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Cocal for Jan. 20
    Sporsman
Costa Rican real estate
(506) 2223-1327                         Published Thursday, May 1, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 85                        Email us
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Ship team



Ms. Hne art
By Ana Griselda Hine
Herrera work
By Fabio Herrera
The first May rain is like springtime in Costa Rica
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Ricans miss out on the arrival of spring because springtime is here all the time.

Consequently there are not great reams of poetic praise to the turn of the season as can be found in the writings of Chaucer, Shakespeare and Robert Burns.

What Costa Rica has instead is a highly suitable replacement: The first rains of May. The cleansing rain also signals rebirth even though a lot of local flowers have beaten nature to the punch. Still the grass and much of the foliage still needs a series of driving rains to bounce back.

The rains are an appropriate topic because thunderstorms have sailed through the Central Valley for the last three days. Indeed, the rainy season is at its start.

The Teatro Nacional is taking advantage of the seasonal change. An exposition has been mounted called “Mayo en Verde.”  The art show is based on the poem “Trópico Verde” by Isaac Felipe Azofeifa. A dozen artists were asked to
create a work that reflected a line in the poem. The exposition was juried.

Azofeifa, a Universidad de Costa Rica professor, is considered one of the country's greatest 20th century literary figures. He was a one-time associate of Pablo Neruda. He also was a founder of the Partido Liberación Nacional, an ambassador and later a presidential candidate for a splinter party. He died in 1997 and has a list of works ranging from the late 1950s to almost the time of his death.

The artists are Ana Griselda Hine, Claudio Cabezas, Dunia Molina, Fabio Herrera, Hannia Ruin, Luis Chacón, Luis Alonso Ramírez, Marvin Castro, Mario Maffioli, Miguel Hernández, Roberto Lizano and Xinia Matamoros.

The works will be on display until June 11 at the theater's  Galería López Escarré in association with the cafe there.

Meanwhile, expats can experience their own green May simply by stepping outdoors and inhaling the natural perfume that remains after the rains have passed.



Electronic eyes watch Atenas, Orotina, San Mateo
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Sets of security cameras in Alajuela communities begin a new era of combating crime, the head of the security ministry said.

The minister, Mario Zamora Cordero, held an inauguration for the high-tech surveillance equipment and said installations in Orotina, San Mateo, and Atenas are a historic mark in preventing crime at all hours.

“Technology should always be a tool for police to benefit citizens,” Zamora said. “We have now entrusted various patrols like we've never done before in these counties. Now these cameras are here to enforce vigilance and to improve the security of all citizens.”

The new cameras, planned to monitor the busiest streets in the two cantons, cost 80 million colons, or about $146,000, and come  via coordination between the local municipalities and the Fuerza Pública. Officials have also set up access rooms for police with radio communication for instant alerts and screens that allow police to view the areas.

Zamora said the police have already found and arrested a few suspects because of the new monitoring techniques. Most of the crimes have been for selling drugs, according to a
video
Ministerio de Gobernacióm, Policía
y Segruidad Píubica photo
Police officer checcks out the new device.

representative from the ministry's press office.

Fuerza Pública will also have a modern building constructed in Atenas thanks to a recent donation from its municipality.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 1, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 85

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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Architecture-Real Estate-Development

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nameplate
wood
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policíe                 
y Seguridad Pública photo                 
Fuerza Pública officers confiscated this load of cocobolo logs in Bagaces  Tuesday after they stopped a truck and said the driers did not have permits to transport the wood.



Tax police grab helicopter
in dispute over craft's status


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The tax authorities seized a helicopter Wednesday because the government said the owner owed money for keeping the craft in Costa Rica.

The  Policía de Control Fiscal of the Ministerio de Hacienda conducted three raids at the same time and took control of the craft. It was at  Tobías Bolaños airport in Pavas.

The tax police said the craft was worth about $850,000 and that the tax was $150,000.

One raid was at a customs brokerage office in San José where documents connected with the craft were  confiscated.

The Ministerio de Hacienda said that the 2013 model Robinson helicopter had been brought into Costa Rica for a time that  the owners said was temporary. The owners names were not given.


Construction workers in river
may have been upset and drunk


A Nicaraguan man was mauled by crocodiles in the Río Tárcoles after he jumped into the river. According to Cruz Roja workers, the man, Omar de Jesús Jirón, entered the river for reasons unknown but cited an argument with a friend and drunkenness as possible factors.

Jirón, who is believed to be 25 to 35 years old, was a construction worker at the Clínica de Parrita. A Cruz Roja press representative said the friend remains the case's primary witness and key to figuring out Jirón's motive for getting in the water.

The river that starts in the San José province and flows into the Gulf of Nicoya is known for being a popular spot where tourists can stop on their way outside the city to see sun-bathing crocodiles.


Zarcero food producers
plan weekend fair in city


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Another fair is filling the wide hall of the Antigua Aduana this weekend as more than 70 vendors and artists make up the Zarcero en San José celebration. The two-day affair celebrating the canton of Zarcero's centennial will feature a diverse sampling of foods from the region as well as locally inspired dances and concerts.

Located in the mountains of Alajuela, Zarcero is known for its organically farmed produce. The town's culinary scope also offers a lot in the way of dairy, with queso palmito and natilla being some of the favorites that will be available at the Antigua Aduana.

