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(506) 2223-1327                         Published Wednesday, April 23, 2014, in Vol. 14, No. 79                        Email us
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Expert forum here considers impact of climate
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

About 50 government experts, academics and others from Central America and the Caribbean are gathering here today for a forum on vulnerability to climate change.

The forum is supposed to address the impact of climate change on the coasts and the maritime zones.

The session is being moderated by Costa Rican officials because the country holds the presidency of the Climate Vulnerability Forum. Participating from Costa Rica are representatives of the environmental ministry and the U.N. Programme for Development.

There have been similar forums around the world since 2009.  Participation is mainly by developing countries.

José María Figueres, the former president of Costa Rica, is a trustee of a related organization, DARA, which produces something called a climate vulnerability monitor that seeks to show climate damage country-by-country.

DARA said in a release that climate change already has caused more than $1 trillion in losses and that climate change and carbon economy are linked to 5 million deaths each year. The fatality figure appears to include all those who die from the effects of air pollution and hunger and communicable diseases that are linked to climate change.

The organization is seeking reductions of emissions to slow climate change and said that the cost would be $150 billion a year.

Countries in the Caribbean basin are affected by an increase of one degree C. in temperature which raises the temperature and increases the level of the sea, said the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto.

The purpose of the forum is to exchange ideas, said officials here. There is no doubt that some island states face a serious problem if predictions of sea-level rise come true.  The oceans have increased more than 400 feet since the end of the Ice Age, and Costa Rica lost large tracts of land, such as the plains of Nicoya where megafauna used to roam. That is now the gulf of Nicoya.

The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration says the world's oceans are rising about 3 millimeters a year and that the rate may be increasing. Scientists estimate that if the ice at both poles were to melt, the oceans would rise some 20 feet.

Although some aspects of climate change are controversial, hardly anyone disputes the fact that oceans are rising. However, most of the current emphasis has been on trying to reduce 
Puntarenas
Instituto Meteorológico Nacional  graphic
The land area of Puntarenas will be reduced dramatically by an increase of three-tenths of a meter (in blue) and a full meter (in red).

carbon dioxide in the hopes of reducing the mean temperature instead of mitigation of  the  certain devastation of a higher ocean.

The Instituto Meteorológico Nacional has mapped the potential effects of a higher ocean on the peninsula on which Puntarenas Centro stands.

The institute said "A significant increase in the level of the sea, in addition to make a big part of the cities of Puntarenas, Quepos, and Golfito on the Pacific uninhabitable and drastically affected the current port installations, would cause big conflicts in the tenancy of land and the strip adjacent to the beaches and would reduce the capacity of the state to protect the coastal ecosystems that are important for the sustainable development of the nation."

The  country has a 1,100-kilometer Pacific coast line. That’s about 680 miles. There are 200 kilometers (124 miles) on the Caribbean coast.

In addition to melting ice, the sea rises because warmer water expands.


FBI seeks victims of teacher who was predator
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation is asking for help to identify victims of a child predator who taught at schools across the world, including in Nicaragua, for more than four decades.

The man, William James Vahey, killed himself in Minnesota last month, two days after a federal judge said authorities could search one of his computer thumb drives.

The FBI said the storage device contained pornographic images of at least 90 boys, ages 12 to 14, who appeared to be drugged and unconscious.

Vahey began teaching in private schools in 1972. He last taught at the American Nicaraguan School in Pista Suburbana, Managua, Nicaragua, from August 2013 until March 11, two days before he committed suicide.

When confronted with the images, Vahey confessed to having preyed on boys his entire life.

Prior to his job in Nicaragua, Vahey taught at the Tehran American School in Iran from 1972-73; the American Community School of
Molester
Federal Bureau of Investigation photos
William James Vahey in 2013 and in 2004

 Beirut, Lebanon, 1973-75; the American School of Madrid, Spain, 1975-76; the Passargad School in Ahwaz, Iran, 1976-78; the American Community School in Athens, Greece, 1978-80; the Saudi Aramco Schools in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 1980-92; the Jakarta International School in Indonesia, 1992-2002; the Escuela Campo Alegre in Caracas, Venezuela, 2002-09; and the Southbank International School in London, 2009-2013.

Such schools typically serve a mix of students from those countries, as well as the children of U.S. diplomats, military personnel and U.S. citizens working abroad, and the FBI said it believes his victims are multinational.

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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 23, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 79

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

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marijuana
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía               
y Seguridad Pública photo               

Police officer shows one of the bricks of marijuana.    

42 kilos of marijuana gives
police a reason to take him in


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Even in Colorado 42 kilos of marijuana is enough to attract the attention of law enforcement. But if a driver declines to stop at a checkpoint, flees in his vehicle and then collides with another car, police interest is heightened.

So Fuerza Pública officers found a man with the last name of Dennis in his car in a ditch where it ended up after the accident in Guápiles.  Officers also said they noticed two suitcases with some type of packages in the trunk. So they called the anti-drug investigators.

Police said they counted 10 such packages and weighed out a bit more than 42 kilos of marijuana.

But there was more trouble for the driver. He produced a Jamaican passport, and the Dirección General de Migración said that his last recorded entry to the country was in May 2008.


Prosecutors to close road
for Limón accident reenactment


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Prosecutors and investigators are going to close high-traffic Ruta 32 near Parismina in Limón province tonight at 8 p.m. for about six hours.

