A.M. Costa Rica
Your daily English-language news source Monday through Friday

Weather ear
(506) 2223-1327                              Published Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 254                              Email us
Real Estate
About us

A message that never grows old
In the fall of 1897, Virginia O'Hanlon of 115 W. 95th St. wrote a letter to The Sun in New York.  The response, written by newsman Francis P. Church, is as valid today in Costa Rica as it was then in New York City. We take pleasure in printing this message today.

DEAR EDITOR: I am 8 years old.  Some of my little friends say there is no Santa Claus.  Papa says, "If you see it in THE SUN it's so."  Please tell me the truth; is there a Santa Claus?”

—Virginia O'Hanlon   

VIRGINIA, your little friends are wrong. They have been affected by the skepticism of a skeptical age. They do not believe except they see. They think that nothing can be which is not comprehensible by their little minds. All minds, Virginia, whether they be men's or children's, are little. In this great universe of ours man is a mere insect, an ant, in his intellect, as compared with the boundless world about him, as measured by the intelligence capable of grasping the whole of truth and knowledge.

Yes, VIRGINIA, there is a Santa Claus. He exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion exist, and you know that they abound and give to your life its highest beauty and joy. Alas! how dreary would be the world if there were no Santa Claus. It would be as dreary as if there were no VIRGINIAS. There would be no childlike faith then, no poetry, no romance to make tolerable this existence. We should have no enjoyment, except in sense and sight. The eternal light with which childhood fills the world would be extinguished.

Not believe in Santa Claus! You might as well not believe in fairies! You might get your papa to hire men to watch in all the chimneys on Christmas Eve to catch Santa Claus, but even if they did not see Santa Claus coming down, what would that prove? Nobody sees Santa Claus, but that is no sign that there is no Santa Claus. The most real things in the world are those that neither children nor men can see. Did you ever see fairies dancing on the lawn? Of course not, but that's no proof that they are not there. Nobody can conceive or imagine all the wonders there are unseen and unseeable in the world.

You may tear apart the baby's rattle and see what makes the noise inside, but there is a veil covering the unseen world which not the strongest man, nor even the united strength of all the strongest men that ever lived, could tear apart. Only faith, fancy, poetry, love, romance, can push aside that curtain and view and picture the supernal beauty and glory beyond. Is it all real? Ah, VIRGINIA, in all this world there is nothing else real and abiding.

No Santa Claus! Thank God! he lives, and he lives forever. A thousand years from now, Virginia, nay, ten times ten thousand years from now, he will continue to make glad the heart of childhood.

From the archives of the Newseum in Washington, D.C.

Search this site
index sitemap advanced
Gil  Clinic

exchange rate
our site
to our  daily digest
Real estate
Tourism and servic Display
ad info
ad info


HOtel directory promo

rss graphic
Twitter link
facebook logo

Have you seen our crossword puzzle?


association of residents

What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
Real Estate
About us
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for more details

A.M. Costa Rica's 
Second news page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 254
Real Estate
About us

Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Marco Cavallini & Associates
Dental Implants and Crowns

Dr. Marco A. Muñoz Cavallini has placed and
DR. Cavallini
Dr. Marco A. MuÏoz Cavallini
restored over 17,000 dental implants since 1980. The Dr. Marco Muñoz Cavallini Dental Clinic, is recognized as one of the best practices in Dental Reconstruction, Dental Implant placement and Cosmetic Dentistry in Costa Rica and the World. For more information, visit us today at:


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
New World Meditation

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José, Costa Rica.    Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520
E-mail :
More information HERE!

Residency experts

Residency in Costa Rica
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. —

We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on
Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.

Pensionado and rentista. Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience. Javier Zavaleta
Tel: (323) 255-6116


U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers, Tax Accountant
Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. citizens, plan now for your tax year. Let me help you pay only the tax  you must!
Take advantage of the foreign earned income exclusion.
If your filing is not up-to-date, the Streamlined Filing Procedure can be used to mitigate penalties.   Including  disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid future problems. 

File current or past due FBARs with no penalties to meet IRS requirements.
File up-to-date current or amended returns.

23 Years Experience      Competitive rates

Phone (506) 2289-6590 or (506) 8750-2316

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica

U.S. Tax
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
Web page:

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A.
US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $100,800 for 2015).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FACTA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.

Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
  Porcelain and ceramic
  Works on paper restoration
  Conservation Curatorial
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
  Authenticity evaluation
  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!

Legal services

Valdivieco header
Lic. Eduardo Valdivieso
your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Address:  150 meters southwest from
the Goicoechea court, San José.