There will also be fresh juices, vegetables, breads, deserts, and other organic dishes on hand at the fair. These products will complement the local bands and performers sporting an array of disciplines like piano, guitar, and orchestra.

The canton's 100th anniversary is not officially until next year. The festival is free to the public and begins at 10 a.m. Saturday and continues Sunday. The Antigua Aduana is on Calle 23 in northeast San José.


Region makes some progress
on anti-terrorism, U.S. says


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Little by little Latin American countries are improving their abilities to react to terrorism, according to the latest from the U.S. Department of State. The department's Bureau of Counterterrorism published its annual report on terrorism on Wednesday, citing heightened security measures and funding into counterterrorism efforts in Latin America.

Still, factors like government corruption and lack of resources kept holding the region back in 2013, the report states. Though Costa Rica is not directly mentioned in the assessment, it says the country's security personnel and border patrol have worked directly with forces in Panamá for training.

Panama's main terrorist threat is the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, known as the FARC, because rebel units come through the border. It did say Panama's border control has strengthened security measures against the FARC and other terrorists through its air, land, and sea patrols. Both the Panama Canal and the Darien Gap attract a lot of criminal dealings.

The report also represents an optimistic outlook on Mexico's prevention of terrorism.

“The Mexican government remained vigilant against domestic and international terrorist threats in 2013,” it reads. “There are no known international terrorist organizations operating in Mexico, and there is no evidence that any terrorist group has targeted U.S. citizens in Mexican territory.”

However, money laundering and terrorist financing are still large concerns looming over the country's well-being. The report says the U.S. State Department is worried about Mexico's infrastructure and access to resources when fighting such threats.

The department stated that Iran's involvement in the Western hemisphere is a potential concern for terrorist activity. According to the report, recent sanctions by the U.S. and the European Union against Iran has limited the country's influence in this region.

“There were no known operational cells of either Al-Qaeda  or Hezbollah in the hemisphere, although ideological sympathizers in South America and the Caribbean continued to provide financial and ideological support to those and other terrorist groups in the Middle East and South Asia,” the report reads.

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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 1, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 85
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Archaeologists will look beneath the soil

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Archaeologists have long wished to be able to see into the ground. Instead, for nearly 200 years, they have been forced to dig trenches, test holes and meticulously scrape away the soil.

There is  lot of soil and plenty of archaeological sites still undiscovered.

But now researchers at the sites of the famous stone balls will be getting a peek into the ground without disturbing it. The  Laboratorio Nacional de Materiales y Modelos Estructurales at the Universidad de Costa Rica has agreed to share its ground penetrating radar with the Museo Nacional staffers.

The  Laboratorio has the equipment for checking the engineering and condition of roadways.

The museum also is getting three-dimensional scanner laser devices to very accurately create a representation of the topography of the sites and also create very accurate computer models of the spheres that archeologists know exists. The scanning laser device very quickly scans and records thousands of data points. The devices have been used to create three-dimensional computer images of historic buildings and even former battlegrounds.

The museum has four sites in the canton of Osa, and the stone balls are being considered for inclusion in the list of United Nation world heritage sites. Only recently did archeologists expose a stone sphere that was underground. They will use the radar to see if there are more.

The laboratory also will provide the technicians to operate the devices during this pilot project, the museum said.

Using ground penetrating radar is not new. A.M. Costa Rica reported Tuesday that researchers in Spain are planning to use ground penetrating radar to search the floor of a Madrid convent for the bones of  Miguel de Cervantes.

He is the author of what is considered the world’s first novel, "The Adventures of the Ingenious Nobleman Don Quixote of La Mancha."
 
Records show Cervantes died in poverty at 69 on April 22, 1616. His remains were reportedly entombed in the Convent of the Barefoot Trinitarians in Madrid's historic Barrio de las Letras, or literary quarter. The exact location of the remains within the convent is unknown, said the newspaper's wire services
 
The cost of the Spanish endeavor is expected to be $138,000, the wire services said.

The devices also are used to test the composition of soil.
radar
A.M. Costa Rica graphic
This  is one type of unit.


Pre-Columbian spheres have inspired a dance recounting their creation
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Museo Nacional  celebrates its 127th birthday Sunday with a seven-hour extravaganza, mostly musical. A highlight is the “Campo de Esferas,” a dance presentation by the group  UNA Danza Joven from Universidad Nacional in Heredia.

The dance performance has been presented at  Finca 6, the heart of the area in which the giant stone spheres have been found. Directed by  Fito Guevara and Valentina Marenco, 15 dancers will present the history of the creation of the stone spheres, which soon will be listed as tangible world heritage. This presentation begins at 6 p.m.

The festivities begin at noon with an exposition called "A Tres Bandas," which seeks to celebrate different forms of music. An hour
later, humorist and singer  Dionisio Cabal will be presenting a commentary on Tico culture.

The event at 2. p.m. featured a group  from the Academia de Baile Merecumbé, whose members will perform Latin American dances.

The Universidad de Costa Rica's Taller Formativo de Expresión Musical  performs calypso and other Latin rhythms at 3 p.m.  

Fantasía de Tango at 4 p.m. presents a show featuring that dance.

At 5 p.m. the  Grupo Eleus presents a mix of classical and traditional music.

The entire event is free for Costa Ricans and residents.