The reason is the reconstruction of a traffic accident that killed two persons and a child, 5, last Nov. 6.   A truck driver is on trial for his part in the crash of his vehicle with a passenger car.

Investigators were going to do this earlier, but they lacked a witness, the Ministerio Público said. Judges also will witness the reenactment, the agency said. Prosecutors said that the trucker pulled out to pass in a no-passing zone and his truck collided with the passenger car headon.


Scientists say they blocked
buildup of  cholesterol in mice


By the  Johns Hopkins news staff

Working with mice and rabbits, Johns Hopkins scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol production,  successfully preventing the development of atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes and the number one cause of death among humans. The condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over time and renders them stiff, narrowed and hardened, greatly reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle and the brain.

In a series of experiments, described in the journal Circulation, the Johns Hopkins team says it identified and halted the action of a single molecular culprit responsible for a range of biological glitches that affect the body’s ability to properly use, transport and purge itself of cholesterol — the fatty substance that accumulates inside vessels and fuels heart disease.

The offender, the researchers say, is a fat-and-sugar molecule called glycosphingolipid, or GSL, which resides in the membranes of all cells, and is mostly known for regulating cell growth. Results of the experiments, the scientists say, reveal that this very same molecule also regulates the way the body handles cholesterol.

The Johns Hopkins team used an existing man-made compound called D-PDMP to block the synthesis of the GSL molecule, and by doing so, prevented the development of heart disease in mice and rabbits fed a high-fat, cholesterol-laden diet. The findings reveal that D-PDMP appears to work by interfering with a constellation of genetic pathways that regulate fat metabolism on multiple fronts — from the way cells derive and absorb cholesterol from food, to the way cholesterol is transported to tissues and organs and is then broken down by the liver and excreted from the body.

“Current cholesterol-lowering medications tackle the problem on a single front — either by blocking cholesterol synthesis or by preventing the body from absorbing too much of it,” says lead investigator Subroto Chatterjee, a cardio-metabolic expert at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center.  “But atherosclerosis is a multi-factorial problem that requires hitting the abnormal cholesterol cycle at many points. By inhibiting the synthesis of GSL, we believe we have achieved exactly that.”

Specifically, the experiments showed that treatment with D-PDMP led to:

•a drop in the animals’ levels of so-called bad cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein, LDL;

•a drop in oxidized LDL, a particularly virulent form of fat that forms when LDL encounters free radicals. Oxidized LDL easily sticks to the walls of blood vessels, where it ignites inflammation, damaging the vessel walls and promoting the growth of fatty plaque;

•a surge in good cholesterol or high-density lipoprotein, HDL, known to counteract the effects of LDL by mopping it up; and

•a significant drop in triglycerides, another type of plaque-building fat.

The treatment also prevented fatty plaque and calcium deposits from building up inside the animals’ vessels. These effects were observed in animals on a daily D-PDMP treatment even though they ate a diet made up of 20 percent triglycerides — the human equivalent of eating a greasy burger for breakfast, lunch and dinner. In addition, the researchers say, D-PDMP appears to precision-target the worst byproducts of aberrant cell growth signaling, such as oxidized LDL and the activity of certain chemicals that fuel vessel inflammation, without altering cell growth itself.

D-PDMP, which is already widely used in basic research to experimentally block and study cell growth and other basic cell functions, is deemed safe in animals, the investigators say. For example, animals in the current study had no side effects even when given D-PDMP doses 10 times higher than the minimum effective dose, the study found. The research team is currently designing a compound drug with D-PDMP, which they soon plan to test in other animals and, eventually, in humans.

Mice used in the experiments were genetically engineered to lack a protein essential in the breakdown of fats and thus were predisposed to atherosclerosis. The researchers fed the animals a high-fat diet over the course of several months, but also gave a third of the animals a low-dose of D-PDMP. They gave a double dose of the same inhibitor to another third and placebo to the rest.

When scientists measured the thickness of the animals’ aortas — the body’s largest vessel and one that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body — they found striking differences among the groups. As expected, the aortas of mice that got placebo had grown thicker from the accumulation of fat and calcium deposits inside them. The aortas of mice on low-dose D-PDMP, however, were significantly thinner with little to no obstruction. To the researchers’ surprise, Chatterjee says, mice eating high-fat foods and treated with high-dose D-PDMP had nearly pristine arteries free of obstruction, indistinguishable from those of healthy mice.

Next, the researchers measured how well and how fast blood traveled through the animals’ blood vessels. Slower blood flow signals clogging of the vessel and is a marker of atherosclerosis. The vessels of mice fed a high-fat diet plus D-PDMP had normal blood flow. Mice receiving a high-fat diet without D-PDMP predictably had compromised blood flow.

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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 23, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 79
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U.S.
                  Tax and
 
Hand grenade turns up in soil
along country's northern border


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The northern zone continues to yield war materiel.  In the community of Pavón in the canton of Los Chiles the item that police confronted Monday afternoon was a hand grenade.

Officers are not sure if the grenade is a leftover from the Nicaraguan civil war or if it had been dropped more recently.

Police said they were alerted by an agricultural worker who saw the grenade half buried in the soil. The location was near the border with Nicaragua.

After years of effort, that area was declared free of land mines in 2002. Costa Ricans cleared the area under a program run by the Organization of American States. That program includes other Central American countries that were involved in the 15-year Nicaragua war.

Police identified the hand grenade as an M-67 variety, one of the newer models that post-dates World War II.  It did not appear to have any of the colors that would designate it as a practice grenade.