Business specialist
Lic Matta

Lic. Pablo Mata Ferreto, MBA

Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000

Land surveying services

René Sánchez Quirós
30+ years of experience in:

Mr. Sanchez
Survey (cadastral) maps
Boundary markers
Calculations of terrain

Call me:
CR phone number:   +506-2290-4573
CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083

Real estate agents and services


A Name You Trust, Professionalism You Deserve
Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach Realty
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco logo
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of realtors, to find your dream
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and Hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  

skype: ecorealtorscr  Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó
Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR

Jim Day, representing Colinas del Sol
del Pacifico, S.A.

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit tree orchards.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $39,000 USD , and many can be combined for those wanting a larger area for their chosen passion, be it a hobby horse farm or retirement haven.
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, Northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Papagayo  Golf & Country Club
Contact Jim Day
or Phone:  001 517 484-3675.
Click Here:
Two countries OK new dengue vaccine

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Philippines has granted approval for the sales of a new dengue vaccine, following Mexico as the first two countries to allow a treatment that could prevent the flu-like illness that threatens half the world’s population.

The recombinant, live, attenuated tetravalent vaccines the first to hit the market targeting dengue, which is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito and can cause crippling fevers, along with muscle and joint pain.

Related story . . . HERE!

Dengvaxia, as it has been named by its maker France-based Sanofi Pasteur, comes at a time when a “safe and effective vaccine is urgently needed,” according to the World Health Organization.

The new vaccine “has demonstrated clinical efficacy and a good safety profile,” according to medical researchers at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok in a paper recently published in the Southeast Asia Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health.

Sanofi Pasteur said the vaccine has been demonstrated effective against all four dengue virus types.

“The vaccine actually is given in three dose schedules with a six-month interval. It is being given from nine years of age up to 45 years of age. This is the age range wherein most of the dengue cases are being reported, particularly in endemic countries here in Asia,” according to Joselito Santa Ana, head of dengue vaccine operations in the region for Sanofi Pasteur.

The vaccine’s maker is hailing it as an important tool to reach the World Health Organization’s objective on dengue, a potentially deadly disease for which children are at particular risk.

“Together with vector control it will form an integrated approach in reducing dengue mortality by 50 percent and reducing the dengue morbidity by more than 25 percent by 2020,” Santa Ana, speaking from Manila, said Wednesday.

Clinical tests were carried out on 40,000 people from 15 countries.

Some two-thirds of those over the age of 9 were deemed to be protected and the vaccine was found to be 93 percent effective against the most severe form of disease, dengue hemorrhagic fever.

While being hailed as a breakthrough, there is concern about vaccinating younger children and an unanswered question about the new vaccine’s long-term efficacy.

A higher incidence of hospitalization in the third year after vaccination among children younger than 9 years of age naturally infected with dengue raises a critical question whether this is a short-term or long-term phenomenon noted an editorial in the Sept. 24 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, which suggested booster doses of the vaccine might reduce this risk.

The journal praised the trials as superbly conducted while noting, due to traditional concerns about partial, waning immunities the “bumpy road to a vaccine-based solution for dengue continues.”

“As with all new vaccines, it is unknown how long the measured protection against dengue will last,” World Health also cautioned in November, 2014.

Pharmaceutical companies in Japan, Britain and the United States are also developing dengue vaccines.

Another question mark is cost.

Newly developed pharmaceutical products are frequently very expensive when they initially go on sale and not affordable for many patients.

But Santa Ana said the maker of the dengue vaccine wants to maximize the access to all populations, while acknowledging the market price of Dengvaxia has not yet been established.

“We are committed to offering a fair and equitable price for the vaccine that is sustainable both for the company and the government whose going to implement it in the public program,” he said.

The vaccine, in development for 25 years, has been submitted for licensing in 18 other countries in Asia and Latin America where dengue is endemic.

India may exempt Dengvaxia from large-scale clinical trials in order to expedite clinical trials, the Economic Times reported Tuesday, quoting health industry sources.

More than 90,000 dengue cases with 181 deaths were reported in India through the end of November for this year.

Dengue was traditionally a disease primarily confined to the tropics. Now, about half of the world’s population is considered at risk due to urbanization, jet travel and climate change.

Dengue cases have soared 30-fold in the last half century, according to World Health, with an estimated 400 million people now infected annually.

The first doses of Dengvaxia, which utilizes a yellow fever virus with substitutions of two genes encoding dengue proteins, are already being produced in France where manufacturing of 100 million doses annually are planned, according to Sanofi Pasteur.

Ministerio de Seguridad Pública photo
Santa is no stranger even in the most remote village

Santa goes to the Talamanca mountains

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The children live in Talamanca mountain villages with names that are foreign to the city dweller's ears. Names like Tsiöbata, Xinöli, Köwa, Guayaba Yäkä, Jaktain and Tsipiri, among others. In some communities there is one teacher to handle all the grade levels.

It was to these isolated communities the Dirección del Servicio de Vigilancia Aérea of the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública flew other officers to play Santa Wednesday. Some 600 youngsters got gifts, including the most important rubber boots for the rural areas.

