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Events for children begin early at Museo Nacional
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Día del Niño comes early this year. Many celebrations are this weekend instead of the designated day, which is Wednesday.

The Museo Nacional plans a Festival de la Niñez 2015 Sunday from 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m.

The program contains puppets, movies, stories and theater.  The Orquesta La Libertad will perform. This is a musical organization from the Escuela de Música of the national music system in Desamparados.

The festival, which is free for Costa Ricans and residents, also will include food, raffles and displays of crafts, said the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud, which operates the museum.

The Teatro Popular Melico Salazar plans a festival for children that lasts the entire month. It begins Wednesday.

The Compañía Nacional de Teatro will present "Tío Conejo Trinquetero" Wednesday, next Thursday and Sept. 11 and 16 at 10 a.m. and Sept. 12 and 13 at 3 p.m. at the theater.

The Compañía Nacional de Danza presents "Toc, toc, toc... una mirada al revés" Sept. 19 and 20, also at the theater.

Admission is a token 500 colons, the theater
Virgen
Cámara de Comercio de Cartago photo
Sunday also is the day for the La Pasada celebration in Cartago when the tiny statute representing Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles is moved back to the basilica there. There also are events Saturday. This photo is from last year.


said in an announcement.

Both the dance and theater companies will be bringing their performances to other parts of the country, said the theater. An estimated 4,000 youngsters will see the performances, the theater said.

The Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría in Alajuela also plans a children's festival, starting today with a puppet show at 9:30 a.m.



Officials express satisfaction over massive quake drill
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Emergency officials expressed their preliminary satisfaction over the earthquake simulation that took place Thursday morning.

Some 94 major buildings were evacuated, and some 60,000 downtown workers had an hour to mingle in designated safety zones.

Some emergency crews trained for rescues in Parque la Sabana.

The Comisión Nacional de Prevención de Riesgos y Atención de Emergencias called the simulation an historic event. Banco Nacional said 1,500 persons were evacuated from its main downtown office.

The bank said that in all there were 3,000 employees and customers that participated in the 10 a.m. event.

The 19-story bank headquarters is the tallest structure in the city, the bank said. The

rescue workers
National emergency commission photo
Rescue workers care for a quake victim as part of the exercise.
 
building did not display any damage after earlier strong earthquakes, it added.

Some evaluators said that the workers involved could have moved faster, but they probably would have had there been a real earthquake.



Miffed police officials take action against video
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Fuerza Pública administration is unhappy with a new YouTube video that accuses officers of abuse of authority. But this is free speech, and there is not much that police officials can do.

But some of the singers in the video are wearing Fuerza Pública uniforms, so the director general of the police agency, Juan José Andrade Morales, said Thursday that a complaint has been filed against the singer.

The video has a number of shots of real police officers in what appear to be news videos.

The video is attributed to Mr. D. Talento Urbano, which may or may not contain some of the individuals who produced a similar humorous video about abusive traffic police officers more than a year ago.

The words are hard to understand, although the phrase abuse of authority can be heard repeatedly in Spanish.

This video seems to be more serious in that the grievances seem to be real rather than exaggerated for humor.

singer
Mr. D Talento Urbano video
One of the singers on the video

Some of the video participates also are seen with firearms, so Andrade's office wonders if the individuals have a legal right to carry guns. Viewers cannot tell from the video if the handguns are authentic.

Costa Rica does have a law that prohibits the use of police uniforms and markings, although crooks have been known to obtain some. Robbers disguised as police officers tied up a guard and ransacked a Rohrmoser apartment complex earlier this week.


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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 175
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

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DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
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Optometry

Del Valle Visual Eyes Optometry
In San Isidro de El General
Dr. Vargas
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 Email: info@opticasdelvalle.com
 Web: www.opticasdelvalle.com
 Phone Number: (506) 2772-0349
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Psychotherapy

Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
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Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
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Residency experts

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 Accountants

 
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U.S. Tax
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Land surveying services

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CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
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Eco logo
                                                      two
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colinadelsol022515c.gif
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8596-8/27/15

orchids
University of Wisconsin-Madison/David Tenenbaum           
     This orchid is a member of the genus Dendrobium, which is native to
     Asia and parts of the Pacific Ocean. Dendrobium translates as 'one
     who lives on trees.'

