free webpage hit counter

Rock Constructors
A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Cocal for Jan. 20
    Playa Vista
Amigo Realty
(506) 2223-1327                          Published Monday, Jan. 20, 2014,  in Vol. 14, No. 13                          Email us
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
Anti aging


The front portal
of the Central Nacional de Arte
y Cultura, the culture ministry,
is draped in the traditional black butterfly of mourning honoring two murdered music students. The killings had a strong impact
on Costa Rican society. Many marched Sunday to protest violence.

Our story is

A.M. Costa Rica/Michael Krumholtz

Those flippers are back on the trail of the unwary
By Garland M. Baker
Special to A.M. Costa Rica

“Good news,” said a property owning expat in Guanacaste. “It’s been a while since I have seen or heard from the Flippers. “It must be a sign that the economy is picking up, so it’s great to have them back,” he said after learning the Flippers have returned. The Flippers are people who do not have any money but they want to tie up property while they try to sell it.

This may be another good sign the real estate market is turning around.  However, there were so many crumb bums with unlimited tricks up their sleeves during the property boom that it would be prudent for sellers to watch out now. They could be lingering around waiting for new prey as the market improves.  Almost everyone has heard of caveat emptor, Latin for "let the buyer beware.” But, how about, Caveat venditor? The phrase is also Latin, meaning, "let the seller beware."

Expats should not fall for the old caper that goes like this when trying to sell property to an unknown buyer:  “Can you give me a first right of refusal letter? You can still try to sell your property. But, before you collect any money or sign an option, you must give me the first right of refusal.”

A well-known Costa Rican attorney said by email when asked about this tactic: “In my opinion, the letter of right of first refusal shouldn’t be granted to any prospective buyer. In the past, these documents have given the possibility to unscrupulous people to pose as the owners of land, that is not theirs, to have a third party enter into a buy/sell agreement, without them having the legal capacity to do so. Several real estate frauds have been committed in this way in Costa Rica.”

LandThink, a Web site dedicated to educating real estate buyers and sellers alike, define a “right of first refusal,” or RFR, as a contract which gives a legal right to a specific party. The holder can always renege on fulfilling the agreement. The documents can be vague or very specific, binding or not so. Many Costa Rican attorneys are not familiar with them because they are not used much in this country. Even in the United States, first right of refusal clauses should be circumspect and used with caution.

Costa Rica is still like the Wild, Wild West in many parts in the country, flippers try to bargain with little down – or nothing down - and balloon payments or empty promises.  They do this to try and flip an asset and make a large profit.

Vultures and rats stalk the innocent making use of Article 1049 of the Costa Rican civil code and property flipping. The rules are everything goes and the best trickster wins. Article 1049 is only one sentence long and it states La venta es perfecta entre las partes desde que convienen en cosa y precio.

In English, the string of words translates to “The sale is fixed between parties upon agreement of thing and price.” The sentence means that it is 

possible to cheat a naive seller out of a property because of their lack of knowledge of the law.

There are ways to defend oneself from the unprincipled with the use of well-executed option documents prepared by a reliable and knowledgeable legal professional. They can protect good real estate deals.

One thing for sure, Costa Rica will not see the boom of years past for a very long time, if ever. Many people, expats and Ticos alike, are wallowing in the idea this country will explode again and are waiting for the gold rush days.  They forget the boom was created by many worldwide circumstances that altered markets resulting in people having more money than usual.  The property market in Costa Rica was abnormally affected by these events.

Even flippers, promoters, and crooks had something to do with the frenzy because they were promoting Costa Rica insanely all over the world.

Many buyers came and bought all sorts of things for outrageous prices, only to be caught in the crash. Some sold out cheap and left, others have held on waiting for a better economy.

Many of the bad guys and gals left too. They tend to go where the pickings and money are good.  However, some stayed and are still lingering around. The laws have not changed as much as the economy.

Actually, the legal system has sent terrible messages to the crooks. They tend to get off easy from any wrongdoing. Many cases just expire in court and nothing happens to them at all.

This means legitimate buyers and sellers need to watch out for themselves. Homework, due diligence, patience, and competent counsel are the keys to success. If something looks too good to be true, expats should tread lightly. It probably is not what it seems. 

Garland M. Baker is a 44-year resident and naturalized citizen of Costa Rica who provides multidisciplinary professional services to the international community.  Reach him at  Baker has undertaken the research leading to these series of articles in conjunction with A.M. Costa Rica.  Find the collection at, a complimentary reprint is available at the end of each article.  Copyright 2004-2013, use without permission prohibited.

Costa Rica Real Estate Experts
Re/Max Ocean Surf: The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 17 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties  including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call now at
011 (506) 2653-0073.
Costa Rica vacations

Costa Rica Real Estate

CRREC specializes in Costa Rica real estate for sale including properties, homes, commercial, agricultural and vacation rentals. As Google's top preferred real estate agency, we pride ourselves in our commitment to providing the highest customer service rating in the business. Call today! - 1-888-414-1836 - or visit us online at...

Find more about Weather in San Jose, CS
Today's colon
exchange rate
to our  daily digest

Search  our site
Real estate ads
Classified  ads
Tourism and services
Display ad info
Classified ad info
Contact us
Airline flights

                Rey bartenders

Casino Colonial

Residency in Costa Rica
Radio Pacifico Sur

rss feed graphic
Twitter link
Facebook graphic
Have you seen our crossword puzzle?


Costa Rica vacations

association of residents

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
Jo Stuart
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

A.M. Costa Rica's  Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 13

Real Estate
About us


Sportsmen superbowl

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and restored
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini
over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:


Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
California Licensed Psychologist
International Practice via the Web
Dr. KLycinda
Lucinda Gray, Ph.D.
   •  Transformational  

   • Depression

   • Anxiety

   • Relationship Issues

   • New World Meditation
        Training & Support
U.S. Phone: 310-827-4241
Costa Rica: (506) 2228-2041


Architecture-Real Estate-Development

At Architect Orange we are inspired by the visions of each of our clients, and have worked diligently to embody those visions in our work.

We have locations in Atenas (servicing Central Valley/Beach areas)
Arenal (servicing Guanacaste/Nicoya Peninsula)

Contact Information:
 (506) 2694-4712
Arenal office located at Agua Inn Spa


Quickbooks consulting

Kathy Rothschild
QuickBooks Consultant
Santo Domingo de Heredia
*Cloud hosting *Set-up  *Training  *Trouble-shooting *Customization bookkeeping services *Financial reports *Intuit product discounts
Phones: 8572-2984  or 2244-2247

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer, A.I.C. Certified
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
For more information please contact Claudia Villegas at 8996-5581 or email HERE!
• Paintings

• Sculptures
• Murals
• Porcelain and ceramic
• Works on paper restoration
• Conservation curatorial

• Art expert services
• Other restoration services
* Analysis for condition
• Art related insurance and
        damage evaluations
• Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc; repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

Real estate agents and services

Colinas photo


Jim Day, retirement specialist Representing Colinas del Sol del Pacifico, S. A
A fenced and gated project with the ex-pat hortaculturalist in mind. There are 88 clear-title hobby farms with water and electricity.  The layout is designed to provide ample space for your vegetable gardening ands fruit tree projects.
You can see more on our Web site:
 Libertad, Guanacaste, Costa Rica, 15 minutes to Playa del Coco or Playa Hermosa
and 20 minutes to Liberia airport.
Please contact Jim Day at   or    Phone:  001 517 484-3675.

CR Beach

Happy New Year ~ Feliz año nuevo
Check out our  2 new videos:
1. Answering the questions: best beach place to live in Costa Rica. Try this link:

2. Best beachfront deal in Costa Rica?
CR Beach Investment Real Estate reminds you that Costa Rica’s #1 beachtown,“the new Jacó,” invites you to see the recent changes:  clean paved roads; more bilingual police; more trendy & tipico restaurants; new a/c movie 4plex & new theatrical-conference center; new central park with activities; more bargain priced properties for sale, and lower priced rentals…
Our agents have been here a minimum of 10 years:
 Colin Miller, Frances,  Junior and Owner-Broker Jeff Fisher enjoy helping clients like you find their dream properties.
Let CR Beach show you why we know this is the best area for you to  invest-retire-enjoy!

Member of the N.A.R., the Costa Rican Real Estate Board CRGAR and the Central Pacific Chamber of Commerce.
Toll Free: 1-888-782-1119 
Office: 2643-4334, 2643-3672
Located in the heart of Jacó. IL Galeone Center, Jacó, Costa Rica

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore —

we know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


Jorge Desanti
Jorge Desanti
Instant Interpreter/Translator
for Expats.

