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  Published Monday Edition
September 4, 2017, Vol. 17, No. 175
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Oscar Vargas clinic


Hotel industry proposing tax on property rentals
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The hotel industry is proposing the creation of a three-percent tax for every property rental made through online platforms such as Airbnb.

The money collected would go to fund national parks and providing income to the Ley de Bienestar Animal.
 According to the Cámara de Hoteleros de Costa Rica, they are waiting for the right time to present the bill, so it doesn’t get lost in the discussions of fiscal reform.

The platforms Airbnb, FlipKey, Tripping.com, HomeAway and VRBO, offer a mediation service between owner and seekers of accommodations for tourism.

That percentage is the same that hotel owners had to pay for several years to the Instituto Nacional de Turismo which, in turn, invested the money in international marketing.

"These platforms are benefiting from the reputation of Costa Rica,” said Gustavo Araya, president of the Cámara.

“Tourists who decide to stay in condominiums should pay, but those who decide to stay in hotels will not have to pay the tax.”

"We do not think it is an issue of unfair competition. We are not increasing the tax burden. It was a burden we had for years and we did not complain," Araya added.


Today, both hotels and condominiums are charged the Impuesto General Sobre las Ventas, which stands at 13 percent.

Aside from that, these businesses pay an income tax, whose percentages range from 10 to 30 depending on their income.

Earlier this year, an Airbnb spokesperson said the company would be willing to collect the taxes on behalf the Ministerio de Hacienda and transfer the money to the national government.

However, Hacienda officials said they would consider it as long as they can audit the figures, something Airbnb has told A.M. Costa Rica that it will not allow.


bitcoin ATM
Cryptobuyer.io photo       
Cryptobuyer partnered with Panamanian bank to launch bitcoin ATMs.
Bitcoin in Costa Rica: sparsely regulated and used
By Conor Golden,
News Editor for A.M. Costa Rica

Bitcoin is a method of payment not often seen or heard about when discussing purchases in or from Costa Rica.

Bitcoin is a completely digitized form of currency that, according to its website, is cash for the Internet. It came onto the scene back in 2009 in a cryptography mailing list by a person called Satoshi Nakamoto, a largely anonymous identity that left the project a year later. This money is often acquired through payments, purchasing the bitcoins at a Bitcoin exchange or exchanging them with another holder. According to a statement from Bitcoin.org:

“Bitcoins have value because they are useful as a form of money. Bitcoin has the characteristics of money…based on the properties of mathematics rather than relying on physical properties (like gold and silver) or trust in central authorities (like fiat currencies). In short, Bitcoin is backed by mathematics. With these attributes, all that is required for a form of money to hold value is trust and adoption. In the case of Bitcoin, this can be measured by its growing base of users, merchants, and startups. As with all currency, bitcoin's value comes only and directly from people willing to accept them as payment.”

Unlike gold or other currencies, however, Bitcoin does not have any guaranteed purchasing power and the exchange rate floats freely meaning it is highly volatile as a currency.

Currently it is not a flat currency with legal tender status globally so the tax policy is dependent on the country. Bitcoin.org admits that tax liability can accrue regardless of the medium being used.

The digital currency is most popularly used by online gambling operations whose websites and businesses are sometimes based in Costa Rica.

These companies accept Bitcoin as a method of payment but they are often catering to a large, international audience. Moreover some of the participants could be betting on sports or other activities labeled illegal to bet or gamble on within a particular country.

Cryptobuyer, one of the digital asset connectors and runners for Bitcoin currency, announced back in July that it had installed some of the first ATMs for Bitcoin at Banistmo, a large bank in Panamá. Two Bitcoin ATM machines were installed within the facilities of a commercial bank for the first time, Cryptobuyer said in a statement.

The company has plans to expand the installation of these ATMs into more of the Latin American market that could include Costa Rica. It could represent a unique development for the country as there is no data regarding exchange rates relative to the colón offered by the government.

A.M. Costa Rica decided to look for ways an individual or company could buy and sell Bitcoin in the country. It appears that certain websites do offer opportunities to trade in Bitcoin in Costa Rica mostly based on a dollar exchange rate.

It is unclear if these sites are legitimate. One website showed the sellers as screen names with information on the profile’s trading statistics. Most were selling bitcoin with a dollar exchange rate.

That exchange rate, based on the fluctuations of those bidding for individual Bitcoins, has jumped in the past year to be one Bitcoin for around $4,615, according to a Sunday evening aggregation done by Google.

The Banco Central of Costa Rica yielded no information on the subject of digital currencies excluding a recent PowerPoint presentation discussing the viability of this online cash sources like Bitcoin. It also considered regulating the currency. The presentation was made in Costa Rica by a representative from the Banco Central in Uruguay and is dated Aug. 17, 2017.

There also appears to be little regulation specifically governing the currency within Costa Rican law or under the Banco Central’s regulatory authority. If there is little regulation, then that could mean more room for its legal usage technically. For Latin America, only Bolivia and Ecuador have issued a ban on Bitcoin.

In the European Union, the United States and Canada, it is considered legal with different levels of regulation.







Remarkable
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Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca. 


Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!


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A.M.
Costa Rica

Second News Page

Published || Monday Edition, September 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 175
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Professional Directory
A.M. Costa Rica's professional directory is where business people who wish to reach the English-speaking community may invite responses. If you are interested in being represented here, please contact the editor.
Psychotherapy




Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
 • Depression
 • Relationship Problems
 • Trauma EMDR click here
 • NWM Training
 
CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
doclucinda@gmail.com
www.LucindaGray.com
Learn more about 
  New World Meditation: (Second Edition)
Discover True Happiness Thru
Experiential Healing 
Click Here
9057-2/25/17



Psychiatric Services
SERVICE CONNECTED DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS (FMP)
Dr.
                                    Luis Carlos Sancho
DR LUIS CARLOS SANCHO TORRES
PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Prescription Management

Send us your:
-VA LETTER WITH LIST OF DISABILITIES
-VETERAN IDENTIFICATION

Call me:  (506) 2246-3458
Email: veteranscr@gmail.com
4th floor at Hospital La Catolica, Guadalupe, San José
9234-12/1/17


U.S. Income Tax
Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

Marlene Summers
The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.

Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.

If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

You can file current or past due FBARs without payment to meet IRS  requirements.

If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

Over 20 years in Costa Rica
and Silicon Valley.
Competitive rates.

Phone (506) 2289-6590 ; Cell (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17

Personal Assistant

Jacqui Monacell
Your “go to” person in Costa Rica!

Jacqui Monacell

With over 20 years of experience in Costa Rica, we understand the inner-workings of the “Tico system” and offer a wide range of services for newcomers and expatriates!

    • Vehicles: purchase, sale, storage, repairs
    • Real Estate: purchase, sale, title study, due diligence
    • Legal Assistance: residency, power of attorneys, incorporation
    • New Business: consultation, bank accounts, cellular lines

Visit our website to read more about our services and peruse our testimonials to see why we are recommended throughout the community!
Call or write us for more information and we will contact you the same day!
Costa Rica Phones: (506) 8878-4932 / (506) 2271-1845 / (506) 2271-1844
Email: info@yourcostaricacontact.com
Visit my web:  www.yourcostaricacontact.com

9243-8/17/17


Legal Services

American/Costa Rican staff
to properly assist you


MBC

* Corporate, Labor, Family Law (marriage / divorce),
* Litigation. 
* Immigration: Temporary/Permanent Residency, Investor/Retiree Status, Work permits 
* Naturalization
* Real Estate
* Notary Services
* Collections and Foreclosures 
* Wills and Testaments, Probates 
* Free Zone Regime 
* Legal fees calculated by CR s Bar of Lawyers

Our Business/Construction Unit
will be glad to assist you on:
* How to start a business in CR
* How to import/export to CR: Sanitary, registration Certificates, free sales certificates, logistics
*Constructions projects: Municipal permits, contracts, due diligence to buy / build your home or project in CR. 

Contact Info:
Phone:​(506) 2239-4883 
Email: ​info@mbcproductscr.com
​​leandro@mbcproductscr.com
Web: ​www.mbcproductscr.com
*Offices conveniently located in Rohrmoser and Belén-Heredia / Costa Rica
9226-12/7/17


Adrian Fernandez
Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
Notary services and registrations. Collections and foreclosures. Real estate and litigation. Corporate Law. Immigration. Estate planning wills and testaments, probate.

I provide the highest professional standards. Official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.