Orchids numbers credited to three waves

By the University of Wisconsin-Madison news staff

Orchids, a fantastically complicated and diverse group of flowering plants, have long blended the exotic with the beautiful. Most species live on trees, often in remote, tropical mountains. Their flowers can be strange. One even flowers underground, and many species deceive their pollinators into thinking they are good to eat.

Some are florist's staples, like phalaenopsis, the hot-pink and white flower that is easy to grow and easier to sell. Beyond the job of looking beautiful, only the vanilla orchids have any commercial role.

The estimated 25,000 orchid species outnumber mammals, reptiles and birds combined.

Previously, botanists have proposed more than a half dozen explanations for this diversity. Now, research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, published last week in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, corroborates many of these explanations, but finds no evidence for other logical suggestions, such as that deceitful pollination.

"It was surprising that many classic characteristics of orchids, the tiny, dust-like seeds, the role of fungi in triggering germination, the fused male-female flower parts that define the orchid flower, did not trigger the acceleration in species formation," says Thomas Givnish, a professor of botany and first author of the new study.

To build a family tree for the orchids, the scientists sequenced genes in the green structures, called chloroplasts, in which plants transform solar energy into sugar. The researchers looked at chloroplasts from 39 species, strategically placed throughout the orchid family, then added genetic data on 150 more species. By tying their molecular family to fossils of known ages, Givnish and his colleagues created a branching structure that indicated how many million years ago each major group of orchids appeared.

Then, based on the numbers of species known in each of these groups today, the researchers were able to calculate the rate of species diversification in each and test the many putative causes of the explosion in orchid species. They found that the factors that most greatly accelerated the formation of new species were life in extensive mountain ranges like the Andes and New Guinea Highlands; the evolution of epiphytism or life in the trees; pollination by orchid bees, moths, or butterflies; and origin of pollinia, packages of hundreds to thousands of pollen grains dispersed as a unit.

Givnish and his colleagues found that initially, orchids speciated no more rapidly than their closest relatives, and at a slow rate relative to flowering plants as a whole. Then there were three waves of accelerated speciation beginning 60, 40 and 33 million years ago. Pollinia apparently sparked the first acceleration in speciation, Givnish says. The origin of epiphytism and the invasion in tropical mountains with a constant swirl of clouds and rain sparked the second, greater acceleration. The invasion of the Andes as they were being uplifted triggered the third and greatest acceleration.

Interestingly, a surprising number of proposed explanations for orchid diversity failed the new test. Not even deceitful pollination present in about one-third of all orchid species was linked to accelerated speciation, Givnish said.

"Orchids, almost alone among flowering plants, have a large number of species that lure pollinators by mimicking a mate, or a nesting site or food resources — 'lies all for the sake of love' — but such deceit seems to have played no role in accelerating the formation of new orchid species," he said.

Chloroplasts were a useful source of DNA for the study, Givnish says. "There are thousands of chloroplasts per cell, and many loops of DNA per chloroplast, and the genome structure is quite stable." Mercedes Ames of the university's Department of Botany sequenced most of the chloroplast genomes.

Looking at the orchids as a family, Givnish finds "not one spark for their extraordinary diversification, but many. Many hypotheses advanced by previous investigators proved to be correct, but some of the defining characteristics of orchids — their tiny seeds, their requirement for fungi to germinate, and their fused pistils and anthers — were not themselves responsible for the high rate of orchid speciation. Only later, when the orchids acquired pollinia, started to grow in trees, and then colonized the cloud forests along extensive mountain ranges in the tropics, did the orchids' unrivaled diversification begin."

Another orchid
University of Wisconsin-Madison/David Tenenbaum           
The genus Mormolyca is native to Central America.


Water cutoff announced for Saturday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

An estimated 165,000 residents of Escazú, Alajuelita. Santa Ana and Desamparados will be without water Saturday from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m, according to the Instituto Costarricense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados, the state water company.

The company said that its crews would be doing preventative maintenance on a pumping station.

