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(506) 2223-1327                                 Published Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, in Vol. 16, No. 187                            Email us
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Three bills would tighten laws against discrimination
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Costa Rica has three bills in the legislative hopper that would prohibit discrimination. These bills come despite a long history of legislation and international agreements that would seem to do the same thing.

The bills are broadly drafted and would seem to include prohibitions against bias against North American expats and the elderly in seeking employment and other activities.

The first is No. 18.740 that was presented April 8, 2013, by then-lawmaker José Joaquín Porras Contreras.

The bill prohibits discrimination based in employment and pay and also prohibited pregnancy tests for potential employees as well as HIV tests. The bill established criminal penalties.

No. 19062 was presented March 25, 2014, by then-lawmaker José María Villalta Florez-Estrada. The measure seeks to modify article 380 in the criminal code that covers racial discrimination.

The current law covers discrimination based on race, sex, age, religion, marriage status, politics, social origin or economic situation.
The bill would add ethnicity, culture, union 
membership, philosophies, language, 
national origin, sexual identity or orientation,  present or future health, disabilities and any other physical or genetic characteristics. The article also is a criminal law with penalties of  from one to three years.

The third measure, No. 19.288, basically is about what are called Afrocostarricense and members of native groups. The bill would create affirmative action programs and also a national commission against racial discrimination and a special 24-hour-a-day, seven-day-a-week section of the Defensoría de los Habitantes to handle racial complaints.

The measures would increase the penalties in the penal code for discrimination by a year of prison time and impose higher penalties if the discrimination is committed by public officials.

The bill has the support of nine current lawmakers, including Epsy Campbell Barr, Maureen Clarke Clarke and Ottón Solís Fallas

The bill also seems to give preference in public bidding to companies with black or native employees and it also provides certain tax breaks.

All the bills are in the Comisión Especial de Derechos Humanos, which is holding hearings on them.  Among those testifying last week was defensora de los habitantes, Montserrat Solano Carboni.

National Aeronutics and Space Adminsitration graphic                              
Graphic description of sun's relationship to a tilted Earth
Equinox means it's time to prepare for high season
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Wednesday at 2:22 a.m. is the autumnal equinox when the sun's rays are directly above the equator and both the north and southern hemispheres are getting equal rays.

Astronomically, this is not a big deal, but for Costa Rica the end of the Northern Hemisphere summer means high season is coming. The northern autumn can mean crisp days with the air full of footballs.

But there
also is a chance of an unexpected October snow storm in higher latitudes.

Tourism operators here hope that the first chills have U.S. and Canadian citizens
thinking about pristine white beaches and winter sun tans. Those in tourism here who know what they are doing already have contacted past foreign customers with inviting invitations.

The first reservations should be on the books already.

Even though the sun will be moving south, the rays still are formidable. Physicians warn that be it September or February those seeking a tan and a dose of vitamin D should avoid the time between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. when ultraviolet light is the most intense.

For those elsewhere, the equinox this year will be at 8:22 UTC.

Bill would make diplomatic corps more professional
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The foreign ministry wants a more professional diplomatic service. The minister, Manuel González, made his case to a legislative committee Monday. The panel is considering bill No. 18.255.

González said that the bill was needed to guarantee the long--term sustainability of the

country's representatives overseas. He said that training was key in the consular and diplomatic careers, in part, because the country's representatives have to make decisions on their own overseas. 

The minister also said that the Instituto José María Peralta that trains diplomats should be strengthened and a law was needed to outline how candidates are picked for overseas service.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 187
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.


Marco Cavallini & Associates
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Insurance professionals

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Ms. Summers
Marlene B. Summers
U.S. Income Tax Services
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FAX: 506 2231-3300
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For more information please contact Weronika Nossowicz at 8388-5328  or email HERE!
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Legal services

Valdivieco header
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your legal adviser for criminal, civil,
commercial, and family law.  
Phone: ( 506 ) 8839-5010 
Email: legalservival@gmail.com
Web: www.legalservival.com
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Real Estate Closing Services
Lic Matta

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Legal – Financial Adviser

Real Estate and Business Transactions

Avoid Real Estate scams, get independent advice and have due diligence performed before signing or making a deposit.

Phone number: (506) 8853-0000
Email: jpmata2000@gmail.com

Land surveying services

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30+ years of experience in:

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Call me:
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CR Cell phone number: +506-8383-0083
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Niño/Niña coastal erosion seen increasing

By the U.S. Geological Survey news staff

The projected upsurge of severe El Niño and La Niña events will cause an increase in storm events leading to extreme coastal flooding and erosion in populated regions across the Pacific Ocean, according to a multi-agency study published today in Nature Geoscience.

“This study significantly advances the scientific knowledge of the impacts of El Niño and La Niña,” said Patrick Barnard,  a U.S. Geological Survey coastal geologist and the lead author of the study. “Understanding the effects of severe storms fueled by El Niño or La Niña helps coastal managers prepare communities for the expected erosion and flooding associated with this climate cycle.”

The impact of these storms is not presently included in most studies on future coastal vulnerability, which look primarily at sea level rise. New research data, from 48 beaches across three continents and five countries bordering the Pacific Ocean, suggest the predicted increase will exacerbate coastal erosion irrespective of sea level rise affecting the region.

Researchers from 13 different institutions, including the U.S. Geological Survey, University of Sydney, the University of New South Wales and the University of Waikato in New Zealand analyzed coastal data from across the Pacific Ocean basin from 1979 to 2012. The scientists sought to determine if patterns in coastal change could be connected to major climate cycles. Data came from beaches in the mainland United States and Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and Hawaii.

Although previous studies have analyzed coastal impacts at local and regional levels, this is the first to pull together data from across the Pacific to determine basin-wide patterns. The research group determined all Pacific Ocean regions investigated were affected during either an El Niño or La Niña year.

When the west coast of the U.S. mainland and Canada, Hawaii, and northern Japan felt the coastal impacts of El Niño, characterized by bigger waves, different wave direction, higher water levels and/or erosion, the opposite region in the Southern Hemisphere of New Zealand and Australia experienced suppression, such as smaller waves and less erosion. The pattern then generally flips. During La Niña, the Southern Hemisphere experienced more severe conditions.

