Cocal

A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
(506) 2223-1327                                 Published Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 208                                    Email us
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
Rock Construction


impact
 National Aeronautics and Space Administration graphic
An artist's illustration of a major asteroid impact on Earth.
New report spotlights fragility of life on Planet Earth
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Many of those with deep concerns about global warming are believers in a static earth, that is they would like to keep the planet the way it is. They fear that someone may soon be cultivating bananas in their Pennsylvania backyard.

Such thinking runs counter to the geological history because the earth is a dynamic work in progress.

Some 60 years ago even many geologists believed the continents were fixed. Then came the gradual acceptance of plate tectonics that showed the land masses floating on the inner layer of the earth building mountains and even causing earthquakes.

Once major concern even voiced by President Barack Obama is that global warming causes sea-level rise.  That is true, and the seas have been rising since the peak of the Ice Age, perhaps 18,000 years ago. Some scientists place the increase at 120 meters.

But global warming appears to be a minor concern of humanity when compared to super volcanoes, 800-foot tsunami waves, plagues, droughts and giant earthquakes.

Now comes a report from the Royal Astronomical Society that says mass extinctions occurring over the past 260 million years were likely caused by comet and asteroid showers.

Said the society in a news release:

For more than 30 years, scientists have argued about a controversial hypothesis relating to periodic mass extinctions and impact craters caused by comet and asteroid showers on Earth.

In their paper, Michael Rampino, a New York University geologist, and Ken Caldeira, a scientist in the Carnegie Institution's
Department of Global Ecology, offer new 
support linking the age of these craters with recurring mass extinctions of life, including the demise of the dinosaurs. Specifically, they show a cyclical pattern over the studied period, with both impacts and extinction events taking place every 26 million years.

This cycle has been linked to periodic motion of the Sun and planets through the dense mid-plane of the galaxy.

The Royal Astronomical Society said that the researchers prepared a timeline showing that five out of the six largest impact craters of the last 260 million years on earth correlate with mass extinction events.

"The correlation between the formation of these impacts and extinction events over the past 260 million years is striking and suggests a cause-and-effect relationship," said Rampino in the news release.

One of the craters considered in the study is the large, 180-kilometer diameter Chicxulub impact structure in the Yucatan, which dates to about 65 million years ago, the time of a great mass extinction that included the dinosaurs.

The researchers did not address what may have been a much more recent massive comet strike in North America about 12,900 years ago. Scientists date the disaster because nanodiamonds have been found all over the continent in sediment of that time.

Paired with the fact that this layer occurs directly before the extinction of at least 35 genera of large mammals, including mammoths, it is strong circumstantial evidence for a cosmic event, said Scientific American in a 2009 article.

What ever happened stopped a warming trend and set off the more than 1,300-year cooling period in the Northern Hemisphere known as the Younger Dryas for the abundance of an alpine flower's pollen found during the interval, the article said.


Monday is deadline for Halloween story submissions
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Monday is the deadline for submissions to A.M. Costa Rica's Halloween story contest.

Readers are invited to submit a Halloween story related to Costa Rica. Stories should be 1,000 words or less.
And editors will publish
the Halloween stories next week. Stories will be judged by professional writers, and the winner will get $100 via Pay Pal.

By submitting the stories, the authors give A.M. Costa Rica the non-exclusive right to publish them. Send your story to
editor@amcostarica.com

Search this site
index sitemap advanced
Gil  Clinic
Manuel Antonio
Luna Nueva
Palermo

Today's
colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Search 
our site
Subscribe
to our  daily digest
Real estate
ads
Classified 
ads
Contact
us
Tourism and servic Display
ad info
Classified
ad info

Airline
flights

Colonial

Electric car



Residency
Restaurants
rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

HERE!






association of residents

riomar

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details




Euchre


A.M. Costa Rica's
 
Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 208
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
In San Isidro de El General
Dr. Vargas
Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Our experience in primary eye care, now makes your experience unmatched.
 
She bought progressive lenses with transitions and anti-reflective coating, this was her great experience:
 
 "Dr. Allan Mora gives the best eye exam I've ever had, in any country. Then he and his staff helped me pick out new frames -- all of this in English -- and right in downtown PZ. He's a treasure!"
 — Mrs. Carol Vaughn
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro de El General, Pérez Zeledón, San José,
 Costa Rica.
 Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
 Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
 Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8751-11/3/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
 
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
8783-11/17/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8688-9/16/15

 Accountants

 
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
 
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant

File your past three years tax returns under the
Streamlined  Procedure which mitigates penalties.

File your FBAR for current or past-due years.
 
