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(506) 2223-1327                          Published Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014,  in Vol. 14, No. 39                          Email us
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This the new species Apanteles albanjimenezi, named after Alban Jiménez in recognition of his efforts for the conservation area's  Programa de Educacion Biológica.

wasp
José Fernández-Triana photo

Mind-boggling diversity found in Guanacaste wasps
By the Pensoft Publishers news staff

An inventory of wild-caught caterpillars, its food plants and parasites, has been going on for more than 34 years in the Área de Conservación Guanacaste, a protected section of approximately 1,200 square kilometers in northwestern Costa Rica. As a result, more than 10,000 species of moths and butterflies are estimated to live there.

Their caterpillars are in turn attacked by many parasitic wasps, also numbering thousands of species. However, most of those wasps have never been described and remain unknown.

For the past few years researchers from Canada, Costa Rica and the United States have been studying intensively one of these groups of parasitoids: the Microgastrinae wasps, named that way because most of the species have a short abdomen. These small wasps (1 to 5 millimeters long) are one of the most common and diverse groups of parasites recovered from caterpillars anywhere.

The authors of this study, published in the open access journal ZooKeys, analyzed more than 4,000 specimens of just one single genus of microgastrine parasitoid wasps from the conservation area: Apanteles, previously known from only three species in Costa Rica. The results are astonishing: 186 new species were found just in the conservation area. That is more diversity than all the species of Apanteles previously described from the New World. It also represents 20 percent of the world fauna, in less than 0.001 percent of the terrestrial area of the planet.

"What this study shows is how much we have
underestimated the actual diversity of parasitoid wasps, and how much we still have to learn about them" said José Fernández-Triana, a researcher from Canada and one of the authors of the paper. "When other areas of the planet are as well collected and studied as ACG has been, the number of new species of parasitoid wasps to be discovered will be mind-boggling."

The study also found that most of the wasp species (90 percent) only parasitized one or just a few species of moths or butterflies, suggesting that the Microgastrinae parasitoid wasps are more specialized than previously suspected.

All the new species are described through an innovative approach that integrates morphological, molecular and biological data, computer-generated descriptions, and high-quality illustrations for every single species.

The combination of techniques allowed the researchers to speed up the process of describing new species, without reducing the quality of the paper.

Images of the cocoons that the wasps spin when emerging from the parasitized caterpillar were also included whenever possible, to encourage more studies on caterpillars and their parasitoids.

"We hope that this paper lays a foundation for similar studies on other tropical areas of the world", said Fernández-Triana. "In fact, most of the new species were named after the local persons in Costa Rica who actually collected the caterpillars in the field and reared the wasps used in this study. It is an excellent way to acknowledge and honor their valuable contribution, and we expect that in the future more citizens feel engaged to contribute to Science in similar ways."




The Nicaraguan map released by officials here shows purple areas that are offered for petroleum drilling that appear to dip into Costa Rica's maritime territories. Arrows have been applied by Costa Rican officials.

map of NicaraguaNicaraguan government map

Costa Rica will file another case at The Hague
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica will go again today to the International Court of Justice to file a complaint against Nicaragua. This time the country says its northern neighbor is encroaching on its territory and offering the maritime tracts for petroleum exploration.

The problem has been known for a long time and involves territory in both the Caribbean and the Pacific.

What has prompted bringing the case to the court in The Hague is that Nicaragua seems unwilling to negotiate the issue and has announced that it would purchase warships to enforce its maritime claims, said officials here.

President Laura Chinchilla was scheduled to give a televised speech Monday night outlining the country's position.
The complaint was supposed to be filed with the court today by Ambassador Jorge Urbina and the country's lawyer, Sergio Ugalde. Costa Rica already is in the court with a claim stemming from Nicaragua's invasion of a plot of land in extreme northeast Costa Rica. That took place in 2009. The court has yet to issue a final decision in that case, and Nicaragua has filed a counterclaim.

The central government said that the issue of the maritime borders have been under discussion since 2002 when Nicaragua published a map that was part of an offer for petroleum exploration.

The government said it wants the court to establish clear national borders in the oceans.

Managua also has been involved in a case at The Hague involving territorial claims by Colombia based on islands the South American country owns off the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua.

Antigua
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A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 39

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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.

Legal services
Arcelio logo
Serving the English-speaking community for over a

decade with offices in San Jose, Alajuela and Jaco
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    ☑ OFFICIAL TRANSLATIONS
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         RESIDENCY
    ☑ ESCROW SERVICES (REGISTERED WITH
         SUGEF)
    ☑ VEHICLE IMPORTATION AND TITLE
          TRANSFERS
You deserve to communicate fluently with your lawyer.
Visit our Web site:  www.CRTitle.com
Email:  lawyer@crtitle.com
Notice: The registration with Sugef is not an authorization to operate. It is solely to prevent money laundering as ordered by law 8204. People who contract with the company do so at their own risk.
8255/14/14


Dentistry

Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at: marcomunozcavallini.com
7969-5/9/14


Psychotherapy

Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
Dr. KLycinda
                                                  Gray
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
 
   •  Transformational  
         Psychotherapy

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   • Relationship Issues

   • New World Meditation
        Training & Support

 
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Email: lucinda@drlucindagray.com
U.S. Phone: 310-827-4241
Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041
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Architects

Organe
                                                  headline
Architecture-Real Estate-Development

At Architect Orange we are inspired by the visions of each of our clients, and have worked diligently to embody those visions in our work.

We have locations in Atenas (servicing Central Valley/Beach areas)
Arenal (servicing Guanacaste/Nicoya Peninsula)

Contact Information:
 (506) 2694-4712
Website http://www.architectorange.com
Inquires  info@architectorange.com
Arenal office located at Agua Inn Spa

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Quickbooks consulting

Kathy
                                                    Rothschild
Kathy Rothschild
QuickBooks Consultant
Santo Domingo de Heredia
*Cloud hosting *Set-up  *Training  *Trouble-shooting *Customization bookkeeping services *Financial reports *Intuit product discounts
Contact:  kathy@goodbooksgal.com
Phones: 8572-2984  or 2244-2247
8192-4/2/15

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
Carmichael
For more information please contact Claudia Villegas at 8996-5581 or email HERE!
 