Linking coastal erosion to natural climate patterns, such as El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the Southern Annular Mode, can be challenging.

“Shoreline behavior can be controlled by so many different factors, both locally and regionally, that it’s been difficult to isolate the signal until now. However, utilizing the many years of data we were able pull together in this study enabled us to definitively identify how the major climate drivers affect coastal hazards across the Pacific,” said  Barnard. “This will greatly enhance our ability to predict the broader impacts of climate change at the coast.” 

Tiny nano-dispensers use to kill citrus pests

By the University of Florida news staff

Researchers with the University of Florida and several other institutions have found a way in laboratory tests to use 200 times less insecticide and yet still kill as many insects that carry the devastating citrus greening bacterium.

It is a step forward in ridding groves of the insect that is threatening to destroy Florida’s $10.7 billion citrus industry and have a major impact in other citrus growing regions.

Lukasz Stelinski, an associate professor with the university' s Department of Entomology and Nematology, used a commercial formulation of imidacloprid, a standard insecticide used in the industry to kill the Asian citrus psyllid, among many other pests.  He and the team impregnated nano-dispensers, which are microscopic molecules that can contain liquids and then penetrate leaf and bark surfaces.

Using less insecticide could mean saving tens of thousands of dollars for small growers, a make-or-break figure for those who are struggling with stunted production and less or no profit due to the disease.

“During the past 15 years, an explosion in research in micro and nanotechnologies has led to the development of a variety of techniques that allows control of matter at microscopic levels never before seen,” said Stelinski, who works at the Citrus Research and Education Center, a unit in the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.  “They have opened a new era in delivery of pesticides through the development of micro and nanosize controlled release systems.”

Polymer molecules are being employed for these nano-dispenser systems because scientists can change their size, depending on the use needed. They are compatible with living organisms, have a low cost and are about 500 times smaller than a human eyelash. Both synthetic and natural polymers play an essential role in most people’s lives every day, ranging from familiar synthetic plastics, such as disposable cutlery, to natural biopolymers like DNA and proteins fundamental to human life.

Using insecticides is one of the few ways farmers currently have to treat their groves for greening, also known as Huanglongbing.

Citrus greening bacterium first enters the tree via the psyllid, which sucks on leaf sap and leaves behind greening bacteria. The bacteria then move through the tree via the phloem, the veins of the tree. The disease starves the tree of nutrients, damages its roots and the tree produces fruits that are green and misshapen, unsuitable for sale as fresh fruit or, for the most part, juice.

Most infected trees eventually die, and the disease has already affected millions of citrus trees in North America.  It has recently been found twice in California.

Citrus greening was first detected in Florida in 2005. The citrus industry in Florida has lost approximately 100,000 citrus acres and $3.6 billion in revenues since 2007, according to researchers at the university.

Although current methods to control the spread of citrus greening are limited to the removal and destruction of infected trees and insecticide-based management of psyllid populations, researchers are working to defeat it on a number of fronts, including trying to reduce populations of the psyllid, breeding citrus rootstock that shows better greening resistance, and testing treatments that could be used on trees.

Stelinski’s team experimented with the nano-dispensers in the lab, replicating each treatment experiment five times.  In the most successful version of the experiment, 80 percent of the psyllids were dead after 10 days. Researchers also said that less insecticide could have beneficial environmental impacts.

Further field tests are necessary to see how the nano-dispensers perform in sunlight, varying temperatures and humidity levels, researchers said.

Our reader's opinion
The law here is a tool for the elite

Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

That someone or persons unknown can organize a land invasion onto unoccupied property is one thing. To do so after a murder is quite another. That such a gruesome and cynical act can take place at all is testimony to the arrogance and power of those who are responsible, real campesinos or otherwise. 

Your piece states that the judiciary is usually quick to recognize squatter rights.  El Pais has just published an article by Alfonso J. Palacios Echeverría about a corrupt judiciary.  History also teaches us that  "Where power and wealth is monopolized by the political elite, all capitalism becomes crony capitalism and state machinery a means for officials to make money."
Costa Rica appears to be sinking into a state where the law means little and is used by the Haves for their own benefit.  Lately we have been subjected to an avalanche of bad news: the botched trial of Jairo Mora, the transparently disgraceful aspects of the Ann Bender affair with revelations of stolen money, shady banking, possible bribery, missing furniture and jewelry by the authorities. That she was initially stopped from leaving the country in "error" speaks volumes even vindictiveness on the part of the judiciary. 

Now two major news organs which are morally charged with safeguarding the public interest are charged with massive tax fraud. This tells us how far the country has sunk into the abyss of greed and corruption. Shark finning continues unabated, white collar crime is soaring, tax evasion is the norm and hardly prosecuted.  This happens when a society falls into moral turpitude encouraged by the conduct of those on top of the social heap. 

There is a mad grab to get what anyone can before it all collapses.  The government appears unwilling to do anything about this spreading cesspool of corruption and theft. Indeed their actions may even encourage an increasing impression of anything goes. To paraphrase Michela Wrong's book on corruption, "It's Our Turn To Eat." it looks like everyone is rushing to the table to grab whatever they can before anyone else gets to it.

Is it time for that old saying "Last one out, turn out the lights!" Or is there anyone out there who is going to do something to save the real dignity of the country? 
Sheldon Haseltine
San José

Editor's note: Haseltine has conducted a nearly 20-year legal fight to retain possession of central Pacific property.

News for the Spanish-language press
Translated into English

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Real Estate
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What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes R­o Colorado S.A 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

A.M. Costa Rica

Third News Page

Don't miss our restaurant specials HERE!
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 187
Real Estate
About us
Legislature OKs $48 million loan for Sardinal wholesale food market
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Lawmakers approved for the second and final time a $48 million loan to build a wholesale produce market in Sardinal, Guanacaste. The money would come from the Banco Centroamericano de Integración Centroamericana. The government would put up $4.5 million.

The market will be 50,855 square meters or 547,399 square feet. There would be room for 36 stores of 100 square meters (1,076 square feet) each to sell vegetables and 16 additional stores to sell meat.
There also would be seven cold storage rooms and two tunnels for freezing goods, said a legislative summary.

