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(506) 2223-1327                                 San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202                                     Email us
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Roadways will drive many motorists crazy today
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Motorists in the metro area will think today that they have been transported to the hottest part of Satan's lair.

Motorists have two big obstacles. The highway from La Uruca to Heredia is being reduced to one lane in either direction. This is the spot of a perpetual traffic jam. It will be worse today.

The Consejo Nacional de Vialidad said that the closure will last for a year.

At Plaza Víquez, ironically adjacent to the headquarters of the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes, there is a hole. In  fact, this is the mother or all holes.

The pit is about 15 feet deep.

The pit is so deep that the rail institute has ordered that passenger trains not pass by the location. The track is only a few feet away.

The pit is the result of a ruptured water line. Municipal engineers are supposed to take a look at it today, but there is no indication when repair work will start.

Plaza Víquez not only is a place where the valley train passes. The location is a heavy traffic area. But probably not today.

There are an assortment of other problems that have been reported over the weekend. The Barreal-Valencia bridge is being undermined as a result of heavy rain. Another bridge at Barreal de Heredia has a concrete deck that is breaking up.

The daylight may bring other problems, all of which will add to the woes of motorists.

In downtown San José workers are supposed to continue the job of putting new asphalt on Avenida Central at Cuesta de Moras. This is the stretch that runs just north of the Plaza de la Democracia where

Road rage
A.M.. Costa Rica illustration
Road frustration.

there normally is heavy bus traffic.

Merchants are upset, and there is a chance that the job will be moved to another location until after the Christmas holidays.


Other workmen are expected to be on the job at the Juan Pablo II bridge doing work on the drainage system. The main highway, Ruta 1, probably will not be closed but the number of lanes will be reduced.

That work has caused motorists to seek alternate routes through residential areas.

Construction continues on the Cicunvalación at Paso Ancho, also known as the Rotunda de Guacamaya. The job is to eliminate the traffic circle and install an overpass. However, there are delays during the day and full closure at times during the night hours.

The Polica de Tránsito also reported three problems on the Interamericana. A landslide constricted passage Sunday at Manolos at Kilometer 28. At Kilometer 49 at San Miguel de Naranjo there is a slide and also the roadway undermined, causing the reduction of lanes.

At kilometers 76 and 77 at Cambronero there are slides that have constricted the lanes.

Expats can check the current road conditions with the traffic police Web site HERE!



Murder did not take a holiday during this weekend
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The murder toll was so great over the weekend that television presenters voiced their opinions about lack of citizen security.

Perhaps the most vocal was Ignacio Santos of Repretel who dropped his role as a neutral deliverer of the news Sunday to deplore the weekend deaths.

From 2 a.m Thursday to Monday there were nine murders, according to judicial agents. All the victims were men, and all but one died from bullets.

One case may turn out to be a traffic accident, but the report is not in yet. In another case in Pérez Zeledón, a father-in-law and his son-in-law were confronted by a robber. The older man fired his own weapon and accidentally killed his relative.

The robber fled.


The most spectacular killing took place in Urbanización La Cabaña en San Francisco de dos Ríos about 8:30 a.m. Friday. Two men in
 a vehicle opened fire on a taxi that contained a husband and wife plus the driver. The 34-year-old husband, identified by the last name of Tylor died and the wife and taxi driver suffered injuries.

The shooting was even more spectacular because a security camera captured the entire episode, which was aired repeatedly on local television. The assailants used what appears to have been an AK-47 and riddled the taxi with at least 30 bullet holes.

Some of the dead were victims of robbers. At the El Cafetal restaurant in Santa Cecilia de Heredia intruders appear to have confronted and killed a waiter who was a part-time guard. The 36-year-old victim has the last name of González. Another man found the body Sunday morning. The crooks got away with a flat-screen television and money.

In addition to the murders, a handful of individuals suffered bullet wounds and knife wounds over the weekend.

They were hospitalized, according to the Judicial Investigating Organization.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15

Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
In San Isidro de El General
Dr. Vargas
Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
Our experience in primary eye care, now makes your experience unmatched.
 
She bought progressive lenses with transitions and anti-reflective coating, this was her great experience:
 
 "Dr. Allan Mora gives the best eye exam I've ever had, in any country. Then he and his staff helped me pick out new frames -- all of this in English -- and right in downtown PZ. He's a treasure!"
 — Mrs. Carol Vaughn
Centro Comercial Pedro Pérez, south side of the park, San Isidro de El General, Pérez Zeledón, San José,
 Costa Rica.
 Contact: Dr. Allan Mora Vargas
 Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
 Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8751-11/3/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
 
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
www.LucindaGray.com
New World Meditation
8610-8/23/15

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
8783-11/17/15

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8688-9/16/15

 Accountants

 
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
 
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant

File your past three years tax returns under the
Streamlined  Procedure which mitigates penalties.

File your FBAR for current or past-due years.
 
File current or amended tax returns.

