free webpage hit counter

Rock
                construction
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
Cocal for Jan. 20
    Sporsman
Costa Rican real estate
(506) 2223-1327                      San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130                     Email us
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Ship Team


Top officials embrace domestic violence theory
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

There may not be any substantial evidence that sports on television generates domestic violence, but that is not stopping public officials from using the World Cup as a hook to campaign against such abuse.

Taking a cue from soccer terminology, the officials and television personalities are giving a red card to domestic violence. That is the sign of a major penalty warranting expulsion from the game.

The Dutch Embassy is involved because Costa Rica's national team plays its next game Saturday against that country at the World Cup in Brazil.

Those photographed displaying a large red card range from President Luis Guillermo Solís to a series of television personalities.

The idea that major league sports generates domestic violence was a public relations ploy by a group in California campaigning against domestic violence just before the 1996 Superbowl.

The contentions were generally debunked by later news stories in major U.S. publications.

There has not been any empirical evidence until 2011 and a study released by Lancaster University in the United Kingdom this year.

In both cases, the sociology researchers used what best could be described as voodoo mathematics to show that domestic violence increases on days with either U.S. football or on days when the English team wins or loses a World Cup game.

A reporter asked the principal researcher by email early Wednesday if the results really were not just correlations with increases in domestic
Solís
Casa Presidencial photo
The president is against domestic violence, too

violence on weekends. Nearly half the English
soccer games were played on a Saturday or Sunday. In neither of the two studies did the methodology determine if those involved in domestic violence had been watching U.S. football or televised soccer.

The British researcher did not respond.

Public officials plan to advance the campaign at a press conference today in the Corte Suprema de Justicia.


Murder suspect detained after search in Parrita
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
Updated at 11:30 a.m.

Officials  said today that they have apprehended the prime suspect in the killing Wednesday of a police officer in Parrita.

The suspect is Watson Smith, 20, who was the object of an all-night search. The security ministry said that Smith was detained in a rural area near El Tigre de Parrita where the shooting happened. A .38-caliber firearm also was confiscated, the ministry said.

The arrest came about 4:30 a.m., less than 12 hours after the shooting that killed the officer in the central Pacific community.

The dead officer was  Marco Antonio Berrocal Madriz, 52, of nearby Esterillos Oeste, said the security ministry. He was shot in the head as he and other officers tried to detain a man. Smith was being sought on a warrant to answer allegations of attempted murder and robbery involving a crime in the Limón area, the ministry said.

The security ministry had mounted a massive
Parrita
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía
y Seguridad Pública photo

Police officers prepared for search in Parrita.

search in the area, and the suspect was believed to be on foot.

The ministry said that the suspect fled when he saw police and then began firing at them  a few minutes later.

Berrocal had been a police officer since 1996, said the ministry.


Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun
The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country. We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties including: condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate. 
Call now at 011 (506) 2653-0073.  Send an email to:
info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com.
 
Traveler's
 
Democratsabroad final

Today's
colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Search 
our site
Subscribe
to our  daily digest
Real estate
ads
Classified 
ads
Contact
us
Tourism and services Display
ad info
Classified
ad info

Airline
flights
Anti-Aging

Colonial July 4

FDel
                REy rplcement


Residency in Costa Rica
Amistad

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

HERE!

Clinica Visuliza



Prisma

association of residents

Pachamama

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details



A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Accountants

U.S. Tax International
U.S. Tax rollover
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)

C.R. 2288-2201
  U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2231-3300

E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
8298-9/10/14

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle
                                              Sam's
• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
99,200 in 2014}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
8719-4/3/15


Legal services

KEARNEY-LAWSON & Asoc.
Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
Relocation services, Wedding Planning
Greg Kearney
 
*Investments  *Corporations
*Tax Shelters *Immigration
*Real Estate Sales in Costa Rica
*Name & Product registration
*Business procedures 
*Family and Labor Law
*Locate People   *Private Investigations
Phone: 7157-9092
7920-10/11/13

Gamboa

Our services are aimed at both individuals and companies
PARALEGAL SERVICES:  We help you in any procedure you need, including obtaining business licenses and operating permits.
PROPERTY MANAGEMENT:  We have more than five years working with Americans and Canadians in property management: Utility payments, Rent collection, Periodic inspections of property, Repair and maintenance services.
CONSTRUCTION AND INTERIOR DESIGN: We build or remodel your house or office with our certified architect and his team of serious and responsible constructors. Plus, we offer the service of property appraisal.
PERMIT CONSULTANT AND MEDICAL IMPORT ADVISER:  We have more than two years in biomedical equipment registrations, categories 1-2-3 with the Ministry of Health of Costa Rica.

Estéfanie Gamboa Garro; 8893-8218 (English speaker)
Arq. Andres Salazar Madrigal: 8838-8348
E-mail: salazargamboa1@gmail.com  
Web Page: salazargamboa.blogspot.com
8374-7/16/14

Arcelio logo
Serving the English-speaking community for over a

decade with offices in San Jose, Alajuela and Jaco
     ☑REAL ESTATE CONTRACTS
     ☑ INCORPORATION AND
       CORPORATE LAW
    ☑ NOTARY PUBLIC SERVICES
    ☑CIVIL LITIGATION
    ☑ OFFICIAL TRANSLATIONS
    ☑ FAMILY LAW PRACTICE
    ☑ CRIMINAL LAW PRACTICE
    ☑ RENTISTA AND PESIONADO
         RESIDENCY
    ☑ OFFICIAL TRANSLATION
         INTERPRETATION
    ☑ VEHICLE IMPORTATION AND TITLE
          TRANSFERS
You deserve to communicate fluently with your lawyer.
Visit our Web site:  www.CRTitle.com
Email:  lawyer@crtitle.com
8255/14/14


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
8365-5/12/15


Psychotherapy

Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
Dr. KLycinda
                                                  Gray
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
 
   •  Transformational  
         Psychotherapy

   • Depression

   • Anxiety

   • Relationship Issues

   • New World Meditation
        Training & Support

 
www.DrLucindaGray.com
Email: lucinda@drlucindagray.com
U.S. Phone: 310-827-4241
Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041
8221-7/17/14

Remodelling and Construction

architect
PROPERTY INSPECTIONS, PROFESSIONAL REMODEL AND CONSTRUCTION.