The company said that those who might be affected should store some water for use that day.

A list of Escazú affected areas issued by the company included San Rafael and Bello Horizontes, Los Anonos, Trejos Montealegre and Escazú Centro. But San Antonio was not listed.


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Thousands of prisoners face quick release to reduce overcrowding
By the A.M. Costa Rica

The nation's prison administrators are continuing with a plan to release some 5,000 convicts to ease overcrowding. The released individuals will either serve the rest of their sentence in their home or they will be residients of a shelter where they sleep every night. Some will be able to find jobs.

The project is far from certain. There is opposition growing to the plan. The nation's prisons for men are overcrowded, in part because of jailings for failing to pay child support and because the court system is slow. Some individuals have been
jailed before trial for 19 months or more. The female prison is not overcrowded but it is at capacity.
A high percentage of the inmates are there because of drug crimes.

Many of the female inmates are jailed because they were caught smuggling drugs into their male partners or friends.

Prison officials have said that those who are released will be inmates who do not pose a threat to society, and they are in the process of creating lists of those who are to be released.

Most of the country's prisons resemble zoos with more than one person assigned to a bed.  Expats who have been put in prison have complained about conditions in letters and articles in A.M. Costa Rica.




Fire fighter

dreams

Youngsters and even some oldsters who harbor the desire to be a fire fighter can exercise their fantasy at the Museo de Jade. The 150 years of the Cuerpo de Bomberos de Costa Rica are on display including some hands-on displays as demonstrated by the children to the right.

The exposition runs until Oct. 31. It includes some antique fire vehicles.

Fire kids
Cuerpo de Bomberos de Costa Rica photo


Men on motorcycles assassinate taxi driver in latest contract killing
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Gunmen on motorcycles cut down a taxi driver in an afternoon assassination on a heavily traveled street in Barrio México.

The dead taxi driver was identified by the last name of  Martínez. His fare, believed to be a foreign tourist, was not hurt. The location was just five blocks north of the Hospital del Niños.

The Judicial Investigating Organization said that the driver had just pulled up to a stop sign about 1:20 p.m. when teams of two men on two motorcycles appeared and fired on him multiple times.  The man died at the scene from multiple gunshot wounds.

There was no attempt to rob the victim, who was 51 years old. He became the latest in a wave of what appears to be contract killings in the metro area.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 175
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Ancient activity by Maya still affecting the environment, research says
By the University of Texas news staff

Evidence from the tropical lowlands of Central America reveals how Maya activity more than 2,000 years ago not only contributed to the decline of their environment but continues to influence today’s environmental conditions, according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

Synthesizing old and new data, researchers were the first to show the full extent of the Mayacene as a microcosm of the early anthropocene, a period when human activity began greatly affecting environmental conditions.

“Most popular sources talk about the anthropocene and human impacts on climate since the Industrial Revolution, but we are looking at a deeper history,” said lead author Tim Beach, a professor of geography and the environment. “Though it has no doubt accelerated in the last century, humans’ impact on the environment has been going on a lot longer.”

By looking at Maya impacts on climate, vegetation, hydrology and lithosphere from 3,000 to 1,000 years ago, researchers propose that the Maya’s advanced urban and rural infrastructure altered ecosystems within globally important tropical forests.

The researchers identified six stratigraphic markers — or golden spikes — that indicate a time of large-scale change, including: Maya clay rocks; unique soil sequences; carbon isotope ratios; widespread chemical enrichment; building remains and landscape modifications; and signs of Maya-induced climate change.

“These spikes give us insight into how and why Mayas interacted with their environment, as well as the scope of their activity,” said Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach, co-author and chairwoman of the Department of Geography and the Environment.

Maya clay and soil sequences indicated erosion, human land-use changes and periods of instability.

Soil profiles near wetlands revealed heightened carbon isotope ratios due to agriculture and corn production, and researchers noted a three- to four-fold increase in phosphorus throughout Maya-age sediments.

However, the most visual indication of human impact was found in building material remains and landscape modifications. Researchers believe that these clues reveal how the Maya used water management to adapt to climate change.

professors
University of Texas/ Tim Beach
Professors Tim Beach and Sheryl Luzzader-Beach in the tropical lowlands of Central America.

