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Cocal for Jan. 20
    Sporsman
Costa Rican real estate
(506) 2223-1327                      Published Friday, June 20, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 121                       Email us
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Ticos
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Xochitl Quesada  
Costa Rican soccer fans cheer on the team in front of a large screen at Plaza de la Democracia.
Costa Rica pulls off another sensational victory
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
Posted at 12:20 Friday
Costa Rica broke into another round of World Cup celebration Friday after the country's national soccer team beat favored Italy in a preliminary match in Brazil, 1-0.

The win puts  Costa Rica in the top 16 bracket from which the world champion will emerge. The only score in the game came on a late first half header by Bryan Ruiz. That was enough, even though Italy had a longer possession time.

Costa Rica was coming off a stunning 3-1 win over Uruguay, while Italy opened the tournament with a 2-1 victory over England. 
Hornstarted blowing and there ever were a few sssirensrtly before noon as time ran out in the Arena Pernambuco in Recife, Brazil. The celebration once again is expected to last through the night.

Ruiz beat  Italy's goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon to make the single score. After than Costa Rica played a cautious game, and the members of the Italian team became increasingly desperate.

The Italians had many shots on goal, but most went wide or high.

Costa Rica plays England Tuesday, but the team already has qualified from the four-team group where it was considered the underdog.


Costa Rica guards its secrets well
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

There must be solid reasons why people vanish in Costa Rica.

Certainly the cases of  Leo Widicker of North Dakota and Australian exchange student Brendan Dobbins the work of a criminal must be considered.

Others, such as the two Dutch woman missing in Panamá most likely were victims of some accident.

Tourists who go missing make the papers, but each week there are reports involving Costa Ricans, young and old. This is one reason why police agencies are slow to respond to cases that eventually are in the headlines.

Although the English-language publications report on tourists who have vanished in the wilds, this happens to Costa Ricans too. A university student is believed to be still missing in the rugged area around  Parque Nacional Chirripó and a park ranger has vanished at Parque Nacional Volcán Poås.

Despite the best efforts of family and friends, some of these cases never will be resolved.

Widicker vanished Nov. 17, 2001, from of all places the parking lot of Tabacón Lodge in La Fortuna. The search was called off a month later after Cruz Roja volunteers and police mounted an extensive effort.

Widicker was left on a bus when his wife and others went to Tabacón Lodge, and it is believed that he wandered away from the bus and left the resort grounds. Tabacón is about 10 miles (16.5 kms.) west of La Fortuna. There is not much in the area except a few other resorts, a river, farm fields and rougher land on the slope of the volcano.

The man was said to be ailing and suffering from some mental lapses. He carried about $300, police said at the time.

Dobbins was last seen alive walking down the beach at Tamarindo after a night of parties. That was March 4, 2005.

Dobbins, then 24 and a senior at the University of Florida, traveled to Costa Rica with several of his classmates over spring break. The man's parents and the Australian diplomatic service instigated a massive search that failed to find clues.

In mid-June of the same year the bones of an adult male were found in mangroves near the beach. Judicial agents said that the bones and the remains that investigators have show no sign of violence, although the process of decomposition and the actions of scavenger animals has destroyed many clues. Irregularities in the teeth convinced judicial police that the body was Dobbins. That was later confirmed by testing.

Dobbins was thought to be carrying little money and no passport. Tamarindo is about 35 miles from Liberia. That's about 56 kilometers, but the drive then took about an hour because of road conditions.

Several theories have been advanced in some of the missing cases. Some friends thought that the Australian, Dobbins, may have fallen in with criminals who killed him for their own reasons. His body was found too far inland for his death to have been the result of a water accident.

David Gimelfarb, 28, vanished Aug. 11, 2009, after he went hiking alone in Parque Nacional Rincón de la Vieja north and east of Liberia. There was an extensive search and a local private investigator was called in.
   
The missing man was a student at the Adler School of Professional Psychology.

The 14,083-hectare (34,800-acre) park straddles the continental divide. It is in both Guanacaste and Alajuela provinces. Like most mountains in Costa Rica, the weather can change dramatically in a short period.

Park rangers kept watch at the park without
missing
A.M. Costa Rica graphic
Missing

success for the grim sight of circling vultures.

Gimelfarb, was close to his parents and called them frequently. No one suspects that he might have simply vanished of his own accord. His parents, Russian immigrants to the United States, have come to Costa Rica several times and participated in the logistics of the search.

Michael George Dixon, 33, was seen last Oct. 19, 2009. He was staying at the Villas Macondo Hotel, also in Tamarindo. His brother, David, and his parents have tenaciously pushed for extensive investigations without success.

Michael Dixon, a British citizen who grew up in Haute Savoie, France, studied journalism at Leeds University and went on to work at Bloomberg News and Euromoney Plc in London. He moved to Brussels in 2002 to work for RISI, a United Business Media company. His mother and father are retired World Health Organization employees who live in France.

The case of the missing Universidad de Costa Rica student,  Nelson Gustavo Alvarado Montoya, is similar to the story of the missing Dutch women. He vanished in the rugged national park in early January 2011. An extensive search was mounted that Jan 7 with at least 40 volunteers. He was involved in a university program during the academic vacation.

Perhaps the strangest case was that of  Oscar Cruz Ramírez, a guide and ranger at the Volcán Poás park, that is a usual stop on tourism agendas.  The park ranger was accompanying two women tourism students when he said he wanted to go down another trail for a short time. He last was seen walking into the mist in early August 2011.