Are you looking to buy property in Costa Rica. I am a professional builder with over 30 years experience in the remodel and construction business in the U.S. and C.R. I can inspect any building new or old meticulously and fix, remodel, do additions, whatever it needs or you want to add. I am very knowledgeable of all phases of construction and my rates are competitive.  Fully bilingual. Rainy season discounts. Contact:  Rodolfo Jimenez, Phone (506) 7129-3622  or (506) 8802-2176  Email : rodostrat@gmail.com  
To see my work click HERE!
8375-9/3/14

Architects

Organe
                                                  headline
Architecture-Real Estate-Development

At Architect Orange we are inspired by the visions of each of our clients, and have worked diligently to embody those visions in our work.

We have locations in Atenas (servicing Central Valley/Beach areas)
Arenal (servicing Guanacaste/Nicoya Peninsula)

Contact Information:
 (506) 2694-4712
Website http://www.architectorange.com
Inquires  info@architectorange.com
Arenal office located at Agua Inn Spa

Orange
                                                    slogan
8043-7/31/14

Real estate agents and services

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
HEY BEACH LOVERS!
CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker-Owner
Jeff Fisher invites you to see why this 20-year resident of Costa Rica believes the Central Pacific areas of Jacó Beach-Playa Hermosa-Los Suenos Marina & Golf and Esterillos-Bejuco Beaches are the best place to live and invest.
Fisher
Reason #1:  SJO Int’l Airport and S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: Jaco has everything you need, from tourist attractions to government offices.
#3: Amazingly, it’s still a BUYERS’ MARKET and our “brutally honest” agents will help you find your perfect property-
   PROPERTIES OFFERED AT SUPER DISCOUNTS
See why Jeff and Colin Miller (12 years here), Frances Winborne (more than 23 years), and Junior Diaz (Jacó born & bred) chose the Central Pacific!
SIGN UP FOR OUR MONTHLY NEWSLETTER:
info@crbeach.com

Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 OR  2643-4334, 2643-3672
Office: IL Galeone Center, Jacó Beach, Costa Rica
8381-10/2/14

exo graphic
                                                    with text
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2643-4065   
cell: +506 8825-6556   US:  626 548-3909
skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
Office Las Monas, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
8336-10/10/14

Colinas
Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area. There are 88 clear titled lots, some in mountain areas with great views and the rest on gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards, or just a quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.  All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each lot, and all lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $35,000, and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
You can see more on our Web site: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
 Libertad, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 15 minutes to Playa del Coco or Playa Hermosa
and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at JimDay50@aol.com   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
8251-8/27/14

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8316-9/13/14

Translations and legal Services
Ms. Monge
Rosa Monge Alvarez
Simultaneous translator
Interpreter in court.

Legal problems?
Tired of getting the
runaround?
Tired of excuses?
Tired of being kept in the
dark?
Afraid of signing documents in Spanish?

 Contact us today to find out how we can help you.
rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr
Cell: (506) 8919-4545
WE GET RESULTS!
8410-7/16/14

Vegas firm says it invested in Jacó

EDITOR'S NOTE: An earlier version of this story incorrectly reported that the purchase involved part of Croc's Casino Resort in Jacó. That was incorrect and a result of reporter error. What follows is a corrected version.

By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A Las Vegas hotel brand and management company is finalizing its acquisition of a share of a Jacó property, according to a statement released Wednesday by its president. Oriens Travel & Hotel Management President Ken Chua said his firm has agreed to terms with real estate developer Denny Jonker of BW Point to buy his interest in half of a building at the north end of Jacó.

The statement adds that Oriens has been pre-approved for $1.2 million of financing and expects to raise additional amounts through asset-backed financing.

Chua said Oriens' introduction in Jacó has been slowed due to extenuating circumstances related to a stalled proposal with Hundley Association. As he detailed in a June letter, area real estate owner Patrick Hundley has been in Perez Zeledon prison since Feb. 17 when he went to a deposition to respond to a money laundering claim and was detained on the spot and ordered into preventative detention.

Oriens has worked with Hundley's Daystar Properties by doing online marketing and Internet reservations for its Jacó condominiums like The Palms and Diamante del Sol, according to the Oriens Web site.

Chua added that this initial acquisition should give the company a strong platform from where it can grow into the larger real estate scene in Costa Rica and Latin America. He said he hopes to have a deal finalized within a week, but said it may take up to 20 business days.

“It has often been a very frustrating but necessary journey we have had to take in order for us to realize this major milestone before us,” Chua said in the prepared statement. “Within weeks, if not days, Oriens will have the ability to brand and manage a beachfront property in Costa Rica.”

Oriens functions by offering tools and software to hotels that promise to boost reservation numbers.  The company's Web site says that hotels branded with its Hotel Pure signature can receive up to 42 percent more occupancy than before.

According to Business Week, Chua founded online gaming software Web site 724Bingo.com.


Calypso festival in Cahuita this weekend

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The second annual Festival Internacional de Calypso begins in Cahuita, Limón, this Friday with live musical performances from local and international artists. Calypso is
an Afro-Caribbean genre of music that began in Trinidad and Tobago and is characterized by heavy usage of brass instruments and rhythmic vocals.

This year's festival is dedicated to Walter “Gavitt” Ferguson, an influential Costa Rican musician who grew up in Cahuita. His first album, “Mr. Gavitt: Calypso of Costa Rica,” was released in 1982.

The Programa Corredor Cultural Caribe of the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud is producing and hosting the event. An organization statement said this festival offers people a chance to relive and celebrate a style of music that has been largely
festival
Walter Ferguson from poster
forgotten in the region.

“The festival's objective is to give a space that allows for the demonstration of the cultural and artistic aspects of calypso and to preserve its cultural heritage,” the statement read. “Also it provides an option to attract tourism to the area.”

Nearly 20 musical acts are scheduled to perform throughout the weekend, including the Rumberitos de Puerto Viejo, Cahuita Youth, and Calipso Caliente.

It will take place in Parque Alfredo González Flores and begins Friday at 5 p.m. The festival then continues from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Saturday and from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Sunday, which includes an 8-kilometer run on the day's packed schedule.


Body in San Carlos was medical worker

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A body turned up Wednesday morning in San Carlos covered with severe burns and stab wounds on the chest and arms. Judicial agents have identified the victim as a 38-year-old with the last name of Flores.

