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(506) 2223-1327                         Published Thursday, April 24, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 80                        Email us
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Printing via Philadelphia press came late to country
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Although printing with movable type flourished in Europe since the middle of the 15th century, the first press did not arrive in Costa Rica until 1830.

The device, now known as a Franklin press, came from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the city where Benjamin Franklin founded his newspaper more than a century earlier.

The work that came out of this hand press is being featured at the Biblioteca Nacional, the headquarters of the Sistema Nacional de Bibliotecas.

An historical summary by the Biblioteca Nacional said that the press originally was designed to print school books. The fact that the press arrived so late to Costa Rica does not mean that the country's elite consisted of illiterates. México City got its first printing press in 1539. So Costa Ricans had access to plenty of printed material that came from other Latin American presses and, of course, from Spain. The reason for the delay probably was economic because of the small population that lived in the country at the time.

In general, colonial officials were leery of printing and tried to keep close control over the machinery and the printers. After all, printing was the Internet of its day. The first presses in Latin America produced official documents.

In Costa Rica some 17 years would pass before the first newspaper edition came from the press. That was Sept. 30, 1847, and printers Nicolás Gallegos and Bruno Carranza were quick to say that the publication was the result of an initiative by then-president José María Castro. The name of the print shop was Imprenta La Paz., so the paper was called La Paz y el Progreso. There was a strong desire for progress even then.

There is an inconsistency between what the Biblioteca Nacional says and the date of  Nov. 30, 1847, on the first edition.

Franklin press
Biblioteca Nacional photo
The nation's first press
first newspaper
The first issue of La Pas y el Progreso

There is a certain consistency between the first newspaper and the newspapers of today. A concern was voiced about trash in the city. There was a real estate ad. There was international, Latin American and maritime news and a list of correspondents for the paper all over the country and in southern Nicaragua.

Someone called Floram had penned a pretty terrible poem in which the moon was asked to pour its languid rays over the sleeping ground.

Editors may have published the poem because they delayed publication of the six-page issue until late morning in anticipation of the arrive of more news from the United States, but the mail did not come, the paper  said.

Readers can see for themselves because the issues of the newspaper are among the documents that the  Sistema Nacional de Bibliotecas has on its Web site.

The digital library has 96,000 Costa Rican  documents, the Sistema said in a news release.  The library system was announcing the Día del Libro y los Derechos de Autor.  The system also keeps track of Costa Rican copyrights, hence the interest in the rights of authors.

Other historical documents include material from the 1835 civil war, the 1847 constitution, various laws and a report on the best way to build pipelines to bring water to the center of the capital. Also there is the first book published in Costa Rica by Rafael Francisco Osejo for students at the Casa de  Enseñanza Santo Tomás.

Those interested also can see the actual documents by visiting the national library in San José. It is to the north of Parque Nacional on Avenida 3. They will have to walk two block to see the printing press, which now is in the Museo Nacional.
From time to time, the Biblioteca Nacional sets up displays at various exhibitions and fairs. The number of different newspaper titles is surprising, considering the slow start. There even were a handful of English-language newspapers centered on the province of Limón.

Country backs open and free Internet, officials say
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rican diplomats told an international forum that the country continues to support a free and open Internet.

The foreign ministry said that the outline of philosophy came at a meeting in Brazil considering the future of the governance of the Internet. The session ends today.

Some 800 persons from 85 countries are at the meeting that was called by Dilma Rousseff, Brazil's president, who was irked at reports that she was spied upon by the U.S. National Security Agency.

Costa Rica is represented by Hazel Díaz, of the Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y
 Telecomunicaciones, said the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto.

Costa Rica since 2012 is a member of the  Freedom Online Coalition, the foreign ministry noted.

News reports from Brazil say that some at the forum are seeking to put the control of the Internet in the hands of the United Nations. Others oppose injecting politics into the system and fear that this would be disruptive.

Ms. Rousseff was outraged after documents leaked by former U.S. intelligence contractor Edward Snowden showed the National Security Agency spied on ordinary Brazilians, the country's biggest company Petrobras and even her own communications.

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Miniserio de Gobernación, Policía             
y Seguridad Pública photo             
Anti-drug agents inspect five-gallon containers

Officials say containers of pulp
hid shipments of cocaine

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A transport business designed to be carrying containers of pineapple pulp is now accused of hauling 1,117 kilograms of cocaine since last July. Wednesday, more than a dozen raids from anti-drug police led to the arrest of eight suspects, involved in the smuggling operation that took loads of drugs all over Central America.

Through the business called Teja Transportes Internacionales de Costa Rica S.A., three Mexican men are thought to have been exporting drugs from the country since their arrival in July, according to Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública officials. The three men were supposedly brought in to make the company seem like a legitimate and inconspicuous brand by covering it up with direct participation from additional companies they had created.

The most recent bust came on March 4 when border police found more than 550 kilograms of cocaine when making a routine inspection at the Peñas Blancas border post heading into Nicaragua.

The raids occurred throughout the Central Valley and Central Pacific regions. Of the notable detainees were men with the last names of Barrantes Corrales, Barrantes Valdez, Zamora Corrales, and Barrantes Carlos. 

Casa Presidencial denies
packing job slots for buddies

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Casa Presidencial came out with a snippy press release Wednesday night in which it denied that the current government was filling positions with supporters in the face of a change in administrations.