• Paintings

• Sculptures
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• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.
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Real estate agents and services

Colinas
Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area. There are 88 clear titled lots, some in mountain areas with great views and the rest on gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards, or just a quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.  All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each lot, and all lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $35,000, and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
You can see more on our Web site: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
 Libertad, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 15 minutes to Playa del Coco or Playa Hermosa
and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at JimDay50@aol.com   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
8251-8/27/14

CR Beach

Jaco Real Estate
CR Beach Investment Real Estate reminds you that Costa Rica’s #1 beachtown,“the new Jacó,” invites you to see the recent changes:  clean paved roads; more bilingual police; more trendy & tipico restaurants; new a/c movie 4plex & new theatrical-conference center; new central park with activities; more bargain priced properties for sale, and lower priced rentals…
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Let CR Beach show you why we know this is the best area for you to  invest-retire-enjoy!
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Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
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Tel: (323) 255-6116
8154-3/12/14

Translators

Jorge Desanti
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Instant Interpreter/Translator
for Expats.

Jorge Desanti is fluent in English and Spanish. 3-way phone conversation. You call him first. He does the rest. Or he will translate English text for you.
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Accountants

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Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
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Uncle Sam's
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• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
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• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
7410-4/1/13

Our readers' opinions
Las Crucitas investment
well documented for case


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

One of the first issues to face the next Costa Rican administration will be the Las Crucitas arbitration case. The question to be answered now is how much will Costa Rica have to pay. The latest decision to seek compensation for $94 million plus legal and interest costs would suggest that a decision could be rendered in a relatively short time. Infinito would be perfectly justified in seeking compensation for lost profits, and this decision not to pursue this course of action should drastically reduce the financial liability of Costa Rica.

It is a commendable decision by Infinito that clearly is intended to reduce the financial impact on the Costa Rican people for the conflicting decisions made by its judicial and political system, while justifiably recovering its investment costs which were made in good faith. What will emerge from this arbitration case and of prime importance to Infinito is the fact that the allegations made by administration officials inferring Infinito had committed illegalities during its time in Costa Rica are proven to be completely without merit.

Infinito had no secret agenda. It is a gold mining company. It makes no apology for that. Infinito applied for and was granted an exploration license. It prepared an extensive and thorough environmental impact assessment (EIA) which was finally approved by Setena after an extraordinary review period.
http://www.infinitogold.com/s/LasCrucitasChronology.asp

Costa Rica is a sovereign nation and, as such, has the right to determine what type of investment can be undertaken within its boundaries. No one disputes that. What is not acceptable to international investors is the apparent method of attracting foreign investment, encouraging a company to invest millions of dollars in its project and then to totally disregard investment treaties by annulling such projects with the intent of avoiding compensation penalties.

The blame for this current situation sits not with Infinito nor with Costa Rican environmentalists, it rests solely with the Costa Rican political and judicial system. There can be no dispute over the value of Infinito's investment claim in Las Crucitas. Previous financial statements will verify that amount. What is most disturbing about this whole fiasco is the fact that if this project had progressed as scheduled, then 2014 would have seen the start of preparations for the future closure of the mine, details of which are fully documented in the EIA. More trees would be planted than previously existed. A thorough future environmental and economic plan was in place for Las Crucitas. Infinito's board of directors were fully committed to the protection of the environment.

So, instead of being the beneficiary of taxes, infrastructure improvements, much needed jobs for the local community and royalty income, Costa Rica will now face an international arbitration board under the auspices of the World Bank, that will decide on the total amount of compensation (total investment plus legal costs and interest ) to be paid by Costa Rica to Infinito Gold. A total bureaucratic mismanagement that will now be addressed and held accountable but, regrettably, paid for by the Costa Rican public.

Stewart Hay
British Columbia,  Canada


Delay at immigration hurts
expat's chance to get a job


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

In response to your article on disputes between the Association of Residents of Costa Rica and the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.
 
I am a rentista over 55. To gain this type of residency I had to put $60,000 in a bank account and change
 $ 1,000 a month from dollars to colons.  Four months before the five-year period was to expire, I applied for permanent residency. With the bank account running out, I needed to get a job, and I must have permanent residency to work here.
 
That was 17 months ago, and I am still waiting for my permanent residency. I had to renew my rentista cédula  so I could renew my drivers license here. So for 17 months now, the bank account has been empty, and I can't work. I am an ARCR member.
 
So now I have to pay $252 per month for Caja, when the money deposited for my residency is gone and the law says I can't work ?  Somehow that just does not seem right.
 
Robert Savage
Heredia
 

Caja for permanent residents
called unfair, discriminatory


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

If the ARCR takes the Caja to court over the medical insurance fees that residents must now pay, they should also raise the claim that permanent residents should not have to pay anything if they don't want to affiliate with the Caja.

Permanent residents are supposed to have the same rights as citizens here (except voting rights), and citizens are not required to show proof of Caja membership when they renew their cédulas.  Many non-working Ticos are not members of the Caja by choice or financial circumstances.

Many permanent residents have Instituto Nacional de Seguros  or other private medical insurance policies that they pay for and never use the Caja.  The required Caja affiliation is a discriminatory tax on non-citizen permanent residents.

Allan Mannheim
Cariari

San Ramón author compiles
short stories of local life

By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Paul Brenes is a professional lawyer, avid historian, and now a published author. The do-it-all San Ramón resident recently published a book of short stories entitled "Los Perros Guapeados."

Consisting of 73 stories, the collection details the honorable traditions and colorful characters of the canton through farfetched tales and sceneries painted in magical light. Brenes began work on the stories in 1988, but said he really spent the last decade honing in on perfecting and completing each one.

"I continued in the last 10 years with more intensity," he said. "It took me through a good deal of research and editing."

His short stories stem from the influence of his townsfolk and San Ramon's history. Though historically-based, the stories are also drenched in comic narrative that highlight the characters and nostalgias that are experienced in any tight-knit pueblo.

"Humor is an important part of life, it shows us another facet of people who generally seem very serious and formal," Brenes said. "Each town should have a compilation of these tales from collective memory, and I think this book is a testament to that."

Brenes recently presented the book to the Centro Cultural e Histórico José Figueres Ferrer in San Ramón. He said it will soon be available at different bookstores or can be ordered via email.

The book's prologue, written by local anthropologist Fernando González, outlines the way Brenes is able to draw upon a lifetime of shared stories and filter them through his unique imagination.

"Anecdotal events occur every day in communities and social groups," González said. "The majority go unnoticed or reduced to family circles. Only a few transcend time and generations – and like different stories and legends – they form part of the cultural heritage and identity of the peoples."