These are the communities where native populations live, and access by land is lengthy and difficult.

The youngsters also got school supplies, backpacks, blankets, food and clothing.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

Costa Rica Report news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Have you seen these stories?
From A.M. Costa Rica

Top story news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

From our retirement guide

Retirement tips news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

amazon software
A.M. Costa Rica
Third News Page

Don't miss
our restaurant specials

San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 254
Real Estate
About us
  Page One is HERE!     Page 2 is HERE!  Page 4 is HERE!  
   Page 5 is  HERE!     Page 6 is HERE!  Page 7 is HERE! Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE! 
Plus useful links

Last day for Christmas shopping likely to mean more traffic madness
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Today, the last shopping day before Christmas, will once again see traffic jams of New York City proportions.

Driving in the Central Valley was called locura by one local television station Thursday because the streets around some shopping centers were jammed.

A good percentage of Central Valley residents have left on vacation to the beaches and mountains, but that did not seem to reduce the traffic frenzy.

Shoppers have to be more frenzied today. Most locally owned stores are closing at midday or 6 p.m. so their staffers can begin their Christmas celebrations.

Workers at some of the chain stores will not be so lucky.

Walmart, for example, closes at 8 o'clock tonight but then opens at 9 a.m. Christmas Day.

Also in business Christmas are the movie theaters.

Traffic moderated a bit Thursday night and many soccer fans

moved indoors to watch Deportivo Saprissa take on Liga Deportiva Alajuelense in the Torneo de Invierno final. Saprissa won.

The Cruz Roja Costarricense and other first responders note that they will be working throughout the holidays. The Fuerza Pública fielded 500 officers for security for shoppers downtown. The agency said that it had confiscated 41 firearms and made nearly 1,200 arrests during the first 15 days of the month.

There's more work ahead. The Fiestas de San José begins Christmas in Zapote for a run until Jan. 3. The Tope Nacional horse parade is Saturday, and that brings hundreds of thousands of spectators into the downtown streets.

Restaurants, hotels and bars, particularly in tourism areas, will be having their busiest days of the year, so there is no vacation for staff there.

A.M. Costa Rica will not be published Friday. And it will not be published Jan. 1 These are two of the three days a year that the newspaper is not published. The other day is Good Friday. Still, some newspaper staffers will be monitoring developments and be ready to issue bulletins.

Hotel header

Guanacaste Lodge

Palermo Hotel

Croc's holiday

Tarpon lodge

Vista Ballena

La Parcela

Hacienda Baru

Recreo Verde

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 254
Real Estate
About us

In U.S. Christmas catches on even for non-Christians, survey finds
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Christmas is, by definition, a Christian holiday, but it turns out that a vast majority of non-Christians in the United States, 81 percent, also celebrate the Dec. 25 holiday, which commemorates the birth of Jesus.

Muslim American Zina Alathari, a Virginia dentist and mother of three girls, is one of them. “We celebrate Christmas because it’s a joyous family holiday that brings our family and friends together,” Dr. Alathari said. “We are part of this culture and it’s important for my children to enjoy this with their friends.”

Dr. Alathari joins the 9 in 10 Americans or 92 percent who celebrate Christmas, according to the Pew Research Center. The celebrants include 87 percent of all people with no religious affiliation and about three-fourths of Asian-American Buddhists and Hindus. About one-third of American Jews, many of whom are married to non-Jewish spouses, reported having a Christmas tree in a 2013 survey.

Bruce Ferder, a Voice of America cameraman who is Jewish, never celebrated Christmas as a child. After a Christian married into the family, though, the Ferders expanded their festivities to include Christmas and Hanukkah.

“We love to celebrate both holidays together. We gather around the tree on Christmas morning and open gifts and celebrate our time together as a family,” Ferder said. “We brought up our children to learn to expand their knowledge in all religions and respect everyone as we want to be respected ourselves.”

Seventy percent of Americans identify as Christians, while non-Christian faiths make up less than 6 percent of the overall U.S. population. These faiths include Judaism (1.9 percent), Islam (0.9 percent), Buddhism (0.7 percent) and Hinduism (0.7 percent). About 1 in 5 Americans does not identify with any religion.

Christians believe Jesus is the son of God. Jesus does not play any role in Judaism, and while Jews may accept that he is an historical figure, they do not believe in his divinity nor that he was the prophesied messiah. In Islam, Jesus is an important figure. He’s regarded as a prophet, or messenger of God, who was born of a virgin mother. However, Muslims do not believe Jesus was the son of God.

About half of Americans see Christmas as more of a religious holiday, while about one-third view it more as a cultural holiday. Either way, a majority of Americans say they believe the Christmas story reflects actual historical events.