The release, which was unsigned, said the government is leaving 700 positions to be filled by the new administration.

The newspaper,  Semanario Universidad, reported that the current government was filling jobs to tie them up in the face of the change in governments.

The Casa Presidential release branded this report as false and unfounded, and noted that the report had been picked up by other news outlets. Then it launched into a lecture on the responsibilities of journalists to avoid these types of manipulations that affect the rights of persons and institutions. It said that the failure to find the truth was labor harassment and in the worse cases political persecution.

The newspaper based at the Universidad de Costa Rica has generally sided with critics of the Laura Chinchilla administration. However, an official press release with such rancor is unusual.

The newspaper reported that the Chinchilla administration has filed key jobs at the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social, the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, the Autoridad Reguladora de Servicios Públicos, the Consejo Nacional de Vialidad and the Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones.

Also reported and perhaps the reason for the tone of the press release was that the wife of the current minister of the Presidencia, Carlos Ricardo Benavides, has been named to a position in the Instituto Nacional de Mujeres.

The newspaper provided names, dates and positions, including a recent appointment to head the Caja for seven years.

The report seems to have been inspired by the transition team of president-elect Luis Guillermo Solís of the Partido Acción Ciudadana.

New push underway to fight
continued malaria threat

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Malaria is a disease that kills more than 600,000 people every year.  It debilitates even more.  Each year on World Malaria Day, officials take stock of the disease, what’s been done to contain it, and what still needs to be done. 

Children are the most likely victims of malaria.  They live in Latin America and Asia, but mostly in sub-Saharan Africa where the most deadly strain of the disease is found.

Anthony Fauci heads the infectious diseases division of the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

"About every 60 seconds a baby dies from malaria; usually a baby living in sub-Saharan Africa," said Fauci.

Survivors may suffer permanent brain damage, epilepsy, blindness or hearing loss.

Mosquitoes don't cause malaria. But a certain type, the anopheles mosquito, can transmit a parasite that does.  And someone with malaria then can pass the parasite on to uninfected mosquitoes and the cycle continues.

Peter Agre at The Johns Hopkins University says malaria is a disease of the poor.

"They're sick because they're poor, and they're poor because they're sick," said Agre.

Agre heads The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute.  He says developed countries rid themselves of malaria by draining swamps, using screens on porches, and constructing buildings in higher elevations where mosquitoes that carry the parasite don't live.  People in poor countries can't do that.

A new push to contain malaria is under way. Funds for bed nets, insecticide spray, testing and medicine to treat malaria have cut the death rate from malaria by as much as 50 percent.  Agre says much more needs to be done.

“At The Johns Hopkins Malaria Institute, scientists work on many aspects of the malaria problem. The mosquitoes are one part of that, and one of our most successful areas of research," he said.

Researchers are trying to change the mosquito so it can't transmit malaria.  Fauci says other research involves developing new medicines and a vaccine.

"We have been frustrated over many years of not having a highly effective vaccine against malaria," he said.

Along the Thai-Cambodian border, drugs used to treat malaria take longer to work.  That's generally the first sign the parasite has developed drug resistance.  If it spreads, researchers predict millions of people will die.

"The real critical thing that we’re hoping for is with a combination of treatment, combination of prevention like bed nets and others, and a combination of a good vaccine, that some day, we can’t predict when, we may be able to eliminate malaria and essentially eradicate it," said Fauci.

2,000 School kids to perform
Saturday in national stadium

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

More than 2,000 public school artists will perform Saturday at the Estadio Nacional from 4 p.m. to 8 p.m.  This is the annual exposition where students show the skills in the arts they have acquired during the year.

There will be dance, theater, circus acts, drum corps, choruses as well as literary and visual arts.

In addition to the student performers, some 14,000 public school students are expected to attend.

The performers will be from elementary through high school.

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Third News Page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, April 24, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 80
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                  Tax and
Immigration officials outline an agenda for the new administration
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Outgoing Costa Rican migration and security officials called upon the next administration to promote the quality of life for immigrants coming into the country. Wednesday the Ministerio de Gobernación y Policía released a report detailing migration and human development progresses and future improvements.

Freddy Mauricio Montero Mora, the vice minister of Gobernación y Policía, said the country has made huge strides since the advent of Ley 8764, known as the general law of migration. He added that the ministry’s report, now in its third version, has laid out the principles and focal points on which the next government can capitalize.

“I think it presents a clear plan for what Costa Rica needs for its future,” he said. “I hope these elements serve to guide the new administration on a successful path.”

According to the packet, in 2013 Costa Rica had nearly 375,000 foreign inhabitants, which make up 8 percent of the nation’s total residents. 

Only 6 percent of medical consultations through the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social came from non-Costa Ricans. This figure seems even more striking when compared with the fact that 11 percent of the workers registered through the Caja are foreigners. “This contradicts the perception that foreigners, and especially Nicaraguans, abuse the services of the Caja,” the report states.
Commerce, agriculture, service, and construction jobs continue to be filled by immigrant labor.

Aberlado Morales Gamboa, an investigator for the ministry, emphasized that Costa Rica is not an island as there are seven other countries in Central America with markets that can benefit the nation. He said that the people who come to Costa Rica from these neighboring nations should be valued at the same level of any citizen in terms of human rights concerns.