Jorge Desanti is fluent in English and Spanish. 3-way phone conversation. You call him first. He does the rest. Or he will translate English text for you.
Letters or even a book
$20 minimum.
Jorge (George) Desanti
Phone 8682-2725
All calls will be
strictly confidential.

Translations and legal Services
Ms. Monge
Rosa Monge Alvarez
Simultaneous translator
Interpreter in court.

Legal problems?
Tired of getting the
Tired of excuses?
Tired of being kept in the
Afraid of signing documents in Spanish?

 Contact us today to find out how we can help you.
Cell: (506) 8919-4545

Legal services

Lic.Gregory Kearney Lawson.
Attorneys at Law and real estate brokers
Relocation services, Wedding Planning
Greg Kearney
*Investments  *Corporations
*Tax Shelters *Immigration
*Real Estate Sales in Costa Rica
*Name & Product registration
*Business procedures 
*Family and Labor Law
*Locate People   *Private Investigations
Phone:  7112-1527 or
  Office phone: (506) 2232-1014


U.S. Tax International
U.S. Tax rollover
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal services
Over 15 years in Costa Rica
(English Spoken)

C.R. 2288-2201
  U.S 786-206-9473
FAX: 2231-3300


James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  US GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting

Uncle Sam's
• US Tax return preparation  for
individuals and businesses
• eFile returns: secure with faster refunds
• Assist with back reporting and other filing issues
• Take advantage of the Foreign
Income Tax Exclusion (up to $
95,100 in 2012}
• Business Consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica
• Accounting for US and International Financial Reporting
• Associate of David Housman

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Newspaper claims espionage
and promises to give details

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Grupo Extra, the parent firm of the popular daily newspaper, says it has been the victim of an espionage attack against its reporters.

Paola Hernández, one of the top executives of the group, made the allegation in an email sent to other media outlets.

Ms. Hernández said that the action constitutes a grave violation of the rights of news people and of Costa Rican citizens.

She said the media group plans a press conference today to describe the case in details.

In today's edition the newspaper reports that an anonymous judicial source provided editors with documents from a criminal case that said prosecutors sought out the newspaper's information sources. There was a reference to telephone records.

Police detain 152 persons
at the festival in Palmares

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers say they have detained 152 persons at the  Festejos Populares Palmares 2014 with most of the violations related to drugs.

The Fuerza Pública said Sunday that officers had confiscated marijuana and cocaine.  Although marijuana smokers are seen regularly in the downtown streets, police enforce zero tolerance and shake them down at such festivals.

The Cruz Roja reported that in the first few days of the festival rescue workers had assisted 125 persons.

At another festival, the Fiestas Tipicas in Santa Cruz, some 67 persons have sought medical help since Tuesday.

Some individuals in both locations suffered injuries from the mechanical rides. But many also were injured while participating in the bull baiting that was conducted at both festivals.

San Pedro home invaded

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Judicial agents said Sunday that at least five masked men invaded a home in San Pedro Sunday night. They put the owner and an employee in a locked room and sacked the dwelling. The owner estimated the loss at a million colons or about $2,000.

Our readers' opinions
Guachipelín writer expresses
concern over white trails in sky

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

I first noticed chemtrails in the sky in 1992 while atop Mount Washington in New Hampshire. 

Later I moved to Florida and worked outside where the chemtrails were very abundant.  These look similar to contrails which are just frozen condensation coming out of jet engines which disappear very quickly. 

The chemtrails stay and spread out throughout the day until most of the sky is overcast.  I've been living in Costa Rica for over 10 years and have noticed the chemtrails here becoming more prevalent as time goes on.  Why don't people notice this? 

Analysis of these plumes show they are full of harmful metals and biologicals.  This is finally being admitted to as geoengineering.  I believe this to be part of a massive eugenics program and may be responsible for deterioration of human, animal and plant life. 

Please, look up chemtrails on the net and learn about this diabolical crime against us and the earth.  I know many of you will think this is woo woo, but it is not. 
Carl Nichols
Guachipelín de Escazu 

Editor's Note: Mr. Nichols has a right to his opinion, and we publish most letters. However, we would refer readers to this Wikipedia Web site:

Costa Rican officials prefer
tourists over pesky residents

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

In light of some recent letters to the editor discussing the expat in Costa Rica experience, I'd like to share a few conversations I've had with Tico officials over the years since I've lived here.

Seven plus years ago, I had befriended a high level Costa Rican politician and two bureaucratic communication industry jefes. During a discussion over fine wine, I mentioned to them that local real estate agents were promoting Costa Rican properties to large numbers of U.S. and Canadian baby boomers.

These officials were aware of this and expressed displeasure. The politician looked me straight in the face and just above a whisper asked me, "Why would our tiny country of just over 4 million people want to be flooded with immigrants with airs of superiority from huge countries of hundreds of millions of people?"

One of the jefes mentioned that Costa Rica was having enough difficulties dealing with the heavy influx of Nicaraguan immigrants after the civil war there and was struggling to deal well with the infrastructure upgrade demands needed to support so many new real estate developments. His government monopoly was taking a lot of heat from the press and customers with increasing expectations.

The other jefe said that in fact they, "preferred tourists over expat residents." He had lived for a time in Seattle, Washington, and spoke about how so many Washingtonians then had despised wealthy Californians who were moving up there inflating real estate prices and making properties too expensive for the natives. He said the same thing was happening here.
Gene Warneke
La Garita de Alajuela

Caja requirement for expats
seen violating free trade pact

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

The article that appeared on Tuesday, Jan.13, entitled “Campaigns ignore issues close to the hearts of expats” was very informative.  It raises a question that I have about the Caja medical insurance requirement.   In order to receive legal residency here, the Costa Rican government requires expats to enroll in the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social medical insurance plan. 

Within the last few years private insurance companies were allowed to enter the insurance market here as a result of the free trade agreement between Costa Rica and the United States.

It seems to me, the CAJA insurance requirement for anyone receiving legal residency in Costa Rica is a violation of the free trade agreement, as it inhibits trade and does not allow expats the right to purchase insurance on the open market.
Jim Sweeney

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

Top story news feeds are disabled n archvied pages.

From our retirement guide

Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

                Rey bartenders

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details


A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 13
Real Estate
About us

Murder of teens brings hundreds into the streets to protest
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Ricans are murdered in street robberies nearly every day. There were three such cases, at least, over the weekend.

Yet the murder of two budding musicians has had an impact that brought hundreds to the streets Sunday to protest violence. Some came from outside the country specifically to participate in the march.

The participants included many in the country's music and culture scene. The musicians used their instruments to honor the slain teens. Beethoven's "Ode to Joy," Wagner's march from "Tannhauser" and Brahms' "Requiem" were some of the works that accompanied the marchers.

The two teens participated in the Sistema Nacional de Educación Musical and were members of a youth orchestra set up by the Sistema. They also were studying at the Universidad de Costa Rica. By all accounts they had a bright future in the music world. They played in the Orquesta Sinfónica Manuel María Gutiérrez.

Sebastián Condorí, 16. played the flute, and Valeria Cortés, 15, his girlfriend, was a violinist.

Ironically, the national music system was set up to provide youngsters an activity that would keep them away from street crime.

The country has to produce more musicians than young criminals, more musical instruments than weapons and more artists than murderers, said Manuel Obregón, minister of Cultura y Juventud, in a summary provided by the ministry.

Noé Cortés, father of the dead girl, said that "in this country you still cannot walk through the streets safely. We ask a halt to the violence, the drugs and to all that is happening."

Carl St. Clair said he worked his whole professional life with youth orchestras, and for him it was a way to return all the education he received when he was starting out. He is the new director of the Orchestra Sinfónica Nacional. St. Clair said he had heard the youth orchestra last year in Costa Rica. He said he came to the country specifically for the march, according to the ministry.
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo
The march began at Parque Central

The suspect, 21, who is now in custody  lives about 100 meters from the presumed scene of the crime in a mountainous area of Valle Verde de Paraíso. He is an agricultural worker, the Judicial Investigating Organization said.

The pair were killed and then buried in separate graves.

Their friends found them late Tuesday because they were killed in a place where they have been known to frequent.

The boy was carrying a camera that appears to be the motive for the robbery, said investigators. Both were shot.

There were three murders reported since A.M. Costa Rica was published Friday morning. In Guápiles, a 31-year-old man died from two bullet wounds to the back. Judicial agents said he appeared to have tried to run away from robbers Thursday night.