22 Years Experience      Competitive rates
Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
8808-12/21/15

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
8796-3/14/16

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
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eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
9654-4/6/16


Fine art restoration and conservation
Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Carmichael
For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!
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• Sculptures
• Murals
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• Art expert services
• Other restoration services
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• Art related insurance and
        damage evaluations
• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.
8734-8/29/15

Legal services

Valdivieco header
Lic. Eduardo Valdivieso
your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Email: legalservival@gmail.com
Web: www.legalservival.com
Address:  150 meters southwest from
the Goicoechea court, San José.
8791-12/9/15

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com
8587-3/8/15


Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Subdivisions
Contours
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
Email:  ojoche01@gmail.com       
8764-10/28/15


Real estate agents and services

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH REALTY
Century
                                                          21

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in CR since 1979

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or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
8569-1/14/16

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
WE URGE YOU TO CHECK OUT
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"LOWEST PRICES EVER and this Inventory is  being sold now " says CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & certified Realtor Jeff Fisher.
Why Here?
#1: SJO Int'l Airport & S.J. suburbs are an hour +
away.
Fisher
Jeff  Fisher
#2: The Jacó area has all the important services you need & is growing!
#3: IT'S STILL A BUYERS' MARKET:     
   

Yes, after 21 years, we know Costa Rica and we still believe the Central Pacific is the best area to invest, enjoy, and retire to in Costa Rica.!
Member of the N.A.R. & the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR  
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:

www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
Over 9 years in  our JACÓ Office:
IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica
8666-7/6/15

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
                                                      two
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
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www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8660-10/14/15

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

colinadelsol022515c.gif
* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
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* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
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* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
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Contact Jim Day
Email:  JimDay50@aol.com 
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
8596-8/27/15

woody vinews
National Science Foundation/Stefan Schnitzer      
Ecologist Stefan Schnitzer studies a liana or woody vine in Panamá.

Vines considered bad for carbon capture

By the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute news staff

Although useful to Tarzan, vines endanger tropical forests' capacity to store carbon. In a major experimental study in Panamá, Smithsonian researchers showed that woody vines, or lianas, slow tropical forest tree growth and may even cause premature tree death. Lianas reduced above ground carbon uptake by more than three-quarters, threatening the forests' ability to buffer climate change.

Tropical forests account for a third of the total carbon fixed by photosynthesis. Lianas' increasing abundance may be driven by changing climate, increased disturbance or by more severe seasonal drought. By reducing the ability of tropical forests to accumulate and store carbon released through burning fossil fuels, lianas could cause a positive feedback loop, accelerating climate change.

"This study has far-reaching ramifications," said co-author Stefan Schnitzer, a biology professor at Marquette University and a long-term research associate at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. "Lianas contribute only a small fraction of the biomass in tropical forests, but their effects on trees dramatically alter how carbon is accumulated and stored."

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences published the article co-authored by Geertje van der Heijden, a postdoctoral fellow at the research institute and in Schnitzer's lab, and Jennifer Powers, a professor at the University of Minnesota.

Lianas are characteristic of lowland tropical forests, often making up more than 25 percent of species and woody stems. Because they depend on trees for support as they climb into sunlit treetops, they can invest a greater percentage of their own biomass in leaves.

Previous research by Schnitzer and colleagues showed that lianas can have significant negative effects on forest biomass growth and accumulation. These studies, however, focused primarily on tree growth, were restricted to forest gaps or were only observational. In this experimental study in Panama's Barro Colorado Nature Monument, all lianas were cut in eight experimental plots in a 60-year-old secondary forest, but were left intact in eight others. For the next three years, researchers monitored the growth in diameter of trees and lianas in the plot, and collected and weighed dead leaves and other debris falling from the forest canopy.

By the third year, lianas reduced net biomass accumulation by 76 percent per year in plots where they were present compared to where they had been removed. This decrease was due both to lower tree growth and to an increase in tree mortality where lianas were present. The proportion of biomass in leaves versus wood differed as well: forest canopy productivity, mostly leaves, decreased by 14 percent in liana-free plots, while the productivity of woody stems rose by almost 65 percent. Lianas not only lowered biomass accumulation, but also shifted it from wood, which stores carbon for a long time, to leaves, which rot quickly and release carbon back to the atmosphere.

These results have dramatic implications for the capacity of tropical forests to serve as a sink for carbon in the future. Simulating the change of biomass stocks over the next 50 years in forests with lianas and without them, the authors found lianas could reduce long-term storage of carbon by 35 percent. Even greater reductions could take place if liana-tree competition intensifies due to the spread of lianas, or causes an increase in the fast-growing tree species with low wood density.

While lianas clearly reduce the capacity for tropical forests to store carbon, Schnitzer emphasizes that lianas are an important and valuable component of tropical forests: "In terms of carbon, lianas may be detrimental. However, lianas provide a wide range of resources for wildlife, such as fruits, seeds and fresh leaves, and by connecting trees together lianas provide aerial pathways that are used by the vast majority of arboreal animals to move through the forest."



Tiny beetle
Pensoft Publishers photo         
This is the smallest free-living insect, Scydosella musawasensis.