Christmas story

Vacation, travel and hospitality

HIdden Garden 2016
Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:   
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder.


experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

* GROUP TOURS. Whether for a church group, couple of friends, Scout troop or a family group. We provide excellent quality service in your Group Tours. Click HERE!

* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231

  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
Click HERE!

Howard book
Want to live in Costa Rica?
Read this book!

1,000s have benefited from 17 editions
with its insider information
and time-tested tips
700 carefully researched pages  

Written by Christopher Howard,
Costa Rica's #1 retirement expert
with 35 years experience helping people.
Click HERE!

Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
   * See how other expats live. Meet other expats who have made
          the move.
   * Access the country's affordable health care system
   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
          relevant fields.
   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

Check out our special selections available at Amazon logo


A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate-related services (paid category)
Solr array
SOON with the coming of new power company regulations, we'll be installing PV (photo voltaic) for solar electricity. Yes, at last!
* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090


Real estate rental services (paid category)

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email:

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at or contact us at or call at (506) 2654-5442

Real estate for rent (paid category)
Fully Furnished American style Apartments for Rent
2-bedroom, 2- bathroom, fully furnished American-style apartments with elevator in a secure building in Barrio Amó. Cable, Internet, water included. Shared laundry. Convenient to Parque Morazán,
hotels, restaurants, casinos, city government, national registry. $600-$650 per month plus electricity. ½ month security deposit. No lease.  The larger apartments are $650 per month. They have larger bedrooms, living rooms and kitchens. It would be best for the prospective tenants to visit
Barrio Amon
the building to see the apartments.   For more information contact:  or call Hilda at 2221-7161.

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica's  
Fifth news page
Salsa Lizano
San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 254
Real Estate
About us

Survey says most Americans
would ban Syrian refugees

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A new survey has found that while a majority of Americans would ban Syrian refugees from the country, most disapprove of banning people who are Muslim from entering the U.S., as Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has proposed.

The Quinnipiac University survey released Wednesday found 51 percent of people oppose allowing Syrian refugees to enter the U.S.; 43 percent support the policy. The Obama administration is planning to accept at least 10,000 Syrian refugees into the U.S. over the next year.

At the same time, two-thirds of those polled were against Trump's proposal to ban all Muslims from the U.S. Seventy-nine percent of Democrats said they oppose the proposed ban, as did 51 percent of Republicans and 67 percent of independent voters.

"American voters are making a distinction between Syrian refugees and Muslims in general," said Tim Malloy, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll.

The poll also found 52 percent of U.S. voters support sending ground troops to fight the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria while 40 percent oppose such a plan.

But only 27 percent of those surveyed say the U.S. should be leading the fight against the jihadist militants, while 66 percent say the U.S. should be part of a coalition, not in the lead.

On the domestic front, most poll participants were very concerned or somewhat concerned about climate change, with 69 percent saying they would like to see the next president support policies to combat global warming.

Americans were more evenly divided on the issue of U.S. gun laws. Even though 55 percent said it is too easy to buy guns in the United States, 50 percent of those polled opposed stricter gun laws, with 47 percent supporting them.

The Quinnipiac University poll surveyed 1,140 registered voters between Dec. 16 and 20, with a 2.9 percentage point margin of error.

U.S. facing unusual weather
being blamed on El Niño

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

For millions of Americans, dreams of a white Christmas remain as distant as Santa's workshop at the North Pole.

Tornadoes, drenching rain and record-breaking temperatures have the first week of winter looking more like spring in the Midwest and East.

The Storm Prediction Center in Oklahoma cited what it called a particularly dangerous situation from Arkansas north to Indiana on Wednesday, warning of severe thunderstorms, hurricane force winds, hail and tornadoes.

Soaking rains made driving dangerous and caused some airlines to cancel flights in parts of the East Coast on one of the busiest travel days of the year.

And when the storms move out, record-breaking temperatures will move in. Christmas Eve highs of 22 degrees C are forecast for such major cities as New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. That's about 72 degrees F.

Government weather experts say the weather pattern known as el Niño is partially responsible for the unusually warm temperatures.

Trump has commanding lead
in latest preference polling

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

American billionaire Donald Trump is heading into 2016 with a commanding lead over the rest of the Republican presidential hopefuls.

The latest CNN/ORC national poll out Wednesday showed Trump with a 21-percentage-point lead over his nearest rival. Trump polled at 39 percent, which represented a 3-point jump for the real estate magnate since the last poll was taken at the end of November.

He was followed by U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas with 18 percent, which was up 2 percentage points from his previous position.

U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida and retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson both slipped slightly, sitting at 10 percent each, while New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie came in fifth at 5 percent. None of the other eight Republican candidates was above 4 percent.

Trump celebrated Wednesday, firing off a series of tweets expressing his glee.

The CNN/ORC poll was conducted December 17 to 21 among a random national sample of 1,018 adults. Results for the full sample had a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3 percentage points.

