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Gas price drop won't benefit motorists here for awhile
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The price of gasoline has dropped about $16 a barrel, but motorists here will have to wait for a month before the pump price reflects the decrease.

The nation's price setting agency said Monday that the drop in international gasoline prices was due to a higher inventory and level demand. The agency, the Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos plans to issue a price change Friday. These actions always are announced on the second Friday of each month.

But the prices will not take effect for three weeks more, the agency noted.

Another factor that the agency will have to consider is a slight increase in the dollar-colon exchange rate. The exchange rate increased more than four colons to 539.98 colons to the dollar Monday. That makes gasoline more expensive to purchase here.

Gasoline is measured by the barrel, and the average price of a barrel of super now is $63.15, about $17.48 less than the average price in August. Plus is $60.05 per barrel, down $15.28 from August, said the agency.
Diesel users are not as lucky, That fuel has increased slightly due to lower inventories, said the agency.

Costa Rica imports all its petroleum-based fuels. The country has resisted proposals to drill offshore or in the northern zone. The Refinadora Costarricense de Petróleo S.A. does not do any refining these days. The state petroleum monopoly simply imports the fuel and distributes it.

The agency has been criticized lately for its agreements that are highly favorable to its employees and also the salaries of its executives.

Costa Rica has the highest gasoline prices in Central America, according to online statistics.


Two more tourists are victims of water accidents
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Two young tourists have died in the waters of the Pacific coast.

The Servicio Nacional de Guardacostas and the Cruz Roja located the body of an 18-year-old German tourist in the Río Portalón south of Quepos Monday morning.  He was identified as Jonas Maximilian Beger.

The Cruz Roja, which provided divers to search the nine-meter deep stretch of river, said he vanished Sunday.

At  Playa Linda de Quepos the coast guard and the Cruz Roja were reported still searching for a 21-year-old U.S. citizen, tentatively identified as Leon Green.

He was reported to have been swept away by a rip tide Sunday.

The Ministerio de Seguridad Pública said that aircraft from the Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea has been brought into the search.
 
The Cruz Roja keeps track of water deaths

body found
Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Rescue crews are bringing up the body of a dead German tourist.

and said that the German tourist was the
87th water death this year.

Costa Rican beaches can be treacherous with rip tides that can trap a swimmer in knee-deep water. An explanation of the conditions that create such problems is HERE!



An A.M. Costa Rica editorial
The crime is posting the truth to the Internet

When lawmakers in the last legislative session proposed to criminalize describing Costa Rica as a sex tourism destination, we laughed.

Certainly common sense would prevail, we thought. You cannot criminalize posting truthful information to the Internet, right? Wrong.

The bill passed the legislature and then-president Laura Chinchilla signed the measure into law. The sex tourism crime was hidden within a series of other measures.

Certainly this will be one of those Costa Rica laws that no one enforces, right? Wrong.

Judicial police picked up a 65-year-old fan of adult prostitutes at Juan Santamaría Friday. 

He will be prosecuted under a law that cannot withstand close inspection.

The man's crime, it appears, is writing about his extensive sexual exploits here and in other countries. Certainly he is not someone the average person would invite to lunch, but freedom of expression is designed to protect unpleasant statements. The general theme of the man's writing is that Costa Rica and some other Latin countries are sexual tourism destinations. And that is the truth.

The government cannot make this fact go away by making it a forbidden topic. The country has chosen not to prosecute prostitution, and that is a fact, too.  Even the U.S. State Department says that Costa Rica is a sex tourism destination.

So the arrest raises troubling questions about the competency of prosecutors and lawmakers, and expats can wonder what topic will be the next that will be made off-limits.


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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 177
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

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DR. Cavallini
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Optometry

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In San Isidro de El General
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 Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
 Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
8751-10/17/15

Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
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International Practice

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Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
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Residency experts

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 Accountants

 
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U.S. Tax
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Eco logo
                                                      two
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colinadelsol022515c.gif
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8596-8/27/15

Court rejects tax on tourism activities

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Tribunal Contencioso Administrativa has rejected the central government's effort to place a sales tax on tourism activities.