“In studying the wetland systems, we were surprised to find a combination of human and natural contributions,” Professor Luzzadder-Beach said. “Geochemical changes indicated that some wetlands were natural, while others were built landscapes used to grow crops away from the large population.”

The changes are both good and bad, researchers said.

“Historically, it’s common for people to talk about the bad that happened with past environmental changes, such as erosion and climate change from deforestation,” Beach said. “But we can learn a lot from how Maya altered their environment to create vast field systems to grow more crops and respond to rising sea levels.”

While some studies suggest that deforestation and other land use contributed to warming and drying of the regional climate by the Classic Period (1700-1100 years ago), many existing forests are still influenced by Maya activities, with many structures, terraces and wetlands still existing today, researchers said.

“This work speaks to the deep history and complexity of human interactions with nature, and in a part of the world where we still have little knowledge about the natural environment,” Beach said.

The study “Ancient Maya impacts on the Earth’s surface: An Early Anthropocene analog?” was a collaboration between geography and the environment and anthropology researchers.  It will be published in the Quaternary Science Reviews this month.


Vacation, travel and hospitality


diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8729-12/30/15

Osas montage
Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
Each of the five individual Villas  boasts its own unique charm with pleasant, moderately priced accommodations and all gives you the opportunity of taking in the sights and sounds of the jungle from your own private balcony which has views of the river bed and the ocean. If you’re up for an adventure  we can help you arrange it and choose from the many tour options available in our region. Ojochal has some of the most secluded and pristine beaches in all of Costa Rica, as well as some outstanding surfing opportunities. Enjoy our local attractions such as white water rafting, whale and dolphins tour, Corcovado national park tours, Osa canopy tour, San Buenas golf course, horseback ride to the beach and waterfalls,
Osa field institute and much more.
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Visit our Web page for more info: http://villasdeoros.com
Like us on Facebook.
8669-7/29/15

Mar de
                        Luz
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

Hotel
                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.
8665-10/24/15

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

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CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
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Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

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8644-3/16/16

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8577-2/15/15

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
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8479-9/11/14

Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8623-6/16/15

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
8784-2/19/16

beach
                                              view
The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     
 http://www.manuelantonioestates.com/properties_for_rent.html
8741-10/242/15

Real estate for rent

Escazu condo

Beautiful fully furnished apartment for rent
Perfect place for a retired family. Furnished condo for rent.  Two bedrooms, 2 complete bathrooms, living room & dinning room, laundry room. Great location: Escazú center, 5 minutes to San José, 10 minutes to Multiplaza, Hospital CIMA, PriceSmart. Very secure: gated, guard at gate 24/7  Pool & fitness center.  Monthly rate $1,100  Call Darling. Cell phone  8356-5486   or send me an email   fredschindeler@racsa.co.cr  or  deli.schindeler@yahoo.com.mx
8793-10/4/15

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
8766-7/30/16

Rental montage
 Unfurnished apartment with modern kitchen right on the beach
in Playa Junquillal. $500 month + electric. see plumitapacifica.com to view a video or call 5004-3473. HERE's the video.
65-9/4/15

Playa del Coco
Hear the waves and walk to the beach
Villa with separate studio apartment in north Playas del Coco. Two bedrooms and two baths in the villa. Fully furnished.  Laundry facilities. Yard fenced in. Pets Ok. Large covered terrace with views. A/C, satellite TV. Surrounded by gardens, palms and other tropical trees frequented by monkeys. Rent villa for $1,300/month or both for $1,500. Contact owner Linda: 2670-0779 or 8347-4705. Linda@coldwellbankercr.com
8755-8/20/15

montage of thre homes
Beautiful Cottages for rent
Cottages located in the mountains of Los Angeles, San Rafael, Heredia. Surrounded by trees and nature, beautiful gardens. 45 minutes from San José. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed.
    - 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 balcony, 1 ranch. $900 monthly
          + utilities.
    - 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom. $450 monthly + utilities.
    - 1 bedroom, 1 and 1/2 bathroom, 1 balcony. $500 monthly
         + utilities.
Phone: (506) 8739-0638, (506) 7019-9457, (506) 8993-5801
Email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com, analisishumano@gmail.com
8749-8/20/15



Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia


 Surrounded by nature.
One or two bedrooms, 1 or 1.5 bathrooms. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed. $450 and $500 monthly. Phone: (506) 7019-9457,  8739-0638, 8993-5801. Or
email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com,
analisishumano@gmail.com

8722-7/17/15
Heredia cottage

house for rent
$800 plus electric
Two-bedrooms, two-bath house, fully furnished, INCLUDES internet, WiFi, cable TV, water bill. Inside private property, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Email for more info and pictures. Long term. NO DOGS. laurelfanderson@gmail.com
8747-8/13/15

San
                                                Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!
8670-6/30/15




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A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 175
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Pope Francis not enamored
by U.S., observers conclude


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

He is the first American pope but hails from a different part of the Americas.  And people who follow him closely say Pope Francis is not a firm believer in the global leadership of the United States, which he will visit this month.

“I’ve read most of the things he’s ever written and said,” said Austen Ivereigh, author of a biography of Francis, “and he’s never really mentioned the United States.  So for him, the United States is not the center of the world.”

“He’s got astronomic approval ratings and is a media icon,” wrote Cruxnow.com Vatican watcher John Allen, Jr., “but there are also unmistakable signals that he sees the United States as part of the problem as much as the solution.”

In his 78 years, the Argentine-born Jorge Bergoglio has never set foot in the United States. But while his esteem for it may be less than that of his predecessors, the fiercely anti-communist John Paul II or even the conservative Benedict XVI,  some of the key themes of his papacy do touch on America’s place in the world, especially its economic primacy.

Francis has, in the words of Allen, a “clear preference for the peripheries of the world as opposed to its perceived centers.”

During a trip this year to South America, Francis visited three of the continent’s poorest countries. In Bolivia, he called unbridled capitalism “the dung of the devil.”  His encyclical on climate change, issued last May, has been criticized here for rejecting market-based solutions and putting the onus for overcoming global warming on wealthy nations.

He has drawn attention to the plight of migrants, such that many Hispanic Americans hope he will counter the anti-immigrant sentiment that has entered mainstream political discourse by way of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump.

Some of his anti-capitalist rhetoric has provoked a rebuke from economic conservatives, including U.S. Catholics.  In July, on his way home from Latin America, the pope said he would study what his U.S. critics had to say before this trip.

Nevertheless, Cardinal Donald Wuerl, archbishop of Washington, said the pope is not likely to wade into political issues while he is in the U.S.

“It’s a pastoral visit.  He is coming as a spiritual leader, as a shepherd of souls,” Wuerl said in an interview. “Whatever we hear from him has to be heard and seen through that lens, that he has come not to talk politics, not to talk public policy, but to talk about the values that come out of the Gospel message.” 

Wuerl, however, does expect Francis will appeal to both sides “to work together to address the needs of our brothers and sisters, especially the less fortunate.”

The president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Joseph Kurtz of Louisville, Kentucky, said the pope is confronting both the political right and the left with the reality of their policies. 

“That makes some people squirm,” he said.

Kurtz played down Francis’ recent drop in opinion polls, noting that his current 59 percent favorability rating is comparable to Pope Benedict’s just before his U.S. visit in 2008.

The Sept. 22 to 27 visit will take Francis to Washington, New York and Philadelphia.  He will meet President Barack Obama at the White House and be the first pontiff to address the U.S. Congress.  A speech before the U.N. General Assembly is also scheduled.

As was the case on his other overseas trips, Francis’ itinerary will alternate between powerful institutions and places of poverty and marginalization, such as a homeless shelter and a prison.

The visit will culminate in Philadelphia, an archdiocese that was once a bastion of American Catholicism and that has been plagued by scandal in the last decade.  According to bishopaccountability.org, 136 priests have been suspended in the diocese because of allegations of sexual misconduct.

Francis will also be well aware of the thinning pews at churches across the country.  The Pew Research Center estimates that four out of 10 American adults who were born Catholic no longer identify with the religion.