 Call me for advice
    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
    Email: ajfernandez@racsa.co.cr
    Law Office is conveniently located near  Mall San Pedro, 350 meters south  from the Hyundai dealer, Los Yoses, San José.
9181-7/3/17

Real estate agents and services

Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17

Dentistry

Dental
                                                      Services rollover
Dental Services Costa Rica

Dr Oscar Vargas specialist in prosthodontics
Where Science and Art meet!
www.dentalservicescostarica.com

Give yourself a bright and healthy smile.  Our professional practice is geared to exceptional quality in all procedures.   We are dedicated to technical perfection using cutting-edge technology.     

* DENTAL IMPLANTS:  One of the most successful ways to replace missing teeth.  Improve your quality of life, enjoy social activities with a beautiful natural smile.   Learn more HERE! 

* FULL MOUTH RESTORATION. We are experts and have specialized training of integral science going beyond the architectural design of the patient's desired smile.  HERE!  

* PORCELAIN VENEERS. achieve wonderful results to aesthetic goals for worn down, chipped, broken, discolored, uneven teeth and gaps between them. HERE! 

* PORTFOLIO please browse for information about our work.  HERE!
Contact us:
Dial toll FREE from USA or Canada:  1.800.901.0114
CR local phone:  +506-2274-3231
Cell: +506-8302-5877
Email:  info@dentalservicescostarica.com
Web:  www.dentalservicescostarica.com
8758-9/18/17

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
-Experience since 1980.
-Bilingual English/Spanish.
-Represent all the best insurance
       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
       Shield, ASSA, INS, etc.
-Correspondents of WILLIS.
-Connections in all of Central
       America.
-Superb communications.
-Prize-winning Web site.
-English policy extracts.
-Helps you settle your claims.
Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José. Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520  or ( 506) 2233-2455
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
9165-5/22/17

Residency experts

resdiency

JAVIER ZAVALETA
RESIDENCY IN COSTA RICA
A full service immigration agency
U.S. and San José offices
There are four primary ways to apply for legal residency in Costa Rica:
    Retiree (Pensionado):  For those with a pension or other retirement income.
    Legal Resident (Rentista): For those with guaranteed non-salary income or savings.
    Business/Investor (Inversionista): For those with Costa Rican business or real estate investments.
    Marriage/Relation (Vinculo): For those married to or related to a Costa Rican citizen.


WHICH OPTION IS BEST FOR YOU?
Getting and authenticating documents can be a chore. We know how to do it. Experienced with many nationalities. Up-to-date on Costa Rica's evolving immigration law.
Your first stop for smooth, professional service and a positive experience.
Javier Zavaleta
Residency in Costa Rica
P. O. Box 86352, Los Angeles, CA 90086
U.S. Phone: (323) 255-6116
U.S.  Fax (323) 344-1620
Phone in Costa Rica: ( 506 ) 2226=0755  (En español )

Email:  javier@residencyincostarica.com
Web: www.residencyincostarica.com
9071-3/19/17

 Accountants

U.S. Tax International
Plus Costa Rican taxes, accounting, and legal
 services. Over 15 years in Costa Rica
U.S. Tax
                                                  rollover
(English spoken). Tamarindo office hours now available.  If you or anyone you know would like an appointment in Tamarindo, please call our San José office at 2288-2201 to make an appointment.
Contact Us:
 U.S 786-206-9473         CR 506-2288-2201
FAX: 506 2231-3300
E-mail: ustax@lawyer.com
Web page: www.ustaxinternational.com
9179-9/17/17

James Brohl, C.P.A. & M.B.A. US Income Tax,  U.S. GAAP Accounting
& Business Consulting
S
pecializing in all matters of concern to U.S. taxpayers residing abroad including:
Uncle Sam's
IRS filing requirements of foreign income tax exclusion (up to $102,100 for 2017).
Past-due tax returns: Taxpayers filing before an IRS notice do not face criminal sanctions.
Reporting foreign financial assets: FBAR and foreign corporations.
Up-to-date FATCA news.
All US Tax return preparation:
individual, business, estate and trust.
eFile returns: secure with faster refunds.
Business consulting to facilitate working in Costa Rica.
Telephone 8305-3149 or 2256-8620
E-mail jrtb_1999@yahoo.com
8984-4/6/17

Fine art restoration and conservation

Gilbert Carmichael
Master Art Restorer
European and U.S. standards. USPAP.
 
Paintings    Sculptures    Murals 
Porcelain and ceramic restoration
  Works on paper restoration
Gilbert Carmichael
  Conservation Curatorial  services
  Art expert services
  Other restoration services
  Condition evaluation
  Authenticity evaluation
  Art related insurance and 
       damage evaluations
  Art collection consultation
Experts in fine art restoration and conservation for the tropics. We clean mildew, mold, etc., repair, restore and offer art expert and curatorial services.

For more information please call (506) 8388-5328 or  email cocopopcr@yahoo.com
9212-5/9/17

internet
                          stock
Public domain photo          
Telecom operators setting internet usage caps is declared invalid.

Supreme court rules that SUTEL hurt citizens rights on internet usage caps

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones hurt the fundamental rights of citizens by allowing the telecom operators define the Fair Use Policies and the caps to the Internet usage.

So was declared by the Sala Constitucional of the Corte Suprema in its resolution, 2017-011-212, dated July 14. The document explains it is the duty of the Supeintendencia to establish the minimum acceptable internet speeds as a way to defend the users. It also states that telecom providers do not have that authority to establish such speeds.

Today the Constitutional Chamber will send the official notification to the Superintendencia, meaning that in the next 30 days, the latter has to introduce variations on the policy or discard it and start working on a new one from scratch.

The changes would only apply to the customers who have a contract with any of the Costa Rican mobile internet providers such as Kölbi, Movistar and Claro.

The resolution of the court, locally known as Sala IV, states the internet access is a tool needed to exercise other fundamental rights.

“It makes knowledge more democratic by placing and unmeasurable amount of information in the hands of any individual, it allows citizens to take part in the management of the state and thus, improving transparency,” the document reads.

“It’s also become a mean for people to exercise their freedom of speech and it is an essential work tool in many careers.”

To cap the internet speed once a certain amount of gigabytes is used does not meet reasonability nor proportionality based on constitutional principles, as there are other ways to avoid the abuse of the networks by some clients, according to the ruling of the judges.

To take a better informed decision, the judges took into consideration the positions of Carlos Vargas and Gabriela Barrantes, director and professor of the School of Computing Science at the Universidad de Costa Rica. Both of them confirmed there are other criteria and actions to limit any irregular use of the networks.

For instance, the academicians said any telecom provider has the possibility to limit bandwidth by traffic type, application or apply short term restrictions, among other.

According to data from the Superintendencia, as of 2016, there were 8.3 million mobile lines in the country. Out of those, 5.2 million had internet access enabled.


Seven arrested on Guanacaste thefts

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Fuerza Pública officers detained seven people Friday morning on suspicion of a couple of thefts around the Playa del Coco and Sardinal de Carrillo area of Guanacaste province.

The alleged gang, called la banda de acetileno, is suspected of stealing from businesses in Playa del Coco and a possible link to another theft in Nicoya, police said. Acetylene is a chemical compound and type of gas often used in welding or for fuel.

 Investigators believe that the thieves used acetylene equipment to break in. Officers captured four of the suspects at the entrance to Nicoya where police had set up a road checkpoint, according to a report from the Ministerio de Seguridad Pública.

The other three were captured at another road closure in Limonal de Abangares, police said. Members of the Judicial Investigation Organization seized the car that these three were traveling in to investigate the articles inside. Fuerza Pública also seized a third vehicle located near some cabins in Nicoya where members of the group are suspected of staying.

Judicial agents arrested the seven suspects as part of an investigation in at least two cases of robberies on a financial institution and supermarket. Three million colones were seized during the arrests. This is suspected of being the bounty stolen from the supermarket at Playa del Coco, agents said.

22 million colones were stolen from the other place using the same method of acetylene to break in, investigators said. The judiciary is still searching for any possible connections between these suspects and other crimes. They were presented before the Ministerio Público.


American Legion meeting Wednesday

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

American Legion Post CR10 will be having its regular meeting this coming Wednesday.

According to a statement from Kenneth Johnson, the head of the Legion post, the meeting will be held at noon in the Casa de España in Sabana Norte. The legion meeting will be holding nominations for officers for the upcoming October elections. There will also be an information period to explain the procedures for applying for Veteran’s Administration disability pension or how to upgrade if one already has it.

Interested participants who want more information can call Johnson at 2591-1695 or 8968-6936.


Police stop motorcycle theft in Parrita

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Police detained a minor in Parrita last Thursday who was caught attempting to steal motorcycles at a driver’s education school of the Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Transportes.

