Del Rey
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
Cocal for Jan. 20
Hotel Alta
Del Rey 220
(506) 2223-1327                               Published Tuesday, June 16, 2015, in Vol. 15, No. 117                             Email us
Real Estate
About us
Rock construction

U.S. high court upholds secret denial of visas
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
and wire services

Costa Ricans who apply here for a visa to enter the United States never get a detailed reason if they are denied.

This is one of the situations that creates hard feelings.

The best that a consular official will offer is that the United States is unable to issue a visa at this time.

For many expats this seems unAmerican at least in that there may be some kind of paperwork mixup that led to confusing the Costa Rican applicant with someone with a similar name. The right to confront an accuser is inshrined in Anglo-Saxon law.

There are many reasons consular officials might reject a visa applicant even after the individual has paid for the brief interview at the U.S. Embassy. Having a California driver's license is one such reason, but the applicant never is told this.

The consular official, a U.S. citizen, has the benefit of advance notice of the visa appointment and a host of U.S. data bases that might reveal reasons why the applicant is not being truthful or eligible for a visa.

The consular official is seeking to find out if the applicant really wants to go to the United States to work illegally or for some other unstated reason.

Just like the U.S. no-fly list that contains thousands of names, court have upheld the government's right not to disclose a reason. A
recent case in Costa Rica was that of a
Muslim graduate of the University for Peace who sought to return home to California. He was refused boarding at Juan Santamaría without a reason. He ended up flying to the Mexican border and walking across to his home in the United States.

In the complicated case announced Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court stood behind the U.S. State Department's lack of transparency with a visa applicant.  The case was that of Afghan citizen Kanishka Berashk, who was turned down for a visa in 2009 vaguely for being involved in terrorist activities.

He wanted to join his wife,  Fauzia Din, in the United States. She came as a refugee to the United States and became a citizen in 2007. As a non-resident alien, her husband could not sue, but she claimed that denying him a visa violated her constitutional rights.

The opinion in the 5-4 decision was by Justice Antonin Scalia. He said there was no violation of rights.

The case was remanded to a lower court.

Scalia noted in his opinion that Ms. Din was not forbidden from getting married. "Those right-to-marry cases cannot be expanded to include the right Din argues for — the right to live in the United States with one's alien spouse," Scalia said.

Ms. Din had also argued that she had a constitutional right to receive an explanation for the visa denial, based on marriage rights.

Din's lawyers believe the visa denial was related to the fact that Berashk had worked as a clerk in the Afghan government when the country was controlled by the Taliban.

One of the interesting sights at the Saturday morning market in Santo Domingo, Heredia, is the egg vendors, who sell their eggs in plastic bags and weigh them by the kilo, reports reader Jim Twomey. They drive those trucks full of eggs very, very carefully when going to the market. And the eggs are not refrigerated, much to the consternation of the Gringo buyers, he said.

egg sales
A.M. Costa Rica/Jim Twomey

Story behind unrefrigerated eggs is complex indeed
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

What U.S. expat  has not been surprised by flats and cartons of eggs sitting out on the supermarket shelf.

They immediately wonder why the eggs are not refrigerated like back home. It turns out that Costa Rica may be doing right by the eggs and the consumer.

"Eggshells have a natural protective coating on them that helps prevents microbes from entering eggs," says the University of Florida. "For this reason, washing eggs isn’t consistently recommended by all sources."

In fact, in only a few countries, including the United States and Australia, do producers and distributors wash eggs.

Those expats with laying hens probably also should know that washing eggs has to be done in a special way to prevent dangerous bacteria from seeping into the shells.

Among some of the instructions from the experts is discarding any free range eggs found outside the nesting boxes because there is no certainty when they have been laid. In addition, agricultural sources, including the University of Florida, urge collecting eggs twice a day in hot climates.

Egg safety is a major academic topic because there are cases of salmonella every year. Australia reports nearly 12,000 cases each year, according to one report.

The same Australian source reported that an experiment showed that egg penetration by Salmonella typhimurium was significantly higher in washed eggs when compared to unwashed eggs.

The University of Florida has an extensive tip sheet on the home handling of eggs by those who produce their own. One tip is to wash eggs in water about 20 degrees F warmer than the eggs to prevent it from contracting and pulling bacteria inside.

veteran's clinic
Manuel antnio home
Luna Nueva

exchange rate
our site
to our  daily digest
Real estate
Tourism and services Display
ad info
ad info




rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?


Retirement title ad

association of residents


What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

A.M. Costa Rica's
Second news page

San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 117

Real Estate
About us

DelRey 300
Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Hearing Services

Clínica Dinamarca Hearing Center
Audiometry – Impedance
Hearing aids
Batteries & accessories
Electronic laboratory
Earplugs: Loud noise & swimming
Cochlear implants
Bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA)
Free hearing tests for Senior Citizens on Wednesdays
We accept hearing aids prescriptions from C.C.S.S.
For the US veterans we can help with the procedures

Address: 250 meters south from KFC Paseo Colón, San José,
Costa Rica
Phone: (506) 2221-4545
(506) 2221-4646
Follow us on Facebook click here.
Dinamarca logo


Dr. Gray

Dr. Lucinda Gray

California Licensed
International Practice
New World Meditation

CR (506) 2228-2041

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
Tax Accountant
Personalized Service
I will treat your return as I would my own
20 years experience
Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2001
FAX: 506 2231-3300
Web page:

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Legal services

Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA.

