free webpage hit counter
mortgage update
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

 
Cocal for Jan. 20
    Playa Vista
Oaks
(506) 2223-1327                          Published  Thursday, March 20, 2014,  in Vol. 14, No. 56                          Email us
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
Jo Stuart
 
Rock Constructors


Friendly lawyer can beat charges with long vacation
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

One reason crime pays in Costa Rica is that crooks can duck any penalty by taking a really long vacation.

The statute of limitations generally is the same period as the criminal code gives for the maximum penalty. This happens repeatedly. The International Police Agency has 69 persons wanted by Costa Rican judicial agents in its data base. Most would benefit by remaining free for an extended period.

Some investors are concerned that this might be the case with Rafael Ángel Medaglia Araya. He's a lawyer who would face allegations of operating a scam on Costa Rican and U.S. investors if he ever is caught.

Depending on which act is counted, the statute of limitations for Medaglia might expire in just a few years. Victims recount tales of being hoodwinked starting in 2005.

Stephen Kochakian of Santa Domingo de Heredia still expresses surprise that the man he befriended, joined in fishing expeditions and considered a friend would take his money and vanish.

Kochakian is one of at least 13 victims who gave money to Medaglia, according to summaries of the case. The lawyer had an office in San José and offered clients with money a much higher interest rate than banks for those who participated in his mortgage scheme.

Kochakian said that the deals were successful because the original $700,000 he gave the lawyer grew to twice that, according to Medaglia's accountings. The Heredia man said that the money represented all of his private retirement accumulations. Now he is living on Social Security.

Kochakian is a good example of what expats should not do. He did not speak Spanish when he was dealing with the lawyer. He said he would accompany Medaglia to homes where he was told the Spanish conversation would be about a mortgage. He admits that the discussions could have been about the weather.

He and others believed they were investing in mortgages. News reports said that the interest rate could have been as high as 24 percent.

Then when the expat was out of the country, the lawyer put a mortgage with a third party on  Kochakian's condo. To keep the property, the expat has to come up with the money to pay off the mortgage, which had been legally filed. The expat still was uncertain Wednesday if the lawyer had a power of attorney for the corporation owning the condo.

He said he just signed papers in Spanish that the lawyer kept putting in front of him. Although the expat was an easy target, other victims include savvy expat business people who did check filings at the Registro Nacional and who spoke Spanish.

Estimates of how much money was involved in the case vary, but with the contribution by Kochakian, the amount could be well over $1 million.

A source close to some of the investors said that none was willing to provide the money for an investigation to track down the lawyer. Some believe he is living in South America.

The International Police Agency, despite Jackie Chan movies to the contrary, is basically a big filing cabinet. When local police detain an individual, a computer check might show that a warrant had been issued in another country. Or local agents might make an arrest based on information coming from the country in which the crime is alleged.

In Costa Rica, Judicial Investigating Organization agents serve as INTERPOL contacts. They just picked up a man wanted in the Czech Republic on fraud charges. Sometimes a suspect is caught entering the country at an airport. The diligences of the
computer search is up to the individual agents.

Medaglia happens to be the son of a former 
lawyer
                        closeup
International Police Agency photo            
Rafael Ángel Medaglia Araya

fishing
Stephen Kochakian photo
Friendly lawyer on a fishing trip

Corte Suprema de Justicia magistrate. He turned 41 Feb. 27. The allegations include using false paperwork to effect a fraud and use of false documents.

Even if the man returns to Costa Rica and appears in court, those who did business with him might not get much money. There may be a conciliation hearing, and charges will be dropped if the lawyer admits wrongdoing and makes token payments to the victims.

Luis Milanes Tamayo, the operators of the defunct Savings Unlimited, is scheduled for trial in October, 12 years after he vanished. He returned nearly six years ago, and the many individuals who put money with his high-interest firm have been involved in an unsatisfactory conciliation since.

Another well-known runaway is Luis Enrique Villalobos, who vanished in November 2002. Losses to those with money in his high-interest firm, known as The Brothers, may have been as much as $1 billion. That case was complicated by a core of die hards who kept insisting that he would return and pay off his faithful investors. The International Police Agency no long has his photo and data online.

Financial problems with lawyers are not confined to the Medaglia case. A.M. Costa Rica receives periodic complaints from expats who lost money because they entrusted the cash to a lawyer.

One woman gave a well-respected Limón lawyer about $15,000 for a land purchase. When he appropriated the funds, prosecutors told her that they would consider the money a loan and that the lawyer would remain legal if he made small monthly payments, she said.

In most cases investors who feel cheated have no recourse before the Colegio de Abogados, the lawyers' professional organization. The colegio limits its investigation of lawyers to acts that took place in the exercise of the profession. Money lending and real estate dealings would not be included.

Altosde
                        Antigua
Costa Rica Real Estate Experts
Re/Max Ocean Surf: The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 17 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties  including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call now at
011 (506) 2653-0073.
Costa Rica vacations

Costa Rica Real Estate

CRREC specializes in Costa Rica real estate for sale including properties, homes, commercial, agricultural and vacation rentals. As Google's top preferred real estate agency, we pride ourselves in our commitment to providing the highest customer service rating in the business. Call today! - 1-888-414-1836 - or visit us online at...

COSTARICAREALESTATE.COM
Find more about Weather in San Jose, CS
Today's colon
exchange rate
HERE!
Subscribe
to our  daily digest

Search  our site
Real estate ads
Classified  ads
Tourism and services
Display ad info
Classified ad info
Contact us
Airline flights
Colonial

Amistad dinner invitation

FDel
                REy rplcement



Sportsman

\Blue Lagoon


Residency in Costa Rica
nursing home

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?

HERE!