The expert officer who defused the device was not named. He simply detached the lever device that ignites a four- to five-second fuse within the cavity of the grenade.

The level is the part that can be seen flying off a grenade when it is thrown in a movie scene.
grenade
Ministerio de Gobernación, Policía y Seguridad Pública photo
Police officer pulls the fuse on the grenade.


Art museum to feature renowned artist's pre-Columbian representations
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

As one of the most highly regarded artists in Costa Rican history, Francisco Zúñiga's masterpieces have long been admired throughout his home country. Now the Museo de Arte Costarricense is bringing his artwork featuring pre-Columbian  ceramics to its temporary exhibit hall.

Forty-four ornate watercolor laminates and seven ink portraits make up the collection of his ceramic designs. After an inauguration ceremony on the night of April 30, the display will be featured from May 2 until Sept. 28.

Zúñiga was born in Guadalupe in 1912 but spent much of his life in Mexico and became a Mexican citizen. In his 20s he sculpted one of his most well-known Costa Rican works in “Maternidad,” which now resides at the Hospital Nacional de las Mujeres. Before his death in 1998 he received a variety of awards and had his work shown in revered museums around the world, including a permanent housing in some like New York's Museum of Modern Art.

Both a sculptor and a painter, the decorated career of Zúñiga is noted for its works that focus mainly on the human body and its many forms. Still his disciplines and styles varied as he worked with everything from chalk to bronze in putting together his art. He won first prize from Costa Rica's Salón de Escultura in 1935 for his work on “Maternidad” before relocating to Mexico where he became internationally recognized.

Today his bearded bust can be seen on display outside of Teatro Nacional downtown.

The museum will also have an exhibit showing Costa Rican artwork from the 19th and 20th centuries consisting of 83 pieces. This collection is aimed to focus on historical dialogue between the
artwork
An example of the artwork
featuring pre-Columbian designs

diverse groups that have inhabited Costa Rica.

As always, the Museo de Arte Costarricense is free to the public and open from Tuesday to Sunday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 23, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 79
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Researchers use multiple ways to locate where chili was domesticated
By the  University of Arizona news service

In the Southwest, the chili pepper is practically a dietary staple. It gives salsa a spicy crunch, it brings depth to Mexican sauces, and it provides an extra kick to Sonoran hot dogs.

Plenty of other world cuisines rely on it too, from China to India to Thailand. But Latin America, researchers have confirmed, is where it started.

In a study of global significance researchers have figured out where the first domesticated chili pepper crop was farmed. University of Arizona ethnobiologist and agroecologist Gary Nabhan and other researchers in the U.S., France and Kenya have determined that the plant was first cultivated in central-east Mexico, likely in the Valley of Tehuacán.

The team's evidence indicates that the first cultivators of the chili pepper inhabited the area about 6,500 years ago. They were speakers of the Oto-Manguean language stock – an ethnic Mexican Indian language that makes up 174 different dialects.

The team's paper, "Multiple Lines of evidence for the Origin of Q:1 Domesticated Chili Pepper, Capsicum annuum, in Mexico," appears in the April 29 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The article is part of a special series of research papers PNAS has just published on different aspects of domestication, including plant and animal domestication.

Led by University of California, Davis, plant scientist Paul Gepts, the international team determined that the crop's region of origin extended from southern Puebla and northern Oaxaca to southeastern Veracruz, and was further south than previously thought.

"Identifying the origin of the chili pepper is not just an academic exercise," said Gepts, lead author of another paper PNAS released in the series. "By tracing back the ancestry of any domesticated plant, we can better understand the genetic evolution of that species."

Nabhan, a University of Arizona Southwest Center researcher, noted that this new knowledge better equips us to develop sound genetic conservation programs.

Nabhan said the research can help scientists and agriculture specialists improve crop variety, especially for hotter climates, while also improving pest repellency in granaries, where chili powder is used as rat and squirrel repellent. Such implications "will be critically important as we work to deal with climate change and provide food for a rapidly increasing global population."

In 2011, Nabhan organized an interdisciplinary team of linguistic ethnobotanists, economic botanists and ecogeographers for a workshop, which eventually spawned further collaborations and the current investigation.

For the current study, the team employed a novel and innovative approach, using multiple lines of evidence to pinpoint where humans first cultivated the chili pepper. The team used two traditional investigative approaches, relying on archaeological and genetic data.

The team also considered two additional bodies of knowledge –
chilis
Gary Nabhan and Paul Gepts photo
The common domesticated chili Capsicum annuum

 ecological evidence and historical languages, looking for the earliest linguistic evidence that a cultivated chili pepper actually existed.

In doing so, the team was able to not only answer where the crop was domesticated, but also when and under what ecological conditions this occurred.

While the genetic evidence seemed to point more to northeastern Mexico as the chili pepper’s area of domestication, there was collectively more evidence from all four lines of study supporting the central-east region as the area of origin.

The four-pronged investigation, which involved modeling data over a nearly 8,000-year period, suggested something not yet considered: a regional, rather than a geographically specific, birthplace for the domesticated chili pepper.

"Each author brought his own highly refined expertise to the problem, but the breakthrough came when we could bring all that knowledge into a single coherent picture of crop origins," Nabhan said. "In that way, this inquiry into crop origins was unprecedented, and offers a model for other interdisciplinary studies of plant domestication."