The Cámera Nacional de Turismo has called upon the Luis Guillermo Solís administration to refrain from appealing the decision.

The chamber presented the case last year after tax officials said that they would assess five years back taxes on tourism activities like bungee jumping, canopy tours, hiking, spas, bird watching and similar.

The tax proposal came from a redefinition of what is covered by the tax in the last days of the Laura Chinchilla administration. Later, government officials struck a deal with tourism operations to stage in the tax. But the chamber appealed anyway.

The victory might be short lived because a new proposal for a value-added tax probably will cover tourism activities, if passed.

The decision on the appeal came from a chamber press release.


Corporate tax bill pushed by minister

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The security minister made a pitch to lawmakers Monday to reinstate the tax on corporations. His ministry needs the money, he said.

This is the tax that was declared unconstitutional because the measure that finally passed was not the one that was advertised.

Even though the tax is unconstitutional, the Sala IV inexplicably ruled that holders of the various forms of corporate ownership should still pay it this year.

The central government moved to resubmit the bill for passage, and it is being considered by the Comisión Permanente Especial de Seguridad y Narcotráfico la Política Nacional de Seguridad.

That was where the minister, Gustavo Mata, testified Monday.

The money would go in part to create a series of commissions and subcommissions to develop strategic plans.

The minister also pushed for approval of a law to confiscate property that might be products of criminal enterprises. That bill is being studied by the committee, too.


traffic
Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes photo             
The best advice is to avoid this mess with a taxi

License plate travel ban clarified

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There has been plenty of confusion abut exemptions to the downtown travel restrictions, so the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes has issued a clarification.

For example, vehicles that are at full capacity are not subject to the restriction between 6 a.m. to 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. and 7 p.m., said the ministry. That includes passenger vehicles with five occupants. But it also includes a pickup that only has seats for two persons if the second seat is occupied.

The restrictions are from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. each day depending on the last digit of the vehicle license number. But if a family has two vehicles with the same digit, the owners can apply for permission to operate one during times they would otherwise be forbidden, said the ministry. Getting permission requires a lot of paperwork, according to the process described by the ministry.

There also are exemptions for persons with disabilities, noted the ministry.

However, there are no exemptions from expats who live far from the city who might accidentally violate the law, despite the tiny signs on the highways.

The restricted area is basically the center of the city inside the Circunvalación from La Uruca to San Pedro. The forbidden license plate numbers are two a day starting with 1 and 2 on Mondays and ending with 9 and 0 on Fridays.



Dogs and birds confiscated in Coronado

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Humane Society International reports that in conjunction with the  Servicio Nacional de Salud Animal it has rescued 17 dogs and 37 wild birds and two parrots.

All the animals appeared to be readied for sale, the organization said.

The animals were confiscated at a home in Coronado because they did not appear to be in good shape, said the organization. The dogs included 11 beagles. The birds appeared to be underfed.

Keeping and selling wild birds is illegal.


Incineration protest is planned for today

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Opponents of incineration plan to demonstrate at Casa Presidencial today at 9 a.m. to promote their view that recycling is better than burning.

An announcement said that some 30 organizations would participate. They oppose a decree by President Luis Guillermo Solís that would allow some municipalities to install incinerators to handle their garbage problem.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English













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Third News Page


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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 177
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Costa Ricans seem to sympathize with Mrs. Bender's travails
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

If online comments are any indication, Ann Bender has captured the sympathy of Costa Ricans. Ms. Bender is the U.S. citizen a judicial panel acquitted Monday in the death of her multi-millionaire husband, John, who died from a gunshot wound Jan, 8, 2010.

Leave the woman in peace, said one person who posted below the early report of the acquittal in La Nación.

"I am happy for Ann. She was innocent since the beginning," said another.

"Why don't prosecutors go after the corrupt politicians the way they have after this woman," asked another poster.

The comments echoed those in the expat community where a third murder trial was considered excessive. More troubling is the statement by a prosecutor at the beginning of the trial that if the woman is acquitted he would appeal again to seek a fourth trial.