Clinica Visuliza


Prisma

Costa Rica vacations

association of residents

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
Jo Stuart
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details



Hotel
                Palermo
A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, March 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 56

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Legal services
Arcelio logo
Serving the English-speaking community for over a

decade with offices in San Jose, Alajuela and Jaco
     ☑REAL ESTATE CONTRACTS
     ☑ INCORPORATION AND
       CORPORATE LAW
    ☑ NOTARY PUBLIC SERVICES
    ☑CIVIL LITIGATION
    ☑ OFFICIAL TRANSLATIONS
    ☑ FAMILY LAW PRACTICE
    ☑ CRIMINAL LAW PRACTICE
    ☑ RENTISTA AND PESIONADO
         RESIDENCY
    ☑ ESCROW SERVICES (REGISTERED WITH
         SUGE
    ☑ VEHICLE IMPORTATION AND TITLE
          TRANSFERS
You deserve to communicate fluently with your lawyer.
Visit our Web site:  www.CRTitle.com
Email:  lawyer@crtitle.com
Notice: The registration with Sugef is not an authorization to operate. It is solely to prevent money laundering as ordered by law 8204. People who contract with the company do so at their own risk.
8255/14/14


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
7969-5/9/14


Psychotherapy

Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
Dr. KLycinda
                                                  Gray
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
 
   •  Transformational  
         Psychotherapy

   • Depression

   • Anxiety

   • Relationship Issues

   • New World Meditation
        Training & Support

 
www.DrLucindaGray.com
Email: lucinda@drlucindagray.com
U.S. Phone: 310-827-4241
Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041
8221-7/17/14

Architects

Organe
                                                  headline
Architecture-Real Estate-Development

At Architect Orange we are inspired by the visions of each of our clients, and have worked diligently to embody those visions in our work.

We have locations in Atenas (servicing Central Valley/Beach areas)
Arenal (servicing Guanacaste/Nicoya Peninsula)

Contact Information:
 (506) 2694-4712
Website http://www.architectorange.com
Inquires  info@architectorange.com
Arenal office located at Agua Inn Spa

Orange
                                                    slogan
8043-7/31/14

Quickbooks consulting

Kathy
                                                    Rothschild
Kathy Rothschild
QuickBooks Consultant
Santo Domingo de Heredia
*Cloud hosting *Set-up  *Training  *Trouble-shooting *Customization bookkeeping services *Financial reports *Intuit product discounts
Contact:  kathy@goodbooksgal.com
Phones: 8572-2984  or 2244-2247
8192-4/2/15

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Carmichael
For more information please contact Claudia Villegas at 8996-5581 or email HERE!
 
• Paintings

• Sculptures
• Murals
• Porcelain and ceramic
        restoration
• Works on paper restoration
• Conservation curatorial
        services

• Art expert services
• Other restoration services
* Analysis for condition
        authenticity
• Art related insurance and
        damage evaluations
• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.
8125-11/24/13

Real estate agents and services

Colinas
Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area. There are 88 clear titled lots, some in mountain areas with great views and the rest on gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards, or just a quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.  All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each lot, and all lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $35,000, and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
You can see more on our Web site: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
 Libertad, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 15 minutes to Playa del Coco or Playa Hermosa
and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at JimDay50@aol.com   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
8251-8/27/14

CR Beach

Jaco Real Estate
CR Beach Investment Real Estate reminds you that Costa Rica’s #1 beachtown,“the new Jacó,” invites you to see the recent changes:  clean paved roads; more bilingual police; more trendy & tipico restaurants; new a/c movie 4plex & new theatrical-conference center; new central park with activities; more bargain priced properties for sale, and lower priced rentals…
Our agents have been here a minimum of 10 years:
 Colin Miller, Frances,  Junior and Owner-Broker Jeff Fisher enjoy helping clients like you find their dream properties.
Let CR Beach show you why we know this is the best area for you to  invest-retire-enjoy!
Check out our 3 new videos:
Best Beach to Live in Costa Rica
Best Beachfront Deal in Costa Rica
Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
www.CRbeach.com    info@crbeach.com
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 OR  2643-4334, 2643-3672
Office: IL Galeone Center, Jacó Beach, Costa Rica
8194-3/31/14

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta javier@residencyincostarica.com
www.residencyincostarica.com
Tel: (323) 255-6116
8154-3/12/14

Translators

Jorge Desanti
Jorge Desanti
Instant Interpreter/Translator
for Expats.

Jorge Desanti is fluent in English and Spanish. 3-way phone conversation. You call him first. He does the rest. Or he will translate English text for you.
Letters or even a book
$20 minimum.
Jorge (George) Desanti
Phone 8682-2725
Web: jorgedesanti.com
All calls will be
strictly confidential.
8139-5/7/14

Translations and legal Services
Ms. Monge
Rosa Monge Alvarez
Simultaneous translator
Interpreter in court.

Legal problems?
Tired of getting the
runaround?
Tired of excuses?
Tired of being kept in the
dark?
Afraid of signing documents in Spanish?

 Contact us today to find out how we can help you.
rosa_monge@racsa.co.cr
Cell: (506) 8919-4545
WE GET RESULTS!
8264-3/18/14


Accountants

U.S. Tax International
U.S. Tax rollover
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)

C.R. 2288-2201
  U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2231-3300

E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
8298-9/10/14

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle Sam's
                                            hat
• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
95,100 in 2012}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
7410-4/1/13

Pope Francis
Correos de Costa Rica graphic      
Painting shows a jovial pope.

First year of Pope Francis
marked with postal issue

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The national postal service came out Wednesday with a stamp honoring the first Latin American pope, Francis, on his first year in office.

The pontiff, who is from Argentina, is called Francisco in Spanish. The stamp is valued at 300 colons, about 56 U.S. cents.

Like many of the commemorative issues by Correos de Costa Rica, the graphic is from an oil painting. The artist is Juan Manuel Delgado Méndez. Printing was by the La Uruca firm Imprenta Gozaka S.A.

The stamp is available at the downtown main postal office and also online at the Correos Web site.

Woman, 65, found murdered
at her Pérez Zeledón home

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Investigators say 65-year-old María Esquivel Ramírez probably was murdered by a robber. The Judicial Investigating Organization said a relative entered the house and found Ms. Ramírez dead at her home in the Peñas Blancas section of Pérez Zeledón Wednesday morning.