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000


Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:

Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083

Real estate agents and services

Ms. Gonzalez
Noemy González
Real Estate Adviser
Bienes Inmuebles

We are a real estate company specializing in prompt & effective attention for you. English, Spanish & Italian spoken. Professionals in the sale of properties such as commercial premises, homes & apartments through our advertising & marketing services.
Vision: Making realty dreams a reality.
Mission: Your #1 property adviser with real value in a changing world.
Address: Cariari, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Local phone (506) 2239-3883
Mobile (506) 8302-3883
E-mail :


A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356

CR Beach
Jaco Beach Central Pacific Real Estate
 CR Beach Investment Real Estate Broker & INT’L NAR certified Realtor Jeff Fisher invites you to see why the time is TODAY, NOT 3 YEARS FROM NOW, to buy at discounted prices.
#1: SJO Int'l Airport & S.J. suburbs are little more than one hour away.
#2: The Jacó area has everything you need, from
Jeff  Fisher
    HMO free to KFC, from zip lines, to $3 breakfast lines. from a movie house to a 1/2 priced art house.
#3: BUYERS' MARKET: Prices still dropping BUT sales are now happening!       

Yes after 21 years,  we know Costa Rica and we still love most the Central Pacific! Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 or  2643-4334, 2643-3672
Over 9 years in  our JACÓ Office:
IL Galeone Center by BAC, #14, Costa Rica

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here:

In the Spanish-language press
$10 million effort launched for citrus

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

The U. S. Department of Agriculture Specialty Crop Research Initiative has awarded a diverse group of researchers a $10 million grant to develop treatments for  citrus greening disease.

The disease disease, a bacterial infection, threatens the future of the U.S. citrus industry,

“We have put together a strong team of researchers from eight institutions to combat this disease. We are taking a systems approach to bring new found knowledge from our laboratory studies to the orchard quickly and safely,” said group leader Susan Brown of Kansas State.

Citrus greening disease is poised to decimate the U.S. citrus industry and it is present in Central America. The infection weakens and sometimes kills citrus trees and often causes small, unripe fruits.

Though the disease has afflicted trees in Asia since the early 1900s, where it is called huanglongbing, the causative bacterium first surfaced in the U.S. in Florida in 2005. The plague has since permeated citrus groves throughout the state, where more than 70 percent of trees may be affected. Growers in Texas have already made isolated reports of infected trees.

A bacterial species called Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus causes the infection and a sap-sucking insect called the Asian citrus psyllid spreads the bacterium as it feeds. Farmers have attempted to slow its advance through increased pesticide use, but this strategy has failed to stop it.

In an effort to block the transmission of bacteria between trees, while curing existing infections, the researchers will use a comprehensive, multi-pronged approach that considers every gene, protein and metabolite within all three components of the problem: the bacterium, insect and citrus.

Using proteomics, the study of every protein within an organism, genomics the study of all DNA in the genome, and metabolomics, the study of all metabolites, the researchers can find — and potentially block — interactions between specific molecules required to move the bacterium from tree to insect to tree.

Michelle Cilia of the Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell University and a research molecular biologist at the U.S. Agricultural Research Service, along with Robert Shatters, of the research station in Fort Pierce, Florida, and John Lis of Cornell University are developing targeted therapies that will kill the Asian citrus psyllid when it feeds on the plant or will block the bacterium from colonizing the psyllid when it enters the gut.

Ms. Cilia will use proteomics approaches to identify key protein interactions that occur during transmission and will test resulting therapeutic compounds in the greenhouse. “These protein or RNA molecules can be delivered from within the tree so that the psyllids get these blockers as they’re feeding,” said Ms. Cilia.

To handle the masses of the data that the group will generate, bioinformaticists in the laboratory of Lukas Mueller at the Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell University are building a citrus greening portal ( that will visualize connections among the proteomic, metabolomic and genomic data from the bacterium, psyllid and citrus.

Mueller’s group has experience building databases for individual organisms, such as cassava, but this is the first database that will link all three organisms involved in citrus greening.

The citrus greening portal will also make this data available to the public, and most importantly, to citrus growers. A vital component of the project will be reaching out to growers to give them a voice in deciding how the treatments are developed and applied, researchers said. The citrus industry is deeply involved in finding a solution and has contributed large amounts of funding to support citrus greening research.

In the long-term, researchers hope to create citrus varieties that are resistant to the infection, using biotechnological approaches. Horticulturist and geneticist Ed Stover is already working on transgenic plants that will deliver a treatment to the psyllid through the phloem, the tubes that transport nutrients to all parts of the plant, where the psyllids feed.

Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo             
      In addition to homemade firearms, the suspects had gloves, ski
      masks and a knife.

Do-it-yourself weapons confiscated

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers said they nabbed two teens Monday while they were hiding in vegetation awaiting the arrival of a delivery truck.

Apparently there have been enough crimes of this sort in Río Jiménez de Guácimo, Limón, to warrant special police attention.

The two, a 17 and an 18 year old were armed with homemade weapons, a shotgun and a pistol, said police.

The way to make cheap firearms appears to be a cottage industry in some parts of Costa Rica. Gun makers are assisted by extensive information on the Internet, including material on how to create weapon quickly posted by the U.S. Army.

A simple search turns up vast amounts of information, mainly involving the use of pipes and other easily obtained material.

In the case Monday, the homemade shotgun was a bit more elaborate than just two pieces of pipe. There appeared to be a hammer contraption and a trigger assembly.

Web war against radicals studied in Paris

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The fight against the Islamic State group and other extremist organizations is not just taking place on the ground, but also in cyberspace. There is no silver bullet to winning the Web war, but this week experts, politicians and youth from around the world are in Paris to talk strategy.

The forum is a two-day meeting taking place at the Paris-based U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

The challenge: fighting radicalization and extremism on the Internet. The response? That is not so easy, says conference organizer Boyan Radoykov.

“What we can say right now is that this will be a very long-term problem to deal with. We are facing a problem that we will have to tackle for the next 20 years,” he said.

Many countries are witnessing this problem firsthand. Radical sites are mushrooming on the Web, along with places that offer young people easy pointers on how to tap them.