Usually those who appeal court cases need to have some concrete reason, but a poster addressed this possibility, too.

"What is this persecution by the prosecutor. Three trials have passed and two have said she is innocent," said the fourth poster, adding that prosecutors should respect the results even if they do not like the verdict.

Mrs. Bender made several appearances on Costa Rica
television when she testified in Spanish. She looked frail but did not appear deceptive.
She was the only other person in the room with her U.S. citizen husband when he died. She said he took his own life even as she tried to stop him. Prosecutors claimed she killed him although they never came up with a motive.

Agents claimed at the time there were inconsistencies in the death scene that led them to characterize the case as a murder. Subsequent testimony showed that the investigation lacked professionalism.


The Benders lived at a 5,000-acre private wildlife refuge in La Florida de Barú de Pérez Zeledón in a  five-story 8,000-square-foot glass-walled showplace home.

A trial court Jan. 21, 2013, gave the benefit of the doubt to Mrs. Bender. She was set free because judges said that there was not sufficient evidence that she had killed her husband.

Bender was said to be bipolar and had attempted suicide once before. However, prosecutors appealed the decision.

In May 27, 2014, a new trial panel in Peréz Zeledón convicted the woman and imposed a sentence of 22 years and remanded her to prison for nine months until a higher court reviewed the case.   An appeals court reversed the conviction, and the trial that ended Monday was held.

The case attracted international attention. CBS news hired a husband and wife team of forensic experts who raised serious doubt about the investigation and the evidence that was used to convict the woman.  They said that the testimony of Ms. Patton was plausible.

A U.S. television crew was present for the latest trial. 


Today is a day for puppets

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff


Puppets will be taking over the Teatro Nacional today.
At 9 a.m. is a special program for school children to mark Día del Niño y la Niña.

Adults and children they might bring will have their show at the same theater at 12:10 p.m. when the Teatro a Mediodía presents the Colectivo El Queso and its show “Nuni.” The theater says the story line involves a chicken and an owl who have to flee a farm and confront the woods.

The theater staff said that there are two parts to this event. The visit by the puppets and the puppeteers marks a first. Usually the Tuesday performance is related to music. In addition, today is the eve of children's day, and the hope is that entire families will come to enjoy the show, they said.


puppets
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo
Colectivo El Queso

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 177
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Prolonged viewing of television can be deadly, researchers confirm
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new Japanese study finds that binge watching television could kill.

Binge watching, or viewing a number of movies or a television program’s episodes in one sitting, has become a popular pastime in parts of the world.

This 18-year study, involving more than 86,000 people, revealed that those who sit and watch a lot of television in a day have a higher risk of dying from a pulmonary embolism, a sudden blockage or blood clot in one of the lung’s pulmonary arteries.

According to the Mayo Clinic, in most cases a pulmonary embolism is caused by blood clots that travel to the lungs from mostly the legs but also, rarely, from other parts of the body too.

The new study’s lead author is Toru Shirakawa, a public health research fellow in the Department of Social Medicine at Japan’s Osaka University.  Shirakawa presented the study in an address at the recently held congress of the European Society of Cardiology.

“Pulmonary embolism is a serious, sometimes fatal, lung-related vascular disease characterized by sudden onset of symptoms such as chest pain or difficulty breathing,” said Shirakawa in a press release.  “The disease is caused by obstruction of the pulmonary arteries by blood clots, generally formed in the leg vessels. Risk factors include cancer, prolonged bed rest or sitting, and oral contraceptive use,” he added.

The new Japanese study finds that the more hours a person spends watching television per day results in a corresponding increase in the risk of death from a pulmonary embolism.

The researchers found that someone who watched an average of five or more hours of television per day had twice the risk

of dying from a pulmonary embolism than those who watched less than two and a half hours a day.

These recent findings have added more support to the link between prolonged sitting and the risks of having a pulmonary embolism.  Other health concerns that have been associated with sitting for long periods of time include obesity, heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer.

