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(506) 2223-1327                         Published Monday, May 5, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 87                        Email us
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Ecological Society of America/Carlos de la Rosa
A Julia butterfly (Dryas iulia) and a solitary bee (Centris sp.) sip tears from the eyes of
spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) on Costa Rica’s Río Puerto Viejo.
Those crocodile tears are good for something.
By the Ecological Society of America
news staff

The butterfly and the bee were most likely seeking scarce minerals and an extra boost of protein. On a beautiful day last December they found the precious nutrients in the tears of a spectacled caiman relaxing on the banks of the Río Puerto Viejo in northeastern Costa Rica.

A boat carrying students, photographers, and aquatic ecologist Carlos de la Rosa was passing slowly and quietly by and caught the moment on film. They watched and photographed in barely suppressed excitement for a quarter of an hour while the caiman basked placidly and the insects fluttered about the corners of its eyes.

De la Rosa reported the encounter in a peer-reviewed letter in the May 2014 issue of the Ecological Society of America’s journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

“It was one of those natural history moments that you long to see up close,” said de la Rosa, the director of the La Selva Biological Station for the Organization for Tropical Field Studies in San Pedro, Costa Rica. “But then the question becomes, what’s going on in here? Why are these insects tapping into this resource?”

Though bountiful in the ocean, salt is often a rare and valuable resource on land, especially for vegetarians. It is not uncommon to see butterflies sipping mineral-laden water from mud puddles. When minerals are rare in the soil, animals sometimes gather salt and other rare minerals and proteins from sweat, tears, urine, and even blood.

De la Rosa had seen butterflies and moths in the Amazon feeding on the tears of turtles and a few caimans. Tear-drinking, called lachryphagous behavior, in bees had only recently been observed by biologists. He remembered a 2012 report of a solitary bee sipping the tears of a yellow-spotted river turtle in Ecuador’s Yasuní National Park. But how common is this behavior?

Back at the field station, he did a little research. He was surprised to find more evidence of tear-drinking than he expected in the collective online record of wilderness enthusiasts, casual tourists, professional photographers, and scientists. He now thinks the phenomenon may not be as rare as biologists had assumed, just hard to witness.

“I did a Google search for images, and I found out that it is quite common! A lot of people have recorded butterflies, and some bees, doing this,” said de la Rosa.

A search of the scientific literature produced a detailed study of bees drinking human tears in Thailand, as well as the remembered October 2012 “Trails and Tribulations” story about the Ecuadorian bee and the river turtle by Olivier Dangles and Jérôme Casas in the Ecological Society of America’s Frontiers.
Ecological Society of America/Carlos de la Rosa
A new species of dragonfly emerges. This is only the second dragonfly found that lives in bromeliad plants.

This experience reminds ecologists that the world still has many surprises, de la Rosa said. There so much still to be studied. De la Rosa is a specialist in the biology of non-biting midges, and a natural historian with his eyes always open to new discoveries. Scientists at La Selva have discovered hundreds of species of aquatic insects that are still unnamed and undescribed.

“I have over 450 undescribed species from Costa Rica in my laboratory. If I did nothing for the rest of my life but collaborate with taxonomists and try to describe those, I would never get done,” he said.

De la Rosa’s job as director of La Selva Biological Station brings him an unusual number of serendipitous encounters with wildlife. He lives on site in the lowland rainforest, and he never needs an alarm clock. Howler monkeys wake him every morning.

“I learned I have to carry a camera with me 24/7, because you never know what you’re going to find when you’re walking to the office or the dining hall,” he said. One day, he spied a new species of dragonfly on his way to breakfast. It had emerged from its larval form in the small pool of water caught in the cupped leaves of a bromeliad plant. He did a double-take. Dragonflies don’t live on bromeliads. Or do they?

 “Those are the kinds of things that, you know, you don’t plan for them, you can’t plan for them,” de la Rosa said. There was only one known species of dragonfly in the world that lives in bromeliads. Now there will be two. “You just keep your eyes open and have curiosity, and when you see something that doesn’t seem to fit, dig.”


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San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 5, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 87

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A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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Fine art restoration and conservation

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Vice president wins top spot
in Panama's presidential race

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Panama's vice president has won a surprise victory in the presidential election.

Juan Carlos Varela, who had distanced himself politically from President Ricardo Martinelli, has been declared the winner of Sunday's vote.

Election day began with opinion polls pointing to a tight race among the top three candidates. None had the 50-year-old Varela, the scion of one of Panama's richest families, with a lead.

Most polls gave a thin edge to Housing Minister José Domingo Arias, the president's choice for his replacement. Arias' running mate was President Martinelli's wife.

The other top candidate was former Panama City mayor Juan Carlos Navarro.

President Martinelli, a supermarket tycoon, recently inaugurated the first metro in Central America in Panama City.