Agents from the Judicial Investigating Organization found the body at around 6 a.m. next to a totally burnt car in the town of Florencia, San Carlos, said an organization report. Investigators said the man worked at a local medical center and was last seen leaving his workplace at 10 p.m. Tuesday night on his way home.

An estimated 45 percent of the man's body was burned. His body was taken to the Morgue Judicial and the car was given to judicial investigators in San Carlos for forensic tests.

In Limón a man who was shot three times showed up at the Hospital Tony Facio and died less than two hours later. He was identified by the last name of Chavarría. He was 29, the Judicial Investigating Organization said. Agents said the man came from  Penshurt de Limón.

In a non-fatal case, a woman walking through Desamparados Tuesday night was shot after two robbers tried to steal a gold chain that she was wearing. The 37-year-old woman identified by the last name of Cárdenas resisted and was shot multiple times in the chest, back, chin, and arm after she would not surrender the jewelry.

She was taken to Hospital San Juan de Dios and was reported to be in stable condition, according to a report from the Judicial Investigating Organization. The incident happened around 8 p.m. Tuesday.


No surprise: Gasoline is going up

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The price of gasoline is going up even if the U.S. dollar is lower.

The Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos used an exchange rate of 556.29 colons to the U.S. dollar is setting the new price.

The rate is 545.83 today. The exchange rate is a dominant factor in the calculations. Imported gasoline has to be paid for with dollars.

Super gasoline is going up 29 colons, and plus is going up 27 colons per liter. Diesel is going down 13 colons.  The new liter prices are: Super, 816 colons; plus 788; diesel, 676, and liquid petroleum gas, 334.


Airport security being enhanced, U.S. says

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Department of Homeland Security said that it is implementing enhanced security measures at certain oversea airports with direct flights to the United States.

The statement from Jeh Johnson, Homeland Security secretary, did not give specifics or name the airports. But news services say that the Barack Obama administration is concerned about a new bomb that might be able to pass undetected through airport screening.

Johnson promises as few disruptions to travelers as possible.

In a statement posted on the department Web site, Johnson added:

"We are sharing recent and relevant information with our foreign allies and are consulting the aviation industry. These communications are an important part of our commitment to providing our security partners with situational awareness about the current environment and protecting the traveling public. Aviation security includes a number of measures, both seen and unseen, informed by an evolving environment. As always, we will continue to adjust security measures to promote aviation security without unnecessary disruptions to the traveling public."

Both of Costa Rica's major international airports handle direct flights to the United States. They are Juan Santamaría in Alajuela and Daniel Oduber in Liberia.


Loans for geothermal projects get first OK

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

In an unusual showing of cooperation lawmakers have approved unanimously two loans that will finance geothermal projects at the Rincón de la Vieja volcano in northern Costa Rica.

The vote was 49-0 on first reading.

The money comes from the Japanese Agency for International Cooperation and the European Investment Bank. The projects are Pailas II, Borinquen I y Borinquen II.

The Japanese are lending $644 million, and the European source is providing $70 million.

The Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad is installing the thermal generators.

The Japanese loan is for 40 years with a 10-year grace period when the country does  not have to make payments. The European loan is for 30 years with a five-year grace period. Such periods of non-payment are typical in government loans. Both have favorable interest rates, lawmakers said.

The thermal projects will reduce the need for Costa Rica to burn expensive petroleum during the dry season, lawmakers noted.



Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica










Top story news feeds are disabledon archived pages.























 
From our retirement guide















Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.
















volunteer
Ready to Retire
newspaper nameplate
DelRey replacement

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
Four-day festival starts today for the lowly and ubiquitous chayote
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A chayote is like good scotch. Someone either likes it or they do not. Unlike scotch, which should only be drunk one way, straight, by adults, the chayote, a member of the gourd family, has many manifestations in Costa Rican cooking.

Expats do not have to like the mild-flavored chayote to enjoy the Feria Nacional del Chayote 2014 that begins today at the Ruinas de Ujarrás in the Province of Cartago. The event, which is sponsored in part by the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo, runs through Sunday with activities for adults and children.

The chayote (Sechium edule) will be made known with contests such as the fastest packer and the heaviest example. There even is a contest today at 2 p.m. for the creating of floral arrangements with the use, in part of chayote vegetation.

The softball-sized chayote originated in México and has now found its way into many Latin and non-Latin menus. The chayote is rather bland, and provides good filler in a number of dishes in which the flavor is dominated by something else.

Chayote also can be blended skin, pit and all to become a soup with the addition of some corn starch, milk and chicken broth. It sometimes is confused with the ayote squash, which also makes a popular soup.
chayote



Caja says it is moving to close many firms that owe it money
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The nation's health care system said Wednesday that 2,070 hotel and restaurant firms owe 5.1 billion colons in back payments. That's about $9.4 million.

Ten firms, including La Condesa Hotel S.A.,  Bagelmens de Costa Rica Ltda. and Hotel Montaña de Fuego S.A. owe 22 percent of that total, said the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.

The amount is mainly mandatory payments to the Caja based on
employee salaries. The money goes to support health care, feed pensions and a number of other uses.

The Caja said that it has begun 806 processes to close businesses, filed 892 complaints for illegal retention of funds  and began 3,058 civil cases. Against the 10 biggest debtors, the Caja said it has filed 40 procedures for closing the businesses, 52 complaints for retaining money and 68 civil cases.

About 9 percent of the money that employers collect and are supposed to remit to the Caja each month are deductions from employee salaries.


Chief prosecutor says that he wants to be a candidate for the job again
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The fiscal general or chief prosecutor said that a groundswell of support from employees in the judiciary has caused him to reconsider his resignation.

The fiscal general, Jorge Chavarría Guzmán, sent a letter to the magistrates of the Corte Suprema de Justicia. The Poder Judicial released the text in which Chavarría said he again was submitting his name for re-election.
The fiscal general noted that he is continuing in the job until Oct. 15 regardless.

He did not give specific reasons about why he would not seek the post when he sent a letter saying that, and he did not give specific reasons about why he reconsidered.

The Poder Judicial said that the number of employees who back  Chavarría and submitted their signatures to that effect were 436 by Wednesday afternoon.