Smallest bug's size finally validated

By the Pensoft Publishers news staff

The long-lasting search and debate around the size and identity of the World’s smallest free-living insect seems to have now been ended with the precise measurement and second record of the featherwing beetle species.

Described back in 1999 based on only several specimens found in Nicaragua, as many as 85 individuals of the minute beetle species have recently been retrieved from Colombia and thoroughly examined. The smallest of them measured the astounding 0.325 millimeters. That is about .0127 of an inch. The finding made by Alexey Polilov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, is available in the open access journal ZooKeys.

The World’s smallest beetle and tiniest non-parasitoid insect, called Scydosella musawasensis, has an elongated oval body, yellowish-brown coloration and antennas split into 10 segments. It is also the only representative of this featherwing beetle genus.

Not able to precisely measure its size because of the preserved specimens being embedded in preparations for microscopy studies, Polilov used new individuals, collected in Chicaque National Park, Colombia, in early 2015. To conclude the length of the smallest one as 0.325 millimeters the scientist used a specialized software and digital micrographs.

The recent survey is the second record of the tiny beetle species, which also proved that the range of its distribution is actually much wider. Thereafter, so are the localities of the fungi that the insect feeds on.

Cuban activists report sweeps by police

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

Pro-democracy opposition leaders in Cuba say that more than 300 activists were grabbed by police Sunday in various parts of the island. Police injured some activists and raided two offices of the Unión Patriótica de Cuba, said the organization in an email.

Most of the activists were held for from two to eight hours, although some might still be in jail, said the organization Monday.

The bulk of those detained were in the streets seeking the liberation of three Cubans who managed to reach Pope Francis while he was in Havana Sept. 20. Two of the trio, Zaqueo Báez and Ismael Bonet, have been on a hunger strike since their detentions, said Unión Patriótica. The third person detained is María Josefa Acón.

The organization said the bulk of the detentions took place in Santiago de Cuba with 121 and La Habana with more than 90 including some members of the Damas de Blanco. Some of those detained were associated with the Frente de Resistencia Orlando Zapata, Unión Patriótica, said.

In Camagüey, Guantánamo, Holguín, Las Tunas, Pinar del Rio and Isla de la Juventud other detentions were reported, said Unión Patriótica.

Unión Patriótica said that Ministerio del Interior agents also raided its main office and carried away printed material, cables and hundreds of DVDs. The organization complained that 40 cell telephones carried by its members and associated activists were blocked.

Yriade Hernández Aguilera, a coordinator for the organization, suffered a bloody nose while he was protesting the beatings of other activists, said Unión Patriótica.

The organization released a list of  226 of its members and members of the Frente who were detained.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202
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Pavas raid
Strong force detains eight men

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff


Gunplay Sunday in a Pavas neighborhood brought complaints from neighbors and a beefed up police presence.

Despite more police, shooting broke out again Monday in what police later said appeared to be two gangs confronting one another.

The Fuerza Pública and the Judicial Investigating Organization responded in force Monday afternoon and flooded the area, known as Piedra del Indio in Rincón Grande de Pavas.

Police were unable to complete their most important mission. They said they wanted to confiscate weapons, but all they found were small quantities of drugs and some .38-caliber ammunition.

Still, they managed to detain eight persons including men presumed to be leaders of both gangs, said the Fuerza Pública. Still unclear is exactly what charges the men will face.

Fuerza Pública officers said that the show of force would continue for as long as needed.

Pavas operation
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Police enter location where arrests were made.


Computer setup to be unveiled to assist in science and technology
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Programa Estado de la Nación says it will present today a computer platform that will link Costa Ricans in science and technology to those who might hire them.

The program is called Hipatia, which in English is Hypatia, the female scientists and philosopher who lived in Fifth century Alexandria.

The Programa set up a press conference this morning and plans to make a formal presentation later in the day. The platform is described as an online tool for the public which provides strategic information that shows the capacity
that the country has for developing the technology sector. At the same time, the Programa said, the platform provides a
system for mediating offers and demands for technology.

The platform was named Hipatia, said the Programa, to honor the scientist, philosopher and free thinker who lived in Alexandria from 370 to 415 and defended the central role that knowledge and science for comprehending reality.

The Programa also said that the platform would help with retention of technicians and scientists in the face of brain drain to other countries.

Hypatia has become popular because she was an outspoken female at a time when women were suppressed. She also was a pagan who was kidnapped, tortured and murdered by a Christian mob during a complex political dispute in her home city that probably had little to do with her religious beliefs.


A.M. Costa Rica proudly presents
three new members of our hotel directory:


ARcela

Hacienda Baru

Recreo Verde

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202
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Researchers report a troubling possibility with popular eco-tourism
By the Cell Press news staff

Many tourists today are drawn to the idea of vacationing in far-flung places around the globe where their dollars can make a positive impact on local people and local wildlife. But researchers writing in Trends in Ecology & Evolution say that all of those interactions between wild animals and friendly ecotourists eager to snap their pictures may inadvertently put animals at greater risk of being eaten.