When he did not return immediately, the women reported later they thought he was pulling a practical joke. They said they waited more than 30 minutes and kept yelling for him.

He was determined to be missing when the two women showed up early the next morning at the ranger facilities asking for him.

As in many of the missing cases, there was an extensive ground search with up to 140 persons at one time and air overflights where crew members took detailed photos of the area for later inspection.

These cases produce their own tales, Gimelfarb has been said to be a wild man living on the forest economy near the national park. He also has been reported walking in downtown San José. Neither report has been verified.

The two Dutch women,  Lisanne Froon and Kris Kremers, were said to have walked a short way into a jungle trail near Boquete., Panamá. The case has affected Costa Rica because searchers from here have participated in efforts there.

The women were not likely to go far down the trail because the time was the afternoon and they had booked a guide for the following day for that area. This was three months ago. A backpack holding key possessions from the two Dutch women has just turned up in the wilds, suggesting that robbery was not a factor in their disappearances.

Another factor in these cases usually are criticism of the police. The Dixon family said they think investigators accepted testimony from hotel staffers too quickly. One worker said she saw the missing man in swim shorts carrying a towel. That led to speculation about a water accident. But the testimony later proved to be incorrect.  Michael Dixon later was believed to have been seen in a local bar on the night he vanished.


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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 121

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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jerseys
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública photo       
Police officer examines some of the jerseys

Smugglers capitalize on the soccer craze

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The region's World Cup craze has some smugglers capitalizing off the opportunity to profit from selling unauthorized soccer merchandise. Fuerza Pública officers discovered a shipment of fraudulent Costa Rica national team jerseys at the Panamá border Wednesday.

Around $4,000 worth of shirts were concealed under seats on a privately-owned Nicaraguan bus, according to a police press release. Authorities found the goods aboard the bus at a checkpoint stop in Guaycará, Golfito, as it was headed north on the Inter-American Highway towards the Central Valley.

Border Police Chief Allan Obando said the bus owner is a Nicaraguan woman with Costa Rican residency, identified by the last names Herrera Aráuz. He said the passengers acted very suspicious at the checkpoint so border officials decided to conduct a thorough search through the vehicle.

They found packages containing 223 imitation jerseys. Ms. Herrera Aráuz was unable to provide receipts to prove she paid necessary taxes on the imported goods.

This is the second time authorities have confiscated materials related to soccer's largest international tournament, currently happening in Brazil. In May, Fuerza Pública officers grabbed a substantial shipment of World Cup-themed postcards coming from Panamá that were worth about $9,000 total.


Colombia wins, 2-1, and is headed up

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Colombia earned a 2-1 win over Ivory Coast in Thursday's first match of the World Cup and, by day's end, found itself with a spot in the round of 16, also known as the knockout round.
 
The win in Brasilia lifted Colombia into the lead in Group C with six points, followed by Ivory Coast with three.
 
In the last match of the day, Greece and Japan each earned a point in Group C after battling to a scoreless draw that boosted Colombia into the round of 16.
 
Colombia's James Rodríguez and Juan Quintero scored in a six-minute span of the second half, before Ivorian striker Gervinho answered in the 73rd minute to set up a tense finish.
 
In a Group D match in Sao Paulo, Uruguay kept its round of 16 hopes alive with a 2-1 win over England.
 
England had eight shots on goal to Uruguay's six and controlled the ball for more than 60 percent of the game but failed to stop dangerous striker Luis Suarez, who scored two goals.
 
Suarez missed Uruguay's opening loss to Costa Rica while recovering from knee surgery, but he made an instant impact on his return.  His header in the 39th minute gave Uruguay a 1-0 lead, and his shot into the roof of the goal in the 85th minute snapped a 1-1 tie for the game winner.
 
His second goal came after England's Wayne Rooney provided the equalizer in the 75th minute.
 
Suarez, a star for Liverpool in the English Premier League, beat an England side that included five of his Liverpool teammates. He was elated after the win.
 
"Yes, I dreamed of this," he said. "It was something I imagined many times but had to calm myself down."
 
The defeat left England, beaten by Italy in its opening match, on the brink of elimination.  The last time England failed to reach the second round of the World Cup was in 1958.  Its final group game will be on June 24 against Costa Rica.
 
"I thought we controlled Suarez well in general play," England manager Roy Hodgson said. "He did very well to get away to the back post for the first goal but frankly for long periods of the game we kept him quiet. The second goal was an unfortunate flick off Steven Gerrard's head, and when he gets free with the goalkeeper, he doesn't miss.''
 
In Natal, Greece held on for a draw after it was reduced to 10 men in the 38th minute when captain Costas Katsouranis was sent off with a red card.
 
Once Katsouranis was sent off after a rough challenge on Japan's Makoto Hasebe, Greece withdrew into a defensive setup. Greece surrendered three goals in a loss to Colombia, but even short-handed looked better organized against Japan and avoided making any critical mistakes.



Attacks on journalists in Brazil deplored

Special to A.M. Costa Rica staff

The World cup, may be in full swing, but newspeople still are being attacked in Brazil.

There have been at least 17 attacks on journalists in recent weeks. These attacks were condemned Thursday by the Inter American Press Association, which called on the authorities to investigate and remain vigilant to such acts of violence that restrict the people’s right to receive information.