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A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
 
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 39
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U.S.
                  Tax and
 

pottery sketches
Christine Rieck-Sonntag graphics
Sketches show some of the steps in collecting clay and molding it into a finished project for sale.
New book for kids aims to promote the Chorotega pottery heritage
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Chorotega pottery tradition has existed for perhaps more than 2,000 years, but soon a fictional iguana will lend a claw to keep it going. The iguana, Igo, is the character created by German artist and writer Christine Rieck-Sonntag. The book is designed for children, and children, appropriately, are the subject matter of some of the graphics.

The book is being showcased by the Ecomuseo de la Cerámica Chorotega de San Vicente de Nicoya and the Museo Nacional. The writer's goal and that of the museums is to bring local children closer to the ceramic art of their parents and ancestors and to motivate them to preserve the cultural inheritance, according to the museums. The museum workers outlined the goal in an announcement Monday about the inauguration of the book, which will be Wednesday at 5 p.m. in the Museo Nacional.

The Aztecs had Chorotega pottery on their tables, as did MesoAmerican cultures before them. The region, which includes Guaitil de Santa Cruz and las Pozas de Nicoya, as well as Sam Vicente, benefits from an excellent clay material for making pottery. The entire area has been declared a national heritage region, and the locally run San Vicente museum displays the history.

Ms. Rieck-Sonntag is an internationally known artist who has had her works displayed in museums the world over. She also has received many awards.  Income from the book will benefit the local museum.

In the book the iguana is upset because humans are taking the special San Vicente soils where iguanas put their eggs. To find out why, Igo visits the artists' workshops in the town. Help is provided by a little local girl. During the trip, the iguana learns the ways of mixing the clay, molding the pots or vases, painting them and then firing them. The text stresses the importance of this local artistic tradition.
pottery photo
Ecomuseo de la Cerámica Chorotega de San Vicente photo
A typical display of Chorotega pottery for sale at a fair.



Solís promises to end under-the-table deals in tourism industry
By Michael Krumholtz
of the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Even though Costa Rica still leads the way in tourism over its Central American neighbors, Luis Guillermo Solís insists that the profitable sector can improve under his watch.

The presidential candidate met with the Cámara Costarricense de Hoteles Monday to answer questions and lay out his administration's blueprint for making the country's tourism industry even more competitive.

"We believe tourism is one of the most important issues to address for this country," said the Partido Acción Ciudadana candidate. "It's a small country. However it has the ability to attract a lot of people."

Solís laid out a few goals that will need to be met in order to boost tourism numbers. A better economy, more efficient transactions between public and private sectors, improved management with less corruption, and advanced treatment of water and energy were listed among his top priorities.

"We have a responsibility to bring tourism to an even stronger level," Solís said.

Rubén Pacheco, current president of the Cámara and former minister of Turismo, gave a powerpoint presentation to Solís and a small audience of his supporters and press members. Costa Rica generates over a quarter of the tourism arrivals in the region, but numbers have dropped since 2008 and the economic tailspin.

Solís blamed recent backwards steps on poor infrastructure and governmental neglect. According to him, there has been too much money going under the table and not enough set aside for developing the industry's investments. "We can be a responsible government," he said. "We will fight against this corruption."

He pointed out a priority on cultivating more successful communication between governmental agencies and private tourism-based companies. In using a spaghetti bowl as an analogy, he said such a necessary collaboration is not possible without all its essential ingredients. This additional support, Solís added, will increase jobs throughout the country, especially for the somewhat marginalized demographics of women and children.

Costa Rica has recently dipped to 47th internationally in terms of travel and tourism competitiveness, according to the World Economic Forum. Guidelines for the rankings include regulation, state of businesses and infrastructure, and availability of human, cultural, and national resources.

Panamá moved up to the 37th slot,
Solis
A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz
Luis Guillermo Solís discusses tourism with those in the industry.

jumping over Costa Rica in the most recent index.

The neighbor to the south provides a cheaper alternative for traveling, but continues to undergo problems with its water and environmental provisions.

"I love Panamá, and I respect Panamá," Solís said. "But its environmental treatment has been one of the worst."

He reassured the crowd that under his administration Costa Rica would continue to live up to its billing as an environmentally focused destination, saying water and electric are fundamental areas to improve.

DelRey nightlife

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

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Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 39
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Plastic trash in oceans harbor possibly dangerous microbes, study says
By the American Geophysical Union news staff

Scientists are revealing how microbes living on floating pieces of plastic marine debris affect the ocean ecosystem, and the potential harm they pose to invertebrates, humans and other animals. New research delves deeper into the largely unexplored world of what is being called Plastisphere, an ecological community of microbial organisms living on ocean plastic that was first discovered last year.

When scientists initially studied the Plastisphere, they found that at least 1,000 different types of microbes thrive on these tiny plastic islands and that they might pose a risk to larger animals, including invertebrates and humans. The original studies also showed that the Plastisphere’s inhabitants included bacteria known to cause diseases in animals and humans.

Since then, researchers have been trying to figure out why these potentially dangerous bacteria live on the Plastisphere, how they got there and how they are affecting the surrounding ocean.

New evidence suggests that colonizers form detectable clusters on the plastic in minutes. Other findings indicate that some types of harmful bacteria favor plastics more than others. And, scientists are exploring if fish or other ocean animals may be helping these pathogens thrive by ingesting the plastic. That could allow bacteria to acquire additional nutrients as they pass through the guts of the fish, said Tracy Mincer, an associate scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

Revealing this information could help scientists better understand how much of a potential threat these harmful bacteria pose and the role the Plastisphere plays in the larger ocean ecosystem, including its potential to alter nutrients in the water. That information could also help reduce the impact of plastic pollution in the ocean, Ms. Mincer said.

For instance plastics manufacturers could learned how to make their products so they degrade at an optimal rate, she added. 
microbs at sea
SEA Education Association/Erik Zettler,
Greg Boyd holds foam floats containing invertebrates and microbes. The floats were recovered from the ocean.