Another man died at Hospital San Juan de Dios early Friday after arriving there with four bullet wounds. He was a construction site guard who shot it out with intruders, agents said.

Saturday night a 22-year-old man died in Hospital San Juan de Dios, after he was shot in Calle Fallas in Desamparados. He was attending a party and suffered bullet wounds to the head, judicial agents said. They said they were unsure of the circumstances but they detained a 17 year old.

Rey Curré hosting diablitos
again this week for festival

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The confrontation between the natives and the Spanish invaders will be played out once again in Rey Curré in southwestern Costa Rica starting Thursday.

This is the Juego de los Diablitos that the Boruca residents consider their most important festival. There are similar festivals, but Rey Curré is right on the Interamerican Sur with good access.

The pageant features costumed devils or diablitos representing the natives. The toro or bull represents the Spanish. The pageant is based on native legends and designed to preserve the culture and dignity. But there also is large quantities of chicha de maiz, which is a fermented corn drink, as well as all types of food.

The festival lasts through Sunday with the modern residents of Rey Curré well aware of the touristic value of the event.

The culture ministry, which is supporting the festival, has set up a map on its Web page.
Miniserio de Cultura y Juventud photo
A diablito confronts the larger toro in a previous year.


You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 13
Real Estate
About us

Mulch technique may displace use of chemical weed killers like Roundup
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A deep green field of rye swayed in a gentle breeze at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Beltsville, Maryland, research station last May, blissfully ignorant of its impending doom.

Two-meter-tall stalks sported budding seed heads that would never ripen into amber waves of grain.

With a rattle and a screech, a tractor rolled through the field, knocking the grass flat with a giant red rolling pin. Metal bars curving around the rolling pin crushed the rye and killed it.

Left behind was a solid carpet of flattened rye.

It’s the latest in chemical-free weed control, explained ecologist Steve Mirsky.

“It covers the ground,” he said. “It reduces the amount of light that gets down to the soil surface. And by keeping the ground cooler, it also inhibits the germination of weeds.”

And that’s important, he added, because “weeds are becoming much more of an issue in agriculture again.”

It’s the end of an era that began in 1996 with the introduction of genetically modified crops immune to the effects of an herbicide called Roundup. Spraying a field with Roundup kills the weeds but has no effect on the crop.

“That system works, and it works well,” Mirsky said. “But the repeated application has the potential to cause resistance, and we’re certainly seeing resistance on the rise across the country.”

More than half of farmers across the country report problems with weeds Roundup no longer kills.

So Mirsky and others are studying an alternative: controlling weeds with plants, not pesticides.
In the fall, they carpet the ground with a so-called cover crop like rye. It gets a head start on the weeds.

They let it grow through the spring, then roll it down before planting.

Special equipment cuts or drills through the protective blanket of dead grass to plant the crop. Months later, at harvest time, a walk through the fields showed what rye rolling can do.

In a field that didn’t get the treatment, Mirsky points out a cluster of troublesome plants called pigweeds growing as tall as the corn.

“They’ll compete with the corn," he said. "And more importantly, they'll set all this seed, and then you’ll have that many more weed problems.”

One pigweed plant can produce half a million seeds, and an infestation can quickly get out of control.

Meanwhile, walking past the rye-rolled field, he adds, “When you look in there, you can see almost no pigweed because the rye does a wonderful job suppressing it.”

And Mirsky says rolling cover crops does more than just fight weeds. The plants rolled down in the spring decay into rich soil, making for better harvests in the fall.

Cotton growers in the pigweed-plagued southeast have adopted rye cover crops to fight resistant weeds. 

And Mirsky says one of the big winners could be organic growers, who don’t use herbicides to control weeds.

“For an organic producer in a region where this is going to work, this could have huge implications,” he said.

It will not work everywhere, he adds. But where it does, it offers farmers a new tool to crush an age-old foe.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Costa Rica’s #1 Time –Tested Relocation/Retirement Tours
Christopher Howard's Award-winning Combination Relocation/Retirement Tour. NO other retirement tour offers MORE options...MORE areas visited, MORE information, MORE people just like you who have made the move and a LONGER
fact-filled tour for your money. Winner of the 2010 Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the most UNIQUE and OUTSTANDING tour in Latin America. This  is the ONLY relocation/retirement tour really APPROVED with a LEGAL tour guide to operate in Costa Rica by the government’s Institute of Tourism ICT (license number DL-658-2004) in 2004. ALL tours are personally led by Christopher Howard, the author of the perennial best-selling ”New Golden Door to
Christ Howard with Max
Retirement and Living in Costa Rica,” the MOST read authority on living and retiring in Costa Rica,  and who has personally helped over 10,000 people with ALL BUDGETS relocate SUCCESSFULLY over the last 35 years. CUSTOM TAILOR-MADE TOURS are also available for people with special needs or who can’t take one of our fixed-date tours. ALL tours include EXTENSIVE touring and a highly informative SEMINAR by the country’s most renowned EXPERTS in their respective fields. Also visit: Live in Costa Rica to check out our NEW tour prices and specials.  Customer satisfaction 100% guaranteed! MY REFERENCES.

* Recommended by the Association of Residents of Costa Rica ARCR as part of the new Costa Rica Alliance (made up of the most renowned experts in their respective fields).

* FREE 50% DISCOUNT on the first year's MEMBERSHIP for the Association of Residents of Costa Rica ARCR with these tours
*FREE BONUS all people who sign up for the tour receive a FREE copy of the 16th edition of  the bestseller “New Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica. At the conclusion of the tour they also receive FREE eBook copies of Christopher Howard’s other one-of-a-kind  bestsellers “Official Guide to Costa Rican Spanish,” “The Official Guide to Real Estate In Costa Rica” and “The Official Guide to Costa Rica’s Legal System for Tontos (dumbells).” Almost 2,000 pages of INVALUABLE material in all!

Insurance firm graphic
Experience You Can Trust is an authorized representative of IMG insurance. For more than 20 years, IMG has dedicated its efforts to providing international medical insurance, travel insurance and impeccable service to the international community. It's our specialty. We realize that traveling abroad can be an exciting experience. We also know that anything can happen while you're away from home - whether visiting short-term or living abroad indefinitely. It's important to be prepared for any unexpected illness, injury or medical emergency. Many traditional medical plans simply are not designed for international travel. We offer: Indivudual/Family, Group, Students/Faculty Trip Interruption, Mission Medical, Specialty Coverage. Contact us at and get a FREE quote today:
U.S Phone: 317-489-0189 or in Costa Rica 8718-1794.
Our policies are accepted at Clinica Biblica and Hospital CIMA.   Visit our web page for more info:

Mead Brown
Rent villas, homes, and condos for your Costa Rica vacation.
Daily housekeeping, WiFi and concierge services included.
Visit us at Costa Rica Vacation Rentals.

Anywhere Costa Rica plans custom vacations, and has the most comprehensive travel services in the country including travel guides, resorts and vacation homes,
Costa Rica tours and car rentals.   Call 1-888.456.3212 or 2479-8811 locally.

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.
Exotic gardens next to one
of our patios

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money.  Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk
Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo


A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

See our listing of real estate brokers on the for-sale page.

Real estate for rent (paid category)
Beautiful 2-bedroom 2-bathroom American-style apartments with an elevator to your front door in a secure building located in Gringo Gulch the American Section of downtown San José. Costa Rica. Located between the Hotel Del Rey, the Hotel Mona Lisa and the Sportsman's Lodge and The Zona Blue (AKA) Little Habana across the street from Harry's Poas Bar, and next to the Holiday Inn.
apartment view
 There are 15 restaurants and American- style bars on this block and four supermarkets within a few blocks. There are 5 casinos within 2 blocks and dozens of hotels around this apartment. Included in your rental price, fast Internet, the best they have in Costa Rica, cable TV with 80
stations, water, washer and dryer. All you pay extra for is electricity. You have your own meter and receive a bill from the electric company every month.  This apartment has a American-style hot water system, hot water in both bathrooms and the kitchen. There is a 25-foot balcony to sit on and watch the people in San José walk by. The neighborhood Barrio Amón is the safest in San José For photos and more information contact:

Lovely cottage on private coffee farm. One spacious bedroom, one bath, office room/spare room with high speed WiFi internet, fully equipped kitchen, phone  line, balcony with beautiful view, especially at  night with
coffee retreat
 the far off lights of San José. Farm is gated and guarded, private and peaceful. Owner on-site. Sarchi is a quiet and safe small town about 30-40 min from the airport, a perfect base to explore from and also get a feel for normal, day-to-day Tico life. Rental is $575 per month, (Longer term rent is negotiable) All utilities included. Sorry, NO PETS. Contact

You must see this!
We are renting our two-story townhouse in San Rafael, Escazú, near the Paco Center. Three bedrooms with a large TV area, 2.5 baths. Bathtub in the master.  Well furnished even down to the computer desks and flat screen TVs. Fully equipped kitchen, including pots and pans,  plus laundry room with washer and dryer. Parking for two vehicles. Basic cable included. Guarded entrance and 24-hour security. Call from the U.S.: 954-716-5219 English or Spanish. Local in Costa Rica call: 8638-7440 but Spanish only or email for questions/more information. Photos can be seen HERE!