After authorities were notified about the suspected homicide they arrived at the house and confirmed the death. They noted that the woman's mouth was gagged and her hands and feet were tied. A preliminary review showed that she had been hit by a blunt object on the head and on one eye.

For now, authorities said they are only assuming the motive was a robbery. Numerous materials, including the woman's car, were missing from the house that had been left cluttered.

The body was taken to the Morgue Judicial for autopsy as investigative work continues to narrow down any potential suspects.


International festival set
for women in Santa Ana


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

March has long been labelled as Women's History Month. Now for the first time, the poetry-based Festival Internacional Grito de Mujer 2014 will take place in Costa Rica Saturday.

Poet Julieta Dobles Izaguirre is scheduled to receive the Premio Magón, which is the country's most-recognized cultural award. Her opening tribute will be followed by a variety of readings, musical recitals, and visual pieces from Costa Rican female artists.

A dance group of young women from the Grupo Estable de Danza EMAI will perform for the crowd under the direction of Costa Rican ballerina Andrea Navarro. There will also be a number of poetry readings headed by the community-based “El Círculo de los Poetas Vivos de Santa Ana.”

Following a theme slogan of “No more assaults against women,” the works will be dedicated to women all over the world. Grito de Mujer was founded in 2009 in the Dominican Republic by the poet Jael Uribe. Her goal in starting the project was to offer a Spanish voice to the budding conversation about women's roles and the importance of their artistic productions, organizers said. Thirty-seven countries from all over the world will be represented at the festival, they added.

The festival is at 7 p.m. in the Auditorio de la Escuela Municipal en Artes Integradas in Santa Ana.


Tourism firms from here
court Russians at show


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Representatives of six Costa Rican tourism firms are in Moscow to promote the country to the Russians.

The travel show, the Moscow International Travel & Tourism 2014, ends Saturday, said the Instituto Costarricense de Turismo.

The tourism institute cited immigration figures that showed 4,146 entries by Russians to Costa Rica in 2013. That was a 17 percent increase from the year before.

Russians also have considered investments here, including for casinos.


Dartmouth musical group
plans two performances


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Wind Ensemble of Dartmouth University in the U.S. state of New Hampshire plans two performances with the Banda Sinfónica Juvenil. The first is Friday in the Auditorio Nacional adjacent to the Museo de los Niños in north San José. That performance is at 7 p.m.

The next day, Saturday, there is a 4 p.m. performance at the auditorium of the Iglesia Oasis de Esperanza in San Luis, Santo Domingo de Heredia.


Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

















Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.












 
From our retirement guide



















Retirement tipsnews feeds are disabled
on archived pages.















Need to find
a recent article?
Try searching HERE!

retirement
Nameplate
DelRey replacement

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, March 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 56
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
U.S.
                  Tax and
 
Costa Ricans are happy today but for historic reason
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Today is a day that should resonate in Costa Rica. Today is the U.N.-sponsored International Day of Happiness. But the country is celebrating another reason instead.

Costa Rica styles itself as the happiest country in the world, based on a purported index by a progressive British think tank in 2009. A.M. Costa Rica headlined the news story then this way: "Sadly, the happy planet report is mostly ideology."

Even though the sponsor, the New Economic Foundation, backtracked even in its own press release, the idea caught on for marketing purposes.  The sponsor said:  The nations that top the index aren’t the happiest places in the world, but the nations that score well show that achieving, long, happy lives without over-stretching the planet’s resources is possible." Vietnam ranked fifth.

U.S. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon defined the day when he spoke at a General Assembly meeting on "Happiness and Well-Being: Defining a New Economic Paradigm."

He said the world “needs a new economic paradigm that recognizes the parity between the three pillars of sustainable development. Social, economic and environmental well-being are indivisible. Together they define gross global happiness.” 

The meeting was convened at an initiative of Bhutan, a country which recognized the supremacy of national happiness over national income since the early 1970s and famously adopted the goal of gross national happiness over gross national product, the U.N. said.

A profound shift in attitudes is underway all over the world. People
La
                Casona
Museo Histórico Casona de Santa Rosa photo
Casona of Hacienda Santa Rosa

are now recognizing that progress should be about increasing human happiness and well being, not just growing the economy, it added.

There does not seem to be any official notice of the day planned in Costa Rica. Instead, the public schools are marking the Battle of Santa Rosa, which took place on this date in 1856.

This was the first real battle in the so-called Campaña Nacional against the forces of William Walker. In a short encounter, the only major confrontation on Costa Rican soil, the Tico troops routed the Nicaraguan invaders.

The large home, the Casona of Hacienda Santa Rosa, figured in the battle and the government rebuilt the historic structure when it burned down in 2002.















Edgar Ayales, the finance minister, was able to smile as he presented some good news on employment to reporters Wednesday.

finace minister
A.M. Costa Rica.Michael Krumholtz

Government debt continues to mushroom, finance minster reports
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

With revolving charts and statistics behind him, Edgar Ayales Wednesday said that the budget deficit now sits at 5.5 percent of the country's gross domestic product. On his graph, Ayales then showed what the difference would look like in five years if the government does not follow the finance consolidation plan.

“It couldn't be anymore clear that there is a fiscal problem,” Ayales said. He is the minister of Hacienda, the central government's top financial expert.

He alluded to the government's continued spending trends as worrisome. From January to February, the gap between incomes and expenses increased another 1.2 percent of the gross domestic product, he said.

The powerpoint presentation showed that the nation is on track to reach a debt of more than 7 percent soon. Ayales said he thinks government officials have been taking the deficit numbers too lightly.

“To me, it's dangerous to say that six percent is manageable,” he said.

In January, Ayales said the deficit could effectively be eliminated in five years. Wednesday he predicted the government's best hope by 2019 would be a return to 3 percent, which he said could be a more manageable task.