The association between prolonged sitting and pulmonary embolisms was first reported in a paper published in the December 1940 edition of the medical journal The Lancet.  The paper’s author Keith Simpson, found that there was an increase in the rate of pulmonary embolism fatalities among those who sat for long periods of time in London’s air-raid shelters during World War II.

To calculate the risk of death from a pulmonary embolism the Osaka University researchers first considered their test subject’s gender, history of hypertension or diabetes, body mass index, exercise habits, if they smoked or drank alcohol and among older women, menopausal status.

The researchers discovered that those under 60 years of age who watched TV for more than five hours a day had six times the risk of a fatal pulmonary embolism compared to those who viewed less than two and a half hours of TV per day.

They also found that those within this age group who viewed between 2.5 to 4.9 hours of TV per day had three times the risk of those who watched television less than 2.5 hours a day.

To those who indulge in TV binge watching, Shirakawa recommends that they take a break from time to time, stand up, and walk around.  He also said that drinking water to prevent dehydration is also important.

Related research has found that prolonged computer gaming has also been associated with pulmonary embolism fatalities.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


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Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

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Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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8729-12/30/15

Osas montage
Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
Each of the five individual Villas  boasts its own unique charm with pleasant, moderately priced accommodations and all gives you the opportunity of taking in the sights and sounds of the jungle from your own private balcony which has views of the river bed and the ocean. If you’re up for an adventure  we can help you arrange it and choose from the many tour options available in our region. Ojochal has some of the most secluded and pristine beaches in all of Costa Rica, as well as some outstanding surfing opportunities. Enjoy our local attractions such as white water rafting, whale and dolphins tour, Corcovado national park tours, Osa canopy tour, San Buenas golf course, horseback ride to the beach and waterfalls,
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8669-7/29/15

Mar de
                        Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel
                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
8665-10/24/15

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

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International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

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  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
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8644-3/16/16

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!


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8577-2/15/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
8784-2/19/16

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8741-10/242/15

Real estate for rent

Escazu condo

Beautiful fully furnished apartment for rent
Perfect place for a retired family. Furnished condo for rent.  Two bedrooms, 2 complete bathrooms, living room & dinning room, laundry room. Great location: Escazú center, 5 minutes to San José, 10 minutes to Multiplaza, Hospital CIMA, PriceSmart. Very secure: gated, guard at gate 24/7  Pool & fitness center.  Monthly rate $1,100  Call Darling. Cell phone  8356-5486   or send me an email   fredschindeler@racsa.co.cr  or  deli.schindeler@yahoo.com.mx
8793-10/4/15

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
8766-7/30/16

Rental montage
 Unfurnished apartment with modern kitchen right on the beach
in Playa Junquillal. $500 month + electric. see plumitapacifica.com to view a video or call 5004-3473. HERE's the video.
65-9/4/15

Playa del Coco
Hear the waves and walk to the beach
Villa with separate studio apartment in north Playas del Coco. Two bedrooms and two baths in the villa. Fully furnished.  Laundry facilities. Yard fenced in. Pets Ok. Large covered terrace with views. A/C, satellite TV. Surrounded by gardens, palms and other tropical trees frequented by monkeys. Rent villa for $1,300/month or both for $1,500. Contact owner Linda: 2670-0779 or 8347-4705. Linda@coldwellbankercr.com
8755-8/20/15

montage of thre homes
Beautiful Cottages for rent
Cottages located in the mountains of Los Angeles, San Rafael, Heredia. Surrounded by trees and nature, beautiful gardens. 45 minutes from San José. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed.
    - 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 balcony, 1 ranch. $900 monthly
          + utilities.
    - 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom. $450 monthly + utilities.
    - 1 bedroom, 1 and 1/2 bathroom, 1 balcony. $500 monthly
         + utilities.
Phone: (506) 8739-0638, (506) 7019-9457, (506) 8993-5801
Email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com, analisishumano@gmail.com
8749-8/20/15



Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia


 Surrounded by nature.
One or two bedrooms, 1 or 1.5 bathrooms. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed. $450 and $500 monthly. Phone: (506) 7019-9457,  8739-0638, 8993-5801. Or
email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com,
analisishumano@gmail.com