Test Drive Costa Rica
Asuncion de Belen. Home in exclusive Residencial La Jolla.  Gated community with controlled access,  security 24/7. Resort swimming pool and gym. Spacious and elegant finishes, private jacuzzi and social areas. 3 bedrooms. 2.5 baths.  Private gardens. Conveniently located close to airport, shopping, bilingual schools, Intel and Duty Free Zones. 322m2 on 249m2 corner lot. Lease with purchase option  $3,400/ $428,000 USD Contact owner for details:

prime properties
We have many prime properties available for long-term rentals.
Santa Ana

MONTHLY $800 TO $1,200

Villas Casa Loma has everything you are looking for.  Best vistas, climate, value.  Four unique homes in a secure private compound on a ridge near Alajuela overlooking the entire Central Valley.  Two are available fully furnished and equipped, each a complete home accommodating 4 persons in two bedrooms with ensuite baths.  Pool, rancho, mirador, other features.  Ask about part-month rates.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See virtual tour of accommodations HERE!
Get to know the real Costa Rica – you may want to live here someday.

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for your stay in this beautiful part 
of Costa Rica. We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Cat trees
San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 13
Real Estate
About us


Putin promises all-out effort
to provide Olympics security

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Russian President Vladimir Putin says his country will do whatever it takes to ensure security at the upcoming Olympics in Sochi. Putin’s comments come less than three weeks before the start of the Winter Games, and amid a continuing terrorist threat in his nation.

The Russian leader spoke resolutely about massive security preparations in and around Sochi.

“The job of the Olympics host is to ensure security of the participants and visitors. We will do whatever it takes,” he said.

Putin spoke in an interview that aired on ABC’s This Week program.

The U.S. State Department has issued a travel warning for Americans planning to attend the games, saying the event presents an attractive target for terrorists. Last month, suicide bombers carried out deadly attacks in Volgograd, some 650 kilometers north of Sochi.

The Russian leader said security operations extend well beyond the Olympic Games.

“We have adequate means available to us through the Federal Security Service, the interior ministry, and armed forces units that will provide security. If necessary, all those tools will be activated,” he said.

Putin said care is being taken to ensure that rigorous security operations do not impede the Olympic Games.

Asked about Russian laws targeting homosexuals, Putin asserted that everyone has equal rights in his country. He described Russia’s treatment of gay people as softer than that of other countries where homosexuality is a capital offense. He said Russia does not criticize other nations’ laws, and that Russia’s laws deserve the same respect from the international community.

Comet-chasing satellite due
to be turned on again today

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The European Space Agency’s comet chasing Rosetta spacecraft is about to wake up from a 31-month nap, which was induced to conserve power after the vehicle ventured too far from the sun.

While agency officials are confident Rosetta will respond when they try to rouse it today, they also realize anything could happen since the spacecraft is now in deep space some 807 million kilometers from Earth.

For the last 10 years, Rosetta has been traveling through the solar system for a rendezvous with comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko or 67P/CG.

The Rosetta spacecraft and mission were designed to perform a detailed investigation of a comet.

Rosetta was put into hibernation mode in 2011 when its trajectory to the comet took it so far from the sun that it was unable to use solar arrays to gather the energy needed to power it.

After Rosetta was powered down, only its computer and several heaters were left running.

Also, to stabilize the spacecraft for its long trip to the comet, the ESA put it into a once-a-minute spin.

Now, 31 months after being put into hibernation, Rosetta’s trajectory has brought it back to where it’s closer to the sun and can gather enough solar energy to reach full power again.

After putting the spacecraft through a number of wake-up maneuvers, mission controllers at the European Space Operations Center in Darmstadt, Germany, will transmit a signal to Rosetta to take it out of its stabilizing spin and orient it so that its solar arrays face the sun, allowing it to draw enough energy to power-up and continue its mission as planned.

The agency says the Rosetta mission will give scientists the opportunity to gain some insight into the creation of the solar system and its planets.

“Comets are very interesting objects, said Mark McCaughrean, senior scientific advisor for space science missions. “They are effectively time capsules. They’ve locked up material which is left over from the birth of our own solar system. So by going to a comet, examining it in detail, studying its materials, what it’s made of, we hope to learn a lot more about the origin of the solar system we live in today.”

By studying the water that is locked up in comet 67P/CG, Rosetta mission officials hope to learn more about where the Earth’s water came from.

McCaughrean says that since the Earth was too warm to hold much water after it was born, ocean water had to have been delivered later. Scientists suspect this was accomplished following collisions with millions of comets.

Another reason to go to and study 67P/CG in great detail, according to McCaughrean, is that comets also contain lots of organic molecules, things which are the building blocks of more complex molecules like DNA.

He and other scientists believe that it’s quite possible that comets not only delivered earth's water, but also the ingredients for life on Earth.

McCaughrean thinks 67P/CG will be a great target for study because, unlike many comets, its surface hasn’t been heated by the sun many times.

When a comet gets heated by the sun, “it gets processed. It gets kind of different on the surface to the way it is underneath,” he said.  He and his colleagues think Rosetta’s target comet will contain plenty of the primitive materials that it collected as the solar system was being formed.

On its way to rendezvous with the comet, Rosetta has made three fly-bys of Earth and one of Mars, while also encountering asteroids Steins and Lutetia along the way.

Once Rosetta reaches its destination, which should be in August, it will spend time orbiting the comet to gather crucial data. Then, in November, it will deploy the Philae lander, a small spacecraft on board, that will land on the comet itself. The Philae will use its 10 specialized instruments to sample and analyze material from the comet’s surface and subsurface.

The Rosetta mission, which was green-lighted in 1993, is named after the famous Rosetta stone. Engraved on this important historic object is a decree issued by a group of ancient Egyptian priests around the year 196 BC.

The stone was inscribed with essentially the same text in three languages – ancient Egyptian Demotic, Greek and Egyptian Hieroglyphs. Scientists, with the knowledge of Demotic and Greek, were able to decipher the meaning of modern Hieroglyphs.

Some consider the deciphering of the Rosetta Stone as the pioneering effort in translating unknown languages. scientists are hoping their Rosetta spacecraft, like the object it was named after, will help unlock the mysteries of how the solar system evolved.

Legislative reaction favorable
to Obama's speech on spying

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Congress is idle this week, but lawmakers are reacting to President Barack Obama’s speech on Friday announcing changes in U.S. intelligence operations. Legislators’ perceptions matter because congressional action will be required to enact some of the reforms sought by Obama.
The president announced changes in the storage of bulk data, called metadata, collected by the National Security Agency and proposed procedures the U.S. government must follow to access that data. He also attempted to reassure the international community that the United States is judicious when it comes to spying abroad.
“The bottom line is that people around the world, regardless of their nationality, should know that the United States is not spying on ordinary people who do not threaten our national security, and that we take their privacy concerns into account in our policies and procedures. This applies to foreign leaders, as well.”
The speech was ground-breaking, according to Rep. Michael McCaul, a Republican who appeared on ABC’s This Week.
“What he did was, for the first time, explain these programs and defend them. I think metadata, most significantly, will not be dismantled, but rather will be put in the hands of an outside, third party. I think what gave most Americans heartburn was that this data was being stored under the NSA and warehoused under the government and this administration, who, you know, quite frankly, has some trust issues," said McCaul.
Another Republican congressman, Mike Rogers, applauded Obama for defending intelligence gathering as necessary and proper. He spoke on CNN’s State of the Union.
“We have to come to the conclusion as Americans, can you put the proper oversight on these programs? I think we have. I think we did. Both under Bush and under Mr. Obama, to make sure we have a program that fills the gap that we know we missed on the 9-11 September attacks,” said Rogers.
Congress takes the issue seriously and will act, said Sen. Patrick Leahy, a Democrat who spoke on Fox News Sunday.
“The concern everybody has is allowing our government to have such a reach into your private life - my private life and everybody else's, that we have a government controlling us instead of us controlling the government. And that's what both the Republicans and Democrats are joined together on the Hill to try to change,” said Leahy.
Lawmakers will weigh in more fully next week, when Congress returns from a break. Obama likely will renew his call for intelligence reforms in his annual State of the Union address Jan. 28.