The protest demonstrations against the Brazilian government for having hosted the World Cup have continued throughout the country. Some 17 journalists were attacked between June 12 and 18 in the various cities where the soccer matches are being held.

Claudio Paolillo, declared, “We condemn and are concerned at the fact that while carrying out their work dozens of journalists have been beaten and restricted from doing their job, in most cases by security forces.” He is chairman of the association's Committee on Freedom of the Press and Information.

According to the Brazilian Investigative Journalism Association in 15 of the cases of attacks military police officers were involved in using excessive force. The Brazilians said that since the beginning of the protests in May 2013 a total of 190 cases of violence against members of the press have been reported.

Paolillo, editor of the Montevideo, Uruguay, weekly Búsqueda, added, “We regret that these aggressive actions are continuing despite measures being adopted by press organizations and official statements ratifying the principle of non-violence against the press.”

In a resolution issued in 2013 by the Human Rights Department of the Brazilian Presidency there is recognition of the importance of the work of the press and a declaration that “Reporters, photographers and other media professionals should enjoy special protection in carrying out their work, any obstacle to their operations is prohibited, particularly through the use of force.”

Shortly before the start of the World Cup press organizations in Brazil issued a manual for journalists with useful recommendations on safety and protection during coverage of the protests.



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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 121
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Repair problems sideline law enforcement's aviation workhorse
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The workhorse aircraft that brought heavily armed police into Barra del Colorado is being decommissioned.

This is the twin-engine Caribou C-7 that has the biggest payload of all the craft in the  Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea.

This also is the aircraft that treated police officials to a hair-raising emergency landing June 24 last year when an engine failed over Tortugero. The security ministry downplayed the event at the time, but informal sources said that the pilots did a great job getting everyone down in one piece at the Barra del Colorado airport.

The aircraft was used to rotate police in and out of the northeaster Costa Rican community after Nicaragua soldiers appeared in Costa Rican territory.

The Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública said that the aircraft is being retired because it is 50 years old. Sort of like an old race horse being put out to spend the declining years in a Kentucky pasture.

The story is more complex. The aircraft underwent a complete restoration, but those with a good ear in Barra del Colorado said they knew there was a problem with the engine. They said the radial turboprop motor made unusual sounds and dripped oil.

The ministry, itself, said that the motor was only 10 hours old, suggesting that a motor had been installed after the complete restoration. The ministry said the price tag was $200,000 a motor, which would be a bargain basement price.

News reports say that the ministry became involved in a legal dispute with the local firm that had provided the new engine. Officials were looking for some form of a guarantee. That situation is still up in the air, so to speak.

Barra residents say that the aircraft languished at least for three months on the tarmac at the local airport after the engine incident. The engine was taken off and brought to San José for repair. A guard was mounted at the aircraft until it was flown out delicately by a bare bones crew last September.
carabou
A.M. Costa Rica file photo
Crewmen are dumping out the Caribou rear door 2,000 kilos of rose petals on worshipers at the Cartago basilica in this 2011 file photo.

Apparently there still were problems with the motor or motors because the ministry said the retirement was basically because officials did not want to keep paying for repairs. In the past three years, the Caribou had 49 flights that logged more than 84 hours total. The craft is designed for landings on short fields.

The plane was flown for anti-drug procedures, humanitarian services, emergency airlifts, and other general police operations. Registered as MSP-002, the aircraft gave the country's officers better technology and a faster response time than they ever had before, said a police press report. It was also able to carry up to 30 men at a time, allowing forces to be more flexible in their operations.

Officials are expecting to seek a similar new craft. The Caribou is valued at about $600,000.

The aircraft was not all just police work. This is the plane that dumped 2,000 kilos of rose petals on the multitude gathered at the basilica in Cartago in 2011 for the Día de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles.


South Korean thread manufacturer opening a plant in Cartago
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Another international business is opening up shop on Costa Rican soil, as President Luis Guillermo Solís and his cabinet continue to actively recruit foreign-based companies.

SAE-A Spinning from South Korea is the latest company to begin operations here, promising 200 new jobs through a $50 million investment. The textile firm is currently building its thread manufacturing plant in Cartago. Thread made there will then be exported primarily to American countries.

Kwang Ho Yoo, SAE-A Spinning's president, said he envisions his company being in Costa Rica for at least 30 years because of Costa Rica's optimal trade positioning in the Americas through the Central American Free Trade Treaty.
 
“If we achieve the yields and success expected, we will even consider exploring opportunity for a second investment to 
complement the one we are announcing,” the company president said. “Thanks to the country's good business climate and the commercial advantages of CAFTA, we trust this plant will be a milestone collaborating in building deeper relations between Costa Rica and South Korea.”

Gabriela Llobet, director of the Costa Rican investment promotion agency, said this new addition proves the country remains competitive globally in the textile industry because of its established trade network.

“The operation of this new company confirms for us that Costa Rica is a venue with potential for light manufacturing and textile operations,” Ms. Llobet said. “Privileged access to the North American market through CAFTA is a decisive element for industries of this nature deciding to set up in Costa Rica.”

SAE-A Spinning, a subsidiary of SAE-A Trading Co., has other apparel manufacturing plants in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Haiti, among other locales.