Semana Santa occupancies
were less than expected

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Hotel occupancy over Semana Santa was 72 percent, below what tourism operators had predicted. Still, some 73 percent of the 147 firms contacted in a survey said the demand was good or very good, said the Cámera Nacional de Turismo.

Puntarenas seemed to have the highest occupancy. The tourism chamber calculated this to be 86 percent over the period April 11 to April 20.

Much of the business came from foreigners because the survey also showed that the average occupancy by Costa Ricans was just  42.6 percent throughout the country. Typically, Costa Ricans either visit relatives on the coasts during the week-long holiday or they simply set up tents on the beach.

Semana Santa is a major vacation period rivaled only by the Christmas season for tourism operators. Previous holiday seasons  have had higher occupancy, and tourism operators are expected to seek some concession from Luis Guillermo Solís after he takes office Thursday.

Police arrest Nicaraguan
as presumed human trafficker

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A man suspected of smuggling immigrants into the country is now in the hands of the Fuerza Pública. The arrest occurred over the weekend at the Peñas Blancas border when the Nicaraguan man with the last names Sosa Valdivia tried to usher two immigrants into Costa Rica, said police.

He charged a pair of Nicaraguans 10,000 colons for bringing them into the country, according to a police report. They were later sent to authorities from immigration.

This marks the second arrest this year of an intermediary bringing Nicaraguan immigrants across the border, said the  Fuerza Pública..

San José man, 79, dies
visiting Canadian kin

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A San José man who was visiting family members in Canada has died there.

He is José Jesús Garlow, 79, said the family. He was retired from his job a a factory worker. Survivors are Marvin Garlow, Gerry Garlow, Maria Fuendes and Eva Mendez, all of Canada, said the family.

There was cremation, and his ashes are being returned to his home in San José.

Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía                       
y Seguridad Pública photo                       
Police confiscated these medicines from a bus passenger coming from Nicaragua Friday. Offices said the medicines will be destroyed because they lack government approval.

Our reader's opinion
Cruelty is the same horror
regardless of animal type

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

This was a quote from the article a few days ago: "As a veterinary scientist, I consider the hunt to present real and significant welfare concerns.  If what I have witnessed being done to a young seal was done to a horse or a dog, there is little doubt that it would be labelled as cruel."

I find this hypocritical.  This veterinarian and most other North Americans would agree it would be cruel to do what they do to baby seals to a horse or dog.  Most people have no problem with the horrific slaughter of baby sheep called lambs or baby cows, calves.  People seem to think that lamb chops, rack of lamb or veal is OK to eat but eating products from baby seals is cruel but not for the lamb or calf.  

It also could be said for pigs, chickens, cows, turkeys and ducks.  All are treated inhumanely while being raised on commercial farms (concentration camps) and are slaughtered in horrific ways as well.  In fact about 70 billion are slaughtered every year.

I think we need to be honest about how we deal with animals around the world and not just pick and choose the ones we think shouldn't be tortured.  It is a good thing that most people in North America don't like the idea of horses or dogs being eaten. Otherwise they would be on the menu in most restaurants and in the meat section of the grocery store.  Why is it called cruelty for one animal and not another?  Does it just come down to how good they taste?  If so, that sure is a shame that our tastes cause horrific cruelty for so many and not others.

If you think it is necessary to eat these animals to survive, sorry. Studies show vegetarians and vegans have a healthier quality of life compared to those who consume meat.

Henry Kantrowitz
Punta Leona

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Third News Page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 5, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 87
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The inactivity at Volcán Arenal, obvious in this Sunday photo, is having an effect on tourism and the economy of the area. The volcano was famous for its continuing eruptions of hot rocks and ash. This activity was best observed from one of the La Fortuna region's hot pools, preferable with a drink in hand.

A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz

Emissions from Volcán Arenal reported to be lowest in years
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Emissions from Arenal volcano have reached their lowest points in years. The latest "State of the Volcanoes Study" by the Observatorio Vulcanólogico y Sismológico de Costa Rica said that the output from the volcano has been less than the one-ton-per-day minimum required for measurement.

The observatory's study added that any material coming from Arenal's crater is decreasingly acidic. This trend coincides with the decrease in eruptions and seismic activity, said the Universidad Nacional agency.

Carlos Ramírez, a volcanologist at Universidad de Costa Rica, insisted that this pattern is a natural phenomenon. He said Arenal remains under the same classification of active, and that the country's other volcanoes are experiencing a similar cycle.

"Rincón de Vieja was last active in 1996 and now it's not as active as it was in those years," Ramírez said. "Poás was active in the early
1990s for 10 to 15 years and now it's giving out very light emissions."

He agreed with the volcano observatory's study that said Arenal has not seen as much lava flow or activity in general over the last three to four years.

