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(506) 2223-1327                                  Published Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 166                        Email us
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Government acts quickly to safeguard anthem
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A Swedish television show upset officials in Costa Rica because the producers used the Costa Rican national anthem as background music.

The foreign ministry blasted off a note of protest to the Swedish Embassy in Guatemala Wednesday. Now the producers of the show, called "Parlament”  on the country's television channel 4, have said they will find other music, said the ministry Thursday.

The Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto here never did say how employees there found out about the music, called the  "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica." They did say the use on a weekly comedy and parody show was disrespectful.

The protest even involved the Costa Rican ambassador to Norway, Manuel Barrantes, who also serves as ambassador to Sweden.
anthem

Apparently the producers of the television
show did not know the origin of the music. Legally the music is in the public domain because it was composed in 1853. The music is HERE!


Another group of U.S. tourists victims of thefts
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A group of tourists from the United States were victims of a theft Monday morning at the La Posada Hotel in Hacienda Pinilla, confirmed the hotel's general manager Jorge Varela. He said that the hotel reimbursed the five guests of the cash that was taken from their rooms.

Varela said he was hesitant to release any more information as the case was still under investigation. The group was transferred to the neighboring JW Marriott in Guanacaste. A representative from the Judicial Investigating Organization said
investigators are still looking into the case and that no arrests have yet been made.

Hacienda Pinilla is a 4,500-acre luxury beach property in Guanacaste just south of Tamarindo with a golf course, real estate opportunities, and villas. Just weeks ago, 11 rooms at the Hotel Barceló in Playa Tambor were burglarized as Costa Rican customers lost cash, electronic devices, and purses.

Leaders from the tourism chamber said they found those burglaries surprising because of the hotel's tight security and said investigators were considering that it could have been an inside job.


Customs agency will tighten oversight on imports
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The customs agency is moving to tighten up evasion on import duties.

The Servicio Nacional de Aduanas reported Thursday that the first step will be the creation of a detailed data base that will provide an estimated value on a multitude of goods.

Importers have a number of tricks to reduce the duty assessed on goods. One of these is simply lying about the value of merchandise. The agency
 said that it would be flagging merchandise when there is a reasonable doubt that the declared value is correct.

Several expats have gone so far as to create U.S. companies with names similar to major vendors.

Then they simply create new invoices from the sound-alike firm that shows a much lower value than is correct on goods being shipped to Costa Rica..

The Aduanas effort also will involve additional training of customs employees, the agency said.


 
 

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 166

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Psychotherapy
 
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
Lucinda Gray
 
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www.DrLucindaGray.com
Email: lucinda@drlucindagray.com
U.S. Phone: 310-827-4241
Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041
8430-1/20/15

Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
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Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
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James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
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• Associate of David Housman

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Legal services

KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
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Phone: 7157-9092
7920-10/11/13

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Serving the English-speaking community for over a

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Dentistry

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Remodelling and Construction

architect
PROPERTY INSPECTIONS, PROFESSIONAL REMODEL AND CONSTRUCTION.

Are you looking to buy property in Costa Rica. I am a professional builder with over 30 years experience in the remodel and construction business in the U.S. and C.R. I can inspect any building new or old meticulously and fix, remodel, do additions, whatever it needs or you want to add. I am very knowledgeable of all phases of construction and my rates are competitive.  Fully bilingual. Rainy season discounts. Contact:  Rodolfo Jimenez, Phone (506) 7129-3622  or (506) 8802-2176  Email : rodostrat@gmail.com  
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Real estate agents and services

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
HEY BEACH LOVERS!
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Reason #1:  SJO Int’l Airport and S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
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Colinas
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del Pacifico, S.A.

Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area. There are 88 clear titled lots, some in mountain areas with great views and the rest on gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards, or just a quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.  All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each lot, and all lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $35,000, and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
You can see more on our Web site: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
 Libertad, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 15 minutes to Playa del Coco or Playa Hermosa
and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at JimDay50@aol.com   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
8251-8/27/14

Residency experts

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Tel: (323) 255-6116
8316-9/13/14

Foundation honors victim of amoebas

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The U.S. family of the 11-year-old boy who died after contracting a brain-devouring amoeba from a Costa Rican hot spring in June has set up a foundation for combating related infections in the future.

The Jordan Smelski Foundation for Amoeba Awareness began in honor of young Jordan Smelski who died July 2 from the very rare primary amebic meningoencephalitis, according to the foundation's Web site. This infection stems from the naegleria fowleri, which is known as the “brain-eating amoeba” and is often found in freshwater sources and hot springs in warmer climates.