According to the police report, a 911 call reported an apparent motorcycle robbery in progress on the campus. The Ministerio de Seguridad Pública issued a statement that said officers moved to the property and saw a subject taking the lock off a motorcycle. When the suspect saw police, he tried to run away.

Several minutes of following the fleeing suspect led the Fuerza Pública to stop and detain him. Police noted that several motorcycles had the locks cut in preparation for being stolen. The minor was transferred to the juvenile court in Parrita Friday morning on suspicion of attempted theft.

Our reader's opinion:
Banco Nacional is withholding 
my Social Security benefits


Dear A.M. Costa Rica:

I am an expat living in the Pérez Zeledón area.  I receive monthly Social Security benefits deposited directly into my Banco Nacional account.  As you know, Monday is Labor Day in the United States, and monthly benefits for all those receiving Social Security here in Costa Rica are usually paid on the 3rd of each month.  This month, since the 3rd is on a Sunday, the benefits were paid on Sept. 1.

Lo and behold, Banco Nacional did not deposit the money into my account on Sept. 1, or on Sept. 2, or on Sept. 3.  I have other expat friends as well as Tico/Tica friends who also receive Social Security benefits.  All those who use Banco Nacional as their bank did not receive their money either. 

I verified with my Social Security online account, and my Social Security benefit was paid on Sept. 1.  A Tica friend of mine receives Social Security money, and was expecting the money on Friday Sept. 1 but to no avail. 

She called the Banco Nacional customer service line and was informed that numerous people have been calling the bank and that no one has received the September payment.  It appears to me that Banco Nacional is using the float between Sept. 1 and Sept. 4, using the excuse that Monday Sept. 4 is Labor Day in the U.S. for a 3-day delay. 

This is outrageous.  I can think of a number of laws being violated rather blatantly.  Most expats' benefits may not amount to that much but the aggregate of customers' Social Security benefits being directly deposited into Banco Nacional accounts is surely far more substantial. 

So the question is: where is everybody's money for three days?  I suspect Banco Nacional's managers could answer that question with a great deal of unease. 

As an aside, I was an attorney for 21 years in California. This is the kind of malfeasance from government agencies and big business that really used to get my goat—one of the reasons why I became an attorney in the first place.  Although I am retired now, I can't help but still think like an attorney.  I am bothered by such an obvious theft, be it only for a few days. 

Thank you,
Maxine de Villefranche
Pérez Zeledón


News from the Spanish-language press
Translated into English







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Third News Page


Published || Monday Edition, September 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 175
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Train plan
Gobierno de Costa Rica photo    
Proposed train overhaul eventually sees
a high-speed train in its future.

Railroad network announces
major overhaul in coming years


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Costa Rican railway system is about to get a major overhaul to modernize and expand its services to the public.

The Instituto Costarricense de Ferrocarriles announced five work actions for the modernization of the railroads to meet the needs of the country. Among the actions that the government announced this past Friday include redoing the entire railroad system in the Gran Área Metropolitana. The government also said it intends to extend the service to San Rafael de Alajuela and Paraíso in Cartago, buy eight new trains and create a mobile app to access all route and rates information. The new trains are expected to carry an additional 400 people.

“The modernization of the train will allow us to take a step towards a more efficient mobilization of people and to solve part of the problems with vehicle congestion that this country has accumulated for years,” said Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solís. “As a country, we must transform the model of public transport with a long-term vision. Costa Rica is dying to undertake large-scale projects that we have been postponing.”

In order to limit vehicle congestion, however, the government needs to provide greater incentive for people to use the train service over the cars. Often, people have complained of the tight quarters in the cars, the heat and the slow-going of the train. This can be largely attributed to the antiquated, secondhand trains the country uses for the network and the lack of adequate funding INCOFER has to improve its service.

“INCOFER requires a modernization of all its current passenger transport system,” said Elizabeth Briceño, the executive president for the network. “We will start with a Phase 0 that includes a series of technological improvements and that serve as planning with a long-term vision.”

This is part of an action plan submitted by INCOFER as part of the law to strengthen the railroad network. The contract and the funds for this model is intended to be carried out using a public contracting of private sources and outsourcing the work toward other construction and developers. The financing is expected to also include a mix of public and private funds, according to a statement from Casa Presidencial. The government will send out invitations worldwide in December 2017 for companies interested in participating in this process.

The plan can be broken down into five elements. The first is the repair and reconstruction of the railroad between San Antonio de Belén and San Rafael de Heredia. Once complete, the work will move to the railroad between Cartago to Paraíso. Part of these works will also be to ready the rail network for the rapid-transport trains. The next is the creation of a free mobile app for users to keep informed of estimated arrivals and departures taking into account any accidents or delays that could happen. This should be ready by Sept. 25, the government said.

The first half of 2018 is expected to also include an electronic payment system to use the train services, INCOFER said. The next element would be to strengthen legal protections for INCOFER and provide a manual on how to contract the private sector for these works. Lastly, INCOFER will purchase eight new trains around December. The expected time of arrival will be within two years at an estimated investment of $52 million through a loan by the Central America Bank of Economic Integration.


Walter
                                  Ferguson
Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud photo      
Walter Ferguson, newly-declared father
of Costa Rican calypso.


Calypso declared an intangible part of the Costa Rican heritage

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

A new bill was introduced into the Legislative Assembly seeking to declare Calypso as an intangible cultural heritage of Costa Rica.

The bill was proposed by legislator Epsy Campbell, from the Partido Acción Ciudadana. The initiative also aims to declare Walter Ferguson as the distinguished father of calypso.
The bill also seeks to designate Cahuita as the cradle of Costa Rican calypso.

The draft was delivered with the presence of several national artists such as Manuel Monestel and Danny Williams. Hellen Simons, representative of Asociación de Desarrollo de Cahuita and the mayor of Talamanca, Marvin Gómez, were also in the activity.
In addition, a group of Cahuita neighbors came to the assembly to demonstrate their support for the initiative.

"Walter, Calypso and the community of Cahuita are synonymous with Afro-Costa Rican folklore and I call on all legislators to support the initiative," said Gómez.

Calypso is an Afro-Caribbean music with origins in the Antilles, mainly in Trinidad and Tobago. Subsequently it expanded throughout the Caribbean.

Almost half century after it arrived into country, it has developed its own profile in Costa Rica and for that reason, it is largely identified with our country, according to Monestel, director of the Cantoamérica group.

Lawmaker Epsy Campbell explained that the new law would declare May 7 as the Costa Rican Día Nacional del Calipso, in honor of Ferguson, who was born on that date.

"It's a musical expression of great wealth, beauty and originality, whose content deals with social issues with a gracious or positive approach," said Campbell. " During his almost 100 years of life Walter has given us so much wonderful music."

The Ministerio de Educación Pública and the Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud, in coordination with municipalities and other public institutions, will promote, organize and carry out local and regional celebration activities for the new national celebration.

The bill also declares of public interest and cultural relevance the celebration of the International Festival of Calypso, held in July each year in the community of Cahuita.


Learning
                                sign language
Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica screen grab      
Being deaf does not mean one cannot be in the tourism.

TEC helps deaf students learn
new skills in tourism


By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Being deaf and unemployed is a condition that can push many into vulnerability.

To support this group, the Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica has developed a reinsertion plan for young people living in the northern area of the country. The plan consists of intensive training in tourism-related jobs to increase their employability.

The initiative, developed with the help of the Consejo Nacional de Políticas Públicas para las Personas Jóvenes, seeks to strengthen the productive ideas of 20 students through a program that includes hotel managing, food and beverage courses as well as personal motivation and teamwork.

Through coordination of the different departments of TEC, young people also acquire skills in graphic design, hydroponics and solid waste management, butterfly production and the use of medicinal plants.

“I’m not a poor girl because I’m deaf,” said Esmerald Gamboa. “I’m deaf and I can pursue my studies.”

The training program covers five cantons of the Zona Norte such as: Los Chiles, Upala, Guatuso, Sarapiquí and San Carlos. It is taught to young people between 15 and 30 years old, with understanding and mastery of Costa Rican sign language.

All beneficiaries receive free tuition, five meals a day and transportation from and to their homes. They also have two sign language translators that help them over come any miscommunication between them and their professors.

According to the Social Development Index study of 2013, low employability in the private and public sector, particularly in support and essential services for the deaf, affects the country. The cantons of San Carlos, Upala, Los Chiles and Guatuso have the lowest levels of social development from all the country regions across all population groupings.