“One of the benefits of understanding the Plastisphere right now and how it interacts with biota in general, is that we are better able to inform materials scientists on how to make better materials and, if they do get out to sea, have the lowest impact possible,” said Ms. Mincer, who discovered the Plastisphere last year along with Linda Amaral-Zettler at the Marine Biological Laboratory and Erik Zettler at the SEA Education Association, both also in Woods Hole.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


Hidden
                        Garden
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
HiddenGarden@TheVanStoneGroup.com.   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.
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Christ Howard with Max
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The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
http://www.vimeo.com/5656822

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
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8158-3/1/13

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Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.
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Lovely cottage on private coffee farm. One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed WiFi internet, fully
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house
                                                photo
Beautiful single studio apartment for rent in Guacima, Alajuela. 20 minutes from airport, San José or Alajuela and 30 minutes from Heredia. near Caldera highway, Route 27.  $500 a month. All services included (Internet, water, electricity, security). very private, very quiet, green areas. High resolution photos in Flickr HERE! Email: jlayne1933@aol.com or yo@nehemiascr.com
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chalet
                                                in Heredia
Surrounded by nature in large property. Chalet for rent located in Monte de la Cruz, Heredia. Two bedrooms, two bathrooms,  laundry room, fully furnished, security, electric gate. $500 monthly. Phone  2267-6306  bonillaleda@yahoo.com
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100 houses

CARIARI AND LINDORA areas, nice garden apartments, furnished or not, ideal for small family, couple/singles. US $1,000 and up. Email  1000houses@ice.co.cr   Tel. 8383-6388.
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Los Arcos gated community 2 bedroom 2 bath apartment $500 monthly. aAso efficiency apartment $300 month. dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
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Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80 stations, water, washer
 and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:  rentnowcr@gmail.com.
8248-2/24/14

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm. One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed WiFi internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone  line, balcony with beautiful view, especially 
coffee retreat
at  night with the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful. Owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet and safe small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, (Longer term rent is negotiable) All utilities included. Sorry, NO PETS. Contact jogya345@yahoo.com
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Belen
                                                home
Test Drive Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD Contact owner for details: rafa@rafacr.com.
8198-2/9/14




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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 39
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Cafetales



Supreme Court hears case
for expanded EPA controls


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An environmental case now before the U.S. Supreme Court could have constitutional implications for the powers of the presidency. 

The nine-member Supreme Court appeared divided Monday during oral arguments in a case related to the power of the federal government to limit greenhouse gas emissions blamed for global warming.

At issue is whether the executive branch, through the Environmental Protection Agency, is overstepping its bounds by expanding regulation of greenhouse gas emissions to include not just vehicles, but stationary sources such as power plants and factories.

Shannon Goessling is with the Southeastern Legal Foundation, which represents business groups and Republican lawmakers who oppose the Obama administration’s efforts to broaden the regulations.

“But what about down the road when you have an executive branch that abuses its authority?  And that is what we really need to get into check in the whole area of checks and balances," she said. "We need to get restraint and the judiciary and the United States Supreme Court is the last place for that."

The Supreme Court case comes at a time when President Barack Obama has repeatedly said that he will act on his own, rather than try to push legislation through Congress only to have it blocked by Republicans.

“I am eager to work with Congress whenever I can find opportunities to expand opportunities for more families," he said. "But wherever I can act on my own without Congress, by using my pen to take executive actions or picking up the phone and rallying folks around a common cause, that is what I am going to do."

Environmental groups and many Democrats support the EPA’s efforts to target global warming.  American University Law School Professor Bill Snape, who is with the Center for Biological Diversity, attended Monday’s oral arguments.

“I think actually more is at stake politically because the perception that the president is somehow overstepping his bounds, and I think the far-right has been very upset about that, was a subscript in this case today," said Snape.

Snape says a number of environmental groups are closely watching the case before the Supreme Court, both for its political and policy implications.

“I do not think that EPA’s authority to regulate greenhouse gases is at issue," he said. "I think the issue is how and if they can issue particular permits to particular industries.  That is very much at issue, and we will just have to wait, probably until June, to find out the answer."

Some of the liberal justices on the high court appeared comfortable with EPA’s regulatory approach during Monday’s session, while some of the conservative justices appeared more skeptical.

A Supreme Court ruling in the case is expected by the end of June.


Obama seeks partnership
with U.S. state governors


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. President Barack Obama has urged the chief executives of the nation's states to partner with him to achieve key parts of his domestic agenda. 

The president and first lady Michelle Obama hosted a dinner for state governors Sunday, and Monday Obama and Vice President Joe Biden addressed them in the State Dining Room at the White House.

Since he delivered his State of the Union Address, the president has focused on what he calls his Year of Action on jobs and the economy, and his Opportunity Agenda. That includes action to bring down unemployment, expand job training, improve the U.S. education system, and raise wages.

In the absence of broader action by Congress, he has signed a series of executive orders designed to help create new jobs and help the middle class.

"I am eager to work with Congress wherever I can," Obama said. "My hope is that despite this being an election year, that there will be occasions where both parties will determine that it makes sense to actually get some things done in this town.  But wherever I can work on my own to expand opportunity for more Americans I am going to do that."

Obama reprised his message that those at the top in the economy are doing very well, but many Americans continue to be squeezed and are struggling.

He said Congress is unlikely to have an appetite for major jobs legislation, but the economy has opportunities for growth because global investors are increasingly looking at the United States, rather than China, something states can benefit from.

Obama noted steps taken in six states to raise the minimum wage, another of his priorities, and progress enrolling more people for insurance under his health care reform, known as Obamacare.

About a dozen governors spoke with reporters.  Mary Fallin of Oklahoma, a Republican, and Colorado's John Hickenlooper, a Democrat, stressed areas of agreement.

"What the governors try to do is find areas of agreement," Ms. Fallin said.

"For every place there is disagreement there are 10 places where we said, all right that we can work on," said Hickenlooper.

But there also were signs of sharp political divisions over key issues. 

Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy, a Democrat, responded to Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal's criticism of President Obama.

"There are things we can do, instead of waving the white flag of surrender, instead of declaring this economy to be a minimum wage economy, I think America can do better," Jindal, a Republican, said.

"I don't know what the heck was a reference to a white flag when it comes to people making $404 a week. That is the most insane statement I ever heard," said Malloy.

The president drew laughs Monday when he joked about ambitions many of the state leaders often have for higher office.

"And I enjoyed watching some of you with your eyes on higher office, size up the drapes. And each other," he said.

Gov. Fallin said Obama told the state chief executives he expects to make a decision in the next couple of months about the controversial Keystone XL pipeline, which would connect Canadian shale oil fields to U.S. Gulf of Mexico ports.


George Wallace's daughter
seeks racial reconciliation


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

February is Black History Month in the United States.  A pivotal moment in that history happened 51 years ago, after two African-American students became the first to be admitted to an all-white university in the southern U.S. state of Alabama.

The move came despite efforts by Alabama's then-governor, George Wallace, to prevent the school's integration in defiance of federal government orders.

The daughter of the controversial governor is now speaking out about the dark chapters of civil rights history in a quest to promote racial harmony.

"It stained Alabama, of course, but it stained him for the rest of his life," said Peggy Wallace, who recalls the painful legacies of her father and the mark he left on a racially-divided southern state five decades ago.