File current or amended tax returns.

22 Years Experience      Competitive rates
Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
8808-12/21/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8796-3/14/16

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Fine art restoration and conservation
Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Carmichael
For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!
 • Paintings
• Sculptures
• Murals
• Porcelain and ceramic
        restoration
• Works on paper restoration
• Conservation curatorial
        services

• Art expert services
• Other restoration services
* Analysis for condition
        authenticity
• Art related insurance and
        damage evaluations
• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.
8734-8/29/15

Legal services

Valdivieco header
Lic. Eduardo Valdivieso
your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Email: legalservival@gmail.com
Web: www.legalservival.com
Address:  150 meters southwest from
the Goicoechea court, San José.
8791-12/9/15

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Subdivisions
Contours
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
Email:  ojoche01@gmail.com       
8764-10/28/15


Real estate agents and services

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century
                                                          21

A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
                                                      two
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area
www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

License denial prompts stabbings

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A man seeking a business license Tuesday at the Guatuso municipal building flipped out when he was denied and stabbed two persons, said the Fuerza Pública.

Officers detained the stabbing suspect, identified by the last name of Pérez, a short distance away. He was riding on his bike.

Officers said a municipal worker suffered a stab wound to the stomach and that a visitor to the office also was wounded. That man suffered stab wounds to the chest and back, police said.

The injured went to a hospital in San Carlos.


poison dart frog
University of Liverpool photo       
The iconic poison dart frog

Poison defense seems to hurt amphibians

By the University of Liverpool news staff

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that amphibians that use toxins to protect themselves against predators are at a higher risk of extinction than those who use other types of defense, which poses a challenge to a long-held evolutionary hypothesis.

As part of nature’s evolutionary arms race, animals have evolved a whole host of different defense mechanisms, including chemicals, such as poisons or irritants, camouflage, warning coloration and mimicry.

The way mechanisms deter predators has been well studied, but little is known about how they impact upon larger evolutionary processes such as the formation of new species and extinction.

In the first large-scale empirical test in animals of its kind, the team examined how rates of extinction and speciation, the development of new species, varied across different defensive traits in amphibians. They found that animals that use chemical defense show higher rates of speciation, but also higher rates of extinction, compared to those without, leading to a net reduction in species diversification.

In contrast, the use of warning coloration and mimicry was associated with higher rates of speciation, but unchanged rates of extinction.

Lead author Kevin Arbuckle, from the University’s Institute of Integrative Biology, said: “There are a number of plausible reasons why the use of chemical defense might lead to higher extinction rates. For example, it could be that there is trade off which leaves prey vulnerable to other kinds of enemies, such as infectious diseases, but we don’t yet understand what drives the relationship.”

The results of the study, which is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, are only partially consistent with a long-held evolutionary hypothesis, called escape-and-radiate, which predicts that effective defenses let prey escape from predators and diversify into many different species in the process.

Arbuckle added: “We’ve shown that this hypothesis, which is widely cited and used, requires some revision because of its failure to account for the effects of extinction rates. We propose that escape-and-radiate should be seen as just one part of a more general hypothesis for the macroevolutionary effects of anti-predator defense that includes both speciation and extinction.”

“In addition, our findings could help support the conservation of endangered species by allowing some predictability of extinction risk from knowledge of anti-predator defenses. Amphibians are a key example of this as they have suffered population declines worldwide, including many of the iconic poison-dart frogs.”


illegals
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo          
Detained illegal immigrants mill about the police station.

Public bus was full of illegal immigrants

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers checked out the passengers on a public Los Chiles to Ciudad Quesada bus and found that 40 of the persons aboard were illegal Nicaraguan immigrants.

None of the illegals had a passport or any type of paperwork providing legal entry, said police. The stop was in Boca Arenal de Cutris, San Carlos.

The 40 were turned over to the Dirección General de Migración, whose agents escorted the 40 to the Las Tablillas border crossing, police said.

Officers said this is the largest group of illegal immigrants that has been encountered.

Sunscreen called damaging to coral reefs

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Using sunscreen can cut an individual's risk of developing some of the most dangerous forms of skin cancer by 50 percent. Unfortunately, a new study suggests it also may be doing severe damage to already threatened coral reefs around the world.

The research was done by the University of Central Florida and published in Tuesday's Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

The study tested the water around coral reefs in Hawaii and the Caribbean and found a high concentration of oxybenzone in the water.

Oxybenzone is one of the most common ingredients in sunscreen, but it can do severe damage to fragile coral reefs.

According to the research, the chemical not only kills coral, but it also causes DNA damage in adult coral, and deforms the larvae.