Books headline

Brodell Book
Costa Rica: Remarkable Tales from Our Super Vacation Spot

By the staff and contributors at A.M. Costa Rica
 (editor)A.M. Costa Rica celebrates its 16th anniversary with a compilation of classic news reports geared to the needs of foreigners living here and those elsewhere with personal or business interests in this vacation paradise. Each seeks to tell something new or original about the vacation and retirement mecca.  
Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Trouble with Cash

The Trouble with Cash
By John H Paterson

Greg and Liz must sell their property in Costa Rica to finance their retirement. They receive an offer for their full asking price of $1 million, but it comes with one condition...the payment is to be in cash. They go for it. Things go wrong. The money is stolen.The local police are no help so Greg devises his own plan to get their money back.  Review or buy the book on Amazon ON SALE FOR $0.99
 Click Here  Email:  j.paterson@riomagnolia.com 
Phone: (506) 8868-5561

Money, Flowers and More

MAKE GIFTS FROM DOLLARS OR COLONES
Running out of gift ideas? Author Dusty Pilot has just released easy to follow, step-by-step instructions for turning bills (dollars or colones) of any denomination into unique gifts such as flowers: roses, daffodils, daisies and poinsettias; shirts and blouses, and birds with flapping wings. The book is being discounted to $0.99 through October 31. It is available at all major online book stores. Preview or purchase at Amazon or visit  DustyPilot click here. Buy this book at Smashwords For more information Contact Dusty Pilot: Email dusty@dustypilot.com. Phone  001 440 796-4105

Brodell book 2
The Dark Side of Pura Vida: Murder, Betrayal, Abduction and Revenge in the Vacation Paradise

By James J. Brodell. Retired baseball player Jack Patterson becomes suspicious after his younger sister dies in a Pacific Ocean rip tide while on vacation in Costa Rica. Jack has to go there to find answers to troubling questions. But soon he is hijacked by a gang of avengers led by an icy Costa Rican-American woman who carries twin pistols strapped to her chest. Jack soon helps uncover a web of corruption and greed . Read a sample and purchase the book HERE!

Trapped in Damas Cave
Trapped In The Damas Cave, Costa Rica

A true story by author Dusty Pilot, who lived in Costa Rica for 11 years. Dusty tells his horrifying story of being trapped in the Damas Cave, near Quepos, for 26 hours. The book is available from Amazon in both digital and print format. Digital format will be on sale for $0.99 until Aug. 30. Visit Amazon.com to preview or purchase, or DustyPilot.com/cave.html More information Contact Dusty Pilot Email: dusty@dustypilot.com US phone: 001 440 796-4105¯

New World Meditation
New World Meditation: Focusing-Mindfulness-Healing-Awakening
By Lucinda Gray PhD

You will be Free to Live, Love, Work and Play in the Full Creative Expression of Your Authentic Self. New World Meditation is easy to learn, easy to practice, and profoundly transformational.  More information HERE!
Life
                          is a Tropical Garden

    Life is a Tropical Garden By Victoria Torley 
    A quirky look at gardening in the tropics. What happens when a "Northern" gardener moves to Costa Rica? You have no idea….  Email: victoriatorley1@gmail.com.  Order this book here:  https://www.amazon.com/dp/1522005986/ref=rdr_ext_tmb

Recommended
                          restaurants and hotels

Los Suenos

Crocs

Hacienda
                    Baru
 
Formula Kart
 
Palermo 900
 
Don
                    Wang

  Page One is HERE!     Page 2 is HERE!  Page 4 is HERE!  
   Page 5 is  HERE!     Page 6 is HERE!  Page 7 is HERE! Sports is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE! 
Plus useful links
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PAGE


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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2017 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica's Fourth News page

Published || Monday Edition, September 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 175
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us

Adjusting care for seniors is necessary for global future, expert says
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

Adjusting care for seniors within the framework of turning a task into an individual and caring for a person rather than an ailment was the main theme behind the lecture of Dr. Teresa Martínez Rodríguez.

According to a statement from the Universidad de Costa Rica, Dr. Martínez was visiting the country as part of the sixth international congress on gerontology, or the scientific study of old age. During her segment of the presentation she emphasized the importance of improving the care for elderly people given the senior population is rapidly increasing across the world.

“We need a new look that sees people, rather tan tasks, ailments or conditions,” Dr. Martínez said in her presentation.

“A look that allows us to fulfill the authentic purpose that has to do with quality of life and protection of rights so the person being cared for can say: I have control over my life.”

According to data by the World Health Organization, the number of people aged 60 and over is expected to double worldwide by 2050.

That represents 22 percent of the global population. Costa Rica is not exempt from this situation either. By 2050, the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social expects to reach more than one million older adults within its system.

Dr. Martínez explained that expanding the coverage of services is not enough. It is necessary to guarantee a minimum quality of them based on the person-centered approach, she said.

“Person-centered care seeks to improve the quality of health services, care for the disabled and long-term care,” she said. 
Care for
                  the old
Universidad de Costa Rica photo      
Redefining the quality of service to senior citizens is part of the discussion.

“It is supposed to give the person the maximum possible control of his life, to offer support so that the individual can continue to manage their life in accordance with their values. It is to transition from the paternalistic model, where power is with the professionals and institutions to those who are being taken care of.”

T
he expert is a member of the social services unit for the Principality of Asturias in Spain. She noted that there is a widespread view of the elderly being individuals in a situation of dependence and that view is not completely correct.

Those who are old need a support system that takes their dignity, self-determination and self-worth into consideration. Moreover, not all elderly are the same and can be lumped in as one group.
The person-centered approach also discards the idea of segregating older persons into senior care facilities that could isolate them from family as much as society. Dr. Martínez concluded her lecture noting that this represents as much a cultural as medical change.

Vacation, travel and hospitality


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See www.liveincostarica.com for details and itineraries
9168-3/17/17


Hidden
                                Garden
Visit the Largest Gallery in Costa Rica
Featuring artistic expressions of Costa Rican culture, heritage and traditions, the Hidden Garden Art Gallery has been your source for fine art since 2010.  Here you will find 15 large rooms of art in a beautiful, tranquil setting, with more than 60 artists showcasing traditional and contemporary paintings, sculpture, photography and giclee prints.  Located just 5 kms west of the Daniel Oduber International Airport (LIR) towards the beaches. Stop in for a visit to enjoy the view!

Visit our Web site at:  www.HiddenGardenArt.com
Contact us by email: info@HiddenGardenArt.com
Find us on Trip Advisor, Facebook, Twitter,
Moon Travel Guides & Frommer's

Gallery hours: Tuesdays-Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Tel.  8386-6872 / 2667-0592; U.S. telephone 702-953-7073
International shipping available.
9214-8/2/17


George Lundquist header

The Relocation/Retirement tour with the
 *HIGHEST SUCCESS RATE
OF RELOCATION*

 (as reported by the moving companies)
Visit many rental options to actually experience the price/amenity options available in more of the areas chosen by Expats for security, comfort, and quality of life.

Meet many Expats who are willing to share their experiences and how the tour has value long after the “lust” wears off.
See how to choose a Retirement tour video by past guest!
HERE!

Ask the others what you get for your money, and then compare the quality of accommodations, quality, quantity and variety of food and drink to measure the best value for your money. 

Learn how others “talk the talk” and learn who really can “walk the walk”

Please visit my Web site  to contact my references.

George Lundquist, Retirement, Relocation, and Lifestyle Guide. Email : lundquistgeorge@gmail.com
9113-7/4/17

experience Costa Rica
Costa Rica Travel In Paradise Group Tours

Looking for easy booking process for a smooth Costa Rica trip?   We customize wonderful trips to Costa Rica.  We offer you our wealth of knowledge for a great experience . . . a trip of a lifetime!!!

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Web:  www.travelinparadisecr.com
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Here's reasonable medical care
Costa Rica's world class medical specialists are at your command. Get the top care for much less than U.S. prices. It is really a great way to spend a vacation. See our list of recommended professionals HERE!amcr-prom



Need a book about Costa Rica?


Check out our special selections available at Amazon
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HERE!


Household Furnishings

Fine
                  Furniture of Sarchi

Fine Furniture of Sarchi - Sarchi, Costa Rica
All our handcrafted products are made in Sarchi with pride and quality by artisans who are dedicated to designing, crafting, and delivering our furniture to you. Please visit our website and send us a picture and specifications of what YOU like, or just send us pictures from anywhere you wish. We will quote you right back with a more than competitive price and an on-time delivery date. Delivery and set up available throughout Costa Rica. We have different Costa Rican woods from which you may choose. 
www.FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
Contact information:
Adolfo's Cell 506-8831-4306
 Tom in the USA 803-261-6000
Email: Info@FineFurnitureOfSarchi.com
9218-8/25/17

U.S. Income Tax Services (paid category)


Tax time
U.S. Income Tax Services
Marlene B. Summers
T
ax Accountant
Let’s discuss your tax situation.