DelRey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Report notes decline of coral but gives hopeful message, too
By the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

With only about one-sixth of the original coral cover left, most Caribbean coral reefs may disappear in the next 20 years, primarily due to the loss of grazers in the region, according to anew report

The report, "Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012," is the most detailed and comprehensive study of its kind published to date – the result of the work of 90 experts over the course of three years. It contains the analysis of more than 35,000 surveys conducted at 90 Caribbean locations since 1970, including studies of corals, seaweeds, grazing sea urchins and fish.

Among the reefs studied is the one offshore in Cauhita, Limón province.

The report was by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and the United Nations Environment Programme.

The results show that the Caribbean corals have declined by more than 50 percent since the 1970s. But according to the authors, restoring parrotfish populations and improving other management strategies, such as protection from overfishing and excessive coastal pollution, could help the reefs recover and make them more resilient to future climate change impacts.

“The rate at which the Caribbean corals have been declining is truly alarming,” says Carl Gustaf Lundin, Director of Union for Conservation’s Global Marine and Polar Programme. “But this study brings some very encouraging news: the fate of Caribbean corals is not beyond our control and there are some very concrete steps that we can take to help them recover.”

Climate change has long been thought to be the main culprit in coral degradation. While it does pose a serious threat by making oceans more acidic and causing coral bleaching, the report shows that the loss of parrotfish and sea urchin – the area’s two main grazers – has, in fact, been the key driver of coral decline in the region. An unidentified disease led to a mass mortality of the sea urchin in 1983, and extreme fishing throughout the 20th century has brought the parrotfish population to the brink of extinction in some regions. The loss of these species breaks the delicate balance of coral ecosystems and allows algae, on which they feed, to smother the reefs.

Reefs protected from overfishing, as well as other threats such as excessive coastal pollution, tourism and coastal development, are more resilient to pressures from climate change, according to the authors.

“Even if we could somehow make climate change disappear tomorrow, these reefs would continue their decline," says Jeremy Jackson, lead author of the report and the Union for Conservation's senior advisor on coral reefs. "We must immediately address the grazing problem for the reefs to stand any chance of surviving future climate shifts.”
Parrotfish
Parrotfish in a gill net is on the cover of the report.

The report also shows that some of the healthiest Caribbean coral reefs are those that harbor vigorous populations of grazing parrotfish. These include the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary in the northern Gulf of Mexico, Bermuda and Bonaire, all of which have restricted or banned fishing practices that harm parrotfish, such as fish traps and spearfishing. Other countries are following suit.

“Barbuda is about to ban all catches of parrotfish and grazing sea urchins, and set aside one-third of its coastal waters as marine reserves,” says Ayana Johnson of the Waitt Institute’s Blue Halo Initiative which is collaborating with Barbuda in the development of its new management plan. “This is the kind of aggressive management that needs to be replicated regionally if we are going to increase the resilience of Caribbean reefs.”

Reefs where parrotfish are not protected have suffered tragic declines, including Jamaica, the entire Florida Reef Tract from Miami to Key West, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

The Caribbean is home to 9 percent of the world’s coral reefs, which are one of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. Caribbean reefs, spanning a total of 38 countries, are vital to the region’s economy. They generate more than $ 3 billion annually from tourism and fisheries and over a hundred times more in other goods and services, on which more than 43 million people depend.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


Sibu
                        montge
At Sibu Hotel you will not only enjoy the relaxing Caribbean atmosphere, but you will do it in a beautiful, comfortable and cozy setting, complete with enchanting tropical flora and fauna. Sibu is located 4km from Puerto Viejo, in Playa Chiquita, just meters from the virgin beach. Playa Chiquita is a gorgeous coastal town on the stunning Caribbean coast of Costa Rica with many fun activities for all ages, including, but not limited to horse back riding, zip line tours, snorkeling and much more! Contact us HERE!
8350-6/7/14

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
  Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8362-6/8/14

Anywhere
Anywhere Costa Rica plans custom vacations, and has the most comprehensive travel services in the country including travel guides, resorts and vacation homesCosta Rica tours
and car rentals.  
Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
8278-3/14/14


Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8390-10/2/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)



oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia,  Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS.
laurelfanderson@gmail.com
8414-8/2/14

challet
Chalet for rent located in Monte de la Cruz, Heredia
Surrounded by nature in large property, Two bedrooms, two bathrooms  laundry room, fully furnished, security, electric gate  $500.00 monthly. Phone  2267-6306  bonillaleda@yahoo.com
8396-7/18/14

Palamres


Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela
See our Web page: palmarescostarica.us
8375-7/2/14

houe
                                                rental
We are looking for a person with good manners, medical student, exchange program student or a foreigner, to share my house. We offer you: Two bedrooms, breakfast and dinner. You will have Internet and TV cable. We have laundering service and cleaning service. All of this only for $35 per night per person!!. Please call: (+506) 8313-3472 or 6116-3218. Or email: alvaradoleonor@gmail.com Thanks you!!!
8364-6/19/14

apartmetn building
Apartment is on second floor


Apartment for rent

2 bedrooms 2 full baths

Full furniture, AC, security, rooftop swimming pool, 2 parking space, good location: Escazú near district 4. Close to mall, hotels, restaurants and business centers (Grupo Roble). 8336-7762 or email NoushinRavery@yahoo.com.
8363-6/19/14

Tropical Paradise in downtown San José
$485 per month.

The apartments are located in the heart of San Pedro, just a few minutes from the capital, San José. We are close to everything: banks, food, supermarkets, transportation, many language schools, Humans’ Rights Court, United Nations, Oscar Arias Foundations, the Defense
apartments
of Children, the University of Costa Rica, VERITAS, U. Latina and other private universities. We provide a positive friendly and quiet atmosphere which includes gardens, parking, security, laundry/cleaning services, high speed (2 mega bytes) Wireless DSL Internet/active cable T.V. connections 
with 90 channels (TV not included). The apartments include the following: one bedroom, kitchen/dining/living room area, bathroom (with hot shower), refrigerator, coffee maker, toaster, stove top, basic kitchen supplies, basic furnishings and all linens. We also offer 100 percent free, unlimited phone calls to U.S.A., Canada,  and Puerto Rico. 3 MONTH MINIMUM CONTRACT.    Contact us at 506-8818-2004    or  506-8302-1499   villalakshmi@gmail.com  Check our Web site, www.villalakshmi.com, for more info.
8386-6/29/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8393-8/3/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8357-5/28/24

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
 4-
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact noelsusana@yahoo.com
8299-5/1/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8267-8/17/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
8241-3/7/14

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
9229-3/3/14

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8222-2/21/14




Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us


Cafetales



Annual cost for lower carbon
estimated to be $800 billion


By the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis news staff

Addressing climate change will require substantial new investment in low-carbon energy and energy efficiency – but no more than what is currently spent on today’s fossil-dominated energy system, according to new research from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and partners.