“We cannot forget that they are not just an economic statistic or someone in need of a job,” Morales said. “More than this, the immigrant is still a person.”

Morales said that a migrant’s full social inclusion into his country and community directly benefits that environment. He cited an improvement in human rights for migrant populations since 2010, when the new law went into effect,  as a reason numerous industries have been able to blossom.

Luis Carlos Esquivel from the local office of the International Immigration organization said these steps in assuring migrants overall success help both them and the society receiving them. Like Morales, he said that when a country welcomes these populations with hospitality it improves the future likelihood that more will come and add to the country’s production power.

María Mercedes Peñas Domingo, the wife of president-elect Luis Guillermo Solís, sat front row in attendance for the meeting.

John Nelson returns for an evening based on 'Romeo and Juliet'
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

John Nelson is back as guest conductor for the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional Friday night and Sunday morning.

Nelson, a U.S. citizen who was born in Costa Rica, is here frequently.

The orchestra for this performance is back at the Teatro Nacional, which has been under construction. The orchestra will not have a guest performer for these two concerts. Instead, the program includes three works inspired by "Romeo and Juliet" by William Shakespeare. The playwright's 450th birthday was this week.

The first is three pieces from "Roméo et Juliette, Op. 17" by Hector Berlioz. Then there is scheduled the "Romeo and Juliet, fantasy Overture" by Piotr Ilich Tchaikovsky.

The tragic romance also inspired the broadway hit "West Side Story," and the orchestra will present the music from the famous dance sequence. That was written by Leonard Bernstein.

Nelson is scheduled to present two more concerts this season. This will be next month and the word will be the "passion according to St. John" by Johann Sebastian Bach.

Nelson studied at the Juilliard School in New York and has conducted all over the world. He was last at the Teatro Nacional in May 2013.

This is the third orchestra concert of the season. The Friday performance is at 8 p.m., and the Sunday concert is at 10:30 a.m. As always there is a range of ticket prices starting at 4,000 colons or
conductor nelson
Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional photo
John Nelson in a rehersal this week.

about $7.40. There also are big discounts for seniors and students.

Unlike the Teatro Popular Melico Salazar where the orchestra has been playing while work took place at the Teatro Nacional, the cheap seats are far more comfortable and accessible.

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A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, April 24, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 80
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Alarm raised by astronauts on dangers to earth from asteroids
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Three former astronauts are sounding the alarm about the dangers the planet faces from asteroid impacts and how steps must be taken now to protect against a catastrophic asteroid strike.

The three astronauts included Ed Lu, who flew into space aboard the space shuttle, as well as a Soyuz spacecraft, to and from the International Space Station. Lu also co-founded the B612 Foundation, an organization dedicated to protecting Earth from potentially disastrous asteroid strikes. The other two astronauts include Tom Jones, a veteran of four space shuttle missions and Bill Anders, who photographed the iconic Earthrise over the desolate moonscape as a member of the 1968 Apollo 8 mission.

The trio also presented a new video, produced by the B612 Foundation, which graphically illustrates just how frequently the Earth is hit by asteroids.

The data used to produce the video was provided by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization Preparatory Commission, which operates a network of monitoring stations around the world that is constantly listening for the infrasound signature of a nuclear detonation.

The video shows that in the years 2000 through 2013, there were 26 explosions on Earth due to asteroid impacts.

While most of the asteroids depicted in the video exploded too high in the atmosphere to do any serious damage on the ground, the amount of energy produced by the incoming asteroids was equivalent to 600 kilotons of TNT.

The atomic bomb that exploded above the Japanese city of Hiroshima in 1945 had an energy impact of 15 kilotons.

The largest and most destructive asteroid impact event in recent history exploded over Tunguska, Siberia in 1908, and is known simply as the Tunguska impact event.

Scientists think it may have been a small asteroid or comet with an energy impact of between 5 to 15 megatons.

A more recent impact involves a meteor that is thought to have been a near-Earth asteroid that exploded in an air burst over Chelyabinsk, Russia on Feb. 15, 2013.

While the atmosphere absorbed most of the object’s energy, the Chelyabinsk meteor had a pre-atmospheric impact kinetic energy total that was equivalent to approximately 500 kilotons of TNT.

The video also points out other recent asteroid impacts greater than
B612 Foundation graphic
Each green dot is said to represent a dangerous asteroid

20 kilotons which occurred in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, in 2009, in the Southern Ocean in 2004, and in the Mediterranean Sea in 2002.

None of the asteroids involved in these explosive events were detected ahead of time by any space-based or Earth-based observatory.

According to Lu, less than 10,000 of the more than one million dangerous asteroids with the potential to destroy an entire major metropolitan area have been found by existing space or terrestrially-operated observatories.

“Because we don’t know where or when the next major impact will occur, the only thing preventing a catastrophe from a city-killer sized asteroid has been blind luck,” Lu said.

Among the efforts planned to lessen the odds of the planet someday being struck by a catastrophic asteroid, the B612 Foundation is building the first privately funded Sentinel Space Telescope Mission.

The Sentinel spacecraft is planned for launch in 2018. The infrared space telescope will scan the inner solar system, identify the current and future locations and trajectories of Earth-crossing and potentially harmful asteroids by looking for their heat signatures.