Doctors initially misdiagnosed the boy's symptoms of vomiting, headaches, and hallucinations as meningitis. Now the family is trying to spread the word of this rare disease so that it not only gets attention within the general public, but also within medical circles. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the naegleria fowleri commonly enters through the nose of someone who dips their head under a contaminated portion of warm freshwater.

Costa Rican health officials have not yet released information into which hot spring resort the Smelskis visited.

Jordan was the only son of Shelly and Steve Smelski, who live in Sanford, Florida. Donations and volunteer opportunities can be found directly on the foundation Web page at jcsfoundation.com.

Big cats featured on new stamps

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Correos de Costa Rica will be honoring big cats on the verge of extinction with its new national parks stamp issue.

The stamp will be unveiled today at the Parque Zoológico y Jardín Botánico Nacional Simón Bolívar in north San José.

The two-stamp issue features a puma and a jaguar. The stamp issue is part of a series honoring Costa Rican national parks. The park involved in this series is the Parque Nacional Corcovado where many of the country's big cats are found. In fact, the park is home to five of the six cat species found in the country, noted Correos de Costa Rica.

The special cancellation for the first-day covers features other cat species, Correos said. The postal service is issuing 15,000 of each stamp, and they sell for 1,220 and 690 colons.  That is about $2.24 and $1.27.

Tourism minister, Solís to meet on tax

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The tourism minster said Thursday that he has arranged a meeting with President Luis Guillermo Solís, Vice President Helio Fallas and representatives of the country's tax authority.

The session will be next week, said the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo in a release.

The statement said that the minster, Wilhelm von Breymann, met Thursday with Melvin Jiménez, minister of the Presidencia, to arrange the meeting.

The topic, of course, is the effort by the Dirección General de Tributación, the tax agency, to assess sales tax and back taxes on a number of tourism operations.

The tax authorities, who are in the ministry controlled by Falls, are relying on a 2006 law that says sale tax should be charged at centros de recreo, "recreation centers," y similares, "and similar." As far as the tax authorities are concerned, everything is similar.

Tourism operators complained at a meeting Wednesday that just in the La Fortuna area businesses owe billions of colons in taxes and are likely to close if the law continues to be enforced.

Ailing Tico returned from Honduras

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A 72-year-old Costa Rican man spent 22 days in a Honduran hospital with severe illnesses, and at the request of his family, the Costa Rican Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea flew a craft to Tegucigalpa and retrieved him.

The man is Justino Daniel Rodríguez Izquierdo, a professor. He suffered  what appears to be a stroke, but he also came down with pneumonia. He had gone to Honduras for a conference on recycling, said the security ministry.

The air wing of the security ministry does a lot of ambulance flights but not often outside the country.

Former ambassador Todman dies

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Terence A. Todman, 88, once the U.S. ambassador to Costa Rica, has died and the foreign ministry here has expressed its condolences.

Todman was ambassador here in 1974. He also served as an assistant secretary of State for Latin America. Under Jimmy Carter Todman helped reach an agreement with Panamá for turning over the canal.

He died in the Virgin Islands where he was born.


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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 166
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The brick Antigua Aduana is 215 meters (705 feet) long and 17.5 meters (57 feet) wide. It will be filled with booths and displays of booksellers starting today. There also is a lengthy daily agenda available HERE!


book fair
A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz

Officials extol social benefits of the written word at book fair opening
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

On the eve of the international book fair, Costa Rican leaders sang the praises of the written word, saying reading is a tool that can directly dispel poverty and inequality. Before President Luis Guillermo Solís cut the ceremonial tape during the festival's inauguration Thursday at the Antigua Aduana, he said books are a vital resource for developing future thinkers and leaders.

“A book is a very important instrument of change and one that preserves the human spirit,” Solís said. The president shared some statistics that he called discouraging, which show that 51 percent of Costa Ricans did not open a book in the past year.

“These are extremely harsh numbers,” he said. “I believe that activities like this play a huge role in reaching out to not just authors, but a chain of people that can allow them to believe in books.”

Solís stressed the need for greater access to literature among youth and elementary students and said a book's ability to enlighten the reader about a range of ideas, from one's own heritage to foreign societies and beliefs, give it an unparalleled power when compared to other media. He added that image-centric platforms like television and the Internet are becoming more and more popular among children but that schools need to teach effectively with books to
allow students to think critically and form varying perspectives.

José Alfredo Chavarría, the acting minister of culture, stressed that the path towards eliminating poverty and corruption leads through the schools. “We have situated our ministry to promote and develop cultural learning within our schools, hoping that this will put our country's future in a better position,” he said.