It's clear that the ecotourism business is booming. "Recent data showed that protected areas around the globe receive 8 billion visitors per year; that's like each human on Earth visited a protected area once a year, and then some!" said Daniel Blumstein of the University of California, Los Angeles. "This massive amount of nature-based and eco-tourism can be added to the long list of drivers of human-induced rapid environmental change."

Blumstein says the new report sets out "a new way of thinking about possible long-term effects of nature-based tourism and encourages scientists and reserve managers to take into account these deleterious impacts to assess the sustainability of a type of tourism, which typically aims to enhance, not deplete, biodiversity."

The basic premise of the report is that human presence changes the way animals act and those changes might spill over into other parts of their lives. Those changes in behavior and activity may put animals at risk in ways that aren't immediately obvious.

"When animals interact in benign ways with humans, they may let down their guard," Blumstein said. As animals get used to feeling comfortable with humans nearby, they may become bolder in other situations, he says. "If this boldness transfers to real predators, then they will suffer higher mortality when they encounter real predators."

Eco-tourism is in some respects similar in this regard to domestication or urbanization. In all three cases, regular interactions between people and animals may lead to habituation, a kind of taming. Evidence has shown that domesticated silver foxes become more docile and less fearful, a process that results from evolutionary changes but also from regular interactions with humans. Domesticated fish are less responsive to simulated predatory attacks. Fox squirrels and birds that live in urbanized areas are bolder. It takes more to make them flee.

The presence of humans can also discourage natural

eco turism
Cell Press /Benjamin Geffroy.
Tourists enjoying snorkeling surrounded by fish in a tributary of the Cuiabá River in Mato Grosso, Brazil.


predators, creating a kind of safe haven for smaller animals
that might make them bolder, too. When humans are around, for example, vervet monkeys have fewer run-ins with predatory leopards. In Grand Teton National Park, elk and pronghorn in areas with more tourists spend less time at alert and more time feeding.

The question is to what extent do these more relaxed and bolder behaviors around humans transfer to other situations, leaving animals at greater risk in the presence of their natural predators? And what happens if a poacher comes around?

"We know that humans are able to drive rapid phenotypic change in other species," the researchers write. "If individuals selectively habituate to humans, particularly tourists, and if invasive tourism practices enhance this habituation, we might be selecting for or creating traits or syndromes that have unintended consequences, such as increased predation risk. Even a small human-induced perturbation could affect the behavior or population biology of a species and influence the species' function in its community."

Blumstein says they hope to stimulate more research on the interactions of humans with wildlife. It will "now be essential to develop a more comprehensive understanding of how different species and species in different situations respond to human visitation and under what precise conditions human exposure might put them at risk," he says.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


Recreo Verde
RELAX IN OUR THERMO MINERAL WATER
Declared by specialists in medical hydrology and hydrotherapy to be among the best thermo mineral waters in Costa Rica.
Health benefit: Renal system, skeletal system, digestive system, cardiovascular system, removes stress, improves
and makes skin more youthful.
Cabins, canopy, massage, restaurant, rain forest tour and more.
Located in Marsella, Venecia, San Carlos, Costa Rica.
Reservations (506) 2472-1020 or 2472-2270 
info@recreoverde.com
www.recreoverde.com
8797-11/9/15

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8729-12/30/15

Osas montage
Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
Each of the five individual Villas  boasts its own unique charm with pleasant, moderately priced accommodations and all gives you the opportunity of taking in the sights and sounds of the jungle from your own private balcony which has views of the river bed and the ocean. If you’re up for an adventure  we can help you arrange it and choose from the many tour options available in our region. Ojochal has some of the most secluded and pristine beaches in all of Costa Rica, as well as some outstanding surfing opportunities. Enjoy our local attractions such as white water rafting, whale and dolphins tour, Corcovado national park tours, Osa canopy tour, San Buenas golf course, horseback ride to the beach and waterfalls,
Osa field institute and much more.
Contact us Now for reservations at: hollee@villasdeoros.com or vikkigold0@gmail.com  Or phone 506-2786-5170
Visit our Web page for more info: http://villasdeoros.com
Like us on Facebook.
8669-7/29/15

Mar de
                        Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel
                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
8665-10/24/15

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

Anywhere
  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
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8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
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8577-2/15/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)



Beautiful Apartment

Lemur del Bosque
for Rent

San Francisco de Dos Ríos, El Bosque, furnished 2-bedroom,1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV WiFi, large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $450/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838. Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8810-11/24/15
Lemur

Plumita
COSTA RICA COZY APARTMENT ON THE BEACH!!
Unfurnished 400-sq. ft. apartment, with modern kitchen, located on beautiful Junquillal Beach is waiting for you. Sea Turtles are common to this beach. Great area for surfing one of C.R.'s premier surf spots or boogie boarding. Close to a market, restaurants and more touristy areas - Playa Negra and Tamarindo, if you want shopping, etc. This area is a great community. If you are looking for a nice relaxing area, this is it. $500 month + electric, visit our Web page - plumitapacifica.com  - for more info, photos and to view a video. Or call (506) 5004-3473.
8809-10/7/15