DelRey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 1, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 85
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Veterinarian defends European ban on seal products and cites cruelty
By the University of Bristol' news service

Next month, following an appeal by Canada and Norway to overturn the European Union's ban on the import of seal products, the World Trade Organization is expected to announce whether the 2013 decision will be upheld. In an editorial article, a University of Bristol academic, whose research on the animal welfare of the seal hunt has been used in the case, explains why the ban should stand.

The article byAndy Butterworth, senior lecturer in animal sciences at the University of Bristol's School of Veterinary Sciences and an official observer of the seal hunt is published in the journal Nature.

EU legislation, in place since 2009, intended to ban the import of seal products. However, the implementation of this has been slowed pending a decision by the World Trade Organisation on whether the ban would be permitted under trade rules, which must reconcile contrasting statements from international agreements that are almost 70 years old. One forbids arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination between countries. Another says that nations can act in a way that is necessary to protect public morals.

Last November, the World Trade Organization agreed that the ban on marketing of seal products could be legitimately implemented on the basis of protection of public morals. This was a historic decision, the first time that public morals combined with animal welfare concerns had been used to create a marketing restriction for a specific animal product.

he EU ban was introduced on the grounds of public morals, and
T science and scientific evidence was used to inform the judgements made on the moral questions raised by the seal hunt. The scientific evidence, by researchers including  Butterworth, indicated that some shot seals took a considerable period of time to die and that some injured animals were unchecked for periods of several minutes before being finally killed by clubbing. The post mortems that the researchers carried out on the ice indicated that some seals had multiple shooting, clubbing and hooking injuries — and that some had swallowed their own fresh blood —suggesting that they were alive for a period following the first contact with the hunter.

Butterworth in his article argues the appeal from Canada and Norway does not challenge the poor welfare outcomes of the seals, which the World Trade Organization last year judged sufficient to justify the European ban. Instead, the appeal concentrates on trade issues and restrictions.

Butterworth said: "As a veterinary scientist, I consider the hunt to present real and significant welfare concerns. The available scientific evidence supports that opinion. But science, of course, is only one of the factors at play. If what I have witnessed being done to a young seal was done to a horse or a dog, there is little doubt that it would be labelled as cruel."

The annual Canadian commercial seal hunt is the world's largest hunt of marine mammals and by the end of the 2014 hunt, a quota of some 400,000 young seals could have been taken. The seal pups, which are only a few weeks old, are prized for their skins and for the omega-3-rich oil used in food supplements: products that are shipped around the world.

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oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS. organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8337-6/14/14

Rohrmoser/Pavas, 1-bedroom apartment, fully furnished, including kitchen utensils. Washer/dryer. Good security, private.
Tico Cable included, $500. Contact, Wayne Winstead, 8820-1501. Casa 2291-6371. Just need your clothes to move in.
8334-5/10/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8328-5/26/14

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
 4-
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact noelsusana@yahoo.com
8299-5/1/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8313-5/1/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8267-8/17/14

house
                                                photo
Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: jlayne1933@aol.com or yo@nehemiascr.com
8325-5/21/14

prime properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8327-4/26/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
8241-3/7/14

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
9229-3/3/14

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8222-2/21/14




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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 1, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 85
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Cafetales



Gerry Adams faces probe
in IRA murder of widow


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Police in Northern Ireland are questioning Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams about the 1972 abduction and murder of a widowed mother of 10.

The 65-year-old Adams repeatedly has denied any involvement in the Jean McConville case. She was abducted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army from her Belfast home and shot to death.

Adams confirmed his interview with police in a prepared statement late Wednesday. He declared his innocence and described his contact with police as voluntary and pre-arranged. Police later said he had been arrested.

Authorities have long sought to query Adams about the death of McConville, a 38-year-old executed by the IRA as an accused spy for the British army. Her body was secretly buried and found decades later on a beach in the Republic of Ireland.

Historians and witnesses say Adams served as an IRA commander for decades during the 40-year conflict, which pitted independence-seeking Republicans against pro-British unionists.

Adams has always denied holding any position in the outlawed group, despite accusations from an IRA veteran who said McConville was killed on Adams' orders.

  
Turkish regime is seeking
to extradite foe from U.S.


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The news that Turkey will officially request that the United States extradite Turkish Islamic scholar Fetullah Gulen is threatening to strain U.S.-Turkish relations. Ankara insists Gulen is behind a conspiracy to overthrow the government. But analysts warn that Ankara may find it difficult legally to secure his extradition.
 
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Tuesday that he would ask Washington to extradite Gulen.  Erdogan has repeatedly accused the cleric and his followers of seeking to overthrow the government.

But Riza Turmen, a former European Court of Human Rights judge who is now a parliamentary deputy for Turkey's opposition Republican People’s Party, said that while an extradition agreement has been in force since 1981, it would be difficult to secure Gulen's extradition.

"There is an obligation to effect extradition if conditions are fulfilled, but one condition for such extradition: the person who is requested should be charged with an offense or should be convicted of an offense. Then another condition: the offense for which extradition is requested should be punishable under the laws of both countries. Now, whether these conditions are fulfilled is very doubtful. I don’t think there is any charge or any conviction against Mr. Gulen. So I can't really see how there is legal basis for such a request of extradition," said Turmen.