The 15th annual Fería Internacional del Libro officially begins today at the Antigua Aduana and continues until Aug. 31. As the festival's country of honor, the United States will be well represented among the invited authors in attendance. Around 100 activities for U.S. writers are planned, including presentations and book signings. New York-born Jenny Smith, an award-winning reporter and environmental writer, has been chosen as the fair's featured writer.

Today's lineup features a book presentation on Costa Rican traditions by author Jack Donnelly, a conversation about U.S. postmodern literature, and a talk on the evolution of electronic books. A variety of stands selling national and international books, art, and other media will be set up everyday and musical performances will cap off each night of the fair.

This year's edition of the festival is also dedicated to the memory of Alberto Cañas, the country's famed writer, journalist, and politician who died this March. Cañas supposedly had a lifelong goal of reading up to 100 books every year.


Jacó developer freed from Pérez Zeledón jail after paying $1.5 million
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Patrick Hundley, the owner of Daystar Properties in Jacó, left prison Wednesday after spending six months in preventative detention, according to his lawyer, José Manuel Echandí. Hundley was set free from his jail cell in Pérez Zeledón after posting $1.5 million in bail, Echandí said.

Hundley was put in preventative detention Feb. 17 for investigation of allegations of fraud involving a deal with Jacó real estate owners.

The lawyer added that Hundley was going through a medical examination Thursday to determine if he contracted any diseases from staying in the overcrowded prison containing lowly, unsanitary conditions that he described in a June letter. He said earlier that he was especially concerned about his client getting dengue because of
 how prevalent mosquitos are in the prison.

Hundley is involved in a separate civil case against the state as he claims the government wrongly imprisoned him for six months. Echandí said he's confident Hundley will win the case against Costa Rica since the Ministerio Público and prosecutors never actually presented accusations against the real estate developer.

Echandí said he expected Hundley to return to Jacó by Monday.

An area real estate company called Lost Beach surfaced in July with an email that said it would be taking over management of flagship Daystar properties at Diamante del Sol, Bahia Encantada, Bahia Azul, La Paloma Blanca and The Palms, claiming mismanagement on the part of Hundley and Daystar. Representatives at Daystar said the company has been running without problems in the absence of Hundley.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 166
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Conviction of notary is latest step in a series of property fraud cases
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A complex series of property frauds has moved close to resolution with the conviction of a notary and the issuing of a prison sentence of 24 years.

The case involves seven incidents of property fraud. For administrative reasons, three of the cases have not yet been brought to trial.

The current cases involve four properties and a notary with the last names of  Parini Segura. He was the man sentenced.

In Costa Rican law notaries have great legal power. Prosecutors say that Parini grossly abused his power by blatantly forging documents that transfered real estate without the knowledge of the owners. The Poder Judicial said he used four techniques.

In one case he simply wrote a fake document in his notary book involving a corporation held by a foreigner. The corporate books were in the control of the owner in another country, but the notary document was presented as if it was authentic. As a result another individual was able to transfer the property for 42 million colons, or about $77,000.

The man who negotiated the fraudulent sale still is in flight, prosecutors said.
In another case involving a corporation, a new and fake slate of officers was named via false documents.

Despite the obvious nature of the frauds, investigators spent a lot of time obtaining information. The first case was said to have taken place in 2011. The last was in the early part of 2013, said the Poder Judicial. The arrest was made in early 2013.

The trial took place in July and the early part of this month.

But the case still is not over.  Parini has been remanded to preventative detention while a higher court hears the case. There may even be appeals.

A second notary admitted his role in an abbreviated process earlier this year. He received two and a half years in prison. Whether he actually will serve time is uncertain. Usually persons who receive a sentence of three years or less and have a clean record receive conditional discharge.

A woman who also was involved in putting a mortgage on a property illegally has been ordered to repay the mortgage. The property involved went to auction when the woman did not pay the periodic charges on the mortgage, said the Poder Judicial.

The property belongs to some of her family members, the Poder Judicial said.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


Howard
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Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

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Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
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Hidden
Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
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Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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Real estate for rent (paid category)

oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, elecricity and Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia,  Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS.
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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
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or call at (506) 2654-5442.
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eredia home
Beautiful house for rent in Heredia
On a large property surrounded by fruit trees and garden and on bus line. Fully furnished, complete laundry room, two bedrooms, plus extra room for office.  Security, electric gate,  Internet available.  Located in Monte de la Cruz, San Rafael de Heredia. $500 monthly.  Call Leda (506) 2267-6306   Email bonillaleda@yahoo.com
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ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
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Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
8423-9/15/14