The measure was No. 19.662.  Lawmakers estimated that the facility would provide jobs for 450 persons.

Lawmakers said the facility would sell more than 58,000 tons of fruits, vegetables and grains, 5,880 tons of beef and pork, nearly 8,000 tons of chicken and eggs and 1.455 tons of seafood, presumably over a year.

Resident of some 11 cantons would benefit, said lawmakers.

Big piles

of parts

Stolen cars usually are dismantled for parts, which are easier to sell instead of an entire vehicle.

Fuerza Pública officers following up on a vehicle theft in the Canton of La Unión Monday found a lot strewn with parts. The car was recovered.

Police said they had a video of the crook stealing the car.

car parts
Ministerio de Seguridad Púbica photo

Tax agency notifying those who are suspected of cheating on returns
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Tax officials are sending out emails to individuals and heads of corporations who might not have paid the correct tax last year. The agency, the Dirección General de Tributación, said it is reviewing assets of individuals with an eye to finding those who made big purchases but declared little income.

The agency said it was interested in those who had filed a zero
return, indicating no income, and those who had large
amounts of deductions or depreciations. Those getting the emails will have a chance to change their tax returns, said the agency.

The agency said when its workers did this last year, they came up with 160 million colons to be paid. That's about $303,000.

The agency said it would seek out those who claimed personal expenses such as household workers as business deduction as well as those who spread income over family members to avoid paying tax.

You need to see Costa Rican tourism information HERE!

Real Estate
About us
What we published this week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Earlier
The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details

Fish Fabulous Costa Rica

A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 187
Real Estate
About us

Smithfield appears to prosper after a buyout by Chinese firm
By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

When a Chinese firm bought the world’s largest pork producer, Smithfield Foods, two years ago, critics worried about U.S. employment, food safety and other issues.

After two years under Chinese ownership, the Smithfield company is doing well financially and employment is growing.

Chinese investment in the United States has surged over the past 15 years, particularly in real estate and hospitality. These investments are only part of the huge and complex relationship between the world's two largest economies.

The sometimes contentious relationship will come under particularly close scrutiny Sept. 25, when Chinese President Xi Jinping meets with President Barack Obama at the White House.

Smithfield Foods is one example of those Chinese investments and the company has some of its many facilities and its headquarters in the small, rural, historic town of Smithfield, Virginia. The community of Smithfield is surrounded by farms and cornfields, and corn feeds the pigs that the company turns into all kinds of fresh and packaged meat products.

It takes complex machines and skilled people to operate the world’s largest pork producer. Over in the past two years, Smithfield Foods says it has expanded its workforce by nearly 1,300, bringing the total number of employees to more than 48,000. This workforce, which operates in many U.S. states and several nations, helped Smithfield hit a $15 billion sales record in 2014.

While the firm is adding people, it is also cutting debt enough to impress the Standard & Poor's agency, which raised Smithfield’s credit rating.

At the time of the sale, some Smithfield residents were worried that the change could hurt the U.S. and local economies.

John Edwards, publisher of The Smithfield Times, says the biggest worry was that the company might move its operations and thousands of jobs elsewhere, devastating this community of 8,000.

“It had to do with the fact that China is a Communist country. People didn’t trust the idea of China owning our biggest industry," he said.

In Washington, Wilson Center scholar Shihoko Goto says China's acquisitions differ from those of other nations because many Chinese business entities are state-owned and driven by national as well as economic interests. She also
says some Chinese companies have been hurt by scandals 
Smithfield Foods photo
The company is well-known for its hams

over tainted food, raising concerns that U.S. food standards might be hurt by Chinese ownership.

Those concerns and worries that the sale might undermine the long-term competiveness of the U.S. pork industry prompted U.S. Sen. Debbie Stabenow, the Michigan Democrat, to hold hearings on the Smithfield sale in 2013.

At that time, Smithfield Foods President Larry Pope said Shuanghui, the Chinese company buying Smithfield, promised not to cut workers' wages and benefits and to keep the current management team in place. He said the Chinese company, which has since changed its name to WH Group, also promised to keep Smithfield's headquarters in the small town that gave the firm its name. In a written statement, company officials now say all of those promises are being kept.

The town of Smithfield was established in 1752, which is very old for a community in the United States. Main Street features statues of U.S. founding fathers George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, as well as a carefully-preserved centuries-old courthouse.

A long-time resident says change comes slowly here, and people “kind of held their breath” to see what would happen to Smithfield. The resident, Florine Moore, says people were worried about Chinese ownership of Smithfield Foods because “we liked what we had. When you like something, you don’t want it to change.”

But Smithfield Mayor T. Carter Williams says so far, he has seen few changes and no apparent problems.

“Nothing has happened at all. It is exactly the same. In fact, actually, it is right much better,” he said.

Williams says city tax receipts are up slightly and that the company is looking for more office space for additional employees, though Smithfield Foods would not confirm that.

Vacation, travel and hospitality

Recreo Verde
Declared by specialists in medical hydrology and hydrotherapy to be among the best thermo mineral waters in Costa Rica.
Health benefit: Renal system, skeletal system, digestive system, cardiovascular system, removes stress, improves
and makes skin more youthful.
Cabins, canopy, massage, restaurant, rain forest tour and more.
Located in Marsella, Venecia, San Carlos, Costa Rica.
Reservations (506) 2472-1020 or 2472-2270 

Click photo for another video

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.
George Lundquist, retirement, relocation columnist, Guide & Developer/Builder. lundquistgeorge@gmail.com


