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(506) 2223-1327                      Published Friday, June 6, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 111                       Email us
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Public job freeze is part of government fiscal plan
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The central government plans a freeze on 2,500 public jobs as part of the plan to reduce the nation's budget deficit.

That was one action outlined by Vice President Helio Fallas when he appeared this week before lawmakers. In addition to the vice presidency, he has been named minister of Hacienda, the budget ministry. He also supervises the Dirección General de Tributación, the tax collectors.

He also said the government would be ordering a 20 percent cut in discretionary expenditures in an effort to reduce the budget deficit to 1.85 percent of gross domestic product. The current 6.6 trillion-colon national budget  ($11.8 billion) has a deficit better than 2 percent. It was 2.8 percent in 2013.

Fallas specified 23 total problems with income and 55 solutions in appearing before the  Comisión de Asuntos Hacendarios. In short he seeks to bring tax collecting up to 14 percent of the gross domestic product and reduce the deficit to zero in 2016.

The minister complained that there is little understanding about the budget situation in branches of the government. There are major outlays for renting computer equipment, office space, vehicle purchases and expenses for trips. These are expected to be addressed in a few months. The government also will seek to use more free software.

The ministry identified tax evasion, tax avoidance and exonerations as the principal problems.  In 2011 and 2012 the exonerations from taxes amounted to more than was collected. Exonerations in 2012 were 13.37 percent of the gross domestic product. Income from taxes was 13.18 percent, said the ministry.

The ministry will be presenting bills to permit tax deductions only when the payment has been made to an entity registered to tax authorities. In addition, anyone doing business with the government will not be paid if they owe taxes. Salaries only will be counted as tax deductions if they have been reported to the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social. Anyone seeking bank credit will have to present a tax return instead of a certification from an accountant showing income.

Except for the rule about credit, these basically are the regulations now.

However, the ministry is expecting the tax income from luxury homes to increase 20 percent. There also will be a study this year and next to eliminate exonerations that the central government does not see as justified. Most exonerations, such as for the Cruz Roja, are in law.

Tributación said that more than 20 percent of larger enterprises report losses on their tax
Helio Fallas
Partido Liberación Nacional photo
Helio Fallas gestures as he tells lawmakers about the budget plan.

returns. In 2012 this percentage was 23.5. In 2013 the percentage was 24.5.

The agency said that reform of the tax rates is planned for the end of this year and next year. In addition the agency would like to see a value-added tax instead of the current 14 percent sales tax. These changes require legislative action.

The agency's plan for electronic invoicing still lacks the technical mechanisms, Fallas said. Tributación has been in discussion with Radiográfica Costarricense S.A., the Internet provider, and Banco de Costa Rica to create an electronic system.

Such a system would require professional and other firms to run their daily invoices through a centralized computer system set up by Tributación. So if a professional such as a lawyer or physician, charges for an office visit, that would be reported when the client or patient makes a payment. The agency expects to make frequent reminders about how much tax is owed.  That system is supposed to go into effect next January.

Studies have shown that professionals under report grossly their income simply by not giving official invoices or facturas to their clients.

As for government expenses Fallas gave this summary and he seemed to be talking to lawmakers:

• All new expenses should state a new source of income.

• All new exonerations should identify alternative sources of financing to make up the difference.

• Existing taxes should not be earmarked for a specific governmental use

• No approvals of new expenses would be permitted if there are funds that have not been spent on projects that have not been executed.

Fallas also said that the government would be better off doing some building instead of renting so much office space.

He also said that there would be a revision of the entire tax system in relation to the environment.


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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 6, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 111

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A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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Can you believe it's her 33rd arrest?

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A thief  who works the downtown area came into police hands for an incredible 33rd time Thursday.

The Fuerza Pública said that the woman who is well-known to officers was spotted by undercover police at Calle 6 and Avenida 8.

Officers say she was caught in the act of lifting a wallet from a women pedestrian. Police said they recovered the wallet. The woman was identified by the last names of  Miranda Aguilar.

The woman was being sent to the flagrancy court.

She is but one of a handful of thieves and pickpockets that work the downtown area. The gathering of crowds is a signal for them to work. This includes soccer games and even the presidential inauguration at the Estadio Nacional. Most are loners who are not very competent in their trade, police know them and follow them around.

They prey on individuals who are not attentive to their belongings. They will try to open a backpack as the owner walks along the street. Or they will snag the purse of a woman as she shops in a supermarket. They are just one step above the crook who rips a chain off a victim.

In contrast there are several gangs of professional pickpockets who pass through the metro area several times a year.  They work in a group to delay a victim, perhaps on a sidewalk that has been made narrow by a vending stand. There may be as many as six persons in the group, and they look like ordinary pedestrians who have slowed to navigate a sidewalk obstacle.

One quickly and silently lifts the wallet from the victim and passes it to a second person. As the crowd thins out and the victim realizes he has lost his wallet, other members of the group, perhaps a woman, tells him the crook has fled in the wrong direction. This is called cooling the mark, and such people might even linger until police arrive in order to confuse the situation.

In San José some store clerks will tip off pickpockets by making signs to show where someone had placed their money.

These professionals are hardly ever caught. When they are, the evidence is long gone with an accomplice.


dengue
Cruz Roja photo
The Cruz Roja says local committees are at work to eliminate breeding spots for the mosquito that carries the dengue virus. This scene is in Santa Rosa de Pocosol where local volunteers collect non-traditional trash like old tires every couple of months.


Officer shot in capture of murder suspects

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers shot it out with two men Wednesday night in San Juan de Poás, Alajuela.

The agency said that the officers on patrol happened on the aftermath of a dispute where a man identified by the last name of Chinchilla died. He was 21 and suffered multiple gunshot wounds.