HP Cattle rentals
Mountain homes or farm for rent
Barva volcano, Heredia province
We offer for rent a gorgeous two-bedroom mountain chalet and a one-bedroom mountain home located on the slopes of the Barva Volcano, Heredia Province. The homes are situated at 7,300 feet altitude and within a working horse ranch just three kilometers from the Braulio Carrillo National Park entrance. From our homes one can hike to the Barva volcano crater-lake.  Enjoy a spacious living room, kitchen, fireplace and breathtaking views of the Irazú volcano and the Central Valley. Observe dozens of cloud forest bird species to include the resplendent quetzal.  The homes are incomparable in beauty and attention to detail within the Barva highland area.  We are only 35-55 minutes from Costa Rica’s three principal cities (Heredia, Alajuela, and San José), less than two hours from the central Pacific beaches, and three hours from the Caribbean beaches. Enjoy the tranquility of the mountains while maintaining quick access to the conveniences of the city and rapid access to other eco-tourist destinations in Costa Rica. Additionally, we can board your horses at a reasonable fee.  We can also offer our clients rental of a small and fully functional farm complete with stables, pasture, and office space.
Mountain chalet: $750.  Basic mountain home: $400.
Boutique mountain home: One-bedroom $850. Two-bedroom $1,000.
Small Farm that includes a chalet, basic mountain home, stables, and 8,000m2 of pasture/green areas: $1,500.
Contact:  HPCattleCR@aol.com
8425-8/17/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8431-10/4/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8431-7/30/14




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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 166
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Modern humans have existed
with Neanderthals, study says


By the University of Oxford news service

Neanderthals and modern humans were both living in Europe together for between 2,600 and 5,400 years, according to a new paper published in the journal, Nature. For the first time, scientists have constructed a robust timeline showing when the last Neanderthals died out.

Significantly, the research paper says there is strong evidence to suggest that Neanderthals disappeared at different times across Europe rather than being rapidly replaced by modern humans.

A team, led by Thomas Higham of the University of Oxford, obtained new radiocarbon dates for around 200 samples of bone, charcoal and shell from 40 key European archaeological sites. The sites, ranging from Russia in the east to Spain in the west, were either linked with the Neanderthal tool-making industry, known as Mousterian, or were transitional sites containing stone tools associated with either early modern humans or Neanderthals.

The chronology was pieced together during a six-year research project by building mathematical models that combine the new radiocarbon dates with established archaeological stratigraphic evidence. The results showed that both groups overlapped for a significant period, giving ample time for interaction and interbreeding. The paper adds, however, it is not clear where interbreeding may have happened in Eurasia or whether it occurred once or several times.

"Other recent studies of Neanderthal and modern human genetic make-up suggest that both groups interbred outside Africa, with 1.5 percent to 2.1 percent or more of the DNA of modern non-African human populations originating from Neanderthals," Higham said. "We believe we now have the first robust timeline that sheds new light on some of the key questions around the possible interactions between Neanderthals and modern humans. The chronology also pinpoints the timing of the Neanderthals’ disappearance, and suggests they may have survived in dwindling populations in pockets of Europe before they became extinct.’  

In 2011, another Nature study featuring Katerina Douka of the Oxford team obtained some very early dates (around 45,000 years old) for the so-called transitional Uluzzian stone-tool industry of Italy and identified teeth remains in the site of the Grotta del Cavallo, Apulia, as those of anatomically modern humans. Under the new timeline published this week, the Mousterian industry (attributed to Neanderthals and found across vast areas of Europe and Eurasia) is shown to have ended between 41,030 to 39,260 years ago. This suggests strongly that there was an extensive overlapping period between Neanderthals and modern humans of several thousand years. The scientific team has for the first time specified exactly how long this overlap lasted, with 95 percent probability.

The Uluzzian also contains objects, such as shell beads, that scholars widely believe signify symbolic or advanced behavior in early human groups. One or two of the Châtelperronian sites of France and northern Spain (currently, although controversially, associated with Neanderthals) contain some similar items. This supports the theory first advanced several years ago that the arrival of early modern humans in Europe may have stimulated the Neanderthals into copying aspects of their symbolic behavior in the millennia before they disappeared. The paper also presents an alternative theory: that the similar start dates of the two industries could mean that Châtelperronian sites are associated with modern humans and not Neanderthals after all.

There is currently no evidence to show that Neanderthals and early modern humans lived closely together, regardless of whether the Neanderthals were responsible for the Châtelperronian culture, the paper says. Rather than modern humans rapidly replacing Neanderthals, there seems to have been a more complex picture characterized by a biological and cultural mosaic that lasted for several thousand years.