Luís Guillermo Solís is expected to take over at the Casa l
Presidencia May 8. He will inherit the mounting debt from his predecessor Laura Chinchilla. The minister refused to mention specific names since the election is still technically a contest, but he did say whoever takes over should follow a few pieces of advice laid out by the Ministerio de Hacienda.

According to his plan, the next government will be transparent and accountable, which are two values that the campaign of Solís pitched frequently. The plan further suggests more cautious spending, and Ayales criticized the many expensive projects made in Chinchilla's tenure. He also stressed better control over the level of spending within the public sector.

He repeated the need for a joint agreement between the government, the courts, and the legislature in order to guarantee financial responsibility. His consolidation plan also calls for a fiscally minded administration that will work to gradually balance the budget.

The government needs to begin by eliminating the primary deficit (which excludes the cost of interest), he said.

A glimpse of good news came as Ayales said the unemployment rate is lower than in years past as it has dropped back to 8.3 percent. The finance minister credited this improvement to more job creation from the commercial and service sectors. 

The minister was expected to continue in his post if Johnny Araya Monge of the Partido Liberacón Nacional won the presidency. That does not seem likely because Araya has stopped campaigning. Solís of Acción Ciudadana has not announced an economics team.

DelRey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details



Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, March 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 56
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Scientist embarks on a project to create full-color portraits of pollinators
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

While the collapse of honey bee colonies in North America is still an unsolved mystery, a biologist with the U.S. Geological Survey is trying to preserve the memory of thousands of varieties of pollinating insects, some of which may become extinct.

A mysterious phenomenon known as colony collapse disorder is devastating honeybee populations all over the world.

Conservationists say some of North America's 4,000 bee species could be wiped out.

Rutgers University researcher Rachael Winfree said honeybees are not the only pollinators in danger. “What we found is that the native wild insects are doing about a half of the flower visitation,” she said.

A scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey, Sam Droege, said bees are too beautiful to be forgotten if they vanish forever. So, with the help of a lab technician, he is making full-color portraits of them.

“When you look at our native species, you are talking metallic colors, metallic greens, blues, blacks with heavy pitting, some are highly armored, some are red,” he said.

Droege is photographing not only the domesticated honeybees, but also many of the wild species that pollinate crops.

He collects some of the specimens himself, while others are sent to him by government agencies, researchers and institutions across the country.

Before their photo session, the bees must be washed and dried. Droege positions them in a special white box that bounces the light, leaving no shadows.

The photographs, taken from multiple angles, are merged by a computer program into a single beautiful picture.


bee
              faces
U.S. Geological Survey, Sam Droege
Bombus griseocollis queen from South Dakota Badlands

Droege said his work has two components. “One component is simply scientific, so that it illustrates our identification guide, which are very technical and can only be seen by a small number of people. But the other aspect is sort of a vehicle for talking and illustrating all the beauty.”

Droege said the detailed photos will help researchers by saving them time and preventing identification errors.

Some of the pictures are available at the U.S. Geological Survey Web site.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


Howard
                        rollover
The most comprehensive way to
investigate Costa Rica for retirement

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made the
          move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen, and t
       he author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement and Living
       in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
 
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com
8285-4/5/14

Anywhere
Anywhere Costa Rica plans custom vacations, and has the most comprehensive travel services in the country including travel guides, resorts and vacation homesCosta Rica tours
and car rentals.  
Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.
8278-3/14/14


Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
8199-4/6/14

Insurance firm graphic
Experience You Can Trust
TravelerFriendlyInsurance.com is an authorized representative of IMG insurance. For more than 20 years, IMG has dedicated its efforts to providing international medical insurance, travel insurance and impeccable service to the international community. It's our specialty. We realize that traveling abroad can be an exciting experience. We also know that anything can happen while you're away from home - whether visiting short-term or living abroad indefinitely. It's important to be prepared for any unexpected illness, injury or medical emergency. Many traditional medical plans simply are not designed for international travel. We offer: Indivudual/Family, Group, Students/Faculty Trip Interruption, Mission Medical, Specialty Coverage. Contact us at and get a FREE quote today:
U.S Phone: 317-489-0189 or in Costa Rica 8718-1794.
Our policies are accepted at Clinica Biblica and Hospital CIMA.   Visit our web page for more info: http://travelerfriendlyinsurance.com/
8201-1/22/14

Blues
                          video
Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com

8158-3/1/13

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom


Payless Car Rental
Excellent prices

at both Juan Santamaría airport in Alajuela
and Daniel Oduber airport
in Liberia.

 Click the logo to check availability.



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo

HERE!

A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)
Guanacaste rental
Long Term Rental. Villa Jardin
Gated Community in desirable North Playas Del Coco, Guanacaste.
Hear the waves, walk to the beach. Only 100 meters from the ocean. Two-bedrooms, two-bath home, large terrace with ocean view.  Hear the waves.   A/C, satellite TV, high-speed Internet available, fully furnished.  Carport, washer/dryer,  barbeque grill. Surrounded by gardens, palm trees and tropical trees frequented by monkeys.   Possible to include a one-bedroom apartment. with separate entrance, below villa. Long term:  main house — $1,250 per month and with the separate apartment. $1,600/month.  Owner Linda Gray; 8347-4705, linda@coldwellbankercr.com
8290-4/13/14

Apartments Lemur
Apartment Lemur for rent
San Francisco de Dos Rios, El Bosque, furnished, 2-bedroom, 1-bath apartment, quiet area, free cable TV, WiFi. large patio area, swimming pool, parking, security. Close to San José. $440/month. Call 8375-6838. Email: jorge.jorgejim@gmail.com.
8271-3/31/14

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
tropical
We are offering homes for every budget and every need.
Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com
or call at (506) 2654-5442.
8267-8/17/14

house
                                                photo
Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: jlayne1933@aol.com or yo@nehemiascr.com
8258-3/18/14

prime properties
ATTENTION EXPATS:
 
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Rohrmoser
Escazú
Santa Ana
 

  rentals.sanjose@gmail.com
8292-3/25/14

chalet
                                                in Heredia
Surrounded by nature in large property. Chalet for rent located in Monte de la Cruz, Heredia. Two bedrooms, two bathrooms,  laundry room, fully furnished, security, electric gate. $500 monthly. Phone  2267-6306  bonillaleda@yahoo.com
8242-3/10/14

100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
8241-3/7/14

ALAJUELA – SERENE LIVING
MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.
9229-3/3/14

Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8222-2/21/14

Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8296-3/25/14

Belen
                                                home
Test Drive Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD Contact owner for details: rafa@rafacr.com.
8198-2/9/14




Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, March 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 56
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us



Cafetales



Some debris spotted in ocean
sends searchers to location


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Australia announced it has located possible debris from a missing Malaysia Airlines jetliner in the southern Indian Ocean.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott told parliament today that two objects were spotted in satellite imagery. He said an Orion surveillance aircraft and three other planes are headed to the location.