Marlene
                                  Summers
The IRS has become more aggressive and if you have not filed, you must do so. 

However, there are solutions to problems and your situation may be better than you think.

If your filing is not up to date, Streamlined Filing can be used with no penalties.

Including disclosure of foreign corporations to avoid serious problems.

If tax payment is holding you back, the IRS has options to solve payment problems.

You can file current or past due FBARs without payment to meet IRS  requirements.

If you have yet to file, do it now as there is still time.

Over 20 years in Costa Rica
and Silicon Valley.
Competitive rates.

Phone (506) 2289-6590 ; Cell (506) 8750-2316
Email: marlene.summers@gmail.com
9186-6/30/17
A.M. Costa Rica
Real estate rentals
Real estate rental agents
Real estate for rent
Business
wanted
Real estate wanted

Real estate rentals (paid category)

Tropical Homes
                                                logo
Tropical Homes of Costa Rica is offering the best selection of vacation homes, condos and long-term rental homes in Playa Flamingo, Playa Potrero and Playa Brasilito on  the Pacific Gold Coast of Guanacaste. A wide selection of private residencies is providing an excellent choice for  your stay in this beautiful part of Costa Rica.We are offering homes for every budget and every need. Please visit our Web page at www.tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or contact us at rentals@tropicalhomesofcostarica.com or call at (506) 2654-5442
9055-2/23/17


Spectacular rentals are available for low weekly prices on SellMyTimeshareNow.com at resorts such as Bahia Turquesa Residences and Villas Sol Playa Hermosa in Guanacaste. We have 
Timeshare
1- to 3-bedroom ocean and garden view timeshares available and most offer air conditioning, cable TV, fully equipped kitchens, and relaxing hammocks on private balconies. Enjoy the unique combination of seclusion and convenience as all resorts listed on our site are close to popular Costa Rican attractions and downtown 
centers, but are surrounded in lush, tropical forest. Villas are also available for sale in our inventory, so you can enjoy yearly vacations to this mesmerizing rainforest paradise. Please visit our rental inventory HERE!  or call us toll free at 877-815-4227, International: 603-516-0200.  Email: info@sellmytimesharenow.com
9049-7/31/17


Real estate-related services (paid category)

COSTA RICA SOLAR
solar one

solar two
NOW with the New Power Company Regulations, we're installing photo voltaic systems for solar electricity.
PV systems: we use Enphase micro-inverters. More flexible. Add panels whenever you like. More reliable than any other system and fully guaranteed!

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OUR EMAIL:
 andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:
www.crsolar.net 
9118-6/26/17


Shipping services (paid category)

Shipping
Moving to Costa Rica or Back to the U.S.?
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Call  (772) 361-1050
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Free Ebook: How To Import to Costa Rica HERE!
Shipping Costa Rica


Psychotherapy


Dr. Gray
Dr. Lucinda Gray
California Licensed
Psychologist
International Practice

• Anxiety
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 • Trauma EMDR click here
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CR (506) 2228-2041
US (310) 827-4241
doclucinda@gmail.com
www.LucindaGray.com
Learn more about 
New World Meditation: (Second Edition) Discover True Happiness Thru
Experiential Healing 
Click Here
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Psychiatric Services
SERVICE CONNECTED DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS (FMP)
Dr. Luis Carlos Sancho
DR LUIS CARLOS SANCHO TORRES
PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Prescription Management

Send us your:
-VA LETTER WITH LIST OF DISABILITIES
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Call me:  (506) 2246-3458
Email: veteranscr@gmail.com
4th floor at Hospital La Catolica, Guadalupe, San José
9234-12/1/17


Legal Services

Adrian Fernandez
Attorney & Notary

A Fernandez
Notary services and registrations. Collections and foreclosures. Real estate and litigation. Corporate Law. Immigration. Estate planning wills and testaments, probate.

I provide the highest professional standards. Official documentation and Notary deeds are always translated in English for better comprehension, client satisfaction and safety.

 Call me for advice
    Phone:  2280-9692 / 2253-3705
    Email: ajfernandez@racsa.co.cr
    Law Office is conveniently located near  Mall San Pedro, 350 meters south  from the Hyundai dealer, Los Yoses, San José.
9181-7/3/17

Insurance professionals

The Garrett Insurance Group
Garrett
-Brokerage fully licensed by the
      government.
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       companies in Costa Rica,
       BMI, Blue Cross, Blue
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Centro Comercial El Pueblo, Local #125, San José. Phone:  ( 506 ) 2233-9520  or ( 506) 2233-2455
E-mail : info@garrettbrokers.com
More information HERE!
9165-5/22/17




Page 1 is HERE!    Page 2 is  HERE!    Page 3 is HERE! 
Page 5 is HERE!     
Page 6 is HERE!     The sports page is HERE!
Opinion is HERE!   Classifieds are HERE!  Plus useful links
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Page


Sports
Calendar
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The contents of this Web site are copyrighted by Consultantes Río Colorado S.A. 2016 and may not be reproduced anywhere without permission. 
Abstracts and fair use are permitted.  Check HERE for details




A.M. Costa Rica's
  
Fifth news page

  Published || Monday Edition, September 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 175
Calendar
Opinion
Classifieds
Real Estate
Lifestyle
Food
About us
 
U.S. approves extradition
of former Panamá president


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

A U.S. federal judge Thursday approved the extradition of former Panamanian president Ricardo Martinelli to face charges of corruption and spying on his political opponents.

Judge Edwin Torres in Miami wrote that there are “reasonable grounds to suppose him guilty of all or some of the offenses charged ... good faith to the demanding government requires his surrender."

Martinelli's lawyers said they would appeal. It is up to the State Department to decide whether he will be sent back to Panamá.

Martinelli was president of the South American country from 2009 until 2014.

He fled to Miami in January 2015, just days before the Panamanian Supreme Court opened a corruption investigation against him. U.S. authorities arrested him in June.

Martinelli, a wealthy supermarket magnate, is suspected of embezzling millions of dollars from a public school lunch program for poor children and using that money to set up equipment to spy on his political opponents.

He has denied the charges, calling them politically motivated.


Colombia’s FARC reboots
as civilian political party


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Colombia's Marxist former guerrilla group, the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, or FARC, re-launched as a civilian political party Friday with a new name, the Fuerza Alternativa Revolucionaria del Común, thus preserving its acronym in Spanish.

At a meeting Thursday, after a weeklong congress, 900 members of the group voted overwhelmingly to change the group's name, scrubbing any reference to its armed past as they map out a political future.

However the Marxist guerrilla group, which fought for over 50 years with the state before signing a peace deal last year, said it is preserving its revolutionary spirit.

The new FARC party will hold a formal launch ceremony Friday on Bolivar Square, near the presidential palace in the capital, Bogota.

Under the 2016 peace accord with the government, which brought to an end the bloody war that that had killed more than 220,000 people, most of the group's fighters were granted amnesty and allowed to participate in politics.

Under the deal, FARC will have 10 automatic seats in Congress through 2026 and may campaign for additional seats.

Both legislative and presidential elections in Colombia are set for 2018.


World War II bomb defused
after evacuation in Germany


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

German bomb experts successfully defused a massive World War II bomb in the financial capital of Frankfurt on Sunday after nearly 65,000 people were evacuated to safety.

The 1.4-ton British bomb was found at a construction site last week.

Police on Sunday cordoned off a 1.5-kilometer radius around the bomb, leading to the largest evacuation in Germany since the end of World War II.

Helicopters with heat seeking devices scoured the area before the bomb experts began their work.

Among the evacuees were more than 100 patients from two hospitals, including people in intensive care. Experts had warned that if the bomb exploded, it would be powerful enough to flatten a whole street.

More than 2,000 tons of live bombs and munitions are discovered each year in Germany, more than 70 years after the end of the war. British and American warplanes pummeled the country with 1.5 million tons of bombs that killed 600,000 people.

German officials estimate that 15 percent of the bombs failed to explode.


U.S. threatens Pyongyang
with huge military response


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis, echoing the warnings of President Donald Trump, said North Korea can expect a massive military response if it threatens the United States, the U.S. territory of Guam or America's allies.

Mattis, Trump and the president's top advisers met at the White House Sunday about North Korea's announced hydrogen bomb test. The Pentagon chief came out to talk with reporters briefly afterwards to say the U.S. is not looking for the total annihilation North Korea, but there are many options to do so.