Osas montage
Adventures in Costa Rica are awaiting you.
Each of the five individual Villas  boasts its own unique charm with pleasant, moderately priced accommodations and all gives you the opportunity of taking in the sights and sounds of the jungle from your own private balcony which has views of the river bed and the ocean. If you’re up for an adventure  we can help you arrange it and choose from the many tour options available in our region. Ojochal has some of the most secluded and pristine beaches in all of Costa Rica, as well as some outstanding surfing opportunities. Enjoy our local attractions such as white water rafting, whale and dolphins tour, Corcovado national park tours, Osa canopy tour, San Buenas golf course, horseback ride to the beach and waterfalls,
Osa field institute and much more.
Contact us Now for reservations at: hollee@villasdeoros.com or vikkigold0@gmail.com  Or phone 506-2786-5170
Visit our Web page for more info: http://villasdeoros.com
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Mar de
Hotel Mar de Luz
Designed for families to provide peaceful & ecologically balanced environment, where all can enjoy healthy & pollution free stay. Built in harmony with nature & were used to reflect a subtropical atmosphere. Main source of energy is sunlight, converted by solar panels on the roofs. High quality services at a reasonable cost allowing guests to enjoy dream holiday at an attractive rate. Come and enjoy a great vacation. Comfortable accommodation, personalized services and quality amenities. Cosy rooms, breakfast, pools, architectural design, surrounded by lush vegetation in beautiful tropical gardens with coconut, almond, etc. Address : Jacó  beach, next to Subway Restaurant, Avenida Pastor Díaz, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) 2643-3000. Email: info@mardeluz.com.  Web page: www.mardeluz.com.

                        Playa Bejuco
Hotel Boutique Playa Bejuco
Cozy, opened in 2007 just 90 minutes from the capital, with good access. Go shopping or enjoy the evening entertainment. Hosting services, friendly, quality and comfortable, discreet under the concept of 100 percent family hotel, the reason we do not allow or endorse any activity related to prostitution or drugs. Natural beauty, recommended for tourists for a relaxing holiday. Nearby is Manuel Antonio National Park. Tours, canopy, fishing, rainforest, horseback riding, ATV, rafting, etc. 20 deluxe rooms equipped with 3 for disabled. All with air conditioning, cable TV, telephone, refrigerator, private bathroom, hot water, free wireless Internet, etc. Maximum 5 people. Main restaurant, pools (adults & children), jacuzzi, private parking, 24 hours security, pool bar, playground equipped. At front desk currency conversions, confirm your flight or coordinate tours. Address : Playa Bejuco, Esterillos, Costa Rica. Local phone (506) : 2779-2000. Email: info@hotelplayabejuco.com   Web page www.hotelplayabejuco.com.

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

* FAMILY VACATIONS. Our travels take into account the different ages of your family enjoy the most from your Family vacations. Click HERE!

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* EDUCATIONAL TOURS. Tours for universities to schools to elementary schools. We have professionals to help you discover the secrets of Costa Rica in a fun way. Costa Rica Educational Tours. Click HERE!

* GUIDED TOURS. General holiday planning giving you the best value for your investment Costa Rica vacation Packages. Click HERE!

Contact Us:
International Phone: 1-800-9010-114
CR Local Phone: 011-506 -2274-3231
Email: jose@mycostaricatravel.com
Web: www.mycostaricatravel.com

  Get Help Planning Your Adventure Vacation in Costa Rica.
  100% Personalized Vacation Planning Service.
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Will Costa Rica Retirement Work For You?
Find out for yourself on Live In Costa Rica Tours

When you visit Costa Rica, you'll want to discover what you need to know to  make the right choice about moving to this tropical paradise.  Our familiarization tours have won hard-earned credentials that prove general excellence and the right focus.  These are the only retirement tours that are licensed and approved by the Costa Rican government and tourism institute  (ICT). In 2006 we were featured on the NBC Today Show and World News.  In 2010, we won the  prestigious Latin America-Asia Travel Excellence Award for the Best and Most Unique Tour in Latin America.

   * Discover how to make the right choices about moving here
   * Find out how to live affordably
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   * Informative two-day seminar given by local experts in their
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   * Tours led by Christopher Howard, 34-year resident, citizen,
          and the author of "The New Golden Door to Retirement
          and  Living in Costa Rica – the Official Guide to Relocation”
Click HERE  to learn all about our Association of Residents (ARCR)  approved tours at www.liveincostarica.com

Largest art gallery in Guanacaste
Drop in to see some of Costa Rica's finest art
at the largest gallery in Guanacaste.

The Hidden Garden Art Gallery near the Liberia airport is a great place to find quality remembrances of Costa Rica to take home or to decorate your home or office in Costa Rica.  We also offer commissioned pieces so you can create your own unique masterpiece to cherish forever.  With more than 60 artists on exhibit and fine art in 15 rooms full of paintings, prints, sculptures, and diverse artistic expressions, we are easy to locate just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport. Visit our Web site at
or contact us by email:
Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tel. 2667-0592 / 8386-6872; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073. International shipping available.

Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom

Need a book about Costa Rica?

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A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Real estate wanted

Real estate rental services (paid category)

Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part
tropical homes
of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442

The vacation homes at Manuel Antonio Estates offers luxury, comfort and peace of mind. We have numerous homes from 2 bedrooms to 8 bedrooms ocean view with private pool,  all within walking distance of the town’s shops and restaurants and just a few minutes to the best beaches and the famous Manuel Antonio national park. While the homes are secluded and hidden among the rainforest, the surrounding area offers adventures like zip lines, whitewater rafting, mangrove kayaking and many more. All of the homes are available for short-term rentals, Fully equipped, Pool, concierge,  parking, cable TV, and Internet. We are happy to assist with all your need for the perfect Costa Rican vacation, Call us for your family vacation package.
TOLL FREE: 1800 346=9724 or (506) 2777-3339     

Real estate for rent

Small furnished apartment with private entrance for one or two adults. No pets. Located in Colonia del Rio, San José, approx. 1.5 miles northeast of San José Centro. Location can be seen in Google maps: Calle 24 on the Rio Torres. Apartment fronts the river.  All utilities including Wi-Fi and TV cable. Photos on request. $350 a month with a month's deposit and three months minimum rent. Enclosed garage available for $50. Available Oct. 26. Email bobbyruffin22@gmail.com. telephone 2256-9426.