"I would like to inform the house that new and credible information has come to light in relation to the search for Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 in the southern Indian Ocean. The Australian Maritime Safety Authority has received information based on satellite imagery of objects possibly related to the search. Following specialist analysis of this satellite imagery, two possible objects related to the search have been identified," said Abbott.

Abbott warned against making presumptions about the nature of the objects, saying it will be extremely difficult to locate them. Officials plan to hold a news conference in Canberra later today to discuss the findings.

John Young, the general manager of Australia’s maritime authority, said the debris was found 2,500 kilometers southwest of the western city of Perth. Young said the floating objects are relatively indistinct in the satellite images, but that one appeared to be about 24 meters long.

He said the water in the area is believed to be several thousands meters deep. The weather is reported to be moderate, but Young said poor visibility could hamper efforts to locate the debris.

Malaysia Defense Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said in a statement that he spoke with Abbott and other Australian officials about the development, but stressed that nothing has been confirmed.

There have been several false leads in the search since the plane disappeared March 8 without a trace with 239 people on board.

No other information on the location of the objects was immediately available.

Australia has been helping coordinate the southern section of the search for the Boeing 777. At least 26 nations have been hunting for the plane across a search area covering more than seven million square kilometers.

Investigators believe someone with advanced knowledge of aircraft deliberately diverted the plane either south toward the Indian Ocean or north toward Central Asia. They have refused to rule out any possibility, including terrorism, pilot suicide, or a mechanical malfunction.

President Barack Obama on Wednesday said the search is a top priority for the United States. He told a U.S. television station that he has put every available resource into the effort.

American and Malaysia investigators have been trying to analyze data from a flight simulator belonging to one of the plane's pilots. Malaysian officials say some of the data has been deleted and is now in the process of being reconstructed.


Pilots and others advance
theories on social networks


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Plenty of theories surround what happened to Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.  Not only are analysts and the flying public mesmerized by the plane's mysterious disappearance, pilots themselves are examining the facts and trying to figure out what happened.

On Facebook, users are posting photos of airplane controls, panels, manuals, and radars.  Pilot forums are buzzing as they share information about the plane’s disappearance.  One U.S. forum has nearly 150,000 hits and 64 pages of comments.

Bud Musser is a retired airline captain who flew the same model Boeing 777 that is missing. He says the pilot community is shocked that a 777 is involved.

"It is so sophisticated. It's so automated that you can make it do whatever you want if you learn how to fly that airplane," Musser said. "It's the first airplane that the engineers listened to the pilots on how to design the cockpit. It's user-friendly."

But not so user-friendly that someone without prior aviation knowledge could reprogram its route.

A week after the plane went missing March 8, Malaysian authorities put the two Malaysian pilots under more scrutiny and searched their homes.  The U.S. pilot community is sensitive about putting pilots' reputations at stake.  They say pilots know many lives are entrusted to them.
 
Vic Hooper has more than 4,000 hours as a Boeing 777 captain in Asia.  He says pilots work without immediate oversight, thousands of kilometers from their supervisors.

"They make decisions autonomously based on the situation around them, and they are responsible for their outcomes," said Hooper.

The pilot groups offer plenty of scenarios.  Musser says curiosity drives the chatter.

“It’s a disappeared airplane," he said.  "It’s kinda like out of the 1950s, or 60s TV show 'The Twilight Zone.' You just don’t know what happened and you can’t explain it.”

The old U.S. television show always ended with a bizarre, unexpected twist.


Resistant tuberculosis seen
as worldwide health hazard


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The medical aid group Doctors without Borders warns that drug-resistant tuberculosis has become a global threat. It says despite the growing number of cases, there are no effective treatments.

Doctors Without Borders has released a crisis alert called "The New Face of an Old Disease." The group, also known by the French acronym MSF, says urgent action is needed to solve the problem.

Dr. Phillip Du Cros, a TB advisor for the group, said, “In MSF’s experience, we are seeing MDR-TB – or multi-drug resistant TB – in more and more countries and in more numbers in our programs.”

There are about 500,000 new cases of MDR-TB every year.

Du Cros said that it’s hard enough dealing with MDR-TB, let alone an even stronger strain of the bacteria that causes XDR-TB or extensively drug resistant tuberculosis. He tells the story of an infected child in Central Asia.

“After a year of treatment, she was failing treatment with all the drugs that we have. So this poor child had gone through treatment where she had suffered from nausea almost every day and she was going deaf from one of the drugs. She was having to take over seven different drugs every day, all with different side effects. And despite trying to take all of this treatment she was failing treatment and showing the limits of the treatment that we have available currently,” he said.

Standard TB drugs do not work against the new forms of the disease. Treatment for MDR-TB could last two years, during which time a patient may swallow 10,000 pills and have daily injections for eight months. And after all that, it may not work.

Du Cros said, “I think the main reason this has got to be a big problem is that although we’ve made some progress tackling TB, in recent years the global community has turned away from investing in improving on what we can do with TB. We’ve been satisfied with old answers. The reality is that we don’t currently have the answers that will solve the problem of TB. We don’t have actually effective treatments in new regimens that will actually tackle the large epidemic of multi-drug-resistant TB.