According to NASA’s Near Earth Object program, about 10,912 near-Earth objects have been found. Of these near-Earth objects, 862 are asteroids with a diameter of about 1 kilometer or larger and some 1,465 of these objects have been classified as potentially hazardous asteroids.

Speaking at the B612 Foundation event, astronaut Jones said that there could be 100,000 times more of these near-Earth objects out there that haven’t been discovered yet.

B612 Foundation officials said that the early warning system efforts such as their Sentinel mission would give those on Earth some time to come up with a plan to prevent deadly asteroids from striking the planet.

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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

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Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
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George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


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oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS.

Rohrmoser/Pavas, 1-bedroom apartment, fully furnished, including kitchen utensils. Washer/dryer. Good security, private.
Tico Cable included, $500. Contact, Wayne Winstead, 8820-1501. Casa 2291-6371. Just need your clothes to move in.

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:

Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at or contact us at
or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: or

prime properties
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Santa Ana

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email   Tel. 8383-6388.

MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. 8841-1606

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San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, April 24, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 80
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Father of stowaway teenager
says Allah protected his son

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The father of a teen stowaway who survived a five-and-a-half hour flight to Hawaii this week hidden in a jetliner’s wheel well said Allah saved him from the dangers and extreme temperatures.
“When I watched the analysis about the extraordinary and dangerous trip of my son on local TVs and that Allah had saved him, I thanked God and I was very happy,” Abdilahi Yusuf Abdi, who lives in Santa Clara, California, said Wednesday.

Authorities have not named the teen who flew Sunday from San Jose to Maui in the wheel compartment of a Hawaiian Airlines jet and likely passed out, enduring below zero temperatures and low oxygen levels.

The father identified his son as Yahya Abdi and said he is recovering in a Hawaii hospital.

In Maui, the teen crawled out of the wheel well about an hour after the Boeing 767 landed and was spotted by airport workers on the tarmac. He remains in the custody of Hawaii child welfare service workers.

The father said he first received the news in a phone call from the Hawaii  police.
“They told me that they were holding my son,” he said. “I was shocked. I wondered how my son went there.”
“They tried to explain to me about the stowaway and the plane story,” the father said. “I got confused, and asked them to call the San Jose police department which later explained to me how things happened.”
Abdi said his son was at home on Friday.
“He was with us on Friday noon,” he said “We prayed the Friday prayers together.”
According to media reports in Hawaii and California, the boy jumped a fence at San Jose International Airport shortly after 1 a.m. Sunday and remained on the tarmac for six hours without being detained by authorities. Authorities say surveillance footage shows the teen jumping the fence.

The teen had argued with his family and was trying to fly out to see his mother in Somalia, unidentified law enforcement officials said. The teen reportedly told investigators that he crawled into the belly of the Hawaiian Airlines plane because it was closest to the fence. He had nothing with him but a comb, they said.

When asked what forced the teen to take the risky trip, the father said: “He did not receive education when he was in Africa. Since we came here, he had learning challenges at school. He was not good at math and science, and I think he had a lot of education problems bothering him.”
Media reports in California said the teen recently transferred to Santa Clara High School and fellow students described him as shy.
“He was very quiet person,” his father said. “He was always busy with watching the TV and using computer. I can say he was really cool boy.”
The father said his son often talked about Africa.
“He was always talking about going back to Africa, where his grandparents still live,” he said. “We want to go back, but due to the current living conditions we can’t go back.”
The father said that he was informed by authorities in Hawaii that the teen is going through health checks and that he would be returned home soon.

World oceans and overfishing
are topics of major gathering

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Officials from around the world are meeting this week to discuss protecting the world’s oceans amid climate change and overfishing. The Global Oceans Action Summit for Food Security and Blue Growth is being held in The Hague. The summit runs through Friday.