Running as a segregationist, George Wallace took office in 1963, pledging to maintain a way of life in Alabama.

"I say segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever," he said.

At the height of the civil rights movement, Wallace defiantly defended state and local laws that sought to keep blacks and whites separated in schools, restaurants and many other public places. He gained worldwide attention when he tried to block two black students from attending the all-white University of Alabama. 

Peggy Wallace, just 13 years old at the time, recalls the impact of her father's actions.

"The rest of the world, when they saw his name or a picture of him, there’s an asterisk by his name or picture: 'That’s the man who stood in the schoolhouse door, that blocked the two African-American students from entering that university,'” she said.

Confronted by federal authorities with a court order, Wallace finally stepped aside, and the black students entered the school.

Peggy Wallace married and raised a family rarely speaking about her father until the election of Barack Obama as the nation's first black president in 2008.

"I decided that day that I had to do something, you know," she said. "I had to stand for something, leave a legacy to both of my children.  And that was later on in my years, but I was able to find my own voice and step away from the shadow of the schoolhouse door."

Now Ms. Wallace is doing all she can to erase the bigotry her father promoted by advocating racial tolerance.  For the last several years, she has joined forces with black civil rights activists in commemorating a bloody siege on a bridge in Selma, Alabama.  It's where her father ordered state police to brutally attack civil rights marchers.  Crossing the bridge years later, Ms. Wallace even joined hands with Rep. John Lewis who was beaten by police there nearly 50 years ago.

"They came toward us beating us with night sticks, tramping us with horses, releasing the tear gas.  I was hit in the head by a state trooper with a night stick.  I had a concussion at the bridge.  I thought I was going to die," Lewis said.

"Well for me, it was that journey with John Lewis, it was a turning point for me in my life," she said.  "He teaches and lives love and reconciliation, and I don’t think I’m rubbing anything off the asterisk but I would like to think that."

Peggy Wallace is now writing a book about coming out of the shadows of her father's legacy.  She also speaks to young people hoping to foster racial reconciliation, not the bigotry her father promoted in the 1960s.


U.S. Defense secretary gives
outline of military budget cuts

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has unveiled the largest cuts to the U.S. Army since before World War II. 

The Obama administration has for years spoken of a need for a smaller, more agile force. Monday Hagel laid out the budgetary blueprint for it.

He said this is a time for reality at the Department of Defense, which now is required to bring its budget down to $496 billion from a high of nearly $700 billion at the height of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

"This will be the first budget to fully reflect the transition DoD is making after 13 years of war, the longest conflict in our nation's history," he said.

But the cuts go far beyond what the Pentagon was spending before the two conflicts.

They include slashing an entire fleet of Cold War era A-10 attack jets originally meant for striking Soviet tanks and trimming the number of Army troops from the post-9/11 peak of 570,000 to between 440,000 and 450,000 - the lowest since 1940.

In addition to the Army, other services including the Marines are taking cuts.  

At the same time, Hagel told reporters the Pentagon wants to continue to shift its focus to the Asia-Pacific region, and to boost special operations forces and cyber defenses.

"We chose further reductions in troop strength and force structure in every military service, active and reserve, in order to sustain our readiness and technological superiority and to protect critical capabilities," he said.

Hagel's recommendations come despite opposition by some generals who argue the U.S. still needs the infrastructure to be able to fight two wars at the same time. Veterans groups also oppose reductions to soldiers' benefits.

The proposed cuts still need to be approved by Congress, where Hagel is likely to encounter stiff resistance by those who argue that such deep reductions will result in a weaker military that is unable to deal with rising threats from adversaries like China and a continuing war against militants in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.


Polio-like illness hits
20 children in California


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A mysterious polio-like illness has affected at least five children in the western U.S. state of California.

Researchers say the cases were first reported by doctors in 2012. The children all have paralysis of one or more arms or legs, and their symptoms have not improved much, despite treatment.

All of the children had been vaccinated against polio. Health officials say as many as 20 children may have been affected so far.

Polio has been eradicated from the United States and most of the rest of the world, but other viruses can also injure the spine, leading to paralysis. Researcher Keith Van Haren of Stanford University in California says that in the past 10 years several strains of enterovirus have been linked to polio-like outbreaks among children in Australia and other parts of Asia.

A report on the U.S. outbreak will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's annual meeting in Philadelphia in April.


Dogs sense human feelings,
MRI investigation shows

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Researchers in Hungary have confirmed something many dog owners have long suspected: that canines understand human feelings.

Using a magnetic resonance scanner, or MRI, scientists found that when it comes to emotions, dogs' brains are similar to those of humans.

Dogs are usually not relaxed in a lab environment, but with a little petting and lots of treats they can be trained to sit still even in an MRI scanner. That’s how researchers in Hungary’s ELTE University were able to get images of their brains at work.

Research fellow Attila Andics says it helped them better understand the dogs’ relationship with humans.

“We have known for a long time that dogs and humans share similar social environment, but now our results show that dogs and humans also have similar brain mechanisms to process social information," said Andics.

After training 11 dogs to stay motionless while their brains were scanned, the researchers checked their neurological responses to about 200 emotionally significant sounds, from whining and crying to playful barking and laughing. They then compared the responses from human subjects. They found striking similarities. Andics says it opens new possibilities for research.

“It establishes a foundation of a new branch of comparative neuroscience, because until now it was not possible to measure the brain activities of a non-primate and the primate brain in a single experiment," said Andics.

The canine mind is also being studied at Duke University, in North Carolina. Co-Director of the school's Canine Cognition Center, Evan MacLean, says that the Hungarian results are an important step forward.

“We’ve known for a long time that dogs have a lot of behavioral similarities compared to humans.  But we don’t know anything or very little at least about whether some of these behaviors are represented similarly inside the brain of the dog, so this research is providing a first glimpses to whether these behavioral similarities are underlined by similar neural processes," said MacLean.

And what that tells ordinary dog owners, the Hungarian scientists say, is to treat canine companions as friends, not mere animals, because they evidently understand human feelings.

 
U.N. seeks to see what's next
after Millennium deadline

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United Nations has begun laying the groundwork for initiatives that will help improve the lives of some of the world's most vulnerable people after its 15-year plan, called Millennium Development Goals, ends in 2015.
 
The U.N. launched the Millennium Development Goals project in 2000. Member states agreed to work together on efforts to significantly reduce extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy and disease.
 
"There is nothing inevitable about inequality," said U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. "Our shared goal should aim at taking practical steps to remove this formidable barrier to development and human dignity," he said.
 