The team's scientific method is expected to aid other investigations and may drastically shift what is understood about other crops and even livestock, Nabhan said.

"It's a large step for humankind. We have worked out a process, a way of linking information, that scientists have been trying to do since the 19th century," he said.

For now, the team's scientific methods and findings have important implications for understanding nutrition-related diseases, the use of crops for health-related benefits and crop production and resiliency into the future.

"Chilies are one of the most important spices in the world, and are an important part of our cultural legacy," Nabhan said.

"We are helping scientists all around the world to understand the ecological, cultural and historical relationships of something that affects anyone that uses chilies."


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When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
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Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
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Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

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Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8300-9/1/14

Here's reasonable medical care
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See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)

oranic farm
$800 plus utilities, 2-bedroom, 2-bath house, fully furnished, Internet included, cable TV available. Inside organic farm, safe and secure. In the country but close to town. Santa Barbara de Heredia, Email for more info and pictures. Long term, NO DOGS. organicfarmhouserental@gmail.com
8337-6/14/14

Rohrmoser/Pavas, 1-bedroom apartment, fully furnished, including kitchen utensils. Washer/dryer. Good security, private.
Tico Cable included, $500. Contact, Wayne Winstead, 8820-1501. Casa 2291-6371. Just need your clothes to move in.
8334-5/10/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
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Gorgeous views, safe and peaceful, above Alajuela
 4-
bedroom, three-bath house for rent, near Pura Vida Yoga Center. Perfect weather, great views, nice neighbors. Two phone lines. Internet access through Cable Tica. Long-term rental only. $900 plus utilities. Click HERE for more information. Contact noelsusana@yahoo.com
8299-5/1/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Retired persons preferred. Call 8375-6838.
Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8313-5/1/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8267-8/17/14

house
                                                photo
Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: jlayne1933@aol.com or yo@nehemiascr.com
8325-5/21/14

prime properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8327-4/26/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
8241-3/7/14

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
9229-3/3/14

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8222-2/21/14




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San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 23, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 79
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Cafetales



U.S. sending troops to Poland
and the Baltic republics

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States is sending about 600 paratroopers to Poland and the Baltic states in an expansion meant to underscore its commitment to NATO allies as a result of escalating tensions in Ukraine.

Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby said 150 paratroopers based in Italy will arrive Wednesday in Poland. He said another 450 paratroopers will be deployed to Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania.

The bilateral exercises will last about a month. He said new troops will then rotate in for fresh exercises throughout the rest of the year.

Kirby said placing troops on the ground is more than a symbolic gesture. He called for Russia to remove its forces from the border with Ukraine and respect Ukrainian sovereignty.


Sainthood for two popes seen
as way to unite catholics


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

On Sunday, two popes, John the XXIII and John Paul II, will be made saints in a ceremony at St. Peter’s Square. The dual canonization is part of the current pope’s program to reconcile liberals and conservatives in the Roman Catholic Church.

“Saint Now!” has been the chant of Pope John Paul II’s impatient fans since his death in 2005.  Only six years later the healing of an ailing Costa Rican woman,  Floribeth Mora, was credited as his second required miracle.

According to Jesuit priest and Vatican watcher Thomas Reese, Pope Francis was then asked by the people in charge of the canonization when he wanted to schedule it.

“And Pope Francis’ response was, 'well what about John XXIII?' And they said, 'Well, he’s only got one miracle, and he needs two miracles in order to become a saint, in order to be canonized'," Reese recalled. "And his response was, 'Says who? He’s the Pope!' ”
 
John Paul II is certainly the better known of the two. The Polish pope journeyed to the far corners of the earth and his papacy is often believed to have accelerated the fall of communism.

John XXIII only became pope in 1958 because the cardinals couldn't decide whom they wanted, says Reese.

“He was an old man," explained Reese. "They elected him as kind of a placesitter.”

But he convened the Second Vatican Council to modernize a seemingly anachronistic institution.

“This was an extraordinary move because we hadn’t had an ecumenical council like this in a long, long time,” Reese noted.

The council decided Mass no longer had to be in Latin and opened a dialogue with other faiths. 

Some traditionalists feel John XXIII and the council went too far, while some liberals feel John Paul II was dogmatic and covered up clerical sex abuse. Francis wants to reconcile these groups, Reese explained.

“So this is a symbolic way for him to say we’re all one family," he said. "We’re all united by Jesus Christ, and we can all come together to celebrate both of these men.”

The two popes are both examples for clergy today, according to Rev. Richard de Lillio, a professor of homiletics at Catholic University of America in Washington. 

“I think what they had that every preacher should have is dynamism," Lillio said, "and the second thing they had that every preacher should have is they preached what they believed and witnessed it."

 Fans of Francis say that also describes the current pope.


man in tree
Voice of America photo
Francis Halle  drawing on his sketch pad while perched 70 meters high.

New film has rain forests
as lead in a visual poem


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

French filmmaker Luc Jacquet won worldwide acclaim for his 2005 Academy Award-winning documentary "March of the Penguins."

Now Jacquet is back with a new film that takes movie-goers deep into the heart of a tropical rainforest, not only to celebrate its grandeur, but to make the case for its survival.

He calls "Once Upon a Forest" a visual poem that conveys the wonder of the rainforest, “just to say once again how these forests are amazing, how they are fascinating, how they are in balance.” He spent five months with his crew filming in majestic forests in Gabon and Perú.