The Red Sismológica Nacional where Ramírez works lists Arenal's last major eruption as happening in 2010 when it emitted a pyroclastic flow. Now the network at Universidad de Costa Rica considers the volcano under a state of rest as recently the volcano has only been giving off gaseous outputs.

Arenal's present period of activity began in 1968 after centuries of dormancy and has been one of the top 100 most active volcanoes in the world in the past 40 years, according to the Red Sismológica.

Arenal awoke that year with a bang, according to the volcano observatory, as it's explosion damaged much of the rainforest blanketing its base and killed about 90 people. The observatory has been tracking volcanic and seismic activity in Costa Rica since 1984.

Restoration is complete at Heredia Comandancia, heritage center says
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The restoration of the  Comandancia de Heredia is completed and the structure will again be turned over to the security ministry in a ceremony today.

The structure in Heredia Centro has long been listed by the  Centro de Conservación Patrimonio Cultural. The building was in bad shape even though it was being used every day.

The 440-million-colon ($815,000) project restored just about everything, including the cells. The  Centro de Patrimonio said the Comandancia now appears the same what it was when it was built in the 19th century. Any parts that were not original have been removed, and areas that had not been used because of the bad condition have been opened up again, said the centro.

There was a lot of documentation about how the structure appeared originally, the centro said. The redone structure also meets the requirements for disable access, said the centro.

Centro de Conservación Patrimonio Cultural file photo
This photo is from 1911.

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 5, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 87
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New research shows that global warming effect is hardly uniform
By the Florida State University news staff

New research by a team of Florida State University scientists shows the first detailed look at global land surface warming trends over the last 100 years, illustrating precisely when and where different areas of the world started to warm up or cool down.

The research indicates that the world is indeed getting warmer, but historical records show that it hasn't happened everywhere at the same rate.

And that new information even took scientists by surprise.

"Global warming was not as understood as we thought," said Zhaohua Wu, an assistant professor of meteorology at  Florida State University.

Wu led a team of climate researchers. The group, using an analysis method newly developed by Wu and his colleagues, examined land surface temperature trends from 1900 onward for the entire globe, minus Antarctica.

Previous work by scientists on global warming could not provide
 information of non-uniform warming in space and time due to limitations of previous analysis methods in climate research.

The research team found that noticeable warming first started around the regions circling the Arctic and subtropical regions in both hemispheres. But the largest accumulated warming to date is actually at the northern midlatitudes. They also found that in some areas of the world, cooling had actually occurred.

"The global warming is not uniform," Chassignet said. "You have areas that have cooled and areas that have warmed."

For example, from about 1910 to 1980, while the rest of the world was warming up, some areas south of the equator — near the Andes — were actually cooling down, and then had no change at all until the mid 1990s. Other areas near and south of the equator didn't see significant changes comparable to the rest of the world at all.

The team's work is featured in the journal Nature Climate Change.

The detailed picture of when and where the world has warmed or cooled will provide a greater context to global warming research overall, Wu said.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

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When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

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Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.

Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


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Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

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Real estate rentals
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See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

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Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.

oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS.

Rohrmoser/Pavas, 1-bedroom apartment, fully furnished, including kitchen utensils. Washer/dryer. Good security, private.
Tico Cable included, $500. Contact, Wayne Winstead, 8820-1501. Casa 2291-6371. Just need your clothes to move in.

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at or contact us at
or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: or

prime properties
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Santa Ana

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email   Tel. 8383-6388.

MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. 8841-1606

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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 5, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 87
Real Estate
About us


Biggest gay pride parade
takes place in Sao Paulo

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Hundreds of thousands of gay rights supporters. many wearing elaborate colorful costumes, marched through the Brazilian city of Sao Paulo Sunday in one of the world's biggest gay pride parades.
Some of the outfits celebrated Brazil's hosting of soccer's World Cup next month while other participants wore large wigs and danced on grand floats.
But there was a tone of seriousness under all the joy. The organizers are demanding Brazil pass laws making homophobia a crime, including discrimination against lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people. They say such a law would also cut down on violence against homosexuals.
While Brazil's supreme court legalized gay marriage in 2011, conservative lawmakers and religious leaders opposed federal legislation granting more rights to homosexuals.

Police release Gerry Adams
despite crowd of protesters

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Northern Ireland police have freed Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams after questioning him for five days about the 1972 execution of a widowed mother of 10 suspected of being a spy for the British army during the country's decades of political and religious violence.
Police on Sunday said they will send a report to the Northern Ireland prosecutor's office, which will decide whether to charge Adams in the killing of Jean McConville.
Addressing reporters and supporters at a Belfast hotel, Adams again insisted he is "innocent of any involvement in any conspiracy to abduct, kill or bury Mrs. McConville."
Adams was a key figure in the 1998 peace settlement after 30 years of killings in Northern Ireland between Irish Catholic nationalists and mostly Protestant pro-British loyalists seeking to keep Northern Ireland as part of Britain.
Over the years, former Irish Republican Army fighters have accused Adams, a member of the Irish parliament, of involvement in the campaign of killings during the sectarian clashes.
McConville was abducted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army from her Belfast home and shot to death. Her body was secretly buried and found decades later on a beach in the Republic of Ireland.
Historians and witnesses say Adams served as an IRA commander for decades during the conflict. Adams has always denied holding any position in the outlawed group, despite accusations from an IRA veteran who said McConville was killed on Adams' orders.