The two men involved in the murder began to flee in a car and engaged the officers in a firefight. One officer, identified as Henry Solano Sánchez, suffered a bullet wound to the hand. He was lucky because later police confiscated a .40-caliber pistol.

Solano and his partner still managed to chase down suspects and make an arrest.

Traffic police plea for pedestrian safety

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Sometimes pedestrians seem to have a death wish. Wearing dark clothes in the middle of a rain storm, they cross a major highway where they should not.

The Policía de Tránsito knows because they are the ones who have to determine how an accident happened. Frequently, they said, it is the lack of prudence and the actions of a pedestrian that leads to an encounter with a vehicle.

The traffic police came out with a plea to pedestrians Thursday asking them to wear clothing that makes them visible. Police said that with the end of the teacher strike and the advent of the rainy season there will be more individuals walking on the nation's highways and in situations where they are not visible.

Being hit by a car is the second biggest cause of traffic death, they said. Last year, 59 pedestrians died that way.

Drivers, too, could be at fault, but police studies show that many pedestrians refuse to use the bridge overpasses that were built to help them avoid crossing major highways.

Sometimes the pedestrian is drunk or under the influence of some chemical. Rural roads are notorious for not having shoulders for walkers. In rural areas walking and riding a bike are major means of transport.

In San José and other cities there is the additional problem with beggars who seek coins at intersections. Sometimes they are not dressed for the job either.


Red tide algae knocks out its competition

By the Georgia Institute of Technology news staff

Marine algae fight other species of algae for nutrients and light, and, ultimately, survival. The algae that cause red tides, the algal blooms that color blue ocean waters red, carry an arsenal of molecules that disable some other algae. The incapacitated algae don’t necessarily die, but their growth grinds to a halt. This could explain part of why blooms can be maintained despite the presence of competitors.

In the new study, scientists used cutting-edge tools in an attempt to solve an old ecological mystery: Why do some algae boom and some algae bust? The research team used cultured strains of the algae that cause red tide, exposed competitor algae to its exuded chemicals, and then took a molecular inventory of the competitor algae’s growth and metabolism pathways. Red tide exposure significantly slowed the competitor algae’s growth and compromised its ability to maintain healthy cell membranes.

“Our study describes the physiological responses of competitors exposed to red tide compounds, and indicates why certain competitor species may be sensitive to these compounds while other species remain relatively resistant,” said Kelsey Poulson-Ellestad, a former graduate student at the Georgia Institute of Technology, now at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the study’s co-first author. “This can help us determine mechanisms that influence species composition in planktonic communities exposed to red tides, and suggests that these chemical cues could alter large-scale ecosystem phenomena, such as the funneling of material and energy through marine food webs.”

The algae that form red tide in the Gulf of Mexico are dinoflagellates called Karenia brevis, or just Karenia by scientists. Karenia makes neurotoxins that are toxic to humans and fish. Karenia also makes small molecules that are toxic to other marine algae, which is what the new study analyzed.

“In this study we employed a global look at the metabolism of these competitors to take an unbiased approach to ask how are they being affected by these non-lethal, subtle chemicals that are released by Karenia,” said Julia Kubanek, a professor in the School of Biology and the School of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Georgia Tech. “By studying both the proteins and metabolites, which interact to form metabolic pathways, we put together a picture of what’s happening inside the competitor algal cells when they’re extremely stressed.”

The research team used a combination of mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to form a holistic picture of what’s happening inside the competitor algae. The study is the first time that metabolites and proteins were measured simultaneously to study ecological competition.

“Karenia is a big mystery. It has these periodic blooms that happen most years now, but what’s shaping that cycle is unclear,” Professor Kubanek said. “The role of competitive chemical cues in these interactions is also not well understood.”



Canadian murder suspect detained

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Canadian police have arrested the man suspected of shooting and killing three police officers in the eastern province of New Brunswick.
 
A Royal Canadian Mounted Police spokesman said authorities arrested Justin Bourque early Friday in Moncton, the city where the shootings occurred.
 
Authorities had launched a massive manhunt for the gunman, who also wounded two others on Wednesday. The incident prompted police to warn frightened residents to stay in their homes.
 
Investigators say the suspect opened fire after police responded to a call about an armed man wearing camouflage clothes. They say the motive for the shootings is not clear.
 
Mass shootings in Canada are rare. Wednesday's attack was the deadliest on Canadian police officers since 2005 when four officers were gunned down in Mayerthorpe, a town in the western Alberta province.
 

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 6, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 111
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Firms that recycle show their finished products at an environmental fair
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican companies are turning trash into profit by recycling discarded materials into new products. Through their renewal of glass, paper, or plastic goods, these businesses have not only capitalized on the economic benefits, but they also conserve natural resources and minimize pollution.

A few local recycling businesses at the Feria Ambiental in the Antigua Aduana are able to show visitors the impact of buying and selling reused materials.

Flavio Amador of Reciclaje Thames said his business collects any thrown away material they can to turn them into artwork or furniture. Reciclaje Thames makes paintings and notecards out of recycled paper, portraits on recycled bottles, and furniture from reused wood.

Another source of recycled furniture in Costa Rica comes from the much larger and more recognizable brand of The Coca-Cola Co. The Latin American presence, Coca-Cola Fomento Económico Mexicano, S.A., focuses on recycling bottles into shelving material or cardboard into comfortable benches.

As the largest bottler of Coca-Cola in the world, the Fomento works in nine different Latin American countries, including Costa Rica. A representative on site at the fair said the company has recycled 640 million bottles from the region's rivers and oceans, often turning them into supplies and furniture for nearby schools.