North Korea’s repeated provocative ballistic missile tests and now a sixth nuclear test have presented Trump with this most critical geopolitical crisis of his young administration.

Mattis’ "imprecision was counterproductive. Will there be a massive military response against any 'threat'? This word choice was a blunder along the lines of the promise of 'fire and fury' against any North Korean threats,” said Frank Aum, a visiting scholar at the U.S.-Korea Institute.

Aum, the former senior adviser for North Korea at the Defense Department, said: "It’s telling that the defense secretary was the one who was addressing the press. We need to get away from a military-centric approach to the North Korea problem set and reinvigorate diplomacy.”

Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin said he would prepare a new package of North Korea economic sanctions along these lines for consideration.

"We will work with our allies. We will work with China," Mnuchin told a television interviewer Sunday. "But people need to cut off North Korea economically. This is unacceptable behavior."

The North claimed its test of a hydrogen bomb small enough to be carried by an intercontinental ballistic missile was a perfect success.

The blast shook buildings across the border in China and Russia.

In earlier Twitter remarks, Trump called North Korea a rogue nation whose words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the United States. The U.S. leader said North Korea has become a great threat and embarrassment to China, which is trying to help but with little success.

But Trump also rebuked U.S. ally South Korea, saying Seoul "is finding, as I have told them, that their talk of appeasement with North Korea will not work, they only understand one thing!"

Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke by telephone Sunday, their fourth conversation since Tuesday, when North Korea launched a ballistic missile high over Japan.

North Korea test-fired two ICBMs in July that were believed to have a range long enough to reach the mainland United States. Pyongyang says its missile development is a defensive effort to protect itself from U.S. attack.

North Korea declared its hydrogen-bomb test was a perfect success in a special broadcast Sunday afternoon, Asia time. The blast produced an earthquake that was detected in the Punggye-ri region, where North Korea’s nuclear test facility is located. Another tremor a few minutes later was believed to be due to the collapse of a tunnel used for the detonation, which would not be unusual following a test of this magnitude.

The United States and Japan, and perhaps other countries, dispatched planes to take air samples in the region to determine whether any radiation from North Korea could be detected.

The United Nations Security Council has called for an emergency meeting Monday morning on the situation on the Korean peninsula.

Mesh networks can keep people connected in disasters


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Natural disasters like Hurricane Harvey are a threat not only to human life but also to telecommunication systems. When they go down, entire cities and communities are cut off from each other. Mesh networks, however, can get people connected again, and during emergencies they can be a crucial link to information.

"It really all boils down to the 'central point of failure' problem," said Daniela Perdomo. "If the central infrastructure goes down, everyone who plugs into it is also disconnected."

Ms. Perdomo would know. When Superstorm Sandy hit New York City in 2012, lower Manhattan was left in the dark, with no electricity or connectivity.

Unable to use cellular networks, the New Yorker and her brother eventually decided to do something about it. The two co-founded goTenna, a product line that use low-frequency radio waves to send SMS text messages and GPS information.

Their latest product is the goTenna Mesh, a mesh-networking device that works independently of traditional cellular networks.

Originally developed for military use, mesh networks spread connectivity over multiple nodes, or connection points, that communicate with each other.

"Any individual Wi-Fi device doesn't reach very far, but if you can chain many of them together, then you can provide access over a wider area," said Joshua King, lead developer at Commotion Wireless, an open-source software initiative for mesh networks.

If at least one node is connected to the internet, the signal can be shared and multiple users can connect as well. If there is no internet connection, a mesh network can still function as a hyperlocal server for emergency information and basic messaging, like texts.

King said the advantage of mesh networks is that they are dynamically routed — if one node goes down, others take its place. "A mesh network can potentially route around any kind of damage, if there is another path for the traffic to go," he said.

"The idea is to make telecommunication systems more modular, more distributed. So that even if centralized points fail, you would still have working telecommunications in different areas," said Greta Byrum, director of the Resilient Communities program at research institution New America.

Ms. Byrum and her colleagues teach communities how to build their own mesh networks using everyday, off-the-shelf equipment. In a workshop at Sneakercon, participants were learning to make their own "PNKs" or Portable Network Kits, using wireless routers and small portable computers like the Raspberry Pi.

When it comes to weathering the storm, mesh networks are restoring power in more ways than one.


Old shipwrecks found
in northern Lake Huron


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

U.S. maritime archaeologists say they have discovered two shipwrecks in northern Lake Huron believed to be steamers that sunk more than a century ago.

Researchers announced Friday that they have confirmed the discoveries of the wooden freighter Ohio, which sank in 1894 and the steel-hulled steamer Choctaw, which went down in 1915.

Officials say the 202-foot-long Ohio was loaded with grain when a passing schooner collided with it, sinking both vessels. Five crewmembers from the schooner, which has never been found, died in the accident.

The 266-foot Choctaw was carrying coal when a Canadian Steamship Company freighter struck it in dense fog. All crewmembers from both vessels were rescued from that accident.

Researchers with the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary say they found evidence of the vessels in May while using high-resolution sonar to map the bottom of Lake Huron.

The scientists said they sent remotely operated vehicles into the water in recent weeks to get video evidence of the vessels and to confirm their identities.

Officials say the vessels are well-preserved in the Great Lakes' cold freshwater and say in the future they would like to open the sites to public diving.

Researchers say they believe there are about 200 shipwrecks in a 4,300-square-mile sanctuary of Lake Huron, with about half of the shipwrecks discovered.

Kenya’s Raila Odinga refuses to share power


By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

Kenya's opposition leader Raila Odinga says his coalition would not share power, two days after the supreme court annulled presidential election results, citing irregularities.

Speaking at a church service in Nairobi, Odinga said his party would not share power with thieves.

Incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta similarly said a day earlier that his Jubilee party would not share power with the opposition, while also lashing out at supreme court judges.

Kenya's Supreme Court nullified the results of the election due to irregularities and illegalities committed by the electoral board during the vote, which the court said harmed the integrity of the election. Kenya's constitution says fresh elections must be held within 60 days.

Since Election Day, the National Super Alliance, or NASA, opposition coalition has argued the voting system was hacked, leading to a "stolen election."


New crowd control device
Kalashnikov company photo        
Formidable crowd control vehicle in Moscow.

Kalashnikov shield riles
Russian opposition

By the A.M. Costa Rica wire services

The Kalashnikov Corporation's recent unveiling of a fully armored anti-riot vehicle already has Russia's political opposition organizers up in arms.

Slated to go into service for Russia's newly formed National Guard less than a year before Russian presidential elections, the gargantuan armored tactical vehicle, replete with water cannons, ballistic projectile loopholes and a 24-foot reinforced retractable shield capable of protecting up to 38 officers, is technically not classified as a weapon.

Although the monstrously large "Shchit," or "Shield," is designed to disperse unauthorized rallies, Alexey Krivoruchko, Kalashnikov Concern's chief executive, said the vehicle was not designed under Kremlin contract.

According to the state-run RIA Novosti news outlet, Kalashnikov Concern, known for creating the iconic AK-47 assault rifle, routinely secures Russian defense industry contracts in the hundreds of millions of dollars.

Andrei Pivovarov, coordinator of the St. Petersburg branch of the opposition Open Russia democratic alliance, said that the Shield represents an unprecedented step toward an increasingly hardline approach to cracking down on political rallies in Russia.

National Guard deployment of the Shield, he added, indicates the Kremlin anticipates robust street protests ahead of the presidential elections set for early 2018. Russian officials have not issued a statement about the vehicle.

Maxim Reznik of Russia's Party of Growth, which has representatives in several local legislatures, largely echoed that sentiment. An increasingly militaristic response to Russian street protests, he added, will only further alienate politically conscious youth.

Although Russian police have not said they intend to equip the vehicle with munitions, the machine has ports in the shield for firing projectiles.

Equipping guardsmen with such a formidable piece of equipment, he said, is a significant symbolic gesture by Putin.

According to the Russia's TASS news agency, Kalashnikov's sales in 2016 reached $319 million, a 123 percent increase over 2015. Kalashnikov's website claims it has already generated $57 million from government contracts in the first of half of 2017.