“There are no simple solutions. These people are facing a huge propaganda and machinery campaign. We are at the heart of a system that is brainwashing young people,” Radoykov said.

The conference will look at different responses to Internet radicalization around the world and also the downsides, like concerns over threats to free expression. The speakers include young people from Jordan, Syria, Libya and Tunisia, who will discuss their experiences.

The battle against extremism is taking place inside and outside cyberspace. Some of the answers, are coming from young people returning from jihad.

“By saying, 'Look, this is why I went to do the jihad and to meet these people and this is why I came back.' And this is sometimes even stronger than any Web site and any explanation, when you hear it from the heart of the people who lived it,” Radoykov stated.

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

From our retirement guide

Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archvied pages.

In the Spanish-language press

Today, June 16

Employment discrimination case sets a precedent

La República: The Sala IV constitutional court has determined that the firing of an employee in 2005 was because she had developed cancer. This is considered the first such case in Latin America.

Government will pay ¢ 7 billion for negligence of environment ministry

La Nación: The negligence of the environmental ministry to comply with a 2001 court order forced the state to spend ¢7 billion for flooding a farmer's land in 1998.

Pérez Zeledón is the canton that has submitted more complaints to the Defensoría

Prensa Libre: Of the total complaints filed in the province of  San José, 38 percent come from residents of that area who show the most discontent with government agencies, the report said.

3-meter waves forecast this week in the Caribbean

Prensa Libre: Although wave forecasts vary, there is a good chance of  flooding in some low places like Cieneguita and Moin.

Compiled by Sylvia Quesada Hidalgo

Palermo testimonial
news paper flag

Del Rey

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 117
Real Estate
About us
Don't miss our showcase of top restaurants HERE!

Costa Rican ant species add complexity to climate predictions
By the  Drexel University news staff

Army ants, the nomadic swarming predators underfoot in the jungle, can take down a colony of prey animals without breaking a sweat. But certain army ant species can't take the heat.

According to a new study from Drexel University, underground species of army ants are much less tolerant of high temperatures than their above-ground relatives, and that difference in thermal tolerance could mean that many climate change models lack a key element of how animal physiology could affect responses to changing environments.

At face value, this is not surprising, noted Sean O'Donnell, a professor in Drexel's College of Arts and Sciences and senior author of the study published in the Journal of Animal Ecology. Ants that live above ground are exposed to higher temperatures than subterranean ants, so they should be expected to tolerate hotter conditions. But the relationship between microhabitat and heat tolerance simply hadn't been tested before. No one knew whether the subterranean ant species might have been capable of handling high temperatures, even if they prefer cooler ones.

Current models of climate change are built on predictions that animal species may shift their geographic ranges to new latitudes or elevations when the temperature rises. But these models typically use temperature averages taken at a macro resolution, commonly measured one meter above ground, and encompassing areas of a square kilometer or more. They don't generally take into account that different species have varied levels of heat tolerance.

"A few inches of soil can make a big difference in temperature," said Kaitlin Baudier, a doctoral student in O'Donnell's lab and lead author of the study.

To look at whether factors like microhabitat preference, living above ground vs. below ground, affected an animal's thermal range, Ms. Baudier, O'Donnell and colleagues looked at nine closely related species of army ants that lived in the same general area in Costa Rica's tropical forests. They sampled ants from each of the species and

army ants
Drexel University/Kaitlin Baudier
Army ants, the nomadic swarming predators underfoot in the jungle, have a range of different lifestyles, this study shows.

experimentally tested their maximum heat tolerance in the lab.

They found that the best predictor of heat tolerance was how active the ant species was in above-ground environments. Above-ground army ants were most tolerant of higher temperatures, while species that lived mostly below-ground had much lower tolerance to heat, and species that used a combination of above- and below-ground environments had intermediate levels of tolerance.

Body size and habitat type also interacted, so that in comparisons of same-size individuals from different species, the species that are active above-ground were more heat tolerant, another indicator that habitat use signals the species' tolerance to heat. Within each species, smaller ants were more sensitive to rising temperatures than the larger ants of the same type.

"The takeaway message is that an animal's adaptation to its microhabitat is relevant to its thermal physiology," said Ms. Baudier.

"This shows us that the ways these species respond to a changing climate will be different depending on habitat type, and it's important to know that microhabitat could be an indicator of heat tolerance,"  O'Donnell said.

Five students from here will get a shot at Ivy League education
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The joke goes that when Ezra Cornell proposed in 1868 the university that now bears his name he said he wanted to provide an institution where anyone could find instruction in any study.

An associate said "But you will be flooded with students."

Cornell replied, according to the joke: "Wait to you see where I am going to put it."

Five Costa Ricans will find out. In addition to one of the best educations in the world, they also will learn about snow, perhaps skiing, long, demanding hills and the Ivy League tradition.

Casa Presidencial said Monday that Vice President Ana Helena Chacón will travel to New York to finalize a deal whereby five Costa Ricans will get full scholarships to Cornell.

Financing by the university for each student will be in excess of $100,000, said Casa Presidencial. The emphasis will be on the hard sciences and math. Also making the trip is the minister of  Ciencia y Tecnología, Marcelo Jenkins.

Not to be confused with another Ivy League institution, Columbia, the main Cornell campus is not in New York City amid museums, fancy restaurants and urban living. The campus is in the hills overlooking Ithaca, New York, some 250 miles (400 km) northwest of New York City, notes a university Web site.

Despite the remote location, the  American Institute of Economic Research several years ago named Ithaca as the best college town in America. The town is geared for a large student population, and the Upstate New York region is

Cornell University photo
The Library Tower is the dominant campus landmark.

heavily forested and sliced by deep gorges. The university sits, as the song goes, high above the waters of Lake Cayuga.