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
8784-2/19/16

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8741-10/242/15

Real estate for rent

Small furnished apartment with private entrance for one or two adults. No pets. Located in Colonia del Rio, San José, approx. 1.5 miles northeast of San José Centro. Location can be seen in Google maps: Calle 24 on the Rio Torres. Apartment fronts the river.  All utilities including Wi-Fi and TV cable. Photos on request. $350 a month with a month's deposit and three months minimum rent. Enclosed garage available for $50. Available Oct. 26. Email bobbyruffin22@gmail.com. telephone 2256-9426.
8807-10/21/15

Coco rental
For Rent: Terms negotiable (long term)
Available immediately. Rural, secure (24/7) gated community. 20 minutes from Playas del Coco and only 7 minutes. from Playa Matapalo (think RIU Hotel).  Two-story, 3-bedroom, 2 1/2-bath home with pool, carport, wifi and access to the community pool and workout center. $1,100 USD plus utilities. (Agents: flat fee)  Contact: Wanda R Dunn at 8337-0032 or 1-610-732-3204 from U.S. wandardunn1562@yahoo.com
DunnRight Property Management, Lomas del Mar
8806-10/21/15

Oganic farm rental
2 bedroom, 1 bath, $700 includes electric, water, cable, Internet & WiFi. Fully furnished. Inside gated property close to town, Santa Bárbara de Heredia. No dogs please.
organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8800-10/16/1

Escazu condo

Beautiful fully furnished apartment for rent
Perfect place for a retired family. Furnished condo for rent.  Two bedrooms, 2 complete bathrooms, living room & dinning room, laundry room. Great location: Escazú center, 5 minutes to San José, 10 minutes to Multiplaza, Hospital CIMA, PriceSmart. Very secure: gated, guard at gate 24/7  Pool & fitness center.  Monthly rate $1,100  Call Darling. Cell phone  8356-5486   or send me an email   fredschindeler@racsa.co.cr  or  deli.schindeler@yahoo.com.mx
8793-10/4/15

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
8766-7/30/16

Rental montage
 Unfurnished apartment with modern kitchen right on the beach
in Playa Junquillal. $500 month + electric. see plumitapacifica.com to view a video or call 5004-3473. HERE's the video.
65-9/4/15

Playa del Coco
Hear the waves and walk to the beach
Villa with separate studio apartment in north Playas del Coco. Two bedrooms and two baths in the villa. Fully furnished.  Laundry facilities. Yard fenced in. Pets Ok. Large covered terrace with views. A/C, satellite TV. Surrounded by gardens, palms and other tropical trees frequented by monkeys. Rent villa for $1,300/month or both for $1,500. Contact owner Linda: 2670-0779 or 8347-4705. Linda@coldwellbankercr.com
8755-8/20/15

montage of thre homes
Beautiful Cottages for rent
Cottages located in the mountains of Los Angeles, San Rafael, Heredia. Surrounded by trees and nature, beautiful gardens. 45 minutes from San José. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed.
    - 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 balcony, 1 ranch. $900 monthly
          + utilities.
    - 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom. $450 monthly + utilities.
    - 1 bedroom, 1 and 1/2 bathroom, 1 balcony. $500 monthly
         + utilities.
Phone: (506) 8739-0638, (506) 7019-9457, (506) 8993-5801
Email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com, analisishumano@gmail.com
8749-8/20/15



Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia


 Surrounded by nature.
One or two bedrooms, 1 or 1.5 bathrooms. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed. $450 and $500 monthly. Phone: (506) 7019-9457,  8739-0638, 8993-5801. Or
email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com,
analisishumano@gmail.com

8722-7/17/15
Heredia cottage

San
                                                Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!
8670-6/30/15




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Student at Emory University
held over Internet threat


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Campus police at Emory University in Atlanta have arrested a 21-year-old female student for allegedly threatening a mass shooting at the school.

The suspect, identified by the sheriff's office in Newton County, Georgia, as Emily Sakamoto, was accused of posting the threat on a social media site Sunday.

"I'm shooting up the school. Tomorrow. Stay in your rooms. The ones on the quad are the ones who will go first," the note said. Students immediately called campus police.

No other details about the suspect or the motives for the alleged threat were released.

The incident occurred less than two weeks after a gunman killed nine students at a small college in Oregon, the latest in a long line of school shootings in the U.S.


World Health says hunger
still alarming in many lands


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new report says that despite progress in reducing hunger worldwide, levels in at least 52 developing countries remain serious or alarming. It says nearly 800 million people around the world still go hungry.

The report was released Monday by the International Food Policy Research Institute, Welthungerlife and Concern Worldwide.

The report says conflicts can be strongly associated with severe hunger, adding that the Central African Republic, Chad and Zambia have the highest hunger levels.

"More than 80 percent of those affected by armed conflict stay within their countries," said the Welthungerlife president, Barbel Dieckmann. "They are the ones who suffer most from severe food insecurity."