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 121
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Turtle from Cocos proves there is a link with Galapagos Marine Reserve
By the Programa Restauración de Tiburones
y Tortuga Marinas news staff

A 53 kilogram (117 pounds) male endangered green sea turtle  made history Monday when he completed his 14-day migration from the Isla de Cocos in Costa Rica to the Galapagos Marine Reserve in Ecuador. This is the first turtle to directly link these two protected marine areas, proving the connectivity of the eastern tropical Pacific as well as the importance of protecting migration routes.

Enviromentalists call the turtle Sanjay.

“It’s truly remarkable. Sanjay knew where he was headed, and made a beeline from one marine protected area to the next,” said Alex Hearn, conservation science director for Turtle Island Restoration Network. He added, “These protected areas of ocean are hot spots for endangered green sea turtles, but we also need to think about their migratory corridors between protected areas.”

Sanjay was one of three green sea turtles tagged at Cocos Island in June during a joint 10-day research expedition. The expedition set out to understand where these endangered sea turtles migrate and how they use marine protected areas. Since 2009, the two organizations, Turtle Island Restoration Network and Programa Restauración de Tiburones y Tortuga Marinas, have tagged over 100 turtles. Yet this turtle is the first to have been documented moving between these two marine protected areas. The turtle was tagged with a satellite transmitter and his migration track could be followed.

“Finally seeing a turtle move from Cocos Island directly to Galapagos is absolutely amazing,” said Maike Heidemeyer of the Programa Restauración de Tiburones y Tortuga Marinas. “Especially because preliminary genetic research results suggests that there is a connection between green turtles at Cocos Island and the Galapagos.”

Green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas agasizzii) play an important role in the eastern tropical Pacific ecosystem. Little is known about the geographic distribution of juvenile and male turtles. However, nesting sites for female turtles have been identified in the Galapagos, mainland Mexico and Revillagigedo Islands, as well in the northern Pacific of Costa Rica. At Cocos Island, two different populations of turtles occur: the black-to gray colored Eastern Pacific green turtles (also known as black turtles) and Western Pacific populations. Both populations are considered as subspecies by some authors, but there is no official taxonomic division.

“The route that Sanjay the green turtle followed is riddled with longline fishing gear,” said Randall Arauz of the Programa.  “Several international initiatives exist to improve marine conservation in the eastern tropical Pacific, and its time for these
turtle
Programa Restauración de Tiburones  y Tortuga Marinas photo
The long-distance turtle

initiative to translate into direct actions that ultimately protect these turtles from unsustainable fishing practices.”

The purpose of the research program is to understand how endangered turtles and sharks use the Cocos Island and Galapagos National Parks marine protected areas, and to see if their is biological connectivity between those new sanctuaries. Sanjay the turtle joins several hammerhead sharks, a silky shark and a Galapagos shark that have spent time at both of these reserves.

“These species are protected while they are in the reserves, but as soon as they swim beyond the no-fishing zone, they are being hammered by industrial fishing vessels that set millions of hooks in the region,”said Todd Steiner, executive director of Turtle Island, biologist and co-primary investigator of the Cocos research program. “Our goal is collect the necessary scientific data to understand the migratory routes and advocate for protected swimways to protect these endangered species though out their migration,” he added.

Satellite, acoustic and genetic information is currently being analyzed and will be officially published later in the year. Information obtained from satellite tags is crucial for interpreting sea turtle movements and to connect habitats occupied during different life stages to effectively design regional conservation measures.

But quality data comes with a high cost – each satellite tag cost around $4,000 and has a high probability of malfunctioning because of the rough ocean conditions the turtles move through.

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Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
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Click photo for another video

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challet
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houe
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Cafetales



Libyan leaders expressing
unhappiness on U.S. snatch

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Libyan officials have condemned this week's U.S. operation that nabbed the alleged ringleader of the 2012 attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi.  After the 2011 U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan, the operation in Libya again raises questions of how far the United States can go to target terror suspects abroad.

The United States did not notify the Libyan government before carrying out the June 14 operation that captured Ahmed Abu Khatallah, who is suspected of being behind the Sept. 11, 2012, attack on the U.S. diplomatic compound in Benghazi that killed U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans.
 
And it did not take long for Libyan officials to express anger at the American mission.

"The government condemns this unfortunate attack on Libyan sovereignty, without prior knowledge of the Libyan government, in a time the city of Benghazi suffers from security disruptions," said foreign ministry spokesman Said al Saoud in Tripoli.
 
The current security situation, Libyan officials say, made it difficult for Libyan law enforcement to act on their own warrant for Khatallah. They are demanding the Islamist militant's return to Libyan soil for trial.
 
U.S. State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki rejected that demand Wednesday and said the unilateral operation had been planned for some time.
 
“It should come as no surprise, given the tragedy that occurred on September 11, 2012, that we would take the opportunity to apprehend this individual and bring him to justice.  And we have long stated that as a priority of the United States,” said Ms. Psaki.
 
Like the May 2011 special forces raid on Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, American officials say Khatallah's capture was undertaken in accordance with the United States' inherent right to self-defense.
 
Daniel Serwer, a conflict management professor at Johns Hopkins University, says it’s a grey area.
 
“We not only nab people, we kill people in other countries.  And that may be justified on the basis of self-defense, but I don't think there is much in international law that allows it. What allows it is a lack of full sovereignty,” says Serwer.
 
And in this case, he says, it was Libya's limited sovereignty, with the country's inability to fully control its own territory or establish law and order.
 