8722-7/17/15
Heredia cottage

house for rent
$800 plus electric
Two-bedrooms, two-bath house, fully furnished, INCLUDES internet, WiFi, cable TV, water bill. Inside private property, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Email for more info and pictures. Long term. NO DOGS. laurelfanderson@gmail.com
8747-8/13/15

San
                                                Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!
8670-6/30/15




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 177
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Runoff vote will be Oct. 25
for Guatemalan presidency


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Guatemala faces a presidential run-off after the leading candidates at the polls on Sunday failed to secure the votes needed to avoid a second round of elections next month.

Jimmy Morales, a comedic actor and political novice, led with 24 percent according to early results.

With 97 percent of precincts reporting by late Monday morning, only a few thousand votes separate conservative businessman Manuel Baldizón and former first lady, social democrat Sandra Torres. Both  are vying for runner-up, each with about 19 percent.

The run-off is scheduled for Oct. 25.

Morales' campaign slogan "not corrupt, not a thief" resonated with voters after a bribery scandal ended in the resignation of President Otto Pérez Molina Thursday.

Baldizón lost to Pérez Molina during the last election cycle following a run-off in 2011.

Voter turn-out on Sunday was on par with the previous presidential race, with official polling data indicating 5.2 million Guatemalans —  69 percent of registered voters — casting ballots.

The presidential, congressional and municipal elections are for a four-year term to begin in 2016. Until then, former Vice President Alejandro Maldonado will lead Guatemala.

Pérez Molina said in court he is innocent of accusations that he accepted $800,000 from business owners in an alleged bribery ring.

The former president said in court Friday that he accepted no bribes and bragged that he had been offered and refused 10 times that amount from fugitive drug trafficker Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzmán when the Mexican drug kingpin was captured in 1993.

Protesters had demanded Pérez Molina's resignation for months.

He has not yet been formally charged and is set to appear in court today.


Same-sex marriage opponent
is object of appeal filing


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Lawyers for a jailed Kentucky court clerk have asked a federal appeals court to force the state’s governor to allow her to refuse to issue same-sex marriage licenses in accordance with her religious convictions.

Kim Davis’ attorneys sought emergency relief from the 6th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Monday, for the second straight day, asking the court to exempt Mrs. Davis from “the governor’s mandate that all county clerks issue marriage licenses.”

“As a prisoner of her conscience, Davis continues to request a simple accommodation from the governor,” wrote Mat Staver, chairman of the Liberty Council, a religious rights group that is providing legal counsel to Davis.

Kim Davis, a born-again Christian, has been in jail since Thursday for contempt of court after she refused to issue same-sex licenses because she said that authorizing the gay marriages would violate her religious beliefs.

Davis' lawyers filed an appeal of the contempt of court order on Sunday.

“Coercing Mrs. Davis to authorize and personally approve same-sex marriage in violation of her religious convictions and conscience is wrong,” said Staver.

The U.S. Supreme Court legalized same sex marriage in a ruling in June.

District Judge David Bunning has said that Mrs. Davis, the Rowan County clerk, will be freed when she agrees to issue the licenses, as her position requires, or she resigns. But Mrs. Davis has refused to do either.

Today Republican presidential hopeful Mike Huckabee is planning to hold a rally in support of Mrs. Davis in front of the Carter County Detention Center in Grayson, Kentucky, where she is being held.

About 300 people gathered in support of Mrs. Davis Saturday. Her husband addressed the crowd outside the detention center. "She won't bow, I promise you," Joe Davis told the crowd.

Mrs. Davis, 49, worked in the Rowan County clerk’s office for 27 years before being elected county clerk last November.

After she was jailed, several deputy clerks started issuing the licenses to same-sex couples, allowing them to marry in accordance with the Supreme Court decision.

Mrs. Davis’ supporters question whether such licenses are valid.

A gay couple, James Yates and William Smith Jr., received a marriage license Friday from a deputy clerk at Mrs. Davis' office.