One member of the research team, John Fauth said damaging coral reefs doesn't just harm the coral, but it can affect humans, as well.

“Coral reefs are the world’s most productive marine ecosystems and support commercial and recreational fisheries and tourism,” Fauth said. “In addition, reefs protect coastlines from storm surge. Worldwide, the total value of coral reefs is tremendous. And they are in danger.”

Fauth notes there is a whole new generation of swimwear that has built-in sun protection.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English















Costa Rica Report news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

















Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica













Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.






















 
From our retirement guide













Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.
















nameplate

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details






A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page


Don't miss our restaurant specials HERE!
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 208
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
  
drug camp
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Police officer stands guard at the camp that was a suspected drug helicopter base.
Agents detain 11 persons in three separate murder investigations
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Investigators detained 11 men Tuesday in three separate murder cases, including one where the victim was buried on Playa Palo Seco in the central Pacific.

In addition, Ministerio de Seguridad Pública officers raided an isolated camp they said had been used as a support base for drug helicopters.

Judicial police detained three murder suspects during 5 a.m. raids of three homes in Finca San Juan de Pavas They are accused of killing a man with the last name of Chavarría in a drug dispute last July 7 in the same area. The suspects range in age from 21 to 32.

Investigators said they found a bulletproof police vest, crack, cash and other evidence.
 
In another case, four men were detained in various locations in an investigation of the murder of a 44-year-old man with the last name of Ramírez. That crime took place May 16, 2014.

Agents described the four, who ranged in age from 37 to 52, as the intellectual authors of the killing.

Agents said that the victim was eating with one of the men at a Cartago restaurant when two men on a motorcycle drove up and one of them fired the fatal shots.

Arrests were made in Tres Riós, Nicoya and in Granadilla in Curridabat. Agents said that this killing also was related to drugs.

The murder of a man with the last name of Parra was more recent.

The body of the 33-year-old man turned up bound hands and feet in a grave on the Palo Seco beach near Parrita Sunday.

Police quickly linked the case to four men who were detained in five raids at Reformadores de Parrita at 6 a.m. The men range in age from 18 to 48.

Agents stopped short of calling this a drug-related crime, but they did say the motive appears to be some sort of revenge.

An informal source said that Parra met his death in one of the homes that had been raided and that agents had used luminol to find traces of blood.
 
Security ministry officers said they had to hike three hours in  Suerre, Jiménez, Pococí, Limón, to reach the site of the suspected helicopter landing base.

The site that included a frame building had been abandoned. When in use, the buildings had been camouflaged by plastic sheets to defeat discovery from the sky, said police.

Officers from the Policía de Control de Drogas, the Fuerza Pública and from the Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea were involved in the raid.

They said the land owner did not know about the camp.
Police surmise that the camp was used as a rest stop for helicopters transporting drugs from the Limón coast to the northern zone and Nicaragua.


Foreign minister seeking investments and tourism in Azerbaijan
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Costa Rica foreign minister has become the first top-level Tico official to visit Azerbaijan. He met with Ilham Aliyev, president of the mainly Muslim country.

The Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto said that the visit by Manuel González Sanz had as an objective the amplification of relations between both countries and the expansion of commerce in Eurasia. That includes investment, tourism and cooperation, said the ministry here.

González also met with the foreign minister there, Elmar Mammadyarov, and discussed cooperation with the country in humanitarian matters as well as the economy and tourism, said the ministry here.

The two men also discussed a possible treaty, the ministry said.

Human Rights Watch lumps Azerbaijan with Bangladesh, Russia, Egypt, China and Uzbekistan. Last month it cited the  deteriorating human rights situations in these countries and chided the United Nations Human Rights Council for not taking any action.

As to Azerbaijan, the Human Rights Watch says "Azerbaijan’s government has escalated repression against its critics, marking a dramatic deterioration in an already poor rights record. In recent years, dozens of human rights defenders, political and civil activists, journalists, and

foreign minister
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto photo
Foreign minister discusses visit with President Ilham Aliyev

bloggers have been arrested or imprisoned on politically motivated charges, prompting others to flee the country or go into hiding.

"Bank accounts of independent civic groups and their leaders have been frozen, impeding their work, or in some cases forcing them to shut down entirely. New legal regulations make it almost impossible for independent groups to get foreign funding. While criticizing the increasing crackdown, Azerbaijan’s international partners have failed to secure rights improvements."

Aliyev's father, Heydar, led the country when it was a member of the Soviet Union. He assumed the presidency after a coup that deposed the democratically elected president in 1993.

Ilham Aliyev took over when his father died in 2003 and was re-elected in 2013 after the legislature eliminated term limits.