Ban commented in a message marking World Day of Social Justice Thursday. In his statement, he underscored that social justice is crucial to continued efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and shape a post-2015 agenda.
 
Government, businesses and international organizations have joined the U.N. in formulating the post-2015 agenda, which focuses on issues including economic development and sustainability.
 
Ban laid the groundwork for the new agenda in January 2012 when he established a U.N. Task Team that would support plans for a post-2015 agenda.
 
In a June 2012 report, the team put forth recommendations that include establishing an integrated policy approach to ensure inclusive economic development and working to ensure inclusive social development in countries.
 
U.N., government and business leaders discussed those goals at a recent meeting hosted by the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies.
 
At the meeting, U.S. presidential adviser John Podesta said a much better job needs to be done in connecting the poorest of the poor to economic and social resources.
 
“We cannot expect the poor to raise themselves up if they cannot open a bank account, if they cannot hold their inherent land, if they have no legal identity or if they are cut off from crucial infrastructure, like schools, roads, electricities, access to primary care," he said.
 
Podesta said poor people are in need of what he called connectivity.
 
“Connectivity broadly encompasses issues like access to health care, education and job opportunities, connections to physical, financial and energy infrastructure and the opportunity to actively participate in the civic and economic lives of their countries,” he said.
 
Georg Kell is executive director of the U.N. Global Compact, a corporate initiative that seeks to align business operations with efforts to support human rights, labor, the environment and anti-corruption initiatives.
 
Kell said responsive governing is a key component of efforts to help developing countries.
 
“This is the big catalytic thing," he said.  "If we miss out on this one, I think, we miss out on the historic opportunity that we have,” he said.
 
Kell said private companies are becoming increasingly interested in supporting post-2015 goals because they realize that public interests and private businesses' interests are becoming more intertwined.
 
He said businesses realize their opportunities for growth will be limited in regions where there is a poor skills base or basic natural resources are at risk.


Volcanoes getting the blame
for halt in global warming


By the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
news staff

Volcanic eruptions in the early part of the 21st century have cooled the planet, according to a study led by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. This cooling partly offset the warming produced by greenhouse gases.

Despite continuing increases in atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases, and in the total heat content of the ocean, global-mean temperatures at the surface of the planet and in the troposphere (the lowest portion of the Earth's atmosphere) have shown relatively little warming since 1998. This so-called slow-down or hiatus has received considerable scientific, political and popular attention. The volcanic contribution to the slow-down is the subject of a new paper appearing in an edition this week of the journal Nature Geoscience.

Volcanic eruptions inject sulfur dioxide gas into the atmosphere. If the eruptions are large enough to add sulfur dioxide to the stratosphere above the troposphere, the gas forms tiny droplets of sulfuric acid, also known as volcanic aerosols. These droplets reflect some portion of the incoming sunlight back into space, cooling the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere.

"In the last decade, the amount of volcanic aerosol in the stratosphere has increased, so more sunlight is being reflected back into space," said Lawrence Livermore climate scientist Benjamin Santer, who serves as lead author of the study. "This has created a natural cooling of the planet and has partly offset the increase in surface and atmospheric temperatures due to human influence."

From 2000 to 2012, emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere have increased as they have done since the Industrial Revolution. This human-induced change typically causes the troposphere to warm and the stratosphere to cool. In contrast, large volcanic eruptions cool the troposphere and warm the stratosphere. The researchers report that early 21st century volcanic eruptions have contributed to this recent warming hiatus, and that most climate models have not accurately accounted for this effect.

"The recent slow-down in observed surface and tropospheric warming is a fascinating detective story," Santer said. "There is not a single culprit, as some scientists have claimed. Multiple factors are implicated. One is the temporary cooling effect of internal climate noise. Other factors are the external cooling influences of 21st century volcanic activity, an unusually low and long minimum in the last solar cycle, and an uptick in Chinese emissions of sulfur dioxide.

"The real scientific challenge is to obtain hard quantitative estimates of the contributions of each of these factors to the slow-down."

The researchers performed two different statistical tests to determine whether recent volcanic eruptions have cooling effects that can be distinguished from the intrinsic variability of the climate. The team found evidence for significant correlations between volcanic aerosol observations and satellite-based estimates of lower tropospheric temperatures as well as the sunlight reflected back to space by the aerosol particles.

"This is the most comprehensive observational evaluation of the role of volcanic activity on climate in the early part of the 21st century," said co-author Susan Solomon, a professor of atmospheric chemistry and climate science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "We assess the contributions of volcanoes on temperatures in the troposphere, the lowest layer of the atmosphere, and find they've certainly played some role in keeping the Earth cooler."

The research is funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Science in the Office of Science.


Forgetting something can
be linked to . . .

 By the University of Kentucky news staff

A recent study suggests that self-reported memory complaints might predict clinical memory impairment later in life.

Erin Abner, an assistant professor at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, asked 3,701 men aged 60 and higher a simple question: "Have you noticed any change in your memory since you last came in?"

That question led to some interesting results. "It seems that subjective memory complaint can be predictive of clinical memory impairment," Ms. Abner said. "Other epidemiologists have seen similar results, which is encouraging, since it means we might really be on to something."

The results are meaningful because it might help identify people who are at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease sooner.  "If the memory and thinking lapses people notice themselves could be early markers of risk for Alzheimer’s disease, we might eventually be able to intervene earlier in the aging process to postpone and or reduce the effects of cognitive memory impairment."  

Ms. Abner, who is also a member of the faculty in the university's Department of Epidemiology, took pains to emphasize that her work shouldn’t necessarily worry everyone who’s ever forgotten where they left their keys.

"I don't want to alarm people," she said. "It’s important to distinguish between normal memory lapses and significant memory problems, which usually change over time and affect multiple aspects of daily life."


U.S. reservists used aircraft
tainted by dioxin, study says


By the Elsevier publishers news staff

From 1971 to 1982 some Air Force reservists were exposed to greater levels of dioxin than previously acknowledged, according to a study published this week in Environmental Research. The reservists were those who flew in about 34 dioxin-contaminated aircraft used to spray Agent Orange that were returned to the U.S. following discontinuation of the herbicide spraying operations in the Vietnam war,

“These findings are important because they describe a previously unrecognized source of exposure to dioxin that has health significance to those who engaged in the transport work using these aircraft,” says lead investigator Peter A. Lurker,  an environmental engineer with many years of experience evaluating environmental exposures in the U.S. Air Force.