Costa Rica's large drink and food producer, Florida Ice & Farm Co., is also represented at the environmental fair. The company known for making Imperial beer said that it recycled 4,235 tons of bottles,
painted bottles
A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz
Flavio Amador from Reciclaje Thames created these.

cans, and polylaminates in 2013. Florida then processes the recovered trash and sells it to recycling companies, mostly U.S.-based, who turn the material into usable products like T-shirts or glassware.

The company Grupo Vical also works throughout Central America, specializing in the recycling of glass bottles. Grupo Vical uses only glass because it can be 100 percent recycled with an infinite amount of reuses. The business even accepts broken glass, which it then sorts by color to remake into full bottles again.

Armando Salas from Recyplast, S.A. in Limón said his plant recycles all plastic products and turns them into polypropylene material. Recyplast receives all different sorts of plastics, from water bottles to hairdryers, before breaking them down into resin and cord. That mixture is then used to create polypropylene products like packaging or stationery.

The environment fair continues today and Saturday, running from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. The Antigua Adjauna is in northeast San José on Calle 23 not far from the Estación al Atlántico.


Fuerza Pública official named to head the country's prison police
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A new prison director will step in to oversee security in Costa Rica's penitentiary system. Pablo Bertozzi was named to the position of director of the Policía Pentineciaría Thursday by the justice minister, Cristina Ramírez Chavarría.

Bertozzi is the former sub-director of the Fuerza Pública who brings 20 years of police experience with him to his new post. There he will be joined by Danilo Mesén, who was announced as the new sub-director of the Policía Penitenciaría. Mesén has worked in prison security for 35 years.

“We consider it very important to make these changes with two officials who have had a great track record for safety,” Ms. Ramírez
said. “We are convinced that through teamwork, they can elevate and strengthen the important work that the Policía Penitenciaria does.”

The announcement comes after local media outlets reported that the 10 prison guards on trial for inmate Johel Guillermo Araya Ramírez's 2011 murder were found not guilty Wednesday. Araya died after a failed breakout attempt from La Reforma maximum security prison. His beaten body was found lifeless in his cell a few days after the escape attempt. Araya and other inmates petitioned the Defensoría de los Habitantes to complain about deteriorating conditions in jail just before the failed prison break.

The Sala IV constitutional court determined last week that La Reforma has suffered from recent torture networks initiated by security guards and that Ms. Ramírez had to make immediate changes to improve prison conditions.


Country will air television campaign during World Cup games
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica will be promoting its tourism potential during the World Cup soccer matches.

The Instituto Costarricense de Turismo and the Promotora del Comercio Exterior said that the BBC in the United States and Canada will air 168 20-second spots during 54 soccer matches over three weeks as part of the deal.

The country also is buying an ad in The New York Times magazine that will be distributed Sunday.
The country will be represented in Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom through local television networks, an announcement said.

For Promotora, the World Cup is a chance to promote its new essential Costa Rica trademark.

No cost was given for the television and print campaign. The tourism institute paid $500,000 to air spots during the Winter Olympics in an effort to raise its Web site ranking.

There was no indication with the current campaign how success will be evaluated.

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 6, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 111
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Scientists study ancient sea water to understand what is happening now
By the Columbia University news service
 
Some 56 million years ago, a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring. In the oceans, carbonate sediments dissolved, some organisms went extinct and others evolved.
 
Scientists have long suspected that ocean acidification caused the crisis — similar to today, as manmade CO2 combines with seawater to change its chemistry. Now, for the first time, scientists have quantified the extent of surface acidification from those ancient days, and the news is not good: the oceans are on track to acidify at least as much as they did then, only at a much faster rate.
 
In a study published in the latest issue of Paleoceanography, the scientists estimate that ocean acidity increased by about 100 percent in a few thousand years or more, and stayed that way for the next 70,000 years. In this radically changed environment, some creatures died out while others adapted and evolved. The study is the first to use the chemical composition of fossils to reconstruct surface ocean acidity at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, a period of intense warming on land and throughout the oceans due to high CO2.
 
“This could be the closest geological analog to modern ocean acidification,” said study coauthor Bärbel Hönisch, a paleoceanographer at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. “As massive as it was, it still happened about 10 times more slowly than what we are doing today.”
 
The oceans have absorbed about a third of the carbon humans have pumped into the air since industrialization, helping to keep earth’s thermostat lower than it would be otherwise. But that uptake of carbon has come at a price. Chemical reactions caused by that excess CO2 have made seawater grow more acidic, depleting it of the carbonate ions that corals, mollusks and calcifying plankton need to build their shells and skeletons.
   
In the last 150 years or so, the pH of the oceans has dropped substantially, from 8.2 to 8.1 -- equivalent to a 25 percent increase in acidity. By the end of the century, ocean pH is projected to fall another 0.3 pH units, to 7.8. While the researchers found a comparable pH drop during the Thermal Maximum -- 0.3 units -- the shift happened over a few thousand years.
 
“We are dumping carbon in the atmosphere and ocean at a much higher rate today — within centuries,” said study coauthor Richard Zeebe, a paleoceanographer at the University of Hawaii. “If we continue on the emissions path we are on right now, acidification of the surface ocean will be way more dramatic . . . ."
 
The study confirms that the acidified conditions lasted for 70,000 years or more, consistent with previous model-based estimates. “It didn’t bounce back right away,” said Timothy Bralower, a researcher at Penn State who was not involved in the study. “It took tens of thousands of years to recover.”
shell
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Nina Bednaršek
Ocean acidification is already affecting some marine life, as shown by the partly dissolved shell of this planktic snail, or pteropod, caught off the Pacific Northwest, the authors report.


From sea floor sediments drilled off Japan, the researchers analyzed the shells of plankton that lived at the surface of the ocean during that time.