Summit organizers estimate 40 percent of the world’s population lives within 100 kilometers of a coastline. Nearly 700-million people live in low-lying coastal areas just 10 meters above sea level. And 13 of the world’s 20 biggest cities are on the coast. What’s more, up to 12 percent of the population relies on oceans for their livelihood.
Netherlands Agriculture Minister Sharon Dijksma is chairwoman of the oceans summit. She said, “For most of history, man has had to fight nature to survive. In this century, he is beginning to realize that in order to survive he must protect it.”
She said protecting the oceans is necessary with global population expected to grow to 9 billion by 2050.
“Are we really willing to stop the moral outcry that still almost one billion people go hungry to bed every day? Are we willing to stop the over exploitation of our natural resources, especially fish stocks? You, we, as global leaders, ocean practitioners, businesses, scientists, NGOs, civil society and international organizations, have to find answers to these questions the coming days.”
Ms. Dijksma said that “combined action and partnerships for healthier and productive oceans can drive sustainable growth and shared prosperity.”
“Let’s face the facts,” she said, “Eighty percent of all life on the planet is found in the oceans. The ocean provides a global life support system that helps regulate climate and supplies half of the planet’s oxygen needed for one in every two breaths that we take.”
She added that food security cannot be maintained without sustainable fisheries.
“Fish contributes 17 percent of the animal protein consumed by the world population and thus is a critical source of food  with demand expected to double in the next 20 years.”
The three major threats to ocean health are overfishing, habitat change and pollution. However, Ms. Dijksma says efforts to eliminate these threats often have been unsuccessful. That failure, she says, contributes to tensions between growth and conservation.
World Bank President Jim Yong Kim addressed the summit with a video message, saying oceans are fundamental to life. Kim says over the past decade, the bank has increased its support for fisheries, pollution reduction and habitat conservation. In other words, support for what’s called blue growth.
“For example, we’re working with Sierra Leone and Liberia to reduce illegal fishing and make catches sustainable. As a result, local communities have increased their catches by as much as 40-percent. In the Pacific, we’re partnering with several countries and regional agencies to support smart limits on tuna fishing, which could increase local revenues by $250 million each year,” he said.
Also addressing the conference was Arni Mathiesen, the Food and Agriculture Organization’s assistant director-general for fisheries and aquaculture.
He said, “There are many good reasons why we need to push the blue agenda forward. The health of our planet itself, our health and food security depend on how we treat the blue world. We cannot keep using marine and aquatic resources as if they were endless. And we cannot keep using our oceans as a waste pool.”
He warns oceans are rapidly losing biodiversity. Many regions report a sharp rise in invasive species, threatening local marine life. He said the Food and Agriculture Organization programs aim to strengthen local fisheries to better manage and maintain fish stocks. Mathiesen said countries, agencies and organizations at the summit need first to commit and then to act.

Judge lets WikiLeaks figure
change his name to Chelsea

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A Kansas judge has agreed to formally change the name of the U.S. soldier convicted of giving classified documents to WikiLeaks.

Leavenworth County District Judge David King's office has confirmed he allowed Bradley Edward Manning to become Chelsea Elizabeth Manning during a brief hearing Wednesday.

Manning, a former intelligence analyst, is serving a 35-year sentence at an Army prison in Kansas for leaking classified government information to the anti-secrecy website.

At least two Army behavioral health specialists have diagnosed Manning with gender identity disorder.

Muslims sue FBI for placing
them on no-fly list as revenge

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A lawsuit claiming the FBI violated the First Amendment rights of four Muslims by placing them on the no-fly list has been filed this week in U.S. federal court. 

The United States is accused of violating the rights of four Muslim men living in the United States by placing or keeping them on the no-fly list after they declined to spy on local Muslim communities in New York, New Jersey and Nebraska.

Ramzi Kassem, associate professor of law at the City University of New York and supervisor of the Creating Law Enforcement and Responsibility Project, says this is a major constitutional issue.

“If they don’t want to work for the FBI, they have a right to do that.  If they don’t want to go into their communities, pretending to be something they are not, as informants, they have a right to decline to become informants.  And if they believe that their religion prohibits them from spying on innocent people, as our clients do, they have a right to," said Kassem.

Kassem says this case is precedent-setting.  In the complaint to the court, the plaintiffs Muhammad Tanvir, Jameel Algibhah, Naveed Shinwari and Awais Sajjad, said the government violated their right to travel freely, and wrongly stigmatized them without justification and without due process, by placing them on the no-fly list.
Kassem told  how the FBI allegedly approached each plaintiff individually. One, Awais Sajjad, says he was offered U.S. citizenship and compensation for becoming an informant.

“Some of our clients were approached for questioning by the FBI.  Those FBI agents would come ask them questions about their communities, not related to any specific crime.  Then they would offer them the opportunity to work for the FBI as informants.  Our clients would refuse and the next thing they knew they were placed on the no-fly list. The no-fly list is supposed to be about aviation safety.  That is the reason the U.S. government has said it has created that list.  But what we are seeing here essentially borders on extortion.," he said.

The plaintiffs at different times wanted to visit family and in one case a spouse in the Middle East.

The FBI would not comment on the lawsuit.

Illegal immigrant exits seen
two ways under Obama

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States has deported about 2 million illegal immigrants in the five years since President Barack Obama took office.  Some Americans say the administration is too aggressive in enforcing immigration law, while others say it's not aggressive enough.

The Obama administration is removing illegal immigrants from the country in record numbers, according to Greg Chen, at the American Immigration Lawyers Association.

"Those numbers, under both Presidents Bush and Obama, have increased steadily in the past decade and are currently at a real high point.  So overall, it's important to recognize that the administration has been incredibly robust in its enforcement practices," said Greg Chen, from the American Immigration Lawyers Association.

But overall deportation numbers are down, says Jon Feere, at the Center for Immigration Studies.

"What we need to see is a serious commitment to immigration enforcement.  We need to see deportation numbers actually going up, instead of going down, as they are now.  But thus far, the White House just doesn't seem all that serious about immigration enforcement," said Feere.

How can the same numbers be seen so differently?  Because of the difference between what the government calls returns and removals.  The number of returns, immigrants apprehended at the border and sent back home, has plummeted in the past decade.  Meanwhile, removals, immigrants formally expelled and barred from returning, have risen to an all-time high.

Feere is concerned that the combined total of returns and removals is down.

"So if you're looking at this idea of removals, which is a type of deportation, the numbers do appear to be going up slightly.  But if you look at overall deportation numbers, which is removals plus returns, which occur along the border, you see that the numbers are actually going down," he said.

But Chen says the government is still getting tough with illegal immigrants.

