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An action plan to care for a family member infected with covid-19 is a must-do, due to the increase in new cases reported by the authorities.
 - A.M. Costa Rica illustrative photo -


Published Thursday, September 24, 2020

Health specialists recommend a plan
to care for covid-19 infected
family members

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Social Security specialists are developing a campaign recommending prevention measures to avoid the contagion with covid-19. Advice is given on how to develop an emergency action plan in case any family members are infected.

The family protection plan is a guide filled with measures caring for the most vulnerable members of the family, such as the elderly or those with chronic diseases such as cancer, heart or respiratory illnesses.

According to specialists, when preparing to develop a family prevention plan the following tips should be taken:

• A family member with chronic diseases should take only prescribed medication and follow medical advice.

• If you live alone, establish constant virtual communication with family, friends or neighbors to have a plan on how to get food and medical attention.

• If you have a family member who lives alone or requires support, help them purchase food, medicine or other supplies, taking protective measures.

• If the covid-19 virus is spreading in your community, avoid gatherings, avoid public spaces that may represent a greater risk and apply sanitary measures to protect yourself.

• Identify the symptoms of covid-19 (losing taste and smell, fever, cough or respiratory difficulties) and notify medical services immediately if you suspect that you have caught the virus.

• If you are infected with covid-19, maintain the most possible physical distance from the people in your home.

• Avoid hugging, kissing, or sharing food or drinks with infected people.

• Vulnerable family members and non-family members should avoid caring for children sick with covid-19.

• If vulnerable people must care for the children in your home, the children should not have contact with them.

• An infected member of the family must comply with the quarantine within the house. They must be separated from the other members as much as possible.

According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, the following actions are recommended in the case a family member was infected with covid-19:

• Provide a separate room and bathroom for the sick person, if possible. If a separate bedroom and bathroom are not a viable option, separate them from other members of the family as much as possible.

• If possible, have only one person in the home care for the sick person. The caregiver should be someone who is not at risk of serious illness and should minimize contact with other people in the home.

• Identify a different caregiver for other members who require help with cleaning, grooming, or other daily tasks.

• Keep as much distance as possible between the sick person and other members of the family.

• If you need to share a room with someone who is sick, make sure the  room has good air circulation.

• Open exterior doors and windows before entering and use fans to increase air circulation in the area.

• Wait as long as possible before entering the room to clean and disinfect it.

An action plan to care for a family member infected with covid-19 is a must-do, due to the increase in new cases reported by the authorities in the last 24 hours.

On Wednesday the Ministry of Health reported the following on the statistics of the virus:

1,370 new covid-19 cases, bringing the total to 41,142 active cases.

12,918 foreign-born people have been infected with a total of 68,059 cases since March, approximately 19% of the total cases.

• 616 patients are being treated in public hospitals, where 249 patients are in ICU’s in delicate health conditions (ages range from 1 to a 91-year-old person). And 367 patients are in recovery rooms. The majority of the rest of the infected patients are quarantined in their homes.

• 26,136 coronavirus patients have fully recovered, which is a 38.4% recovery rate of the total cases since March.

• 127,047 people have been ruled out.

• 210,057 medical covid-19 tests have been made.

781 deaths of people infected with covid-19, approximately 1.1% death rate of the total cases since March. Of these 300 were women and 481 men. The ages range from 19 to a 100-year-old person.

As of Aug. 31, authorities confirmed the death of 31 foreign-born patients. The youngest and most recent victim was a 19-year-old woman who lived in Guanacaste Province. Before then, on July 30, the ministry announced they would not provide updated information on foreign-born people who died from covid-19 in the country, which at the time authorities reported 30 had died from the virus since March.

Readers can see the updated number of total patients in each district at the National Distance Education University on its
Covid-19 Map.

As of Wednesday night, the pandemic has killed 975,100 patients worldwide, according to recent statistics reported by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University.

What other recommendations would you give for the care of a patient with covid-19? 
We would like to know your thoughts on this story. Send your comments to

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