The Châtelperronian industry follows the Mousterian in archaeological layers at all sites where both occur. Importantly, however, the Châtelperronian industry appears to have started significantly before the end of Mousterian at some sites in Europe. This suggests that if Neanderthals were responsible for both cultures, there may have been some regional variation in their tool-making, says the paper.


Mobile systems vulnerable
researching hackers report


By the University of California, Riverside
news service


A team of researchers, including an assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside have identified a weakness believed to exist in Android, Windows and iOS mobile operating systems that could be used to obtain personal information from unsuspecting users. They demonstrated the hack in an Android phone.

The researchers tested the method and found it was successful between 82 percent and 92 percent of the time on six of the seven popular apps they tested. Among the apps they easily hacked were Gmail, CHASE Bank and H&R Block. Amazon, with a 48 percent success rate, was the only app they tested that was difficult to penetrate.

The paper was to be presented today at a security symposium in San Diego. Authors of the paper include Zhiyun Qian of the Riverside institution.

The researchers believe their method will work on other operating systems because they share a key feature researchers exploited in the Android system. However, they haven’t tested the program using the other systems.

The researchers said they started working on the method because they believed there was a security risk with so many apps being created by s many developers. Once a user downloads a bunch of apps to his or her smart phone they are all running on the same shared infrastructure or operating system.

“The assumption has always been that these apps can’t interfere with each other easily,” Qian said. “We show that assumption is not correct and one app can, in fact, significantly impact another and result in harmful consequences for the user.”

The attack works by getting a user to download a seemingly benign, but actually malicious, app, such as one for background wallpaper on a phone. Once that app is installed, the researchers are able to exploit a newly discovered public side channel, the shared memory statistics of a process, which can be accessed without any privileges.

The researchers monitor changes in shared memory and are able to correlate changes to what they call an activity transition event, which includes such things as a user logging into Gmail or H&R Block or a user taking a picture of a check so it can be deposited online, without going to a physical CHASE Bank. Augmented with a few other side channels, the authors show that it is possible to fairly accurately track in real time which activity a victim app is in.

“By design, Android allows apps to be preempted or hijacked,” Qian said. “But the thing is you have to do it at the right time so the user doesn’t notice. We do that and that’s what makes our attack unique.”


Business leaders pushing
for immigration changes


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Barack Obama’s proposed comprehensive immigration reform remains stalled in a politically divided Congress, but business leaders around the country say immigration reform is needed to keep the economy growing. The situation was the focus of a recent business forum in Houston.

In recent years, thousands of the world’s best and brightest people have been denied H1-B visas that are issued to immigrants with special skills or education.

Former governor of New Mexico and U.S. Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson says the system needs to change, “so that skilled workers, engineers, computer specialists that are here on student visas, can stay and create jobs in the American economy."

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce and other business organizations favor a large expansion of H1-B visas especially for talented people from around the world who study at U.S. universities on student visas, but cannot stay after they graduate.

The ones who do stay are in high demand, according to Massey Villareal, president of Precision Task Group in Houston.

“We spend over $30,000 a month just on recruiting costs, just trying to find these employees, so my clients are asking for highly qualified skill sets that I have a hard time finding, and then when I find them, my competitor offers them $10,000 a year more and they are gone," said Villareal.

Last year, 172,000 petitions for H1-B visas were filed, but current law allows for only 85,000 each year.

Attorney Charles Foster headed a task force on immigration for the Greater Houston Partnership.

“It is a dysfunctional system; one day a year you can petition for the brightest people in the world, and then you have a 30 percent chance," he said.

Many pro-reform business executives are Republicans, but Foster says the party’s immigration policy is controlled by the Tea Party movement.

“Their anger, their opposition, is mostly based upon rumor and anecdotal stuff that has little to do with the truth. When you get before them and explain what real immigration reform means, they have a very different position," he said.

Still, most conservatives remain opposed on principle to any reform that would provide what they see as amnesty for people who entered the country illegally.

Republicans in Congress favor a bill that would increase the number of H1-B visas for skilled workers and leave the larger reform package for later.

But Democrats reject that, saying it should be part of an overall reform that would open the door to citizenship to those living here illegally, and that stalemate, according to studies done by business groups, is costing the nation tens of thousands of jobs as well as a more competitive edge in the world economy.


Two aid workers discharged
after their ebola battles

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. aid workers Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol have been discharged from Emory University Hospital in Atlanta after recovering from ebola and testing clear of the virus, officials said Thursday.

Ms. Writebol, 59, was released Tuesday, and her husband, David, said in a statement emailed by the aid group SIM that she is free of the virus but is in a weakened condition. She is recuperating at an undisclosed location. She had asked that her discharge remain private.

