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Sunny days until June

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Published on Monday, May 15, 2023
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff


The National Meteorological Institute estimates a delayed rainy season, known as the green season, due to the ENSO atmospheric phenomenon.

ENSO, El Niño–Southern Oscillation, is an irregularly periodic variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting the climate of much of the tropics and subtropics. The phenomenon causes a period of increased temperatures and decreased rainfall.

According to experts, the beginning of the rainy season is usually in April. This year, it will be different. The ENSO phenomenon will prolong the sunny days and the lack of rain until June.

The institute forecasts that in most of the country the drought conditions, presented since August 2022, will continue. The rains are expected to develop from June to November.

The 2023 tropical cyclonic season in the Atlantic Ocean that affects the Caribbean Sea will remain active from June 1 to Nov. 30.

Experts foresee the generation of 12 tropical cyclones, of which 5 would be tropical storms and 7 would reach the category of hurricane. Experts said that one or two tropical cyclones will move or form over the Caribbean Sea this year.

According to the National Emergency Commission, even though less rain is expected this year, they are already experiencing increased calls.

Authorities have already restocked the 79 warehouses of municipal shelters in the country with food, beds and first aid kits.

In addition, the rescue operations strategies including enabling more than 730 shelters in the country are already organized. Also, potential shelters, such as schools, community rooms and gyms, among others, were already verified.


What have you heard about the effects of the ENSO phenomenon in your country? We would like to know your thoughts on this story. Send your comments news@amcostarica.com