To limit climate change to 2 degrees Celsius, low-carbon energy options will need additional investments of about $800 billion a year globally from now to mid-century, according to a new study published in the journal Climate Change Economics. But much of that capital could come from shifting subsidies and investments away from fossil fuels and associated technologies. Worldwide, fossil subsidies currently amount to around $500 billion per year.

“We know that if we want to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, we need to drastically transform our energy system,” says researcher David McCollum, who led the study. “This is a comprehensive analysis to show how much investment capital is needed to successfully make that transition.”

The study, part of a larger European Union research project examining the implications and implementation needs of climate policies consistent with the internationally agreed 2-degree C target, compared the results from six separate global energy-economic models, each with regional- and country-level detail. The authors examined future scenarios for energy investment based on a variety of factors, including technology progress, efficiency potential, economics, regional socio-economic development and climate policy.

Investments in clean energy currently total around $200 to 250 billion per year, and reference scenarios show that with climate policies currently on the books, this is likely to grow to around $400 billion. However, the amount needed to limit climate change to the 2-degree target amounts to around $1,200 billion, the study shows.

The energy investments needed to address climate change continue to be an area of large uncertainty. By comparing the results from multiple models, the scientists were able to better define the costs of addressing climate change.

“Many countries say that they’re on board with the a target of  2-degree Celsius global mean temperature stabilization by 2100; some have even made commitments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. But until now, it hasn’t been very clear how to get to that point, at least from an investment point of view. It’s high time we think about how much capital is needed for new power plants, biofuel refineries, efficient vehicles, and other technologies—and where those dollars need to flow—so that we get the emissions reductions we want,” says McCollum.

Institute Energy Program Director Keywan Riahi, another study co-author and project leader, says, “Given that energy-supply technologies and infrastructure are characterized by long lifetimes of 30 to 60 years or more, there’s a considerable amount of technological inertia in the system that could impede a rapid transformation. That’s why the energy investment decisions of the next several years are so important: because they will shape the direction of the energy transition path for many years to come.”

The study shows that the greatest investments will be needed in rapidly developing countries, namely in Asia, Latin America, and Sub-Saharan Africa.

“Energy investment in these countries is poised to increase substantially anyway. But if we’re serious about addressing climate change, we must find ways to direct more investment to these key regions. Clever policy designs, including carbon pricing mechanisms, can help.” says Massimo Tavoni, researcher at the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, a climate research center in Italy, and overall coordinator of the LIMITS project, of which the new study is a part.

The researchers note that their analysis of future investment costs does not attempt to quantify the potentially major fuel savings from switching from fossil fuels to renewable sources, such as wind and solar energy. As shown in the Global Energy Assessment, such savings could offset a considerable share of increased investment on a global scale


Survey ranks Barack Obama
as worst president since 1945


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new U.S. poll shows Americans think President Barack Obama is the country's worst president since World War II.

The independent Quinnipiac University poll said Wednesday that its survey taken late last month of more than 1,400 U.S. voters showed that 33 percent put Obama at the bottom of the list of 12 presidents who have served since 1945, with 28 percent naming his immediate predecessor, George W. Bush.

Ronald Reagan, the U.S. president through most of the 1980s, was picked by 35 percent as the best president since World War II. He was followed by Bill Clinton, who served in the 1990s, who was preferred by 18 percent.

"Over the span of 69 years of American history and 12 presidencies, President Barack Obama finds himself with President George W. Bush at the bottom of the popularity barrel," said Tim Malloy, assistant director of Quinnipiac University's polling unit.

A wide variety of recent surveys have shown weak approval for Obama, who was easily re-elected to a second term in 2012 over Republican Mitt Romney, but since then has faced several domestic and foreign policy setbacks. The Quinnipiac survey showed voters now think, by a 45 to 38 percent margin, the country would have been better off if Romney had won the election.

In the survey, Obama got negative grades for his handling of the economy, foreign policy, health care and terrorism, with those polled only giving him a favorable rating on environmental issues.

“He has taken a pretty big hit as far as foreign policy goes," Malloy noted.  "He has lost 10 percentage points as far as competence and the way he is handling that.  So that could play pretty heavily into it because that was one of his stronger cards, foreign policy, and now it is not so strong.”

Obama continues to try to rally supporters in the wake of weak poll numbers and some recent political setbacks.

The president says he will press ahead with executive action to deal with immigration reform amid strong indications Congress is unlikely to deal with the issue this year.

The Speaker of the House, Republican Congressman John Boehner, said recently he intends to initiate a federal lawsuit aimed at blocking the president’s use of executive orders.

“You know the Constitution makes it clear that the president’s job is to faithfully execute the laws, and in my view the president has not faithfully executed the laws," Boehner said.

President Obama has been dismissive of the Republican lawsuit threat and has vowed to take unilateral action where he can.

“Middle-class families cannot wait for Republicans in Congress to do stuff," Obama said.  "So sue me.  As long as they are doing nothing, I am not going to apologize for trying to do something.”

Foreign policy has long been one of the president’s political strengths.  But the recent turmoil in Iraq seems to be undercutting public confidence in Obama’s leadership, said analyst John Fortier with the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington.

“I think the problem for the president is that conditions on the ground are not good and he will get some of the blame for that," he said.  "So I do not think there are any good alternatives for him even though the American people are not united in what they want to do.”

Pollster Tim Malloy added that the president’s decision to act unilaterally has the potential for both political risk and reward.

“It is not easy for a second term president, ever.  And is the president going rogue?  Is he doing things arbitrarily and on his own?  Some would say he is.  But this has been historic gridlock in Washington, and I am sure supporters of the president say he has got no other choice, and people who do not support him say he has gone off the reservation," Malloy said.

Democrats remain concerned the president’s weak poll numbers will hurt them in congressional midterm elections in November. 

Experts say Republicans are likely to hold their majority in the House of Representatives and have an excellent chance of gaining enough Democratic seats to reclaim a majority in the Senate.  That would give them control of both chambers of Congress for the final two years of Obama’s presidency.