A.M. Costa Rica proudly presents
three new members of our hotel directory:


ARcela

Hacienda Baru

Recreo Verde

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 208
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

NASA has 19 satellites keeping a close eye on El Niño this year and next
By the National Aeronautics and Space Administration news staff

Every two to seven years, an unusually warm pool of water, sometimes two to three degrees C higher than normal, develops across the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean to create a natural short-term climate change event. This warm condition, known as El Niño, affects the local aquatic environment but also spurs extreme weather patterns around the world, from flooding in California to droughts in Australia. This winter, the 2015-16 El Niño event will be better observed from space than any previous El Niño.

This year's El Niño is already strong and appears likely to equal the event of 1997-98, the strongest El Niño on record, according to the World Meteorological Organization. All 19 of NASA's current orbiting Earth-observing missions were launched after 1997. In the past two decades, NASA has made tremendous progress in gathering and analyzing data that help researchers understand more about the mechanics and global impacts of El Niño.

“El Niño is a fascinating phenomenon because it has such far-reaching and diverse impacts. The fact that fires in Indonesia are linked with circulation patterns that influence rainfall over the United States shows how complex and interconnected the Earth system is,” said Lesley Ott, research meteorologist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.

Using NASA satellite observations in tandem with supercomputer processing power for modeling systems, scientists have a comprehensive suite of tools to analyze El Niño events and their global impacts as never before. Throughout this winter, NASA will share the latest scientific insights and imagery updates related to El Niño.

For instance, scientists are learning how El Niño affects the year-to-year variability for fire seasons in the western United States, Amazon and Indonesia. El Niño may also affect the

yearly variability of the ground-level pollutant ozone that
severely affects human health. Researchers will be keenly focused on how the current El Niño will affect the drought in California.

“We still have a lot to learn about these connections, and NASA's suite of satellites will help us understand these processes in a new and deeper way,” said Ott.

Many NASA satellites observe environmental factors that are associated with El Niño evolution and its impacts, including sea surface temperature, sea surface height, surface currents, atmospheric winds and ocean color. The Jason-2 satellite measures sea surface height, which is especially useful in quantifying the heat stored and released by the oceans during El Niño years.

NASA satellites also help scientists see the global impact of El Niño. The warmer than normal eastern Pacific Ocean has far-reaching effects worldwide. These events spur disasters like fires and floods. They change storm tracks, cloud cover and other weather patterns, and they have devastating effects on fisheries and other industries. 

NASA’s Earth-observing satellites help monitor those and other impacts by measuring land and ocean conditions that both influence and are affected by El Niño. For instance, NASA’s Global Precipitation Measurement Mission provides worldwide precipitation measurements every three hours. NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive mission measures soil moisture in the top layer of land. Both of these satellites are useful for monitoring drought, improving flood warnings and watching crop and fishing industries.

“NASA is at the forefront in providing key observations of El Niño and advancing our understanding of its role in shaping Earth’s weather and climate patterns,” said Duane Waliser, chief scientist of the Earth Science and Technology Directorate at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8729-12/30/15

Mar de
                        Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel
                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
8665-10/24/15

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

Anywhere
  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!
8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!


1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!
8577-2/15/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $600-$650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact: edificiomorazan@gmail.com  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.
8826-1/16/16



Beautiful Apartment

Lemur del Bosque
for Rent

San Francisco de Dos Ríos, El Bosque, furnished 2-bedroom,1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV WiFi, large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $450/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838. Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8810-11/24/15
Lemur

Plumita
COSTA RICA COZY APARTMENT ON THE BEACH!!
Unfurnished 400-sq. ft. apartment, with modern kitchen, located on beautiful Junquillal Beach is waiting for you. Sea Turtles are common to this beach. Great area for surfing one of C.R.'s premier surf spots or boogie boarding. Close to a market, restaurants and more touristy areas - Playa Negra and Tamarindo, if you want shopping, etc. This area is a great community. If you are looking for a nice relaxing area, this is it. $500 month + electric, visit our Web page - plumitapacifica.com  - for more info, photos and to view a video. Or call (506) 5004-3473.
8809-10/7/15

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
8784-2/19/16

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8741-10/242/15

Real estate for rent

house for rent
Beautiful fully furnished house for tent
2 bedrooms, 2 baths, fully furnished $800 + electric, includes cable TV, Wifi, Internet. Inside gated property close to town. Contact organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com.
8830-11/20/15