Jacquet teams with famed French botanist Francis Halle to tell the forests' story, which opens with the 75-year-old Halle calmly drawing on his sketch pad. He is perched 70 meters up in the parasol-like crown of a Moabi tree in Gabon's Congo River Basin.
 
Jacquet says his work on the film helped him understand for the first time what Halle has been preaching for decades, that trees have their own way to be alive.

“When you think this way," Jacquet said, "you discover a new universe, a universe of trees.  It is interesting because at that point you begin to start to think that this is not the animals who are the kings of the forest. The trees are the kings of the forest.” 

The movie captures the life story of the rain forest. Within that tale are dozens of actors, a parade of leaf-cutting ants, a fruit-eating, seed-dropping monkey, a jaguar that prowls across the screen with stealthy steps and vines that entangle a mighty strangler fig tree to make way for another giant to take its place in the forest.

Some of those events can take hundreds of years in tree time, so Jacquet speeds them up by animating Halle’s drawings and mixing them with close-up live action.

Inside all this imagery is a world where every plant and every animal is intimately connected with one another.  Trees keep this ever-growing, ever-changing family in balance.

The filmmaker finds the interaction amazing.

"We start to understand the language of the trees and the language of the flowers," he said. "There is a very complex chemical substance in the forest, and we know that trees are not talking with words, they are talking with scents and they are able to mix this scent like words to make a text, and they are able to exchange messages. They are able to modify the behavior of animals with this substance.”

Jacquet captures the magic of a fleeting cloud or the dazzle of sunlight streaming through a break in the canopy in exquisite detail, with sweeps across grand vistas and close-ups that travel the length of a single tree, shot by remote cameras mounted on small flying drones.

The filmmaker sews these scenes together to put the soul of the forest on the big screen. He says walking its hallowed grounds and following its daily rituals tap into what it means to be human.

“There is something very ancient in our brain," Jacquet said. "I guess this is an idea, but I think we are deeply made to be there.” 

And, if people can forge that bond with nature, Jacquet says, to see themselves as part of the forest and not alien to it, humans are a step closer to saving the rainforest rather than becoming an agent in its demise.

"Once Upon a Forest" is being shown worldwide at film festivals, is in commercial release in Europe, and will be seen later this year in Asia and Latin America.


U.S. high court upholds right
to dump affirmative action


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Supreme Court has upheld a ban by the State of Michigan on the use of race as a factor in considering applicants for state colleges and universities. 

By a vote of six to two, the Supreme Court upheld the right of Michigan voters to prohibit public colleges and universities from taking race into account in their admissions decisions.

Michigan voters approved an amendment to their state constitution in 2006 barring race considerations as a factor in student admissions.

Affirmative action programs have long sought to help racial and ethnic minorities compete and gain acceptance to U.S. colleges and universities.  But over the decades they have also been the subject of fierce political debate.

Vanderbilt University law professor Suzanna Sherry says the initial legal fallout from the decision may be limited since the high court was not focused on whether racial preferences may be valid, but on the right of voters to have their voices heard on the issue.

“What the court held is that the voters in Michigan are allowed to decide whether they want affirmative action or not, and that is really not a ruling on affirmative action.  It is a case about whether affirmative action is required and the answer is no, it is not required.  The people of Michigan can decide not to engage in it," said Sherry.

The decision drew a sharp dissent from one of the two Supreme Court justices in the minority on the case, Justice Sonia Sotomayor.  She said judges should confront the racial inequality that exists in the United States, and not just sit back and wish it away.

The American Civil Liberties Union issued a statement criticizing the Supreme Court ruling, saying the Michigan law unfairly keeps students from asking universities to consider race as one factor in admissions.

But a black conservative group known as Project 21 said the decision moves the country closer to the colorblind principles advocated by the late civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.

California and Washington State have voter-approved laws banning affirmative action in education admissions and a few other states have also adopted laws or executive orders barring race as a consideration.

Bisi Okubadejo is an attorney in Maryland who represents colleges and universities in civil rights cases involving affirmative action.  She predicts a limited legal impact from the Supreme Court decision.

“It is likely that this action by the Supreme Court will bolster other groups that continue to file similar suits.  It is not representing a step forward with regard to the use of race, but taken in context I think that any negative effects on diversity and the use of race on campus has already occurred in the states where voters have spoken at the polls," said Ms. Okubadejo.

Vanderbilt expert Sherry says court decisions over the years have chipped away at the scope of affirmative action programs and she expects continued scrutiny at state and federal levels in the years to come.

“The constitutionality of affirmative action is much more precarious than it was 30 years ago.  And I would not be surprised if the next time the court focuses on affirmative action, I would not be surprised if it strikes them down," she said.

Supporters of affirmative action programs note enrollment among African-American and Hispanic students has dropped at the University of Michigan since the ban took effect.


seed sortrers
University of Wisconsin-Madison photo
Jack Kloppenburg and Irwin Goldman fill envelopes with non-patented seeds at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Open source seeds distributed
as counter to large firms


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Taking a cue from the software industry, scientists, farmers and sustainable food advocates have released what they’re calling the first open source seeds.
 
The Open Source Seed Initiative is centered at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and its stated goal is “to keep new seeds free for all people to grow, breed and share for perpetuity, with the goal of protecting the plants from patents and other restrictions down the line.”
 
In other words, breeders and farmers can do what they like with the seeds, but they can’t turn the results into a proprietary product.
 
Last week, the group released 29 new varieties of broccoli, celery, kale, quinoa and other vegetables and grains.
 