Adams’ departure from the police's main interrogation center in Antrim, west of Belfast, was delayed by two hours by a crowd of angry Protestants outside the front gate.
Dozens of officers, many sporting full riot gear with flame-retardant boiler suits, body armor, helmets and shields, confronted the hardline Protestants, as they tried to block Adams' exit by sitting down in the roadway.

After a 15-minute standoff, police escorted Adams out via a rear exit that the protesters could not see.

World Press Freedom Day
spotlights dangers to media

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Saturday was World Press Freedom Day, an annual observance established by the United Nations in 1993 to support freedom of expression.

The U.N. says an open and pluralistic media must work in a safe environment without fear of reprisal.

The international body says last year 71 journalists were killed, while another 826 were arrested. More than 2,000 journalists were threatened or physically attacked last year.

The 2014 World Press Freedom Index spotlights the negative impact of conflicts on freedom of information. Reporters Without Borders, the sponsors of the index, said some countries have been affected by a tendency to interpret national security needs in an "overly broad and abusive manner to the detriment of the right to inform and be informed."

The group said the trend was a growing threat worldwide and was endangering freedom of information in countries regarded as democracies.

Finland tops the World Press Freedom index for the fourth straight year, closely followed by Netherlands and Norway, like last year.

The last three positions are again held by Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea, three countries where Reporters Without Borders says freedom of information is non-existent.

The United States is number 46 on the list of 180 countries. Haiti is number 47. Cape Verde comes in at number 24 and Britain is 33. Russia is number 148, Cuba is 170 and China is ranked at number 175.

Critics home in on Obama
for his handing of Russia

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

As tensions and turmoil escalate in Ukraine, America’s response to the crisis is becoming an increasingly contentious issue in Washington.

Deadly clashes in Odessa point to a grim reality: with every passing day, Ukraine teeters closer to civil war between a pro-Western government in Kyiv and pro-Russian militias backed by Moscow.

A new round of U.S. sanctions targeting Russian President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle has not altered Moscow’s aggressive posture toward Ukraine, a fact noted by President Barack Obama’s critics in Washington.

“President Obama talks tough about Vladimir Putin. But his actions have not gone far enough to change Putin’s calculation that the benefits of his aggression outweigh the costs,” said Sen. Marco Rubio, a Republican.

Last week, Senate Republicans introduced a bill that would subject Russian banks and other key economic sectors to U.S. penalties.

“Our economic well-being is deeply dependent on our national security. The problem is that President Obama does not seem to understand this. Instead of shaping world events, he has often simply reacted to them,” Rubio said.

However, Obama is not ruling out elements of the Republican proposal.

“If Russia continues on its current course, we have a range of tools at our disposal, including sanctions that would target certain sectors of the Russian economy,” the president said.

But in a news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Obama said he hopes diplomacy will make further sanctions unnecessary.

“Our hope is that we should not have to use them. We are not interested in punishing the Russian people. We do think that Mr. Putin and his leadership circle are taking bad decisions and unnecessary decisions and he needs to be dissuaded from his current course,” Obama said.

The crisis in Ukraine is but one source of friction in the foreign policy arena between the White House and its critics.

Many Republicans, and even some Democratic lawmakers, have urged a more robust U.S. response to the fighting in Syria, and are skeptical about the administration’s effort to limit Iran’s nuclear ambitions through diplomacy.

Environmental prize winner
opposes fracking technique

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

This year’s North American Goldman Environmental Prize winner used legal means to ban hydraulic fracturing in parts of central New York state.  Fracking, as it is known, is a controversial method to extract natural gas and other fossil fuels.  Anti-fracking activists say the technique hurts the environment, while the petroleum industry maintains fracking is safe.

Goldman award winner Helen Stottje is a lawyer in a mostly rural area of New York with small towns.  She’s against fracking, which involves deep drilling through shale rock and pumping down a pressurized mix of water and chemicals to release natural gas.  

Stottje volunteered to build a case against an industrial complex being constructed by a fracking company.  While the company won the case, Ms. Stottje learned that local laws could stop fracking, and she used that as a weapon to help ban fracking in several towns. Today, more towns in New York state have passed local laws prohibiting fracking.

Ms. Stottje’s crusade began after attending a local meeting where she saw photos of destruction caused by fracking in nearby Pennsylvania.