Brantly, 33, who was flown to Atlanta Aug. 2, said “today is a miraculous day” at a news conference as he was released from Emory on Thursday.

"I am forever thankful to God for sparing my life," he said.

Bruce Ribner, medical director of Emory's Infectious Disease Unit, said both Brantly and Ms. Writebol were discharged after blood tests showed no evidence of the virus and eased symptoms.

The two aid workers were treated for nearly three weeks at the Atlanta hospital.

Ribner said they are both likely to make a complete recovery, adding, "The discharge from the hospital of both these patients poses no public health threat."

Ribner said the two were released in consultation with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“To the extent that we've tested, there is no evidence of Ebola virus in their bodies,” Ribner said.

He said the limited knowledge of the Ebola virus "especially in our country – has created understandable anxiety and fear for some persons."

"We understand there are a lot of questions and concerns regarding ebola, but we cannot let our fears dictate our actions. We must all care," he said.

Ribner said the two will have follow-up care, "much like anyone who has been in intensive care."

When asked how much the hospital spent on the care for Brantly and Ms. Writebol, he answered, "I have no clue."

The two were infected while working at a missionary clinic outside Liberia's capital. Emory Hospital is where Brantly and Ms. Writebol received treatment that included the experimental drug ZMapp.

Ribner had said that these two were the very first to receive the treatment and doctors do not know whether it helped them, it had no effect or "theoretically delayed their recovery."

Brantly, while in Liberia, also received a blood transfusion from a teenager who had survived ebola.

When asked how this transfusion might have helped Brantly, Ribner said, "We have no idea how, if at all, that impacted his outcome."

Liberia has been hardest hit by the worst-ever outbreak of the disease.

The World Health Organization says 1,350 people have died in West Africa, with 576 of the deaths coming from Liberia.


Fed policy on easy money
might be tightened soon


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

No one knows when the U.S. Federal Reserve will begin again to raise the key interest rate that banks pay on overnight loans, but the central bank's July meeting minutes suggest it could be soon.

Since 2008, the Fed's key interest rate has been near zero.

Wednesday, the Fed released the minutes from last month's meeting, and they show a majority of Fed policy makers believe interest rates can rise because the U.S. economy is now strong enough. But when interest rates will start to go up is the big unknown.

Wall Street hopes to learn more from Fed Chair Janet Yellen, who was scheduled to speak at an economic conference in Wyoming.

Although Fed governors appear to say interest rates should rise, some conservative economists, including John Makin at the American Enterprise Institute, a Washington-based research institute, argue that the Fed should keep interest rates low for a while longer.

Makin said the 4 percent growth rate observed in the U.S. economy during the second quarter of this year could be short lived, and will be especially brief if the Fed is encouraged to raise rates. He pointed out that economic growth in the U.S. was less than 0.95 percent during the first quarter, below the 3 percent forecast by the Fed.

According to Makin, “without more artificial stimulus from the Fed... stock prices may - appropriately - begin to fall." He said low interest rates have created a market bubble on Wall Street.

Minutes from the July Fed meeting and the Bank of International Settlements annual report released in June suggest the low interest rates are failing to address some of the economic problems besetting the U.S.

Several of the participants at the Fed meeting, according to the minutes, expressed concern that Americans are saving too much, and "that the slow rise in wages and income might be insufficient to support stronger consumer spending." The factors suggest the Fed's six years of easy money policy may not be the prescription needed.

The meeting participants also said a recovery in housing activity remains slow. They noted that "although mortgage rates were still low and housing appeared to be relatively affordable, various factors were seen as restraining demand, including low expected income and high levels of student debt as well as difficulty in obtaining mortgage credit, particularly for younger, first-time homebuyers."

Nevertheless, Makin argues for a continued easy money policy, at least until inflation moves above 2 percent.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Best Kitchen
Best Kitchen Depot is the leading kitchen and bath company in the Central American market. We represent the most fast-growing American solid wood cabinet manufacturers. All our products boast the three major industry certifications: Carb2, KCMA environment stewardship and KCMA
construction certifications. We also have state-of-the-art design
capabilities and our delivery lead time is the best in the country.
Please visit our Web site at: www.bestkitchendepot.com and then email  info@bestkitchendepot.com or call (506) 2261-0287 or (506) 8383-3104.   
8418-8/15/14

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8451-12/13/14

Remax logo
Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert

Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8366-12/2/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8448-2/21/15




Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com


English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016  
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 8331-5228