During the Vietnam war in an operation known as Operation Ranch Hand approximately 20 million gallons of herbicides, including around 10.5 million gallons of dioxin-contaminated Agent Orange, were sprayed by about 34 C-123 aircraft. These aircraft were subsequently returned to the U.S. and were used by Air Force reserve units between 1971 and 1982 for transport operations. After many years without monitoring, tests revealed the presence of dioxin. All but three of the aircraft were smelted down in 2009.

The Air Force and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs have previously denied benefits to these crew members. Current policies stipulate that non-biologically available dried residues of chemical herbicides and dioxin would not have led to meaningful exposures to flight crew and maintenance personnel, who are therefore ineligible for Agent Orange-related benefits or medical examinations and treatment.

Researchers estimated dioxin levels using algorithms developed by the U.S. Army and data derived from surface wipe samples collected from aircraft used in Operation Ranch Hand. They compared estimates with available guidelines and standards and discuss the implications with respect to current Air Force and Veterans Administration policies.

These models suggest that the potential for dioxin exposure to personnel working in the aircraft post-Vietnam is greater than previously believed and that inhalation, ingestion, and skin absorption were likely to have occurred during the post-Vietnam use of the aircraft by aircrew and maintenance staff.






 
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
Casa del pacifico logo
Pacifica living
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

                      • Building completion services
                      • Interior design & decoration
                      • Custom furniture design & manufacturing.

Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
Serving region for 10 years.
We regularly exceed client expectations. We guarantee it.
Email: info@casadelpacifico.com
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644
Web: www.casadelpacifico.com
8246-8/17/14


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)


Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112. www.costaricarealtyone.com
8179-3/11/14

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.
8206-5/18/14

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
 
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at www.moranlakearenal.com
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com
Moran logo
8119-4/16/14



Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.





Visit our Web Site:
 www.greciarealestate.com




English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia home
1,000 square meters of land, 350 square meters of construction.  CLICK HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email: info@greciarealestate.com
8245-5/12/14

Real estate for sale (paid category)


Five bedrooms
Puntarenas City, Puntarenas
Beach home central Pacific Ocean
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach.  The home is completely furnished including all linens, kitchen cook ware, pots, pans, all dishes and much much more. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Office with all connections for WiFi,  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes all linens, TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances   Will consider trade for U.S. Property.  Asking  $250,000. 
Call Gary 8784-2945  English only, or email  combrokers@aol.com
8259-8/25/14

Tiliran property
Turnkey commercial/apartment building for sale in San Luis, Tilaran, Guanacaste. In a corporation. 100 percent occupancy and all permits in place. Great opportunity to gain investor status residency. New construction - 2012. Consists of three studio apartments upstairs with lake view and 4 storefronts on ground level, including laundry service, soda, consigment store. Comes with purchase or start your own business while you live in one of the apartments. $308,000. Please email tierrasmorenaslou@yahoo.com
8257-8/17/14

Spectacular 79-acre view property in Guanacaste overlooking tens of miles of pristine coastline with sunset over the Pacific. Own water, electricity, hi-speed internet, property roads, huge building view sites, terraced landscape perfect for growing trees, fruits and vegetables or run horses or cattle, hidden access and high-level security. 169,000 USD. Contact:   axelspecial@gmail.com   or text messages to  8916-5550.
8255-3/17/14

Excazu montage
Trejos  Montealegre, Escazú.
Two bedrooms and two baths.  220 m2 construction on  289 m2 of land. Beautiful contemporary house across from a small park, easy walk to Avenida Escazú.
Great views. Only 7 years old. Two patios and a balcony. In a quiet and secure neighborhood with guard shack across the street. Nice landscaped garden. Sale includes all furniture.  Price: $275,000.    Phone  Ron Eaton  at 8997-1799. Email: ronaldeaton95@yahoo.com
8251-3/14/14

Balcony view
This is a great opportunity
Get your home in one of the best locations. Four-bedroom condo near Universidad de Costa Rica, ULatina & UFidelitas   $170,000. USD.  24/7 gate security with in-home alarm, three levels, parking for two cars and play area for children. First Level: Living room/dining room, kitchen with breakfast bar, laundry room, patio/garden with roof, storage area, & guest bathroom. Second Level: Large master bedroom with full bathroom and walk-in closet, two additonal bedrooms, linen closet, full bathroom. Third Level: Large fourth bedroom or TV room, full bath, large storage attic, spacious roofed balcony   and breathtaking views of mountains to the east, south, west. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987 / U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458 . C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email: sjogringo@yahoo.com
8253-5/12/14

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site: www.hummingbirdnestbb.com.  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email: nidocolibri@hotmail.com
2852-5/17/14

Los Reyes home
House for sale in La Guacima, Alajuela
Located on 9th tee of Los Reyes Country Club. Club offers golf, tennis (6 courts), swimming pool, gym and restaurant. Easy access to schools, shopping, hospitals & Caldera highway. One hour to Pacific beaches. House price: US $450,000.00. Contact Bill, Phone 506 -8878-9221  Email: losreyes191@gmail.com Click on the link below for photos and additional details:
https://plus.google.com/photos/105244969603261154850/
8240-8/6/14

NOW REDUCED TO $595,000
ALAJUELA – PRIVATE COMPOUND OF 4 HOMES - $850,000 TURNKEY
Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at gerrybuilt2000@yahoo.com.  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:
8230-3/13/14

Land near Monte de La Cruz, 27 hectors+, Must sell for best offer due to cancer, dogfood@carolina.rr.com 8841-1606
8223-2/21/14

beachfront home
Beautiful Palo Seco Beach home priced to sell!
Gorgeous beachfront two-story home, of roughly 2,000 square feet, set on a half acre oceanfront lot that is full of beautiful fruit and shade trees in Playa Palo Seco. This home features two bedrooms, three full baths, high quality A/C units in all rooms, huge front and backyard, and of course, a fantastic view of the Pacific Ocean just feet away from the front door! Playa Palo Seco is perfectly situated between Jacó and Quepos and is only minutes away from five-star dining such as El Clandestino.  We have reduced the price from $150,000 to $125,000 firm for a fast sale in the new year! This is a must see property! Owner financing is available. This truly is a once in a lifetime offer and it will go fast! Please call 8816-2478 or email bmcart3@gmail.com for more information!
8218-2/17/14

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high \[speed internet.      www.saintmichaelscostarica.com
8215-7/14/14