But local media reports claimed Ankara prosecutors have launched an investigation into Gulen. Turkish Culture and Tourism Minister Omer Celik said Wednesday that prosecutors were investigating Gulen for crimes against the constitution.  The minister went on to say the investigation was about Turkey's survival. The ruling AK Party accuses followers of Gulen inside the police and judiciary of unjustifiably launching graft investigations last December against family members of leading ministers, with the aim of overthrowing the government. Gulen denies the allegations.

Kadri Gursel, diplomatic columnist for the Milliyet newspaper, said despite the severity of the charges, it would be difficult for the U.S. to secure Gulen's return under the extradition agreement, because the agreement forbid extraditing someone whose conviction for alleged criminal offenses was deemed politically motivated.

"I think this clause of the agreement blocks the way of any extradition. Because the whole discourse against Gulen is built on political charges," said Gursel.
 
Washington has indicated it is skeptical about the allegations against Gulen and criticized Ankara for interfering in probes into alleged government graft. But the Turkish prime minister insists his government is threatened by a parallel state led by Gulen.

Such claims helped Erdogan consolidate his electoral base in last month's local elections, said Semih Idiz, a diplomatic columnist for Turkey's Taraf newspaper.  With presidential elections looming in August, Idiz said, Erdogan was playing politics with the Gulen extradition.

"He is maintaining this momentum he had before the local elections, where he was hitting at this parallel structure, and it obviously worked for him and he needs to maintain momentum over the next few weeks and months as he decides what he has to do vis-a-vis the presidency.  I think he is just playing politics here. And U.S.-bashing, America-bashing, always brings popularity in this country. There is this problem of anti-Westernism in Turkey, and when America is involved, that peaks," said Idiz.
 
Analysts said Washington was unlikely to extradite Gulen, even if it would take considerable time, possibly years, to do so. But diplomatic columnist Gursel predicted that even if the extradition request was turned down, bilateral relations were unlikely to be seriously damaged.

"What will happen if the United States reject this demand, will there be any sanctions -- I don’t think so. U.S.-Turkish relations are multi-dimensional; there are many aspects of it. And I think Erdogan’s government and he himself value U.S.-Turkish relations," said Gursel.
 
But for now Erdogan continues to keep pressure on both Gulen and Washington, noting that Turkish courts have on several occasions honored U.S. extradition requests. Observers say with presidential elections looming, Ankara's pressure on Washington, and its campaign against Gulen and his followers, are likely to continue.


U.S. lawmakers clash
over roots of poverty


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Fifty years after U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson declared war on poverty, about 46 million Americans are living in poverty. Republican House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan says government social welfare programs are not working, and it is time to listen to those fighting poverty on the front lines for different approaches. Democrats say things would be much worse, however, without government services for the poor.

Democratic and Republican lawmakers faced off Wednesday at a hearing on the role of the government in helping to lift people out of poverty. Ryan said the government has failed.

“I think we can all agree that Washington isn’t making anybody proud these days," said Ryan. "Right now, the federal government spends nearly $800 billion a year on 92 different programs to fight poverty. Yet the official poverty rate is the highest in a generation. And over the past three years, deep poverty has been the highest on record. Clearly, we can do better.”

Most Democratic lawmakers strongly disagree, and oppose Ryan’s budget that would raise defense spending but sharply cut spending on domestic programs for the poor. It passed the House but not the Senate.

The president of the non-profit group, the Center for Neighborhood Enterprise, Robert Woodson, said the focus on government programs has created a whole industry of those who service the nation’s poor.

“Seventy percent of all the dollars over the years that we have spent on the poor goes to those who serve poor people,” said Woodson.

Woodson argued the focus should be on private enterprise giving people jobs. Ryan has come under criticism for remarks suggesting that some poor people in inner cities lack a culture of hard work. Rep. Chris van Hollen, a Democrat, accused Republicans of misunderstanding the roots of poverty.

“But it adds insult to injury to claim, as Republicans do, that shredding the social safety net actually helps those who are struggling every day to make ends meet," said van Hollen. "This claim is based on a false and pernicious stereotype that many of these struggling individuals prefer to rely on these safety nets - sometimes mockingly referred to as hammocks - rather than get a job. This mindset is a fantasy world approach that by dismantling anti-poverty programs, we will reduce poverty.”

Ryan met Wednesday with members of the Congressional Black Caucus to discuss ways to reduce poverty. After the meeting, Democratic Congressional Black Caucus chairwoman Marcia Fudge spoke to reporters.

“We appreciate Chairman Ryan coming to our meeting. We did not get a whole lot accomplished, but we do agree on a number of things. One is that we are both concerned about the poverty in this country. We just disagree on how we address the problem,” she said.

Ms. Fudge said Ryan agreed to invite members of the Congressional Black Caucus to present their views at a future hearing on alleviating poverty.


Stagnant U.S. economy
seen getting better soon

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. economy barely grew during the first three months of the year, but the central bank is giving a bright outlook for the immediate future.

The Commerce Department says economic growth was a scant 0.1 percent during the first quarter. This was the slowest growth rate in more than a year, and a sharp drop from the last quarter of 2013.

Ending a two-day meeting Wednesday, the U.S. Federal Reserve blamed the slowdown, in part, on a harsh winter that kept people out of stores and slowed delivery of goods and services. But it said economic activity has since picked up, and households appear to be spending more.