Coco rental
For Rent: Terms negotiable (long term)
Available immediately. Rural, secure (24/7) gated community. 20 minutes from Playas del Coco and only 7 minutes. from Playa Matapalo (think RIU Hotel).  Two-story, 3-bedroom, 2 1/2-bath home with pool, carport, wifi and access to the community pool and workout center. $1,100 USD plus utilities. (Agents: flat fee)  Contact: Wanda R Dunn at 8337-0032 or 1-610-732-3204 from U.S. wandardunn1562@yahoo.com
DunnRight Property Management, Lomas del Mar
8806-10/21/15

Oganic farm rental
2 bedroom, 1 bath, $700 includes electric, water, cable, Internet & WiFi. Fully furnished. Inside gated property close to town, Santa Bárbara de Heredia. No dogs please.
organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8800-10/16/1

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
8766-7/30/16

San
                                                Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!
8670-6/30/15




Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details





A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 208
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Special day puts focus
on the brew with a kick


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

For some, it’s a morning routine. For others, it’s a pick-me-up at the end of a long day.  In fact, drinking coffee is such an integral part of so many people’s lives that it might surprise them to know this is the first year ever that there has been an International Coffee Day.

The International Coffee Organization declared Oct. 1 of this year a special day to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage.

A great deal of work goes into serving that morning roast. Barista Emma Durband lists some of the many drinks her customers prefer.

"There are lots of different ways to get that caffeine jolt. You can have your steamed milk coffee. You can have your pour-overs. You can have just your espresso drinks," said Ms. Durband.

It takes about three minutes to get that morning cup of coffee, but most of the hard work happens behind the scenes.

Beans have to be sourced from all over the world. And the perfect cup can only come from the perfect beans.

Swing’s Coffee has been serving the Washington area for a century now. They have a routine they follow to make sure each cup meets their high standards. That’s why a grader or coffee expert like Neil Balkcom tests samples before ordering the beans.

"The secret to the perfect roast is really understanding the bean itself.  There are a lot of variables that exist within coffee and the supply chain of coffee," he said. "Effectively what we’re trying to do here is source the best beans that we can, reveal the best quality that they inherently already have and present that to our customers."

And even when the tested coffee orders come in, the work continues.

"It’s quality control that we do every day.  We’re doing it throughout the day to make sure that roast to roast to roast is consistent," said Balkcom.

From quality control, to consulting with the growers, to packaging for distribution, to serving it up, much more goes into a cup of coffee than one might think.


Grand jury issues indictment
of ex-U.N. Assembly chief


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A U.S. grand jury has indicted former U.N. General Assembly president John Ashe on suspicion of accepting more than $1 million in bribes in exchange for promoting the interests of a Chinese businessman.

John Ashe was Antigua and Barbuda's U.N. ambassador from 2004 until his election as president of the 68th General Assembly in 2013. His indictment Tuesday came two weeks after his arrest in suburban New York City.

The indictment also names billionaire Macau-based real estate developer Ng Lap Seng, also known as David Ng, and three others.

In a 37-page complaint released Oct. 6 by U.S. prosecutors in New York, U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara cited Ashe's alleged acceptance of at least $1.3 million in bribes from Ng in 2013 and 2014 and his failure to pay taxes on them.

Ng was arrested last month on separate charges and later placed under house arrest under a $50 million bond.

Prosecutors allege Ng was seeking Ashe's influence as far back as 2011 to promote the construction of a multibillion-dollar U.N. conference center in Macau. Investigators contend he helped draft and then circulated an official U.N. document to other member states in support of the conference center. Ashe's alleged co-author, Francis Lorenzo, was also indicted Tuesday.

Lorenzo was deputy ambassador to the Dominican Republic.

Investigators allege that Ng funneled the bribes to Ashe, 61, through at least two nongovernmental organizations. While not identified in the complaint, the two match the description of South-South News, a media platform covering global development from the United Nations, governments and the private sector, and the Global Sustainability Foundation.

Lorenzo is listed as president of South-South, while Ashe is listed as honorary chairman of the Global Sustainability Foundation.

Sheri Yan, CEO of Global Sustainability, was also named in Tuesday's indictment. 

The indictment did not include a sixth original suspect, Global Sustainability finance director Heidi Park.


Democrats block legislation
to punish sanctuary cities


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In Washington’s latest battle over undocumented immigration, a bill to punish so-called sanctuary cities has been blocked in the U.S. Senate.

Democrats banded together to prevent debate on Republican-sponsored legislation curtailing federal funds to hundreds of cities and counties that do not cooperate with U.S. authorities in identifying and handing over undocumented aliens for deportation.