Cornell seems to be anxious to have Costa Rican students.

Casa Presidencial said that the air tickets and housing are being paid by the university.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Del Rey nighlife

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Fish Fabulous Costa Rica
Del Rey340x218
A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 117
Real Estate
About us

Team from Los Angeles performs historic surgery in Haiti on twins
By the Children's Hospital Los Angeles  news staff

An international collaboration separated a pair of 6-month-old conjoined Haitian twins, the first such operation ever performed on Haitian soil.

An 18-member team of physicians and nurses from Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Keck Medicine of the University of Southern California were involved.

Marian Dave-Nouche Bernard and Michelle Dave-Nouche Bernard were born as one Nov. 24, 2014. They were separated after a seven-hour surgery at University Hospital of Mirebalais, in Mirebalais, Haiti, a poor rural community in the country’s Central Plateau, about 36 miles northeast of the capital city of Port-au-Prince.

"The girls are doing fantastic,” said surgical team leader Henri Ford,  the Haitian-born surgeon-in-chief at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and vice dean for medical education. “It was an extremely exhilarating day. Not only did our preparations pay off and the surgery succeed in spectacular fashion, but this was also a time to put politics aside and celebrate our national pride.”

Marian and Michelle were connected at the abdomen. They  are actually triplets. Sister Tamar is healthy and normal. The two sisters had faced each other since birth, but recuperated in separate beds in the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit. They were ready to be discharged 12 days after surgery.

“We anticipate Marian and Michelle will recover fully and go on to lead healthy and happy lives,” Ford said.

Conjoined twins occur in roughly 1 in 200,000 births and those connected at the abdomen represent about 30 percent of all conjoined twin births. As triplets, these girls are considered even rarer, occurring 1 in an estimated 1 million births. Fused together by the breastbone in the lower portion of the sternum, Marian and Michelle also had attached livers that would be separated during the procedure.

It took the international surgical team almost seven hours to separate the conjoined twins.

The mother, Manoucheca Ketan, 35, gave birth to all three of her daughters at the same hospital after carrying them for 36 weeks.

The complex surgical procedure got underway within 24 hours of the arrival of the 18-member surgical team of

Children's Hospital Los Angeles photo
Surgeon Henri Ford relaxes in Haiti with Marian and Michelle three days after the separation.

surgeons, anesthesiologists and nurses from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. The Los Angeles team was joined by 12 local medical staffer.

The family received free treatment from the hospital, which is supported by the Haitian Ministry of Health and Partners in Health, an international health organization. Keck Medicine and Children's Hospital covered the travel expenses of the medical team and donated supplies to ensure the success of the operation.

During the seven-hour operation, the girls underwent 11 separate procedures, with only a few minor complications.

Doctors also surgically inserted patch material in both girls to reconstruct their abdominal walls after separation. They also formed new belly buttons for the twins, whose midline vertical scars should nearly disappear over time, the team predicted.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

                        in osa

Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
The Villas De Oros is a jungle paradise with the whole of the Osa within your reach, plus many local activities. Our five villas and suites are unique, sleeping between  two or four guests. They were built to reflect a love and respect for nature. We are happy to serve a wide variety of travelers, families, couples on romantic escapes and adventures seekers. We are near beautiful beaches, many national parks, fine dining and local fare. We are a small hotel, but we will do all we can to help make arrangements for you to insure your adventure of a lifetime!  Please let us know if you will need help with transportation arrangements and what tours you are interested in. Our moderately priced accommodations give you the opportunity to take in the sights and sounds of the surrounding jungle. With river and ocean views as well as an abundance of wildlife, you are sure to enjoy your stay. All four villas have kitchen facilities, two with full inside kitchens and three with mini-kitchens on the balconies overlooking the jungle. We are frequented almost daily by monkeys, macaws, toucans, iguanas, and many other fascinating creatures of Costa Rica. See more at  
506-2786-5170 in Costa Rica     303-719-0151 in U.S.

Mar de
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email:  Web page:

                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email:   Web page

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231

  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!

1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!

La Fortuna
Comfort of your home in the campo, 5 minutes from Fortuna Centro of San Carlos, in the shadow of Volcano Arenal, Flat screen TV, AC, refrigerator, free coffee. Local area activities like four-wheeling, horse riding, zip lining, hot springs, jungle walking tours. Bring your camera for great photos of nature, fishing and swimming, canyoning and wireless internet. Harry Hart, proprietor.  Call for reservations  (506) 2479-8670   and (506) 8682-9219  Email:

Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at

Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo


A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339

Real estate for rent (paid category)

Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia

Cottage in the mountain.  Surrounded by nature.  One bedroom, 1.5 bathrooms.  Bus line service, security.  $500 monthly. 
Phone: 506-8739-0638  Email:
Heredia cottage

house for rent
$800 plus electric
Two-bedrooms, two-bath house, fully furnished, INCLUDES internet, WiFi, cable TV, water bill. Inside private property, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Bárbara de Heredia. Email for more info and pictures. Long term. NO DOGS.

Ever thought about moving to Costa Rica?
Rent my beautiful little home for a year or two and see if you like it. Located in the hills of San Isidro de Heredia. Cool weather, peaceful
living room
and quiet. Fully furnished to function with style, $950  a month includes: Guard and grounds maintenance fee in gated community. Security alarm system PROARSA. Wi-fi. Washer/dryer. Refrigerator/oven. 2 bedrooms, 2 baths. 103 m2 construction on 1,000 square
 meters lot. Fireplace and deck. Lovely garden, meditation rock on the River Turú. Available starting July 1, 2015. Contact; Michael at or 8843-5322. More photos:

Apartment Lemur del Bosque for rent
San Francisco de Dos Ríos, El Bosque, furnished 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi, large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month.   Retired persons prefered. Call 8375-6838. Email:

Furnished apartment for rent  Available Now!
Impeccable newly remodeled villa in Villas de Cariari for rent day, week or month. Rates from US$85 per day. Utilities, washer and dryer, car parking,  24 hour security, Wi-Fi, close to airport and shopping. Long=term and corporate renters are accepted.
Contact: Chris English/Spanish U.S. phone: 1-804-699-8073
Costa Rica phone : (506) 6145-7003 Email:

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike:  Check out slide show HERE!