The Fed also agreed to cut back on its purchases of bonds, a program it uses to stimulate a slow economy.

Its optimism encouraged investors Wednesday, sending the Dow Jones Industrial Average, the main U.S. stock index, to an all-time high.

But economist Adam Hersh at the Center for American Progress says in an interview that he believes it will be a while before U.S. economic growth is strong enough to bring down still high unemployment and stimulate higher salaries.

"I expect that the economy is certainly going to strengthen from the rather disappointing growth number that we saw today for the first quarter," said Hersh. “But it’s going to be a long time before we get back to the strength of growth that is adequate to bring down the still-high unemployment that the economy is facing and to create pressure, upward pressure on incomes and wages for people out there who haven’t seen a raise in a very long time now.”

 
Republicans block effort
to raise minimum wage


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An effort to raise America’s national minimum wage has been blocked by minority Republicans in the U.S. Senate. The issue is the latest partisan skirmish between lawmakers as both parties position themselves for mid-term elections in November.

The minimum wage in America is $7.25 an hour, and has been since 2009. But the cost of living has continued to climb, eroding the purchasing power of low-wage workers.  Sen. Edward Markey. a Democrat, said that must change.

“No person in America should work full time and not earn enough to be above the poverty level. Raising the minimum wage is a first step to fighting income inequality in our country,” said Markey.

Wednesday’s 54 to 42 vote was shy of the three-fifths required to begin Senate debate on a bill that would raise the minimum wage to $10.10 over the next two years.

Republicans lined up in opposition to the measure. Sen. John Cornyn argued higher wages make labor more expensive, which discourages employment.

“We all want to see hard-working American families work their way toward the American dream. But we are not going to be able to do that by the federal government setting wages for restaurants, small businesses and other people across the country,” said Cornyn.

Democrats disagree, saying a wage hike will boost consumer spending and provide a badly-needed lift to the economy.

That Democrats would press for a minimum wage hike and Republicans would block the bill has been known for months. 

Most Democrats want to give low-wage workers a raise and are happy to force Republicans to go on record opposing it.

Before votes were cast,  Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said, “Millions of American workers will be watching how each senator votes today. And for Republicans, this vote will demonstrate whether they truly care about our economy.”

Republicans, though, accuse Democrats of staging show votes to distract the American public from anemic economic growth recorded under President Barack Obama.

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell responded to Reid. “Senate Democrats are pushing legislation today that would cost as many as a million jobs in this country. They seem to think they can coast on talking points and stale ideas,” he said.

Republicans face similar charges from Democrats in the Republican-led House of Representatives, where dozens of votes have been held to repeal Obama’s signature health care law.

While Republicans continue to shine a spotlight on Obamacare as a central campaign issue, Democrats have crafted a populist economic message in hopes of rallying the party’s base between now and November, when one-third of the Senate and all House seats will be contested. 

Political observers expect Republicans to retain their majority in the House, but which party will control the Senate is -- at this point -- anyone’s guess.


California cities include
some of worst polluted


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

California is home to most polluted cities in the United States.
  
Based data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the American Lung Association lists six California cities among the 10 worst-polluted metropolitan areas in the country.

The Lung Association rankings are included in its 2014 “State of the Air” report, released Wednesday.  The list is based on ozone and particle pollution for the years 2010 to 2012.

Fresno, in north central California and home to 1.1 million residents, is the most polluted area, according to the report. Exhaust from agricultural operations, the area’s topography and smog from nearby San Francisco and Sacramento all contribute to Fresno’s problem.

Fresno citizens suffer from the worst particle pollution in the country.  It is so bad that school and city officials raise red flags when the air outside is dangerous to breath, according to the Los Angeles Times.

Los Angeles has the worst ozone pollution in the country. Ozone, according to scientists, is the most widespread pollutant in the United States, as well as one of the most dangerous.  Harmful to breathe, ozone aggressively attacks lung tissue by reacting chemically with it, according to the  Lung Association.

The Lung Association report warns that nearly half of all Americans live in metropolitan areas where pollution has become unhealthy to breathe.

Twenty-two of the 25 most ozone-polluted cities in the 2014 report – including Los Angeles, New York City, and Chicago – had more high ozone days on average when compared to the 2013 report.

According to the Lung Association report, these are the most polluted metropolitan areas in the United States:

   1. Fresno, California
   2. Visalia, California
   3. Bakersfield, California
   4. Los Angeles, California
   5. Modesto, California
   6. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
   7. El Centro, California
   8. El Paso, Texas
   9. Phoenix, Arizona
  10. St. Louis, Missouri

On the opposite end of the spectrum, four metropolitan areas were named by the  as the cleanest cities for having no days with unhealthy levels of ozone or particle pollution and for being among the 25 cities with the lowest year-round particle levels. These cities include: Bangor, Maine; Bismarck, North Dakota; Cape Coral-Fort Myers, Florida, and Salinas, California


Drug resistance bacteria
brings a medical warning


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Doctors have long warned against prolonged use of antibiotics, saying that bacteria can build resistance to drugs, eventually rendering them ineffective. The World Health Organization reported Wednesday that antibiotic-resistant bacteria now exist in many parts of the world. Some diseases that once could easily be cured by antibiotics have now become deadly.
 