What caused the burst of carbon is still unclear. One popular explanation is that an overall warming trend may have sent a pulse of methane from the sea floor into the air, setting off events that released more earth-warming gases into the air and oceans. Up to half of the tiny animals that live in mud on the sea floor died out, possibly along with life further up the food chain.
 
Other species thrived in this changed environment and new ones evolved. On land, hoofed animals and primates appeared for the first time. Eventually, the oceans and atmosphere recovered as elements from eroded rocks washed into the sea and neutralized the acid.
 
Today, signs are already emerging that some marine life may be in trouble. In a recent study led by Nina Bednaršek at the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, more than half of the tiny planktic snails, or pteropods, that she and her team studied off the coast of Washington, Oregon and California showed badly dissolved shells. Ocean acidification has been linked to the widespread death of baby oysters off Washington and Oregon since 2005, and may also pose a threat to coral reefs, which are under additional pressure from pollution and warming ocean temperatures. 
 
Scientists call the condition acidification even though the additional carbon dioxide just makes the water less basic.

The carbon creates carbonic acid that generates a hydrogen ion, which is what pH measures.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


Sibu
                        montge
At Sibu Hotel you will not only enjoy the relaxing Caribbean atmosphere, but you will do it in a beautiful, comfortable and cozy setting, complete with enchanting tropical flora and fauna. Sibu is located 4km from Puerto Viejo, in Playa Chiquita, just meters from the virgin beach. Playa Chiquita is a gorgeous coastal town on the stunning Caribbean coast of Costa Rica with many fun activities for all ages, including, but not limited to horse back riding, zip line tours, snorkeling and much more! Contact us HERE!
8350-6/7/14

Howard
                        rollover
Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
  Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8362-6/8/14

Anywhere
Anywhere Costa Rica plans custom vacations, and has the most comprehensive travel services in the country including travel guides, resorts and vacation homesCosta Rica tours
and car rentals.  
Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
8278-3/14/14


Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

diligence
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8300-9/1/14

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



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Palamres


Homes for rent in Palmares, Alajuela
See our Web page: palmarescostarica.us
8375-7/2/14

houe
                                                rental
We are looking for a person with good manners, medical student, exchange program student or a foreigner, to share my house. We offer you: Two bedrooms, breakfast and dinner. You will have Internet and TV cable. We have laundering service and cleaning service. All of this only for $35 per night per person!!. Please call: (+506) 8313-3472 or 6116-3218. Or email: alvaradoleonor@gmail.com Thanks you!!!
8364-6/19/14

apartmetn building
Apartment is on second floor


Apartment for rent

2 bedrooms 2 full baths

Full furniture, AC, security, rooftop swimming pool, 2 parking space, good location: Escazú near district 4. Close to mall, hotels, restaurants and business centers (Grupo Roble). 8336-7762 or email NoushinRavery@yahoo.com.
8363-6/19/14

Tropical Paradise in downtown San José
$485 per month.

The apartments are located in the heart of San Pedro, just a few minutes from the capital, San José. We are close to everything: banks, food, supermarkets, transportation, many language schools, Humans’ Rights Court, United Nations, Oscar Arias Foundations, the Defense
apartments
of Children, the University of Costa Rica, VERITAS, U. Latina and other private universities. We provide a positive friendly and quiet atmosphere which includes gardens, parking, security, laundry/cleaning services, high speed (2 mega bytes) Wireless DSL Internet/active cable T.V. connections 
with 90 channels (TV not included). The apartments include the following: one bedroom, kitchen/dining/living room area, bathroom (with hot shower), refrigerator, coffee maker, toaster, stove top, basic kitchen supplies, basic furnishings and all linens. We also offer 100 percent free, unlimited phone calls to U.S.A., Canada,  and Puerto Rico. 3 MONTH MINIMUM CONTRACT.    Contact us at 506-8818-2004    or  506-8302-1499   villalakshmi@gmail.com  Check our Web site, www.villalakshmi.com, for more info.
8360-6/13/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8349-6/2/14


oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS. organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8337-6/14/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8357-5/28/24

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
 4-
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact noelsusana@yahoo.com
8299-5/1/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8267-8/17/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
8241-3/7/14

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
9229-3/3/14

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8222-2/21/14




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A.M. Costa Rica's
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San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 6, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 111
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Cafetales



Isotope analysis suggests
Moon came from collision

By the European Association of Geochemistry news staff

A new series of measurements of oxygen isotopes provides increasing evidence that the Moon formed from the collision of the Earth with another large, planet-sized astronomical body, around 4.5 billion years ago. This work is being published today in Science and will be presented to the Goldschmidt geochemistry conference in California Wednesday.

Most planetary scientists believe that the Moon formed from an impact between the Earth and a planet-sized body, which has been given the name Theia. Efforts to confirm that the impact had taken place had centered on measuring the ratios between the isotopes of oxygen, titanium, silicon and others. These ratios are known to vary throughout the solar system, but their close similarity between Earth and Moon conflicted with theoretical models of the collision that indicated that the Moon would form mostly from Theia, and thus would be expected to be compositionally different from the Earth.

Now a group of German researchers, led by Daniel Herwartz, have used more refined techniques to compare the ratios of oxygen 16 and 17 in lunar samples, with those from Earth. The team initially used lunar samples which had arrived on Earth via meteorites, but as these samples had exchanged their isotopes with water from Earth, fresher samples were sought. These were provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration from the Apollo 11, 12 and 16 missions. They were found to contain significantly higher levels of oxygen 16 and 17 than their Earthly counterparts.

Herwartz said "The differences are small and difficult to detect, but they are there. This means two things; firstly we can now be reasonably sure that the giant collision took place. Secondly, it gives us an idea of the geochemistry of Theia. Theia seems to have been similar to what we call E-type chondrites. If this is true, we can now predict the geochemical and isotopic composition of the Moon, because the present Moon is a mixture of Theia and the early Earth. The next goal is to find out how much material of Theia is in the Moon."