Bacteria can build resistance when TB patients fail to complete their drug regimen and when countries do not strictly control the use of medications.

“It’s a global problem, which the global community needs to take responsibility for. Not just international organizations like our own or the World Health Organization, but I think also governments and pharmaceutical companies and academics. There are maybe lots of good individual initiatives, but I think as a global community we really need to come together urgently and look at how we can have faster solutions that are going to deliver a real change at ground level for this epidemic,” he said.

The solution, he said, is a much shorter, more effective treatment. Currently, there are only about five to eight drugs used to treat resistant TB depending on the regimen needed. The two latest drugs available are actually the first new TB medications developed in 40 years.

“Although that’s cause for optimism,” he said, “we still don’t know how to use those drugs in new regimens. And so we’re limited by adding them to a regimen that is already highly toxic and difficult for patients to take.”

Du Cros added if a global investment is not made to address the epidemic there will be a price to pay.

“As an example, in the United States in the early 90s, there was an outbreak of multi-drug resistant TB. And as a result of a few hundred cases the public health program invested nearly one billion dollars. That number of patients is not even a third of what we see in one of our programs in one country. If we don’t start to step-in early to deal with the problem now, you can multiply that figure by a huge number that you can pluck out of the air.”

The Doctors without Borders alert said, “With only one in five people in need receiving treatment, the fatal, airborne disease is left to spread indiscriminately.”


Democrats worried at ratings
of president as elections loom

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

President Barack Obama’s public approval ratings have hit new lows in recent weeks, sparking fears among Democrats about their chances in the November midterm congressional elections.  Historically speaking, two-term presidents experience losses in midterm congressional elections.  It’s usually not a question of if, but how many?  This year the stakes are especially high because Republicans believe they have an excellent chance of wresting control of the Senate from Democrats, which would have enormous political implications for the final two years of the Obama presidency.

It’s still too early to know what impact the crisis in Ukraine is having on Obama’s ratings.  His recent drop in the polls seems tied to concerns about the economy and lingering problems with his signature health care law, the Affordable Care Act.  Republicans haven’t been shy about hammering the president on his handling of Ukraine, feeding a narrative they have been pushing for some time now about what they see as the general weakness of the Obama foreign policy approach and a negative impact on the image of the U.S. abroad.

The recent results of a special congressional election in Florida excited Republicans and sparked new worries among Democrats about what may transpire in November.  Republican David Jolly won a narrow victory over Democrat Alex Sink and his victory confirmed for some the Republican strategy of focusing in on the unpopularity of the health care law.  Democrats were hoping their strategy of focusing on fixes to the controversial law would be enough to neutralize it in competitive races this year, but the Florida race seems to suggest that may not be enough.

Democrats are also worried about the president’s stubbornly weak approval ratings, hovering in most surveys in the low 40-percent area.  That is usually an indicator of trouble for the president’s party in competitive midterm races and it also means the White House will be limiting Obama’s campaign appearances in states and congressional districts where Republicans are strong.  In short, if Democrats are to keep their majority in the Senate they will probably want to keep the president out of those Red-leaning Republican states where Democratic candidates will be looking to put some distance between themselves and the president.  Carroll Doherty is director of political research at the Pew Research Center in Washington.  “He is at best in the low 40 percent range for job approval, not a good sign for an incumbent president in the sixth year who wants to gain seats in Congress.”

Congressional Democrats have taken note of the president’s weakening approval ratings and are already calibrating what it may mean for their re-election hopes in November, says analyst John Fortier of the Bipartisan Policy Center.  “It is the area where presidents worry and they worry about midterm elections and that their popularity will affect the party and ultimately hurt his majority in the Congress.”

Another lesson from the recent Florida race is who turned out to vote.  Democrats did not get their supporters out to the polls as they had hoped while Republicans were able to do a better job of firing up their base, in large part because of opposition to Obamacare.  Most experts already see a Republican advantage in this year’s midterm elections because the voter turnout in non-presidential election years tends to skew toward older white voters, a strong constituency for the Republicans.  The younger, more female and more ethnically diverse electorate that helped to elect Barack Obama twice in 2008 and 2012 is not likely to show up in similar strength this year, and that has Democrats scrambling to find ways to motivate their core supporters.

Carroll Doherty with Pew says Democrats have a chance to be competitive in November if they can find a way to somehow cut into the Republican advantage on turnout, according to the latest research he’s seen.  “What it is showing is that there is no wave election for the Republicans or the Democrats at this point.  It looks pretty even, which means that the turnout is going to be a big factor and Republicans in midterms do pretty well in turnout.”

Most experts now say the Democrats have a tough slog to try to retake the House.  They would need a pickup of 17 seats in the 435-seat House and that is not looking very likely.  The real battle remains the Senate where a gain of six Republican seats would give them a narrow majority in the Senate.  Republican control of both the House and the Senate in the final two years of the Obama presidency would likely be a recipe for even tighter gridlock.  Fortier says even if Republicans only come close to winning control of the Senate, the die may be cast for the remainder of the Obama presidency.  “I think either way we are facing divided government for the rest of President Obama’s term and that means either a lot of conflict or an occasional issue where they can find some sort of compromise.”

One issue for hoped-for compromise is immigration reform, something even some Republicans could help them expand their base of support beyond older white voters.  But so far it’s unclear if Republicans are willing to take a chance on an issue that could alienate their conservative supporters during an election year.


Nose spray vaccine uses
nanotechnological technique


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Scientists have developed a revolutionary vaccine that does not require refrigeration or booster shots, making the so-called nanovaccine a potential game-changer in curbing disease in the developing world. Experts believe the drug, which is delivered in a nose spray, could extend immunization to millions of people who are not now vaccinated against dangerous, infectious diseases. 

Scientists say the vaccine is the first to use nanoparticles, a relatively new technology in medicine that embeds proteins from disease-causing organisms into tiny, polymer spheres five hundred times smaller than the width of a human hair.