The Geneva-based World Health said its survey shows very high rates of drug-resistant E. coli bacteria, which can cause meningitis and infections of the skin, blood, kidneys and other organs. The agency's assistant director-general, Keiji Fukuda, said Wednesday that the survey also found worrying rates of resistance in other bacteria, such as those that cause pneumonia, diarrhea, urinary tract infections and gonorrhea.
 
"It's clear that rates are very high of resistance among bacteria, causing many of the most common serious infections, the ones that we see both occurring in the community, as well as in hospitals," said Fukuda.
 
Romanian doctor Adrian Cercel said he has virtually no treatment left for some of his patients.
 
"During the last 20 years, the bacteria have developed very sophisticated resistance mechanisms, and we are facing a situation in which we don't have antibiotics to treat the patient due to the existence of pan-resistant germs," said Cercel.
 
The World Health survey shows that in some countries, many types of bacterial infections do not respond to antibiotic treatment in more than half of patients. Public health specialists blame overconsumption of antibiotics, which are often prescribed for non-bacterial ailments. Jean-Baptiste Ronat, with the group Doctors Without Borders, said that people also can consume the drug inadvertently by eating meat from animals that have been treated with antibiotics.
 
"So the two main dangers, actually, are the use and the overuse of antibiotics in food factories and animal production - especially the fact that we use antibiotics as growth factors since ages in the U.S. and all over the world. It has been restricted in Europe since 2001. And the second one is the overuse in human health. Taking into account that most of the time people take antibiotics because they have a common cold and because the patient wants antibiotics," said Ronat.
 
Ronat and others said the world is returning to conditions similar to the era before antibiotics.
 
"That means in the 19th century, so before the first world war, where we had no antibiotics and where we were just dying because of a urinary tract infection or because of a pulmonary infection.  So this is what is going to happen in the future," predicted Ronat.
 
The World Health report describes the problem as a major threat to global public threat.  It recommends that people use antibiotics only when prescribed by a doctor. They should complete the full prescription, never share antibiotics with others, and never use leftover prescriptions.


Experts come to the defense
of the maligned Neanderthal


By the University of Colorado news staff

If you think Neanderthals were stupid and primitive, it’s time to think again.

The widely held notion that Neanderthals were dimwitted and that their inferior intelligence allowed them to be driven to extinction by the much brighter ancestors of modern humans is not supported by scientific evidence, according to a researcher at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Neanderthals thrived in a large swath of Europe and Asia between about 350,000 and 40,000 years ago. They disappeared after  a group referred to as anatomically modern humans, crossed into Europe from Africa.

In the past, some researchers have tried to explain the demise of the Neanderthals by suggesting that the newcomers were superior to Neanderthals in key ways, including their ability to hunt, communicate, innovate and adapt to different environments. 

But in an extensive review of recent Neanderthal research, University of Colorado researcher Paola Villa and co-author Wil Roebroeks, an archaeologist at Leiden University in the Netherlands, make the case that the available evidence does not support the opinion that Neanderthals were less advanced than anatomically modern humans. Their paper was published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

“The evidence for cognitive inferiority is simply not there,” said Ms. Villa, a curator at the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History. “What we are saying is that the conventional view of Neanderthals is not true.”

Ms. Villa and Roebroeks scrutinized nearly a dozen common explanations for Neanderthal extinction that rely largely on the notion that the Neanderthals were inferior to anatomically modern humans. These include the hypotheses that Neanderthals did not use complex, symbolic communication; that they were less efficient hunters who had inferior weapons, and that they had a narrow diet that put them at a competitive disadvantage to anatomically modern humans, who ate a broad range of food.

The researchers found that none of the hypotheses were supported by the available research. For example, evidence from multiple archaeological sites in Europe suggests that Neanderthals hunted as a group, using the landscape to aid them.

Researchers have shown that Neanderthals likely herded hundreds of bison to their death by steering them into a sinkhole in southwestern France. At another site used by Neanderthals, this one in the Channel Islands, fossilized remains of 18 mammoths and five woolly rhinoceroses were discovered at the base of a deep ravine. These findings imply that Neanderthals could plan ahead, communicate as a group and make efficient use of their surroundings, the authors said.

Other archaeological evidence unearthed at Neanderthal sites provides reason to believe that Neanderthals did in fact have a diverse diet. Microfossils found in Neanderthal teeth and food remains left behind at cooking sites indicate that they may have eaten wild peas, acorns, pistachios, grass seeds, wild olives, pine nuts and date palms depending on what was locally available.

Additionally, researchers have found ochre, a kind of earth pigment, at sites inhabited by Neanderthals, which may have been used for body painting. Ornaments have also been collected at Neanderthal sites. Taken together, these findings suggest that Neanderthals had cultural rituals and symbolic communication.

Ms. Villa and Roebroeks say that the past misrepresentation of Neanderthals’ cognitive ability may be linked to the tendency of researchers to compare Neanderthals, who lived in the Middle Paleolithic, to modern humans living during the more recent Upper Paleolithic period, when leaps in technology were being made.

“Researchers were comparing Neanderthals not to their contemporaries on other continents but to their successors,” Ms. Villa said. “It would be like comparing the performance of Model T Fords, widely used in America and Europe in the early part of the last century, to the performance of a modern-day Ferrari and conclude that Henry Ford was cognitively inferior to Enzo Ferrari.”