Ivereigh, the biographer, said that while the pope may not be awestruck by the United States, he does have a natural affinity with the country because his native Argentina is also a nation of immigrants and Francis himself, whose parents were Italian, could just as easily have been born in the U.S.

“He knows what the anxieties and the pastoral needs of this country are, and I think he will address them,” Ivereigh said.


Canonize of Junipero Serra
irks some Native Americans

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Pope Francis will canonize an 18th century missionary to Spanish California during a papal visit to the United States this month.  But, some Native Americans have criticized the elevation to sainthood of the missionary priest, Junipero Serra.

Sept. 23, in Washington D.C., Pope Francis will complete the process of recognizing Serra as a saint.

The founder of the Spanish colonial system of California missions, Serra is a towering figure for Andrew Galvan, curator of Mission Dolores museum in San Francisco.  Galvan is an American Indian, and one of his 18th century ancestors was baptized and is buried at this mission.  He has complaints about the mission system, but has admired Serra since the 1970s.

"I have worked along with the friars] since that time promoting Father Serra's cause,” he said.

Galvan's cousin, Vincent Medina, also works at  Mission Dolores museum and says that Serra should not be canonized.

“It's documented that he wanted the Indian languages suppressed.  It's documented that he sent for whips for Indian people to be whipped,” he said.

Medina says the Spanish brought disease and cultural destruction.

At the Carmel Mission on the California coast, where Serra worked and is buried, he is remembered as a vigorous defender of native peoples against their Spanish conquerors.

Archaeologist Ruben Mendoza of California State University, Monterey Bay, has come to admire him.  He has studied Serra for 20 years and started as a critic.

“Being of Native American ancestry myself, Yaqui Indian, I don't give a pass to colonialism," he said. "On the other hand, when you look at the life of Serra very specifically, you will see that he is not only a man of his time, but he was well ahead of his time in that he was an advocate for native peoples.”

Leaders of the Fernandeno Tataviam Band of Mission Indians, near Los Angeles, like many other native spokesmen, say Serra hurt indigenous peoples, although some Catholic tribal members have defended Serra. 

Tribal chairman Rudy Ortega, Jr., says the church's move will backfire.

“The indigenous people of California, all the Mission Indians of California, are going to read more about it, they're going to study harder, they're going to find more research and they're going to learn, and they're going to expose more of the truth," he said.

Francis has apologized for the church's treatment of native peoples, but says some inside the church were their champions, and that Father Serra, as a man of heroic virtue, will be acknowledged as a saint.


Planned Parenthood funding
critical issue in U.S. Congress

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Members of Congress, heading back to Washington after their August recess, will have just a few days in which to pass legislation that will keep the government funded after a current measure expires Oct. 1.  With some Republicans saying they want to use the spending bill to defund Planned Parenthood, another budget showdown may be in the works.

The last time a budget battle between the major parties triggered a government shutdown, the fight was over Democratic President Barack Obama’s sweeping health care reform law, which Republicans bitterly opposed.  That partial shutdown lasted 13 days.

This time, the issue that has many Republican lawmakers and voters upset is the release of several undercover videos showing some Planned Parenthood employees talking about providing aborted fetal tissue for medical research.

The controversy is compounded by the 2016 presidential race, which is already underway, said budget analyst Stan Collender, executive vice president of public relations firm Qorvis MSLGROUP in Washington and a contributor to Forbes magazine.

“It is a particular problem in the Senate, where you have got four Republican candidates running for president, all of whom are vying for the anti-Planned Parenthood vote in the Republican primaries, all of whom are saying they are not voting for any continuing resolution if it includes funding,” he said.

One of those candidates is Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas. Speaking on the One America Network, he said Republicans have majorities in both houses of Congress, and "in my view, we should act like it, and we should stand together and say we are going to fund the entire federal government, but we're not going to fund the ongoing murder and the sale of the body parts of unborn children.”

Planned Parenthood strongly denies that it profits from the sale of donated fetal tissue.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky said Republicans have “been down this path before" and get blamed no matter what the issue. He pledged that "we are not doing government shutdowns, and we are not threatening to default on the national debt.”