Balaji Narasimhan, a chemical engineer at Iowa State University, led a team of researchers that developed the nasal spray. Like other vaccines, the protein-containing nanoparticles contained in the spray prime the body’s immune system to recognize and mount a protective response against dangerous diseases without actually causing illness.

Narasimhan says a huge advantage of the nanovaccine is that it does not require refrigeration, which is challenging in remote parts of the world and drives up the cost of traditional vaccines.

“The price of the vaccine would go down," he said. "But the logistics of employing these vaccines into various parts of the world would also be tremendously impacted by a room temperature storage vaccine that would not need refrigeration.”

Narasimhan says nanovaccines developed in the lab remained effective for up to six months without refrigeration.

A nanovaccine can be designed to target any disease, according to Narasimhan, by sealing proteins from the pathogens inside the spheres.
 
Researchers have so far developed experimental vaccine sprays against influenza and pneumonia, as well as a number of bioterrorism agents, including plague and anthrax.

Narasimhan says designer nanovaccines could potentially be used to contain emerging infectious diseases such as SARS, new influenza strains and drug-resistant tuberculosis. They can even be formulated to include antibiotics and antimicrobials to help treat disease.

A person only needs to be immunized once with a nanovaccine.  Narasimhan says boosters are not needed to resensitize the immune system against a disease because of the way the nanoparticles work.

“When they come into contact with the body, the body fluids, water mainly, degrades the particles," he said. "And as the particles degrade, they release that protein slowly. So that slow release of the protein is what essentially gives the body the type of memory that it acquires to remember the infection and obviates the need for a booster shot.”

Narasimhan envisions someday having nanovaccines against any number of tropical diseases, including cholera, diphtheria and dengue fever, once researchers identify target proteins. 

Balaji Narasimhan unveiled his nanovaccine at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in Dallas, Texas.


soldier's letter
University of California, Berkley, Bancroft Library photo
This is the letter that was translated.

Ancient Eqyptian soldier
expressed typical concerns

By the Rice University news staff

A newly deciphered 1,800-year-old letter from an Egyptian solider serving in a Roman legion in Europe to his family back home shows striking similarities to what some soldiers may be feeling here and now.

Rice religious studies graduate student Grant Adamson took up the task in 2011 when he was assigned the papyrus to work on during a summer institute hosted at Brigham Young University.

The private letter sent home by Roman military recruit Aurelius Polion was originally discovered in 1899 by the expedition team of Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt in the ancient Egyptian city of Tebtunis. It had been catalogued and described briefly before, but to this point no one had deciphered and published the letter, which was written mostly in Greek.

“This letter was just one of many documents that Grenfell and Hunt unearthed,” Adamson said. “And because it was in such bad shape, no one had worked much on it for about 100 years.” Even now portions of the letter’s contents are uncertain or missing and not possible to reconstruct.

Polion’s letter to his brother, sister and his mother, called the bread seller, reads like one of a man who is very desperate to reach his family after sending six letters that have gone unanswered. He wrote in part:

“I pray that you are in good health night and day, and I always make obeisance before all the gods on your behalf. I do not cease writing to you, but you do not have me in mind. But I do my part writing to you always and do not cease bearing you (in mind) and having you in my heart. But you never wrote to me concerning your health, how you are doing. I am worried about you because although you received letters from me often, you never wrote back to me so that I may know how you.

Adamson believes that Polion was stationed in the Roman province of Pannonia Inferior at Aquincum, modern day Budapest, but he said that the legion to which Polion belonged is known to have been mobile and may have traveled as far as Byzantium, modern day Istanbul.

“Polion was literate, and literacy was rarer then that it is now, but his handwriting, spelling and Greek grammar are erratic,” Adamson said, which made English translation of the damaged letter even more difficult. “He likely would have been multilingual, communicating in Egyptian or Greek at home in Egypt before he enlisted in the army and then communicating in Latin with the army in Pannonia.”

Adamson believes Polion wrote home in Greek because writing home in Egyptian was not really an option at the time, and because his family in Egypt most likely did not know much Latin.

To establish an approximate date for the letter, Adamson depended on handwriting styles and a few other more specific hints.

“Dating ancient papyri is generally hard to do very specifically unless there happens to be a date or known event mentioned in the text,” Adamson said. “But you can make a preliminary decision based on the handwriting.”

Another hint is the soldier’s Roman name Aurelius. He could have acquired it as part of a widespread granting of Roman citizenship in the year 212. And another hint is Polion’s reference to a consular commander, which suggests a date after 214 when the Roman province of Pannonia Inferior came under consular governance.

Because of the letter’s personal nature and common theme of familial concern, Adamson’s publication of it in the latest volume of the Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists has been receiving national and international media attention.

“One thing that I think is important about this letter is that it reflects the emotions of a soldier in the ancient world,” said April DeConick, chairwoman of Rice’s Religious Studies Department and Adamson’s faculty adviser. “His emotions are really no different than those of soldiers today, who are longing to go home.”

The papyrus is housed at the University of California, Berkley’s Bancroft Library.


Real estate-related services (paid category)

Interior Design & Custom Furniture Manufacturing
logo
“We regularly exceed client expectations.
We guarantee it.”
Customizing for your vision, lifestyle and budget.
 
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

• Interior Design
• Custom Furniture Manufacturing
• Building Completion Services
Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad.
Our custom furniture designs & manufacturing can be contracted independently.
“Serving the Region for 11 years”

Email: info@casadelpacifico.com
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com



Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8294-6/12/14

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8206-5/18/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8119-4/16/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8245-5/12/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Belen home
Test Drive Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD Contact owner for details: rafa@rafacr.com.
8198-2/9/14

beachfront home
Beautiful Palo Seco Beach home priced to sell!
Also looking for full-time housekeeper!
Gorgeous beachfront two-story home, of roughly 2,000 square feet, set on a half acre oceanfront lot that is full of beautiful fruit and shade trees in Playa Palo Seco. This home features two bedrooms, three full baths, high quality A/C units in all rooms, huge front and back yards, and of course, a fantastic view of the Pacific Ocean just feet away from the front door! Playa Palo Seco is perfectly situated between Jacó and Quepos and is only minutes away from five-star dining such as El Clandestino.  We have reduced the price from $150,000 to $125,000 firm for a fast sale in the new year! This is a must see property! Owner financing is available. This truly is a once in a lifetime offer and it will go fast! Please call 8816-2478 or email bmcart3@gmail.com for more information!