“The right thing to do is to have the Libyans arrest him and extradite him.  But that's extraordinarily difficult for the Libyans.  It's difficult because they don't have the security forces to do it, but it's also difficult politically in the current situation,” says Serwer.
 
Serwer says the preferred method is for the United States to work with viable states it enjoys friendly ties with.  But as in Pakistan, Yemen, and now Libya that's not always the case.


China tightening the rules
on all sorts of expression


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

China's Communist Party crackdown on dissent and freedom of expression appears to be intensifying.

Party officials this week issued several rulings against civil rights activists and announced new regulations that bar reporters from writing critical news stories without approval.

Draft rules that would ban lawyers from posting comments about cases online have also surfaced.

Three activists were sentenced to prison Thursday after calling on government officials to disclose their wealth to the public. Two of them who were members of the loosely organized New Citizens Movement were given six-and-a-half years. The sentencing follows last week's announcement that prominent activist and lawyer Pu Zhiqiang would be formally charged with causing a disturbance and obtaining illegal access to personal information.

Pu's charges come more than a month after he was detained for participating in a private gathering to plan events marking the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests.

China's media watchdog issued a notice that reporters were forbidden from writing critical stories without first receiving approval, including posting them online on other Web sites or social media. Authorities say the moves are meant to address the worsening problem of reporters extorting money for stories.

And while it stopped short of criticizing the move, even the state-run Global Times noted the regulations were sparking a discussion over authorities increased control of the media.

Li Datong, a former reporter who was dismissed from his job with a state-run media organization because of his opinions, says he does not see much new in the regulations, given the control authorities already enjoy over the media.

He does, however, note that the move is part of a worrying leftist trend.

"It all reminds me of the nonsensical accusations of the Cultural Revolution," he said, explaining that party publications have recently criticized Zhang Yimou's film "Coming Home," and how a top official recently accused a top party research group, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, of being infiltrated by Western forces.

Directives such as the one barring critical journalism, he added, may not necessarily come from the highest party echelons, but are more a reflection of the current environment and how each individual department — in this instance, Beijing's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television — is looking for ways to conform and maintain stability by taking more extreme measures.

Just as reporters are seeing increased restrictions, the All China Lawyers Association, a government-run bar association, has recently drafted regulations that could ban lawyers from using the media or the Internet to draw attention to their cases.

"We have interpreted that as kind of a gag order," said William Nee, a Hong Kong-based researcher for Amnesty International. "Lawyers often use social media Weibo, which is kind of the Twitter or Facebook-like service, and they use it to a great effect in trying to gather public support in their cases and make their cases online for their clients. And this has proven to be fairly effective."

According to Lin Chong-Pin, a Taiwan-based China analyst, the crackdown on dissent is part of President Xi Jinping's effort to shield himself from criticism as he promotes ambitious reforms that impact the vested interests of those inside and outside of government.

Lin argues that Xi is trying to avoid the mistakes of former top Chinese official Hu Yaobang, a man Xi considers his spiritual godfather. Hu's death in the spring of 1989 was the trigger for the massive protests in Tiananmen Square.

"Xi Jinping is determined not to make the same mistakes made by Hu Yaobang," he said. "That's what he is doing. So you'll notice not only the growing assertiveness along the coast of China with its neighbors. But also domestically arresting dissidents. That is also a toughness to sort of protect himself against possible criticism from conservatives."

Amnesty International's Nee says it is hard to say what Xi's endgame might be.

"In some ways I think what they want to do is try to make progress in the country and take up many of the issues that people in civil society like the New Citizens Movement are calling for, but doing it on their own terms and kind of monopolize the political process," said Nee. "So in some ways they're reacting and absorbing some of the things people in civil society are saying, and at the same time they are cracking down on them and not allowing them to participate."

In the long run, he adds, that is not only a violation of human rights, but a risky political strategy.

skull
One of the nearly complete skulls from the cave.

Spanish fossil site gives
clues to human evolution


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The largest human fossil collection ever discovered at a single site has shed new light on the origin and evolution of Neanderthals, a distinct species of ancient humans.  The collection includes seventeen skulls from the Sima de los Huesos  cave in Northern Spain.

Described in the journal Science, the fossils represent the earliest set of Neanderthal-like traits dating back 430,000 years ago or 100,000 years earlier than previously reported. 

The skulls show Neanderthal features in the face and teeth, but not, in the braincase.  This combination of features is normally associated with more primitive hominids.  The samples support the idea that evolutionary changes emerged at different times and not all at once.  The work suggests that facial modification, particularly related to chewing, was the first step in Neanderthal evolution.  

Lead author Juan-Luis Arsuago, professor of paleontology at the Complutense University of Madrid was surprised how similar the different individuals were.

“The other fossils of the same geological period are different and don’t fit in the Sima pattern,“ he said. “This indicates that more than one evolutionary lineage appears to have co-existed at the same time, with the Sima site representing one closer to the Neanderthal.”

Sima de Los Huesos has been excavated continuously since the early 1980s with the recovery of nearly 7,000 human fossils and 28 complete skeletons.


Tanning might be addictive,
new research is reporting

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Why do some people spend so much time in the sun, despite knowing that excessive exposure puts them at risk for skin cancer?
 
A new study suggests they are addicted to ultraviolet light, whether from the sun or tanning beds. UV light raises levels of beta-endorphins, so-called feel good chemicals in the body.
 