Coco rental
For Rent: Terms negotiable (long term)
Available immediately. Rural, secure (24/7) gated community. 20 minutes from Playas del Coco and only 7 minutes. from Playa Matapalo (think RIU Hotel).  Two-story, 3-bedroom, 2 1/2-bath home with pool, carport, wifi and access to the community pool and workout center. $1,100 USD plus utilities. (Agents: flat fee)  Contact: Wanda R Dunn at 8337-0032 or 1-610-732-3204 from U.S. wandardunn1562@yahoo.com
DunnRight Property Management, Lomas del Mar

Oganic farm rental
2 bedroom, 1 bath, $700 includes electric, water, cable, Internet & WiFi. Fully furnished. Inside gated property close to town, Santa Bárbara de Heredia. No dogs please.

Escazu condo

Beautiful fully furnished apartment for rent
Perfect place for a retired family. Furnished condo for rent.  Two bedrooms, 2 complete bathrooms, living room & dinning room, laundry room. Great location: Escazú center, 5 minutes to San José, 10 minutes to Multiplaza, Hospital CIMA, PriceSmart. Very secure: gated, guard at gate 24/7  Pool & fitness center.  Monthly rate $1,100  Call Darling. Cell phone  8356-5486   or send me an email   fredschindeler@racsa.co.cr  or  deli.schindeler@yahoo.com.mx

Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com

Rental montage
 Unfurnished apartment with modern kitchen right on the beach
in Playa Junquillal. $500 month + electric. see plumitapacifica.com to view a video or call 5004-3473. HERE's the video.

Playa del Coco
Hear the waves and walk to the beach
Villa with separate studio apartment in north Playas del Coco. Two bedrooms and two baths in the villa. Fully furnished.  Laundry facilities. Yard fenced in. Pets Ok. Large covered terrace with views. A/C, satellite TV. Surrounded by gardens, palms and other tropical trees frequented by monkeys. Rent villa for $1,300/month or both for $1,500. Contact owner Linda: 2670-0779 or 8347-4705. Linda@coldwellbankercr.com

montage of thre homes
Beautiful Cottages for rent
Cottages located in the mountains of Los Angeles, San Rafael, Heredia. Surrounded by trees and nature, beautiful gardens. 45 minutes from San José. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed.
    - 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 balcony, 1 ranch. $900 monthly
          + utilities.
    - 2 bedrooms, 1 bathroom. $450 monthly + utilities.
    - 1 bedroom, 1 and 1/2 bathroom, 1 balcony. $500 monthly
         + utilities.
Phone: (506) 8739-0638, (506) 7019-9457, (506) 8993-5801
Email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com, analisishumano@gmail.com

Beautiful cottage in San Rafael, Heredia

 Surrounded by nature.
One or two bedrooms, 1 or 1.5 bathrooms. Bus line service, security. Pets allowed. $450 and $500 monthly. Phone: (506) 7019-9457,  8739-0638, 8993-5801. Or
email: lizrutbeth@gmail.com,

Heredia cottage

Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 baths, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Direct TV via sling box on Internet.  Rent per month $750 plus utilities with free internet.  Price for Sale $179,000   Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com  Check out slide show HERE!

Real Estate
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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2015 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
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A.M. Costa Rica's
Fifth news page
Manuel Antonio
San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 187
Real Estate
About us

Pope's cities
Voice of Americas graphic
Where the pope visited in Cuba

Pope will travel to the U.S.
today after his tour of Cuba

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Pope Francis landed Monday in Santiago de Cuba, the last stop of his tour of Cuba, where he has been praised for helping to bridge ties between the Communist nation and the United States.

The pope visited the shrine of Cuba's patroness, the Virgin of Charity, before traveling today to Washington for the U.S. leg of his visit to the two former Cold War enemies.

Pope Francis celebrated Mass earlier Monday in the eastern Cuban city of Holguin, telling tens of thousands of people to heed Jesus Christ's invitation to overcome resistance to change.

During his homily, Pope Francis said Christ challenges the faithful daily to believe in the possibility of personal transformation. "He invites us slowly to overcome our preconceptions and our reluctance to think that others, much less ourselves, can change," he said.

Holguin, Cuba's third-largest city, has been a cradle of the Catholic faith on the island and is known for a cross that has overlooked the town for centuries.  It is also the home region of Communist leaders Fidel and Raúl Castro, who have ruled Cuba since 1959.

Pope Francis met with the brothers in Havana at the start of his Cuban trip.

During his homily, Pope Francis said Christ challenges the faithful daily to believe in the possibility of personal transformation. "He invites us slowly to overcome our preconceptions and our reluctance to think that others, much less ourselves, can change," he said.

Meanwhile, several leading dissidents have criticized the pope for not accepting their requests to meet him during his visit.

The head of the opposition group Ladies in White said 22 of 24 members of her group who wanted to attend Sunday's Mass were prevented from going by Cuban security agents.

And two other well-known Cuban dissidents told The Associated Press that agents detained them after the Vatican invited them to the pope's vespers service at Havana's cathedral.

Marta Beatriz Roque and Miriam Leiva said they received invitations from the office of the papal ambassador in Havana but said they were arrested as they tried to travel to the cathedral.

Vatican spokesman Federico Lombardi said that some dissidents were invited to events to receive a greeting from the pope but that he didn't know why the greeting didn't take place.

Asked if the Holy See would lodge an official protest, Lombardi demurred, saying it was a passing greeting, not an official meeting.

The dissident Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation estimated 50 dissidents were detained and prevented from attending papal events, with most released within a few hours.

But the Patriotic Union of Cuba, the country’s largest dissident group, said four of its activists remained in jail as of late Sunday. Those four had attempted to deliver a letter to the pope, one of whom got close enough to make contact with Francis in his popemobile,  Jose Daniel Ferrer, the group's leader, said.

Voice of America/ M. Bush
Pope Francis memorabilia is front and center in the gift shop at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C.

National Shrine being readied
for first canonization Mass

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Just a few days before Pope Francis arrives in Washington, preparations for the first canonization Mass in the United States are well underway.

At the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Cardinal Donald Wuerl toured the site to check on the progress.

“When we come here next we’re going to be surrounded by over 25,000 people just to see and pray with our Holy Father," he told reporters.

And competition for those seats is fierce.

"This is one of the largest Catholic churches in the world, and it can’t hold the number of people who want to be there," he explained.

It will be a mass of firsts.