"This means at least for this area that civil rights are civil rights and they are not subject to belief," said Yates.


Forest situation improving,
U.N. tree report determines


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The bottom line from the Food and Agriculture Organization's 2015 assessment of global forest resources: The state of the world's forests is better than it was.

The U.N. agency released the report this week ahead of the 14th World Forestry Congress in Durban, South Africa. 

The agency's senior forestry officer, Kenneth MacDicken, is among those monitoring how the forests are faring.

“What we’ve seen is a continued forest loss in the tropics, not surprisingly," he says. "But the good news is that it’s happening at a rate that is half of what it was in the 1990s. So, the deforestation rate is slowing."

Forests are still being cut down to make room for agriculture, the U.N. agency said. But the process is slowing.

"Overall, the forest area dynamics, you can say, are improving," MacDicken said.

He said more countries are sustainably managing their forests. As of 2014, 112 countries had national forest inventories.

The Food and Agriculture Organization report said, “Countries have more knowledge of their forest resources than ever before.”

However, between 1990 and 2015, there was a net loss of 129 million hectares of forest. That’s an area about the size of South Africa. The biggest forest loss occurred in Africa and South America.

The report said challenges remain and warned, “the existence of sound policies, legislation and regulation is not always coupled with effective incentives or enforcement … and that unsustainable forest practices and forest conversion to farmland clearly persist.”

The United Nations opens a summit Sept. 25 to adopt 17 proposed sustainable development goals, intended to replace the expiring Millennium Development Goals. Sustainable management of forests is expected to be included.

The Food and Agriculture Organization forestry officer said he is concerned about recent human impact.

Since 1990, the world's population has grown by 37 percent. Agricultural food demand has increased by 40 percent.

At the same time, MacDicken said, forest areas have declined by 3.2 percent.

“We’re using more wood than ever before. We’re using 200 million cubic meters more wood now than we were in 1990," he said. "That wood has to come from somewhere. ... There’s probably no person on Earth that doesn’t use wood products in some form or another."

He said producing more wood must be balanced with protecting watersheds, biodiversity and forests’ role in absorbing carbon emissions.

MacDicken said while a direct impact of climate change on forests is hard to measure, indirect effects are being monitored. These include more large wildfires and destructive insects and diseases that are not killed off by milder winters.

The mountain pine beetle, for example, has destroyed millions of hectares of trees over the years.

He added that the biggest challenge is actually not knowing what all the challenges are.

“Forests are complicated. They are complex, dynamic landscapes," he said.

"And whilst we learned an awful lot about them in the last 200 years or so, there’s still a lot that we don’t know. We don’t know how able they will be to respond to changes in environment. As populations, they can’t move very far, very fast. So, they can’t keep up in many cases to climate change," MacDicken said.


Italian high court faults
Amanda Knox murder case


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Italy's high court has faulted prosecutors for their case against American Amanda Knox and her former Italian boyfriend, who were acquitted for the murder of Ms. Knox's British roommate, saying the case had major flaws.

The court Monday issued a formal explanation, as required by law, of its March ruling that acquitted Ms. Knox and Raffaele Sollecito, ending a years-long high-profile case.

In the 52-page document, the court of cassation said there was no biological trace linking the two to the murder of British student Meredith Kercher. It also criticized the quality of the prosecution's case from the beginning, noting that expert testimony indicated there was possible contamination of the evidence.

The court also said the media spotlight on the case hurt the investigation with the case undergoing a sudden acceleration.

A lawyer for Ms. Knox, Carlo Dalla Vedova, said Monday the explanation from the court showed "the lack of evidence and the uncertainties of the entire reconstruction of the accusation."

Ms. Knox and Sollecito each served four years in prison for the murder of Ms. Kercher, in a legal saga that saw the two of them convicted, acquitted, convicted again, and finally cleared a final time by the high court. The two have been free since 2011, when the first appeals court overturned their convictions.

Ms. Knox has always maintained her innocence in the death of Ms. Kercher, whose throat was slit and body stabbed multiple times in 2007 when the two were exchange students in Perugia, Italy.