"The thing to recognize is that President Obama has increased the border presence and he has made the actual outcomes, the consequences of having been apprehended and deported out of the country, more severe by having a greater number of removals," he said.

However, longtime immigration lawyer Jim Tom Haynes, says fewer new deportation cases are making it to immigration courts, which have far more cases than they can handle.

"The cases that do get into the court are taking years to get through.  So I think that you have fewer deportations now simply because the courts can't process all this work," said Haynes.

Meanwhile, the debate over whether more or less enforcement is needed is likely to shape the course of legislation to reform the U.S. immigration system.  It may also affect the outcome of this November's congressional elections.

Texas conference highlights
pressures of news business

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The business of providing news and current affairs commentary in the United States is facing big challenges as the older audience diminishes and new digital services struggle to gain a foothold with younger people. The future of journalism may depend on the success of income diversification in media companies.
Newspaper readership is in a steep decline in the United States as younger people seek news on the Internet.

Newsweek magazine went exclusively digital in December 2012, but last month started printing again under its new owner, IBT Media.
But IBT’s director of audience engagement, Kate Gardiner, says the print magazine’s target audience is not young.
“Those people are going to be an older demographic, they are going to be wealthier, they are going to be much more engaged in international policy and economics and things like that, but our main users on social media are going to be much younger," said Ms. Gardiner.

Ms. Gardiner was one of the many news company representatives promoting digital online products at the recent South by Southwest Conference in Austin, Texas.
The Knight Foundation’s Michael Manness says digital journalism is still in a wild development stage.
“Anyone can publish, anyone can produce, anyone can have a voice in it, so it is a lot of noise right now," said Manness.
Younger people tend to grab news in short bursts, showing little patience for long format, in-depth stories.
Still, Manness thinks news organizations with serious content can win them.
“They may not go in depth, but they have a general sense of what is going on, so I think there is a real opportunity for news brands to build out depth, context and think about those new narratives in different ways," he said.
Some online news companies have found their niche by focusing on particular issues or news beats, often on a local or state level.
One of the most successful is the Texas Tribune, which covers public policy and politics in the state with funding that includes private donations and sideline business ventures.
This could be a model for other news sites, according to Jake Batsell, who works under a fellowship at the Texas Tribune. He spoke via Skype.

“You are basically trying to find five or six streams of revenue that almost operate as mini-businesses that collectively combine to generate enough revenue to keep you in business," said Batsell.
The Texas Tribune has won acclaim for its stories and is slowly building a statewide audience through what Batsell says is integrity based on financial diversity.
“If a donor were to try to exert influence and control the news content, they have more backing and more standing to go back to that person and say, ‘Here is your donation back,'" he said.
Batsell says such news organizations keep a watchful eye on government, but their effectiveness ultimately relies on a large audience among the citizens whose interests they serve.

Gross says he may leave
Cuba perhaps as corpse

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The lawyer for Alan Gross, the American subcontractor jailed in Cuba, says his client aims to return to the United States within a year dead or alive.

Speaking to reporters Wednesday in Havana after visiting Gross, attorney Scott Gilbert said his client has lost some vision in his right eye, walks with a limp due to hip problems, has lost a tooth and is 50 kilograms lighter than at the time of his arrest.

According to Gilbert, Gross had said his 65th birthday, which occurs May 2, will be the last birthday that he celebrates in Havana, "one way or the other."

Gross was arrested in 2009 after he was caught setting up hard-to-detect Internet networks under a U.S. government contract.
Cuba considers such programs to be an affront to its sovereignty. Gross was tried, convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison for crimes against the state.
U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said U.S. officials are extremely concerned about Gross' case.

Gilbert urged Washington to do more to free Gross, who has specifically asked for President Barack Obama to become personally involved with the case.

Rio slum dwellers riot
over death of TV dancer

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Residents of a Rio de Janeiro slum rioted and clashed with police late Tuesday in reaction to the death of a popular local figure.

The violence broke out in the Brazilian's city's Pavao-Pavaozinho favela, perched in the hills overlooking the famed Copacabana oceanside tourist attraction. Residents set fires throughout the neighborhood and threw bottles on the streets, forcing police to shut down traffic heading into Copacabana. The violence also spilled over into nearby Ipanema, another Rio tourist attraction.

Local news outlets say at least one person was killed in Tuesday's violence.

The rioting was sparked after word spread that the body of Douglas Rafael da Silva Pereira, a dancer on Brazil's Globo television network, had been discovered in the favela. Residents blame the 25-year-old's death on police, who have launched a pacification effort to rid Rio's slums of notorious drug gangs as the city prepares to host the World Cup in June and the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Rio de Janeiro has been plagued by protests over the last several months by residents who have accused the government of neglecting public services such as transportation, health care and education, in favor of projects related to the upcoming World Cup and the 2016 Olympics.

Oldest Major League player
dies at 102 in Cuban home

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Conrado Marrero, the oldest living professional baseball player, has died in his native Cuba at age 102.

Marrero's grandson on Wednesday confirmed the death, which came just two days before the centenarian's 103rd birthday.

Known as Connie Marrero in the United States, the diminutive, 1.65-meter, 72-kilogram pitcher was renowned for his control and presence, in a long and storied career that began in Sagua la Grande, 350 kilometers east of Havana. 