"This Holy Father is the first Pope from the New World. He’s coming for the first time to the United States to do for the first time, a canonization," Cardinal Wuerl said. Becoming a saint is Junipero Serra, the founder of California missions.

And in the Basilica gift shop, there are any number of ways to remember that moment.

“It’s hard to wrap my head around the fact that the Pope is coming here," admitted Basilica gift shop employee Angela Devanadera.

“Hopefully everything will be in place and ready to go,” she added confidently.

Husband of jailed spouse
will protest during visit by Xi

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

With Chinese President Xi Jinping making a state visit to the United States, a man in the southern U.S. city of Houston is using the occasion to call attention to the case of his wife who has been detained in China for the past six months on allegations of spying and stealing state secrets.

Jeff Gillis said that Chinese authorities detained his wife, Sandy Phan-Gillis, an American citizen of Chinese descent, March 19 in Guangzhou while visiting with a group of Houston officials and Chinese-American businessmen.

She has not been formally charged with any crime and was moved Sunday to a facility in Nanning.

Gillis said he does not know of anything illegal his wife did while in China.

"I can't think of any reason why the Chinese government would have done this," he said.

He said that U.S. consular officials visited his wife in Guangzhou and determined she was not being mistreated.

Gillis wanted to keep the case a low-profile matter in hopes it could be resolved, but became discouraged as months passed and he got what he felt was a cool reaction by the U.S. State Department.

With Xi's trip, he sees an opportunity to use the state visit to get public support for his wife's case.

Xi will be in Seattle beginning today, and Gillis said he and some relatives are considering staging a demonstration to coincide with the leader's visit.

Scott Walker removes himself
from the presidential race

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Republican Scott Walker has suspended his U.S. presidential campaign, effectively ending an eight-week formal push that saw him sink from near-frontrunner status to political insignificance in the key campaign state of Iowa.

Analysts and insiders attributed the Wisconsin governor's decision to a lack of funding, as he crisscrossed Iowa and sought support for the Republican nomination in other key states seen as favoring his conservative message.

But Monday Walker said he had become disillusioned with the Republican race, and that the overall campaign had drifted into personal attacks. He did not offer details. But in a thinly veiled swipe at leading candidate Donald Trump, Walker called on the remaining candidates to develop "a positive, conservative alternative to the current frontrunner."

Walker gained national attention in 2012, after his successful push to decertify public worker unions in his home state, and later for surviving a recall election largely organized and backed by disgruntled public workers and their supporters. But his campaign, launched in July, failed to gain traction nationally, and several recent surveys showed him favored by fewer than 5 percent of likely voters in Iowa.

In other developments, a U.S.-based Islamic civil liberties group on Monday called for one of the leading Republican candidates, former neurosurgeon Ben Carson, to quit his campaign after he said he would never support a Muslim presidential candidate.

Nihad Awad, executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, said that Carson, a devout Christian, should withdraw "because he's unfit to lead because his views are in contradiction with the United States Constitution."

Awad noted that the Constitution says "no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification" for U.S. public office.

"This cannot be misunderstood. This is a very clear language to all Americans, to all generations, irrespective of who they are," Awad said at a news conference.

Carson told NBC's "Meet the Press" Sunday, "I would not advocate that we put a Muslim in charge of this nation. I absolutely would not agree with that."

He said a president's faith should matter to voters and he described the Islamic faith as inconsistent with the U.S. Constitution, although he did not specify in which way Islam runs counter to constitutional principles.

Carson's comments came amid lingering fallout over Republican Donald Trump's refusal last week to take issue with a man who, during a New Hampshire campaign event, wrongly called President Barack Obama a Muslim and said Muslims are "a problem in this country."

Never too late is slogan
for Senior Games athletes

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Every morning, Tony Diamond goes to a local park for an hour of fast walking. Then he runs for another hour. He also goes to a gym two or three times a week for muscle training. The retired navy captain won three medals at the 2015 National Senior Games in the road race and the race walk in his age group, 85 to 89.

“My current age is 86 years old, and my fitness age is 44," he says. “I think I have such a good number because I did a lot of exercise during my life. I've been exercising since I was a little boy.”

Helen White, a versatile athlete who won a silver medal in pickleball at the 2013 National Senior Games, plays basketball and also teaches the sport to senior groups.

“I'm 62 years old and my fitness result showed that I was 32 years," she says. “It really wasn’t until I turned to 50 that I decided to become much more serious and focused about play, and just making sure it is daily part of my life.”

Ms. White and Diamond are among some 5,000 competitors in the National Senior Games, a biennial competition for athletes over 50 that was recently held in Minnesota, who took part in the study on fitness age.

The research, led by Pamela Peeke of the University of Maryland in coordination with Ulrik Wisloff of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, who developed a fitness calculator, found that older athletes’ fitness age is more than 20 years younger than their chronological age.

“You simply input very straightforward data," said Dr. Peeke, explaining how the study was conducted. "We ask you questions: your age, height, weight, how much you work out, your waist size, heart rate, blood pressure, and it goes on. Then you press a button, you find out what your actual fitness age is.

“This kind of testing, an assessment of fitness age, is actually very valid and it helps us understand the benefits of being fit and healthy,” she added, explaining that anyone can use the online calculator for free.

Dr. Peeke, a board member of the organization that runs the National Senior Games, says many of the competitors didn’t start training until later in life. Consisting of a variety of sports from track and field to triathlon  the games' average competitor is 68, although their average fitness age is 43.

"It doesn’t matter how old you are," she said. "Twenty, 25, 30  . . . who cares, all of us can lower our fitness age by staying right on top of it, taking good care of ourselves, especially physical activity."

Dr. Peeke says it is never too early or too late to start reaping the benefits of exercise.

Real estate-related services (paid category)

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Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

Rich Coast Rollover
Thinking of Buying a Vacation or Retirement Home
in Costa Rica?