“This vile legislation might as well be called ‘The Donald Trump Act,’ ” said Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid, referring to the businessman and Republican presidential front-runner who labeled Mexican immigrants as drug-runners and rapists and pledged to halt unlawful entries into the United States.

“Like the disgusting, outrageous language championed by Donald Trump, this legislation paints all immigrants as criminals,” the Nevada Democrat added.

Backers of the bill say noncooperation between local and federal authorities on illegal immigration endangers public safety.

They point to an incident earlier this year in which a Mexican national shot and killed an American woman after being released from custody in San Francisco, despite a federal request for his detention. A convicted felon, Juan Francisco López-Sánchez had been deported multiple times and repeatedly returned to the United States.

“San Francisco is a so-called sanctuary city that arbitrarily decides when it will cooperate with the federal government and when it won’t,” said Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Kentucky Republican. “When felons enter our country illegally and repeatedly, is it fair to victims and families to not do what we can to stop them?”

Advocacy groups weighed in prior to Tuesday’s procedural vote.

The American Immigration Council described local sanctuary policies as beneficial, saying they “limit entanglement between local police and federal immigration authorities.”

The council argued that communication and trust between immigrant communities and local jurisdictions would be undermined if police officers were viewed as de facto federal agents acting on the U.S. government’s behalf.

“These policies make communities safer and increase communication between police and their residents without imposing any restrictions on federal law enforcement activities,” the council said in a news release.

By contrast, NumbersUSA, which advocates stricter U.S. immigration enforcement, praised the Senate bill as “protecting communities from violent criminal aliens who should have been removed from the United States before they victimize more innocent people.”

“It is long past time for Congress to act in stopping wholly preventable crimes committed by criminal aliens,” NumbersUSA said in a statement.

For years, immigration has animated U.S. political campaigns, particularly among Republicans.

“The scandalously poor enforcement of our immigration laws is made much, much worse by the lawless actions of 340 sanctuary jurisdictions across the country,” said Republican Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas, a presidential candidate.

“Although these jurisdictions are more than happy, eager even, to take federal taxpayer dollars, they go out of their way to obstruct and impede federal immigration enforcement,” he said.

“Not only are these sanctuary policies an affront to rule of law, they are extremely dangerous,” Cruz added.

“This is nothing more than an offensive anti-immigrant bill, another effort to demonize those who risked everything for a better life for themselves and their children,” countered Democratic Sen. Robert Menendez of New Jersey. “This bill does nothing more than instigate fear and divide our nation.”


Trudeau restates his desire
to withdraw from conflicts


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Canada's new prime minister-designate Justin Trudeau has reaffirmed his commitment to scaling back his country's involvement in the anti-Islamic State coalition in Iraq and Syria.

Speaking to reporters late Tuesday, Trudeau said he and U.S. President Barack Obama discussed by phone Canada's involvement in the Washington-led coalition.

"I committed that we would continue to engage in a responsible way that understands that Canada has a role to play in the fight against ISIL," he said, referring to the Islamic State.

"But he understands the commitments I've made in ending the combat mission," Trudeau added.

Trudeau, who led his Liberal Party to a commanding victory in Monday's parliamentary elections, campaigned on promises to bring home Canadian fighter jets and end his country's combat mission in Iraq and Syria. He has promised to keep military trainers in place, however.

During their phone call, Obama committed to working with Trudeau on other issues ranging from climate change to trade promotion, according to White House officials.

In particular, the two leaders noted the successful conclusion of Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations and the need to move forward with implementing the trade agreement. They also committed to work together to achieve a global climate agreement in Paris in December.

Results provided by Canada's election commission show the Liberals winning 184 seats in the 338-seat parliament, compared to the 99 seats won by outgoing Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Conservative Party.  The left-leaning New Democratic Party, which once was considered the front-running party early in the 11-week campaign, finished a distant third with 44 seats.

Trudeau claimed victory before a crowd of cheering supporters in Montreal late Monday, saying the campaign proved "this is what positive politics can do," and that he hopes it will serve as "an inspiration to like-minded people to step up and pitch in.”

Moments before, Harper congratulated Trudeau in a concession speech in Calgary, saying "while tonight's results are not one we had hoped for, the people are never wrong."  The Conservative Party later announced that Harper will step down from his post as its leader.

The victory marks a rapid rise to power for the 43-year-old Trudeau, who becomes the second-youngest prime minister in Canada's history after withstanding political attacks that he was inexperienced and not ready for the job.  The former school teacher was first elected to parliament in 2008, and became head of the Liberals in 2013 after the party lost three straight elections to the Conservatives dating back to 2006.  He campaigned on a platform of raising taxes on Canada's richest citizens, increasing spending on infrastructure to boost the economy and improving relations with the United States.