Cahuita estate
Beach house in Cahuita for sale
2,000-sq. ft. house, 2 bedrooms. 2 baths. With incredible view of sea.  House has beautiful hardwood open upstairs deck. Teakwood floor upstairs. CB and ceramic downstairs, Very well built with beautiful hardwoods upstairs.  Oval bathtub, hand painted ceramic sinks  The view is through 240 meters of jungle and coconut trees to the beach. The beach in front is perfect and quiet. Very secure area. Property located adjacent to our wildlife sanctuary and botanical gardens. Great group of neighbors from U.S.A.,  Italy, Holland, Sweden, etc. This very private property is owned by Todd Scottland for more then  35 years. Taxes are paid up to date. This is a gem of a house. Must see!  Price  $205,000.00.  Email to:
scottlandtodd@live.com. Email for more photos.
Phone 2755-0014 or cell phone 8610-0490.
8207-3/8/14

Ojochal montage
Ojochal Paradise
Tropical paradise of 6.5 acres in Ojochal.  Cabin with one sleeping loft, all services, mountain and distant ocean views.  Several building sites available for main house or rental units. Close to surfing, fishing, golfing. Sale for $129.000  Contact:  sjwiens@gmail.com  for more photos/information or go here:
www.rainforestnaturals.ca/songbird/cr/land/photogallery.htm
8197-2/6/14

complex
Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email: wolfganghilbich@yahoo.com  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.
8200-4/3/14

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region
RichCoastRealty.com

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!

     www.RichCoastRealty.com
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891
   Brendan@RichCoastRealty.com
8191-4/30/13


Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email: mwk350@yahoo.com
8186-3/13/14


Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at www.suenos.org. Contact us at: osaproperty@gmail.com or +1-866-514-7435.
8172-1/6/13

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary. jungalow@gmail.com.
8166-5/29/13

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at: http://www.rebecker.com/journal102006a.htm.  Contact information: ginbecker@gmail.com,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at  www.picturetrail.com/sfx/album/view/24055899   
For more information contact:  deeday214@gmail.com
8135-2/5/14

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2104

montage
For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail bmcart3@gmail.com for more information ¡y se habla español!
8097-xxx


Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Gingerbread Boutique Hotel and Fine Restaurant For Sale
botique hotel
A very  famous, highly regarded unique lake view themed boutique hotel consisting of three air conditioned suites with satellite TV and high speed Internet, two themed cottages with garden showers, one large super suite with kitchen and garden shower, managers apartment, restaurant rated one of the best restaurants in Costa Rica {see reviews} and the premier real estate office at Lake Arenal,which puts all its clients in to the hotel, plus room for additional lake view rooms and a pool, all less than a mile from Nuevo Arenal and the public park on the lake.  Go to the Web site for photos and complete information  at  www.gingerbreadarenal.com  This is the finest boutique hotel in Costa Rica in one of the fastest growing areas of all of Central America.  Sale opportunity $750,000.   Contact to :
Terry Moran, Owner Email: moranrealestate@gmail.com 
Office phone: 506 2694-0088  Cell phone: 506 8880-8888 
USA # rings in Costa Rica:  305 307-0088
8263-8/20/14

Tanning montage
This is your chance to acquire a totally equipped tanning salon with five machines.  Fantasia Tropical has been open 14 years but the founder needs to retire and return to the U.S. for medical reasons.  You can assume the lease in Sabana West buying the S.A. or buy the assets and move them to a location you prefer. Taxes, permits, bank accounts all in order. Excellent opportunity for an energetic, creative hands-on owner or couple. Long-time manager available to stay on if desired. With an asking price of $30,000 this won't
last long.  Some owner financing may be available.  Contact galanses@hotmail.com for an appointment. For a preview www.facebook.com/FantasiaTropicalCR
8232-2/24/14

A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to aha_jm@yahoo.com.
8213-2/13/14

71
Jaco station
Gas Station/Auto Plaza
Located on the Pan American Highway, Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Central America. This property is  45,000  square feet or  18,000  meters.  Liquor and convenience store is operational. Room to add an automotive service, car wash, restaurant, pharmacy, lotto sales, tour sales, ATM's,  etc, for a real money maker. Also future plans for a 80-unit  auto motel and casino. See on Youtube at:  http://youtu.be/iDXurhJ4fCk Asking price  $3.9 million. Email costaricapropertysales@gmail.com or call: 8899-9870.
8153-112/22/13

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West, maryandjerre@aol.com, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603
8123-4/22/2

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

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sixth news page


San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 39
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
jaguar
Panthera photo/Steve Winter
These cats are getting more protection.

Belize, jaguar organization
sign accord to protect cats

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Significant strides have been made in preserving the panther within the borders of Belize, according to wild cat conservation organization Panthera.

An agreement signed by Lisela Alamilla, the environmental minister, and Alan Rabinowitz, the executive director of Panthera, signifies an initiative to preserve and maintain the jaguar and its natural habitat in Belize, the organization said.

Rabinowitz said this latest agreement between his conservation group and a Latin American state proves that these governments share their concern for protecting endangered species. “This is the sixth conservation agreement for the jaguar that Panthera has signed with a Latin American government,” he said. “Our group will continue working, country- by-country, to build alliances with each of the nations that inhabit jaguars.”

The jaguar species is found from Mexico to Argentina, a range that includes 18 different countries. Panthera’s Jaguar Corridor Initiative, which involves 13 of those nations, depends on fieldwork to assess specific areas where jaguars live and determining how to maintain these grounds and connect jaguar populations. 

The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources classifies the jaguar as near threatened because of the fast declining numbers. Belize has long been known for its work towards helping jaguar populations, as it is home to the first ever sanctuary tailored to the big cat, Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, the release from Panthera noted.

“The jaguar is an emblematic species of Belize,” Ms. Alamilla said in the announcement. “Its survival depends on our effort in the search for solutions that protect the interest of the people and the habitat.”




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From Page 7:


Most mobil phone users say they're satisfied

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Most Costa Ricans and residents are satisfied with the quality of their mobil telephone provider.

The company Demoscopia did a survey for the Superintendencia de Telecomunicacines and reported that customer satisfaction runs from 70.8 percent for Kolbi, the brand of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, to 81.6 percent for Fullmóvil. Some 79.4 percent of Claro customers said they were satisfied with the quality, as did 76.9 percent of Tuyo Móvil customers and 77.5 percent of Movistar clients.

The survey firm talked to at least 1,000 customers of each company for a total of 5,038 contacts. Quality basically meant no frequent outages, including in using the Internet.

The survey also established that 40.3 percent of the users have what the Superintendencia called intelligent devices. And 80.2 percent reported that they had connection speeds greater than one megabit per second. Some 90 percent of the telephones are of types that have been approved for use by the Superintendencia and contain a system to block the phone if it is lost or stolen, said the agency.