Most Hong Kong detainees
are released without charges

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Hong Kong police say they have released the majority of about 500 protesters arrested overnight following a massive pro-democracy rally in the city that drew a crowd of half a million people.

A police spokeswoman said that by late Wednesday, approximately 100 people remained in custody and 18 were released on bail, while the remainder were freed without being charged.

The protesters were charged with illegal assembly and obstructing police after vowing to stay in the city's financial district until 8 a.m.

Most protesters did not put up a struggle. Others had to be dragged away from the Chater Road protest site kicking and screaming.

The arrests capped off a day of protests objecting to Beijing's control over political candidates in the territory.

Hong Kong's security minister Lai Tung-kwok told reporters police detained ralliers "to quickly restore transportation and order."

One activist, who was detained and released without charge, warned that civil disobedience in Hong Kong was not going away.

Mabel Au with Amnesty International called the mass arrests disturbing, saying the protesters were not doing anything illegal.

"We didn't see any violence or any kind of riots or anything," she said. "It was a very peaceful assembly. We do not agree with police that this was an illegal assembly."

Au also said it is unacceptable that many of those detained have not been allowed to see their lawyers.

Organizers say 510,000 people attended the protest on the 17th anniversary of the former British colony's return to Chinese governance.

Police put the figure at just under 100,000.

The annual protest took on added significance this year amid a campaign to pressure Beijing to allow Hong Kong residents to elect their leader.

Many of the protesters chanted anti-China slogans and carried signs demanding real democracy as they marched from Victoria Park to the financial district.

The protest follows an unofficial referendum in which nearly 800,000 Hong Kong residents voted to be allowed more control over the nomination of candidates in a 2017 election.

Beijing says it will fulfill its promise to allow the semi-autonomous territory to elect its leader in 2017, but insists only mainland-approved candidates can run.

Chinese state media on Wednesday quoted mainland officials as saying Tuesday's protest shows the civil and political rights of Hong Kong residents are respected.

But Zhang Xiaoming, Beijing's top official in Hong Kong, said any decision concerning the 2017 election would not be affected by the size of the protest or the referendum.

Mass protests have, in the past, convinced Beijing to alter its policies toward Hong Kong. In 2003, half a million people showed up for a pro-democracy protest, prompting China to scrap proposed anti-subversion laws.

But this time Communist Party leaders appear to be standing firm.

Hong Kong residents enjoy more civil and political rights than their counterparts on the mainland due to Beijing's 1997 agreement with Britain.

But discontent with perceived Chinese interference in Hong Kong is rising and a heavy-handed response by the mainland could trigger more protests.

Occupy Central, a coalition of protest groups, has threatened to shut down the city's financial district later this year if its demands for electoral reforms are not met.


al-Baghdadi
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, newly named caliph of the Islamic State, is shown in a U.S. State Department wanted poster handout


Self-proclaimed caliph has
price on his head from U.S.

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

To the United States, 43-year-old Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is the leader of the jihadist Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and a specially designated global terrorist with a $10 million bounty on his head.

To his followers, he is Caliph Ibrahim, the new leader of a global Muslim empire, the Islamic State.

In an unannounced statement released to the media July 1, Baghdadi widely condemned the West and summoned all Muslims, especially those with military, medical, administrative and public service experience, to emigrate to the caliphate to “take up arms … and fight, fight!”

Baghdadi leaves no doubt that he has big plans beyond Iraq and Syria: “For your brothers all over the world are waiting for your rescue, and are anticipating your brigades,” the statement reads.

He is said to be so protective of his identity that when he consults with his commanders, he wears a mask, though it’s not clear whether this is fact or folklore.

Very little is known about Baghdadi, outside of what jihadists post on the Internet, and few of their claims can be verified. In announcing the new caliphate in an audio message Sunday, spokesman Abu Mohamed Al-Adnani revealed what he claimed is Baghdadi’s real name: Ibrahim bin Awad bin Ibrahim al-Badri Al-Radawi Al-Husseini Al-Samarra.

“But names and titles can be made up or added on,” said Iraqi political analyst and commentator Omar Al-Nidawi.  “People can have tribal names, nicknames or other aliases that are even related to the town they live in, the town they come from or a former profession.  So one person can have more than one name.”

Baghdadi may or may not have been arrested and jailed by the U.S. in 2005.

“There have been at least two accounts,” said Nidawi. One suggests he was “in U.S. military custody and then transferred to Iraq authorities and released in 2009. But there is also another account that says there is no record that he was ever captured.”

The former commanding officer at Camp Bucca, the former U.S. detention facility near Umm Qasr, Iraq, recently told The Daily Beast that he recognized Baghdadi as the man in a photo released earlier this week by the Iraq government.

In April 2010, the U.S. military killed the leaders of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Ayyub al-Masri and Abu Omar al-Baghdadi.  The group named Abu Bakr as its new leader.

In an online speech two years later, Baghdadi launched what he called a breaking the walls campaign in Iraq, according to the Institute for the Study of War, aimed at freeing al-Qaida members imprisoned by U.S. forces and expanding his territory in Iraq.  True to his word, over the next year, he orchestrated a series of well-coordinated military operations, including the deadly attack on Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison in July 2013 that freed hundreds of prisoners.

After the conflict in Syria broke out, Al Jazeera reports, Baghdadi sent a lieutenant over the border to form the extremist Jabhat al-Nusra Front to help topple President Bashar Al-Assad. Last year, Baghdadi created ISIL, which al-Qaida has since disavowed.

To his followers, Baghdadi is perfect for the office of caliphate.

Sunni tradition holds that a caliph must be an adult male Muslim, knowledgeable in military strategy and brave in conflict. Ideally, he should also be educated in Islamic theology and Shariah, or Islamic law.

Baghdadi’s Internet biography says he was born into a religious family in the city of Samarra and holds a Ph.D. from the Islamic University in Baghdad.  A former religious teacher, he is well-versed in Islamic theology, history, culture, science, genealogy, law and jurisprudence.

Biographers say he is a prominent Salafist looking to cleanse Islam of Shiites and convert all Muslims to the Sunni interpretation of Islam.

They credit him with military acumen, “eloquent speech and strong language, according to his biographers, as well as the calm, cleverness and courage of his predecessors, Abu Omar and Abu Ayyub.