“The chemical pits, with the drill cuttings and the flowback water, cleared tree areas, swaths of forests that were just clear-cut for pipelines, for well pads,” she said.

But Steve Everley, a spokesman for the education arm of the Independent Petroleum Association of America, says, although there are risks, they are manageable.

“Everything is safely managed through the multiple layers of steel casing and cement that goes into creating a well.  You’ve got anywhere between five and seven layers that protect what’s inside the pipe from what’s outside of it.  I chiefly mean groundwater supplies,” he said.

But Ms. Stottje thinks fracking is harmful and says about a third of the wells fail.

“These are our water supplies we’re talking about drilling through in large number.  And in addition, there are methane emissions, and emitting all of this methane, such a powerful greenhouse gas into the atmosphere, is very disruptive,” she said.

But Everley points out that studies have shown that fracking actually helps reduce carbon dioxide emissions.  He says fracking should also continue because it provides jobs and energy security.  Ms. Stottje, however, says fracking should be stopped permanently.

Microsoft produces patch
for unsupported systems

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Microsoft has announced that its latest security update for Internet Explorer is being made available for users of Windows XP, even though the software firm stopped supporting that version of its operating system in favor of the newer versions, Windows 7 or 8.1.

Microsoft ended technical support, including automatic security updates, for Windows XP April 8, saying it wants to use its resources for supporting newer technologies.

However, last week a security flaw was discovered in Internet Explorer, versions 9 through 11, which enabled hackers to gain access to computers using Windows XP. 

The new security patch will be installed automatically on most computers using Windows XP. Users who opted to use the manual update are being encouraged to do it as soon as possible.

Microsoft is calling on users of Windows XP to upgrade their operating system and install the latest version of Internet Explorer 11.

First case of Mideast virus
found in U.S. health worker

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has confirmed the first case of the deadly Middle East Respiratory Virus within the United States.

Centers officials Friday said an American health care worker who recently traveled to Saudi Arabia has been hospitalized with the virus in the midwestern state of Indiana. They say the patient has been isolated and is in stable condition.

Anne Schuchat, director of the  National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, said the case is rapidly evolving, and that the Centers for Disease Control is working to identify people who may have been in contact with the patient. Ms. Schuchat said the patient traveled from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, on April 24 to London, and then on to Indiana.

The virus first appeared in September 2012, and all of the cases have been linked to six countries in the Arabian peninsula. Saudi Arabia has seen the most cases.

Ms. Schuchat said around 400 people have tested positive for the disease since it first appeared, and that about one-third of those people have died from the virus.

The Middle East Respiratory Virus is a member of the coronavirus family, which includes germs that cause the common cold, as well as severe acute respiratory syndrome.

T/eh respiratory syndrome popped up in southern China in 2003, infected about 8,000 people in 29 countries and killed about 800 before it was contained.

A spike in Middle East Respiratory Virus  cases in Saudi Arabia that began last week has raised worries among health experts that the virus has mutated into a more spreadable form. Ms. Schuchat said the reason for the increase is not yet known.

It is not yet clear where Middle East Respiratory Virus  came from originally, but camels are the lead suspects.

Five top killers named
for U.S. premature deaths

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Five things kill the majority of the nearly 900,000 Americans who die prematurely each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Premature death, as defined by the centers, is under 80 years old, given that the average life expectancy in the U.S. is 79.
The five top killers are heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke and unintentional injuries. These accounted for 63 percent of all U.S. deaths in 2010 though the rates vary greatly by state.
Of those deaths, the centers says 20 to 40 percent could be prevented if people had access to the top preventative care available in the country for each specific cause of death, a best-case scenario of sorts.
The best-case scenario was calculated by using the mortality rates of the five top causes of death in all the U.S. states. The three states with the lowest mortality for each of the five top killers was then averaged.
The CDC study estimated the number of avoidable, premature deaths for each cause would be as follows:
* 34 percent of premature deaths from heart diseases, potentially extending about 92,000 lives.

* 21 percent of premature cancer deaths, potentially extending about 84,500 lives.

* 39 percent of premature deaths from chronic lower respiratory diseases, potentially extending about 29,000 lives.

* 33 percent of premature stroke deaths, potentially extending about 17,000 lives.

* 39 percent of premature deaths from unintentional injuries, potentially extending about 37,000 lives.

Those numbers, the centers said, could not be added together because some people might recover from a heart attack only to later die from cancer, for example.
The data covered 2008 to 2010.
“As a doctor, it is heartbreaking to lose just one patient to a preventable disease or injury, and it is that much more poignant as the director of the nation’s public health agency to know that far more than a hundred thousand deaths each year are preventable,” said Tom Frieden, centers director
The southern states, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee, saw between 28 and 33 percent of preventable premature deaths, the centers said.
This data is yet another demonstration that when it comes to health in this country, your longevity and health are more determined by your postal code than they are by your genetic code, Frieden said during a news conference.