His late father, Pierre, was first elected in 1968 on a wave of support among voters that became known as "Trudeaumania," and served nearly uninterrupted for the next 16 years.  The charismatic Pierre, who died in 2000 at the age of 84, introduced Canada's version of the bill of rights and made French one of the country's official languages, all while capturing international headlines for dating movie stars and models before marrying.


Judges, lawyers considering
detainee representation plan


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Defense lawyers for the five Guantanamo Bay suspects accused of plotting the Sept. 11 terror attacks debated Tuesday how the men could potentially represent themselves, citing security restrictions in their death penalty cases.

A pre-trial hearing stalled on Monday when Walid bin Attash, a Yemeni accused of running an al-Qaida camp in Afghanistan, told his lawyers, a civilian and a member of the military, he no longer trusted them and asked the military court how he might represent himself.

The government-appointed attorneys spent about an hour talking to Army Col. James Pohl, the judge for the proceedings, about how the five terror suspects could defend themselves without access to legal resources and relevant classified materials.

A statement by the Pentagon said the defense argued classified information procedures preclude "the accused's presence during litigation of classified matters."

Pohl proposed a trial conduct order that, based on discussion in court, would divide the functions between the detainee calling himself the lead lawyer and a so-called standby counsel, according to a report in the Miami Herald.

The standby counsel would be a court-approved, American lawyer with a security clearance to see some of the classified evidence available to the defense for trial preparation, the paper reported. The judge did not release the draft order.

However, David Nevin, attorney for the alleged mastermind of the 9/11 plot, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, said having lawyers on standby to deal with classified information on behalf of the prisoners would relegate the defendants to servant status.

Proceedings are scheduled to resume this morning.

Bin Attash is among five people at the hearing accused of plotting the Sept. 11 attacks.

Military prosecutors say bin Attash served as a bodyguard to al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, who was killed by U.S. forces during a raid on his Abbottobad, Pakistan, compound in 2011. Bin Attash is also accused of taking part in the USS Cole bombing in October 2000.

James Connell, a lawyer for accused al-Qaida money mover Ammar al Baluchi, said would counsel anyone against self-representation.

A defendant in a military commission trial has a right to serve as his own lawyer but must be informed of the consequences of doing so. Also, the judge in the case must be certain that the choice to do so is voluntary and made in sound mind.

Government lawyers largely agreed with Pohl's proposed document, suggesting only minor changes, according to a Pentagon statement released Tuesday. However, Cheryl Bormann, bin Attash's lawyer, said she needed more time to explain Pohl's proposed advisement to bin Attash.

Almost 3,000 people were killed when hijackers slammed airliners into New York's World Trade Center, the Pentagon and a Pennsylvania field on Sept. 11, 2001.

The five prisoners face terrorism charges as well as nearly 3,000 counts of murder in violation of the laws of war. They could get the death penalty if convicted.

The hearings are held at the Guantanamo Bay U.S. Naval Base prison in Cuba, and are monitored over closed-circuit television at a press room at Fort Meade, outside Washington.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Solar device

Hot water is 40% of your average electric bill.  While MINAE and the PROCURADURIA debate over Solar Electric, you can begin saving now!  $1,895 installed.  Call for details.

200 liter EZINC Quality Pressurized Thermo-Siphon Solar Hot Water System Designed for the European Market. 

Install EZINC Today... Spend less tomorrow on Solar Electric!


2446-0543           8898-9398                8314-8090
CALL US TODAY!
8725-12/23/15

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
8790-2/28/15

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!


Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
           furnished.
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com 
Web Page: www.mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8828-12/19/15

Pacific Sur montagee

These 2 lots are in the Pacific southern zone,
Tres Rio/Coronado de Osa. 

Will give a great deal on one of these lots, only $29,990.  Both of these lots have water, phone lines, Internet accessibility, electricity, easy 3 kms. access to the Costanera.  2-wheel drive accessible.  Close to new hospital, beautiful beaches and county services.  Financing available.   Lote 234, This corner lote is excellently located in lower Tres Rios.  Has 2 well-sculptured lots for 2 houses or one for multiunit cabins.  Lote 236,  1 1/2 hectare.  Big lote for building a grand house, with a smaller plantel for a cabin.  Small ocean view with great sunsets.  Watch the videos for more information, Planos,  and details.   Email: escapetyranny2cr@gmail.com. CR phone   2786-5555. USA call  760-536-4717 YouTube link for more real estate deals. 
8827-11/19/15

property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email: hfonseca24@gmail.com
8825-11/5/15

