowned Tom Facio golf course. The club also has amenities such as a fitness centre, exercise room, Olympic swimming pool, sauna, 12 tennis courts and many other benefits. Tel:  8384-9608 or 2293-9054  Price $214,500.
8483-10/1/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away. Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es  and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8458-3/2/15

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES
TURNKEY

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8422-9/15/14

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
call center
Call center for rent ready to go !
13 work stations, good equipment, good location, Rohrmoser, two blocks from Plaza Mayor. $4.000 per month. Call Kevin 8366-6861.
8481-11/11/14

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

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What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 239
Sports
Calendar
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fungus
Erin R. Spear/University of Utah                         
                   A seedling being attacked by a pink fungus
                    in Parque Natural Metropolitano, Panama.

Pathogens may hold tree species in check

By the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute news staff

The forests on the Caribbean and Pacific sides of the Panamanian isthmus are separated by a mere 60 kilometers but are strikingly different in plant species composition. This has much to do with rainfall — precipitation on the Caribbean slope averages 4 meters per year, more than twice what falls on the Pacific side. Tree species have evolved or adapted accordingly. While it’s intuitively clear why wet-side species cannot survive punishing dry seasons, it’s a bit of a mystery why most drought-tolerant trees don’t appear in wetter forests. New research by Smithsonian scientists suggests that plant pathogens play a role.

Pathogens have come into the spotlight as a key driver of biodiversity in tropical forests. The study, published in Journal of Ecology, shows pathogens may restrict tree species’ ranges, a finding that has implications for forest conservation in the context of climate change. The research may also recast one of the long-standing hypotheses seeking to explain tropical tree biodiversity.

During an institute fellowship, lead author Erin Spear collected seeds from Panama’s forests using every method at her disposal, long forest hikes, kayak expeditions around the Panama Canal and ascents to treetops in the institute's canopy cranes. She then planted the seeds in common gardens, planting dry- and wet-side species on both sides of the isthmus. For 21 weeks, she monitored seedlings for damage and death caused by pathogens.

All seedlings in wet forest gardens fared considerably worse. Compared to dry forest gardens, seedlings were 74 percent more likely to suffer pathogen-caused damage and 65 percent more likely to die from pathogen attack. Dry-forest seedlings were five times more likely to die when damaged by pathogens than their wet-forest counterparts.

The elevated risk of pathogen attack in wetter forests combined with decreased survival for dry-forest species, suggests that pathogens help promote regional forest diversity. But the circumstances surrounding why dry-forest species suffer as much or more pathogen attack in a forest where they do not naturally occur is perhaps the most intriguing outcome of the study.

Pathogens are generally believed to promote or maintain diversity because they keep tree species from becoming overly common. Known as the Janzen-Connell hypothesis, pathogens theoretically do this by being highly adapted to specific species. Under this scenario, a seed needs to travel far from its parent tree to escape host-specific pathogens.

In theory, dry-forest trees should have been freed from their specific pathogens in wet forests and suffered less attack than in the dry forests. That this did not happen suggests that some, or many, pathogens are widespread and/or host-generalized. “If so, this will challenge the conventional thinking about the roles of pathogens in tropical forests,” said Ms. Spear, a doctoral candidate at the University of Utah. “That lack of escape presents a number of interesting follow-up questions.”

Dry species’ greater susceptibility to pathogens may be key to understanding why trees grow where they do today, and it may provide insight for the future of Panama’s drier forests.

“Greater pathogen sensitivity of dry-forest seedlings should be considered when forest management decisions are made,” said Ms. Spear. “We should conserve existing dry forests as dry-forest tree species are adapted to those specific conditions and may not be able to persist elsewhere.”

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From Page 7:

Refinery adding strategic storage tanks

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The state petroleum monopoly says it is increasing its storage capacity as a strategic measure to guard against any human or natural disaster.

The firm, Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo S.A., says it has invested 17 billion colons, some $32 million, in diverse projects, including three 100,000-barrel tanks at the Moín refinery for gasoline., diesel and bunker.

Also constructed are two similar storage tanks for jet fuel in Barranca.

Two older tanks are being dismantled and will be replaced by gasoline storage units.