He went on to pitch for a string of Cuban and Mexican teams, including Cuba's national team, before making his U.S. Major League debut in 1950 at 39, an age when most players have retired or plan to leave the game.
In a recent interview the cigar-chomping Marrero was fond of recounting career highlights that included pitching against Major League Hall of Famers, such as Mickey Mantle, Ted Williams and Larry Doby.

In five years with the Washington, D.C., Senators, Marrero compiled a 39-40 record, with 297 strikeouts. He was named to the American League All Star team in 1951.

Cut by the Senators four years later, he returned to Cuba to play for the Havana Sugar Kings and retired in 1957. He was honored by the Cuban government as a Hero of the Republic of Cuba in 1999.

Past age 100, Marrero was blind and confined to a wheelchair, with hearing and speech difficulties. Reporters say he spent much of that time listening to Cuban baseball on the radio, often chewing on a cigar and always ready to reminisce about his Major League career.

Mandela given full credit
for pact ending apartheid

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The 20th anniversary of the end of South Africa's despised apartheid regime falls on Sunday. It came about in a surprising way: not by violence or revolution, but through compromise and negotiation. Two prominent South Africans who were at the forefront of the discussions and on opposite sides of the negotiating table say it was the courageous act of one man, Nelson Mandela, who made that possible.

What would lead to the end of apartheid began secretly, with informal talks in the 1980s between Mandela, then a prisoner at Robben Island, and members of South Africa’s intelligence service. Mandela had by then spent more than two decades in prison for fighting white racist rule.
Mandela later wrote that he made a unilateral decision to reach out to the apartheid government he had spent his life fighting. It was possibly the most astute political decision of his life, leading to the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize and later, his election as the nation’s first black president.
Dave Steward, the executive director of the F.W. De Klerk Foundation, said Mandela’s move was not welcomed by his more militant colleagues in the African National Congress, but was nonetheless the right move. Aside from ending the racist system, the move showed that the ANC was a mature political force that could be taken seriously.
At the time, Steward was the chief of staff for de Klerk, the South African president who participated in the later part of the talks and shared the Nobel prize with Mandela.
“I think that the role played by Nelson Mandela at this juncture was extremely important. Sitting at Pollsmoor Prison, he reached the conclusion, by himself and often against the advice and wishes of his colleagues, that there was not going to be an armed or military outcome to the struggle in South Africa, that there would have to be a negotiated solution... I think it took a lot of courage and insight on the part of Nelson Mandela to take that decision. The results, I think, speak for themselves. He was, I think, way ahead of the rest of the ANC in realizing and accepting that there could only be a negotiated settlement,” said Steward.
Anti-apartheid activist Jay Naidoo said that only Mandela had the credentials to pull off such an unpopular move within the ANC. Naidoo was then head of the nation’s largest trade union coalition.
“The apartheid regime could not defeat us and we could not defeat them. We were at a stalemate. The alternative was a scorched earth. So in that context, leaders rose on both sides of the conflict to say, ‘How do we lay the basis for a peaceful settlement?’ And there was no better person to lead our side than Nelson Mandela, someone who had spent 27 years in jail for our freedom,” said Naidoo.
Naidoo also said that while Mandela’s participation was critical, the movement was aided by many star negotiators from the trade union movement. Those include Mandela's successor, Thabo Mbeki, and the ANC's deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa.
“We had a whole decade of negotiations on very tough and adversarial issues before the political negotiation process started. So I think generally speaking, the environment and the conditions for negotiations towards a peaceful settlement of the racial question and apartheid issues in South Africa, was led in very different places,” said Naidoo.
Steward said that once negotiations started, Mandela came out swinging, a tactic that might have failed with a different adversary.
“In fact, some of his attacks on de Klerk were quite brutal... These issues could have led to serious complications in the negotiating process if different personalities were involved. If  P.W. Botha, for example, had been the leader of the National Party at that stage, well, that would have been the end of it. He wouldn’t have tolerated attacks of that nature. But de Klerk, had a, I think, a much longer term view. He wasn’t particularly concerned, although he was angered at the time, by the vitriolic attack. But he realized that the really important thing was to get the negotiations underway. So he just rolled with the punches, so to speak,” explained Steward.
Both men also cited two other factors that often come up in discussions about Mandela: his outsized charisma and his humility.
It was that rare combination, they said, that allowed this most unusual man to take a brave step that changed the world around him.

Digital divide reported
to be growing, says index

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Cornell University and the World Economic Forum have released their 13th Global Information Technology Report 2014.  It ranks 148 of the world’s nations according to how effectively they use information and communication technology to increase their global economic competitiveness.    

For several years, Western nations have dominated the top spots in the report’s Networked Readiness Index.  It compares nations according to their degree of Internet connectivity, the ease of access by businesses, governments and individuals, and other factors.  Finland, Singapore, Sweden, the Netherlands and Norway occupied the first five spots, while Switzerland, the United States, Hong Kong, Britain and South Korea were next.

Researchers also discovered that the gap between emerging and developed economies has widened, not narrowed, over the past year, even though access to technology like mobile phones and personal computers has vastly increased in the developing world over the same period.