“We’re letting people know diversity is threatened,” said Jack Kloppenburg, a University of Wisconsin-Madison professor of community and environmental sociology.
 
He added that through the widespread use of seed patents, the world is facing a freezing of a genetic landscape for seeds. Until relatively recently, plant breeders regularly shared their plants and seeds openly and through this sharing, developed better breeds.
 
Andy LaVigne, the president of the American Seed Trade Association, which promotes the “research, development and movement of quality seed to meet the world's demand for food, feed, fiber and fuel,” didn’t agree with Kloppenburg’s assessment.
 
“I don’t think there’s any lockdown on any seed or diversity,” he said. “I think there’s a lot of competition.”
 
With regard to diversity, LaVigne said all you have to do is look at your dinner plate.
 
“Look at the colors on the plate when you eat at a restaurant,” he said. “I don’t remember that growing up.”
 
LaVigne did say that many seed traits such as pesticide resistance and resistance to common diseases are dominated by the companies.
 
Monsanto, along with other seed giants Sygenta and Dupont own a whopping 53 percent of the worldwide seed market, according a Center for Food Safety report.
 
Certain seeds, notably corn, soybeans and a handful of other large crops, contain so-called intellectual property in their specific traits. Farmers aren’t allowed to save these seeds for the next year’s crops. In effect, they’re leasing the seeds, said Kloppenburg.
 
“Genetically, we’re putting all of our eggs in one basket,” said Kloppenburg, adding that the giant seed companies mostly work with a narrow range of crops and techniques, narrow varieties and narrow traits, such as pesticide resistance.
 
Kloppenburg said that huge seed companies like Monsanto and DuPont are starting to use the same methods they used for big crop plants like corn and soybeans on vegetables, fruit and small grain seeds.
 
This, he said, could result in there being no valuable plant germplasm, the genetic information within seeds, available for public use.
 
“These vegetables are part of our common cultural heritage, and our goal is to make sure these seeds remain in the public domain for people to use in the future,” said Irwin Goldman, a University of Wisconsin-Madison horticulture professor and plant breeder in a statement.
 
Many vegetable seeds sold on the market are hybrids, meaning that with repeated use, they will lose certain traits. Because of this they usually need no patent.
 
Open Source Seed Initiative members first tried to develop a licensing system for the open source seeds but opted instead for a simplified approach, the Open Source Seed Pledge, which will be printed on every packet of seeds.
 
"It's almost like a haiku," says Goldman. "It basically says these seeds are free to use in any way you want. They can't be legally protected. Enjoy them."
 
Like shrink-wrapped software, when someone opens a pack of open source seeds, they are agreeing to keep the seeds and any bred offspring of the seeds in the public domain.
 
"It creates a parallel system, a new space where breeders and farmers can share seeds," says Kloppenburg. "And, because it applies to derivatives, it makes for an expanding pool of germplasm that any plant breeder can freely use."
 
Goldman said open source seeds can provide economic opportunities for breeders.
 
"You can sell these open source seeds just like you'd sell any other seeds,” he said. “The difference is that the recipients can actually do stuff with them, which is kind of fun."
 
While the Open Source Seed Initiative remains tiny compared to a company like Monsanto, the members hope they will at least raise awareness
 
"Who knows what will happen, but even if the pledge does nothing more than help raise awareness about what's going on with seeds, that's progress," said Goldman.
 
For its part, Monsanto, the world’s largest seller of seeds, said it wished the initiative luck.
 
“We believe that everyone growing vegetables – from home gardeners to farmers large and small, organic, conventional or using genetically modified seeds – have a choice when it comes to their seed purchase," said Monsanto spokesperson Carly Scaduto in an emailed statement. “We believe this University of Wisconsin project enables even more choices in the vegetable seed marketplace. We wish the University of Wisconsin project all the best in this new endeavor.”
 
For now, it remains to be seen if open source seeds have any economic viability, but the initiative organizers would be satisfied if the movement provides an alternative to large companies selling patented seeds. In a world facing the daunting challenges of climate change, Kloppenburg said diversity will be key in feeding the planet.
 
“It’s inappropriate and foolish to allow the marketers and executives in five [seed] companies to decide how the world is going to eat,” he said. “Let the genes flow and tap into the creativity all around the world.”


Russia kicks out Canadian
in diplomatic tit-for-tat


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Russia has announced the expulsion of a first secretary at the Canadian Embassy in Moscow in response to Canada's expulsion of a Russian diplomat from Ottawa.

Russian media reported Tuesday that Margarita Atanasov of the Canadian diplomatic mission in the Russian capital has been given 14 days to leave the country.

The reports said her expulsion is in retaliation for the deportation of a Russian military attache from the Russian Embassy in the Canadian national capital.

Canada's foreign minister, John Baird, told reporters Tuesday that Canada has a moral responsibility to stand with NATO and its allies in support of Ukraine in the face of Russian intimidation. He said Canada wants Ukraine to have peace, prosperity, security, and freedom.


Boomers who are boozers
can confound physicians


By the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing news service

A 70-year-old man suffers a heart attack and is brought into the emergency department. On aspirin therapy for a year, he had stopped it three weeks earlier on his physician’s advice after reporting more cardiac discomfort and using more nitroglycerin just to get through the day.

He needs bypass surgery, a fairly common and relatively quick procedure. Once surgery begins, though, so does uncontrolled bleeding. Thirteen hours later, the patient’s life has been saved, but he faces a complicated recovery.