Perhaps most significantly, Baghdadi claims to be descended from the Arabian desert tribe of Quraysh, says Tawfik Hamid, senior fellow and chair for the Study of Islamic Radicalism at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies.

“Quraysh is the tribe of the Prophet Mohamed,” Hamid said, “and there is a custom that says that the caliph must be a Qurayshi. This gives him not just political but religious legitimacy.”

The language Baghdadi uses draws on classical Islamic literary memes, invoking what Nidawi calls “an internal cleansing and an external fight.”

It’s a style that will resonate, especially to devout or disenfranchised youths, says Hamid, and he should know:  As a student in Egypt, he was attracted to jihad and briefly joined the radical group Jamaat al-Islamiyya.

“Even if you have one percent – or one in a thousand Muslims in the world -- who is willing to see the return of the Islamic caliphate, then you are saying that a million people could join him,” Hamid said. “The most vulnerable are the young Muslims who have no access to modern communication or the Internet.  They see the world only through the eyes of religion.”

Hamid says he believes the Islamic State in Iraq poses a significant strategic threat to neighboring countries because of its military capabilities, an ideological following that’s attracting fighters from Europe and elsewhere, and cash looted during the campaign through Iraq.

In short, Hamid says the Islamic State in Iraq could cause big trouble for Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and other neighbors.

The threat is real, but not necessarily immediate, says Michael Eisenstadt, senior fellow and director of the military security studies program at Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Eisenstadt said he suspects the militants “made faster progress than they expected, and as a result, it’s quite possible that they are overstretched. And keep in mind as well that they have a base of operations that spans two countries, eastern Syria and northern and western Iraq.”

He believes that the ultimate goal includes expanding into Jordan and Saudi Arabia, and the first target may be Lebanon.

“The name of ISIL refers to ‘the Levant,’ and that is traditionally Greater Syria, which includes Lebanon, which was part of the caliphate of old,” he said.

The Islamic State in Iraq regards Hezbollah as a major enemy because it actively supports the Assad regime in Syria and is backed by Iran.

“It makes sense for ISIL to try to attack Hezbollah in Lebanon, in order to lead to a security deterioration  there and make it much more difficult for Hezbollah, if they were so inclined, to send fighters into Syria to backfill for the Iraqi Shiite militia who’ve been sent back to Iraq — or to Iraq,” Eisenstadt said.

His comments coincided with reports that the Islamic State had appointed Al-Monther al-Hassan to head operations in Lebanon.

All of this places Washington in a bind:  If it intervenes militarily against the Islamic State in Iraq, the U.S. risks being viewed by Sunnis as siding with Iran against a Sunni caliphate.

Eisenstadt supports what he calls Washington’s current detachment.

“If we provide air cover for the regime while they are engaged in killing Sunnis on the ground, we are complicit in that,” he said, “and it will make it impossible for us to achieve our desired end-state, a unified Iraq in which moderate Sunnis feel they have a role to play and assist with the war against the extremist Sunnis.

Hamid agrees on a wait-and-see approach.  And he sees some reason for hope.

There’s always the chance that Sunnis in Iraq are merely using the Islamic State in Iraq to rid them of their prime minister, Hamid says.  Maybe they will ultimately discover – as did Egyptians under deposed leader Mohamed Morsi – that the fundamentalist Islamic lifestyle isn’t all that it’s cracked up to be.
Real estate-related services (paid category)


• Interior Design
• Custom Furniture Manufacturing
• Building Completion Services
Interior Design & Custom Furniture Manufacturing
logo
“We regularly exceed client expectations.
We guarantee it.”
Customizing for your vision, lifestyle and budget.
 
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:
Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad.
Our custom furniture designs & manufacturing can be contracted independently.
“Serving the Region for 11 years”

Email: info@casadelpacifico.com
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com

Rosa Monge
Rosa Monge


Real estate foreclosure specialist

Great deals available every week
Properties like this:

20.5 acres of pasture for as little as $2,400

Rosa Monge Alvarez
Please email for details
rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr
8409-6/25/14

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8294-6/12/14

Remax logo
Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert

Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8366-12/2/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8321-10/17/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com

English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016  
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 8331-5228

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $1,100,000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia home
  1,900 square meters of land, 253 square meters of construction. Price $350.000. CLICK HERE
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8352-8/13/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.
8406-8/2/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away. Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es  and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8413-8/28/14

Castillo
Twice the Security & Prestige for Half the Cost

The only private guarded development in El Castillo
• 50% off for limited time only   • $26/square meter
• Neighbors are $80/square meter  • Incredible view
Clubhouse, pool, equestrian, country club
Only 2 remaining
Secure a spot in a million dollar neighborhood for under $100k
 Free architecture services
•  Full commission paid to brokers   • Financing available
Email or call the 24-hour recorded message for full info
mail@davidcollier.net   CR: 4000-1983 (English/Español)
USA: 619-800-8550 (English only)
8382-7/5/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consignment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

organic
Stunning organic ocean view home site in San Ramón
2.93 acres, only $60,000

Gorgeous homesite on organic land available for quick sale! Only 10 minutes to downtown San Ramón and within a terrific private community. Close to town but away from it all! Features amazing views of the ocean, great sunsets every night and privacy. Multiple building spots. Comparable lots in the area are selling for $75,000 to over $100,000! At 11,864 square meters, or $5 per square meter, this is a great investment too! This lot is priced to move! Looking for a quick sale, so no tire kickers please! See Web site for additional information and photos. or email bizcr@hotmail.com
Tel: CR (506) 8350-7647
8369-6/26/14

Ad three graphics
Tropical lots located walking distance to a beautiful white sandy beach
Only $49,999 with interest-free financing
These lots are located in a gated, private community with low HOA dues and offer amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to Playa Conchal and Pirates beaches.  And only 20 minutes to the resort town of Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia International airport. Reserve your lot with only a $1,500 deposit.  We are offering Interest-free financing for 5 years for a limited time only. Contact: Christian  info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025    www.puntaplayavistas.com
8372-8/23/14

ad two grpahic
For Sale: Fully Furnished OCEAN VIEW CONDOMINIUM
Reduced $199,999
Gorgeous 2-bedroom, 2-bath condo with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built energy green. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white, sandy beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort town Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double pane windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom cabinets. Contact www.puntaplayavistas.com or email info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025
8271-8/23/14