It says, however, that in contrast, hunger levels are down in Angola, Ethiopia and Rwanda, which all went through civil wars in the 1990's and 2000's.

"Conflict is development in reverse," said Dominic MacSorley, CEO of Concern Worldwide. "The time has come for the international community to make conflict prevention, mitigation and resolution a far higher political priority."

The report says hunger levels in developing countries have fallen by 27 percent since 2000. Seventeen countries, among them Brazil, Croatia, Perú and Venezuela, have reduced their hunger scores by half since 2000.

It adds that calamitous famines, described as those that kill more than 1 million people, seem to have vanished.


Dentist who killed famed lion
will not face any prosecution

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Zimbabwe's government says it will not file charges against the U.S. dentist who killed the famed Cecil the lion.

"Palmer came to Zimbabwe because his papers were in order," Environment Minister Oppah Muchinguri told reporters, referring to the dentist, Walter Palmer.

Palmer admitted killing the rare, prized black-maned lion with a bow and arrow July 1 near Zimbabwe's Hwange national park.

Palmer said he hired professional local guides with the required hunting permits and believed the hunt was legal.

Authorities said, however that Palmer, worked with his guides to lure Cecil out of Hwange to an unprotected area by strapping a dead animal to their vehicle.

The lion was a major attraction at the park and was being tracked with a global positioning system collar as part of an Oxford University research project.

A Zimbabwean hunter, Theodore Bronkhorst, has been charged in connection with the hunt.

Following the killing of Cecil, the Zimbabwean government banned trophy hunting in the country.

Three major U.S. airlines, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines and United Airlines, also banned the shipment of hunting trophies, following similar prohibitions put in place by Emirates and South African Airways.  The ban prevents carrying lion, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros and buffalo trophies.


Collapse of world's fisheries
predicted by review of studies


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new study is warning that the world’s fisheries and ocean ecosystems are threatened even more than previously thought by rising carbon dioxide levels, and the global marine food chain could collapse. 
 
After reviewing data from 632 published experiments covering tropical to arctic waters, and a range of ecosystems including coral reefs, kelp forests and open oceans, two Australian professors conclude that very few species will escape the negative effects of increasing carbon dioxide.

An exception is microorganisms, such as plankton and algae, which are expected to increase in number and diversity.

They provide food for marine herbivores. But the food situation becomes more dire for the bigger carnivorous creatures that fisheries industries are based around.

That will lead marine life to undergo a species collapse from the top of the food chain down, according to Associate Professor Ivan Nagelkerken of the Southern Seas Ecology Labs at the University of Adelaide.
 
Previous scientific studies have predicted the collapse of commercial fish stocks within the next 30 years.

“No species is able to sustain itself in an environment where there's not sufficient food. And these effects are only exacerbated as you go up the food chain,” Nagelkerken said.

Nagelkerken, along with a fellow University of Adelaide marine ecologist, Sean Connell, were led to conclusions much worse than they anticipated when they first started studying the impact of ocean temperature warming.

“We didn't expect to see such strong negative responses across so many species in terms of their diversity and abundances,” Nagelkerken said.

Even if carbon dioxide emissions are stopped, oceans will still continue to warm and their pH reduced for quite some time. But there are things humans can do to mitigate the looming disaster, according to Nagelkerken.

“If we reduce the amount of local stressors, such as pollution of the ocean, eutrophication and over-fishing, we can actually buy some time. So reduce the number of stressors on these species so they, at least, get some chance to potentially acclimate to global change,” he said.

As the oceans warm, some species will swim to higher latitudes but the laggards will find their chances of survival greatly imperiled.

The analysis also shows that warmer waters or reduced pH or both, harms habitat-forming species such as coral, oysters and mussels. Any slight change in the health of their habitats is forecast to have broad impact on a wide range of species living in the reefs.

The study also predicts lower pH will lead to ocean plankton making less dimethylsulfide gas, which helps increase cloud cover which regulates the Earth's temperature. So, less of the gas means fewer clouds and more warming.

Results of the University of Adelaide study are being published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The pH of the ocean is around 8.1, a drop from 8.2,  The oceans still are more basic than the pH 7.0, that is neutral, but scientists still refer to the slight change in pH as acidification.


Princeton professor named
as Nobel winner in economics


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Princeton University Professor Angus Deaton has the won the 2015 Nobel Economics Prize for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said by linking detailed individual choices and aggregate outcomes, Deaton's research has helped transform the fields of microeconomics, macroeconomics, and development economics.

The Nobel committee says his work revolves around three questions: how do consumers distribute their spending among different goods; how much of society's income is spent and how much is saved; and how to best measure and analyze welfare and poverty?

It says his research has shown "how the clever use of household data can shed light on issues such as the relationship between income and calorie intake, and the extent of gender discrimination with the family."

"Deaton's focus on household surveys has helped transform development economics from a theoretical field based on aggregate data to an empirical field based on detailed individual data," it says.

In a press conference following the announcement, Deaton said he was delighted that his work had been recognized.  He told reporters he believed poverty would decline. "I think we've had a remarkable decrease for the past 20 to 30 years.  I do expect that to continue."