Blame a potentially deadly and all-too-common cocktail, says Christine L. Savage, professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing. Alcohol is an anticoagulant. The patient, a lifelong drinker, was still drinking daily. The doctor didn’t know about it because he didn’t ask. In addition, the patient had heard only aspirin, not children’s aspirin, so he had been taking a higher-than-prescribed dosage of that blood thinner. Nitroglycerin also opens blood vessels to improve flow.

By 2015, all baby boomers will be 50 or older. In an editorial for the Journal of Addictions Nursing, Professor Savage writes that, unlike members of previous generations, many of these individuals have been using alcohol and other drugs for their entire adult lives. There are consequences.

“Alcohol is a dirty drug, and it causes all kinds of long-term problems,” Professor Savage says. Quoting a 2013 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism report, she says alcohol contributes to increased risk for more than 65 diseases and conditions, including pancreatic, breast, and ear, nose, and throat cancers, liver disease, injuries, and cognitive impairment.

“It’s an equal opportunity problem that cuts across socioeconomic and gender lines,” adds Deborah Finnell,  associate professor. “When people come in ... the best practice is to ask questions related to alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use. There are reliable and valid measures — very simple measures — that can be used” to screen for these issues. Unfortunately, she says, “those are not being widely implemented.”

Professor Savage says, “We tend not to think about the older patient in front of us as somebody whose alcohol use may be putting them at risk, and we’re uncomfortable asking the cute grandmother or the stately older man about their alcohol use.”

Nancy Hodgson, assistant professor, emphasizes the importance of making the effort. That older patient could be experiencing “bereavement, isolation, loneliness, an underlying depression or pain, so they’re self-medicating as a numbing agent, using alcohol.”

Professor Finnell says this kind of screening should be standard practice, just like taking a patient’s blood pressure, pulse, and weight. She describes the brief intervention as a five- to 10-minute conversation that starts with “asking for permission to talk about it. Because of how society views alcohol and other drug use, it’s important to put people at ease.”

Professor Hodgson says the nurse is the perfect person to start this conversation. “They have the rapport with the patients, they have the key assessment skills necessary to pick up the subtle changes — things like fall history, or unexplained lethargy or confusion — and dig deeper.”

“Older adults are probably more likely to talk to the nurse about more sensitive issues than they would perhaps the physician,” Hodgson adds.




Real estate-related services (paid category)

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
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Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
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Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8245-5/12/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Dragon montage
New amazing, modern, eco-friendly three-bedroom, three-bath executive modern home perched on your own small mountain.  270-degree ocean view with unbelievable teak-look concrete deck, to the RED 48-foot fiberglass infinity lap pool. Separate covered deck with pool table. Guest house with kitchen, Jacuzzi, outdoor shower. Exquisite entryway of 20-foot rock wall and electric gate, with video feed. Large work garage separated from house. Guardhouse. Hidden metal shutters to secure the property for weeks. Private registered well. Inside/outside kitchen. Propane fire pits. Several water features including a waterfall and a water bubble wall. Property can be purchased stand-alone with the house at $550K, or the whole mountain for further development at $950K.  Contact drako13@me.com
8344-5/23/14

Selva Rio
SELVA RIO ESTATES (SRE) www.selvarioestates.com is a 10-lot  development with lots starting at $65,000US. You know what they say "Location, Location, Location." Well SRE is  located only 10 kms. from Atenas (best climate in the entire world!),  only 3 kms. from Highway 27 access, only 3 kms. from grocery stores and restaurants, only 35 kms. (30 min) from SJO airport, only 50 kms. from  Pacific Ocean, only 42 kms. from Escazu, 0  kms. from gorgeous country living with nature!  Contact the developer at selvarioestates@hotmail.com or call 8704-6106. We can help you build your dream home now!
8341-6/22/14

Heredia lot
 
Residencial Del Monte
(San Rafael de Heredia)

1,804 m2 lot  (19,418 sq. ft.)
Price: $135,000
Tel.  8853-0000 or  jpmata2000@yahoo.com
8340-5/21/14

Beautiful Survival Farm with panoramic Pacific views
In the heartland of one of the world's five blue zones, Nicoya. 12 acres with ample space for planting, natural forest, own perennial waters, public road yet hidden access, electricity. Fire sale 59,000 USD   axelspecial@gmail.com
8333-5/9/14

covered patio
Another 'live in the view' home in Puriscal
$173,900 includes:
Lot on river, concrete road, custom kitchen & bath with granite counter tops, PEX plumbing, 2” Styrofoam, sandwiched in steel roof, 4” concrete/recycled Styrofoam & steel walls, laminated, bronzed windows, custom wood doors, appliances and all transfer taxes, and fees.