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:

Condo in Jacó for rent
Two-bedroom, 1-bath condominium available for rent starting June 1st in Corteza del Sol in the Quebrada Seca, just across the Costanera from Jacó. 24-hour security, wifi/cable, AC, luxurious amenities, kitchen includes everything you need to cook, gorgeous pools just steps from your front door. 15 minute walk to town or quick bike ride. ¢2,000 taxi to center of town. Short-term renter is fine. Long-term would be great! Looking for someone low-key who will fit in well with the complex. $950/month including cable & internet, NOT INCLUDING ELECTRIC! Call 8725-0344 or email

Palmares graphic

Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela

See our web page:

Condo for rent.
Conveniently located just a 200-meter walk to the beach. In the favorite community of Las Palmas, this condo is a perfect vacation home and/or great for vacation rental income.  The condo is located on the 2nd level offering beautiful vaulted ceilings, front and back balcony, pool and mountain view. Screens in every window/door, Air condition in both bedrooms and at living room. The condo is in perfect condition. It has been recently painted and super well-kept, new appliances, fully furnished. Wired to have own washer dryer. It has been the residence of the owners since they built it. Never rented out to third parties. The owners are selling as they are moving to the Central Valley.  The community has a great-size pool and beautiful landscaping and large parking. Just step out your condo and in less than 5-minute walk be swimming in the ocean! A must see! Rate $795 per month. Contact Bob Mobile C.R. ( 506 ) 8392-7520. E-mail:

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at or contact us at
or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's   Fifth news page
Family home

cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 117
Real Estate
About us

Top Democrat in Senate says
worker assistance is vital

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Senate's leading Democratic promoter of President Barack Obama's trade agenda is dismissing any suggestion that the chamber vote again on trade promotion authority that would be stripped of worker assistance provisions the House of Representatives rejected last week.

"Both of these programs are important," said Sen. Ron Wyden of trade promotion authority and trade adjustment assistance. "We got a strong vote in the Senate for a sensible package."

Wyden co-authored that package and helped shepherd it though the Senate. 

Now, with the House seemingly deadlocked on the full Senate bill, a tantalizing possibility is being floated by some free-trade backers: have the Senate vote on trade promotion authority as a stand-alone bill to match the one trade provision the House managed to approve. Were that to occur, President Obama could sign into law the long-sought ability to submit trade pacts for yes-or-no votes in Congress with no amendments allowed.

Such an outcome would greatly boost prospects for concluding and approving blockbuster trade deals spanning the Atlantic and the Pacific.

The ploy would appeal to many Republicans, a significant number of whom have been lukewarm on federally-funded worker retraining programs from the start.

But the idea is a non-starter for Democrats who, although in the minority, can block legislation in the Senate.

Sen. Patty Murray simply shook her head and frowned when asked if she would support trade promotion authority without trade adjustment assistance. Sen. Murray was one of a dozen Democrats who voted for the original bill containing both.

Wyden said he wants to expand U.S. trading opportunities, but not without a safety net for American workers displaced by foreign competition.

“There are a billion middle-class consumers in the developing world in 2025, and they will want to buy the Oregon and the American brand," said Wyden, who represents the state of Oregon.

"And TPA will give them the opportunity to better-access the export-related products we make that pay better. Wages are the top issue of our time, and that’s why I am for it. TAA is also extremely important, that set of opportunities for workers in an ever-changing global economy: skills and training and access to healthcare. I think it’s critical that the House find a path to move ahead.”

House majority leader says
passing fast-track to be hard

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. House of Representatives Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy said the House needs to pass legislation giving President Barack Obama fast-track authority to negotiate foreign trade deals but acknowledged it will be difficult to do.

McCarthy, a Republican, said Monday that House leaders are considering their options after both Democrats and Republicans defeated a key piece of the trade package last week.

He said no decisions have been made about how to proceed but that the bill must pass by the end of the summer for it to have a chance to go forward. He said each week that passes without the bill being approved makes it a little more difficult.

Obama is seeking authority to fast-track trade deals, including an ambitious Asia-Pacific free trade agreement. The fast-track authority would prevent Congress from making any changes to the administration's deals when they come up for approval or rejection.

Past presidents have had this ability and Republicans generally support it. However, labor unions and many liberal Democrats oppose free-trade deals, saying they send more American jobs overseas and hurt the environment.

Friday, Obama's fellow Democrats, as well as Republicans, voted against a part of the trade package that would have given aid to workers who lost their jobs as a result of U.S. trade deals. The workers' aid piece was initially included to appease Democrats to vote for the fast-track trade deal.

Even though lawmakers went on to narrowly approve fast-track authority for  Obama to negotiate the Trans-Pacific Partnership deal, the overall vote is far from a victory for the president. Both pieces of the legislation must be approved before the president can sign them.

Obama said Saturday that the failure of the House of Representatives to pass a measure to help American workers affected by global trade pacts will directly hurt about 100,000 workers and their communities.

Refusal to grant the president negotiating authority for the Trans-Pacific Partnership would make it much more difficult for the administration to secure the deal, which is already years behind schedule.

The countries negotiating the Trans-Pacific Partnership are the United States, Vietnam, Singapore, Peru, New Zealand, Mexico, Malaysia, Japan, Chile, Canada, Brunei, and Australia. The U.S.-led pact aims to cover nearly 40 percent of global economic output when completed.