Escazu villa
Escazú villa. spectacular 360 degree city and mountain views.
Enjoy the sunsets along with the sunrise

There are special properties, which are more than mere houses. Where you can appreciate moments where you build memories. Relaxing reading in the garden of 5000 sq. m. Places to enjoy moments with family or friends with large heated pool. Beautiful city views of San José with mountain view. Places, where you can enjoy the comforting warmth of the sun throughout the day with cool nights of living 1,300 meters up on your own Mountain Noel. You are away from all the noise of San José, yet you are only 15 minutes drive there. Costa Rica largest mall is also only 15-minutes drive away.
The main house four bedrooms with four bathrooms, large office with built-in wood cabinets, and beautiful hardwood ceilings throughout the whole house. The main house is 330 sq. m. For your guest, there is a self-contained apartment of 100 sq. m. consisting of two bedrooms and two baths. Nice layout with a living room and dining room and kitchen all have views. For being so near to the city and to have that much land is once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The selling price is land value will throw in the house and the apartment. Price is $690,000. Contact jamescorreo@gmail.com.
8824-11/15/15

Osa home
Costa Rica Tropical Paradise Beach House For Sale
Tropical 5-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, South Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.

Located 8 km south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $775,000. Contact: osaroger@gmail.com
Watch this video for full details.
8816-1/2/16

esteriullos

Hill Villa Esterillos Oeste, Costa Rica
GREAT DEAL $260,000 NICE OCEAN VIEW
Property size: 3405.14 sq. mtrs or 37,000 sq. feet
Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft TITLED property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric-gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceilings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a doubled car electric garage door. There is also a beautiful large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the INCREDIBLE VIEW and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furniture included. Photo gallery click here: www.monalbum.fr/Album=E3GLBJQX    Contact Jack  Email: quadtours@yahoo.ca   Cell: (506) 8812-1789
8819-11/6/15

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8792-10/31/15

montage
Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-storey house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 ½ bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms, the main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. Excellent construction and great details. Price $349,000. 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Price $75,000. For more information, please contact us:
Email stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.
8789-11/27/15

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8823-11/23/15

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8736-1/1/16

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8779-10/24/15

Pavones
Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $380,000. Click HERE!
8822-11/12/15

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 208
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute
















BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.
















Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
shorebird
Taylor & Francis/Derek Onley
Hakawai melvillei, a newly discovered species of shorebird

Shorebird links New Zealand, America

By the Taylor & Francis news staff

Shorebirds otherwise known as waders live in a wide variety of environments worldwide, from the Himalayas to Antarctica. With their long legs, shorebirds have long been a subject of evolutionary discussion, but where did they originate and how did they diverge into so many habitats across the globe?

Due to a poor fossil record, these questions remain largely unanswered. However, a new article published in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology sheds new light on this mystery.

A new piece in this evolutionary puzzle has been presented by an international team of New Zealand and Australian-based scientists, including researchers at Canterbury Museum, who have confirmed that a 19 to 16 million-year-old shorebird fossil, discovered in Central Otago, New Zealand, belongs to a group of small birds including the Australian Plains-wanderer and the South American Seedsnipes.

The new species, Hakawai melvillei, is named after a mystery bird in Māori mythology and in honour of New Zealand-based ornithologist and ecologist David Melville.

Hakawai melvillei was a small wading bird that lived about 19 million years ago during the Miocene epoch, around an ancient subtropical lake on the edge of a floodplain, with many other waterbirds, waterfowl, crocodilians and bats. The finding of individuals at chick or near fledging stage (known from their bone surface texture) shows that Hakawai melvillei was breeding in New Zealand and was not migratory, unlike many birds of this group today.

The closest relative of Hakawai melvillei is the extant Australian plains-wanderer  (Pedionomidae). These birds are also closely related to the South American seedsnipes (Thinocoridae). Hakawai melvillei is extinct, but its ancient lineage and close relationships show how all these birds have a common ancestry in East Gondwana, before the land mass subsequently split up and New Zealand became isolated.



Costa Rican News
AMCostaRicaArchives.com
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
CostaRicaReport.com
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



From Page 7:



Mexican sugar imports suspended in U.S.

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The U.S. International Trade commission determined by vote Tuesday that sugar imports from México are damaging national producers because the sugar is subsidized and sold at less than fair market value.

The vote by the commission was unanimous, according to a news release.

The action means that a December suspension agreement that the Department of Commerce had entered into with México will remain in effect for five years.

A full report containing the views of the commissioners will be available next month, said the release.

The decision was praised by sugar producers but faced criticism from organizations representing big sugar users.