E-type chondrites represent a rare form of material in space.

Most models estimate that the Moon is composed of around 70 to 90 percent material from Theia, with the remaining 10 to 30 percent coming from the early Earth. However, some models argue for as little as 8 percent Theia in the Moon. Herwartz said that the new data indicate that a 50:50 mixture seems possible, but this needs to be confirmed.


Obama defends his decision
to swap top Taliban leaders

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama said Thursday he would make no apologies for agreeing to a deal that released Taliban detainee U.S. Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, despite controversy in Washington that Congress was not notified ahead of time.
 
“I make absolutely no apologies for making sure that we get back a young man to his parents and that the American people understand that this is somebody's child,'' Obama said at a news conference after a Group of Seven nations summit in Brussels, Belgium.
 
"We saw an opportunity, and we seized it and I make no apologies for it," Obama reiterated.
 
Meanwhile, the Pentagon reported Bergdahl's health is stable and improving as he recuperates at a U.S. military hospital in Germany.
 
In Brussels, the president addressed fierce criticism from Republicans and some Democratic allies that he did not sufficiently inform Congress over the exchange of five Taliban prisoners for Bergdahl, who was kept in captivity for nearly five years.
 
"This is not some abstraction, this is not some political football," Obama said. "As commander in chief of the armed forces, I am responsible for those kids.

"We don’t condition whether or not we make the effort to get them back," he added.
 
The Taliban also released a statement Thursday, claiming Bergdahl's release shows the Taliban have legitimacy as a movement capable of negotiating successful deals with the United States, a Taliban commander said.
 
“This gives the Islamic Emirates more legitimacy in front of the world. It shows we are able to deal directly with the Americans and also successfully,” said Maulvi Mubarak, shadow Taliban chief of the Shah Wali Kot district in Kandahar.

Mubarak said the deal would also boost morale among the Taliban's ranks, including the hundreds of men under his command in three neighboring districts.
 
“This will give us more courage and determination to carry on this holy task,” he said.

The five Taliban leaders who were exchanged for Bergdahl have rejoined their families in Qatar after 13 years in the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

The freed Taliban leaders will live under restrictions in Qatar, including a one-year ban on their travel. They include: Khairullah Khairkhwa, former Herat provincial governor and founding member of the Taliban; Mullah Mohammad Fazl, former chief of the army staff; Norullah Nuri, former civilian head of the northern zone; and Abdul Haq Wasiq, former deputy head of intelligence.

The fifth man, Mohammad Nabi Omari, is being described as a relatively minor figure associated with the Haqqani network that was holding the American soldier.

Since Bergdahl's release last weekend, "his health continues to improve daily," said Army Col. Steve Warren, a Pentagon spokesman.

Bergdahl has been speaking English with the staff at the Landstuhl medical center in Germany. However, he hasn't spoken with his parents, Bob and Jani Bergdahl of Idaho, Warren said.
 
Bergdahl also is more engaged in his treatment plan at the center, but there is no specific timetable for his return to the U.S. for further treatment, Warren said.

Bergdahl was captured in Afghanistan in 2009. Some soldiers have said he walked away from his unit, and have alleged at least six soldiers died trying to find him.
 
Some Republican members of the U.S. Congress have said Obama set a dangerous precedent with the swap for Bergdahl and might have broken the law. A law requires prior notification to Congress before any  Guantanamo releases.
 
"I am never surprised by controversies that are whipped up in Washington. That is par for the course," Obama said.


Public appears to be split
over the prisoner trade

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Even as President Obama defends his decision to trade five Taliban prisoners for one U.S. Army sergeant, there are early indications the American public is split over the controversy.

A Fox News poll shows, in the first few days, 45 percent approved of the swap while 47 percent disapproved. Saturday's exchange and the administration's failure to notify lawmakers beforehand have sparked intense debate on Capitol Hill.

Perhaps never has the liberation of an American soldier from enemy hands provoked such acrimony in Washington and beyond. In Brussels, Obama responded to a chorus of criticism.

“We saw an opportunity, we seized it," he said. "And I make no apologies for it. We have a basic principle: we do not leave anybody wearing the American uniform behind.”

Such assertions do not sway Sen. Marco Rubio, a Republican who blasted the release of high-level Taliban prisoners from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

“I remain increasingly convinced from everything we have been presented that these five individuals that have been released will soon return to the fight against America," said Rubio. "The president has now set a precedent that will encourage enemies of the United States to target American men and women in uniform.”

Some Republican critics of the the administration previously urged strenuous efforts to secure Bergdahl’s release.

Still others allege the administration violated U.S. law by failing to notify Congress prior to the prisoner swap, reigniting a long running debate over congressional authority versus presidential power.

“The law seems to me to be pretty clear that the committee should have been notified or at least, the leaders of the committee,” Sen. Susan Collins said.

But the White House maintains Bergdahl’s declining health made securing his release an urgent matter, and a national obligation to the sergeant and his family.

Critics say the administration is grasping at feeble justifications for a poor decision.

Sen. Saxby Chambliss said, “I don’t think from a health standpoint there was any issue that dictated the release of these five nasty killers in return for Bergdahl.” He also is a Republican.

Adding to the controversy are widespread reports that Bergdahl wandered away from his post prior to being taken by the Taliban.

Analysts say the administration was unprepared for the outcry surrounding the sergeant’s release.


New opera documents death
of troubled Asian U.S. soldier

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In October of 2011, a Chinese-American soldier serving in Afghanistan was found shot dead in an apparent suicide after weeks of abuse by his fellow servicemen.  An investigation showed that 19-year-old Danny Chen had been the subject of racial slurs and abusive treatment, including excessive guard duty and torturous exercises, accompanied by beating and taunting by other soldiers. The tragedy of the young man is the subject of a new opera titled "An American Soldier," which premiers in Washington, D.C.  next Friday.