Fewer immigrants deported
in 2015, U.S. report says

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The United States deported fewer immigrants in 2015 than in the past 15 years, an Obama
administration report revealed Tuesday.

The Department of Homeland Security released its end of Fiscal Year 2015 statistics, which reflect the U.S. immigration enforcement
efforts that prioritize convicted criminals and threats to public safety, border security, and national security.

The agency said the drop in deportations is largely due to the 30 percent decline in arrests at the U.S. border, which it says reflects a lower level of attempted illegal migration.

Nationwide, including border arrests and apprehensions in the interior of the country, 462,463 were deported, a drop of about 115,000 from the previous year.

In 2015, Border Patrol arrests of Mexican nationals decreased by 18 percent from a year earlier, and arrests of individuals from other countries, predominately from Central America, decreased by 68 percent.

An estimated number of from 11 to 30 million immigrants live in the country illegally.

British lawmakers seeking
info on Muslim travel ban

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A British lawmaker has written to Prime Minister David Cameron, asking him to press U.S. officials for an explanation after a British Muslim family was denied permission to travel to southern California.

Cameron's office said the prime minister will look into lawmaker's claim U.S. officials prevented the family from flying to Disneyland for a planned holiday.

British Parliament member Stella Creasy, who represents northeast London, says she is concerned a growing number of British Muslim families are being denied entry to the United States with no reason given.

A spokesman for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection said religion, faith or spiritual beliefs of an international traveler are not determining factors about admissibility into the county. 
The U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act lists more than 60 grounds of inadmissibility divided into several major categories, including health-related, prior criminal convictions, public charge, documentation requirements, and miscellaneous grounds, the spokesman said.

The British lawmaker said in her letter to Cameron that a family party of 11 people, a father, his nine children, and his brother, were approached at Gatwick airport and told they could not board their flight to the United States Dec. 15.

Mahmood Tariq Mahmood, who was traveling with his brother and his brother's children to visit family in southern California, told The Guardian newspaper he believes his family was denied entry to the U.S. because they are Muslim.  He said, "It is because of the attacks on America, they think every Muslim poses a threat."

Ms. Creasy said she has been in touch with at least one other constituent who was denied entry to the U.S. without a clear reason.  And she said she has hit a brick wall in her efforts to get answers from the U.S. Embassy in London.

Mahmood told reporters his family had been approached by U.S. government officials at London's Gatwick Airport and told they could not board their Norwegian Airlines flight.  He said they will not be refunded for their tickets, a sum he said totaled some $13,000, and were also forced to return items they had purchased at the airport's duty-free stores.  He said he fears they will not be allowed to visit their family in California in the future.

The family had been granted permission to visit the United States under the Visa Waiver program, which authorizes travel for up to 90 days without a visa.

Streaming services release
bulk of music by the Beatles

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Beatles fans are getting a special holiday gift: The Fab Four’s music streamed here, there and everywhere as of Christmas Eve.

The Beatles Web site announced the band’s back catalog of music would be released worldwide on nine streaming services as of Thursday, with a rolling start of 12:01 a.m. in each time zone. The deal grants streaming rights to 224 songs from the original 13 studio albums released in Britain, as well as from some collections.

Before disbanding in 1970, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Star produced a canon of hits, such as "Love Me Do," "Hey Jude," "Eleanor Rigby" and "Yesterday."

The music has remained popular, but it wasn’t available digitally until Apple’s iTunes acquired rights five years ago. Otherwise, fans could access Beatles songs only via records, CDs and radio stations.

Streaming services have drawn the ire of artists such as Taylor Swift and Garth Brooks, who've complained of unfair payment systems.

The Beatles, as a corporate entity, had been a longtime holdout.

"We had expected they would probably do an exclusive deal to stream their music with one service, but it looks like instead they are going to be pretty much everywhere from Day One," Chris Cooke, co-founder of the music industry news site CMU, told the BBC. "So, I suppose that is them accepting that streaming is now a very serious, significant part of the record industry."

The Beatles' streaming partners include: Amazon Prime, Apple Music, Deezer, Google Play, Microsoft Groove, Rhapsody, Slacker Radio, Spotify and Tidal.

Hacker held on charges
he targeted celebrities

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A Bahamas-based hacker is facing charges of illegally accessing the email accounts of celebrities in an attempt to steal movie and television scripts.

Alonzo Knowles, 23, was arrested in New York Monday in the wake of an investigation by the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s  Homeland Security Investigations, according to a news release.

Knowles allegedly tried to sell to an undercover agent 15 unlawfully obtained movie and television scripts and sexually explicit videos featuring celebrities and other entertainment industry professionals for $80,000. Knowles also allegedly tried to sell the agent Social Security numbers of three professional athletes and a movie actress.