Obama has already appealed to Congress, saying that when lawmakers return, "they should prevent a shutdown, pass a responsible budget and prove that this is a country that looks forward.”

But Collender is skeptical that cooler heads will prevail.

“You have got to remember, in American politics now, compromising on issues like Planned Parenthood is the equivalent of and considered collaborating with the enemy,” he said.

Collender said that on an emotional issue like Planned Parenthood and abortion, it will take every bit of leadership House and Senate leaders can muster to prevent another government shutdown.


Chinese are cracking down
on online Internet comments


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Chinese police authorities are punishing nearly 200 people for their online activities in a renewed effort to limit what can be said on the Internet.

As first reported by the official Xinhua service, China’s ministry of public security said in a statement Sunday that 197 individuals were targeted in the special campaign for allegedly posting rumors on the Web that "caused panic, misled the public and resulted in disorders in stock market or society."

Authorities targeted several specific topic areas in identifying those who were punished, citing inflated death tolls following last month’s chemical explosions in Tianjin and a report that a Beijing resident committed suicide following China’s recent stock market slump. An estimated 145 people were reportedly killed in the explosions.

The ministry also said some were targeted for spreading seditious rumors related to China’s staged events marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. Beijing hosted a large military parade and ceremony Thursday to mark the event.

Authorities did not specify the nature of the punishments except to say that 165 online accounts had been shuttered.

The crackdown is just the latest manifestation of a long-term effort by Beijing to limit online criticisms of the government and censor Web sites it finds objectionable.

This February, China moved to block access to a number of VPN servers, angering both free-speech activists and some business leaders. VPNs, or virtual private networks, are used to bypass Internet censorship and filtering. In recent years, VPNs have proven very popular in China, not just among free speech activists but with many firms conducting international business from China.

Last year, which marked the 25th anniversary of the massacre by Chinese military forces at Tiananmen Square, also saw significant efforts to limit speech and block hundreds of Web sites.


More U.S. college students
said to prefer marijuana


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

American college students are using marijuana more than tobacco for the first time.
 
Surveys on marijuana use among college students show that 5.9 percent use it nearly every day, or at least 20 times in the past 30 days. It’s the highest rate since 1980, up from 3.5 percent in 2007. Only 5 percent of college students reported using tobacco daily.
 
Not only is frequent use of marijuana up, but students are also experimenting more with the drug.
 
Some 21 percent of college students reported having used marijuana once or more in the previous 30 days, up from 17 percent in 2006. Those reporting having used marijuana in the past year was 34 percent, up from 30 percent in 2006.
 
However, the rates appear to have leveled off since 2014, said researchers with the University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future study which conducted the surveys.
 
"It's clear that for the past seven or eight years there has been an increase in marijuana use among the nation's college students," said Lloyd Johnston, the principal investigator of the study in a statement. "And this largely parallels an increase we have been seeing among high school seniors."
 
Johnston said the main driver for the increased use of marijuana is the perception that it is not as dangerous as tobacco.
 
In 2006, 55 percent of 19- to 22-year-old high school graduates said regular use of marijuana was dangerous. That number plummeted to 35 percent in 2014.
 
“There has been a substantial drop in the number who see it as dangerous to be a heavy pot user,” Johnston said, adding that this perception is probably a result of increased legalization efforts for both medical and recreational marijuana use. It is now legal to use marijuana for recreational purposes in four U.S. states and three U.S. cities, including Washington, D.C. Twelve other states have legalized marijuana for medical purposes.

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
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Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
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The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com
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Real estate for sale (paid category)


property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email: hfonseca24@gmail.com
8794-10/4/15

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $1,250,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
8792-10/31/15

montage
Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-story house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 1⁄2 bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms.  The main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. With an additional 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Excellent construction and great details. Great Price $388,000 For more information, please contact us:
Email stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.
8789-11/27/15

Cohen
For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
www.hotel4salecostarica.com
www.hotelsescazu.com
hotelescazu@aol.com
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
410-975-6703
In Costa Rica 8307-0164
8788-10/17/15

Escazu condo
Builders, Investors Opportunity
Escazú, San José


Unique opportunity, 6 units 80% finished luxury condo project. Best location in Escazú. Condos have amazing views and privacy.  There is option to build 5 more units in the same complex. Project located only 5 minutes away from Multiplaza, CIMA Hospital  and Escazú's best amenities. All permits in place.