Google testing contact lens
that will monitor blood sugar

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Internet giant Google says it's testing a smart contact lens that could visually alert patients when their blood sugar level drops.

Diabetics struggle daily to monitor and control their blood sugar level which, if left uncontrolled, can lead to long-term damage to their eyes, kidneys and heart.

Most test their glucose level by drawing a tiny drop of blood, but scientists are trying to find easier ways to do that by experimenting with other body fluids, such as tears.

On its blog, Google says that tiny chips and sensors, and antennas thinner than a human hair, could be embedded into the soft contact lens material. Placed on the eye, it could monitor sugar levels as often as once every second.

Google says it has completed multiple clinical studies and is now testing prototypes with tiny LED lights that flash when the glucose level drops. Researchers also envision new apps that would make that information available online to both patients and their doctors.

Google says the technology is still being tested but hopes it will one day lead to better and easier management of diabetes.

Martin Luther King
Library of Congress photo
Martin Luther King, Jr., at a press conference

Martin Luther King enjoyed
secure location in Birmingham

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Martin Luther King, Jr., came to Birmingham in 1963, to the place he called the most racially segregated city in the United States.

"To dramatize this blatant injustice," he said. "And to demand that the federal government not put a cent in this city unless it decides to face the realities of desegregation."

King and other civil rights leaders launched a campaign pressing the city to abolish laws that kept blacks and whites separated in schools, restaurants and other public places.

Some of the protests turned violent, and hundreds of demonstrators were arrested.

To escape the chaos and have a place to work, King sought refuge inside a Birmingham safe house. Jeff Drew, a civil rights activist whose parents were friends of King, now owns the home. 

"He could do what he wanted, when he wanted and how he wanted, without fear of any reprisal inside these walls. It gave him the sanctuary to pray, to think and write," he said.

But this neighborhood was anything but quiet 50 years ago, as there were numerous racially motivated bombings at homes, giving this community the nickname Dynamite Hill.

Bomb's exploded nearby and the house came under fire from white segregationists.

"This room was protected by that big wall out there to stop the bullets from coming in here," said Drew. He said King stayed at the house 20 times during the Birmingham campaign. He slept in this bedroom and during the day met with civil rights leaders to map out strategy and negotiate a settlement with white business owners.

"Right here was where the end of the Birmingham business boycott was negotiated. Business leaders agreed to hire blacks as sales people and to remove the colored and white signs at the bathrooms and water fountains," he said.

Drew also remembers listening to a tense telephone conversation between King and President John Kennedy when King demand that the federal government stop the violence.

"His side of the conversation went like this, 'We want the entire country to know that your administration supports racial inequality here in Birmingham, and brutality as well. And so we are going to continue the demonstration,' and he hung the phone up, slammed the phone down."

The next morning Drew said federal troops dispatched by the president set up a command post outside the home, and tensions eased.

Lawrence Pijeaux, president of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute said King's success in the city had an impact nationwide. "In legislation that provided an opportunity for our people to have access to important things: education, housing, healthcare, voting rights. Those things came about primarily because of what happened in Birmingham, Alabama," he said

Drew wants to preserve the house to remind people of the sacrifices made by King and thousands of African Americans.

In 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize and President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act outlawing racial segregation in public places.  The following year, the Voting Rights Act banned practices that were used to keep blacks from participating in elections.
King’s final campaign came in 1968 in Memphis, Tenn.  While supporting striking sanitation workers, he was assassinated at a local hotel.  King was 39 years old when he died.

Today, Martin Luther King Day, is a U.S. national holiday commemorating  his Jan.15 birthday. The U.S. Embassy here is closed.

Rodman checks in himself in
at alcohol treatment center

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Retired American basketball star Dennis Rodman has checked himself into an alcohol treatment program after returning to the United States from his latest trip to North Korea, where he played an exhibition game for the birthday of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

Rodman spokesman Darren Prince said Saturday that Rodman checked into the facility voluntarily. He did not disclose the location of the center and did not say how long Rodman would be there.

While on his self-described basketball diplomacy trip, Rodman gave an incoherent, profanity-filled rant during a live interview with CNN, in which he seemed to imply that a U.S. citizen deserved to be imprisoned in the North.

In a statement through a publicist, Rodman later said it had been a stressful day and he had been drinking before the interview.

Rodman told reporters at the Beijing airport last Monday that he was sorry he could not do anything to help free American missionary Kenneth Bae, who was imprisoned for 15 years of hard labor on a conviction of trying to overthrow the government. He said he is not a diplomat and asked the world to put away politics for one day.

Foreign directors basking
in glow of Oscar nominations

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

As Palestinian director Hany Abu-Assad reflected on his second Oscar nomination for best foreign language film while hiking in the hills near Los Angeles Thursday, he evoked the special sweetness the distinction carries for filmmakers from small, developing corners of the world.
“It means a lot to me, personally,” Abu-Assad said in a telephone interview, “because it will give you more opportunities to finance your projects and attract actors.”
Abu-Assad's film "Omar" about friendship and betrayal after three Palestinians murder an Israeli soldier, along with Cambodia's Rithy Panh's "The Missing Picture" represented the outsider countries nominated for best foreign language film, vying for the honor against dramas from established film industries in Italy, Denmark and Belgium.
“It's actually the same challenge as everywhere, financing film,” Abu-Assad said. “We don't have a real infrastructure for cinema because we're still under occupation. It's not easy to move.”
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which will hand out the Academy Awards March 2, winnowed down 76 competing foreign films to nine in the first phase of the nomination process before announcing the final five.
“The toughest recognition to get is from the people who know the business well,” Abu-Assad said. “When you make a movie, you want recognition that you made a good movie and such a nomination gives you that recognition.”
Each country can nominate one film each year. Last year's winner, Austrian director Michael Haneke's austere French-language drama "Amour," went beyond the foreign-language category by scoring nominations for best picture, directing, original screenplay and best actress.
This year's nominees include a film that features a Danish actor best known for his work on U.S. television, another that substitutes clay figurines for actors, and the winner of the Golden Globe award for best foreign language film.
Denmark's "The Hunt," about a kindergarten teacher falsely accused of molesting a student, is directed by Thomas Vinterberg and stars Mads Mikkelsen, the lead actor of NBC television series "Hannibal," who also starred in the last year's Oscar-nominated Danish film, "A Royal Affair."
“I don't know the American situation well enough to know how much this will help, but for us back here it means the world,” Vinterberg told Reuters from Copenhagen. “It's an amazing pat on the shoulder and we're very, very proud.”
Vinterberg said he hoped that Mikkelsen will attract viewers and Oscar voters to the film.
​“What I can tell you is that he's done one of his best performances ever,” the director said of Mikkelsen, whose steely looks often land him the roles of villains in Hollywood.
“I really wrote the character for him,” Vinterberg added. “The whole character was invented for Mads in particular... He was so manly already, he's such a stallion, that I decided to humble him and make him a schoolteacher, and make him more Scandinavian and soft.”
Belgium Flemish-language drama "The Broken Circle Breakdown" by Felix Van Groeningen, about a bluegrass performer and his girlfriend whose carefree life is upended when their young daughter is stricken with cancer, is the country's seventh Oscar nomination.
"The Missing Picture," which landed Cambodia's first Oscar nomination, eschews actors altogether for clay figurines as stand-ins for the director Panh's family, whose lives were destroyed in bloody reign of the Khmer Rouge government.
Drama "The Great Beauty" from Italy, which as a country has won a record 13 best foreign picture Oscars, earned a nomination after capturing the Golden Globe award for best foreign film.
The film, directed by Paolo Sorrentino and about an aging journalist reflecting on his life in Rome, is considered a nod to Federico Fellini's landmark 1960 film "La Dolce Vita."

Email obsessions can damage
mental health, psychologist says

By the Kingston University news service

Workers obsessed with checking their emails could be damaging their own mental health and that of their colleagues, according to research at London's Kingston University.

Occupational psychologist Emma Russell said she believes she has identified the seven deadly email sins that can lead to negative repercussions if not handled correctly.