Beta-endorphins, the body's natural opioids, are stimulated by drugs such as heroin and cocaine. They are also released into the bloodstream by smoking cigarettes or drinking alcohol, encouraging the addictive behavior.
 
Researchers have found that ultraviolet light may stimulate the same protein pathway, causing a slavish devotion to sunbathing or regular trips to the tanning parlor.
 
Every day, for six weeks, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital exposed a group of shaved mice to UV light that was the equivalent of spending 20 to 30 minutes in the midday Florida sun. The dose of ultraviolet light was calculated to induce skin tanning but not sunburn.
 
Dermatologist David Fisher, director of the Cutaneous Biology Research Center at Massachusetts General in Boston, led the study, which found that blood levels of beta-endorphin rose significantly in the exposed mice.
 
Fisher says the beta-endorphin molecule acts like an anesthetic so that mice exposed to ultraviolet did not respond to light touch or heat, compared to control animals. When the exposed mice were given a drug that blocked the natural opioid pathway, they became agitated and began shaking and squeaking through chattering teeth.

It appeared that the mice, like drug addicts, had become hooked on UV light.
 
Fisher said the UV exposure resulted "in behavioral changes, in addiction, in withdrawal symptoms. And this suggests that ultraviolet radiation can have significant opiate-like effects in a broad sense – probably in many species, not only in laboratory mice."
 
The exposure "perhaps may underlie some of the dangerous consequences of UV radiation in man," Fisher added.
 
Sunlight is a primary source of vitamin D, a nutrient essential for skeletal formation and bone strength. Fisher said it's possible the addictive nature of sunbathing is a throwback to prehistoric times when sunlight was the only source of vitamin D and periods of daylight were short.
 
Could taking vitamin D supplements, which are cheap and easily available today, treat a sunbathing addiction?
 
"We don't know," Fisher said. "Could it be that vitamin D itself participates in some of these behavioral effects? That's a very interesting speculation. It happens to be something we are looking at at the same time."
 
The study suggesting the potential addictiveness of ultraviolet sunlight is published in the journal Cell.

 
NASA building new craft
to rocket into earth orbit


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Since the retirement of its shuttle fleet in 2011, the U.S. space agency NASA has had to rely on Russian space vehicles to carry astronauts to the International Space Station.  In the meantime, NASA’s engineers are developing components of a new system for launching manned capsules way beyond the low earth orbit to an asteroid and even to Mars.

At NASA’s George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, engineers are preparing for a crucial test of a booster engine that will help the main rocket escape the earth’s gravity. The agency says it's the largest booster ever developed for a manned spacecraft.

The Space Launch System, or SLS, consists of a main rocket and two solid-fuel boosters.  It will propel the new manned capsule Orion into deep space.  

During liftoff the engines create so much noise that the sound waves can actually damage the payload.

That is why other NASA engineers are testing a water-based sound suppression system on a scaled-down model of the launch vehicle.

“Past experience has shown that without this scale model testing, there could be not only problems with the design loads, with the environment, components could fail," said Space Launch System engineer, Douglas Counter. "So this is very critical.”

At one of the indoor laboratories, engineers are assembling components of the system that will integrate and control all parts of the rocket.

“This is essentially the brain and nervous system of your rocket. The flight computers are your brain," said Space Launch System engineer Curt Jackson. "The various data systems, the various sensors, data from the different boxes -- kind of like your nervous system --  flow to the brain.”

Congress has not yet approved next year’s budget for NASA, so the agency is trying to save money by relying on unused components, like the RS-25 rocket engines built for the retired shuttles.

“We've got 16 RS-25 engines left over from the shuttle program," said engine test project manager Gary Benton.  "And, since the engine was highly reliable and reusable, we're able to take these engines and use them for the first four flights of SLS.”

The rocket test stand in Mississippi, was built in the Apollo era, but project manager Richard Rauch says it was designed to be flexible for testing various engines.

“What we're doing is re-purposing some of that old hardware -- some of that structural hardware -- a lot of the propellant and cryopiping, to make it adaptable to what's required for the SLS core stage,” he said.

At another site in Louisiana, workers have already started welding sections of almost a 100 meter long main rocket.  Engineers from NASA and the main contractor Boeing had to design huge welding tools.

NASA says the new Space Launch System is being designed to be flexible for both crewed and cargo missions.  Testing of the core stage will begin in 2016 and the first launch is planned for 2017, though no astronauts will be on board.


California congressman
gets majority leader job

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Republican lawmakers in the U.S. House of Representatives have elected California congressman Kevin McCarthy as their new majority leader. The four-term lawmaker will succeed Eric Cantor, who is relinquishing the post after losing a primary election in his congressional district last week.
 
McCarthy, 49, now becomes the No. 2 in the House Republican leadership after Speaker John Boehner. His new post will see him set the legislative agenda in the House of Representatives, where Republicans have the majority.
 
In comments following the party vote, McCarthy said the country is facing difficult times and that it is time for Republicans to turn them around.
 
“America is struggling. We are struggling with a stagnant economy, a failed health care law and so many people are living paycheck to paycheck. They are looking for people that put people before politics. I make one promise - I will work every single day to make sure this Congress has the courage to lead, and the wisdom to listen. And we’ll turn this country around,” said McCarthy.
 
Some Republicans, like Michigan Rep. Justin Amash, say Thursday's vote did nothing to address the concern of many conservative voters regarding the direction of the party leadership.
 