Additionally, he is accused of showing the agent a list of 130 victims’ email addresses and phone numbers.

“This case has all of the elements of the kind of blockbuster script the defendant, Alonzo Knowles, is alleged to have stolen: hacks into celebrities’ private emails, identity theft, and attempts to sell victims’ information to the highest bidder,” said Preet Bharara, U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.

No celebrity names or company names have been made public.

“This arrest brings down an alleged email hacking scheme that targeted many individuals including some in the entertainment industry,” said, Glenn Sorge, acting special agent in charge of Homeland Security Investigations New York. “As cybercrime becomes more pervasive, this operation embodies HSI’s commitment to target those who use the cyber world for illegal financial gain.”

Knowles, who used the alias Jeff Moxey, has also claimed to have hacked 30 songs from a very popular celebrity’s upcoming album.

According to The New York Times, when Knowles allegedly tried to sell sexually explicit videos and images of celebrities he got through their email accounts, he told an undercover agent “This is just a sample of things I can get, I have more stuff along these lines and can get more if you’re interested.”

Knowles accessed the information through various means, according to court papers. He is alleged to have sent a virus to one victim, which allowed him to access their computer. He also allegedly sent emails to targets telling them their email had been hacked and asked them for their passwords.

Knowles faces one count of felony criminal copyright infringement, which carries a maximum sentence of five years in prison, and one count of identity theft, which carries a maximum sentence of five years.

Tracking spread of bacteria
aims to prevent superbug

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The next superbug could emerge from the slums of the developing world, researchers warn.

Rapid, unplanned growth in many urban areas has people, livestock and wildlife living in close proximity and with inadequate sanitation. These are ideal conditions for microbes to evolve and spread.

So a major project is underway, designed to shed light on how microbes move through the slums of Nairobi and beyond.

It’s known as the Urban Zoo project. Zoo is short for zoonosis, the spread of diseases from animals to humans. From salmonella to swine flu, that's how humans get many diseases.

But zoo also suggests the menagerie of creatures found in Nairobi’s slums that could carry those diseases.

Fenced in by sheets of rusting corrugated metal in Nairobi’s Viwandani neighborhood, Joseph Mwai and his family share a couple thousand square feet with three cows, a handful of chickens, about a dozen goats and a small herd of pigs.

These are far from optimal conditions for raising livestock. But Mwai says he doesn’t have much of a choice.

“It’s important to me because I don’t have any job to do,” he said. “I make a living from them.”

A garbage dump smolders behind Mwai’s tiny homestead, across a stream polluted with raw sewage. People, goats and Marabou storks pick through the trash side by side, looking for anything useful or edible. Plastic bags are pulled from the heaps, rinsed in the contaminated river and resold.

It’s a rich environment for the spread of bacteria and other microbes.

The Urban Zoo project is watching one microbe in particular: E. coli.

Mostly harmless, E. coli usually leads a quiet life in the digestive tract of warmblooded animals from humans to birds to mice.

But some strains cause disease. And it’s of special interest to researchers for two other reasons.

First, it can spread easily and widely, according to molecular biologist John Kiiru with the Kenya Medical Research Institute. He explained, “E. coli is able to survive in the environment and it can also be shared between humans and animals.”

And E. coli are exceptionally good at swapping genes with other microbes, including genes that transform harmless bacteria into dangerous germs or that render them immune to antibiotics.

These genes can actually be transferred to other organisms which could be pathogenic, Kiiru said.

That’s not a hypothetical. Kiiru says his team has identified E. coli that are resistant to four antibiotics, then found that same resistance pattern spreading to another germ, salmonella.

“And when we sequenced and analyzed these resistances,” he said, “we found that the same block of resistance genes that we had found in E. coli were actually now in salmonella.”

Even more concerning: Cholera germs may have picked up those resistance genes as well. What you end up creating is a superbug that's highly virulent and highly resistant, Kiiru said.

But scientists know very little about how any bacteria move through this complex environment.

So the Urban Zoo project is visiting 99 households across Nairobi, rich and poor, with livestock and without. They’re taking samples from people, their animals, and whatever wildlife they can find nearby (and catch): storks, mice, bats, and such. They’re sampling the ground around homes, yards and livestock pens.

The aim, says University of Liverpool veterinarian Judy Bettridge, is to try and understand on a small scale how those bacteria are shared among each household’s people, livestock and environment. “And then when we scale it up, are the bacteria here being shared with the household that’s 50 meters over there? Or 100 meters over there? So, how far can they actually spread?”