Although many still search for a simple explanation and like to attribute the Neanderthal demise to a single factor, such as cognitive or technological inferiority, archaeology shows that there is no support for such interpretations, the authors said.

But if Neanderthals were not technologically and cognitively disadvantaged, why didn’t they survive?

The researchers argue that the real reason for Neanderthal extinction is likely complex, but they say some clues may be found in recent analyses of the Neanderthal genome over the last several years. These genomic studies suggest that anatomically modern humans and Neanderthals likely interbred and that the resulting male children may have had reduced fertility. Recent genomic studies also suggest that Neanderthals lived in small groups. All of these factors could have contributed to the decline of the Neanderthals, who were eventually swamped and assimilated by the increasing numbers of modern immigrants.


New technique tracks DNA
down to ancestor's hometown


By the University of Sheffield news service

Tracing where an individual's DNA was formed over 1,000 years ago is now possible due to a revolutionary technique developed by a team of international scientists led by experts from the University of Sheffield.

The ground breaking Geographic Population Structure tool, created by Eran Elhaik from the University of Sheffield's Department of Animal and Plant Sciences and Tatiana Tatarinova from the University of Southern California, works similarly to a satellite navigation system as it helps a person to find their ancestor's home from 1,000 years ago.

Previously, scientists have only been able to locate where DNA was formed to within 700 kilometers, which in Europe could be two countries away. However this pioneering technique has been 98 per cent successful in locating worldwide populations to their right geographic regions, and down to their village and island of origin.

The breakthrough of knowing where the gene pools that created the DNA were last mixed has massive implications for life-saving personalized medicine, advancing forensic science and for the study of populations whose ancestral origins are under debate, such as African Americans, Roma gypsies and European Jews.

Genetic admixture occurs when individuals from two or more previously separated populations begin interbreeding. This results in the creation of new gene pools representing a mixture of the founder gene pool.

Such processes are extremely common in history during migrations and invasions, for example, when the Vikings invaded Britain and Europe in the 11th Century and settled with locals some of them formed a new Viking-Anglo-Saxon gene pool, but some married other Vikings and maintained their original gene pool, allowing GPS to trace their Scandinavian origins.

Elhaik said: "If we think of our world as being made up of different colors of soup – representing different populations - it is easy to visualize how genetic admixture occurs. If a population from the blue soup region mixes with a population from the red soup region their off-springs would appear as a purple soup.

"The more genetic admixture that takes place, the more different colors of soup are introduced which makes it increasingly difficult to locate your DNA's ancestry using traditional tools like Spatial Ancestry analysis, which has an accuracy level of less than 2 per cent."

He added: "What we have discovered here at the University of Sheffield is a way to find not where you were born – as you have that information on your passport – but where your DNA was formed up to 1,000 years ago by modeling these admixture processes.

"What is remarkable is that, we can do this so accurately that we can locate the village where your ancestors lived hundreds and hundreds of years ago. Until now this has never been possible."

To demonstrate how accurate GPS predictions are, Elhaik and his colleagues analyzed data from 10 villages in Sardinia and over 20 islands in Oceania. The research published in the journal Nature Communications shows that Elhaik and his team were able to place a quarter of the residents in Sardinia directly to their home village and most of the remaining residents within 50 kilometer of their village. The results for Oceania were no less impressive with almost 90 per cent success of tracing islanders exactly to their island.

"This is a significant improvement compared to the alternative SPA tool that placed Oceanians in India," said Elhaik.

"This technique also means that we can no longer easily classify people's ethnic identities with one single label. It is impossible for any of us to tick one box on a form such as White British or African as we are much complex models with our own unique identities. The notion of races is simply not plausible."

Tracing our ancestry is now a major social trend and genealogy is the number one hobby in America. An estimated one million people in the USA have already had their DNA genotyped. People can explore their DNA by simply taking a swab from inside their mouth and sending it to a private company for costs ranging from $99-$200.

Elhaik's co-author, Ms. Tatarinova, developed a Web site making GPS accessible to the public.

"To help people find their roots, I developed a Web site that allows anyone who has had their DNA genotyped to upload their results and use GPS to find their ancestral home," said Ms. Tatarinova.

"We were surprised by the simplicity and precision of this method. People in a given geographical area are more likely to have similar genetics. When they also have genetic traits typically found in other, distant regions, the geographical origin of those traits is generally the closest location where those traits can be found."

According to the researchers, in ethnically-diverse regions like the United Kingdom  or the United States, where many people know only a few generations of their descendants, this kind of screening has huge, important medical implications.

Discovery of a certain genotype might indicate the potential for a genetic disease and suggest that diagnostic testing be done. Also, as scientists learn more about personalized medicine, there is evidence that specific genotypes respond differently to medications—making this information potentially useful when selecting the most effective therapy and appropriate dosage. The investigators are currently designing a study to correlate pharmacokinetics - the time course of drug metabolism - with genotype.