“It’s not just the question of whether you have a mobile phone,” said Cornell University’s Soumitra Dutta, who co-founded the report, and co-edited this year’s edition. "But does the environment in the country, does the educational system in the country, does the political and business environment in the country support the use of technology to create new economic value?"

Some countries maintained their position or moved up slightly in their relative ranking. But that simply isn’t good enough in today’s world of information technology, according to Jeff Campbell of Cisco, a multinational corporation specializing in computer networking.

“Everybody is improving their infrastructure," he said. "Everybody is improving their business utilization and their government utilization of technology, and the countries that aren’t running fast aren’t going to keep up with everybody else.  It’s very real because this is about competitiveness for the future, not only in the IT industry, but also in everything."

Campbell pointed to the growing so-called Internet of Things in which computers connect and direct tools in physical, non-cyber domains, such as farming, "where you can use sensors in agriculture that will be in the fields that will tell you how much moisture there is in the soil, how much nitrogen, whether you need to re-fertilize, whether you need to water.”  Campbell added that, in a world with less water, using the water resources and agriculture more efficiently will provide higher yields and lower costs and be better for the environment.

“That takes technology. Places that adapt, that are going to be more efficient and more effective, it’s going to improve their economy and change that world,” he said.

Campbell said this applies to the factory as well as the farm.  “If you can use data and sensors about where your inventory is, where your orders are coming from in order to automatically ensure you have the right supplies to manufacture in the right ways, you’re going to be more efficient and you’re going to win in the marketplace globally.”

The report also found disparities within regions and even within nations.  This also was true within large economies like the U.S., where the economic disparity between people working in high-tech businesses and those in traditional jobs has generally widened.

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

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For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112.

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(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!

Heredia lot
Residencial Del Monte
(San Rafael de Heredia)

1,804 m2 lot  (19,418 sq. ft.)
Price: $135,000
Tel.  8853-0000 or

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD

covered patio
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$173,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!

Atenas mansion
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
For more information contact:

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email


Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: and

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $$165.000 USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email:

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: Click on the link below for photos and additional details:

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, 8841-1606

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.

Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email:  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at Contact us at: or +1-866-514-7435.

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at:  Contact information:,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail for more information ¡y se habla español!

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Award  winning unique mini golf on the main road of La Fortuna. approximately 8,000 square foot structure permits you to do business 365 days a year. Seven years left on lease at $500 a month or $1,000 a month if you use the 9,000 square feet behind it. Space to build cabin, house or additional tourist attractions. Price includes all permits and patents. Property is offered for sale through local owner. Photos available at the following Web site: Email:  or call 506 6021 4569. In English! Great Price $25,000.

Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact for an appointment. For a preview

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, April 24, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 80
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
University of Massachusetts Amherst photo
Procerusternarchus pixuna, the new species collected in shallow tributaries of the upper Negro river, a tributary of the Amazon River in Brazil.

Another electric fish found
in tributary of Amazon

University of Massachusetts Amherst  news service

Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia in Brazil, this week report that they have discovered a new genus and species of electric knifefish in several tributaries of the Negro River in the Amazonia State of Brazil.

Cristina Cox Fernandes at the University of Massachusetts with Adília Nogueira and José Antônio Alves-Gomes of  the Brazilian institute describe the new bluntnose knifefish in the current issue of the journal Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Their paper offers details about the new genus and species’ anatomy, range, relationship to other fish, salient features of its skeleton, coloration, electric organs and patterns of electric organ discharge. True to their name, these fish produce electric discharges in distinct pulses that can be detected by some other fish.

Ms. Cox Fernandes says the discovery of this species is leading to a new interpretation of classifications and interrelationships among closely related groups. She adds that as the diversity of electric fish becomes more thoroughly documented, researchers will be able to explore possible causes of this group’s adaptive radiation over evolutionary time.

Last year, with colleagues including ichthyologist John Lundberg at the Academy of Science in Philadelphia and others at Cornell University and the Brazilian institute, the fish biologist co-authored a description of three other electric fish. The authors provided details about the most abundant species of apteronotid, so-called ghost knife fish, another family of electric fish very common in the Amazon River and its large tributaries.

In the early 1990s, Ms. Cox Fernandes recalls, when she began her studies of the communities and diversity of electric fish, fewer than 100 species were then scientifically described. But with the current journal article and studies by herself and others, the number has roughly doubled today. Electric fish are of little commercial importance, but in her opinion fish of the neotropics, especially in the Amazon, are still under studied, and more taxonomic studies such as the one are needed.

She adds, “As environmental changes affect rivers worldwide and in the Amazon region, freshwater fauna are under many different pressures. Fish populations are dwindling due to the pollution, climate change, the construction of hydroelectric plants and other factors that result in habitat loss and modification. As such the need to document the current fish fauna has become all the more pressing.”

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

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From Page 7:

New securities law to be proposed

 By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The executive branch will submit to the legislature a proposed law to cover the country's security market.

That was announced Wednesday by the Banco Central.

The details of the bill are not yet known, but the central bank said that the proposed  Ley Reguladora del Mercado de Valores would seek to give investors a better idea of the risks involved and to clearly define the role of various participants.

The current law has been on the books since 1998 and has become insufficient to keep up with the transformation of the country, said the central bank.

The goal also is to further integrate the Costa Rican securities market with that of the world, said the bank.