More news of the Americas
From the Voice of America

Real estate services
Real estate for sale
Businesses for sale
Real estate for sale (paid category)

Charming country home in the mountains above San Ramon
Bril Cajar

Lot size is 500 square meters, total construction about 212 square meters, with living area of about 156 square meters. Three bedrooms (or two and an office), two and one half baths, shop/storage of about 30 square meters. Carport with space for two cars about 30 square meters. Completely fenced property. The area is peaceful and very secure.  For complete information click here
9274-11/30/17


Colinas
                                del Sol
COLINAS DEL SOL Fenced Gated Lots for Sale

* Colinas del Sol is a fenced and gated project  in a quiet area.
* There are 88 clear titled lots.
* Mountain areas with great views.
* Gently sloping level areas ideal for hobby farms, gardening, fruit trees.
* Quiet place to get away from the busy city and beach crowds.
* All lots have gravel roads to them, water and electricity at each.
* Lots are 5,000 sq. meters or larger, starting at only $50,000 USD
* Located in Libertad, Guanacaste, northwest Pacific area of Costa Rica.
* 20 minutes to the Liberia International Airport
* 15 minutes to the Pacific Beaches
* 10 minutes to Medical Facilities
* 25 minutes to the Liberia Hospital
* 5 minutes to Vista Ridge Golf Club

Contact:
In Costa Rica, Jeffrey Sandi Murray:  jsandimurray@colinasdelsolcr.com
In the USA and Canada contact Jim Day: jimday50@aol.com or call 517-484-3675

For more information Click Here: www.colinasdelsolcr.com
9261-3/2/18


Hotel in
                                Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Can build 1550 Sqm. 7 meters high zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Costa Rica
                                  Penthouse

Costa Rica Penthouse For Sale

 Enjoy the most spectacular views in the valley in this 5 -story Penthouse.  One of a kind property on top of the Corobici / Crowne Plaza Hotel in Sabana overlooking the Central Park and new Soccer Stadium in San José.  Excellent location provides you easy access to everywhere.  Other benefits include 24-hour security, 2 restaurants inside the hotel plus other businesses.  Large Living Room, Elevator goes directly inside Penthouse.  Private hot tub deck and Dance floor with Spectacular views!!!  All exterior walls are glass or have windows. Commercial license is in place.  Seller will consider owner financing.  Asking $695K U.S.  Also available for monthly rent for $3,500 per month on an annual basis.  This is a private condo residence and is Not associated with the Crowne Plaza Hotel.  

Go to www.ThePenthouseCostaRica.com  
U.S. contact: Carl Stratton, cell phone: 813 310-7402  Email crstratton@ymail.com
Costa Rica contact:  Dan Wise, phone numbers:  2232-4063 / 2232-8610  Email: danwisellawyer@yahoo.com
9132-6/1/17


Costa Rica's first Realtor specialized
in eco properties, eco consulting and green living.

Eco graphic
   • Specialized in the Central and South Pacific.
   • Great network of Realtors, to find your dream
          property
   • Homes, condominium & luxury homes
   • Eco lodges and hotels
   • Green properties and waterfalls
   • Farms and developments
   • Sustainable and green living communities.
   • Property management in the Jacó area

Romantic Country Bungalow Click Here
Dream Property River Click Here

www.ecorealtorscr.com    info@ecorealtorscr.com
Telephone: +506 2637-6285
cell: +506 8825-6556  
Skype: ecorealtorscr
Facebook: ecorealtorscr
In front of Subway at Plaza Herradura, Jacó Green NAR designee, member of the CCBR, CRGAR
9124-4/19/17


Puriscal home
GORGEOUS MOUNTAIN & OCEAN VIEW HOME
REDUCED $40K - $355,000
HEALTH CONDITIONS REQUIRES QUICK SALE
This is a gorgeous, new, 3-bedroom luxury home on 2.2 flat acres in a secure, gated community, high in the hills of Puriscal, with stunning, 180-degree views of the ocean, city and mountains of the Central Valley in Costa Rica. Centrally located in the heart of Costa Rica, you are never more than an hour from the Pacific beaches while being much less than that to the culture, shopping, services and night life of the San José, Escazú, Santa Ana and the whole Central Valley. The Altos de Antigua gated community sits at an altitude of 2,800 feet with mild temperatures year round. Features wide paved roads and cement culverts throughout, a large community pool & spa with changing rooms & showers. The community association fees are $42 a month ($500 annually).
This property is currently being offered for $355,000.00 U.S.
Purchase adjoining 2.2 acre investment lot with the home sale for $35,000.00 U.S. or separately for $55,000.00 U.S.
 
    Summary of House Features:

       * Completed 2012 to North American standards
       * 3 large bedrooms, 2 full baths
       * Custom designed kitchen w/granite countertops
       * Frigidaire Professional appliance package
       * State-of-the-art solar hot water
       * Eco-friendly Toshiba LED lighting
       * LG Multi-Split air conditioning system
       * House & perimeter security alarm system
       * 2-car closed garage w/large paved driveway
 
Video Tour: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUEAmahIU9A
Community Web Site: http://www.altigua.com
Photos: HERE!
Costa Rica # 506-8985-6705 or from the States call # 561-740-0651 or email gary_one@msn.com
9173-9/1/17

Etlinger Farm
                                rollover
Beautiful farm in excellent location
At only an hour's drive from San José, minutes from Guápiles, and boardering Braulio Carrillo National Park, Etlingera Farms is one heck of an amazing farm. We purchased this 77-acre farm 10 years ago after many trips, and an exhaustive search. It has a little bit of everything we were looking for and a whole lot of beauty. Our average elevation of 600 meters helps to keep Bella Vista cool year round. This farm is nearly level with a semi-modern 2-bedroom house. A fairly rustic 2-bedroom caretaker's home. And, a comfortable, 1-bedroom cabin where we stay. We have 2 large barns, a chicken coop, and a 3-stall pig pen. There are two tilapia ponds and 2 hectarias, (approximately 5 acres) of different species of bananas. The property boarders Rio Blanco in the rear and has 300 meters of public road frontage. Water, electricity, and telephone are all serviced by public utility. Etlingera Farms was reforested with several thousand wood trees of different tropical varieties. We truly believe this farm is spectacular. Our neighbors are selling for as much as $20 per meter. We are negotiable, motivated and open to offers. Our location can be found by searching Etlingera Farms on Google Maps. Our webpage is www.etlingerafarms.com and photo album can be found at www.ticorico.com
9196-4/25/17

horse ranch
                                rollover
Spectacular Horse Ranch and Spiritual/Yoga
Retreat Center For Sale

We invite you to a horseback tour of 187 acres of pristine farm land with breathtaking vistas, including the islands of the Gulf of Nicoya. There are multiple springs and streams, wooded areas, hard-wood and fruit trees, rolling hills with a geat variety of birds and wildlife. This property boasts the privilege of being bordered by thousands of acres of forest preserve down a steep canyon, offering its own spectacular views, which will never be developed. The many hills provide a builder an endless array of possibilities for nestling buildings in where they will have both views and privacy. The elevation of the property at 1,200 to1600 feet above sea level ensures fresh breezes and ideal year-round temperatures with a day-time average in the low 80's for open-air living. There is a ranch-style house with guest house with 8 total bedrooms, 5 modern baths, huge eat-in kitchen, landmark palm-thatched giant rancho, stable, and storage buildings. The home will come partially furnished, including beds, ample dishware for large groups, housewares, linens, washer/dryer, and fine hard-wood hand-built cabinetry. The remaining horses, 4 to 6 of them, will also convey if one wishes. We are also including a LARGE BEACH LOT in nearby Playa Bejuco. San Rafael de Nandayure is a tiny rural village nestled into the mountainside above Carmona with all the charms of the simple good life of a BLUE ZONE. Carmona is a thriving town with a clinic, restaurfants, shopping, and everything else one may need. The price of our listing Rancho Ricco is $799,000. More information
go to www.ranchforsalecostarica.com  Call Darin Ricco, phone +619-846-8249 or email:  darin_ricco@hotmail.com
9183-6/13/17

rollover
Owner Financing in San Ramon
New Construction, and Ocean View 
Brand new home with 4-plus bedrooms and 3 baths all overlooking an incredible 180-degree view of the Pacific Ocean and mountains. Located only 45 minutes from the San Jose airport and about the same to the Pacific Ocean.  The lower level could be used as a separate apartment or mother-in-law setup. Home includes HUGE master  suite, CLOSETS, custom cabinets, granite counter tops, high wood ceilings, and all in an area that is 70-80 degrees year round. Priced at $199,000. Completion date is January.  See the Virtual Tour CLICK HERE or see our site here  www.whynotcostarica.com. If you would like to take a look at this amazing house, please give me a call at  Costa Rica # 506-8755-6743 or if from the States call # 509-570-1928 or email tim@whynotcostarica.com 
9143-2/3/17

Business for sale or lease (paid category)

Hotel in
                                  Escazú

For sale 5,200 m2 Escazú

Fantastic location for condo, hotel, restaurant. Large lower lot, incredible views. Flexible zoning. Easy to get liquor license. Low interest financing. Up to 40% financing / get residency through investor status / includes a corporation that is 27 years old and offshore banking account with  Banco National / possible 50/50 partnership. Super location in front of the Bosques de Escazú  Condos  / Monthly rentals available


Send an email hotelescazu@aol.com Call for more info:
Free US phone 877-778-8515  or 410-975-6703 
In Costa Rica phone: 506- 8307-0164
9142-7/27/17


Live the dream!
Several profitable businesses, including a regional radio station, are for sale in Costa Rica. Certain purchases can provide the new owner with residency as well as a great lifestyle. So live your dream while making a profit. Contact: manager@crbusiness.biz.