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For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8294-6/12/14

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8206-5/18/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8321-10/17/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8245-5/12/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact drako13@me.com
8344-5/23/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD   axelspecial@gmail.com
8333-5/9/14

another house shot
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$179,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
To see more Photos of this house, click HERE!
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Atenas mansion
ATENAS!!
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact  larry@atenasrealty.com
8306-4/26/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9304-4/3/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $$165.000 USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8253-5/12/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8223-2/21/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

complex
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8200-4/3/14

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region
RichCoastRealty.com

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!

     www.RichCoastRealty.com
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
   Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
8191-4/30/13


Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at www.suenos.org. Contact us at: osaproperty@gmail.com or +1-866-514-7435.
8172-1/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at: http://www.rebecker.com/journal102006a.htm.  Contact information: ginbecker@gmail.com,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2104

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx


Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
golf
Award  winning unique mini golf on the main road of La Fortuna. approximately 8,000 square foot structure permits you to do business 365 days a year. Seven years left on lease at $500 a month or $1,000 a month if you use the 9,000 square feet behind it. Space to build cabin, house or additional tourist attractions. Price includes all permits and patents. Property is offered for sale through local owner. Photos available at the following Web site: Renosminigolfcr.com. Email: renosminigolf@gmail.com  or call 506 6021 4569. In English! Great Price $25,000.
8345-4/24/14

Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact galanses@hotmail.com for an appointment. For a preview www.facebook.com/FantasiaTropicalCR
8232-2/24/14

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com.
8213-2/13/14

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, May 1, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 85
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News from the BBC up to the minute













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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
School grades show girls
perform better, study says


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Think boys get better grades in math and science than their female counterparts? Think again.
 
A new study of academic performance in more than 30 countries and spanning nearly a century shows girls do better than boys in math and science as well as other subjects.
 
“Although gender differences follow essentially stereotypical patterns on achievement tests in which boys typically score higher on math and science, females have the advantage on school grades regardless of the material,” said lead study author Daniel Voyer of the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada, in a statement.
 
“School marks reflect learning in the larger social context of the classroom and require effort and persistence over long periods of time, whereas standardized tests assess basic or specialized academic abilities and aptitudes at one point in time without social influences,” he added.
 
Voyer’s data, which spanned from 1914 to 2011, showed that the grade gap between girls and boys was widest for language courses and most narrow with math and science, according to the study published in that American Psychological Association’s  journal Psychological Bulletin.
 
The study also showed that the better grades among girls in math and science was not evident until middle school. The gap grew from elementary to middle school and then narrowed between high school and college.
 
“The fact that females generally perform better than their male counterparts throughout what is essentially mandatory schooling in most countries seems to be a well-kept secret, considering how little attention it has received as a global phenomenon,” said co-author Susan Voyer,  also of the University of New Brunswick in a statement.
 
Voyer echoed these sentiments.
 
“Test scores have been used to perpetuate this notion for a long time, even though recent research shows that gender differences have essentially disappeared on them, at least in math,” he said in an email. “It is hard to get rid of a stereotype.”
 
Some possible reasons for girls performing better could be that because parents assume boys will be better at math and science, they may encourage girls to try harder. This, the researchers say, could explain why girls get better grades in all courses.
 
The authors also said learning style differences between girls and boys could also explain the gap. Previous research, they said, shows that girls “tend to study in order to understand the materials, whereas boys emphasize performance, which indicates a focus on the final grades."
 
“Mastery of the subject matter generally produces better marks than performance emphasis, so this could account in part for males’ lower marks than females,” the authors wrote.
 
Earlier this week, the National Center for Education Statistics released data showing that in the U.S. girls had a higher high school graduation rate, 84 percent, than boys who had a rate of 77 percent.
 
Voyer hopes the research will spark more research.
 
“It might get people to look outside the classroom for solutions to the underachievement in boys,” he said. “Our view is that there are multiple factors involved, making this a societal issue.
 
He added that educational decision makers need to change their views about stereotypes of boys and girls.
 
“With enough publicity about relevant findings, we might convince the public that they need to treat their boys and girls equitably,” he said.

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From Page 7:


Kids' creations are centerpiece of fashion show

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Eight students have been chosen to premiere their clothing designs at Papaya con Leche's next fashion show. Their clothing collections intended for girls will be produced by store designers and will follow the Fruiti-licious theme set by the store's founder, Kata Kis, the firm said.

The selected students are in grades one to 12 at the La Paz Community School in Guanacaste. They will be showcasing their fruit-themed collections in the May 17 show at the Hotel Diria in Tamarindo. Ms. Kis said she will also be showing her newest set of bikini designs at the event in which all the wearables are named after fruits.

All proceeds from the night are to be donated to the scholarship fund at La Paz. Ms. Kis, who has been designing clothes in Costa Rica for 16 years, said the fashion show is a valuable chance to impassion local youth in the art of fashion design. “It's how I started, so I just wanted to pass it on,” she said of getting into the design business.

Kerry McClennen, an English teacher at La Paz, said the experience of working in a professional environment at such a young age is invaluable.

“Cultivating creative expression has great benefits for the kids and having the tangible outcome literally materialize in front of their eyes is a great success of this partnership with Papaya con Leche,” she said. “Being able to contribute a creative spark in a professional environment teaches teamwork.”

The show, which promises to reveal top bikini styles and young girls fashion through tops, dresses, and accessories, will begin at 7 p.m. Papaya con Leche is a bikini brand that has developed top-flight swimsuits for its Tamarindo clientele since its inception in 1998. The store also makes dresses and bridal wear. Tickets are available at Papaya con Leche's storefront located at Hotel Diria.

“I organized this competition to inspire creativity in the fashion design field and have the kids witness how their own designs will come to life on the runway,” Ms. Kis said.