2, 900 sq feet under roof, 1,250 sq feet inside walls, 2 bedroom, 2 ½ baths, laundry room, three separate patio areas, covered carport, shade trees, in upscale, secure project.  This project has river with protected areas & walkways. It is only 10 minutes on all paved roads to Santiago de Puriscal, 45 minutes to La Plaza Mall/Hospital CIMA and SJO airport, and 1 ½ hours to Pacific Beaches. It has recently upgraded public water supply and dependable ICE electric and high-speed internet.
Please come visit our projects and meet four new homeowners who have recently moved into their new “live in the view” homes to verify how happy they are and that they all came in under budget. CONTACT: George Lundquist www.costaricaretireonss.com  Home phone: 2417-1041 Cell phone: 8888 4543 Skype glundquist.
8310-7/1/14

Beautiful fully renovated house in Bello Horizonte, Escazu, 446 sq. meters. Four bedrooms; four baths. Price includes all furniture and fixtures - ready to move in! Light, bright and airy....$499,500 USD. Telephone 2288.6451. More details HERE!
8309-6/29/14

Atenas mansion
ATENAS!!
In 2006, the developer of a popular subdivision in Atenas chose a large 7,000 m2 corner view lot for his first spec home. Now, eight years later that home is once again for sale with first class tropical landscaping that much more mature. With 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, 2-car carport, laundry room, and more than 300 m2 under roof next to a pristine pool, this home is located in a gated community with its own water sources. And the location, just 1 1/4 km from town, is convenient to shopping and services, too. The views are of  Candelaria and the central valley. No wonder this community is so popular! $495,000. More photos HERE. And then contact  larry@atenasrealty.com
8306-4/26/14

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean.  This design allows for barrier-free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room its spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors.  $365,000.00 or rent for $900 per month including WIFI and PLUS utilities.  Long term rentals only please.  Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage.  3 bedrooms/ 2 baths.  Fully furnished   Automatic entry gate.   Custom exotic wood cabinets   High end stainless steel appliances   Granite counter tops  Slide show at   
 www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8305-6/26/14

Belen home
Comfortable in Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD. Contact owner at 8309-2000 for details or email rafa@rafacr.com.
9304-4/3/14

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $170,000. USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8253-5/12/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8223-2/21/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

complex
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8200-4/3/14

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region
RichCoastRealty.com

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!

     www.RichCoastRealty.com
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
   Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
8191-4/30/13


Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at www.suenos.org. Contact us at: osaproperty@gmail.com or +1-866-514-7435.
8172-1/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at: http://www.rebecker.com/journal102006a.htm.  Contact information: ginbecker@gmail.com,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2104

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx


Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact galanses@hotmail.com for an appointment. For a preview www.facebook.com/FantasiaTropicalCR
8232-2/24/14

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com.
8213-2/13/14

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Wednesday, April 23, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 79
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Obama off to Asia again
with stop in Japan today


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama has left for a four-nation tour of Asia, where he will try to convince allies that Washington is committed to its rebalancing in the Pacific.

Security concerns over China's territorial claims and North Korea's nuclear program will be a major focus of Obama's trip, which includes stops in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

The eight-day tour begins in Tokyo late today with a meeting with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Japan is embroiled in a growing dispute with Beijing over a group of uninhabited islands in the East China Sea.

Ahead of his visit, Obama told Japan's Yomiuri newspaper the United States opposes "any unilateral attempts to undermine Japan's administration of these islands." He also stressed the islands fall under a treaty that requires the U.S. to defend Japan if attacked.

Obama will also try to make progress with Japan on the long-delayed Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade deal. However, many say Japan's reluctance to drop tariffs on agricultural products makes chances of a breakthrough slim.

From Tokyo, President Obama will head to Seoul, where he will talk with South Korean President Park Geun-hye about how to deal with North Korea, which some believe is preparing to conduct another nuclear test.

The South said Tuesday it detected increased activity at North Korea's nuclear test site. Pyongyang warned last month it was preparing for a new form of nuclear test.

In Malaysia, Obama will hold talks and attend a state dinner with Prime Minister Najib Razak. He will be the first sitting U.S. president to visit Malaysia since Lyndon Johnson traveled there in 1966.

Obama's last stop will be the Philippines, which is also involved in a territorial standoff with China and has deepened its military cooperation with Washington as a result.

This is Obama's fifth visit to Asia since assuming office in 2009. He has promised to make the Pacific region a greater economic, diplomatic, and military priority for the United States.


Australia vows to continue
search for missing jet

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Australia is vowing to continue searching for the missing Malaysian jetliner, as a robotic submarine is about to complete the first phase of its, so far, unsuccessful scan of the Indian Ocean seabed.

The Joint Agency Coordination Center said the "Bluefin-21" underwater drone has completed more than 80 percent of its first full mission without finding any contacts of interest.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott said today if the drone fails to locate any debris, authorities will rethink the search. But, he said, the hunt will not be abandoned. He said the families of the 239 people on board the plane deserve to know what happened.

Defense Minister David Johnston, meanwhile, said that more powerful, commercial sonar equipment could soon be deployed to help explore the 4.5-kilometer deep search area.

The search effort is currently focused on a 10-kilometer radius surrounding the spot where authorities heard a signal they believe came from the locator beacon on the plane's flight data recorder. The batteries on the so-called black box recorder have since run out.

On the ocean surface, ships continue to search a wider area for debris. But for the second consecutive day Wednesday, Australian authorities suspended the aerial search because of poor weather conditions.



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From Page 7:

Costa Rica, México agree to avoid double tax

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica and México have signed agreements to prevent double taxation and to fight tax evasion, the Ministerio de Hacienda said Tuesday.

The agreement was signed in Washington. D.C.

The accord promoted the exchange of financial information  between the countries.

This is the third recent agreement of this type. In February the finance ministry officials signed an agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany. In 2004 Costa Rica entered into an agreement with Spain.

Officials here said they hoped this type of agreement would encourage investment from Mexicans who would no longer face the possibility of double taxation.

The agreement requires approval of the Asamblea Legislativa.