Rich Coast Realty is a full-service real estate company with property listings in Escazú, Santa Ana, Jacó, Esterillos, Bejuco, Palo Seco, Manuel Antonio, and beyond. We offer efficient, personalized service always protecting our client’s interests. We work hard to find you the property of your dreams, and assist with legal advice, residency, starting corporations, opening bank accounts, etc. Contact us today with your questions about buying property in, and relocating to Costa Rica. With 11 years experience in Costa Rica real estate, we look forward to hearing from you.
USA Toll Free 1 866 833-4005
CR Cell 011 506 8718-9891

Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo
Photo montage of penthouse
Are you  tired of wasting time searching your home….. with no results?
If so, you should not miss this deal !!!

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Penthouse condominium in Playa Langosta, Tamarindo

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* Pool, BBQ area.
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        parking,  cellar.

* 3 bedrooms.
* 2 bathrooms.
* 2 terraces.
* Luxuriously
* Negotiable price.

* Enjoy the view,  CLICK HERE
Mafi Real Estate: Houses, lots and farms in Costa Rica
If you do not find, what are you looking for, contact us
WE HAVE A NETWORK OF OVER 500 brokers across the country to get what you are looking for.
English Calls: Miguel Fiatt Sauma or Paule Ortiz
Phone/Fax.+506 2238-5029
Cel. +506 8399-7000
Email: mfiatt@mafirealestate.com 
Web Page: www.mafirealestate.com

Remax logo
Re/Max Ocean Surf and Sun:

The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and commercial real estate.  Call us: Ocean Surf and Sun Int. Realty Ldta at 011 (506) 2653-0073 or send us an email at: info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com

Real estate for sale (paid category)

Beautiful house
in nature reserve
for sale
La Union
Sustainable design, 2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, 2 parking spaces, surrounded by nature and overlooking La Carpintera reserve. Construction 180 m2, land 670 m2. Cartago, Tres Rios La Union. Residential Sierras de la Union. Great Price $250,000. For more information, please contact us at mayorgach@yahoo.com.  Phone: (506)  8922-9413.

property montage
Lovely east coast property for sale
This is a huge property surrounded by beautiful tropical gardens. The house is about 85% built, but I will give you the property completely finished.  The whole land includes 7,886 m2 or 84,884 ft2 of forest and gardens in a mountain area of Cimarrones, Limón, east coast. Full house with large master bedroom plus bathroom. One extra guest bedroom. Large dining room. Large kitchen area. Another extra bathroom for guests. Large laundry room and two cellars (storage areas). The house has wide corridors where you will see a breathtaking view of large gardens and forest.  I am open to hear your offer. The full property and land price is $125,000. Call Harold Fonseca, Phone number (506) 8702-4217, Email: hfonseca24@gmail.com

Goetl in Palo Seco

Charming small oceanfront hotel for sale in Playa Palo Seco
Ideal oceanfront location with back up to a mangrove estuary. The
charming small hotel has a fully equipped kitchen, bar and restaurant and is exceptionnally well maintained. Located on a very private beach of the central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica 35 minutes north of Quepos-Manuel Antonio and 45 minutes south of  Playa Jacó. The main building is a two-storey house with 12 bedrooms. The lot measures 3,054 M2. Beautiful gardens around the large pool and exceptional flora and fauna. Well mentioned in tourist guides like Lonely Planet and Guide Ulysse. Offered at $999,000. USD
e-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es 
or call (506) 8707-1037  (506) 2778-8408
Web   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com

Big House for Sale in Playa Grande,
Santa Cruz, Guanacaste
834.62 square meters property with 326 square meters construction. Two-story house with front porch, entry lobby, living room, dinning room, large kitchen, breakfast room, large cupboard, 3 1⁄2 bathrooms, 3 large bedrooms.  The main bedroom includes jacuzzi and balcony. Playground, office, laundry area, garage for two cars, own and municipal potable water supply, electricity service, cable TV system, A/C. Located 700 meters from Las Colinas Golf Course, near the airport, Tamarindo Beach and the best beaches of the country. With an additional 2,866.33 square meters building lot with three terraces. Excellent construction and great details. Great Price $388,000 For more information, please contact us:
Email stanleystephendorn@yahoo.com Phone (506) 2653-6417.
Cell (506) 8825-8942 / (506) 8916-0734.

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú
Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant.
Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning.
Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing.
Toll free US phone 877-778-8515
In Costa Rica 8307-0164

private ranch home
Small private ranch for sale
This exceptional private ranch sits on a 9+ hectare lot and supports 15-20 horses. Only 2 hours south of San José, on the road to Puriscal. Roomy stalls all with drains, water hookup, lights and fans, grooming and shoeing área. Two-story house all furnished and cowboy house. Don't miss your chance on that turnkey operation.  Offered at $749,000.
E-mail:  marietta234@yahoo.es  or call (506) 8707-1037 
(506) 2778-8408 Web:   http://mariettedaignault.point2agent.com

Ringle resort
on one big lot in Esterillos Oeste, (Central Pacific)
Located on a breezy hill just 4 minutes walk to the beach, surf and tide-pools, only 20 minutes drive north to Jacó nightlife and shopping or south to the rural town of Parrita.

First, a 2-storey, 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1½-bathroom house with big kitchen and living room.  Full-width verandah with eating and sitting areas, overlooking lawn, pool and gazebo. Sitting balcony at upper, bedroom level.  Carport. and laundry. 

Second, a completely private single-storey. 2-bedroom (sleeps 4), 1-bathroom home with big back yard at a lower level on the same, big fully titled 1,100M2 lot.. Full security bars at all doors and windows, plus locking vehicle access and pedestrian gates at the street. In a very safe neighborhood, with private and natural surroundings

Well maintained, fully and tastefully furnished and equipped, hot water, local phone, cable TV/DVD and high speed wireless internet   The houses have been rented for both long-term and vacation for $100/$80 per day and $1,500/$1,200 per month respectively. See this place, you will love it! Then make an offer. E-mail azucarb@racsa.co.cr or call (506) 8386-8825.  Rodney, asking $350,000.

San Ramon
Mountain home w/million dollar view near San Ramón
Beautiful home in the mountains near San Ramón with 180-degree view of the gulf of Nicoya. 7 miles from San Ramón, 1 mile from Interamericana highway. 3,200 foot elevation so temp is 65 to 75 year around. Electric gate, private drive. house built in 2010. 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, appliances included. High-speed internet installed, Price for sale $179,000    Contact Mike: mmpeace@hotmail.com   Check out slide show HERE!