Ways to lower the risk of premature death include many common sense steps. For example, the centers recommends eating healthy, exercising, avoiding smoking, using seat belts, using helmets, controlling high blood pressure and avoiding exposure to harmful chemicals and other substances.
Frieden told reporters that the “good news is that things that people can change -- what we call modifiable risk factors -- make a huge difference."

According to a 2009 World Health Organization report, the top causes of premature death worldwide are poor childhood nutrition, unsafe sex, alcohol use, lack of safe water, bad sanitation and hygiene, and high blood pressure.

Obama among attractions
at annual Washington dinner

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The glitterati of Washington and Hollywood came together Saturday for the 100th annual White House Correspondents Association dinner.

President Barack Obama, as presidents traditionally do, attended the Washington event and delivered a string of jokes, some of them directed at his own administration.

Obama made fun of the troubled start of the government's health care Web site. The president said, "In 2008, my slogan was 'Yes, we can.' In 2013 my slogan was 'control, alt, delete.'"

The president joked about conservative Fox TV whose hosts and commentators have questioned Obama's citizenship. The joke included a reference to Hillary Clinton, who could run for president in 2016. Obama said, "Let's face it, Fox, you'll miss me when I'm gone. It'll be harder to convince the American public that Hillary was born in Kenya."
Joel McHale, the host of the E Network's "The Soup" and the star of the NBC-TV comedy "Community," was the host for this year's dinner.

Academy Award-winning actress Lupita Nyong'o was among the Hollywood celebrities at the dinner.

Other guests included the cast of the ABC TV drama "Scandal," New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Attorney General Eric Holder, Sen. John McCain, Monetary Fund Chief Christine Lagarde, basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, ABC newscaster Diane Sawyer and MSNBC host Ronan Farrow.

'Spider-Man 2' resonates
to viewers all over world

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Marc Webb’s "The Amazing Spider-Man 2" is one of Hollywood’s summer big budget movies. It cost $250 million to make and another $150 million to market around the world.  Sony Pictures hopes its stunning special effects will bring in the money.  But it is Spiderman's humanity and idealism that speak to people all over the world.

Marc Webb’s 3D sequel "The Amazing Spider-Man 2," starts as Peter Parker, the young man under the Spiderman suit, is graduating from high school and preparing to take on the world.  The film dazzles with its special effects, but filmmaker Webb says the superhero's optimism and youthfulness are the biggest draw for young people.

“Which is kind of a magical thing because we are in a world that is divided by borders, by religion, by politics and these characters, the characters that everybody can find something in, can penetrate people in a very special way as we travelled the world," said Webb.

Like Webb, Andrew Garfield, who plays Spiderman, believes that Hollywood’s big budget superhero flicks help shape an international popular culture based on compassion, idealism and hope.

“No matter what your gender, no matter what your sexual persuasion or your skin color, he is a representative of all of us. We really felt that going around the world, everyone can imagine themselves as Spiderman," said Garfield.

In "The Amazing Spider-Man 2," Spiderman fights crime with gusto in the urban canyons of New York City, breaking into witticisms that many may not find that witty.  But he is likable and has a great chemistry with his co-star Emma Stone, who plays Gwen Stacy, his love interest.

“It feels like making a different movie every day because you are shooting these really grounded intimate scenes one day and the next day you are on wires swinging in a giant green room," said Stone.

The big money is on the film's impressive special effects.  Like those seen in one of the film's climactic moments, when Spiderman faces off with his nemesis Electro, played by Jamie Foxx.

“We built an entire version of Times Square off on Long Island because they wouldn’t let us do the things we needed to do in the actual Times Square.  We had 13 construction cranes, all these green screens surrounding this environment we could come up with, an arena for Spiderman and Electro to go head to head," said Webb.

The sleek CGI technology makes Spiderman more agile than ever and his enemies more menacing.

“After it’s done, after people are watching it and it’s opening up all over the world, we had a chance to travel and see young kids and people so excited about it," said Foxx.

 But it is the grim and unexpected  turn of events towards the end of the film that highlights Spiderman's humanity and limitations in a human drama where no one can have it all.

New measure of economies
puts India and China ahead

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The summary findings of a World Bank study show the economies of India and China have grown more than previously thought, leading some analysts to predict that China could surpass the United States as the world's biggest economy by the end of the year, sooner than many experts had predicted.

Conducted every six years by the World Bank’s International Comparison Program under authority of the United Nations Statistical Commission, the results show that, based on 2011 prices, the purchasing power of China’s yuan was significantly stronger than indicated by standard exchange rates.

Drawn from a different economic measurement than the widely-used gross domestic product figures, the results of the purchasing power parities method purportedly reflect differences in costs of living in different nations with greater accuracy.