We are also currently looking for an English-speaking, full-time housekeeper. The housekeeper will be required to pay utilities but not rent. We are offering the chance to live rent free in this beautiful beach home at the small cost of keeping the property in good shape and keeping it safe while we are looking for a new owner! If you are interested, please e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information!!
88288-xxxx

Esterillos

Beach Front Home - Central Pacific Coast
Pristine condition, recently renovated. The best surfing and boogie boarding in the country. The most magnificent ocean and sunset view. New 20-year, fully registered concession on one of the most beautiful beaches in Costa Rica. Easy access from San José (1 hour 25 minutes) located between Jacó and Manuel Antonio, in Esterillos Oeste.  2 or 3 bedrooms. Center room can be living room. House with 2 1/2 baths. Separated rancho with kitchen and large entertainment patio. Landscaped garden with no water shortage. Has both municipal and well water with automatic watering system. Direct access to the beach as no road is in front of property. Protected land on one side of the property for additional privacy.  Alarm system and complete shutters for security while away.  Lot approximately 1,725 square meters, Asking price: $385.000.  Contact to Paul at local phone 506- 2637-8858  Cell phone 506- 8823-8550 .  US Mobile 908-400-9772  Emails: edumace64@yahoo.es and pdvartanian@aol.com.
8269-5/27/14

Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/
4

Excazu montage
Trejos  Montealegre, Escazú.
Two bedrooms and two baths.  220 m2 construction on  289 m2 of land. Beautiful contemporary house across from a small park, easy walk to Avenida Escazú.
Great views. Only 7 years old. Two patios and a balcony. In a quiet and secure neighborhood with guard shack across the street. Nice landscaped garden. Sale includes all furniture.  Price: $275,000. Owner will work with real estate sales people.   Phone  Ron Eaton  at 8997-1799. Email: ronaldeaton95@yahoo.com
8251-3/14/14

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $170,000. USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additional bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8253-5/12/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8223-2/21/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high \[speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

complex
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8200-4/3/14

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region
RichCoastRealty.com

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!

     www.RichCoastRealty.com
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
   Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
8191-4/30/13


Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8186-3/13/14


Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at www.suenos.org. Contact us at: osaproperty@gmail.com or +1-866-514-7435.
8172-1/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at: http://www.rebecker.com/journal102006a.htm.  Contact information: ginbecker@gmail.com,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at  www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8135-2/5/14

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2104

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx


Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact galanses@hotmail.com for an appointment. For a preview www.facebook.com/FantasiaTropicalCR
8232-2/24/14

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com.
8213-2/13/14

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
A.M.
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. San Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, March 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 56
Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute













BBC  news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

















Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Use of spices can cut intake
of salt, researchers report


By the American Heart Association news service

Teaching people how to flavor food with spices and herbs is considerably more effective at lowering salt intake than having them do it on their own, according to research presented on Wednesday.

In the first phase of the study, 55 volunteers ate a low-sodium diet for four weeks. Researchers provided all foods and calorie-containing drinks. Salt is the main source of sodium in food.

In the second phase, half of the study volunteers participated in a 20-week behavioral intervention aimed at reducing their sodium intake to 1,500 milligrams a day by using spices and herbs. The other half reduced sodium on their own.

More than 60 percent of the participants in the study had high blood pressure, 18 percent had diabetes and they were overweight.

The researchers found that in the first phase, sodium intake decreased from an average 3,450 milligrams a day to an average 1,656 milligrams.

In the second phase, sodium intake increased in both groups. But those who received the behavioral intervention consumed an average 966 milligrams a day of sodium less than the group that didn’t receive the intervention.

“People in the intervention group learned problem-solving strategies, use of herbs and spices in recipes, how culture influences spice choices, how to monitor diet, overcoming the barriers to making dietary changes, how to choose and order foods when eating out and how to make low-sodium intake permanent,” said Cheryl A. M. Anderson, lead author of the study and associate professor in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California San Diego.

Those assigned to the behavioral intervention group had cooking demonstrations and had a chance to share how they were changing traditional recipes to remove salt and include spices. The researchers didn’t emphasize specific spices, and encouraged participants to try different things to find out what they liked most.

“Salt is abundant in the food supply, and the average sodium level for Americans is very high — much higher than what is recommended for healthy living,” Professor Anderson said. “We studied the use of a behavioral intervention where people learn how to use spices and herbs and less salt in their daily lives.”

Given the challenges of lowering salt in the American diet, we need a public health approach aimed at making it possible for consumers to cut intake, said the professor.



Costa Rican News
AMCostaRicaArchives.com
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
CostaRicaReport.com
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica


Sports
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Rica.com Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


From Page 7:

Tourism chamber opposes alcohol restrictions

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The national tourism chamber urged the nations 81 municipalities to allow the sale of alcohol for Semana Santa and also around the day of the national elections April 6.

A recent change in the law gave municipalities the power to make this decision.

The Cámara Nacional de Turismo said in a letter to the various municipal councils that prohibiting the sale of alcohol is something that has a negative impact on tourism.

The chamber said that only 6 percent of the municipalities has said what they will do. The Municipalities of  Tibás, Mora, El Guarco and San Rafael de Heredia have said they will not restrict the sale of alcohol but the central canton of San José will, the chamber said.

Typically the restrictions, if there are any, will apply to Holy Thursday and Good Friday during Semana Santa and the day before and the day after the national elections.

The chamber also urged municipalities to make a decision quickly so tourism operators, bar owners and restaurant operators will know.  In the past, the decision was made at the national level.