The White House has said the Trans-Pacific Partnership would help further break down global trade barriers, open untapped markets, and grow the economy, while providing an important counterbalance to the growing economic strength of China.

Mrs. Clinton tells Obama
to listen to trade pact foes

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Democratic Party presidential frontrunner Hillary Clinton has called on President Barack Obama to work with congressional Democrats to salvage trade promotion authority, seen as crucial to the Trans-Pacific Partnership free-trade agreement.  A leading congressional Republican said he remains optimistic trade promotion authority will be approved because of the enormous consequences free trade agreements hold for American leadership.

Former secretary of State Clinton, during a campaign appearance in Des Moines, Iowa Sunday, called on Obama to listen to those Democrats who Friday rejected a measure on job retraining funding tied to  trade promotion authority.

"In my time, eight years in the Senate, I voted for some trade agreements and I voted against others.  I think I have a pretty good idea of what we can do to meet the tests that I believe any trade agreement, especially TPP must meet.  It needs to, number one, protect American workers, number two, it needs to raise wages and create good jobs at home, number three, it needs to be in our national security interests.  I’ve been saying that for months.

"Now, here’s what I think should happen now.  In order to get a deal that meets these high standards, the president should listen to, and work with, his allies in Congress, who have expressed their concerns about the impact that a weak agreement would have on our workers, to make sure we get the best, strongest deal possible and, if we don’t get it, there should be no deal," said Mrs. Clinton.

Mrs. Clinton, who has been criticized for not speaking out earlier on Trans-Pacific Partnership, has not explicitly endorsed it, preferring to wait until negotiations among its 12 Pacific Rim partners are complete.

Opponents of Trans-Pacific Partnership, including organized labor, consumer, food safety and environmental groups, say such free-trade agreements result in job losses and reduced wages, while doing little to boost worker protections overseas. Sen. Bernie Sanders, who is challenging Mrs. Clinton for the party’s 2016 presidential nomination, said he understands the message congressional Democrats are sending.

"Maybe we should have a trade policy which represents the working families of this country that rebuilds our manufacturing base rather than just representing the CEOs of large multi-national corporations," said Sanders.

Faced with the possibility of another vote on Trade Adjustment Assistance this week, Sanders said he hopes Mrs. Clinton will side with those who view the Trans-Pacific Partnership and other free-trade agreements as a disaster that must be defeated. He said trade policy should demand that corporate America invest in the United States, rather than other countries.

Rep. Paul Ryan, a Republican from Wisconsin and chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, said congressional Democrats abandoned Obama in droves and that the president has a lot of work to do with his party to turn it around.

"I’m optimistic.  I think this can be salvaged because I think people are going to realize just how big the consequences are for American leadership," said Ryan.

Ryan said this is about America’s role in the global economy, whether it will write the rules on trade-related standards and expand markets for more jobs, or just retreat.  He added that members of Obama’s own party are making him a very lame duck president.

Ryan argues such free-trade agreements have benefited small American businesses the most through lower or eliminated tariffs. He said one-in-five American jobs are tied to trade and such agreements often result in higher wages.

"If we say to the world, ‘We’re retreating,’ and we’re not going to do these trade agreements, then we’re going to let other countries like China write the rules of the global economy.  There have been 100 trade agreements put in place since 2007, when trade promotion authority last lapsed.  America has been party to zero of those," said Ryan.

Ryan said that means other countries are reaching agreements and keeping barriers up to American goods and services. He said the inability to knock down trade barriers or get other countries to play by U.S. trade rules would be a massive mistake and a failure of American leadership.

Appearing separately on U.S. television Sunday, Labor Secretary Tom Perez expressed confidence the job training measure, trade assistance, will be approved one way or another.  He said America needs to set the rules for the global economy.

Charles Morrison, president of the Hawaii-based East-West Institute, warned that failure to pass fast-track trade authority, which limits presidential trade deals to an up-or-down congressional vote making them easier to reach with other countries, will push the Trans-Pacific Partnership off a couple of years.

"The question really is whether the United States can be a credible negotiating partner ever unless it has trade authority well in advance before it begins a trade negotiation," said Morrison.

Asia specialist Michael J. Green of the Centers for Strategic and International Studies warns congressional failure to grant trade promotion authority to the president would be a disaster for Obama’s Asia policy.  Green says it could prompt some Trans-Pacific Partnership  negotiating partners to reverse course on reforms and tariff concessions, and give new momentum to non-US economic institutions such as China’s newly-established Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

Ramadan begins Thursday
for the many Muslim faithful

 By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Islamic holy month of Ramadan begins Thursday in Los Angeles, and Muslims around the world are preparing the time of fasting, reflection and communal gatherings.  The exact start of the lunar month varies by location, according to the sighting of the crescent moon. 

Mid-day prayers are under way at the Islamic Society of Orange County, a multi-cultural mosque in a multi-ethnic neighborhood of southern California. 

Preparations are also under way for the thousands expected for the first Saturday of Ramadan, a large celebration at this mosque.  A huge canopy is being erected in the courtyard.

The Islamic lunar month is a time of fasting during daylight hours, with a focus on the Islamic holy scripture, the Quran.

Ramadan teaches self-discipline and helps Muslims count their blessings, says the director of education from a neighboring mosque who delivered a sermon, Shaykh Mustafa Umar.

“When you go without food and drink for entire day, even for one day, you realize what you have given up, and you realize what you actually have that you had taken for granted," said Umar.

Members of the mosque prepare for a busy schedule, including evening celebrations after the fast is broken.  Duaa Alwan is president of the Islamic Society of Orange County.

“Every day here at the mosque, we actually break our fast together at sunset, so that is around 8  p.m.  There are free meals, free dinners here.  A lot of the larger community are invited to that, a lot of our friends from different faiths, our neighbors." said Alwan.