“I don’t think the results today are going to satisfy ordinary Americans. I’m not just talking about the Tea Party, I’m talking about ordinary Americans, regular Republicans back home who are demanding that we listen to them,” said Amash.
 
Rep. John Fleming, a conservative from the southern state of Louisiana, said Americans are beginning to take out their frustrations on Republicans and the party leadership for not doing enough to push back against President Barack Obama’s agenda.
 
“I think it’s going to be one of the first things he says: that we’re going to really begin to push back, we’re going to grow our majority in the House, we’re going to take back the Senate and we’re going to put good, solid, conservative legislation on the president’s desk, and it’s going to be up to him to veto it or sign,” said Fleming.
 
Following McCarthy’s move from the third most powerful Republican post in the House to the second, the party's lawmakers chose Louisiana Rep. Steve Scalise to succeed him as majority whip, the official who rounds up votes for legislation supported by party leaders.
 
As Congress is off for most of the summer, the two new Republican House leaders will have just 12 legislative days from July 31, when Cantor officially resigns, to November’s midterm elections.


Mistake with bacteria
exposes many to anthrax


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

As many as 75 scientists working in U.S. government laboratories in the southern U.S. city of Atlanta may have been exposed to live anthrax bacteria.
 
Officials at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the risk of infection seems very low and that those exposed are being monitored or given antibiotics as a precaution against the deadly bacteria.
 
The exposure occurred when a high-level biosecurity lab failed to properly inactivate the bacteria samples that were then used at lower-security labs researching new ways to detect the germs in environmental samples.
 
Workers in three labs who later came into contact with the potentially infectious samples, were not wearing adequate protective gear because they believed the samples had been inactivated.
 
Anthrax was highlighted as a potential weapon of mass destruction in 2001 when mail laced with the spores was sent to media organizations and the offices of some U.S. senators. Five people died after the bioterrorism incident.

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Customizing for your vision, lifestyle and budget.
 
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:
Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad.
Our custom furniture designs & manufacturing can be contracted independently.
“Serving the Region for 11 years”

Email: info@casadelpacifico.com
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com

Rosa Monge
Rosa Monge


Real estate foreclosure specialist

Great deals available every week
Properties like this:

20.5 acres of pasture for as little as $2,400

Rosa Monge Alvarez
Please email for details
rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr
8339-5/23/14

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8294-6/12/14

Remax logo
Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert

Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8366-12/2/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8321-10/17/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com

English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016  
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 8331-5228

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $1,100,000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia home
  1,900 square meters of land, 253 square meters of construction. Price $350.000. CLICK HERE
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8352-8/13/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Castillo
Twice the Security & Prestige for Half the Cost

The only private guarded development in El Castillo
• 50% off for limited time only   • $26/square meter
• Neighbors are $80/square meter  • Incredible view
Clubhouse, pool, equestrian, country club
Only 2 remaining
Secure a spot in a million dollar neighborhood for under $100k
 Free architecture services
•  Full commission paid to brokers   • Financing available
Email or call the 24-hour recorded message for full info
mail@davidcollier.net   CR: 4000-1983 (English/Español)
USA: 619-800-8550 (English only)
8382-7/5/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consignment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

organic
Stunning organic ocean view home site in San Ramón
2.93 acres, only $60,000

Gorgeous homesite on organic land available for quick sale! Only 10 minutes to downtown San Ramón and within a terrific private community. Close to town but away from it all! Features amazing views of the ocean, great sunsets every night and privacy. Multiple building spots. Comparable lots in the area are selling for $75,000 to over $100,000! At 11,864 square meters, or $5 per square meter, this is a great investment too! This lot is priced to move! Looking for a quick sale, so no tire kickers please! See Web site for additional information and photos. or email bizcr@hotmail.com
Tel: CR (506) 8350-7647
8369-6/26/14

Ad three graphics
Tropical lots located walking distance to a beautiful white sandy beach
Only $49,999 with interest-free financing
These lots are located in a gated, private community with low HOA dues and offer amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to Playa Conchal and Pirates beaches.  And only 20 minutes to the resort town of Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia International airport. Reserve your lot with only a $1,500 deposit.  We are offering Interest-free financing for 5 years for a limited time only. Contact: Christian  info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025    www.puntaplayavistas.com
8372-8/23/14

ad two grpahic
For Sale: Fully Furnished OCEAN VIEW CONDOMINIUM
Reduced $199,999
Gorgeous 2-bedroom, 2-bath condo with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built energy green. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white, sandy beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort town Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double pane windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom cabinets. Contact www.puntaplayavistas.com or email info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025
8271-8/23/14

Ad one grpahics
For Sale by Owner: Playa Conchal ocean view home reduced $339,999

Casa de Eden is  2,600 square feet with 3 bedroom, 2.5 bath, outdoor shower, private outdoor terrace and pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure, gated community surrounded by nature and close to the resort town of Tamarindo, only an hour from Liberia airport.  The home is being offered fully furnished with: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire Professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, internet, cable. 
Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. (732) 984-7549
or CR (506) 8349-2025.
8370-8/3/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $449,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9368-6/4/14