According to Kamel Mellahi, professor of strategic management at Britain's Warwick Business School, gross domestic product measurements have inherent problems.

"With traditional GDP, people always said it underestimated the size of economies in developing countries, and some of the emerging economies, because the cost of living is cheaper and lower there," he said

Whereas ross domestic product measures all goods and services produced in a nation and relies on market-based exchange rates — the rate travelers or exporters get at a bank — purchasing power parities-based analysis allows comparison of living standards in countries with widely varying prices.

It "captures how far a dollar goes in terms of buying goods and services in different countries," said Mellahi, explaining that the purchasing power parities metric is particularly good at illustrating the relative cost of goods in different nations and how much it costs to buy things needed by ordinary people.

"You take a basket of goods that we all buy, including milk, butter, sugar, [going] to the movies, prices of haircuts in different countries, and they look at the cost of that in different countries," he said.

Scholars then use that data to work out what amounts to a hypothetical exchange rate with which to compare economies.

Whereas both purchasing power parities and gross domestic product rates can be affected by many factors, chief financial analyst Greg McBride says although purchasing power parities eliminates some statistical distortion, it produces results more akin to estimates than precise measurements.

"There is a huge margin of error there that I think can really throw the validity of the whole thing into question," said McBride.

Regardless of methodology, various reports indicate China and India have been growing faster than developed economies such as the United States for some time, and the recently released data also show India overtaking Japan as the world's third-largest economy.

The summary findings also show the U.S. economy expanding at a weak one-tenth of one percent in the first three months of this year.

The full results of the International Comparison Program report are slated for release in July 2014.

Mice are more youthful
when given young blood

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. scientists have discovered that older mice become more energetic, stronger and have better memory when injected with the blood of young mice.
Researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, San Francisco, carried out their experiments on animals whose ages were equivalent to humans in their 20s and 60s.
They believe the blood of the younger mice has a protein called GDF11, which also is found in human blood. They say this protein appears to decline with age.
The doctors say they hope their research on mice can one day be used to treat human sufferers of diseases that affect the elderly, including dementia and Alzheimer's. But they caution people against trying this blood experiment at home.
The study appears in two journals -- Nature Medicine and Science.

Safer sleep position still
not common among moms

By the  American Academy of Pediatrics news staff

Since 1994, parents have been urged to put their babies to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. It appears many caregivers have not gotten the message, and health care providers have not done enough to educate families.

Rates of babies being placed on the back for sleep are as low as 50 percent in some states, according to a study to be presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In addition, only about two-thirds of term infants nationwide are placed on their backs to sleep, and the rate is even lower among preterm infants.

“Given that supine sleep positioning significantly reduces an infant’s risk for SIDS, it is worrisome that only two-thirds of full-term infants born in the U.S. are being placed back-to-sleep,” said lead author Sunah S. Hwang, a neonatologist at Boston Children’s Hospital and South Shore Hospital, and instructor in pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. “More concerning is that adherence to safe sleep positioning is even lower for preterm infants who are at even greater risk for SIDS compared to term infants.”

Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among infants between 1 month and 1 year of age.

More than 2,000 babies died from sudden infant death syndrome in 2010, the most recent year statistics are available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“Although the precise cause of SIDS is still unknown, we do know that safe sleep practices, such as sleeping on the back, reduces the risk of infant death in the first year of life,” Dr. Hwang said. “The Back-to-Sleep campaign reduced the rate of SIDS by 50 percent in the 1990s. Since 2001, this rate has remained stagnant.”

Dr. Hwang and her colleagues analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System to compare the prevalence of supine sleep positioning after hospital discharge for preterm and term infants .This is a state-based surveillance system supported by the centers to monitor behaviors and experiences among women who recently delivered a live-born infant in a hospital. Surveys are mailed to mothers, and those who do not respond are contacted by phone. Mothers were asked which position they usually put their infant to sleep (side, back, stomach). Responses were categorized as supine (back) and non-supine, which included a combination of sleep positions.

The study included 392,397 infants born in 36 states, which had response rates of 70 percent or more in 2000 to 2011. Researchers analyzed supine sleeping in the following gestational age categories: 27 weeks or less, 28-33 weeks, 34-36 weeks and 37-42 weeks.

Results showed both preterm and term infants had suboptimal rates of supine sleep positioning after hospital discharge. In addition, supine sleep positioning varied widely by state, with Alabama having the lowest rate at 50 percent and Wisconsin having the highest rate at 81 percent.

The most preterm group of infants (less than 28 weeks) had the lowest rate of supine sleep positioning at 60 percent. After adjusting for maternal age, education, race/Hispanic ethnicity, marital status, previous live birth, insurance status before pregnancy, method of delivery and maternal length of hospital stay, late preterm infants (34 to 36 weeks) were significantly less likely to sleep on their backs compared to term infants.