Another question is the role that food plays in spreading those bacteria. Mwai’s city livestock are one small part of the vast network that delivers meat, milk and eggs throughout Nairobi.
Real estate-related services (paid category)

Solr array
SOON with the coming of new power company regulations, we'll be installing PV (photo voltaic) for solar electricity. Yes, at last!
* PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!
Solar device
NOW is the time to install our new super-efficient solar hot water! New model for condos
Solar collector
BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill.
Solar logo

Office phone: 506-2446-0543
Cell phone: 506-8898-9398
or 506-8314-8090


Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you tired of wasting time searching for your home…..with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

Special Offer

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

* Located on 6th floor.
* Elevator.
* Security 24/7.
* Pool, BBQ area.
* 2 underground
        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Web Page:

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about sCosta Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at:

Real estate for sale (paid category)

Blakesmore one

Blakemoret  two

Costa Rica tropical paradise beach house for sale

Tropical five-acre forested beachfront property with custom house and guest casita on the Osa Península, south Pacific Coast. Abundant wildlife, exotic plants and fruits, secluded beach.  Located 8 kms. south of Puerto Jiménez on the way to Matapalo and Corcovado National Park. Great Price $750,000. Contact Roger. Phone number  (506) 6142-7228   Email: Watch this video for full details.

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed,  Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: 
Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:

Safe house
The Safest Place in The World
Residencial La Jolla, Asuncion de Belén
Casa 7 of 19 luxury homes in exclusive gated community.
3 bedroom, 3.5 baths, home office with private entrance.
332 m2 construction. 2-car garage. Central A/C
Lease $2,750 USD per month. Purchase $449,000.
Contact: Phone 8309-2000.

ocean-view home
Property size: 3,405.14 sq. mts. or 37,000 sq. ft.   Gorgeous house built 5 years ago to U.S. standards on 37,000 sq. ft. titled property. This home (240 sq. mtrs or 2,600 sq. ft) has 360-degree ocean and mountain views and electric gated private road access. The large open style home has soaring teak ceillings, 3 bedrooms, 2 baths, custom cabinetry and ceramic tiles throughout and a double-car electric garage door. Their is also a beautiful, large swimming pool surrounded by exotic garden, laundry room and bodega. This is a very special and rare property because of the incredible view and excellent location. This one of a kind home and property is truly a must to see. all custom built furnitures included. Photo gallery:  CLICK HERE!  Please contact Jack, Cell phone number  (506) 8812-1789.  Contact email:


Caribbean paradise: CAHUITA

New home, beautiful well-built house 200 meters from a lovely beach. Very private, fully titled, excellent water well.  2 large bedrooms, 2 full baths, tub, large open floor plan 26-foot sliding glass doors open to covered porch. Encircling back yard are coral rocks 10 feet tall and behind jungle reserve. Lots of birds and wildlife. House 240 mts. sq, 2,400 sq ft. Lot 1,850 mts. or 19,000 sq. ft. Price $179,000. Very nice neighborhood. Contact 2755-0014 or   More photos HERE!

Grecia casa
Mountain home for sale
in Grecia.
Less than a year old. Owners are motivated.  All information regarding the home as well as many photos can be found at Mountain view home for sale Grecia, Costa Rica.   Contact email:

puriscal photo
Costa Rica home for sale $163,500 / 2bedroom - 1,984 ft2

Central Valley view home: 10 minutes from Santiago de Puriscal and shopping, hospital services, and soon Maxi Pali. Only one hour to San José or Pacific beaches.
- On .55-acre lot with river on one boundary
- Area under roof, 1,984 sq. ft., Area inside walls, 925 sq. ft. Steel, recycled
      Styrofoam, and concrete construction.
- 2 ½ years old with central living room and kitchen, 2 bedrooms and 2 baths,
       ceramic tile throughout.
- Central Valley volcano and SJO airport views from every room.
- Vaulted ceilings give bright open feeling.
- Entrance from concrete road to large graveled parking area
- VERY energy efficient with VERY low property taxes.
- Covered attached carport with entrance to front door or laundry-guest bath
- 2 carport storage bodegas.
- 12 foot x 14 foot storage bodega
- Security lights, And Amcrest day & night video recorder system.
- Producing banana trees, and mango, bread fruit, and guanabana trees

Includes: Refrigerator, gas stove & oven with electric grill element, microwave, electric washer-gas dryer stacked style, gas on demand whole house water heater. Other furnishings are negotiable. ICE electric service and land line phone. Bajo Burgos Water district. Metro-wireless WiFi is available. Tigo Star Satellite T.V. House is in a Costa Rican corporation, will transfer shares. Contract or call 506 2416-9324.  Additional photos are available on Flickr album

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Business for sale or lease (paid category)
Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact:

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale

Some of our other titles:
A.M. Panama
A.M. Colombia
A.M. Guatemala
A.M. Honduras
A.M. Cuba
A.M. Nicaragua
A.M. Venezuela
A.M. Central America
Dominican Republic

A.M. Ecuador A.M. El Salvador
A.M. Bolivia

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

news page

San José, Costa Rica, Thursday, Dec. 24, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 254
Real Estate
About us

News from the BBC up to the minute

BBC news feeds are disabled on archived pages.

Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Mexico and U.S. called weak on policies
to counter mosquito-born epidemics

By the Rice University news staff

Despite the increasing risks of mosquito-transmitted epidemics in the United States and Mexico, policy makers in both countries have made little effort to prevent future outbreaks, according to a new policy brief by tropical-disease and science policy experts at Rice University.

The number of mosquito-transmitted epidemics in the U.S. and Mexico is predicted to increase as the mosquito populations carrying so-called arthropod-borne viruses move northward due to climate change and general migration of flies and infected individuals.

The paper, “Mosquito-Transmitted Epidemics: Dengue, Chikungunya and West Nile in the United States and Mexico,” provides a range of recommendations to address this developing public health issue. The paper was co-authored by Kirstin Matthews, fellow in science and technology policy, and Jennifer Herricks, postdoctoral fellow in disease and poverty.

The West Nile, dengue and chikungunya diseases are all caused by arboviruses transmitted primarily via mosquitos. In total, the transmissions result in more than 100,000 annual infections in the U.S. and Mexico. The diseases are not always associated with poverty and rural areas. West Nile virus outbreaks in the U.S. have been found in urban as well as suburban settings.

“Viruses and mosquitos do not acknowledge national boundaries, crossing from the United States to Mexico and back without regard to man-made or natural borders,” the authors wrote. “Effective control of arboviruses requires both vector-control polices as well as the development of effective vaccines to protect populations. To combat West Nile, dengue and chikungunya in the United States and Mexico, governments need to coordinate and collaborate to increase public awareness about risks and preventive measures as well as improve disease surveillance.”

Currently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention works with the Mexican government through its Puerto Rico-based Dengue Branch and its U.S.-Mexico Unit, the authors said. These divisions work with partners in Mexico, including the Mexican secretariat of health, to investigate infectious disease outbreaks and train public-health workers on activities related to dengue surveillance and diagnosis.

“In addition to these efforts, both countries should devote additional resources toward vaccine development to prevent disease outbreaks in the future and protect public health,” Ms. Matthews and Ms. Herricks wrote.

It may not be cost-effective to implement mass preventive measures such as vaccinations and mosquito spraying, the authors said. Instead, targeted vaccination programs to communities in the U.S. and Mexico with past, current or increased risk of future outbreaks would be more effective, they said. However, the low incidence and sporadic nature of outbreaks in the U.S., especially for chikungunya, make finding an appropriate population to test vaccine efficacy difficult.

“But these challenges are not unique to arbovirus vaccines, as similar discussions regarding adequate and appropriate designs of clinical trials have been ongoing, most recently related to the testing of experimental Ebola treatments and vaccines,” they wrote.

In addition, vector-control measures could inadvertently lead to increased infection rates by creating insecticide-resistant mosquito populations, the authors cautioned. “Therefore, the best strategies would include active surveillance with local campaigns for vector control and, when available, vaccinations of at-risk populations once the viruses are detected in human, animal or mosquito populations,” they wrote.

Mexico has taken the first step in ensuring successful vaccine introduction by convening a Mexican dengue expert group, which consists of public health and public policy experts from the Mexican federal ministry of health in partnership with the Carlos Slim Foundation. This group analyzed an array of issues, including disease tracking systems, economics, regulatory issues, communications and immunization systems.

As a result, a series of recommendations was developed and distributed to aid Mexico in the early adoption of a dengue vaccine. “The United States should take a similar approach in preparing to introduce new technologies to address emerging diseases such as arboviruses,” Ms. Matthews and Ms. Herricks wrote.

Costa Rican News
Retire NOW in Costa Rica
Fine Dining in Costa Rica
The CAFTA Report
Fish fabulous Costa Rica

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission.
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

From Page 7:

U.S. consumer confidence reported growing

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Economic reports published Wednesday showed U.S. consumer confidence growing, a mixed view of the housing market, and oil inventories dropping slightly.

A government report says stocks of crude oil dropped slightly in the United States last week, boosting prices and the value of energy company stocks in Wednesday morning's trading.

Analysts said oil prices were still near multi-year lows, which is hurting energy companies and investments, but boosting the rest of the economy.

Low gasoline prices are one reason that consumer attitudes are growing more optimistic, which, experts say, will help boost the consumer spending that is a key driver of U.S. economic growth. Low inflation and improving unemployment also encouraged the consumers surveyed for a new University of Michigan study. A separate government report said consumer spending rose by three-tenths of a percent in November.

Confident consumers are also the ones who buy homes, and a separate report from the Commerce Department says sales of new homes rose more than 4 percent in November; however, a report Tuesday showed sales of previously owned homes dropped last month. Sales of previously occupied homes make up more of the market than newly-constructed homes.