Some of the worst habits include ping pong  messages back and forth and read receipts, which accompany every missive sent, the study, looking into which email practices stress employees out, found.

“Back in the dial-up era, when going online had a cost implication, most people checked email maybe once a day and often responded to mails as soon as they read them.  Now with broadband and 3G, unlimited numbers of messages can be streamed to you via your smartphone at any time of the day or night. However many of us haven’t adapted our behavior to what can seem like a constant stream of mails,” Ms. Russell, a senior lecturer in occupational psychology at Kingston Business School, explained.

Responding to out of hours emails, for instance, may make an employee look keen but it can also mean workers find it difficult to switch off, according to the study.  “This puts pressure on staff to be permanently on call and makes those they are dealing with feel the need to respond,” Ms. Russell explained. “Some workers became so obsessed by email that they even reported experiencing so-called phantom alerts where they think their phone has vibrated or bleeped with an incoming email when in fact it has not. Others said they felt they needed to physically hold their smartphone when they were not at their desk so that they were in constant email contact.”

Email ping pong, where messages are responded to immediately by both sides until a very long chain builds up, are particularly hated by many of those involved.

Ms. Russell analyzed 28 email users across different companies to see which habits had positive and negative influences on their working lives.

"This research reminds us that even though we think we are using strategies for dealing with our email at work, many of them can be detrimental to other goals and the people that we work with," Ms. Russell said.

Some create a problem for the sender rather than the receiver, she said, as they can lead to them giving out the wrong impression or not remaining in control of what they are doing. For example having email alerts switched on and responding to email immediately can have positive benefits if one wants to show concern to the person who has emailed them.  However, it may have negative repercussions in terms of the sender feeling that responding to emails is taking them away from other tasks and impacting on their sense of well-being.

The report was presented at the British Psychological Society's annual conference.

University of Oregon graphic
Graphic shows release of stored elastic energy.
Secrets of how humans walk
probed by Oregon researchers

 By the University of Oregon news service

Humans and some of the hominid ancestors such as Homo erectus have been walking for more than a million years, and researchers are close to figuring out how humans do it.

It’s never been completely clear how human beings accomplish the routine, taken-for-granted miracle called walking, let alone running. But findings published last month in the Journal of Experimental Biology outline a specific interaction between the ankle, knee, muscles and tendons that improve the understanding of a leg moving forward in a way that maximizes motion while using minimal amounts of energy.

The research could find some of its earliest applications in improved prosthetic limbs, said researchers in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Later on, a more complete grasp of these principles could lead to walking or running robots that are far more agile and energy-efficient than anything that exists today.

“Human walking is extraordinarily complex, and we still don’t understand completely how it works,” said Jonathan Hurst, a professor of mechanical engineering and expert in legged locomotion in robots. There’s a real efficiency to it – walking is almost like passive falling. The robots existing today don’t walk at all like humans, they lack that efficiency of motion and agility.

“When we fully learn what the human leg is doing,” Hurst added, “we’ll be able to build robots that work much better.”

Researchers have long observed some type of high-power push off when the leg leaves the ground, but didn’t really understand how it worked. Now they believe they do. The study concluded there are two phases to this motion. The first is an alleviation phase in which the trailing leg is relieved of the burden of supporting the body mass.

Then in a launching phase the knee buckles, allowing the rapid release of stored elastic energy in the ankle tendons, like the triggering of a catapult.

“We calculated what muscles could do and found it insufficient, by far, for generating this powerful push off,” said Daniel Renjewski, a postdoctoral research associate in the Dynamic Robotics Laboratory at Oregon State. “So we had to look for a power-amplifying mechanism.

“The coordination of knee and ankle is critical,” he said. “And contrary to what some other research has suggested, the catapult energy from the ankle is just being used to swing the leg, not add large amounts of energy to the forward motion.”

Walking robots don’t do this. Many of them use force to swing the leg forward from something resembling a hip point. It can be functional, but it’s neither energy-efficient nor agile. And for more widespread use of mobile robots, energy use is crucially important, the researchers said.

“We still have a long way to go before walking robots can move with as little energy as animals use,” Hurst said. “But this type of research will bring us closer to that.”

The research has helped create some of the leading technology in the world for robots that can walk and run.

One model can run a nine-minute mile and step off a ledge, and others are even more advanced. Robots with the ability to walk and maneuver over uneven terrain could ultimately find applications in prosthetic limbs, an exo-skeleton to assist people with muscular weakness, or use in the military, disaster response or any dangerous situation.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Project completion specialists
Casa del pacifico logo
Pacifica living
A turnkey home and project completion agency devoted to creative vision and flawless execution. We provide a single, solid and dedicated point of contact for the duration of your real estate project, specializing in:

                      • Building completion services
                      • Interior design & decoration
                      • Custom furniture design & manufacturing.

Our primary goal is to assist our clients with a smooth transition to occupancy while providing highly personalized and distinctive services. We have refined the process to be a hassle free experience, especially valuable for clients who live abroad. We customize to suit each client’s personal taste, lifestyle and budget.
Serving region for 10 years.
We regularly exceed client expectations. We guarantee it.
Cell phone: (506) - 8707-8008
Office phone: (506) - 2288-5644

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Swimming pool at night
A Buyer’s Broker offering the best
of Costa Rica Real Estate.

For those looking for quality properties and service at quality prices. Central Valley Rentals. Offering honesty, experience and knowledge. Your Villa Real Expert. Call us now  Toll Free (877) 845-4533. In Costa Rica 2228-5961 or 8339-2112.

Re/Max, the Pacific coast expert
Re/Max offers comprehensive Costa Rica Real Estate, vacation rental and relocation services. Our award-winning team is the largest in the country, and can show you the best lifestyle and financial investment properties in the most desirable locations including prime real estate in Tamarindo, Langosta, Conchal, Flamingo, Pinilla, Coco, Hermosa and Playa Panama.  Give us a call in Costa Rica at 506-2653-0073, or toll free from the U.S. and Canada 1-800-385-5930. Re/Max, the name you trust for the finest real estate services in Costa Rica.

Moran Arenal
Lake Arenal, Costa Rica
The undiscovered jewel of Central America, 35 square miles of blue, pristine, clear water ideal for fishing, swimming, boating, Real estate values still low.
Great lake front, river front land, farms, homes, condos and commercial property. Some with owner financing
This is far and away the most beautiful place in all Central America — cool climate. Try our two-day, all-inclusive discovery tour for $299.

Check with our Web site at
Contact us at the office: (506) 2694-0088
Cell (506) 8880-8888
Phone number from the U.S. (305) 307-0088
Moran logo

Costa Rica,

Central America
Houses, lots and farms in Grecia,
western Central Valley.
Great climate
and safe communities.

Visit our Web Site:

English: (Cristian Arce)
(506) 8309-0173  
English:  (Luis Arce)
(506) 7100-8489  
 Español: (Luis G. Jiménez)
  (506) 8707-4016  
Grecia 794
This is the BIGGEST DEAL of the month now at $850.000: HERE!
30,000 square meters of land and 750 square-meters of construction.
Grecia 792
300 square meters of land, 195 square meters of construction HERE
Grecia 807
  18,000 square meters of land and 300 square meters of construction. HERE!
  Send us your request to our email:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

beachfront home
Beautiful Palo Seco Beach home priced to sell!
Gorgeous beachfront two-story home, of roughly 2,000 square feet, set on a half acre oceanfront lot that is full of beautiful fruit and shade trees in Playa Palo Seco. This home features two bedrooms, three full baths, high quality A/C units in all rooms, huge front and backyard, and of course, a fantastic view of the Pacific Ocean just feet away from the front door! Playa Palo Seco is perfectly situated between Jacó and Quepos and is only minutes away from five-star dining such as El Clandestino.  We have reduced the price from $150,000 to $125,000 firm for a fast sale in the new year! This is a must see property! Owner financing is available. This truly is a once in a lifetime offer and it will go fast! Please call 8816-2478 or email for more information!

St. Michael
Ocean View estates inside a gated community from $5.94 M2.  Properties start at 39K. NO HOA FEES.  Community salt water modern waterfall swimming pools, organic vegetable gardens, exotic flower gardens, food forest, mature orchards, fresh fish from aquaponics, stables, community center, and much more.  Each lot comes with an edible landscaping including pineapples, plantains, papayas, guanabanas, bananas, and more.  Most lots already have mature mango, lemon, orange, or caimito trees.  This is the most secure community in CR with multiple sources of water, electric, and high \[speed internet.