A third suspect in the case, former drug dealer Rudy Guede, was given a 30-year prison sentence, which was later reduced to 16 years. Prosecutors argued that Ms. Knox and Sollecito stabbed Ms. Kercher while Guede held her down when a sex game turned violent.

Obama orders paid leave
for federal contract workers


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama marked the Labor Day holiday in the United States Monday by ordering federal contractors to provide sick leave for 300,000 employees.

Obama told a rally in Boston for union workers that he signed the executive order because Republicans have waged a constant attack on working Americans.

Obama said the U.S. is the world's only advanced economy that does not guarantee paid sick leave or paid maternity leave. Many U.S. employees get such benefits. But about 44 million private sector workers, many of them low-wage workers, do not.

The sick leave would let the workers care for themselves or other family members who fall ill. The president's order authorizes companies contracted by the federal government to give their workers up to seven paid sick leave days a year starting in 2017.

Obama renewed his demand that Congress pass laws requiring all employers with 15 or more workers to offer seven paid sick leave days a year.

But some small business owners say that while the president's intentions are in the right place, they simply cannot afford to pay wages to people who cannot work.

Also on Labor Day Monday, Vice President Joe Biden told a steelworkers' union rally in Pittsburgh that Congress has to shrink income inequality by changing the U.S. tax code, which he says favors the rich.

The workers chanted "Run, Joe, Run" at Biden, who is considering a run for the White House next year.

Labor Day in the U.S. always falls on the first Monday in September, a creation of the country's labor movement and a salute to U.S. workers and their contributions to the country's economic well-being. It has been a national holiday since 1894 and marks the unofficial end to summer in the country.

Most workers in the U.S. have the day off, with families gathering for backyard cookouts or trips to parks and beaches. Many American schools already have started their new academic years, but those that haven't typically reopen the day after Labor Day.


U.S. volunteer in Nepal
reported to have been slain


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An American woman who traveled to Nepal to help after April's earthquake has been beaten to death, Nepali police said.

Twenty-five year-old Dahlia Yehia had arrived in Nepal on July 20 to help quake survivors in Pokhara, a popular tourist spot.

Police said Monday a local teacher, Narayan Paudel, who was hosting Ms. Yehia at his home, has admitted to beating the volunteer to death and dumping her body in a river.

Police officials say the two met through Couchsurfing, a Web site that connects travelers to hosts. They say Ms. Yehia's body has not been recovered.

Ms. Yehia was reported missing Aug. 6. She was an art teacher who previously taught at a school in Austin, Texas.

On a Facebook page originally set up to "Find Dahlia," her family said they received word from the U.S. Embassy that she had died. "We are devastated by this senseless loss of a beautiful life. For those who haven't had the joy of spending time with Dahlia, know that she is a giver, lover, and humanitarian, who devoted her life to others less fortunate both domestic and abroad," the page reads.

The devastating Nepal earthquake on April 25 left nearly 9,000 people dead and hundreds of thousands homeless. Following the quake, many foreigners arrived in the country to provide help to the victims.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
www.RichCoastRealty.com
8790-2/28/15

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!


Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
           furnished.
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com 
Web Page: www.mafirealestate.com
8609-2/20/16

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
8583-1/27/16

Real estate for sale (paid category)


property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email: hfonseca24@gmail.com
8794-10/4/15

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $1,250,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8792-10/31/15

montage
Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-story house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 1⁄2 bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms.  The main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. With an additional 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Excellent construction and great details. Great Price $388,000 For more information, please contact us:
Email stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.
8789-11/27/15

Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8788-10/17/15

Escazu condo
Builders, Investors Opportunity
Escazú, San José


Unique opportunity, 6 units 80% finished luxury condo project. Best location in Escazú. Condos have amazing views and privacy.  There is option to build 5 more units in the same complex. Project located only 5 minutes away from Multiplaza, CIMA Hospital  and Escazú's best amenities. All permits in place.

Open to partial trades and small financing. Let's negotiate!