Real estate brokers and agents (paid category)

CENTURY 21 JACÓ BEACH
Century 21

A Name You Trust,
Professionalism You Deserve

Tom Ghormley and the dream team!
Owner/Broker
in CR since 1979

Buying? Selling? Renting?
We Can Do It!
Let us help you live your dreams!
Beachfront, Views, Mountains,
Beaches, Houses, Condos,
Hotels, Restaurants, Projects,
Commercial, Investments and more

 Century 21 Jacó Beach
Playa Jacó, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
U. S. A. phone numbers:  (213) 283-5168 
or Toll Free: (877) 746-3868
Costa Rica phone number: (506) 2643-3356
Email: info@c21jaco.com
Web: www.c21jaco.com
9215-3/22/18


Remax
                                  Tamarindo
www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com The experts in buying property in Costa Rica, with more than 20 years experience and the largest networked team of agents in the country.  We can help you learn if investing in Costa Rica is right for you with our low-key, educational approach to sales. Our professional agents can tell you more about Costa Rica properties, including condos, homes, lots and & commercial real estate. Twelve (12) agents to serve you, from Playa Marbella to Playa Dante in the Guanacaste, through our Tamarindo and Flamingo offices. For more information, please contact our local phones: 506-2653-0073 Tamarindo / 506-2201-9056 Flamingo ~ Toll Free: 1-866-976-8898 or email:  info@remax-oceansurf-cr.com  or click here www.remax-oceansurf-cr.com
9145-1/2918



ReMax
                                    Playas del Coco
We are an award-winning Team of Professional Agents working with Costa Rica’s #1 Selling Real Estate Agency RE/MAX Prestige Ocean Properties. Get to KNOW, LIKE & TRUST us and let us help you find YOUR Pura Vida! We have over 30 years of experience to educate our buyers and sellers in all aspects of Real Estate.  For Information on condos, homes, lots, farms, ranches, commercial or development property
CONTACT US TODAY with NO OBLIGATION whatsoever.

Link to Playas del Coco listings page HERE

Link to Playa Panama listings page HERE

Link to Playa Hermosa listings page HERE
Link to Peninsula Papagayo listings page HERE

Link to Playa Matapalo listings page HERE
Toll Free 1-877-293-1456
Email: michael@costarica-realestate.com

9174-2/7/18

Real estate-related services (paid category)

Related

Costa Rica
                                    Solar

COSTA RICA SOLAR
Serving Atenas and Surroundings Areas

BUY NOW! Your solar hot water system, so in three months, we can calculate a lower install price for your PV system.  Perfect for homes and hotels. Save up to 40% of your electric bill. More Watts per Panel, Smarter and more Capable Enphase Micro Inverters mean Less Cost and more Flexibility for You.  Fully Guaranteed!

CALL TODAY!
Office: 506-2446-0543
Andre 506-8314-8090
Paul 506-8898-9398

OUR EMAIL:
andrefurlong@gmail.com
Paul.Furlong@CR-Solar.com
VISIT OUR WEB:

9177-6/19/16

Browse timeshares for sale and rent by owner in Costa Rica at bargain prices. We connect existing timeshare owners with those looking to buy or rent a timeshare on the resale market. Timeshares on the resale market are up to 50% cheaper than those sold through the resort. Already own a timeshare and looking to sell? Stop saying “sell my timeshare” and let BuyaTimeshare.com help you find a buyer or renter.
9203-4/19/2018

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Published || Monday Edition, September 4, 2017 || Vol. 17, No. 175
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Something odd has happened...

My husband, Metric Man, bought me an orchid! He doesn’t buy plants often and certainly not orchids. He has been trying to cure me of orchid mania, but that isn’t happening.

Victoria Torley
 This wasn’t just any orchid; this
 was a Cattleya orchid with great
 color and the scent of oil of
 clove. Add to that, he seemed to
 have chosen, probably by
 chance, a Cattleya that could be
 divided into four parts. I
 approved.
Like any good
 Cattleya, the orchid bloomed for
 several weeks, filling the deck
 with perfume.

Then, inevitably, it was gone. Time for some fun, and by that I mean, making four orchids from one.


Now this Cattleya was growing roots over the edges of the pot and through all its holes so the first thing on the list was a good soaking in warm water to soften the roots and keep them from snapping as I manipulated the pot.

A good thing the pot was plastic, too, as I needed to cut the pot down a bit to have some maneuvering room. That finished, I started to shift the roots from the pot and potting material. That’s when I saw it! At some point, someone had tied this orchid with a thin piece of string! Horrors!

There are a lot of ways to secure an orchid; thin string is not one of them. In the past, I have seen orchids secured with fishing line (awful), wire (shudder), nasty twine (yuck), and every time there has been damage to the roots of the plant.

If you aren’t familiar with orchid roots, here is a brief explanation. What you think you are looking at when you look at the roots of an orchid, aren’t roots at all. What we can see of the root is a root covering – usually whitish or grey – called velamen, a protective and absorbent covering on the actual root which is often the size of sewing thread or fine hair.

Tying them with wire or twine will often lead to damage to the velamen. Once the velamen is damaged, the root has no protection from the elements and, since the velamen supplies nutrients to the plant, no nutrients source either. So what is best for the orchid?
 
If you live near a vivero or supply source (oh, for a Home Depot), you can buy a special floral tape, which is wide enough to leave the velamen undamaged, or use my method: strips of old sheets.

Okay, so strips of old sheets make your garden look like the Ents have been to war, ala “Lord of the Rings,” but it’s a great use for old sheets and the material will usually rot away in 6-9 months, just enough time for the roots to have grabbed hold of the orchid mounting surface.

So, that’s my best advice on securing orchids. Now, if you will excuse me, I have some old sheets to tear into strips.


Cattleya
A.M. Costa Rica photo/Victoria Torley       

Plant of the Week

Here is my Cattleya, happily secured to some fern root. Aren’t those ties hideous? But who cares, as long as the orchid is undamaged.

If you would like to suggest a topic for this column, simply send a letter to the editor. And, for more garden tips, visit HERE!



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From page 7:

Legislature receives 2018 budget proposals

By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

This past Friday saw the national government present its draft for the country’s budget to the legislature.

The budget is a move toward austerity measures, according to the national government’s standard. The administration of Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solís reels from announcements of an impending fiscal crisis and a present liquidity crisis. Spending and transfers are proposed to be limited to 1.4 and 2.7 percent, respectively for 2018. The budget proposal is being drafted under a concept that there is a material impossibility to comply with all constitutional and legal obligations, according to a statement from the Ministerio de Hacienda.

“The economic and financial reality of Costa Rica at this moment obliges the State to choose between meeting all constitutional and legal obligations and significantly increase the country’s debt with the consequences that entails,” the government statement said. “Or partially meet these obligations in accordance with the fiscal and financial possibilities.”

The budget bill basically amounts to around 9.3 trillion colones. This increased to 3.2 percent with 5.2 trillion being financed via taxes and 4.1 trillion financed through internal debt. Hacienda said that the proposal was created considering the fiscal deficit, a debt close to 50 percent, outdated tax laws and considering obligations tied to economic indicators and a shortage of cash-flows.

In total, 48.6 percent of this budget is to pay for social spending and to pay off the debt to protect the country’s credit rating abroad an postpone economic free-fall, said Helio Fallas, the country’s finance minister and vice-president. Fallas noted that obligations such as funds to the Patronato Nacional de Infancia, Poder Judicial and education leave the government little room to change in the form of budget cuts. These intended spending measures constitute a full 96 percent of the total budget.

The government proposes two additional tax sources for revenue as a means of paying for this budget. These are unlikely to be approved in the legislature with an upcoming election year and public opinion running against tax increases.