New York-based tenor Andrew Stenson portrays the tormented soldier.  He says he sees Chen as an ordinary inexperienced young man. 

"I am trying to reserve any judgments and just — the fact of the matter is  — it's a young kid in a terrible, uncomfortable situation," he said.

Stenson says he is drawing from the memories of his own youth when he was taunted about his Asian appearance.  He says he continues to face racial profiling even in large, ethnically diverse cities like New York.

"When I was leaving my apartment to come here, one of the ladies in my apartment thought I was a delivery boy and asked if I had anything for her," Stenson said.

The Washington National Opera commissioned Chinese-American composer Huang Ruo to create an hour-long work based on a contemporary American story.  He decided to use Chen's tragedy to explore challenges faced by many immigrants and their families in the United States.

"From the perspective of Danny — when he grew up in Chinatown in New York — what are the challenges he faces and why he decided to join the Army," said Ruo.
 
Chen's parents speak very little English.  After high school, the teenager was offered a scholarship for college, but he decided to join the Army instead.

"He wanted to be 100 percent American, and this is something not every American child, or teenage boy, or even girl would experience," said Ruo.

The libretto is based on court-martial testimonies of Chen's fellow soldiers.  The central setting is a military courtroom at Fort Bragg, Texas.  As the soldiers testify, there are flashbacks of the events that led to Chen's death in Kandahar, Afghanistan. 

Opera director David Paul says the courtroom set is gradually dismantled until it hits a wall of graffiti typically found in war zones.

"One of the things we want to show in the piece is how American justice fails this man and essentially falls apart, and we are trying to get at the bottom of why, but as the piece progresses, it, American justice, fails us and so one of the things we are showing is that this courtroom as foundation of the story essentially disintegrates," he said.

Creators of "An American Soldier" say they hope the opera will contribute to a closer scrutiny of a dark undercurrent in the U.S. military culture, and society in general.


Shooting at university leaves
one dead and three wounded


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Police in the western U.S. state of Washington say one person has been killed and three others wounded in a shooting on a college campus in the city of Seattle.

Police officials say one of the victims has life-threatening injuries, and the other two are in stable condition.

They say one suspect is in custody.

Police initially said they were searching for a second suspect, but later announced they were no longer seeking anyone else.  

The shooting took place Thursday in a building on the campus of Seattle Pacific University, a Christian school.  Police say the gunman entered the building and opened fire before he was subdued by a student monitor.

The university was in lockdown with classes suspended.

The incident comes less than two weeks after a 22-year-old man killed six people near the University of California, Santa Barbara, before shooting and killing himself.  The man, Elliot Rodger, was the son of a Hollywood film director, Peter Rodger.


Defense agency challenge
is to defeat hacker attacks


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

In two years the world may have an automated system that could instantly discover and neutralize hacker attacks against government, corporate or private computers.

The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency issued a challenge to all computer security experts saying current shields are inadequate, while patches are implemented only after some damage has been done.

Hackers steal information, erase memories and disrupt operations, costing billions of dollars in lost data and expenses for plugging the system’s holes.

Cyberattacks are also seen as a major concern in the quest towards integration of all devices, cars and homes into a network known as the Internet of things.

More than 30 teams from academia, industry and private groups will compete for a prize of $3.75 million.  The final competition will be held in 2016, at the time of the DEF CON, one of the world’s largest computer security conferences.

The defense agency periodically challenges scientific community to find solutions for difficult problems, such as building autonomous vehicles or robots that can independently operate in emergency situations.


Russian says nyet to smoking
in public places, even bars


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

With an army of 44 million smokers, Russia is the world’s fourth largest cigarette market after China, India and Indonesia. But that may soon change.

In a revolution against King Tobacco, Russia has just banned smoking in all restaurants, bars, hotels, and trains. And it is now increasingly common in Moscow to see groups of men and women smoking on the sidewalks.
 
Oleg Xhoroshim, a 43-year-old Moscow resident, welcomes the big change. He says he and his children are nonsmokers. They were tired of breathing other peoples' smoke.
 
He says, in little cafes and little restaurants, smoke spreads. So he fully supports the new law.
 
As Russian bars approach their first non-smoking weekend, bartenders worry that clients will stay away.

“You should have freedom to choose what you want. There are a lot of non-smoking restaurants in Moscow, so I think it makes no sense,” said Sergei Goncharov, who tends bar at John Donne Pub, a popular central Moscow establishment.
 
The ban even extends to Russia’s wildly popular summer verandas.  Smokers will have to stand five meters from these outdoor chairs and tables.
 
Opponents, like Goncharov, stress that in much of Russia outdoor temperatures are below freezing for half of the year.
 
“When it is summer, it is not so annoying.  But when it is cold, you should put on your coat and go somewhere,” he said.
 
Last year, Russia banned cigarette advertising, placed graphic warnings on cigarette packs, and restricted smoking in many areas.  Russia’s health ministry said these steps pushed 15 percent of the nation’s smokers to quit.
 
Now, Russia plans to increase cigarette taxes six times in an effort to cut the nation’s legion of smokers by another 15 percent.

Alexei Tatarsky, a lung specialist, approves.
 
"For the first time ever," he said, "the government is taking serious and decisive measures in the fight against smoking."
 
Today, 60 percent of Russian men smoke.  In Soviet days, cigarette shortages sparked riots.
 
Tatarsky says the Kremlin faces a challenge: changing the lives of almost half of Russia’s adult population, without provoking a backlash.
 
Oleg Smolin, a smoker for 10 years, says adjusting to the new law will be tough, but doable.
 