SUPER REDUCED PRICE $1,095,000 USD

John Ordonez Broker / Owner
Cell: (506) 8811-5329 / Office: (506) 25660138
Toll free USA & CANADA 1-877-210-3639
john@luxuryhomescr.com / info@luxuryhomescr.com
SKYPE: jhongoc
More Luxury Listings: www.luxuryhomescr.com
8775-9/12/15

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
9771-9/22/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8769-9/18/15

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8736-10/1/15

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8779-10/24/15

Pavones
Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $495,000. Click HERE!
8718-7/16/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

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sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 177
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fish
Wildlife Conservation Society/ Tim McClanahan      
A humphead wrasse off the coast of East Africa.


Fish biomass called key for reef diversity

By the Wildlife Conservation Society news staff

Coral reef diversity hotspots in the southwestern Indian Ocean rely more on the biomass of fish than where they are located, a conclusion that has major implications for management decisions to protect coral reef ecosystems, said the Wildlife Conservation Society, which did the study.

Using data gathered over 12 years from nearly 270 coral reefs across the southwestern Indian Ocean, the Wildlife Conservation Society study found that the highest conservation priorities in the region should be reef systems where fish biomass exceeds 600 kilograms per hectare. This finding conflicts with a common conservation and management policy that emphasizes the geographical location and physical factors that are often associated with reef diversity.

The study, authored by Tim McClanahan of  the Wildlife Conservation Society, appears in the latest edition of the Journal of Biogeography.

"While geography has often been the main factor that conservation policy has used to establish protected areas, this study shows that protecting fish biomass should be the priority and this can be done with improved fisheries management," said McClanahan. "A hotspot is not a permanent feature and can be lost if the fish and the habitat are not protected."

Experts agree that fishing is a primary cause in the degradation of coral reefs, and needs to be better managed but what is more controversial is the various roles of protected areas or fisheries restrictions. Protecting regions containing threatened biodiversity, considered to largely be an attribute of geography, has created a policy focus on the geographic hotspots. McClanahan found that the hotspot in the Indian Ocean is a real feature but is maintained more by fish biomass and habitat than by the geographic location. This means that fish biomass and habitat are the most influential factors and should be used to guide management decisions rather than location.

McClanahan's study of 266 sites in seven countries of the southwestern Indian Ocean measured numbers of fish species while simultaneously collecting information on the abundance of corals and algae, depth, geographical location, and the types of fisheries management. This allowed him to compare the importance of each of these factors.

The study also reveals that protected areas that lacked regular and strong enforcement of fishing bans, classified as 'low compliance' fisheries closures, had nearly as low numbers of fish species as reefs that were regularly fished. The low compliance category included 50 of the 104 reefs included in the study. McClanahan added: "Having fishing restrictions is better than closing reefs to fishing if the closure rules are not followed, which was common and found for nearly half of the studied closures."


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From Page 7:

Nigeria seeks to beef up its coffee production

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Like many of its cash crops, Nigeria’s coffee sector has been neglected for years in favor of more lucrative commodities like oil. But one of the few commercial coffee roasters in the country plans to change that.

The coffee found on the streets and supermarkets of Nigeria is mostly of the instant sort, and almost always imported. But Nasra Ali thinks Nigerians are ready for something different.

A daughter of a Kenyan coffee family, she runs Kaldi Africa, which takes beans grown in eastern Taraba state and roasts them in a warehouse in the commercial capital Lagos to make perhaps Nigeria’s only local blend.

Ms. Ali is counting on the country’s rising consumer class to shun imports in favor of her homegrown brew.

“We are trying to see how to be able to be part of that growth, with our value addition and ensuring that we really are able to appreciate good coffee in Nigeria,” said Ms. Ali.

Agriculture was once a major part of Nigeria’s economy, but it fell by the wayside as oil production began dominating the economy in the 1960s.

Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said he wants to build up the agriculture sector, although he has yet to appoint ministers to carry that out.

Head of operations Alfred Mwai said one of Kaldi Africa’s goals is to work with farmers to improve the quality of Nigeria’s beans.