Open to partial trades and small financing. Let's negotiate!

SUPER REDUCED PRICE $1,095,000 USD

John Ordonez Broker / Owner
Cell: (506) 8811-5329 / Office: (506) 25660138
Toll free USA & CANADA 1-877-210-3639
john@luxuryhomescr.com / info@luxuryhomescr.com
SKYPE: jhongoc
More Luxury Listings: www.luxuryhomescr.com
8775-9/12/15

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com
9771-9/22/15

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.
8769-9/18/15

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!
8736-10/1/15

Lantz
A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com
8779-10/24/15

Pavones
Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $495,000. Click HERE!
8718-7/16/15

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:
http://costaricarealestate.jimdo.com/
8651-5/7/15

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Sept. 4, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 175
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Police cite larger number of moto deaths

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Since the first of January 100 persons have died while traveling on a motorcycle, according to the Policía de Tránsito. The total is 22 more than last year, according to the report.

By contrast, only 44 automobile passengers died during the same period, the traffic police said. Some 25 persons on bicycles died, too, the report added.

During the month of August, there were 15 motorcycle deaths, which represented 44 percent of all traffic deaths in that month, the police said.

The Consejo de Seguridad Vial has launched a media campaign in which those using motorcycles are warned that there is no protection for their body as there would be in an automobile. The chassis is the body, the campaign warns.

Expats might be tempted to conclude that the behavior of motorcyclists in traffic is the cause of the raising death toll. However, this might not be correct. Motorcycle operators certainly take many chances in metro area traffic. They weave, they cut off other vehicles. They ride down the center lane or between lanes of traffic.

However, a check of reports of motorcycle deaths shows that the bulk seems to happen at night in rural areas during some kind of competition. There are many solitary deaths of motorcycle operators who simply run off the road or crash into a wall or tree. A smaller number died in collisions of two motorcycles, which may have been the result of playing chicken.

The traffic police say that a major cause of motorcycle deaths is excessive speed. That appears to be consistent with operators running off the road or into objects. There probably also is an alcohol factor in some weekend deaths.


Monday is a holiday in United States

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Monday is Labor Day in the United States, the traditional end of summer celebrated with cookouts or a last run to the beach. In Costa Rica, the day signals the start of reservations for high season when the north wind chills many U.S. citizens.

This also is another three-day weekend for the U.S. Embassy because the day is a national holiday. Costa Ricans celebrate International Labor Day May 1.


Decree proposed on assisted reproduction

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The executive branch is proposing a decree to authorize assisted reproduction that would comply with a 2012 ruling by the Interamerican Court of Human Rights.

In vitro fertilization, as it is known, has been sought by a handful of couples through the public health system, and the issue has been controversial because some lawmakers oppose the concept on principle.

The proposed decree is being submitted to the Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social and the Colegio de Médicos for comments. The proposal is detailed and permits assisted fertilization between a couple and also by donation. The Ministerio de Salud would be empowered to provide oversight.

The proposed decree would prohibit cloning, genetic selection, genetic alteration, and destruction of viable eggs.

A measure to do the same things is bogged down in the legislature. The decree was advanced to present in a session of the Interamerican Court.


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From Page 7:


Internet giants join forces for video project

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Seven leading Internet companies have teamed up to create the next generation of technology for distributing media.

The Alliance for Open Media's founding companies are Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Netflix, Cisco, Intel and Mozilla, many of which have been developing their own software for encoding and decoding high quality video streams for the web.

The alliance brings together “technology and expertise to meet growing Internet demand for the highest-quality video, audio, imagery and streaming across devices of all kinds and for users worldwide,” the Alliance said in a statement.

The Alliance is initially focusing on a next-generation video format that is interoperable and open, consistent and capable for real time video delivery.

The Alliance emphasized the importance of a new codec, a computer program capable of compressing and decompressing digital data, that is free and flexible to use for both commercial and non-commercial content, including user-generated content, for individuals and organizations.