“We will get used to it," he said.  And he asked, "if in Europe and in other countries, they get used to it, why can’t we?”
 
For now, Russians appear to be complying.  It could be fear of fines for violations: the ruble equivalent of $45 for a smoker, $1,000 for a restaurant, and $2,000 for a business.


Shortage of midwives seen
as a public health crisis

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new report said there’s a severe shortage of midwives in more than 70 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Those countries suffer 96 percent of the world’s maternal deaths and more than 90 percent of stillbirths and newborn deaths.

The report is a joint publication of the U.N. Population Fund, the International Confederation of Midwives, the World Health Organization and others.
 
Population fund Executive Director Babatunde Osotimehin said, “Midwives are the unsung heroes of maternal, newborn health. Indeed, they are the unsung heroes for public health in the world.”
 
Also on hand for the release of The State of the World’s Midwifery 2014 report was Frances Day-Stirk, president of the midwives confederation.
 
She said, “Addressing the shortages of midwives and midwifery services across low- and middle-income countries could save the lives of millions of women and newborns each year. And the report calls for urgent investment in high quality midwifery care to prevent about two-thirds of all maternal and newborn deaths. Millions of lives saved.”
 
The report said investing in midwifery education and training would help close what it calls glaring gaps in maternal and newborn health care. And the return on the investment, it said, would be huge.
 
“Midwives can perform about 87 to 90 percent of essential care for women and newborns, but only when they’re educated to global standards,” said Ms. Day-Stirk.
 
This year’s midwifery report is titled "A Universal Pathway, A Woman’s Right to Health." It said that “countries should consider the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of the midwifery workforce in order to provide quality services.” It goes on to say that many countries have begun taking bold steps to improve midwifery.
 
Ms. Day-Stirk said, “Saving those lives does not only mean preventing personal tragedies for families, it also means more productivity for the women and the babies who survive and thrive and the babies who grow into healthy adults.”
 

Real estate-related services (paid category)


• Interior Design
• Custom Furniture Manufacturing
• Building Completion Services
Interior Design & Custom Furniture Manufacturing
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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.
For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 4030-5480 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
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Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
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Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8321-10/17/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com

English calls: (Cristian Arce) Phone: 
(506) 2494-0016  
 
English calls :  (Luis David) Phone: 
(506) 8331-5228

Español calls: (Luis G. Jiménez)  Phone:   
(506) 8707-4016
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $1,100,000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia home
  1,900 square meters of land, 253 square meters of construction. Price $350.000. CLICK HERE
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8352-8/13/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Castillo
Twice the Security & Prestige for Half the Cost

The only private guarded development in El Castillo
• 50% off for limited time only   • $26/square meter
• Neighbors are $80/square meter  • Incredible view
Clubhouse, pool, equestrian, country club
Only 2 remaining
Secure a spot in a million dollar neighborhood for under $100k
 Free architecture services
•  Full commission paid to brokers   • Financing available
Email or call the 24-hour recorded message for full info
mail@davidcollier.net   CR: 4000-1983 (English/Español)
USA: 619-800-8550 (English only)
8382-7/5/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

organic
Stunning organic ocean view home site in San Ramón
2.93 acres, only $60,000

Gorgeous homesite on organic land available for quick sale! Only 10 minutes to downtown San Ramón and within a terrific private community. Close to town but away from it all! Features amazing views of the ocean, great sunsets every night and privacy. Multiple building spots. Comparable lots in the area are selling for $75,000 to over $100,000! At 11,864 square meters, or $5 per square meter, this is a great investment too! This lot is priced to move! Looking for a quick sale, so no tire kickers please! See Web site for additional information and photos. or email bizcr@hotmail.com
Tel: CR (506) 8350-7647
8369-6/26/14

Ad three graphics
Tropical lots located walking distance to a beautiful white sandy beach
Only $49,999 with interest-free financing
These lots are located in a gated, private community with low HOA dues and offer amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to Playa Conchal and Pirates beaches.  And only 20 minutes to the resort town of Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia International airport. Reserve your lot with only a $1,500 deposit.  We are offering Interest-free financing for 5 years for a limited time only. Contact: Christian  info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025    www.puntaplayavistas.com
8372-8/23/14

ad two grpahic
For Sale: Fully Furnished OCEAN VIEW CONDOMINIUM
Reduced $199,999
Gorgeous 2-bedroom, 2-bath condo with private terrace offering spectacular ocean views and built energy green. This condo is located in a gated community with low HOA dues and offers amenities including a pool & rancho.  It is located close to a beautiful white, sandy beach. Only 20 minutes to the resort town Tamarindo and an hour from Liberia airport.  Luxury finishings: Pella double pane windows, AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire stainless steel appliances, granite countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom cabinets. Contact www.puntaplayavistas.com or email info@puntaplayavistas.com 
U.S. (732) 962-6525 or CR (506) 8349-2025
8271-8/23/14

Ad one grpahics
For Sale by Owner: Playa Conchal ocean view home reduced $339,999

Casa de Eden is  2,600 square feet with 3 bedroom, 2.5 bath, outdoor shower, private outdoor terrace and pool located only minutes from Playa Conchal.  The home is in a private, secure, gated community surrounded by nature and close to the resort town of Tamarindo, only an hour from Liberia airport.  The home is being offered fully furnished with: AC & ceiling fans, Frigidaire Professional series stainless steel appliances, granite kitchen countertops, marble bathroom vanities, custom wood cabinetry, internet, cable. 
Contact desmondproperties@gmail.com  U.S. (732) 984-7549
or CR (506) 8349-2025.
8370-8/3/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $449,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9368-6/4/14