“Given the concerning data about inadequate adherence to safe sleep practices for all infants and in particular for preterm infants, we need to better engage families about adhering to safe sleep practices at the individual, community, hospital and public health levels,” Dr. Hwang concluded.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Interior Design & Custom Furniture Manufacturing
“We regularly exceed client expectations.
We guarantee it.”
Customizing for your vision, lifestyle and budget.
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

• Interior Design
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Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad.
Our custom furniture designs & manufacturing can be contracted independently.
“Serving the Region for 11 years”

Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644

Rosa Monge
Rosa Monge

Real estate foreclosure specialist

Great deals available every week
Properties like this:

20.5 acres of pasture for as little as $2,400

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Please email for details

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112.

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
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Check with our Web site at
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
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Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.

Visit our Web Site:

English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD

another house shot
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!

Atenas mansion
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
For more information contact:

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email


Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: and

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $$165.000 USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email:

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: Click on the link below for photos and additional details:

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, 8841-1606

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.

Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email:  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at Contact us at: or +1-866-514-7435.

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at:  Contact information:,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail for more information ¡y se habla español!

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Award  winning unique mini golf on the main road of La Fortuna. approximately 8,000 square foot structure permits you to do business 365 days a year. Seven years left on lease at $500 a month or $1,000 a month if you use the 9,000 square feet behind it. Space to build cabin, house or additional tourist attractions. Price includes all permits and patents. Property is offered for sale through local owner. Photos available at the following Web site: Email:  or call 506 6021 4569. In English! Great Price $25,000.

Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact for an appointment. For a preview

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Panama
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A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Monday, May 5, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 87
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC bews feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
surfing photo
  Fabián Sánchez photo
Noe Mar McGonagle gestures to the crowd after taking first place in the open divison of the Reef Classic surfing championship Sunday. he defeated Venezuelan  Rafael Pereira in the final encounter at Playa Hermosa de Jacó.


U.S. Web site promoting
educational exchanges

By the U.S. Department of State news staff

The U.S. Department of State has unveiled a new 100,000 Strong in the Americas website available at

The Web site is designed to promote educational exchange opportunities in the Western Hemisphere. The initiative is implemented through partnerships between the U.S. government, including the White House and the Department of State; Partners of the Americas, the Association of International Educators, foreign governments, universities and colleges, and the private sector.

The goal of 100,000 Strong in the Americas is to strengthen U.S. relations with the countries of the Americas through increased student mobility. Students from the United States and the Western Hemisphere select international exchange programs that will equip them with a broad base of skills and experiences, including exposure to other countries and cultures. The initiative reflects a growing focus on ensuring youth throughout the Western Hemisphere are prepared with the language and cross-cultural skills needed to succeed in the 21st century economy.

The updated Web site contains resources for students interested in studying abroad in the Americas, higher education institutions who want to increase their footprint in the Western Hemisphere, and private sector companies who want to contribute to the future prosperity of the Americas. 100,000 Strong in the Americas will enable a new generation to reach across borders to address common challenges and seek out new opportunities.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

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From Page 7:

Textile plant planned for Guanacaste

Special to A.M. Costa Rica

During its report to its shareholders for the second quarter of 2014, the Canadian company Gildan Activewear confirmed in Montreal, Canada, that its next investment will be made in Guanacaste, Costa Rica, involving a modern textile manufacturing plant.  The Coalición Costarricense de Iniciativas de Desarrollo has been working with the company for several months and stated its satisfaction with the confirmation of the new plant.

The firm is expected to provide jobs for 1,000 persons.

Gildan Activewear distributes its products in the United States and Canada, where it owns the leading brand in the industry. It is also one of the largest brands to provide sports, casual, and dress socks for a broad spectrum of retailers in the United States. Currently, it is developing itself as a brand to supply underwear and sportswear.  Gildan Activewear reported sales above  $2.2 billion in 2013, us 69 percent since 2009).

The company has more than 33,000 employees around the world in its plants located in countries such as Nicaragua, Honduras, the Dominican Republic and the United States.

Gildan Activewear indicated in its report that it chose Guanacaste  because of its strategic location close to its other plants in Nicaragua, access to ports on the Costa Rican Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, and expeditious entry into the main markets in the United States thanks to the free trade agreement with the United States. It also cited the Free Trade Zone Regimen that Costa Rica has.

According to Gabriela Llobet, the development agency's general director, "the operation that Gildan Activewear has decided to install in Costa Rica will make it possible to continue forming a solid network of plants in Central America, all the while that it diversifies and increases production capacities in the region and strengthens distribution of its products for the American and other markets around the world.  This is all thanks to the competitive export platform that Costa Rica offers.  We are very pleased since this plant will make it possible for Costa Rica to join a global value chain for the textile sector in a very sophisticated segment."