Large estate on island with sea view !!!
Located on the Big Island and five minutes from the center of Golfito on boat.  The large land has three hills with forest in which there are many trees and animals such as parrots, parakeets and monkeys.!!   It has a beautiful view
island one
of downtown Golfito , mountains and sea. It has three entry beach options. Your own beach,  large land with fruit trees, livestock grazing.Mangrove front with lots of fish, snapper, etc. Also access to your own part of sea with full of  seafood: pianguas, cambutes, chuchecas, clams, etc. .  Natural beauty is a paradise to live, walking, diving, fishing, horse riding, climbing to the mountains, swimming in the creek or the sea, exploring
the land, animals and trees, etc.  Your paradise is here for you, your family or develop your own rain forest country club. This is  the place of your dreams !  The full land measures 119,284 m2. All legal papers and blueprints are ready to get a new owner.   Property has its own water and  ready to instal solar panel or electric  power plant.     It is Isla Grande - Segura, diagonal to grazing
 Puntarenitas Beach in Golfito for sale at $1.500.000 U.S. Further information contact : Raquel or Maria Ester at  rakell.leon6@gmail.com, Local phone numbers: +506 8690-2325   or  +506  8673-0112.
8361-8/15/14

Casa Fiesta
Caribbean Beachfront Home and Apartment  Puerto Viejo
 Right on the Beach!
Ranch style home with detached garage and apartment Air-conditioned home sleeps 4, apartment sleeps 2 ,  3 baths, hot water showers  Fenced-in property with pool, screened in patio  Turnkey....Everything is included with the sale!   Washer/dryer, furniture, appliances, tools, household items and linens, bicycles, and even a vehicle! Great income potential also  259,000 US Please visit our Web site for many more photos go to: http://www.casafiestacostarica.com  Email inquires to:   suez2cats@hotmail.com
8358-8/8/14

Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact drako13@me.com
8344-5/23/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Lundquist photo
More photos HERE!
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 121
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News from the BBC up to the minute







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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Pro bono lawyers try to help illegal kids

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Department of Homeland Security reports that an estimated 47,000 unaccompanied children, some as young as 7, entered the United States illegally from the southwestern border region from October 2013 through the end of May.  That represents a greater than 100 percent increase over the entire previous year.  Most of those kids were hoping to reunite with their parents in the U.S. while fleeing the epidemic of gang violence and civil unrest in Central America and Mexico. Many reported being assaulted or raped on their journey north. The New York Immigration Coalition is trying to bring attention to the legal and humanitarian crisis faced by these young refugees.
 
Most of the child migrants Heather Axford represents are fleeing gang violence back home. The attorney at the Central American Legal Assistance organization says that in El Salvador, for instance, much of the menace stems from the Mara Salvatrucha, a criminal group that, ironically, was formed in Los Angeles during the 1980s.
 
“They are recruiting kids as young as 10 to do things like sell drugs, to collect extortion. And kids who refuse to be recruited, who refuse to cooperate with the Mara Salvatrucha, they are murdered. They are tortured and they are murdered,” said Axford.
 
Once these kids arrive in the United States, their psychological, emotional and physical wounds can be severe, said Mario Russell of Catholic Charities, which helps run a one-stop clinic that includes group therapy.
 
“Ten or 12 boys will get in a room together and they will talk about their experiences. And it’s amazing to see how they are finding solidarity, comfort, understanding and sense of peace.  They get medical screening. They get dental assistance. They get food. They get this kind of totality of services. We keep them in the game,” said Russell.
 
That game involves law enforcement. Undocumented child migrants are placed in juvenile detention centers, while they await immigration and deportation hearings. Most children simply want to reunite with their families, who may be living in the U.S. illegally. However, that is a difficult task according to attorney Lenni Benson, the founder of the New York Law School’s Safe Passage Project, a non-profit, mostly volunteer organization of lawyers who represent children in immigration courts.
 
“There’s no legal way to come to the United States if you’re a child and your parents are living here without papers,” said Benson. “Even if your parents have papers, with the delays and the quota system, it may take five, six years to sponsor a child.”
 
American immigration law does provide asylum status for people who can prove they are fleeing government violence due to race, religion, nationality, social group or political opinion. But it specifically excludes victims of so-called “generalized violence” or criminal activity.
 
However, attorney Axford has successfully argued before the court that in some places, criminal organizations are powerful and pervasive enough to be considered de facto governing authorities, especially where the official government is too weak or too corrupt to protect its citizens. 
 
“So why is that kid who is refusing to cooperate any different than refusing to pay your tithing to the Taliban - which would be given asylum? Or why is it any different than refusing to cooperate with the ruling political party?” asked Ms. Axford.
 
Such questions are sure to increase in urgency over the coming months, if, as expected, immigration reform continues to languish in Congress, and the number of child migrants continues to skyrocket.




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Gtom Page 7:

U.S. unemployment benefits at lower level

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The number of Americans collecting unemployment benefits has fallen to the lowest level in more than six years.

The U.S. Labor Department said Thursday that 312,000 jobless workers made first-time claims for compensation last week, down 6,000 from the week before.

That left about 2.5 million Americans collecting unemployment compensation. That's the lowest figure since October 2007, which is two months before the country's steep recession began.

The chairwoman of the country's central bank, Janet Yellen of the Federal Reserve, said Wednesday that the U.S. economy is advancing again after faltering during a harsh winter earlier in 2014. She said the bank's policy makers expect the world's largest economy will advance even faster in the next two years.

The U.S. labor market has picked up recently, adding an average of more than 200,000 jobs a month the last four months, the first such stretch of robust hiring since the late 1990s.