Residential Del Monte (San Rafael de Heredia)
Close to Hotel Tirol and El Castillo Country Club. 1,804 m2 lot  (19,418 sq. ft.) 
replacement
It has two fronts to different roads in the neighborhood  Front 36 meters, back 33 meters. 95 percent flat All utilities available. Paved roads. Price: $135,000.  More information please call:  506 8853-0000 or email:  jpmata2000@yahoo.com
Video here: http://vimeo.com/93149638
8340-6/15/14

Large estate on island with sea view !!!
Located on the Big Island and five minutes from the center of Golfito on boat.  The large land has three hills with forest in which there are many trees and animals such as parrots, parakeets and monkeys.!!   It has a beautiful view
island one
of downtown Golfito , mountains and sea. It has three entry beach options. Your own beach,  large land with fruit trees, livestock grazing.Mangrove front with lots of fish, snapper, etc. Also access to your own part of sea with full of  seafood: pianguas, cambutes, chuchecas, clams, etc. .  Natural beauty is a paradise to live, walking, diving, fishing, horse riding, climbing to the mountains, swimming in the creek or the sea, exploring
the land, animals and trees, etc.  Your paradise is here for you, your family or develop your own rain forest country club. This is  the place of your dreams !  The full land measures 119,284 m2. All legal papers and blueprints are ready to get a new owner.   Property has its own water and  ready to instal solar panel or electric  power plant.     It is Isla Grande - Segura, diagonal to grazing
 Puntarenitas Beach in Golfito for sale at $1.500.000 U.S. Further information contact : Raquel or Maria Ester at  rakell.leon6@gmail.com, Local phone numbers: +506 8690-2325   or  +506  8673-0112.
8361-8/15/14

Casa Fiesta
Caribbean Beachfront Home and Apartment  Puerto Viejo
 Right on the Beach!
Ranch style home with detached garage and apartment Air-conditioned home sleeps 4, apartment sleeps 2 ,  3 baths, hot water showers  Fenced-in property with pool, screened in patio  Turnkey....Everything is included with the sale!   Washer/dryer, furniture, appliances, tools, household items and linens, bicycles, and even a vehicle! Great income potential also  259,000 US Please visit our Web site for many more photos go to: http://www.casafiestacostarica.com  Email inquires to:   suez2cats@hotmail.com
8358-8/8/14

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $$165.000 USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8354-8/13/14

Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact drako13@me.com
8344-5/23/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Lundquist photo
More photos HERE!
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14


For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Friday, June 6, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 111
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News from the BBC up to the minute









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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Monarch
A.M. Costa Rica file photo                 
Adult monarch butterfly

Monarch decline blamed on U.S.

By the University of Guelph news service

Habitat loss on breeding grounds in the United States – not on wintering grounds in Mexico – is the main cause of recent and projected population declines of migratory monarch butterflies in eastern North America, according to new research from the University of Guelph.

The groundbreaking study was published in the Journal of Animal Ecology.

“Our work provides the first evidence that monarch butterfly numbers in eastern North America are most sensitive to changes in the availability of milkweed on breeding grounds, particularly in the Corn Belt region of the United States,” said Ryan Norris, a professor in Guelph’s Department of Integrative Biology.

He conducted the study with lead author and current Guelph post-doc Tyler Flockhart, as well as scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia’s national science agency.

These results contradict the long-held belief that monarch butterflies are most vulnerable to disturbances on wintering grounds in Mexico. They also confirm suspicions that recent declines have actually been driven by breeding events.

During the winter months, monarch butterflies congregate in a small area at high densities in Mexico. Scientists thought factors on those wintering grounds, such as climate change or deforestation, were the greatest threat to the population.

That led to multiple Mexican presidential decrees to protect butterfly overwintering habitats and efforts to curb illegal deforestation.

“The protection of overwintering habitat has no doubt gone a long way towards conserving monarchs that breed throughout eastern North America. However, our results provide evidence that there is now another imminent threat,” said Flockhart.

Milkweed is the only group of plants that monarch caterpillars feed upon before they develop into butterflies. Industrial farming contributed to a 21-per-cent decline in milkweed plants between 1995 and 2013, and much of this loss occurred in the central breeding region, the study said.

More than 70 per cent of milkweed in this region is located in agricultural-intensive landscapes where genetically modified crops are increasing, as opposed to 16 per cent in conservation lands and 10 per cent in public areas such as roadways, the study said.

Changes in milkweed abundance can affect everything from larval competition for food to egg-laying in adults.





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From Page 7:

Surveys suggest U.S. economy is improving

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

New economic surveys show the U.S. economy generally improving, even though unemployment claims rose slightly last week.

Thursday's report from the Labor Department says the number of Americans signing up for unemployment insurance rose by 8,000 last week to a nationwide total of 312,000.  But that's still close to a seven-year low.

Two new surveys suggest the U.S. job market will continue to improve over the next few months.

A study by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants found a majority of business executives were optimistic about the economy for the first time since the recession.

A key member of accountancy organization, Jim Blake, says a decline in economic turmoil is likely to strengthen the job market and the overall economy.  

"We are not seeing the blips that we were seeing up and down, over the last year or so, and I think that that is a pretty good indicator that jobs will be on the upswing," he said.

A separate survey of top economists by Bankrate.com predicts the jobless rate will fall to 6 percent over the next year.

The study's participants also expect that an improving U.S. economy will prompt the Federal Reserve to begin raising interest rates sometime next year.

The closely-watched report on the U.S. unemployment rate will be published Friday.  Economists surveyed by Bloomberg predict the jobless rate will edge upward one-tenth of a percent to hit 6.4 percent. 

Experts say the rising unemployment rate is an ironic consequence of an improving economy which prompts unemployed people to resume their job search.  Some discouraged workers gave up their search when they thought there were no jobs available for them.  The official U.S. jobless rate only counts people as unemployed if they are actively looking for work.