Cahuita estate
Beach house in Cahuita for sale
2,000-sq. ft. house, 2 bedrooms. 2 baths. With incredible view of sea.  House has beautiful hardwood open upstairs deck. Teakwood floor upstairs. CB and ceramic downstairs, Very well built with beautiful hardwoods upstairs.  Oval bathtub, hand painted ceramic sinks  The view is through 240 meters of jungle and coconut trees to the beach. The beach in front is perfect and quiet. Very secure area. Property located adjacent to our wildlife sanctuary and botanical gardens. Great group of neighbors from U.S.A.,  Italy, Holland, Sweden, etc. This very private property is owned by Todd Scottland for more then  35 years. Taxes are paid up to date. This is a gem of a house. Must see!  Price  $205,000.00.  Email to: Email for more photos.
Phone 2755-0014 or cell phone 8610-0490.

Esparza home
Esparza, Puntarenas
Stunning open concept contemporary home 1800 square feet, high end finishing set in tranquil rural 1.3 acres of fruit trees and tropical flowers. Separate guest suite, artist studio, workshop, carport, electric gate.  Close to two international airports, surfing, fishing, golfing and shopping. More photos here:
Sale for $239.000 Contact:

Ojochal montage
Ojochal Paradise
Tropical paradise of 6.5 acres in Ojochal.  Cabin with one sleeping loft, all services, mountain and distant ocean views.  Several building sites available for main house or rental units. Close to surfing, fishing, golfing. Sale for $129.000  Contact:  for more photos/information or go here:

Located in Jacó at Barrio Ricos y Famosos
in Calle Europa, Casa Shangri La.
Main house: 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, 270 square meters, 2 condominiums 2 bedrooms, one bath, 110 square meters, plus one small apartment: One bedroom, one bath. Huge pool, carport for five cars. plus double garage, rancho with pool bathroom, gymnasium, laundry room, pool plumbing room, huge dog house in separate 500-square-meter garden with aviary for guacamayas (we have three birds) 60 meters of river front of Río Copey with a 4-meter-high protective and retention stone wall. Eight surveillance camera CCTV system with Internet access from anywhere. Over 2-meter-high brick wall all around the property with two layers of razor wires on top, the safest place to be! Electronic entrance gate, door phone, five telephone lines, high-speed Internet wireless access everywhere. Beautiful gardens with many fruit trees. Built to highest standard by German owner in 2005,  room for two more apartments, plans approved. Less then a 10 minutes walk to the beach and or center of Jaco. Price $ 1,350.000 negotiable. All fittings and furniture. German-built, excellent quality and well maintained. 70% owner financing available. More photos on request HERE!  Email:  cell 8838-2081 or home 2643-2979.

Rich Coast montage
Real Estate, Central Pacific Region

Central Pacific between Jacó and Quepos-Manuel Antonio
Lots in gated community near the beach  from $17,999! Only 3 left
2-bedroom house in gated community was $120k now $99,900
3-bedroom house with 2 additional residential lots, walk to the beach $160k
Turnkey coffee shop/ bakery, corner location, great ROI! $65k
2-bedroom panoramic oceanview house, guesthouse on 2.5 acres $269k
Panoramic oceanview  property, 3 houses, on-ground pool $375k
And much more!!!
   USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
   CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Samara church and lot
Commercial lot with great visibility in heart of Playa Sámara commercial district. Located alongside town's largest church, bank, hardware store/lumber yard, mini shopping plaza, and Pali (Sámara's largest supermarket). This lot has a large elevated building platform shaded with mature treees. All this makes for many commercial options.  One block from stunning "blue flag" beach. This is a perfect location for a eco/boutique hotel, restaurant/catering, apartments, or condominium. All utilities to this property. Lot size 1,414m2. Price 325K. Email:

Gorgeous Survival Farm located between San Ramón and Arenal Volcano bordering the huge Arenal Monteverde Nature Reserve. 30 acres of virgin rain forest with no neighbors, river, spring waters, rich soil, giant trees, homesite, no electricity, year-round 4WD access. 59,000 USD

Gulf road

Beachfront pristine five-hectare (13-acre) property

includes a common open air lodge with kitchen, three cabins, a caretaker's house, a garage and a secure storeroom. The property is maritime and has a current and valid maritime user's permit, all up to date and clear. In addition to the immaculately landscaped portion of the property that is already developed with bungalows, there are an additional three hectares that are ready for expansion and are cleared and planted in grass. The sales offer includes furnishings, appliances, catamaran, kayaks, and a whole series of extras. This property has about 300 meters of beach front in a docile portion of the gulf about 15 minutes north of Puerto Jimeenez, ideal for mooring boats just off the property shoreline. Has municipal water and power. Offered at $970,000. All reasonable offers will be considered. See photos and maps and more at Contact us at: or +1-866-514-7435.

For Sale By Owner
1 lot (1.5 acres)  at SIBU (8 lots total) amongst 50 acres of protected jungle gardens with sunset ocean views of Playa Nosara. Underground electric and water.13 minutes from Playa Guiones. Gated. In house financing available. Home of SIBU Sanctuary.

Spectacular view property on a ridge near Alajuela.  Large home and 3 rental homes totaling 7,300 square feet (678 square meters) live-in construction.  Property area is 3,376 square meters (0.83 acres) including a vacant lot for expansion options.  In total there are 10 bedrooms, each with an ensuite bath.  Property has pool, rancho, mirador, courtyard and covered parking.  Homes have romantic fireplaces, built-ins, storage, other luxury features.  Turnkey sale includes all appliances, furniture, fixtures, equipment.  Call Gerry at (506) 2441-8796 or e-mail at  See property video here:

See virtual tour of accommodations here:

For more details go to:

Five bedroom home
Five bedrooms, three-and-a-half baths plus guest house
Price reduced $100,000 for quick sale. Features include out door BBQ, swimming pool, plus on the beach. The home is completely furnished with U.S. products. Each room is individually air conditioned.  Hot water in bathrooms, kitchen and laundry room.  Fully furnished. Includes TV’s, refrigerator/freezer, dish washer, microwave, electric stove/oven, washer & dryer and many “as seen on TV” appliances. 
Asking  $250,000.    Call Gary 8784-2945 or email

Becker montage
Beach property on the Pacific Ocean in Guanacaste.

House and guest house on adjacent half acre lots. Each with separate electric,  private septic and well. Each can be sold stand alone or packaged. Modern kitchen, granite counters, Viking stove, large separate frig and freezer. Private commercial grade septic and well. No water shortages even in dry season. High speed internet and U.S. standard electric. Center of the beach -- NEVER floods. Estuary at each end of the beach with excellent kayaking and bird watching through the mangroves. Excellent fishing right off the shore. Great surfing, horseback riding, bicycling or Turtle watching. Groceries three miles away. Mentioned in "The Lonely Planet" Page 301. "Two of the most beautiful and least visited beaches in Costa Rica. Wilderness beaches of fine silver-grey sand." Despite opportunities for great surfing, kayaking and just about anything else you want to do on a sandy strip of paradise, the beaches are nearly always abandoned. $500K Will finance.  More pictures available at:  Contact information:,  US: 001-612-599-0205 or Costa Rica 011-506-2655-1202.


ULatina, UCR, & U Fidelitas San Pedro, San Jose. $175,000.
Quietly located behind The Foundation Costa Rica Canada, 500 meters north of Iglesia Lourdes, San Pedro. ULatina, UCR, U. Fidelitas, bus & new train station are within five minutes Four-bedroom, three and half-bath unit within a secure complex of 40 condos with high cement outside walls with secure entrance manned by an armed guard 24 hours per day. Security fencing with electric wire, and a CCTV recorded security camera system is monitored within the guard house.  For additional peace of mind, this residence equipped with an independently wired security system, iron bars on windows and patio doors, a telephone communication system to contact the guard house and secure parking at your front door.   Beautiful mountain view from roof covered 3rd floor terraza. A green park area inside the complex for your children to safely play and an outside parking area in from of guard house for visitors. Cable TV/Internet lines and 220-volt service for hot water heater, stove and dryer. Water storage tank with pump maintains high pressure to bathrooms on all three floors. American style washer and electric dryer, refrigerator, glass top stove, and kitchen cabinets included. Other furniture items may be available. Call Bill   (English) C.R. Phone: (506) 6011-6987   or  U.S. Phone:  (630) 886-4458  or   (305) 848-5577. C.R. Spanish  phone number: (506) 8799-4041  or  (506) 8363-9898.  Email:

Med house
Mediterranean inspired home overlooking the Bay of Nicoya and Pacific Ocean. This design allows for barrier free living, yet maximizes views from every room in the house . Vaulted ceiling over the living area and kitchen give the great room it’s spacious, open feeling with a natural stone fireplace and imported Spanish tile floors. $365,000.   Property: 22,000 m2 or 5.5 acres. Construction: 4,500 sq. ft. including porches and garage. 3 nedrooms, 2 baths, full dining room, separate office. Custom wrought iron gates, custom exotic wood cabinets, high-end stainless steel appliances, Granite countertops.    Slide show at   
For more information contact:

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

For sale is a beautiful 50-acre property located in Los Alpes, just 15 minutes outside of San Ramon. At about 4,000 feet above sea level, this finca provides gorgeous views of the Central Valley as well as the Pacific Ocean in the distance while also offering a wonderful climate year around. The main house is two stories with three bedrooms and two full baths. High quality construction using exotic hardwoods such as almond, which covers the ceilings throughout the entire house. There are also two corrals and a small casita on the property. This location is perfect for a farm-style home or for beginning an agricultural business. This truly is a rare piece of property and is available for $399,999. Price is somewhat negotiable and we will be happy to work with the buyer to make it work! Please call 8816-2478 or e-mail for more information ¡y se habla español!

humming bird nest

Bed & Breakfast for sale and personal home with 2 houses on property of 3/4 acre (3,030 m2) and buildings w/verandas & carport approximately 350 m2. One house at entrance is central to village w/gated parking lot and a 3-bedroom house for rental or employees/family w/carport/yard/gardens. A 50-meter sendero winds to the top among lush gardens where the main house is situated w/2 buildings attached by verandas & stairway to second floor.  There are 2 bedrooms, sala, 4 baths, large kitchen, laundry rooms, work bodega, storage bodega and hot tub on veranda w/tiled shower room.  Home is surrounded by tropical gardens, views of Arenal Volcano, panoramic views of Lake Arenal, private w/school owned property on one side, pasture land on back side and connecting entry gate on other side to Cabinas El Castillo & Fusion Restaurant.  A bird watcher's paradise w/hummingbirds, Montezuma, toucans, butterflies and visits from howler monkeys.  The B&B is listed four consecutive editions of Lonely Planet and the first established B&B in this area.  Photos can be viewed on the Web site:  Make your dream come true with a slice of paradise in a quiet, private setting. Call Ellen Neely at  8835-8711.  Email:

Guiones retreat
Approximately half acre on the beach with private path to the surf. Very private three-home complex with pool, spacious patios with two wet bars, barbeque and yoga area. Featuring a three-bedroom ranch style home plus a two story Mexican villa style home with two master suites, large kitchen and living area with ocean views and breezes upstairs and a garden apartment downstairs with separate entrance. A caretaker's or teenager's cottage and lots of space for expansion. PRICED FOR QUICK SALE: $899,000.  Call 506 8867-8883 or

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
A successful, local, long-running business for sale.
In the nine years of operation, this company has grown to cover the entire Southern Pacific Zone, and opened the door to further penetration in San José, Manuel Antonio and Osa Peninsula areas. And it is the only one of its kind with no comparable competition. With the extensive groundwork that has already been achieved, the business is now poised to expand into a new level of success. Operating since 2005, the owner is retiring to another Latin American country. It is now time to turn the business over to a new owner who could expand it to even greater success. Details on the business, its history, a strategic analysis of its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, as well as a pro-forma income statement from 2008 through to 2013 are available upon request to

Jaco station
Gas Station/Auto Plaza
Located on the Pan American Highway, Jacó Beach, Costa Rica, Central America. This property is  45,000  square feet or  18,000  meters.  Liquor and convenience store is operational. Room to add an automotive service, car wash, restaurant, pharmacy, lotto sales, tour sales, ATM's,  etc, for a real money maker. Also future plans for a 80-unit  auto motel and casino. See on Youtube at: Asking price  $3.9 million. Email or call: 8899-9870.

beach scenes
Established Hotel/Resort -Great Business Opportunity:
The owner/manager of a successful hotel on the Gold Coast of Costa Rica has listed their property with us. It is a successful and ongoing concern. The property and buildings are well built and maintained. The property has a history of repeat clients. To protect the business for the current and future owners, detailed information of the listing will only be shared after an expression of interest and a non-disclosure confidentiality agreement is executed. It is located about one hour of Liberia airport and less than 500 meters to beach. The land is over 1 hectare allowing room for expansion. There are 18 bedrooms in a variety of apartments, cabinas and houses, A/C, bar restaurant and shop. Near golf, horses, tennis, world class surf and more. Listing Price of $US2.4 million. Mary or Jerre West,, 8879-0235 or (303) 317-6603

Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. San Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's
sixth news page

San José, Costa Rica, Monday, Jan. 20, 2014, Vol. 14, No. 13
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Scientists expect more woes
from strong El Niño events

By the University of New South Wales news service

Extreme weather events fueled by unusually strong El Niños, such as the 1983 heat wave that led to the Ash Wednesday bushfires in Australia, are likely to double in number as the planet warms.

An international team of scientists from organizations including the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, published this finding in the journal Nature Climate Change.

"We currently experience an unusually strong El Niño event every 20 years. Our research shows this will double to one event every 10 years," said co-author, Dr. Agus Santoso of the Centre of Excellence.

"El Niño events are a multi-dimensional problem, and only now are we starting to understand better how they respond to global warming," said Santoso. Extreme El Niño events develop differently from standard El Niños, which first appear in the western Pacific. Extreme El Niño's occur when sea surface temperatures exceeding 28°C develop in the normally cold and dry eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. This different location for the origin of the temperature increase causes massive changes in global rainfall patterns, he said.

"The question of how global warming will change the frequency of extreme El Niño events has challenged scientists for more than 20 years," said co-author Mike McPhaden of U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

"This research is the first comprehensive examination of the issue to produce robust and convincing results," said McPhaden.

The impacts of extreme El Niño events extend to every continent across the globe.

The 1997-98 event alone caused $35 U.S. billion in damage and claimed an estimated 23,000 human lives worldwide.

"During an extreme El Niño event countries in the western Pacific, such as Australia and Indonesia, experienced devastating droughts and wild fires, while catastrophic floods occurred in the eastern equatorial region of Ecuador and northern Peru," said lead author, Wenju Cai of the  Commonwealth Scientific organization.

In Australia, the drought and dry conditions induced by the 1982-83 extreme El Niño preconditioned the Ash Wednesday Bushfire in southeast Australia, leading to 75 fatalities.

To achieve their results, the team examined 20 climate models that consistently simulate major rainfall reorganization during extreme El Niño events. They found a substantial increase in events from the present-day through the next 100 years as the eastern Pacific Ocean warmed in response to global warming.

"This latest research based on rainfall patterns, suggests that extreme El Niño events are likely to double in frequency as the world warms leading to direct impacts on extreme weather events worldwide."

"For Australia, this could mean summer heat waves, like that recently experienced in the south-east of the country, could get an additional boost if they coincide with extreme El Ninos," said co-author, Professor Matthew England from the  Center of Excellence for Climate System Science

Nine in Haiti indicted in killing
of critical radio broadcaster

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A judge in Haiti has indicted nine people, including some close associates of former president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, in the killing of radio journalist Jean Dominique more than a decade ago.

The former president was not indicted, but a former senator in Aristide's political party is among the nine.

An unknown gunman shot and killed the prominent, outspoken journalist and a security guard during the April 2000 incident in Port-au-Prince.

At least seven judges have worked on the case over a span of 14 years, resulting in Friday's indictments.

Dominique revolutionized Haitian broadcasting by criticizing abuses by those in power and addressing his audience in native Creole, rather than French.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this page and this Web site are copyrighted by A.M. Costa Ltda. 2014 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

From Page 7:

April deal predicted for Pacific trade pact

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

An ambitious trade pact being negotiated among Pacific Rim nations could be concluded as soon as April, the Mexican economy minister, Ildefonso Guajardo, said.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership would cover almost 40 percent of the global economy and create a free trade zone reaching from North America to Japan and New Zealand. The United States is keen to wrap up talks in the coming months.
“My estimate from the start of the year is that we could be closing a deal ... in the first four months of the year,” Guajardo told reporters in Mexico City.
It could even be sooner than April, but would depend on how negotiations developed, the minister said.
The countries in the talks include the United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Vietnam, Chile, Mexico and Peru.