People share a meal, and the food, like the community, is diverse.

“You have Pakistani food, you have Indian food, you have Middle Eastern, you have Italian food, you have Mexican food, and it really reflects the diversity that our community shares," said Alwan.

After eating, there is more prayer.

Mosque member Nawaz Ahmed says this is a time for resolutions to live a better life.

“Kind of like a New Year's for us, where all the things that we are supposed to do, you start going strong and doing them, and the things that we are doing, we continue them and do it as a community and a group," said Ahmed.

Old acquaintances are renewed and community bonds are strengthened.  Shaykh Mustafa Umar says it is a pattern repeated throughout the Muslim world, with minor variations.

“So it is kind of a mixture of worshiping God and also having fun and having a good time, and realizing and appreciating the blessings that you have in this life," said Umar.

Members of this mosque say there is excitement in the air, as there is every year at the start of Ramadan.  

Slick sweet potato solution
delivers vitamins in Africa

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Researchers have helped reduce a major health problem with a simple sweet potato.

A program that helped small-scale farmers in Mozambique grow vitamin A-rich orange-fleshed sweet potatoes cut rates of children’s diarrhea by 40 to 50 percent, according to a new study.

The authors say it is the first time a development program aimed at agricultural production has been shown to improve health as well.

Diarrheal diseases are the second most common cause of death for children under 5, according to the World Health Organization. Lack of vitamin A raises the risk of those diseases and other serious infections. Roughly 190 million preschool-age children worldwide don’t get enough vitamin A.

For decades, health officials have been delivering vitamin supplements to prevent the consequences of vitamin A deficiency. Experts say it’s an effective but temporary solution to a more fundamental problem: those affected don’t have access to the nutritious foods they need to stay healthy.

“If you can do something through agriculture to increase the amount of vitamin A in the diet, you’re in much better shape because that’s more sustainable,” said Alan de Brauw at the International Food Policy Research Institute, co-author of the new study in the journal World Development.

So, de Brauw’s colleagues at the agriculture-research organization HarvestPlus launched a program in 2006 to introduce orange-fleshed sweet potatoes to 24 villages in Mozambique, where nearly 70 percent of children were vitamin A deficient.

Farmers had been planting white or yellow varieties, which have very little of the nutrient. But one small orange sweet potato provides a full day’s supply of vitamin A.

Over three years, villagers received orange sweet potato vines, plus some training and education on how to grow them and the importance of vitamin A.

At the end of the study, researchers asked them questions about food consumption and health, including whether their children had diarrhea recently.

Children had 40 percent fewer cases of diarrhea in the villages growing orange sweet potato, compared to 12 villages where they had not been introduced. Among children under 3 years old, the difference was 50 percent.

“Nobody has shown in the past that an agricultural production intervention can have any health impacts,” de Brauw said. “So, this is big.”

Experts are promoting the idea that teaching farmers how to grow more and better food is the best way to not just alleviate poverty and hunger, but also to fight disease.

“This is an area of research that’s very hot right now,” said nutrition expert and consultant Anna Herforth, who was not involved with the research. She said the study is “a well-designed way to show that link concretely - to say, look, if you produce a food and it’s available to people to eat and they like it, and they consume it, then it does good things for health.”

HarvestPlus is taking the same approach with other crops, including high vitamin A cassava in Nigeria, iron-rich millet in India, high-zinc rice in Bangladesh and more.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

CR SOLAR gives you…
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: Simple, reliable, installation without batteries or complicated central inverters that limit expansion and downgrade your system with one shady panel.
Enphase-Micro-Inverters: so flexible; you can begin saving with a third of a system, then add as you go with your savings!

Think of it this way: cash in a CD paying 7% and get 15% to 25% from the Sun!  What better way to lower your electric bill than with a Quality Solar System from CR Solar?    Ask about our BEST HI END Solar Hot Water Heaters. 
2446-0543           8898-9398                8314-8090

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Web Page:

Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.

Visit our Web Site:

English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016 
(506) 8309-0173
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 6154-1940 

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
Grecia one
Big house for sale.
Great opportunity !!!

If you know about house for sale prices,  you will realize that this is a real deal.  Original price of  $400,000 now is $320,000.
Due to its characteristics and location, it can also be used for commercial purposes (boutique hotel, offices, medical center).  Large house, 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, one office, just 250 meters from Grecia downtown. High quality construction, built in 2009, high ceilings, balcony with beautiful views over central Grecia valley, elegant luxury furnitures included, network cabling 6 gigabits throughout the house, Giant TV flat projection system of 120 inches in the main room, sound system 7.1 channel. Air conditioning system, security system, and cameras, lighting system in open areas. 4-car parking space plus large garage, Recommended for large families.

Property Location: Central Grecia, Alajuela
Total area construction (two floors):
252 square meters
Total area: 250 square meters
Construction Type: Concrete
See more photos click HERE!

Grecias two
  Send us your request to our email:


CoopeAgri Real Estate

The best option in real estate services in southern Costa Rica and the South Pacific coast. We are professionals promoting properties such as farms, lots, ranches, commercial premises, homes and apartments, through our advertising and marketing services.
Are you buying a property? Our experienced team is ready to help you to find the right place. Are you selling? We are experts selling properties.  Keep it simple. Don't waste your time. We are  the best local and international listing.  Contact us, and we will be glad to assist you!
Local CR Phones: (506) 2785-0282 or  (506) 2785-0278

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112.

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $725,000. Click HERE!