Deaton, a British and U.S. citizen born in Scotland, has been a professor of economics and international affairs at New Jersey's Princeton University since 1983.

The award comes with $978,000 in prize money.


Better care for mentally ill
urged as human rights goal

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

To mark World Mental Health Day Saturday, the World Health Organization urged governments to protect the human rights and dignity of people with mental health disorders who suffer from stigma, discrimination and wide-ranging abuse.

Hundreds of millions of people globally suffer from mental health problems. The World Health Organization reports the mentally ill account for 13 percent of the global disease burden, and for one-third of all health-related disability.

Studies in the United States, Britain and Ethiopia show people with serious mental illness are dying 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population. World Health Mental Health Coordinator Michelle Funk says people with mental health problems often are shunned and neglected.

She says the services they receive for their condition are generally inadequate and almost universally brutal. She says they are stripped of their human rights and dignity, elements essential for their recovery.

“What we see instead is that people admitted to in-patient facilities throughout all countries in the world are exposed to violence, sexual abuse," she said. "They are restrained. They are tied down. They are left without food and water, forced to live in extremely dirty and unhygienic conditions and simply forgotten about for years and sometimes for the rest of their life.”

She notes this is a common situation in both developed and developing countries. Dr. Funk says people with mental disabilities frequently are locked up in institutions where they are isolated from society and subject to inhuman and degrading treatment.

She says they often are deprived of the right to make decisions for themselves, lack access to education and employment opportunities. She says people with mental illness are set apart from the general population and are prevented from participating fully in society.

The World Health Organization says poor quality care due to a lack of qualified health professionals and dilapidated facilities leads to further violations. The agency is running an awareness campaign aimed at dispelling the many myths and erroneous assumptions of the mentally ill.

World Health says many people with mental disabilities can recover if treated by trained health professionals who respect the needs of their patients and include them in the decisions that affect their lives.


Paintable solar cells proposed
as an economical advance


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Rapidly expanding solar cell technology currently relies on expensive photovoltaic materials such as silicon or cadmium telluride, which is why their production, installation and maintenance costs are still high.

Troy Townsend, an assistant professor of chemistry at St. Mary's College in St. Mary's City, Maryland, says less efficient but much cheaper inorganic materials could be used to create paintable solar cells.

To make up for the low efficiency, this less expensive material may be used to cover large surfaces, such as the roofs of entire communities.

“Typically, silicon solar cells are between 16 and 18 percent efficient," Townsend said. "There have been some commercially available cadmium telluride solar cells, from First Solar, that have gotten up to 20 percent. Our devices right now are between 5 and 12 percent.”

The photovoltaic material can be synthesized by mixing nanocrystals with organic solvents. The resulting substance can be printed, sprayed or spin-coated to make an entire device fully solution-processed, Townsend said.

Once deposited on a suitable surface, such as glass, the photosensitive layers have to be heated, together with an agent. Instead of commonly used highly toxic substances, Townsend discovered that it can be done with nontoxic salts.

Individual cells can be connected in series or parallel to build up either voltage or current.

Townsend hopes that someday, solar arrays may become much more affordable for individual users.

“The goal of this is to be able to put this in the hands of an average, everyday person," he said. "They have all the tools they need to build these devices in their home kitchen.”

He is also confident that further research will lead to the increased efficiency of paintable solar cells.


Democratic candidates hold
their debate tonight in Vegas


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

After watching Republican candidates spar in two rounds of debates, Democrats looking to become the next U.S. president get their turn tonight as they take the stage in Las Vegas for their first debate of the 2016 election campaign.

Former secretary of State Hillary Clinton and her status as the front-runner in the Democratic race will put her in the center of the debate, both literally and figuratively, as she stands in the middle of the four other candidates taking part.

Recent polls put Mrs. Clinton ahead with about 40 percent support, while her chief challenger, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, comes in at 25 percent.

In stark contrast to the Republican race, the Democrats have spent far less of the campaign talking about each other, leaving Tuesday's debate as an intriguing forum for their policies and records to be compared and contrasted.

The size of the field is another marked difference, with Mrs. Clinton and Sanders being joined by former Maryland governor Martin O'Malley, former Virginia senator Jim Webb and former Rhode Island senator Lincoln Chafee.  The latter three candidates have struggled to earn even 1 percent in recent polls.

The debate might be the best chance for O'Malley, Webb and Chafee to establish themselves before the possible addition of another well-known figure in the race, Vice President Joe Biden, who will not take part in the debate but is still deciding whether to run for president.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

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8725-12/23/15

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
8790-2/28/15

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
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Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
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* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
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Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com 
Web Page: www.mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Osa home
Costa Rica Tropical Paradise Beach House For Sale
Tropical 5-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, South Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.