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
 
house 865
Beautiful chalet in Grecia, with the best fresh natural weather, 1.040 m2 of land, Price $135.000. Click HERE!
House 868
Beautiful house  in Grecia, with the best fresh natural weather, 810 m2 of land, Price $178.000. Click HERE!
House 866
Beautiful large house  in Grecia, with the best fresh natural weather,1.006 m2 of land, Price $290.000.  HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8446-11/14/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


rollover
Beautiful home and separate apartment
The land is 289 square meters with  329 square meters of construction. Three bedrooms, 3.5 bathrooms, 2 floors, covered parking, with room for  a second parking space. A first floor patio and a second floor balcony with view. Attached apartment rented for $500 per month. Live free. House valued, @ $330,000. asking price with agents is $295,000. With no agent, asking $280,000, negotiable. Must see to appreciate,  Contact: Wayne Winstead, burgbord@aol.com, 8820-1501/8379-7947
8462-9/25/14

Farm montage

Guanacaste, Liberia Farm
$64,000 NEGOTIABLE and owner financing available.
9 hectares (24 acres). Riverfront property and amazing views of 3 volcanoes.
 Contact: marinakuperman@gmail.com
8459-9/20/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away. Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es  and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8458-3/2/15

mansion
New 5,000-sq. ft. home in the middle of coffee plantation
Superb mountain views and privacy. 3.3-acre property on top of mountain. 15 minutes from local shopping. One hour from all San José has to offer. Two hours from the beaches and attractions at Quepos. Balconies for each bedroom, two large decks with stunning mountain views, octagonal gazebo, extensive rock walls and landscaping. Surrounded by trees. New home never lived in. Very quiet mountain location in exclusive coffee farm area. Two-story open dining and living room with guest bath. Spiral staircase leads to common area for parties, etc. Has room with bar and another spiral staircase leads to the skydeck. This is a balcony high up above the house that has extensive mountain views. All ceilings are wood accented with large beams. Balconies are tile and the decks are stained teak. Decks have balustrades. The second floor balcony and common area have custom wrought iron. All services available from satellite Sky TV, to high-speed Internet. All block and steel construction. Many hiking trails and rainforest zone a few miles away. If nature, quiet life and privacy is your thing, this could be for you. Juan Santamaria SJO Airport 1 hour 15 minutes away. $470,000. Picture gallery emailed on request to serious inquiries. Contact Jim Alfaro, jimalfaro@gmail.com   Cell 8714-8274.
8457-9/18/14

Escazú condo
Spectacular furnished luxury 3-bedroom condo in Escazú
Turnkey unit has 2.5 baths, 2 balconies, 2 parking spaces, 1 bodega. A STEAL @ $250,000. Community Amenities include pool, jacuzzi, gym, sauna, racquetball, 24/7 security, concierge. No car needed: walk to supermarkets, banks, restaurants, shopping. INVESTORS: Possible long-term tenant For photos and how to contact us, go to: www.costaricapremierproperty.com.
8440-8/31/14

Jaco condo
JACÓ BEACH - House in gated beachfront community
Titled, fully furnished turnkey single home, security 24/7. REDUCED TO $325,000. Casa Mariposa is 2100 SF with 3 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, 1-car garage Private back yard, central A/C, kid friendly, pet friendly community This is the ONLY gated beachfront development of houses on Jacó Beach. For photos & contact information, go to: costaricapremierproperty.com
8439-8/31/14

Condo montage
Cariari luxury condo for sale
This is not an ordinary condo.
Completed one year ago, a $45,000 renovating made it an exquisite dwelling. As soon as you walk in you know it is a special home. No detail has been overlooked, even minuscule ones. The owner has a need to move on, and someone lucky will be the beneficiary of the fine detailed work. The home itself has three bedrooms, two and half bathrooms plus a maid’s quarters with its own bathroom. Also, it has a living room, dining room and a gorgeous kitchen with a kitchenette. There’s also a small outdoor patio. Being the end unit of this four-home condo complex, there’s parking space for three vehicles.  Approximately 240 sq. meters. All this near the Cariari Golf and Country Club and its renowned Tom Facio golf course. The club also has amenities such as a fitness centre, exercise room, Olympic swimming pool, sauna, 12 tennis courts and many other benefits. Tel:  8384-9608 or 2293-9054  Price $214,500.
8438-8/313/14


NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES
TURNKEY

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8422-9/15/14

Finca
A perfect ranch in Cariari, Guápiles
Fertile 42.5 hectares (about 105 acres) with a clean river and a natural spring of good water. Perfect for cattle or horses. Property faces a main road and contains corral and living quarters. Special price: $200,000 for a quick sale.. Call (506) 8383-3104 or write lindafinca@hotmail.com.
8420-8/11/14


ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Castillo
Twice the Security & Prestige for Half the Cost

The only private guarded development in El Castillo
• 50% off for limited time only   • $26/square meter
• Neighbors are $80/square meter  • Incredible view
Clubhouse, pool, equestrian, country club
Only 2 remaining
Secure a spot in a million dollar neighborhood for under $100k
 Free architecture services
•  Full commission paid to brokers   • Financing available
Email or call the 24-hour recorded message for full info
mail@davidcollier.net   CR: 4000-1983 (English/Español)
USA: 619-800-8550 (English only)
8382-7/5/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consignment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

Ad three graphics
Tropical lots located walking distance to a beautiful white sandy beach
Only $49,999 with interest-free financing
These lots are located in a gated, private community with low HOA dues and offer amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to Playa Conchal and Pirates beaches.  And only 20 minutes to the resort town of Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia International airport. Reserve your lot with only a $1,500 deposit.  We are offering Interest-free financing for 5 years for a limited time only. Contact: Christian  info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025    www.puntaplayavistas.com
8372-8/23/14

ad two grpahic
For Sale: Fully Furnished OCEAN VIEW CONDOMINIUM
Reduced $199,999
Gorgeous 2-bedroom, 2-bath condo with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built energy green. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white, sandy beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort town Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double pane windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom cabinets. Contact www.puntaplayavistas.com or email info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025
8271-8/23/14

Ad one grpahics
For Sale by Owner: Playa Conchal ocean view home reduced $339,999

Casa de Eden is  2,600 square feet with 3 bedroom, 2.5 bath, outdoor shower, private outdoor terrace and pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure, gated community surrounded by nature and close to the resort town of Tamarindo, only an hour from Liberia airport.  The home is being offered fully furnished with: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire Professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, internet, cable. 
Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. (732) 984-7549
or CR (506) 8349-2025.
8370-8/3/14

Lundquist photo
More photos HERE!
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, Aug. 22, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 166
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Older coral species appear tougher

By the University of Texas at Arlington news service

New research indicates older species of coral have more of what it takes to survive a warming and increasingly polluted climate, according to biologists from the University of Texas at Arlington and the University of Puerto Rico in Mayagüez.

The researchers examined 140 samples of 14 species of Caribbean corals for a study published by the open-access journal PLOS ONE this week.

Pollution, overfishing and climate change threaten the health of coral reefs. A new study suggests older species are better equipped to survive.

Jorge H. Pinzón C., a postdoctoral researcher in the University of Texas at Arlington Department of Biology is lead author on the study.

The team looked at the number of diseases affecting each species over the years and tested the species’ base-level immunity in the lab to determine whether a phylogenic signal existed. A phylogenetic signal is when organisms in closely related species have characteristics that are more similar to each other than they are to more distant species.

Species that have been around over longer periods of time have been exposed to more environmental and biological stressors, and they have survived, so it seems logical to expect that they would have better base immunity or be better adapted to respond to new stresses, the team reasoned.

Coral reefs around the world are vital to ocean diversity and health, as well as to millions of families and many industries such as fishing and tourism that benefit from the ecological services they provide. But, their health is threatened by pollution, overfishing and climate change. These stressors have weakened coral defenses and made some species more susceptible to diseases, such as white plague and yellow band diseases.

Some of the oldest corals in the study, such as the Porites astreoides or “mustard hill coral,” have been around for more than 200 million years while others diverged to become a new species as recently as 7 million years ago. For the most part, older corals exhibited fewer diseases and better immunity.  Researchers found, for example, that older corals can kill up to 41 percent of bacterial growth versus just 14.6 percent in newer species.

Pinzón said that the pattern that emerged from the team’s work gives scientists a starting point to predict which corals could be more susceptible to disease.

The paper pinpoints two factors – the inhibition of bacterial growth and melanin concentration – that were higher in older corals and likely play an important role in disease resistance.   Newer species showed higher levels of antioxidants, although, such high levels in antioxidants could indicate newer corals are under a constant state of stress that might compromise their immune system and other biological functions.


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From Page 7
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Industrial chamber gets a new president
 
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Enrique J. Egloff has been named president of the Cámara de Industrias de Costa Rica.

He is a former president of the Coalición Costarricense de Iniciativas de Desarrollo, the country's investment promotion agency. He also has worked at Firestone and Gallito Industrial and has served as adviser to the World Bank, Intel Corp. and Abbot, said the chamber.

The chamber said that he plans to construct alliances and strongly promote the organization's work.

He was quoted as saying that an industrial policy that improved competitivity in the country is required urgently.

A new board of directors also was named.