San Ramon rollover
Three-bedroom home with view near San Ramón
Beautiful house in magical setting in the hills above San Ramón in Costa Rica can be yours for $185,000! House was built 10 years ago with soaring 16-foot ceilings.  Enclosed area is 1,200 square feet with 3 bedrooms and 2 full bathrooms, large kitchen, and utility room.  It is located at 4,000 feet with typical temperatures ranging between 75 and the low 80s during the day and the low to mid-60s at night.  The house is offered fully furnished, including all appliances (nearly new energy-efficient Samsung refrigerator). The front of the house features a large covered veranda (another 500 square feet), with a barbecue and outdoor patio furniture to seat 8, and hooks for a hammock. There are many tropical plants, flowers, and trees are on the half-acre property.  Set on the far western edge of the Central Valley in a small, pastoral community, it's only 10 minutes to San Ramón and its many small stores, restaurants, museums, a branch campus of the University of Costa Rica, and a weekly farmers' market.
See additional pictures at
Phone: (506) 7009-0364

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Call: 877-778-8515
(506) 8307-0164
(410) 975-6703

ranch view
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $949,000.
E-mail:  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet. Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: 
Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $239,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
For more information contact:

Costa Rica Villas For Sale
*In 2009 this property appraisal for $240,000  (two hundred forty thousand).
*Located in Paraiso, Cartago, Costa Rica.
*We spent over $70,000 in renovating the villa.
*The first floor has renters with a year lease. They pay $200 a month.
*Health reasons need to return to the U.S.A.
*One of Costa Rica famous waterfalls, 100 yards in front of the villa.
*I'll sell this property for $189,000.
*Visit my Web site
Contact in Costa Rica:  Cray phone (506) 8977-2777
Contact in USA: Billy phone  001 (678) 576-5107

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email See this Web site:

Shangra la
Located in Jacó in the best and safest location possible, at Barrio Ricos y Famosos in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.

Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for birds and other animals. 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built in year 2005 to highest standard by German owner now 69 years old, who wants to downgrade. Room for two more apartments, plans approved. Only 6 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jacó.  Price reduced for quick sale to $1,150.000 and still negotiable. All fittings and furniture included. Excellent quality and well maintained. Just upgraded and remodeled for $ 30,000. Owner financing available.  More photos on request HERE! Email:  Cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.

Finca home
 Little piece of paradise near Santiago de Puriscal, Costa Rica.       

16 acres (approximately.)   Price: $599,000USD
We are selling our beautiful finca that has been in the family for 37 years. It is located 3 miles (5 k) northwest of Santiago de Puriscal in the village of Desamparaditos.  We are looking for a discriminating buyer who would appreciate the location, views, flora and fauna. Excellent for artists, writers and nature lovers. Fantastic birding. Very private but not isolated. For more  information: In the U.S.A. call the owners: Pete & Debbie Todd: 970 -221-1457 or 720-951-7928 or email In Costa Rica call: Ivo Henfling at Godutch Realty: 2289-5125/8834-4515

Jaco hotel

Beautiful beach hotel for sale.
Located at Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Pacific Ocean.
Apartotel Costa Arenas is located just 5 minutes from the beach and 10 minutes from Jacó Downtown. The perfect place to rest in a cozy and familiar environment; surrounded by beautiful gardens. We have 11 fully equipped apartments. Also has swimming pool for adults and children and private parking 24 hours.  Retail value US$700,000.00   Contact:  
Carlos Díaz  Local CR Phone: (506) 2643-2085  
Email:   Web:

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site:

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, June 16, 2015, Vol. 15, No. 117
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archvied pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Study discounts impact on youngsters
of legalizing medical marijuana

By The Lancet news staff

A nationwide study analyzing data from 24 years,1991 to 2014, of more than one million American adolescents in the 48 contiguous states has found no evidence that legalizing the use of marijuana for medical purposes leads to increased use among teenagers.

The study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal showed no significant difference in adolescent marijuana use in 21 states with medical marijuana laws before or after implementation of these laws.

Since 1996, 23 U.S. states and the District of Columbia have passed laws allowing the medical use of marijuana. State legalization of medical marijuana has raised concerns about increased accessibility and acceptability of marijuana to teenagers.

In this study, Deborah Hasin, professor of epidemiology at Columbia University Medical Center in New York, and colleagues examined the relationship between the legalization of medical marijuana and adolescent marijuana use by studying Monitoring the Future survey data [1] from over one million students in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades.

The findings showed that although marijuana use in the previous 30 days was more prevalent in states that enacted medical marijuana laws than those that did not, rates of adolescent marijuana use did not increase after these laws were introduced. These findings persisted even after taking into account individual, school, and state-level factors that can affect marijuana use, such as age, ethnicity, public versus private school andthe proportion of each state’s population who were male or white.

According to Dr. Hasin, “Our findings provide the strongest evidence to date that marijuana use by teenagers does not increase after a state legalizes medical marijuana. Rather, up to now, in the states that passed medical marijuana laws, adolescent marijuana use was already higher than in other states. Because early adolescent use of marijuana can lead to many long-term harmful outcomes, identifying the factors that actually play a role in adolescent use should be a high research priority.”

Writing in a linked Comment, Kevin Hill, a physician from the Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, says, “The growing body of research that includes this study suggests that medical marijuana laws do not increase adolescent use, and future decisions that states make about whether or not to enact medical marijuana laws should be at least partly guided by this evidence. The framework of using a scientific method to challenge what might be ideological beliefs must remain an important driver of future research on marijuana policy.”

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

From Page 7:

International food firm plans call center

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Mondelēz International said Monday that it would hire 100 employees here to staff a call center to handle human resources assistance for its North American employees.

The company said it is negotiating for a location in the western part of San José and expects to begin operations here in October.

The snack food company is listed on the NASDAQ and markets its products in 165 countries. They include such well-known brands as Oreo cookies, Tang and  Cadbury.

The firm will participate in various job fairs including  Expoempleo 2015 that will be July 10 to 12 at the Antigua Aduana on Calle 23.