Ad one grpahics
For Sale by Owner: Playa Conchal ocean view home reduced $339,999

Casa de Eden is  2,600 square feet with 3 bedroom, 2.5 bath, outdoor shower, private outdoor terrace and pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure, gated community surrounded by nature and close to the resort town of Tamarindo, only an hour from Liberia airport.  The home is being offered fully furnished with: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire Professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, internet, cable. 
Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. (732) 984-7549
or CR (506) 8349-2025.
8370-8/3/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $449,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9368-6/4/14

Large estate on island with sea view !!!
Located on the Big Island and five minutes from the center of Golfito on boat.  The large land has three hills with forest in which there are many trees and animals such as parrots, parakeets and monkeys.!!   It has a beautiful view
island one
of downtown Golfito , mountains and sea. It has three entry beach options. Your own beach,  large land with fruit trees, livestock grazing.Mangrove front with lots of fish, snapper, etc. Also access to your own part of sea with full of  seafood: pianguas, cambutes, chuchecas, clams, etc. .  Natural beauty is a paradise to live, walking, diving, fishing, horse riding, climbing to the mountains, swimming in the creek or the sea, exploring
the land, animals and trees, etc.  Your paradise is here for you, your family or develop your own rain forest country club. This is  the place of your dreams !  The full land measures 119,284 m2. All legal papers and blueprints are ready to get a new owner.   Property has its own water and  ready to instal solar panel or electric  power plant.     It is Isla Grande - Segura, diagonal to grazing
 Puntarenitas Beach in Golfito for sale at $1.500.000 U.S. Further information contact : Raquel or Maria Ester at  rakell.leon6@gmail.com, Local phone numbers: +506 8690-2325   or  +506  8673-0112.
8361-8/15/14

Casa Fiesta
Caribbean Beachfront Home and Apartment  Puerto Viejo
 Right on the Beach!
Ranch style home with detached garage and apartment Air-conditioned home sleeps 4, apartment sleeps 2 ,  3 baths, hot water showers  Fenced-in property with pool, screened in patio  Turnkey....Everything is included with the sale!   Washer/dryer, furniture, appliances, tools, household items and linens, bicycles, and even a vehicle! Great income potential also  259,000 US Please visit our Web site for many more photos go to: http://www.casafiestacostarica.com  Email inquires to:   suez2cats@hotmail.com
8358-8/8/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Lundquist photo
More photos HERE!
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, July 3, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 130
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute












BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.














Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Biodiversity support reported growing

By the Duke University Office of News & Communications

While inadequate funding has hampered international efforts to conserve biodiversity in tropical forests, a new Duke University-led study finds that people in a growing number of tropical countries may be willing to shoulder more of the costs on their own. That includes Costa Rica.

“In wealthier developing countries, there has been a significant increase in public demand for conservation, which has not yet been matched by an equivalent increase in protective actions by the governments of those countries,” said Jeffrey R. Vincent, a Duke environmental economist who led the study, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Nearly half of the world’s threatened endemic tropical mammal, bird and plant species are found in 27 developing countries that the World Bank now classifies as having reached upper middle income status.

These include Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico, Gabon, Malaysia, Peru and Thailand. They also contain nearly 80 percent of the world’s primary tropical forests, which play a major role in carbon storage.

“Our research suggests that as incomes rise in these countries, it creates a new opportunity for domestic funding to play a larger role in supporting efforts to protect forests and forest species from logging, poaching and other threats,” Vincent said. “This could make a big difference in protecting tropical biodiversity and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.”

To measure how these countries’ rising household incomes have affected public demand for biodiversity conservation and their governments’ expenditures on it, Vincent and a team of international scientists analyzed economic indicators from high income, upper- and lower-middle-income, and low-income tropical countries.

Among other indicators, they tracked per capita donations to nongovernmental conservation groups; percentage of land set aside in protected areas; percentage of conservation projects receiving international funding; and results from public opinion surveys about the priority governments should place on environmental protection in relation to potentially opposing concerns such as job creation.

“We found strong evidence that as countries reach upper-middle-income status, support for conservation and willingness to pay for it grows across every indicator we examined, while protective government policies and expenditures lag behind,” Vincent said.

To test these findings, the researchers conducted a case study on forest conservation in the remote Belum-Temengor forest of Malaysia’s northernmost state, Perak.

As early as 1968, the Malaysian federal government recommended establishing a wildlife reserve in Belum-Temengor to protect its populations of Asian elephants, Malaysian tigers, Sumatran rhinoceroses and other large mammals against poaching and logging. But the Perak state government, which has jurisdiction over the forest, has protected only a third of it. The rest of the forest remains open to logging and, under state law, even the area currently protected could be re-opened for logging, a major revenue source in Perak.

To gauge public demand for expanded protection, Vincent and his team surveyed households in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia’s capital, and the neighboring state of Selangar, and asked how much they would be willing to pay to create a new reserve that would protect all of Belum-Temengor against logging and poaching. The survey defined the benefits of the reserve as reduced extinctions and reduced local flooding, neither of which would directly benefit people living outside Perak. It also detailed the costs associated with creating the reserve, including management costs and the loss of logging jobs.

“Despite receiving no direct benefits, people were willing to pay $6 per month to provide full protection to Belum-Temengor,” Vincent said. That works out, cumulatively, to about $437 a year per hectare of land -- a much larger sum than the estimated costs of protecting Belum-Temengor.”

Costa Rican News
AMCostaRicaArchives.com
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
CostaRicaReport.com
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



From Page 7:

Lowest paid categories get 4 percent hikes

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The national salary council has approved increases that took effect Tuesday with special consideration for lower-income workers.

The bulk of the work force gets 2.35 percent more in the minimum wage. Those in the category of  no calificados get 4.22 percent. Those who are considered semi-qualified will get 4.09 percent, and those considered trabajadores calificados will get 4 percent, the Consejo said.

Union representatives made three proposals ranging from 4.12 to 6 percent. Representatives of  employers suggested 1.22 percent.

This is not the first time that the Consejo Nacional de Salarios gave an additional increase to the lowest salary levels. The idea is to help out the lowest paid.

The wages take effect as of July 1, so employers will have to work the new numbers into the salaries that will be paid July 15.

Many Costa Ricans work at the minimum wage for their job category. The Ministry de Trabajo is expected to issue a list of the new salaries before the next payday.