A beautiful American style suburban home just reduced.

A beautiful American style suburban home, 2,700 sq ft of living space with 5 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, front and rear living rooms, laundry area, kitchen and small attached library nook, arched windows and doors and connected hallways, exotic wood interior ceilings and trim, tile floors thru-out.  The lot is 835 m2 with mature landscape and orchid nurseries surrounding the house. There is an enclosed workshop and BBQ area in the back yard with lots of storage under roof, plus a nursery for an herb/vegetable garden.  This is a very well-kept property with many upgrades, a private feel but yet only 5 minutes from the center of town.  Pérez Zeledón is the commercial hub of the southern zone and considered to be one of the best places to live in all of Costa Rica, the perfect size town, not too big and not too small.  The beach is 45 minutes to the west and a short drive to the cool mountains is to the east. In between, this large valley has a moderate climate.  Pérez has plenty of modern goods and services, an excellent farmers market, private schools, private doctors and clinics, all you need without having to go to the crazy madness of San José.    Just reduced to $199,000.  Call  Jeff: 8824-8113 or 8725-8176.  Email:  angelsdad@me.com

Aerial Ocean and Volcano Views with Boutique Coffee! 33 Acres $380,000. Click HERE!

For sale: Titled beachfront lot 1/2 acre (1,750m2) near Jacó $89,000. Just one hour drive from San José.
Panoramic ocean view lot 1.25 acres (5,000m2) 25 minutes from Tamarindo  $25,000.
Panoramic ocean view lot  5,400 sq. ft. (500m2)  $6,500. Financing available.
For rent two-bedroom house  five minute walk to water $350 a month.
Call 6261-7932 Or email gsmboss@hotmail.com. See this Web site:

ARenal property
Location: Near Arenal        Price: $2.7 million
Size: 113 acres
Web site: costaricalandsales.com
email: kim@costaricalandsales.com

The farm is at the highest point on a stunning ridge bordered by pristine Costa Rican primary forest on all sides of the property, with active wildlife all throughout the area. On each of its gently rolling terraced lomas you get a glimpse of Volcán Arenal from a distance. This property has four different lagunas, a working organic farm and nursery, mature fruit trees, sheep corral, ideal for grazing horses with stunning views from all the hillsides. The Northern Zone of Costa Rica is the country's best kept secret, providing a perfect home base location to travel the country's many destinations while still maintaining the best climate at 400 meters above sea level.

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Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

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San José, Costa Rica, Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 187
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Latin news from the BBC up to the minute
Study says tight laws reduce number
of young people who carry firearms

By the Journal of the American Medical Association news staff

A more restrictive gun law environment was associated with a reduced likelihood of youth carrying guns, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

An average of 15,000 teenagers 12 to 19 years old died annually in the United States from 1999 to 2013. The three leading causes of death among teenagers were unintentional injuries, homicide and suicide. Among these fatal youth injuries, most homicides were gun-related (83 percent) and about half of suicides involved a gun (45 percent). The limited impact of youth-focused gun laws may be explained by the wide prevalence of gun ownership. The study of the state gun law environment is limited, according to background information in the study.

Ziming Xuan of the Boston University School of Public Health, and David Hemenway, of the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, examined the gun law environment and youth gun carrying in the United States, as well as whether it was mediated by adult gun ownership.

The authors analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which includes representative data from students in grades nine to 12 from 2007, 2009 and 2011. Youth gun carrying was defined as having carried a gun on at least one day during the 30 days before the survey. To characterize the gun law environment, the authors used state gun law scores ranging from 0 to 100 points, with the greater value representing a more restrictive gun control environment.

The authors found substantial variation in state-level gun law scores with average scores across 2007, 2009 and 2011 ranging from a low of 1.3 in Utah to a high of 79.7 in California. Adult gun ownership ranged from 20 percent in Massachusetts to 70.9 percent in Mississippi. In 38 states with data on youth gun carrying, the average aggregate prevalence was 6.7 percent, ranging from 1.4 percent in New Jersey to 11 percent in Wyoming.

The authors report a 10-point increase in the gun law score was associated with 9 percent lower odds of youth gun carrying. Higher adult gun ownership levels also were associated with a higher prevalence of youth gun carrying.

“Gun violence poses a substantial public health threat to adolescents in the United States. Existing evidence points to the need for policies to reduce gun carrying among youth. We find that the strength of gun policies including both adult-focused and youth-focused policies is inversely associated with youth gun carrying. These findings are relevant to gun policy debates about the critical importance of comprehensive state-level gun law environment to prevent youth gun carrying,” the study concludes.

Kids and Internet is topic of meeting

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Internet officials, government experts and children advocates are meeting for the second of two days today to seek ways to protect youngsters.

The event will include the reactivation of the Comisión Nacional de Seguridad en Línea and assist the Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Telecomunicaciones in its development of a national strategy for cybersecurity.

Also involved at the United Nations Children's Fund, the International Center for Missing and Exploited Children, Fundación Paniamor, and  Millicom, the parent firm of the local cable Internet provider Tigo.

The session is being held in the Museo de los Niños.

The ministry said the goal of the session is to plan concrete actions to help youngsters use the resources of the Internet without being victims of insecurity and violence.

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From Page 7:

Justice Department to investigate Volkeswagen

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The U.S. Justice Department plans a criminal investigation into charges that the German-based car maker Volkswagen deliberately cheated on U.S. emissions testing for nearly half-a-million diesel-powered cars.

Shares of Volkswagen plunged 20 percent on world markets Monday.

Volkswagen chief executive Martin Winterkorn apologized for deceiving customers and regulators and promised to cooperate with all investigators.

Along with having to pay to fix the rigged cars, Volkswagen could face as much as $18 billion in fines.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Volkswagen secretly installed software in several popular models which could detect when an emissions test was being carried out. The software switched on pollution controls during the tests and switched them off when the car was being driven.

The cars spewed 40 percent more emissions into the air without the controls. Cars that drive without pollution controls generally perform better and are more fuel efficient.

Volkswagen advertised the affected models as being better for the environment.