Located 8 km south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $775,000. Contact: osaroger@gmail.com
Watch this video for full details.
8816-1/2/16

esteriullos

Hill Villa Esterillos Oeste, Costa Rica
GREAT DEAL $260,000 NICE OCEAN VIEW
Property size: 3405.14 sq. mtrs or 37,000 sq. feet
Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft TITLED property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric-gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceilings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a doubled car electric garage door. There is also a beautiful large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the INCREDIBLE VIEW and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furniture included. Photo gallery click here: www.monalbum.fr/Album=E3GLBJQX    Contact Jack  Email: quadtours@yahoo.ca   Cell: (506) 8812-1789
8819-11/6/15



  Beautiful house 
in nature reserve
for sale
La Union
Sustainable design, 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 parking spaces, surrounded by nature and overlooking La Carpintera reserve. Construction 180 m2, land 670 m2. Cartago, Tres Rios La Union. Residential Sierras de la Union. Great Price $250,000. For more information, please contact us at mayorgach@yahoo.com.  Phone: (506)  8922-9413.
8804-10/21/15

property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email: hfonseca24@gmail.com
8794-10/4/15

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8792-10/31/15

montage
Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-storey house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 ½ bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms, the main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. Excellent construction and great details. Price $349,000. 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Price $75,000. For more information, please contact us:
Email stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.
8789-11/27/15

Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8788-10/17/15

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8823-11/23/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8769-9/18/15

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8736-10/1/15

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8779-10/24/15

Pavones
Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $380,000. Click HERE!
8822-11/12/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 202
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News from the BBC up to the minute








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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Forget the birds and bees for ferns

Tree ferns fascinate me. We had ferns in our yard in New York and again in Georgia. They were nice orderly plants and kept to the shade,
Victoria torley
never growing taller than a meter or so. Then we moved to the tropics and the strangeness began. What strangeness?

First of all, ferns do not have trunks (they just don't) and here these ferns were growing out of the top of an actual trunk. Hmm. Then there was their age. Tree ferns,
actually all ferns, were around when the dinosaurs were alive. They are old. Then I found out about their reproductive habits, the very private life of ferns, and it is very strange.

Today, we are used to vascular plants that use flowers to attract pollinators like bees, ants and butterflies. The plants flower are pollinated and produce seeds. We know that some trees need cross-pollination. There must be a boy tree and a girl tree or there will be no baby trees. Fair enough. Then there are trees that have male and female parts in one tree. You have one tree and it can have baby trees. All this seems normal. Then come the ferns.

Ferns are not like “normal” vascular plants like the apple. Ferns don't make flowers for busy bees. They make spore sacks under their fronds (they are too ancient to have leaves). From the sacks come spores, and I  always believed that the spores just made baby ferns (I thought I understood biology. Oh, the embarrassment).  Spores don't make ferns. They make gametophytes, a platform of sorts that is a kind of  intermediate stage of development. When they are mature, gametophytes, which are hermaphroditic, make eggs and sperm.

Given the right conditions (especially moisture), the eggs and sperm get together on the gametophyte (think tiny little waterbed) to make an embryonic fern. This little fern has two parts, a shoot that grows up toward the sun, and a root, that embeds itself in the gametophyte to stabilize the shoot. With a gametophyte the size of a dime and a lot of eggs and sperm floating around, there is intense competition for survival. Something does survive, of course, and grows up to be just like the parent plant.

So there you have the very private life of ferns. I have never seen a gametophyte. But, just in case, I am making some very tiny sheets for water beds. You never know.

tree fern

Plant for the Week

Here is one of those marvelous tree ferns that I found near a stream on the property. Just to be safe, I pulled the vines off  carefully. Tree ferns have thorns. Now I am waiting for it to have spore sacks so that I can harvest them and grow little tree ferns. I would love to move this one to a new spot, but tree ferns are protected and must be left where they are. Maybe that's for the best. It sounds as if they need some privacy . . . .

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor.  And, for more garden tips, visit https://www.facebook.com/pages/Arenal-Gardeners/413220712106845

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From Page 7:


Fed official warns against quickly raising rates

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Federal Reserve Governor Lael Brainard warned against raising key U.S. interest rates too soon, saying despite the improving economic outlook that global weakness poses a downside risk to already low inflation in the United States.

While the U.S. economy has proved reassuringly resilient, Brainard says the economic momentum may not be strong enough to overcome deflationary risks from abroad.

Concerns about slowing growth in China, the world’s second largest economy, has roiled financial markets in the past two months, causing the central bank to delay raising its benchmark interest rates which have been at record lows since 2008.

The Fed has not ruled out a modest rate hike before the end of the year, but Brainard says sluggish wage growth in the U.S. combined with increased market volatility could make the U.S. more vulnerable to external risks. U.S. monetary policy is based on the Fed’s dual mandate of full employment and moderate inflation.

While U.S. unemployment, now at 5.1 percent is close to full employment, inflation remains well below the Fed target rate of 2 percent. Despite healthy consumer demand in the U.S., the strong dollar continues to weigh on U.S. exports, further widening trade deficits and according to Brainard, exacerbating the downside risk from slower global growth.

Brainard, a voting member of the Fed's policy-making body, made the comments at the annual meeting of the National Association for Business Economics in Washington, D.C.